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.

Saturated Hydrocarbons

Sigma

Bond Unsaturated Hydrocarbons


)( Pi Bond

Aliphatic

Aromatic

Pi)-Electrons

) ( :

) (

) ( :

%
.
Paraffins

.
CH3

Iso-Paraffins.

Cn H2n+2 .

Residues.

-
. CH4

) ( :

" " "" "" "


" :

CH4
CH3-CH3 CH3-CH2-CH3 C4H10 Butane

C8H18.
C6H14 C7H16


ane

) ( :

CH3-(CH2)5-CH3 CH3-(CH2)10-CH3
CH3-(CH2)16-CH3.
ane
yl --CH3 --CH3-CH2

- .

.
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) ( :

.
Yeasts .


HO-OH OH

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) ( :

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Naphthenes

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-
.

Cn H2n :

) ( :

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X .
Cyclo


.

Cn H2n Olefins
" "ene

.
%

) ( :

.
Alkylation


.
AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS

.
.

Pyrene .

) ( :

CnHn-2x n

x .


Toluene .

C10H8 C14H10 C16H10.

%
%


- -

- -

) ( :

.
-

- Catalyst Poisoning



.

Di-Sulphide

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Quinoline
.
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VIBRIOSIS

) ( :

) (

) ( :


Tomography

) ( :


:
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:
1-

Academic Press Dictionary of Science and Technology,


Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers, Academic Press Inc.,
San Diego, California, 1992.

2-

Amy Myers Jaffe and Robert A. Manning, " The Shocks of a


World of Cheap Oil", Foreign Affairs, U.S.A., Vol. 79, No. 1,
January/February 2000.

3-

Howard W.V., A Classification of Limestone Reservoirs,


American Association Petroleum Geology Bulletin, 12, 1927.

4-

Hyne, N.J., Dictionary of Petroleum Exploration, Drilling &


Production, Oklahoma, Pennwell Books, 1991.

5-

IMF, World Economic Outlook, April 1986, Washington D.C.

6-

The Institute of Petroleum Service, Know More about Oil:


Drilling and Production, London, October 1990.

7-

L. Dudley Stamp, Physical Geography and Geology,


Longmans, Green and Co., London, 1943.

8-

Lyons, Paul L. and M.R. Dobrin, Seismic Exploration for


Stratigraphic Traps, American Association of Petroleum
Geology and Spec., Pub. 10, Soc. Exploration. Geophysics,
U.S.A., 1972.

9-

Mamdouh R. Gadallah, Reservoir Seismology, 1994, Pennwell


Books, Pennwell Publishing Company, Tulsa, Oklahoma,
1994.

10 - Oil & Gas Journal, Texas, 26/12/88.


11 - O. Reutov, Theoretical Principles Of Organic Chemistry,
Translated from Russian by D. Aeolony, Mir Publishers,
Moscow, 1967.
12 - Saad E. El-Nakkady, Stratigraphic and Petroleum Geology of
Egypt, University of Assiut, 1958.
13 - Sheriff, R.E., Encyclopedic Dictionary
Geophysics, Oklahoma, SEG, 1991.

of

Exploration

: ) (

14 - The 13th Petroleum Conference, Oil & Gas Exploration in


Egypt, Cairo, October 21-24, 1996.
15 - Turkish Daily News, Ankara, December 29, 1997.
16 - World Energy Council (WEC), 1992 Survey of Energy
Resources, London, 1992.
17 - Webster's New World Dictionary, The World Publishing
Company, Cleveland and New York, 1968.

: ) (

An clinalReservoir

BoreHole


/ .

Combina onDriveofOil

Cracking

CrudeOil

Dis lla on

FlowingPressure

JetFuel

LongshoreBars

) ( :

MaximumEcientRateofProduc on

MechanicalSeismograph

NaphtheneBaseCrudeOil

OilPushing

OilReservoir

.

ParanBaseCrude

ParallelMigra on

.
.

Penetra onLog

PinchingofStrata

PossibleReserves

PreliminaryExplora on

) ( :

Predic ngHorizon

PumpingWell

ChemicalReforming

ReservoirEnergy

ReservoirOilPressure

ReservoirRock

RockReservoirPressure

.
/ .

SeismicElectriceect

SeismicReflec on

SeismicRefrac on

) ( :

Sho ng

SlimHole

) )SourCrude

SpectroChemicalLog

S llingWill

SweetCrute

SweetnaturalGas

TemperatureSurvey

TwoPipelineSystem

) ( :