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LIST OF QUESTIONS FOR TEST EXAMINATION THE KNOWLEDGES AT DISCIPLINE

NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING IN THE OFFSHORE INDUSTRY

PART 1
1. The tendency of a liquid penetrant to enter a discontinuity is primarily related to:
a) the chemical inertness of the penetrant;
b) the specific gravity of the penetrant;
c) the capillary forces;
d) the viscosity of the penetrant;
2. The single most important factor determining the speed penetrant enters a flaw is:
a) depth of defect
b) surface finish;
c) method of application
d) viscosity;
3. A good penetrant must be;
a) highly volatile;
b) an inorganic base liquid;
c) inert with respect to the materials being tested;
4. Direct current saturation coils would most likely be used when testing ______ by the eddy
current method.
a) steel;
b) aluminum;
c) copper;
d) brass;
5. Optimum magnetic particle inspection of a 50 mm inside diameter gear containing a keyway
would require:
a) circular method with magnetic field parallel to keyway;
b) circular method with magnetic field perpendicular to keyway;
c) using central conductor;
d) all of the above.
6. In a situation where several methods of testing are necessary for complete inspection part, the
preferred sequence would be:
a) to use penetrant inspection before ultrasonic inspection;
b) to use magnetic particle inspection before penetrant inspection;
c) to use ultrasonic inspection before penetrant inspection;
7. All indications foud by NDT methods are:
a) direct;
b) indirect;

c) dimensionally correct;
d) rejectable;
8. In the A scan presentation used in contact testing, the height of the vertical deflection appear
on USM35 monitor represents:
a) velocity;
b) distance;
c) signal amplitude;
d) elapsed time;
9. The ability of a transducer to convert mechanical energy to electrical and electrical energy to
mechanical is due to the ______________ effect.
10. The distance that an ultrasonic pulse travels while a particle makes one complete cycle is
called ____________________ .

PART 2

11. What would be the smallest discontinuity that you could find in a steel specimen with a
velocity of 6 x 105 cm/sec using a transducer with a frequency of 3 MHz?
a) 3 mm;
b) 2.5 mm;
c) 2 mm;
d) 1.5 mm;
e) 1 mm;
12. What probe below would detect the smallest defect if you were inspecting a steel specimen
with a velocity of 5.9 x 105 cm/sec ?
a) 2.5 MHz;
b) 4 MHz;
c) 5 MHz;
13. Specified the terms in the Snells law (

1
2

= 1 ) used to determine angular relationships


2

between media for both longitudinal and shear waves :


angle 1 is ____________________ angle
angle 2 is ____________________ angle
V1 is the velocity in ________________
V2 is the velocity in ________________

14. Using Snells law , knowing longitudinal velocity in lucite probe transducer is 2,73 x 105
cm/sec, longitudinal velocity in steel 5,9 x 105 cm/sec, find the refracted angle if the incident
angle 1 is 25.

15. Using Snells law , knowing longitudinal velocity in lucite probe transducer is 2,73 x 105
cm/sec, shear velocity in steel 3,23 x 105 cm/sec, find the refracted angle if the incident angle 1
is 45.

PART 3

Give one answer regarding the following types of the enunciation:


1. Man can hear sounds up to approximately 5 000 000 Hz
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

2. Angle beam testing is usually done with longitudinal waves.


b) TRUE

b) FALSE

3. Angle beam probes may be used to generate surface waves


a) TRUE

b) FALSE

4. The velocity of sound is slower in steel than in water.


a) TRUE

b) FALSE

5. The number of cycles in a given period of time is called the frequency.


a) TRUE

b) FALSE

6. With Through Transmission, an increase in amplitude indicates the presence of a possible


discontinuity.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

7. The Pulse Echo system uses a continuous wave and a separate transducer receives the echo.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

8. Both contact testing and immersion testing require the use of a coupling medium.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

9. Typically, the GAIN control will determine the amount of amplification for a suspected
discontinuity indication.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

10. An ultrasonic beam travels through a medium as waves of sound energy.


a) TRUE

b) FALSE

11. Normal incidence is when the incident beam is parallel to the interface.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

12. Shear wave velocity is approximately twice the velocity of longitudinal waves.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

13. The bending of an incident beam as it passes through an interface is called refraction.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

14. Longitudinal waves will propagate through both solids and liquids.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

15. Higher frequency transducers have less beam spread than low frequency transducers.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

16. Lower frequency transducers are usually used to find the smaller defects.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

17. A rough surface on the test specimen may cause a loss in amplitude on the display USM.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

18. A smooth discontinuity (crack) will reflect more energy than a discontinuity with a rough
surface (inclusion).
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

19. Both contact and immersion testing techniques can be used for performing an angle beam
examination of a part.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

20. The gradual loss of energy as a sound beam travels through a material is called attenuation.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

21. Acoustic impedance refers to resistance of sound propagation through a part.


a) TRUE

b) FALSE

22. A fine grained material will usually cause less attenuation than a coarse grained material.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

23. The B-Scan can display how deep the discontinuity is below the surface of the specimen.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

24. The C-Scan display will indicate length and width of a discontinuity, but it cannot show
depth.

a) TRUE

b) FALSE

25. The Ultrasonic Calculator can be used in weld inspection to indicate the location of a
discontinuity in the weldment.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

26. The calibration of a UT instrument for a sound path distance can be performed using the
curved surface of the IIW block.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

27. A reference block should be made from the same basic material as the part being tested.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

28. To find small discontinuities, it is usually advisable to use as high a frequency transducer as
possible.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

29. A short pulse length, will result in less penetrating power into the test part.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

30. Before performing an angle beam test on plate materials, it is advisable to first inspect the
plate with straight beam transducers.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

31. By scanning only from the four edges, a plate can be inspected 100% utilizing an angle beam
transducer.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

32. Lack of fusion between passes in a weldment can be detected with the ultrasonic testing
method.
a) TRUE

b) FALSE

33. The ultrasonic testing method can be used for finding slag inclusions in weldments.
a) TRUE
END

b) FALSE