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Hydraulic Power Steering:

*No advantages in cars. But its power for Heavy vehicles the 'hydraulic power' itself is an
added advantage.
*For trucks, Hydraulic power steering is cheaper than EPS
Power assistance is at Steering rack / gearbox, so a lighter steering column
*Almost all parts are serviceable
*Heavier than EPS
*More response lag than EPS (due to backlash in construction)
*Engine driven pump takes a part of crankshaft power & affect FE
*Maintenance - in terms of consumables (oil top-up in case of leakage)
*System turns heavier than manual steering when the power assistance fails
*Cheaper than HPS (for cars)
*Light weight
*Variable response in modern EPS system (speed dependent system which varies the
steering response. i.e., lighter at slow speeds for easy operation & Heavier at high speeds
for stability)
*Almost zero maintenance required
*No power loss to engine, no effect on FE
*Uses the old school manual Steering rack, no complicated system / mechanism in steering
*Many non-serviceable parts
*Power assistance unit is mounted on steering column, so a heavier column

Types of Steering System

1) Rack & Pinion type

simple construction
economical and uncomplicated to manufacture
easy to operate due to good degree of efficiency
contact between steering rack and pinion is free of play and even internal damping is
tie rods can be joined directly to the steering rack
minimal steering elasticity compliance
compact (the reason why this type of steering is fitted in all European and Japanese frontwheel drive vehicles)
the idler arm (including bearing) and the intermediate rod are no longer needed
easy to limit steering rack travel and therefore the steering angle
greater sensitivity to impacts
greater stress in the case of tie rod angular forces
disturbance of the steering wheel is easier to feel (particularly in front-wheel drives)
tie rod length sometimes too short where it is connected at the ends of the rack (side
take-off design)
size of the steering angle dependent on steering rack travel
this sometimes requires short steering arms resulting in higher forces in the entire
steering system
decrease in steering ratio over the steer angle associated with heavy steering during
parking if the vehicle
2) Recirculating Ball type

Can be used on rigid axles
Ability to transfer high forces.
A large wheel input angle possible the steering gear shaft has a rotation range up to
45, which can be further increased by the steering ratio.

It is therefore possible to use long steering arms.

This results in only low load to the pit-man and intermediate arms in the event of tie rod
diagonal forces occurring.
It is also possible to design tie rods of any length desired, and to have steering kinematics
that allow an increase in the overall steering ratio iS with increasing steering angles. The
operating forces necessary to park the vehicle are reduced in such cases.
Higher cost
It is heavier than Rack & Pinion steering system
Steering feedback is not responsive
Dead point - at a certain point the steering feedback will be zero.
These two are the important Manual steering systems.
Power assisted steering systems to follow soon.

Renault Kangoo

Comparatie hidraulic si electric