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Using Fault Management for NW

Optimization
RANOP / 2007

Company Confidential
1

2007 Nokia

13-468261 v1.0

Summary
Introduction
Alarms in DX 200 System
Alarms in MML
Alarms in Top Level User interface
Alarms in Network Doctor

Company Confidential
2

2007 Nokia

13-468261 v1.0

Introduction
Alarm analysis is the 1st thing to be done in worst cell troubleshooting!
No use optimizing parameters if you have a HW problem!
Bad performance of a cell may be caused by faulty equipment.
Check that there are no performance-affecting alarms in the cell monitored and also
in neighbour cells!
Alarms are usually transferred to the NetAct database.
Monitoring can be done through MML Commands, Nokia NetAct Top Level User
Interface or Network Doctor.

Constant monitoring is needed in order to avoid critical alarms in any network


element.
Periodically performance reports can include a resume of alarm status.

Company Confidential
3

2007 Nokia

13-468261 v1.0

Alarms in DX 200 system Groups

Alarm number in:

Notices
(NOT ICE)

switching equipment 0799

10001799

O&M equipment

800 - 899

18001899

900 - 999

19001999

transmission
equipment
diagnosis report
number
base station/
transmission
equipment alarms
power equipment
external equipment

Company Confidential
4

Disturbance
Failure
printouts
printouts
(DIST UR)
(ALARMS)

2007 Nokia

13-468261 v1.0

Diagnosis
reports
(DIAGN)

Base
station
alarms

Numbers
T ransmission reserved for
equipment
possible
alarms
external
alarms

20002799
30003799
28002899
38003899
29002999
39003999

40004799
48004899
49004999
37003999
70007999

80008999
50005499
55005999

Alarms in DX 200 system Printout Fields


Alarm Number
BCF number, BTS number, TRX number, Alarm Object, Unit, Date, Time, Alarm Number
Urgency level
* Low Priority
** Med Priority
*** High Priority
Printout type
ALARM fault situation
CANCEL fault terminated
DISTUR disturbance
NOTICE notice

Event type
COMM communication failure
QUAL quality of service
PROCES processing failure
EQUIPM equipment failure
ENVIR environmental failure
Company Confidential
5

2007 Nokia

13-468261 v1.0

Note: The urgency level is


output in all alarm
printouts except notices
(NOTICE). The urgency
levels of terminated alarms
are indicated by dots (.)
instead of asterisks (*).

Alarms in MML
Alarms in BSC Level:
ZAHO: PRINT ALARMS CURRENTLY ON
ZAHP: PRINT ALARM HISTORY

Alarms in BTS Level:


ZEOL: LIST ALARMS CURRENTLY ON
ZEOH: LIST ALARM HISTORY

BCF, SEG or BTS configuration and status


ZEEI: OUTPUT RADIO NETWORK CONFIGURATION

TRX and RTSL configuration and status


ZERO: OUTPUT TRANSCEIVER PARAMETERS

Company Confidential
6

2007 Nokia

13-468261 v1.0

Verify if BCF, SEG, BTS, TRX and RTSL


are LOCKED or UNLOCKED; WO
(working), BL- USR (blocked by user)
or Restarting.

Alarms in MML
HW Tests:
ZUBK: HANDLE ABIS LOOP TEST
(Parameters: BTS, TRX, RTSL, Fixed or Dynamic Abis connection and Abis TSL and Sub-TSL,
looping time)

ZUBS: START TRANSCEIVER TEST


(Parameters: BTS, TRX, RTSL, test mode, RTSL,test selection, diversity path selection,test
connection, RF test signal attenuation,BTS RX level,STM antenna attenuation,BS TX power
attenuation, loop duration)

Company Confidential
7

2007 Nokia

13-468261 v1.0

Alarms Examples
2993: BTS AND TC UNSYNCHRONIZATION CLEAR CALLS ON ABIS INTERFACE
Transcoder and transmission alarm. Abis test is needed.

7045: TRX/FU DATA TRANSFER ERROR BETWEEN FU AND CU16


Base Station alarm. Observed when TCH failure rate is very high. A possible solution can be to
change the TRX.

Example of a BTS alarm printout:

Company Confidential
8

2007 Nokia

13-468261 v1.0

Alarms in Top Level User interface

The Top-level User Interface contains


graphical views of the network, in which
network elements are represented
hierarchically with symbols
One of the main functions of the Toplevel User Interface in network
monitoring is to show the alarm
situation in all managed objects
The different colors represent the severity
of the produced alarms

Company Confidential
9

2007 Nokia

13-468261 v1.0

Alarms in Network Doctor


NWD report 023 Alarm statistics by cells
NWD report 020 Alarm statistics
NWD report 034 Alarm Types and counts
NWD report 035 Alarm Types and counts for BSC
NWD report 024 Active BCCH missing alarms
NWD report 025 Alarm sum time by cells
NWD report 027 Call outages breakdown over 10 days
NWD report 030 BSC alarm breakdown

Company Confidential
10

2007 Nokia

13-468261 v1.0

Thank you!
RANOP / 2007

Company Confidential
11

2007 Nokia

13-468261 v1.0