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Cobija

This article is about the current city in Bolivia. For the


former Bolivian port of Cobija, see Cobija, Chile.
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Cobija was founded in 1906 by Colonel Enrique Cornejo,


originally under the name of Baha and received its current name in 1908 in commemoration of the former Bolivian seaport Cobija on the Pacic, which has been a part
of Chile since the War of the Pacic. In the early 1900s,
Cobija experienced a boom as an India rubber industry
center. When the industry collapsed, a major source of
income being lost, Cobija became impoverished and its
population fell. Nowadays, Cobija is developing again
and its population is increasing. Currently, the regions
primary industry is Brazil nuts, although tourism and
commerce are growing.

2 Population
The Bolivian city of Cobija is located about 600 km (373
mi.) north of La Paz in the Amazon Basin on the border
with Brazil. Cobija lies on the banks of the Rio Acre
across from the Brazilian city of Brasilia. Cobija lies at
an elevation of ca. 280 m (920 ft.) above sea level and
has a tropical and rainy climate.

The inhabitants of Cobija has risen very strongly during


the past two decades to more than ve-fold. Currently
the estimated population is as much as 60 000 inhabitants
with a population growth of 6 to 8% per year.

Cobija has approximately 56,000 inhabitants, is the seat


of a university and capital of the Bolivian Pando Department. Cobija has two airports and is connected by one
road to El Choro in the Beni Department, which is not
always passable during the rainy season. When the rain
allows it, Cobija is connected to the rest of Bolivia also
via road. Cobija is connected to Brazil by two bridges.

3 Climate

History

Central Park

The city of Cobija sits on a sharp curve of the Acre river.


Located at an altitude of 280 metres (920 ft) above sea
level and in the north-western jungle region in Brazilian
border Cobija is considered the rainiest region in Bolivia. It is also a warm spot (exception made for a couple
of weeks a year, when a fresh wind from the south blows),
with day temperatures above 26 C (79 F) most of the
time. Cobija has two seasons: The rain season (when
is possible to enjoy powerful rainfalls and the vegetation

Municipal building in Cobija, Bolivia

is at its best) and the dry season (when roads are good
and excursions deep into the Jungle are made possible, to
lago Bay for instance). Usually locals use the hottest
hours of the day to stay at home, have lunch and a good
siesta. But the most active ones enjoy also outdoor activities. The average annual precipitation averages between
1,500 to 2,000 millimetres (59 to 79 in) depending upon
the seasonal ooding intensity. Furthermore, contrary to
popular belief, Cobija is not the wettest area in Bolivia, as
the average annual precipitation in the Chapare lowlands
of Cochabamba can receive more than 5,500 millimetres
(220 in) of rain per year in some areas.

Transportation

View along the Riberalta to Cobija highway

Cobija is served by major Bolivian airlines at Captain


Anbal Arab Airport and by buses to Riberalta.
Coordinates: 1102S 6844W / 11.033S 68.733W

References

[1] INE Instituto Nacional de Estadstica Bolivia 1992


[2] INE Instituto Nacional de Estadstica Bolivia 2001
[3] INE Instituto Nacional de Estadstica Bolivia 2012
[4] Klimatafel von Cobija, Prov. Pando / Bolivien (PDF).
Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over
the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 27 January 2016.

REFERENCES

Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses

6.1

Text

Cobija Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cobija?oldid=722841675 Contributors: AntonioMartin, Tobias Conradi, Gsd97jks, RichardWeiss, FlaBot, Zwobot, SmackBot, Gilliam, Hmains, StefanB sv, Tompot~enwiki, Lnolan, Ser Amantio di Nicolao, Thricecube, Cydebot,
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6.2

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