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A Study on the Arrangement of Rubber Fenders of 3MW Tripod

Type Offshore Wind Turbine due to Boat Impact

PO.
164

Kang-Su Lee, Mann-Eung Kim, Jae-Hyung Choi*, Dong-Jun Kim*, Sang-Hyu Lee*

Korean Register of Shipping and


Hyundai Engineering & Construction Co., Ltd*
Abstract

Methods
Equivalent Beam

The main object of this research is to minimize the shock effects which frequently
result in fatal damage in offshore wind turbine on impact of barge. The collision
between offshore wind turbine and barge is generally a complex problem and it is
often impractical to perform rigorous finite element analyses to include all effects
and sequences during the collision. The present research is restricted mainly to the
offshore wind turbine. On applying the impact force of a barge to the offshore wind
turbine, the maximum acceleration, internal energy, and plastic strain are
calculated for each load case using the finite element method. LS-dyna, a
commercial explicit finite element code from ANSYS software, is used to model
and analyze the non-linear response of the offshore wind turbine to the barge
collision. A parametric study is conducted with the experimental data in terms of
the velocity of barge, thickness of the offshore wind turbine, and thickness and
Mooney-Rivlin coefficient of the rubber fender. The equivalent theory of wind
turbine blades and the equation of motion for the offshore wind turbine is derived
under the assumption that it ignores the effect of the vertical motion of barge on
sea water. Through the analysis proposed in this study, it is possible to determine
the proper size and material properties of the rubber fender and the optimal
moving conditions of barge.

3D model

Divide Section

MPC 184

Static Load Analysis


MY=1000
MZ=1000

MX=1000

FZ=1000

Rigidity Calculation
Eix, Eiy, EA, GJ
Equivalent Beam Model

Rigidity

Mass

Static Analysis
Modal Analysis

Check the Result [ 3D model and Beam model ]

Analysis Model

Flapwise

Substructure Spec.
Nacelle weight [ton]

200

Blade length [m]

84

Hub height [m]

120

Center
Substructure

Edgewise

6(D) X 0.80(t)

Diagonal
Bottom

Torsional

5(D) X 0.53(t)
x

4(D) X 0.42(t)

2.5(D) X 0.15(t)
y

Number of Nodes

6,561

Number of Elements

6,303
BEAM 161
(3D, 2-node beam)

Element Types
(Explicit)

NR

LINK 160
(3D, 2-node truss)

Mooney-Rivlin
Coefficient

SHELL 163
(3D, 4 node shell)
SOLID 164
(3D, 8 node solid)

CR

C01

C10
NPR

Blade Spec.

Rubber Fender Type


NR

CR

NPR

0.256013
-0.0766397
52
0.396662
0.6750182
09

226.01
13,079

Balsa-core skins

Results
1.800E+03
1.600E+03
1.400E+03
Spar Caps

Mass [kg]

1.200E+03
1.000E+03
8.000E+02
6.000E+02
4.000E+02

Forward shear Web

Aft
shear Web

Trailing-edge

2.000E+02
0.000E+00
1

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Section Number

Material

Density

No Rubber
Fender

Moduli(GPa)

Vf

Ro
(g/cm^3)

Ex

Ey

Gxy

Nu_xy

Gel coat

N/A

1.23

3.44

3.44

1.38

0.3

Random mat

1.67

9.65

9.65

3.86

0.30

CDB340

0.40

1.75

24.2

8.97

4.97

0.39

A260

0.40

1.75

31.0

7.59

3.52

0.31

Spar Cap Mixture

0.40

1.75

25.0

9.23

5.00

0.35

Balsa

N/A

0.144

2.07

2.07

0.14

0.22

Fill Epoxy

N/A

1.15

2.76

2.76

1.10

0.3

Triaxial
fabric
Uniaxial
fabric

NR

CR

NPR

This study established a procedure for impact analysis of the offshore wind turbine
structure and investigated the impact damage due to collision with a barge, as well as
exploring measures to prevent this impact damage. The nonlinear behavior of the
rubber fender was implemented by employing Mooney-Rivlin constants determined
by material tests. The influences of the collision of a barge on stress and strain of the
wind turbine structure were investigated according to the barges speed. Based on
the findings from the investigation, neoprene was selected as an effective fender
material for preventing impact damage, and its proper thickness was determined.
Further analysis of fluid-structure interaction (FSI) that takes the sea-merged part of
the structure into account is expected to achieve greater reliability of analysis results

EWEA OFFSHORE 2011, 29 November 1 December 2011 , Amsterdam, The Netherlands