Sie sind auf Seite 1von 28


1) You dont have to be in the same exact situation to remember a related item in
another situation. You can use 1 memory anywhere regardless of your feelings.
Yes, you will definitely remember a little better, if youre wearing everything the
same, and youre in the same place. BUT its not necessary. They showed me the
definition of geocentric staffing; and I can tell it to you now: geocentric staffing
seeks the best people for key jobs throughout the organization, regardless of
nationality. one error I guess but nonetheless almost identical!...
2) the more techniques you use the more powerful your memory is
3) try saying things from a super high voice to a super low voice.
4) use colors whenever you can !!! super effective!

The Memory Trail

Where one is strongly tempted to just remember where they put data, but instead follows the
most certain trail of memory.

8 Memory Hacks
0. best memory technique is just plain doing your homework
Here are 8 ways to make information cement in your mind:
1. Acronyms
Ive used acronyms throughout my college and grad school career. Theyve helped me memorize
information for class presentations, and helped me memorize details for exams. An acronym is
simply a word wherein each letter represents another word. For example: HOMES (The Great
Lakes: Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior)
2. Acrostics
Acrostics are sentences in which the first letter of each word helps you remember items in a
series. For example: Zoe Cooks Chowder In Pink Pots in Miami (The Essential Minerals: Zinc,
Calcium, Chromium, Iron, Potassium, Phosphorus, Iodine, Magnesium).
3. Act it Out
Use your acting ability to make a connection with the material youre trying to learn. For
example: reenact a dialog between two historic figures or carry on a debate between two
different philosophers, politicians or literary critics.
4. Categories
Organize information into broad categories to help you remember information faster. For
example: Types of Joints in the Body (Immovable, Slightly Movable, Freely Movable).

5. Peg Words
Develop a chain of associations between whatever list you need to memorize and a peg word.
Peg words are associated with numbers (e.g. zero is hero; one is a bun; two is a shoe; three is a
tree; four is a door; five is a hive; six is sticks; seven is heaven; eight is a gate; nine is wine; and
ten is a hen). Heres how peg words work with the atomic numbers in a periodic table: (1)
Imagine a hydrogen hotdog on a bun; (2) Imagine a helium shoe balloon; (3) Imagine a lit tree on
fire (lithium); (4) a door made of berries (beryllium); (5) a hive with bored bees (boron); and the
list can go on. The odd pairing helps you memorize information quickly.
6. Rhymes
Make up a silly rhyme or pun to help you memorize information. For example: Brown vs. Board
of Education ended public-school segregation.
7. Recordings
Make a recording of yourself giving a lecture about the subject youre studying. This is
especially helpful for foreign language classes or a vocabulary section on a standardized test.
8. Visualizations
Turn an abstract idea into an image of something that is as specific as possible. For example,
visualize a scene from a historic period. Make it as real as possible in your mind. Use all your
senses and imagine what it must smell like, feel like, etc. The more specific you are, the more
youll remember.

more memory techniques are:

a. selecting a key word and memorizing the central idea behind it;
Picturing details as well as a story about it.
b. when imagining, use all your senses
c. intend to remember
d. link the new information to old information
e. overlearn.
f. talk to yourself after studying material.
g. try studying note cards
h. repeat what you need to know

(1) helps a lot!

(2) Forget about what youre friends give you. Friends do not know
how to get the marks you get and if you copy their answers or listen
to them, you will have incongruence with your normal grade A work.
(3) Talk to the teachers! The teachers are the people that are giving
you the marks right? Well if you meet up with them enough youll
learn of their standards or even better, get on their good side. An
assignment that you normally hand in would probably look like a
50% in their eyes. But now that they know you, it probably looks
like a 78%. Sweet!
(4) Attend class.
(5) Time your questions while you study. If you finish early, take a nap.
Time the nap, and then when its over get back to studying. Rinse,
wash, repeat! This is thee way to be an effective student.
(6) Baby Steps: always do questions slowly, never rush them. Theyre
like learning a bboy move. (at the same time dont waste time) Find
a balance!!!
(7) A great way to study is to open up lecture slides for the chapter
(and if youve been to class enough), then you can listen to the
voice of the teacher in your head as he or she reads the information
on the slides. (hint: imagine its as real as possible)
(8) wake your body up - I need to wake up while Im studying.
Sometimes Im so sleepy like my face feels dead, it doesnt feel
alive. It might be a good idea to exercise before you attack the
homework; HOWEVER if you have already begun the homework
finish it because you are just wasting time if you havent. TRY
(9) If you cheat, cheat properly. Ok so for my law class, I wrote the
answers down in mnemonic format. And for Accounting this didnt
help at all: I wrote down the answers in light pencil on the back of
my calculator so the teacher didnt see but nor did I. The technique

was flawed because everytime Id look if anyone, ANYONE, saw

my eyes they would know Im looking at the cheat sheet. The best
thing to do of course is put a piece in your ear.
(10) Aside from cheating you could just become an EXCELLENT
(11) Do only what you have to when youre super tired. But do it

When studying questions for class/exam/test/whatever... if you have the time, put
the questions in your own words. That way you will not only remember the answer
(you put in your own words) BUT also the question.


Dont Reward yourself, until the task is complete

When youre getting it right, continue with your roll until youre finished your


Study ahead of class by studying a week ahead.


Study ahead of class reviewing slides carefully.


Know more than the teacher.


-sleep is the perfect break


be smart - when you're doing statistic questions, don't actually write out all the
numbers, IT"S A WASTE OF TIME, when you get the exam do it .. but for now.. USE


Get good sleep


Read instructions/assignments/questions carefully.


Always do calculations with a calculator! (then check your calculations with your


Use short forms AMAP


Once you get homework assume the day its due is tomorrow.


Sometimes making a windows xp folder with SQRWs inside HELPS A LOT.<-new study technique!
Statistics very clear, he wants to see every piece of the puzzle all in record
time. justify your statements w/ data.


Statistics when youre comparing #s, the numbers are around the same size

Statistics whenever youre looking at a table, YOURE ALWAYS LOOKING



Dont let anything distract you

If you dont understand something continue reading further and you might
understand it later


Dont fidget


Breathe / Get in a relaxed position


Youre not reading unless youre doing all the SQRW Steps


Always eat and drink away from the computer or away from your homework so
you dont get any of the food/drink on it.

(35) do your work as fast as possible

Memorizing the number of days in each month of a year

use the fist technique!

you only use the first four knuckles. its easy each
knuckle is 31 days. the first one is 28. and the rest of the valleys are 30 days.
/*********** Test
jan. - 31
feb. - 28
mar.- 31
apr. 30
may 31
jun. 30
jul. 31
aug 31
sept 30
oct. 31
nov 30
dec. -31
It works perfectly!!!


3 keys to retaining interest and keeping focused: are setting ourselves goals, using our
imagination, and understanding the things we learn.
A - Aspire
I - Imagine
U Understand
research has shown that we learn more effectively if we take in information at high speed the
faster we read, the less opportunity for our brain to become distracted.

thirty days hath September,

april, june, and November
mnemonic devices help memory. mnemonics are codes or strategies linking new or abstract
information with something more familiar, concrete, or interesting.
to remember the date 1492, would be to learn the phrase a ship witnessed it. the trick here is that
you count the number of letters in each word: 1,4,9,2. try using your trance words***
the trivia wizard.
similar to the one when remembering names and faces. by creating an image that sets each fact
in an associated mental backdrop. then you need to revise what you have stored, not once but
regularly. I have memorized thousands of trivial pursuit questsions I have built in a trigger
mechanism between the question and the answer. Ex. What is the name for a young pigeon
answer: a squab I see pigeons SQUABbling for crumbs on my window ledge. Ex. 2 What do
psychicatrist call fear of crowds? AAnswer: demophobia I see a mob DEMOnstrating in
Palestine. What is a the collective name for a group of mules? answer a span I see a line of
baggage mules on a swaying rope bridge spanning a ravine in mexico. What is the name of
Torontos main airport? answer: Pearson I see a girl standing on an airport runway in
TORrential rain, washing her face with PEARS soap.
Golden Rule: if you review information five times, you will be able to recall it for life.
I suggest that you revise your question-and-answer associations a day or two after memorizing
them and run through them again every few months you will be a quiz whizz!
The Mapbook and the Deck
theyre supposed to work together
4 journeys
25 landmarks/stages each
switch journeys by turning mapbook over.
if you get good at memorizing 25 objects move up to 50 and then 100 by joining
the journey maps.
n. memory deck consists of 100 double-sided(objects, numbers) cards
o. both sides of memory cards are intended to be used separately

How it works?
- ex. country side to the shore.
- choose: objects or numbers (ex. objects)
- grab 25 objects from memory card deck
- stack on table so numbers are upper
- most open journey out in front of you.

- turn up first card, match object to first stage of journey (ex. catapult in the farmhouse) use your
imagination to create a link between two. perhaps farmer is standing on farmhouse catapulting
horse manure at you. then do the same with 2nd card and 2nd stage, etc. etc. while working
through cards place cards in same order. Youll need to refer back to them. After memorizing
cards, look back at journey and go through it with a paper and pencil. it says to use the dominic
system to convert numbers into personalities then link personalities imaginatively with a stage
along the route.
The DOMINIC System
DOMINIC Decipherment of Mnemonically Interpreted Numbers Into Characters.
-its for large numbers (10+ digits). I decided to turn figures into personalities by thinking of
them first as letters, then as the intials of peoples names. I eventually came up with a 10-letter
alphabet in which each letters stands for a digit from 0 to 9. by putting a 0 before each single
digit 00, 01, and so on I made every number between 0 and 99 form a pair. When I converted
the pairs into letters, I had a series of initials, which represented names I could remember vividly
because they belonged to famous people or to friends or acquaintances. The most obvious
number-letter system is A to I for 1 to 9, but I found that I associated some numbers more readily
with other letters. So, the letters I use in my own number-letter code are A,B,C,D,E (as1-5),
together with the letter O standing for 0. Then, S for 6 (because of the s sound) , G for 7 (after
G7 group of economic powers), H for 8 (because it is the 8th letter of the alphabet,), and N for
9(again because of the sound). with these 10 associations, I was able to turn the figures from 0 to
99 into a hundred characters. I then realized that, with long sequence of numbers, there was no
ndeed to add initial zeroes because the digits could be paired off. For example, you could
transalate 236322287217 (12 digits) into the ix pairs of initials BC(23), SC(63, BB (22) ,
BH(28), GB(72) , AG (17). Let us say these intials suggested Bill Clinton, Sean Connery,
Benjamin Britten, Bob Hoskins, George Bush, Al Gore. You could then fix the number In your
mind by creating a sequential visualization around bill Clinton inviting sean connery to bring
benajamin britten and bob Hoskins to a reception organized for george bush by al gore. the
unlikelihood of gore organizing a reception for bush would make such a mnemonic device all the
more memorable. A good way to practice the dominic system is to memorize a list of dates. Say
that you wish to remember the birthdays of six relatives. Sam, Penny, Helen, Tom, Mary and
rob. arrange the dates by days then months, their birthday sfall on 13/02, 18/06, 22/10, 28/11
15/12. you translate these figures into the intial letters that identify people in your personality
list: AC/OB (anton Chekhov and otto von Bismarck, AH/OS (Alfred Hitchcock and omar
sharif), BS/OH (bram stoker and oliver hardy) BB/AO (Bridgette Bardot and Aristotle onassis),
BH/AA (Bob Hope and Andre Agassi), AE/AB (Albert Einstein and Alexander Bell)
then to memorize each relatives birthday, imagine a scene taking place in-or outside their house.
For example , visualizing your uncle sams house. picture anton chekhove towing a battle ship
which is otto von Bismarck associated prop, up the drive (nothat that here we combine the first
personality with the second personalits prop) next you take a trip to your cousin pennys hous,w
here you head for the shower room to freshen up, only to find Alfred Hitchcock playing a game
of bridge (omar sharifs favorite pastime) there. Over at your aunt helens house, you find bram
strer, dressed as Dracula, in the master bedroom acting the fool Oliver hardys profession. at
cousin toms house you see bridgitte bardot sunning herself on a yacht in the garden ( the yacht,

of course, is associated with Aristotle onassis). over to great-aunt marys house now where you
find bob hope playing tennis (andre agasss profession) in the entrance hall. and finally at cousin
robs apartment there is albert Einstein on a cell phone (Alexander bell invented the telephone)
discussing the finer points of a brilliant new equation.
A frequent quick review of these locations will ensure that you never forget your relatives
birthdays again.
*it came with a pack of 100 cards (each with a different image on it); the cards were use to
exercise memory; but would be useful*


Memory Wishlist:
- I could remember a girls/guys name, then recalling their name would be easy. NOT
- I could remember the list of moves I want to do in my street show. DONE USING
- Your body is continuously using some sort of memory
- they are states in which anything is possible due to imagination
- people think they dont really need a great memory
- I want to be able to remember moves/ names/ important information
- because most people think their minds get weaker when they get older; thats not the case
for some w/ memory tech.s
- no not when you use memory techniques
- Oh they are tricks of the mind on yourself. Imagination is what you had when you were a
kid and what the best memorizers use.
When you try to memorize your brain has to be all over the familiar imagination.
brain is made of billions of neurons
4 types of memory are: episodic (how one remembers episodes), semantic(how we remember
things that make sense), procedural (how we remember procedures), prospective(and how we
remember the past to predict the future; plans)
humans love using their visual memory. and it WORKS!
we tend to remember unusual things and things that are connected. I suggest connecting
unfamiliar things with familiar things. (AND DONT HIDE THEM when visualizing)
traumatic events cause us to remember things in long term.

information juggling repeating something over and over in order to remember

memory joggers notes
memory postures states
knowing anything is possible
-shareshevsky thought of taking notes and burning them inorder to forget. (try to be like him)
-try transformations when remembering.

cycle of success is what successful memorizers go through

frameworks are an easy way to memorize

pick any area youre VERY familiar w/ and highlight 10 areas/ frames it can be more!
works great if the path is linear
and if the objects you put in them are linked together (or just close) objects have to be placed
where they normally would be.
you remember what you repeat recently.
use all your senses to make images vivid
the number system
9=ice cream + cone
11=railway tracks
create a story to remember anything u like.
you can link many pictures to the # system

think about rewards

think about ideal atmosphere
break down school material into images and then use them in frameworks
remembering directions is just putting left and right arrow images in a framework and u can
remember shit fast ;)
you can also put many images in one frame :D
many languages are derived from: latin, gaelic, and English


- bring to mind a picture that the name suggests
- exaggerate the picture
- create some other link
- connect the imagery with the other person
5 steps to delivering speeches from memory
1) decide what you want to say
2) pick out the key points
3) design picture clues
4) decorate your memory framework.
5) add more detail (add picture clues to remind you of names, facts, and dates
try to think of images for each word
imagine your success
to remember the order of 52 cards use the 1 to 12 model, and for king just think of the type of the
card it is. hearts: caring, love, human body diamonds: riches, jewellery, craftsmanship, clubs:
crime, weaponry, violence spades: digging, and work

all 52 cards are here make a story to connect all cards. practice rememberiung groups of 5 or 4.

try to remember imagination stories forward and backwards.

since you have to imagine with all senses; make sure your senses are sharp.
even if you forget, keep trying to remember.
memory relies on good sleep.
fit people have better memories than fat people.
memory foods: seadfood & fish, egg yolk, wheat, soya beans, dairy products (cheese, milk,
eggs), meats, rosemary, lemon blam
Tactics for recovering memories

go back to the event

concentrate on details
think about mental pictures in different order
change the perspective

combine logical thinking with imaginative thinking

special place: my hands imagine things u want to remember for sure in there!
feel free to get crazy with imagination

10 steps to make yourself memorable

1) help people remember your name
2) speak with pictures
3) organize your speech; provide a mental file card.
4) attack your audiences emotions
5) try to attack all their senses (have great >senses<)
6) people are most attractive at the beginning and end
7) rehearse
8) make handouts memorable
9) motivate people to remember u (N)
10) give people reminder cues
try to remember your dreams in a framework
talk about whatever you want to remember
have a mental storehouse and refer to it when youre completing goals/tasks
combine memory techniques
I remember sensible things. (combine the unfamiliar with the familiar)

What to do when youre sick of Homework
(1) step 1 sleep for 10 minutes.

Improving Your Memory.txt (GOOD SHIT)

A&M Home>> SCS Home>> Self-Help>> Infosheets>> Improving Your
Improving Your Memory
Myth: Most people remember fewer than 10% of the names of people
that they meet.
Fact: We remember the face, but we have made no real connection
between the face and name.
Myth: Most people forget 99% of the phone numbers given to them.
Fact: Most people dont really choose to remember most phone
Myth: Memory is supposed to decline rapidly with age.
Fact: Memory declines with age only if it is not used. It can
improve throughout your lifetime.
Myth: Most people confess to having a bad memory.
Fact: Most people use the excuse of "only being human," because they

dont know how to improve their memory.

Our memories are far better than we give them credit!!
Most people have dreams of family, friends, places, and situations
that they may have not experienced in 10 to 30 years. Most of
these images are perfectly clear with color and in great detail.
Everyone has had the experience of turning a corner and suddenly
recalling events from the past. A single smell, touch, or sound
might at any time bring back a flood of memory.
A Russian journalist named Shereshevsky never took or made notes.
He could, however, listen to long speeches and recall line for
line, word for word, what he had just heard. Scientists concluded
that he was not a freak and did not have anything more than an
average intelligence. Shereshevsky did use basic memory principles
in his everyday life.
Professor Rosenweigs studies in the 1970s concluded that if our
brains were fed 10 new items of information every second for the
rest of our life, that we would never half fill our memory
While working on a side project, the noted Professor Penfield
found that by electrically stimulating certain brain cells, his
patients were vividly recalling happenings from their past. The
memories included the smells, tastes, colors, noises, and
movements associated with the happening.
Professor Anokhin proved that memory is formed in small electrical
patterns among the interconnecting cells of the brain. We know
that the brain contains over a million million (1,000,000,000,000)
cells. The possibility of different combinations or connections of
memories between these cells is limitless.
In near-death type happenings, most people confess to having "my
whole life flash before my eyes." We laugh and tell them they
probably just sorted through a few highlights. Studies show that
most of these people are serious and that they even recalled
events totally forgotten for many years.
Studies show that if you are shown 1000 pictures at the rate of
one picture per second, that you could, with 99 percent accuracy,
pick those pictures out even if someone mixed in 100 new pictures
that you had not seen. We all border on the limits of having a
photographic memory.
Memory techniques are not new and have been used since the time of
the ancient Greeks. Recent studies show, however, that if you can
master any one technique and score 9 out of 10 on a standard test,
that you will proportionally score 900 out of 1000 and so on.
Memory techniques work across the board with different cultures
studying different type subjects.
Why don't we use our memory to its fullest potential?
For some odd reason, we tag certain information and remember it

well. On the other hand, we poorly tag information that must be

remembered and are never able to recall it. The "GIGO" syndrome does
not work well for students at Texas A&M. Students who poorly tag or
attempt to put "Garbage In" will most certainly not be able to
remember and will get "Garbage Out" at test time.
If you have habits of losing things like eye glasses and car keys,
or forget everything you study for tests, you probably are passively
tagging these mental images. Things that are done and remembered as
everyday ordinary occurrences have not been tagged in your memory as
important. Memory that has not been tagged as important will in most
cases be stored as FYI and your mind does not see the need to
remember it with any authority.
Tagging input information in different way to make it memorable is
not a new concept. "Mnemonics," or memory enhancement techniques
have been studied since the time of ancient Greeks and Romans. In
the following pages, we will discuss several simple techniques that
scholars and memory tricksters use to improve their memory
The Link System
The link system is the quickest and most simple to learn. It creates
a memory foundation that makes learning advanced systems easier. The
link system is best used to positively tag information like shopping
lists or class test lists. By using principles like imagination,
symbolism, sight and touch we incorporate both left and right brain
memory strengths. The key to connecting any series in a list is to
tag each entry with as much information as possible. Making any list
something unusual or bizarre keeps it from being routinely stored
and easily forgotten.
Example: Pick any list of items you wish to remember. It could be
a shopping list or a listing of answers for a particular test. For
my example, we will use a short shopping list. In most cases we
forget to make or bring our shopping list. We then get home and
remember exactly what we forgot to buy. Heres our list.
Hair comb
2 Glass tea pitchers
1 Bar of hand-soap
Clothes detergent
Dental floss
The Link System: Now imagine yourself walking out the front door
with a large metal comb in your mouth. Feel the smoothness of the
metal and then the point of each tooth on the comb. Balanced on that
comb are two large tea pitchers that glimmer in the afternoon sun.

Hear the tinkling of the glass as each of your steps makes the
pitchers bump together. You now hear a smushing sound and you stop.
From under your shoe you see a river of grape juice and seeds
flowing. The cuff of your jeans is now stained deep red. This alarms
you and your first reaction is to step back. As you step back, you
find your self on a foaming bar of soap in the shape of a
surf-board. Now see yourself surfing on a sea of grape juice leaving
a trail of suds from your soap surf-board. Feel the soap as it
squishes up from between your toes. Smell the contrast of grape mist
and clean soap aromas. Suddenly you take a big spill and now your
clothes are all stained with grape juice. Youre now so nasty that
you have to return home.
Now youre really tired. It took you 8 hours and 12 boxes of
detergent to get that grape stain out of your favorite jeans. Tired,
hungry, and out of detergent, you forge out to go shopping again.
Youre really getting good at balancing the tea pitchers on that
comb. So good that you will jump rope and balance the pitchers all
the way to the mall. Can you guess what the jump rope is made of? If
you guessed it was made of thousands of strands of dental floss, you
were correct. See and feel the rope in your own mind.
Now that you see how the Link System works, finish this story so
that you can incorporate the last two items on our shopping
listbread and eggs.
The Number-Shape System
Most of us are fairly familiar with the numbers 1 through 10. For
each number, all of us can come up with an image or shape that
(maps) reminds us of that number. For example, I can see a curved
swans head and neck matching the curved top section of the number
2. Some people use a boat or sailboat for the number 4 because it
looks like a boats sail. The key point is to associate a word that
represents a specific number for you and only you.
1. = Paintbrush
2. = Swan
3. = Heart
4. = Boat
5. = Hook
6. = Elephants Trunk
7. = Cliff
8. = Hourglass/Time
9. = Stick & Balloon
10. = Bat & Ball
The Number-Shape System: Lets say you wanted to memorize this short
list of items. This might be a grocery list or a list of possible
answers for a major test.

Apple Pie
Field of Wheat
We would then construct this Number-Shape System:
1. (Paintbrush) The Symphony painted a good melody.
2. (Swan) He bowed his head in prayer like a swan.
3. (Heart) He loved Watermelon.
4. (Sailboat) We sailed away from the harbor as the Volcano erupted.
5. (Hook) He became hooked on Motorcycles.
6. (Elephants Trunk) Dumbo lifted his trunk towards the Sunshine.
7. (Cliff) Id jump off a cliff for Moms Apple Pie.
8. (Hourglass) It took time for the Blossoms to bloom.
9. (Stick & Balloon) The Spaceship floated like a childs balloon.
10.(Ball & Bat) Our old baseball field has been converted into a
Field Of Wheat.
These are, of course, the examples I would use. You must personalize
your Number-Shape System to fit your own style. Your own system and
images will tag the information you wish to remember in a much more
efficient manner.
The Number-Rhyme System
The Number-Rhyme System works much like the Number-Shape System
except we substitute sounds for images associated with the numbers 1
through 10.
1. = sounds like bun or sun.
2. = sounds like shoe or pew.
3. = sounds like tree or flea.
4. = sounds like door or poor.
5. = sounds like dive or drive.
6. = sounds like sticks or bricks.
7. = sounds like heaven or eleven (7-Eleven).
8. = sounds like skate or gate.
9. = sounds like line or wine.
10. = sounds like pen or men.
The Number-Rhyme System: Lets say you wanted to memorize this short
list of items. Again, this could be anything from a shopping list to
a list of possible answers for a test.

1. Atom
2. Tree
3. Stethoscope
4. Sofa
5. Alley
6. Tile
7. Windscreen
8. Honey
9. Brush
10. Toothpaste
We would then construct this Number-Rhyme System:
1. (Sun) The Atom blast glared brighter than the sun.
2. (Shoe) Not everyone owns a shoe Tree.
3. (Tree) The tree-doctor put a Stethoscope around the trunk.
4. (Door) We moved the Sofa near the door.
5. (Drive) We had to drive in the Alley.
6. (Bricks) The western house had bricks arranged like Tile on the
7. (Eleven) The car drove through the Windscreen at the 7-Eleven.
8. (Bait) We used Honey as bait for the flies.
9. (Line) The artist used a fine Brush to paint the line.
10. (Men) The shipwrecked men had not used Toothpaste in 2 years.
This is again, an example I would use. The more vivid and/or
ridiculous the rhymes are made will have a greater impact on how
well your memory attempts to tag this information. Remember to
personalize this system so that it fits your imagination and
learning style.
The Major System: How to remember Phone Numbers and Dates in History
The Major System is the ultimate memory enhancement tool. It has
been used, studied, and improved upon for nearly 400 years. This
versatile system will allow you to memorize limitless lists of
facts, dates and series of numbers. It also enables you to organize
lists in a variety of orders, so that memorization is customized to
best fit your learning style. The basic structure of the Major
System is to designate consonant letter codes for the numbers 0
through 9.
Example: 0 = s,z = s & z are the first sounds of the word "zero."
1 = d,t = d & t have one pen downstroke.
2 = n = n has two pen downstrokes.
3 = m = m has three pen downstrokes.
4 = r = r is the last letter in the word "four."
5 = l = the top of the number 5 is an "L."
6 = j,sh = j is the mirror image of the number "6."

7 = k,ch = k is shaped like two "7s."

8 = f,v = f, when handwritten, has two loops like an "8."
9 = b,p = b & p are mirror images of the number "9."
Examples: The Major System for Phone Numbers
Your Tennis Partner640-7336= (7336/c,m,m,sh)= Can Make
Masterful SHots
Local Theatre869-9521= (9521/p,l,n,t)= Produce Laughter -NTears
Favorite Restaurant354-6350= (m,l,r, - ch,m,l,s)= My Local
Restaurant CHarges Moderate Lunch Specials
Examples: The Major System for Appointments
10:00 am- Dentist fill cavity.= (10:00/d,s,s,s)= Dental
Surgeon Saves Smile
9:20 pm- Movie with friend.= (9:20/p,n,c)= Preview New Cinema
Examples: The Major System for Historical Dates.
1666= Great fire of London= (666/sh,sh,sh= aSHes,aSHes,aSHes
1454= First Printing Press= (454/r,l,r)= RoLloR
1789= French Revolution= (789,k,f,p)= King Fights People
The more you practice the Major System, the more powerful your
memory will become. This system will strengthen both the short and
long term memory. Increasing any memory will help you recall more
data for tests.
Other Tips for Memory
The best system is one you customize and create yourself.
When reading to remember, scan graphs, side-notes, margins, intro,
and summary paragraphs.
When Highlighting: Highlight areas you are not comfortable with.
Single words or sentences that "define" headings.
Skip explanations and extra examples.
Also highlight your notes when possible.
Understanding what the concept is saying or explaining helps
increase long-term memory.
When trying to remember words, its always helpful to see the parts
or construction of the word rather than the whole word.
Memorization is as easy as teaching yourself to "cue" and "review."
The Roman Room System
The Romans were great advocates of mnemonic systems. In their time,
they created a system popularly called the Roman Room. Each Roman
would detail a permanent vision of their own home within their mind.
The home is a familiar place that each person generally visits
several times a day. To this permanent vision they would attach

items they wished to remember.

Try to picture your present homes front door in your mind. See the
trim and fixtures like a Roman would see the stone entry-way and
marble pillars of the olden Roman home. If you cant visualize your
own home, create a vision of what you might imagine as any Romans
doorway might look like. Remember to always see your door and trim
like the Romans pillars and stone archway.
The Roman might, for example, have constructed his mental image of
the entrance and front room with two gigantic pillars at either side
of the front door, a carved lions head as the doorknob, and an
exquisite Greek statue on the immediate left as he walked in. Next
to the statue might be a large sofa with the fur of one of the
animals the Roman had hunted.
The Roman would then start a typical day by arranging a shortened
list of things he/she wished to do and remember for that day. Lets
say that the Roman wanted to remember to buy a new pair of sandals,
to get his sword sharpened, to buy a new house maid, and to finish
the weeding in his grape vineyard. He would simply imagine the first
pillar outside his doorway arranged with thousands of sandals, the
leather polished and glistening in the sun, with the smell of fresh
leather filling the air. He would imagine sharpening the sword on
the second pillar, hearing the scraping with each stroke, feeling
the edge as it gets sharper and sharper. The Roman would then pull
on the ornate doorknob, revealing the front room, and looking to see
if the new house maid had arrived yet. She would be there, sitting
on the lion skin sofa, which would materialize into a raging lion
that gave the servant a galloping ride over to the only statue in
the room. The servant would then pluck a withered, discolored grape
from the dense matting of vines that encrypt the statue. The servant
would then say, "Sorry I cannot offer you better fruit, but the
weeds have been so bad this year that the grapes will not grow any
better than this!"
Once you construct your Roman Room for each group of things you wish
to remember, always mentally walk around that room a second time to
familiarize yourself with the sequence, placing and positioning of
all the items you place in that room.
The Roman Room System eliminates all boundaries on your imagination
and allows you to remember as many items as you wish. Many people
find this to be their favorite memory system, and will make lists
hundreds of items long to put in their gigantic Roman Room.
Remembering People's Names
One of the most important things we use our memory for is to recall
peoples names. Although its important, most of us put ourselves in
embarrassing situations where we can and do remember the face, but
cannot remember the name. Our recent ancestors were lucky enough not
to have this problem. It was common knowledge that people who baked

bread were named "Baker." The same is true for "Blacksmiths,"

"Carpenters" and "Tailors."
Today the name game is a little more complicated. In college, we
meet people in large group settings and it is extremely difficult to
remember just a few of the names for any real length of time.
Thankfully, there are two systems that can help us remember and
connect the face to the name. Used correctly, each system builds and
strengthens the other. The first system derives from the early
colonial rules of social etiquette, and the second is taken from the
Mnemonic Methods we have learned about earlier in this handout.
The first or Social Etiquette System follows a series of steps that
progress to the goal of remembering names for social interaction
purposes. Whether for social or professional purposes, the steps
will set an easily learned pattern that can help you start
associating a particular name with the corresponding face.
Dont "know" that your memory is terrible and not attempt to
really "hear" how each persons name is pronounced.
Greet people by looking them straight in the face. Look for one
distinguishing feature such as hair, eyes, lips, nose, forehead,
wrinkles or facial hair. Find something that makes this person
Listen to "how" this persons name is pronounced.
Always ask to repeat the name. "Did you say Joe Smith?"
If the name still puzzles you, ask for the correct spelling. If
you were panicked by introducing yourself, this is a good way to
hear the name again without being totally obvious
Find closure with steps #4 and #5. Make sure that you can spell or
say their name.
Exchange business cards if you can. You then have a hard copy for
Repeat that persons name in conversation as much as possible.
"John, do you know Joe Smith? Joe is a business major from
During any pauses in the conversation, internally repeat that
persons name to yourself.
During longer breaks, step back and recite each persons name along
with the facial characteristic that helps you to remember them.
When the group breaks up or you leave, use that persons name in
your farewell. "Well Mr. Smith, it was a pleasure to meet you."
After you leave the scene, write down peoples names and the
facial characteristics that set them apart from others.
Set your goals slowly. If you have not tried to remember names in
the past, you wont be an expert right away. Make a goal of
remembering 5 peoples names each time you get into a group
setting. When this becomes easy, push your goal up to 6 or 7. You
will find that once you get the 5 goal down that increasing the

limit is extremely easy.

The second system in "remembering peoples names," is the Mnemonic
System we have learned about in the earlier sections off this
handout. By using simple association and imagination, we can
mentally flag information that we choose to make interesting enough
to remember. A combination of this and the Etiquette System works
best for long term retention of memory.
Make sure you are clear about the correct way of spelling and
pronouncing that persons name.
Make sure you mentally repeat the persons name at least twice in
your mind.
Look for that one obvious head or facial characteristic.
Mentally reconstruct that persons face. Use your wildest
creativity to exaggerate the head or facial characteristic much
like a cartoonist would.
Repeat that persons name while imagining the intensified feature
you made up. It sometimes helps to rhyme or spoof the persons
name. You might remember John Pane by thinking "John Wayne" Pane.

Improving Your Memory.txt (Students Perspective)

PVCC LSC Study SkillsThis is G o o g l e's cache of
G o o g l e's cache is the snapshot that we took of the page as we
crawled the web.
The page may have changed since that time. Click here for the
current page without highlighting.
To link to or bookmark this page, use the following url:

Google is not affiliated with the authors of this page nor

responsible for its content.
These search terms have been highlighted: use your memory

Learning Support Center

Paradise Valley Community College
18401 North 32nd Street Phoenix, AZ 85032
Voice: 602.787.7180 FAX: 602.787.7820

Improving Your Memory

Concentrate > Comprehend > Remember
You must get something before you can forget it. Often, when we say "I
forgot," what we really mean is "I didn't pay attention and understand
it." Good students do not necessarily study more than poor students;
they use their time more effectively. Top students use the strategies of
effective learning: concentrating, comprehending, and remembering.
By concentration we mean sustained attention, focused in one direction,
with no distractions. When you complain that you "can't concentrate,"
you usually mean you can't keep your attention on your studies. You're
probably concentrating, but on other things such as what to eat, how to
pay the rent, where to go tonight, and such. To overcome distractions
that inter-fere with study, identify the distraction and apply a
technique to alleviate or overcome it.
Cope with internal distractionsInternal distractions include daydreams and
thoughts like "I have to remember to call the plumber," and "this is
boring." Many people find themselves "reading" a paragraph and discovering
they are really thinking about how hungry they are or the question they
need to ask their professor next week. Some ways of coping with these
internal distractions include:
Keep a notepad on your study table and jot down a brief reminder of the
idea or problem. Then let it go from your mind.
Turn the distraction, especially hunger or sleep, into a reward - once
you master this idea, reward yourself with a snack or nap.
To counteract boredom or lack of interest, try to identify the cause:
lack of background knowledge, lack of purpose for the assignment,
difficult reading material, or personal problems. If it is a textbook
problem, try using the SQ3R approach. If the problem is personal,
consider talking with a counselor.
If these don't work to release your mind to concentrate, take a break
and take care of the distraction.
Eliminate external distractions External distractions are related to the
physical environment of your study area. These are often easier to deal
with once you've identified them.
The best way to combat most external distractions, whether it's the
television, the telephone, family members demanding attention, or the
smell of dinner cooking, is to get away from them.
Form the habit of studying in the same place at the same time every day.
Make this place, whether at home or school, just for study. Pay your bills
and read your magazines somewhere else - don't mix personal work, school
work, and leisure activities.
Select a study area with good lighting, adequate ventilation, and quiet

When it is time to study, apply yourself totally with your full attention.
If you feel you are not getting as much as you should from your study and
you cannot alleviate the distraction, take a short break and try again.
The bottom line: you must learn to concentrate.
Comprehending means your ability to translate information into meaningful
ideas you understand.
How well you learn some-thing, not how fast you learn it, is a critical
factor in comprehensionFive basic principles of good comprehension
Something that doesn't make sense to you is hard to learn. The more
meaningful you make it, the easier it is to learn.
The more you know about a subject, the easier it is to understand new
information about it.
The more interested you are in a subject, the easier it is to
Your ability to distinguish main points from details and tell the
difference between significant details and unimportant details is the
most important skill.
Learning - understanding ideas - means you must fit each new piece of
information into the subject's "big picture," not just memorize bits of
Improving your memory, like improving any other skill, is hard work. These
tips and techniques will not necessarily make remembering easier; they
just make it more efficient.
Remembering is a skill"I have a poor memory" is just a convenient excuse
to use when you haven't had the time to "learn" something. Being able to
remember something usually depends on how thoroughly you learned it in the
first place. Fortunately, you can improve your memory - it just takes time
and work
You remember only what you intend to remember. Do you forget your best
friend's name or phone number? Do you forget how to drive?
Realize you can't and don't need to remember everything. Trying to
remember every detail you read and hear is probably impossible. Therefore,
your ability to identify important ideas and details in the study/learning
process is critical to effective recall of information - remembering what
you want or need to remember.
How you put information into your memory affects how easily you can access
it In many ways your memory is like an office filing system.
Your sensory memory (momentary and very limited) is like a pink "while
you were out" message that you deal with and forget.
Your short-term memory (30-45 seconds with limited capacity) is like the
"in-basket" where you sort out important from unimportant information.
Your long-term memory (relatively permanent and unlimited in capacity)

is like large file cabinets for storing important information.

Everything in long-term storage must first be identified through sensory
and/or short-term memory as important, then organized by some system and
filed in the cabinet so it can be found easily.
The same principles apply to your memory. You must identify meaningful and
important information, organize it, and then study it (file it) so you can
retrieve it from your memory.
Experiment with many memory techniques to see which ones work best for
youOnce you have identified important information, there are several
techniques that can help you organize and recall it. There is not,
however, one best method for remembering everything.
Associate. Relate new information to something you already know. An
isolated idea or fact is hard to remember; if you associate it with
information that already makes sense to you, it will be more meaningful
and thus easier to organize and remember.
Visualize. Organize information into a vivid, clear mental picture. For
example, to remember the necessary elements of a novel, form a picture
with all the important characters dressed in the style of the period,
doing something representative of the character.
Mnemonic Aids. For information that defies association or visualization,
adapt a memory technique. Some mnemonic devices include:
Acronyms - form a word from the first letter of each word in a series.
For example, "HOMES" for recalling the Great Lakes: Huron, Onterio,
Michigan, Erie, Superior.
Acrostics - make a nonsense phrase so that the first letter of each word
is the information. For example, "Every Good Boy Does Fine" for the E,
G, B, D, F lines of the treble music staff.
Word-Part Clues - remember whether the denotative or connotative meaning
of a word is the dictionary meaning by denotative and dictionary both
beginning with "d."
Poems & Rhymes - make up short, catchy sayings that include the
essential information. For example, "In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean
Review and use informationRegular review and use of information will
significantly improve retention and recall. So, rather than a single
marathon session, plan frequent short study sessions. Always include a
review of previously learned information (yes, even if you've already had
that test) as well as learning new information.
1991 JL McGrath Paradise Valley Community College
LSC Improving Memory Page
2000 MCCCD. Last Modified:
Questions and Comments to Diana Mitchell:

Improve Your Memory.txt

There are many things you can do to improve your memory, among them
the use of
certain mental techniques, as well as special care with nutrition and
To stimulate memory. Use your memory to the utmost. Challenge a
novelty. Learn
new skills. If you work in an office, learn to dance. If you are a dancer, learn
to deal with a computer; if you work with sales, learn to play chess; if you
a programmer, learn to paint. This could stimulate your brain's neural
to grow.
Pay attention. Don't try to memorize all the facts that happen, but focus
attention and concentrate in what you consider more important, avoiding all
other thoughts. Exercise: take any object, as a pen, and concentrate on it.
Think on its various characteristics: its material, its function, its color, its
anatomy, etc. Don't allow any other thought to occupy your mind while you
concentrating on that pen.
Relax. It is impossible to pay attention if you are tense or nervous.
hold your breath for ten seconds, then release it slowly.
Associate facts to images. Learn mnemonic techniques. They are a very
way to memorize large quantities of information.
Visualize images. See figures with the "eyes of your mind". Exercise: Close
eyes and imagine a big and juicy steak. Smell its aroma and feel the
softness of
its meat. Imagine yourself cutting it with a knife and fork, then tasting it. If
your mouth filled with saliva while you visualized this scene, then you have
done a good work! Do these exercises with other objects, like a bowl of
soup, an

ice-cream cup, a chocolate pie, anywhere, as a dental office, an

room, etc.
Foods. Some vitamins are essential for the proper working of memory:
folic acid, and B12 vitamin. They are found in bread and cereal, vegetable
fruits. Some experts say that synthesized vitamins improve memory, but
have doubts about this, arguing that the studies have not confirmed these
nutrients do work.
Water. Water help maintain the memory systems working, specially in older
persons. According to Dr. Trukington, lack of water in the body has an
and deep effect on memory; dehydration can generate confusion and other
Sleep. To be able to have a good memory, it is essential that we allow the
to have enough sleep and rest. While sleeping, the brain disconnects from
senses, and proceeds to revising and storing memory. Insomnia would
produce a
chronic fatigue and would impair the ability of concentration and the storing
Medication. Some medicines can cause loss of memory: tranquilizers,
relaxants, sleep pills, and anti-anxiety drugs, particularly the
benzoadiazepinics that include the diazepan (valium) and the lorazepan.
medicines for the control of high blood pressure (hypertension) may cause
problems and depression.
Alcohol. The alcoholism is one of the most serious candidates to affect
Alcohol interferes specially with short-term memory, which impairs the
of retaining new informations. Studies have shown that even the ingestion
of low

quantities of alcoholic beverage during one whole week will interfere with
ability of remembering.
Smoking. It is already well known that smoking lower the amount of oxygen
arriving in the brain, and this fact many times affect memory. Studies have
shown that, when compared with non-smokers, individuals smokers of one
or more
packs of cigarettes a day had difficulties of remembering people's faces
names in a test of visual and verbal memory (Turkington, 1996).
Caffeine. Coffee and tea have a very positive effect to maintain attention
to end sleepiness, but the excitation promoted by these drinks may
with the memory function.
Other tips (such as take notes, get organized, use a diary, keep fit, regular
health checks, memory aids, etc).
Contd. Human Memory: What it is and How to Improve It
By: Silvia Helena Cardoso, PhD
In: Brain & MInd
Center for Biomedical Informatics
State University of Campinas, Brazil
Silvia Helena Cardoso, PhD
Copyright 1997 State University of Campinas