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ISSN(Online) : 2320-9801

ISSN (Print) : 2320-9798

International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering


An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization

Vol.3, Special Issue 8, October 2015

Second National Conference on Emerging Trends and Intelligence Technologies [ETIT 2015]
On 3rd October 2015, Organized by
Dept. of CSE, Anand Institute Of Higher Technology, Kazhipathur, Chennai-603103, India

Image Tracking Based Home Security Using


Arduino Microcontroller
Gudipudi Sushma1, Mary Joseph2, A.Ruth Tabitha3, M.B.Prashanth Yokesh4
PG Student, Dept. of CSE, Anand Institute of Higher Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India1
Assistant Professor, Dept. of CSE, Anand Institute of Higher Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India2
Assistant Professor, Dept. of CSE, Anand Institute of Higher Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India3
Assistant Professor, Dept. of CSE, Anand Institute of Higher Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India4
ABSTRACT : In recent trends, home surveillance is of keen interest. M2M design was used to communicate to the
users when there is an emergency alert like theft. Arduino microcontroller based surveillance improves the efficiency of
detecting theft through vibration and PIR sensor.Password checker makes the system user friendly as it allows known
users to enter the house with valid credentials and it also secured by triggering notification to the user.Arduino
microcontroller is connected to a USB and converts analog to digital signal, it initiates to capture the image and saves
the images in the cloud server to keep track of person involved in the theft. Images are sent to the android users as a
trigger alert to deal with intruders.
KEYWORDS: Android, Vibration sensor, PIR sensor, cloud server, Arduino microcontroller, Webcam.
I.

INTRODUCTION

The need to secure our home, industries and other related properties has been a subject of interest since the
days of our fore fathers, Since then, an aggressive develop- -ment in the area of security has exponentially been driven
to todays trend. A system cannot have high assurance if it has poor security and requirements. For high
assurance,systems will logically include security requirement as well as availability, reliability and robustness
requirements.The early-men, in their effort to provide security to their house-hold and properties, used crude measures
such as stones, grasses and crude weapons to secure themselves. As the intrusion techniques by intruders outgrows the
then security measures and more values added to lives and properties, ore sophisticated measures were developed to
ensure an intruder proof environment, which today, has become one of the most interesting aspect of individual,
National and even international concern. The Objective/main benefit of this work is to keep criminals and unwanted
guest away from our environments, Common sense dictates us to lock our doors at night and when we are away from
home, but residential crime prevention comes in many other shapes and sizes.
Effective residential crime prevention depends on everything from properly fitted doors to stopping your mail delivery
when away on vacation.Not every intrusion can be prevented. Knowing what to do when faced with different situations
not only protects your possessions but can save your life. Recently surveillance systems have become moreimportant
for everyones security. The embedded surveillance system, frequently used in a home, an office or a factory, uses a
sensor triggered to turn on a camera. Some designs use different types of sensors to achieve reliability by means of the
different features of each sensor.
II. LITERATURE SURVEY
Keeping our home secure is one of responsible,but though at times even if we are responsible and taking care of our
home,there are possible of intruders to make intrusion. Nowadays, Wireless Monitoring for home security is among the
cutting-edge researches in the field of International Intelligent Building. To implement real-time surveillance of the
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ISSN(Online) : 2320-9801
ISSN (Print) : 2320-9798

International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering


An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization

Vol.3, Special Issue 8, October 2015

Second National Conference on Emerging Trends and Intelligence Technologies [ETIT 2015]
On 3rd October 2015, Organized by
Dept. of CSE, Anand Institute Of Higher Technology, Kazhipathur, Chennai-603103, India
home security, the intelligent remote monitoring system was developed for home security based on ZigBee technology
and GSM / GPRS network. The system can send abnormal images and warning messages through MMS and SMS,
receive remote instruction, and remote monitor household appliances. Meanwhile, the introduction of a variety of
sensors and the enhancement of systempsilas reliability guaranteed that the intelligent remote monitoring system can be
responsible for home security.The hardware and software design and system performance are expounded in details. The
experimental result shows that the system can attain remote surveillance of intelligent home safety with high
availability and reliability.[1].
Hardware and software design of multimedia sensor networks are proposed for smart home surveillance system, which
employs multiple sensing and distributed processing and event-triggered surveillance. This network consists of the
following two tiers: the wireless sensor network (WSN) tier is established on the IEEE 802.15.4/ZigBee protocol,
constituting of scalar sensor nodes capable of capturing and processing scalar data and transmitting it to a sink node;
the video surveillance network tier constitutes of multimedia sensor nodes connected by Ethernet, which can transmit
multimedia content, such as compressed video and audio streams and the monitor data from the WSN tier, to the
monitor center or user. Base on the designed multimedia sensor networks, the surveillance system can provide the user
with harmful events alarms, event-triggered or continuous remote surveillance of his/her home.[2].
On the basis of temporal consideration we classify pixels into three classes: background, midground and foreground to
distinguish between long-term, medium-term and short term changes. The algorithm has been implemented on a
hardware platform with limited resources and it could be used in a wider system like a wireless sensor networks.
Particular care has been put in realizing the algorithm so that the limited available resources are used in an efficient
way. Experiments have been conducted on publicly available datasets and performance measures are reported.[3].

One important goal of surveillance systems is to collect information about the behavior and position of interested
targets in the sensing environment. These systems can be applied to many applications, such as fire emergency,
surveillance system, and smart home. Recently, surveillance systems combining wireless sensor networks with video
cameras have become more and more popular. In traditional video surveillance systems, the system performance and
cost is proportional to the number of deployed video camera. In this paper, we propose a real time video surveillance
system consisting of many low cost sensors and a few wireless video cameras.Then, the sink node uses the IP cameras
deployed in the sensing area to record these events and display the present situations. We also propose a camera control
scheme to initialize the coverage distribution of cameras and support the inter-task handoff operations between
cameras. The result shows that our surveillance system is adaptable to variant environments and provides real time
information of the monitored environment.[4].
As demand for surveillance of physical locations increases, automated decision making software can help maintain the
rising costs of human monitoring. The variety in different types of sensors is also growing, and making use of their
consolidated data can improve the decision making process. Using the constructive research method, we aim to define a
design of a surveillance system's decision making component that utilizes data fusion from multiple types of sensors.
As a solution we present the logical decision making server (LDMS), used in the single location surveillance point
(SLSP), a system designed for monitoring an indoors location. The decision making capabilities in the LDMS are based
on user-configurable security rules, which allow security personnel to define threats based on current and recent event
reports from any or all of the environmentpsilas sensors. The LDMS has been successfully developed and integrated
into an SLSP implementation.[5].
We design and implement a surveillance system based on an embedded system with multiple ultrasonic sensor modules
to enhance the system's reliability. The ultrasonic sensor module includes a transmitter and a receiver, and they are
placed in a line direction.Becausethe ultrasonic air transmission will spread a beam angle, we use multiple ultrasonic
receivers to receive the ultrasonic transmission. If any intruder passes through the ultrasonic sensing area, the ultrasonic
transmission will be blocked by a human body. As the receivers will not receive any ultrasonic transmission produced
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118

ISSN(Online) : 2320-9801
ISSN (Print) : 2320-9798

International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering


An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization

Vol.3, Special Issue 8, October 2015

Second National Conference on Emerging Trends and Intelligence Technologies [ETIT 2015]
On 3rd October 2015, Organized by
Dept. of CSE, Anand Institute Of Higher Technology, Kazhipathur, Chennai-603103, India
by the ultrasonic transmitter, the system will sense when someone has passed through the surveillance area. We use a
Majority Voting Mechanism (MVM) for a group of sensors. If over half the sensors in a sensor group sense a signal
blocking, then the majority voting circuit will send a trigger signal to the surveillance system.idle and is a potential
candidate to turn off and save energy. Cold spot is tackled through migration.[6].
This deals with the design and implementation of Smart surveillance monitoring system using Raspberry pi and PIR
sensor for mobile devices. It increases the usage of mobile technology to provide essential security to our homes and
for other control applications . The proposed home security system captures information and transmits it via a 3G
Dongle to a Smart phone using web application. Raspberry pi operates and controls motion detectors and video
cameras for remote sensing and surveillance, streams live video and records it for future playback. It can also find the
number of persons located with the help of the Infrared sensor.. For example , when motion is detected, The cameras
automatically initiate recording and the Raspberry pi device alerts the owner of the possible intrusion having a smart
phone. Raspberry- Pi has two main components interacting with each other: one is the Web Application that executes
on the mobile device's browser and server-side scripts that run in a cloud which will be operated by the Raspberry Pi
Hardware tool component.[7].
A low-power consumption remote home security alarm system developed by applying WSN and GSM
technology is presented. It can detect the theft, leaking of raw gas and fire, and send alarm message remotely. The
hardware of this system includes the single chip C5081F310, wireless receiving and sending chip CC1100 as well as
the SIMENS TC35 GSM module and can send a piece of alarm short message to the user's mobile phone when some
dangerous condition has been detected.[8].
III. PROPOSED WORK
Overall system architecture is shown in Fig.1,here with the fixed webcam at the door, where two sensors called
Vibration sensor and PIR sensor is attached and that is connected to the Arduino Microcontroller where it controls and
changes from analog to digital signals nad makes the camera to initiate and captures the image, where the password
coder is fixed at the door,if the unknown person comes they will type the password and get inside the house an will get
the notifications and images of the respective person,if it is intruder,if he tries to break the door,through the vibration
sensor it senses and the image to the user,so that the user inform to the police to the nearby station and police comes
and catch the thief,here the cloud server is connected to the system for the back up and the android to it,from that to the
users android notification will be arrived.There are seven modules that describes the each step of the project.
A.User Registration
This process is registered by providing Name, Mobile number, Address for communication & other personal
information. User access the main server through ANDROID implementation to fetch out the image of the thief. Android
SDK installed in a Android mobile platform of the user.
B.Reference Image Capturing
Web camera is connected with the place which is to be monitored. Once the admin locks the door, he will be
switching on the Web camera device for capturing the image.kept as the Reference image for further computational
process. This reference image is always compared with the next following images for the sake the intruder detection by
applying Motion detection algorithm.

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119

ISSN(Online) : 2320-9801
ISSN (Print) : 2320-9798

International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering


An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization

Vol.3, Special Issue 8, October 2015

Second National Conference on Emerging Trends and Intelligence Technologies [ETIT 2015]
On 3rd October 2015, Organized by
Dept. of CSE, Anand Institute Of Higher Technology, Kazhipathur, Chennai-603103, India

Fig. 1. System Architecture


C. Image Detection Process
Image detection process is applied to find out the Motion in a particular room. The web camera is kept for further
process. The reference image which is taken by the camera is compared with the further images taken by the camera.If
same image persist, the no alert is initiated, if some movement or the motion is detected by the web camera,
immediately, the triggers
D.Password Checker
Password checker makes the system user friendly as it allows known users to enter the house with valid
credentials and it also secured by triggering notification to the user.
.
E.Cloud Server.
The main server will have the database of the admins mobile number and also the server is connected with the mobile
phone for sending Alert SMS to the admins mobile.
F.Vibration sensor and PIR sensor.
If Vibration sensor and PIR sensor detection is confirmed, immediately system initiates the Mobile phone connected
with the server for sending Alert SMS to the Admins Mobile number. Admin will be receiving an Alert SMS Motion
Detected in their mobile phone.So that they will come to know that some strangers have come to their home and they
can check through the image that is sent to their mobile phone,where PIR sensor is used to detect the human near to the
door and Vibration sensor is used identify if any one rip the door .

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120

ISSN(Online) : 2320-9801
ISSN (Print) : 2320-9798

International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering


An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization

Vol.3, Special Issue 8, October 2015

Second National Conference on Emerging Trends and Intelligence Technologies [ETIT 2015]
On 3rd October 2015, Organized by
Dept. of CSE, Anand Institute Of Higher Technology, Kazhipathur, Chennai-603103, India
G.Arduino Microcontroller.
Arduino is an open-source electronics prototyping platform based on flexible, easy-to-use hardware and
software.Vibration sensor and PIR sensor are connected with arduino board.It changes from analog to digital signals and
sends to camera to initiate and generally through USB we can send details or images or any information to our android as
shown in Fig.2.

Fig. 2 . Ardunio Microcontroller


H.SMS alert to Owner
Once after receiving the alert SMS and location of the house to the admans mobile, admin will then login through his
mobile to access Main Server via ANDROID package which is installed in his mobile. Admin can see whether, the really
thief has entered in or the Genuine people entry via Image which is recorded by the web camera then after initiating Alert
SMS. The admin can decide then after either to neglect, if any genuine person has entered, or take action if thief has
entered he can call to the police and the location is send to the police.
IV. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
With the usage of the Arduino controller, the information the notification will be received bit fast than using normal
microcontrollers where the user can take the action immediately and inform to the police where according to that we
can make our home secure at the time if the intrusion takes place.
And it is discussed to make certain changes in future where without using of any sensors to keep our home secure.The
results can predict like number of intrusions can reduce due to the usage of sensors where instead of attaching CCTV or
single webcam,by using so these sensors,we can easily come to know about the intrusion and can be even calm though
intrusion takes place because we will somehow come to know about it and can inform to the police though we are not
at home.
V. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
In the proposed work the secutity level is increased due to the usage of the arduino microcontroller which sends the
images to the user, has in-built capabilities and is easily connectible to external devices. In future,instead of using

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ISSN(Online) : 2320-9801
ISSN (Print) : 2320-9798

International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering


An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization

Vol.3, Special Issue 8, October 2015

Second National Conference on Emerging Trends and Intelligence Technologies [ETIT 2015]
On 3rd October 2015, Organized by
Dept. of CSE, Anand Institute Of Higher Technology, Kazhipathur, Chennai-603103, India
multiple sensors and a linking between them,the functionality of both sensors can be incorporated into single device
for generating trigger fastly to the users.
REFERENCES
[1]Jun Hou, Chengdong Wu, Zhongjia Yuan, Jiyuan Tan, Qiaoqiao Wang and Yun Zhou, Research of Intelligent Home Security Surveillance
System Based on ZigBee, International Symposium on Intelligent Information Technology Application Workshops, Shanghai, 21-22 Dec. 2008, pp.
554-57.
[2]Xiangjun Zhu, Shaodong Ying and Le Ling Multimedia sensor networks design for smart home surveillance, Control and Decision Conference,
2008, Chinese, 2-4 July 2008, pp. 431-435
[3] L. Lo Presti, M. La Cascia, Real-Time Object Detection in Embedded Video Surveillance Systems, Ninth International Workshop on Image
Analysis for Multimedia Interactive Services, 7-9 May 2008, pp. 151-154.
[4]Wen-Tsuen Chen, Po-Yu Chen, Wei-Shun Lee and Chi-Fu Huang, Design and Implementation of a Real Time Video Surveillance System with
Wireless Sensor Networks, VTC Spring 2008. IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, 11-14 May 2008, pp. 218-222.
[5]Mikko Nieminen, Tomi Raty, and Mikko Lindholm, Multi-Sensor Logical Decision Making in the Single Location Surveillance Point System,
Fourth International Conference on Systems, France, 1-6 March 2009, pp. 86-90
[6]Ying-Wen Bai, Li-Sih Shen and Zong-Han Li, Design
andImplementation of an Embedded Surveillance System by Use of Multiple
Ultrasonic Sensors, The 28th IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, 11-13 Jan. 2010, 11.1-3, pp. 501502.
[7]Smart Surveillance Monitoring System Using Raspberry PI and PIR SensorSanjana Prasad et al, / (IJCSIT) International Journal of Computer
Science and Information Technologies, Vol. 5 (6) , 2014, 7107-7109
[8]A Remote Security System Based on WirelessSensor Networand GSM Technology Networks Security Wireless Communications and Trusted
Computing (NSWCTC), 2010 Second InternationalConference on (Volume:1 ) 25 April 2010

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