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Civil Engineering Department

Faculty of Engineering
University of Khartoum
Program of Post Graduate Diploma (PG Dip)/Master of Science (MSc) in Structural
Engineering by Courses

1. Introduction
The Master of Science (MSc) by courses and research program in Structural
Engineering started in 1983 as program with two years duration. It is composed of
taught courses and a research project. Since then the program has maintained a
good standard and contributed to the development of the capacity building in this
vital field. However, the local structural/construction industry has expanded
tremendously since the year 2000 and its demand for qualified engineers has also
varied.
The Department of Civil Engineering has decided to introduce this new Post
Graduate Diploma (PG Dip) /MSc program by courses only with a shorter duration
and wider perspective to serve engineers who seek shorter professionally-oriented
training courses. Similar shorter programs are offered by civil engineering
departments in reputable universities worldwide e.g. Imperial College of
University of London and Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
This new program covers a broad spectrum of structural engineering issues
specifically for civil engineering structures, with comprehensive coverage of topics
related to the mechanics and design of structures made from steel and/or concrete.
It also covers topics on new construction materials & methods as well as advanced
analytical and numerical techniques.
2. Rationale of the Program
1. The need for availing shorter professionally-oriented training opportunities
in structural engineering to cope with expansion in the structural
engineering, especially for engineers who have limited access to study
leaves as stated in their employment contracts.
2. To meet the demand by the industry for shorter training programs that do not
necessarily involve lengthy researches, such programs are tailored for
professional engineering carriers in preference to academic/research ones.
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3. Program Objectives
The PG Dip/MSc. program consists of two stages, namely PG Dip stage and MSc
stage. It will cover the following objectives:
1. Capacity building of the students to enhance their knowledge in structural
engineering and enable them to obtain higher postgraduate degree locally.
This programme is particularly attractive bearing in mind the difficulty of
training and studying abroad.
2. Introducing students to the state-of-the-art in structural analysis techniques,
construction materials & management, specialized fields of bridge as well as
numerical techniques and computer applications. It also introduces the
students to the local problems encountered in the construction industry and
rational approaches of solving them.
3. The program will feed the ever-growing structural engineering sector by
competent graduates with current know-how and confidence to solve new
problems in the field.
4. The MSc stage of the program encourages the students to address special
case studies in their research papers using laboratory facilities in the
department. It will also improve the testing facilities and greatly advance
the expertise of the students and technicians.
4. Program Intended Learning Outcomes
Upon completing the PG Dip/MSc Program:
1. The students will have consolidated understanding of major concepts of
structural engineering & development in the construction industry.
2. The students will be able to solve problems related to structural engineering.
3. The students will be competent in structural engineering to the state-of-the
art in the field.
5. Admission Requirements
5.1.
5.2.

Applicants for the Program must satisfy the General Admission Regulations
of the Graduate College of the University of Khartoum.
Applicants must have acquired a B.Sc. Honours degree in Civil Engineering
from the University of Khartoum or its equivalent from a recognized
university.
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5.3.

Applicants may be called for a qualifying exam or an interview if needed.

6. Structure of the Program


As mentioned in Section 3, The PG Dip/MSc. program consists of the PG Dip
and the MSc stages. The former covers two semesters with maximum
durations of 12 month, while the latter may extend for a further additional 6
months. Details of these two stages are as follows:
The PG Dip stage consists of eight core courses (see Group A in Section 9.1)
to be taught in two consecutive semesters (one academic year), with a total
of 24 credit hours, as illustrated in Tables (1), (2) & (3).
The MSc stage consists of an extra third semester to the PG Dip stage with
total 12 credit hours. This stage contains three taught courses with total 8
credit hours plus a research paper equivalent to 4 credit hours as
illustrated in Table (1) and Table (4). The three taught courses in this stage
must be selected exclusively from Groups B1, B2 & B3 (see Sections 9.2.1,
9.2.2 & 9.2.3), one course from each group. The research paper is a
small project that must be undertaken by the start of the third semester with
regular guidance from a staff member.
Table (1): Distribution of the PG Dip/MSc Program Credit Hours over Semesters
Semester
Credit hours of Program Stages
PG Dip Stage

MSc Stage

12

12

12

12

Not Applicable

12*

Total credit hours

24

36

*Including 4 Credit hours for the research paper

Course
Code
CVE61101
CVE61102
CVE61303
CVE61004

Table (2): Courses for the PG Dip Stage-First Semester


Course Name
Contact Hours
Credit Hours
Theoretical
Practical
Advanced course in Matrix
2
2
3
methods of Structural Analysis
Advanced course in
Construction Management
Advanced course in
Foundations Engineering
Advanced course in Numerical
Techniques & Probability
Theory

Total of hours

Course
Code
CVE62101
CVE62102

CVE62103

CVE62104

Exam
Hours
3

12

Table (3): Courses for the PG Dip Stage-Second Semester


Course Name
Contact Hours
Credit Hours
Theoretical
Practical
Advanced course in Design of
2
2
3
Steel Structures
Advanced course in Design of
Reinforced Concrete
Structures
Advanced course in
Prestressed concrete design
and Bridge Engineering
Advanced course in Concrete
Technology

Total of hours

12

As per selected course

Table (4): Courses for the MSc Stage-Third Semester


Course Name
Contact Hours
Theoretical
Practical
Elective 1
2
2
Elective 2
2
2

As per selected course

Elective 3

Course Code
As per selected course

CVE63014

Exam
Hours
3

Research Paper

Total of hours

Credit
Hours
3
3

Exam
Hours
3
3

N/A
8

N/A
8

4
12

Remark: the Civil Engineering Department has the right to modify the contents of any course
listed in any group or interchange its position between groups A, B1, B2 or B3 if required.

7. Examinations Rules
In addition to the general examination regulations of the Graduate College and
Faculty of Engineering in University of Khartoum, the student is subjected to
the followings rules:
7.1.

At the end of each semester, the student sits for examinations in the courses
completed in that semester.
7.2. To pass the exam, in any course, the student must score not less than 50% of
its marks.
7.3. A student of PG Dip stage shall sit for supplementary examinations if fails in
not more than three courses of the stage, provided achieving not less than
50% average in aggregate of all courses in the stage.
7.4. Any student of the PG Dip stage who fails in more than three courses of the
stage or any of its supplementary exams or achieves less than 50% average
in aggregate of all examined courses in the stage shall be withdrawn from
the study.
7.5. Supplementary and substitute examinations are held once a year for each
stage of the program.
7.6. A student must attain not less than 60% average in aggregate of exam marks
of all courses in the PG Dip stage, in order to proceed studying for the MSc
stage, if wishes.
7.7. A student of the PG Dip stage who scores average 50% and above, but less
than 60%, in aggregate of all courses exam marks will graduate with a PG
Dip in Structural Engineering.
7.8. A student of the MSc stage who fails in not more than two courses of the
stage shall sit for supplementary examination(s).
7.9. A student of the MSc. stage who fails in more than two courses or any
supplementary examination will graduate with a PG Dip in Structural
Engineering.
7.10. The research paper shall be submitted within 45 calendar days after the
end of taught courses examinations in the MSc. stage; any delay from this
date will be classified as failure.

8. Award of the Degrees


Upon recommendation of the Graduate College, the senate of The University of
Khartoum will award the successful student either of the following two degrees:
8.1. Postgraduate Diploma (PG Dip) in Structural Engineering.
8.2. Master of Science (MSc) in Structural Engineering by courses.

9.1 Group A: Core Courses


Course
Code

Course Name
and Hours

Contents, Objectives and Learning Outcomes

CVE61101

Advanced course
in Matrix
methods of
Structural
Analysis.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 3Hrs Exam).
Advanced course
in Construction
Management
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 3Hrs Exam).

Contents: Review of matrix operation, realization of structures as assemblage of linear elements, kinematic degrees of freedom, element
stiffness and flexibility matrices, axes transfer matrix, stiffness methods, flexibility methods, application to plane structures (trusses, beams and
portal & gable frames, structures with inclined supports/members and internal hinges& composite structures) and application to three
dimensional (space) truss.
Objective: Understanding the advanced theory of Matrix methods of Structural Analysis, and its applications and understand the limitation of
applying these methods.
Learning outcomes: After completion of this course the student will be able to tackle structural analysis of more sophisticated structures than
taught in undergraduate version of this course. Also the student will be able to program this method as well as using spreadsheet to solve
sophisticated problems of gable frames, multi-storey portal frames with axial deformations, inclined support structures & combined
structures.
Management theory for construction industry, structure of construction industry, feasibility studies, communication and reports writing,
procurement and control, manpower planning, & industrial relations, investment appraisal, estimating & budgeting, bills of quantities and
specifications, tendering theory, cost & cost control, project management, responsibilities of main parties in civil engineering cycles, precontract activity, contract documents, types of contract & FIDIC contract forms , site management, special legal aspects, insurance, price
escalation e.g. FIDIC formulae for price escalation, termination settlement, arbitration, review of ethics for owner, engineer & contractor, the
civil engineer as an expert witness, Professional Sudanese Engineering Organisations, Sudanese Building Regulations and construction related
laws (e.g. Sudanese Arbitration Act).
Objective: Understand the advanced theory of management of construction industry, and its application to local, regional and international
projects. To familiarize with FIDIC forms of contract, and understand the limitation of applying these methods in the Sudan.
Learning outcomes: After completion of this course the student will be able to tackle construction management in the Sudan and implement
his/her knowledge to real construction projects equipped with knowledge of the FIDIC contract forms. Acquire knowledge in arbitration and
providing of consultancy service with regard to construction management.
Review of soil strength, earth pressure, bearing capacity, settlement and stability, analysis, collapsing and swelling soils, choice of foundations
in relation to soil properties, principles o foundation design, estimation of ultimate bearing capacity and settlement of footings, rafts, piles types
behaviour in cohesive and granular soils, loading tests, pile groups and case studies.
Objective: To consolidate previous knowledge of soil mechanics and implement practical approach for decision making with regard to selection
& design of different Foundation types.
Learning outcomes: After completion of this course the student will be able to confidently select suitable foundation types and make alternative
designs for similar soil subgrades and prefer between them. Also S/he will gain confidence to design raft and pile foundations, as well as
knowledge of most soil and foundation types used in the Sudan and regional African & Arabian countries.
Numerical techniques: Liner systems, matrix factorization and storage techniques, solution of linear systems of equations, interpolation
methods, successful approximation methods, accuracy and divergence problems, numerical differentiation, numerical integration, initial values
problems, boundary values problems, finite difference, stability analysis of solution schemes.
Probability theory: review of probability and statistics, probability distribution and models, correlation and regression, tests of hypothesis,

CVE61102

CVE61303

Advanced course
in Foundations
Engineering.

CVE61004

Advanced course
in Numerical
Techniques &
Probability

Course
Code

CVE62101

CVE62102

CVE62103

Course Name
and Hours

Contents, Objectives and Learning Outcomes

Theory.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 4Hrs Exam).
Advanced course
in Design of Steel
Structures.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 3Hrs Exam).

statistical quality control, and reliability analysis.


Objective: To equip candidates with theories and practical implementation of probabilities & statistics and numerical techniques.
Learning outcomes: After completion of this course the student will be able to analyse numerical differentiation & integration problems and
solve initial & boundary value problems together with stability analysis. Also S/he will gain confidence to make advanced statistical analysis
and design experimental work and carry out statistical quality control & reliability analysis

Advanced course
in Design of
Reinforced
Concrete
Structures.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 3Hrs Exam).
Advanced course
in Prestressed
Concrete Design
and Bridge
Engineering.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 3Hrs Exam).

Design philosophy for function, economy and safety, design procedures, elastic plastic behaviour of pin-ended columns, empirical failure loads,
members containing plastic hinges, design methods for columns and rafters in portal frames and gable frames including effect of restraints by
purlins & sheeting rails, methods for simple plastic design of low rise frames, torsional behaviour of thin walled members of open and closed
sections, beams and columns including biaxial bending, torsion and buckling, principles of connections design, bracing considerations for
members subject to instability, composite beams and columns, application to codes of practice.
Objective: To equip candidates with advanced theories and codes of practice for designing steel structures.
Learning outcomes: Upon completion of this course students will be able to grasp plastic & elastic Limit States concepts. To select viable
systems for designing buildings with thin walled members with open & closed sections. To design steel buildings in accordance with
international codes of practice.
Design philosophy, function, safety, economy, basic elastic and plastic methods of design, limit state concept, general review of codes of practice,
design of sections subjected to bending, shear and torsion, design of columns: columns subjected to uniaxial and bi-axial bending, design of
slabs by yield line theory, application of ultimate load design, point load and line load on slabs, design of deep beams, design of foundations
(strip, rafts and piles).
Objective: To equip candidates with advanced theories reinforced concrete structures.
Learning outcomes: Upon completion of this course students will be able to grasp Ultimate Limit & Serviceability Limit States concepts. To
select viable systems for vertical & lateral load transfer. To design reinforced concrete buildings in accordance with international codes of
practice.

Prestressed concrete design: Design philosophy, general requirement of limit state design, design and analysis of sections subjected to bending,
shear, axial force and torsion for limit state of cracking and ultimate limit state design and analysis of statically determinate structures, endblock design treatment of the effects of creep and shrinkage, limit state design of statically indeterminate structures, cyclic loading of simply
supported beams and loading of simply supported beams and portal frames. Review of recent researches in the characteristics of prestressed
members.
Bridge Engineering: bridge loading, choice of span and types of bridges, beam/slab, frame and box girders, types in reinforced and prestressed
concrete steel frame/truss bridge and girder types, suspended bridges, long span bridges: analysis and construction problems, simple design
examples of steel and concrete bridges. Bridge bearings and bridge foundations, construction details and specifications.
Objective: To equip candidates with advanced theories and implementation of prestressed concrete designs & bridge engineering.
Learning outcomes: Upon completion of this course students will be able to design prestressed concrete structures and assess effects of creep &
shrinkage. To design complicated bridges and its foundation systems and prestressed elements.

Course
Code

Course Name
and Hours

Contents, Objectives and Learning Outcomes

CVE62104

Advanced course
in Concrete
Technology.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 3Hrs Exam).

Chemical compositions and properties of Portland cements, special Portland cements, High alumina cement, hydration products,
microstructure and physical properties of hardened cements, properties of aggregates, properties of fresh concrete, design of concrete mixes,
use of admixtures, methods of testing fresh and hardened concrete, behaviour of concrete under load, failure theories, elasticity, shrinkage and
creep of hardened concrete, durability of concrete, curing of concrete at elevated temperatures, special concrete, lightweight concrete, selfcompacting concrete., concrete with cement replacement materials (natural pozzolans, fly-ash, slag, silica fume), concrete site practice pre and
post concreting inspections and diagnosis remedies of cracks in new concrete structures. The course includes group seminars for relevant
concrete topics. (Underwater concreting, fibre reinforced and polymer concrete, etc.)
Objective: To equip candidates with advanced knowledge in concrete technology.
Learning outcomes: Upon completion of this course students will be able to acquire knowledge about recent development in concrete
technology. Also they will be oriented with recent development in concrete technology together with techniques of construction and local &
international development of relevant topics.

9.2 Group B: Elective Courses


9.2.1 Group B1: Elective Structural Engineering Courses
Course
Code

Course Name
and Hours

Contents, Objectives and Learning Outcomes

CVE63111

Structural
Dynamics.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 3Hrs Exam).

CVE63112

Advanced course
in Theory of
Plates and Shells.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact

Dynamic Loads: Generic representation of dynamic loads, Temporal and spectral representations of dynamic loads, Response to blast loading
Dynamic modelling: Newton's laws of motions, D.Alembert's principle and inertia forces, Degrees of freedom, lumped mass, generalised coordinates and finite-element based approaches. Single degree-of-freedom systems: Free vibration with and without damping, Forced vibration
with and without damping, Harmonic loading and resonance, Response to transient vibrations - convolution integral approach.
Multiple degree-of-freedom systems: Formulation of mass, damping and stiffness matrices, Computation of natural modes and frequencies,
Free and forced vibrations, Modal superposition. Dynamic response of soil deposits: Energy dissipation in soils, Response of soils modelled as
discrete or continuous media
Numerical integration schemes: Explicit and implicit schemes (central difference method, Newmark's method, Wilson-0 method). Analysis of
nonlinear systems.
Objective: To equip candidates with advanced theories of structural dynamics.
Learning outcomes: Upon completion of this course students will be able to represent and model dynamic loads. To solve the dynamic
problems and compute natural modes and frequency, free and forced vibrations and apply explicit & implicit numerical schemes.
Linear theory of thin plates, rectangular and circular plates, anisotropic and orthotropic plates, special problems. Introduction to shells theory,
membrane theory of shells of revolution and translation, domes, cylindrical, elliptic, and hyper-paraboloids. Introduction to general shell
theory, approximate methods, introduction to stability of plates and shells,
Objective: To equip candidates with advanced theories of plates & shells.
Learning outcomes: Upon completion of this course students will be able to solve problems of shells and plates with all their types.

Course
Code
CVE63113

CVE63114

CVE63115

CVE63116

Course Name
and Hours
and 3Hrs Exam).
Energy Methods
in Structural
Mechanics.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 3Hrs Exam).
Finite Element
Methods.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 3Hrs Exam).

Advanced course
in Plastic
Analysis of
Structures.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 3Hrs Exam).
Structural
Stability.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 3Hrs Exam).

Contents, Objectives and Learning Outcomes


Review of the analysis of statically indeterminate structures, principles of virtual and complementary virtual work, stationary total potential
energy and complementary energy theorems, formulations of liner equations and solutions, applications to frames and problems of one & two
dimensional structures, approximate solutions using test functions.
Objective: To equip candidates with advanced theories in energy methods in structural mechanics.
Learning outcomes: Upon completion of this course students will be able to analyse statically indeterminate structures using virtual &
complementary energy theorems and provide approximate solutions using test functions.

Introduction to the finite element method: general properties of finite elements and accuracy considerations, shape functions and continuity
requirements, discrete system analysis. One-dimensional element formulation for beams and frames. Two-dimensional plane stress/strain
formulations: constant strain triangular element, 4-noded rectangular element. Higher-order formulations for plane stress/strain
analysis: Lagrangian vs Serendipity functions, isoparametric elements, numerical integration, modelling of common plane stress/strain
problems. Plate bending elements: thin plate Kirchhoff formulation and continuity issues, isoparametric Reissner-Mindin formulation and
shear locking issues, modelling of plate bending problems. Error estimation and adaptively in finite element analysis, practical modelling tips
for optimal accuracy and efficiency. Short project on application of an industry-standard finite element analysis program to structural
engineering problems.
Objective: To equip candidates with finite element methods for analysing structural problems in civil engineering.
Learning outcomes: After completion of this course the student will be able to solve problems by modelling of stress/strain relationship and
exposure to an industry analysis program will open his/her mind to future research in this filed.
Fundamental concepts of plasticity, plastic hinge assumption, plastic moment of resistance and collapse loads. Upper and lower bound
theorems, general methods of plastic analysis, calculations of deflections, alternating plasticity, incremental collapse and shakedown theorems.
Application to the design of steel frames, gable frames, continuous beams and grillages. Yield line theorems and application to slab analysis.
Objective: To equip candidates with advanced theories of plastic analysis of structures.
Learning outcomes: Upon completion of this course students will be able solve problems using plastic analysis and apply this to design of steel
frames, continuous beams and grillages.

Introduction to potential energy methods for single degree-of-freedom elastic systems. Axioms connecting potential energy to equilibrium and
stability. Determination of bifurcation points and classification of stability and equilibrium for post-buckling responses for geometrically
perfect systems.
Imperfect systems: determination of imperfection-sensitivity, Instabilities in struts and columns: direct equilibrium and energy formulations;
Euler load and the elastica; effective length concept.
Approximate methods of analysis: Rayleigh and Timoshenko methods. Design of real columns using the Perry-Robertson formulation.
Multiple degree-of-freedom elastic systems; General Theory approach; diagonalized systems; elimination of passive coordinates; non-trivial
fundamental paths; an introduction to mode interaction through a case study.

10

Course
Code

CVE63117

CVE63118

Course Name
and Hours

Repair and
Structural
Strengthening of
Concrete
Structures.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 3Hrs Exam).

Design of Tall
Buildings.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 3Hrs Exam).

Contents, Objectives and Learning Outcomes


Instabilities in beams: direct equilibrium and energy formulations, critical moment for lateral-torsional buckling, general loading cases and
effective lengths.
Instabilities in rigid framed structures: stability functions. Instabilities in plates: critical and post-buckling in plated structures under
compression and shear.
Objective: To equip candidates with advanced theories of structural stability.
Learning outcomes: Upon completion of this course students will be able to identify structural instability and use approximate methods of
analysis.
Repair & strengthening definitions and need for assessing deterioration, types of structures and deteriorations, Types and causes of failures,
change of function, adding extra upper floor, repair specifications, materials and methodology, mechanics of strengthening (full analysis of
buildings, design check, need for strengthening specific members).
Strengthening types: approach and methods for underpinning to unload buildings & repair of different elements, e.g. columns (axial load
and/or moment), beams and slabs (flexural, shear and serviceability), foundations (bearing capacity, size, axial load, flexural & shear), other
structural members .e.g., piers of bridges, comparison of strengthening cost to demolition cost, strengthening materials, detailed drawings,
specification and supervision, local case studies.
Role of bonded bre-reinforced composites in strengthening of structures, Review of materials and techniques for plate bonding, Structural
strengthening of concrete beams using unstressed composite plates, Field investigations, Structural strengthening of concrete beams using
prestressed plates , Review of previous prestressing studies using composite plates, Environmental durability, Time-dependent behaviour and
fatigue behaviour, Analytical and numerical solutions to structural strengthening of beams by plate bonding, Design and specications for fibre
reinforced polymer (FRP), composites plate bonding of beams, Site construction techniques, Local & Global Case studies of carbon fibre
bonding.
Objective: This course introduces the principles of repairing and strengthening various concrete structures and relevant modern strengthening
techniques.
Learning outcomes: Upon completing this course, the student will learn the fundamental behaviour and mechanics of the strengthened
structures such as composite action between the strengthening material and the existing structure. Also s/he will be acquainted with various
structural strengthening methods and practical applications on concrete structures.
The course will examine hybrid structural systems, types and characteristics of stability systems used for tall buildings, introduction to seismic
design of structures, high performance construction materials, structural analysis methods and design tools involve in the design of buildings
taller than 200m. Wind engineering, wind acceleration and user comfort, column shortening and design for lateral stability will be discussed
through case studies of iconic buildings.
Objectives: This course introduces the student to current and future trends in the growth of tall buildings and their structural stability and
design.
Learning outcomes: This student will be able to undertake advanced methods of computational mechanics, analysis, structural optimisation
and design for resilience, safe construction, and reliability in-service phases. Also s/he will be familiar with modelling tall buildings for analysis
and evaluating wind sensitivity with detailed design of lateral and gravity load resisting systems.

11

9.2.2 Group B2: Elective Allied Civil Engineering Courses


Course
Code

Course Name
and Hours

Contents, Objectives and Learning Outcomes

CVE63211

Advanced course
in Design of
Hydraulic
Structures.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 3Hrs Exam).
Advanced
Course in
Expansive Soils.
(3Hrs Credit,
2Hrs theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 3Hrs Exam).

Principles of hydraulic design, spillways, energy dissipative and flow measuring structures, design of gates regulators and cross-work, stilling
basins and canal lining. Various types of dams: Design of massive gravity dams on rock foundations, zoning of materials inside gravity dams.
Counterforted multiple arches and precast concrete dams & small water harvesting dams.
Objective: To equip candidates with principles of designing hydraulic structure.
Learning outcomes: Upon completion of this course students will be able to design hydraulic structures such as spillways, gates regulators,
canals, stilling basins &dams.

CVE63311

Definition and recognition expansive soils, Formation, characteristics &classifications of expansive soils. The behaviour and performance of the
expansive soils. Swelling potential: definition, measurements and influence factors. Foundations on expansive soils. Failures and damages to
buildings, roads, airports and any other structures on expansive soils, technical solutions and remedies.
Objective: To equip candidates with advanced principles of designing structures on expansive soils.
Learning outcomes: Upon completion of this course students will be able to design foundations for buildings in expansive soils and also will be
oriented to construction and repair techniques for structures on expansive soils.

9.2.3 Group B3: Elective Research Methodology and Mathematics Courses


Course
Code

Course Name
and Hours

Contents, objectives and learning outcomes

CVE63011

Advanced course
in Numerical
Linear Algebra.
(2Hrs Credit,
1Hr theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 2Hrs Exam).
Operations
Research.
(2Hrs Credit,

Linear equations and matrix analysis, approximation of functions, error analysis, special matrices, error analysis for linear systems, iterative
methods, computation of Eigen value and Eigen vectors.
Objective: To equip candidates with advanced principles of numerical liner algebra.
Learning outcomes: Upon completion of this course students will be able to grasp advanced know-how in this field and compute eign-values &
vectors

CVE63012

Introduction to Operations Research (OR), Introduction to Foundation mathematics and statistics, Linear optimization models, geometric
interpretation, Linear Programming (LP), LP and allocation of resources, LP definition, Linearity requirement , Maximization Then
Minimization problems, Graphical LP Minimization solution, Introduction, Simplex method definition, formulating the Simplex model.,

12

Course
Code

CVE63013

Course Name
and Hours

Contents, objectives and learning outcomes

1Hr theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 2Hrs Exam).

Linear Programming: Simplex Method for Maximizing, Simplex maximizing example for similar limitations, Mixed limitations , Example
containing mixed constraints, Minimization example for similar limitations.
Sensitivity Analysis: Changes in Objective Function.
The Transportation Model: Basic Assumptions and Solution Methods: Feasible Solution: The Northwest Method, The Lowest Cost Method;
Optimal Solution: The Stepping Stone Method, Modified; Distribution (MODI) Method. The Assignment Model: - Basic Assumptions,
Solution Methods:-Different Combinations Method, Short-Cut Method (Hungarian Method). MSPT: - The Dijkestra algorithm, and Floyds
Algorithm {Shortest Route Algorithm}. Case study in construction site operations management.
Objective: This module aims to introduce students to use quantitative methods and techniques for effective decisionsmaking; model
formulation and applications that are used in solving construction engineering and business decision problems.
Learning outcomes: Upon completion of this course students will be able to understand the characteristics of different types of decision-making
environments and the appropriate decision making approaches and tools to be used in each type.
Introduction to Research Methods, Philosophy of Science, Evolutionary Epistemology, Scientific Methods, Hypotheses Generation and
Evaluation, Code of Research Ethics, Definition and Objectives of Research, Various Steps in Scientific Research, Types of Research; Research
Purposes - Research Design - Survey Research - Case Study Research. Data Collection and Sampling Design. Sources of Data: Primary Data,
Secondary Data; Procedure Questionnaire- Survey and Experiments Design of Survey and Experiments - Sampling Merits and Demerits Control Observations - Procedures Sampling Errors. Statistical Modelling and Analysis, Time Series Analysis Probability Distributions,
Fundamentals of Statistical Analysis and Inference, Multivariate methods, Concepts of Correlation and Regression, Fundamentals of Time
Series Analysis and Spectral Analysis, Error Analysis, Applications of Spectral Analysis. Evolutionary Algorithms: Introduction to evolutionary
algorithms - Fundamentals of Genetic algorithms, Simulated Annealing, Neural Network based optimization, Optimization of fuzzy systems.
Research Reports. Structure and Components of Research Report, Types of Reports, Layout of Research Reports, Mechanism of writing
research reports.
Objective: To equip candidates with advanced know-how of research methodology and writing research reports.
Learning outcomes: Upon completion of this course students will be able to carry out research successfully by to carrying out updated
literature reviews, designing experiments, critically analyse results and write out reports and dissertations

Research
Methodology.
(2Hrs Credit,
1Hr theoretical
contact, 2Hrs
practical contact
and 2Hrs Exam).

13