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# 1 (a)

= [2, 5, -7]

## = [3, -6, -2]

a . b

(scalar product of

and

b
) = [2, 5, -7]. [3, -6, -2]

= (2x3)+(5x-6)+(-7x-2)
= 6-30+14
= -10

x2 + y 2 + z 2

||x|| =

32+(6)2+(2)2

9+36+ 4

Unit vector =

a . b

x
,
x

y
,
x

z
x

[( ) ( ) ( ) ]
3 6 2
,
,
7
7
7

= |a|.|b| cos

22+(5)2+(7)2

Here |a| =
|b| =

Cos =

=7

## [(|| ||) (|| ||) (|| ||)]

(c)

49

32+(6)2+(2)2

a . b
|a|.|b| =

4+ 25+49
=

9+36+ 4

=
=

[ ( 2 i+ 5 j7 k ) . ( 3 i6 j 2 k ) ]
78 . 49

78
49

630+14
78 . 49

Cos =

cos1

10
78 . 49

10
78 . 49

= 99.30

## (d) let us consider a vector has x= 0, y=1 and z=?

We also know that for a vectors to be perpendicular to each other,
their scalar product
has to be zero.
(2i+5j-7k).(xi+yj+zk) = 0
(2x0)+(5)(1)-7(z)=0
0 +5-7z =0
Z=

( 57 )

( 23 )

Given, force

F = -2i +j +5k

Displacement
Work done

= -3i+5j+4k

F .

= 6+5+20
= 31

(b) For

= -2i+j+5k

For

= -3i+5j+4k

|F| =

22 +(1)2 +52

|F| =

4+ 1+ 25

|F| =

30

32 +(5)2+ 42
S

9+25+16
|S| = 50

## For the angle =0

For some displacement, work done

|F|S cos

|F| =
|S|cos
=

31
50 cos 0

31
50

3 (a) given,

## a = [1, -3, 6] = i-3j+6k

b
= [4,-5,-2] = 4i-5j-2k
a X b

=|I

|1 -3 6|
|4 -5 -2|

k|
= 36i+26j+7k

it has to
Now, for this vector product to b perpendicular to a
satisfy.

(a X b)
. a

=0

(36i+26j+7k).(i-3j+6k) = 0

36-78+42 = 0
0=0
Hence perpendicular to

a .

Similarly

(a X b)
. b

=0

(36i+26j+7k). (4i-5j-2k) =0
144 -130 -14=0
0=0
Hence, perpendicular to

b
.

## a = [1, -3, 6] = i-3j+6k

(b

b
= [4,-5,-2] = 4i-5j-2k
Let

c = [x,y,z]

## Such that the condition which it satisfy

a .(b X c )

=0

|i
j
k|
( i-3j+6k). |4 -5 -2| = 0
|x y
z|
(i-3j+6k).[i(-5z+2y)-j(4z+2x)+k(4y+5x)] = 0
-5z+2y+12z+6x+24y+30x = 0
7z+26y+36x = 0
36x+26y+7z = 0
The value of x,y,z which satisfy above equation will give us vector C.
We can say that the vector

and

## is independent vector, where as

are dependent
Vectors. Also as it satisfy a.(bXc) = 0, a is perpendicular to

( b X c )

given,

=[3,5,-4] = 3i+5j-4k

v
w

(a)

= [4,-3,-2] = 4i-3j-2k

v .
w [( 3 X 4 ) + ( 5 X 3 ) + (4 X2 ) ]
=
|
w|
[ ( 4 )2 + (3 )2+ (2 )2 ]

1215+8
29

5
29

w v

(b)

[( 3 X 4 ) + ( 5 X 3 ) + (4 X 2 ) ]

v .
w
|v|

[ ( 3 ) +( 5 ) +(4 ) ]
2

w v

## (d) Direction also depends on

v .

5(a) if

is perpendicular to

a b

a . b
|b|

is depending on

a b

then.

|a||b|cos 90
|b|

5
52

v .

Becomes zero.

=0

(b) It is not possible as long as vector has magnitude and is never equal to
zero.
But if the vector such as dug in is projected it is undefined.

(c)

coincident.

a b

a . b
= |b|

b a

a b= b a

only if |

Magnitude of

a b

b . a
|b|

b
=| a
must be equal, it must be in direction of

ac

(d)

a ( b c )
a

Only when

a c

As

|a||c|
|c|

b c

in magnitude.

|b||c|
|c|

## |b| put |a|

|a||c|
b c
a c
=
|c| =

In place of

Also a( b c ) = a( a c )
=

6(a) if

a . b

a c

a . c

a . b -

a . c

=0

a.( b c

b c

b c

## are equal magnitude.

=0

=0

b =c

(b)

a X b

a X c

Two non collinear vectors gives one products another vector must be
parallel to give same product, but not the plane is not same.

7(a) consider

= [x,y,z]

= [a,b,c]
|i

a X b

= |x
|a

b X a

= |i
|a
|x

z |

j
b
y

k |
c |

k| = (bz-cy)i j(az-xc)+k(ay-bx)
c|
z|

= -( a X b

8 (a)

a .(b X c )

(b) (a.b)X c

## = (yc-zb)i (xc-za)j +k(xb-ay)

{x,y R}

= scalar
= vector product between a scalar and vector is not possible .

## (c) (aXb)+(c.d) = addition between vector and scalar not possible .

(d) (a.b)+(c.d) = addition of two scales gives scalar.
(e) (aXb).(cXd) = scalar
(f)

X ( c X d )
(a X b)
= not possible

## 9. For Noah, North = 8 cos 23, East = 8 * sin 23

155 clockwise from North is southeast.

## To determine the angle south of east, subtract 90

.
= 155 90 = 65
For Jude, South = 5 * sin 65, East = 5 * cos 65
Total North = 8 cos 23 5 * sin 65
This is approximately 2.83 N.
Total East = 8 * sin 23 + 5 * cos 65
This is approximately 5.23 N.
For the net force to be 0 N, Charlie must exert an equal force in the opposite direction.
Magnitude = (North^2 + East^2)
Magnitude = [(8 cos 23 5 * sin 65)^2 + (8 * sin 23 + 5 * cos 65)^2]
=(8.023055641 + 27.44649585)
= 6 N.

10.)
Using Law of Sines:
sin105/240 = sin /20
= 53.6
That angle includes a 15 angle, so the other part of the angle residing in QI is 53.6-15 = 38.6.
Therefore, the heading from due north is 90- 38.6 = 51.4.
The magnitude x can also be found using Law of Sines in that bottom triangle. Since = 53.6, the third
angle in that triangle is 180 - 105 - 53.6 = 21.4. Therefore:

## sin 21.4/x = sin 105/240

Cross multiply to find x = 90.66 kph.
If the distance is 100km, then the time is distance divided by rate = 100/90.66 = 1.103 hours