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Descriptive Text

Social Function
A descriptive text is a text which
portrays the image of a certain thing
from which a writer wants to transfer
it to readers. Mostly descriptive texts
depict or describe the image of a
certain person, animal, things, and
location or place. The social function
of description text is to inform the
readers about the illustration of
certain persons, places, or some
things in specific ways.

The Generic Structure of

Descriptive Text
Text Elements


An introduction to the
objects/things described which
includes who or what, when,
A description of an object. For
example the color, the size, the
smell, the taste, etc.
For persons: what they look like,
what they do, how they act, what
they like or dislike, what makes
them special.
For something: how it looks,
sounds, feels, smells or tastes,
where it is seen or found, what it
does, how it is used, what makes
it special.

Language Features
Certain nouns, such as teacher, house, my cat,
bridge, etc.
Detailed noun phrases to give information
about a subject, such as It was a large open
rowboat, a sweet young lady, the deaf person,
Various adjectives which are describing,
numbering, classifying such as two strong
legs, sharp white fangs, her curly hair, etc.
Relating verbs to give information about a
subject, such as My mum is really cool; It has
very thick fur, the rest remains at home, etc.

Thinking verbs and feeling verbs to reveal

the writers view, such as The police
believe the suspect is armed; I think it is a
clever animal, etc.
Action verbs, such as Our new puppy
bites our shoes; It eats soft food, etc.
Abverbs to give additional information
about manner, such as fast, gradually, at
the tree house, etc.
Figurative language, such simile, metafor,
e.g. John is white as chalk, sat tight, etc

Simple Present
The Use;
Facts that are always true
Water boils at 100 degrees

Habitual action
British people drink a lot of tea.

/ don't like gangster films.

Simple Present Tense

Sentence Pattern
I/you/we/they + Verb + O

He/she/it + Verb es/-s +

I/you/we/they + do not +
Verb + O

He/she/it + does not + Verb

Do + I/you/we/they + Verb +
Does + He/she/it + Verb + O

Example of Simple present

Nurses look after patients in hospitals.
I usually go away at weekends.
The earth goes round the sun.
The cafe opens at 7.30 in the morning.
I come from Canada. Where do you
come from?
I don't go away very often.
What does this word mean? (not What
means this word?)
Rice doesn't grow in cold climates.

Put the verb into the correct form.
1) Julie doesnt drunk (not / drink) tea very often.
2) What time ........ .. (the banks / close) here?
3) I've got a car, but I .... . (not / use) it much.
4) 'Where (Ricardo / come) from?' 'From Cuba.'
5) What (you/do)?' Tm an electrician.'
6) It ........ ... (take) me an hour to get to work. How
7) .....................................................(it / take) you?
8) Look at this sentence. What (this word / mean)?
9) David isn't very fit. He (not / do) any sport.