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Module5:ClassicalGreece

TakeatripbacktotheClassicalGreekperiodfrommodule5whereweweretaskedto
choosebetweenlivinginAthensorSparta.Forthispiece,IchosetoliveinancientSpartaandbe
asoldierforthegreatSpartanarmy.InthelifeofAxis,seewhatthedailylifewouldhavebeen
forsomeoneinthemilitary,fromtheearlystagesinhislife,hishomelife,andforwhathappens
tohislandwhenheisawayatbattle.Afterthismodule,Ihadabetterunderstandingofwhatit
trulymeanttobeaSpartanandwhatitmeanttoliveanddiebythesword.

BillBalent
AncientHistoryModule5
5/22/16
TheLifeofAxisASpartanHoplite
Throughyearsoftraining,failures,andconquests,Axishasbecomeanexperienced
HopliteinSpartansociety.Attheprimeageof26,Axishasenduredyearsofphysicaltrainingto
becomeaneliteathlete,andanevengreaterwarriordefendingthehomelandofSparta.Being
takenfromhomeattheyoungageof7,AxishaslearnedthewaysofamaleintheSpartan
society.
EachdayisfilledwithtrainingwithfellowmilitantsforSpartatoremainthemostfeared
landtroopsinallthelands.Axishaslimitedtimeforhiswife,Xana,andhistwochildren,
Brutus,age2,andPhinea,age1.Axisisstillnotattheagetobeabletosleepathomewithhis
family,asthiswillcomewhenAxisisattheageof30.Axismustsneakoutatnighttogohome
andlaywithhiswife,Xana.
Theyearis420BCEandSpartaisinthemiddleofanintensewarwithAthensinthe
Peloponnesianwars.Axisissettoleavewithhisfellowmilitantsinthecomingdaystomeet
Athensforagreatbattle,leavinghiswifeandchildrenathome.Axisnolongerhasfearofdying
bythesword,asthisfearwasbeatenoutofhimatayoungage.Whatoncewasaninnocentchild
nowstandsapowerfulwarriorreadytoputhislifeonthelinetodefendSparta.ForSpartans,it
isexpectedtocomebackholdingyourshieldinvictory,orcarriedbackonit.

Axisowns1,000acresofland,butdoesnothavethetimetotendtoit.Instead,Axishad
3Helotsthattendedtotheland.Growingthecropthatprovidedfood,butAxiswasgenerousto
thesalves.Hewouldgiveaportionofthecroptothem,andprovidedthemshelterandprotection
fromneighboringclans.ThisdoesnotmeanthatAxiswasalwayskindtotheslavesthough.In
ordertosustainanuprisingfromtheoutnumberingHelots,AxiswouldseverelybeattheHelots
inordertoshowdominanceoverthem,oftentimesinjuringthem.Axiswasquicktomakepeace
withtheHelotsbyofferingmoreofaportionofthecropthattheygrew.
WhenAxisleavesforbattle,hiswifeXanawillbeinchargeofthelandtodoasshesees
fit.Axistrustedhisstrongwifeandreliedonherforthelongperiodsoftimethatheisgone.The
landisingoodhandswithXana,andAxisknowsthatifanythingweretohappentohimin
battle,thatXanawouldcontinuetoprosperwiththeland.