Sie sind auf Seite 1von 5

Module3:SuccessionofCivilizations

Towardsthebeginningofthesemester,weweretaskedwithlearningabouttheHittites,
Assyrians,andtheHebrewsintheMediterraneanregion.Withtheriseofthesethreedifferent
societies,theAssyriansbecamethemostdominantforcerangingfromMesopotamiatoAsia
MinordownthroughEgypt.TheAssyriankingsutilizedpropagandatohelpstrikefearintotheir
owncitizens,andthosewhomtheyhaveconquered.Throughouthistorywehaveseentheuseof
propagandatohelpsubduethepeoplefromuprisingagainsttheirleader,astheyareawareasto
whatmayhappeniftheydo.

BillBalent
AncientHistory:Module3
5/15/2016

MilitaryHistory:PsychologicalWarfareandtheuseofPropaganda

Throughouthistory,weseetheuseofpropagandabykings,dictators,andgovernmentsto
frightencitizensoftheircommunity,oftheirenemies,ortoeventrickpeopleintothinking
certainthings.MerriamWebsterdictionarydefinespropagandaas,ideasorstatementsthatare
oftenfalseorexaggeratedandthatarespreadinordertohelpacause,apoliticalleader,a
government,etc.(http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/propaganda).Thosethatcould
usepropagandatotheiradvantageeitherseizedcontrolorhelpedsustaintheirdominanceover
thepeople.TheuseofpropagandawasusedfromtheAssyriankings,totheGreekkings,tothe
RomanEmperors,allthewaythroughtodayinthemediaandpolitics.TheAssyriankingdomis
looselycomparedtothatofNaziGermany,asbothhadwellequippedarmiesandused
propagandatofurthertheirdominance.
AsAssyriabegantoshowitsstrengththroughouttheMediterranean,stretchingfrom
Mesopotamia(moderndayIraq)toAsiaMinor(moderndayTurkey)toEgyptinthesouth,from
awelloiledfightingmachineofamilitary,kingsbegantoplacepropagandathroughoutpalaces.
ThecampaignsoftheAssyriankingswerepicturedonbricks,whichwereplacedonstoneslabs.
TheimportanceofthesedepictionsofconquestsshowedthepoweroftheAssyrians,andmoreso

thepowerofthekings.Inthesedepictions,thegodAssurisshowedshowingsupportforthe
Assyriankingsaschariotsrushedontothebattlefieldsandtheenemieswereleftscramblingfor
theirlives.AlsoshownontheseslabsofstonewerecitiesdestroyedfromthepowerfulAssyrian
king,wholedthemarchingarmiesintobattle.MuchlikeNaziGermany,theAssyrianarmyused
itsgreatforcetomarchintoenemyterritory,andconquerthepeoplesofthelands.Topreventthe
uprisingofthepeople,thekingsofAssyriausedpropagandatostrikefearintotheeyesofthose
whowereconquered.

(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Obelisk_of_Shalmaneser_III#/media/File:The_Assyrian_ki
ng_Shalmaneser_III_receives_tribute_from_Sua,_king_of_Gilzanu,_The_Black_Obelisk..JPG)
TheabovepicturerepresentsamonumentgiventoShalmaneserIII,calledtheBlackObelisk,
showingthediscoveryoftheRiverTigrisafteramilitaryconquest.Onthemonument,anenemy
isbowingtothegreatkingashisarmysurroundshim.Theinscriptionofthemonumentreads,
AmightyimageofmymajestyIfashioned;thegloryofAssur,mylord,mydeedsofvalor,allI

hadaccomplishedinthelands,IinscribethereonandIsetitupthere(Taylor).Thistypeof
propagandashowsthepeopleofAssyriathepoweroftheking,keepingtheminline.
Theuseofpropagandahasbeenshownthroughouthistory,askingsdepicttheirpowerto
oppressanyuprisingsfromthecitizens.Afamousdepictionoftheauthorityofthekingoverhis
citizensisdisplayedbyAssunaspiralIIatNinevah.Attheroyalpalaceitreads,Ibuiltapillar
overagainstthecitygate,andIflayedallthechiefmenwhohadrevolted,andIcoveredthe
pillarwiththeirskins;someIwalledupwithinthepillar,someIimpaleduponthepillaron
stakes,andothersIboundtostakesroundaboutthepillar;manywithintheborderofmyown
landIflayed,andIspreadtheirskinsuponthewalls;andIcutoffthelimbsoftheofficers,ofthe
royalofficerswhohadrebelled.AhiababaItooktoNinevah,Iflayedhim,Ispreadhisskinupon
thewallofNinevah(Taylor).Thistypeofpropagandaremindedthecitizensofthebrutaltactics
thatkingswoulduseonanyonewhowouldrebelagainstthem.TheartthatdepictsAssyrian
propagandaterrorizedtheirowncitizens,andallthosewhomtheAssyrianarmyconquered.
TheuseofpropagandahelpedfuelthefirethatsupportedtheAssyriankings.Aswesee
fromabove,propagandawasusedtoterrorizebothcitizensofAssyria,andthosewhomAssyria
hadconquered.Notallpropagandawasusedtoterrorizecitizensthough.Assyriankingsalsouse
propagandatoportraytheafterlife.Whathappensafterdeathisupformuchdebate,butreligions
acrosstheglobetendtohaveananswerastowhathappens.Theuseofpropagandaforthe
afterlifeshowspeoplewhatmayhappentothemiftheydonotactinthemannerthataking
wantsthemtoact.
WiththeuseofpropagandabythekingsofAssyriathroughterrorizingcitizensand
depictionsoftheafterlife,thekingswereabletoremainadominantfactorinsociety.These

tacticshavebeenusedthroughouthistorytooppressrevoltsandtocurvesociety,asthosewho
areleadingdeemnecessary.

Sources
http://www.ancient.eu/assyria/

Thiscrediblesourcefromwww.ancient.euwasusedthroughouttheentiresemester.
WhilelearningofthegreatAssyrianEmpire,andthegreatkingswhoruledovertheir
lands,thiswebsiteisanindepthlookastowhatthemilitarywasabletoaccomplish
byconqueringthelandssurroundingtheAssyrianEmpire.

Whitelam,Keith.TheSymbolsofPower.BiblicalArchaeologist.September1986.Web.

Manydifferentformsofpropagandahavebeenusedthroughouthistory.Themost
importantpartofpropagandaisadaptingtotheaudiencethatisintendedtobe
addressed.Youcanhaveastrongmessagethatisdeep,butifitdoesnotreachthe
intendedaudiencethennothingwillcomefromthismessage.

Taylor,Phillip.MunitionsoftheMind:Ahistoryofpropagandafromtheancientworldtothe
presentday.ManchesterUniversityPress.NewYork.Palgrave.2003.Book.

Forabetterunderstandingofhowpropagandawasusedintheancientworld,Iread
partoneofthispiecebyPhillipTaylor.Thetechniquesusedweretoterrorizethe
subjectsinordertocontrolthepopulation.Iffearisstruckintothecitizensofa
society,thenanuprisingislesslikelytooccur.TheAssyriankingsusedthistacticto
theiradvantagefortheirowncitizens,andthosewhomtheyhavealreadyconquered.

Porter,Barbara.IntimidationandFriendlyPersuasion:ReEvaluatingthePropagandaof
AshurnasirpalII.http://www.jstor.org/stable/23629870.IsraelExplorationSociety.
2003.Web.

ThegreatkingAshurnasirpalIIusedpropagandatohisbenefitbyinducingfearonto
thepeople.Throughhisquotesofflayingpeoplewhorevoltedagainsthimis
evidencethatfearmongeringwashisfinesttactic.