Sie sind auf Seite 1von 108

The most common Chinese characters

[ReadlinksaboutChineseculture]
[Gotomainindex]
[Gotolinguisticindex]
[Contacttheauthor]

[Backtotheintroduction]
[Tillbakatillintroduktionen]

2003 2009 Patrick Hassel Zein

This page was last updated 12.05.2009

The most common Chinese characters in order of frequency


If you wonder why there are less than 3000 characters in the list, or have other
questions,
please read the introduction!

All characters are presented in falling statistical order with the most commonly used
characters first.
Alternative forms of the characters are specified within parentheses
in which case "F" marks full (or traditional) forms, "S" marks simplified (or modern) forms and
"A" marks alternative forms (mostly special numerals).
Pronunciations are specified according to Pinyin and written within brackets "[...]". After
each given
pronunciation, a number of possible translations are listed. If a character
corresponds closely to a somewhat
longer word (usually a word that contains the
character in question), the longer word is given in the list of
translations marked with
parentheses and a "=".
After the translation of each character, example words containing the character are often
listed
these words are separated by semi commas. No guarantee is given that all the
most common words are
listed or that the given examples are very common.
Some of the listed pronunciations are less used than others, and in those cases
translations and examples may lack.
Grammatical particles, classifiers and other special translations are marked with hooks "
<...>".
Curly brackets "{...}" are mostly used when giving references to characters that are
similar to the
listed ones either in shape. This is to help you avoid miswriting/misreading.
The same marking is also
used for references to characters with similar meaning but
different pronunciation.
Additional information of other sorts is sometimes given.
If the characters are not displayed correctly, verify that the encoding is set to GB2312.
Seq.num.

Character

Pronunciations and explanations

[de] <grammatical particle marking genitive as well as simple and


composed adjectives>; wde my; gode high, tall;
shde that's it, that's right; ... sh...de one who...;
. T sh shu Hnyde. He is one who speaks Chinese.

[d] md goal

[d] true, real; dqu certainly

(A)

[y] one, a little; d-y first, primary; knykn have a


(quick) look at

[y] (used before tone #4); y g rn one person;


ydng certain; yyng same; yyu January

[y] (used before tones #2 and #3); ydinr a little;


yxi some

{Compare with (F) yo, which also means "one"}


[sh] to be, ? shbush? is (it) or is (it) not?; shfu

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

whether or not, is (it) or is (it) not?

[b] not

[b] (used before tone #4); b sh isn't

[le] <verb particle marking a new situation or a completed action>;


! N lile! You have come! ! W lile! I've gotten tired!
! N hole! That's OK (now)! . W zh
qngle y wi kren. I invited only one guest.

[lio] end, finish, settle, dispose of, know clearly, to be able, (=


lioji) understand, comprehend; liolia clearly
understand, settle (a debt/etc.), to be intelligent; liole to be
over/ended/finnish/settled; ! N mi blio! You will not be
able to sell (it)!

[lio] (= lia) to survey/watch

{Compare with z child}

[rn] person; rnli humankind; ? yu rn ma? Is there


anybody here?

{Compare with r enter}

[w] I, me, my; wmen we, us

{Compare with zho seek}

[zi] at; xinzi now; cnzi exist

[yu] have, there is; miyu haven't, there isn't; ?


Yumiyu? Is there or isn't there? Have (you) or haven't (you)?;
yude some

[yu] (= yu) again, both... and...

10

[t] he, him, his, (she, her, it, its), (= qt) other
[tu] (in classical texts) someone else, something else

11

(F)

12

[zhng] middle, in; Zhnggu China


[zhng] hit (a target)

[d] big; ? dud? how large?; dxio size; dji


everybody
[di] difu doctor
{Compare with ti very and m tree}

13

14

15

16
17
18

(F)

[zh] this; zhr here


[zhi] this (before classifier)

[li] come; yunli originally, as a matter of fact; linin


coming/next year(s)
[lai] (when used as a verb complement); qlai get up
[shng] above, on, over, top, (go) up, last, previous
[shng] shngshng 3rd tone in Mandarin
[shang] (when used as a verb complement)
{Compare with xi under}

[gu] (= guji) country, state, nation, <family name>;


Zhnggu China; Migu USA
[g] <general and non-specific classifier>; grn personal;
(F,) grnzhy personal homepage
[g] zg oneself

(F)

[do] to, towards, until, arrive, reach

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

19

(F)

[shu] explain, scold, refer to, (= shuhu) speak, say;


yushu persuade
[shu] try to persuade; yushu lobbying

20

(F)

[men] <pluralizing suffix for pronouns and nouns referring to


persons>; wmen we; rnmen people, persons

(F)

[wi] for, for the sake of, in order to, in this connection
[wi] do, act, act as, be, become; rnwi think or believe
that...; ywi think or believe erroneously that...
{Compare with bn do}

21

[z] child, son; zn sons and daughters; rzi son


[zi] (noun suffix); zhuzi table
{Compare with le <particle>}

23

[h] together, with, (F) harmony, gentle, mild, kind, <family


name>; hpng peace
[H] Japan
[huo] nunhuo nice and warm
[h] join in singing, compose a poem in reply
[hu] mix with water
[hu] mix, blend
[h] complete a set in Mahjong

24

[n] (Alternative feminine form: n) you, your; nmen you


(plural)

[d] earth, ground, soil, place, position, distance; dzh the


Twelve Terrestrial Branches
[de] <adverbial particle: descripion + + verb>, ~ly; kuide
zu walk quickly

[ch] go out, come out, in direction out from something, emit,


issue, prouce; chxin appear, emerge, (F) <classifier for
operas and plays>

27

[do] way, path, channel, way, say, a streak (of light), doctrine,
<classifier for rivers, topics, etc.>, (= Dojio) Taoism;
zhdao know
[do] (= do) lead; = lngdo leader

28

[y] also, as well; yx perhaps

29

(F)

30

22

25

26

31

32

33

[sh] period, season, (= shjin, = shhou) time, (=


xiosh) hour
[nin] year, <family name>; jnnin this year; mngnin
next year; qnin last year; zhngnin middle age

[de] <adverbial particle: verb + + descripion>; zude kui


walk quickly
[d] get, reach, achieve
[di] should

[ji] just, simply, right away; jiyo about to (do something);


! Zh jish w! This is simply me!; . T jiyo
q. He is about to leave.

[n] that
[ni] that (before classifier)
[nu] chnnu deep meditation
[nu] wnu helpless, unfortunately

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[n] (= n) what?
[ni] (= ni before classifier) which?
34

[yo] want, will, shall, need, important, essential; zhyo


main, fundamental
[yo] yoqi demand

35

[xi] below, under, (go) down, next (as opposed to previous/last)


{Compare with shng above}

36

[y] use, take, according to, because of, in order to; ky OK,
may; suy so, therefore, as a result; ywi beyond,
except

37

[shng] give birth, life; xinsheng mister, gentleman, Sir

38

(F)

39

40

41
42

(F)

[hu] can, able, meet, meeting, society, union, party


[kui] kuij accounting
[hu] hur moment
[z] from, since, (= zj) self; zrn nature
{Compare with m eye and bi white}
[zhe] <verb particle marking a continuing progress/state>
[zho] touch
[zhu] wear clothes, dress, touch
[zho] put in, add, (F) make move in chess, trick, decieve
[q] go, leave, depart (opposite of li)
[zh] <subordinator similar to de>, it (in classical texts)

(F)

[gu] pass, cross, go by, exceed, <verb particle marking that


someone has had the experience of doing something, that it has
happened at least once>; gu ml cross the street;
. w qguo Zhnggu ling c. I have gone to China
twice.

44

[ji] home, house, family; guji nation; dji everybody


[jie] zhngtinjie all day long; jil (at) home, (in the)
family

45

(F)

[xu] study, learn; xuxio school; xusheng student


{Compare with z written character}

46

(F)

[du] correct, answer, treat, agree, mutual, pair; dubuq


excuse me

43

47

[k] ~able, (= ky) may, can, (= ksh) but, however;


k'i loveable, cute; k'nng possible, probable, maybe;
kkukl Coca Cola
[k] khn khan

48

[t] she, her

49

[l] neighbourhood, half kilometer, <family name>, (F,) in,


inside, lining; ? nli? where?; nli there; zhli here

50

[hu] queen, (F) after, behind, <family name>; hutin the


day after tomorrow

51

[xio] small; dxio size


[me/mo] (F,) (interrogative suffix) ? shnme? what?;
? wishnme? why? ! mi shnme! It doesn't matter!,

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

52

53

[xn] heart; xioxn be careful; xnl psychology,


mentality; zhngxn center

54

[du] many, much, more; dud how large?; dusho


how many/much?

55

[tin] sky, heaven, god, day, (= tinkng) sky; tinq


weather
{ tingn the Ten Heavenly Stems: jiy-bng-dng-w-j-gng-xn-rn-gu (these characters are
sometimes used as ordinal numbers}
{Compare with f man and w without}

56

[r] (= rqi) and, furthermore, (= rn'r) yet, even so

57

[nng] can, be able; nnggu be capable of; k'nng


maybe

58

[ho] good, good to..., easy to...; ! Nho! Hello!


[ho] to like
[ho] hohor in perfectly good condition

59

[du] all
[d] (= shud) capital city

60

[rn] right, correct, so, like that; surn although; hrn


suddenly; dngrn of course; zrn nature

61

(F)

[mi] (= miyu) haven't, there isn't; ? Yumiyu? Is


there or isn't there? Have (you) or haven't (you)?
[m] sink, overflow, disappear, confiscate

62

[r] sun, (= rzi) day; rj diary; rgung sunlight


{Compare with yu say, m eye and gn sweet}

63

[y] <family name>, (F) in, at, for, to, from, by, than
{Compare with qin thousand and gn stem}

64

[q] rise, start; qlai get up; dubuq excuse me


[qi] (when used as a verb complement)

65

(F)

Never mind!; ? znme? how?


[yo] (S) youngest, one (e.g. in bus/house/phone numbers)

[hi] still, yet


[hun] return, give back

[f] (F) deliver, utter, express, shoot, emit, develop, expand


[f] (F) hair
[fa] (F) tufa hair

67

[chng] (= chngwi, = binchng) become, <family


name>; chnggng succeed; wnchng accomplish,
complete, fulfill; chngy idiom

68

[sh] matter, affair, thing, event, accident, job, responsibility;


shqing situation

66

69

70

(F)

[zh] only, just, merely, <classifier implying "one of a pair", animals,


vessels, utensils, etc.>; y zh mo a cat
[zh] (F) single, one, only
{Compare with xing brother}
[zu] do, make; gngzu work; zuy homework
[zu] zujian spoil, waste, humiliate, insult

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[zu] do
71

[dng] (F) serve as, (F) ding-dong


[dng] (F) proper, right, equal, (= dngzu) treat as, regard
as

72

[xing] think, feel, consider, want, remember

73

[kn] see, look at, read, think, consider


[kn] look after, tend; knshu guard

74

[wn] language, literature, <family name>; wnhu culture;


Zhngwn Chinese (written) language

75

76

(F)

[w] without, nothingness, have not


[m] nnm <Sanskrit> to give oneself totally to
{Compare with tin heaven}

(F)

[ki] open; kish begin dki open, unfold


[kai] (when used as a verb complement)
{Compare with bng combine}

77

78

(A)

[shu] hand, a person skilled in something; hushu wave;


pishu clap; wshu shake/clasp hands
{Compare with mo hair}
[sh] ten; shsn thirteen; wsh fifty; shyu
October

[yng] use; hoyng useful; byng there's no need;


shyng use, apply
{Compare with shui swing}

[zh] lord, master, host, god, (= zhyo) main, primary;


zhy doctrine, ~ism; zhy homepage
{Compare with wng king}

81

[xng] go, OK; xngdng action, operation, move, get about,


act
[hng] line; ynhng bank; hngy profession
[hng] shhngzi rows of trees
[hng] (phonetic radical)

82

[fng] side, square; dfang place; fngmin aspect


{Compare with wn ten thousand}

79

80

84

85

[qin] in front, previous, ago, former, first; the day before


yesterday

86

[su] place; suy so, therefore; suyu all; csu


toilet

87

[bn] basis, origin, edition, <classifier for books, periodicals, files,


etc.>; bnrn I, me, myself; Rbn Japan
{Compare with m tree}

83

88

(F)

[yu] again, both... and...


[r] like, as, as if, (= rgu) if; rc like this

[jin] appear to be, meet with, call on, (= knjian) see;


yjian idea, view, opinion; tngjin hear
[xin] show, appear, become visible
{Compare with bi shellfish}
[jng] longitude (both geographic and in Chinese medecin),

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

89

(F)

90

(F)

91

scripture, constant, regular, <family name>, deal with, (=


jngj) manage (a business); yjing already; jnggu
pass, go through; jngyn experience; jngyu via, by
way of; jngchng frequent, daily; Yjng Book of
Changes;
[tu] head, top, first, <classifier for livestock, garlic, etc.>;
tufa hair
[tou] shtou stone
[min] face, surface, <classifier for mirrors, flags, etc.>, (F)
wheat flour, (= mintio) noodle; minbo bread

92

[gng] public, official; gngl kilometer; bngngsh


office; gngs company; gnggng public, communal,
common; gnggngqch (public) bus; Lgng
(honorable and old) Mr Li

93

[tng] same, with; tngzh comrade


[tng] (F) htng lane

94

(A)

95

[y] stop, cease, end, (= yjng) already


{Compare with j self, which is "open" on the left side}

96

[lo] old, venerable, outdated; losh teacher; loh


tiger; lo Zhng old Zhang = dear (friend) Mr Zhang

97

(F)

[cng] from, through, join, follower, secondary


[cng] hicngcng murky

98

(F)

[dng] move, change, arouce; dngw animal; hudng


activity; yndng sports

99

(F)

[ling] two (before classifier), 50 grams

100

(F)

[chng] long, lasting, length


[zhng] grow up, chief, head, older, elder

[sn] three; d-sn shji 3rd World; snyu March

101

[zh] realize, sense, inform, tell, (= zhdao) know; zhshi


knowledge
[zh] (= zh) wit, (= zhhu) wisdom, (= zhl) intellect

102

[mn] (= rnmn) people, <family name>; mnzh


democracy

103

(F)

[yng] appearance, shape, form, manner; zhyng like this;


znmeyng how? in what way?

104

(F)

[xin] show, appear, current; xinzi now; fxin


discover; xindi modern
[fn] divide, fraction, minute, cent; bifnzhw = 5/100 =
5%
[fn] limits of rights or duty

105

106

(F)

[jing] shall; jingli future


[jing] general, a piece in Chinese chess mjing mahjongg

107

[wi] outside, outer, other, foreign, beyond, relative on ones


mother's/sisters/wife's side; wisn daugthers son;
wigurn foreigner; ywi unexpected
{Compare with ch place}

108

[dn] (= dnsh) but, still, nevertheless, however, yet

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

109

110

111

(F)

[shn] life, incarnation, <classifier for suits of clothing>, (=


shnt) body; qnshn in person, personally
[xi] some, <classifier for plural or indefinite/small amount>;
yxi a number of, some; zhxi rn these people
[y] give, offer, help, support, and
[y] cny participate in
[y] <interrogative/esclamative particle>
{Compare with xi write}

112

[go] high, tall, loud, <polite> your, <family name>; tgo


improve; goxng happy; gojin <polite> your
opinion/idea

113

[y] (= ysi, = yy) meaning, idea, (= yunyi) wish,


desire; yt intention; yjian opinion; Ydl Italy

114

(F)

[jn] enter, go forward, recieve, drink, eat, submit; jnb


progress

115

[b] grasp, hold, handle, <classifier for things with handles,


handfuls, chairs, etc.>
[b] bzi, br handle

116

[f] (= fl) law, (= bnf) method; Fgu France

117

[c] this; rc (= zhyng) like this; cd (= zhl)


here, at this place

118

(F)

[sh] solid, true, real; shsh fact; shjshang actually;


shzi really
[hu] circle, return, reply, turns, times, chapter, Muslim, Hui (ethnic
minority), <classifier for chapters, times, etc.>; huli come
back; huq go back; hud answer

119

120

(A)

121

[l] principle; lln theory; gunl manage; xnl


psychology, mentality

[mi] (= meil) beautiful, (= ho) good, (= mid) virtue,


<family name>; Migu USA; miyun US$ miji
artist

123

(F)

[din] a drop (of liquid), dot, decimal point, a little, a bit, appoint
time, select, choose, order food/drink, <classifier for small
amounts>, (= dinhu) light a fire; ydinr a little;
dintu nod one's head

124

[yu] month, (= yuliang, = yuqi) moon

125

[mng] bright, clear, distinct, next (day or year), <family name>;


mngbai clear, understand; mngtin tomorrow

126

[q] its, that, such, they, them; qt other; yuq


especially
[j] anniversary

127

(F)

[zhng] kind, sort, breed, race


[zhng] to plant, cultivate

(F)

[shng] voice, declaration, (= shngyn) sound, <classifier for


sounds>; shngmng reputation, fame, statement,
declaration

122

128

[r] two; ryu February

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

129

[qun] whole, entire, total, complete, <family name>;


wnqun completely; nqun safety

130

[gng] (= gngzu) work, job; gngrn worker

131

[j] (= zj) self


{Compare with y already, which is "closed" on the left side}

132

(F)

[hu] speech, word, language, dialect, (= shuhu) talk, speak


[huo] bihuo = bihu vernacular, empty talk

133

(F)

[r] child; rzi son; n'r daughter


[r] (noun suffix); zhr here; nr there
[rn] (when referring to the radical)
{Compare with xing brother, j table, y moment}

134

[zh] one who...; zuzh author; hpngzhyzh


pacifist

135

[xing] take somebody's part, to, towards, all along, allways,


<family name>, (F) direction, towards, (F) formerly,
previously; xingzh formerly, once upon a time

136

[qng] sensibility, (= gnqng) feeling, emotion; iqng


love

137

[b] (= bfen) part, section, unit, <classifier for film, large


books, machines, etc.>, (= bdu) troops, army; xb
western part; qunb entire

138

[zhng] right, straight, upright, correct


[zhng] zhngyu, xnzhng the 1st month of lunar year

139

[mng] (= mngzi) name, personal name, reputation, famous,


<classifier for persons with professional or prominent social
identities, e.g. students, doctors, soldiers, workers>; zhmng
famous; mngc noun

140

[dng] fix, settle, calm, stable, subscribe, (= judng) decide;


ydng definite

141

[n] female, (= nrn, = fn) woman

142

(F)

[wn] ask, examine; wnt question, problem; fngwn


visit

143

[l] (= nngl) energy, vitality, <family name>, (= lliang)


strength, force

144

(F)

[j] (= jqi) machine; shuynj radio; fij aircraft

145

(F)

[gi] give, give to, for, for the benefit of; snggi send/present
to
[j] give, supply, provide, (= gngj) provide

146

[dng] equal, class, wait, and so on, etc.

147

[j] small table, (F) jh almost


[j] (F) how many?, a few, (used in numerals)
{Compare with r child}

148

[hn] very, quite; hnho very good; ! hn bcu! not


bad at all!

149

[y] line of business, trade, occupation, profession, course of


study, engage in, <family name>; shngy commerce;

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

(F)
150

gngy industry; zuy homework


[zu] most, marking for superlative; zujn recently/soon;
zu xhuan favorite

151

(F)

[jin] room, between, locality, within given time or space,


<classifier for rooms>
[jin] gap, interval
[gn] bn'gnbg neither this nor that, inexplicit,
equivocal, mediocre

152

[xn] new, renew; chngxn again; xnwn news

153

(F)

154

155
156
157

[shn] shnme what?


[sh] (= sh) ten

[d] strike, hit, get, play, (generalized verb with specific meaning
determined by its object); dsuan plan, intend; dki
open, unfold; dj strike, hitt, attack, assault
[d] dozen

[bin] (= fngbin) convenient


[pin] pinyi cheap
{Compare with sh send and gng more}

[wi] place, location, position, <polite classifier for people>


[yn] cause, (= ynwi) because, (= yunyn) reason

[zhng] weight, considerable in amount/value, (= chnzhng)


heavy, weighty, (= zhngyo) important
[chng] again

159

[bi] quilt, cover (with), by (indicates passive voice)


[p] pf = bif bedding and clothing, something one hangs
on to

160

[zu] go, walk, leave

161

(F)

[din] (= shndin) (flash of) lightning, (= dinq)


electricity; dinhu phone; dinno computer

162

(A)

[s] four; szhu all around; syu April

163

158

[d] indicating ordinal number, ~th; d-sn shji 3rd


World; d-y c 1st time
[mn] door, gate, family, house, valve, switch, <family name>,
<classifier for courses, braches of science, etc.>; mnku
doorway; bmn department; mnlng doorbell

164

(F)

165

[xing] each other, mutual, mode, phase, <family name>


[xing] look at, appearance, photo

166

[c] occurence, time, second, inferior, number of times; ling


c twice

167

(F)

168

[dng] master, owner, <family name> (= dngfng) east;


dngbi northeast; dngxi thing, creature
{Compare with ch vehicle}
[zhng] (= zhngzh) politics, political affairs, (= zhngf)
government

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

169
170

171

172

173
174

[hi] sea, big lake, <family name>, (= hiyng, = dhi)


sea, ocean

[ku] mouth, opening, entrance, hole, cut, <classifier for mouthfuls,


people, wells, etc.>; mnku doorway; rnku
population

[sh] make, cause to (do), send (as envoy), (= shyng) use,


apply
{Compare with l and bin official}

[jio] teach; . Wng losh jio shxu. Teacher


Wang teaches math.
[jio] cause, ask to, teach; jiosh teacher, instructor;
jioy education

[x] west, western; dngxi thing; xbi northwest


[zi] again, once more; zijin goodbye

175

[png] flat, level, even; shupng level; hpng peace;


pngchng ordinary, common, usually
{Compare with bn half}

176

[zhn] true, genuine, really


{There are two ways of writing this character!}

177

(F)

178

179

(F)

180

[xn] letter, message, information, (= xingxn) belive in;


xnfng envelope

181

[bi] north; dngbi northeast; Bijng

182

[sho] few, little, less, lack


[sho] young; shonin juvenile

183

(F)

[tng] listen; tngjin hear; tngbudng don't


understand (by listening)
[sh] generation, <family name>, (= shji) world; shj
century
[q] air, gas, vapor, spirit, vital energy; tinqi weather

[gun] shut, close, turn off, close down, concern, key part;
gunxi connection; guny concerning
[bng] (F) combine, merge, (F) and, equally, truly
[bng] Bng Zhu (Taiyuan in Shanxi)
{Compare with ki open}

184

185

(F)

186

[ji] add, plus, append, (= zngji) increase; cnji join

[hu] convert, melt, dissolve, digest, incinerate, (= binhu)


change, transform
[hu] (= hu) spend

188

[yu] from, let, (= yuy) due to, (= lyu) cause, reason;


zyu freedom
{Compare with ji helmet and shn explain}

189

(F)

187

[ni] inside; nirng content


{Compare with ru meat and bng third}

[qu] however, but, yet


[di] (= dibio) represent, (= shdi) generation, period,

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

190

191

(F)

[jn] army, military, troops

192

(F)

[chn] give birth to, (= chnshng) produce, (= chnpn)


product

193

[r] (= jnr) enter, get into; shur income


{Compare with rn person}

194

[xin] first, before, earlier; xinsheng mister, gentleman, Sir;


zxin = xinbi ancestor
{Compare with sh lose}

195

[shn] hill, mountain, <family name>; hushn volcano;


shnmi mountain range

196

(A)

197

198

199
200
201
202
203

epoch, <classifier for periods>; xindi modern (times);


shngdi previous generation

[w] five; wyu May

[ti] great, very, too; titai Madame; tiyng sun,


sunshine
{Compare with d big}

[shu] water, liquid, <family name>; shupng level;


shugu fruit; yoshu liquid medecine
{Compare with yng forever}

(F)

(F)

[wn] ten thousand, myriad, <family name>; wnsu long live


[M] Mq <family name>
{Compare with fng square}
[sh] (= shchng) market, (= chngsh) city, town
[yn] (= ynjing) eye; ynjng glasses
[t] substance, (= shnt) body; jt concrete, specific;
tz style of written Chinese, typface, font
[t] tji (or tj) intimate, confidential

separate, other, don't, leave, differentiate, <family name>


(F,) [bi]
[bi] biniu awkward

204

(F)

[ch] place, part, point, department, office


[ch] deal with, get along with somebody
{Compare with wi outside}

205

(F)

[zng] general, overall, always, (= zngsh) sum, total;


zngtng president (of a republic)

206

(F)

[ci] talent, only then; gngci just now

207

(F)

[chng] field, place where people gather, stage, level open ground,
country fair, market, <classifier for games, performances etc.>
[chng] <classifier for happenings>

208

(F)

[sh] (= losh) teacher; shfu master

209

(F)

[sh] book, style of calligraphy; shji clerk; tshgun


library

[b] compare, contrast; bjio relatively; br efor example

210
211

[zh] live (in a place)

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

(F)

[yun] member. ~ist, ~er; wiyunhu committee;


rnyun personnel
[ji] nine; jiyu September

214

(A)

215

[xng] sex, gender, nature, disposission, ~ness; knngxng


possibility

[tng] communicate, notify, connect, join, know very well, authority,


expert, (= tnggu) go through, <classifier for telegrams>,
<family name>; jiotng traffic; Ptngh Common
Speach = Mandarin
[tng] <classifier for actions>

217

[m] eye; mqin in front of ones eyes, at present; md


goal, purpose, aim; ml catalogue, list, list of contents
{Compare with z self and r sun}

218

(F)

[hu] glory, splendor, magnificent, (= Zhnghu) China


[Hu] <family name>; Hu Shn (mountain in Shaanxi)

219

(F)

220

[bo] (= bogo) report, (= bozh) newspaper, (=


dinbo) telegram
[l] stand, erect, vertical; jinl establish; lk right away;
lfngt cube

212
213

216

[xio] laugh

221

(F)

[m] horse; mshng right away mmahh


careless, casual
{Compare with w crow}

222

[mng] (= shngmng) life, fate, destiny; mnglng


command; gmng revolution

223

(F)

224

225

(F)

226

[shn] spirit, god; jngshn spirit, mind, consciousness,


essence

227

(F)

[sh] number, number, figure, fate, plan; shxu math


[sh] count, enumerate, list
[shu] frequently, repeatedly

228

[jin] item, correspondence, document, <classifier for articles and


items>; tiojin term, condition

229

[n] still, quiet; nqun safe, secure; npi arrange,


plan, fix up

230

[bio] show, list, table, form, meter, (F) (wrist-)watch

231

[yun] originally, simple, <family name>; yunli original,


formerly, as a matter of fact; yunyn cause, reason

232

(F)

[zhng] spread, sheet of paper, <classifier for surfaces, tables,


postcards, etc.>; jnzhng tense, nervous
[hu] live, alive, living, vivid, save someone's life; shnghu
life; hudng activity
[nn] difficult
[nn] disaster

[ch] car, vehicle with wheels, <family name>


[j] (a piece in Chinese chess)
{Compare with dng east}

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[bi] white; mngbai understand, realize, clear, obvious;


bitin daytime; bici cabbage
[b] L B = L Bi
{Compare with z self and bi hundred}

234

(F)

[yng] promise, answer, respond, <family name>, (= ynggi)


should, ought to
[yng] yngyng apply

235

[l] path, way, journey, distance, means, sequence, logic, sort,


grade, class, <family name>, (= dol) road

[q] phase, stage, <classifier for issues of periodicals>, (=


shq) time period; bnq schedule, time table; xngq
week; chngq long term
[j] anniversary

233

236

[jio] cry out, call; jiozu be called, be known as

238

239

[chng] often, constant, ordinary, <family name>; fichng


extremely

240

[t] lift, raise, pick up, carry; tgo improve; tgng provide
[d] dfang take precautions or be on guard against
[gn] (= gnju) feel, (= gnqng) emotion

242

243

[h] what?, where?, how?, <family name>; rnh any;


rh how?; jh geometry

[gng] more, still/even more, furthermore


[gng] replace, transform, night watch; (= gnggi) change,
alter
{Compare with l official and bin convenient}

[fn] turn over, return, revolt, (= fndu) oppose, combat;


fnyng reflect
[bn] bnbn proper, fitting
{Compare with yu friend}

246

[h] close, shut, accord with, conform to, be equal to, together,
jointly, <classifier for rounds>, (= jih) combine; hzu
cooperate
[g] decilitre

247

[fng] put, release, set free, give out, expand, blossom, bloom,
lend (money) at interest; jifng liberate, emancipate

[zu] do, act, make, produce, write, compose, <slang> to have sex;
jiozu be called, be known as; zuf method, way of
doing
{Sometimes replaceable with zu do}

249

[x] series, department, faculty, (= xtng) system, (F) (=


linx) integrate, relate to; gunxi concern, affect, matter,
(F) tie, fasten, feel anxious, be concerned
[j] (F) tie, bind

250

(F)

[j] (= jsun) count, calculate, plot, plan, <family name>;


tngj statistics

237

241

244

245

248

[s] die, death

[jn] (= jnzi) gold, (= jnsh) metals in general

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

251

[hu] (= huzh) or, (= hux) perhaps, mayby, (=


knng) probably
{Compare with = gu country}

252

[s] gngs company, corporation; slng commander

253

[l] (= ly) interest, benefit, profit, <family name>; lyng


utilize; shngl triumph; Ydl Italy

254

[shu] receive, endure, (= jishu) accept; nnshu


unhappy

255

[gung] light, merely; ynggung sunlight; gungrng


glory

256

[wng] king; wnggu kingdom, realm, domain


[wng] (rare) rule
{Compare with zh lord and y jade}

257

[gu] fruit, surely, truly, as expected, (= jigu) result,


consequence, outcome; rgu if

258

(F)

[qn] close relative, kiss; mqin mother; fqin father;


qnz in person
[qng] qngjia relatives by marriage

259

[ji] (= jixin) boundary, limit; shji world


[g] b dg have no relation, have nothing to do with
[g] bn'gnbg neither this nor that, inexplicit,
equivocal, mediocre

260

[j] reach, come up to, and, in, on, to; yj as well as; jsh
promptly

261

[jn] now, this; jntin today

262

[jng] capital city, (= Bijng) short for Beijing; Nnjng;


Dngjng Tokyo (or other eastern capital in previous dynasties!)

263

(F)

264

[zh] work out, (= zhd) system, institution, (= kngzh)


control, dominate, (F) (= zhzo) manufacture

[ji] separate, explain, untie, undo, take off, dissolve,


<mathematic> solution
[Xi] <family name>
[ji] jisng send under guard

[g] each, every, different, separately; gyuqinqi each


has his merits
[g] zg oneself, by oneself

267

[rn] appoint, no matter, serve a position, allow, trust, official post,


<classifier for terms of office>; rnwu task; rnh any
[Rn] <family name>

268

[zh] to, until, extremely, most, arrive, reach; shnzh even (to
the point of), so much so that; zhsho at least

269

[qng] (= qngchu) clear; qngji clean

270

[w] thing, matter; dngw animal; zhw plant; wl


physics

265

266

[w] affair, business; rnwu assignment, task; fw


service, serve

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

271

[ti] <polite> you, (F) platform, <classifier for performances,


engines, computers, TV-sets, etc.>, (= Tiwn) short for
Taiwan, (F) desk, table, (F) tifng typhoon
[ti] Tinti (in eastern Zhejiang)

272

[xing] appearance, likeness, (= dxing) elephant

273

(F)

[j] (= jde) remember, (= jl) record


{Compare with the "open" radical j self and not the close y
already}

274

(F)

[bin] on the side of something, margin, limit, <family name>, (=


pngbin) side; zhbin over here

275

[gng] share; ygng in all; gngchn communist;


gnggng public; gngh republic

276
277

(F)
(F)

[fng] wind
[zhn] (= zhnzhng) war

278

[gn] stem; gnsh interfere, intervene, (F) dry


[gn] (F) do
{ tingn the Ten Heavenly Stems: jiy-bng-dng-w-j-gng-xn-rn-gu (these characters are
sometimes used as ordinal numbers}
{Compare with qin thousand and y at}

279

[ji] connect, (= jishu) accept; jizhe catch, next;


zhji direct

280

[t] it, its

281

(F)

[x] allow, somewhat, <family name>, (= yx) perhaps;


xdu a lot
[h] yh yell in unison, yo-ho-ho
[b] eight; Byu August

283

(A)

284

(F)

[ju] perceive
[jio] (= shujio) sleep; wjio siesta, afternoon nap

285

[wng] look, full moon; xwng hope, wish

286

[zh] straight, directly


{Compare with zhn true}

287

[f] (= fw) serve, (= yfu) clothes


[f] dose

288

[mo] hair
{Compare with shu hand}

289

[ln] (= snln) forest, <family name>; Guln (city in


Guangxi)

290

(F)

291

[jin] construct, establish; jiny suggest

292

[nn] south; xnn southwest

282

[t] (= tbi) special, particular; tdin characteristic

[t] topic, problem, inscribe; wnt question, problem;


tm title

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[n] nm Sanskrit to give oneself totally to


293

294

(F)

295

296

[d] degree, extent, unit (kWh, angle, temperature, etc.), <classifier


for units of measurement, occasions, times, etc.>; zhd
system, institution
[du] cidu surmise
[tng] order, unite, (= xtng) system; tngzh rule,
dominate; tngy together, unify, unite, integrate

[s] (= yns) colour; lins complexion, look, facial


expression
[shi] colour

[z] written character; Hnz Chinese character; mngzi


name; tz style of written Chinese, typface, font
{Compare qith xu study}

301

(F)

(F)
(F)
(F)

302

303

(F)

[ln] theory
[Ln] Lny The Confucian Analects

304

(F)

[bi] hundred
[b] chobzng express/cover everything
{Compare with bi white}

305

297
298
299
300

[qng] please, request, invite; qngqi ask, request


[jio] join; jiotng traffic; jiohun exchange
[i] (= iqng) love; irn spouse, lover
[rng] let, allow
[rn] (= rnwi) consider, (= rnshi) recognize
[sun] (= jsun) count, calculate, compute; sunle forget
it, never mind

[ch] eat
[q] qq <the sound of giggling>

310

(F)

311

(F)

[sh] skill, (= ysh) art; jsh technique


[zh] zhji medicinal wine

312

(F)

[ji] tie; jigu result; jihn marry


[ji] bear fruit

306
307
308
309

313

[y] justice, (= yy) meaning; zhy ~ism


[k] department; kxu science; wik surgery
[zn] (= znme) how?
[yun] first, primary, dollar
[sh] club, organized body, (= shhu) society

six; liyu June


(A,) [li]
{Compare with xng prosper}

314

[gng] achievement; chnggng succeed; gngfu time


(duration), time (when), skill, art, work

315

[zh] point, (= zhtou) finger, toe; zhjia finger nail

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

316

[s] (= sxing) thought


[si] ysi meaning
[si] ysi richly bearded

317

[fi] not, non-; fichng unusually, extraordinary, special,


very, extremely

318

[li] to flow, stream; dinli electric current; jioli to


exchange, alternate

319

[mi] every, each; mitin every day

320

[qng] nature's colour blue/green/black...; qngnin youth;


qngw frog

321

[gun] tube, (= gunl) manage, supervise; bgun no


matter, regardless of

322

[f] man, (= zhngfu) husband; gngfu time, duration,


skill; difu doctor
[f] (formal) this/that (person)
{Compare with tin heaven and sh lose}

323

(F)

[lin] connect, including; linmng right away; linx


continuous

324

(F)

[yun] far

325

(F)

[z] money, expenses; zbnzhy capitalism; tuz


invest
[du] team, (= bdu) army, (= duw) troops

330

(F)

(F)

331

(F)

[tio] twig, strip, item, <classifier for dogs, snakes, dragons, etc.>;
tiojin condition, term

332

[yun] courtyard; xuyun college; yyun hospital;


fyun court

333

(F)

[bin] change; binchng become; binhu variation;


gibin alter
[lin] unite, join; linx integrate, relate, link, get in touch with

337

(F)

(F)

338

339

(F)

[gi] (= ynggi) should

340

(F)

[lng] to lead, collar; lngdo, lngxi leader; bnlng

326
327
328
329

334
335
336

[gn] heel, follow, with, and


[di] belt, zone, carry, bring, take
[hu] flower, spend; hushng peanut
[kui] fast, sharp, (= kuil, = ykui) happy

[yn] words; yyn language, speech, word


[qun] right, power
[wng] to, toward; wngwng often
[zhn] expand, spread out, <family name>; fzhn develop,
expand, grow; zhnln exhibit, show, display

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

ability
[chun] pass, pass on; chuntng tradition
[zhun] Confucian classic

341

(F)

342

[jn] near; fjn vicinity; zujn recently, lately, soon

343

[li] remain, stay, (= boli) keep, reserve; lix to study


abroad; yli hand down; jli arrest

344

(F)

[hng] (= hngs) red; Dngfnghng The East is Red


[gng] ngng needlework

345

346

(F)

347

[zhu] circuit, circumference, cycle, week; zhuwi vicinity,


surroundings, entirely; zhushn whole vody

348

[bo] (= boh) protect; bozhng ensure, guarantee

[zh] govern, cure, punish; zhngzh government


[ju] jiju solve, resolve, settle; judng decide, resolve,
make up one's mind

349

(F)

[d] reach, arrive


[d] <referring to sounds of clocks or footsteps>
[t] tot walk casually to and fro

350

(F)

[bn] do; bnf method; bngngsh office


{Compare with wi for}

351

(F)

[yn] carry, transport, ( ynqi) fortune, luck; yndng


move, turn around, sports

352

[w] military; wq weapon; wsh martial arts

353

[bn] half, semi~


{Compare with png even}

357

(A)

358

354
355
356

359

[hu] (= shhou) time, wait, situation


[q] seven; qyu July
[b] (= bx) must; bb needn't
[chng] (= chngsh) city, wall; chngchng Great Wall
[f] (= fqin) father; fm parents
[f] old man

[qing] strong
(F,) [qing] strive
[jing] jujing stubborn, unbending
[b] step; jnb progress, improve; snb take a walk

361

362

[g] leather; gmng revolution; gig reform


[j] bngj about to die of illness

363

[shn] deep; shnk deep, profound; shny deep in the


night

364

(F)

360

[wn] finished, complete

[q] (= dq) area; qbi difference


[u] <family name>

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

365
366
367
368

[j] namely, that is, even if, (= lj) immediately, at once


[qi] seek, ask; yoqi demand, request, requirement
[pn] (= chnpn) product; shngpn merchandise, goods
[sh] scholar; bsh Ph.D; nsh lady, Ms.; zhnsh
soldier
{Compare with t earth}
[zhun] turn, transfer
[zhun] rotate
[zhui] zhuiwn to flaunt one's speach

369

(F)

370

[ling] amount; lingc classifier, measure word


[ling] to measure

371

[kng] empty, sky


[kng] leave empty, free time

372

[shn] very; shnzh even, go so far as to


[shn] (= shn) what?; = shnme what?

373

(F)

374

375

(F)

376

[chng] guchng process; gngchng engineering


project; chngdu level, degree, extent

377

[go] (= gosu) tell; bogo report, make known


[g] gshu distributing feudal calendar

378

[jing] river; Chng Jing Yangtze River; jingshn


landscape

379

(F)

[y] (= yyn) language; Hny Chinese; yf


grammar; chngy idiom
[y] tell

380

381

[yng] brave, outstanding person, (= yngxing) hero;


Ynggu England
[j] jch base, foundation; jbn basic, fundamental,
essential

382

[pi] faction, send; dngpi political parties


[p] psi passport, identification

383

(F)

384

[sh] (= xngsh) form; fngsh way, pattern;


zhngsh formal, official

385

[l] (= lzi) plum, <family name>

386

[x] breath, stop


[xi] xioxi news; xixi rest

387

(F)

[zhng] crowd, many; qnzhng the masses; tngzhng


audience
[j] jsh technology, technique; kj science and
technology
[qng] light (compare with zhng heavy)

[mn] full; mnz satisfied, contented

[xi] write; mioxi describe, depict


[xi] xiy freehand brushwork, sketch
{Compare with y and}

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[ne] <sentence final particle>


[n] woolen cloth

388

389

(F)

[sh] know; rnshi know, recognize; shbi tell apart


[zh] (formal) remember, commit to memory, mark, sign

390

(F)

[j] extreme, pole; Ti J the Supreme Ultimate (in Chinese


cosmology); tijqun shadowboxing

391

393

(F)

394

392

396

(F)
(F)

397

(F)

395

[lng] make, cause; mnglng command


[lng] ream, <classifier for paper>
[lng] jlng (= jlng) wagtail (a symbol of brotherly
friendship)
[hung] (= hungs) yellow
[d] virtue; dod ethics; Dgu Germany
[shu] gather, (= shudo) recieve, (= shuhu) harvest;
shushi put in order; shuynj radio
[lin] face
[qin] money, copper coin
[dng] (political) party, clique; Gngchndng Communist
Party; Gumndng Nationalist Party

398

[do] fall down, topple


[do] invert, (move) backwards, pour, contrary to expectations
[do] follow up

399

[wi] have not, did not; wili future


{Compare with m end}

400

[ch] hold; jinch persist in, insist on; boch keep,


maintain, preserve

401

[q] take, get, fetch

402

(F)

[sh] set up; jinsh build, construct; shj design, plan;


shbi equipment, facilities

(F)

[sh] (= kish) begin, start; shzhng all along

403
404
405

[bn] printing plate, edition; chbn publish


[shung] pair, twin, double; shungfng both sides

406

[l] (F) lsh history; jngl experience, (F) rl


calendar
{Compare with l severe}

407

[yu] the more... the more...

408

[sh] (= lsh) history, <family name>; wish unofficial


history
{Compare with l official and gng more}

409

[shng] discuss, business

410

(F)

[qin] thousand
{Compare with gn stem and y at}
[pin] slice; zhopin photo; pink moment;

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

411

kpin card
[pin] film
[rng] contain; rngy easy; nirng content

414

415

[zho] look for, seek


{Compare with w me}

416

[yu] (= pngyu) friend; yuho friendship


{Compare with fn turn over}
[hi] (= hizi, = xiohir) child; nhir girl

418

419

(F)

420

421

(F)

[y] (= yln) discuss, confer; huy meeting, conference;


jiny suggest, propose

422

[xng] (= xngsh) form, shape; xngchng to form, take


shape

423

[wi] wiyunhu committee; witu entrust


[wi] xywiy to pretend interest and sympathy
[zo] early; zofn breakfast; zochen morning

426

427

[hu] fire; huch train; huchi match; huyn


flame

428

(F)

[j] (= binj) boundary; shj reality; guj


international

429

(F)

[z] (conjunction); yunz principle; fuz or else

430

412
413

417

424
425

[yn] grind, (= ynji) study, research


[xing] resemble, (= xioxing) portrait, image

[zhn] stand; huchzhn train station


[gung] wide, extensive
[yn] (when referring to the radical)
[gi] (= gibin) change; gig reform

[fng] (= fngjin) room, (= fngzi) building


[yn] (= shngyn) sound; ynyu music

[shu] head; shuxin first of all; shud capital (of a


country)

431

(F)

[dn] alone, single, sheet


[chn] chny <hist.> chief of the Xiongnu
[Shn] <family name>

432

(F)

[j] seize, depend on, (= gnj) according to


[j] jij short of money, hard up
[do] lead; lngdo leader

434

(F)

435

433

436

[yng] shadow, image; dinyng movie


[sh] lose; shbi be defeated
{Compare with xin first}
[n] hold; nli bring; nq take; ngi hand over

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

438

(F)

439

[s] similar; shu it seems


[sh] shde alike

440

[s] thus (nowadays used mostly as a phonem in foreign names);


fxs Fascist

437

441

[wng] net; wngqi tennis; yntwng Internet


[xing] perfume, fragrant; Xinggng Hong Kong

(= zhunmn) special, (= zhunji) expert;


(F,) [zhun]
zhunzhng dictatorship

442

[sh] (= shtou) stone, rock


[dn] unit of grain
{Compare with yu right}

443

[ru] seem, as if; jiru if; rugn how much?


[r] br buddhist widom, prajna

444

[bng] (= shbng) soldier; bngl military strength


{Compare with bn guest}

445

[d] (= ddi) younger brother


[t] (=)

446

(F)

447

448

(F)

449

450

(F)

[fi] fly; fij airplane

451

(F)

[gun] view, contemplation


[gun] Dogun Daoist temple

452

(F)

[zhng] contend, dispute; zhnzhng war, warfare;


duzhng fight, struggle

(F)

[ji] ynji study, research; jijng after all

453
454
455
456

[shu] who?
[shi] who?
[xio] (= xuxio) school
[jio] (= jiodu, jiozhng) proofread
[d] read
[du] pause in reading
[zh] (= yzh) will, (= biozh) mark; tngzh
comrade, (F) zzh magazine

[bo] bag, wrap


[z] organize, group; zzh organization, organize, form
[zo] (= zhzo) manufacture, (= chungzo) create
[lu] fall
[l] be missing
[lo] loshi fade (in colour)
[lu] knglulu absolutely nothing left, open/spacious and
desolate

457

458

(F)

[sh] look; dinsh television

459

(F)

[j] jngj economy; jij help disaster victims

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[j] jj multitudinous, numerous, magnificent


460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468

(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)
(F)

[x] happiness; xhun like


[l] (= lki) leave, from
[su] (= surn) although
[zu] seat, sit, travel by (car/plane/etc.), put a kettle (or similar) on
the fire, <classifier for bridges, buildings, etc.>; qngzu
please have a seat; zu gngng qch ride a bus
[j] (= shuj) collect; jzhng centralize
[bin] weave, organize, (= binj) edit
[bo] treasure
[tn] talk
[f] zhngf government

469

[l] pull, drag, haul


[l] bnl half
[l] slit
[l] llag mole cricket

470

[hi] (= his) black; hi'n dark

471

[qi] for the time being; rqi furthermore


[j] (only used some personal names)

472

(F)

473

[g] check, pattern, standard; gwi especially


[g] <the sound of laughter, clicking of a hen>, chuckel

474

[jn] (F) use up


[jn] (F) to max extent; jngun even though

[su] follow; subin as you like

480

(F)
(F)

(F)

481

482

(F)

483

[j] department, situation; yuj post office

484

[gn] root; gnbn essence, foundation, basic, utterly, (not) at


all

475
476
477
478
479

[jin] sword; bojin double-edged sword


[jing] speak, explain, discuss, stress
[b] cloth, spread
[sh] kill, fight, weaken, reduce, burn (of medicine)
[wi] tiny, micro; wixio smile
[p] (= hip) to fear; kp horrible
[m] (= mqin) mother; fm parents; zm letters of
an alpabet
[dio] shift, tone
[tio] adjust

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

485

[cng] (= cngjng) in the past


[zng] great- (grandmother)
[cng] icngr colloquial to get a scolding

486

[zhn] allow, (F) certainly, precise; zhnbi prepare;


biozhn standard

487

(F)

488

[dun] section, paragraph; shudun method, means (to an


end), strategy

489

(F)

[zhng] end; zhngy finally; shzhng all along;


zhngshn life-long

490

(F)

[l] enjoy, be glad, pleasure, (= kuil) happy


[yu] (= ynyu) music

491

492

(F)

493

[k] (= kf) overcome, gram, (F) kq set time limit


[ki] (=) scold

494

[jng] perfect; jngshn spirit, essence; jijng alcohol

[n] what? nr where?


[ni] (before classifier) which?
[na] (used in orders and exclamations)
[N] (in foreign names)

495

[tun] ball, lump, group; tunji unite, rally

[qi] to cut
[qi] correspond to; yqi all
[j] grade, level; jij (social) class, steps, stairs, rank

[gun] official; gunlio bureaucrat

497

498

[chng] (F) rinse, rush, (F) rush


[chng] (F) towards

499

[jng] finish, (= jngrn) unexpectedly; jijng actually,


exactly, in the end, after all
[h] shu it seems; jh almost

501

502

(F)

[j] raise; jxng hold (a meeting); xunj election;


jl give an example

503

[k] (= krn) guest; kgun objective; kqi polite

496

500

504
505
506
507
508
509

[sh] (= biosh) show, indicate; zhsh point out

[nn] male, (= nnrn) man

prove; tshzhng library card; qinzhng


(F,) [zhng]
visa

(F)

[k] bitter; jink arduous; tngk suffering


[zho] shine; zhoxing photo
[zh] pour, (F) notes; zhy pay attention; zhsh gaze
[fi] cost; xufi tuition
[z] foot, (= zgu) enough; mnz satisfy

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

514

(F)

(F)

515

516

(F)

[xing] sound; yngxing influence

517

(F)

[chng] weigh, name


[chn] duchn symmetric

518

(F)

[xng] goxng glad


[xng] xngfn excited
{Compare with li six}

519

520

(F)

[yu] approximately, arrange, appointment


[yo] weigh

(F)

(F)

[yng] opposite of yn; tiyng the sun


[g] (= gge) older brother

524

(F)

[ma] <interrogative particle>


[m] what; ? gn m? What's up?
[m] mfi morphine

525

526

[zhng] (= zhngg) whole; tiozhng adjust;


zhngq neat
[zh] branch, support; zhch sustain; dzh the Twelve
Terrestrial Branches

527

[g] (= gdi) ancient


{Compare with sh tongue}

528

(F)

529

530

(F)

510
511
512
513

521
522
523

532

(F)
(F)

533

531

534

(F)

[r] <archaic> you; rhu thereafter; go'rf golf


[zho] beckon, recruit, attract; entertain (guests)
[qn] crowd, group; qnzhng The Masses
[r] hot
[tu] push
[wn] late; wnshang evening; ywn night; wnfn
dinner

[di] treat, entertain, wait for


[di] (= di) stay

[jng] surprise

[hn] Chinese ethnicity; hnyu Chinese; hnzi Chinese


character; lohn old man
[t] charge forward, stick out; trn suddenly
[ho] name, number, mark
[ho] yell
[ju] cut off, absolute
[xun] (= xunz) choose, select; xunj election
[ba] at end of sentence, indicates suggestion
[b] snap!
[cn] cnji participate
[shn] rnshn ginseng

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[cn] cnc uneven, irregular


535

536

(F)

537

[kn] periodical, publication; bokn periodical publications,


the press
[y] inferior, second; Yzhu Asia
[f] (F) huf recover, (F) fz complicated,
complex, (F) cover

550

(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)

(F)

551

[y] (= ywn) night; bny, wy midnight;


yl at night

552

[bn] sort, kind; ybn ordinary


[pn] happy
[b] br buddhist wisdom, prajna

553

(F)

538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549

[shng] wound, injury, injure; chungshng trauma


[li] category, kind, type; lis similar
[bi] (= zhnbi) get ready, prepare; shbi equipment
[hun] (= hunl) happy, joyous; xhuan like
[lng] other; lngwi other, besides
[gng] harbor; Xinggng Hong Kong
[sh] power; xngsh circumstances; zsh posture
[k] carve, quarter hour, moment
[xng] star; huxng Mars; xngq week
[dun] cut off; bdun unceasing; pndun judge
[chn] display, explain, stale, (dynasty 557-589)
[zhng] palm of the hand; zhngw grasp
[nng] (= nngmn) farmer, peasant; nngy agriculture

[nin] miss, read aloud; gunnin concept; ninsh


study
[ji] (F) (= jizh) value, (= jiqian) price
[jie] (F)
[ji] servant

554

555

(F)

[no] (= nozi) brain; nodai head; nok skull;


dinno computer
[gu] gul regular pattern; gudng regulations

558

(F)

559

560

(F)

556
557

[d] bottom; chd thorough; dod after all


[g] cause, therefore; gshi story; gy on purpose
[shng] province, economize, omit
[xng] fnxng introspection
[m] mother, mom; mma mama

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

564

(F)

(F)

565

566

(F)

567

568

(F)

569

[p] smash; phui ruin; pln worn out

570

571

[j] gngj tool; jyu possess; jt concrete;


wnj toy
[j] (= jzh) live, reside; jmn resident; jrn
unexpectedly

572

[p] <classifier for a batch/lot>, comment, criticize, refute;


ppng criticize

573

[sng] see somebody off, deliver, give

574

(F)

[z] zhoz marsh, swamp; sz colour and lustre;


Mo Zdng CCP leader and founder of the PRC
[jn] tight; jnzhng tense; yojn important

576

(F)
(F)

577

(F)

[xin] line, thread; gungxin light ray; dinxin (electric)


wire
[cn] (= cnzi) exist; bocn preserve

579

(F)

580

561
562
563

575

578

[gng] firm, (= gngci) just (a moment ago)


[j] sentence
[xin] appear; xinrn obvious
[xio] disappear; xioxi news; xiomi perish
[y] (= yfu) clothing
[y] wear (clothing), give (clothing) to others to wear
[l] land; continent
[li] six (= li)
[q] utensil, (= jqi) machine; wq weapon
[qu] true; zhngqu correct; qush indeed;
mngqu explicit

[bng] (= bngzh, bngmng) help, gang

[yun] wish
[q] marvellous, (= xq) rare, strange
[j] odd (not even)

583

(F)

584

[lio] (= cilio) material, expect, anticipate; zlio means,


data, material

585

[zhu] prefecture; Gungzhu Canton

586

(F)

581
582

587

[hi] harmful; hichng destructive insect; lhai fierce


[zng] (= zngji, = zngzhng) increase
[yng] poplar tree; snjioyyng cottonwood

[ji] joint, section, festival, holiday, (= jir) holiday


[ji] knot, link; jizi gnarl, knot (in wood)
[zu] left; zubin left side

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

588
589

590

(F)

[zhung] dress up, load, install, (= jizhung) pretend


[y] (= rngy) easy, change; Yjng Book of Changes
[zh] write, book
[zhe] (S)
[zho] (S)
[zhu] (S)
[zho] (S)
[j] urgent; zhoj anxious; jmng in a hurry

592

593

[d] low; jingd reduce; dj elementary; god


height

594

(F)

591

[ji] (for a) long time

[su] years old; sushu age; wnsu long life, Your/His


Majesty, "Banzai"
[x] (= xyo) need; bx essential

597

598

[ch] beginning, first (in order); chb preliminary; qch


at first

595
596

[ji] wine; pji beer; hji drink wine


[h] river; Hnn shng Henan Province; ynh canal

603

(F)
(F)

604

[fn] portion, share, copy, <classifier for portion, share, copies of


newspapers etc.>, college degree

605

[gn] dare; ynggn brave

606

[h] recklessly; nonsense (F) (= hzi) beard (F)


htng lane

607

[xu] blood
[xi] blood

608

[q] stand on tiptoe, hope for, look forward to; qy enterprise;


qt attempt; penguin

599
600
601
602

609
610
611
612

(F)

[yu] (= yuyng) swim, (= lyu) travel


[yn] severe, stern
[ti] iron; dti underground, subway
[z] (= mnz) people, nationality, (= zhngz) race
[ch] get rid of, divide, (= chle) except

[rng] (= rngrn, = rngji) still, yet, as before


[tu] throw; tupio vote
[wn] smell, hear; xnwn news
[du] 10 liters; yndu tobacco/opium pipe;
Biduxng The Big Dipper, The Plow

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[du] (F) fight

613

(F)

[j] shj century; jnin memento; jl discipline


[J] <family name>

614

(F)

[jio] foot; chjio barefoot; jiozh toe


[ju] (= jio) role, part, character, actor, actress

615

[yu] right; yubin right side; zuyu around, nearby,


more or less
{Compare with sh stone}

620

(F)
(F)
(F)

621

(F)

622

[] lb Arab
[] mtug Amitabha = Buddha preserve us

623

[d] (= hud) answer


[d] dying respond, promise

624

[t] earth, (= td) land, (= trng) soil


{Compare with sh scholar}

616
617
618
619

628

(F)

(F)

629

625
626
627

[s] sxng revive; Szhu; Slin USSR


[bio] mark; biozhn standard
[fn] rice, food
[yn] say, (F) (= yncai) cloud
[bng] sick; mobing malfunction
[y] (= yxu) medical science; yshng doctor;
yyun hospital

[kung] qngkung circumstances; kungqi moreover


[jng] border, territory; hunjng environment
[run] soft; runjin software
[ko] (= kol) consider, (= kosh) exam
[ning] mother, aunt
[niang] gniang girl

633

(F)
(F)

634

[ch] examine, investigate; jinch inspect


[Zh] <family name>

635

[yn] draw, stretch, (= ynq) cause, (= xyn) attract

636

[cho] towards, dynasty; Choxin Korea


[zho] (morning)

637

[y] raise, educate; jioy education


[y] hngy heave-ho, yo-ho

630
631
632

[cn] village, rustic; nngcn countryside, village


[do] knife
[j] beat, strike, knock; dj strike, hitt, attack, assault
[jn] (= jnjn) only, barely

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

638
639

640

(F)
(F)
(F)

[x] (= jx) continue; linx continuous


[d] only, alone; dl independent
[lu] (= luwng) birdnet; Lum Rome; lupn
compass
[lu] lusuo wordy, troublesome; llilulu the sound
of boiling/rumbling/etc.

643

(F)
(F)
(F)

644

[h] drink
[h] shout

645

[png] pngyu friend


{Compare with l beautiul and c book}

646

[gng] supply
[gng] confess

641
642

[mi] buy
[h] door, household; chungh window
[h] (= boh) guard, protect; hshi nurse

648

(F)
(F)

649

[bi] back
[bi] carry on the back

650

[y] I, me, (F) left-over, extra; the rest; cosine

651

[x] sparse, scattered, watery, this; xwng hope; xq


rare, strange; Xl Greece

647

654

(F)

(F)

655

652
653

656
657
658
659
660

(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)

662

663

(F)

661

[z] duty; zrn responsibility


[xing] (= xingm) item

[wi] defend; sanitary; satellite


[li] column, line up; lich train; pili arrange
[t] picture; dt map; tshgun library
[sh] room; jiosh classroom; wsh bedroom;
bngngsh office
[lun] chaotic, disorderly, messy; hnlun chaos
[Li] <family name>
[y] father; yye grandpa
[lng] dragon; knglng dinosaur
[zn] (= znmen) we = you and I
[zan] (abbreviation for zown) all the time, morning and
evening, sooner or later
[zhng] chapter, seal, stamp, medal, badge, rules
[x] mat, seat, banquet; zhx chairperson
[cu] (= cuw) mistake; bcu not bad, pretty good;

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

! ydinr bcu! perfectly correct!


664

[xing] (elder) brother; xingd brothers


{Compare with (F) r child and zh only}

665

[n] (= hi'n) dark; secretly; gloomy; hint

666

(F)

667

[pi] arrange, row, line


[pi] pizch handcart

668

[chn] (= chntin, = chnj) spring; chnjun spring


roll; chnxiqidng the four seasons
[x] (F) (= bx) must, (F) (= hx) beard

673

674

(F)

675

[tng] painful; tngk suffering; tngkuai delighted

676

[chn] to sink; chnzhng heavy


[chn] hichnchn pitch-black

[a] (used as phrase suffix, indicating obviousness/impatience)


[] (indicating elation); !! ! W yu yngle! Ha! I've won
again!
[] (indicating doubt or questioning), huh?; ?? ?? N
shu shenme? Huh? What are you saying?
[] (indicating puzzled surprise)
[] (indicating agreement/approval); ,! ?, hoba! Well, OK!

669
670
671
672

677

686

(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)

687

678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685

[chung] chungzo create


[chung] chungshng trauma

[chng] chngrn admit; jchng inherit


[n] desk, (law) case; d'n answer or solution to a problem
[mng] hurry, busy; help; right away
[h] shout, exhale; hx breathe; hunh cheer
[sh] tree; shln woods; shm trees; shgn
trunk

[lng] clever, spirit, soul, elf; lnghu nimble, easy


[zh] duty; zhgng staff; zhy occupation
[xing] countryside, home town
[x] thin; zx careful; xbo cell; xingx detailed
[s] gosu tell; ssng lawsuit
[ti] form; tidu manner; zhungti state
[tng] (= tngzh) stop; tngchchng parking lot
[yn] (= ynshu) print, (= ynzhng) seal
[b] writing implement; brush; pen; pencil
[xi] (= xitin) summer; chnxiqidng the four
seasons

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

688

689

[zh] (= bngzh) help

[f] blessing, good fortune, (= xngf) happiness, happy;


zhf invoke/wish a blessing; Fjin
{It is common to hang calligraphy of this character up-side-down
on doors, in order to get people to note that f dole =
"The 'Fu' is up-side-down", which is pronounced just as =
"Fortune/happiness has come"}

693

(F)

694

690
691
692

696

(F)

697

695

700

(F)

701

698
699

[kui] piece, lump, chunk, (= yun) Chinese dollar


[lng] cold; lngjng calm
[qi] ball; zqi football (soccer); dqi the Earth
[g] gniang girl
[hu] row (a boat) (F) scratch
[hu] (F) (= jhu) plan (F)
[j] since, already; jrn since, now that
[zh] (= wzh) matter, substance; zhling quality, mass
[b] wiba tail; zub mouth; Bx Brazil
[b] zubzi mouth, a slap in the face
[zh] send, convey; yzh identical, (F) xzh careful
[wn] harbor; Tiwn
[yn] (= bioyn) perform, act, performance
[m] tree, (= mtou) wood;
{Compare with bn root and d big}

705

(F)

(F)
(F)

706

707

(F)

[yun] (= huyun) garden, (= gngyun) park

708

[fu] not; shfu whether or not, is (it) or is (it) not?


[p] bad, inferior; zngp pass judgment (on people)

702
703
704

[wi] soft leather, <family name>


[gui] blame, (= qgui) strange; guiwu monster
[wi] surround; wiq Japanese "go"
[jng] still, quiet; jngdin static electricity
[png] (= pngbin) side
[bng] (=)

710

(F)

711

[ci] pick, gather (F)


[ci] (F) cid fief

712

[sh] eat, (= shw, = shpn) food


[s] feed

709

[f] assist, vice-; fc adverb


[j] binj edit; luj <loan> logic

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

716

(F)
(F)

717

718

(F)

[jio] relatively, quite; bjio compare, relatively


[jio] (bjio = bjio)

(F)

[ji] (= jijie) older sister; xiojie young lady

713
714
715

719
720
721

722

723
724
725
726
727
728
729

(F)

(F)

[dng] climb
[gu] enough; nnggu be capable of
[si] contest; match, race
[m] (= mfn) rice, meter; ym corn
[ji] false
[ji] (= jiq) vacation

[lu] story, building; mansion; lut stairs


[hu] (F) (= hud) get, obtain, (F) shuhu harvest
[sn] grandchild; zsn children and grandchildren,
descendants; Sn Wkng monkey with supernatural
powers in the nobel "Journey to the West"; Sn
Zhngshn = Sn Yixin = Sun Yat-sen, leader of the
Republican Revolution and the KMT
[xun] (= xunb) declare; propaganda
[chun] penetrate, wear
[sh] poem; shrn poet
[g] song; chngg to sing
[s] fast; sd speed
[h] disregard, (= hrn) suddenly, (= h'r) now...
[tng] hall; shtng dining hall, canteen; ktng
classroom
[tng] lingtngtng brightly lit, brilliant

733

(F)
(F)
(F)

[yng] entreat, center; central; beg, plead

734

(F)

[hui] bosom, cherish; huiy suspect; huinin cherish


memory

(F)
(F)
(F)

[g] (= zhogu) look after; gk customer

730
731
732

735
736
737
738

[d] ( drn) enemy; enemy troops


[sh] try, test; kosh test, quiz
[xi] thank; xixie thanks;

[yn] (= jngyn) experience


[yng] camp; campfire; do business
[zh] (= tngzh) stop

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[xng] family name; xngmng full name (family name and


personal name); Nn guxng? (May I ask for) your family
name, Sir/Madame?

739

740

(F)

[yng] raise, nourish; yngyng nutrition

(F)

[l] mil beautiful; majestic


[L] Korea
{Compare with png friend and c book}

(F)

[sh] belong to, be subordinate to, born in a specific year


acoording to the Chinese calendar
[zh] enjoin

741

742

[jng] scene, scenery; fngjng scenery, landscape

744

745

[y] (= yko) depend on, comply with, according to; yrn


still

746

[wi] wixi threaten, imperil; shwi demonstrate;


Nuwi Norway

747

[n] press, (= nzho) according to; nm massage

743

[gu] outer wall of city, <family name>

[] evil
[w] () hate
[] () nauseous

748

(F)

749

[mn] slow

750

[zu] (= zuwi) seat, place, stand, pedestal, base, <classifier


for mountains, bridges etc.>

752

(F)

753

(F)

[jin] (= jinjin, = zhjin) gradually


[jin] dip/soak in liquid

754

(F)

[shng] (= shngl) victory, triumph, win

755

751

760

(F)

761

756
757
758
759

762
763

(F)

[zu] crime, guilt


[wi] xinwi fiber; wih safeguard; swi think

[cng] store; conceal, hide


[zng] (= Xzng) Tibet
[hung] hungd emperor; hunghu empress
[ji] street; street, neighborhood; street-corner
[j] surge, dash, (= jdng) excite; jli intense
[y] different; ychng unusual
[zhi] pick, take off, select
[jio] horn, corner, dime
[ju] actor, role
[qio] look
[f] carry on shoulder, suffer, negative

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

764

[sh] carry out; cush to measure, step; construction

765

[m] mfn model; mfng imitate


[m] myng appearance; mzi mold, pattern, die

768

(F)

769

770

(F)

771

[zh] (= zhde) be worth, (= jizh) value

772

[bn] class, work; shngbn go to work; zhbn be on


duty

766
767

773
774

(F)

[co] grass; comi strawberry


[mu] certain, some; murn somebody
[yn] silver; ynhng bank
[l] (= lshui) dew, show, reveal, betray
[lu] reveal
[zhn] battle array, <classifier for phases, spells etc.>; y
zhn fng a short period of time

[cng] layer, level, storey


[xi] repair, decorate; xigi revise

775

[ch] differ, wrong


[ch] difference
[chi]
[c] rank
[cu] stumble

776

[wi] (= widao) flavor, taste

777

(F)

[zh] weave, knit; zsh organize; fngzh spin and


weave

780

(F)
(F)

781

[ling] bright, light, shine, loud and clear; pioliang handsome,


beautiful, remarkable, brilliant, smart

782

[l] fl law; lsh lawyer; jl discipline;


xunl tune, melody

(F)

(F)

(F)

[x] linx practice; xux study; xgun habit

778
779

783
784
785
786
787
788
789

[yo] medicine, drug


[gun] building; restaurant
[m] thick, dense

[tin] field; tiny open country


[jin] jindn simple; jintz simple form character
[min] exempt; bmin avoid; minfi free
[d] () poison; () drug; virus
[gu] return
[b] (= blng) wave; bchnga wavelength

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

796

(F)

797

790
791
792
793
794
795

[xng] mould, type; dinxng typical


[w] ( wzi) room, (= fngw) building; roof
[hun] change, exchange
[ji] help, rescue; jimng! Help! Save me!
[j] to mail; jshngchng parasite
[d] emperor; dgu empire; Shngd God
[tu] go backwards, (= hutu) retreat; chtu withdraw
[yng] (= hiyng) ocean; Tipng Yng Pacific Ocean
[yng] nunyngyng warm

[h] lake; hp lakes; Hnn; Hbi

800

(F)

801

(F)

[lo] (= lodng) labor


[lo] encourage, console

802

(F)

[f] (= fn) woman; ff married couple

798
799

[s] silk, thread

[shu] (= shujio) sleep

803

[b] eldest brother, uncle


[bi] dbizi eldest brother of one's husband
[bai] shbai cousinship on father's side
[b] (=)
{Compare with bi hundred}

804

[n] Buddhist nun; Njilgu Nicaragua; nlng


nylon
[p] (= pf) skin

806

807

[xing] powerful, male; yngxing hero; xingwi grand;


xingj rooster

808

[hn] (= jehn) marry; hnl wedding; hnyn


marriage

809

[kng] jinkng health; Kngx Zdin dictionary


compiled in the Kangzi period

805

810
811

(F)

812

813

(F)

814

[z] ( zxin) ancestor; zm grandmother

[png] criticize, comment, review


[zhu] pursue
[h] exhale, sip, aha!, <the sound of laughter, etc.>
[h] <family name>
[h] hsa shake, swing; hshim Chinese forest frog
[lu] net, twine
[lo] gulo involvement, implication
[din] (= shngdin) store, shop; fndin restaurant

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

817

(F)
(F)

818

[po] run
[po] paw the earth

819

[cho] (= chogu) go past, exceed, (= choj) super

820

[y] (F) leaf (of a plant)


[xi] harmonize

815
816

[fn] turn over; fny translate


[hun] ring; hunjng environment, surroundings
[l] ceremony; hnl wedding; lmo polite

[y] press, pressure


[y] ygn from the start, in the first place, altogether, entirely,
totally, at all, simply

821

(F)

822

[zhn] fortune telling


[zhn] occupy; zhnlng capture

823

[jn] even; pngjn average

824

[yng] (= yngyun) always, forever, eternal


{Compare with shu water}

835

(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)

836

825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834

840

(F)

841

837
838
839

[li] (= qingli) intense; ardent; martyr


[jing] prize, award; bonus; scholarship
[p] old lady; lopo wife
[gn] catch up
[f] (= fyu) rich; fngf abundant; cif wealth
[ln] lnhu orchid
[l] record; jl take notes; tape recorder
[hu] draw, picture
[y] meet; ydo encounter
[dn] to pause, meal
[y] skill, (= ysh) art; wny literature and art
[p] ptng common; Ptnghu Common Speach =
Mandarin; pbin universal
[pn] judge; ppn criticize
[yun] (= liyun) source, origin; zyun resources
[y] 100 million
[s] plain, white, vegetarian; yns factor, element
[chun] boat, ship; dchun ferry; yzhu fichun
"cosmic flying boat" = spaceship

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

842

(F)

[j] (= jx) continue; jchng inherit

843

[shng] esteem; goshng noble, lofty


[shang] hshang monk

847

(F)

848

849

(F)

850

851

(F)

[ji] (=) steps; class; rank; phase

852

(F)

[dn] carry on a shoulder pole


[dn] two buckets full, 50 kg.

853

[sn] break up, distribute, dispel


[sn] fall apart, scattered

854

[bn] board, hard, (F) lobn shopkeeper, proprietor, boss

855

[zhng] (F) bell, clock; 3 o'clock, (F) zhng'i dote


on, <family name>

856

(F)

857

[mi] ( mimei) little sister; jimi sisters


{Compare with m = wife of the last ruler of the Xia dynasty}

857

[shn] stretch

859

[F] Buddha; Fjio Buddhism


[f] fngf seem

860

[xin] limit, bounds; limited; restrict

844
845
846

861

(F)

865

(F)
(F)
(F)

866

867

(F)

862
863
864

[zu] ( zuba) mouth; zuchn lip


[ch] gunch observe; jngch police
[y] rain; rainwater; bofngy rainstorm
[yu] excellent; fine; outstanding; yuyu superior
[nn] <polite> you; Nn guxng? (May I ask for) your family
name, Sir/Madame?
[xin] ( wixin) danger; boxin insurance
[yn] (F) smoke, cigarette, mist
[yn] (=)

[fng] (= fngwn) visit; gather material

[to] (= toln) discuss; toyn digusting


{ tokuci = () to ge jl(hu) to ask for
something as a token of good omen}
[ln] overlook, be adjacent to; temporary
[W] <family name>, Wu Kingdom (222-280 A.D.)
[yo] shake
[tio] jump; tiosn parachute; tiow dance
[q] (= wnq) curved
[q] melody
[lin] white silk, (= linx) practice

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

869

(F)

870

868

871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878

(F)

(F)

(F)

(F)

[gu] jigu structure; constitute;


[wn] play; wnj toy; hownr fun
[y] ( ysh) jade; ym corn
{Compare with wng king}
[fn] violate; fnzu commit a crime; criminal
[chng] (= gngchng) factory
[kn] be willing to, consent; kndng definitely
[xi] xizu cooperate
[xng] good fortune, luck; xngf happy
[hu] wave, wield; command an army; wave (one's hand)
[xio] (= xiogu) effect, result; yuxio effective
[q] zhngq neat; yq together
[zhi] (=)
[z] (=)

881

(F)

882

[ru] flesh, meat; jru muscle


{Compare with ni inside}

883

[gng] (= jngng, = gngj) attack; specialize in


studying

879
880

[fng] to seal; feudal; envelope


[wn] (= wnnun) warm; wnd temperature
[y] ( huiy) doubt, suspect; chy hesitate

887

(F)

(F)

888

(F)

[xn] (= xnzho) seek


[xn] xnsi

889

(F)

[nng] (= nngyun, jngk) prefer, rather


[nng] tranquil

890

884
885
886

891
892
893
894

[zh] paper; bozh newspaper


[c] plan; zhngc policy
[chng] fill; chngfn full, ample; chngmn full of
[dng] top, <classifier for hats etc.>; y dng mozi a hat

[sh] sand; shm desert; shqi dune; shf


<loan> sofa
[fng] embankment, guard, protect, anti[zhu] grab, seize, arrest, attract, scratch
[l] (= lzi) example; lr for instance
[g] thigh, section

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

895
896
897
898
899
900
901

(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)

903

904

902

[mi] sell; ? Pnggu znme mi? How much are the


apples?
[shn] along, in the same direction as, obey, suitable
[jng] jngch police; jnggo warn
[mng] dream
[j] drama, play, opera; jli severe
[shn] good; gishn improve; be good at
[mng] to cover, ignorant
[mng] cheat
[Mng] Mngg Mongolia
[pio] ticket
[ling] ( yuling, ) good; lingxn conscience
[fn] <family name>; (F) fnwi scope, range; mfn
model, fine example

[dun] hold sth. level with both hands, extremity, end

907

(F)

908

(F)

[z] mixed; fz complicated; zzh magazine


[z] llilz rambling

905
906

912

(F)

913

909
910
911

914
915

(F)

[jin] hard, solid, firmly; persist; firm

[ko] lean on, rely on, keep close to, come up to, near

[gu] expensive, valuable


[n] anger, rage
[go] stalk of grain, draft, sketch, manuscript
[pi] clap, paddle; pngpngpi ping-pong paddle
[l] rate, proportion; pnl frequency
[shui] shuilng lead, command
[ji] old (not new) (compare with lo old, not young; xn new)
[dio] drop, fall

916

[la] corresponding to le plus a, <interjection indicating


excitement/doubt>
[l] hll flapping sound
[l] ll chat, gossip, jaw; lgu chat, gossip

917

[m] nothing; not; md greatest; mmngqmio


baffling, inexplicable

[shu] award, give; teach; jioshu professor

918
919
920

[shu] guard; boshu conservative


[yu] oil; qyu gasoline; jingyu soy sauce
[yu] lyuyu bright/fresh green; byuyu bluish

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

green
[n] kindness; Zhu nli

925

(F)

(F)

926

(F)

[b] stop; strike; ble that's all


[p] (=) tired, weary, exhausted

927

[tng] jitng family; court; courtyard

928

[chung] (= chunghu, = chungku) window;


curtain

929

(F)

930

[wng] (= wngj) forget


[wng]

931

[w] noon; morning; afternoon; lunch


{Compare with ni cow}

932

[k] block, calory, card


[qi] checkpoint
[xu] snow; xuhu snowflake; huxu to ski

935

936

[ni] ox, cow, bull; nini milk


{Compare with w noon}

937

(F)

[tu] take off; tul break away

938

[b] abundant, plentiful; Ph.D.; universal love;


bqgun museum

939

[zhng] 10 ch = 3 1/3 meters, to measure land, male elder


relative/person; zhngfu husband

940

(F)

941

[zhu] continent; Yzhu Asia; uzhu Europe;


Fizhu Africa

942

[sng] pine tree; squirrel, (F) loose

943

[hui] (F) bad


[p] (=)

944

(F)

[Dng] <family name>

945

(F)

[xin] fresh
[xin] few, rare; Korea

946

921
922
923
924

933
934

[j] accumulate; jj positive; area


[y] (= ly) advantage, proft
[xin] county; xinzhng county magistrate
[k] cry, weep

[yng] raise; fyng develop, promote

[ci] vegetable, dish


[pi] tablet, brand, cards, dominoes; pizi sign, label, logo

[dn] bomb; bullet


[tn] play guitar

[dun] short (opposite of chng)

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

948

(F)

949

947

[b] by graduate; bjng after all


[zh] put, place; wizhi position
[chu] qngchu clear
[ch] kch misery

956

(F)

(F)

957

(F)

[zi] carry, be loaded with


[zi] put down in writing

958

(F)

[bi] ( shbi) lose, be defeated; fbi corrupt

959

(F)

[qing] gun
[chng] chnchng comet

960

(F)

[sh] hsh suitable, appropriate


[d] dcng follow, go to

961

(F)

[x] empty, void; qinx modest; xxn open-minded;


kngx hollow

962

(F)

[y] prepare; beforehand; forecast

963

[jng] eye
[jing] ynjing eye

964

[c] thorn, prick, stab, irritate, (= csh) assassinate


[c] wham

950
951
952
953
954
955

[u] uzhu Europe; um ohm


[l] brief, slight; lwi slightly
[zh] zhhu wisdom; zhl intellegence
[do] island
[kng] (= dkng) resist; revolt; protest
[q] (= qzi) wife
[bo] hug, embrace

969

(F)

(F)

970

971

(F)

972

[bn] run fast, flee


[bn] go straight towards

973

[rn] endure, tolerate; rnbuzh can't bear, can't resist

965
966
967
968

[di] dad; didie daddy; did daddy


[fn] one after another; jifn dispute;
[ji] jisho introduce; preposition
[ku] boku include; giku generalize
[xio] melt (metal), remove, sell; sold out
[jing] fall, descend
[xing] tuxing surrender
[y] fish; jny goldfish; shy shark

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

979

(F)

(F)

980

974
975
976
977
978

[zng] ancestor, clan, faction; religion; ancestry


[pn] disk, tray; sunpn abacus; chessboard
[r] (= rduo) ear; earphone, headphones
[y] wild
[xn] interrogate; tngxn news report
[pi] match, deserve; distribute; pih cooperate
[jn] ( jnzh) prohibit
[jn] endure; bjn can't resist (doing something)

982

(F)

983

[m] silent; mm silently; chnm reticent; yum


humor

984

[t] on foot, follower; tdi apprentice; fit gangster

985

[ji] frame, rack, shelf, put up, <classifier for planes, radios etc.>;
y ji fij an aeroplane; shji bookshelf

981

[su] rope; ssu think deeply; suxng simply, just


[Zho] <family name>

987

(F)

[fng] mountain peak

988

(F)

[zhung] (= zhungti, = zhungkung) condition, state of


affairs

986

[dng] lamp

992

993

[hng] (= hngshu) flood, vast, <family name>;


hngling loud and clear, magnanimity

994

[shng] liter, rise, ascend

995

[hu] <classifier for groups, crowds, bands etc.>, group of people.


(= hubn) partner; jihuo fellow

989
990
991

996
997
998
999
1000
1001

(F)

(F)

[kun] fund
[y] (= ydng) move; shift, transform; transplant
[b] dad; bba daddy
[tu] hold in the palm, rely on; witu entrust

[dng] conclude (compare with dng decide)


[ho] long fine hair, milli-; hob not at all
[h] hli fox
[zhn] town, press down, calm, cool
[chung] bed; chungdn sheet; river bed
[h] hxing each other; xingh mutually, reciprocal

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1002

[to] set, cover; glove; y to yfu a (full) suit (of


clothing)

1003

[l] (= lxng) travel; lgun inn; lxngsh travel


agency

1004

[to] ( topo) escape, flee

1005

(F)

[m] curse; ? Mma m m ma? Does mama curse the


horse?
[sh] transport, lose (compare with yng win)

1008

(F)

1009

1010

(F)

[c] word; cdin dictionary; dngx verb; chu


vocabulary
[kn] (= knnn) difficult, (F) tired

1012

(F)

1013

1006
1007

1011

[chng] sing;
[jng] sujng pacify, appease
[m] mm secret; secretary
[b] Peru

[li] (, ) tear; teardrop


[sh] cooked, ripe, familiar; shx know well
[shu] <colloquial variant>

1015

(F)

1016

[g] ( gtou) bone


[g] glu roll

1017

[shn] explain
{Compare with ji helmet and yu from}
[y] desire, wish; ywng desire, lust

1019

1020

[s] () personal, (= syu) privately owned, be private, (=


zs) selfish
[w] ( tiow) dance

1026

1027

[dng] 4th in a series, cubes (in food preparation), <family name>


[zhng] zhngzhng clang, clank

1028

[x] inhale; hx breathe; xshu absorb; xyn


attract

1014

1018

1021
1022
1023
1024
1025

[ci] wealth; fci get rich


[gu] ghost; ( mgu) devil; guzi foreign devil

[zhng] journey; The Long March, attack, (F) evidence, levy

[qi] autumn, fall; chnxiidng the four seasons


[j] (= jd) huge, gigantic
[yng] ( hunyng) welcome
[xi] yuxi excellent; xicai scholar
[go] do

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1029
1030

(F)

[bin] all over, everywhere; universal, <classifier for repetitive


times/occurrences>; ! Zi shu y bin! Say (it) once
more!

1041

(F)

(F)

(F)

(F)

(F)

1042

1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040

[shn] shnpn bring to trial; interrogate

[qing] (= qingb) wall


[zh] vermilion, bright red
[shng] holy; sage, saint; Shngdnji Christmas
[b] ( bmin) avoid; tob escape, evade
[yu] leap
[j] envy, avoid, quit; jhui taboo
[zhu] table; y zhng zhuzi one table
[zh] hold in hand; zhxng carry out
[bi] grieved; pessimistic; tragedy
[y] (math:) field; territory; valley; region
[xio] dawn; ( xiode) know
[nng] do; nngchn court jester
[lng] alley

1047

(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)

1048

(F)

[jn] strength, energy, spirit


[jng]
[no] () noisy; alarm clock

1050

(F)

1051

1043
1044
1045
1046

1049

[wng] flee, lose, die


[qio] bridge
[bi] generation; older generation, ancestors
[shn] () get out of the way, flash; lightning
[yn] hidden; ynyu faint, indistinct

[kng] (= kngp) I'm afraid; kngb terror


[ya] <sentence final particle like a>
[y] ah, oh

1053

1054

(F)

[jin] prison; supervise


[jin] eunuch

1055

(F)

[tng] hall; cntng dining room

1056

(F

1052

[f] pay
[jng] ( znjng) respect

[k] warehouse; shjk database

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1058

1059

[bng] ice; bngxing refrigerator; bngling ice-cold;


Bngdo Iceland; bngqiln icecream

1060

[xng] become sober, wake up; remind

1061

(F)

[qng] qngzh celebrate; qngh congratulate;


qngxng rejoice

1062

(F)

[l] ( ls) green


[l] (in some place names)

(F)
(F)

(F)

[tu] leg; ability to walk; ankle; thigh

1057

1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071

[zhn] shake, shock; earthquake


[ci] (= cilio) material; jioci teaching material

[sh] state, narrate; describe; above-mentioned


[x] slowly, gently, <family name>
[zn] (, ) respect
[yng] hard; yngjin hardware
[] () forehead; quota
[w] (= cuw) mistake
[ji] borrow, lend
[n] receive, accept, enjoy, pay, sew

1072

[zh] fold; break; change direction


[sh] break
[zh] turn over

1073

[shu] sell; sell goods

1074

(F)

1075

[bo] violent, sudden; expose


[p] (=)

1076

[qu] (quf) lack, be short of; qudin shortcoming

1077

[m] be lost; W mle l I am lost; mxn superstition,


blind faith/worship

1078
1079
1080
1081
1082

(F)

(F)

(F)

[y] ychun inherit; yhn regret


[wi] give

[l] <family name>; ( lmng) rude; dull


[tn] (= tnsu) explore
[hu] (= huw) goods; hub money, currency
[tng] rtng children
[hun] ( hunmn) slow

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1083

(F)

1084

[wi] () great, mighty; hngwi, xingwi grand


[jn] (= jnzh) monarch, sovereign, (= jnz) gentleman;
tyrant

1089

(F)

(F)

1090

(F)

[qing] rob; snatch; scrape


[qing]
[kng] ( kngs) accuse, (= kngzh) control

1101

(F)

(F)

(F)

1102

1085
1086
1087
1088

1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100

1109

(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)

1110

1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108

1111

[zhung] village; zhungjia crops; solemn


[fn] ordinary; ( fnsh) every; extraordinary
[wi] dangerous; crisis; endanger
[sho] roast, cook, burn (compare with cho stir-fry)
[ci] ( sci) colour; cis multicolour

[xing] (, ) chest; () heart, mind


[x] ( xj) drama, play; yux game
[pin] sheet of paper, piece of writing
[q] interest, fun; interest; interest, taste
[sh] bundle; shf tie up; jish finish
[wi] call; so-called
[gi] roughly, most likely; concept; spirit
[sh] shoot, fire, send out; inject; archery
[k] lesson; kbn textbook
[dng] hole, cave
[m] hemp, (= zhma) sesame; mfan bother
[m] mmahi dusk; lunmm messy, disorderly
[bi] cup; gnbi cheers
[tu] penetrate, thorough; tujng lens; transparent
[yu] yuj post office; yupio stamp
[rng] (= gungrng, = rngy) glory, honor
[dng] understand
[yng] embrace, crowd; yngh support; yngj crowded
[xin] donate; gngxin contribution
[x] wash; xzo bath, shower
[Xin] <family name>
[xi] stop, (= xixi) rest; retire; rest home

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1112

[p] compel; yp oppress; bip be compelled


[pi] pijpo mortar

1117

(F)

(F)

1118

1119

(F)

1120

[g] beat, play, drum, arouse


[g] pnggg fat, plump, full, bulging
[jin] jinkng health

1122

1123

(F)

1124

1113
1114
1115
1116

1121

1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137

(F)

(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)

[tn] sigh
[gu] dog; ligu hound; fnggu mad dog
[tu] steal; xiotu thief
[yn] opposite of yng; , cloudy; gloomy
[q] vapor, steam; qyu gasoline; qch car
[bi] honor, worship; lbi week
[bi] bibai bye-bye
[hng] horizontal
[hng] perverse

[hu] thick, deep, kind, rich (food) (compare with bo thin)


[qin] qindng conclude and sign (treaty, etc); qinmng
signature
[dn] cinnabar, red; dntin pubic region; Dnmi
Denmark
[Lu] name of a river in Hnn and Shnx
[hn] (= hnjio, hhn, jiohn) shout, cry out
[rng] (= Chngd); frng lotus, cottonrose hibiscus
[ln] wheel
[n] shore
[ni] breasts, milk
[dn] thin, light; dnln (= qinln) light blue
[cho] tide; (= chosh) moist; gocho climax
[xn] lesson
[yun] round, circle; (sometimes used for yun dollar)
[jun] roll; spring roll (F)
[jun] volume, book, exam paper
[qun] (= qun) curly hair
[sh] jish explain; shfng release
[zh] all, various, <family name>

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1138

[mio] wonderful, subtle; mmngqmio be baffled

1139

[wi] wiwzhy materialism


[wi] <expressing acceptance of a request/command>

1141

(F)

1142

[yn] (= ynzi) swallow (bird)


[Yn] <family name>

1143

[di] stupid, silly, foolish, stay; dibn stiff


[i] ibn stiff

1140

[du] force one's way; seize, capture; fight for


[zh] expel, pursue, one by one; gradually; step by step

1151

(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)

1152

(F)

1153

[y] <archaic interrogative particle>, (= y) grandfather


[Y] Ys Jesus
[m] feel, stroke; msuo grope; zhum fathom

1156

(F)

1157

(F)

[z] (= xunz) choose


[zhi] choose

1158

[hn] hate

[sh] ssh dormitory


[sh] (F) give up, abandon; shbd be loathe to leave at
home

1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150

1154
1155

1159

[c] ( cling) survey, measure; gunc observe


[lng] (= blng) wave (of water); waste
[chu] take out; shrink; whip; smoke tobacco
[gi] cover, shell; lid
[pin] slanting, leaning; stubbornly; unfortunately
[yu] experience, pass through, review; ( yud) read
[gu] ( gumi) purchase
[t] way, route; prospect; via
[zng] longitudinally; cozng operate; zngdu column,
file

[gu] hang, put up


[hng] sail, fly; hngxng navigate; aviation

[qun] box (with fists); tijqun Taiji shadowboxing

1161

1162

[tng] <family name>, Tang Dynasty, boastfull, exaggerated; (


tngt) rude

1163

(F)

1164

1160

[zh] bamboo

[y] praise; rngy honor; mngy fame


[chng] ride (a vehicle); multiply
[shng] chariot

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[ru] weak; wiru faint; runru feeble

1167

(F)
(F)

1168

(F)

[y] ceremony, rite, gift, (= ybio) appearance, bearing, (=


yq) instrument, apparatus

1165
1166

[jin] (= jinch) inspect


[gng] palace, temple, <family name>; zgng womb

1172

1173

(F)

[bi] put, arrange, sway, wave; yobiw "shake-swaydance", waggle dance (of bees), rock 'n' roll

1174

(F)

[o] om secret, mystery; omio profound, secret

1169
1170
1171

[q] flag
[hn] keep in mouth, contain
[Yun] <family name>
[zh] foundation of a building; dzh address

1175

[fn] <classifier for kinds, times, occurrences etc.>; fnqi


tomato
[Pn] Pny county in Gungdng

1176

[hn] mix up; hnlun chaos


[hn] muddy, muddled

1183

(F)

(F)

(F)

1184

[chng] fill; contain


[shng] flourishing; luxuriant

1185

[h] pit, nucleus; htao walnut


[h] hr <colloquial> pit

1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182

1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191

(F)
(F)

[mi] extinguish; eliminate; perish; annihilate


[w] hold, grasp; comprehend
[y] (= ych) tooth
[l] ( kol) consider; yul worry about
[zho] zhoki convene
[mng] fierce
[kun] wide, broad, extend, relax

[di] bag, pocket


[sho] jisho introduce
[b] mend
[din] dinxng typical; classical; dictionary
[qun] circle
[jun] pen, sty
[jun] shut up in a pen
[fng] good-looking (F) fngf abundant

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1192

1194

(F)

1195

1193

1198

(F)

1199

1196
1197

[y] wny cultured, refined; yzhi elegant


[y] ypin opium
[j] lucky, auspicious
[zn] approve of; praise
[ch] tea; chy tea leaves; hngch "red tea" = black
tea
[y] also; fnzhyrn and vice-versa
[g] () valley; (F) (= gw) grain; gzi millet
[wn] ( wndng) stable, steady; wndang reliable
[hu] (F) gather together; gubo to report; chu
vocabulary; (F) converge, remit

1200

(F)

[l] lhai terrible, formidable, <family name>


[li] name of an ancient country
{Compare with l experience}

1201

(F)

[ji] to fall due, <classifier for year of graduation, regular sessions,


meetings, etc.>

(F)

(F)

[j] (= hnj) mark, trace, vestige; qj miracle

1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209

1212

(F)

1213

1210
1211

1214
1215
1216
1217

(F)

[li] thunder; thunderstorm; radar


[x] zhxu order; procedure; order
[hn] () cold
[f] enclose, attach; fjn vicinity, nearby
[j] chicken; gngbo jdng spicy diced chicken
[zo] meet with disaster
[tio] () choose
[tio] poke; challenge
[to] tot walk casually to and fro
[jin] ( jinbng) shoulder; ( jinf) take on
[y] ( jy, huy) remember, recall; memory
[ru] yielding; rurun soft; ruhe gentle
[di] put on; di ynjng wear glasses; dishang
mozi put on a hat
[x] () cherish; kx it's too bad; bx not hesitate
[g] separate, stand between; next door
[ho] (= hob, = hob) not at all
[chng] () honest

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1220

(F)

1221

1218
1219

[ru] auspicious, good omen; timely snow


[jin] subtract; jinsho decrease
[b] sow, seed; broadcast; disseminate
[me] (S)
[m] (F) yom petty, insignificant

1224

(F)

(F)

1225

[b] ( shub) arm


[bei] gbei arm

1226

[tng] quite, very; endure, stand; stand upright

1227

[co] conduct, grasp; cozng operate


[co] make trouble

1222
1223

[zhn] needle; policy; zhnc acupuncture


[q] board game; chess; Go; Checkers
[jng] jngzhng compete; contest

1233

(F)

1234

1235

(F)

[gng] steel; fountain pen; piano


[gng] sharpen

(F)
(F)

[nu] nuyn a promise

1228
1229
1230
1231
1232

1236
1237
1238
1239

[yo] waist
[kung] ( fngkung) crazy
[t] in place of; ( dit) replace, substitute
[mi] plum, prune; plum blossom; plum grove
[g] gngg consolidate; gdng fixed
[ln] lnl ethics
[Sng] the Song dynasty (960-1279); Sng tz "Song"typeface

[cn] injure, barbarous, incomplete, remnant


[yn] ( ynchng) prolong
[h] ( loh) tiger
[h] mmahh
[h] hbul <zool.> shrike
[xn] xns rapid, swift

1241

(F)

1242

[qio] qioqio quietly


[qio] qioshng quietly

1240

1243
1244

(F)

[zi] ( zinn, zihi) disaster

[yu] high mountain, wife's parents, <family name>


[qio] <family name>; qiom arbor

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265

1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271

[chun] river; Schnshng Sichuan Province;


bngchun glacier

[chu] revenge, hatered, <family name>; bochu get


revenge
[qi] mate, <family name>

(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)

[j] (= jji) season; dngj winter; sj four seasons


[chu] blow
[ling] ( lingshi) grain, food
[j] gather, get together; hjbin nuclear fusion
[y] ( fny) translate
[zh] ( zhzi) pearl, bead; eyeball; teardrop
[sh] (= shshu) uncle, father's younger brother
[mu] scheme; conspiracy
[ch] jch foundation, base, basis; chsh plinth
[rn] benevolence, humanity
[sn] decrease; damage; snsh lose, loss
[rng] () melt (ice or snow; cf rng)
[ling] car; ling ling ch two cars
[jng] clean, complete; only; gnjng clean
[mn] mnji agile; mngn sensitive; mnru acute
[y] <family name>, he or she; Ysln Islam
[xin] fairy, saint, immortal celestial being; fairy maiden
[qio] clever, coincidentally; qiomio ingenious

[lng] zero; lngjin spare part; spare change


[lng] glnglng solitary, all alone; dnglnglng tinkle,
jingle

[li] tired; work hard


[li] accumulate
[li] (F)

(F)

[xing] (= xingshu) enjoy (compare with hng)


[bn] accompany; , companion
[dng] swing, sway; loaf about; wipe out; shake
[zhn] () treasure: pearl; precious
[yng] ynggn brave; courage; brave warrior

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1272

[m] end, minor details; mr powder; zhum weekend


[me] (= me); shnme what?
{Compare with wi haven't}
[fn] fndu struggle; xngfn excited

1275

(F)
(F)
(F)

1276

(F)

[fn] be vexed; mfan trouble, bother; b nifn


impatient

1273
1274

1277

1285

(F)
(F)

(F)

(F)

1286

1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284

1292

(S)

(F)
(F)

1293

1287
1288
1289
1290
1291

1294
1295
1296
1297
1298

(F)
(F)
(F)

[dn] gallbladder, guts, bravery, internal parts


[q] ( fngq, poq) abandon, give up

[h] paste; htu muddled


[h] plaster
[h] paste
[yu] still, yet; yuy hesitate; yur as if
[shu] tax
[pi] foster, train, develop; cultivate, breed
[d] support; ( dkng) resist
[sng] monk
[fng] sharp; charge, assault; vanguard
[ni] be, so, only then, you
[yo] distant, remote; long
[m] nm massage; mc rub; friction
[m] msa gently stroke, smooth rub, massage
[tn] level; calm; tank
[hu] after
[mi] eyelash; brows; eyebrow; looks
[cn] meal
[gun] be used to; xgun be used to, habit, custom
[png] lean on, based on, (= bln) no matter
[gun] hat, crown
[gun] first place; gunjn champion
[ti] lift, raise, carry
[png] bump into; happen to meet
[b] money, currency; coin; rnmnb RMB.
[q] open; start; enlighten; arouse, inspire
[m] <classifier for cloth, happenings, etc.>; ling m sh
two entirely differeint things/matters; mtou wharf, dock;

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

hom (serial) number, code


1299

[mo] emit, risk, pretend to be, <family name>; catch a cold

1300

[hn] ( hnshu) sweat, perspiration


[hn] khn

1309

(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)

1310

1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308

[s] common, rustic, vulgar, custom; proverb, saying


[hu] ash, dust, grey, disheartened
[d] jind supervise
[qing] poor; wqing infinite
[p] quite, rather
[qng] lean; tendency, prefer; slant
[jin] point, tip; jinru sharp
[Hn] <family name>; (old name for Korea)
[mo] moy trade
[fng] resemble, be like, (= mfng) imitate, copy; seem;
copy

1313

(F)

1314

[y] (= yy, = jy) give, grant


[y] <archaic> (= w) I, me

1315

[z] purple, violet

1316

(F)

1311
1312

[g] alone; orphan; isolated; lonely


[pio] float in the air, flutter; flutter, wave
[mn] overflow; endless; lngmn <loan> romantic

[c] side
[zhi] zhiwai slant
[yn] along; ynhi coastal; ynr water's edge

1318

1319

[xi] () sleeve; leader; pocket-sized; dunxi Tshirt

1317

[b] raise, pull; promote; elevation

1323

(F)

1324

[dn] <archaic> dawn; in one day; once; New Year's


Day

1325

[chn] ( zochen) morning

1320
1321
1322

[ling] bridge, roof beam; bridge; backbone


[shng] reward, admire; xnshng enjoy, appreciate
[m] curtain; act (of play); pngm screen
[b] wall, cliff; qingb wall (la pared)

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[chn] ( chnji) pure; ( dnchn) simple

1327

(F)
(F)

1328

(F)

[ling] cool, cold


[ling] make cool

1329

(F)

[so] sweep; dso clean up


[so] sozhou broom

1330

[yu] fault; outstanding; yuq especially

[po] cannon; shell


[bo] quick-fry
[po] concoct

1326

1331

[b] shut

1337

(F)

(F)
(F)

1338

(F)

[bi] shellfish; cowrie; (money); bik shell


{Compare with jin see}

1339

(F)

[rn] shrn moist; lrn profit; rnhu lubricate

1340

[sh] surname, family name, (= shz) clan


[zh] Yuzh Indo-Scyths (nomadic people in Central Asia)

1341

[dng] (= dngtin, = dngj) winter; dngmin


hibernation; chnxiqidng the four seasons

1332
1333
1334
1335
1336

[wn] bowl
[ti] stick, paste, glue, stay close to
[ch] insert, stick in; plug
[gn] roll, boil
[yun] cause, reason; edge; insulate
[s] temple, Buddhist monastery

[hung] desolate, wasteland, famine; hungmi absurd

1346

(F)
(F)

1347

(F)

[xi] frighten, scare


[h] (= kngh) threaten, <interj.>

1348

[du] pile, heap


[zu] gulibozu altogether, all in all

1349

[zhung] collide, run into

1350

[lng] young man; bridegroom. <family name>


[lng]

1351

(F)

1342
1343
1344
1345

[ku] kud enlarge, expand


[ln] fence, railing

[zh] zhxu philosophy


[b] force, compel; close in on

[li] two, both; wmen li the two of us


[ling] jling trick, intrigue, maneuver, skill, dexterity, craft

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[xn] suffering; xnk work hard

1356

(F)
(F)

(F)

1357

(F)

[q] ride (horse/bike)


[j] chngj saddle horse; rider

1352
1353
1354
1355

[ln] () blue
[xin] idle, free time; digression, complaint

[jng] (= jngzi) mirror, lens; ynjng glasses


[pi] (= pitng) accompany; piji dowry

[dn] egg; chicken egg; protein

1359

1360

[yng] sheep; shnyng goat; yngnin year of the


Sheep = 8th year

1361

[y] (= shy) suitable


[yi] pinyi cheap

1362

[ma] <particle for persuation>


[m] <interrogative particle> (= ma)

1358

1364

(F)
(F)

1365

1363

[c] urge; urgent; cjn promote; csh impel, urge

[yn] yns colour; ynmin face


[pn] (= pnk, = pngqing) poor
[f] width of cloth, size, <classifier for cloth, paintings etc.>;
a picture

1369

(F)

(F)

1370

(F)

[p] pounce on; flap wings; pmi extinguish; pk


<loan> Poker

(F)
(F)

(F)

(F)

[zhung] robust, magnificent; majestic;

1366
1367
1368

1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377

1378

(F)

[zh] stay, halt, be stationed


[png] (= fpng) duckweed
[w] foul; wrn pollution
[ji] outstanding; masterpiece

[s] ps bodhisattva, benevolent being, <family name>


[xng] punishment
[yu] worry, grieve; yuy sad; worry about
[mo] () appearance; polite
[y] lawsuit; ( jiny) prison, jail
[si] fill in, stuff, cork
[s] (= ds) block up, obstruct
[si] place of strategic importance, border pass
[fng] male phoenix (fabulous bird of good omen)

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[kng] hole; Kngz Confucius; minkng face

1381

(F)
(F)

1382

(F)

[q] (rhetorical adverb); qyucl What kind of reasoning is


that?, Nonsence!

1383

[sn] (= snln) forest

1384

[fn] numerous; fnzh breed; flourishing; fn tz


full forms of simplified characters

1385

[su] smash to pieces

1386

[jn] ferry crossing, ford, saliva, sweat, moist, damp;


jnjnyuwi (to do someting) with pleasure, to be appetizing

1387

(F)

1388

1389

(F)

[ch] tardy; arrive late; hesitate; put off


[zh] zhdn dawn, daybreak
[hu] shine; radiance, glory; huhung brilliant

1396

(F)

(F)

(F)

1397

1379
1380

1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395

[ch] touch; jich get in touch; antenna


[lin] love (as in love affair)

[xi] xik chivalrous warrior; chivalrous


[lng] lngzhng grand; lngq swell
[lng] hnglnglng tumble, roll

[hn] ruthless
[x] fnx analyse
[su] shrink
[xu] cave, hole, den, grave, acupuncture point
[xio] desolate
[yun] resentment, complain
[m] rub, wear down
[m] mill, grind(stone)

1399

(F)

1400

1401

(F)

[lng] () age; duration

1402

(F)

[jng] path, way; ( zhjng) diameter; tjng channel, way,


through

(F)

[b] (= bzi) nose; bkng nostril

1398

1403
1404
1405
1406

[f] bend over, subside; hot summer days; rise and fall
[c] take leave; diction, poetry, language
[n] mud; soil
[n] putty

[li] rely; hang around; blame falsely; deny error


[yng] face upward; xnyng (religious) faith
[fn] (= qfn, = fnn) angry

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1411

(F)

(F)
(F)

1412

(F)

1407
1408
1409
1410

1413

[m] xinm envy; admire; im adore


[] very soon, suddenly; ?gu Russia
[yng] shine
[xn] xnwn ask about, inquire
[cn] tragic; savage
[mi] wheat, etc; mipin oatmeal; mikfng <loan>
microphone
[s] stay overnight, <family name>
[xi] <classifier for nights>; zh y xi stay one night
[xi] constellation in Chinese astronomy
[bi] times; three times (as much)

1415

1416

(F)

[tng] jump, gallop, vacate; boiling


[tng] thump

1417

[sho] (, ) a little, a bit, slightly


[sho]
[ji] cut, stop; section, length; half a section

1419

1420

(F)

1421

1414

1418

1422

(F)

1423

1424

(F)

[c] thick, rough, coarse

[rn] to dye; catch (disease); dye; pollution


[w] (= wy) crow, (= whi) black; wgu tortoise
{Compare with m horse and nio bird}
[y] heal, get better; (like yu)
[gng] mound, sentry
[gng] hugngsh granite
[gng] gnku delicious sweet
[li] willow
[p] spread, unfold; pave
[p] shop, store; plank bed;

1426

1427

(F)

1428

[fng] accept, offer; receive orders; flatter

1429

[t] step on; (= zota) zota ruin, waste, insult, affront


[t] (= t) collapse, sink, calm down

1425

1430
1431

[sh] wade, ford, go through, involve; gnsh interfere


[j] (= jbng) illness; jk hardship
[dng] ward off, block, gear (of car)
[dng] bngdng arrange, get ready

[zhng] faithful
[w] (= w) five, <family name>; duw troops

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443

(F)

(F)

1444

1445

(F)

1446

[du] hide (oneself), avoid, dodge


[j] book, registry, native place, membership; guj nationality
[n] nl try hard
[lng] shunglng, bright and clear; recite
[xing] box
[ci] cut cloth or paper; reduce; decide; sanction
[zhng] curtain; mosquito net; tent; account
[jin] double; simultaneously: compatible
[b] bc each other
[xi] rosy clouds
[zh] pig; zhnin the year of the pig = the 12th year
[x] shx know well, be familiar with
[zh] prick
[zh] zhngzh struggle
[z]
[qun] advise
[bo] thin
[b] slight; weak
[b] bhe peppermint

1454

(F)

(F)

1455

[t] spit
[t] ( ut) vomit

1456

[hn] ( lnghn) soul, spirit, mood

1457

(F)

1458

1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453

[zh] build, construct; architecture


[jn] handsome, pretty; brilliant, talented
[xi] shoe
[j] ( jl) distance
[qn] (= qnl, = qnr) invade, intrude into
[xn] xnshng enjoy
[j] squeeze; crowd; push, jostle; yngj crowded
[mi] go-between, matchmaker; medium, intermediary

[ji] (= chnji) pure, (= qngji) clean, sanitay; jibi


pure white, spotless
[zh] branch
[q] (= q) fork, brach, divergent

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[yng] full; yngl profit, have a surplus

1461

1462

[ji] helmet; zhjia fingernail; beetle


{Compare with shn explain and yu from}

1459
1460

1465

(F)
(F)

1466

1467

(F)

1463
1464

[z] block; zzh prevent; dinz resistance


[xin] pit, trap; cave in; sink/fall into

[zhng] <family name>; zhngzhng serious, solemn


[mng] cry of birds, animals, insects; ring, sound; express
[tng] (= tngru) if, supposing
[shng] be left over, remain, (= shngy) surplus, left over,
remain
[k] grain, small round object, <classifier for small round things>;
y k zhzi one pearl

1473

1474

(F)

1475

[jio] burnt; () coke; jioj anxious; focus

1476

[p] crawl, climb


[p] ipp squat, short
[lng] insult; encroach; draw near; lngchn before dawn

1478

1479

[u] ( urn) by chance, even number


{Compare with j odd}

[hung] ( yohuang) shake, sway


[hung] dazzle
[hung]

1468
1469
1470
1471
1472

1477

1480

[tu] pull, drag; procrastinate


[sh] stretch; shfu comfortable; shchng carefree
[hu] nhu favor, kindness; xinhu virtuous ()
[hn] dusk, dark, to faint
[zhn] shake, stimulate; vibration; inspire
[ji] forbid; jiyn enforce martial law; jizhi ring
[sng] lose (by death), lose (sth. important); sngsh forfeit
[sng] mourning; sngsh funeral arrangements

[hu] zhhu wisdom

1482

1483

(F)

[ln] messy; cnln splendid


[ln]

(F)

[pin] () deceive; cheat, swindle; hoax; swindler

1481

1484
1485

[to] () peach; peach blossom; yngto cherry


[ch] red, bare; chdo equator; chjio barefoot

[cu] arrange; cush measure, step

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1487

(F)

1488

1486

1490

(F)

1491

1492

(F)

1493

1489

1498

(F)

1499

1494
1495
1496
1497

1502

1503

1500
1501

[y] page
[xing] terrible; xing' fiendish; xingmng ferocious
[ti] peace, quiet; Thailand; Tishn Mount Tai,
something of great importance
[sh] corpse, sht dead body
[p] slope, hillside; pd slope, gradient
[li] tie or strap tightly
[l] lsu
[lio] treat, cure; therapy
[t] pagoda, tower
[da] ;
[chn] ( huchn) dust
[tng] lie down
[sh] tsh special, particular
[wi] comfort, console; express sympathy for
[tn] (F) altar, raised plot of ground; (F) jar, jug
[gn] sweet; gnzhe sugarcane; Gns
{Compare with r sun}
[yo] bite; bark; pronounce
[j] resist; ( jju) refuse
[bio] young tiger
[zh] ( bozh) explode, blow up
[zh] deep fry

1505

1506

(F)

1507

[zh] express good wishes; qngzh celebrate; zhh


congratulate; zhf invoke/give blessing
[wng] wngwng tearful, bow-wow; boundless (ocean)

1510

1511

[wi] (= wiba) tail


[y] huy <colloquial> end, behind

[pio] float
[pio] pailiang beautiful
[pio] piobi bleach

1504

1508
1509

1512

[jng] (water) well, <family name>


[chng] worship, high, sublime
[yn] drink
[yn] give animals water to drink

[lo] firm, durable; ( lofng) prison; log sturdy


[gu] laurel (bay) tree; Guln

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1513

[lio] just, slightly; wlio bored, silly; liotinr chat,


gossip

1514

[s] cast, let go


[s] scatter, sprinkle

1515

[qi] ( qidng) appropriate, suitable; qiho just right

1516

[nng] hnnngt concrete; nngsh stare; nngg


solidify

1517

[mo] spear; modn "spear-shield" = contradiction

1518

[Y] <family name>


[w] <archaic> sigh and exclaim
[y] (S) in, at, to, from, by, than

1519

(F)

[bn] guest; bngun hotel


{Compare with bng soldier}
[x] qngx mood, depression; tux lead, clue

1521

(F)

1522

[d] ( dzi) stomach


[d] tripe

1523

[cng] urgent, rushed; cngcng hurriedly, obviously,


apparently; cngmng in a hurry

1524

[mio] trace, touch up; mioxi describe

1525

[fn] powder; xyfn laundry detergent; fnhngs


pink

1520

[Png] <family name>

1530

(F)

1531

[li] split, crack: fnli split, divide, break up, fission


[li] crack open

1532

[hu] slip, slide, smooth, slippery; hubng ice-skate

1533

[fi] to possess literary talent; firn brilliant (of literature);


Fij Fiji

1526
1527
1528
1529

[zi] thief
[f] (=quf) lack; pf tired; pnf poor
[dn] shield; modn "spear-shield" = contradiction
[chu] worry
[xi] slanting; xibin hypoteneuse; xil slope

[j] jm lonely; jjng quiet (place); chnj quiet

1536

(F)

1537

(F)

[xing] xingx detailed; dunxing details; nxing


serene

1538

(F)

[tng] hot water, soup


[shng] shngshng to flow turbulently

1534
1535

[fi] waste

[yng] gush, pour, rise, surge; xingyng turbulent

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[xun] black, dark, profound, abstruse; xunxu metaphysics

1541

(F)

1542

(F)

[hng] bang, boom, rumble, bomb, attack, drive out;


hnghnglili grand, spectacular

(F)

[jin] treacherous, traitor; (F) adultery; qingjin rape

1539
1540

1543
1544
1545
1546
1547

1548

(F)

1549

[ch] chd thorough; gunch carry out, implement

[jn] half a kilogram; gngjn kilogram

[lin] klin poor, pitiful


[du] (= dur) flower, <classifier for flowers, clouds etc.>;
y du hu;
[duo] rduo ear
[ji] good, beautiful
[ji] <slightly archaic> all, everyone
[nio] bird
[dio] (=)
{Compare with wu crow}
[bng] nation, state, country; chngbng city-state;
wtubng utopia

1555

(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)

1556

[sh] snake
[y] xywiy pretended interest and sympathy

[b] catch; dib arrest

1550
1551
1552
1553
1554

1557
1558
1559

[f] support with the hand, help


[hu] destroy; humi exterminate
[cng] cngming clever, intelligent, bright
[bin] ( binln) debate, argue; diagnosis
[png] (= pngzi) bottle
[] hungry

[bn] move; move house


[Shn] <family name>, liquid essence; (F) Shnyng;
mshnwign "before the ink is dry"
[chn] (=) to sink

1562

(F)

1563

[m] evil spirit, (= m, = mgu) demon; msh


magic

1564

[qn] zither-like instrument; piano; violin

1560
1561

[fng] Chinese sweet gum (tree); maple


[ji] jijiu uncle, mother's brother
[yu] secluded; humor; gloomy; ghost

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

(F)

[zhng] struggle; earn


[zhng] zhngzh struggle
[pn] engage; pnqng engage, invite

1573

(F)

(F)

1574

(F)

[wi] disobey, (= wifn, = wibi) violate; wif


break the law

1575

(F)

[ku] lose (money); chku suffer a loss, come to grief, treat


unfairly; xngku fortunately, luckily

1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572

[wn] curve, bend


[m] (= fnm) grave, tomb
[q] (= qpin) cheat, deceive, (= qfu) bully
[w] realize; consciousness;
[Jing] <family name>
[chn] high official, overseer, (= dchn) minister
[fn] (= fnhu) return, go back

1578

(F)

1579

[Wi] one of the Three Kingdoms, name of several dynasties,


<family name>

1580

[ni] be able to endure; yubixn patient; b nifn


impatient

1581

[pi] wear (at the waist), admire, pendant waist ornament;


pifu admire; jngpi esteem

1582

[sun] sour, acid

1583

[mng] ( linmng) alliance, pact


[mng] mngsh oath of alliance

1584

[png] fat, plump


[pn] <archaic> easy and comfortable

1576
1577

[di] lose, misplace


[yun] hold, help; zhyun support; yunzh help
[H] <family name>, hertz

1586

(F)

1587

[hng] groan, snort, hum


[hng] humph

1588

[Qn] the Qin Dynasty 221-207 B.C., <family name>

1589

[q] bend, submit, injustice; qf surrender, yield; wiqu


feel wronged, srong somebody

1590

[r] wr insult, humiliate; chr shame

1591

[zu] (= zutin) yesterday; zuwn yesterday evening


{Compare with z how}

1585

[sh] stupid, idiotic; shzi, shgu idiot


[ro] wind, coil, move around; wiro surround

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1594

(F)

1595

[sh] (= shmng, = qinsh) sign one's name;


bsh deploy

1596

[f] go to, attend

1597

(F)

[d] hand over, pass, give; djio deliver, hand on, present,
submit

(F)
(F)
(F)

[ci] guess; cixing suppose

1592
1593

1598
1599
1600
1601
1602

[shu] thin, lean, frail, skinny


[zn] (= znsh) temporary
[jin] arrow; hujin rocket; jintu arrowhead

[qin] qinshutng submarine; qinl latent ability


[hng] ( hngyn) swan, wild goose, vast
[j] grade, achievement; merits and achievements
[yo] shine, dazzle
[t] spread on; tlio coating
[tu] htu muddled
[t] hlibt confused, muddle-headed

1603

(F)

1604

[g] cut; shug to harvest

1605

[du] bean; dufu tofu; ddu soybean; wndu


pea

1606

(F)

[mn] muffled (of sound), stuffy, cut off from air circulation
[mn] bored, depressed
[tng] (= tngzi) pavilion, kiosk

1611

(F)

1612

[lng] wolf, greedy and cruel person; lngbi in a difficult


position

1613

[hu] (= huhu) regret, repent

1614

[d] put up, hang over, lift together


[d] dchr pursue another's utterance; nd where,
wherever

1615

(F)

1607
1608
1609
1610

1616
1617

(F)

[xing] (= jxing) auspicious; cxing kindly, mercy


[l] gl, jl encourage; jingl reward
[y] eaves, universe; yzhu cosmos; mioy temple
[fn] flood; gungfn wide, extensive; fnln overflow

[jin] (= jnjin) warship; hngkngmjin aircraft


carrier
[f] float
[qin] lead along (by hand, halter, etc.); qinni xi d

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1620

(F)

1621

[bo] (= bozh) explode, (= bof) erupt, burst;


bozh firecracker

[z] elder sister; zmi sisters

1618
1619

1622
1623
1624

(F)

[f] fh conform to; fho mark, symbol


[s] yns serious, solemn; sqng eliminate
[n] (= nl) slave

[yu] young, children; yuzh childish; child


[ji] press, squeeze, clip
[ji] lined (clothing)
[g] gzhiw armpit

1630

(F)

(F)

1631

[ch] ruler, one-third of a meter; yngch (English) foot


[ch] gngch traditional Chinese musical notation
[sh] shhu wait upon, look after

1633

1634

(F)

1635

[ni] twist, turn around, seize; biniu awkward


[ni] zni squeak

1636

[fi] fib humble


[fi] luxuriant; Filbn Philippines

1637

[w] tile; ( wt) Watt


[w] to tile a roof
[w] lnww dazzling blue

1638

[c] rub, wipe, scrape

1639

[l] spicy; ljio hot pepper; dl sinister


[l] rll burning hot, impassioned, passionate

1640

[zu] play music; ynzu perform music; jizu rhythm

1641

[yn] rich, <family name>


[yn] (= ynhng) blackish red, dark red

1642

[mi] bury, cover up


[mn] mnyun blame, complain

1643

[shui] fall down; shuijio wrestling

1625
1626
1627
1628
1629

1632

[yo] ( yoqng) invite


[fng] crazy
[yn] ynx permit, allow
[no] nohu angry, annoyed
[z] rent; chzqch taxi
[y] ( yzi) chair

[f] rotten; tofu; corrode; corrupt


[chn] quiver; chndu tremble; chndng vibrate
[zhn] tremble, shudder

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1644

[pn] look, (= pnwng) hope for, look forward to

1645

[yn] chant, recite


[yn] xioynyn smilingly

1646

[d] cross a river/sea/etc., tide over, ferry across; dchun


ferry

1651

(F)

1652

1653

(F)

1654

[xun] spin; xunzhun rotate


[xun] whirl, lathe

1655

[ji] uncover

1656

[sng] mulberry tree; sngcn silkworm; sngy


mulberry leaves
[zhng] battle, war; dzhng wage a war, fight a battle

1658

(F)

1659

(F)

[zun] drill, get into, study


[zun] drill, auger, diamond, watch jewel

1660

1661

[hng] hngwi magnificient; hngd great;


hnggun macroscopic
[hun] unreal, imaginary, magical; khun xioshu
science fiction novel

1662

[rn] (= dorn) sharp edge of knife or sword, kill with knife or


sword

1663

(F)

[xi] (= xig) gorge, canyon; hixi strait, channel;


Sn Xi the Three Gorges of the Yangtze river
[lio] lioku vast, extensive; Lionng (a province)

1667

(F)

(F)

1668

[zhng] barrier, obstacle, (= zhng'i) obstruct; bozhng


ensure

1669

[gi] (= qgi) beggar

1647
1648
1649
1650

1657

1664
1665
1666

[shn] (= chnshn) shirt


[ku] step, stride, straddle, go beyond
[zu] drunk
[jin] (= jinnn) difficult, (= jink) arduous
[yn] hide, sneak attack; ynh to shield; yngi conceal
[h] lotus; hhu lotus flower
[h] carry, load
[cng] dark green or blue; blue sky; green pine;
cngying fly, mosquito; cngbi pale, lifeless, grayish

[lin] lotus, water lilly

[w] ( wwa) baby


[ki] kig song of triumph
[hun] worry, anxiety, disaster; hunbng fall ill

[hng] weighing equipment, (= hngliang) weigh, measure,


http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1670

1671

(F)

1672

1673

(F)

1674

[nun] warm up, (= wnnun) warm; nunhuo nice and


warm

1675

[li] slide, sneak away


[li] swift current of water

1676
1677
1678
1679

(F)

(F)

judge
[mo] cat; xingmo panda; motuyng owl
[mo] moyo stoop, crouch
[chu] second Earthly Branch, a clown in an opera, <faily name>;
(F) chulu ugly, disgraceful, scandalous
[to] great waves

[gu] pot, wok, frying pan; guti pot sticker


[ni] what?, how?; wknih have no alternative
[f] (= chngf) punish, (= fkun) penalty
[sh] pick up from the ground, ten (= sh); shushi put in
order
[sh] shj climb stairs
[nng] dense, thick, concentrated; nngd consistency

1681

(F)
(F)

1682

(F)

[mi] vein, pulse; shnmi mountain range


[m] mm lovingly

1680

[jin] key; jinpn keyboard (piano or typewriter)

1684

(F)
(F)

1685

[chu] stinking
[xi] sniff, smell

1686

[fng] perfume, (= fngxing) fragrant; fnglng age


(when speaking of a young woman)

1687

[chu] hang down, droop; chizh vertical, perpendicular

1688

[zhu] clutch, grasp, catch; zhu mcng to play "hide-andseek"

1683

1693

(F)

1694

1695

(F)

1689
1690
1691
1692

[su] lock
[ln] (= lnj) neighbor

[hu] huf recover, restore


[m] nurse
[kn] cut, chop, hack; knchi cut firewood
[ji] ( jish) drive, fly, sail; loji excuse me...
[gng] respect; gnghxnx Happy New Year
[i] get close to, be next to, in sequence
[i] suffer
[hu] misfortune

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1701

(F)

1702

1696
1697
1698
1699
1700

1703
1704
1705
1706

(F)

(F)

1708

(F)

1708

1707

[Co] <family name>


[c] cxing kindly; c'i love, kindness; cbi mercy
[du] (= fdu, = chndu) shiver, tremble
[qun] spring, (= pnqun) fountain; yunqun source
[ln] zhnln exhibition; yuln go sightseeing
[o] bay, inlet (used in place names); Aomen;
[zng] (F) dirty
[zng] (F) xnzng heart
[tng] sore, painful
[tng] copper (Cu); qngtng bronze
[xi] (= xich) shame, shy; xiku feel ashamed
[dng] shelves; dng'n files, archives
[dng] m dngzi target of scolding; lujidng
logical data files
[po] throw; poq abandon; pomo drop anchor
[mio] seedling, young plant, vaccination; humio flame
[hu] yhu uncertain
[huo] mhuo perplex

1713

(F)
(F)
(F)

1714

[g] gj estimate, guess


[g] gyi secondhand clothes
[bo] womb, placenta; xbo cell

1716

1717

(F)

[ku] wide; gungku vast; kunku broad; lioku


extensive

1718

[d] <family name>; djun cuckoo, azalea; dju stop,


cut off

1710
1711
1712

1715

1719
1720
1721
1722
1723

(F)

[fi] (=) fat, fertile, (=) fertilizer; fizo soap


[q] qzh drive out, expel
[w] nest; wpeng shack
[k] (=) pants

[bng] handle

[qn] ( qnlo) diligent, hardworking


[zhu] boat, ship
[mo] (= mozi) hat, headgear, cap
[m] mno agate; My Maya
[ch] remove, take away, withdraw, evacuate

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1724

(F)

[pn] frequently; pnl frequency

1725

(F)

[chn] meditation, Zen, Dhyana


[shn] shnrng abdicate

1733

(F)

(F)

1734

1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732

1739

(F)
(F)

1740

1735
1736
1737
1738

[k] <archaic> stalk, branch, <family name>


[li] lif radish; Wnli Brunei
[kn] may, endure; bkn can't stand; nnkn intolerable
[cn] inch
[i] grief; sorrowful; iqi entreat, implore
[xing] bear, <family name>; xingmo panda
[f] belly, stomach, abdomen; hinterland
[chng] taste
[qio] knock, strike; qio mn knock on a door; qio lu
beat a gong
[b] suddenly; bb vigorous
[xn] patrol; xnsh make a tour of inspection
[do] (= doqi) steal; qingdo robber
[chu] chip, counter, prepare, plan
[ku] button up; nikur button; kuzi knot, button
[ch] pond, <family name>, (= chtng) pool;
yuyngch swimming pool; dinch battery

1746

(F)

1747

[dio] vulture, (= diok) carve, engrave; fdio relief


sculpture

1748

(F)

[yn] (= toyn, = ynw) detest; ynfn boring


[yn] (= yn) ynyn weak and weary thrugh illness

1749

1750

(F)

1741
1742
1743
1744
1745

[qin] shallow, light


[chi] firewood; huchi match; chiyu diesel oil
[i] dust, angstrom; Aj Egypt
[ji] marry (referring to a woman)
[mi] <classifier for small objects, coins, etc.>
[x] scarce, watery; xfn rice porridge, rice soup

[gu] melon, gourd; xgu watermelon; shgu idiot;


hunggua cucumber
[shu] longevity; shumng life-span

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1753

1754

(F)

[jn] brocade; shjn fancy; sshjn assorted


vegetables

(F)

[jin] reflect, mirror, inspect, examine, take as a lesson, ancient


bronze mirror, warning, object lesson; jindng appraise;
jijin draw lessons from

1751
1752

1755

[di] fall, tumble


[ch] pull, tear, chat
[dng] director; gdng antique

1756

[shu] brush, to brush, to paint, swish


[shu] shuxun choose, pick, select; shubi white,
pale, brush over

1757

(F)

[q] walk fast, hurry, (= qxing) tend, incline to; qsh


tendency

1761

(F)

1762

(F)

[b] poke, turn, stir; bzhng set a clock; b dinhu


dial a phone

(F)

(F)

(F)

(F)

[xn] qinxn modest

1758
1759
1760

1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777

[jun] contribute, relinquish, tax


[o] ( jio'o) proud, arrogant
[gun] gunch carry out; ygun consistent
[din] hall, palace

[t] kick; t zqi play football


[pi] compensate, pay for, lose money; pi bshi apologize
[z] appearance, gesture, (= zsh, = zti) posture
[qin] move, change; binqin changes; qinji yield to
[l] mulititude, <family name>; lmng daybreak
[j] sacrifice; jq sacrificial utensil
[d] drip, drop
[x] make a surprise attack, carry on as before
[hung] flustered, confused; hungmng in a flurry
[bin] whip
[mng] mngmng vast, boundless and indistinct
[fng] meet
[t] butcher, kill
[kn] knchng insect; Knmng

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[bi] (= bish) cypress


[B] Bln Berlin
[b] (=) hungb the bark of a cork tree, golden cypress

1778

1779

(F)

[sh] sail, move along quickly (speaking fo vehicles), (= jish)


drive
[f] fnf tell, instruct; zhfu enjoin, tell

1786

(F)
(F)

1787

(F)

[zng] gnzng follow closely; shzng be missing;


zngj trace

(F)

(F)

[cng] crowd; cngsh series of books; cngln jungle

1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785

1788
1789
1790

1791

1792
1793
1794
1795

[zh] to plant; zhw plant


[j] fear, dread
[ni] nikur button, knob, handle, tie
[ji] mnji quick, agile; qngji nimble, spry
[zhn] irrigation ditch; Shnzhn (place name)
[shng] xshng sacrifice; shngkou beasts of burden

[m] shm desert; mrn apathetically


[ru] jinru sharp pointed, acute; rul sharp, keen

[l] lba musical wind instrument; lma lama


[l] lla drip (water/etc.); hul sound of
rustling/crashing/etc.
[l] hlzi saliva; zhl harangue, shoot off the mouth

[qin] heaven; qindo ways of heaven, natural law;


qinkn heaven and earth, the universe
[gn] (S) dry, hollow

(F)
(F)

[hu] suddenly
[sh] moist
[zhng] open the eyes

1796

[z] zx careful
[zi] young animal
[z] zjin burdens, responsibility

1797

[cho] make noise


[cho] chochao make noise

1800

(F)

1801

[chun] string together, bunch, cluster; yngruchun


sheep meat kebab

1802

[j] all; jlb club

1798
1799

[yu] long, drawn-out, leisurely; yuji age-old


[gu] gulley, trench
[m] ink stick, (= mshu) ink; Mz (a philosopher)

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[j] together

1809

(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)

1810

[p] <classifier for horses, mules, bolts of cloth, etc.>; sn p


m three horses

1811

[pn] ( pncu) piece together; pnyn; pnxi spell,


transliterate

1812

(F)

1813

[xi] evil, <interrogative sentence final particle>


[y] (= y) <interrogative particle>

1814

[cu] brittle, crisp; gncu simply; qngcu clear;


curu fragile
[zo] rotten; zogo bad luck! zota waste, spoil

1816

1817

(F)

1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808

1815

1819

(F)
(F)

1820

1818

1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829

(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)

[to] pottery; toc ceramics


[gng] gngxin contribute
[hn] hnshn from head to foot, all over
[yng] win
[p] flatulence, fart, nonsence, rubbish, (= pgu) buttocks
[ch] gallop, speed, spread; chmng well-known
[bng] stick, bat, excellent; bngqi baseball

[hng] permanent

[bn] dress up as, disguise as; put on an expression


[xin] xinhu virtuous and dutiful (woman); xinrn
virtuous person
[sh] decoration, dress up, impersonate
[chng] repay, (= pichng) compensate, pay for
[chi] take apart, dismantle
[c] collquial excrete
[chn] to wind, tie up, tangle, bother
[sh] absorb, photograph; pish take a picture
[n] (= ndng) draft; bn comparison; mn imitate
[z] zwi flavor; zzhng grow
[hi] hey
[zh] yzh intention
[chung] rush, charge
[h] zhh congratulate; qngh celebrate
[cu] emerald green; cunio kingfisher

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1830

(F)

[fng] sew
[fng] seam, crack

1834

(F)

(F)

1835

(F)

1836

[pn] pnt traitor

1837

[xio] xioxing portrait


[Xio] <family name>

1838

[x] splendid, (= jx) bright, brilliand; Kngx Zdin


Kangxi dictionary (1716 A.D.)

1831
1832
1833

1841

(F)
(F)
(F)

1842

1839
1840

[bo] full (after meal)


[ji] rob, disaster
[f] pat, soothe, foster; fm stroke
[w] dig, excavate
[c] book; shuc handbook; dtc atlas
{Compare with l beautiful and png friend}

[lin] smelt, refine, temper metal; dunlin exercise


[xin] xinf constitution; xinbng military police
[mio] temple
[b] green jade, bluish green; dark green; dark blue;
Xub "7up", "Sprite"
[h] (= hzi) box

1845

(F)
(F)

1846

(F)

[png] swift-running horse


[Fng] <family name>

(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)

[hun] (= jiohuan) call out

1843
1844

1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855
1856
1857

[y] yuy friendship


[ch] chling reserves; cnch memory

[tn] corrupt; tnxn greedy


[w] lie down; wsh bedroom
[y] wing
[ro] harass, bother, trouble; rolun disturb
[xi] upper part of side of person's body, coerce
[gu] kneel
[bi] upright stone tablet (monument, etc); mbi tombstone
[h] breathe out (mouth open), scold; hqin yawn
[tin] sweet; tinci beet
[s] (F) sprinkle
[xin] xinr respectful, deferential; (F) xinrn

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1858

(F)

1859

alarmed, surprised, shocked, frightened, cold


[p] table, chart, manual, music score, (= pxi) compose
(music etc.)
[sh] (used in names)
[su] msu stroke, caress

1861

(F)

1862

1863

(F)

1864

[f] (= fgi) cover; dinf subvert; (S) fnf


repeatedly, again and again

[lng] lnglng clever and nimble

1860

1865
1866

1867

[nu] nu graceful (woman)


[g] pavilion, cabinet
[yng] usual, ordinary; Zhngng Doctrine of the Golden
Mean
[png] roc (a giant mythical bird)

[hu] marquis, <family name>


[m] slip something off, colloquial wipe
[m] apply, smear, brush/wipe off, exclude, play (cards/etc.);
mb cloth, rag; msh obliterate
[m] daub, plaster, skirt, bypass
[L] <family name>; gl calabash

1869

(F)
(F)

1870

(F)

[zng] zngh synthesize


[zng] heddle

1871

1872

(F)

1868

[i] zhng'i get in the way; fng'i hinder

[qi] mound, grave; qilng hills; shqi dune


[yn] faint, swoon; tuyn dizzy
[yn] dizzy, faint, halo; hngyn blush

1878

(F)

1879

[y] pawn, detain; ysng send under escort; yyn


rhyme

1880

[sh] (= shtou) tongue


{Compare with g ancient}

1873
1874
1875
1876
1877

1881
1882

(F)

[ln] block the way


[rn] ( rnsho) burn; rnlio fuel
[chng] prosperous
[tn] swallow, gulp down, annex; tnm embezzle
[xin] suspicion, dislike
[D] <family name>

[ln] <archaic> beautiful jade


[w] fog; ynw smoke, mist

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1883

1884

(F)

1885

1886

(F)

1887

[xu] bxu to exploit


[xio] qixio cut

1888

[q] qnq relative; xi-q joy and sorrow

1889

[gn] pole
[gn] (F) shaft

1890

[yn] rock, cliff; ynsh rock; shyn sandstone;


rngyn melted rock = lava

1891

[wi] hey, hello, (= wiyng) feed, raise

1892

[rng] throw, toss; rngqi throw a ball (compare with


jiqiu catch a ball)
[sh] shsh pass away, die; xiosh fade away, elapse

1895

(F)
(F)

1896

[shung] shunglng bright, clear, frank; lingshung


pleasantly cool

1897

[cu] <family name>; cuwi rocky mound, otwering;


cuwi lofty, towering

1893
1894

[mn] prolonged, graceful


[ch] (= chr) shame, humiliation; kch shameful;
wch shameless
[gu] (F) (= guzi) cabinet; guti counter;
zhnggu shopkeeper
[j] jli tree of the willow family,large tree good for making
furniture/etc.
[tn] spread out, unfold, take a share in, vendor's stall

[dn] dnshng be born; Shngdnji Christmas


[xun] hang, unresolved, worry; xuny cliff

1903

(F)

1904

[i] Chinese mugwort; irng moxa


[y] yuny resentment

1905

[i] <interjection indicating sentiment/sympathy/disappointment>


oh!
[i] yes?

1906

[lo] lolao <colloquial> maternal grandmother


[m] <archaic> old lady

1907

(F)

1898
1899
1900
1901
1902

[tng] royal court


[cu] gather together, happen by chance
[ch] idiotic; infatuation
[pn] basin, tub, pot; pnd basin (of land)
[y] imperial; (F) fngy defense; dy resist
[k] (= cnk) cruel, <slang> cool

[lng] (= lngzi) cage, coop


[lng] lngzho shroud, envelop

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1912

(F)

(F)

1913

[m] jngm solemn and quiet, <family name>;


Mhnmd Mohammed

1914

[shn] a fan, slap, <classifier for doors etc.>; y shn mn


[shn] to fan, slap, incite

1915

[y] <family name>; fragrant; elegant; (F) luxuriant; yuy


melancholy

1916

(F)

1917

[zhng] terrified, panic-stricken


[zhng] fzhng stare blankly

1918

[xn] rush pith


[xn] ynxn core

1919

[sh] (= losh) mouse, rat; shnin year of Rat = 1st


year

1908
1909
1910
1911

1921

(F)

1922

1920

[din] jolt, fall, summit; dindo turn upside down


[yn] marriage; hnyn marriage, realated by marriage
[xi] ( xidi) carry, take along; xishu hand in hand
[ku] ( cnku) ashamed
[fn] fragrance; fnfng fragrant; Fnln Finland

[zh] throw, cast

[ji] jizhng rectify; jichn get entangled


[jing] binjing border region; Xnjing
[yu] say
{Compare with r sun}

1926

(F)

1927

[png] hold, carry in both hands; pngzhe y g


xgu carrying a watermelon

1928

[gu] cross out, evoke, gang up with


[gu] gudang shady deal/business

1929

[m] herd, tend; mchng grazing land, pasture; mmn


herdsman, govern the people

1930

[r] Confucianism, scholar; Rji Confucianists; Rln


(Confucian) scholars

1931

[ki] kngki generous, vehement

1932

[jn] tendon, muscle, fiber; nojn brains, mind, head;


xingpjn rubber band

1933

[zh] pillar, post, cylinder

1923
1924
1925

[f] shfu master (term of respect)


[po] (= pozi) robe, gown
[chn] (= zuchn) lip; chngo lipstick
[s] revive, come to; Ys Jesus

[bi] low, inferior, modest, humble; bib base, despicable,


http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1934

vulgar; bili despicable


[yn] to swallow
[yn] pharynx
[y] wy sob, whimper

1935

1936

(F)

[dn] <loan> ton, slang one thousand yuan (RMB)

1937

(F)

[chng] worm, insect; pchng reptile; shchng


bookworm
[shng] (= shngzi, = shngsu) rope, cord

1940

(F)
(F)

[yun] injustice; yunwang do wrong, treat unjustly

1941

(F)

[zhng] rise, go up
[zhng] swell
[zhu] to wrinkle; zhuwn wrinkles

1945

(F)

(F)
(F)

1946

(F)

1947

(F)

1938
1939

1942
1943
1944

[ch] chfng kitchen

[p] plo exhausted, fatigued; pjun tired


[d] gamble, bet
[ro] rich, plentiful, have mercy, give extra
[kung] (= kungsh) ore; ( kungshn) mine;
kungw mineral
[chng] smooth, free; shchng happy, worry-free;
chngkui cheerfull, carefree; chngtng unimpeded,
unblocked

1949

1950

(F)

[pn] spurt, spray; d pnt sneeze


[pn] crop, in season, high season

(F)

[qin] piqin send, dispatch; xinqin sent in advance

1948

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

[mi] coal; miyu kerosene


[wn] (= shuwn) wrist; tuwnzi ankle

[ho] hodng vast, mighty; hod huge


[wng] old man, <family name>
[z] zxn consult, seek advice from
[bio] dartlike weapon; bobio bodyguard

[png] pngm screen


[bng] bngx hold breath
[bng] bngyng with fear and trepidation

1957

[zhng] second, middle (of 3 months or brothers); zhngchn


2nd month of spring, middle of spring; zhngxing 2nd eldest
brother

1958

[x] exclamation of surprise, Alas!, My! (= xx) sound of


giggling

1956

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1963

(F)
(F)

1964

[xi] leak, drain, divulge, release


[y] yt garrulous and disorderly, easygoing

1965

[zng] (= mizng) bury (the dead); zngl funeral

1966

[su] search; suj collect; such search; susu


look for

1967

[tin] add, increase

1968

[zn] obey; znshu comply with; znzho obey,


conform to

1969

[d] <archaic> enlighten, guide

1970

(F)

1959
1960
1961
1962

1975

(F)

1976

1971
1972
1973
1974

[fn] fnf tell, instruct


[min] cotton
[mng] eldest son, first month of season, <family name>
[chng] prop up, support, keep up, fill to bursting
[l] (= lzi) stove, oven, furnace

[wi] false, fake; xwi false, hypocritical; wib


counterfeit money
[zho] omen, million, mega
[qin] owe, lack, lean forward; hqin yawn
[ling] (= yunling) forgive
[yn] (= ynr) burning hot, (= fyn) inflammation
[fn] qfn atmosphere
[zhng] cane, caning, flogging, (= shuzhng) staff, walking
stick
[xi] become blind, pointlessly; xizi blind person

1980

(F)
(F)

1981

(F)

[bo] shell, peel


[b] bxu exploitation

1982

1983

(F)

1984

[y] labor, required service, (= zhny) battle; bngy


military service; ny enslave

1985

[po] soak, bubble; poci pickle; pom foam


[po] spongy

1977
1978
1979

[dio] (= dioy) to fish; diogu fishing hook


[chng] intestine
[p] drape over one's shoulders, open

[sh] (= fsh) swear; shyn oath


[zhun] gain, profit
[zun] cheat

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

1986

[n] go against, disobey, be contrary to; Hany n yn


cdin Reverse Chinese-English dictionary
[i] short (not tall), low; izi dwarf

1991

(F)

1992

(F)

[sh] dsh tall building, mansion


[Xi] Ximn Amoy

1993

[x] evening, sunset; xyng the setting sun

[shui] shuiru weak, feeble; shuilo decrepit;


shuitu fail, decline
[cu] dngcu rank, grade

1987
1988
1989
1990

1994

[dio] hang, lift up, let down with rope, crane, mourn, revoke
[tin] fill, stuff, fill in (form)
[ji] good, fine, praise
[zh] lzh candle

[y] fluid, (= yt) liquid

1996

1997

[p] fall forward; dinp fall (down), fall into disgrace


[p] (F) prn servant

1995

2000

(F)
(F)
(F)

2001

1998
1999

[Xu] <family name>

[mi] step, stride, old


[ch] (= ych) tooth
[jn] (= jnshn) cautious, sincerely
[chng] to present; chngxin appear; chngbo submit
a report

2007

(F)

2008

[ho] (= xioho, = hofi) consume; hozi mouse,


rat

2009

[dng] open (one's eyes) wide, stare, glare; dngyn stare,


stare down

2010

[ch] pich reject; bch refute, denounce, reject,


chz denounce

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

2011
2012

(F)

[ng] (= ngshu) hold one's head high, high, soaring


[cho] copy search and confiscate; choxi transcribe
[m] mmin fill the air; mb make up for, remedy
[k] (= kuk) thirsty; kwng thirst for, long for
[t] (= tzi) ladder, (= lut) stairs
[sh] sparse, scanty; shhu carelessness

[ku] brag; kud exaggerate


[d] stem of a fruid; ynd cigarette butt; ynd clitoris

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[jin] (= jindo) scissors

2021

(F)

2022

(F)

[sh] (=) brake, stop


[ch] chn instant, split second

2023

[jng] bright; shujng (rock) crystal; jngtgun


transistor; jngyng sparkling

2024

[zhng] inner feelings, middle; zhngxn wholehearted;


w dng y zhng indifferent, unconcerned

2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

[q] marry (a woman), take a wife, get married


[hn] hnj mark, trace, vestige; shnghn scar
[f] <archaic> not
[Yo] <family name>
[zhi] debt
[tu] appropriate, ready
[l] bli glass; lil coloured glaze
[to] pull out, fish out (from pocket, etc.), dig

2026

(F)

2027

[t] make rubbings from stone/bronze


[tu] open up, develop

2028

[zhu] tall, <family name>, (= zhuyu) outstanding

2029

(F)

2030

[tng] sugar, (= tnggu) candy; tngc sweet and sour

2031

(F)

[qn] by the emperor himself, respect, (= qnpi) admire;


qnchi imperial envoy

2032

(F)

[min] unbroken; sponge


[min] soft

2033

2025

[f] (= pfu) skin; fs color of skin


[l] deer

[zhng] disease; jinwngzhng amnesia


[zhng] zhngji crucial reason, obstruction of the bowels

[l] <used as for sound value>


[l] (= Yngl) Britittish mile

2037

(F)

2038

[fng] (= fng'i) hinder, impede, harm; bfng might as


well, no harm in...

2039

[y] short name for Henan; yuy hesitate

2034
2035
2036

[yu] guide, lead, lure


[k] withered, dried up, dull
[xi] have a rest; jinxi intermission
[s] model, mould; slio plastic; sxing statue

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2042

2043

(F)

2040
2041

2044

2045

(F)

2046

2047

(F)

[y] press down, restrain; yzh restrain, inhibition


[shn] shnh coral; shnhjio coral reef
[gn] () rod, stick; guign walking stick
[jn] enter, advance, promote, a dynasty (265-420), <family name>,
short name for Shanxi province
[ln] pour, drench; bngqiln ice cream
[ln] strain, filter
[ln] shlnln drenched
[yu] (= xyu) happy, joyful, delighted
[dn] dnhu honest, sincere; Dnhung (in Gansu)
[du] ancient vessel
[yn] beauteous, amorous, (= ynl) gorgeous, respendent;
xinyn bright (color)
[b] bli glass

2049

2050

[rng] shout, yell


[rng] rngrang shout

2051

[mng] (= mngm) blind, unable to distinguish;


mngdng act blindly

2052

[bin] distinguish, differentiate

2053

[g] kudzu vine, grass-cloth


[G] <family name>

2054

[hn] rarely, seldom


[han] xhan rare, cherish

2048

2055
2056
2057
2058

(F)

[z] strike, smash, break

[j] (carpenter's square); jzhn matrix


[yng] yuyng swim
[zhi] residence, house
[di] borrow, (= dikun) lend, loan

2059

[bng] upper arm, (= jinbng) shoulder; chbng wing;


[png] swell
[png] pnggung urinary bladder

2060

[ni] hold between the fingers, knead, fabricate

2061

(F)

[jng] (= jngxing) neck


[gng] bgngr nape
[jin] put into practice; trample

2063

(F)

[b] (= bzi) neck

2064

(F)

[g] merchant
[Ji] <family name>

2065

(F)

[jio] sedan chair; jioch car

2062

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2066

[p] spleen; pqi (bad-) temper

2067

[bo] (= boli), fort, fortress; chngbo castle


[b] (= bzi) walled town/village (used mostly in place names)
[p] walled town/village (used mostly in place names)

2078

(F)

(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)

2079

2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077

[jio] graceful, delicate; jionn tender and lovely


[Zh] Zhjingshng Zhejiang Province
[li] bad, inferior, minor
[xio] deep and clear water; xios natural & unrestrained
[c] give, grant, gift (from superior to inferior)
[tu] tulu top (spiraling toy); tuluy gyroscope
[x] store, save, grow; jx save; chx deposit
[fn] grave, tomb
[sng] praise, song, ode; gsng sing the praises of
[lu] (= lushu) leak out
[Hng] Hngzhu
[mo] straw, thatch; ( moco) grass for thatching;
bimo edible wild grass

[shn] wink; shnjin a moment, in the twinkling of an eye

2082

(F)

(F)

2083

[b] monarch; fb restore a dethored monarch or old order


[p] kip open up, start

2080
2081

2087

(F)

2088

2089

(F)

2090

2084
2085
2086

2091
2092

(F)
(F)

[zhun] brick

[h] crane (emblem of longevity)

[y] to fish; ymn fisherfolk; yy fishery


[gui] clever, (= guigui) obedient, well-behaved
[b] overlord, tyrant, dominate; bzhn sieze
[xing] (= xingzh) assist, help
[cho] stir fry, saute; chofn fried rice; chomin "chow
mein", fried noodles
[y] mute, dumb, hoarse
[y] <interjection indicating surprice, same as >, ah, oh
[p] riverside, river mouth (mostly used in place names), <family
name>
[bng] cake; bnggn cracker, cookie
[x] sacrificial animal; xshng sacrifice

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2093

(F)

[tn] (= hitn) beach, sands

2094

(F)

[dng] a nail, to follow closely


[dng] to nail

2095
2096
2097

(F)
(F)

2098

2099

(F)

2100

(F)

2101

[y] plead, (= hy) appeal


[x] xx panting, puffing hard
[y] <interjection "Whoa!">
[x] tin (Sn)
[zng] (= zngsng) give as a present
[hng] hubbub
[hng] fool, coax
[hng] horseplay
[lng] bell
[wn] stupid, stubborn, naughty; wnqing indomitable;
wng obstinate
[zh] propagate, (= fnzh) breed, reproduce, colonize;
zhmnd colony
[shi] gshi skeleton

2106

(F)

2107

2108

(F)

[gu] track, rail, course, path; gudo orbit

2109

(F)

[y] Oh!
[yo] <interjection indicating exhortation>
[yo] ouch

2110

2102
2103
2104
2105

[yng] hawk, eagle


[Ci] <family name>, sacrificial tortoise
[cu] urge, hurry, hasten
[f] frng cottonrose hibiscus, lotus
[bn] bnbn <archaic> refined, urbane
[pn] (= ) put/piece together, spell, risk life
[pn] abandon and ignore

[qin] apology; doqin apologize; boqin regret, be


sorry

2112

(F)

2113

[r] offend, ask for (trouble); r mfn excite or invite


trouble

[q] (= qyu) contract, legal agreement


[qi] qiku long separation, to be separated from one
another

2111

2114
2115
2116

(F)

[dng] stare at
[shu] very large; shushxuwi Master's degree

[y] make a fool of, dupe, (= ychn) foolish, stupid


[shui] commander in chief, graceful

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2117

[hung] afraid, fearful, (= hungkng) alarmed, anxious,


uneasy, (= yuhung, (= hunghu) apprehensive;
scared, alarmed

2120

(F)

2121

2122

(F)

2123

[m] path between fields, (= mshng) strange;


mshngrn stranger

2124

[zho] cover, hood, overalls, cage

2125

(F)

[li] (= dli) hunt, chase; liren hunter; ligu


hound
[sng] lofty (mountain); Sngshn mountain in Hnn

2137

(F)
(F)

(F)

2138

2118
2119

2126
2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
2133
2134
2135
2136

2139
2140
2141
2142
2143

(F)
(F)
(F)

[hn] (= yhn) regret, sorry


[ln] lazy, sluggish; shn lnyo stretch oneself
[y] aunt (mother's sister), sister-in-law (wife's sister)
[chun] (= chunq) pant, gasp for breath; qchun
asthma
[shu] beast, wild animal, (= yshu) beastly, crude,
uncivilized

[yn] salt
[j] starve, be hungry, famine; j' hunger, starvation
[q] cold, chilly, sad; qling desolate; qcn wretched
[hu] (= hulng) throat, larynx
[yn] (= ynhu) banquet
[qing] cavity, tune, pitch, accent, speech
[hn] writing brush, writing
[x] (= xgi) knee
[lng] hill, mound, tomb; Shsnlng the 13 Ming tombs
[fng] bee, wasp; mfng honeybee; fngfng beehive
[lu] patrol; luji <loan> logic
[p] chop, split
[p] divide, split
[lin] honest, clean, low-priced
[gu] bind, wrap; bogu bundle, package
[jio] severe, (= jio'o) arrogant, proud
[fn] fnzi dealer; fnmi deal in, traffic, peddle
[hu] paint, draw; huhu drawing, painting

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2144

[y] (= yb) precipice, cliff

2145

[chn] time, day, occasion, celestial bodies, 2-hr period;


xngchn star
[y] tiny edge of world; shngy career, profession

2150

2151

(F)

[mn] quite, very, fierce, (= ymn) barbaric; mnhng


unreasonable

2152

[zh] bizh <Chinese medicine> root of Dahurian Angelica

2153

[d] stop up, block, <classifier for walls>, <family name>; y


d qing a wall

2154

2155

[g] (= gyng) hire, employ; gzh employer;


gyun employee
[wn] draw, pull, roll up; wnji rescue; (F) pull
(cart/carriage); lament

2146
2147
2148
2149

[g] ancient Chinese weapon similar to dagger axe or halberd


[kng] hole, pit
[zh] cover, hide, block
[qn] capture, catch, seize

[min] ( shumin) sleep; dngmin hibernate

2158

2159

[b] at anchor, moor, berth


[p] hp lakes

2160

[s] rip, tear; shu tear apart


[x] tx arouse attention, help and guide

2161

[hng] (= cihng) rainbow


[jing] <colloquial> rainbow

2156
2157

2162
2163
2164
2165
2166
2167
2168

2169

(F)

[wn] kiss, animal's mouth, muzzle, lips


[xio] filial, filial piety, mourning

[x] chat, (= xsh, = xsh) narrate, relate


[cu] (= chncu) pure, unadulterated
[min] make an effort; minqing force; with difficulty
[ji] (= jil) do one's utmost, (= jijn) use up, exhaust
[wi] crooked, askew, inclined, devious
[shn] cautious, careful
[k] <classifier for trees, cabbages, etc.>; y k sh a tree
[p] (F) (= ps) simple
[Pio] <family name>
[p] psh Chinese hackberry
[p] pdo a type of long knife

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[xi] machinery, (= jxi) mechanical; qxi apparatus

2174

2175

[gu] few, scant, tasteless; gufu widow;


chnmguyn habitually silent

2170
2171
2172
2173

2176
2177
2178

(F)

[x] (= xli) brook, small stream


[l] mli jasmine; mli huch jasmine tea
[bn] spot, speck, stripe; bnm zebra
[k] knock against; ktu kowtow; kpng collide with

[xn] follow, abide by; xnhun circulate, cycle


[zhn] chop
[l] take by force, (= ldu) pillage, plunder; ( lgu)
sweep past
[l] sweep/brush past, snatch away

2181

(F)

2182

[ju] rank of nobility, peerage; jush knight; jush


ynyu jazz
[hu] emblem, badge, insignia; nhu shng Anhui Province

2184

2185

[f] bow (one's head), bend down; fchng dive; fkn


look down at, overlook

2186

(F)

2187

[dng] ancient cooking vessel, tripod

[f] stroke, touch lightly, whisk, flick, go against (somebody's


wishes); fxio before daybreak
[b] (=) assist

2179
2180

2183

2188
2189
2190
2191
2192
2193
2194
2195

(F)

[L] <family name>


[x] (= xr) former times, the past; wngx in the past
[jio] (= jioq, = jiaowi) suburbs, outskirts

[c] magnetism; cti magnet; cdi (magnetic) tape

[tn] talk, <family name>; tinfngytn the story of


Arabian Nights

[n] I, we; nmen we (refers to speakers only)


[so] (= dso) elder brother's wife, sister-in-law
[p] kerchies, (= shup) handkerchief
[g] What?, Huh?
[g] How come?, Why?
[?g] O.K., Agreed!
[dng] freeze
[wn] gentle, (= wnzhun) tactful, agreeable
[tng] parasol tree; tngyu tung oil

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2196

(F)

[lu] (= lutuo) camel

2197

(F)

[p] splash, spoll, sprinkle; rude and unreasonable; hupo


lively

2198

2202

(F)

2203

(F)

2199
2200
2201

[jing] artisan
[jiang] mjiang carpenter; tijing blacksmith
[tng] light boat
[qin] qinx, qinxn modest
[j] (= chngj) prostitute, <traditional> female performer
[p] ps bodhisattva, benevolent being
[c] (= csu) toilet
[si] (= mosi) latrine

2205

2206

(F)

[lng] mountain, (= shnlng) mountain range, ridge;


jnlng high mountains
[y] fork, bifurcation; ytou girl, maid, servant, salve girl

2208

2209

[Xing] short name for Hnn; Xing Jing a river in


Hunan

2210

[tng] bucket

2211

[sng] (= sngzi) throat, (= sngyn) voice, (=


sngmnr) larynx, voice

2204

2207

2214

(F)

2215

2212
2213

2216
2217

(F)

2218

2219

(F)

2220

2221
2222

(F)

[f] capture, (= fl) prisoner, captive


[y] resolute; yl willpower; jiny determined

[wi] fear, respect; wij dread; wisu flinch

[hung] bright, brilliant; Dnhung Shk Gansu Caves


[bo] <family name>, (= boy) abalone
[l] grain, granule; lz <terminology in physics> particle
[xing] lane, alley
[hng] hngdo tunnel (in a mine)
[lin] flag as shop sign; (F) curtain
[t] bald, bare, blunt, incomplete
[l] (F) (= lyu) 12th lunar month, cured (fish/meat/etc.);
lchng sausage; Xl Greece
[x] dried meat
[cng] warehouse
[gui] (= guiwn) turn, change direction, limp, swindle,
abduct; guign walking stick
[bng] bind, tie; bngji kidnap
[sh] (= shzi) what? (= shnme)

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2240

(F)

(F)

(F)

(F)

(F)

(F)

2241

[su] <classifier for boats, vessels, etc.>; ling su


yuchun two oil tankers

2242

[zh] <traditional> iris; zhma sesame

2243

(F)

[hu] clamor, hubbub, (= xunhu) noise, clamor


[hu] <the sound of clanging, gurgling, etc.>

2244

(F)

[m] sixth of an acre (0.0667 hectares)

2245

[qun] ticket, certificate; rchngqun admission ticket


[xun] gngxun span of an arch

2246

[tng] <classifier for trips, times, rows, etc.>


[tng] (= tng) ford, wade

2247

[jn] piece of cloth; mojn towel; cnjn napkin;


wijn scarf

2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
2229
2230
2231
2232
2233
2234
2235
2236
2237
2238
2239

2248
2249
2250

(F)

[jin] recommend, <archaic> grass, straw


[n] <family name>, (= dunn) clue
[s] musical instrument with 25 strings
[lng] hall
[y] (= yzi) duck; Tng loy Donald Duck
[m] (= fngm) honey; mfng honeybee
[zhn] zhndun diagnose; zhnsu clinic
[png] shed, shack, canopy; wpeng shack
[xin] lift (a cover, etc.), surge
[tng] tube; dintng flashlight
[x] (= xf) daughter-in-law; tngyngx child bride
[wn] lines, veins, (wood) grain
[mio] second (1/60 of a minute)
[zhn] moisten, soak, touch
[png] (= pngd) colossal, huge
[dn] squat on the heels, stay
[so] (= sodng, = solun) disturb, harass
[q] (of roads:) fork, branch, divergent; qsh discriminate

[yn] excessive, over, wanton, lewd, licentious


[hung] lie, prevaricate
[m] quiet; jm lonely

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[gun] pour; gungi irrigate; gunm bush

2253

(F)

2254

(F)

[g] put
[g] endure

(F)

[zh] brother's son, nephew; zhn brother's daughter, neice

2251
2252

2255
2256

[ln] basket; lnqi basketball


[wng] absurd, rash; wngxingkung paranoia

[xing] wing of a house, side, railway carriage

2257

[ch] (= chzi) fork, intersection, (= jioch) intersect


[ch] obstruct, jam up
[ch] the distance between thumb and middle minger on an
outstretched hand
[ch] fork, diverge; chl crossroad

2258

[Y] <family name>, small boat


[sh] (=)

2276

(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)

2277

2259
2260
2261
2262
2263
2264
2265
2266
2267
2268
2269
2270
2271
2272
2273
2274
2275

[f] fell, cut down, attack


[zi] slaughter, butcher, govern; zig invade and oppress
[mn] hide the truth from
[zhu] yzhu cosmos
[zhng] swollen; zhngli tumor; red and swollen
[q] lacquer, paint; yuq paint; qhi pitch-black
[b] fear, frightening; kngb terror
[w] (= y) <archaic> I, me
[hu] roar, howl
[qio] Huqio overseas Chinese; compatriots abroad
[di] pile up, repeat; ( zhdi) fold
[xio] hxio whistle, scream, whizz
[gun] ( guntou) can; jar
[s] (=s) four, (= sy) wantonly, <archaic> shop
[qn] ( qnzi) skirt
[q] (= kq) cry, weep, (= chuq) sob
[zhng] (= pngzhng) swell, expand
[f] () bestow on; compose; taxes
[o] boil, stew; endure
[o] boil, cook in water

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2278

[chn] take advantage of; while; chn jhu take advantage


of an opportunity

2279

[hi] hey
[k] ksou cough

2287

(F)

(F)

(F)

2288

[j] (= jli) arrest, detain; jsh restrict; jji


overcautious

2289

[dng] sting, bite; say/ask again, verify

2290

[wa] <sentence final particle like a>


[w] wah! (sound of crying)

2291

[qng] ( qnglng) fine, sunny; qngtinpl a bolt from


the blue

2292

(F)

[m] ( my) riddle


[mi] riddle
[Hui] a river in and

2302

(F)

(F)
(F)
(F)

2303

2304

(F)

2305

2280
2281
2282
2283
2284
2285
2286

2293
2294
2295
2296
2297
2298
2299
2300
2301

[y] ykui delighted


[kn] chngkn, knqi sincere; plead
[g] gf let down, disappoint
[j] jru muscle
[yng] (= yng'r) baby, infant
[y] (= ymo) feather; ymoqi badminton
[gng] <archaic> personally; bend at the waist
[b] execute (kill); qingb execute by shooting

[wng] prosperous, flourishing; vigorous, exuberant


[y] leisure, escape; ny comfortable, leisurely
[qing] beautiful jade; agar
[jing] ginger
[w] (sound of whistling, zooming); wy sob, whimper
[cun] flee, scurry; exile; change wording
[bn] proclaim, (= bnf) promulgate, issue
[xn] firewood, fuel, (= xnshui) salary
[zhi] stockade, camp
[nio]
[su] urine, urinate
[ji] jaw; cheek
[di] dib arrest

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[di] catch; mo di losh a cat catching a mouse

[b] fortune telling


[bo] hlubo carrot
[zho] clear, obvious; zhoxu rehabilitate

2308

2309

[gu] scrape; gu hzi shave; (F) (wind) blow


[k] kchi colloquial scrape, sponge on

2306
2307

2311

(F)

2312

2310

[jn] soak

[wn] wnr just like; wnrn as if; [yun]


[zh] (= zhfu) advise, enjoin, urge, exhort
[nng] bag; ggunngnng bulging
[nng] nngchui pork near the pig's nipples

2314

(F)

2315

[chng] chngy propose


[chng] chngyu entertainer
[y] (= my) take a bath; ysh bath/shower room

2319

2320

[png] bitter fleabane, (= pngsng) fluffy, <classifier for


clumps of bamboo, grass, etc.>; pngb vigorous

2313

2316
2317
2318

2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
2331
2332

(F)
(F)

[y] reside, live; ysu residence; fable, allegory


[b] contradict; bch denounce; fnb refute

[g] coo, cluck (bird sounds)


[nu] ( nudong) move; remove
[b] bdu fight, wrestle; mib pulse

[shng] part of the day; noon


[q] canal, ditch, channel; irrigation ditch
[du] pocket, bag
[nn] nnnn mutter
[y] <archaic> smooth; wipe out, raze
[H] name for Shanghai
[jin] inexpensive, cheap, lowly, humble, worthless
[p] qp boldness
[b]
[tu]
[du] rudder; helm; steersman, helmsman
[x] qngx clear, distinct
[jing] stiff; numb; deadlocked; stiff, rigid
[go] pudding, (= dngo) cake

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2338

(F)

2339

2333
2334
2335
2336
2337

2347

(F)
(F)

2348

2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346

2351

(F)

(F)

2352

2349
2350

2353
2354
2355
2356
2357
2358
2359
2360
2361

(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)

(F)

[y] <archaic> descendents, posterity; borderland


[zh] zhx order, sequence
[y] ( yko) lean on; rest against; rely on
[t] collapse; sink; calm down
[hung] suddenly, as if
[gu] ( guzi) hook
[cho] choxio ridicule, laugh at; chofng sneer at,
taunt, mock; chonng mock, deride
[bng] be close to; bngwn toward evening, at nightfall
[y] abundant, affluent; fy rich, wealthy, opulent
[zh] boil, cook
[r] milk, breast; br breast-feed; rlo cheese
[w] do not!
[sh] vertical, perpendicular; vertical stroke ""
[chng] chastise, punish, correct, repress; restrain oneself
[d] look at, observe; md see with one's own eyes
[zh] tree-trunk; shuzhdit guarding a tree-trunk to
wait for a rabbit
[xi] embroider; embroidered portrait
[yo] ( yom) demon; yoro charming, enchanting
[y] amazed
[k] (used in transliterations) kfi coffee
[g] gl curry
[gng] fishing net rope; guiding principle; program
[ti] foetus, birth, (= lnti) tire (of a wheel)
[bn] seashore; bnln to be close to (a body of water)
[gng] to plough, till
[ch] sneer
[cng] (ship) cabin
[y] yl amuse, amusement, recreation
[fi] (= tfi) bandit, brigand, robber; fit gangster
[y] wy crow; ypin opium

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2362
2363
2364
2365
2366
2367

2368

(F)

(F)
(F)

[wi] stomach; wiku appetite


[zo] rash, impetuous
[sh] (= shzi) lion
[png] bang (sound)
[n] nr girl
[ln] cold; strict; afraid; shiver, tremble with cold or fear
[gu] () tortoise; turtle
[jn] jnl fissure (of parched earth)
[Qi] Qic Kucha, a historic town at the northern rim of the
Taklamakan Desert
[lu] lut nude; stark-naked; exposed

2373

(F)

2374

(F)

[xin] fiber
[qin] rope for towing boat

2369
2370
2371
2372

2376

(F)
(F)

2377

2375

2381

(F)
(F)

2382

(F)

2378
2379
2380

[yn] handsome, beautiful; bright red


[f] <archaic> only, curtesy name
[yo] kiln; () cave dwelling
[tng] dike, (= chtng, = shutng) pool

[chng] love, bestow favor on


[lin] ( linzi) chain; zipper; hinge
[gng] arch, cup one hand in other before chest, push with no
hands
[yn] ancient title for government official; (surname)
[ju] dig, excavate
[b] dam; dyke, embankment
[xi] (= xizhi, = xi'i) narrow
[mng] engrave, carve; mngk inscription, engrave on one's
mind
[chn] chnp honest, simple, unsophisticated

2386

2387

[shui] swing back and forth, toss, get rid of, leave behind
{Compare with yng use}

[bng] posted list of names, announcement, notice; example,


model

2383
2384
2385

2388

[m] wash one's hair; my bathe


[xn] pervasive fragrance
[Pn] <family name>

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[bng] (=) oar, whip, rod

2402

(F)

(F)

(F)

2403

2389
2390
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2397
2398
2399
2400
2401

[yun] shnyun abyss


[xin] xinm envy, admire
[w] wr insult, humiliate
[qng] minister or high official in ancient times
[w] () towering; bald
[xun] make noise; xunh shout loudly
[l] shoes
[hu] (= huzi) monkey
[wng] crooked; pervert; yunwang do wrong, treat unjustly
[chn] line, to place underneath, lining; chnshn shirt
[pn] border of a field; shore, side, bank
[dng] stool, bench;
[min] remote, long ago; Mindin Burma
[xin] string of musical instrument
[x] (= xm) raise (domestiv animals)
[ch] chsheng beast

2405

2406

(F)

[lu] hug; drag, pull


[lu] hold in the arms
[q] qgi beggar; qto beg

2414

(F)
(F)
(F)

2415

2416

(F)

2417

2404

2407
2408
2410
2411
2412
2413

[x] smashed rice


[y] overflow; yngy be permeated with

[xn] a period of ten days; shngxn first ten days of a month


[f] tie up, bind
[cn] cnln splendid, magnificent
[y] chariot; area; yln public opinion
[yn] dyn wild goose
[jun] (= pjun) tired, weary
[chu] reward, payment; chuxi thank with a gift;
bochou reward
[yn] tone, charm, appeal, (= yyn) rhyme; ynwn
verse
[mi] wmi lovely; radiant and enchanting

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2423

(F)

2425

[su] satisy, fulfil, succeed; suxn fulfill one's desire


[su] bnshnbsu parlysis in half the body

2428

[chng] transparent, clear


[dng] settle
[dng] hungdngdng glistening yellow, golden

2418
2419
2420

[d] dyke; ( d'n) embankment


[pn] climb; pull down; pndng clamber up
[qi] qitng eavesdrop; doqi steal
[nn] tender, delicate, light, inexperienced

2432

(F)
(F)

2433

[shi] yoshi key


[ch] spoon

2434

[m] (= mr) foam, froth; pom foam, froth; tumo


saliva

2429
2430
2431

[zhn] scout, reconnoitre; detective


[Shn] Shnxshng Shaanxi Province
[lu] chulu ugly
[bn] stupid; clumsy; cumbersome; heavy, cumbersome

2436

(F)

[ci] step

2437

(F)

[jing] sauce, paste, jam; jingyu soy sauce;


hushngjing peanut butter

2435

2438
2439
2441

(F)

[sng] towering, lofty; alarm, shock; gosng stand tall

[h] kettle, pot, bottle


[fi] kfi coffee
[l] roll; busy; mediocre
[li]
[l]

2444

(F)

[b] I, me, my, vulgar; bsh despise, disdain

2445

(F)

[k] shell, case


[qio] shell, hard surface
[zhn] (, ) loyal; virgin; ancient fortune-telling
[mi] mold, mildew; domi have bad luck

2451

(F)

2452

(F)

[l] lwi reed; hlu gourd


[l]

[g] gbo arm; gbei arm


[g] tickle

2443

2447
2449

2453

[yng] itch

[chn] ( ychn) stupid

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[g]
[y] <grammatical particle similar to "">

2456

2457

[j] jliangg backbone


[j] wj ridge of roof

2459

[qi] qijn imprison; qifn prisoner

2460

(F)

2455

2462
2463
2464

(F)

[yn] huyn flame

[f] assist, complement; fdo coach, tutor; fzh assist,


auxiliary; fyn consonant
[zhng] account, credit, debt
[zu] assist
[lio] (= gunlio) official, (= tnglio) colleague

2465

[qu] sparrow
[qio] qiozi freckle
[qio] qiomangyn night blindness

2467

[zhun] write, compose

2468

[shu] play (role/tricks/etc.), play with, gamle, make fun of, <family
name>
[zhn] () pillow

2483

(F)

(F)

(F)

2486

(F)

[ku] (dam) burst; break through; collapse; ulcer


[hu]

(F)

[l] nl slave; lsh official script

2469
2470
2472
2473
2475
2477
2480
2481
2482

2487
2488
2489
2490
2491

[jin] pick up, gather, collect


[hn] () culvert; hnyng self-control; conserve
[du] stop, pause, tease, play with
[fn] excrement, manure
[mng] mnglng dim moonlight, obscure
[gn] liver
[zhng] evaporate, (= zhngq) steam
[ln] (= fnln) overflow, flood; lnyng abuse
[kui] () chopsticks

[ko] bake, roast, toast


[gng] jar, vat
[gng] bow; bend; gngjin bow and arrow
[tn] deep pool, pond

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2492

(F)

2494

[i] (interjection:) hey; iy; iy


[i]

2495

[jn] ynjn stern; jnlng high mountains

2497

[zho] claw, talon


[zhu] claw, paw, talon
[qi] ( dnqi) timid; cowardly; xiqi shy

2499

2500

[mng] awn, beard, arista, spike, sharp point


[wng] miwng awn of wheat
[zh] zht limbs; the Four Limbs; forelimb

2504

2505

[j] lj refuse, garbage


[s] ls refuse, garbage
[y] by analogy; yny metaphor

2510

2511

(F)

[jio] hand in, pay


[zhu] silk string attached to an arrow for shooting birds
[do] skip; step; wdo dance

2521

(F)

(F)

2523

2524

(F)

2498

2501
2503

2506

2512
2513
2515
2516
2518
2519
2520

2525
2526
2527

(F)

[kung] vast; to waste time; wilderness

[mo] profuse, (= moshng) luxuriant; mom dense

[do] growing rice, paddy


[t] ( tzi) rabbit

[kung] frame; case; circle

[sho] whistle; chirp; sentry post


[yng] xnyng new and original, novel
[j] chrysanthemum
[k] (sound of coughing or vomiting)
[zhung] adorn oneself; bride's trousseau
[yn] flood; drown
[c] porcelain, china; toc ceramics
[din] shallow water; (F) form sediment; settle; precipitate;
dinfn starch
[l] wax, polish, yellowish, (= lzh) candle
[ju] jju chew
[jio] chew
[jio]
[j] dose
[gung] stroll, ramble, roam

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2544

(F)

(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)

2545

2546

(F)

2529
2530
2531
2534
2536
2539
2540
2543

2550

(F)

2551

2547

2552
2553
2555
2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2563
2564
2565
2567
2568
2569
2570

(F)

(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)

[zhu] gallop; bzhu procedure; zhurn suddenly


[sh] hot weather; (shji) summer vacation
[jn] front of garment, bros. in law; yjn front of Chinese jacket
[l] hut, cottage
[png] pnggu apple
[shi] roast in sun
[do] , , mourn, grieve
[mi] no sun; dark; obscure; hidden; to feign
[lng] approach; hold together; comb (hair)
[hn] letter; hnjin correspondence; fnsh (math)
function
[lng] mnglng dim moonlight; obscure
[lng]
[jio] glue, gum, rubber, stick, sticky
[sh] express, convey;
[png] png on. crack (of rifle/etc.); pngpng pingpong
{Compare with bng soldier}
[fng] satirize, mock
[di] bad, evil, vicious
[hn] dry land; drought
[p] ptao grape; ptaoji grape wine
[wi] only, alone, think, ponder, wiy only, sole
[jin] choose, select, pick out
[gng] gnggng brilliant; dedicated; gngzh upright
[nin] twenty (same as rsh)
[zhung] stake, pile; ():
[y] 2nd in sequence
[yo] ballad; yoyn rumor, hearsay
[zhu] fall; weigh down; zhuzi weight; ear pendant; ballad
[zh] stagnant, sluggish
[yn] pregnant; conceive; contraception
[sng] recite from memory

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2583

(F)

(F)
(F)
(F)

2584

[din] (ancient) suburb; pasture


[din] chndindin heavy
[p] pji beer

2589

2590

[lng] distracted, stupified


[lng]

2571
2572
2573
2575
2576
2577
2578
2581

2586
2587
2588

2591
2592
2593
2594
2596
2597
2598
2599
2600
2601
2602
2603
2607
2609

(F)
(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)

(F)

[sh] () comb; to comb


[gng] ridge of a hill
[fi] (= fizng) lung
[wn] pill, pellet, ball
[shung] (= shungdng) frost
[zh] (= zhy) juice; guzh fruit juice
[sh] yarn; minsh cotton yarn
[xin] hold in mouth; hold inside; rank; military rank
[n] greasy, oily; smooth; ( nfan) disgusted, fed up

[kn] bank, ridge


[ji] to plant, (= zhungjia) crops
[h] grain; hmio seedlings

[zh] (= yuzh) oil, grease; zhfng fat, grease


[to] ptao grape
[lo] dredge for, fish for, scoop up out of water
[jio] disturb, annoy, (=) stir, mix, agitate,
[xi] fragments, bits and pieces; minute; trivial
[sn] () umbrella; , parachute
[di] hdi butterfly; diyng chrysalis
[zh] () casting, founding
[q] body, stature; body
[zh] young, immature, childish; zhq childishness
[xng] flesh; fishy; xngchu rancid, stinking
[tng] cane, rattan; vine
[du] steep; suddenly; duqio precipitous
[tng] hot (burning hot to the touch, cf. r)

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[l] pear; pineapple

2612

[]
[] Oh!
[] softly chant

2614

(F)

2616

[p] pjng secluded; pinp out-of-the way

2617

[fng] lane
[fng] workshop, mill

2611

[jing] syrup, starch


[jing] (= jing) thick (of porridge etc.)

[yn] absent-minded

2628

(F)
(F)

2629

(F)

[z] <archaic> this; now; year


[c]
[do] pound, beat; harass; dolun make a disturbance

2634

(F)
(F)

2636

2619
2620
2621
2622
2624
2627

2631

[x] gap; crack; rift; loophole


[to] wash, clean; toq naughty; toti eliminate
[ku] collapse, break down
[to] toto torrential; talk on and on
[ning] brew, ferment, wine, (= ningchng) result in, breed
[] goose; q' penguin

[dng] ridgepole
[gu]
[gui] migui rose

2645

(F)
(F)

(F)

2648

[sh] evil spirit; shbi deathly pale


[sh] stop, (= sh, = sh) kill
[m] membrane, film; jiom cornea (of eye)

2650

2654

[zhn] to glue, to paste


[nin] (= nin) sticky

2657

[cu] break, (= cuhu, = cucn) destroy

2637
2638
2640
2642
2643

2649

[chng] spacious; open


[i] (= izhng) cancer
[ln] cable; cable car
[shu] shining; glimmer, twinkle
[mi] migui rose; yellow rose
[zh] cheat, swindle; pretend, feign

[fn] ( fnsho) burn, set on fire

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2658

[y] miny immunity; wny pestilence

2659

[zhung] () (for buildings)


[chung] pennant; Buddhist pillar

2664

2667

(F)

[fng] spin yarn; fngzh spin and weave; fngch


spinning wheel
[xi] fxi decayed, rotten

2671

(F)

2673

(F)

[du] exchange, convert, add (water etc.); duhun convert,


exchange

2660
2662

2668

[r] you, thou


[tn] ( tnzi) blanket; ( dtn) carpet, rug
[cu] setback, (= cuzh) frustrate, defeat

[chu] hammer

2688

(F)
(F)

(F)

(F)

2689

[mng] limng hoodlum


[mng] common people
[mi] qngmi scornful

2694

2696

[j] lngj <archaic> in disorder


[ji] (= ji) borrow, lend

2675
2683
2684
2686
2687

2690

2700

2701

2698

2709

2711

2702
2703
2704
2706

[bin] braid
[du] fall, sink; dulu degenerate, sink low
[d] bamboo flute, whistle
[m] seek; look for; demand
[b] cover, shelter, hide; ynb conceal oneself; covert
[xi] in harmony

[fi] fitng boiling; boiling point

[xi] unload, discharge; remove; shirk


[x] extinguish, put out, go out; xmi go out, die out
[bin] flat; inscription; bindan carrying pole
[pin]
[tn] charcoal
[kng] high-spirited; kngki fervent; liberal, generous
[png] sail; zhngpng tent
[zh] wink, blink
[p] pr for instance, for example
[do] dodao chatter
[to] togung much obliged

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2719

(F)

(F)

2724

[png] bang; pngpng pingpong


{Compare with bng soldier}

2725

[go] ygo toothpaste; ointment


[go] lubricate

2726

[tng] () chest; chamber

2732

[zu] zumo ponder


[zhu] zhum polish

2712
2713
2714
2716

2767

(F)
(F)

2769

(F)

2733
2738
2740
2742
2743
2746
2747
2754
2755
2760
2761
2762
2763
2765
2766

2772
2773

[sh] shci vegetable


[chu] ( schu) silk
[x] son-in-law
[lio] few, empty, vacant, lonely
[jio] irrigate, water; pour liquid on;

[p] (sound:) bang


[sh] <archaic> kind and gentle
[b] (=) <used for sound value>
[b] bbng malady, evil; drawback; pros and cons
[zo] stove; kitchen
[c] vinegar; be jealous (in love affair)
[bn] (variant of bn)
[din] establish; give offerings to the dead
[tn] () village; collect
[png] expand, inflate; pngzhng expand, swell
[ln] sink; lnxin fall (to enemy); be reduced to
[l] thread; strand; lnl shabby, ragged
[rng] (= trng) soil
[y] smelt (metal)
[xi] leisure; kngxi spare time; bxi be too busy
[ru] rub, knead
[lu] vine; lubo radish; hlubo carrot; blu
pineapple
[xing] circle in the air
[zh] zhzh spider

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2776

2780

(F)

[yn] shady
[yn] (=)
[j] jxio mock; jfng ridicule

2787

(F)
(F)
(F)

2790

2783
2786

[l] ( lzi) chestnut; (F) tremble

[cng] green, (=) onion, scallion


[gng] gngg consolidate
[zhu] porridge, gruel, congee
[y] (=) sell, vend

[q] qjn hitherto, up to now, so far

2794

(F)

(F)

2796

[jn] fungus, bacterium; , germ


[jn] mushroom

2791
2793

2810

(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)

2813

2800
2801
2802
2803
2805
2806
2809

[zhi] vegetarian religious diet, give alms, room or building

[zh] qzh banner, flag, stand, position

[qin] lead (Pb); qinb pencil


[hu] ( hul) bribe; give a bribe
[rng] down; velvet; floss
[l] companion, associate
[dun] forge; dunlin exercise
[qin] qinz condemn
[xing] xingyng turbulent
[f] apply (powder, ointment, etc.); spread; to elaborate
[xio] night; tngxio throughout the night; Yunxioji
Lantern Festival

2828

(F)
(F)

2833

[kng] carry on the shoulder


[gng] lift with both hands

2835

[shn] China fir


[sh] shgo fir scaffold-pole

2815
2824
2825
2827

2842
2846

(F)

[hu] hide; avoid; name of deceased person


[lu] gong
[hn] shake, shock, vibrate
[hng] successful, go smoothly, <electrical terminology> henry
[tng] drip (water or blood), shed (tears), trickle (sweat)

[zo] dry; gnzo dry, dull; kzo boring


[yn] to divide evenly; to spare; even

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

[mio] tiny, negligible; miomng distant and indistinct

2853

2854

[pu] cut/slit open, (= jipu) dissect; pumin cross


section, sectional view; pux analyse, dissect

2858

[j] <archaic> honorable woman, concubine, <family name>

2861

(F)

[chu] chuho nickname


[cho] grab; take up
[su] dusuo tremble, shiver

2865

(F)

2867

(F)

[zhu] axle; axis; spool


[zhu]

(F)

(F)

[li] build by piling up stones etc.; softball

2848
2849
2851

2864

2868
2869
2870
2871

[di] small plate or dish; saucer; frisbee, UFO


[qin] xingqin inlay, set, mount
[w] irrigate; ( fiw) fertile; wy fertile land

[jio] twist; strangle; death by hanging

[zo] zoshng noise


[yn] yncng contain, hold in store
[Sho] <family name>

2874

[z] <local> (= znme) how


[z] <archaic> bite
[zh] how?, what?, why?; zhhu bluster, show off
[zh] bite; zhsh cluck with the tongue (in surrprice/etc.), to
be left speechless
{Compare with zu yesterday}

2880

[png] level ground; copng lawn

2886

(F)

[yng] hire, (= yngrn) servant; gyng hire


[yng] (= yngjn) commission
[lun] () egg, ovum; luncho ovary

2895

(F)

2899

[w] seal, cover, muffle


[w]

2900

[jin] to fry

2903

[chu] see, look at


[qiu]

2904

(F)

2888
2890
2893

2907

[zhu] daytime
[bi] check, restrain, suppress; suffocate, feel depressed
[ku] (used in transliterations) kunng quinine

[sh] lose; erode, corrode


[rng] fuse, smelt, ( rnghu) melt; rngyn lava

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]

The most common Chinese characters

2908
2911
2914
2923
2925
2928
2929
2932
2935

(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)
(F)

2970

(F)
(F)
(F)

2972

(F)

2936
2937
2960
2967
2968

[xi] shrimp; lngxi lobster; xichofn shrimp fried


rice
[h] (=); hma frog, toad
[mi] hungmi absurd; miln fallacy
[shn] shnsh gentleman, gentry
[xing] inlay; edge
[lng] ( rlng) deaf
[m] raise, recruit
[lng] ridge or raised path in field; monopolize
[yn] man of virtue and ability
[qio] hold up; qio wiba "to hold up the tail" = to be/get
cocky, to be snobbish and self-important
[qio] raise one's head; become warped
[p] lie prone; lean over
[xng] apricot; almond
[zhng] obvious, apparant; showy; biozhng commend, cite
[chn] chnmng clarify; chnsh expound
[sng] ssng lawsuit
[sh] shni pivot, axis
[zhn] <archaic> towering; zhnxn brand-new, completely
new

2974

(F)

2978

(F)

2982

[xing] (= xingsh) oak, rubber tree; xingjio rubber;


xingp eraser, rubber
[rng] (= rnghu) dissolve; (chemical) solution

2994

2997

[b] hold on to; dig up; rake; strip


[p] rake up; stew, braise

3000

[chn] <archaic> treasure

2973

2983

[p] cattail, <family name>


[xi] come down in torrents; laxative
[jin] economical, (= jinp) frugal; qnjin industrious
and thrifty

[p] pb waterfall

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html[07-07-2015 11:41:42]