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AGMA STANDARD System Design for Fine-Pitch Wormgearing [Peblohed ly: AMERICAN GEAR MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION bi North Fort Myer Drive © Arlington, Virginia 22209 a Realizing the needs manifested by 4 Manufacturers Association in 1945 set mathematics and yet must enable the d @) Finally, it must be immediately @) Geometric similarity, provided satisfactory design with a minimum a rin, having an included angle of 40 deg, these standard tools. hobs for its worm gear. In developing ‘World War I created an unprecedented demand for Many difficulties beset manufécturers of equipment employing this standard that could be used by both designer and shop man. () It must be simple, understandable, scoth proportions, pressure angle, a series of lead angles and a series of pitches, alls (2) Simplification, obtained by standardizing In June’ 1949 this standard was designated AGMA Standa Bas approved as an American Standard on March 22, 1950. The 1955 revisions consist of the eliminati } the addition of an appendix explaining the meaning of profile devia ihe 1973 revisions consist of editorial changes and updating which brings the standard into agreement with current Tables or other self-supporting sections may be quoted or extracted in thelr entirety. Credit lines should read: AGIA Standard Design for Fine-Pitch Wormgearing (AGHA 374.04), with the permission of the publisher The 'merican Gear Manufacturers Association, 1901 North Fort Myer Drive, Arlington, Virginia 22201,” Cony AMERICAN CEAR HAS FOREWORD Pine pitch wormgearing of an extremely high order of accuracy. seating. Among these was lack of an adequate experiences of World War II, the FinePitch Gearing Committee of the American Gear Up the following objectives for a standard: and usable by the average designer and shop man. It must not contain involved lesigner ot shop man to arrive at the same answer as a specialist. ©) For tooling economy it must minimize different worm and wormgear combinations. At the same tine it must include all gearing being produced now ot in the forseeable future. (©) It must combine the best features of exist ing wormngearing standards with special requirements of the fine-pitch field, Applicable without upsetting existing conventions. ‘These requirements have been met by establishing the following fundamentals: by a standard range of pitches and lead angles. This enables the designer to select a mount of work and greatly reduces the number of tools required. By standardizing standard fine-pitch wormgears can be pirdveed with 615 diferent hobs. Over 14,000 hobs would be required to cover etd angles fom zero to 30 dep by sepe of ig On a symmetrical double-conical cutter or grinding wheel, with straight sides {or producing the worm. Tables show profile and pressure angle changes produced by Fo) Stand blank design, for wormgeas to reduce vinnecessry variations. The values given in Table 4 are useful in .. s2ecifying tolerances on worm thread profiles. They also aid in selecting the method for producing a worm and in specifying this table formulas evolved by Ernest Widhaber and Allan H. Candee were adapted to of the throated worm blank, improvement of tables, editorial changes and “Extracted ht, 1973, by (UFACTURERS ASSOCIATION ted in USA. aon rd System 374.01, “Design for Fine-Pitch Wormgeating,” and 6 i Personnel of, Fine-Pitch Gearing Committee ‘Technical Division January, 1973 C.E, Adams, Chairman, International Business Machines Corp., Endicott, New York BLE, Berlinger, J, Quaker City Gear Works, Inc., Bethayres, Pennsylvania D.L. Borden, The Falk Corp., Milwaukee, Wisconsin HP. Clack, Geartronics Corp., North Billerica, Massachusetts W.J. Crotty, Jr, Westinghouse Electric Corp., Baltimore, Maryland P.M. Dean, Jr., Mechanical Technology Inc., Latham, New York J.P, Dombrowski, International Business Machines Corp., Research Triangle Park, North Carolina E.D. Ervay, Gleason Works, Rochester, New York F.R. Estabrook, Jr., Precision Molded Gearing Corp., Norwood, Massachusetts i FJ. Garesi, Ametek/Lamb Electric, Kent, Ohio B.W. Harsiman, Fellows Corp., Springfleld, Vermont ‘ W, L. Jenninek, Ilinois Too! Works Inc., Chicago, Hlinois W. R. Kunkel, Boston Gear Div,, Rockwell Intemational, Quincy, Massachusetts J.C. Leming, Arrow Gear Co,, Downers Grove, linois K.W, MacCormac, Gear Technologies, Inc., Bloomfield, Connecticut LD. Martin, Rochester Gear, Inc, Rochester, New York J.R. Mihelick, Reliance Electric Co., Columbus, Indiana 1.M, Olchawa, Litton Precision Gear, Division of Litton Systems, Inc, Chicago, Ilinois, HLL, Olmstead, Franklin Electric Co, Inc., Bluffton, Indiana W.E, Pergande, Ilinois Tool Works Inc., Chicago, llinois a Gerd Reinig, Gould & Eberhardt Geer Machinery Corp., Worcester, Massachusetts F.E, Seymout, Winsmith Div. of UMC Industries, In., Springville, New York i + ELE, Shipley, Mechanical Technology Inc., Latham, New York W.L. Shoulders, Reliance Electric Co., Columbus, Indiana J.L. Smallwood, Smaltwood & Son Machine Co., Dallas, Texas 1. J, Smith, Invincible Gear Co., Detroit, Michigan HE. Speary, Kodak Apparatus Div., Eastman Kodak Co., Rochester, New York Gary Vesey, Illinois Tool Works Inc., Chicago, Minois AGMA Standards and related publications represent minimum or average date, conditions or application. They are subject {0 constant improvement, revision or withdrawal as dictated by experience. Any person who refers to AGMA technical Publications should satisfy himself that he has the latest information available from the Association on the subject matter. INDEX = Subject 1, Introduction 2, Scope and Limitation 3. Tooth Form of Worm 4. Proportions of Worm and Wormgears 5. Tolerances 6. Backlesh 17. Profile Deviations and Pressure Angle Changes 8, Examples of Worm and Wormgear Calculations Appendix A — Explanation of Profile Deviation in Worm Threads Appendix B— Formats for Worm and Wormgears Appendix C — Bxplanation of Terms Used in Woringear Specifications 1. Introduction 11 This standard fs intended as a design procedure for {fine-pitch worms and wormgearing, Fine pitch wormgearing Is segregated from coarse-pitch wormgearing fr the follow. ing reasons: a) Tooth strength, except at the coarser end of tie Sine-pitch range, is less important than durability and aceuracy. b) Because of their small size, profile deviations and tooth, contact pattems cannot be determined to the same degree of accuracy as those of coarsepitch worms and wormgears. «) Wormgear cutting equipment generally available for fine-pitch gears has definite restrictions which limit the diameter and lead range, degree of accuracy and kind of tooth contact obtainable. ) Special consideration must be given to top lands in ine-pitch hardened worms and in gear-cutting tools. ¢) In fine-pitch worms and wormgears, inter-changeability and high production are important factors. Individual matching of the worm to the gear, a3 is frequently practiced with coarse-pitch precision worms, is impractical in the case of worms of fine-pitch. } £) The methods of production and inspection of fine-pitch Wormgears are generally different from those of coarse pitch. 2.Scope and Limitation 21 This standard covers worms and wormgears with axes At right angles, comprising cylindrical worms with helical thieads, the wormgear being developed for conjugate tooth F surfacss, Tt does not include helical gears used at worm pears, [22 This standard is limited to the case where the hob for Producing the gear is a counterpart of the mating worm in ‘egard toils tooth profile, number of threads, and lead. The hhob dimension differs from the worm principally in that the outside diameter is larger to allow for resharpening and to provide bottom clearance in the wormgear, AGMA STANDARD DESIGN FOR FINE-PITCH WORMGEARING 2.3 PitchRange, Standard axial pitches are: Inches Inches Inches Inches 0.030 0.050 0.080 0.130 0.040 0.055 0.100 0.160 24 This pitch range has been established because it has the following advantages: 2) Adequate coverage. 1b) All pitches are divisible by 10 or 5. ©) Rational increase from one pitch to another based on ‘geometric series rounded out for practical reasons. 4) Ease of remembering. 25 Axial pitch has been selected as a basis for this standard for the following reasons: 8) Axial pitch establishes lead whichis a basic dimension in producing and inspecting worms. ') Axial pitch of the worm is equal to the cizcular pitch of the wormgear in the central plane 9) On commonly available wormproducing equipment, ‘only one set of change gears or one master Tead cam is required fora given lead, regardless of lead angle. 4) It conforms with well established practices in determin- ing load ratings. 2.6 Lead Angle of Worm. The lead angle should not exceed 30 deg to facilitate tool and production equipment. Lead angle may essume any value up to 30 deg as required to meet center distance and gear ratio specifications, This standard includes tables using standerdized lead angles for applications where the design requirements are fess restrictive. 2.7 Pressure Angle of Worm. The pressure angle of the cutter or grinding wheel for producing the worm is 20 deg, The normal pressure angle produced in the worm will actually be slightly smaller, and will very with the worm diameter, lead angle, and diameter of cutter or grinding wheel. Exact values for the decrease in pressure angle are given in Table 4, AGMA 374.04 ~ April, 1973, AGMA STANDARD DESIGN FOR FINE-PITCH WORMGEARING 28 The 20 deg normal pressure angle has been selected because, within the range of the standard, it avoids ‘objectionable undercutting regardless of lead angle, (29 Diameter Range of Worm. The minimum recom f mended worn pitch diameter is 0.250 in. and the maxi [mum is 2.000 in, G 210 Values of diameter for all posible combinations of lead and lead angle within this standard ate given in Table 2. This table also gives the number of threads foreach led, +211 Length of Threaded Portion of Worm. One of the factors that determines the length of the worm is the design of the wormgear blank, This has been taken into account in EA} the formula given in Table 1. 3. Tooth Form of Worm [34 The shape of the worm thread in the normal plane Is k lefined as that which is produced by a symmetrical ‘a j double-conical cutter or grinding wheel ground or dressed vith straight elements. _ 32 Worms and wormgears are so closely related to their fj method of manufacture that it is impossible to specify 3g, “early the tooth form of the wormgear without referring to gthe mating worm. For this reason, the specifications of worms should include the method of manufacture and the Aiemeter of the cutter or grinding wheel used. Likewise, for feietermining. the shipe of the generating tool, proper information about the method of producing the worm fj veads must be given to the manufacturer. Unless this is done, the tool cannot be correetly designed. 33 An alternate tooth control method is to specify the ‘mating worm part number on the wormgear drawing and to specify that the wormgear teeth must be conjugate with 2 ‘master mating worm under standard mounting conditions, 3.4 The worm profile will be @ curve which departs from a straight line by varying amounts, This departure varies with Worm diameter, lead angle, diameter of cutter or grinding wheel or rolling die (see Table 4). The tooth form of the Wormgear is understdod to be conjugate to the mating worm thread. 4. Proportions of Worm and Wormgears 41 Hardened worms and cutting tools for wormgears should have adequate top lands. The addendum and whole depth proportions are, therefore, based on the normal circular pitch of the worm and wormgear. This convention automatically results in sufficient top lands for all worms and cutting tools regardless of lead angle or axial pitch, Table 3 gives the tooth proportions based on normal pitch for all combinations of standard axial pitches and lead ‘angles. Proportions and definitions of worms and worm- gears are given in Table 1. The pitch relations ae expressed by the following formulas: PoP, Py cos = p cosy AGMA STANDARD DESIGN FOR FINE-PITCH WORMGEARING Table 1 Proportions of Fine-Pitch Worms and Vormgears P= circular pitch of womgear Py = axial pitch of worm Pp = normal cizeular pitch of woom and womgear a number of threads in worm N= number of teeth in womngear “A. = lead angle of wom Y= helix angle of wormgear Worm Dimensions Yorngeat Dimensions Term Syabol_| Formula (in) Tem Symbol | Formula (In) Lead 7 |@Ps Pitch Diameter D [amen ’ Pitch diameter 4d |1+(ntan dy | Outside diameter Do | 2C~a + 22 q ofthat aioe Fy 2- oF Data Relating to Worm aad Wormgear ‘Term ‘Symbol | Formula (la.) Blends «| O51 Py Whole depth By | 0.7003 Py + 0.602 Working depth Ba | 0.6365 Pp Clearence © | bee be Tooth thickness tn | 0.5 Pp Approximate normal pressure angle (see de | 2 deg. Par. 2.7) Center distance c 0.5 @+D) “Te AGMA 374.04 — April, 1973 AGMA STANDARD DESIGN FOR FINE-PITCH WORMGEARING 5. Tolerances 5.4 The inspection of fine-pitch worms and wormgears & covered in Section 10 of AGMA 370.01, “Design Manual for FinePitch Gearing.” Tolerance values are given in AGMA 390.03, “AGMA Gear Handbook—Volume !~Gear Classification, Materials and Measuring Methods for Unas. sembled Gears.” fe 6. Backlash © 64 In fine-pitch wormgearing, the desired backlash is produced by thinning the worm threads by a suitable amount. The wormgear is cut so that its tooth thickness and space width are equal at the standard pitch diameter, 17. Profile Deviations and Pressure Angle Changes 7.1 In wormgearing, tooth contact is usually used as the means to judge tooth profile accuracy, because profile measurement on either the worm or the wormgear is not practical. Section 10 of AGMA 370.01, “Design Manual for FineFitch Gearing,” states the amount of the required initial area of contact between finepitch worms and wormgears. In the production of worms, the diameter of the cutter or grinding wheel used affects the worm pressure angle and profle. The pressure angle and profile produced by the cutter is different from that of the cutter itself. The differences depend on several factors; namely, diameter and lead angle of the worm, thickness and depth of the worm thread, and diameter of cutter or grinding wheel. 72 Table 4 gives the difference in departure from a | straight side of the worm profile and the changes in [pressure angle produced by cutters or grinding wheels of 2 } in. and 20 in. diameters, 7.2 These ‘cutters and wheel diameters represent the common range in general use. The values given in Table 4 | are useful in specifying tolerances on worm-thread profiles. They ako aid in the selection of the method for producing the worm and in specifying the hobs for wormgears. Since the values for lead angles smaller than 4 deg are too small to ~ be of any practical use, they have been omitted. Figure 3 ilusteates diagrammatically the values given in Table 4 f/ 7.3 The calculations for Table 4 were based on the following formulas: __ sings i Pa + 1 Sai QQ Pa = Pai t= 4 R cos? b¢ = 540 7 sin} X 3) n ReostAtr q Fased, @ = re o) Bs = (04) - 4 dap) 0.000291 © Where Pri = radius of curvature of normal thread profile for involute thread 1 = pitch radius of worm ¢,, = normal pressure angle of cutter or wheel = lead angle of worm F,, = radius of curvature of aotmal thread wo profile R= radius of cutter oc grinding wheel Ag = difference between the normal pressure of thread and the cutter pressure angle in minutes 2 = number of threads of worm a = slant distance 2 = addendum Y= departure from straight side. 7.4 These formulas are approximations, likewise the tabu- lations in Table 4; however, they have been checked experimentally for extreme cases and the discrepancies have been found negligible forall practical purposes. 78 Formulas (1) and’ (2) are transformations of E. Wildhaber’s original formulas in which the symbols have been changed to AGMA and ANSI standard symbols. Formula (3) was derived by Allan H. Candee** “Wildhaber, E., American Machinist, May 1, 1924, p. 648. *Candee, Allan H., Jounal of Applied Mechanics, Dee, 1944, p. A248, ~8- AGMA STANDARD DESIGN FOR FINE-PITCH WORMGEARING TABLE 2 DIAMETER RANGE OF WORK 38 aE BES 6 888 gs io wr Soh Oa (©) SavauHL 40 UREHAN 1973 , 4 Apel AGMA 374.05 AGMA STANDARD DESIGN FOR FINE-PITCH WORMGEARING snex-o|ossr-o| reno Joost | snsro | seato|ese-a [esto “a Sy cane ora] sore tata ecto eerr-o| ea forte | oot Sz Wheel etoe| Sas to50-a| entn'n | an | soso sone : BS servo farra| sievo[ vero | oar feveto | sero |oser-o|ssev-0| eset [ater e ‘ Zea tasncy [sancaj cnr [ovo [sono | reo [vas | rao-o | atan-o | eoce [onee-g 1 | cre SE, wse0°0| susn-o| saso-v | aseo-o |orora | aove'0 |aovo-0 | t1¥0 0 | civ0-0 | erae-0 | eito-0 ° 222 QB s880°0) soe0"0| ven0-0 | 95500 foxso'e | zns0'e | ave0-0 | ece0-0 | seeo'o 0008-0 |= 4 22D _rx90°0| ss90°0 | s290°0 |6a00-0 | cox0°0 | ooxo-0 | r110°0 | sti0-0 | stue o 0210°0 e | ooo iA sien 0] aven-0| isco | sora | eos | reo‘ [sites | steno | shee fava] « > ase e10'0 | 1620°0 | :ev0-0 | seu0°9 |¢cx0"0 ooeo'o| saseee | ta you ‘$290°0 | tts0'0 | 6.¢0°0 | xs0°0 | exs0°0 taso'o | * 7 m0 go4 {sen | enn | ean en | see'9 seo © 3 ; 3a a gee 2990°0 | s¥50°0 | 6100°0 | er90°0 |evs0"0 jos00'0 ‘ a g5< eso | too | eeo-0 | to [supe f0'0 4 | soo 1 228 ¥920°0 | soza"0 | soz0“0 | eoz0"o |2070"0 20"0 ° peu 7 B35 tora | s¥0'0 [10-0 nto [sao"0|osn:0| 050-0 foose | oow-0 |" BSE ‘coe | p9e0"0 |o.eo'0 | oume lousna | oxc0'0 | ozeo'e |oueo'o |oueo'o |" | osove ove ‘s10°0 sto stor | estos [esto-o [este esto [estes estos | gy g x= s800°0 | us00"0 00%0"0 | cova" | 4 z {ez | tao sacs ata'a |" | ono 8s 3210-0 | scto-a tz10°0| 09] ee ‘4 seta‘ | meno | 200 | az00 |20m'0 | oe0'0| ow |00m2 | coma |“ id tz0°0 | Gezo 0 | zt0°0 | sez0"o |6zz0'o | ezz0"0 | szz0°0 | szz0°0 | érz0"o W 080'0 4 ai | ata | eco | seco | sano [sean | eons jseeee| see | 3 2 Pete pe deleted eps fe felled] bos bem i ssodoag | Me voor | UE sma m1 snoay oer ‘ sieors AGMA STANDARD DESIGN FOR FINE-PITCH WORMGEARING + 7.6 Current practices for producing fine-pitch wormgear blanks do not require throating. This results in a much, simpler blank as shown in Fig, 1, which is quite similar to a spur or helical gear blank, ‘The sight loss in contact can be ignored since it adds little to the load carrying capacity of fine-pitch wormgears. 7.7 Mt Is sometimes desirable to use topping hobs for producing wormgears which are required to have close control of size relation between the outside and pitch diameters. In such cases the blank is made slightly lager as shown in Fig, 2. Topping of wormgears should not be used without due consideration of the increased tooling cost. 78 The difference between the outside diameter Dp and blank diameter D,,, will vary with the pitch, Usually 0.005 0 0.010 topping stock allowance on a side is sufficient, 7.9 When wormgears are topped they will appear to have a ‘small throat which is the result of the bobbing operation. For all intents and purposes this throating is negligible and ‘blank so made is not considered to be, perse, a throated blank. Fig. 1 Wormgsor Blenk without Topping Stock B= Wd 20 £6 win -n- Where Dy = outside diameter of wormgear C= center distance 4 = pitch diameter of worm addendum mum face width of wormgear = outside diameter of worm clearence ‘oven sro 2. Wormgecr Blank with Topping Stock 8, Examples of Worm and Wormgear Calculations 8.1 Three examples have been included to assist the designer in using the standard. Examples 1 and 2 are self-explanatory and merely tabulate the steps followed in determining the proportions of a particular application. The third example explains the use of Table 4. The changes in pressure angle and profile deviation® covered in this table are those resulting from the use of either a 2in, cutter or . grinding wheel. These two diameters are the most AGMA 374.04 ~ Apeil, 1973 AGMA STANDARD DESIGN FOR FINE-PITCH WORMGEARIN © common. For worms produced with grinding wheels or cutters of other diameters a means of obtaining a close interpolation ofthe differences is given in Example 3. | "See Append A for an explaation of profit deviation. 182 The pressure anglé and profile deviation should be * considered with respect to the tooth contact and, therefore, © load-carrying capacity desired, For example, with 2 14-deg lead angle, the maximum 27 is 0.0002 in,-which is too smpal in most cases to requite a correction, This amount is within the Grade A hob tolerance, With lead angles as great 18 30 deg, the deviation is usually too greet to be neglected and the actual values of Sy and Ay may be found by the method shown in Example 3, Z é 8.3 Example 1 Given or assumed Ratio 10,00 1 Axial pitch (P,) = 0.160 in Lead angle (AX) = 30 deg. Center distance = Approx. 3 in To determine: Design of worm and wormgeat. ; ~ ik : f i Cutter or Grinding —. Ss Nomal protite of tect Prete thread produced wi ees sree (@) Carvatvee Ettect Solution: From Table 2, it can be determined that there are eight possible worm diameters that will satisfy the given condi- tions of lead angle and pitch. These worms will have from, three to ten threads, 84 In order to satisfy the conditions of 3-n, center distance, however, the worm pitch diameter cannot be smaller than 0.8821 in, This diameter and the given ratio establish = 10 and.’ = 100. 15 im) Py = 1.6000 in. (Table i) d= 0.8821 in, : (Table 2) Ney) D =—* = 5.0930 in. (Table 1) Dig ae c= PRE = 2.9876 in Py = Py cos h= 0.1366 (Par. 17) © = 0.31831, = 0.0441 in (Table 3) (Table 1) Nomet pressure anata SF thread proaiced Gending tnect 7 NY / Ret a ~Y/ oma peesure wale crenseaeae sling cutter © (a) Pressure hngie Ettect AGMA STANDARD DESIGN FOR FINE-PITCH WORMGEARING departure of normal worm profile: from straight side when produced with a Din, diameter curver departure of normal, worm profile from seraight side when produced with a 20-in, diameter grinding wheel y 729 ~ % in inches difference between pressure angle of Zin, wheel of cutter and the pressure angle which is produced in the normal plane of the worm in minutes 7 difference beewcen pressure angle of 20-ia. wheel or etter and the pressure angle produced in the normal plane of . the worm in minutes effect of A¢y - Ody along slant height. of ‘worm “thread (Fig. 3) in inches . (Table 1) (Table 3) 0.7003 P,, + 0.002 in. = 0.0990 in. 0.0882 in. = 0.6366 Py, (Table D by # 0.0108 in. (Table 2) P,/2= 0.0693 (Table D 4, = ath 9703 (Table D % -d+2a = 5.1812 Laas fd, #26)" = (4, = a Fy = ¥d,2=07 (Table D 8.5 The results of the preceding calculations may be summarized as follows: Worm Dimensions Fig. D (Fig. D 1.3458 Term ‘Symbol se INuinber of threads 2 10 Lead angle r 30 dex. Axial pitch P, 0.160 Normal pitch Py 0.1386 Pitch diawerer a 0.8621 Outside diameter dy 0.9703 Lead 1 1.600 Length ofshzeaded portion | Fy 1.3458 7 -B- ‘Wormgear Dimensions Term Symbol Bigadc Number of eeeth N 100 Circular pitch 0.160 [Normal circular pitch Py 0.1386 Pitch diameter 5.0930 Oucside diameter Dy 5.1812 Face wideh Fg | 0.5602 Data Relating to Worm and Wormgear Dimension Teen Symbol | Pineas Normal pressure angle ty 20 deg. Addendum e 0.0441 Whole depth by 0.0990 Working depth Ln 0.0882 Clearance e 0.0108 Tooth thickness ty 0.0693 Center Distance ¢ 2.9876 8.6 Example 2 Given or assumed: Ratio 50 t0 1 Axial pitch (p,) = 0.050 Center Distance = approx. 0.550 in, To determine: Desiga of worm and wormgear. Solution: Assuming n = 1, it can be determined from Table 2 that there aze six possible lead angles which will satisfy the given axial pitch. These lead angles range from 0.5 deg co 4.0 deg. In order to satisfy the con dition of 0.550 in. approximate center distance, @ worm of suitable diameter will have a 3-deg’ lead angle. Then, AGMA 374.04 ~ April, 1973 AssannAe AGMA STANDARD DESIGN FOR FINE-PITCH WORMGEARING € @ = 0,3037 in, (Table 2) Wormgear Dimensions N Term Symbol p= ABs = 027958 able») sa ty Number of teeth Ny ce Bee = 0.5498 in Circular pitch P . Normal citculas pitch Py 1 = mP, = 0.0500 in, \ able) | pitch diameter D P, = Py cos d= 0.0499 (Par, 19) | Outside diameter >, 0.8277 Face width F 0.2405 @ = 03183P, = 0.0159 in. (Table 3) ¢ € by = 0.7003 Py +0.002 in. = 0.0370 (Table) et diel : =a Syabar | Dimension by = 0.6366 P,, = 0.0318 (Table D = fa) Normal pressure angle 20 deg. © = by by = 0.0052 (Tebte 1) nears = i Addendum a 0.0159 4, = P,/2 = 0.0250 in. (Table 1) ‘Whole depth & 0.0370 dy = d+ by = 0.3355 in. (Table | Working depth *% oo | @ Clearance e 0.0052 Dz = 2C~d+20=0.8277 Fig.) Tooth thickness ty 0.0250 Fg = Lia ld, +20) Center distance c 0.5498 Fig.) 88 Example 3 — Use of Table 4 Table 1) Given or assume 8.7 The results of the above calculations may be sum- marized as follows: Worm Dimensions Tem Syatot | Pinension Nunber of threads a 1 Lead angle R 3 deg. Axial pitch P, | 0.050 Normal pizeh Pp, | 0.0499 Pitch diameter a 0.3037 Outside diameter 4, | 0.3355 Lead ! 0.050 Length of cheaded potion Fy | 0.2276 Worm dimensions are the same as used in Example 1. € Number of threads (n) = 10 Axial piteh(P,) = 0.160 Lead angle (Q) = 30. deg. ‘To determine: The comections to be made for two worms, one railed by a, cutter and the otherground by a 16-in. diameter wheel, both to be assembled with identical wormgears. Solution: From Table 4, 47%. 294 = 0.00057 and 889.29 = 100088. Bry 1g A8d ng we fond OF he following proportional approximation: > = 2 ad 20 yD 0.500 and 0.050 -ue i AGMA STANDARD * DESIGN FOR FINE-PITCH WORMGEARING AUD )z29 = 0.450 ds546 = ed 0.00058 = 0.00035 in. D 3 ad 16 yo = 0.333 and 0.0625 89 Therefore, to make identical worms when using a 3-in. ‘cutter and a 16-in, wheel, the pressure angle must be AW/DIg = 0.2708 corrected by the amount 4¢5 44 and the profile of the cutter or wheel must be a euive which departs from & Dyn F 0.00057 in. straight line by the amount 45,16. As2.20 0.00058 in. The subscripts 3.29 and 5.45 denoté the 2-and 20-in. diameters H 0.00057 = 0.00034 in. nd the 3-and 164n. dametet, tespectvely. i ® S516 =e ‘AGMA ‘374,04 ~-April, 1973 as TABLE 4 PROFILE DEVIATIONS (IN INCHES) AND PRESSURE ANGLE CHANGES (IN MINUTES) beg Lead Angie $-0eg Lead Angle mB Ya AY Pi ty SY Mm, doy AS Geso0 1 d-B9001 0.on00k 0.00006 0.4300 1 0.00009 0 00092 0,90000 pa.2 9.0 0.90000 5 °:Bpg00 °cSoper °es0e4 4 °-Beeoz °: 9868: °:88e00 88:3 8:0 °c eee0e 3 Tenoon ‘0000 3 ceasor 98001 “29800 98:3. 6.0. “onses 2 tonsa “sooee i “Bont “ogee 9953 6:8. “oseoe § 181008 “00080 3 ‘80000 Tooa03 9013 9:9 “ossee £ 2030e0. “ezane i 20009 190908 83:1. 0:8 “boos $ 280000 190908 $ «8000109399 G91. 0:0 “boone 2 “e00e0 “ee000 3 96000 090 90:1 8:8 “o8con 5 7Boee0 “B3p00 3 sHoo09 [o0930 Bort 5:9. “boose a8 “enoco “30000 16 lesee0 ‘oeeoo leoea¢ 911 6:9 e0G00 ‘.caco 10,0000: 0.00908 vous 3 0,00093 0.00603 0.90300 9912 9.0 0.ob000 5 Scep90t e868 4 °-GH662.°°8088% °-t0009. 89:2 9:9 “soveue 3 renee “008 3 teteer 'oeoo! “ea00 39:2 8:9. “enea 2 “e000 Zooeno 2 EEE ‘2ose: ‘eassa 99:2 9:0. :cosue 5 ‘ep0o Seoane § 2 “Sones “soos °ceoeae Gia 9:3 5 peoee Seno? 3 5 9508 103098 2 en “Banag 3 i See07 “eoae3 2 ca “Bases 3 ; 0g 0908 2003 $ lbeety “B3e08 3 : eased “20008 ‘oe i toes ‘Beans ; Sees ceonoe 290998 § ooe Boone i 993.‘ eoa08 “28384 & ‘gee “Boene ; ‘seoe3 “eooee “23384 $85) 'eeene 03 18 Tossot “eo003 0008 “oo00e 18 Teosb2 80008. “boess HaDey Lead Angle 009 Led Anate Sail aT P,_ Yo Py to BY AD, AD yy 38 7 0.0083 0.90022 0.00008 : T0360 i T.ab0a 6.0000) v.ooece —er-g baz C.bOKe 3 -ee0it 3 2 "oo0ai “:Qo022 “canes 4:3 8:2 “:S0001 3 “0007 3 3 1888H8 SGooie 0003 5 $ 199008 ‘0005 “o000s O4c4 a.2 Loooar 3 ‘00003 4 & ‘3008 "99005 ‘eucoo 81:3. ¢:2 bono! $ “0002 1 $ ‘boe0 ‘90005 ‘e000: G1-3.€-2 evan 8 000 1 18 [00008 00008, “Ooeee 01.3 9:2 “ooues 4 99029 12 9.3 90001 | 0.0400 1 0.00056 0.00058 0.90002 02.0 0.2 0.00004 3 reais 32 O12 Ceooar 2 °n9089 *:bo0as °-t0002 02: 6:3 °coaoo1 3 “sens 2 0:1 TosoaL 3 Toots ‘e001 ‘0000s 1:9 0:2 “oco0L i “0007 33 6:4 ‘owas % 182013 ‘eoots 9000: e4:3.9:2 eoa0: 3 18306 31 Oh Tooeer § 00019 “001i ‘a0oss 4:8 0.2, Logoot 3 “9008 32 0:2 Toooat To000a 100009 “tose: oie 0°? “oeu0t $ “aoae a O° “Boon: } ‘ooo? Top008 ‘oaoe: O1:7 12 eco0 3 “a003 So. 0:1 Loo0tt 2 ‘9006 00007 ‘ecc0: o1:7 8:2 e000: 5 “003 "00:1 Zbeea: $ Toa00s 100096 ‘bev “oo0zs “oovoe ences 16 Too010 To0os2 Stoeu2 oa “0008 18 “00018 00032 “00008 ‘ao0es 0.0680 1 0.00359 0.00263 0.00005 8-8 9.5 0.00005 || o.0650 4 0.00286 0.00293 0.00007 0.00008 2 “looove ““o008; “00008 8:8 9:5 °- 0005 2 200139 ““ooaxe ° 00007 eo008 J eo0u9 “consi “000s Ge:3 0:5.