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ffia1Tf unb mattfunft un ~{{tert1tm unb~tttt(a(ter',

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3n~Q{t: ~tr norbifc{>/(uropdifcf)e Urfprung ber borgefcf)icf)tlicf)en

~aurunR, ber ingduonifd)t unb 6ermillollifcbe ffiaffcll$ unb 5tu(~ turrotQ, 5tlim<l unb ~(llinoff, bie urarifd)t mUtl~~Or&~ unb (ge~ "ecbt12trd)iteftuf, bM 1)ad), Q)icnel1forb~uttc, ~f(l~(bou, ®obd1 6or&~ u. c,ncr&Qpfung~$c..ncrb('jnb, b. ffollbiIlClt>ifd)cn ~tabfird)cn, bit ~ntroicthmg b. ingdt>onifd)m ro?ollllmcnta[:~tcinord)itcftur au~ bet @5d)iff~fu[tut, b. @5du(cntcmpd =ba~ gcpfdf)(te norbifd)t ~d)itf, ~~ramibm, ffiompcntutmt, fllbvrintf)e=- c;mdtcrbHbull~ gen bet norbifci)en c:marburgm, bie .pcrminonen Cl(~ <!rfinbcr ber rolortdtecbnif, bie sndt>ollen CI(~ ~hltfgcna(tcr ~cr Sl!3olbcrcd)$ nif, m(onbe 2trier CI(~ <5d)opfcr i)e~ dgVPtifd)en, babt){onifd)cn u. griccQifd)cl1 maunHtf, ber c..:ncrfarr bct ~o~en %ou£uI111 but'cf) ffil1ffcl11lcrmifd)ul1g, ~araUelen im 2tltcrtul11l1l1b s,,)1itrclll(tcr, bic ffiomanif (in .po~cpunft arifcf)~r ~\oITCIl~ unb ~tilfd)opfcl'fr<\ft,

I mebitmanoiber merfaU in, ber <!loti!.

roerlag btl' "O~l1ra", roloNin9~smicl1, 1914 2tu~(jefcrul1g Hlr ben Q)Ud)r)ll11bC( burd) iYrirbric{> ~d)aff in <:micn.

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--"_'=e::;JJ::::;)S>'1EJ)S>P~ ;{, -"'~ssssess au fcfJaffen. ~lIdj (JJe6irg~rQnb mit ~Or)(cn Ionn nid>t boB 11l1fVtullh~oebict her maufunft jein, [onbern nur hie l1orbjfcf)c (f{)cnc, hie ben llrntcnjdicn 311)0IIg, ill einem [relen (50 d) b 0 U ed'lI~ geoen bie Ulloilbcn bcr ~ittcrung 3U fml)cn. !nre bicle morbl'binOllnocll treffeu fiit bell curopiiifd)cn 910rbell unb in!:lbefonbcre fiir bie rocftboltifd)c llrl)eimot bc§ blo!~b~~t ~.croifd)clt ~Cllfrr)Cll o~, roenn man nod, obeubrein ben !Uollftoff bcmdlld)tIOt. ~cr clIlfod)ftc Icidjt Ionnbnre l811uftoff ift bo~ ~or3. 9hm nbcr bringcll ocrobe nur bie norbifd)l'n SHimotc feftc~ uub ocrobc!;l lUou[)ola hemor. (!bcn ble nartc ift eiS, bie bie notbifd)c lncoctlltion 3Ut ~er£)oI3t1lt9 ber \Pf£on3Cnfd)oJtc 1I11b $f[alt3enftcnoel treibt unb 31uinot bcr lid)t. unb mdrmeipenbeuben (Sonlle in gerni:lefter, meil fiiraeftc; !JHd)tulIg aU3uftrcbcll. ~iefe 910Uvcllbigfcit (Jeficf)t in bem Iidit- unb lviirl11ccrfiiIItcn eiibl'n nid}t. $tie lUfIc1ll3cn rond)fel1 [dmeller unb ii~lpigCI nber ~(r)iiftc unb etellgcI bleibeu fd)\ualllll1iocr, bcrf)oIacl1 menincr lllt~ neljmen bal)ct ntebr gefd)lUungcne uno ocbooclIc g~rm 011, bie eben oJ~ !l3QuIJi5f3ct 111eT)t tnuqeu, ~ic Ci(tcficn Ircicn mcnfd)lid)cn ~oI3(ltHltcn biirfteu. b(:1JI tiertlrbcu 91eft entfprcrf)cnb, !1hlllbboutclt g~h>efell [cin. ~CI 9tunbbau bcfouunt bol)er rocgcn h'incs fJofJerl'lt ~fItcr5 f~iHcr rclioiofe ~ci£)e. Tie frcisfiirmigcn ®rullbriffc cnthlrnd)cn bcm 9hlllMJofa bcr nltftcill3citlicfjl'll ~.j3criobc. stCt ~oraDau ~ing anfaltg~ ouf~ engftl' mit bet 3Icd)ttcd)nif suiummcn, bn bct !l3erbnnb bon 9lunM)013 mit ghlll~' ~Of3 nur l.'JIlrcI:J mefled')te unb bie ~id)h11l0:: gIcirf)foUs nul' [o 311 Ol'lul'rf. [tclliqen rour. 91uI1 cbcr millen mir, bon ocrabc jilt !)~OtbCll bie gleef)tfultit auerit 3U oon3 bebeutenber ~or)e eutrnirfclt rourbc unb nllc nubcren .fiiinftc, fo fJr.foni:lcl"s bie m!cber:!i unb :ti:i"fcret, tcftonijd) unh nod) mebr beforctin bceinflunte. ~ns 3fed)tornontent ift bis in oie .. Blollloni[1I hinein ein h)pifd) norbifd)·gcrmonifdlcs IDlotitJ. 3. ~ i c 0 e f d) i d} t· I i d) e m o u [t iI- (! n t tv i dIu 11 g, bie jcl(Jft in bcr 8tcinon1)iteItur nil' bie .\lcrfunft au~ bem norbHd}1!n ~oI3{lOU unb ben ,BuhllllllICIII)nng mit ber norbjfd}cn i}fed)tfullft gOll3 ber(eugllcn fnnn. ed)oll i>o~ fiir tlie lBoufunft ;0 lUid)tige!BaurIcl11ellt brs ::t 11 d) e s~ lllcift ullllCl'fl'lllIOllr auf bie Blcd}tfunft bes 910rbens T)in unb (Jilt fid) nUd) totjiid)lirf} tlort Olll friiI)cjtclt uni:l in i:ll'r fpiitcrcn .8rit 0111 f)iic£Jfiell enUDirfelt. ~o6 ~l,d) o(leI mnd)t erft cineH !non 3UI ~lenfd,enlt)Or)ltllltl1. lIid)t bil' ~lll1i'1. ~11 iit cs nun bC3eidlltcnJ), l\oh bie Hiblidlelt !Unnftilc, trIuH bie fonftruftill fill1"fh'n, bie ~rltf'{lilbuIlO bc!3 q;od)cs ollonn[ten brt ~ollb lll'rlllld)iafiioclI. <1:ie JlorbHd)c lJriifJiftorifd)e .~Ilnft I)ot t>on biciclIl 8tnrlill1l11lftc nll~ trft(\lIijd, onn3 forl1lboHcllbcfc mou\Uerfc fd)on . tn bl'n foocnolllltcl1 urnrijlfjcll "m i c 11 en for b I) ii t t e It" gl';d1l1ffcn, luic iiI.' 1lI1~ i:lnrd) bil' ~l'lI~' umenfllnbe unb (~Citerc "ntifc 'Xnrjtcrrungell, jllluic nuc() i:lmdt J)ic fJlHI3C ~ f 0 f) [ b n u f U (t 11 r mit geniinrllber mllrhcit Ucfllllllt llllb 11lH{)' gclvicictt worbcn filli).~ Wn ben ~~f('bl(lallfcll Ulli> her ~(rcflfft'dllrif Inntc ber norllHchc Wll'nfd) 3ucrft bCll Zcf)ifff>ml 11l1b bell fonjtnrftill ;0 wid). tioen .\) 0 ( 3 b e r b" n b fCl1llcn Hili> elltloiddll. ~cr rrftc 1I11b llrilili.

• tlgt. "vtlnnb" bon "toinbcn"!

• BundoJit .enn6., 6tro&. Ultb 6d)i1fbQ~.

• ~gr. Scfjuo)orbU !8eri~t fiber bie ,,17l6metr~nnae· bel \llotlbllm ("!llrofjift.

gtrdJr.", !8ctlill 1901J). .

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SEi=>'1=:::)'ei~SS'S~ 3 ~~ssssssas IM!c lncrbollb mnr bo~ in bic ~Uonbchmll [lcT)l'nber ~Cilllll~' I)oriaolltol gclcotc unb \1cltd}l1iirtc 9lunM)oI3. 6l'ater rnunule 1II01t clgens. abo~· I)(1llellc <:}S nbc I f) i.i I 3 e T ill bell tcid)tcn ll{etonmll uno leGte l1\ btl! (i\t1(lcillngen bie OuerI)of3Cr ein. ~ic GSobcfI)iH3Cr [uiclcn boI)er in bcr ZI)ll1bolif uub £rnolllentifG ber oriid)Cl~ ~~~iffl'r cine j.Ll lu.ier)ti~l' ~~?Ile. ~(1) eriuucre uur nil bl15 'r,,~lrc1l31 ~o rmr fln~cll Illlc{) III ~ll'Jl.:IH{) H~.ntcr gcit, 3. ~I. ouf ol.1tn,tijd}Cn uub nlft)nin)clI ~or)ldhtllOcn, hie (\)l1bcH)Lll3er bl'i lcidjtercn ~of3(JOlltell fonftruftib be nne 11 i:lct. ~r ui3 belli QSll(ll'lboI3' l1croonb Ionnte fid) bonn in ber mlch,IT3cit 3tlll.l_Cid, mit belli ~rllffo.~lIl1.ll'll bes .finnt. unb lUrcttr)o[3rs {ogiter) unb orgollild. bcr Iicute nod) Ilblld~c mer3"pfllIlO~lJcrbonb entroidcln. IDloll 1~lIIiJ jebod) [iir bic uriHt~itc .gelt onmu fdll)tlltCIl, bah bci mll1llgC£ bes SlImt· 1II111 mtcttrlo~oC~, .i>tl' .glcd). tcrci 1I11b ole munbforllll'1t nod, [tnr! nu] hie \.!3nufonfiruftton Ctl1tulrftc~l, ols bie Ilroricr bercits 3UlIl<Z t e i It b a u iibergellollgcn ronreu. ~~c iHteftcn frcHteI)cllben 11?rbifrf)en [tcinerncn . S?~~)bnllluo[)lIUllgclI, i)l~ ~ l 0 d) (t It 5 ulm, [inb Illfoloe ber ~orl1tftobthtl1t nod) 011113 bcu O~I\>. .\lo{a unb Q}ef{cd}t. fonftruicrt:ll uroriid)~.1t ~\~,CIICHfo~·~{)iitt:.n nod).ocbllbet. ~lll~ ben [tcincrncn ,,!t~lencl1forbI)IItteu cutmidclu lid) nut j)~111 illgot>onijd)cn 5lurtllrl~eg ,bie ,,;:rn{(ll)?!~", :.:StruM)i" .lltlb "Wll~Cl(lfJt". g::ie 9~uroOI)t bohen hef) 111 her ~erolld)'lUnd)Cll llrfJ.ellll~t nod) !11 bCII ~Iornl)orlller muubtird)rn unb ~ ;d)O~l .. ctl\lll~ (l~O~'l(~)ln0\1)t - til .ben rOllloltihi)~1\ 9lunbfapcITcn1" 1In15 ben 1~llltCl"CIlhlll,tltl{)Ctl .JtoIMncn. ncrncn'" erhotten. S!<l. 5 f ell ;oot non tI~1lI nlh'n. ~C!"I.>[CTorlll'l1, ll'1h .. cr lllCOCll lies onoftilcf)CIl eo1tllcnfuItll?', fllr belt ~IC ~hll,IIMnlJd[cl~ tt)lJl1d) mnren, ollfaeI)obclI rourbc, ~ic~ iit ciu ucucr ~~Cll}CtB, bah bic .~ItCIt

. 5!cl1tpelI)ctl'clt urj,-,riingIid,l nidM OltbcrC5 .~1(~: j)~~ ~(lfJrcr mn!:.llfi)rlt iI\.~ei~tlllll~ (,,::tclll~lcleilell") rnnreu. Nuf prllhqtorqd)c 91uni"lfloI3·ty(c(ht. Q_\nufllltft Ocr)t C5 aurHer, i:lofl i)(lS li.lebid !ler ~li,d)1tClltltJi(ff.Ullg lICS 1111tH' lInllllU jd)i:iII en, jOlllOr){ fOl1firuftitJ olB bctorutin unqcmcm tl11.rmhIlH'1I i\.tldlllirrfti~llc~ micberiac{)i~lt ifl, olio bic ltlllodlllll(J brr Ur!Jrlllh,t lIl'r

6ll)l1l1Cn lJcroif«)CIl ~lniic.l" .

~I('er llud) {ler ariol orienHcrte 5!onobl1l1 iit llor~iidwl~. Uti~lI'I.1I10~ .. ~1~1'~1 ijt lliclfl1nl Ulllllllit ~h~lt)t bel' 9Jleiulll1ll, lIni; bir lIltL'~~lInlltclI l.fllllllllhllll' irlll'lI .. etnMirdwu", bie (lmd)otl5 atl~ ,~(1l.i nd1l111t llllb Ulli.'! III 111l'1.(~.'ctI, l\lh' ;d)llll i:lcr 9Itlllle (not, bet lJhlllt~lC Q_lnlfctl Hili) ~il' ~hltl.~hol.ihllllc \ll)rhcrrjli)t, bie fu_lcitcrCllhtlirfhI110. IUl'lIlt nid)t Ill1\' lite ~'h'\lr~'Il'I1!tlllh'lI bl't llmrijc()clI ~elll~lc(boutCII jin!). 2ic hl,bt'u Illdit cill n'd:·tl'd 1\11'-;' l.!1'".I~· l)Olls. Oil tud({)cs fid) rille hll(brtlllbc CH)ol"11iirl~e l'1ItiNrrhl'll~ I1n yl.ll~l~ lll'l" rOllllllliid:cn mrnjclI nllittlici;1. ~icic ~rpfilll'lt ll'lln'll ~l'~' h"II~th' ~)hHlIII j)~~ ~clII~lcl~ 11l1b tlet .2il: fiir bie (Ijli1tcl' Olll'!" 'l.:rtl'lh'.r. ~lH' crfliirt lid) Ieid:t i)urdJ i>icZtobiHtCit i:lcr i}orlllclt. Si:ic ~l1I1HlIhll1llrullll\u

~ R. ii. -,jirfclm.otil>" ~nt ~Irnb bt~ ~~eol>oticlj: fiocljl'Oetfunu!cn!

T H. <)3. ill I)JlOb!mq bet ~Icn., .

• ;~ ll.l in qJlnt"ln l!nll3tnbotl £lei !filen. .

, '~ie 'l>i(t' ~nullbtit"rf)cII olll I.tlom~ohn". me 1~)02. G. 1:?3. f r.! If 10 "':tic tiefm f\}ll\~o(ilc()e ~tbcutllng be.! beulirl'l;n IjnrrJ.1u!rf.~ou,ei f)ot $ }. ~ t n!!f. ilt jeincm Icljilnt1t reiC£)i!luftt!crtcn l8uclj .. 9\1l11tll(JQUlet (~ct"tnll It. 01. ~'I'

E(~ciier, mcrlin.StegliU) aufgebtdt. .

ift ,bic crmuiiriligerc, bnr,rr Icfrnlere 30rll1. ~ic ~(ltrcoung allr nrlnleu QSCrebcruIIIl r,abert bie irtgolJol1if~)clt ltrnrier offen60r nom SdHffflbl1ll erbnlten, ocr, [o f,onbcrbor .. c6 ,fhnllel1 1II0g, GUn, bcr ~rllrcllcr, io Oc. rob~31l bie IDol'lJeblll,Ollllg fllr bie ~llhuidhlllO ber II1cgolitlJifd)cn Stein. nrdjitcltur mnr, XIC. mmlfullft bcr l1rorifd)l'lt ~noiibollclt lIIufltc cine W2onulllw~~'lfllllrt kill, 1I0 ble IIIl'oolitbifd)CIl moutcn 1Il'hlriillolirf) 1I~()Cl1 .. Iultijdien nud) ~~II proftjfnJrtl SlUedcn oicucn muhtcn, bie hculc ble niidjtcrucn s:!cuc[)ttIll'IlIC obcr el'cllIorfclt, bic fd)on ouB oroflcr (flit. fc~mllt~ ocfd)cn, mcrbeu lIIiiHclt, crfiiUclt. ~llellfo Icnn bo~ g}rfiiI)1 fiir o!I~Ie ~IJIIIIIIl'trtC, unb rI)I)tlJllljfn)l' mClurgultO g0l13 unge3111unOt'1I ous her Ed)l~hlI)r~ ofJocfertct t\lcrll,el1. ~ie 9lullCI'Cr lIIiirrell a!ioI fjrel10 11)111. ~Ietrrfd) hbl',l1 111lb rTJ\Jt[!llI!fd) hie 9lubc!' llclIJegclt. ~ie IIIl'tlnlithil\{)cu .Jl1l1l11l'l:fe ,3l'I~CII bllhcl' CII11111111cr lIIcI,r fld! ellhuidc[nbes!Dcr{tiilllluiB fiir e t ,n bill ~ II t lint> Ilcrc Q} r 11 It b r i fJ a It log e. eie [inb, nnd) hen OClllolcn tyll111ungen ~ C II fog bcrfolgt,1l l'igcntlid~ nid)ts als cin (Hl" lIlel~tal'~~lr!l in bel' ~\!ulfllllft, I1l1t ftott mit l2lIejftift uu] \l3IWirl', mit etclll~l~lrtcll nu] be~1 ~tbDobcn geiif>t. etC renren bos ftmI)tu!ll'fte ~!l11. f!1ficIlH'tC£ bcr nori'llfrfJ(,11 ro~enf{I)[)cit. Stet monumcutcle .8uo, bie olein). [um !lllforft'Hltc !UiflllH'l'froft 1ft 0 I I en iifteften !Uouluetfen nu] belli oaH3en (hi\f>nU gClllei njnnt: Me nlt-nrlogennenildien ,.~au!3ocrgc"; "m!nlollrgcll", ,,!Tlill{1luiiHc", ,,8tl'inringc" oIs bie Ilrtupen ill l'\cr 1101'bi[dren ,~cilllnt (let I)elbijd}en 91affc nub bie fid) cl'ft elUs iljnen cnnnidclnbC,1l lItll), au c~fIiirenb~1t II1cgalitr)ilnjcn mOlltcn, bie iigl)lltijd)cn ml)l'''. ll!llIl'!I, ~le lIlCl0tJ?tOl!!lfd)cn 91C'1l1l.pelltiirll~e, bonn an ben !Tlonb[Jcllietcn bic 1I1blfrf)en, d)ll1cflllf)en unb nIhlTl'crrfol1jfd)cll IDlOnUJlH'lIitllollutm, ~300~~l'n UI1(l ;;tl'I1l~lcl fils hie [tililierteu f~liitercl1 9'~!1n)(liIl'\HII!1l'll bel' l!orblld)~ll Ur., unb !Do~lJilber. ~ic fiibIid)cn QnIJIJrintr)c [inb ul1bcrftiillb. Iidic, lOCII bcrcits cntlulrteltc!8oufOtlllclI, lIerellllrH'Tt1l10~oC('id dJl'lIftln~ irn 9~orl'\cn licqt, ::i:'l'ltn [ie oeI)cn nu] bie lIol'bjfd) hcroildxu etrillfrcilc, (Sroll1rcn)~ uno ~nl(Hlroen ("51:: r 0 j a" • m u r 9 e II) mit iljrcn e~lil'!lI~ufOiil!g~l1n. !1I1l'\ e~'irnlftcil1ict3ll11gcl1 3l1riid nub l)ll(l('11 fin) bcutc nOlf) 111 d)rtfttontflertcr 301'111 oIs ~t!lll1oriclI(lrrgc 111 it It,I11)rilltl)Ortitll'1I

4)o[)lrn'" crh!llten, -

-9!bcr nod) lIll'I)r! ecluH bic 1I1l~ ocIiillfhJe BOrin lIer 6iilllrnh'lI1pl'l ber oltoril'lltolifcIjl'l1 Ull~ Oilmen ~Bollfllnft lllerll~n IIIlS erit Oil?' b~r ~'rii. l)iitorijdjcll ~11!liilJollenlJollfultft l11~ritiilli)(in). )tic 5telll~ll'l fiull illl Ziil'll'lI Oll~ bcn . !J e ~l f ii h r ten G d) iff e II !)Cl'llorncgllIlOl'll. 9::Ct\llll'QI'II I)l'if\t llei bell 01ricchclt tll'l' ~rtll~'l'r IlHO~, Ill!l'~ Illit 1l1l."~ = 8dlijf, ~)lllll, nnd)clI 3uitlllllll(,lI!)iillnt. ~rlls bCIII 'Zif)iff~tlhlll'r clltillidl'lt fitf) llh' "rdl,," lll'~ nried)iidll'll, ;l'lltitijr[;clI tilth ii!l\)~'tijrhl'll :tl'lll~'l'I-:I, i'lit' Zt11iii~. lljiiC)llIlIO l'lItlllicrl'lt iirh weiter 311111 2iilllclI·lIUI!l!1IlO ('l.~l'rifll)ll)ll), ~ns ~:orhrrrid)l'lI lll'r 2iilllt'll ill llcr ::!elllpl'I·~rr('hiMtlll' (ll'i' ~Ndo.'Llltllllit'r, ~tlllwh'r 1IlIll nil ti fl' It !.Uiil fer i U lIcr jid)rrrtl' ~klllCi~ fiil' (ll'n i l'l'lIll'll'll Il!lll

II !!lgl. bie flnliifrf) ldiolle \!Irbeit .,'llic et~lIo(ogiirf),ct~no!lrn~r)iicIjc ~cbcllt illig bet rnego[it~iirr)elt OJrabfiauten" in IDlitteil. bet nnl~rop, (!lcfclljrf), !illiCit ]~)()O,

II n r Q U fe, 1:1'0 jnburgcl1, {\J( 0!l0U 18~3,

II .8-. m- - IDlnrin ~oll~wborf £ld m:lien, bel' HNrfd6crgU ~ol1n~iillier~, brfien ~e~cn ~hnberg unb 1!eopolMbotf gona in bft !J1ii~e (noen.

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S"S'E=i'EEJ'i3'iS'SS~ 5 ~~ssaaasaa l1orbHd)elt ltrHmmg ir}rcr !BOlltcdlllit~ellll hie etriniii~IIc ill br~_h ~ie t\orlllftobilifierung bes mllnM)o(~es, tuie beun iiOCl'r)tlll~lt blc, {Il1ll~C ~~~11l. nrrhilcffur bcr ~e~lI~cI nod) ao[)Ircin)e ~ri~lIIl·tII!~OCItH. 011 elll~, urh)t\~ng. Iidje ed)iffg· unb ~0130rd)itcftllr onflllClft. 311£ mcme ~(nl11i)t fmngt bie ~bba foonr cincn Iiternrlidjen !DCII1Cis, iubcut ';tollncr {not:

iDetledemei1ier im ~ifonb bet 6ee u1ierlunnb icfj

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~i)lrinnen JI tuntenl! ja, !ffieibct Inum,

Sie Derlr~ellten melu 6d)iff, bQ~ au] 6tii~en irfJ flelfte'8

Sillb bie ~Ilgiibonen bcr !noradt bil' ed)o~'fcr bcs fOllftruftill:1l ~,le. IIIl'lllS her mnufunft gcrocien, 10 [inb hie ~cl'lninonen, berm critc ~1Il. wi rfullgen [dion in I,ifiorjfcI)e .8eit [ellen, eutjprerheub ihrcn ID~ctt1IlInerf • aelloen gIl'id)\am hie ®ratlcr uub Stcfornteurc. ~ic5 fonlltcl~, unb ,IIlUn· tell fie [cin roeil fie bie stccI)nifen bcs WMoIfouHcs, ber 5t(1~ferct unb ID3cbcflluft ~usocbilbct I)otten. ~ie ~nl:Jfcrci l)ino in l'rii(Jiftoriid)cll Sri· ten iulojeme 11Iit ber ~ollfunft aUfl1I1lIlICIl, ols fie bie 3rojf(t)CII 91u1IOI!oIa unb <;3eJIed)t nod} innuct ffaffenoen ~iicfcn mit 51::on ofJbi(C)ten 1lI1113~e. ~l'm Ston cntflJritt)t im ®teinboll bcr 9.Jl ii r t e 1. lis fcut ~lio olld) til bicier ~initd)t ber ®teinbou cine 911llIbI)o[3· unb 3Icd)hmI)lt~~tur \)?r. OilS. IDlit med)t fd)reibt heber ~ i I I I) \p 0 ft 0 r:17 ,,:;jft ber rolo!teI e~ne ijl'finOllltg bes eiibens? •.. [s ift bl'l)l"I~ltct morbeu. Stic ~(,~Ifld~t mirb iubcileu mibetlegt burd) cine genaue. ltlltcrhtd)ll1lg be,S ~l'lb~JI)ft~~ns bel' !J1unMird)cn 3U IDornI)oIm ... lilluIftnrtig Ingcrn bie C\.\romtlllallen fid) urn bie (Saulen, burd) tiefige Mcn{lcn .non 9J(ortd ltnte~ci1~ollbcr nerbunben." <J)o~ ift eine stcd)ntf bie offcnbnr nod) gana mIT bie Don ~cl)lll iif:ler30gellcn GScf[ed)t. unb ffiunbl)oI3\UClnb obcr \ffiiHoIIIlO ber )m euen forb" • .\?ii1te 3uriirfoeI)t. ~icle :tl'ct}nif iii bns (lu~g('~~r?d)cne 9JlittcIgItcb 5t\>iId)cn bcr rillfod) 3\)f{(I~li!d)clt It\IHlnrt tll\~ ,tI.cr' 1,1l1~ 1(1)l1t'f· fontig 3ugC[)0lIl'llen E5tcinen18 nrbciteubeu i>cs S1cttld)lllttl1)ftclltS. $otten bie :;jngilbonen ir)rr lllegoIitI)ijd)rn !UnlltCIt ohnc ~Jllirte{ gcb!ll~t ("SlI)nOpCll~m!111tcn"), [o bcrcidjcrteu olio ,bic ~l'rlllinol~('n hie ~m_~flln,lt burd) bic \!(nltlcnbung hes IDli.irtcfs U1,I~ .8 leg cIs. es ~tt gcrobe f,m llie 1)ct'lllinolliid) bccinfluf3te meio~lotCllllt1cI)c ~nllflllllt tt)Pt1d), hl~f3 fie" ben .8irgclIltHI,t° bie ~lHlb\)crffeibllng uub bie lIon bcl' jfficbcrcl IJcrttber·

gelloJIIlllcllcn Ornomentc ousuilbctc, 'cw ..

~(Ilg her !ncretlliOllng ber flJffo~li1n)cn IDnuted)l\lf tier ~ng(lbonCn unb bel' q)llidcltcd)nif ber ~erlllinollell Ht bic mOOcn. ullb ~CIt1i.\([1ctcdJllif cllt· ftonbell, bie in iI)ren ~(llflin!1cn ocn)ifl mIl bic fJcrcits Don i>Cll ~ngiibOl\Cn onOl'\\l!1lthtc 5tcd)nif ber ed)einoCltJi.ilbe, b, L ber bmct) IDorfmgllll[J ber

14 c:l)ie lUoluten bel: joni{djen E1iule ftltb ~ti"ne,(\lnllel' nIt bie @:d)~iiSldjniibet. 'tn~ lilleUen.Drnament, bie ~1nllftgteit bet ben IIDn\lctglHttrn getuCI~tel\ n!ten

~cmlJe!! ,

'5 = ~ietmcnirflinnen, gluetgen. lI11b '.llngu.\!!1el1irl)en! IG S)nTbnrb~tiDbf),

n Illltgcrlllnttifr[Je 9Jlottllmentn(rUltft, 6, p2" ' ,

II 'lie frii~eften~ in bel' jimgcren 6tel1l3c1t obcr tilleI'm ~letnU.;elt tedjmlcfj

milnlier) [inb,

" ~11 bet utntiln,en ~elmnt 'ommen ~1illfln bie "I8tonblllotIe" bei ben "~'nIlG. ()ctgcnU bot, tlQu~flng=O~fer'(~lInt~I!) !8~rg,

5)SSeSaE>B~ 6 ~c:::gEtEtasaa etcinc bClVirften ID)oIlJefunft auriidgeOt.~I)re ~tirac[ ift in ben notbi. fd)cn GSongOrabcn 3U [udjcn, 1uo mit blcle IIf a I f d) e n ill e Iu 0 { 0 e" Ollt friif}ef!cn n~d)IUe~Cn f~nnen. stie .. ~pannroeiten toorclt onfonos noturgemafi gcrm!} . ..;~e IUCltCt noif) eubel1 Hingll be~ "ingiibonjftilen" G"eeilleges, befto Iunltnoller mcrben bieie f>c3ctd)llenbcrroeife ben !Dirucn. ~r()ljiitt~n l1od)OcbiI~l'tcn @em?([)roauten, bil.' innner an nijften obcr auf .unfeln Iicnen unb cmcn (fntlUldfllng5tt)Pll~ 3ciocn, nber bie berfu)iclll'n. [ten 9l01lll'1I, rnie <r{ad){ln~, 5tolat)ots, 9luroo[)i!!O ober ZrubM)i [iiljrcu. ~f}r C!nbl1unft finb (lie @clui.ilbe bcr iiOiiifd)l.'lI ~(llllUcrfc. nbluof}l jir[) fd}o.n in oltiiolHltifd}cll unb altlllefotlotolllifu)en IDoutell, allerbiiios nur in genngelll l~lIIfanoe, e d) t e @eluiiIbcooutell nOd)lUeifcn Ioffen, 0[01101.' icb bod), ban btl' {fntwicffung bil.'fc5 ~oucIclllentes ben ~ [t ii bon e n 311' 3l1jd)rcioen 1ft. ~cnn (lie ~trllsfcr, bie melt fa luenioftens 311tll 5tl'i( non einem llrr",cn· (bnber ~fo[)lf)ou.) molf cbleitet, Imben ben !Booen. unb @elt>i.Hf>c[lOU aul.'rft unb am fonfeQlIcntcften alls{lebiIllct.21 )Die t1rii. I)jftorijrf)e 5ted)l1if l'lc6 in i.'lalllalioer .8l.'it feI)r unmirtlidjeu unb fd}lUCr au g0110Hd)cn aentroIcn, uonuieqenb bon ~ftiibonell ober bicfcn nobe[tehenbeu primitinoiben Wljfd)Iingen betncljnteu ~llrol>n6 Imt eincn aluiiterf)often!! <!fJoraftet. @Sie Ht I)oIf> ere., 1Jom 2anb·XcaJnif. ~n her friif)crcn .8cit mertt man, bon ber ID1eere6fiifte (nljo bon 9lorbcn, m_lcitCIl unb eiil>l.'ll her) hen ~inf[uf3 ber inoobonjfd)ell ted)nHd)cn !l'nItur. <rrft h1iitet in ber !8ro113e3cit, in ber frii1Jen ~ifenaeit (,,~nIftott" ·£lu{tur) unb in bcr f~iitercn G:ifen3eit (,,20 stene".Slurtur) rulrb burd} 1l0S mOt· briugen bet ~ferl>efigur unb bes ID)agens bcr ftiider merbenbe mnf{nn ber iiftlid)en 1)etlllinonifif)en tcif)nifd)l.'n $tultur d)oroftcrifHfd). ~ic ciqcntiimJid}e 3IUittcrige tcn)nifd)e fluItur tics ~ftCibonen mirb am llcrtell bttreT) bic 2hlsbirbung ber mfaIJIfJau-23, bet 5l:'erromnren-:t unb eben her 5IDliloe· trdjnif oefcnlt3Cinmd. ~IJr bornehntjter unb gri.intcr !1Jolfs3Iucig, bie mi.imer, nxiren balJer berujcn, bie erjten @ e w 0 I 0-, (S t r a f3 e u- unb ~ r ii cf en ted) n if e r au rocrben. ~s ift fein .8ufnIl, bon bei bcn Vllllllern ber I)iid)fte mriefter ,,4'ontife~", b. i. !8 r ii cf e II b a U lIIe i ft e r, IJieB.

1)it ~n1tflll1fl ber alten Brit.

ster birefte Wf>fiimm[ing borgl.'fd)id)tIinJet ~"oiibonen.mollfunft ift bie brfonbcrs bon e d} lie III 0 nn Ullb (f b a 11 S crfd)foffene Il11b llllrU)' forfd}tc 1IIIJfl'llifrf)e obct brHcr 1i 0 ii i i d) e ~rl'lf)itrfhlt. 3iir (\CIl inoiitlLllli. fd)elt ltrhmtllg ber iioiiijn)cn !Unufullft jprid}t 311ltncilft bie iirtlid)c ~noc bcr ~cnflllii[ct, bic in ller 911'iI)e llC5 IDleerc~, cnilueber nuf ~llfe[n, ,~nlf)·

-----

to Nissardi, contributo per 10 studio dci nuraghi, mom lOOt, laeaaen·

fl erg e t in Beitfr~rift fut (!t~norogie. 1007.

II trrei~crr Qloeler b, mllbeniburg, IDrunbrifi bet ftunpgefdJidjte, !l31. IB!J.I,

a~~ .

~! ~gr. ~rhtJo=:tltJiflo=Sruittet', run&elfjol~,

12 ~er !llfn~16nu berll~t lIuf einer ruciter lluGgetiilbelen @lIfJeffjoIA.l;ccfjllif, bet ~riictelt- (unb CStrnUen.)~nu galla organifdj IIlIf bet !lJfn~lballtedjllit

" ~. f.)Ufnfjlliautell iiber trorfenem !Uoben, bie tt}~iidj filr bal in ben ipoboni. fdjen SMtu"tfrei~ faUenbe 06etitalien finb.;

SS51see.s51ES>~~ 7 ~~~SsssgcSsa injcln ober an ber .Qiifte lieocn,t nIto [ebioliul cine oronuijd:e ~ort{cbllllg bcr moufunft bet I)croijd).nrHd)cn IDlegCllitl}ifcr jill;'. ~(fs bie GSriinbcr nub !trngcr bet iioiiijd)cn SlllItllr (leltcn bie storcr,: bic offcnoor cine [euer OllS bent 9lorbcll lImd) bie IDleel'cngc 1lO1I (~i(lrtlltnr l~tllll>':!."belt fl'l'fn[)renbcn ltorbiid).I)eroifd)Cll GScfolnir(}tlfh'lIll1Cltcn. 6lf)olt II)re ;.:.rad)t mit bell geI)ornten 4)cIlIlcn mutet auf bell erltcu ~{II{llirf lIorbHrf) on, m_los mir OUS oot)l>-tifd)en £)urHen iibcr fie }uiffell, (lcftiitiot (lie ~rn· uulnue boU mir cin toUfiiIJllC!3 norbijc()c~ 8ccriiuocrllolf, cine ~(rt morlaufer' ber fl'oteren 9lorltlanlten, nor 1I11~ hobcu. 9lod) Huret Illirb bcr Bllfnllllllcn()llIIg bicfcr nUllft I~tit bel,lI 9?o~bcn burd) .. e!.I~c m~r~lU~~lII~O ihrer fonflruftiben unb beforntinen ijlocnI)eltcn, stCt aoalfd)e ~hl ~lt tlI bicler !BcoicI)lmg oud) eine IoOifd)e lfficiterent\uicf[ulIg bes lIodll.ld)en - ~oI3ballftiI6. ~ie Soulen fin.b ruie ~or3iiill[ell ~cft~Itc~~ bcr edl~* lognr mit .8icfaocfntllftern unb e-plrOrorllolllcnh'lI, IUIC flc fur bell. onoqcrlllt1' nifc{)clI rltro~ilifd)CIt 9?orbrn hJl,lifd, [iub, ocid)llIii~t. <£ ie e-telllorU)lt~ftur I)inlUicbetutll fniil>ft foIgerid)tig nn bie etcllllUd)lteftllr bcr 91utog[}t Ott. ID.\ i I 1\) 1.13 0 it 0 r I)nt nu flller[flllll ocmou)t, bon ~il.' fid) o~ bet mo~is tll'rjiingcnl>e iigliifd)c EtdllfCiule - ein nrd)itcftomfd)c!3. Ilnilum -:- fld} 11m alls bcr aljnlid} ocftoItcten SpinbcIf(illfe ber 91ul'ogI)t unb norl>tfd!ell 9lunboouten l)erIeiten Inlle, <£cnfeIbcn ltri~lrllng hnbcn btl! elf)CIIl' tuolbungcn. bie burd) !norfrCIQung bel' 8tcille f)ergef~clIt tuctb~,n.3 c.t:03U tounut nod) bie mortclIofe "gt\)f(o~en-IDlnncr"<Zccl)mf. <5elbft lit ben ber uiobcrnen atiorogjfd}en !Bclneonng biHIio ferne [tehcnben illeIC£}ticn. Ircilen tocubet man bcr ogiiifd)cn Slunft cin immcr ld)~~ Her ,Ineri:lcll~es 'lllteteHe 311 unb Ierut aIllllaIJlid) ihrcn unqcheuren fcl)lltlfenfd)Cll, ~tlIfl1lb luiirbioclt, .sUIll 5l3clueije fiiI)ten in) cine 8telle ~us bcm ,nllt ancrfcnnensmerter £bjcftibitiit gejd}ricoenen muci)c "Sl)te ~ntlUI~lungs: gdd)id)tei:ler 8tile in bet bilbenbcn Shmfl" uou Str. <I 0 I).~ • ~ 1 :. It e r all, Me - mic nne ill uniercr Slfof)onMullg llnrnllS oll!Jcflt~lrtell. e:tc~cn _ lllll [n fd)lt>etCt in6 (\Jelllid)t fiim, "[5 ttlOl~ bcm mertnHct nidit Cl,lIC "oriologHd)c" IDcclnf[uffllllO borrocrfcn fOlln. CS; o.f) It • ~ t C ," e r f,d)rclbt miirtlid): ,,~n WloIerci Ultb (\iolbjd)llIicbctUllft, til ~~fcnbemtllafttf. unb 8tl.'injd}llitt oiUt i:lie Slullft t>es ognijd)Clt mlr~l'r~~ ~Iere tlnb ID~Cll!UI.CIl in bell fOlll~11i3iertcftcn mcl1Jcgungen, fd)offt fIe ble 3l1rteitcn, fetnl.tllt~. jlen f)rnolllcnte ullb bel)errid)t bobci in beT ~rrd)iteftur ~ocn{o h?IC til 9.n,,(crci 1111(\ mloftif ~ns 5tcd)lljfd}e boIlfollllllClt .. , ~ t C ~ e f II 11 flI e r i f d} C ill e ft a 1 t U 11 {l ~ f r aft • . • I} ~1 t b 0 ~1I a I~· b ~ e 9 II n 3 e lill c1 t 0 I.' f r U d} t e t b is n a d) @511 a It lC 11 I)tll U n b t n 6 bot·

i i\ r n eli t i f d) e no tI n n n.'" .'

~e\' nDniid)c ~\ollftiI MITbe, mil.' bie 001l31! St.nItllr i:l~cicr .sClt 3111B Ed)IlIn - l\lic lllllll\'r - 311 befototib lIllt! 3l\lCrflo?', rellle 'JOt'IlI- unl)

I ~lOI. Slnolio3 nuf !tretn, ~irt)nl unb !l'lt)fennc nnf bCIIl ITcfl.ln~.\b. .

t 6rr)on nllein biete; mJort, bn~ nn3 bet !IDortrnn.e lilt _,,6tem , (I]. r) a&g~lett~t iii \ucift aul bn'l (jOfle I!tlter bielelJ molre3 nnb lemer 5t11ltur ~In: 9!nn)lllClle In

Ojlnra" 91r. 5Z: H'.Urotolinguijlif".

; lllc[anl1ttfte~ ~lnf!er: bn~ ,,6cf)n~lIeltli}lfle bd ~(ttcu3". , ~kdng ~. ill. ~cu&ller, i!eip6i9 l!HO.

• .8itfa 1800 bot (!~ripu~.

• I. c. I. la. '



~.o<:::I.=J.=:JS>E>S~ ~ ~e:case:csaEt €'dJ",lUdfunft, offcnbnr infolge bd aUmiif,fia)en Untl'roerJen~ bcr blenbcn lJcrol fd)cn ,\)crrclI fef)id)te int :tierlllenfd)cn.T unb IDlittcllCillbcrfulII. sta lalll UIII 1200 ~Oll ~ll~r.bl'n rJl'r eine neue oriogerl1tonifd)c ~mlferlodle unb atl~r bon e,lII(,111 ~,o'fc. un~ ~(l(]Cnbo(fc,alfo ~CrllliI1011ifdJell Ehlll1. 1It('~, hie 1) ~ r t ~ r, bie Iofort In her IDilbung eineg ncueu etilcs, ~c~ bo.rrfd)cn ehl~, IT,re .ungebrod,ene fiinftIerifef)e @)a,o~ferfrnft vctiitiotrn. ell' bCllu~~clt 31thlt bl,e bo~ocfunbclICI1 nicHe her friiTJetI!ll etile, nbcr lie 6r~d"telt micbcr Bod)hd)fclt unb .8luccf itt hie ~orlllett unb fd)ufcn eiucu ~ttl bon boIr(,I~~~t('r ,~d)i)I1,r)eit ol~ ein e~licOclbilb ihrer CiOCIIl'1I rnHiOl'lI ~'olTfollll~I(,l1rJ.clt III foq1crhd)cr unb geiUiner !l3eaiel)ulIg. ~!ud) beim bod. [djcu ~trl ~?Irll ber .8ufOllllllenr)ong mit einem norbjfd)en .\5013Dtlufi i[ bura) bie eatl~cn unb uor OIrCIII burd) b(,11 firics eneielen. stclllI hie 9J~c. topen unb ,,5trrOhw~)cn" finh l~bi(}lid) ~ic ill<;tcin ii6errc~te, fOllllelltiotll'n gcformtclt IDolfenfolJfe bcr btl' UlI1foUungsloonb bllrd)~rinOCIll>CII ~oI3' becfe. .~1It '\)erni?,n in £)It).I.II~.in f01l11 ilion fooor fcftftel[en, reie hie olten I)olarrnclI 8ou(clt oUmol)lrd) ~ura, eteinfiiulrll erfeut nmrbcu. ~\ci ben oIt~n .tioI3tel1l~elll tnoren bie bet ~ittcrllno befonbers ollsllefellten ~rfrotcnen ou~ ZOIl ~)~rQefte~t, ein (33e~raua), bet fief) aua) h.Jiitcr nod) lIt,folge ber. iJorlllfto(ltlttat bel ben etemtellllJcIn erlJieIt.· eogar onna l"'ttl'rn,lterIr~)e anlll~tellbe ~o"",clllJilbet trifft man auf ben 8u)iIbem bcr .StrlegcrflQuren lit ben nlten mafenbilbern an.

(fs 1ft. nu:. raHcnT)nft 3U erfl~ren, menu her fef)one, [)orlllonifme borifd)e 1BoufhI mngrcltb ber morf)errla,oft her @S~artaner ber @StU ~e~ ~eIrenen. Ianbes mnr unb mit hem 2fuHtieg ber bcreits ftnd meblterrnnjfierien ~r!,I)ener bern fd~on mehr bent @Sa}lI111dftiI 3uneigenbcn, eiueu geluiffen ~oI)etJunft marfterenben ion i f cfJ e n @Stile meidjen l1tu~te. S!)ic lueif cre ~nb biiU!~e .ID?ellite:rnnifieru~g [inhet iI)relt boufiinrUcrifd)clt 2fu~brllrf tn bCIII up~tgen rem bcforohben Iff 0 tin t r, i f a) e n <; til". (is ift b~beutfa~t, ~afi. ber jonifd)e unb forintr)ifaJe ®m fia) immer: 1lIC£)r buref). rmg~n, te mntper unb Iebhnjter ber !UerfeI)r, ber mirtfd)oftlin)e unb bO,nttt au,cfJ ber oefd}Ied}tIia)e unb raHige, - bet @ricd)cn mit ben foft rem meblterronen IDiiIfcrn morberofiens luitb.

@,~na~ bcnfclbcn ~eg 11>ie bie oried)ifd)e IDnufunft Gerlt bnnn ftJiitct bie r 0 III ~ fa) e !8 auf 11 n ft, nut mit belli Unterfd)ieh, bnfj [)iet her mer. fo~ lller rofd)er bor fief) gino, lIO bie VUllller bci ber (fl'obcrung j[)re~ 9JMtchnecr·Q5rofircid)e!3 bcreit5 aUf bic nll~ Blnfjenmi\ct)ul1g I)rrtlor. grlvoa)fenl'n UnillCl'folfultut unb ben i~r entfVred)enbl'll Wlifd). llllb ~Uer' foICs·mollftiI' fticf3e". ,

T ~cflial!tlit mit b~ll,."Ubumu·"" H~era." unb ,,~Qgu".IDleltrdjen tutttbe itt gtofiem <Sttle tell' nIl Tell!llillet ~ult, tej(iJ QI~ lIngcmein eintrllglid)CiJ QJcfr~iift _ berOltherl bOlt ben ~~oltiAiern - betricben, 92ocT)tneife in meinen !ll i b el.~ 0 lum e ~I t e ~ ", !Brrlag ~ . .aillnl~n~1, !Uerlin.mdjterfelbe, 9(u3 bicrer intlnrf)e r)CrRll!$ nUnrt fldj bnG IIngeme~n ~lillflne. !l.lotfo~nten bOlt Slncrg., 91icter- unb ,,!Jnbel". !lBelm.Qleflalten ullb ble [)6failllltlitelt In her Ornnmentit ber nUell (Stille ,bie fi~r~llell~ bil in bie !Romnnif ~nb @otir fortbnucrt. 311 fe~terclt Stilen obet be. Ttlt" berflcdt unb an unnnffiiUlgcn, nur bem "Wif!enben" fJdoltnten 6tellen.

• (£ 0 ~ n· lID i e n et', I. c. 6. 28,

• !Ue6cidjnenbetl1Jeire .. l!oml'ojitr6tif" ou~ TOmifcfj.~d{enillifdjn (5tU ge-

nannt. I

seS}3eses~ 9 ~~ssssssss mir T)o~cn in bCIII (igaifa)en, borifd)clt, ionijn)cn, forintT)i\d)en unb rOlllijn}·I}eIrenjftifd)en !Bauf!iI ben ~nll~taft bcr Zti(enhvidlung \)crfolgt, nn ben fia) untcr neuerlidjem tcroijd)'arifd)CR mniicn.(!inf{uHe neue l:rieDe anfeben fomen. m.lir molIcn nun fura bie Zeitcltoitc biejer (!nt· lllicfhmo, bic 1i 0 1) tJ t if d) e unb 111 C f 0 II 0 t 0 111 i 1 d) c j8ml[lInf! betrndjtcn. S!)ic riitfeU)ofte iigt)lJtjfd)e ~tJrolllibe ifl bet ~(f.Jjd)llIi3 bel' nus bern ~lorbcl1 [tnnunenbcn ingiibonifa)cn ~rrn)iteftllrvetut'lJulllJ: bns mit eluent oeolllcirjfd) [tlliiierten. otlo f.Jcrcit~ bctorntiu lui rtcuocu, .\jiinc( Ol'l>ecftc norbjfcf)c QSoltogrolJ.10 ~hlbcr~ Ii1bt fid} biefcs e~l[)illl:·~liitjd ber !!.\llll[lIl1ft rocbcr [einer B=orlll, noa) [cincm ,s1Vt.'cfe IlnG} ncritcbcn. ~ic ontWlifn)c !8nuftmft entloirfcIt fief} nid)t IUHf) OllfjDCirts, [oubcrn Iontiuuicrfidj non) ablu1irts. S!)cm S!onbc fcT)lte eben bet ~IIII.l111s mUCH frjfd)cn norbildien BloHenblute5. "stie ~[1I100rn be~ nltcn 3lddles [tchcn nili)t IIUt {cn)lIjfd}, [onbcm nud] fiinftlcl'ifcf) &erciB nu] cincr hohcu etufc bel' ~Iltluid[uno unb HJre m.lut3cln grejfcn in ~'rCibiflorif(!)c Seitell 3Udid."ll @ernbe ble 6nulen bC$ Cigt)NHrI)en ~o\lftilcs betl nlteu 9leia]cs 3cigcl1 in ir)tcn ~Orlllel1 ihre 9(Of1lnft uout $0(3(ln1l unb i}(en}hucrf noef) tllilliO Ilor 011. S!)er 6CiulellfdJaft bcftcfJt l}iiufill nils nicr mn~l\)rllsjten~eln bie untcr belli fio~itiil mit eincm lBoflUrcifell 311fnllllllcIIocvullbcn IlIIb. S!)o~ StolJitiiI felbft ftent mlul11enbolbcll bnr. ~III nujfnllcublteu @egclllat} au ber Urf~riingHd)feit bet o[tiiOt)~tijd)rn Stunrt ift bie IpCitoglwtiidje Sl'unft forlllaliftifd) erltarrt, cine reine ~cforntion~fllllft gCI1>OrbCll: 10 mie [cbe mcrfnU9funrt. IDlit hem Unlcrgnllgc bcr Icnten mClte ()erolla). arifdJclI ~81utcg in bent meblterrcnoibcn, ncqroibcn unb ncrnjjtcn ipat. ngt)ptHd)cn t)cIlacl}entum erlnhmt clle baufiinfUcrijd}e €d}O\.lferfllnit unb ncrborrt aut IDlumie.

(fin gOll3 iiI}nlid}es milb getuiifJrt bie gcjdlid}tIid)e (fnttuidlung bet III e f 0 tJ 0 t a III if dl e n, i n b if a) en 1II1ll d) i n e f i f d) e n' !8oufllUft, nut mit bern tlntcrfd)iebr, baa bie ~riioer bcr dltcrcn ,~oc{)funft {Jer· lIIinonHd)c ml'ier,aHo moffe., ~agen. unb !mctnIrllolfcr, mit entllJicfc~ter Zc-a)nif ber' fiel"OlIIif, bcr ~cbcrei unb ~eg nont· unb mrcttr)0{a·2h(cs IOOrcn, unb 91aHe unb 6tiI im IDlongoloibcntulIl \1ercoo.cn. '1: i~ mef0p-0' tOllliln)c lBnufunft (cHell iilJnfia) ben iigtWlijn)cll mt)rollllben, hie folollo. ll'n .8il'!)c1oalltcll hcr Blmn~lcntiirlllc UlIll ~lJ~nllcm cill. stic mmllt,'lcn. tiirnlc bet !Unvl110nicr finb an jia) ullbcr!tiiIlDlid), fie IDcrDell e5 ober, fo. bolb Illon H)rc' Hr· tilth ~{ui\{l(\no?>for1l1en, bic norbiid)cll m,\ol&urgen lI1it il)Ten epirnlrnnwcn I)eran3icI}t. '1:ic {lOn3l', gC\\)oItigc 3icgcInrd)i. tcftur IllirD llerftiinMid), luellll mOll ebcn Dcriirfjief)tigt, bob bie Zd)i.itlfcr birfcr !tinufullft bie in ber 5tlipferci crfnI)HIll'II .cperlllinollm Il'llUCll. ~(Jl'uio liiht es fief) bOl'ml~ crfliirell, lIoB ill ID~clO~10tl1l11il'1I ber 5lUNlc[. 1IIIb (1IrIlli.il&c[lI1U mt'lJr Otlr,gl'oilbct lnur~clI,l~ ~ic ~£li\)rct lIlt1.\ hic -i) n 11111 I ~! - rnffcnl)oft non) I,li.iI}er ftC£}cnbl'n ~crfcr, llCl'binbell bic~e 3icnl'lolHlfunU mit 2trinDOllfunlt 1I1lb fOlllbinicfl'1l lie frhr !):id}ilft 1111t brr .\')013[IIHlfullft. ~\d(lllbcr~ hWiid)c li(lcrtrnOllllOClt ber nitnrllchclI ~O[3'

10 ltliJl:~ii~~!rr)irI)te bet Siiin~e". in ~lot..nllt~t. mCbur. 9..1crlill.etegli~, IDlni H)03. 'J)nlll! ill ~, ~nftot. altgetln, :Ulonllmentolful1~, 6. 50 fl.

11 [0 ~ n-lfIl i ell e r, (!l1ttuid(ullg~oeldJidJte bet (Stile, 1!eip3i9 HIlO, (5. 5, n !Jrei~err aloeln 1). mObenlburg, I. c. 6, 17,

~~~~~aes~1O~~~~~~~S f>oUfllllf.t auf bie etcinf>o~fultf~3finben rid) all ben Il)bifcf)en, ll(}r\Joifd)clI 1I11b It)Clfcf)~!t OJroob~ltf~~tn~:rtt. ~It bcr :t'rnnmentif bcrlclIOIICII bic 111~fov~tol1lllcf,en, ffclnnl1otlld)cn unb irollifefJen etile ben norbiidJ [)l'r' 'Il1n~llJfcf,~n llrfp,rung nidjt, ~og edioeCrnQlIlcnt (IDliinnbcr Ilfln.) bcr tCN11~i"'ort~nc Blncf)l'ltfcf)lItucf C.~iVIJlonfliI"), Ocr)t nn] bic cllhuirfcrtc r}cn~III1Olllfcf)c ~cbtcd)llif auriid. !DOlt !non unb )!Booen [)eT Iomntcn bie ~1~rhfdJen mf~rbcfOllf.fotJitiiler, b(ts 910fcttclt (ffinb, Sonncn).rohlti~, uub hie 3uerft bel. ben il!lrl)r~rlt 1todJOclDicfelte ~lll~ocftoltuno ber 3 C It it e r, ILJ0311 IUL1[J.~ bie i3'CI"tc~ 111 ben ~loef)clt bcr 110rbifd)en ~ollbcrforrl'lI oic

crjte lI11b Il{1erI)11Ul1t bie 3Iccf)trullft ~rllreoullg n&gnf:Jcn. .'.

~el' ~~.ongo,re ~ft ei~ f_inbi!d)er lli1cnfcf). 6cine ()crborftcd)enbftcit <HJo, r~rtcla"oc ,flllb. ~lelnItd)rctt, 91nd}ClI)111111t!l5fud)t, ~iocl1nllb unb [lm-re [-~r[l?~lrtf)Clt c.~1Cr,:" ob:t "~lIcrfollfiofcit"), g)ie 3entroInfintifd)c unb cf),tIlClllcf)C stunft lllodjtc Id} elite in !8rcitfd)iibIiofcit erftnrrte bcnninot~lfd)c ~l1!Jcn •. lint> h'N1id)Ortige 3liid)cnfllllft ncnnen, 9f1les ift Iouucu. ~olteII obgcnffelles, r)llltberttn:lfel~,bll1oI imitiertcs unb borJcr 311111 ed)luffe gall3 bcrbnn~o~ntes QSeld)llol'feI, .vnbern. unb S;PotJicrfctcllIucrf, ber l1tonU111cntnl'~1~1111t~lc .9(u~brlt~ 1ItonOoIoibcr ~Trlllfeligreit 1I11b bummfcf)[ollcr ~Ct1fle1tr)ctt, hie 3U gIeld)cr 3eit impcnictcn uub nrIlcnbci "bcr,biencn" milf. 6iiboficl1 unb ~Oll(\11 ift toie ~ut'~mcrifo teihul'iie mehitcrrnn uub ingiibollijd) flecillfluflt, lue~l1>coen brfonbl'\'s in ~nl'licn ~nb . 8ent~nln,1HcrifCl fid). ein ~ent IIc1l3citlid}en !UClrodjtil bcrbliiffcllb ~r)lllt~}cr upvlocr ~cfOl:Clhol1sfhI enhuirlcln fOllnte. !8c3cid)1l1!1l11 ilt, 1I11f3 ftd) blere bciben ~ororffftle nu] bcrlclheu ffinHcllllntcrfooe _ [)eroib'll1elli. terron mit ?cgil111enbrn mOllgo[oitlcn ~illlDirh1ll0cll - ClUf[lOlIl'll unb [o ben cnqcn mncrcn .8ufnllllllcnl)ong ~l1.>ifd)cn BloHe unb !Unufm in !lC' rOllcau llraftiid)er ~cife beurfunben,

:Die S8aufullfl ber mittleren Brit.

$Die oItcf)riftIid)e '9Ird)iteftur ift, [olnnne bos tl{Jriitcnt1lm borlllicgclIll hie 9lcligioll lies r~)lItifdlcn m.1cltl'eidHlllifdllllofd)l'lj roor, nur eiuc nnnjeligc iuuncr mehr Dr.rfnUenbe ~e[feniftijcf).riill1ifd)c Sl'unfi. <rill ncuer fl'jfd)cl' @eift Ionnnt ill fie erjt, o[s bic @Sermonen fiefT bern cr{)rifh'Ilhllll 311' nciqten. ~ie ofigotifd)c unb IOllgoborbHd)e .\Scrrid)oft in ~tnlil'1l btil'o nid)t ohne ~inroirfultO auf bie (!ntluirffullg bc!3 !8C1l1ftiI. jn nlcle buntle, biSl)cr llltocli.iftc 3mgcIl bcs oItd)riftIid,cll 5811llftifs (&cfollllcrs her ,,~Illfi. Iifcn") 1t1HcIl fief) CPCIl nur burn) orl'llllllljfd)c frinfliiffc cr ffiire II , 80 ill crlter £!inic hie ben gnn3ell ~til bei:lill!Jl'Ilbc SiilllcIlftcUlllto im ~1I11CI'l'II, ftl,ft mie in J:)CIt friif)l'rrtt fjil'lIiclJcll ~'tHlh'Il im ~rllfJrn'n. <!) i e f c ~ II t. 11.> i cf l u u () j) e r ~ It Il e It n r d) i t e f t u r ronute lIodJ 11111' non ciner ml,fje nuf\ncIlcll, ~ic iid} l1Iel)r hn ~Ilncrcn her ~!BorJl1l1l1nCIl !lllfhiilt, nljo nur bon bcr Ilorllijd)rn alnfil', enll 3111citrs fOllftrllftibc~ H)MilJ ift i:lh' norbifd)c nltnrijrf)c micnforbl)iitte, luclcf}c in etcilt [tililiert ill 1ll'Il r n n e n 11 n t I i d) e 11 3clItrnlboutcll unb i'lCI11 mrobe ~(Jcoborid)§ iuicber Qufinud)t. .~11 bcr ~eforotion 3cigtcn jicr, oerlllonijd)cr <rinflun in ber

11 SBgf. {j~ei~et~ QJoeIe~, t c. S. 28 If.

-~~~~~~e~~U~sasaasaa ()~bensmQn.ner 1B ern I, n r b, 92 (l r be r t uub 18 r 11 no, nIle (lug cblen nn.f~)l'l1 (lkl~)rcd)tcrn, fd}llfrn OCocn hie iiN)ige QU9fd)IUcifcubc ~e{)clIs •. 11)Cl)c unb ~l.e lm:rottcten l~irtfdJoftlid)cn mer~~UniHc bie gronen nltcn D.rben bcr .8lfier3lcnfcr, ~rolllollffrotellfer 1Il1b llortr)iiufcr, hie bie t1Cricr lUtc~er 3t1~ ~(drrf~)o~e unb allr meriJlIlCrlid)ung 3uriidril'fcn. ~01llnI5 crr'C!~ite lIle ~uf~f 111 ber geiftIief,cn .pl)1I1I1if, bie moefic in her l'cf,t rJclbl1~)cn ~t:1lt, bll' IDl~Icrci uub ~[(lftif in ihrcn ftiIrcll, grOUl'H, bod) bcfcf)CI"ell fld) ocr ~Crd)ltcftur nub bCIII rcliaiofcn @cHt bet gcit uuter, ~~ncllbCI1 lY"otJ.l1cn unb bie mo~!tif in ber ijro~erllng bes niihcrcn _of,lc.nts b~:d) bie 5lrclt3foI~rcr, ,»of)ct1unfte bet 1I111tericrrcn unb geijtinl'n I)c.rolfd).nrtld)~1l !lultur, .ble UIlS (Jcute t:o!S un;cret tcd)lIjfd)rn .\'lilfs. mittel, uncrreldJoor crfd)cmen. $Dcr romolttfd)c etH erlnuqte Ul'3cid)llcll' b~rroelfe om friif}ef~l'n [cine [)od)fte IDoUcnbung in-91ieberfodHe!l, 0110 in curer au her bomo! 19cn ,.Brit uno sum :teil oudj ~ellte nod) fef)r r)croifdl~n 2anbfd)aft. UI~~ unt Jt1cmc: e~Jtoarl1lcrci fiir bic ,91omonif' uicI)t ill ben ~crbod)t .~cr lIoerfd)lllengltd}fctt au (olll1l1l.'n, fiibre id) luicber cine [le. fonllers Ho~racllgC1ti>l' Stelle. au!l bern llcruib uilbecinf[ubtclt mun) (i 0 r, n " mll e n e r ~ ~n: ,,~lr [}aben' in ber rol1tonifd)cll 5rircIlc ben

I.' bel ft I.' nOr 9 Q n 15m usa u f e I) e n, b C r f e i t II e 111 b 0 r i.

, d}e n ~ I.' ,lit P I.' I i n j) e r b i I ben ben n u n ft g e f d) 0 f f e n

ro 0 r ben. 1 ft.. . • SD err 0 m a n i f dj e €5 til i [t e I) T I i d) t) i 5

~ U r 1.1 0 II It e n .8 rn e tf f d) 0 n [I e i t:'4

$tcr .. Urf~lrung ~es, got if dj en !BnuftHs ift 9~otbfrnnfteiaJ. ~ie Q50tif aerfolIt 111 .. brei nl~f)t gona Q,lcia)~rtige 2Uifd)l1itte bet ~ntluid{ul1g: 1. ben f r I! I) got t f aJ e n, bt~tt)ctlcn nud) "it bet 0 a n 9 g".8m neno~~!, 2. bl.e .\) 0 d). go t i f, 3. bie e P Q t got i f, ~dj foffe ben friiI). gotllo}cn et![ ols cmen beforntil.1 rociterac{jiIbeten "romonjfdjcn" ®til auf, unb c! tft ."o.d} ar~ ein ?cr~ifdjer em au ocaeid)l1c1t. 5!)ie 4)od)gotif bag~gcn, .. blc Ilut lI}rcl11 [lerhfoItsl11us unb ir)rcm tiiftlerifd)cn etiit!en., \ufctlerollnbe[. unb ID2oBll>erfft)fiel1t bie .8roetffunft boUig l.1erbrollgt llie ~nnb 3~rfefJt, iibc~oU ouf ~roftif unb ~Heft ~innrt)eitet, ift bereH?, 'cine ltbc~trelbung ~~rolber .Qunftfcf)opfung llnb giM fid) bobura) o(s ein ouf I11cblt~rroncn II-mfCuB 3uriidgc[)enl>cr V1offcnl1liid). uub ueginncnber llkr. fnUsftlI au erfcnncn. ~ic etilcntluidlung fillbet j[)tC \UnrnHl'lc ill bcr t:1olitiidicn, tuirtid)oftIidlcn lInl> lUiffenfcf)llftlid}cl1 ~l1tlDicf[llI10. ~nr, (fulle bcr .nre~33l1{1Pcr!ohc faUt lIIit j)(,1JI 8icgc b('~ riillljfd)cn ~(Wftht1lli$ tlltt'! fOll1lt IIl1t bCIII 81cgc bcs WlebitcrranislllUs oU\Olllllll'U. ~ie lIll'llitcrl'lllloi. b:.~ ill raber . tretcl1. blt ref} ~ic Holiell jfcf}cn eeeftiibte !Brlll'bio, Glellun IInb ~~t1o ullb nit!!: 1lI!ltber .ouf Zi3i1il'1l lll1i> ellollien lIIit ~rtlllJlljl'l1 • .0h,. Itcl!Crn uub ~Clltlrflrll lit (rbhoficre Inirtjdmftlilf)c llUll ociflinc ~ll'rllil'l. b~':~IC.(~1l110. ~or, frij~lC [l~.roiid}e ~Hllt beT Stl'c1I3fnfmr aiid)tct bil' bllrt'll'r. nll(ltl1d)cn, 110rllllfnfoltl1d)CIl, f~l(lllijdll'I1, fi3ilijd)ell till" nrit-lf)iid)l.'11 ~~iilfer nllf UIll> gibt if)l1l'n in .R11 11 jt, [giffcllfd)oft IInb t:olitif l'11fitill~ ~lIllJlIlic, ~ns illcgenteil frift in Dell Ilcl'oifef)cl1 '2tollllllliiIlDCl'n 9forb. frollfrci~) unb 1'l'ufiri)IClllj) cin, :tort ocoil1nt bog oUmo!)lirf)e ~(lI'filci!1cn ber lII('llltCrtnnCI1 Dln(fcl1drlllente, bcfOllilct6 bOil tlCIl etob!cll ou?, ~l1S

• 'Io~n.$ienu', 1. c. 6, 81.

asseaase~13~~sssassa~ ~lIbl'lIttllJl [inbe! bort einen ftnrfen miid~n(~. m1n£)rcnh .bic ,~omnlli'd)c' 111l~ frii£)gotifd,c libergollgsful\ft nod) get{tltd,elt Hub ritterlidjeu, 01,0 l)cl'ojfdlcn >>In{{euurhmm05 nxrr, rolrb bie $on)o?ti! bcreits ciltc. (lu~~e. l~lrod)cl1 ftiibtHef, biirgrrIin)C 5i'un{t. ~ie. ~onJgohf 1ft -- JI1~l1 h)lrb ~leS l1il'llrid)t iibcrrajef,cllb [inbcn - bodl Il1d)tg nnbercs oIs oie IDeritctllcrunu ber o{eid}3citigcn ed)l,lllftif nnl> ilic'e, ift mit ihrcm fn)\1)nt}?of~l'l1 9h'~dd,ll)tll{t, ihrer [innlojcn ~ortbrefef~crcl. lln~ lffiort~crj)n'~~~rcl cine HHliiLi) IlIcbit~rrol1iicf)e Gd,i.ivfuno, .~uc~llo lUle bll! frfJI~~nrIl1Crlldle.' o!~. flfJllleifcn~c illS U fcdore unb llngcUOl,lblote ftrcbrube a10tcre 9JhJft~f. ;LtC iuuncr rOlll~11i3icrter tuerbcube 9fllS31rtclUl1g ber poh)gollolrt1 (5}run~. riffc, ber ~tnoUllll'tfc! bcr "ai(llel~", ,,~!!lIPcrgc:' uub ,.S{rabbcl.''', b~r ~lntl)etifd)c uertilnle 1i brrfd)IUollll fl~b tl)~111d) mebiterrnn .. ~n~ roirb I1l1r bOOt'gcll eiutucubcn : 1. bic fran3oltl~)c IIllb. bellt~d)c .illo.hf fe~. bo~)oud) ciu fd)OIlCt 8tH, 2. 111iifite, roeun IllC1l1C ~(llhd)t bic ridjtiqe more, lit ben fiil>lid)eren mebiterraneu ~nnbcrll, oifo. 3, m, in ~tnl.icn, bc~ ~(llSgLll~g tier (\Solif au [udicn [cin, Btl 1 bcmcrfe Id): ~htd) In) ftnbebclonDl'l's bie frnll3lifHd)c unb bl'uHn)c tjriil). uub .von)oot.if mit ijinjlf)ronfullllcll fd)oll. ~'enn iiI.' ift (l~\uifl nid}t rei 11 I.ttrllttcrroncs, fOI1l>~.rn. l'be~l I) e r 0 i b'1llc~iterrancs m_\crf. 2Ibcn .. iunuerbin JI1llll ",ber ,rOI1t~lItld)~' eh(' (lIs bcr I)crot{d)cre 11l1b eblerc bC3CI~)llct ~~leTbcl~:0lf) geb: .lIbcrb!es ~u, bnb cs @cfrf)lIIncfiod)c ift, fiir bell frnf)flolild)C1t llocronngtlltti 3U In)\utlt. men. ~d) 4>crliinlid) hebe fiit lItond)l' friiI)\.lotirdIC mOlltl:n, (\Cfl1~C lUC(\Cll ihrcr hie .\)erbl)cit bes rcineu rouinuijdjcn mnll[ttlcs lttI1il~!ttl)cl1 ed)lItucffreubigfcit eiue ?cfol1b~c, IDodicb:_ 3~1 2: ~tt bel' ~nt ~.lt ~o~ tln1ijd)c ~felttcnt bl's gohfcf)cll chl~. bcr ,.::; l> I U b 0 !J ~ 11, om frtt{)ell.cn nn ben orobiid}l'Jl 1111b mnllrijG}cn ~\OlttCtl, olfo nu] ~e~ltcrrOltl'll: ~d)l~t nnd)311IDCl1CIl. !'obci ltt1lb ilion fcitI)altcll, bn\) ll~r ~ 1.1ltlb~gcn .ltIC£)t, lUIC muu tlil'lfoa) irriiilll{iC£)Cl'lDl'ilc onniltll1lt, 01l~ Cttll'r fotqtrllfh\ll'l.l V~ot. lucnlliofl'it l)crl1oroing, Gr ift urflJriinolid) l'in rcine~ 2d)IltUrfltloht>, ~llS our, b~r 311t iib~rtrciblll1(J l1cigenl.'lcn ~ncl.'lit~~rnnoi~clt 91n;;~:t~*)~ll' ~~ erlliirCI1 iiI. mClncis: llie .. gcflc(5tcn" 9ll1l1buotll'll. bte ,,~llfellcltbll\J(,1I , bie ,,<fjelilriicfclt", bil' 9to laftitcngcllli.ilbc bt'r 1IH1 urifc().nrnbiidlel1 lUllU' ten. Huil gcrnbc ber rein bcforntil>c Bun, llic ltnimblid)fcit uni) .8nll'~' lolinfcit 3cicl)ncIl bic ift11iclliicl)c5 050tit (l1l~. ;:tic ~l~ebl'lIiL~Li)el1 lICS Gohfd)cn 2tiHl, ~ill1~ll'rgc 11Jlb Ijtolen lncrl>cn (,in 3m S>mn'tlO{f)e.

~l~it llt't 8nua{Jme bes Iltl'ilitl'nancl1 ~illflllHc~ ilt ~rn~frch{) 111~b ~l'lIt{d)l(\tt~ lIol)crn fidl l>ic !Hauforml'lt till O\11I3Cl1 1mb l'11l3l'1l1l'1t lit 0l'l'Llbc3U uerbliiffenber ~eHe Den jiiMichm:'n IliCilit~rrnllclI ~onllClI, ~il' S~liihlotif 3criellt btl? (ilellli.Hbe 1)urch l'in 1l1irl'l'':' 9~ i l:' ~l l' l11t C b. fl'lbjl bic ~}HN'c 1Iu1) llie fO~litiilloicl1 '.l.Iicill'r ~\lcrb\'n in 11Il,jlih.1i\ll' 1~1l' elltwirrbore s,u r (1 f i (b ii 11 \) c 1 oufgcli.lfI, bns ~lR n h.lll e r f lI)tril tum Hill! rrol1~' ({ji;dlblnil'll) 1111l> ber S~lil;(10!1CI1 311111 <fjrl?,riirfClt bcrboU[lllrnt, ;Jinll'II, ~\illnll'r{lc tlnD Shnb(lcl1 t1crfrlljtcI1 \)(111 ntti;m nIle. f(l1.:~.J1 (Sonllen. 2rf)l'tltl1tHd)c ~lWdltl'l'lIhcit 3rint ['rrl'it~ 1110ll(10111iuc lilllflllllC 011. ':t'ir (i~otif ifl l'benlo rin ilctorotillcr eli! Illic bil' ~\lllwfe, ,,~L1t lIod) (l\ic ~\nrocfc) un3ill)lige T01lt(1I1ilci)c Siird)cn in i1)l'CIl Gh'jrf)llllld (t>on

I ~lo(~ md)t bie n3ili~d)e unb ,pnnilr~e - allo rtill mebitmnlliobe _ ~Iltit

~~~~~~~~~14~~aaeesaaa nuBc.lI) ulII3ugefh1!tcn .fiir. notig f>cfunbcn, bn fie nJr fO[J[ unb niidjtarn ~rrd!lelll~n, n~cr Ieine e!"3tge gotifrI)t'."0 ~o6 rocr offenfinr. [ciner ffillHcn. lIIftlllft, bcr 111 bcr @ottf blutsucrnxmbte ErI)i.ivfer mitterte.

{fill~ ~~cllpro~e Iiefert .. bie cnglifd)c unb hie norbbcutfrI)c !8odftcin. illohf •• ;l·IC ~cr?l~cn .(f:llolollber ()obclI 3. m. ben gotiin)cll em &C3cid)I1CII. hcrtucijc oIt! 1.'1111.'11 11)111.'11 mlicnircmoeu 8m nic rcdjt ncrnrbcitcn Ii.ill' ncn •. ~(lIf l1Iid~ ()ot "i~ cn~lijd)e @otif il1.lII1C~ ben (f:in~rllrf cines ooti{ll) "cfo~ IC:tCI~ lt~lcbcrrllclcrrhl5 gelllod)t. ~([Jllhd) Iietcut bie 1l0rbbclItjcl)c !8ncfllclIl'@ohf (bcfonbcr5 \10n bCII SDcutjd)rittetn unb .8Hler3icnlcl'lt OC~If(egt) bn~ StonftrllftilJC unb {Jolt in tier ~cfol'ntion ftrcllgftl's IDlofJ.

Ofl(l\'o~~o,l (nf!gefdjlofjen nm 15. 3Ulli 1914).

~d) ,"nb "trine jiillf ~tmgell, stngetilldjfiflittet bon ~erbhtRttb !Biittner, ~er. lag ~lIe~Q1lbet ~IIUret, !Wetlunt HI14, IDlf. 3.-. "3d) IIl1b meme lii!t! 3t1l1gen" b~l! bc~n IScrfnflcr bel~ 9Jlnn~n ~lIblt.liO !ffioltmnnn~ gemibmet, nimmt in ber ne: lUIII mrIJt ntogcren. PQb~goglfr£Jen ~omanlitetnhit elnen galla ~er"ottngCltbel' ~Ial.! nil. er~on bie mJlb1l11lng aUem beutet au, tnelr£)en ilielen ~Hittncr ~II' [trebt. (fr griillbet tin gOll& im ariirIJm malfcngeijt eillgetic[)tete~ 1Et"ic~ijeiln ,,91~.ues E~b~I~"! in tnelr~em nut' p~o[fcllarier ~{lIfna~me finben, um aUe~ cuber~all'.!lt1l ~lItllllflen cntAogen ~u [ein. lUil t t ue r (Jat mit bem er~Qrlb(i(t be~ etllf!en IY~:lrr)~r~ l~nb be~ ,un[)ren 5ti1nfllcr~ ben Utg~unb bet Sdjliben unb bet IEtfl1lg- 1~llgfelt bCG lltobc~nelt, eben b.ct !Roffenllernufdjltng unb bern stjr[)allbn(entlllll bicneuben llntetrtr~t- uub (ft3Ie[Jultg~ft)ftcltl~ nllfncbeclt IIl1b Ull~ I1r3ei!lt role e3 nl!I1Cpncft I~erben milife.. menu lui: ~nnnbel fr~nffen unb bie nrijrIJe ,3bce in ~rnll~, ref!ellblgc~ l1ebelt, tit neue ntlfc~c IDlenin)cn un*l.1cn tnoUCIt.

~ic [)of)e nub cble stcltben& bc3 oon3en !UmrJc!; mirb burd) ble [eiue fiinftlerifrfje fiotl1t, bie ber !Berfnffet feinen 3been unb ~{biil'[Jten au gefien !)crftcfJt in [)Qr. tnonijd)eftct mJeije etgiinat. (fine fUne, beld)eibcne lBorm()Itt~eit bl!td);uc~t bn~ 2l.lerf U1tb mirf! umjo norf)ijaltiger Illlb tielct nuf ben 1!efer.

~ie ~f:otoor.n1Jljie ~e~ (~rbnn!rIlB ~Olt ~rit'~rirr, ~terljo'~. merhl!J bon 9J1n~ ~U~ntonu, HIl3 !1J1L 1.;)U. - )Bel meblllml1l1lCl)t!1t 18erlllrl)m lit e~ bolt !Jriiiltcr 2l.ltrI)tigfeit, i~re mealitiit ourI) 'laft norf),\Ulueijell. ~ie !tiil)lt~eit ber {I)'perlmClltc bie \l3(Dbut~e ult.fm_t. QJeijirntdtigfeit - ~je Webnnfen - als real'- '.l)iitgc 311 be:

I)n~bellt •. fie mit ~llfe bet ~9otogrnlJrJ'.lrfJen ~Intte - olfo djcmilrfJ nnr~5U'

lUclien, 1ft bet 3n~olt be~ gemnlen 6dJtlltc~enG. Fr. 9lninalb.

~fe eB gClI1nd,t luirb! ~ie stedjnif frIJluinbetf)nftet: ~ilJrrlOlJ~i\nOmette bon t\:rirth fld, (),cerf,olu. ~erlog ,,\8rnllblct ~endJt", \8etliu. 9Jlf. lr)o. ~ie Ctnfl~n Quf roilienld)nj[lidjet \llafi!'; otbcitenbcn Dffultiften, e~ititiftelt Itnb ~l~tOlogel; gclUinuen bon ~og AU ~niJ an sterrnin, lUa!'; iTJncu bi!ifJc: illfolge bet ltngegeurcn 6rf)luinbeleien !)iclet ~hl{l6eutet in ber m3ciie crfdJwert luurbe nl~ bet nlUcifclllbe .\!aie oull ben ~otfiigTunnelt uub 9Jlncf)cnlrf)nflclt biclcr 6cf)luinblct irl"c!lclcitel lUtltbe. ~Ct !t~erfaiict gibt belt 3nteteficltten in feinem ~Bcrflcin gnll3 boqiig. lirlje !illcifulIgcu, bie iljm, Db edjt obet lIIWf)t, au ulttetfc~eiben IcfJtClt.

Fr. mniltalb.

~Ie (\rilfriiitc be", ~o!loB bon ~er\,t eOon, !lIedng "lJ3rnllbltr.~rnCr)t", !)Jcrlin. lIJ!r. 1';)11. - '£IC ~O!lOi'lcl)re ift bie IOlrl)tlgflt ~rgnn~ung bet luifjrnjrC)llittirf]CIt !lJlcbi,\itl. ber jogcnnlllltcll $jIJcfJo.,!flctnpie uub bcoS tIlonuctijrf]CIt ~cilll~rfllf]wl~. ~ie lUullbctbnrcn ~triiltc. bie bct ~Jlcllirfl Intrnt in firf) felbft tragt, ntiili~ll IIUt' gCltltCtt lUcrbCII, luclrr)e ~(lIfgn'be ber ~{ulot but'i~ bie bcle£)rtl1ben nnb nllfCliirclI' bCII 2(uiifiignmgen bei eincm illtofJteil feiller ~efet in nnreocnbct Wcilc au

liljen fJl1iit. Fr. ffiainalb.

• (Io~n.tBienet', 1. c. II, 6. 43.

I.

I

91111Rbli t. !ttll, SUhlio8fln1»er, bon 6Jrnf 9lrtf}nf (\jolll~ten". !8!.rlag <f. ~)lnt()e4, ~eiV3i«, tlu. 3.'10. ~tctt1tbe. J)c~ beruljmreu :b.:ql1l1.:~-a~ ~tTilllent. licf)C1l bn~ nncl)!lcln{fcllc ID1eiflerrol'rt I.!(mnbt~, bellcn etpet !)Olt brei ~ellen ud 1Iorlicgt. QJtnf l!Iobinean ~nt in bidet ~lIcfJ.lein~ urinnerp~1t ~cbcn~~efiir)le~ [eine rniicnet~iicf)el1 ~ltit~nuungelt unb 3bcole tn emet ~rt ~ll\elltgtgoflel~, lu}.e ",Ir fic lilftlic{jct unb iiber"eugullo~tteuct itt ber \llleltllterattlr tnum IUtebetJt~bcn. I.!hllnbi3 if! bn~ ~o~e 1!j~b bet lue!uen .atiirIJen m~!ic unb mlrb jc~em !1)cI~n! .. nemmnbten £efer ticflulITAe(nbe. ~lUb~urte betfrfJnlJen. ~ct lUCl~b 1ft mit elllet ~otrebt bet C»tiifitt 2Q stOUt eingeleltet, luelcfJc III 4'~ngltnn tejtec ~ornt 21~lf(r[Jlnu iitict bl\~ 1!efien unb 6treben be~. etlQuc~tc~. ~elite~ be~ (e~~tell el'rohc.n eine;; abtligen m3irtinnerllelcI)ter~tc! erteilt. !BoT6l1ghrf) 3u lobell tit ebe~lo ble tlnlfilrlJe llberfc\lUug be! jllnnen ~icf)ter~ M. O. 311~n1tlle! nlil ~m[), .ble ge-

Icl)ntadbo!le ~hllmnrf)nllg bes !fficdell. l'r. !hnlllnlb.

~t(' ~'!liIllntlBtiriib~r, 6potH!nftlpid ill ~roei ~ufAI~gell bon ~~1jn"u('B ~crino, M 0 N T 6tcinebncfJ4 lBcrlng.:lbucf)£)Qllblultg, 9JIlIlldjen, H.Il3, ~Jl[. 1.-. ~hlt oft to·ntn~en inittterIVI1'Ct-~mine ill bie 1\nge, 3ur ~rgiiIl3~ng i()t~~ jJe{lprogrn~tnte3 olld) "cine £!uftipiele au ueneenben, Stntt bet ~eroorJllhcfJcn fmE]ten l~oft I~utbelt luit ben tlDrliegenbell ebenlo lu{ligen ol~ gClft- I!ltb !Ie~n.lt~otIcn J~luel.2m~1' elllpfcf)len. 'l)et !!lcrin{!et fJnt fief) au] blefem (lIe'blele bcrett" bc~ olterClt mit gtoucm C»1i\d unb Wejc(Jid berfud)t. ~hld) bicllmn( ent3ilrtt er lIIt~ buref) ben lC{1cllbintlt tj)inloR unb ble natiirlirfien unb flnnnfrI)Onen merle.

Jfut'3e !thnllrlUcduug iilief cine mcijc in !5onnnhlbinc 1II1t1 !Snfn ("fromjV." ;m. ber b. (,\jeieltlrt). I. ~llltht., (ft()ltOI. 11. lleRejd). XLIII, .~'crlag ~icl~cg, ~rnltnId)lucig,) unb 'Itlicelnbfiitfc nuB ~lItn"lIlt~ mOllnnhltJl~c (" '1Jhttel~llgcn ber gcogt. Q.lcjcUjcl). lI\ !lJlLilld}cn", Vlll/~) bon ~r •. (S·rn~t orl3~1. .. - -'lm ~.~~te 1911/12 untcmnfjm bcr bcrbienfllJoUe OpenCld)qd)C! Jc~t In !JJluncfjen nlllnl1!ge I.!lnt~ropoto!le <.:i)r. IEtnil ~tia3i cine ~orl~)tllIg~rcile Ilnrfj !Burn .un,b !Bougnm. biltc (hwci bcutir(jclt 6iibfcc.3njell1). 'J)tC bielen unb ~rollc,~ lJ~rlonttrf]elt Opfcr, bie tj)r. ~tiA5 i bieiet UlIt;rnc[J!"uttg reibmete, (j.n~cn ft(~ rmfjltcfJ !J,.clo()ut. ~cm ~otir()et gdnltll d al~ ~rllcu, tit bn~ Sltnrrc blclct uubetanuten ,Inletn boqubril1!lrlt ullb gellnlte Stiirper-. unb 6r.TJi'tllet!llClftln!l~n . ~lt ben G:llIo.eborenen bor- 511I1e{)nten. '.l)n3 Qiefamtfiltb lil - IUle be.1 be~ pt:.tmltllJen IT!?lIe. I.mll~er -:- bnl IDilb einct IDlijcfJ' obcr bellet 3ntental.9~nhe, blc eme nrofJe ~nnnhlJl1",6rette .5U- (afit. eo luie aUe Ulrbeiten ~ti3ai~ ,Aeirf)ncn jief) nur£). bie !)orl!egcnben ~(u!lii~e bllH~ h\n~pe Ind)lidJe nbct flore Slilqe llnb c~ntte," untieblllgt !)cr!au1Ic()e3

9.l1ntceinl nUll. • • ,

!ll'lrn~tnnt(Jl1rf' ~l1nlfnltfrl('n t.~t." tJO~1 ~r. ~n\'oORl'b \tlr.rlt,"~~. (~1.rIl110 \2tltrm). !!.{crlog ~rnullliiUcr, lI.blClI, lU13, WI(. 3.-. ~ut!l~ntb ~t~lluct, IlllS !1lL1l1CUIJI tlltb '.l)ramntifct. ullter bem !nnmel1 ~mno ~turllt • mtet An~l. reid)et1 6e1)Qt Ilon. 2{.nf)i'tngcm Ultb ~reuttbelt ~.!fQltl!t, 1~llb~.rt, tit. bc!" lingemeill ftlichtb gClrf)tlebcnen IBnnb f~l1te Q;rle~ltI11c ah: ~(rot be" ~Iot~n ,~lten.\e3 tuaf)mtb beil mnl{nllh:ienc~. '.l)t. !Ute~ tner rC~llbctt 1~lt bet ladJllrI)C11 !hu[)c bc~ IDlebi.lincr~, mit belli 6tilgelil(){ bel! nfmfller3 \lnb ~Ic{)t~r~, n.bet lI~d)r norf1 - !t.In~ 1lI1~ am ticilcn ocfant - mit bcnt IUQrmell, lelbclIlr{IQfthcl)el! ~'crACII CIIIC~ bl1tne(llllcn lIliljiifjlcllbcn mlenlrf)en. Q}crobc nl~ jolrfJ~r gnt cr c:' nelonnt, ~ll.3 i[nnl:>ntUic ~t'cibcn ber frcituilligcn" ~tTlln(cllirf),ucitcnt eillcr lJctlm(]tcllbm )lntlt all nllte'C'ic()clI. IT;iit bleim IDlllt ntiilim luir 'l)t. Illtdtncr, ~clollbct'; ~n~.t[~II • IOCIIII loi~ nllC~ ben !1RcbiAincr ullb 5tiillpler in bicicm \8ucfJc ItIrgt IIl1tCtlrl)lll,en.

\mit' tilllllCU bn~ !tIucf, unt briltllellbft I'III11feglcn. . _

~tI~ ~rnllln be~ !l(n"(nl1~c3 {cit tson. bon. etta ~nl1icr, .~. ~lOtnth~nbct4 'l,icr)n{l. ~cipjig. 1uttl _ ~lJlt 3.-. Dttl1 ~nulet IJ11t..11([).lI\ fnr.~cl~c= Rc.~t bc,~ mui cinc~ ~iteratfliflorited etpcn mnll!le~ lIub ull\.fol1c~lbllct. UllllJ~t'_1nlthl.1 er 101ltticn. Edn !!tlilim i[1 cbcnfo belottllbcm~ll1rTt .1l1lC blC I1r~l);e llllllll~ mIt \,~~t et belt iibctreirf]CIl 6toii au gl~ebe~1t Ullb bcm ~c.ler 7,11 ~Ict'lIllttclll ,~n,\ld~t. "~~ birjell mClllb gclejtll [)nt. ber Ift.1II bcr brQntntl{r£)CIl ~ltc\'nlllr _b,,, .. ltt·.·lnttbe3 Inttdjcfl 1I11l:> C)nt eincn flnren Utierbtirt iiber bid~3 .10 Irl)lOtt IIl1cT)c!]llarc tilebict mit bent bcnfbnt Rcrill9pctt geit- unb stDftcttn~III~.Clllb bdomntcn. ~llIel~ onll~ QllfleroTbentlir~ett !mert er()iilt bicjtG murf) - IUle Ubtr()ClII.Vt aUt t,~ 1.1 i Ct Id)e;, !tIiicfJer - nocfJ baburrf}, bnil bet ~cr'aiict ~t)VCltjorjef)et III lInb bCI lcbcm

'i>tamatitet au~ fotgfliftiR felit ffufietel unb felnen tJlntl'enltJnt Plied. tger S!itt!taturge[ef)idjte mobern ftubienn lUin, fut ben !ommen nut ele enulet'jrf)en l!itcratllrg~fr~ia,ten in mettn~t.

A concise old Irish Gramma,:, and Raeder by ~lIlflli $oforllt, Ph. 0 LL. D. Part I: Grammar, IDt !Jhemel}er, ~nne, 1914. - ~t !Hanb itt tin gclu"g~ner !Berfucf] au] fleinllem maunte erne all betlll&!irf)e3 !lncfJir()lngclUed bieneube Q}rammatit ber tcfJlocrften inbogctmanifrf)en Sl'rad)e, be; 'lHt{~tifr~en 3u gel)en. ~en !lllctt lInb bie !8erloenbbarfeit tr~O~t bet Umflanb bafJ bie Q}rnm. mntif 1tir~t rein br1lfriptib, [onberu nllef) Ilerglcidjenb i~. <J)e~ i!efcr finbct au [ebem lUlort bie utfcltilrlje, 6e3ie~ung31'Oeife inbogermalllfdje Q}rllnbfotlll angebeutet. 2lud) .!IDotte ~nmmllcrltlallbtet Spradjen "?c:rben beiq~&oQclI, [o bno man l'Oo~{ nUeG m aUem fngen :anlt, !Uo~orltlJl Old irish Grammar lUirb jebem tlergleid)cnben Sptad)forfdjet ein llliUfommener tlnb mit bet 8tH unentl)e~t-

lidjer mt~elf IUcrben. 2-£.

~et ltlonbt 6Jott, I: ~ea mdt{Jcfrll ~nff bon C!Uegarb C!((et&ecl, lUctlag "O~t,,"a", iBil£lelntilfjabCn, !Dlr.l.50. _ CU(egnrb lilln&ed i~ ein neuer gliidoerfiinbenbct Stetn am beutfcflen Ilic.ljtcr-eimmeL Sum erpenmal bnfl eili beutldjet ~ir~tet bClUufit all tin \lJrOl'get unb 'flnl'Onlt bet blunben ~elbii~en maUe eujtritt, i~t !lllerr unb i[)t 2eibcn f(~ilbert. ~ie ~nltblultg f\liclt ~II Reiten be~ nnifet~ :tilieriu~ tlnb in Blom. ~a~ gibt bem ~idjter QJelcgen[)eit bn~ jl;ncnbfcijc.lje, ultge&ro(~cne Qlermnnentum neben bn~ nngefnulte, betluorfenc roUttd. liinbcrtum ~u rteUen. !IDit l'OuufdJtcn ben <5dJaufpicIelt lil letl)ecl~ nicr,t nut mctliteitung burdj ben ~rucf, Ion bern aua, einmo{ Vlllffu~ruuo auf einem bet beutid)en ~reilicIJt:J:~cnter; 6prna,e, ~nnblung nub Sn~nlt ",iir!>en aUf bie .Bugoret

einen ii&cnuiiltillenoen (iillbruct mnrhen, .

t!hlirfJrtftcu ntiidJu', 1m !:t-tlttirfJtll 9Mcf.Je tuor,lIcllbc~ lftt&te "lit ([fjarnftetijtit unb lHetQtiglln9~oebiet im L>ifentlid)en ~e"el\ luerbell bon emem .. O~nra"'2efer erbeten, OJcfiiUige <iinienbungen nn bie "Oflnta", 9JlilbliUR liei lImen. ~((Jnemdnc 6Jrllnbjiiltc bet ~rehllnllftrtt bon ~r,tobot moTfclli1l0_ .eeip~ig, lUlo, 20 ~f. - 'l)M tteine !8urfjlein iP eine betl1iillid)c Un!) Icf)r ueneeubbare liinfil9tlllt9 in bn~ ~cfelt bet fogenottuten frciclI So~nlllli~.1!ugcn.~tcilt1nutetei, bie l)e[mmtlidJ bem jiibilrf1en G:inllttfl Illcnincr uutermorieu flnb.

,,~na IItltjifnIifrf)e 'ZeQcn" non ~f. 9nrl ~nrfct, !Bcrlng 1!elll(~\\er'~llbcn~fl), Q}r03, 1 U 13. - ';Dr. ~arfcr in (3.lto~ ift eine (JOd)urigineUe lirfinbllng nClllllocn. IDlit ~ilfe [eluer "o.ninten' U~r", feints ,,~OI\;r(JicberG" unb feillet ,,':ttnujllollticr' U~t" &at er cllletimentcU bie lllicf]tigfeit 1mb lltaftijr£)c lUctrocnooarteit [eiuee grall~ifd)elt IDlnfitt~eorie crmieleu. ~iele gtatJ~ifrf,e IDlet~ube erntuglicf,t lIautlir~ ill cbcnfo genilllet als eil\iQcf)e~ !!Beiie, bM nhlftii!'(Je )ijitb ill tin optijr~es milb umgumcnbetn.

llJln,}bo,}nnn ®itbcrottiutt bon ~r. c. 3 .. ~nlllidj ii&er!ellt bon ~. ~lI1ma1tlt, IDI1l3D03ltlln,l!!crlog, 1!ctV~ig. - mlicberncooulI, ~lcltgebotm merbeu hurd) eln tlatllroellliifle~ £eben, bunl) IIteinfnr~c, billioe \lnl1~l1tittel. neugeburcn 311 iocrbcu 3ur Ii)rpcrlir~el1 unb geifligcn Bleinigllno, bas ijt bet 3n&011 Ilicics ebeu]o an· regenb n(~ leid)tuerftiinblir[} geic~ricbcllen murf)e~. '!DIng bet lBerfaffet ber ebee ber, fo obee [o [eiu, [ciu mud) unb [cine matir~lIige finb gut.

~c~ $nrfjjnr.ZdJIl1! elue ~QrIlIlO bca IDJriifcra't uon ijritbrtd, mctiermo(;illc, ;j:~iater'~trrt)ib.~crlnn, lllcriitl SW., 1!J13, 9JIf. 1.-. <J)Ct ~crfniicr uer, fid)t bie 2lniirf)t. bnrl ei fiir 1ll'1oner unb bie ~{Unel1teill(Jeit beiiet rei, onfl bie 6rf)lIbfrift 3" ~nbe [el, 'l)clln jcut fOllnte ble w&rcite 9)lnffc" fir{) nil bent 5tllnfl· 1\1I:d erlreuen. £cibet ()at ber 113ntrifnl.QJo?jrflllft~rlItltl"el bent !l)cr,niier uurerljt grgebtn. Seber ld.Jovferiir()1! ~r£)riilitcUct muli l1iclmcf)t ba~ill relrteu, bo& gcijtiocJ t!igcntum qcnnu benjeiben Gr~1I11 er~nlte loie 6nc~,{fiAentlllll. m!eil bie~ belli btutirfJcll lUult nurf, lIid)t flnr OCluoroell ill, iii bet geiftige '2lrbeitcr ill ~c\ttl(~' (aub ir(Jler~tcr cnt!ofjnt nl~ tilt S)uIAfjoc[er. ~nfjer: lllllienrcnAtc 6r~lIllbnllcr hub ~crctbborrcit bc~ geiftigtlt (!igcntllmG. l3Jentcinfreie 5IDctte OdJotm bern \Shlnl, ber i~re !puf>lifation btrl'or~tet lIub ben $arljt·li\:lO' fiir cine 11\'onh:I\-, $miiuIt3- unb ~cliel\~-!8eriirljerul1g filr fa,nfjenbe ltullftler, QJclr~rte nnb ~crf]lIitct uermenbeu IoU.

~erQulge6er unb 6djriftleiter: ~. 1!ana.2iebrnfel', !DIobling. 15!1'J 14 [)~ •• lIfl. tllld)brulfttfl< u. ilttlallt'lIt!cDtd>afl flnl'