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†kvKv‡Z©i `xN©k¦vm

(cÖ_g LÊ)
(Kvievjvi gg©vwš—K BwZnvm)
:‫ﻗﺎل اﻻﻣﺎم ﺟﻌﻔﺮ اﻟﺼﺎدق ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺴﻼم‬
،‫ اﻟﻤﻐﺘﻢ ﻟﻈﻠﻤﻨﺎ ﺗﺴﺒﻴﺢ‬،‫ﻧﻔﺲ اﻟﻤﻬﻤﻮم ﻟﻨﺎ‬
‫ وﮐﺘﻤﺎﻧﻪ ﻟﺴﺮﻧﺎ ﺟﻬﺎد ﻓﯽ‬، ‫وهﻤﻪ ﻷﻣﺮﻧﺎ ﻋﺒﺎدة‬
.‫ﺳﺒﻴﻞ اﷲ‬
‫ ﻳﺠﺐ أن ﻳﮑﺘﺐ هﺬا‬:‫ﺛﻢ ﻗﺎل ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺴﻼم‬
.‫اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺑﺎﻟﺬهﺐ‬

Bgvg Rvdi Avm-mvw`K¡ (Av.) e‡j‡Qb,


ÒAvgv‡`i Ici †h Ryjyg Kiv n‡q‡Q Zvi
Kvi‡Y †h †kvKvZ©, Zvi `xN©k¦vm n‡jv
Zvmexn Ges Avgv‡`i wel‡q Zvi `ywðš—v
n‡jv Bev`Z Ges Avgv‡`i inm¨¸‡jv ‡Mvcb
ivLv Avj−vni c‡_ wRnv‡`i cyi¯‹vi enb
K‡i|Ó
Gici wZwb ej‡jb, ÒwbðqB G nv`xmwU
¯^Y©v¶‡i wj‡L ivLv DwPZ|Ó
†kvKv‡Z©i `xN©k¦vm
(cÖ_g LÊ)
(Kvievjvi gg©vwš—K BwZnvm)

†jLK :
Avj−vgv AveŸvm web gynv¤§v` †ihv Avj Kyw¤§

Bs‡iRx Abyev` :
GRvh Avjx fyRIqvjv (Avj ‡nv‡mBwb)

Abyev` :
gynv¤§v` Bidvbyj nK

m¤úv`bv :
G. †K. Gg. ivwk`y¾vgvb
dvwZgv gybvIqviv

IqvBRg¨vb cvewj‡Kkbm
wk‡ivbvg : †kvKv‡Z©i `xN©k¦vm (bvdvmyj gvngyg)
‡jLK : Avj−vgv AveŸvm web gynv¤§v` †ihv Avj Kyw¤§
Bs‡iRx Abyev` : GRvh Avjx fyRIqvjv (Avj †nv‡mBwb)
Abyev` : gynv¤§v` Bidvbyj nK
m¤úv`bv : G. †K. Gg. ivwk`y¾vgvb
dvwZgv gybvIqviv
mn‡hvwMZvq : KvjPvivj KvD‡Ýj‡ii `dZi
Bmjvgx cÖRvZš¿ Bivb
XvKv, evsjv‡`k
cÖKvkK : IqvBRg¨vb cvewj‡Kkbm
K‡jvov, ‡Mveiv evRvi, bovBj
MÖš’¯^Z¡ : cÖKvkK KZ©„K msiw¶Z
cÖKvkKvj : 10 gniig, 1431 wn.
14 †cŠl, 1416 evs.
28 wW‡m¤^i, 2009 wLª.
g~`ªY : gvwë wjsK
145/wm, nvRx Lv‡jK gv‡K©U, dwKivcyj
XvKv - 1000, †dvb : 9348047
cÖ”Q` I K‡¤úvR : AvjZvd †nvmvBb
g~j¨ : 300 UvKv
ISBN : 978-984-33-0883-2

Shokarter Dirghoshash (Sigh of the Aggrieved), Translated from English to Bangla from ‘Nafasul
Mahmum’ by Allama Haj. Shaikh Abbas Qummi (a.r.); English translation from original in Arabic by Aejaz Ali
Bhajwala (Al-Husainee); Translated to Bangla by Md. Irfanul Huq; Edited by A.K.M. Rashiduzzaman and
Fatima Munawara; Published by Wiseman Publications, Colora, Gobra Bazar, Narail, Bangladesh, in
Cooperation with Office of the Cultural Counselor, I.R. Iran, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

© Wiseman Publications, 2009


ALL RIGHTS RESERVED FOR THE PUBLISHER

Published in December 2009 (First Edition), Printed in Bangladesh, 318 Pages, Hard cover, Price : Tk. 300
(US$ 4.5 only)

For Contact : wiseman1472313@yahoo.com, (8802) 01715267990

Topics : Historical incidences of Karbala – Martyrdom of Imam Husain Ibne Ali (a.) – Heartrending
Tragedy of Islam – Teachings of Sacrifice in Islam – Love of Ahlul Bayt (a.) – Imamat & Religious
Leadership in Islam.
...

Rvbœv‡Zi hyeK‡`i m`©vi,


gynv¤§v`yi ivm~jyj−vn (mv.)-Gi
cÖvYwcÖq †`ŠwnÎ, knx`‡`i †bZv I
gRjyg Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi Rb¨
†kvKvZ©‡`i D‡Ï‡k¨ . . .
m~PxcÎ
†jLK cwiwPwZ
†jL‡Ki f~wgKv
f~wgKv 01
Avgv‡`i AwffveK gRjyg Bgvg ‡nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi Rb¥ 01

cÖ_g Aa¨vq
cwi‡”Q` - 1
Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi wKQy ¸Yvejx m¤ú‡K© 07
Zvi exiZ¡ 08
Zvi Ávb 10
Zvi D`viZv I `vbkxjZv 11
Zvi evwM¥Zv, weiZ _vKv, webq I Bev`Z 14
cwi‡”Q` - 2
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 1 17
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 2 19
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 3 20
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 4 20
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 5 21
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 6 22
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 7 22
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 8 22
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 9 23
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 10 23
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 11 23
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 12 24
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 13 24
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 14 24
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 15 25
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 16 26
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 17 26
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 18 26
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 19 26
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 20 27
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 21 27
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 22 28
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 23 28
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 24 29
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 25 30
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 26 30
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 27 31
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 28 32
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 29 32
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 30 33
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 31 34
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 32 36
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 33 37
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 34 37
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 35 38
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 36 39
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 37 40
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 38 40
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 39 41
nv`xm (‡iIqv‡qZ): 40 41
wØZxq Aa¨vq
Bqvhx` web gyqvweqv evBqvZ `vex Kivi c~e© †_‡K Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.) Gi Ic‡i
Kx AvcwZZ n‡qwQ‡jv 43

cwi‡”Q` - 1
gyqvweqv web Avey mywdqv‡bi g„Zz¨ m¤ú‡K© 45
gyqvweqvi AmxqZ Zvi cyÎ Bqvhx‡`i cÖwZ 45

cwi‡”Q` - 2
g`xbvi Mfb©i I Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.) 48

cwi‡”Q` - 3
Ôwenvi“j AvbIqviÕ-G Avj−vgv gvRwjwmi Av‡jvPbv 53
Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi mv‡_ †d‡ikZv‡`i K_vevZ©v 56
Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi cÖwZi¶vq wRb‡`i †mbvevwnbx 56
hvÎvi mgq (bexi ¯¿x) D¤§y mvjvgv (Av.)-Gi mv‡_ Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi 57
K‡_vcK_b
Rvwei Be‡b Avãyj−vn Avbmvixi mv‡_ Bgvg (Av.)-Gi K‡_vcK_b 58

cwi‡”Q` - 4
Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi (g`xbv †_‡K) g°vq hvÎvi wbqZ I Zvi cÖwZ (Biv‡Ki)
Kzdv kn‡ii RbM‡Yi wPwV m¤ú‡K© 60
Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi cªwZ Kzdvevmx‡`i wPwV 62

cwi‡”Q` - 5
gvmD`xi eY©bv Abyhvqx gymwjg web AvK¡x‡ji ga¨ ighv‡b g°v Z¨vM 64
†bvgvb web evkxi Kzdvi RbMY‡K mZK© K‡i w`‡jv 65
†bvgvb web evkx‡ii e¨w³‡Z¡i Ic‡i GKwU eY©bv 67

cwi‡”Q` - 6
emivi m¤§vwbZ †jvK‡`i cÖwZ Bgv‡gi wPwV 68

cwi‡”Q` - 7
Kzdvi D‡Ï‡k¨ Devq`yj−vn Be‡b whqv‡`i emiv Z¨vM 73

cwi‡”Q` - 8

Kzdv‡Z Devq`yj−vn 76
gymwjg web AvK¡xj (Av.)-‡K Devq`yj−vn web whqv‡`i Kv‡Q †bqv nj 90
gymwjg web AvK¡xj web Avwe Zvwje (Av.)-‡K nZ¨v 92
nvwb web DiIqvn gyivw`i kvnv`vZ 93
ms‡hvRbx 95
nvwb web DiIqvn&i Kei whqviZ 95

cwi‡”Q` - 9
†gBmvg web BqvnBqv AvZ-Zv¤§v‡ii kvnv`vZ 100
nvexe web gyhvwni I ‡gBmvg AvZ-Zv¤§v‡ii mv¶vr 101
wek¦vmx‡`i Avwgi Avjx (Av.) Zvi inm¨¸‡jv GKwU K~‡ci Kv‡Q eY©bv Ki‡Zb 102
i“kvB` Avj nvRvwii kvnv`vZ (Avj−vn Zvi AvZ¥v‡K AviI cweÎ Ki“b) 106
Avey AvivKvni e¨w³Z¡ m¤ú‡K© GKwU eY©bv 107
ûRi web Avw`i kvnv`vZ 109
Avgi web ûgv‡K¡i kvnv`vZ 119
gymwjg web AvK¡xj web Avwe Zvwj‡ei `yB wkï mš—v‡bi kvnv`vZ 124

cwi‡”Q` - 10
Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi g°v †_‡K Biv‡Ki w`‡K hvÎvi wbqZ 130

cwi‡”Q` - 11
Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi g°v †_‡K Kzdv iIbv Kiv m¤ú‡K© 137

cwi‡”Q` - 12
Avj ûi web Bqvhx` Avi-wiqvwni Kv‡Q msev`, Bgvg †nv‡mBb(Av.)-Gi mv‡_ Zvi
mv¶vZ Ges Zv‡K Kydvq †h‡Z evav †`qv 150

cwi‡”Q` - 13
Kydvi c‡_ Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.) 162
cwi‡”Q` - 14

Kveevjvq Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi AvMgb, Dgi web mvÕAv‡`i cÖ‡ek I ZLbKvi
cwiw¯’wZ 165
Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi Kv‡Q Devq`yj−vn web whqv‡`i wPwV 168

cwi‡”Q` - 15
Kvievjvq Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.) 174
cwi‡”Q` - 16
wkg&i web whjRIk‡bi Kvievjvq AvMgb Ges bq gnii‡gi iv‡Zi NUbvejx 178
AveŸvm web Avjx (Av.)-Gi Kv‡Q wbivcËv `v‡bi cÖ¯—ve 180
cwi‡”Q` - 17
Avïivi (`k gniig) iv‡Zi NUbvejx 183

cwi‡”Q` - 18
Avïivi w`‡bi NUbvejx 191
`yB evwnbxi mgi m¾v Ges Kydvi RbM‡Yi gv‡S Bgv‡gi cÖwZev` I hyw³ZK© †ck 191
Avïivi w`‡b Bgvg ‡nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi ‡LvZev 194
hynvBi web K¡vBb Kzdvi †jvK‡`i gv‡S e³e¨ ivL‡jb 196
eyivBi web LyhvB‡ii e³e¨ 197
Kzdvevmx‡`i cÖwZ Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi e³e¨ 199

cwi‡”Q` - 19
Bgvg ‡nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi mv_x‡`i hy‡×i cÖksmv I Zv‡`i kvnv`vZ (Avj−vn Zv‡`i
Dci mš‘ó †nvb) 204
Avj ûi web Bqvhx` Avi wiqvwn Bgvg †nvmvBb (Av.)-Gi mv‡_ †hvM w`‡jb 206
eyivBi web LyhvB‡ii kvnv`vZ 211
Avgi web K¡viZvn Avbmvixi kvnv`vZ 213
gymwjg web AvImvRvi kvnv`vZ 215
Avey mvgvgv mv‡qw` KZ…©K bvgv‡hi K_v ¯§iY Kwi‡q †`qv I nvexe web gyhvwn‡ii
kvnv`vZ 220
Avj ûi web Bqvhx` Avi wiqvwni kvnv`vZ 222
bv‡dÕ web wnjv‡ji kvnv`vZ 225
Ave`yj−vn I Ave`yi ingvb wMdvwii kvnv`vZ 226
nvbhvjv web Avj-AvmÕAv` kvevwgi kvnv`vZ 227
kvIwhe I Avwe‡mi kvnv`vZ 228
Aveyj kvÕmv wKbw`i kvnv`vZ 230
Bgvg ‡nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi GK`j mv_xi kvnv`vZ 230
my‡qB` web Avgi web Avwe gyZvÕi kvnv`vZ 231
Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi mv_x‡`i Ae¯’v m¤ú‡K© cybivq Av‡jvPbv 242

cwi‡”Q` - 20
Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi cwiev‡ii (Avnjyj evB‡Zi) m`m¨‡`i hy× Ges Zv‡`i
kvnv`vZ 245
Aveyj nvmvb Avjx web †nv‡mBb Avj AvKevi (Av.)-Gi kvnv`vZ 245
Avjx AvKevi (Av.)-Gi bvbv DiIqvn web gvmD` m¤ú‡K© eY©bv 246
Avãyj−vn web gymwjg web AvK¡xj web Avwe Zvwj‡ei kvnv`vZ 251
AvDb web Avãyj−vn web Rvdi web Avwe Zvwj‡ei kvnv`vZ 252
gynv¤§v` web Avãyj−vn web Rvdi web Avwe Zvwj‡ei kvnv`vZ 253
Avãyi ingvb web AvK¡xj web Avwe Zvwj‡ei kvnv`vZ 254
Rvdi web AvK¡xj web Avwe Zvwj‡ei kvnv`vZ 254
Avãyj−vn Avj AvKevi web AvK¡xj web Avwe Zvwj‡ei kvnv`vZ 254
K¡vwmg web nvmvb web Avjx web Avwe Zvwje (Av.)-Gi kvnv`vZ 256
Avãyj−vn web nvmvb web Avjx web Avey Zvwj‡ei kvnv`vZ 258
Avey eKi web nvmvb web Avjx web Avwe Zvwj‡ei kvnv`vZ 258
wek¦vmx‡`i Avwgi Avjx (Av.)-Gi mš—vb‡`i kvnv`vZ 259
Avãyj−vn web Avjx web Avwe Zvwj‡ei kvnv`vZ 259
Rvdi web Avjx web Avwe Zvwj‡ei kvnv`vZ 259
Dmgvb web Avjx web Avwe Zvwj‡ei kvnv`vZ 260
gynv¤§v` Avj AvmMvi web Avjx web Avwe Zvwj‡ei kvnv`vZ 260
Avey eKi web Avjx web Avwe Zvwj‡ei kvnv`vZ 260
AveŸvm web Avjx web Avwe Zvwje (Av.)-Gi kvnv`vZ 262
nhiZ AveŸv‡mi exi‡Z¡i weeiY 269

cwi‡”Q` - 21
Avgv‡`i AwffveK Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi kvnv`vZ Ges `y‡ai wkïi Ges
Avãyj−vn web nvmvb (Av.)-Gi kvnv`vZ 272
`y‡ai wkï Avãyj−vn (Avjx Avj AvmMvi)-Gi kvnv`vZ 274

Z…Zxq Aa¨vq
cwi‡”Q` - 1
kvnv`v‡Zi c‡ii NUbvejx 293

cwi‡”Q` - 2
Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi wRwbmcÎ jyU I Zvi Avnjyj evB‡Zi Kvbœv I wejvc 295

cwi‡”Q` - 3
knx`‡`i gv_v, bvix‡`i AjsKvi Ges gRjyg‡`i m`©v‡ii DU jyU K‡i †bq Kzdvi 297
†mbvevwnbx
†jLK cwiwPwZ

Avj−vgv ‡kBL AveŸvm web gynv¤§v` †ihv Avj Kyw¤§ (iv. Av.)

nv`xm we‡klÁ‡`i gv‡S wek¦¯— I wbf©i‡hvM¨ Avj−vgv †kBL AveŸvm web gynv¤§v` †ihv Avj
Kzw¤§ (Avj−vn Zvi Kei‡K AviI cweÎ Ki“b), 1296 wnRwi‡Z Biv‡bi †K¡v‡g Rb¥MÖnY
K‡ib| wkïKvj †_‡KB wZwb Ávb PP©vq Drmvnx wQ‡jb| wZwb cÖv_wgK wk¶v MÖnY K‡ib
Zvi mgqKvi wewfbœ m¤§vwbZ cwÊZ‡`i Kv‡Q ZviB R‡b¥i kn‡i| Zvi Ávb wccvmv bv
†gUvi d‡j wZwb Zvi wk¶v‡K Av‡iv AMÖmi Ki‡Z Biv‡Ki bvRvd kn‡i wnRiZ K‡ib|
ZLb Zvi eqm wQ‡jv GKyk eQi| †mLv‡b wZwb weL¨vZ cwÊZ I nv`x‡mi we‡klÁ
AvqvZzj−vn wgh©v †nv‡mBb b~ix Zveviwmi Aax‡b cov‡kvbv K‡ib Ges Lye Aí mg‡qi g‡a¨B
wZwb Zvi me‡P‡q wcÖq Qv·`i GKRb n‡q D‡Vb| wZwb Zvi wk¶‡Ki KvQ †_‡K hyw³we`¨v
I cÖPwjZ welqmg~n, wdKvn, Zvdwmi, `k©b Ges Ab¨vb¨ wel‡q we‡kl Ávb jvf K‡ib
Ges †m¸‡jv‡Z we‡klÁ nb| Zvi wk¶‡Ki B‡š—Kv‡ji ci wZwb Zvi gvZ…f~wg †K¡v‡g wd‡i
Av‡mb| Gici gvknv‡` (Biv‡bi Av‡iKwU kni †hLv‡b Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi 5g
eskai I Avnjyj evB‡Zi 8g Bgvg, Bgvg Avjx web g~mv Avj wi`v (Av.)-Gi cweÎ gvhvi
i‡q‡Q) hvb Ges AvqvZzj−vn Dhgv †kBL Avãyj Kvixg nv‡qwi Bqvhw`i civg‡k©, whwb
†mLv‡b ag©xqkv‡¯¿i †K›`ª‡K cybR©xweZ K‡iwQ‡jb Avevi †K¡v‡g wd‡i Av‡mb|

wZwb AZ¨š— ci‡nRMvi e¨w³ wQ‡jb Ges gnvbex (mv.) I Zvi eskai‡`i cÖwZ Mfxi
fv‡jvevmv †cvlY Ki‡Zb| Zvi wek¦vm GZ Mfxi wQ‡jv †h, GKw`b Zvi †Q‡j LyeB Amy¯’
n‡q co‡j wZwb GK M−vm cvwb wb‡q Zv‡Z Zvi Av½yj †Wvev‡jb| Gici †m cvwb Zvi
†Q‡j‡K cvb Ki‡Z w`‡q ej‡jb, Ò‡n Avgvi mš—vb, cvb K‡iv| Zzwg kxNÖB fv‡jv n‡q
hv‡e, KviY G nvZ w`‡q Avwg Avnjyj evBZ (Av.)-Gi A‡bK †iIqv‡qZ (nv`xm ev K_v)
wj‡LwQ|Ó [KvivgvZ Iqv wnKvqv‡Z Av‡kKv‡b †Lv`v, c„. 61-64]
ÔAvj RvwiqvnÕ-Gi m¤§vwbZ †jLK †kL AvK¡v eyhyM© †Znivwb (i.) Avj−vgv †kBL AveŸvm
Kyw¤§ (i.) m¤ú‡K© e‡jb, ÒAvwg Zv‡K Ggb GKRb AbymiYxq e¨w³Z¡ wn‡m‡e †c‡qwQ hvi
wQ‡jv AMva Ávb| wZwb Ggb ¸Yvejxi AwaKvix wQ‡jb †h, †h e¨w³B Zvi wbK‡U Avm‡Zv
†m Zvi gZ n‡q †h‡Zv| AvPi‡Y wZwb wQ‡jb AZ¨š— webqx| Zvi e¨w³Z¡ wQ‡jv
AvwfRvZ¨c~Y© I m¤§vbxq Ges Ávb, †Lv`vfxwZ Ges ci‡nRMvixi GK Abb¨ mswgkªY|
Avwg Zvi mv‡_ A‡bKUv mgq KvwU‡qwQ Ges Avwg Zv‡K LyeB KvQ †_‡K †`‡LwQ|Ó Zvi
†Q‡j nvR¡ wgh©v Avjx gynvwÏm Rv‡`n eY©bv K‡ib, ÒAvgvi hZ`~i g‡b Av‡Q Avgvi evev
KLbB Zvnv¾y` bvgvh ev` †`b wb, GgbwK md‡iI bv|Ó [gynvwÏm Kyw¤§, nv`xm-B BLjvm,
c„. 87]
Zvi †Q‡ji eY©bv Abyhvqx wZwb Aviex I dvimx‡Z †`vAv, ˆbwZKZv, BwZnvm Ges Rxebx
welqK cÖvq 63wU MÖš’ iPbv K‡ib| G¸‡jvi g‡a¨ myweL¨vZ K‡qKwU MÖš’ n‡”Q:

1. mvwdbvZzj evnvi Iqv gv`xbvZzj nvKvg Iqvj Avmvi


2. gvdvwZûj wRbvb (ÔRvbœv‡Zi Pvwemg~nÕ- GKwU e„nr †`vAvi msKjb)
3. evqZzj Avnhvb wd gvmv‡q‡e mvB‡q`vZzb wbmv
4. bvdvmyj gvngyg (†kvKv‡Z©i `xN©k¦vm)
5. nvw`qvZzh hv‡qixb

wZwb Rxe‡bi †kl w`b ch©š— A‡bK Qv·K wk¶v I cÖwk¶Y w`‡q‡Qb| wZwb cÖÁvc~Y© e³v
wQ‡jb Ges wj‡L‡QbI A‡bK| GKwU mdj Rxeb hvcb K‡i Ges gvbeRvwZi Kj¨v‡Yi
Rb¨ GK wekvj Ávb fvÊvi †cQ‡b †i‡L wZwb 63 eQi eq‡m 23‡k wRjnR¡ 1359
wnRwi‡Z (1940 L„÷v‡ã) B‡š—Kvj K‡ib| wZwb mgvwnZ Av‡Qb Biv‡Ki bvRvd kn‡i Zvi
D¯—v` wgh©v †nv‡mBb b~ixi Ke‡ii cv‡k Avgxi“j gywgbxb Bgvg Avjx web Avwe Zvwje
(Av.)-Gi gvhv‡ii DVv‡b|
†jL‡Ki f~wgKv
Avj−vni bv‡g whwb me©-`qvjy, me©-Ki“Yvgq| mg¯— cÖksmv Avj−vni, whwb eb¨ cï‡`i MR©b
Ges ev›`vn&i †Mvc‡b Kiv ¸bvn m¤ú‡K© Rv‡bb| whwb Mfxi mgy‡`ª gvQ‡`i Gw`K Iw`K
PjvPj Kivb Ges kw³kvjx evqycÖev‡ni gva¨‡g cvwbi †XD m„wó K‡ib Ges ingZ I mvjvg
wek¦ RM‡Zi m`©vi, AvKvk I c„w_exi evwm›`v‡`i g‡a¨ †kªô gynv¤§v` (mv.)-Gi Dci hv‡K
†`qv n‡q‡Q Avðh©RbK †gv‡Rhv Ges ZK©vZxZ cÖgv‡Yi wb`k©bmg~n Ges (Zuvi ingZ Ges
mvjvg) Zvi cweÎ eskai‡`i (Av.) Dci, hviv wbh©vwZZ, hviv AÜKv‡ii evwZ Ges wec‡`
RvwZi Avkªq¯’j Ges (ingZ I mvjvg) we‡kl K‡i wbh©vwZZ knx` Bgv‡gi Dci hv‡K
md‡ii c‡_ nZ¨v Kiv n‡q‡Q Ges `yt†Li wfZi e›`x Kiv n‡q‡Q, †mB †nv‡mBb whwb
Ò†n`v‡q‡Zi evwZ Ges bvRv‡Zi †bŠKvÓ|

beyq‡Zi Avnjyj evBZ (i³R eskai)-Gi †cÖwgK‡`i †kl mvwii Aš—f©y³, Avi Acivax
¸bvnMvi AveŸvm (†jLK), †h gynv¤§v` †ihv Avj Kzw¤§i mš—vb e‡j †h, Avgvi ü`‡qi
A‡bK w`‡bi Avkv wQ‡jv Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi kvnv`v‡Zi Dci GKwU msw¶ß M‡elYv
MÖš’ wjL‡ev Ges GKÎ Ki‡ev wbf©i‡hvM¨ msev`¸‡jv, hv Avgvi Kv‡Q wbf©i‡hvM¨ I
avivevwnK weL¨vZ m~‡Îi gva¨‡g G‡m‡Q, hZ¶Y ch©š— bv Avwg gRjyg‡`i (wbh©vwZZ‡`i)
m`©vi Avey Avãyj−vn (Bgvg †nv‡mBb)-Gi cÖksmvKvix‡`i Aš—f³ y© n‡ev; nvRvi mvjvg I
cÖksmv Zvi Dci| wKš‘ gvSLv‡b evav wQ‡jv| Ab¨vb¨ Kv‡R e¨¯— _vKv n¯—‡¶c K‡i‡Q
hZ¶Y ch©š— bv Avwg ingZ cÖvß njvg Aveyj nvmvb Avjx (Avj-wi`v) web g~mv web Rvdi
web gynv¤§v` web Avjx web †nv‡mBb web Avjx web Avwe Zvwj‡ei gvhv‡i (Avj−vni mvjvg
Zv‡`i mK‡ji Dci) whqviv‡Z hvIqvi| Avwg eiKZcÖvß wQjvg Zvi gvhv‡ii m¤§vwbZ
†PŠKvV Pz¤^‡b| Gici Avwg Avgvi Afvex `y‡Uv nvZ Zvi Kv‡Q Zz‡j aijvg Ges Zv‡K
Aby‡iva Kijvg Avgvi Avkv c~iY Ki‡Z,1 hv Avgvi Avkvi m‡e©v”P wkLi wQ‡jv Ges gnvb
Avj−vni Kv‡Q Kj¨vY wf¶v PvBjvg Ges eBwU `ª“Z †kl Kivi Rb¨ Kv‡R †j‡M †Mjvg|
Avwg wb‡Pi wbf©i‡hvM¨ eB¸‡jv †_‡K Z_¨ msMÖn K‡iwQ:
1. ÔAvj Bikv`Õ, m¤§vwbZ †kBL Avey Avãyj−vn gynv¤§v` web gynv¤§v` web †bvÕgvb
Avj gydx`| wZwb 413 wnRwi‡Z evM`v‡` g„Zz¨eiY K‡ib Ges Zv‡K `vdb Kiv
nq Bgvg RvIqv` (Av.)-Gi cweÎ cv‡qi Kv‡Q Kv‡hgvB‡b|
2. Ôgvjûd (A_ev jvûd)Õ, m¤§vwbZ mvB‡q` ivwhDÏxb Aveyj K¡vwmg Avjx web g~mv
web Rvdi web ZvDm †nv‡mBwb| wZwb 664 wnRwi‡Z evM`v‡` g„Zy¨eiY K‡ib|

1
Avj−vni Kv‡Q kvdvqvZ ev mycvwik Kivi Aby‡iva-Abyev`K|
3. ÔZvix‡L Av‡j ivm~j Iqvj gyj~KÕ, gynv¤§v` web Rvixi Zvevwi| wZwb 310
wnRwi‡Z evM`v‡` g„Zz¨eiY K‡ib| Zv‡K Ôc„w_exi me‡P‡q Ávbx e¨w³Õ wn‡m‡e
AwfwnZ K‡iwQ‡jb Ávbx‡`i D¯—v` gynv¤§v` web LyhvBgvn|
4. ÔZvix‡L KvwgjÕ, eskaviv wel‡q cwÊZ, HwZnvwmK Ges AvgvbZ`vi Avj−vgv
Avjx web Avwej Kvivg, whwb Be‡b Avmxi Rvhvwi wn‡m‡e mycwiwPZ| wZwb 630
wnRwi‡Z (Biv‡Ki) gm~‡j g„Zz¨eiY K‡ib|
5. ÔgvK¡vwZjyZ ZvwjweCbÕ, HwZnvwmK I eskaviv wel‡q cwÊZ, my`¶ †jLK, †kBL
Avjx web †nv‡mBb DgvDB, whwb Aveyj dvivR Bmdvnvwb hv‡qw` e‡j mycwiwPZ|
evM`v‡` 356 wnRwi‡Z B‡š—Kvj K‡ib|
6. Ôgyi“Ryh hvnve Iqv gvÕAvw`byj RvIqvwniÕ, wek¦¯— HwZnvwmK, `yB gvhnv‡ei
Kv‡QB wek¦¯— Av`k© †jLK Aveyj nvmvb Avjx web †nv‡mBb Avj gvmDw`| wZwb
wQ‡jb Aveyj dvivR Bmdvnvwbi mgmvgwqK|
7. ÔZvhwKivZzj LvIqvwmj AvB¤§vn dx gvÕwidvwZj AvB¤§vnÕ, wj‡L‡Qb wewkó
cwÊZ †kBL kvgmywÏb BDmyd, whwb wme‡Z Be‡b RvIwh bv‡g mycwiwPZ| wZwb
654 wnRwi‡Z `v‡g‡¯‹ g„Zz¨eiY K‡ib Ges Zv‡K Kei †`qv n‡q‡Q K¡vBm~b
ce©‡Z|
8. ÔgvZvwjeym mvÕDj dx gvbvwK¡‡e Av‡j ivm~jÕ, wbLuyZ †jLK gynv¤§v` web Zvjnv
kv‡dwq|
9. Ôdzmyjyj gywn¤§vn dx gvÕ‡idvZzj AvB¤§vnÕ, byi“Ïxb Avjx web gynv¤§v`, whwb
Be‡b mvevM gvwjwK bv‡g mycwiwPZ| wZwb 858 wnRwi‡Z B‡š—Kvj K‡ib|
10. ÔKvkdyj My¤§vn dx gvÕwidvwZj AvB¤§vnÕ, evnvDÏxb Avjx web Cmv Biwewj
Bgvwg| whwb Zv mgvß K‡ib 687 wnRwi‡Z| wZwb 692 wnRwi‡Z B‡š—Kvj K‡ib|
11. ÔAvj BK¡`yj dvix`Õ, Avey Dgvi Avngv` web gynv¤§v` Avb`vjywm gvwjwK, whwb
Be‡b Ave` iveŸvn bv‡g mycwiwPZ| wZwb 338 wnRwi‡Z B‡š—Kvj K‡ib| Zvi G
eB LyeB ¸i“Z¡c~Y©, †h‡nZz Zv‡Z meB Av‡Q|
12. ÔAvj BnwZRvRÕ, Avey gvbmyi Avngv` web Avjx web Avwe Zvwje Zveviwm, whwb
Be‡b kvni Av‡kve Gi wk¶K wQ‡jb| wZwb 620 wnRwi‡Z B‡š—Kvj K‡ib|
13. ÔgvbvwK¡‡e Av‡j Avwe ZvwjeÕ, Ava¨vwZ¥K cwÊZ gynv¤§v` web Avjx mvivDB
gvhvb`vivwb, whwb Be‡b kvni Av‡kve bv‡g mycwiwPZ| wZwb 588 wnRwi‡Z
B‡š—Kvj K‡ib Ges nvjv‡ei DcK‡Ú RIkvb ce©‡Z Zvi Kei i‡q‡Q|
14. ÔiIhvZzj IqvÕ‡qhxbÕ, knx` †kBL gynv¤§v` web nvmvb web Avjx dviwm| dvËvj
wbkvcywi wn‡m‡e mycwiwPZ| wZwb Be‡b kvni Av‡kv‡ei GKRb wk¶K wQ‡jb|
wZwb 514 wnRwi‡Z B‡š—Kvj K‡ib|
15. Ôgymxi“j AvnhvbÕ, Rvdi web gynv¤§v` web Rvdi wnwj−, Be‡b wbgv wn‡m‡e
mycwiwPZ| whwb Avj−vgv wnwj−i D¯—v` wQ‡jb| wZwb 645 wnRwi‡Z B‡š—Kvj K‡ib|
16. ÔKvwg‡j evnvB `vi mvwK¡dvnÕ, Bgv`yÏxb nvmvb web Avjx web gynv¤§v` Zvevwi,
whwb gynvw°K Avj wnwj− Ges Avj−vgv wnwj−i mgmvgwqK| wZwb 698 wnRwi‡Z
B‡š—Kvj K‡ib|
17. ÔiIhvZzm mvdvÕ, gynv¤§v` web LvIB›` kvn| wZwb 903 wnRwi‡Z B‡š—Kvj K‡ib|
18. ÔZvmwjqvZzj gvRvwjmÕ, gynv¤§v` web Avwe Zvwje gymvDB nv‡qwi| G eB †_‡K
Avj−vgv gvRwjwm Zvi Ôwenvi“j AvbIqviÕ-Gi `kg L‡Ê D‡j−L K‡i‡Qb|
GQvovI kvnv`vZ m¤ú‡K© Ab¨vb¨ eB (gvK¡vwZj) †hgb: wme‡Z Be‡b RvIwhi
ÔZvhwKivnÕi I ÔZvix‡L ZvevwiÕi gva¨‡g ÔgvK¡Zv‡j KvjweÕ, Ges ÔgvK¡Zv‡j Avey
gvLbvd Avhw`Õ2 Zvevwii gva¨‡g|
G eB‡Z wKQy Aa¨vq, GKwU f~wgKv I ‡kl K_v Av‡Q Avi Avwg Gi bvg w`‡qwQ
Ôbvdvmyj gvngygÕ (†kvKv‡Z©i `xN©k¦vm)|

- AveŸvm web gynv¤§v` †ihv Avj Kzw¤§

2
Avwg Avey gvLbvd‡K ÒAvhw`Ó bv‡g D‡j−L K‡iwQ Ges Zvi Kzwbqv (WvK bvg) ÒAvey gvLbvdÓ bv‡g D‡j−L
Kwi wb (ïay Ôwenvi“j AvbIqviÕ A_ev wnkvg web gynv¤§vg` Kvjwe †_‡K DׄwZ †`qvi mgq Qvov) ïay G
fyj aviYv m„wó bv Kivi Rb¨ †h Zv Ôwenvi“j AvbIqviÕ-Gi `kg L‡Ê D‡j−wLZ Avey gvLbv‡di †`qv msev`
n‡Z cv‡i| Avwg wbwðZ †h Ôwenvi“j AvbIqviÕ-G D‡j−wLZ msev`¸‡jv Avey gvLbv‡di myweL¨vZ MÖš’ †_‡K
eY©bv Kiv nq wb, KviY Avey gvLbvd j~Z web BqvnBqv web mvC` web gvLbvd Avhw` Mvgvw` Kywd GKRb
†MvÎcwZ I Kydvi GKRb ¯^xK…Z nv`xm‡eËv wQ‡jb Ges Zvi msev`¸‡jv wbf©i‡hvM¨ n‡e| wZwb Bgvg
Rvdi Avm mvw`K¡ (Av.) †_‡K nv`xm eY©bv K‡i‡Qb Ges Zvi wcZv wQ‡jb wek¦vmx‡`i Avgxi Bgvg Avjx
(Av.), Bgvg nvmvb (Av.) Ges Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi mv_x‡`i GKRb| Avey gvLbvd †ek wKQy eB wj‡L
†M‡Qb| G¸‡jvi GKwU n‡”Q ÔgvK¡Zvjyj †nv‡mBbÕ (Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi kvnv`vZ m¤ú‡K©) †hwUi
Dc‡i wbf©i Kiv nq Ges hv †_‡K eY©bv K‡i‡Qb cÖvPxb I weL¨vZ cwÊZMY| gynv¤§v` web Rvwii Zvevwii
ÔZvixLÕ †_‡K wbwðZ nIqv hvq, whwb we¯—vwiZ DׄwZ w`‡q‡Qb, cÖK…c‡¶ wZwb Avey gvLbv‡di ÔgvK¡ZvjÕ
(g~j eB) †_‡K Bgvg †nv‡mBb (Av.)-Gi kvnv`v‡Zi cy‡iv NUbv DׄZ K‡i‡Qb| hw` Zvevwii msev`¸‡jv
Ôwenvi“j AvbIqviÕ-G D‡j−wLZ) Avey gvLbv‡di ÔgvK¡ZvjÕ-Gi msev`¸‡jvi mv‡_ ‡gjv‡bv nq Zvn‡j †`Lv
hv‡e †h G gvK¡Zvj g~j gvK¡Zvj bq, bv Zv D‡j−wLZ n‡q‡Q wbf©i‡hvM¨ †Kvb BwZnvmwe` ‡_‡K| Avey
gvLbvd †_‡K Ôwenvi“j AvbIqviÕ-G gvRwjwm hv D‡j−L K‡i‡Qb (m¤§vb eRvq †i‡L) ej‡Z PvB ‡h, Zv
Avgvi `„wó‡Z wbf©i‡hvM¨ bq|