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Automotive Transmission - Automated Mechanical Transmission

Automotive Transmission - Automated Mechanical Transmission

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Automotive Transmission - Automated Mechanical Transmission
Automotive Transmission - Automated Mechanical Transmission

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Published by: TG-CDA on Jul 13, 2010
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08/09/2013

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Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie

Automotive Transmission
2 – Automated Mechanical Transmission
Priciple and ECU Control of AMT

M.Sc. Lin Li, M.Sc. Tinghui Hu, M.Sc. Jiafei Peng Braunschweig, 10.07.2010

服务未来汽车人才

Contents
Automotive Transmission
TG-CDA

• AMT Structure and Principle • AMT Actuator Types • ECU Control Architecture for AMT • Advantage and Disadvantage of AMT • Summary

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

2

Contents
Automotive Transmission
TG-CDA

• AMT Structure and Principle • AMT Actuator Types • ECU Control Architecture for AMT • Advantage and Disadvantage of AMT • Summary

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

3

AMT Structure and Principle
Transmission of VW Lupo 3L
TG-CDA

• • • • •

Gearbox Clutch Sensors Actuators Other accessories

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

4

AMT Structure and Principle
Principle of Manual Transmission
TG-CDA

• The movement of gearstick in 2 directions • Blue arrows show the movement of gear select • Red arrows show the movement of gear engaging • All movements triggered by driver

[VW SSP]

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

5

AMT Structure and Principle
Principle of AMT
TG-CDA

• Replace the “mind” of driver with ECU • Replace the “feel” of driver with sensors • Replace the “hand” of driver with actuators

[VW SSP]

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

6

AMT Structure and Principle
Principle of AMT
TG-CDA

• Replace the “mind” of driver with ECU • Replace the “feel” of driver with sensors • Replace the “hand” of driver with actuators

[VW SSP]

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

7

AMT Structure and Principle
Transmission of VW Lupo 3L
TG-CDA

Hydraulic pump

Engine

• • • • •

Gearbox Clutch Sensors Actuators Other accessories

Clutch Actuator

Gearbox

Potentiometer Gear Actuator

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

8

AMT Structure and Principle
Actuators for Gear Select and Engaging
TG-CDA

Which actuator for which movement?

R

1

3

5

N

2

4

Gear Select
© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

Gear Engaging

9

AMT Structure and Principle
Gear Actuators in VW Lupo 3L
TG-CDA

Gear Actuator Clutch Actuator

• 2 valves for gear select • 2 valves for gear engaging

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

10

AMT Structure and Principle
Valves for Gear Select and Engaging
TG-CDA

• 2 valves for gear select • 2 valves for gear engaging

[VW SSP]

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

11

AMT Structure and Principle
Valves for Gear Select and Engaging
TG-CDA

• 2 valves for gear select • 2 valves for gear engaging

[VW SSP]

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

12

AMT Structure and Principle
Gear Select
TG-CDA

• On-off valve • Electrical binary input • 4 possible positions (Combination of 2 on-off valves)

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

13

AMT Structure and Principle
Valves for Gear Select and Engaging
TG-CDA

• 2 valves for gear select • 2 valves for gear engaging

[VW SSP]

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

14

AMT Structure and Principle
Valves for Gear Select and Engaging
TG-CDA

• 2 3-way proportional valves • Precise control of collar (dog gear) • Position or force control

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

15

Contents
Automotive Transmission
TG-CDA

• AMT Structure and Principle • AMT Actuator Types • ECU Control Architecture for AMT • Advantage and Disadvantage of AMT • Summary

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

16

AMT Actuator Types
Manual Transmission
TG-CDA

© by HMTI

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

17

AMT Actuator Types
Automated Mechanical Transmission
TG-CDA

Sensors

© by HMTI

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

18

AMT Actuator Types
Actuators (Sorted by Source of Power)
1 2 3
TG-CDA

Pneumatic

Hydraulic

Electric

 Condensability of Air ↓ Performance  Volume

 Machine difficulty  Leakage  Oil Requirement

 Drift  Control Accuracy

 Cost  Machining Process

 Viscosity → Performance  Power/Mass

 Spatial Arrangement  Cost  Power Consumption

Heavy-duty Commercial Vehicle

Suitable for any type

Suitable for any type (Light-duty)

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

19

AMT Actuator Types
Comparison of 3-type Actuators
TG-CDA

Ty pe Property

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

20

AMT Actuator Types
Pneumatic Actuator
TG-CDA

© by HMTI

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

21

AMT Actuator Types
Hydraulic Actuator
TG-CDA

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Oil Supply Orifice Hydraulic Cylinder Piston Rod Select and Shift Fork Oil Outlet Orifice

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

22

AMT Actuator Types
Electric Actuator
TG-CDA

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

23

Contents
Automotive Transmission
TG-CDA

• AMT Structure and Principle • AMT Actuator Types • ECU Control Architecture for AMT • Advantage and Disadvantage of AMT • Summary

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

24

ECU Control Architecture for AMT
Automotive Transmission
TG-CDA

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

25

ECU Control Architecture for AMT
Software Development Flow
TG-CDA

• • • •

Hardware Driver: I/O, A/D, PWM, CAN, LIN… Basic Software Simulink / Stateflow Modeling (Inputs, Outputs and Algorithmus) Application SW Components Implementing

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

26

ECU Control Architecture for AMT
Possible Inputs and Outputs for Transmission ECU
Recieving Rx Signals Airbag State Emotor State Gateway State Hybrid State Motor State Engine Cooling Temperature ABS Throttle Position ABS Load Value ABS Pedal Position Rad Bremse Moment Gearshift Status Sperre Gearshift Sensor Position Gearshift Status Sending Tx Signals Gearshift Lock Clutch Status Driving Position Aimed Gear Position Aimed Motor Speed StartStopp Info Input Motor Speed Charisma Status Clutch Temparature Additional Warnings Errors
TG-CDA

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

27

ECU Control Architecture for AMT
ECU Software Module Architekture Example
TG-CDA

Application Real Time Operating System
System Services Memory Services Communication Services I/O Hardware Abstraction
DCM DCM

ECU State Manager ECU State Manager

COM COM

Watchdog Manager Watchdog Manager

I/O Hardware I/O Hardware Abstraction Abstraction

Onboard Device Abstraction

Memory HW Abstraction
LIN LIN Interface Interface

Communication HW Abstraction
Can Can Interface Interface FlexRay FlexRay Interface Interface

r edaot oo B l

Watchdog Watchdog Interface Interface

Memory Abstraction Memory Abstraction Interface Interface

Microcontroller Drivers

Memory Drivers

Communication Drivers

I/O Drivers

ev D M W rr evirr D M WP i P

ev D CDA rr evirr D CDA i

ev D O D rr evirr D O D i II

Watchdog Watchdog Driver Driver

MCU MCU Driver Driver

EEPROM EEPROM

FLASH FLASH

SPI SPI Handler Driver Handler Driver

LIN LIN Driver Driver

CAN CAN Driver Driver

FlexRay FlexRay Driver Driver

Microcontroller

evr D T R OP rr evir D T R OP i

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

28

ECU Control Architecture for AMT
V Model
TG-CDA

Requirements from OEM

Compliance, Risk, Quality Management

SW- RequirementsSpezification

Test Grade SW Test

SW Raw Design

Test Grade SW Integration Test

SW Fine Design

Test Grade SW Modul Test

CRQ-Process Development-Process Review-Process Test-Process

Software-Code

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

29

Contents
Automotive Transmission
TG-CDA

• AMT Structure and Principle • AMT Actuator Types • ECU Control Architecture for AMT • Advantage and Disadvantage of AMT • Summary

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

30

Advantage and Disadvantage of AMT
Automotive Transmission
TG-CDA

• Advantages: • High efficiency • Low costs • Relieve the driver from gear shifting and prevent driving error • Better fuel consumption • Better drivng comfort • Disadvantages: • Tractive force interruption during shifting process (Shift Quality)

© Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie 07/2010

31

Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie

Thank You!
M.Sc. Lin Li, M.Sc. Tinghui Hu, M.Sc. Jiafei Peng TG-CDA
Technische Gemeinschaft der Chinesisch-Deutschen Automobilindustrie

info@tg-cda.de www.tg-cda.de

服务未来汽车人才

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