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ECF 0024 /Tut 2/Sem January 2004

CHEMISTRY II (ECF 0024)


TUTORIAL 2

1. Consider the reaction:

2NO(g) + O2(g) → 2NO2(g)

Suppose that at a particular moment during the reaction nitric oxide (NO) is reacting at
the rate of 0.066 M/s.

i. At what rate is NO2 being formed?


ii. At what rate is molecular oxygen reacting?

2. Cyclobutane decomposes to ethylene according to the equation

C4H8(g) → 2C2H4(g)

Determine the order of the reaction and the rate constant based on the following
pressures, which were recorded when the reaction was carried out at 430oC in a constant-
volume vessel.

Time (s) PC4H8 (mmHg)


0 400
2,000 316
4,000 248
6,000 196
8,000 155
10,000 122

3. For a first-order reaction, how long will it take for the concentration of reactant to fall to
one-eighth its original value? Express your answer in terms of the half-life (t1/2) and in terms of
the rate constant, k.
ECF 0024 /Tut 2/Sem January 2004

4. The rate constant for the second order reaction

2NOBr(g) → 2NO(g) + Br2(g)

is 0.80 M-1s-1 at 10oC.

i. Starting with a concentration of 0.086 M, calculate the concentration of NOBr


after 22 s.
ii. Calculate the half-lives when [NOBr]0 = 0.072 M and [NOBr]0 = 0.054 M.

5. Consider these changes.

a. Hg(l) → Hg(g)
b. 3O2(g) → 2O3(g)
c. CuSO4.5H2O(s) → CuSO4(s) + 5H2O(g)
d. H2(g) + F2(g) → 2HF(g)

At constant pressure, in which of the reactions is work done:


i. by the system on the surroundings?
ii. by the surroundings on the system?

6. Consider the reaction:

2H2O(g) → 2H2(g) + O2(g) ∆ H = 483.6 kJ/mol

If 2.0 moles of H2O (g) are converted to H2(g) and O2(g) against a pressure of 1.0 atm at
125oC, what is ∆ E for this reaction?

7. A 0.1375-g sample of solid magnesium is burned in a constant-volume bomb calorimeter


that has a heat capacity of 3024 J/ oC. The temperature increases by 1.126oC. Calculate the heat
given off by the burning Mg, in kJ/g and in kJ/mol.

8. From the following heats of combustion,

CH3OH(l) + 3/2O2(g) → 2H2O(l) + CO2(g) ∆ Hrxn = -726.4 kJ/mol


C(graphite) + O2(g) → CO2(g) ∆ Hrxn = -393.5 kJ/mol
H2(g) + 1/2O2(g) → H2O(l) ∆ Hrxn = -285.8 kJ/mol

Calculate the enthalpy of formation of liquid methanol.