You are on page 1of 13

V WHY WE NEED MODELS?

V WHAT ARE THE VALUE OF THIS MODEL?


V HOW CAN WE USE THIS MODELS?
V Organized their thinking about behavior
V Guide their clinical decisions and interventions
V Communicate in a common language, systematic
language with their colleagues.
V Strength
V The model is our language
V The model help in analyzing the root problem
V We will know the different points of view, to give us a
more accurate, systematic, and precise study
V Weakness
V Promotes a fossilized rather than organized approach
V Blinds the clinicianǯs functioning to a level of OBJECTIVE
EVALUATION
V It strict us in empirical evidence that may overlooked others
theories that can help us in clinical reports/diagnosis/
assessment
V ÷ th
-20th century writings of SIGMUND FREUD
V It was broadened to include the ideas of those who
revised it and challenge „ 

V HUMAN BEHAVIOR
V Impulses, Desires, Motives and conflicts that are u  
u

and unconscious
ΠIntrapsychic Factors
ΠConflicts with in (mind)
FOUNDATION OF BEHAVIOR STARTS IN CHILDHOOD
Focuses on early childhood events (e.g. early relationship with
etcǥ)
— UNCOVERING THE ASPECT OF INTRAPSYCHIC
ACTIVITY
— Must uncovered to ease in understanding the behavior
V Ullman and Krasner, ÷ 
V Medical model Ȃ theory focused on abnormality &
theory was introduced by the time when the interest is
on Dz u [
V Parallels between PSYCHOLOGICAL and DISEASE
ORIENTATION
V Unconscious conflict and other Psychological Factors =
Õ 
V Problematic Behaviors = Symptoms
V people with behavioral problems is also called a
 , & the Õu u  u   and

 are also applied
V Psychic Determinism
V Continual struggle between the individualǯs desire to
satisfaction and aggression, the need to respect rules
and realities of the outside world

V Freudǯs saw human mind as an arena


between   to do (instinct) and what
 or
 do
V Id Ȃ unconscious , present at birth, contains all the
psychic energy or Dzuu
V       u
u uu u 
V Ego Ȃ consciousness, the result of an unsatisfied Id
V     u  u
u u u  u 
u u 
V Superego Ȃ ego ideal, the conforming on perfect, right
and should do
V Operates on what is the norms (if your going to do it, do
it right and perfect)
V Id vs. Ego - choosing between small rewards and a larger
reward that requires waiting (delay of gratification)
V Id vs. Superego Ȃ deciding weather to return the difference
when you are overpaid or undercharged
V Ego vs. Superego Ȃ choosing between telling realistic way (
white lie ) and unrealistic standard (truth)
V Id and Ego vs. Superego Ȃ Deciding to hit back on the weak
opponent or to Dzturn the other cheek[
V Id and Superego vs. Ego Ȃ deciding to act in realistic way
that conflicts both with your desires and your moral
convictions
V Ego and superego vs. Id- choosing to act on the impulse
(stealing something that you can afford) ego presumed to
increase