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MHliHCTEPCTBO OBOPOHbICCCP

HACTABJIEHI1E

no CTPEJIKOBOMJr ~EJIY

7,62-Mrri MO.l1.EPtIM3HPOBAHHbH1 AB~rO"MAT KAJIAlliHHKOBA (AKM J:I AKMC)

nsaasue mpemse, ucnp ae.aekxoe II oonOAHeHRoe

OMe~~ TpYAoBoro Kpacnoro 3HaMeHH BUEHHOE M3,ll.ATEJibCTBO· .

MHHMCTEPCTBA OBOPOJiibl ecce M 0. c.x B A ..;.;f9 70

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MYlHYlCTEPCTBO OBOPOHbI CCCP

*

HACTABJIEHVIE

no CTPEJlKOBOMY llEJlY

'\ 7,62-MM MO,UEPHI13I1POBAHHbIl1 ABTOMAT KAJIAIIlHI1KOBA (AKM H AKMC)

•. 1130uHue m pemse, ucnpUBAeHHoe u oonoAHeHHoe

Opnena Tpynosoro Kpacnoro '3-HlIMeHH BOEHHOE 113,IJ,A TEJIbCTBO MUHHCTEPCTBA OBOPOHbI CCCP MocKBa-1970

,-- ~~~~~~~~~~-·"·~~ .. II"",,""""""""""II"""""""""".

- - - -_ ------ ----- ------------ -~-~- --~

q ACT b n E P BA 5I YCTPOACT&O ABTOMATA, 05PAlUEHHE C HHM, YXOJl H C5EPE>KEHHE

Fvr a a a I

06llJ.HE CBEAEHIUI

Haaaaseaae 11 60eBbie CBoHcTBa aBTOMaTa

1. 7,62-MM Mo)],epHH3HpoBaHHbIHaBToMaT KaJIaWHHKOBa (pHC. 1) HBJI5IeTCH HH)],HBH)],yaJIbHbIM opy:lI\HeM H npennasnasea ,n:JIH YHHqTO)!{eHHH )!{HBOH CHJIbl rrpoHIBHHKa. ,UJIH nopaacenas rrpoTHBHHKa B pyxonaumoa 601O K aBToMaTY npncoezmuaercs IIITbIK-HOIK. -

_ 2. ,UJIH CTpeJI'b6bI H3 aBTOMaTa rrpHMeHHlOTcH narponu o6p. 1943 r. C 06bIKHoBeHHbIMH (co CTaJIbHbIM cepneuaaxou}, rp accnpyrontmaa H 6poHe_60fIHO-3a/KHraTeJIbHbIMH rryJI5IMH.

H3 aBTOMaTa Be)]'eTcH aBTOMaTH4eCKHH orOHb HJIH O)],HHOqHbIM orons (crpensoa O)],HHOqHbIMH BbICTpeJIaMH). ABToMaTH4ecKHH orons 5!i3JIHeTCH OCROBHbIM BH)]'OM orna H3 aBTOMaTa; OR Be)],eTC5I KOPOTKHMH ()],O 5 BbICTpeJIOB) H )]'JIHHHbIMH ()],O 10 BhICTpeJIOB) Oqepe)],HMHH aenpepsraao, Flo)]'aqa naTpoHoB rrpH CTpeJIb6e rrpoH3Bo)],HTCH H3 Kop06qaTOrO xar-asnna eMKOCTblO aa 30 narpo-

HOB. I

HaH60JIee )]'eHcTBHTeJIbfibIH orom, lI3 aBTOM3- Ta - na paCCT05IHH5! )]'0 400 M. Ilpaueasnas nansnocrr, CTpeJIb6bI - 1000 M. ,UaJIbHOCTb npxMorn BbICTpeJIa rro rpY)],HOH qJHrype - 350 M,

1*

4

'qaCTb nepaaa, YCTpOllCTBO aBTOMaTa

no eeryuie» q:mrype - 5125 M. Cocpenorouennua orcas H3 aBTOMaTOB no Ha3eMHbIM ueJIHM Be-' ,n:eTCH aa ,n:aJIbHOCTb no 800 M, a no CaMOJIeTaM H napaunoracrax -,n:o 500 M.

Teran CTpeJIb6bl OKOJIO 600 BbICTpeJIOB B MHrryry.

PIIC. I. 06W:IIH BII}l, aBTOMaTa Kanamaaxoaa:

a - C ,lI.epeBHHHbIM npHKJla,ll.OM (AI(M); 6 - co CKJla,ll.blBaIOll\H"':ClI rrpHKJla,ll.OM (AI(MC)

Boesaa CKOpOCTpeJIbHOCTb: npn CTpeJIh6e Oqepe,n:HMH -,n:O '100 BblCTpeJIOB B MliHyTy, npa CTpeJIb6e O,n:j,IHOqHbIMH BbICTpeJIaMH -,n:o 40 nsrCTpeJIOB B MHHyTy.

Bee aBTOMaTa 6e3 IIITbIKa-HOlKa co CRapH:tKeHHbIM Mara3H,HOM H3 JIerKOrO CIIJIaBa: AKM- 3,6 xr: AKMC -:- 3,8 xr.

Bee urrsrxa-noaca C HO:tKHaMH 450' r.

5

/

Ilounrne 00 YCTpOUCTBe-u patiore aBTOMaTa 3. ABTOMaT COCTOHT H3 CJIe,n:YIOmHX OCHOBHbIX qaCTeH H MexaHH3MOB (pnc, 2):

- CTBOJI a co CTBOJIbHOH: Kopo6KOH:, C npa-

ueJIbHbIM npacnococneuaeu H npmcranov:

KpbIIlIKH CTBOJIbHOH: Kop06KH; 3aTBOpROH: paMbI C ra30BbIM nopumex; saraopa;

B03BpaTHoro MexaHH3Ma;

ra30BOH Tpy6KH co CTBOJIbROH: HaKJIa,n:KOH:; ynapno-crrycxosoro MexaHH3Mai

ueaaa;

Mara3HHa;

IlITbIKa-HQlKa.

B KOMnJIeKT aBTOMaTa BXO,n:HT: npaaanneacHOCTb, peveas H cyuxa ,n:JIH Mara3HHOB; B KOMnJIeKT aBTOMaTa AKMC, xpoxe roro, BXO,n:HT qeXOJI ,n:JIH aBTOMaTa C KapMaHoM ,n:JIH Mara3HHa.

4. ABTOMaTHqeCKOe ,n:eH:CTBHe aBTOMaTa OCHO-' BaHO na HCnOJIb30BaHHH saepran nopoxonsrx r'a- 30B, OTBO,n:HMbIX H3 KaHaJIa CTBOJIa K ra30BoMY nopIIIHIO 3aTBOpHOH: panu.

OPH BbICTpeJIe qaCTb rropoxoaux ra30B, CJIe,n:YIOmHX aa nyJIeH, YCTpeMJIHeTCH xepes orsepCTHe B CTeHKe CTBOJIa B r'a30BYIO KaMopy,,n:aBHT aa nepenmoio cTeHKY rasosoro nopuma H OT- 6pacbIBaeT nopllIe_!!.b H3aTBopHYIO pasry c aaTBOPOM B aazmee nOJIOlKeHHe. OpH orxozte nasan aarnop orxpsmaer : KaHaJI CTBOJIa, H3BJIexaer H3 narpoannxa rHJIb3Y H BbI6pacbIBaer ee Hapy:tKy, a aarsopnaa-paaa C:tKHMaeT B03BpaTHYIO npyxcany H B3BO,lI,l!T KYPOK (craaar ero aa B3BO,n: aarocnycxa):

.. _ ---.-" -'-"--,_---_

6

qacTh nepaa s. YCTPOl\CTBO aBTOMan

\

7

B nepe.anee nOJIOmeHHe 3aTBOpHaR paua C 3aTBOpOM B03BpamaeTCH non ,n;eHCTBHeM B03' BpaTHOrO MeXaHH3Ma, 3aTBOp npa 9TOM ,n;OCbI' ~aeT O~epe,n;HOH naTpOH H3 Mara3HHa 2 na~pOH' HHK H aaxpstsaer KaHaJI CTBOJI a, a isaraopuas paua BbIBO,n;HT BbICTyn (urerrtaao) asrocrrycxa us-non assona asrocrrycxa xypxa,

Banapauae sarsopa ocyw:eCTBJIHeTCH ero noBOPOTOM snp aso H 3axom,n;emleM6oeBbIX BbICTY' nOB aarnopa aa 60eBble ynopu CTBOJIbHOH KO' P06KI1.

Ecna nepeaonsax YCTaHOBJIeH aa aBTOMaTH~eCKHH orcas, TO CTpeJIb6a 6y,n;eT npo,n;OJI)KaTbC5I no rex n9P, noxa naxcar ctrYCKOBOH KplO~OK H B Mara3HHe ecrs narponsr.

ECJIH nepesonnax YCTaHOBJIeH aa O,n;I1HO~HbIH orons, TO npn aaxcarn» aa cnYCKOBOH KPlOl!OK rrpOH30H;JLe'r TOJIbKO O)J,HH BbICTpeJI; )J,JI5I- npOH3' Bo,n;CTBa cnezryroutero BbICTpeJIa He06xo)J,HMO OT' nYCTIiTb crrYCKOBOH KPlOl!OK Ii CHOBa aaacars aa Hero.

r~aBa II

PA360PI(A H C60PI(A ABTOMATA

5. Pa360pKa -aBTOMaTa MomeT' 6bITb HenOJI' Han 11 rrO.'IHaR: HenOJIHaH ~ )J,JI5! l!HCTKH, CMa3KH JI OCMOTpa. aBTOMaTa; rrOJIHaH - )J,JIH l!HCTKH npa CHJIbHOM sarpasaeaaa aBTOMaTa, nOCJIe HaXO)K)J,eHU51 ero non )J,O)K)J,eM H~H B CHery, npa nepexone aa HOBYlO CMa3KY H npn peMOHTe. I13llHwHe ~aCTa5!pa36opKa aBTOMaTa- spenaa, TaK KaK YCKopHeT H3HaUUIBaHHe ~aCTeH H Me· 'xaHM3MOB.

Pa360pKY H C60PKY aBTOMaT.a npOH3BO)J,HTb

8

na CTOJIe HJIH qHCTOH: rrO,nCTHJIKe; qaCTH H MeXaHH3MbI KJIaCTb B nopnnxe pa360pKH, copamaTbC5I C HHMH OCTopmKHO, He KJIaCTb O,nHY qaCTb na npyryio H He rrpHMeH5ITb H3JIHIllHHX YCHJIHH H pe3KHX ynapos. Ilpa criopxe aBTOMa-· ra CJIHqHTb acxepa na ero qaCTHX: Y xascnoro

PRe. 3. OT,/l.EJIEHHE Mara311Ha

aBTOMaTa aoxepy na CTBOJIbHOH xoporixe ,nOJI)!(HbI COOTBeTCTBOBaTb HOMepa aa ra30BOH rpyoxe, 3aTBOpHOH parae, aarsope, xpsnuxe CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH H npyrnx qaCTHX aBTOMaTa.

Otiyueaae pasoopxe H coopxe na 60eBl;>IXaBTOMaTax nonycxaercs JIHillb B HCKJIlOqHTeJIbHbIX CJIyqaHX H C C06JIIO,neHHeM OC060H OCTOPO)!(HOCTM B oripameaaa C qaCTHMH M MexaHH3MaMH.

6. ilOPSI}l.OK HenOJIHOH pa36opKI;I aBTOMaTa:

1) OT,neJIHTb Mara3HH.Y,nep)!(HBaH aBTOMaT JIeI30}I PYKOH aa IlleHKY npmorana HJIH uesse, npasoa PYKOH 06xBaTHTb Mara3HH (pHC. 3); Ha)!(HMa5l 60JIbIllHM nansuev na 3 a menxy, nonaru HHMHIOIO qaCTb Mara3HHa snepen H OT,neJIHTb ero. nOCJIe sroro 'npoaepnrs, HeT JiH narpoaa B

fJlasa II. Pa3i5oPKa H ci50pKa aBTOMaTa 9

rraTpOHHHKe, ,nJI5l qero orrYCTHTb nepesonxax BHH3, OTBeCTH PYKOHTKY 3aTBOpHOH paxu Ha-· aan, OCMOTpeTb rraTpOHHHK, OTrrYCTllTb PYKOHTKY 3aTBopHOH paxsr II crrYCTHTb KypOK C 60eBorO nssona.

2) BblHYTb neaan C npHHa}l.JIeLKHOCTblO.

Yronars naJIbu;eM npanoarpyxa xpsnnKy rHe3,na rrpHKJIana TaK, qT06bI neHaJI rro,n ,neHCTBlleM npyxcaasr BbIIlleJI aa rneazta; pacxp srrs rreHaJI H BbIHYTb H3 Hero rrpOTHpKY, epunrx, OTBepTKY, BbIKOJIOTxy H umansxy.

Y aBTOMaTa co

C K JI a n bi B a 10 ut n MC 5I npHKJIa,nOM neaan HOCHTCH B xap aane Pile. 4. Orneneaae 1lI0MlIOJIa CyMKll ,nJIH Mara3ll-

HOB.

3) OT,neJIHTb UIOMnOJI. OTT5lHYTb KOHeu; IllOMnOJIa OT CTBOJIa TaK, qTo6bI ero- rOJIOBKa BbIIllJIa as-non ynopa HaOCHOBaHHH MyIllKH (pHC. 4), H BbIHYTb IllOMnOJI naepx, I1pH OT,neJIeHHH Ill0r.;~ nona paa pemaercs nOJIb30BaTbC5t B~IKOJIOTKOH.

4) OT,neJIHTb . KPbIUlKY CTBOJIbHOH KOpOOKH.

Jleson PYKOH 06XBaTHTb IlleHKY npnxnana, 60JIbIllllM nansueu ,HOH pyxa aaacars na astcryn nanpaanaroutero CTep)!(H5l B03BpaTHoro Mexalm3Ma, ,rrpaBoH pYKOH npHrroJJ;HHTb BBepx

10

. qacTb nepaaa. YCTpoilcTBO aBTOMaTa

aa)lHIOIO qaCTb KpbIIlIKH CTBOJIbHOH. Kopo6KH (pHC. 5) H OT)leJIHTb kpbIIlIKY.

5) OT)leJIHTb ,Bo3BpaTHbIH MexaUH3M. Y)lep- 2KHBafI aBTOMaT JIeBOH PYKOH aa IlIeHKY npaxnana, npasoa PYKOH nonart. arrepen aanp asJIfIIOIII:HH CTep2KeHb B03BpaTHoro MeXaHij3Ma.110 BbIXO)la ero rrfITKH H3 npo.aoasnoro nasa CTBOJIb-

PRe. 5. OT.1leJleHHe xpsnuxa CTBOJlbHOH

Kopo6KR

HOH Kop06KH; rrpanonaars 3a)lI!HH KOHeu aarrpaBJIfIIOIII:erO CTep2KHfI (pHC. 6) H H3BJIe% B03BpaTHbIH MexaHH3M H3 KaHaJIa 3aTBOpHOH: paMbI.

6) OT.n.eJIHTb. 3aTBopHYJO pasty c 3aTBOpoM.

Ilponoaacas Y)lep2KHBaTb aBTOMaT JIeBOH PYKOH, npasoa PYKOH OTBeCTH 3aTBOpHYIO paxry aaaan zto OTKa3a, npanoztaars ee BMeCTe C 3aTBopOM (pHC . .7) H OT)leJIHTb OT CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH.

. 7) OT.n.eJlHTb 3aTBOp OT saraopnojl paasr. )3.3HTb 3aTBopHyIO paMy B .neBYJO pyKy3aTBop0!"J

= L~_A;Z,·/R,"" ....

rJlaBa II. Pa300pKa H coopKa aarouara

11.

Pile., 6 .. <Zh,D,eJleHlle B03BpaTHOrO MexaHfl3Ma

PRC. 7. OT,D,eJleHRe saraopaoa paMbI C saraopoa '

12

tIacTb nepsas. YCTPOl!CTBO aSTOMaTa

xsepxy (pHC. 8); npasoa PYKOH OTBeCTH saTBOP aasan nOBepHYTb ero TaK, tITo6bI Be,lJ,YIll.HH asrcryn aarsopa nsnuen H3 qmrypHoro supeaa aarsopaoa pasnsr, H BbIBeCTH sarsop snepen.

8) OT,lJ,eJlHTb raaoayio Tpy6Ky co CTBOJlbHOH aaKJla)l.KOH, Y)l.ep*HBasr aBTOMaT JleBOH PY_KOH,

PHC. 8. Orneneaae aarsopa OT aaraopnoa paxu npaaoa PYKOH naners nenan npHHa,n:.JIe:tKHOCTH np5IMoyrOJIbHbIM- oTBepcTHeM na asrcryrr 3aMbIKaTeJI5I ra30BoH Tpy6KH, nonepnyrt, 3aMbIKaTeJIb OT ceria ,lJ,0 BepTHKaJIbHOrO nOJIo*eHH5I (pHC. ~) H CH5ITb ra30BYlO rpyoxy C narpyoxa ra30BOH xaxopsr.

7. nOpSI,lJ,OK C60PKH aBTOMaTa nocae aenoaHOH pa360pKH:

!) npHCOe)l.~HHTb rasoayro Tpy6KY co CTBOJIbHO~ HaKJlap:,KoH. Y~ep:tKHBa5I aBTOMaT JIeBOH PYKOH, npasoa PYKOH Ha1r.~HHYTb ra30BYlO Tpy6KY nepe,lJ,HHM KOHUOM Harratpy60K ra30BoH ·KaMa-

I'nana II. Pa300pKa H coopxa aBTOMaTa

13

pst H npaacars 3a,lJ,HHH KOHeu CTBOJIbHOH HaKJIa,n:KH K CTBOJIY; nonepny'n, C noxouisro nena.TIa rrpHHa,lJ,JIe:tKHOCTH 3aMbIKaTeJIb na Ce6H ,lJ,0 BXO,lJ,a ero <pHKcaTopa B BbIeM na KOJIO,lJ,Ke rrpHuena,

2) Ilpacoenaaari, aarsop K 3aTBopHoH pame.

B35ITb 3aTBopHYlO pasry B JIeBYlO pyxy, a aa-

, Puc. 9. DOBOPOT 3aMbIKaTeJIH rasosoa Tpy6KH c rrOMOIUbJO nenana rrpIIHaJl,JIe>KHOCTH

TBOP B npasyro pyxy H BCTaBHTb aar sop UHJIHH,lJ,pHqeCKOH qaCTblO B KaHaJI paxst; noaepayrs saraop TaK, qTo6bI ero Be,lJ,YIll.HH aucryn aouren B <pHry'PHbIH nsrpes 3aTBopHOH paMbI, H npO,lJ,BHHYTb 3aTBop Brrepe,lJ,.

3) npHCOe)l.HHHTb aaraopnyio paMy C 3aTBOPOM K CTBOJIbHOH Kop06Ke. B35ITb 3aTBopHYlO pany B npaayro pyKy T3K, QTo6bI 3aTBOp y,lJ,ep-' :tK'HBaJIC5I 60JIbIIIHM nansuex B rrepenaev rrOJIO:tKeHHH. .ITeBoH PYKOH o6xBaTHTb IIIeHKY rrpHKJIa,lJ,a, npaaon PYKOH BBeCTH ra30BbIH nopureas B nOJIOCTb KOJIO,lJ,KH npauena H npoztaaayrs aaTBOpHylO paxy snepen HilCTOJIbKO, QTo6bI

14

OTrH6bI CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH BOlllJII1 B naau aaTIl.oPHOH paMbl, He60JIblllHM YCHJIHeM npuxcart. ee K CTBOJIbHOH xoporixe H nponaaayrs snepezt.

4) npHcOe,lJ,HHHTb B03Bp·aTHblu MexaHH3M.

npaBoHPYKOH BBeCTIf B03BpaTHbIH MexaHH3M B KaHaJI 3aTBopHoH paxsr: CLKHMaR B03BpaTHyIO npyaonry, rrozrars HanpaBJIRIOIlLHH crepxceas

P.HC. 10. Bxaanuaaaae nenana B fHe3,n:o rrpllKna,n:a

srrepen H, orrycrns HeCKOJIbKO KHH3Y, BBecTH ero nRTKY Ii npo.n:OJIbHbIH rtas CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH. . 5)· npHCOe,lJ,HHHTb KPblUIKY CTBOJIbHOH xoposKH. BCTaBHTb KPbIlllKY CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH nepe.n;HHM KOHU;OM B nOJIYKPyrJIbIH asrpes na KOJIo.n;Ke npaueaa: HalKaTb na 3a.n;HHl1 KOHeu; xpsnnxa JIa.n;OHbIO npaaoa pyKH srrepen H KHH3Y TaK, qTo6bI BbICTyn nanpaanmoutero CTeplKHR B03BpaTHoro MexaHH3Ma souren B orsepcrae xpsnuxa CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH.

6) Cnycrars KypOK C 6oeBoro sasona H TIOCTaBHTb na npenoxpamrreas. Haacars aa crryCKOBOH KPIOQOK H no.n;HRTb nepeaonsax saepx

.n;o OTKa3a. "

7) npHcOe,lJ,HHHTb lllOMnOJI.

rlla,," II. PasrJopKa H c60pKa aBTOMaTa

15

8) BJIO}KHTb, neaaa B rHe3,lJ,O npaxaana,

YJIOlKHTb npHHa.n;JIelKHOCTb B neaan H3aKpbITb ero xpsnuxoa, BJIO)KHTh neaan JliHOM B raesno npmoiaaa (pHC. 10) H YTonHTh ero TaK, QTo6hI ruesno 3aKphIJIOCh KPbIlllKOH. Y AKMC nea an y6HpaeTcR B 'KapMaH cyMKH .n:JIR M.ara3HHOB.

9) npHcoe.iI.HHHTb Mara~HH K. aBToM~TY.

Y.n;eplK.HBair aBTOMaT JIeBOH PYKOH aa meHKY

{

PHC. I I. Ilpacoezraaenae Mara31lHa

npaxnana HJIH uease, npasoir PYKOH BBeCTH B oKIIO CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH aauen Mara3HHa (pHC. 11) H rroBepHYTb Mara3HH aa C~6R TaK, QTo6bI 3aru;eJIKa 3aCKOIIHJIa aa OrrOpHbII1 ssrcryn Mara3.HHa.

8. HOPH,lJ,OK nOJIHOH paafiopxa aBTOMaTa:

1) npOH3BecTH HenOJIHYIO pasnopxy, pyxo-

BO.n;CTBYH<;b CT. 6.

2) Pa306paTb i Mara3HH.B3RTb Mara.3HH B JIeByIO pyKy KPbIlllKOH saepx, BbIIIYKJIOH QaCTbIO OT ce6R; npasoa PYKOH C rrOMOIlLbIO BbIKOJTOTlm

16

qacTb nepsaa. YCTpOlfcTBO aBTOMaTa

I'aa aa II. Pa3,6oPKa II c60PKa aBTOMaTa

17

YTonHTb BblCTyn CTonopHOH nJIaHKH B OTBepCTHe na xpsnnxe Mara3RHa, 60JIbllIHM naJIbll.eM JIeBOH PYKH C,lJ;BHHYTb KpbIIIIKY HeCKOJIbKO Bnepe,n (pRC. 12), npaaoa PYKOH CH5ITb Kpb1llIKY C KOpnyca, Y,lJ;ep:tKHBa5I npn .9TOM cronopnym IIJIaHKY 60JIbllIHM rraJIbll.eM JIeBOH PYKH; nOCTeneHHO

oCBo6mK,na5I npY:tKRHY, BbIHYTb ee BMeCTe co

cTonopHOH rrJIaHKOH H rrO,lJ;aBaTeJIeM H3 KOpnyc a Mara3HHa; OT,lJ;eJIHTb rrO,lJ;aBaTeJIb OT rrpY:tKHHbI.

3) Pa300paTb B03-

BpaTHblif MexaH1f3M. B35!Tb B03BpaTHbiH MexaHH3M B JIeBYIO PYKy, nOCTaBHTb HanpaBJI5IIO- , ll.WH CTep:tKeHb BepTHKaJIbHO n5ITKOH KHH3Y

aa CTOJf HJIH ynop,

PIIC. 12. OTaeJIeHIle KPbIW- C:tKaTb B03BpaTHYIO '

Kif ¥ara31IHa npY:tKHHY BHH3, npason

PYKOH pa3BeCTH KOHlI.bI rrO,lJ;BH:tKHOro CTep:tKH5I' H CH5ITb My<PTY (pHC. 13); CH5!Tb rrpY:tKHHY C na-

npaBJI5IIOlI.J.ero CTep:tKH5I; OT,lJ;eJIHTb nO,lJ;BIDKHbIM CTep:tKeHbOT HarrpaBJI51IOlIIero CTep:tKHlI.

4) Pa306paTb aarsop. BbITOJIKHYTb BbIKOJIOTKOM IlInHJIbKY, Y,lJ;ep:tKHBaIOlIIYIO ynapna« H OCb BbI6paCblBaTeJI5I (pHC. 14), H H3BJIelIb Y,lJ;apHHK H3 KaHaJIa saraopa: BbITOJIKHYTb BbIKOJIOTKOM OCb BbI6paCblBaTeJIli H H3BJIeqb H3 sarnopa BbI': 6paCbIBaTeJIb C rrpY:tKHHOM.

5) Pa306paTb' y,napHo-cnycKoBoij Mexal{1f3M

(pa300pKa npoIf3Bo~IfTC~ no~ PYKOBO~C!BOM mlnu,(epa UJIU PYLKeifHoro MacTepa):

- OT)l.eJlHTb menrano O~HHO'lHOro orHSI, 3.aMe,nJIHTeJIb xypxa H cnYCKoBoM KPIO'IOK: ynep:tKHBa5I aBTOMaT ,JIeBOM PYKOM aa CTBOJIbHYIO xoporiKY, npasoa PYKoM npa nOMOIl(I1 BbIKOJIOTKH Ha:tKaTb na psrvar asrocnycxa H pa3'be,nHHHTb IIIenTaJIO asrocnycxa C KYPKOM; cnYCTHTb KYPOK C 6oeBoro

PIIC. 13. Orzieneaae ti1yqJTbI B03BpaTHOro MexaH1I3Ma

PIIC. 14. BbITaJlKliBaHlie WlIlIJlhKlI npa OTJleJleHHlI BbI6pachlBaTeJIf! II ynap-

HliKa OT 3aTBopa

aanozra: TOHKHM KOHI,(OM BbIKOJIOTK~.~ no,n:H5!Tb JIeBbIH xoneu 6oeBoJI npY:tKHHbI H. naJIbll.aM~ 3aBeCTH ero sa 6oeBoH B3BO,lJ; xypxa; oTBepTKoH 6bIBeCTH ,D;JIHHHbIM xoaeu rrpY:tKHHbI "IBTocnYCKa

- -------------------

18

qacTb nepsas. YCTpOl!CTBO aSTOMaTa

H3 xonsnenoa rrpOTOtJ:KH OCH crrycxosoro KPIOtJ:-. xa; BbIKO;JIOTKOH nponsnras OCb crrycxosoro KpfOQKa BJ1eBO, BblHYTb ee; nocreneaao BbIHHMa5I BbIKO.nOTKY, rra.nbuaMH .neBoH PYKH 113- BJ1eqb H3 CTBO.nbHOH Kopo6KH WerrTaJ10 O~HHOqnoro OrH5I, ero UPY)KI1HY, npyacnay saaeannre-

.n5IH 3aMen.nHTeJ1b

xypxa; BbIKO.nOTKOH

rrOnH5ITb KBepxynpaBbIH KOHeu 60eBOH rrpY)KHHbI H nansuaMH 3aBeCTH ero sa 60eBon: B3BOn xypxa (p,HC. 15); Ha)KHMaH YKa3aTe.nbHbIM nansueM J1eBOH pyKH CHH3Y Ha XBOCT crryCKOBoro xptouxa, npn-

rrOnH5ITb crrycKoBoH

KPIOtJ:OK xsepxy H

rrpaBoH PYKOH H3B.netJ:b ero H3 CTBO.nbHOH KO-

p06KH (pHC. 16); r

- OTneJIHTh KYPOK: Ha)KHMa51 oTBepTKoH na n.nHHHbI}! KOHeu rrpY)KHHbI aarocnycxa, BbIBeCTH ero 113 Ko.nbueBoH rrpOTOtJ:KH OCI1 xypxa H BbIKO.nOTlWH CnBHHYTb OCb xypxa B.neBO; npaztepscaBa5I KYPOK npasoa PYKOH, .neBoH PYKOH BbIHyTh OCb xypxa; nosepnyn, KYPOK TaK, tJ:To6hI .neaas uarr~a 6bI.na HarrpaB.neHa B CTOPOH~ rraTpOHHI1- xa, H H3B.netIb KYPOK 113 CTBO.nbHOH Kopo6KI1 (pHC. 17); oTne.nHTb<6oeBYIO rrpy)KI1HY OT xypxa;

- OT,lJ,eJlUTb asrocnycx: BbIKO.nOTKOH CnBHnyrs B.neBO OCb anrocnycxa 11 BblHYTb ye; 113- B.neqb aBTocrrYCK C rrpY)KHliOH sepes OKHO ,lJ,JUl

PIIC. 15. 3aBe]L€HHe npasoro KOH!.{a 60eBoH npy}KHHbI 3aBbICTyrr 6oeBoro

B3BO]La KYPKa

: "

I'zraaa II. Paseopxa H ccopxa aBTOMaTa

19

.\

PIIC. 16. l'I3BJIe'leHHe cnycxosoro

Kp"IQ'IKa as CTBOJIbHOil xopooxa

Pile. 17. Hasaexeaae xypxa as CTBOJIbr Hoil· xopooxa

20

tfacTb nepaaa, YCTpoficTBO 3BTOM3T3

Mara3I1Ha (pnc. 18); OT.neJIIITb rrpy)I{I1HY OT anrocnycxa;

- OT.neJlHTb nepeBo.n'lHK: noaepayrs nepeBO.n'lIlK asepx no BepTIIKaJIbHOrO IIOJIO)l{eHII5I, C.nBHHYTb ero BrrpaBo II OT.neJIIITb OT CTBOJIbHOH sopooxa.

PRC. 18. I13BJIeqeHHe aarocnycxa C IlPY*HHOM H3 CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH

6) OT)J.eJlHTbl.l,eBbe (neuse OT.neJI5!eTCH B peztKHX CJIY'Ia5Ix: npa yztaneaau CKJIa.ncKoH CMa3KlI, nOCJ1e nonanaans aBTOMaTa B sony H T. II.). B3HTb aBTOMaT JIeBOH PYKOH aa u:eBb~, npasoa PYKOH. C noaorusro OTBepTKlI ana nenana npll~ Ha.nJIe:tKHOCTli nOBepHYTb 3aMbIKaTeJIb ueasa aa nOJI-060pOTa srrepen; 60JIb1I1l1MlI nansnaaa 06eHX PYK (puc. 19) C.nBlIHYTb coenaaareasnyro MYCPTy C ueasa K ra30BOH xaaope; nonars uesse snepen H OT.neJIlITb ero OT CTBOJIa.

9. nOpH)J,OK C60PKH aBTOMaTa nOCJIe IIOJIHOU pastiopxn:

1) Ilpacoeaaaars uease, Y nepxcaaaa ~TO. MaT .JIeBOH PYKOH sa CTBOJIbHYIO xopoexy.rnpa-

I'naaa II. P3s6oPK3 's C150PK3 8sTOMaT8

21

BOHPYKOH npHJIO:tKHTb uease CHlI3Y K CTBOJIY H C,nBlIHYTb ero K CTBOo!.lbHOH Ko-po6Ke TaK, ;To6bI asrcryn uensa BOllIeJI B, rneano CTBOJIbHOli KOp06KH; Ha,nBHHYTb coenaaarensuyto MYCPTY aa _ nense H IIOBepHYTb 3aMbIKaTeJIb na nOJI-060pOTa aasan.

2) Co6paTb Y)J,apHo-cnycKoBoH MexaHH3M (80 nsoexcaaae nepenyruaaaas '1aCT~H ynapuo-cay-

PRC. 19. C.D.BHraHHe Coe)l.HHHTeJIb'HOH

MY¢Tl:>i .

CKOBoro MexaHH3Ma HeCKOJIbKlIX aBTOMaTOB nepen C60PKOH neorixonasro nposepars HOMe~a aa merrrane O,nllHO'lHO'rO OrH5I, CnYCKOBOM xprosxe, 3aMe,n.'IlITeJIe, xypxe II aBTOCnYCKe):

- npHCOe)J,HHHTb nepeBO)J,'1HK: y.nep:tKlIBaH asTOMaT JIeBOH PYKOH; npason PYKOH BBeCTli CeKTOp nepesonsmca B cplirypHoe oraepcrae rrpaBOl' CTeHKlI CTBOJIbHOH xopoexn TaK, qT06bI uanrpsr BOlliJIH B OTBepCTlI5I B crenxax CTBOJIbHOlI xopocxa; rrOCTaBlITb nepesonsnx aa aBTOMaTllQeCKHH OrOHb, (AB) ;

-,- npHCOe)J,HHHTb aBTOCnYCK: BCTaBlIT!> KOPOTKlIj._KOHeII npy:tKlIHbI B ornepcrne nucryna asTOW'cKa II -repea OKHO ,nJI5I Mara3l1Ha BBeCTli aB1'dcnYCK C rrpY:I!UiHOH B CTBOJIbHYKl Kopo6KY;

22

ttacTb ~epnaS1.YCTPoiicTnO aBTOMaTa

nOCTaBHTh psmar aBTocnYCKa _ aa ceoe MeCTO Ii BBt:CTH cnpaaa 'BbIKOJI?TKY B OTBepCTHH ,lI,JIH OCH anrocnycxa H npY)KHHbI; Y,lI,ep)KHBaH aBTocnYCK C npY)KHHOii npanoa pyxon, JIeBOH pyxof BCTaBHTb OCb (pHC. 20,); , - npHCOe,lI,OHHTb npY)KHHY aa ll,aWPbI

KYPOK: aaners 60eBYIO xypxa nernea co CTOPOHbI ooesoro B3BO,lI,a (pHC. 21) Ii ~ 3aBeCTH ee KOHll,bI sa ooeaoa B3BO,lI, KYP-xa; Y,lI,ep)KHBaH KYPOK H KOHll,hl npyacnna nansll,aMH npason PYKH, BCTaBHTb KYPOK B CTBOJIb"' HYIO Kop06KY JIeBoii: ll,arrcpoii B CTOPOHY naTpOHHliKa; YKa3aTeJIbHbIM rraJIbll,eM JIeBoii:

PYKHnpH)KaTb ,lI,JIliHHbIH -

PHC. 20. BCTaBJIeHHe OCM OH TT TO

aBTocnYCKa K e..... npyzcaau aB -

cnycxa K ,lI,HY CTBOJIb. !-lOH Kop06KH, noaepuyrs KYPOKH COBMeCTliTb ero OTBepCTHe C COOTBeT~ CTBYIOW)1:MH OTBepCTliHMH B CTBOJIbHOH Kop06Ke; BCTaBHTb CJIeBa OCb xypxa, rrpO,lI,BHHYB ee snp aao ,lI,O OTKa3a (,lI,OJI)KeH 6bITbCJIbIlIIeH W.eJIqOK); rraJIbll,aMH npasoa PYKH CHHTb npaasm xoneu 60eBOII rrpY)KHHbI C ooeBoro B3BO,lI,a xypxa If onyCTHTb ero: na ,lI,HO CTBOJIbHoii Kopo6KH;

- npHCOe,lI,HHHTb K cnYCKOBOMY KPIO'IKY uien-:

TaJIO O,lI,lIHO'lHOrO orHSI H ;3aMe,ZJ.JIHTeJIb xypxa: - BCTaBHTb rrPY)KHHY B OTBepCTHe nrern-ana O,lI,HHOttHoro oras; Y,lI,ep)KHBaH cnycxoaon xproaox aa XBOCT B JIeBoii: pyxe, rrpason PYKOii: nOCTaBHTb

rJlaBa II. Paariopxa H c(')opKa aBTOMaTa 23

aa nero lIIenTaJIO oaunosnoro or-as Ta:K, ttTo6bI HH)KHHii KOHell,hpY)KHHbI urerrrana sonren B BbIeM cnycxosoro xprouxa, 3aTeM Me)K,l(Y werrTaJIOM H npasoa CTeHKOH: cnycxosoro xpronxa rrOMeCTHTb npy)KHHY 3aMe,lI,JIHTeJIH xypxa ,lI,JIHHHbIM KOHll,OM suepx H anepen: COBMeCTHTb nansll,aMH npasoa PYKIf OTBepCTHH ,lI,JIH OCH aa cnYCKOBOM KpIOqKe, urerrrane H npyscnre 3aMe,lI,JIHTeJIH, BCTaBHTb B HHX C JIeBOH CTOPOHbI

PHC. 21. TIOJIO)KeHMe 6oeBoii IlPY)KMHbl

na xypxe

3aOCTpeHHbIM KOHn:OM WrrHJIbKY (OHa xpaHHTCH B neaane rrpHHa,lI,JIe)KHOCl'H); aane-n, rra rurrnnsKY C npanoa CTOPOHbI 3aMe,l(JIHTeJIb xypxa a . rrpO,lI,BHHYTh ee snp aso ,lI,0 OTKa3a; npn nououm IlbIKO{lOTKH 3aBeCTH ,lI,JIHHHhlH xoneu npY)KHHbI B rra3 3aw.eJIKH 3aMe,lI,JIHTeJIH;

- npHCOe,l(HHHTb cnYCKOBOH KPIOIJOK: nOCTaBHTb cnYCKOBOH: KPIOttOK B CTBOJIbHYIO Kop06KY aa caoe MeCTO; BhIKOJIOTKOH rrpHnO,lI,HHTh npaBbIM-- KOHen: 60eBOH rrpY)KliHbI xsepxy H nOJIO)KHTb ero aa npaxoyronsnsra .asrcryn cnycxosoro xpronxa; JIeBoii PYKOH BCTaBHTb OCb cnYCKOsoro xprosxa rrOCTeneHHO BbITaJIKHBaH umansKY B npaBYIO' CTOP9HY; ,lI,JIHHHbIH KOHen: npY)KHHbI asrocnycxa npn ::ITOM ,lI,OJI)KeH HaXO,lI,~TbCH caepxy OCH; BbIKOJIOTKOii 3aBeCTH ,l(JIHHHbIH KOHeu; rrp},)KI1HbI aBTocnycK3 B KOJIbll,eBYIO npo ..

24

t.IacTb rrepaasr. YCTPOi1:CTBO aBTOMaTa

TO:KY OCM crrYCKOBorou xprosxa; rraJIbuaMI1 rrpaBOH PYKH CH5ITb JIeBbIH KOHeu: 60eBOH rrpY)KHHbI C 60eBoro B3BO)1.a xypxa II rrOJIO)KHTb ero na rrp5IMoyrOJIbHbIH sucryn cnycxosoro xprosxa. '

Ha)KIIMOM BbIKOJIOTKH na KOHllbI ocea aBTOcnycxa, KY~Ka H u cnycxosoro xptonxa nposepart, cronopenae ocen )1.JIHHHbIM KOHUOM npY)KH·HbI asrocrrycxa: nOCTaBHTb KypOK. na B3BO)1. aBTOcnYCKa. '

, 3) Cotlpars 3uaTBop. BCTaBHTb BbI6pacbIBaTeJIb C npY)KHHOH B supea 3aTBOpa; Ha)KaB na Bbl6paCbIBaTeJIb, BCTaBI1Tb OCb Bbl6paCblBaTeJI5I B OTBepCTHe non Be)1.YIIIHM aucrynov aarsopa TaK, '!T06bl supea na OCH 6bIJI oopamea B CTOPOHY U:HJIHH)1.pH'!eCKoH '!aCTII 3aTBOpa. B35ITb 3aTBOp B JIeBYIO pYKYBe)1.Yll~HM ssrcrynosr xsepxy, a U:HJIHH.LlpH'!eCKoH nacrsro K ce6e H BBeCHt B xanan saraopa y)1.apHHK 60JIbIIIHM BbIpe30M xsepxy; co CTOPOHbI nenymero nsrcryna BCTaBUTb B OTBepCTHe aaraopa IIInHJIbKY H npO)1.BHHYTbee )1.0 KOHua.

4) Cotipars B03BpaTHblu MexaHH3~. Ynepers rr5ITKY HanpaBJI5IIOIIIero CTep)KH5I B CTOJI (yrrop); uaners npyxomy na HanpaBJI5IIOIIIHH crepzcens H C)KaTb ee HaCTOJIbKO, '!T06bI KOHeu: .nanp aanalOu;ero CTuep)KH5I BbIIlleJI H3 nee; y)1.ep)KHBa5I neBOH PYKOH rrpY)KlIHY, npaaojr PYKOH paaaecrn KOHUbI rrO)1.BH)KHOrO CTep)!(H5I, nponers O)1.lfH H3 HlfX B 06pa30BaBillYIOC5I nervno H ornycrars npY)KHHY )1.0. yrropa B rrO)1.BH)KflbIH crepacens (puc. 22); BCTaBHTb MYCPTY Me)K.Lly KOHu:aMH rro)1.BlI)KHOrO CTeP)KHH; JIeBOH PYKOH cacars npy)KHHY, npasou PYKOH rrepeaecrn rrO)1.BH)KHbIH CTep)KeHb B BepTHKaJIbHQe qOJIO)KeHHe, nOCJI~

fn3B3 II. P33(')OPK3 II ~60PK3 3BTOM3'ra 25

'!ero IIJIaBHO ornycrars npysonry )1.0 yrropa ee B MyCPTY.

5) Cofipart, Mara3HH. nplfCOe)1.HHHTb nonaaa-

Te,lb K npY)KHHe Mara3HHa BBO)1.0M nepsoro BHTxa cB060)1.HOTO KOHu:a npY)KHHbI non sarao no)1.aB3TeJI5I, BCTaBlfTb npyacany C nonaaarenex B

PHI:. 22, C60pKa B03BpaTHoro MexaHH3Ma

xopnyc M araanaa ; yronm's CTorropHYIO nJIaHKY B xopnyc H, y)1.epJKHBa5I ee B TaKOM rrOJIoJKemm, aaziers KPbIIIIKY Mara3HHa aa xopnyc TaK, '!TO- 6bl OHa 'CBOliMli 3aXBaTaMlI Y)1.epJKIIBaJIaCb aa aaruriax xopnyca, a asrcryn cronopnoa nJIaHKH 3aCKO'!lIJI B OTBepCTlIe xpsnnxa (,nOJIJKeH 6bITb CJIbIIlleH IIIeJI'!OK).

6) .lI.aJIbHeuwylO cGOPKY UPOH3BO,lI,HTb, PYKO-

BO,lI,CTBYSICb CT. 7.

10. Ilpasnaxaaae H OTMblKaHHe WTbIKa-HOJKa:

1) npHMblKaHHe WTbIKa-HOlKa. BblHYTb

26

qacTb rtepaa a. YCTpoiicTBO aBTOMaT3 '

illTubIK-HOM H3 HOMeH; B3HTb aBTOMaT JIeBoH pyKOH sa CTBOJlbHYIO HaKJIa)1,KY H uesse MYillKOH BJIeBO; Y)1,epiKHBaH npaaofr PYKOH illTbIK-HOM aa PYK05ITKY, Ha)1,BHHYTb ero nasaxa aa yrrop r-aso-

PHC. 23. Ilpaasrxaaxe IIlTbIKa'HO}Ka

PHC. 24. OTMbIKaHHe urruxa-nozca

BOH xaaopu (pHC. 23), a KOJIbUOMHa MYCPTY CTBOJIa .L\O rrOJIHOrO 3aKpbIBaHH5I 3aiu.eJIKH.

2) OTMblKaHHe IlITblKa':'HOlKa. B3HTb aBTOMaT B JIeBYIO PYKY, nepesecra ero ' B BepTHKaJIbHOe nOJIOMeHHe: nonnepacraaa PYK05ITKY urrsncaaozca YK33aTeJIbHbIlVI H Cpe)1,HHM naJIbUa'MH np a-

27

BOH pyxa, 60JIbIlIHM rraJIbueM\ :onoH pyKH naMaTh aa 3ameJIKY (pHC. 24) H OT.L\eJIHTb- IlITbIKHOM OT aBTOMaTa; BJIOMHTb illTbIK-HOM B HOMHb]'

fJIaBa, III

HA3HAQEHlfE, YCTPOllCTBO QACTEA

If MEXAHlf3MOB ABTOMATA, nPlfHA)l.JIE)I(HOCTIf If nATPOHOB

Hasaanenue, YCTPODCTBO 'IaCTeD H MexaHH3~oB aBTOMaTa

11. CTBon (pHC. 25) lIIYiKHT.L\JI5I nanpaaneHH5I nonera nynn. BHyTpH CTBOJI HMeeT KaHaJI C qeTblpbMH aapeaaxa, 'BbIOIlI.HMHC5I CJIeBa saepx aanpaso. Hapeau CJIYMaT )1,JIH rrpH)1,aHHH nyne

,6

PHC. 25. eTBOJI:

a - HapY)J{HblA: BH.u.; 6 - Ka'3eHHaR xacre B paapeac;

8 - Ce'L!eHHe CTBOJIa;

J _ Hape3,;,all xacrs: 2 - nYJIbHbli\ BXOJ\; 3 - lIaTpOHHHK; 4 - pe3boa; 5 - OCHOBaHHe MYIllKW 6 - ra30sa5I xaraop a; 7 _ coenaaarensaas Myq,Ta; 8 - KOJIoJ\Ka npaueaa: 9-

BbleM JJ.JHI lIInHJIbKH CTBOJIa

28

Bparn:aTeJIbHOrO ,lI,BIDKeHHlI. f1poMe)KYTKH. Me}K,lI,Y napeaaun Ha3bIBalOTClI rrOJIlIMH. PaCCTOlIHHe Me)K,lI,Y ,lI,BYMSI npOTHBOrrOJIO)KHbIMH nOJISIMH, (rro ,lI,HaMeTpy) Ha3bIBaeTClI KaJIH6pOM KaHaJI~~TBOJIa; y aaroxara OH pasea 7,62 MM. B Ka3eHHb·l1 na-

a

PHC. 26. OCHoBaHHe MylIlKH:

a - C MY<PToll CTBOJla; 6 - C .KOMrreHcaTopOM; 1 _ ynop II.Jlli nrounona H nr+uxa-aoaca. 2 - nOJI030K C MymKotI; 3 _ npenoxp aHHTeJlb MYWKH; 4 - <pHKcaTOP; 5 - M_Y<pTa CTBOJla; 6 _ KOMlIeH-

carop

CTH KaHaJI rJIa,lI.KHH H C,lI,eJIaH rro cpopMe rHJIb3bI; 3Ta qaCTb KaHaJIa CJIY)KHT ,lI.JIlI noxemeaas narpona H Ha3bIBaeTClI rraTpOHHHKOM. Flepexon OT rraTpOHHHKa'K Hape3HOH qaCTH KaHaJIa CTBOJIa Ha3bIBaeTCH nYJIbHbIM BXO,ll,OM.

CHapY)KH CTBOJI HMeeT: pesstiy na ,lI,YJIbHOH qaCTH, OCHOBaHlie MYUIKU, ra300TBO,ll,Hoe OTBepCTHe, ra30BYlO KaMOpy, COe,lI.HHHTeJIbHYlO Myq)Ty, KOJIO,ll,KY npnuena H na Ka3eHHOM cpese . nupes ,lI.JIH sauena BbI6paCbIBaTeJISI. OCHOBaHHe MyIIIKH, ra30BaH xaxopa H KOJIO.ll;Ka

29

npaueaa aaxpennensr na CTBOJIe C noxoursro IIITHcpTOB.

Pessria (JIeBalI) .aa ,lI,YJIbHOH qaCTH CJIY)KIH ,lI.JISI HaBHHqUBaHHlI xosmeacarop a H BTYJIKH npa CTpeJIb6e XOJIOCTbIMH naTpOHaMH; ,lI,JIH rrpe,lI.o.xpanenaa peasriu OT rrOBpe)K,lI,eHHH na CTBOJI HaBHHqeHa MyqlTa CTBOJIa.

Konneacarop (pHC. 26) CJIY)KUT )1.JIlI noaumeHHH KyqHOCTH 60lI rrpH CTpeJIb6e Oqepe,ll,lIMH H3 HeYCTOHqUBbIX nOJIO)KeHUH (ua XO.D.Y, CTOSI, C KOJIeHa). OH HMeeT UHJIHH.D.pHqecKYlO qaCTb ,lI.JI5I HaBHHqHBaHHlI xoxmeaca-ropa ua CTBOJI H BbIcryn C KOCbIM cpeaox. Csana na UHfIHH,lI,pliqeCKOH qaCTH HMeeTCH naa, B KOTOPbIH 3aXO.D.HT cpHKcaTop, Y,lI,ep)KHBalI KOMrreHcaTop na CTBOJIe B 3a,ll,aHHOM rrOJIO)KeHHH. BHYTPH nucryna cneJIaHa nporosxa.coopasyroutaa KOMneHcaUHoHHYlO KaMoPY H 6YPTHK. Flocne BbIJIeTa rrYJIH H3 xaHaJIa CTBOJIa nopoxoasre r aau, nonartaa B KOMneHcaUHoHHYlO . KaMopy, C03,l1,alOT H36blTOqHOe ,lI,aBJIeHHe, xoropoe OTKJIOHlIeT ,lI,YJ1bHYlO nacn, aBTOMaTa B CTOPOHY sucryna (BJIeBO - BHH3). CHapY)KH aa aucryne HMeeTCH T-06pa3HbIH: naa ,lI,JIH Y,lI,ep)KaHHH KpbIIIIKl:I nenana npa qHCTKe CTBOJ1a.

OCHoBaHHe MylllKH (pHC. 26) HMeeT ynop AJIH IllOMrrOJIa H PYKOHTKH IIITbIKa-HO)Ka, oTBepCTHe ,lI,JIH nOJI03Ka MyIIIKH, npenoxp anarens MyIIIKH H cpHKcaTop C rrPY)KHHOH:; cpHKcaTop Y,lI,ep)KHnaer OT CBHHqHBaHH5I co CTBOJIa BTYJ1KY AJI5I CTpeJIb6bI XOJIOCTbIMH narponana, xojmenca'rop H MyCPTY. CTBOJIa, a TaK)Ke KPbIIIIKY nenana OTrrpOBOpaqHBaHH5I npn qHCTKe xauana CTBOJIa.

I'asoaaa xassopa CJIY)KHT AJIlI HanpaBJIeHH5I

30

__ 'IacTb nepaa a. YCTPOi!CTBO aBTOMaTa

..

nopOXOBbIX ra30B H3 CTBOJIa ua ra30BhIH nopnrens 3aTBopHOH p axnr: OHa HMeeT narpycox C KaHaJIOM )J,JIH rasoaoro nOpl1JHH H C OTBepCTHHMH )J,JIH BbIXO)J,a nopOXOBbIX ra30B, HaKJIOHHoe ra300TBO)J,Hoe OTBepCTHe H ynop )J,JIH PYKOHTKH l1JTbIKa-HO)Ka. B npOYWHHe ynopa rroMemaeTCH l1JOMrrOJI .

Coenaaareasaaa MylPTa CJIY)KHT )J,JI5I npncoe,n:HHeHHH ~eBb5I K aBTOMaTY. OHa HMeeT 3aMbIKaTeJIb ~eBbH, aHTa6KY )J,JI5I peMHH H OTBepCTHe )J,JI5I l1JOMrrOJIa.

CTBOJI nocpencraosr urrnqrra coennneu co CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KOH H OT aee He OT)J,eJIHeTC5I.

i 2. CTBoJibHaSi Kopo6Ka (pHC. 27) CJIY)KHT )J,JIH coe)J,HHeHH5I 'IaCTeH H MexamI3MoB I aBTOMaTa, )J,JI5I 06eCrre'IeHH5I 3aKpbIBaHH5I KaHaJIa CTBO-' JIa saraopou H 3arrHpaHH5I sarsopa; B CTBOJIbHOH xopooxe noueuraerca Y)J,a pao-cnycxonoa MexaHH3M. Cnepxy OHa 3a~PbIBaeTC5I KPhll1JKOH.·

CTBOJIbHa5I xopooxa HMeeT: .

- BHyTpH - supeasr )J,JI?I 3arrHpaHH5I 3aTBOpa, aanune CTeHKH KOTOPbIX 5IBJI5IIOTC5I 60eBbIMH yrropaaa; OTrH6bI H nanpaanaronme asrcryrru )J,JIH HanpaBJIeHH5I )J,BH)KeHH5I 3aTBOpgoH paMbI H sarnopa; OTpa)KaTeKbHbIH asrcryn )J,JIH orpaaceHHH fHJIb3; nepexsrncy )J,JIH CKpenJIeHH5I 60KOBhIX CTeHOK; asrcryn )J,JI5I sanena Mara3HHa H no O)J,HOMY OBaJIbHOMY asrcryny aa 60KOBbIX CTeH~ xax )J,JI5I HarrpaBJIeHHH Mara3l-fHa;

- C33)J,H csepxy - rra3bI: rrpO)J,OJIbHbIH - )J,JI5I n5ITKH aanpaansnourero CTep)KH5I B03BpaTHoro MexaHH3Ma H nonepe-msrf - )J,JI'5I KPbIl1JKH CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH; XBOCT C OTBepCTHeM~' )J,JI5I KpenJIeHH5I npHKJIa)J,a B CTBOJIbHOH xopooxe;

31

_ B 60KOBbIX creuxax - rro qeTblpe OTBepCTH5I, TpH H3 HHX .llJI5I ocen Y.lla pHo·crrYCKOBoro MexaHH3Ma, a 'IeTSepToe .llJI5I uantp nepesonsa- . xa; ua npasoa CTeH](e - )J,Be CPHKCHpYIOIlI.He BbI-

PHC. 27. CTBOJlbI-IaH xopotixa:

a - AI(M; 6 - AI(MC; ./_

'J _ Bblpe3bI" 2 _ OTpa>KaTe.ilbHhltl nsrcryn; 3 - oTrHobT. 4 -;a rrpaBJlllIOIlIH'j:i asrcryn: 5 - rrepeMb'QKa; 6 - npO)(OJlbHbli!, nas: 6-: nonepesaua nas: 8::- aaurenxa Mara3HHa~ 9 - cnycKoBaH CK~ a, 10 _ ITHCTOJIeTHaS! PYK05fTK3; 11 - npHKJIa.u; 12 - orsepcrue .l1.JlH COe)(IIHHTeJlbHol! BTYJlKH; 13 - oraepcras )(Jlll aucrynoa q,HKca-

ropa npnxaana

eMKH )J,JI5I 'nOCTaHOBKH rrepeBO)J,qHKa aa aBTOMaTHqeCKHH (AB)' H O)J,HHOqHbIH (OJl) orcas: y aarojaar'a CO CKJIa}1,bIBalOIll,HMC5I rrpHKJIa)J;O~ HMelOTCH eute OTBepCTH5I )J,JI5I Coe)J;HHHTeJIbHOH

32

traCTb nenaas. YCTPotkT]lO aBTOMaTa

BTyJIKH H OTBepCTH51 J1,JI51 nucrynon cpHKcaTopOB

npHKJIaJ1,a; ,

- CHH3Y - OKHO J1,JI51 Mara3HHa H OKHO J1,JI51 CrrYCKOBOrO KpIO'IKa.

1\ CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6Ke rrpHKperrJIeHbI: npaKJIa.n;, rrHCTOJIt:;,THa51 PYK051TKa !:I CrrYCKOBa51 CKO- 6a· C 3aru:eJIKO!:I Mara3i1Ha.

Puc. 28. TIpul1.eJI:

~;;;'·:~:.OJJ.K: nPHl(eJIa;' 2 - cexrop- 3 - nplir(eJlbHil>!

, - XOMYTHK; . 5 - rpHBKa nplil\eJlbHOli

. rrJIaHKH; 6 - 3aw.eJIKa XOMYT!lKa

13. n pHQeJIbHOe fIPHCfIOCo6JIeHHe CJIYlKHT J1,JI5I HaBOJ1,KI1 aBTOMaTa npn CTpeJIb6e rro u:eJI5IM aa pa3JIHQHbIe paCCT05IHH5I. OHO COCTOI1T H3 npnueJI a II MylIlKll.

llpHQeJI ,(pHC. 28) COCTOHTH3 KOJIOJ1,KH npa-

nena, nJIaCTHH'IaTOH rrp YX{lf HbI, rrpI1u:eJIbHOH

lIJIaHKH H XOMYTHKa.

I(OJIO,ll,Ka npaueaa HMeeT: J1,Ba cexropa .n;JI51 ) npH.n;aHH5I npnuensaoa naaaxe orrpe.n;eJIeHHOH BbICOTbI, npoyuraau .n;JI5I KpeIIJIeHH5I npaueas-



.

I'n aaa Ill. Hasuaucaae, YCTpollcTBO qacTeli

-----

33

Hoil naaaxn, OTBepCTHH AJ1H IIlTHCPTa H :3aMbIKaTeJIR ra30BOH Tpy6KH;' BHyTpH - fHe3J1,0 .LI,JI5I nJIaCTHH'IaTOH npyfKHHbI H nOJlOCTb J1,JIH 3aTBOpHOH paasi; aa 3aJ1,HeH creaxe - nOJIYKpYfJIbIH supes .LI,JI5I xpuuncu CTBOJIbHOH Kop06KH. 1\OJIO,a:xa npnueaa naner a . aa CTBOJI H saxpenneaa lllTHCPTOM.

llJiaCTl-IHLJaTaSi rrpyxcana nOMemaeTC51 B r-aes,a:e KOJIO.LI,KH npnue.ra H ynepxcaaaer npnuensHYIO nJIaHKY B npunaunoa rrOJIQ)!{eIlHH:

Ilpuueasnaa nnaaxa HMeeT rpHBKY c npopessio ,a:JI51 npHu:eJIHBaHH51 H Bblpe3bl ,a:JI51 ynepmaHH51 'XOMYTHKa B YCTallOBJIeHHOM rrOJIOlKeHIUI ,nOCjJe,a:CTBOM 3aru:eJIKH . crrpYlKHHoH. Ha nprrueJlbHoi1 nrraaxe aaneceua -nncan a C ,a:eJIeHH51MH OT l,a:o 10 H OYKBoi1«n»;' U:H<PPbl urxansr 060- 3Ha'IaIOr .,ll,aJI!>HOCTH CTPEiJIb6bI B COTH5!X MeTpoB; «I1» -- nOCT05!Hlla5! YCTaHOBKa npuuen a, C.OOT~ BeTcTBYIoma5I rr pane.ryS.

XOMYTHK uazter ua npHueJIbHYIO nJIaHKy H: ynepacasaerca B rrpH.n;aHHoM UOJlO:fKeHHH sauienKoi:!. 3alll.eJIKa HMeeT 3'y6, xoropux n~)t ,a:ei1-' cTBHeM npyscann 3aCKaKHBaer B ~ aupes npH-' u:eJIbHQH rrJIaHKH.·

MYIliKa BBHUqeHa B 1I0JI030K, KOTOPbIH aa-: xpennen B OCHOBaHH:r1 MyIIlKH. Ha rrOJI03Ke H aa OCHOBaHl1H MylliKH aaaeceau packa, orr peneJIHIOllJ,I·re fIOJIO)!{eHHe MylllKH.

1\ aBToMaTaM rrOCJIe,a:HHX BblIIYCKOB npanaraIOTC5l npncnocorineuns J1,JI51 CTpeJIb6bI HOQbIO (caxoceerauraeca aacanxn). Kascnoe npacnoC06JIeHHe COCTOHT H3 OTKH,a:Horo ueJIHKa C IIlHPOKO}l npopessro, YCTaH3BJIHBaeMOro aa rpasxy npHu:eJIbHOH rrJIaHKH, U lllHPOKOH MylllKH, Ha.LI,e~

2-230

/ /

, .,

34

4acTh nepaaa. YCTpollcTBo aBTOMaTa

BaeMOH na MylilKy OpyLKH5I caepxy, Ha Il.eJIHKe H MylilKe upacnocooaenas HaHeceHbI CBeT5II1l.HeC5I TOqKH.

,D pacnocorinerrna ,n:JI5I CTpeJIb6bI H04blO ycraHaBJIHB~IOTC5I ua aBTOM·aTbI npn nocrynnemm HX B BOHCKa H B npouecce 3KCrrJIyaTaIl.HH OT HHX He, OT,ll;eJI5IIOTC5I.

DPH crpensrie ,n:HeM Il.eJIHK H MYIilKa npacnoC06JIeHH5I OTKH,ll;bIBaIOTC5I BHH3. B 3TOM nOJIOLKeHHH OHH He Mellla:IOT nOJIb30BaTbC5I rrpHIl.eJIbHbIM npacnocooneanea aBTOMaTa.

J

PHC. 29. Kptnuxa CTBOJIbHOH' Kopo6KH: _

1 - cryneaxaruj; asrpea; 2 -'OTBejicTHe; 3 - petipa )!{eCTKOCTH

Dp~ CTpeJIb6e HOqbIO H B YCJIOBH5IX orpaaaqefjHOH BH,n:HMOCTH u:eJIHK npucnococnenus nOBepTbIBaeTC5I BBepX no COrrpHKOCHOBeHH5I C rpH~KOHnpHu:eJIbHOH nJIaHKH, a MYIilKa npncnoC06JIeHHfl C,ll;BHraeTCTI asepx rro npY)KHHe H Ha,n:eBaeTC5I na MyllIKy aBTOMaTa.

14. Kpsnuxa CTBOJIbHOii: Kopo6KH (pHC. 29) npenoxpaaaer OT 3arp5I3HeHH5I qaCTH H xexa- '( HH3MbI, noxeuiennsre B CTBOJIhHOH Kop06Ke. >' C np aaon CTOPOHbI OHa HMeeT crynesuarua BbI- _'; pe3 ,n:.'!5I npoxona BbI6paCbIBaeMblx HapYLKY .~ rHJIb3 H ,n:JI5I ,n:BHLKeHH5I PYK05ITKH 3aTBopHoJ1 -.~ paxsr; C3a,n:H -;- OTBepCTHe ,n:JI5I sucryna aanpas- ,i JIHIOLUero CTep:tKHH B03BpaTHoro MexaHH3Ma. ';~

:~ ',,~

j

rJlaBa III. Ha3HaQe1lHe. YCTpoilcTBO' qacTell

35

Kpuunca y,n:ep)KHBaeTC5I aa CTBOJlbHOH Kop06Ke npa rrOMOlI~H rrOJIYKpyrJIOro nsrpeaa na KOJIo,n:Ke npHIl.eJIa,nOnepeqHOrO naaa CTBOJIbHOH Kop06KH H sucryna HanpaBJIHIOmerO CTepLKHH B03BpaTaoro MexaHH3Ma.

15. npHKJIa)J. H nHCTOJIeTHaSi PYKoSlTKa

(pHC. 30) CJIY)KaT ,ll;JI5I Y,ll;06CTBa ,n:eHcTBH5I aBTOMaTOM.

.,UepeB5IHHbIH npaxn an HMeeT aHTa6KY ,n:JI51 peMHH, rHe3,U0 ,UJIH npHHa,UJIeLK~OCTH H MeTaJIJIHqeCKHH 3aTbIJIbHHK C KPbIllIKOH Ha,U rHe3,n:OM. B rneane npHKJIa,Ua YKpeIIJIeHa npYLKHHa ,UJIH BhITaJIKHBaHHH neaan a C npHHa,UJIefl<HOCThIO.

CKJIa,UbIBalOllI.HHCH npaxn an COCTOHT 113 ,n:BYX THr, nneuesoro ynopa, coe,UHHHTeJIhHOH BTyJIKH C raHKOH, .L~BYX cpHKcaTopOB npnxn arta C CuOe)l.HHHTeJIbHhIM CTepLKHeM, llIaH6hI C aHTa6KOH )l.JIH peMHH, KOJIrraQKa, npy)KHH~I H rpex llInHJIeK. THrH CBOHMij YIilKaMHH llIaH6a Ha,UeTbI na COe)l.HHHTeJIbHYIO BTYJIKY npnxnana H saxpenneau raHKoH. YlllKH THr HMeIOT no nsa OTBepCTH5I ,UJIH sucrynos cpHKcaTopOB npnxn ana, y,n:epflmBaIOllI.HX npnxnan B OTKHHYTOMHJIH C.T]OLKeHHOM noJIOLKeHHH. <PHKcaTophI npnxnana coenaneau Me)!{,n:y C060H C rrOMOllI.bIO coe)l.HHHTeJIhHOrO CTep)!{HH H nepeaemaiorca snpaso npn Ha)!{HMe na KOJIrraQOK, BJIeBO - IIO)l. )l.eHCTBHeM rrpY!luIHhI.

16. 3aTBopHaSi paxa c ra30BbIM nopuraesi (puc. 31) CJIY)!{HT .LIJIH rrpHBe,UeHHH B )l.eHCTBHe sarnopa H y,UapHo-cnycKoBoro MexaHH3Ma.

3aTBOpHa5I pana . HMeeT: BHyTpH - KaHaJIbI

,n:JIH B03BpaTHoro MexaHH3Ma H ,UJIH aarnop a; C3a,n:H - npe,n:oxpaHHTeJIhHhIH BbICTyn; uno 60- KaM ~ nasu ,n:JIH ,n:BH)KeHH5I 3aTBopHoH paMbI

2*

--.~:~.~.-- - ----_.- -_. --.- .--------._----'--'---,--

- B

rlJ)

15 -

rJ!aBa III. Ha3HaQeHile. YCTpollcTBO 'Iacrel\ 37

no OTrlI6aM CTBOJIbHOH Kop06KH; C npasoit CTOPOHbI - nucryn ,lI,JI5I onycxanaa (nosopora) PbIqara aBTocnycKa H pyKOHTKy ,lI,JIHnepe3apH)KaHH5I asro aara; CHH3Y - qmrYPHbIH BpIpe3 ,lI,JIH -rroaemenas B HeM aenyuiero asrcryna aarsopa

H nas ,lI,JIH npoxona OTpa)KaTeJIbHOrO asrcryna CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH. B rrepe,ll,HeH qaCTH 3aTBopHOM paxu yxpenneu ra30BbIH nopureus,

8

Puc. 31. Saruopaas paxa c ra30BbIM nopumev:

1 - KaHaJ! AJ!l! aarnop a: 2 - np enoxpaaarensnujt ssrcryn; 3 - astcryn Anl!, onycxanas psixara asrocnycxa: 4 - naa Anll oTfII6a cTBonbHoHKopo6KH; 5 - PYKOl!TKa; 6 - <pilrYPHbIl\ asrpes: 7 - naa

,lJ.JUI oTpalKaTeJIbHOTO asicryria: 8 - r-asoasia nopuiens

17. Barnop (pHC. 32) CJIY)KHT ,lI,JIH ,lI,OCbIJIaHHH narpoaa B rraTpOHHHK, 3aKpbIBaHP!H xanana CT-BOJIa, pa36HBaHH5I KanCIDJI5I H H3BJIeqeHHH HS rraTpOHHHKa rHJIb3bI {narpoua).

3aTBOp COCTOHT HS OCTOBa, ynapnaxa, BbI6paCbIBaTeJI5I C npY)KHHOH H OCblO, llInHJIbKH.

OCTOB aaraopa HMeeT: na nepenaex cpe3ensa lI,HJIHH,lI,pHqeCKHX asrpesa ,lI,JI5I ,lI,Ha rlIJIb3bI H ,lI,JI5I BbI6paCblBaTeJI5I; nsa 60eBbIX aucryna, KOTophle OpH 3aOHpaHHH 3aTBopa 3aXO,ll,5IT B supesu CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH; cBepxy,.- senymHH astcryn ,lI,JI51 noaopcr a sarnopa npn sanapaHHH H OTnHpaHHH; na JIeBOH CTopOHe - npo,lI,OJIbHbIH naa ,lI,JI5I npoxona OTpa)KaTeJIbHOrO BbI-

3R t'!aCTb nepaa a. YCTpOHCTBO aaroraara

--------------------~--------------~----------

cryrra CTBOJIbHOi1 Kopo6Kl1 (nas B KOHIJ;e paCIIUl:pen JJ.JI5I 06eCrre'leHlf5I noaopo-r a sarsopa npn 3anl1paHl1lf); B YTOJImeHHoi1 lfaCTH OCTOBa sarsopa -- OTBepCTlfH ,n:JI51 OCH BbI6paCbIBaTeJIH H llInHJIbKH. BHYTPH OCTOB sarsopa HMeeT KaHaJI JJ.JIH nOMeriLeHHH ynapnnxa.

A .~ ..

PHC. 32. BaTBop:

a - OCTOB aarsopa, 6 - Y.1\apHHK; e _ Bh,6paCbIBaTeJTb;

J - ~b,pe3 .1\JT~ .1\Ha rHJTb3bI; 2 - asrpes .1\JI~ BbI6pacblBa_ TeJT~. 3 - Be.1\YllIHH asicrvn: 4 - OTBepCTHe .1\JIlf OCH nsrGpacbfBaTeJISI; 5--:- 6oeBotl BhrcTyn; 6 - TIPO}]'OJlbHbIti naa .1\JTl! oTpalKaTeJTbHOro BbIcTyrra; 7 - npyscaaa BbI6pacbIBa-

TeJIs{; 8 - Deb BhI6paChlBaTeJl5I; 9 _ WIlHJIbKa

Y,n:apHHK HMeeT 60eK H ycryn ,n:JIH IlIrrHJIbKH. Bbl6paCblBaTeJlb C npy.m:HHOH CJIy.m:HT JJ.JIH H3- BJIe'leHHH fHJIb3bI H3 naTpOHHHKa H ynepfKaHH5I ee no BCTpe'lH COTpafKaTeJIbHbIM BbIcTyrrOM:' CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH. BbI6paCbIBaTeJIh HMeeT aauert JJ.JIH 3aXBaTa - rHJIb3bI, rnesno JJ.JIH rrpYLKHHbI H BhIpe3 JJ.JIfI OCH.

IlInHJlbKa CJIYfKHT JJ.JIH 3aKperrJIeHHH ynapnaxa H OCH BbI6paCblBaTeJIH.

18. B03BpaTHbrii MexaHH3M '(pIlC. 33)CJIYLKHT ,UJIH B03BpameHHH 3aTBOPHOl! paMbl C 3aTBopOM B rrepe,n:Hee nOJlOfKeHHe •.

I'n a aa 111. Ha3HaQeH>,e, YCTPOlkTBO QaCTei\

OH COCTOI1T 113 B03BpaTHoi1 npyxcauu, Hanpaunsnoutero crepxcna, rrOJJ.Bl1fKHOrO CTepfKHHH

MY~Thl. . .

HanpaBJlS!IO~HH crepxceus HMee'l' aa 3aJJ.HeM

KOHII.e ynop JJ.JIH npyxcansr, narxy C asrcrynaaa JJ.JIH COeJJ.HHeHHH CO CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KOH ~ Bblcryn JJ.JIH YJJ.epfKaHHH KpbIIliKH CTBOJIbHOH KOp06KH.

7

.~~

4~

/ a

:;

PIlC. 33. B03BpaTHblH MexaHH3M;

1 - B03BpaTHall npyacaua: 2 - aanpasnmouraa cTeplKeHb; 3 _ nn.1\BHlKHbIH cTeplKeHb; 4 - My<jJTa

nO.ll.BH*HbIM crepzceas aa nepenneu KOHII.e l1IvleeT aarnou JJ.JIll. HaJJ.eBaHHH MyCPTbI.

19. Ta30BaS! rpytixa co CTBOJlbHOU HaKJla.ll.KOH (pHC. 34) COCTOHT H3 ra30BOB Tpy6KH, nepeuJJ.HeH H 3aJJ.Hei1 coeJJ.HHHTeJIbHbIX My~T, CTBOJIbHOH uaKJI aJJ.KI1 H MeTaJIJIHlfeCKOro .rrOJIYKOJIbII.a.

5

PHC. 34. I'aaonas rpyrixa co CTBOJIbHOH HaKJIa,ll.KOH: 1 - raaoaaa Tpy6Ka; 2 - aarrp aaaarourae pe6pa .1\JIl! rasoBora nopuma; 3 - nepe,lJ,H5I5I COe)l,HHRTeJIbHaSI MYCPTa; 4- CTBOJTbHal! HaKJTa.1\Ka; '5' - 3a.1\HlIlI coe.1\HHHTeJIbHal! My<jJTa;

6 - asrcryn

39-

40

-_--~

Faaoaan TPYOKa CJIY)KI-IT )].JI5! HanpaBJleHIH! ,lI.Blf)KeHI-!5! ra30BOrO 'nOpIllHH. OHa HMeeT aanpaBJI5!IOIl.(He pe6pa. nepe)].HHM KOHUOM ra30Ba5! rpyoxa Ha,ll,eBaeTC5! aa rraTpy60K ra30BOH xaMOPhI.

CTBonhHall HaKna,ll.Ka CJIY)KHT )].JIH rrpe)].oxpaHeHH5! PYK aBTOManHKa OT O)KOrOB npn CTpeJIh- 6e. OHa HMeeT )Kenoa, B KOTOPOM YKperrneHO MeTaJIJIH'IeCKoe rrOJIYKOJIhUO, OT)KHMalOIl.(ee CTBOJIhHYIO HaKJIa,ll,KY OT ra30BOH Tpy6KH (3THM liCKJIIO'IaeTCH n05!BJIeHHe Ka'IKH HaKJIa)].KlInpli YChlxaHli1i ,lI.peBeCIIHhI).

CTBOJIhHaH HaKna,ll.Ka YKpenJIeHa aa ra30BOH

Tpy6Ke rrOCpe,ll,CTBOM nepe,ll,HeH II 3a,ll.HeH coe,ll.lI- • - HIITeJIhHhIX Mycj:lT~ 3a)].HHH COe,ll,IIHHTeJIhHa5! MY<t>r'a _IIMeeT BhICTyrr, B KOTOPhIH YI1lIpaeTC5! 3aMhI~ KaTeJIh ra30BOH Tpy6KII. .

20. Y}J,apHo-cnycKoBoH MexaHH3M (pac, 35) CJIY)KIIT )].JIH cnycxa KYPKa C 60eBoro B3BO,ll.a IIJIIi C B3BO,ll.a aBTocnycKa, HaHeceHIIH vnapa no:

Y,lI.apHIIKY, 06eCrre'IeHII5! Be,n:eHIIH aBTOMaTII'Iecxoro HJIIi O,n:HHotiHoro OrH5!, npeKparueHHH CTpeJIh6hI, ,n:JIH npe,n:oTBpaIl.(eHII5! BhICTpeJIOB npn He3arrepToM saraops H ,n:JIH rrocTaHoBKH aBTOMar-a aa rrpe,n:oxpaHIITeJIh.

Y,n:apHo-crrycKoBOH MexaHH3M rroMeruaeTcH B CTBOJIhHOH Kop06Ke,r,n:e KpenlITC5! TpeM5! B3aHM03aMeHHeMhIMH OCHMII, H COCTOHT H3 xypxa

C 60eBoH rrpY)KIIHOH, 3aMe,n:JIHTeJIH xypxa C npy)KHHOH, cnycKoBoro KplO'IKa, iuenTaJIa O,ll.HHO'IHoro OrH5! C npY)KHHOH, aBTocnycKa C npY)KHHOH H nepeBo,n:'IIiKa.

I(YPOK c 6oeBoii: rrPY)KI1HOH CJIY)KIIT ,n:JIH naaeCeHII71 ynapa rro y,n:apHIiKy. Ha KypKe IIMeIOTC5!

-~£ --@d

0l!J-- I

41

42

4aCTb nepaa sr, YCTPOilCTBO aBTOMaTa

60eBoi'i B3BO.n:, B3BO.n: aBTocrrYCKa, uanrpu H OTsepcrne .n:JIfJ ocn, EOeBafJ rrpY)KHHa aaziera aa uarrqJbI xypxa HCBoei'i ner.rea- .n:ei'iCTByeT na KyPOK, a KOHuaMH - na rrpfJMoyrOJIbHble BblcTynbI crrycKoBoro KpIO'!Ka.

3aMe,ll,JIHTeJIh xypxa CJIY)KHT .n:JIfJ3aMe.n:JIeHHfJ .):(BH)KeHHfJ xypxa Brrepe.n: C· ueJIbIO YJIY4II1eHHH KY'!HOCTH 6051 npn Be.n:eHHH aBToMaTH4ecKoro OrHfJ. OH HMeeT rrepe.n:HHH H 3a.n:HHH BbIcTyrrbl, OTBepCTHe .n:JIH OCH H rrpy)KHHy; K 3a.n:HeMY BbIc'ryrry C rroMorubIO II1rrHJIbKH rrpHKperrJIeHa sauienxa.

CnycKOBoM KPlO40K CJIY)KHT .n:JIfJ y.n:ep)KaHHl1 KYPKa Ha 60eBoMB3Bo.n:e H JI,JIfJ crrycKa xypxa. OH HMeeT cpnrYPHbIH BbICTyn, oTBepcTHe .n:JIl1 OCH, rrp51MoyrOJIbHble BblcTyrrbl H XBOCT. GBOHM CPHrypHbIM BbIcTyrroM OH Yl(ep)!{HBaeT KYPOK na 60eBOM B3BOl(e.

llJenTaJIO O,ll,HHOlfHoro .orua CJIY)KHT JI,JIH yztep)KaHHfJ KypK3 rrOCJIe BbICTpeJIa B KpaHHeM 3aJI,HeM rrOJIO)KeHHH, eCJIH npn BeJI,eHHH OJI,HHO'IHOro OrRlI crrYCKO,BOH KPI040K He 6bIJI ornyuien. OHO HaXOJI,HTC51 aa OJI,HOH OCH CO crrYCKOBbIM KPI04-' KOM. illerrTaJIO OJI,HHO'IHOro orHH HMeeT rrpyflmny, OTBepCTHe JI,JI51 OCH H BbIpe3, B KOTOPbIH BXO.n:HT ceKTop rrepeBOJI,'IHKa rrpH BeJI,eHHH aBToMaTH4ecKoro orus H CTOrrOpHTII1errTaJIO. KpoMe roro, 3TOT Bhlpe3 orpaHH4HBaeTrrOBOPOTceK_ Topa Brrepe.n: rrpH rrocTaHoBKe rrepeBOl('IHKa Ha rrpeJI,oxp aHHTeJI b.

ABTocnycK c npYJKHHOM CJIY)KHT JI,JIH aBToMaTH'IecKoro OCB060)!{JI,eHHlI xypxa co B3BOJI,a asTocrrycRa npn CTpeJIb6e o'Iepe.n:HMH, a T3KJKe l(JIH rrpel(OTBparueHHH crrycxa KypKa npn Re3aKpbI-

I'n aaa III. Haanaxenae, YCTPOl1cTSO q.acTeil

43

--_._---:-

TOM KaHaJIe CTBOJIa 11 He3arrep~0:yp3::B~I~3~0~ l!MeeT urerrrano .n:JIH YJI,ep)KaH}i a aarocrrycxa ne asrocrrycxa, pbI4a"r .n:JIl1 rrOBO~O~o.n:xoJ(e ee B sucryrrow 3aTBopHOH pauu rrp

nepezmee rrO>JIO)KeHHe H npyaomy. HaXOJI,HTCH ero

Ha O.n:HO}I OCH C aBTocnYC~OM . a C

K KOHUOM OHa coennaea

npyaonra. OpOTKHM JIHHHbIH KOHeu rrpOXOJ(HT

aBTocrrYCKO~, a ee J( OJIbHOH Kop06KH H BXO-

J(OJIh JIeBOH CTeHKH CTB

B . re rrpOT04KH na OC51X asrocnycxa, l(HT B KOJIbueBb HBaf] OCH OT xypxa H cnycxonoro KpIO'!Ka, ynepxc

BhIIIaJ(aHHl1. l(JI5l YCTaHOBKH aBTOMa-

nepeBO,lJ,'1HK ~JI~~~1 HJIH O.n:HH04HbIH orcas ra na aBTOMaT 'I 0 HMeeT cexrop C

HJIH aa rrpe.n:oxp:I~I1~~:~rua~TCl1 B OTBepCTHHX nanrpaaa, KOTOP u 6KH HH)!{Hee rrOJIO)!{eHHe

~~~~~JI,~T:~:b~~:e:~~~ /~~~~BKe H:rOaB~~M~~::

HO'IHbIH orons (On), p aa npenoxpa'IeCKHH orcas (AB) H sepxaee-c-

HHTe.rlh. . . y TTo6cTBa

21. Ilesse ,(pHC .. 36) CJIYiKHT J(JI5l ,_.,

..... HHH PYK aBTOMaT-

)l,efICTBH5l H )l,JI5! npenoxpane

Puc. 36. Llest.e:

J1 ues; 2 - asrcr-yn; 3 - 1 - yrtopsi AJlll na pb Ji,{nKa' 4 _ ssrpeau

MeTan,JIHQeCKaR n OK J-4. '_

'hCTh nepBal!.' YCTPolicTBo aSTOMaTa

qHKa 01' O)!{OrOB. OHO npHKpenJI5!eTCH K CTBOJIY CHH3y npa ?OMOlil.H coe,n:HHHTeJIbHOH MYCPTbI H K CTBOJIbHOH Kop06Ke nocpe,n:CTBOM, BblcTyna, BXO,n:HIIJ,ero B rnesno CTBOJIbHOH !(OP06KH. B xceJl06e nesss HMeeTCH MeTqJlJIHqeCKaH npOK.[Ia,n:Ka ,n:J1H onOPbl CTBOJ1a, a no 60KaM ~ ynopu ,n:J1H naJ1bILeB PYK. Bblpe3bl na uease H CTBOJIbHOH naKJ1a,n:Ke 06pa3YIOT OKHa ,n:J1H OXJIa)K.rr.eHH5! CTBO. J1a If ra30BOH Tpy6KH npn CTpeJlb6e.

6 _

7

Pile. 37. Mara3llH:

rj - xoprrye; 2 - KpbIllIKa: 3 - CTOnopHafi. IlJIJHKa; 4 _ nPY>KHHa'

5 - ncztaaat-ens ; 6 - onopHb.ll Bb'CTYn; 7 _ aauen •

22. Mara3"H (pHC. 37) cJly)!{in ,n:J1H nOMeIIJ,eHHH naTpOHOB H no,n:aqH HX B CTBOJ1bHYIO Kop06- Ky. OH -COCTOHT H3 Kopnyca, KPbllllKH, CTOnOpHOH nJ1aHKH, npY)!{HHbI H no,n:aBaTeJlH.

Kopnyc Mara3HHa COe,n:HHHeT BCe lfaCTH Ma. rasana.. ero 60KOBbie CTeHKH HMelOT 3arH6bl ,n:J15! y,n:ep)j{aHHH naTpOHOB 01' BbIIT'a,n:aHHH 11 BbIcTynbI, orpaH~lfHBaIOlll,He no,n:beM no,n:aBaTeJ1H; na nepe,n:HeH CTeHKeHMeeTCH aanerr, a na 3a,n:HeHonopHblH BblCTyn, nocpe,n:CTBOM .KOTOpbIX Mara-

3HH npucoeaaaserca K CTBOJlbHOH. Kop06Ke. Ha sannea CTeHKe xopnyca BHH3Y HMeeTCH KOHTpOJIbHOe OTBepCTHe ,n:JlH onpe,n:eJIeHHH nOJIHOTbI CHapH)!{eHHH Mara3HHa naTpOHaMH. CTeHKH KOp-

nyca ,n:JIH npOlfHOCTH cnenanu- pe6pPtCTbIMH. •

CHH3Y Kopnyc 3aKpblBaeTC51 KPbIlliKOH.

B xpsnnxe HMeeTC51 OTBepCTI:le ,n:JI51 sucryna CTO' nopHOH nJIaHKH.

BHYTPH xopnyca nOMeru:aIOTCH norraaarens H: npyzsuaa co CTOrrOpHOH. rrJIaHKOH.. Ilonaaarens y,n:e~)KHBaeTCH ua BepXHeM KOHu:e IJPY)!{~Hbl rrpH rrOMOIIJ,H BHYTpeHHero sarnoa na npaaon cTelIKe nouaaarena; rrouaaare.ns If MeeT asrcryn, ooecrrelfHBaIOIIJ,HH. uiaxaarnoe paCnOJIOIKeH-He rrarpoHOB B Mara3HHe~ Cronopnas nJIaHKa saxpermena HeOTbeMHO H3 HH)!{HeM KOHu:e rrpyIKHHbI H CBOHM asrcrynov ynepacasaer KPbIlllKY Mara3HHa OT nepeneuteaaa. Hexoropsre aBTOMaT!" HMelOT rrJIaCTMaCCOBble Mara3HHbI, (no YCTPOI1CTBY OHM He OTJII1lfaIOTC51 OT MeTaJIJIH:lfeCKI1X.

23. IlITbIK-HO)K (PI1c. 38) npnCOe,LI,HH5!eTC5! K aBToMaTY neperi aTaKOH H CJ1Y)!{HT ,LI,JIH nopaxceHI151 rrpOTHBHI1Ka B pyxonamnoa 60IO. B OCTaJIb':Hoe BpeM5! OH HCrrOJIb3yeTC5! B xanecrae HO)Ka, rrH:JIbI (,LI,Jl5! paCrrI1JIOBKI1 MeTaJIJIa) H: HO)!{HH~ (,LI,JHI pe3KU rrpOBOJIOKI1). DpOBO,LI,a OCBeTH:TeJIbHOH. CeTH: He06xo,LI,HMO peaari, rro O,LI,HOMY, CHHB npe,LI,BapI1TeJIbHO pexem, COlliTbIKa~HO)!{a 11 nonsecxy C HOMeH. DpI1 pesxe nposona CJIe,LI,I1Tb aa TeM, lfTb6bI pyxn He rrpI1KaCaJlI1Cb K MeTaJ!JIH:lfeCKOli: nOBepXHOCTI1 IIITbIKa-HOIKaI1 HO)!{eR. Ilpo,LI,eJIblBaHHe -rrpOXO,LI,OB B 3JIeKTpI130BaHHbIx npoBOJIOlfHbIX 3arpa)K)J,eHI15!X c noxouisro IIITbIKaHO)Ka He paapeuraercs..

45

46

lJacTb nepaaa, YCTpoiicTBO aBTOMaTa

PHC. 38. WTbIK-HOlK:

a - c-rapo ro ocpaaua: 6 - HOBorq oepasua.

1 - Jle3BHe;2 - PYKollTKa; 3 - 3alI.\eJlKa; 4 - KOJlb~O; 5 - IIHJla; 6 - orsepcrae: 7 _- pexcyuraa xpoxxa; 8 - peMeHb; 9 - sanerr; 10 - nsrcryn; 11 - npe)J.oxpaHHTeJIbHbIfi asicryrr; 12 - BHHT HaKO ..

HeqHHKa; 13 ~ npononsaue naau

47

illTbIK-H04K COCTOMT M3- JIe3BM51 M PYKOHTKH. Ha Jle3BUH MMeIOTC5I: peacymas rpans; nana, pexcyuraa KpOMKa, KOTOpaH B COlJeTaHI-HI C HO}KHaMH HCrrOJIb3yeTcH KaK H02KHHUbI; OTBepCTHe, B KOTOpOe BCTaBJlHeTC5I sucryn-ocs HO}KeH.

PYKORTKa CJIY}KHT ,1I.JIH y,U06CTBa ,UeHCTBHH II ,UJIH rrpHMbIKaHHH IlITbIKa-HO}Ka K aBTOMaTY. Ha . PYK05lTKe HMeIOTCH: Crrepe,UH - KOJIbUO ,UJIH Ha,UeBaHH5I aa KOMrreHCaTOp HJIH aa MyqlTy CTBGJIa; BbICTYII, KOTOPbIM IlITbIK-HOlK BXO,UHT B COcraercrayrouiaa nas aa ynope OCHOBaHHH MymKH; aauen ,UJI5I peMHH; C3a,UH - rrpO,UOJIbHbIe rraau, KOTOPbIMH IlITbIK-HOlK Ha,UeBaeTCH aa COOTBeTCTBYlOmHe BbicTyrrbI na yrrope ra30BOH xaMOPbI; aaute.nxa: rrpe,UOXpaHHTeJIbHbIH aucryn:

OTBepCTHe ,UJIH peMH5I; rrJIaCTMaCCOBble meqKH H peneas ,UJIH y,U06CTBa 06pameHH5I co IlITbIKOMHOlKOM.

DJIaCTMaCCOBble meqKH y lIITbIKOB-HOlKefi noCJIe,UHHX JIeT H3rOTOBJIeHHH 3aMeHeHbI IIJIaCTMaCCOBbIM xopnycox, KOTOPbIll y ,Uep}KHBaeTC~ na PYKOHTKe MeTaJIJIHqeCKHM HaKOHeqHHKOM C coe,UHHHTeJIbHbIM BHHTOM, Ha HaKOHelJHHKe 'HMeIOTCH npono.nsasre naau ,UJI51 Ha,UeBaHH5I Ha COOTBeTCTBYlOmHe BblcTyrrbI aa yrrope ra30BOH -KaMOpbL

24. HO}KHbI (pHC. 39) CJIYlKaT ,UJl51 HOIlIemUJ lIITbIKa"HOlKa aa rr05lCHOM peMHe,· Kpove roro, OHH HCIIOJlb3YIOTC5I BMeCTe co lIITbIKOM-HO}KOM ,UJl51 pe3KH rrpOBOJlOKH, HO}KHbI HMelOT IIO,UBeCKY C ,UBYM5I Kapa6HHqHKaMH H sacreacxoa, BbICTYIIoCh,yrrop ,UJIH OrpaHHlJeHH5I noaopora IIITbIKaHOlKa IIpH ,UeHcTBHH HM KaK HOlKHHuaMH H pe- 3HHOBbIH HaKOHelJHHK ,UJl51 ::meKTpbH30JI5ll(HH;

48

4aCTb nepnasr. YCTPOl!CTBO aBTOMaTa

BHYTPH HO.IKeH 'HMe .

JI.JIH YJI.ep.lKaHHH III eTCH rrJlaCTHHIfaTaH UpY.lKHHa

B TbIKa-HO.IKa OT asmanaans

HaCTOHliIep BpeMH H3 .

MaCCOBble HO.IK~bI 6e rOTOBJIHfOTCl1 rrJJaCT-

TaK KaK IIJIaCTMacca 3 pe3HHOBhIX HaKOHeIfHI1KOB, J POM. Kpove . HBJIHeTcH 3JIeKTpOH30JIHTO- ~:

roro, H3MeHeHa ITO

POM BepxHHM Kapa6HH " .aaecxa, Y KOTO-

Ha,n:eB3HHH Ha rroGc"H !HK 3aMeHeH ITeTJIeM ,n:JIH

" - II OIl pexeas.

a

PHC. 39 -. HO}!{HbI:

Ij a - CTaporo o6pa3l("a' 6

- rro~ecKa c Kapa6HH'IHKa';,.. 2~noro o6pa~ua;

8 BbrcTyn-ocb; 4':'" vnop: 5 pe3HHOBblH HaKOHe'lHflK'

. '.- n.naCTM8CCOBbl/t Kopnyc '

flpHHa '

)1JIe.IKHOCTb K aBTOMaTY

25. fiPHHa.ll.JIe2KHOCTb C 4'

pa360pKH, C60PKH IfI1C'fK~l1c. 0) CJIy.IKHT .ll.JIH

K rrpHHa,n:JIe.IKHOC;rr OTHOCH~C~~a~KH aBTOMaTa. TrrpKa, epIIIHK OTBe TK . . O~lIIOJI, npoJJeHa,TI Ii MaCJI'eHK?, I] a, BbIKOJIOTKa! IIIrrH,TIhKa,

49

Illoemo,a rrpHMeH5IeTC5I ,n:JI5I IfHCTKH H CMa3KH KaHaJIa CTBOJIa HKaHaJIOB H IIOJIOCTei1 npyrnx IfacTei1: aBTOMaTa.

WOMrrOJI HMeeT rOJIOBKY C ornepcraex ,n:JI5I Bbl. 'ROJIOTKH, aa pesxy .lI.JIH HaBI1HIfHBaHH5I npOTHpKH HJIH epurnxa H npopess .lI.JI5I aeroum HJIH rraKJIH.

WOMIIOJI rrpHCOe.lI.HHHeTC5I K : aBTOMaTY ITO.lI.

CTBOJIOM.

PHC. 40. npIIHaJ\JIeJKHOcTb:

1 - 1lI0MnOJl; 2 - npOTHpK~; 3 - epwHK; 4 - ornep'rxa; 5 - BbIKOJIOTKa; 6 -mnHJlhKa; 7 - neaan: 8 - xpsnnxa; 9 - MacneHKa

Ilporapxa rrpI1MeH5IeTC5I .lI.JI5I IfHCTKH H CMa3KH KaHaJIa CTBOJIa, a raroxe KaHaJIOB H 110JIOCTeH npyrnx IfacTeH aBTOMaTa.

EplIJHK HCIIOJIb3yeTC5! .lI.JISI IfHCTKH KaHaJIa CTBOJIa pacraopo» P4C.· ,

OTBepTKa, BbIKOJIOTKa H IllITHJIbKa I1pHMeH5IfOTC5I IIpH pasriopxe H ccopxe aerouara .. Bsrpes Ha KOHue oTBepTKH I1pe.lI.Ha3HaIfeH .lI.JI5I BBHHIfHBaHH5I H BbIBHHIfHBaHH5I MyIlIKH, a 60KOBOH asrJile3 - ,n:JI5I 3aKp~rrJIeHH5I IIpOTHpKHH3 IlIOMrrOJIe. ,UJI5I y,n:06CTl3a IIOJIb30BaHH5I OTBepTK9H OHa BCTaBJI5IeTC5I B 60KOBble OTBepCTHH IIeHaJIa. IJpH IfllCTKe KaHaJIa CTBQJIa QTBepTKa BKJIa.lI.bIBaeTC5I 6 IIeHaJI nOBepx rOJIOBKH IlIOMIIOJIa, Illnnasxa

I ·1

50

'IacTb nepaa s. YCTpOIiCTBO aBTOMaTa

rrpHMeH51eTC51 npn C60pKe Y,L(a pHO-CrrYCKOBOrO MeXaHH3Ma. OHa Y,L(ep)KHBaeT llleIITaJIO O,L(HHO'Inoro OrH51 H3aMe,L(JIHTeJIh xypxa C rrpY)KHHOH aa crrYCKOBOM KpIO'IKe.

Ileaa,n C.lIY)KHT ,L(JI51 xpaHeHH51 IIpo'fHPKH, epIlIHKa, OTBepTKH, BbIKOJIOrKH H lllIIHJIhKH. OH aaxpsra aeTC51 xpsnuxoa.

f1eHaJI IIpHMeH51eTC51 KaK IlIOMIIOJIhHa51 MycpTa npa 'IHCTKe H CMa3Ke KaHaJIa CTBOJIa, KaK PYK051TKa ,L(JI51 OTBepTKH IIpH BBHH'IHBaHHH.H BblBHH'Il1BaHHH MYlllKH H' ,L(JI51 IIOBopOTa 3aMbIKaTeJI51 raaoaoa Tpy6KH.

f1eHaJI HMeeT CKB03Hhle 0TBepCTH51, B xoropsre BCTaBJI51eTC51 lllOMIIOJI .npn 'Il1cTKe aBTOMaTa; oaarn.aue OTBepCTH51 ,L(JI51 OTBepTKH H IIp51MOyrOJIbHOe OTBepCTHe ,L(JI51 IIOBopOTa 3aMbIKaTeJI51 ra30BOll Tpy6KH rrpH pa360pKe H c60pKe aBTO-

MaTa. .

Kpsnnxa rrpHMeH51eTC51 KaK ,L(YJIhHa51 HaKJI anxa . npn 'IHCTKe KaHaJIa. CTBOJIa; OHa HMeeT OTBepCTHe ,L(JI51 HarrpaBJIeHH51 ,L(BH)KeHH51lll0MnOJI a, BHY, TpeHHHe sucrynu H supeau ,L(JI51 KperrJIeHH51 aa xoxrnencarope I1JIH aa MycpTe CTBOJIa.

EOKOBhleOTBepCTH51 aa xpsnnxe nenana npenHa3Ha'IeHbI JJ;JI51 BhIKOJIOTKH, npHMeH51eMOll ,L(JUi CH51TH51 xpsnnxn nenana co CTBOJIa· HJIH C rreHaJIa.

MaCJJeHI<a CJIY)KHT ,L(JI51 xpaHeHH51 CMa3KH H rrepeHOCHTC51 B xapxaae CYMKH ,L(JI5l Mara3HHOB.

- ---::-------_.-.----:::==::::- ----- - --- -_-- -_-

7,62-MM 60eBble narpona o6p. t 943 r.

26. Boesoa rrarpoa (pHC. 41) COCTOHT H3 rrYJIH, rHJIb3bI, nopoxoaoro 3ap51,L(a H KarrCIOJI51.

51

27. Ilarpouu o6p. 1943 r. BhlIIycKaIOTC51 C 06bIKHoBeHHbIMH rryJI5lMH H C nymIlvlH cneuuaJIbHOrO Ha3Ha'IeHH5l: rpaccnpyrouiaau H 6poIie60llHO-3a)KHraTeJIhHbIMH. rOJIOBHbIe 'IaCTH cnenaansaux rryJIb HMeIOT OTJII1'IHTeJIhHYIO oxpacxy,

06bIKHOBeHHaSi rryJlSl (pHC.

42, a) npenaaaaa-rena )J,JIll

IIOpa)KeHHll )K!lBOH CHJIbI

npoTHBHHKa, pacnOJIO)KeHHOH OTKPbITO H sa MaCKaMH, rrpo- 6HBaeMbIMH rrYJIeH.

06hIKHOBeHHa51 nyJI51 co-

CTOI1T 113 CTaJIb.HoH rrOKpbITOH TolVinaKOM 060JIO'IKH H CTaJIhnoro CepAe'IHI1Ka. Me)KAY 060JIO'IKOH I1 cep,L(e'IHI1KOM HMeeTCll CBI1Hll,OBa51 pyriaurxa.

TpaCCHpYIOIll,aSl nyas . (PI1c.

42,6) npe,L(Ha3Ha'IeHa ,L(JIll

nOpa)KeHH5I )KHBOll CI1JIhI

rrpOTI1BHI1Ka. Kpoxe roro, npn nonere B B03Ayxe OHa na ,L(aJIhHOCT51X CTpeJIb6hI AO 800 M OCTaBJIlleTCBeTlllll.I1Hca CJIe,L(, 'ITO n03BOJI5IeT npOH3BOAI1Tb KOppeKTI1pOBaHHe OrH51 H ueneyxasaaae.

B 060JIO'IKe TpaCCHpyIO-

IlIeH nyJIH B rOJIOBHOH 'IaCTH noxemeu cep,L(e'IHHK, a B ,L(OHHOH - CTaKaH'IHK C 3arrpeCCOBaHHbIM Tpa:CCHpyIOlll.HM COCTaBOM. Bo BpeM5I BhICTpeJIa nJIaM51 01' nopoxonoro sapxna aaxcaraer TpaccHpYIOIll,HH COCTaB, KOTOPbIH

5

6

PHC. 41. Boesoa

-, natpoH:

1 - nyn a; 2 - rHJIb3a; 3 - nopoxosoa sap sn; 4 - KarrCiOJIb; 5 - .o.YJIbAe; 6 _ nporosxa ; 7 - HaKOBaJIbH5I; 8 - 3aTpaBO'lHOe OTsepcrae; 9 - Y.o.apHbli!

COCTaB

52

t.[aCTb nepnas, YCTPOI\CTBO aBTOMaTa

npa nOJIeTe nyJIH naer HpKHH CBeTHIUHi1cH CJIe)I., XOPOlIIO BH)I.HMbIH )I.HeM H aousro. fOJIOBHaH qaCTb nyna oxpaureaa B 3eJIeHbIH UBeT.

npOHeOOHHO-3a:>KUraTeJIbHall nyaa (pHC. 42,8) npenaasnaveaa )l.JlH 3a)!<HraHHH rOplOqHX)KH)l.-

a

PHC. 42. TIYJIH;

a- OOblKHOBeHHali co CTaJIbHblM Cep,ZI;e'lHHKOM; 6 - TpaCCH-

. pYIOw;all;B - 6poHeooIlHO-3a>l<HraTeJIbHall;

1 - 060.T:IOQKa; 2 - CTaJIbHoi'r cep nevnxx; 3 - CBHHLl.OSa"SI

pytiaurxa; 4 - Cep,ZI;e'lHIIK (CBHHL\OBblll); 5 - CTaKaH'IHK;

6 - TpaccHpYIOW;HII cocTaB; 7 - nO.1(.1(OH (caaanoasia) , 8-

3a:mHraTeJIbHb1fi cocras: 9 - HaKOHellHHK

KOCTeH H nOpa)KeHHH )KHBOH CHJ1bI rrpOTHBHHKa, HaXO)I.lIIUeii:cH aa JIerKHMH 6pOHeBbIMH npnxpu-:

THHMH, na )I.aJIbHOCTHX )I.O 300 M.

BpOHe60HHO-3a)KUraTeJIbHaH nyns COCTOHT

H3 060JIOqKH C TOMnaKOBbIM HaKOHeqHHKOM, CTaJIbHOrO C~p)l.eqHHKa co CBHHUOBOM: pyriaurxoa, CBHHUOBoro nO)l.)I.OHa H 3a)!{HraTeJIhHOrO COCTaaa. DpH ynape nyna 0 6pOHI03'a)KHraTeJIbHbIH

53

COCTaB BOCrrJIaMeHHeTCH, nJIaMH sepea oTBepCTHe sripone, nporiaroe CTaJIbHbIM cep)I.eIIHHKOM nyJIH, BOCrrJIaMeHHeT ropioxee.

fOJIOBHaH 'qaCTb . rrynn oxpaurena B qepHbIH

UBeT C KpaCHbIM; nOHCKOM. ..

28. fUJIb3a CJIY)KHT )I.JIH COe)I.HHeHUH scex xaCTeH narpona, npenoxpauenns nopoxosoro sapH)l.a OT BHelIIHHX BJIHHHHH H AJIH YCTpaHeHHfl npopsma nopoxoasrx ra30B B CTOPOHY aarsopa. OHa HMeeT xopnyc )l.JIH nOMeIUeHHH'rropOXOBoro aapsna, )I.YJIbue )I.JIH 3aKpenJIeHHH nyna 11 )l.HO. CHapY)!(H y )I.Ha rHJIb3bI cnenaaa KOJIbueBa51 nporouxa )I.JIH sanena BbI6paCbIBaTeJIH. B )I.He rHJIb3hI . HMeIOTC5I raesno .ll.JIH KanCIOJI5I, H aKO-

BaJIbHH H )I.Ba 3aTpaBOqHbIX OTBepCTHH. T-

29. nOpOXOBOH 3apSI)J, CJIY)KHT )l.JIH coo6r.ueHHH rryne rrocrynarensaoro .ll.BmKeHHH; OH COCTOHT 113 nl1pOKCHJIHHOBOro nopoxa.

30. KanCIOJIb CJIY)KHT .ll.JIH BOCnJI:3MeHeHHH nopoxosoro aapxna, OH COCTOHT 113 JIaTYHHoro KOJInaqKa, snpecconaaaoro B Hero yaapaoro COCTaBa 11 ¢OJIbrOBOro K'pY)KKa, npnxpsmaroutero

y)l.apHbIH caCTaB. .

31. Il arpoua 06p.1943 r. yxynopaaarorcs B nepeaannue 51IUHKH. B 51IUHKH YKJIa)l.bIBaIOTC5I )I.Be repuernsecxu aaxpsrrue MeTaJIJIH'leCKHe Kop06KH no 660 naTpOHOB B Ka)K.ll.OH;. narpoasr B xoporixax ynaxosaau B xapronaue nasxa no. 20 . naTpOHOB. Bcero B HllJ,HKe nOMeIUaeTCH 1320 rrarpoaos.

H a 60KOBbIX CTeHKax HIUHKOB, B KOTOPbIX yKy: -nope.RbI n arpousr co CneUHaJIbHbIMH rryJIHMH, Haaeceau uaeruue rrOJIOCbI, COOTBeTcTBYIOIUHe oxpacxe rOJIOBHbIX 'IaCTeH nyas.

54

ttacTb nepaax, YCTpollcTao aarojaar-a

r JI a B a IV PA60TAqACTEA H MEXAHH3MOB ABTOMATA

nOJlO}KeHHe lJaCTeH H MexaHH3MOB )1.0 aapH}KaHHII

32. 3aTBOpHall pava C ra30BbIM nopumeu H 3aTBopoM rrOA AeficTBHeM B03BpaTHoro MexaHH3- Ma aaxoasrcs B KpafIHeM nepenaen rrOJIOlKeHHH, r-asoasra nopnrens - B narpyoxe raaoaoa KaMOpsr; KaHaJI CTBOJIa 3aKpbIT 3aTBOpOM. 3aTBOp fIOsepnyr aoxpyr npOAOJIbHOfi OCH anpaso, ero oceaue asrcrynu naxonsrcs B asrpesax CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH - 3aTBOp sanepr. B03BpaTHall rrpyIKHHa HMeeT HaHMeHbllIee ClKaTHe.

Punar aBTOCfIYCKa non Aei1cTBHeM BblcTyna saraopaou paMbI' nosepayr snepen H BHH3

(pHc.43). .

KypOK crryuien 11 yrrapaerca B 3aTBOp. YAapHHK rrOA AeficTBHeM KypKa rrOAaH BrrepeA. EoeBa5I npyxcaaa HaXOAHTC5I B Hal1MeHbllIeM cacaTHH; CBoeH nernen OHa rrpHIKHMaeT KypOK K 3aTBOPY, a H30rHYTbIMH KOHuaMH rrpl1lKHMaeT npaxoyronsnsre asrcrynu cnycxosoro xpionxa K AHy CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH, npn nOM XBOCT cnycxoaoro xpiosxa HaXOAHTC5I B nepemreu nOJIO)!{eHHH.

3aMeAJIHTeJIb xypxa nOA AeHCTBHeM CBoeH npyxcnasr nepenjmv BblcTyrroM npmxar K AHy CTBOJibHOH Kop06KH.

Ilepesonuax HaXOAI1TC5I B Kpai':meM BepXHeM rrOJIO)!{eHHH H saxpsraaer crynenxarsrjr ssrpes .B xpsnnxe CTBOJIbHOH Kop06KH (nepesonsax no-

I'na aa IV. PaflQTa_ '!acTefi H MexaHH3MOB aBTOMaTa

55

CTaB~eH Ha npeAOXpaHHTeJIb); CeKTOp nepeBOA'lHKa BOUleJI B asrpes urerrrana OAHHOlJHOrO OrHH H HaXOAHTCll HaA rrpaBbIM npllMoyrOJIbHbIM BbIcrynov CrrYCKOBOrO xpioxxa (aannpaer cnycxo-

BaH xpro-rox}. •

9

7 8

PHC. 43. DOJIOlKeHHe '1aCTeH ynapno-cnycxoaoro MexaHH3Ma no aapascanas npn BKJIIOIJeHHOM npeno-

XpaHlITeJIe H crrYlUeHHOM xypxe:

1 - cnycxoson KPI01:JOK; 2 -:- cexrop nepeaonuaxa: 3·- wenTaJIO O,IUfHOl.JHOrO OrH5I; 4 - aaMe,UJJHTe.nb xypxa; 5 - IPHrypHhIll BhIcTyn cnycxosoro KpIi:>QKa; 6 - floeaall npYlKHHa; 7 - KypOK; 8 - p etqa r a arocnycxa; 9 - 3aTaOpHa5! pava:

10 - ruerrt-a.no .aarocnycxa

PaOOTa qaCTeH H MeXaHH3MOB npa 3apH}KaHIUf

33. LLJIll 3apHIKaHHfI aBTOM ar a aazro npncoeAHHHTb K HeMY CHapfI)!{eHHblH Mara3HH, nOCTaBHTb nepeaonsax ua aBTOMaTH'IeCKHH or-cas (AB), OTBeCTH sarsopayio p aray Ha3aA AO OTKaaa H OTrrYCTHTb ee. ABToMaT sapaacen. ECJIH He npencronr aexennenaoe OTKpbITHe orns, TO He.

56

4aCTb rrepsaa. YCTpolicTBO aBTOMaTa

06XO)1.HMO rrOCTaBHTb' nepenonsnx na npenoxpaHHTeJIb.

OPH npacoezumemra Mara3HHa ero aauen 3ar £(O)1.HT aa aucryn CTBOJIbHOM Kop06KH, a onopHbIH .aucryn aacxaxnnaer aa 3aIUeJIKY H Mara-' 3HH ynepaoraaercs B oKHecTBoJIbHOM Kop06KH. 'BepxHHH narpoa, ynapascs CHI-I3Y B 3aTBopHYIO paxy, HeCKOJIbKO onycxaer narpouu B l'yIaI;'a3HH, C)!{HMa5! eronpY)!{IIHY·,

, OpH rrOCTaHOBKe nepeson-mxa aa aBTOMaTHlJeCKHH orons CTyrreHLJaTbIM supea B KPbIIIIK~ CTBOJIbHOM Kopo6KH )1.JIH PYK05!TKH .3aTBopHoH,

. paMbI oCBo6mK)1.aeTC5!, cexrop nepeaonsnxa ocTaeTCR B ssipese IIIehTaJIa O)1.HHOlJHOrO OrH5!, HO He npeII5!TCTByeT nOBopOTY cnycxoaoro jcprosxa.

OPH OTB'e)1.eHHH 3aTBopHOH paMbI Ha3a)1., aa )1.JIHHy CB060)1.HOrO xozia, OHa, )1.eHCTBYH rr~pe)l.HHM CKOCOM cpHrYPHoro nupeaa aa Be)1.YIUHH nsrcryn 3aTBOpa, 1I0BOpalJHBaeT 3aTBOp BJIeBO, 60ensre aucrynu sarsopa BbIXO)1.HT H3 astpeaoa CTBOJIbHOH Kop06KH - rrpOHCXO)1.HT ornapasue aarnopa; BbICTYrr' 3aTBopHoM pawsr OCB060)!{)1.aeT puxar aarocnycxa; H IIIerrTaJIO asrocrrycxa 1100 )1.eHCTBHeM npyxornst rrpH)!{HMaeTC5! K nepenueu rrJIOCKOCTH xypxa,

OpH)1.aJIbHeHIIIeM OTBe)1.eHHH 3aTBOpHOH paMbI BMeCTe 'c HeH OTXO)1.HT Ha3a)1. 3aTBOp, OTKPbI~a5! KaHaJI CTBOJIa; B03BpaTHa5! npyacnna C)!{HMaeTCH; KypOK non )1.eHCTBHeM 3aTBopHOIi paMbI noBOpalJHBaeTCH Ha. OCH, 60eBaH IIpY)!{HHa 3aKpy-' lJHBaeTCH; 60eBoA B3BO)1. KypKa IIOCJIe)1.0BaTeJIbHO 3aCKaKHBaeT3a qlHrypHbIM asicryn CllyCKOaoro KpIOLJKa! 110)1. 3aIUeJIKY 3aMe)1.JIHTeJIH xypxa, WKypOK <;:TaHOBrIT<;:5! aa III~nTaJIQ aBTocrrYCKaj

, fJlaBa IV, PaOOTaqaCTeilR MexaHH3MOB aBTOMaTa

57 .

psrrar aBTOCrrYCKa rrpn 3)'OM 1I0)1.HHMaeTCH BBepX H CTaHOBHTCH aa rrYTH )1.BIDKeHHH sucryna 3aTBOpHOH paMbI. ,

Kax TOJIbKO HH)!{HHHrrJIOCKOCTb 3aTBOpHOH paMbI npoiiner OKHO )1.JIH Mara3HHa, narpoasr non )1.eHCTBHeM rrpY)!{HHbI Mara3HHa rrO,lI;HHMYTCH BBepX Jl.O ynopa BepXHHM naTpOHOM B, 3arH6 CTeHKH Mara3HHa.

OPH OTnYCKaHHH 3aTBOpHOH p a asr OHa BMeCTe C 3aTBopOM non Jl.eHCTBHeM B03BpaTHorOMe_xaHH3Ma nOJl.aeTCH anepen; 3aTBOp BbITaJIKHBaeT H3 xar aaaaa BepXHHH narpon, Jl.OCbIJIaeT ero B naipOHHHK H aaxpusaer xanan CTBOJIa. Ol>H nonxO)1.e 3aTBopa K Ka3eHH~MY cpe3y CTBOJIa 3auerr BbI6paCbIBaTeJIH 3aCKaKHBaeT B KOJlbUeBYIO npoTOLJKY ransasr: 3aTBOp non .lI.eH:CTBHeM cxoca JIesoro nsrpesa CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH ua CROC JIeBOrO 60eBoro .asrcryrra aarsop a, a 3aTeM non Jl.eHCTBHeM cpHrypHoro .aupesa 3aTBOpHOH: paMbI na Be.zWIUMH: aucryn sarsopa rrOBOpaLJHBa'eTCH BOxpyr rrpOJl.OJIbHOH:OCH snpaso: 60eBbIe. asrcrynsr aarsopa 3aXOJl.5IT' aa 60eBbIe ynopu CTBOJIbHOif Kopd6KH - 3aTBOp aanapaercs. 3aTBopHaHpaMa; rrpO)1.0JI)!{aH Jl.BH)!{eHHe B xpaaaee nepenaee qOJIO)!{eHHe, CBOHM nucrynoa nonopasaaaer PhIlJar asrocrrycxa snepen If BHlf3, BhIBOJl.H IIIerrTaJIO asrocrrycxa M3-nOJl. B3BOJl.a asrocnycxa xypxa; KypOK non Jl.eHCTBlfeM 60eBOH rrpY)!{HHbI rrOBOpaLJHBaeTCH, BbIXOJl.HT H3-nOJl. 3aIUeJIKH· saaeztJIHTeJI51 IfCTaHOBHTC5! na 60eBOH B3BOA (plfc.44) 'c'

DaTpOHbI B Mara3HHe non .ueHCTBHeM npY)!{IfHhI rrO)1.HHMaIOTC5! xsepxy )1.0 ynopa aepxnaa rraTpOHOM .B 3aTBopHYlO paxy.

OPIf rrOCTaHOBKe IIepeBo.uqH~a Ha rrpe.uoxpa-

58

tIacTb nepB3SL YCTpoficTBO aSTOMaTCI:

HHTeJIb nepeaonxax saxpusaer cTyrreHlfaTbIJ1 BbIpes KpbIIilKH CTBOJIbHOJ1 Kopo6KH H CTaHOBHTCH aa nyTH nBH)KeHH51 PYK051TKH saTBopHOH paMbl Ha3an; ceKTOp rrepeBo,.a:lfHKa rrOBopalfHB~eTC51 snepezt H CTaHOBHTC51 Ha,.a: rrpaBblM rrpaaoyroasHblM nsrcrynoa crrycxosoro KPlOlfK8. (sanapaer crrYCKOBOH xproxox).

PHC. 44. OOJIO)!{eHHe qaCTell ynapao-cnycxosoro • MexaHH3Ma rrepe,n: BbICTpeJIOM:

1 - cnycxoaon KPlO'IOK; 2 - cexrop nepeaoztsraxa; 3 - saMe.ll.'HTeJlb xypxa; 4 -,KYPOK; 5 - IlIenTaJIO aarocnycxa; 6 - saraopaaa paaa

PaOOTa lJaCTeH H MexaHH3MOB rrpH CTpeJIbOe

Pa60Ta n a c r ea H MexaHH3MOB rrpH aBTOMaTHlfeCKon CTpeJIb6e

34. llJI51 npoaasoncraa aaroxaraxecxoa

crpenstisr nano rrOCTaBHTb nepesozrrax na aBTOMaTHlJeCKHH orcas (AB), eCJIH OH He 6blJI no-

rJI8Ba IV. Pa50r8 qacretf H MexaHH3MOB 8BTOMaT8

59

CTaBJIeH npa Sap51)KaHHH, H Ha)!{aTb aa CrrYCKOBOH KPlOlfOK.

fIPH nOCTaHOBKe nepeaonsnxa HaaBTOMaTHlJeCKHH OrOHb CeKTOp nepenozrvaxa OCBo6o)K,.a:aeT np51MoyrOJIbHblH sucryn CnYCKOBOrO xpro-nca (crnapaer CrrYCKOBOH xpronox) H OCTaeTCH B Bblpese nrerrrana O,.a:HHOlJHOrO OrH5I. CrrYCKOBOH KPlOlfOK nonysaer B03MO)!{HOCTb nonopaxaaarpCH soxpyr CBOeM OCH; nrenrano O,.a:HHOtIHOrO orH5I OT nOBOpOTa BMeCTe co CrrYCKOBblM KPlOqKOM y,.a:ep)KHBaeTC5I CeKTOpOM nepeaonnaxa.

Il pn Ha)KaTHH na XBOCT CrrYCKOBOrO xpronxa ero q)HrYPHbIM aucryn BbIXO,.a:HT H3 3au:eTIJIeHHH C 60eBbiM B3BO,.a:OM xypxa. KYPOK non ,.a:enCTBHeM 60eBOH npyscamr nosopauaaaerca aa CBoeM . OCH H saepruvao HaHOCHT ynap no -ynapnaxy.

Y,.a:apHHK 60MKOM pastinaaer xanctons narpoaa. Y,.a:apHblM COCTaB KarrCIOJIH narpona BOCnJIaMeHHeTC5I, rrJIaM5I nepea sarpasovasre 'OTBepCTl'!5I B nne rHJIb3bl nponaxaer K rropOXOBOMY sapsny H BOCrrJIaMeHHeT ero. fIPOHCXO,.a:HT BbICTpeJI.

fIyJI5I .nozr neHCTBHeM nopoxosux ra30B .nBH)KeTCH no KaHaJIY c:rBOJIa; KaK .TOJIbKO OHa MHnyer ra300TBOnHoe OTBepCTHe, nacrt, ra30B ycTpeMJI5IeTCH rrepes 3TO OTBepCTHe B rasonyro xaxopy, .naBHT na ra30BblH nopurens H orcpacsraaer 3aTBOpHYlO paxy nasan. OTXO,.a:H aasan, 3aTBopHaH pava (KaK H npn OTBeneHHH ee nasan aa PYKOHTKY) nepezmax CKOCOM <PHrypHoro Bblpe3a rrOBopalfHBaeT 3aTBOp BOKpyr rrpo,.a:OJIbHOM OCH H BbIBOnHT ero 60eBbie aucryrnr H3-3a 6oeBblX ynopos CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH -:- nponcxozmr OTrrHpaHHe 3aTBopa H OTKpblBaHHe KaHaJIa CTEOJIa; ssrcryn 3aTBOpHOH paMbl OCBOOO)K,.a:aeT

60

tjaCTh nepilall. YCTPOitCTBO aBTOMaTa

psruar aBTOCnYCKa, OH non )J,ei1cTBHeM npyxcaasr HeCKOJIbKO rrO)J,HHMaeTCH xsepxy, a IIIenTaJlO aarocnycxa npH)l{HMaeTC5I K nepennea nJlOCKOCTH xypxa, K 3TOMY BpeMeHH nyna BblJleTHT H3 xaaana CTBOJIa. l.JaCTb nopoxonux ra30B, CJIe)J,YIOIlI.HX aa nYJIeH, norranaer B KOMneHcaIJ.HOHHYIO KB.MOpy nsrcryna KOMneHcaTopa, B pe3YJIbTaTe lIero' C03)J,aeTC5I H36bI1'iWHOe )J,aBJIeHHe na Bblcryrr H)J,YJIbHaH lIa'CTb aBTOMaTa OTKJIOH5IeTC5I BJIeBO - BHH3,·'YMeHbIIIaH pacceuaaune nYJIb npa CTpeJIb6e aBTOMaTHlIeCKHM Of HeM H3 HeycTOH-

lJHBblX nOJIO)l{eHHH. .

3aTBopHaH paa a C33TBOPOM no HHepIJ.HH npo)J,OJI)l{aeT )J,BH)l{eHHe Ha3a)J,; rHJIb3a, Y)J,epJKHBaeMaH 3aIJ.enOM BbI6paCblBaTeJI5I, HaTaJIKHBaeTC5I aa orpaacarensnua sucryrr CTBOJIbHOH Kop06KH H BbI6paCbIBaeTC5I- napyscy.

B ir.aJlbHeHIIIeM paoora sacren H MexaHH3MOB, aa HCKJIIOlJeHHeM paoor sr xypxa H 3 aMe)J,JIHTeJIH, npOHCXO)J,HT TaK )l{e, KaK H npa 3ap51)l{aHHH. IT pa B03Bpalll.eHHH 3aTBopHOH paMblC 3aT~opOM B nepennee nonoacenae KYPOK ynepacaaaercs TOJlbKO aa menrane aarocnycxa. IToCJIe roro KaK aaTBOP )J,omJIeT nepxaaa narpon H3' Mara3HHa B naTpOHHHk HnpOH30H)J,eT 3aKphlBaHHeKaHaJIaCTBOJIa H aannpanae sarnop a, 3aTBopHaH paua, npo)J,OJlJKa5I )J,BH)l{eHHe snepen BbIBO)J,HT urenraJIO aBTocnYCKa H3-no)J, B3BO)J,a aBTocrrYCKa KYP-xa. KypOK non )J,eHCTBHeM 6oeBofi: npY)l{HHbI nOBOpalJHBaeTC5I H Y)J,apHeT no sauienxe saxenJIHTeJI5I xypxa; 3aMe)J,JlHTeJIb noaopacnaaerca Ha--' 3a)J" nO)J,CTaBJIHH non yztap xypxa nepennna sucryn; BCJIe)J,cTIme .3THX Y)J,apOB no 3aMe)J,JIHTeJlIO )J,BH)l{elme xypxa snepen HeCKOJIbKO 3aMe)J,JlHeT-

.-------- -._ -------- - .-----

f.iIaBa IV. Pariora qaCTeit H MexaHH3MOB aBTOMaTa

CH, QTO n~3BOJI5IeT CTBOJIY nOCJIe ynapa no HeMY 3aTBopHOH paMbI C 3aTBopOM rrpHHHTb nonoaceIme, 6JIH3KOe K rrepBOHalJaJIbHOMY, H 3TI1M YJIYlJ., .mHTb KYlIHOCTb 6051. Flocne ynapa no rrepenaesry ssrcryny 3aMe)J,JIHTeJI5I KYPOK HaHOCHT yirap no Y)J,apHHKY· ITPOHCXO)J,HT BbICTpeJl. Pa60Ta lIaCTeH 11 MeXaHI13MOB aBTOMaTa nOBTOp5IeTC5I. ABTOMaTHlJeCKaH CTpeJIb6a· 6Y)J,eT npO)J,OJI)l{aTbCH )1;0 'rex nop, noxa aascar. cnycxoaoa KPIOlIOK H B Mara3HHe I1MeIOTC5I narponsr.

.lI.~H npexpameaaa crpe.o.nu ornycrrrn.cnycKOBOH KPIOlJOK. ITPI1 3TOM cnycxoaoa KPIOlJOK non )J,encTBHeM 60eBoH npyacaasr noaepnerca H ero . <pHrypHbIH asrcryn BCTaHeT aa nyra )J,BH)l{e-

HH5I ooeaoro B3Bo)J,a, xypxa. KYPOK ocraaaanaBaeTCH na 60eBoM B3BO)J,e. CTpeJIh6a npexpanraerca, HO aBTOMaT OCTaeTCH 3apHJKeHHbIM, roTOBbIM K npoH3Bo)J,CTBY )J,aJIbHeHmeif aBTOMaTHlIecKoi'! CTpeJIb6bI.

Pa60Ta 'LaCTeH H MexaHH3MOB rr p a CTpeJIb6e OJ(HHOlJHbIMH BblCTpeJIaMH

35. ,UJI5I npoH3Bo)J,cTBa O)J,HHolIHoro' BbICTpeJIa Hec:6xo)J,HMO nOGTaBHTb rrepeaonvnx aa O,l(HHOlJHbIHorOHb (O,U) H aaacars aa cnycsosoa KpIO-

lJOK. _

ITPH nocrauonxe nepeaonnnxa 113 rrOJIOJKeHH5I aa npenoxpanarens B rrOJIO)f{eHHe na O)J,HHOlIHblH:

OfOHb(O,U) cexrop nepesonsnxa OCB060JK)J,aeT rrpH1I10yrOJIbHblH BblcTyrr cnycxosoro KpIOlIKa

, (orrmpaer cnYCKOBOH KPlOlJOK), nOJIHOCTblO BblXO)J,HT H3 asrpeaa urenrana O)J,HHOlIRoro oraa H

61

62

4aCTb nepaa s. YCTpoficTBO aBTOMaT8

npn CTpeJIb6e B paoore ynapHO-CnYCKOBOrO MexaHH3M a yqaCTH5I He npHHHMaeT.

DPH HalKaTHH aa XBOCT cnycxosoro xpiosxa ero cpHrYPHbIH BbICTyn nuxonar H3 3auen~eHH5I C 60eBbIM B3BOnOM xypxa, KYPOK non neHCTBH: eM 60eBOH npylKHHbI n<1BopaQHBaeTCH ua CBoeH

6

Puc. 45. TIOJlO}KeHlie tlaCTeH ynapHo'cnycKOBoro MexaHH3Ma nocae sucrpena npu nepeBoAtlHKe, ycra-

. HOBJleHHOM Ha OAHHotIHbIH orOHb:

1 _ cnycxoaoa KPIOtJOK; 2 - 3aMe,lVIHTeJIb xypxa ; .3- - urenTaJlO O.I\HHOtlHOro OrH!!; 4 - KypOK; 5 - uienrano aBTOcnycxa; 6 - 3aTBOpHa!! pawa

OCH H 3HeprnQHO HaHOCHT ynap no ynapunxy. Ilpoacxozurr BbICTpeJI. Tlocne nepsoro BbICTpeJIa QaCTH H MexaHH3MbI cOBeprnaT. Ty lKe pa60TY, QTO H npn aBTOMaTHqeCKOH CTpeJIb6e, HO CJIenyrotuero BbICTp€JIa He npOH3QHneT, TaK KaK BMeCTe co crrycxonsra KPlOQKOM nOBepHYJIOCb anepen urerrrano onHHOqHOrO OrH5I Hero aauen BCTaJI aa nyTH .IJ;BHlKeHH5I 60eBoro B3BOna KypKa.

I'n aaa IV. Pa60Ta qaCTeft H MexallH3MOB aBTOMaTa

50eBoi1 B3BOn xypxa 3aCKoqHT aa IIIenTaJIO onaaosuoro OrH5I, H KypOK OCTaHOBHTC5I B san-

HeM IIOJIO)KeHIHI (pHC. 45). .

'uJI5I npoasaoncrna cnenyiouiero BblCTpeJIa He" 06XOnHMO OTnYCTHTb cnYCKOBOH KPlOqOK H CHOaa aaxcan, aa Hero. Kor aa cnycxosoa KPlOqOK oyner ornyuten, OH non neHCTBHeM 60eBOH npyJKHHbI nOBepHeTC5I BMeCTe C uterrra.roa OnHHOQnoro OrH5I, rneIITaJIO OnHHOqHOrO OrH5I BbIH:.IJ;eT H3 3auenJIeHH5I C 60eBbIM B3BOnOM xypxa H. ocB06o.IJ;HT KypOK. KYPOK IIO.IJ; .IJ;eHCTBHeM 60eBOH:

\ IIPY)KHHbl. IIOBOpaQHBaeTC5I, Y.IJ;ap5leT caaxana no sameaxe 3 aM e.IJ;JI HTeJI 51, a 3aTeM no nepenaeuy ero BblcTyrry H CTaHOBHTC5I aa 60eBOH: B3BOA. DP!l HalKaTHH aa cnYCKOBOH: KPlOqOK ero cpHrypHbIll sucryn BbIXOnHT H3 3auenJIeHH5I C 60eBbIM B3BO.IJ;OM KypKa H pa60Ta qaCTeH: H MexaHH3MOB nOBTOpHTC5I. DPOH30H.IJ;eT Oqepe)J,HOH BbICTpeJI.

3a)J,ep)KKH npa CTpeJIbOe H3 aBTOMaTa H cnOCOObI HX YCTpaHeHHSI

63

36. 4acTH H MexaHH3MbI aBTOMaTa npn np aBHJIbHOM 06pameHHH c aBTOMaTOM H HaAJIe)KalUeM yxone aa HHM .IJ;JIHTeJIbHOe BpeM5I ." patioTalOT Ha.IJ;elKHO H 6e30TKa3Ho. OAHaKo B pe3YJIbrare 3arp5l3HeHH5I MexaHH3MOB, nsuoca qaCTeH H aeopeacaoro 06pameHH5I C aBTOMaTOM, a TaKJKe npn HeHcnpaBHOCTH naTpOHOB MorYT- B03HHK-

HyTb 3anep)KKH npn CTpeJIb6e. .

37. B03HHKrnylO npn CTpeJIb6e saztepacxy CJI.eJ1.yeT rronbIT2TbC5I YCTpaHHTb nepeaap azcaaaen,

,I

64 4acTh nepsasr. YCTpol\c"rso aBTOMaT3

------------~--~~------~-,------

. ,n;Jl51 xero 6bICTPO OTBeCTll 3aTBopHYIO pauy a a PYK05lTKY aasan no crxaaa, orrrycrars ee H npo,n;OJl)KaTb crpensriy. Eczm sanepacxa He ycrp aHHJIaCb, TO seorixonaxo BbI5ICHHTb npHqHHY ee B03HHKHOBeHH5I H YCTpaHHTb 3a,n;ep}l(KY,KaK yxa- 3aHO HH}I(e.

3a.llepJKKH H IiX ~apaKTepHcTHKa

I IlpH'!HHbI 3aJ\epJKeK I Cnocoou ycrpaaenas

Henonasa nar-

poaa, 3aTBop B nepenaex nOJIO.lKeHIIII, HO BbICTpeJIa HenpOIl301I1JIO ~ B naTpoHHIIKe. aer naTpoHa

-YTblKaHlIe nar-

po~a. Ilarpon nyJIell yTKHYJIC5! B Ka3eHHbIH cpes CTBOJIa; . nO)l.BIIMHble sacra OCTaHOBlIJIlICb B cpezraejr nOJIOMeHlIlI

1. 3arp5!3He- Ilepeaapsnari-

aae lIJIH neac- aBTOMaT 1I nponpaBHOCTb Ma- .nOJIMaTb CTpeJIb6y

ra3l1Ha. ,

2. Heacnpaa- 3aMeHlITb Mara-

HOCTb 3aIIl,eJIKlI 3HH. Ilpa HellC--

npaBHOCTH 3aIIl,eJIKlI Mara311Ha OTrrpaBHTb aBTOMaT B peMoHTHYIO MacTepcKYIO "

Y)l.epMlIBaH PY-

K05!TKY 3aTBopHoH paxisr, Y)l.aJIlITb YTKHYBlIlllHCH natpOH II npo)l.OJIN<aTb CTpeJIb6y. Ilpa noBTopeHlIH aanepxcKII 3aMeHHTb Mara- 3HH

I'naaa IV. Pa60T3 qaCTeft Ii MexaHli3MoB aBTOMaTa

3allep)l{IClf H HX I I

xapaKTepHCTHI(3 . ,npHtIHHb~ aa).J,epmeK

Cnocodsr YCTpaHeHHlI

Mara311Ha

Iloruyrocrs 3arH6oB 60KOBblX CTeHOK Marasaaa

01,

cesxa, 3aTBOp; I. Heacnpan-

B nepenaev nOJIO- I HOCTb rraTpOHa. iKemm, narpon B naTpOHHHKe, KYPOK cnyuren - BblCTpe,JIa He np01l301I1JIO

llepe3apll.n:HTb aBTOMaT H' npo.n:OJIN<aTb CTpeJIb6y.

2. HeacnpasHOCTb yzrapnaxa HJIII yztapnccnYCKoBoro Me-

xaHH3Ma; aa-:

rpll3HeHHe tlJIH'

llpH nOBTopeHHlI 3a.n:epN<Ktl OCMOTpeTb H npO'lHCTHTb y.n:aPHHK H ynapaocnycxoson MexaHH3M; npa HX noJIOMKe HJIH assoce aBTOMaT ornpaaars B peMoHTHYIOMacTepcKYIO

3aCTblBaHHe CMa3KH

HeH3BJIe'leHlfe L fP5!3Hblft O'

r1fJIb3bI. fHJIb3a B narpon HJI' H TBeCTH PYK05!T-

naTpoHHHKe; o'le" r sa- xy 3aTBopHOH paMbJ

pe.n:HoH .narpon YT- p5!3HeHHe na-, nasazr H, ynepxor-

K TPOHHHKa. BaH ee. B 3a.n:HeM

HYJICH B Hee ny- 2. 3arpll3He- rrOJIO}KeHHH, OT"e-

JIeH', no.n:BHMHble HH I -"

'1aCTH OCTaHOBH- e HJIH aenc- JIHTb Mara3HH H

npaaaocrs asr-. H3BJIetJb YTKHYB-

JIIfCh . B cpezmea _ 6pacbIBaTeJI5! lIlHHClI., narpon, u3_

n0J10N<eHHH Y1

HJIH ero npy- BJIe'lb 3aTBopoM

N<HHbI lIJIH lIlOMnOJIOM rHJIb3Y H3 narpoa-

HHKa. llpo.n:OJI-

MaTh CTpeJIb6y.

lliJII nOBTopeHHH

3a.llepiKKH npovaCTHTb rrarpOHHHK H naTpOHbI. OCMO-

\ '

,'l-230

65

I I

,66

qacTb nepnan, YCTpO}\CTBO aBTOMaTa

Il podonoceuue

3a)(eplKKU H ux xapaKTepHCTHK3

I TIPH'lHHbt aaJ1ep>Ket< I Cnocotisr ycrpaaeuaa

rpere H OlJHCTHTb OT rpH3H Bbl6pacblBaTeJIb If npononscan, CTpeJIb6y. TIPH HeHcnpaBHOCTIf asr- 6paCbIBaTeJIlI aBTOMaT OTnpaBlfTb B peMOHTHYIO MaCTepCKYIO

npUXBaT UJIU neorpascenae rHJIb3bl. fHJIb3a He Bbl6ponreaa H3 CTBOJIbHoli Kopo6KH, a OCTaJIaCb B Heli snepe-

1. 3arp1l3HeHHe TPYllI,HXClI -lJacTeli, rasoaux rrYTeli ifJIH riaTpoHHHKa.

OTBeCTH PYKOllT'KY 3aTBopHoH paasr aasan, Bbl6poCHTb rHJIb3Y H npozion-:

)l{aTb crpeasey,

TIPH 1I0BTopeHHH

3aAep)l{KIf / rrpOlJHCTHTb raaoasre nyTH, rpyuraecs xaCTH If rraTpOHHHK; rpyinaeca '1aCTH CMa3aTb. TIPH HeHCrrpaBHOCTH ,BbI6p!l-' cuaareas aBTOMaT ornpanars B pe-

MOHTHYIO M8CTep-

CKYIO

znr saraopa IfJlIf 31. 3arp1l3He,llOCJlaua 3aTBopOM RHe HJlI! HeHC- 06paTHO B narpon- np?BHOCTb asr-

HHK , 6paCbIsaTeJlll

fJIasa v, YXO,ll; 3a aBToM"TOM

67

I'ur a s a V

YXO.ll. 3A ABTOMA 10M,

ero XPAHEHHE H CEEPE)I(EHHE

06m.He nOJlO>KeHHH

38. ABTOMaT ,UOJDKe'H coztepscarsca B nOJIHOH acnpaaaocra H 6bITb rOTOBbIM K,Uei'IcTBHlO. 3TO nocraraerca csoespeneaaos H YMeJIOH, qHCTKOH a. cMa3Koi'I' H rrpaBHJIbHbIM xpaneuaev aBTOMara.

39. 4HCTKa aBTOMaTa', Ha·xO)I,5lmerOC}1· B non-. pa3,UeJIeHHH, rrpOH3BO,UHTCH:

- npa n<;>,UrOTOBKe K CTpeJIbOe;

- nOCJIe CTpeJIbObI ooeBbIMH H XOJIOCTbIMH

naTpOHaMH - HeMe,UJIeHHOrrO OKOHqaHl1H CTpe.'1b- ' ObI aa CTpeJIb6HIll.e - (B nOJIe) ;qHCTHTCH H CMa-' 3bIB_alOTCH CTBOJIbHaH xopooxa, KaHaJI _ CTBOJIa, ra30BaH xavopa, ra30BbIH noptuens, 3aTBopHaH paxa H 3aTBOp; OKOHqaTeJIbHa51 qHCTKa aBTOMaTa npOH3BO,UHTCH no B03BpaIll.eHllH,CO CTpeJIb- 6bl H B renenae rrOCJIe,UYlOIll.Hx 3-'4 ',UHeH eace,UHeBHO;

- nOCJIe aapsna H 3aH5ITHH B nOJIe oe3 CTpeJIbObI - no B03BpameHHH C napsna HJIH saHHTHH;

_ - B 6oeBoH oricranoaxe H Ha ,UJIHTeJIbHbIX yqefiHHX - e)!{e,UHeBHO B nepnonu 3a.THIIlbH 6051 Ii BO BpeMH rtepepsmoa yqeHHH;

- eCJIH aBTOMaT He npHMeHTI.iICH,- He pexce ' oznroro pasa B aenemo, _,

3*

I I

I !

68

'IaCTh nepaas, YCTPOi1CTBO aBTOMaTa

40. Flocne qHCTKH 'aBTOMaT CMa3aTb. CMa3KY HaHOCHTb TOJIbKO na xopouro oqHl.u:eHHYIO H CYXYIO rtosepxnocrt, MeTaJIJIa HeMe,UJIeHHO rrOCJIe qHCTKH, qTo6bI He ,UorrYCTHTb B03,UeHCTBHH BJIarH aa MeTaJIJI.

41. LIHcTKa H CMa3Ka aBTOMaTa rrpoH3Bo,UHTCH non nerrocpencrsennua PYKOBO,UCTBOM KOMaH,UHpa OT,UeJIeHH5L KOMaH,UH.p OT,UeJIeHHH o6H3aH orrpe,UeJIHT~ creneas Heo6xo,UHMOM paariopxa,

.qHGTKH H CMa3KH; rrpbBepHTb HcrrpaBHocTb rrpHHa,UJIe)KHOCTH II. ,Uo6pOKaqeCTBeHHOCTb MaTepHaJIOB ,UJIH qHCTKH; nposepars rrpaBHJIbHOCTb H xaqeCTBO npoaaaeneasoa qHCTKH H nars paspeureHHe HacMa3KY H C60PKY; rrpoBepHTb rrpaBHJIbHOCTb npoaaaeneauon CMa3KH H C60PKH aBTOMaTa.

Orpauepu o6H3aHbI rrepaonanecxa npacyrcrBOBaTb rrpH qHCTKe aBTOMaTa H rrpoBepHTb rrpaBHJIbHOCTbee rrpoBe,UeHHH.

42. Ilpa Ka3apMeHHoM HJIH JIarepHOM pacrroJIO)KeHHH qHCTKY aBTOMaTa rrpoaaaomm, B crreU:HaJIbHO OTBe,UeHHbIX MeCTax aa oriopynoaaaHbIX ,UJIH 3TOM .u.eJIU CTOJIaX, a B ooeson oricraHOBKe H aa yqeHHHX - na qHCTbIX rro,UcTHJIKaX,

nocxax.xpaaepe 'H T. rr. .

43. Ha crpem.oaute aBTOMaT rrOCJIe CTpeJIb6bI qIICTIITb B OTBe,UeHHblX ,UJIH sroro MeCTax pacTBOPOM PLIC HJIII )KH,UKOM PY)KeHHOH cMa3KoI1. LIHcTKa aBToMaToB pacrnopov PLIC nponaao,UHTCH TOJIbKO rro,U PYKOBO'uCTBOM o¢Hu:epoB HJIII' crapumasr nonpasneneaas.

ABTOMaT"BblqlfmeHHbIH na CTpeJIb6Hme )KII,UKOM PY)KeHHOH cMa3KoH, rrOCJIe B03BpameHHH B

Fna aa v. YXO)l aa aBTOMaTOM

69

Ka3apMY Heo6xo,UIIMO BblqHCTIITb pacraopox

PLIC.

B rrOJIeBbIX YCJIOBHHX qHCTKa Id CMa3Ka aBTOMaTa rrpoH3Bo,UHTCH TOJIbKO )KU)l.KOM PY)KeUHOU cMa3Kou.

44. ,UJIH qHCTKH H CMa3KH aBTOMaTa npaaeHHIOTCH:

~ )KU)l.KaSi PY)KeMHaSl CMa3Ka - ,UJIHqHCTKH aBTOMaTa HCMa3bIBaHHH era qaCTefi: H MexaHH3- MOB npn TeMrrepaType B03,Uyxa OT +50"' C ,UO -500 C;

- PYJK:eMHaSi CMa3Ka - AJIH CMa3bIBaHHH Ka-

aana CTBOJIa, qaCTeM HMexaHH3MOB a)3TOMaTa, rrOCJIe HX qHCTKH; 3Ta CMa3Ka npaxeaaerca npa rexneparype B03,Uyxa nsnne + 50 C;

- pacTBop . pqC (pacraop qHCTKHCTBOJIOB) - ,UJIH qHCTK~ KaHaJIOB CTBOJIOB H 8Pymx xacrea aBTOMaTa, nonnepr-uiaxca B03AeHCTBHIO nopoxosax ra30B.

I1 P H M en a H H e. Pacraop PYC npnrorasnaaaercn B nOJl,pa3.QeJIeHI1H B KOJI!lqeCTBe, Heo6x9J1,I1MOM Jl,JIiI QI1CTKH opysora B reseane OJl,HI1X CYTOK. COCTaB pacraopa:

- BOJl,a, nparonaaa .QJIiI nI1Tbil,- 1 JI;

- "yrJIeK!lCJIbIH aMMOHI1H - 200 r;

_ .QBYXPOMOBOKHCJIbIH K\lJIHH (xpoxnnx) -3-5 r. Hetionsurae KOJII1QeCTBa pacrsopa PYC paspeuraerca

xpanurs He 60JIee 7 CYTOK B CTeKJIilHHblX cocyztax, .aaxynopennstx npotixoa, B TeMHOM MeCTe H B,QaJIH OT narpenaTeJIbHblX npI160poB.· B MaCJIeHKH pacrsop pqCHaJlHBaTb 3anpelll,aeTclI. .

. -BeTOlllb HJlH6YMara 1(8-22 ---',UJIH 06THpa~

HHH, qHCTKH H CMa3KH aBTOMaTa; .'

- rraKJlSI (xoporxoe JJbHOB()JIoimQ), osmuen-

70

'lacTb nepaaa. YCTpollcTBO aBTOMaTa

HaHOT KOCTPHKH,- TOJIbKO ;UJIH 'lHCTKH KaHaJIa .

CTBOJIa.

.llJIH ynoricraa BepCTHM MO)!{HO JIO'lKH.

PIIC. 46. rIPIIH a.ll.JIelKHOCTb aBTOMaT,a, nonrOTOBJIeHH afl.ll.JIfl

QIlCTKII:

J - lUOMIIOJI; 2 - npo'rapxa ; 3 - neHaJJ; 4 -'- xpsmnca neuaaa; 5':""" OTaeprxa; 6 - rOJJOB-

xa urcxnoaa

'lrtCTKH, IIa30B, aupeaos H 01'IIpHMeHHTb nepesaaaue IIa-

qHcTKa H CMa3Ka

45. 4HCTKY aBTOMaTa IIPOH3- BO;UHTb B CJIe;UYlOmeM IIopH;UKe:.

1) Oo;urOTOBHTb MaTepHaJIbl

;UJIH qHCTKH H CMa3KH.

2) Pa306paTb aBTOMaT: .

3) OCMOTpeTb 'IIpHHa;UJIe)!{-

HOCTb, KaK YKa3aHO B CT. 68,H IIO;urOTOBHTb '" ee ;UJI5I HCIIOJIb30- BaHHH IIpH qHCTKe (pHC. 46).

4) 0PO'lHCTHTb KaHaJI CTBOJla. OOJIO)!{HTb aBTOMaTB Bblpeau crena ;UJIH qHCTKIf opy)KIfH HJIIf na 06blqHbIM CTOJI, a IIpH OTCYTCTBHH CTOJIa aBTOMaT yneperr, rrpIfKJIa;UOM B 3eM!l1O HJIH rrOJI.

·Ll.JlSI ,.qHCTKH KaHaJIa CTBOJla .lKH,lJ,KOH PY.>KeHHOHCMMKOH CJIO)!{HTb IIaKJIIO B BI1;ue UHq5-' phI 8, nepexpecrneu «aocsuepKI1» Ha,JIO)KI1Tb na KOHeu IIpO-

TI1pKH H YJIO)KIfTb BOJIOKHa

rraKJIH B;UOJIb CTep)!{HH IIpO-'

THPKH; IIpH STOM KOHUbI IIaKJIH ;UOJI)!{Hbl 6blTb xopone CTep)!{HH npOTI1pKH, a TOJIIUHHa CJIOH ,lJ,Odl)!{Ha 6blTb TaKOM,'lT06bl

y 71

. __ ~_r,_"aBa v. XO)! sa aBToMaToM. _

npOTupKa C naKJIeH BBO;UHJIaCb B KaHaJI CTBOJIa He60JIbllII1M YCHJIHeM PYKI1; HaJIHTb na naKJIIO HeMHoro )!{H;UKOH Py)!{eHHOH CMa3KH H nansuaaa CJIerKa IIOMHTb naKJIIO. BBeCTH 1lI0MIIOJI C rrpoTHPKOM H naKJIeil:: B KaHaJI CTBOJIa H yKpeIIHTb aa CTBOJIe KPbIIliKY IIeHaJIa (;UYJIbHYIO HaKJIa;UKY).

(EcJII1 'lHCTKa.KaHaJIa CTBOJIa npoH3BO;UHTCH.

IIOCJle CTpeJIb6bI, K'oMrreHcaTop CBHHLiHBaeTcH. O;UHOM PYKO» ynepacaaaa aa ;UYJIbHYIO sacrs asTOMaT H xpsnuxy nenana, a ;UP yro il:: , B35IBIlIHCb sa rrenan, IIJIaBHO, He H3rH6aH mo MIIOJI , IIP.O;UBHfiYTb ero no BceM ;UJIHHe KaHaJIa CTBOJIa HeCKOJIbKO paa (npn 'lHCTKe ;UYJJbHOil:: qaCTH CTBOJIa CH5ITb co qBOJIa ;UYJIbHYIO HaKJIa;UKY). .. BblHYTb IlIOMIIOJI, CMeHHTb lIaKJIIO, nponarars ee )!{H;UK.O·H Py)!{efIHOM CMa3KOM H B TOM ace nopsnxe npo'lHCTHTb KaHaJI CTBOJIa HeCKOJIbKO pas, OOCJIe sroro TmaTeJIbHO orirepers IlIOMIIOJI H nporepers KaHaJI CTBOJIa qHCTOM cyxoa naKJIeM, a 3aTeM 'lHCTOil:: aeromsro. OCMOTpeTb nerours H .. eCJIH aa HeM 6Y;UYT sanerasr cnensr aarapa (uepaora) , p)KaB'lHHbl HJIH 3arp5I3HeHH5I, npO;UOJI)!{HTb 'lHCTxy KaHaJIa CTBOJIa, a 3aTeM CHOBa nporepers CYXOH IIaKJIei1 If BeTOlIIblO. ECJIH BeTOlIIb IIOCJIe

.npOTHpaHH5I ssnuna as xaaana CTBOJIa 'lHCTOil::, T. e. 6e3 xepnorsr or nopoxosoro 'HarapaHJIH )!{e.inoro UBeTa OT pacasuaasr, TmaTeJIbHO OCMOTpeTb KaHaJI CTBOJIa aa CBeT C ;UYJIbHOH 'laCTH H co CTOPOHbl naTpOHHHKa, Me;UJIeHHO nosopasaBaH CTBOJI B pyxax. OPI1 3TOM oco6oe BHHMaHHe ocpaiuars aa yrasr Hape30B H nposepara, He OCTaJIOCb JIH B HHX aar apa.

qHCTKY xaaana ~TBOJ]a paCTBOpOM 'pqCrrpo':

H3BO;UHTb epIlIHKOM, CMO'leHH.bIM BpaCTBop_e;

72

4aCTb nepBaR. YCTPO~CTBO aSTOM3T3

u

. 3aTeM KaHaJI CTBOJIa nporepers naxnea. 4HcTKY paCTBOpOM P4C npO,Il,OJI1KaTb ,Il,0 nOJlHOrO Y,Il,aJIeHllH aarapa, noxa CMO'leHHbIH paCTBOpOM epuiax I:!JIli naKJIH He 6Y,Il,YT BbIXO,Il,I:!Tb as xaHaJIa CTBOJIa 6e3 aar apa llJII:! senena. nOCJIe sroro nporeperu KaHaJI CTBOJIa CYXOH naKJIeH, a 3aTeM LJllCTOH aeroursro. H a CJIe,Il,YlOI..U:llll ,Il,eHb nposepars Ka'leCTBO nponaaeneanon 'lllCTKll llu' eCJIH npn npornpaann KaHaJIa CTBOJIa 'lHCTOH aeroun.ro na Hell 6Y,Il,eT oriaapyxcea aarap, npoH3BeCTll nOBTopHYlO LJllCTKY B TOM }!(e nopanxe.

no -oxonxaaa» 'lHCTKH Hape3HOH 'IaCTll xaHaJIa CTBOJIa TaKI:!M }!(e nOpH,Il,KOM BbI'lllCTllTb rraTpOHHHK CO CTOPOHbI CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH.

IT p li M e tJ a H li e. Ecnunpu tJHCTKe npo rnpxa C mOMnOJIOM 3aCTp5lHeT B KaHaJIe CTBOJIa, HYlKHO BBeCTH g xaHaJI HeMHoro pasorperos lKll}l,KOtl PYlKeilHoil CMa3KIf H sepea H.ecKOJIbKO MHHYT norrsrrarsca BbIHYTb IIlOMnOJl. / ECJIH mOMnOJI ne BblHHMaeTC5I, aarovar vornpaaurs B peMOHTHYIO MaCTepCKYIO.

,

5) ra30BYlO xaxopy, ra30BYlO Tpy6KY II KOMnencarop nposrsrn. }!(H,Il,KOH Py}!(eHHOH CMa3KOH llJII:! pacrsopox P4C II nponacrarr, naKJIeH (Beromsio) npHITOMo.I..U:I:! uro anona I:!JII:! nepesaaaoa naJIO'IKH. I'asonyio xaxopy nOCJIe 'IllCTKll pacTBOPOM P4C nacyxo nporepers seroun-ro, OCMOrpers KaHaJI CTBOJIa, 'ITo.6bI B HeM He OCTaJIOCb nocroponnax npe,Il,Me1'oB, H corepers CTBOJI CHapyxca: ra30BYlO Tpy6KY nOCJIe 'IllCTKH nacyxo

npOTepeTb. .

6) CTBOJIbHYlO Kopo6KY, 3aTBopHYlO paxy, aaTEOP, rasosua nopurens 'IllCTHTb seroun.io, rrpomrrannoa }!(H,Il,Ko.ll py}!(eHHo.HCMa3KoH HJIH pacTBOPOM P4C, nocne xerc nacyxo rrpoTepeTb.

rJlaBa v. YXO)( sa aBTOMaTOM

73

ECJIll ,Il,JIH 'IHCTKll rrOCJIe CTpeJIb6bI rrpaaeasercs }!(H,Il,KaH py}!(eHHaH cMa3Ka, ra30BbIH nopurens, a raxsce UllJIllH,Il,pll'IeCKHe nsrpeasraaraopa noKpbITb caasxoa llJIu 06BepaYTb nx na 3...,.-5 MI:!H. aeroursro, CMO'leHHOH cMa3Ko.H .. I'Iocne sroro npa rrOM0I..U:li rraJIO'lKH y,Il,aJIHTb sarsepneamaf nopoXOBOH Harap H Hacyxo llX rrpo.TepeTb.

7) OCTaJIbHble MeTaJIJII:!'leCKHe 'IaCTll aacyxo nporepers seroun.ro; npa CllJIbHOM aarpasneaaa 'IaCTeH npouacrnrs ax }!(ll,Il,Ko.H py}!(eHHo.H CMa3- Ko.H, a 3aTeM nacyxo nporepers.

8) ,UepeBHHHble nacra orirepers CYXOH Be-

TOlliblO. .

46. 06 _OKOH'laHHll 'lllCTKll aaroxara COJI,Il,aT ,Il,OKJIa,Il,bIBaer KOMaH,Il,llpy ornenenna: 3aTeM C -paapeuresns xoxaannpa OT,Il,eJIeHllH nponaso.lLHTCH cxasxa I:! coopxa 3BTOMaTa ..

47. CMa3KY aBTOMaTa npoaaaoznrre B CJIe,Il,YlO-

I..U:eM nops nke: .

1) Cv aaars xanan CTBOJIa. HaBll!ITI:!Tb aa movnon npornpxy llHaJIo.}!(llTb rra aee seronrs, npormramryro cMa3Ko.ll. BBecTH nporapxy B xaHaJ! CTBOJIaC ,Il,YJIhHOH 'IaCTll II rrJIaBHO rrpo,Il,BI:!HYTb ee ,Il,Ba--Tpll paaa no BceH ,Il,JIllHe CTBOJIa, 'ITo.6bI pasnoxepao no.KpbITb KaHaJICTBOJIa TOHKI:!M CJIo.eM CMa3Kll. CMa3aTb. narponaax II KOMnencarop,

2)' Bee o.CTaJIbHbI.e MeTaJIJIH'leCKI:!e qaCTI:! I:!

MexaHH3MbI aBTOMaTa npa rrOMOI..U:I:! rrpOMaCJIeHHOH neromu noxpsrrs TOHKHM CJIo.eM CMa3KH. 113JIiIllIHHH cvasxa cnocoricrayer '3arpH3HeHHIO 'IaCTeH H MO}!(eT BbI3BaTb sanepacxa . npa CTpeJIb6e.

,lJ.epeBHHHble qaCTH He CMa3bIBaTb,

74

'-TaCTb nepsaa, 'YcTpolicTBO aBTOMaTa

Ilo OKOHqaHHH CMa3KH coopars aBTOMaT,rrpOseparr. pa60TY ero nacrea H MexaHH3MOB" BblqHCTHTb H CMa3aTb Mara3HHbI H npanannescHOCTb, a 3aTeM aBTOMaT noxaaars . xoxannapy OT.ll.eJIeHIUL

48. B- XOJ:ro,UHoe BpeM5I rona npa TeMnepaType +5° C H HH)Ke aBTOMaTbI CMa3bIBaTb TOJIbKO )KH.ll.KOH: PY)KeH:HOH:'CMa3KOH:. Ilpa nepexozie C onHOM CMa3KH aa npyryro nano Tlll.aTeJIbHO ynaJIHTb crapyto cMa3KY co acex qaCTeH: asrojrara.

,UJIH y,UaJIeHH5I' CMa3KH He06xo.ll.HMO npOH3Be.eTH rrOJIHYIO paseopxy aaroxara, npoMbITb ace MeTaJIJIHqeCKHe qaCTH B' )KH.ll.KOH' 'pY)Kef!Hoi1 cxasxe Ii orirepers HX qHCTOM aeroursto.:

TI P II M e 'I a H II e. Ilpaueaeaue PYlKeHHoHcMa3KII rrpa TeMrrepaType "B03.lLyxa HlIlKe +5° C BIV!eCTO lKlI.lLKOH pylKeMHOM CMa3KII KaTerOplI'IeCKII aanpemaerca,

49. ABToMaT, BHeceHHbIll C Mopo3a B rennoe noxemeaae, qHCTHTb' sepes 10-20 MHH. (nocne roro, I<;aK OH ornoreer). PeKoMeH,UyeTC5I nepen BXO,UOM B TeITJIOe ITOMemeHHe aapyacnue ITOsepxaocra aBT'OMaTa oorepers seromsro, npormTaHHOM )KH,UKOH: pY)Kei1HOH: CMa3KoM.

50. ABToMaT, cAaBaeMbIH: B CKJIa.rr. aa AJIH-rensnoe xpaaenae, CMa3aTb )KHAKOH pY)Kei1Hoi1 cMa3KoM, 3aBepHYTb B O,UHH CJIOH HHrH6HTHPOBaHHOH:, a (3aTeM B O,UHH CJIOH: nap arpanapoaanHOll: 6yMarH.

51. ,Uera3aU:HH, Ae3aKTHBaI.(HH H Ae3HH<peKU:HH aBTCiMaToB rrpoH3BOAHTC5I COrJIaCHO YKa3aHliHM J{QMaH,UHpa nonpaanenenaa,

fJlasa V. YXO.!l. sa aSTOMaTOM

75

Xpaaeaae H, c6epelKeHHe aBTOMaTOB H narponos

52. OTBeTCTBeHHOCTb aaxpaneane aBTOMaTOB H naTpOHOB B nO,lJ.pa3,UeJIeHHIi aecer xcxaanap nonp a3,lJ.eJI eHIiH.

ABToMaT xpanarcs sceraa pa3pH)KeHHbIM, npa 9TOM Marp.3HH oT,UeJIeH; lllTbIK-HO)K CH5IT, KyPOK cnyuteu, nepeaonsax aa npeztoxp aanrezre, XOMYTIiK rrpnuen a YCTaHOBJIeH aa ,UeJIeHHe «Il». ABToMaT CHHMaeTCH C npeztoxpaantenn TOJIbKO

BO BpeMH Be.ll.eHH5I orHH.· , '

ABToManHK 065I3aH scerzta ccnepxcan, aBTO~ MaT qHCTbIM H B nOJIHOH: HcnpaBHOCTH, oopauiarsca C HHM 6epe)KHO II OCMaTpHBaTb ero js CJIyqa5IX, YKa3aHHbIX B CT. 61. Ilpanpoaepxe pa- 60ThI vnapao-cnycsosoro MexaHH3MaHe hpOH3"

BOAHTh H3JIHIIIHHX cnycKoB KypKa. .

53. Ilpa Ka3apM~HHoM H. JIarepHOM pacno.no)KeHIfH aBTOMaT xpaaarcs B napaxane: B OC060M OTAeJIeHHH TOH: )Ke IIHpaMH,UbI, xpaHHTCH Mara- 3HHbl, cyvxa ,UJI5I Mara3HHoB, IIITbIK-HO)K B HO)Kaax H MaCJIeHKa, a AJIH aBTOMaTa co CKJIa,lJ.bI" 13alOmHMCH npHKJIaAOM, xpoxe Toro,neHa.n C npHHa,lJ.JIe)KHOCTblO H qeXOJI .ll.JIH aBTOMaTa. CYM~ xa ,lJ.JIH Mara3HHOB H pexeas ,lJ.OJI)KHbI xpaaarscs

'lHCTbIMH H CYXHMH. ' '

54~ Ilpa BpeMeHHoM pacnOJIO)KeHHIi B KaKOMJIH60- 3,lJ.aHHH . aBTOMaT xpaHHTb'B CYXOM 'MeCTe BY,lJ.aJ,leHHH O,T zmepea, rreqeH 'H aarpeeareasaux npaoopos. B 60eBoH 06cTaHoBKe aBTOMaT' ,Uep-

)KaTL rrpH ce6e, B PYKax: , '

.55. npHABIDKeHHH Ha 3aHHTHH 'H na IIOXOAe' r aBTOMaT nepenocnrcs aa pexne B IIOJIO)KeHHH

76

LtaCTb nepaas. YCTpollcTso aSTOMaTa

«na peuens», «na rpyns» i IlJIIl «sa CIUIHY»· Peneas ~OJI)j{eH 6bITb nO)J.OrHaH TaK, 4T06bI anTOM ar He Y)J.apHJICH 0 rnepnue npenueru CHap51- )KeHH51. ABTOMaT rrepeHOCIlTC51 C npacoenanenHbIM Mara3IlHOM. OCTaJIbHble Mara31lHbI HaXO~HTC51 B cyuxe. ABTOMaT co CKJIa~bIBaIOJ..I.I;IlMC51 npIlKJIa)J.OM rrepeHOCIlTCH II rrepeB031lTCH B JIIOObIX YCJIOBIlHX co CJIO)KeHHbIM rrpHKJIa~OM.

• Bo BpeMH nepepsrsos Me)K~y 3aHHTIlHMH, a " TaK)Ke na npnaanax aBTOMaT HaXO~HTCH Y aBTOMaT41lKa aa peune IlJIIl B pyxax.

56. DpY! nepenaasceaan aa aBTOM06HJIHX IlJIIl 6poHeTpaHcrropTepax aBTOMaT nepacars Me)K)J.Y KOJIeH51MIl OTBeCHO. Tl pn nepensuacenaa aa TaHxax aBTOMaT nepxcars B pyxax, oceper-as ero OT y~;:tpOB 0 6pOHIO.

·57. DPH nepesoaxe rro )KeJIe3HbIM ~oporaM IlJIH BO)J.HbIM rrYTHM aBTOMaTbI YCTaHaBJIHBaIOTCH B crren.llaJIbHOH nnpaaane. ECJIH BarOH HJIIl rra-

'\ pOXO~ He 060pY~OBaH rrllpaMIl)J.aMIl, aBToMaT MO)KHO nepacars B PYKax HJIIl rrOJIO)KIlTb aa rrOJIKY TaK, .4T06bI OH He Mor ynacrs IlJIIl nOJIY-

41lTb nospeacneaae. .

58. ,UJIH npenynpescncnas pa3)J.YTIl51IlJIIl paspuna CTBOJIa s anpeuiaerca 4eM-JIH60 3aTbIKaTb

KaHaJI CTBOJIa. -

59. .I'Iarponu uta crpensoanie ~OJI)KHbI xpaHHTbCH ,B CYXOM MeCTe H no B03MO)KHOCTIl aa-

KPbITbIMHOT COJIHe4HbIX JIY4eH. .

06pamaTbcH C narponaxa aazto 6ep_e)KHO, ooeper-ars otx OT rrOBpe)K)J.eHHH BJIarHU rpH3R. CMa3bIBaTb naTpoHbI sanpeuraerca. YTepH narPOHOB He ~orrycKaeTCH.

I'nana VI. OCMOTP aSTOMaTa H no,n:rOTOSKa era K' cTPe.n~6e 77

r JI a B a VI

OCMOTP ABTOMATA 11 nO.l1.rOTOBKA ErO K CTPEJ1b6E -

OOlll,Me n0J10Ji{eHHSI

60. LLJI51 nposepxa ncnpaaaocrn aaronara, ero QIlCTOTbI, CMa3KH II nO)J.rOTOBKIlK CTpeJ1b6e rrpoH3Bo~HTCH OCMOTPbI aarouara, npHHa)J.JIe)KHOCTH II Mara3IlHOB.

61. COJI)J.aTbI H cepscaarsr oCMaTpnBaIOT aBTO-

MaTbl: . . _

- e)Ke)J.HeBHo;

- nepen sacrynneitaen B Hap51)J., nepen BbIXO·

~OM aa 3aH51TH51, B 6oeBoH cocraaosxe - nepno)J.H4eCKH B Te4eHHe)J.H51 II nepen BbIllOJIHeHlleM 6oeBoH 3a~a4H;

-. BO BpeM51 4HCTKH.

,62. 0<pHUePbI oCMaTpllBaIOT aBTOMaTbI nepao)J.HQeCK~ B CpOKH, yCTaHOBJH:~HHble YCTaBoM BHyTpeHHeH CJIY)K6bI, a raxace see aBTOMaTbI IlJIH: 4aCTb H3 HHX nepezt CTpeJIb6oH, 3;:tcTYIIJIeHlleM B HapH)J. H nepen BbIllOJIHeHHeM 6oeBoH aa)J.a4H.

. 63. Hencnpaaaocrn aBToMaTa,Mara3HHoB H npHHa~JIe)KHOCTIl )J.OJI)KHbI YCTpaHHTbC51 HeMe)J.JIeHHO. ECJIH YCTpaHHTb HX B noztpasneJIeHHH HeJIb3H, aBTOM8.T, Mara3HHbI H npaaanJIe)KHOCTb ornp aaars B peMoHTHYIO MacTepcxyro,

64. Xapaxrepnsma HellcnpaBHOCT5!MH, napy-

78

l

nratotuaaa HOpMaJIbHbIH6oH aBTOMaTa, MorYT 6bITb CJIe,n;YIOIUlle:

- MYllIKa criara llJIH noruyra, CMeCTHJIaCb B CTOPOHY, snepx HJIll BHll3 - nYJIIl6y.n:YT OTKJIOH5IT.bC5I B CTOPOHY, npOTIlBOnOJIQ)KHYIO nepexeiu,eHHIO nepuranu MyllIKH;

- npllueJIbHa51 nJIaHKa norHYTa llJIH nepeKOnrena - nyna 6y.n:YT OTKJIOH.51TbC5I .B CTOpOHY nepexemeaaa npopesu rpHBKH npHueJIblwi1 nJIaHKH;

- CTBOJI nOrRYT - nyJIH 6y.n:YT OTKJIOH5ITbC5I B CTOPOHYH3rH6a .n:YJIbHQi1 IJ:.aCTH CTBOJIa;

~ 3a6oHHbI na .n:YJIbHOM cpese CTBOJIa, p acTepTOCTb KaHaJIa CTBOJIa (ocooeuao B .n:YJIbHOH qaCTH), CHOllIeHHOCTb H oxpyraenae yrJIOB noJIeA Hape30B, paKOBHHhl, KaqaHHe npHueJIbHOA nJIaHKH, MYllIKH, npaxnana - see 3TO YBeJIHqHaaer pacceHBaHHe nYJIb.

nOp~,n;OK OCMOTpa aBTOMaTa COJIAaTaMH H cepxcaaraau

65. Ilpa elKejI,HeBHoM ocxorpe y6e.n:HTbc5I B HaJIHqHH .scex qacTeA aBTOMaTa H nposepnrs:

HeT JIH na HapY)!{HbIX qaCT5IX p)!{aBqHHbI, rpsaa, a raiose BM5ITHH, naparnm H 3a6oHH H zipyrax nOBpe)!{AeHHM, xoropsre MorYT BbI3BaTb aapyure-. HHe HOpMaJIbHOA pa60TbI MexaHH3MOB; HeT JIll Ira .n:epeBHHHbIX QaCT5IXTpeIUllH, OTKOJIOB If no- 6HTocTeA; nanescno JIH xpennenae IIIOMnOJIa; xpoae -roro, nposepars COCT05lHHe CMa3KH aa BH.n:HMbIX 6e3 ·pa3_6opKH3BTo.Mata qaCT5IX, Ha-

rJlaBa VI. OCMOTP aBTOMaTa H nO.!l.rOTCBKa etc K CTpeJlb6e 79

JIHqHe peMH5I, npHHaiiJIe)!{HOCTH, 'Mara3HHOB, CYMOK .n:JI5I _HHX Ij: llITbIKa-HO)!{a, a Y aBTOMaTa co CKJIa.n:bIBaIOIUHMC5I npHKJIa.n:OM H HaJIHqHe qeXJIa

.n:JI5I aBTOMaTa. .

66. Ilpn ocxorpe aBTOMan .nepen sacrynaeHHeM B uapan, nepen BbIXo.ll.OM..,Ha 3aHSlTHSI' DB iJoeBoti: oncranoaae rrpoaepari, TO »ce, qT6 a npn e)!{e.n:HeBHOM . OCMOTpe; KpOMe roro, npoaepars ncrrpasaocrs npnuen a II MyllIKH; y6e.n:HTbC5I, qTO B KaHaJIe CTBOJIa HeT' nOCTopOHHHX .npezraeroa: npoaepars npaBIIJIbHOCTbpa6oTbI -racren II Me-

xaHH3MOB. .

Oi'" nposepxe HcnpaBHOCTH npauena li MYIIIKH y6e.n:HTbC5I, qTO npopess aa rpnsxe npauensHOM nJIaHKH He I1MeeT 3a6oHH, XOMYTHK. nJI3BHO

-nepenaaraerca no npHueJIbHOH nJIaHKe H nazre:«HO' 3aKpenJI5IeTCH B YCTaHOBJIemIOM nOJIO)!{eHHH 3aIUeJIKOH, npyxcana aazteacno ynepxomaer npnUeJIbHYIO nJIaHKY, MYlliKa He nornyra H npoxao ynepscaaaercs 'B nOJI03Ke, pHCKa na. rrOJI03Ke cosnanaer C -PHCKOA Ii.aOCHOBaHHH!l.JYllIKH, no- . JI030K nponao . ynepzcaaaerca 'B OCHOBaHIIH MYllIKII.

Ilpa nposepxe npaBHJIbHOCTH paGOTIJI qaCTeti:

H MexaHH3M08 aano:

- nOCTaBHTb .nepeaon-rax na aBTOMaTH'IeCKHA orons (AB), OTBeCTH 3aTBopHYIO paxy sa PYKO- 51TKY aaaan no OTKa3a H OTIIYCTHTb ee; npH3TOM 3aTBOpHa51 paxa AOJI)!{Ha 3HeprHqHO B03BpaTlfTbC5I B nepennee nOJIO)!{eHHe; BHOBb OTBeCTH aaTBOPHYIO .paayaa PYK05lTKY Ha3aA, Ha)!{aTb aa cnYCKOBoA. KPIOqOK H, npH.n:ep)!{HBa5l3aTBopHYIO p axy 3a.pYK05lTKY, Me.n:JIeHHO OTIIyCTH~b ee;, npa .

_ nonxone 3aTBopHoA paMbI)3 xpaaaee nepenaee

of:

I

80

lIacTb nepaasr -. · YCTPOl!CTBO aBTOMaTa

nonoacenae J1.0JI:tKeH 6bITb CJIbIIl1eH llLeJIlIOK - yJ1.ap KypKa no yJ1.apHHKy;

- nOCTaBHTb nepeBOJ1.lIHK na OJ1.HHOlIHblii

orcas (aLL), aaacars na crrycxoaoii KPIOlIOK, QTT5IHYTb 3aTBopHYIO paxy aa PYK05!TKY uasan J1.0 OTKa3a H, He OTnYCKa5I cnycxosoro KpIOlIKa, OTnYCTHTb 3aTBopHYIO pajry; OTrrYCTHTb crrYCKOBOH KPIOlIOK, npn 3TOM J1.0JI)KeH 6bITb CJIbIIlleH uie,nlIOK - KYPOK, BbIIl1eJ1.Il1Hi'I H3 sanenneaaa C urenTaJIOM OJ1.HHOlIHOro OrH5!', CTaHOBHTC5! na ooesoii B3BOJ1.; .nOCJIe sroro rrOCTaBHTb aBTOMaT aa npeJ1.0xpaHHTeJIb H Ha)KaTb na cnYCKOBOH KPIOlIOK:

XBOCT cnyckoaoro KpIOlIKa He J1.0JI:tKeH OTXO,n:HTb Ha3aJ1., a KypOK J1.0JI:tKeH OCTaBaTbC5! .Ha 60eBOM B3BOJ1.e;. CH5!Tb aBTOMaT C npeJ1.0xpaHHTeJI5! H na:tKaTb na cnYCKOBOH KPIOlIOK, npa 3TOM J1.0JI:tKeH 6bITb CJIbIIl1eH YJ1.ap xypxa no YJ1.apHHKY.

Il pn nepecraaosxe nepeaonxnxa npoaepnr s, HaJ1.e)KHO JIH OH YJ1.ep:tKHBaeTC5I B YCTaHOBJIeHHbIX rrOJIO:tKeHH5!X.

y aarowaraco CKJIaJ1.bIBalOllLHM~5I npHKJIaJ1.0M npoaepnrs 3HeprHlIHOCTb J1.ei'lCTBH5! cpHKcaTopOB npmorana H cronopenne rrpHKJIaJ1.a B OTKHHYTOM H CJIQ)KeHHOM nOJIO:tKeHH5!X, ncnpaauocrs H CPHKCHpOBaHHe B OTKHHYTOM rrOJIO)KeHHH nneuesoro ynopa.

67; fIPH ocjsorpe aBTOMaTa BOBpeMH lIHCTKH npoaepnrs Ka)KJ1.YIO lIaCTb H MexaHH3M BDTneJIbHUCTH H y6enHTbC5!, lITO aa MeTaJIJIHlIeCKHX lIaCT5!X HeT CKpOIl1eHHOCTH MeTaJIJI 3,3a6oHH, rromYTOCTeif, p:tKaBlIi1HbI H rpH3H, a na J1.epeB5!HHbIX lIaeT5!X - rpeumn U rr06UTOCTeii_ Ocorice BHHMaHue CJ1eJ1.yeT 06p~I11,aTb na COcT05!HHe' KaHaJI3, CTB.OJIa.

/

'"_._---------- -_--- ----_ .. - "-----_-_-._---

rJ1aBa VI. OCMOTP aBTOMaTa H nO)(rOTOBKa ere K CTpeJ1b(ie 81

68. TIpH OCMOTpe rrpHHaJ1.JIe)KHOCTH nposepnraH3JIHqHe H HcnpaBHOCTb BCeX npenxeroa npaHanJIe:tKHOCTH.

LLJIH nposepxn Il10MnOJIa, npOTHpKH H epunnca rrOOlIepeJ1.HO HaBHHTHTb npornpxy H epIl1HK na Il10MrrOJI H nposepan, H3 rJIa3, He nornyrsr mt OHH; nporapxa If epIl1HK J1.0JI:tKHbr npoxao YJ1.ep:tKHBaTbC5I na Il10MnOJIe, a BepXH515! nacrt, npornpxa ~cB060nHO sp auta'rscs: epmnx J1.0JI)KeH

_ 6bI'r:_b lIHCTbIM, a uiernna He J1.0JI:tKHa BbIIIa~ na rs.

Y nenana He J1.()JI)KHO ObITb rpeunm, rrOM51TOcTeii H nornrios. LJ:epe3 MeHbIl1eeOOKOBoe OTBepCTHe - nenana He J1.0JI:tKHa npoxonars rOJIOBK3 Il10MrrOJIa. KPbIIl1K3 nenana J1.0JI)KHa npOlIHO ynep)KHBaTbC51 aa CTBOJIe H He HMeTb HaHeM 3HalIHTeJIbHOrO 60KOBoro Il1aTaHH5!, lIT06bI BO

_ BpeM5! qHCTKH He paCTHpaJIaCb Il10MnOJIOM J1.YJIbH351 1I3CTb CTBOJIa_ LJ:epe3 OTBepCTHe B KpbIIl1Ke nenan a He J1.0JI:tKH3 rrpOXOJ1.HTb rrpOTHpKa.·

Y MaCJIeHKll He J1.0JI:tKHO 6bITb rpeunm H BM51- Tim. Kpsnuxa MaCJIeHKHJ1.0JI:tKHa HMeTb npoKJIanKY H nJIOTHO npaaepreiaarscs K MacJIeHKe, Hs M3CJIeHKH He J1.0JI)KHa nporexars CMa3Ka.

Y OTBepTKH He nOJI)KHO ObITb CKpOIl1eHHQCTH f! 3a60HH na JIe3BHH If aa .CTeHKax asrpesos. BbI~ KOJIOTKa H IIInHJIbKa He J1.0JI)KHbI ObITb _ nonryTbIMH.

69. 06q acex HeHcrrpaBHOCT51X, 06HaPY)KeHHbIX npn oCMOTpe aBTOMaTa If npHHaJ1.JIe)KHOCTH K HeMY, COJInaTbl' H CeP)!~aHTbI 06513aHbI HeMeJJ;JIeHHO J1.0K.1Ia,ll,bIBaTb cBoeMYKoMaHJ1.Hpy.

82

lIacTb nepaas. YcrpollcTBoaBToMara

nOp~,lJ.OK OCMOTpa aB'I'OMaTa o4JnIJ,epaMn

70. Oq>HuepbI oCMaTpHB;~T aBToMaTbI B co- 6paHHoM H pa306paHHOM BH,lJ.e.

71. OCMOTP aBTOMaTa B c06paHHoM .BH,lJ.e npoH3BeCTU B COOTBeTCTBH" co CT. 65 II 66. Kpove Toro, npoaepars:

1) Ilonasy narpoaoa B naTpoHHHK, HSBnelJeH.nen orpaacenae rnJlbS: CHap5!,n:HTb Mara3UH YlJe6HbIMH narpoaasra; npacoenaanrs ero K anTOMaTY H"He Ha)l{HM,a5! aa 3aII.(eJIKY Mara3HHa, YCHJIUeM pyx» nOnbITaTbCH OT,n:eJIHTb Mara311H-'Mara311H ,n:OJDKeH cB060,n:HO BXO,n:HTb B OKHO CTBOJIbHOH:, Kopb6KH H aaneaoro ynepxcaaarsca 3aII.(eJIKOH: Mara311Ha, Ilepeaapanar s aSTOMaT HeCKOJIbKO paa, npa 3TOM YlJe6HbIe narponsr ,n:OJI·iKHbI 6e3 sanepscxa ,n:OCbIJI aTbCH U3 Mara311- .na B rraTpOHHHK H 3HepmlJHO BbI6paCbIBaTbCH H3 CTBOJIbHOH: Kopo6KH HapyiKy. .

,2) Hcnpaauocrs npmorana: BHHTbI3aTbIJIbHHxa ,n:OJIiKHbI 6bITb rronaocrsro 3aBHHlJeHbI,uiJIHUbI BllHTOB OlJliII.(eHbI;· I1Pll HaiKaTHH rraJIbI1.~M na KPbIlliKY 3aTbIJIhHHKa neaan non ,n:eH:CTBHeM npyiKHHbI)1.0JIiKeH BbI,n:BHraTbC5! 83 r-aesna npmcra,n:a HaCTOJIbKO, IIT06bI ero MOiKHO 6bIJIO BbIHYTb PYKoH:. CKJI a,n:bIBaroII.(HH:CH rrpHKJI a,n: ripoaepaerC5f, RaK YKa3aHO B CT. 66. Kpove . roro, nponePHTb, He rrornyru JIll THrH H HeT JIH KalIKHnpHxnana.

3) Hcnpasaocrs Mara3nHOB:Mara3HHbI He

- ,n:OJIiKHbI HMeTb nOMHTOCTefi H aayceauea aa KOpnyce n aarnriax, xoropue MoryT 3aTpYJl,I;IHTb rronasy rraTpOHOB; cronop ,n:OJIiKeH H·a,n:eiKHO ynepl!<ffBaTb KPbIlliKY Mara3ffHaj nonaaarens noz;

,n:eftcTBHeM npYiKHHbI ,n:OJIiKeH 3HeprHlIHOB03Bpa..' II.(aTbCH B nepxnee ITOJIOiKeHHe.

4) IfcnpaBHocTb wTbIKa';HO)l{a:, llITbIK-HO)l{

.ll:OJIiKeHr;IpolIHO ynepacaaarscs aa asroxare, cB060,n:HO CHHMaTbCH C Hero H IIPOlIHO ynepacaBaTbCHB apxcaax. Ha JIe3BHH He ,n:OJIiKHO 6bITb 3a6oHH, aa HOiKHax BM5ITHH, a aa PYKOHTKe OT-:KOJIOB H TpeIHHH. 1130JIHUllHHOiKeH ~H nrrsncaHOiKa He ,n:OJIiKHa HMeTb rrOBpeiK,n:eHHH.

, 72. )lJIH ocaorpa aBTOM/na B pa3<?6paHHOM anne \rrpOH3BeCTH HeIIOJIHYro HJIH nOJIHYro pas- 60pKy H npcrepers lIaCTH Hacyxo. ~ ,

DPH OCMOTpe aBTOMaTa B~ pa306paHHOM BH,n:e_ CJIH'IHTb HOMepa aa ero IIaCTHX (CT. 5) Ii TII.(aTeJIbHO OCMOTpeTb KaiK,n:yro IIaC!b H MexaHH3M, IITo6bi y,n:OCTOBepHTbCH, 'ITO na MeTaJIJIIfIIeCKHX< IIaCTHX HeTCKpOllIeHHOCTH, 3a6oHH, BMHTHH, ITOrHYTOCTeH:, copBaHHOH:pe3b6~I, csma, CJIe,n:OB p2KaBIIHHbI H rpH3H, a aa ,n:epeBHHHbIX II'aCT5IX ~ TpeII.(HH H no6HTOCTeH:., .' . '. - '

I), Ilpa OCMOTpe CTBOJIa oco6oe BHHMaHlie 06paII.(aTb aa COCTOHHHe KaHaJIa CTBOJIa. KaHaJI CTBOJIa OCMaTpHBaeTCH C ,n:YJIbHOH: IIaCTH. )lJIH nora B CTBOJIbHyro Kopo6KY BKJIa,n:bIBaeTCH 6eJIaH6YMaiKKa, CTBOJIY npaaaror raxoe rrOJIOiKeRIfe, 'ITo6bICBeT OTpaiKaJICHOT 6YMatH H OCBeII.(aJI KaHaJI CTBOJIa. DaTpoHHHKocMaTpIl:BaeTCH C Ka3eHHOH:IIaCTli.

B xaaane CTBOJIa MorYT Ha6JIro,n:aTbCH cne-

,n:yrolUHe, He,n:OCTaTKH: .

_ cerxa pasrapa B. sane nepeceKarolUHxcH

TOHKHX JIHHHH:, KaK ITpaBHJIO; C Ka3eHHGii:IIacTH; 13 nOCJIe,n:yroII.(eM npa cTpi~JIb6e ,B MeCTax ceTKH pa3rapa06pa3yroTcHTpeII.(HHbI H HalIHHaeTCSJ

( ,

84

tIaCTb nepsas, YCTpoficTBO aBTOMaTa

BblKpaUIHBaHHe XpOMa B BH)],e OT)],eJIbHbIX T04eK, 3aTeM BblKpOllIeHHOCTb YBeJIH'IHBaeTC5I H rrepeXO)],HT B CKOJIbl XpOMa; npn He)]'OCTaTOtIHO ruraTeJIbHOM: '!HCTKe B MeCTaX CKOJIa XpOMa MO:tKeT n05IBHTbC5I p:tKaB4HHa;

- paKOBHHhl _: 3Ha'IHTeJIbHble yrJIy6JIeHH5I B MeTaJIJIe, 06pa30BaBllIHeC5I B pe3YJIbT~lTe .60JIbmoro tIHCJIa npOH3Be)],eHHbIX H3 CTBOJIa sucrpeJIOB (pasr ap CTBOJIa) HJIH ,B pe3YJIbTaTe )],JIH-

. TeJIbHOrO B03)]'eM:CTBHH pJKaB'IHHbl B l'oieCTaX CKOJIa xpova: CTBOJI, B KOTOPOM 06pa30BaJIHCb CKOJIbl xpoxia HJIH paKOBHHbI, uano 'IHCTHTb nocne CTpeJIb6bI ocorienno TllI,aTeJIbHO;

- CTepTOCTh noneH Hape30B HnH oKpyrJIeHHe yI;J10B rrOJIeH Hape30B, oc06eHHO aa HX JIeBOH rpann, saaerasre na raas:

- pasnyrae crsona, saueraoe B KaHaJIe CTBOJI a B BH,lJ.e nonepe-moro TeifHoro (renesoro] CnJIOllIHOrO KOJIbu;a (nOJIYKOJIbu;a) HJIH oonapy:tKHuBaeM:Oe no BbIIIYKJIOCTH MeTaJIJIa na aapyzxHOH nOBepXHQCTH CTBOJIa; B03MO:tKHOCTb crpensrisr H3 CTBOJIa, HMeIOru:ero pasnyrne, onpenenser

orpanep: aBTOMaT, HMeIOllI,HM: He60JIbllIOe KOJIbnesoe pa3)],YTHe CTBOJIa 6e3 BbmYKJIOCTH MeTaJIJIa na HapYJKHOM: 'nOBepXHOCTH CTBOJIa, K )],aJIbHei1llIeji CTpeJIb6e nparoztea, ecnn OH y)],OBJIeTBOp5IeT YCJIOBHHM HOpMaJIbHOrO 60H.

06HaPY:tKeHHble He)]'OCTaTKH KaHaJIa CTBOJIa )]'OJI:tKHbI 6bITb saaeceau B KapTO'IKY Ka'IeCTBeHaoro COCT05IHH5I aBTOMaTa.

Ilpa OCMOTpe crsoaa CHapY}KH nponepars, HeT JIH 3a60HH aa cpese narpyoxa ra30BOH xaxopsr, H nponepnrs )],efiCTBHe cpHKcaTopa - npa Ha:tKH" Me rraJIbu;eM cpHKcaTOp )],OJI:tKeH JIerKO YTanJIH-

rJlaBa VI. OCMOTP aBTOMaT3 H rtO)(rOToBKa era K CTpeJl~Oe 85

BaTbCH, a nOCJIe oCBo60:tK)]'eHHH BbIXO)],HTb H3 csoero rneana H npHHHMaTb rrepBOHa4aJIbHOe noJIOJKeHHe, BXO)],H B nporoxxa KOMrreHcaTopa HJIli MyCPTbl. TIpH yronneanox cpHKcaTope xoxnesceTOp H MYCPTa )],OJI~Hbl JIerKO CBHH'IHBaTbCH co CTBOJIa.

2) Ilpa oCMoTpe CTBOJIhHOH KOPOOKH nposepars: He CJIOMaH JIH OTpa:tKaTeJfbHblM sucryn CTBOJIbHOM Kop06KH; HeT JIH nomYTOCTefi H 3a- 60HH na orr-ariax; HeT JIH KatIKH npaxn ana H naCTQJIeTHOM PYK05ITKH; paooraer JIH npyzcaua 3aru:eJIKH Mara3HHa.

3} Ilpa ocaorpe 3aTBOpHOii paasr 06paTHTb BHHMaHHe na xpennenae r-asosoro nOpllIH5I, KOTOPbIM ,lI.OJI:tKeH HMeTb He3Ha'IHTeJIbHYIO Ka4Ky.

4) Ilpa ocsrorpe aarsopa o6paTHTb BHHMaHHe na ncnpaaaocrs ynapnaxa H Bb16paCbIBaTeJIH.

AmI npoaepxn HcrrpaBHocTH Y,lI.apmlKa npn)],aTb 3aTBOpy BepTHKaJIbH<_:>e rr~JIO:tKeHHe; nOCJIe

.eroro nOBepHYTb aarnop aa 180 - y)],ap~HK)],OJI:tKeH nepeMew.aTbcH B sarsope non )],eHCTBHeM c06CTBeHHoro' seca. CMecTHTb yztapnax snepen ,lI.0 OTKa3a - 60eK )],OJIJKeH astcryriart. H3 OTBepCTH5I )],Ha nsrpesa aarnopa. 50eK He )],OJI}KeH HMeTb CKpOllIeHHOCTH HJIH CHJIbHOrO paar apa.

AJIH nposepxa HcnpaBHOCTH BbI6paCbIBaTeJIlI OTBeCTH ero n ansuex B C'WpOHy H OTrrYCTHTbBbI6paCbIBaTeJIb non )]'eilcTBHeM npy:tKHHbI )],OJI:tKeH aaeprnvao Bb3BpaTHTbcH B npexcnee rrOJIOxceaae. BCTaBHTb Y'Ie6HbIM narpon B nupes aa-

rnopa H nOnbITaTbC5I BbIHYTb Y'Ie6,HbIH' narpon -,

srrepen - narpon )],OJI:tKeH np~'IHO y)],ep:tKHBaTbC5I aauenox Bbl6paCbIBaTeJIH B asrpese aaraopa.

3auen Bbl6paCbIBaTeJIH He )J,OJIiKeH llMeTb nu-:

KpOUleHHOCTI1. ' , ' '

,'5) Ilpjr ocsiorpe xacrea B03BpaTHoro H YAapuo-cnycxosoro MexaHH3M~B rrposepars, HeT JII1 'rrOJIOMOK 11 nornyrocrea npyacna, rrOJIOMOK f:l ipeIlJ,liI-_I aa asicrynax noziaaacaux xacrea.

OCMOTP 60eBblx narpoaoa

73~ Ilarpoasr ocvarpaaats nepen CTpeJIb6oH, npa sacrynnenaa B Hap5I)J, 11 rro pacnopaxeamo

KOMaH)J,llpoB. _

Ilpa OCMOTpe naTpOHOB nposepnre:

_ HeT JIll aa ranssax piKaBqllHbl II rrOM5ITOcrea, He UlaTaeTCH JIH nyaa B )J,YJIbue rI1JIb3bI'

, ---:- HeT JIll na KanCIOJIe 3eJIeHOfO aanera H H~

asrcrynae'r JIll KarrCIOJIb nsnne nosepxaocrn )J,Ha

fliJIb3bl; , , ' '" "

_ HeT Jlll cpena 60eBbIX rraTpOHOB yseriasrx. Bee aeacnpasnsre narponsr e)J,aIOTCH aa CKJIa)J,. ECJIll narpoasiaanstnanacs H aarpaanunacs

noxpunacs He60JIbUlllM 3eJIeH,hIM HaJIeTOM llJI~ piKaBqlll!OH, ax He06xo)J,llMO ocrepera CYXOH qHCT~H: BeTOUlblO. Otirnparr, narponsr npOMaCJIeHnon. BeTOUlblO II caapnxcars narpoaaxa Mara- 3HHbI, 06llJIbHO cjraaauuste BHYTPll, sanpeuiaerca.

nOJ,J;fOTOBKa aBTOMaTa K CTpeJIb6e

74. DO)J,roToBKa aBTOMaTa K CTpeJIb6e npoasBO)J,ll'I;CH C u.eJIblO 06eCneqeHHH 6e30TKa3HoH paqOTh.! ere BO :BpeMa crpeasrisr.

<i

rJ!aBa VII. ,flpOBepKa (lOll aBTOM'a1'a

87

ABTOMar rOTOBHTCH K CTpeJIb6e non PYKOBOllCTBOM ,KoMaH)J,llpa OTlleJIeHHH.

75. ,UJIH' nO)J,rOTOBKll aBTOMaTa K CTpeJIb6e,

He06xo)J,HMO: <

_ nponasecra qllCTKY, OCMoTpeTb aBTOM3.T B

pa306paHHoM aane H CMa3aTb ero.. .:

- ocaorpers aBTOMaT Bc06paHHoMBH)J,e;

-ocMoTpeTb Mara3HHbI.-

Henocpencreeaao nepen CTpeJIb60H npouncTllTb rracyxo KaHaJI CTBOJIa (Hape3HYIO qaCTbH narponaax), ocxorpers narpoau H CHapH,lJ,HTb.

llMll Mara3HHbI. . ,

, ECJIll aBTOMaT np0)J,OJIiKllTeJIbHge BpeM5f naxo.nHJICH na xopoae, TO nepen ero 3ap5IiKaHHeM He~ / CKOJIbKO paa BpylJHYIO saepr-axao OTT5IHYTb ua- 3a)J, H npO)J,BI1HyTb Bnepe)J,3aTBopHYIO paay.

r JI a B a VII npOBEPKA 6051 ABTOMATA-

M' nPMBE.LI.EHME ErO K HOPMAJlb,HOMY,

, 6010 '

06mHe nOJlO}KeHHSI

76. ABToMaT, aaxonsuraaca B nO,iJ,pa3,n:eJIemfll, .nOJIiKeH 6blTb acerna' npnsenen K HOPM8.JIbHOl'i!Y

6010.,' '

Ilpoaepsa 6051 aBTOMaTa npoli3Bo)J,RTC5I:

_- npll nor-rynnenaa ero B rro)J,pa3J1.eJIemle; _ rrOCJIe peMoHTa, 3aMeHbl lJaCTeH, xoropsre

MQrJIJ1 6l>1 li3MelIliTl> ero 60Hj »

88

'IaCT& nepaas. YCTPOl!CTBO aBTOMaTB.

-, npn 06HapYlKemIH .BO BpeMH CTpeJIb6w He-

HOpMaJIbHbIX OTKJIOHeHHH rryns,

B 60eBOH 06CTaHOBKe,n:OJIlKHbI 6bITb .acnons- 30BaHbI BCe B03-MOlKHOCTH ,n:JIH nepaonauecxoa nposepxa 60H aBTOMaTOB H npaaenenas HX K HOpMaJIbHoMY 6010.

77. Flepen nposepxoa 60H aBTOMaT cnenyer TmaTeJIbHO OCMOTpeTb H YCTpaHHTb 06HapYlKeHasre neacnpasaocra.

78. Ilponepxa 60H aBTOMaTa HrrpHBe,n:eHHe ero K HOpMaJIbHoMY 6010 rrpoH3Bo,n:HTCH nozrpyKOBO,n:CTBOM KOMaH,n:Hpa POTbI (riarapen, B3BOzra) na CTpeJIb6Hme B 6e3BeTpeHHYID norozry, B 3aKpbIToM rape HJIH na 3amHmeHHOM OT serpa ysacrxe CTpeJIb6mua, npn HOpMaJIbHOM OCBelUeHHH.

DpHMbIe HaqaJIbHI:!_KH, no KOMaH,n:Hpa 'laCTH BKJIIDqHTeJIbHO, 06H3aHbI CJIe,n:HTb aa TOqHbIM co- 6JIID.neHHeM npasan rrpesepxn 60H H npuseneaas K HOpMaJIbHOMY 6010 aBTOMaTOB.

79. Crpeasoanpa nposepxe 6051 aBTOMaTOB H npaseneaan HX K -HOpMaJIbHoMY 6010 nponaso,n:HTCH JiY'{IIIHMH aBTOMaTqHKaMH, oT06paHHbIMH KOMaH,n:HpoM nozrpaaneaeana,

DPH nponepxe 605I ,n:OJIlKHbI npHCYTcTBoBaTb aBTOMaTqHKH, aa KOTOPbIMH aaxperinensr aBTOMaTbI, HX KOMaH,n:HpbI oT,n:eJIeHHH H opyiKeHHbIH MaCTep HJIH 0pYlKeHHbIHTexHHK C He06xo,n:HMbIM. HHcTpYMeHToM.

80. Ilposepxa 605I aBTOMaTa H npnseneaae ero K !l0pMaJIbHoMY 6010 npoH3Bo,n:5ITC5I CTpeJIb- 60M narponaan C 06blKHoBeHHoMrrYJIeH. Il arpoHbI ,n:OJIlKHbI 6WTb O,n:HOH nap-ran. lI.aJIbHOCTb CTpeJIb6bI 100 M, rrpl1ueJI 3 .. DQJIO)KeHHe JI,JI5l

I'naaa VII. Ilnoaepxa !SOli· aBTOMaTa

CTpeJ1b6bI -JIelKa C yrropa. AinOMaT:- 6e3 llITbIKa-HOlKa. ABTOMaTbI, HMelOmHe KOMrreHCaTOphI, rrpHBO,n:5ITCH K HOpMaJIbHOMY 6010 C KOMneacaropaaa, xoropsre B ,n:aJIbHefillieM npa CTpeJIb6e He CBHHqHBaIOTCH.

8t. CTpeJIb6a Be,n:eTC5I O,n:HHOqf{blMH ssrcrpeJIaMH no npOBepOqHOH MHllIeHH (HJIH 'no JfepHOMY rrpHMoyrOJIbHHKY pa3MepOM35 CM rro BbICOT~ If 25 CM no IlIHpHHe), YKpenJIeHHOH aa _6eJIOM IUIiTe BblCOTOH 1 M H llIHPHHOli 0,5 M. TOqKOli npnueJIHBClHHH CJIYlKHT cepennaa HH)!{HerO xpas npoSepOqHOH MHllIeHH (sepuoro rrp5IMoyrOJIbHHKa); OHa ,n:OJI)!{Ha Haxo,n:HTbC5I npH6JIH3HTeJIhHOH.a yposae raaaa CTpeJI5IIOmero. Ha qepHOM-np5IMOyrOJIbHHKe no OTBeCHOH JIHHHH aa pacC1"05IHHH 25 CM Ha,n: TOqKOH npHl.(eJIHBaHHH OTMeqaeTCH MeJIOM HJIH UBeTHbIM xapannauroa HOpMaJIbH,oe nOJIOlKeHHe . cpenaea TOqKH nonanaaaa (CTD). 3ra TOqKa 5IBJI5IeTC5I KOHTPOJIbHOli· (I\T) .. Y' npoBepOqHOH MHllleHH aa KOHTpOJIbHYlO' TOqKY npa-

HHMaeTC5I ueHTp KpyroB. .

Ilponepxa 60S!

82~ ,lJ;JI5I nposepxa 605I CTpeJIHlOmHH npona> BO,n:HT qeTblpe O,n:HHOqHbIX sucrpena, TlUaTeJIbHO If oztaoocpaano rrpHueJIHBa5ICb non cepeznnry HH)!{HerO Kpa5I MHllleim (nepuoro npxxoyrcnsHHKa). D6 OKOHqaHHH CTpeJIb6bI KOMaH,n:Hp, 'PYKOBo,n:5ImHH nposepxoa 605I, oCMaTpHBaeT MHureas H rro paCrrOJIOlKeHJ-f1O npotioaa onpenenser KyqHOCTb 60H H nOJIO)!{eHHe cpeaaea TOqKH' nonanaaua. COJI,n:aTaM. H Cep)!{aHTaM,rrpOH3BO,n:SIIUHM CTpeJIb6y, oCMaTpHBaTb MHllleHHHe "pa3.peuraerca.

89

90

t.IacTb nepaas. YCTPOl!CTBO aarovara

83. KyqHOCTb 60H npH3HaeTcH' HOpMaJIbHOfi,

'eCJIH BCe nersrpe nporioaau HJlH TpH (npn O,!!.HOH oropaasurejica) sxeutarorca B xpyr ,!!.HaMeTpoM 15 CM .. ECJIlf KyqHOCTb pacnOJIO)!{eHHH n.p060HH He y,!!.OBJIeTBOp5IeT 3TOMY Tpe60BaHHio, TO CTpeJIb6a nOBTOp5IeTC5I': 0P.H nOBTopHOM aeynoBJIeTBOpl-iTeJIbHOM pe3YJIbTaTe . CTpeJIb6bI aBTO. MaT OTnpaBHTb B peMOHTHYIO MaCTepCKYIO ,!!.JI5I YCTpaHeHHH npaxaa pasripoca nyas.

. ECJIH KyqHOCTb pacnOJIO)!{eHHH npotioan 6y-ner npasnaaa HOpMaJIbHOfi" TO xoxaunap onpe··,!!.eJIHeT cpe,!!.HIOIO TOqKY rronananaa jr ee nOJIO-

)!{eHHe OTHOCHTeJIbHO KOHTPOJIbHOfi TOqKH.· .

84. ,UJI5I onpeneneaaa cpenaea roxxa nonaua-:

HlfH r no qeTbIpeM .npceoaaaa HY)!{HO:

-. - coe,lJ,lfHHTb np5IMofi JIlfHHefi zrse 6JIH·)KaIImae np060HHbI If paCCT05fHHe Me)!{,lJ,y HHMH pas.JI.eJIHTb nOnO./IaM;

.'. -rrOJIyqeHHyIb TOqKY COeJI.lfHHTb C TpeT_befi . -npoooaaoa If paCCTOHHHe Me)!{JI.Y Hlfii.m pasneJlHTb na rpa paaaue qaCTH;

- TOqKY ,ir,eJIeHH5I, 6JIH)!{allIlIYIO K JI.ByM nep, BbIM npoeoaaax, coenaaars C qeTBepTOH npoooHHOM If paCCT05IHlfe Me)!{JI.Y HlfMlf paanenars na qeTbIpe pasnsie qaCTH. '. . TOqKaJI.eJIeHH5I, 6JIlf)!{aHruaH K nepBbIM TpeM npoooaaaa, If 6YJI.eT·cpe,!I.H~M TOqKOM nonananas xertapex npoooaa (pac, 47, a).

Cpe,!I.HIOIO TOqKY nonananaa. MO)!{HO onpeneJUiTb -raioxe CJIe,!I.ylolll.HM cnococox: COe,!I.HHHTb .nporioaau nonapao, 3aTeM coenamrrs Cepe,!I.HHbI ooeax npHMbIxlf nOJIyqeHHYIO JIlfHlfid paanemm, nOnOJIaM; TOqKa neneaas If 6Y,!I.eT cpennea TOqKOH nonaaauaa (pHC. 47,6).

I'nana VII. npoBepKa tiOl! aarouara

85. ECJIlf see qeTbIpe np060HlfbI He BMelll.aIOTCH B Kpyr nnaxerpoa 15 CM, TO cpemnoro TOqKy nOna,!I.aHlfH paspeuraercn onpenenars no TpeM 60JIee KyqHOpaCnOJIO)!{eHHbIM npoooaaav npn YCJIOBlf~, qTO qeTBep_TaH np0601-fHa ynaneaa OT Cpe,!I.HeH TOqKH non ana Hlf5i: rpex npoooan 60- zree qeM na 2,5 pazmyca Kpyra, BMelll.aIOllI.erO

'13TH TPH np060IfHbi (pIfc.47,e).· .

..b#

a

;,

Puc. 47. Onpenenenae cpennea TOqKH norranaaas:

a, 6 - no 'leThrpew npO(')OIlHaM' 8.~ no rpex npOOOIfHaM; e - onpeneaexae 'OTOPBaBllIel!C5!

npoeioHHbl .

86. 'uJI51 onpeneaeaas Cpe,!I.HeM TOqKH rronana-

HHH no TpeM np060HHaM HY)!{HO:: », . •

- - coenaanrs npHMoM JIlfHlfeM ,lJ,Be 6JIlf)!{aii-' nme np060HHbI H paCCTO.HHUe Me)!{,!I.y Hm.i:Hpa3- .'

,!!.eJIlfT.b norron aM; -:

-:- nOJIJ::qeH~yIO TO'lKY COe,!I.HHIITb . C TpeTbeii_ npo60HHOH If .paCCTOHHlfe Me)K,!I.y HlfMH pa3.lr.e-. JIlfTb aa rpa paaasre 'laCTK.

91

92

LIaCTb nepaas. ·YcTpOllCTBO .aBTOMaTa

TO':lKa AeJIeHIUI, 6mDKaHiliafl K nepBbIM ABYM np060HHaM, H 6YAeT CpeAHeH TO':lKOH nonanaaas (pHC. 47,8) ..

87, ITPH HOpMaJIbHOM 60e aBTOMaTa cpennas TO':lKa nona.aanaa AOJIiKHa cosrranars CKOH-. TPOJIbHOH TO':lKOH HJIH OTKJIOHflTbClI OT aee B JIIO- 60M HanpaBJIeHHH He 60JIee ':leM na 5 eM, T .. e. He BbIXOAHTb aa npenenu MaJIOrO xpyra npn-

. CTpeJIO':lHoH· MHllIemL ,

88. ABToMaT, 60H KQTOpOrO npa nposepxe OKaiKeTC5[ HeHOpMaJIbHbIM, npasonarca K HOPMaJIbHoMY 60I0COrJIaCHO CT. 89'.

Ilpnaeneaae K HOpMaJIbHoMY 6010

89. ECJIHnpH CTpeJIb6e OAHHO':lHbIMH ssrcrpeJIaMH cpeAHflfl TO':lKa rrorraAaHHfl OTKJIOHHJIaCb OT KOIITPOJIbHOH B KaKYIO-JIH60 CTOPOHY 60JIee ':leM ua 5 CM, TO COOTBeTCTBeHHO 3TOMY npOH3B·OAHTClI H3MeHeHHe nOJI())KeHH5I MyIlIKH: eCJIH cpenHlIfl TO':lKa nonananas HHiKe KOHTPOJIbHOH, MYIlIKY nano BBHHTHTb, ecaaasnue - BbIBMHTHTb; ecJIM cpeAHflfl TO':lKa norraAaHHfl JIeBee KOHTpOJIb~ HOH TO':lKH, rrOJI030K MYIlIKH: nepennaayrs BJIeBO, eCJIH rrpaBee - snpaso,

ITPM nepeaeiueamr MYIliKH B CTOPOHY aa 1 MM cpenasa TO':lKa nonananas npa crpenstie aa 100 M cveuraerca aa 26cM. OAHH rrOJIHbIH 060- pOT MYIlIKI1rrepeMeIll.aeT cpeAHIOIO .TO':lKY nonaAaHHfl no BbICOTe npa CTpeJIb6eH<i 100 M ua 20 CM.

IT paBI1JIbHOCTb nepeuenreaaa MYIliKH rr ponep5IeTC5I nonropnoa CTpeJIb6oH.

90. ITocJIe npaaeneaas aBTOMaTa K HOpMaJIb-

rJIaBa VIr. Jlpoaepxa 60ll aBTOMaTa

93

HOMY 60lOCTapa51 pI1CKa Ha rrOJI03Ke MylliKH aa- 6HBaeTC5I, a BMeCTO nee Ha6H:BaeTC5I HOBa51 IlocJIeAHI1H pe3),JIbTaT CTpeJIb6bI npir I1pHB~AeHMM aBTOMaTa K HOpMaJIbHoMY 601O 3aHOCHTCfl B KapTO':lKY xasecraeaaorn COCT051HH51.

\,

06~"e nOJlO}KeHI!SI

4ACT b BTOPA5.I nPMEMbl M nPABMnA CTPEnb6bl M3 ABTOMATA

rJI a B a VIII

npUEMbl CTPEJIb6blH3 ABTOMA!A

91. CTpeJIb6a H3 aBTOMaTa MOJKeT BeCTHCb pa3JIHtIHbIX nOJIOJKeHHH H C JIIo6oro' MeCTa, orxyna BH.n:Ha nens HJlH YlJaCTOK MeCTH0CTH, na KOTOPOM OJKfr.n:aeTC5I .n05lBJIeHHe npornsmrxa. '.

f1PH Be.n:eHHH OfH5I C MeCTa aBTOMaTlJHK npaHHMaeT nOJIOJKeHHe .n:JI5I CTpeJIb6bI CT05l, c. KOJIeHall JIeJKa B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT YCJIOBHH MeCTHOCTH H OfHH npOTHBHHKa.

B .n:BHJKeHHH aBTOMaTlJHK MOJKeT BeCTH. OfQHb na xony 6e3 OCTaHOBKH H C KOPOTKOH OCTa-

HOBKH. '

. f1PH nepe.n:BHJKeHHH Ha oponerpaacnoprepe, aBTOM06HJIe,TaHKe, zrecanrnsrx nepenpasounsrx cpencraax H JIbIJKax. aBTOMaTlJHK .n:JI5I ee)(eHH5I OfHH npHHHMaeT ynotiaoe' .n:JIH_ nero no.gOJKeHl,Ie,

C06JlIO.n:aH Mepbl 6e30naCHOCTH. .

92. B 6.oeBblx YCJIOBHHX MeCTO ,.n:JI5I aBTOMaTlJHK 3aHHMaeT H ooopynyer no .n;aM KOMaH.z:LHpa OT.n:eJIeHHH nJIH CaMOCT?5ITeJIb-. HO. B .KOMaH.n;e na 3aH5ITHe MeCTa .n;JI5I CTpeJIb6bl KOMaH.n:Hp MO)!{eT r aroxe onpenemrrs BpeM5I aa

fJl3B3 ·VIII. rrpHeMb; CTpeJli.ObIH3 3BTOM3T3' 95--

o6opY.n;OBaHHe, nOJIO)!{eHHe .n;JIfI CTpeJIb6bI, cexTOp 06CTpeJIa HJIHHarrpaBJIeHHe CTpeJIb6bI.

,.uJIH CTpeJIb6bI H3 asroxara Heo6xo.n:HMO BbI- 6HpaTb raxoe MecTo, KOTopoe06ecnelJHSaeT HaH:r_YlJlIlHH06.30P H 06CTpeJI, YKpbIBaeT aBTOMaT'-IHKa OT Ha6JIIO.n;eHHH H OfHH npOTHBHHK.a H n03- BOJIHeT y.n:06HO BblllOJIHHTb npaexu CTpeJIM)bI. .BaaBHcHMoCTH OT o6cTaHoBKH MeCTO .n:JIH CTpeJIb6bI BbI6HpaeTC5I B rpauuree.. oxone, BOpOHKe' OT cnapsna, KaHaBe; 3aKaro.meM nHeM

H T.·.n:. B HaCeJIeHHOM nYHKTe MeCTO .n:JIH ~TpeJIb\: . 6bI MO)!{eT 6bITb' BbI6paHO B. OKHe 3.n:aHHlI, aa : xepaaxe, B rpYH.n:aMeHTe CTpoeHMlI H T. n.

He cnenyer BbI6HpaTb MeCTO )(JIlI CTpeJIb6bl B6JIH3H Bbl.n;eJI5IIOIlI,HXCH OT.n:eJIbHbIX MeCTHb"IX npenxeroa, a raiose na rpeonax B03BbIlIleHHOCTeH.

93. f1PH. 3a6JlarOBpeMeHHoH nonrorosxo Me-' CTa .n:Jl51 CTpeJlb6bl aeooxonaao npoaepars B03- MO)!{HOCTb senenas OrH51 B 3a.n:aHHOM cexrope HJIH HanpaBJIeHHH, .n:JIlI tJero aBTOMaT nocnenoBaTeJIbHO. HaBo.n:HTCH B pa3JlH:tJHble . MeCTHble . npe.n:MeTbl • .LLJIlI. y.n:06CTBa . Be.n:eimH OrfIlI, aeoriXO.n;HMO. n9.n:rOTOBHTb .ynop-nojr uesse aBTOMaTa.

94 . .uJIH 3aHlITH5I MeCTa .n:JllICTpeJlh6bI· no- .. naercs KOMaH.n;a, npaaepno: «TaKoMY-TO (HJlH aBTOMaTtIHKY TaKoMY~TO), MeCTO .n:JlSl CTpeJlbObl TaM-TO.- K 6010». Flo ~lTOH KOMaH,n;e aBTOMaT~ tJuK,.npHMeHHlIcb K MecTHocTH, 6blcTpoaaHHMaer MeCTo.n:JIH CTpeJIb6bI, H3fOTaBJIHBaeTCH K crpens-

6e H OTKpbIBaeT orOHb. . .

95. ;l1)nl CMeHbI Me.CTa· .n:JlH CTpeJIb6bI no.n:aeT-' ClI KOM'aH,n;a, npaxepao: «TaKoMY-Tq (HJIH aBTO-

MaTlJHKy . TaKoMY-TO ), nep~6e)KaTbTY)l.a-To =:':

. /

anepen». no 3TOiI KOM anne aBTOMaTllHK aa aellaeT nyrs BbI,lI.i3ll)KeHH5I na HOBoe MeCTO, YKPbITble MeCTa,lI.JI5I OCTaHOBOK H cnocoo nepenmoxeHH5I, eCJIH OH He QbIJI YKa3aH B KOMaH,lI.e.

B 3aBHCllMOCTll OT 06CTaHOBKll II xapaxrepa MeCTHOCTll aBTOMaT'IllK B 6010 nepezraaraercs 6eroM, YCKopeHHbIM urarov II rrepe6e)KKaMll llJIll nepeno.naamrera, Flepezr HaIlaJIOM nepenan)KeHll51 aBTOMaT CTaBllTC5I aa npenoxpannrens,

PHC. 48.

Y.ll.eplKaHHe aBTOMaTa

IIO-IIJIaCTYHcKH

IIpH lIepelIOJI3aHHH

96. Flpn .ll.Bll)KeHllH 6eroM, YCKopeHHbIM urarOM ~ rrpllrrepe6e)KKax. aBTOMaT Y,lI.ep)Ki-!BaeTC5! O,lI.HOll llJIll ,lI.BYM5I PYKaMll, KaK Y,lI.06Hee.

n PHu rrepe~OJI3aHllll aBTOMaT Y,lI.ep)KllBaeTC5I npason PYKOH aa peMeHb Y BepXHeH anr arixa llJIll sa uease (puc, 48).

97. ,UJI5I ycneumoro BbIIIOJIHeHH5I OrHeBbIX aa,lI.aIl aarowar-rax ,lI.OJI)KeH B cosepurencrse BJIa-' ,lI.en rrplleMaMll ctpeJIb6bI ll3 aBTOM1iTa

Ka)K,lI.bIH aarojaarnux, PYKOBO,lI.CTBY5I~b otiiua_ Mll npasanasor BbIIIOJIHeHll51 rrpaeaoscrpeascu . II YIlllTbIBa51 CBOll llH,lI.llBll,lI.yaJIbHble occoeaaocra, )J,OJI)KeH aupariorarr, II npaxenars naarioaee BbIronaoe II YCTOHqllBOe rronosceaae ,JJ;JI51 CTpeJIb6bI,'

rJlaBa VIII. npHeMbl cTpeJll;6bl H3 aBTOMaTa

97

,lI.o611Ba5lCb O,lI.lioo6pa3Horo rrOJIO)KeHll51 rOJIOBbl, xopnyca, PYKll nor,

B 3aBliCliMOCTll OT ~H311lleCKliX oco6eHHOCTeH aBTOMaTIlllKa. p as penraercs IIPOH3BO,lI.HTb CTpeJIb- 6y C JIeBOrO nnexa, rrpnneaanarscs C OTKPbITbIMil 060ilMH rJIa3aMllll T. rr.

98. CTpeJIb6a ns aBTOMaTa CJIaraeTC5I as asrOTpBKll K crpensce, rrpollimo,lI.CTBa.· crpensou (BblCTpeJI a) njrpexp ameuas CTpeJIb6bI.

H3rOTOBKa K' cTpenb6e

99. ABTOMaTqHK ll3rOTaBJIllBaeTC5! K cTpe.iIb6e rro xoxaune llJIll caMOCT05lTeJIbHO. Ha YQe6HblX .3aH5ITH5IX KOMaH,lI.a ,lI.JI5I li3rOTOBKll K cTpeJIl,6e MO)KeT rrO,lI.aBaTbC5I pa3)J,eJIbHO, aanpaxep: «Ha oraeaoa py6e),K, maroa '- Maprn» II 3aTeM «3apSl)Kai1». ECJIll HY)KHO, nepen KOMaH,lI.OH «3ap5l-' )Kafi» 'YKa3blBaeTc5I rrOJIO)KeHlle,lI.JI5I CTpeJIb6bI.

t()O. H3roToBKa K cTpenb6e BKJIIOIlaeT npaasrae rrOJIO)KeHH5IJJ;JI5I CTpeJIb6bl H aapassaaue. as-

TOMaTa. .

101. .lI.JI,SI npHHSlTHSI nonO)KeHHSI )J,nSl cTpenb6bl

JIe)Ka Ha.ll.O: '. \

. 1) EcnH aBTOMaT B nOJIO}l{eHH.H KHa pexeus».

Ilonars npanyio PYKy "no pexrno HeCKOJIbKO saepx a, CHHMa51 aBTOMaT C IIJI ell a , I10.ll.XBaTllTb ero JIeBofi PYKoH3a cnycxonyio cxody II CTBOJIbHYlO Kopo6KY, 3aTeM B351Tb aBToMaT'IIpaBOH PY-' KOM3a CTBOJIbHYIO HaKJIa,lI.KY II neuse ,lI.YJIbHOH ll'aCTbIO snepen. O,lI.HOBpeMeHHo C 3THM. C,lI.eJIaTb . rro'JrHbIH war npanoa noroa snepen Ii. HeMHoro snpaso. HaKJIOH5I5ICb nnepezt, onycTHTbC5I aa JIesoe KOJIeHO H nocraaars JI.eBYIO PYKY aa 3eMJIlO

,1M-230,

•"IIIIII"II"-I1·.~··-I-I·· •• ""II"I1""""""""~~""".L .... ~~~~~~~~~'~~~';;:;:;~;;~~~~~~====~'

. __ .' . I

_____ . _~ ..L---~--- ~-------'::------ -~~ .. -,-, -~------~---

•• '_ .. ".' ¥_ .• ,,,. , •. '''''''''~' <,,,<,,,.., .. ,,,,,,,_,, , :l

:,~. -, ..

, ,

c~ 98 lJaCTbBTOpajl, ,npHeMhI H rrpaSRJla CTpenb6h1 H3 aBTOMaTa

snepenn ceria, rraJIbI.I,aMI1 snpaso (PI1C, 49,a); 3aTeM, onapaacs nOCJIe.ll.OBaTe,:1IbHo aa 6e.ll.po JIeBOHHorH H npezmneuse JIeBOH PYKI1, JIe'!b aa JIeBbIH 60K ,H 6bICTPO nonepayrscs na )KHBOT,

a

,

Pac. 49. Ilopsnox . npHHHTHH nOJIO)KeHRH .lI.JI5I

" CTpeJIb6bl JIe)Ka:

a - aBTOMaTQHK "onapaerca H8 J1eBOe KOJIeHO H neayio

PYKY; (j - 8BTOM8T yzrepscaaaerca neso.it PYKOit 3~ IJ,eBbe 1

paCKHHYB HOrH CJIerKa B CTOPOHbI HOCKaMI1 naPY)KY; aBTOMaT npa STOM nOJIO)KI1Tb I.I,eBbeM aa JIa.ll.OHb JIeBOH, PYKH (pac, 49, 6),

·2) ECJlH' aBTOMaT B nOJlo:iKeHHH «na rPY.ll.b».:

B3flTb JIeBOH PYKOH aBTOMaT CHH3Y sa I.I,eBbe-H

99

\

CTBOJIbHYlOHaKJIa.ll.KY H, npanonaasras 'ero HeCKOJIbKO nnepen 11 naepx, BblBeCTH npasyxipyxy 113-nO.ll. pexms, a 3aT.eMnepeKHHYTh peveus uepea rOJIOBY 11 B351Tb' aaroxar npaBoft: PYKoH3a CTBOJIbHYlO HaKJIa.ll.KYI1 uease .ll.yJIbHOM 'Ia.CThlO snepen. B .ll.aJIbHeMIlIeM· rrOJIO)KeHl1e .ll.JJ5I CTiPeJIb~

6bI JIe)Ka npaaaxaerca ' .

Tal{ )Ke, KaK 11 113 nOJIO- •

)KeHH51 C aBrOMaTOM «na peMeHb» . . 102. -.l1.J1J1 npHHSlTHSI nO)JO)KeHHJI .ll.J1J1 ctpeJIb-

6bI C KOJleHa nano: B351Tb aBTOMaT B npanyio PYKY

_ (CT. 101) aa CTBOJIbHYlO.

HaKJIa.ll.KY R uease .ll.YJIbHOM sacrsio srrepen 11 O.ll.HOBpeMeHHo C ST11M,

oTcTaIl,HB - npaayio Hory PRC, 50. rIOJIO>KeHHe.l1Jm

.aaaan, onycTHTbC51', na crpensesr C KOJIeHa

npanoe KOJIeHO H npn-

cecrs na !fa6JIYK; rOJIeHh

JIeBOH Hom npa STOM .ll.OJI)KHa OCTaTbC51 B sepT11I;:aJIbHOM nOJIO)KeHHI1, a 6e.ll.pa.ll.OJI)KHbI CO";' cTaBJI51Tl:> yron, 6JI113KI1H: K npaxoay. TIepeJIO)KHTbailToMaT I.I,eBbeM B 'JIeBYlO PYKY, narrpaaaa

ero B CTOPOHY I.I,eJII1 (PI1C. 50). . '. .

103. Jl,J1J1 npHHJlTHJI nOJlO}KeHHJI.ll.JIJI CTPeJIbPbI CTOJI Ha)J.O:

1) ECJlH aBTOMaT B nOJlO}KeHHH «aa pe~elfb». , Ilosepnyrsca erionotiopora narrpano no oraoure-" BMlO KHanpaBJIe~fI1lO na I.I,eJIb 11, He npacrasnaa JIeBOHHOrl1, OTCTaBI1Tb'ee SJIeBO npnxepno aa IlIHpHHyl nne-r, KaK Y)J.o6Hee aBTO)VlaT'IHKY, pac-

. '

100 qacTb BTopa~" ITplieMbl II rrpaBIIJla CTPe~b6bl 113 aBTOMaTa

npeneaas npa 3TOM T5DKeCTb TeJIa paaaouepao na o6e aorn. O.uHOBpeMeHHO, nonaaas npasyro pyxy ITO peMHIOHeCKOJIbKO nsepx, CH5ITb aBTOMaT C nneua II, no.uXBaTIIB ero JIeBOM PYKOH: cna- 3Y aa uense H CTBOJIbHYIO HaKJIa.uKY, 3HeprHQHO no.uaTb" .uYJIbHOH: ~aCTblO

enepezr, B CTOPOHY nenn : (pIIC" 51).

2) EeJIH aBTOMaT B no-

RRe~"" JIo:m:eHHH «aa rpym,».

B3HTb JIeBOH: PYKOM aBTOMaT CHH3Y 3a ueBbe H CTBOJIbHYIO Hl!-KJIa.uKY a, ITpllrro.uHHMa5I ero HeCKOJIbKO nnepen H saepx, BblBeCTH npanyro PYKY as-non peMH5I, a 3aTeM nepexanyrr, peveas uepes rOJIOBY. Ozr-, HOBpe¥eHHO C 3TIlM nosepHYTbC5I anonocopora nanp aso H, He npHCTaBJIH5I JIeBOM norn, OTCTaBIlTb ee BJIeBO npanepao na UIHPllPuc. 51. Ilonoxcenae "HY" nnen, KaK ynoonee asl\.nll crpenstisr CTOH

TOMaT'.JHKy, H snepr'anno

noziars aBTOMaT .uYJIbHOH qaCTblO nnepen, B CTOPOHY uenn (CM. pHC. 51).

104. Il pn npaaarna rr~JIo:m:eHHlI .uJIH CTpeJIb- 6bl C aBTOMaTOM «na rpyiI.b» pa3p~II1aeTC5I pe-"~ MeHb c men He CHIlMaTb, a .HcnOJIb30BaTb ero ;i .uJIlI 60JIee npcsnoro ynepscanna aBTOMaTa npn

CTpeJIb6e (puc. 52)." "

105; JI,JlSI 3apSlMaHHH aBTOMaTa \ nano:

~ y.uep)KIIBa51 ?BTOM$T JIej30H PYKOH aa

____ ~ __ r_J1a~.B_a __ V_II_I. __ n~p_H_eM~b_I~C~TP~e~J1~b6~b~I~II~3~a~B~T~oM~a~T~a~~101

ueBbe, npaaon PYKOH npacoenaarrn, K a.BToMaTY CHap5I)KeHHbIH Mara3HH (CM. CT. 7, II. 9f1 pHC. 11), eCJIH OH He 6blJI K HeMY paaee npacoenauen;

~ rrOCTaBHTb rrepe-

BO.uqHK aa aBTOMaTHqeCKHHorOHb ·(AB),.ec.JIH aBTOMaT Haxo.uHTCH na npeuoxp aHHTeJIe;

Puc. "52. Ilonoaceane l\JlH CTpeJlb6bl c IICnOJlb30BaHHeM peMHlI:

'a---:-,c KOJleHa; 6-CTO.f.l

~ "IIpaBOHpYKOH sa PyKOHTKY OTBeCTH saTBOpHylO palViy naaazr no OTKa3a H OTrrYCTHTb ee;

-- nocraea ns aBTOMaT Ha rrpe.uoxpaHHTeJI"b (pHC. 53), eCJIH aerrpencroar HeMe.uJIeHHOe OTKpbITIleorHH fIJIH He !IOCJIe.uOBaJIOKOMaH.ubl "«OrOHb», Ii nepeaecrn npaayro pysy aa !IRCTOJIeTHYIO PYKOHTKY (CM. pHc.49,6);

5-230

106. ECJIH nepen 3ap5DKaHHeM aBTOMaTa Ma-. ra3HH He6hIJI CHap5DKeH narpoaaxa HJIH narpoHhl 6hIJIH aspacxononanu npa ppeJIh6e,TO He-

06XO.ll:HMO CHapfl.ll:HTh Mara3HH.. . ,

.lI.JIfl caapascenaa Mara3HHa Ha.ll:O B3f1ThMara- 3H~ B JIeBYIO. PYKY rop.iIoBHHOH ssepx H BhIIIYKJIOH CTOPOHOH BJIeBO, a BrrpaBYIO pyxy ~ narpo-

- PRC. 53. ABTOMaT 'nocraanea Ha npeAoxpaHHTeJlb

Hhi nYJIflMH K MH3HHU:YTaK, lIT06hl .ll:HO rHJIh3hI aexuoro B03BhlIIIaJIOCh nan 60JIhIIIHM H YKa3aTeJIbHhIM naJIbu:aMH. Y.ll:ep)KHBaH Mara3HH C He- 60JIbIIIHM Hai<JrOHOM BJIeBO, Ha)KHMOM 60JIbliiOrO naJIbu:a(plfc. 54) BKJIa.ll:bIBaTb narpoasr ITO 0.11:-

. HOMY rro.ll: 3arH6hI 60KOBhlX CTeHOK - .ll:HOM rIfJIh3hI K 3a.ll:HeH CTeHKe Mara3HHa.

to}. DPH H3rOTOBKe KCTpeJIh6e H3 asroaara co CKJIa.ll:hIBalOIII.HMCfI rrpHKJIa,ll.oM. nano nepezt aapfl)KaHHeM aBToMaTaoTKHHYTh npHKJIa.ll: . .lI.mr . 3Tor~; ynepacaaas aaroxar JIeBOH PYKOi'i sa nneqeBOH ynop H .nease, a rrpaBoH .PYKOH sa rrHCTO' JIeTl-JyIO py:kO!'TKY, 60JIbllIRM naJIhu:eM npasoa

rJlaBa. VIII. npHeMbl c-rpeJlbi5bl H3 .BTOMaTa

pyxa ytOITHTh KOJIrraliOK q,HKcaTopa, JIeBOH PYKOH OTKJIOHHTb TflfH HeCKOJIhKO BHH3 (pHC. 55). Hoene 3TOfO JIeBOH PYKOH 'B3f1Tb aBTOMaT .3a nesse H CTBOJIbHYIO aaxnamcy, npaaoa PYKOH OTKHHyTh TflfH aasan )1.0 aaxpenneaas HX B OTKH-·

PRC. 54. Caapascenne Marl!3HHa narpoaaaa

/

HYTOM rrOJIO)KeHHH ,<pHKcaTopaMH npaxnana .: if nocrauara.naeaeaca ynop neeneH.ll:HKYo!l5lpHO THran.

B CJIYllaeOTCYTCTI3HH BpeMeHH HaOTKH.ll:bIBa:' . naenpaxnana {npa sneaannoauananeaua.npoTHBHIiKa) aBTOMaTllHKH3rOTaBJIHBaeTCfl K CTpeJIh6e (Ii aener OfOHb) as aarouara cocno)KeiIHhIM"" npHKJIa,lJ.OM, rrpnacaa -aBTO!daT 3a,!I.HeH

. ..

5*

103

'IaCTblO CTBOJIbHOH Kopo6KH H IIHCTOJIeTHOH PYK05I'fKOH K TYJIOBHmy (pHC. 56).

Puc. 55. OTKH)lblBaHHe CKJlaJl.bIBalOiuerocn npnxnazra

Puc. 56. ITOJlO)KeHHe Jl.JlH CTpeJlb6bl co CJlO)KCHHhIM npHKJlaJl.OM

npOH3BO.ll.CTBO CTpeJIb6b1

108. Orcas H3 aBTOMaTa nenercs ITO KOMaH,n:aM HJIH caMOCTOHTeJIbHO B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT ITOCTaBJIeHHOH sanaun H ·06cTaHoBKH.

B KOMaH,lI,e ,lI,JI5I, OTKpbITH5I orns YKa3bIBaeTC5I:

KOMY CTpeJIHTb, ue.ns, npnne.n H TO'IKa npnnennBaHHH. Hanpaxep: «TaKoMY-TO (I1JIH' aBTOMaT'II1KY TaKoMY-TO), 00 Ha6J1IO.lI.aTemO, 'IeTblpe, 00)1, u.eJlb - OrOHb»,«OT.lI..eJIeHHe, no KOJIOHHe,' nars,

,B n01lc - OrOHb». .

105

Flpa CTpeJIb6e no u:e;JI5IM na )l,aJIbHOCTHX :.0.0 300 M npnuea if TO'IKa npHueJII1BaHHH MorYTHe yxaasraart.ca. HanpHMep:«ABTOMaT'IHKaM, no araxytoureti nexore - OrOHb». no SlTOH KOMaH,lI,e aBTOMaHIiK sener orcas C npauencx 3 I1JIH «Il»,

Puc. 57. YCTaHoBKa npauena

/

a TO'IKY npnueJIHBaHI1H BbI6HpaeT caxocroaTeJIbHO.

109. npOH3BO.ll.CTBO CTpeJIb6b1 (BbICTpeJIa)

BKJIIO'IaeT YCTaHoBKY npnnena, nepeBO,ll,'II1Ka na Tpe6yeMbIH EI1)]. orna, npHKJIair.KY, npHu:eJ1I1BaH,He, cnycx xypxa H yztepacanae aBTOMaTa npa

CTpeJIb6e. .

110. }I.Jl_1I YCTaHOBKH. npanena uano, npnrina- 3l1B aBTOMaT K ce6e, 60JIbIllIIM 11 YKa3aTeJIbHbIM nansnaaa npasoa pyKI1 cscars 3ameJIKY XOMYTHKa . (PI1c. 57) 11 nepennaayrs XOMYTI1K ,lI,0 CO~

I

il

I!

,:1:

106 qacThBTopaSl. npHeMbJ II. npaBHJIa CT~eJIbl'ibr 113 aBTOMara

112. )l.JHI "pI1KJla,ll,KH aBTOMaTa aazto, ynep)KHBa51 aBTOMaT JIeBOH PYKOH sa U~BbeHjm aa Mara3HH, arrpaaoa PYKOH aa rrHCTOJIeTHYlOpyK05lTKY H He repaauenu H3 BH,lI,Y, ynepers npaxnazt. B . nneso Tak, lITO 6 bI. ouryutaru !lJIOTHOe

/ rrpHJIeraHHe. K nJIetiy \BCerO 3aTbIJIbHHKa (nnexesore yrropa), YKa3aTeJIbHbIH naneu npaaojr PYKH . (nepssra cycrasoa) HaJIO)KUTb na cnycxoeoa

.KPlOqOK. .

HaKJIOHHB rOJIOBY aeranor-o anepen .a He Hanparaa urea, npanyto uiexy rrpHJIO)KHTb k npaKJIaAy.

JlOKTH npa 3TOM,lI,OJI)KHbI 6bITb: -nOCTaBJIeHbI aa 3eMJIlO B Han60JIee 'yno6- Hoe nOJIO)KeHHe, npnxepao aa umpaay iIJIeq npa CTpeJIbOe 113 nOJIO)KeHH~ JIe.>Ka (pUC. 59) , CTOB 11 CKOJIeHa H30Kona;

. - JIOKOTb JIeBOH pyKH nocraanea vaa M5IKOTb JIeBOH Hom y KOJIeHa liJIH HeCKOJIbKO cnYIU.eH; C Hero, a JIOKOTb npasoa pyxa rrpHnOnH5IT npaMepHO aa BbICOTY nJIe-rIa . (pHc.60, a) "PH CTpeJIbDe H3 nOJIO.>KeHHB C KOJIeHa BHe oxona;

- JIOKOTb JIeBOH pyxa npioxar K 60Ky OKOJIO CyMKH nml rpaaar, eCJIU aBTOMaT ynepxcaaaercs aa Mara3HH, a JIOKOTb npasoa pyxanpunonaar: npnaepao . aa BbICOTY nnena (pHc.60,6) "PH CTpeJIbOe H3' nonoacenas CTOBBHe oxona,

ECJIH npa npnxnazre acnonsayercs pexeus nJI51 /

DOJIee npoxaoro ynepacaaaa aBTOMaTa npa CTpeJIb6e,' . TO nano peaens nOMeCTHTb, rrort KHC1'blO JIeBOHpYKH TaK, QTo6bIOHnpH)KUMaJI

ee K nensro (pHC. 61). . '. '

113.)l.JIlJ ,npHit.eJIHBaHHH. aano 3a)KMYPuTb neBbIH rJI83, a npasstx cxorpen, nepea npopeas

107

BMerueHfI5I ero nepenaero cpeaa C PUCKOM (neJIeHueMl nozr cooTBeTcTBYlOlueH it.H<pPOH na npaueJIbHOH nJI anxe.

I! 1. )l.JIR YCTaHOBKH nepeaonsnxa aa rperiyeMblH BU,lI, orns (pHC. 58) nano, Ha)KHMaH 60JIb-

Pile. 58. YCTaHoBKa nepeson'IHKa aa Heo6xolLHMblii s.H:U OrHlI: a - .Jl.JIH B_e)l,eHHH aSTOMaTHqeCK-Oro ora a; 6 - AJUI BeJl.eHIUI O.nHHOtIHOrO

OrHlI

IIIHM rraJIbueM npasoa PYKH na BbICTyn nepesonqHKa, nOBepHYTb nepeaozrsux BHH3:.,lI.O nepBOrO llLeJlqKa - ,lI.Jl5I Be,ll.eHli5j aBTOMaTHtIeCKOrO OrH5I (AB), ,lI.O BTOpOrO uiensxa - ,lI.JI5I Be,ll.eHi15l0AHHOqHOrO OrH5I (On).

108 tJ:aCTb IiTOpaH. fIplleMbl II npaBIIJlaCTpeJIb6bl- 113 aBTOMaT3

r rraaa VIII. ITplleMbl CTPeJIb6bl 113 aBTOMaTa

109

npauen a na MylliKy TaK, lITo6bI MylliKa npnIlIJIaCb- nocpennae npopesn, a seputaaa ee ()bIJIa napasae C BepXHHMH KpaRMH rpHBKH npnuensHOH nJIaHKH, T. e. B3RTb pOBHylO _ MylliKy (pHC. 62).

3a,a,epLKHBaH nsrxauae aa BbI,a,o~e, nepesreute HHeM J10KTeii, a eCJ1H HyLKHO xopnyca H nor,

a PHC. 60. Y.1l.ep)l{aHHe aB~OMaTa npn crpeasoe H3 IlOJlO-

a - C KOJIeHa; 6 - CTOH

nonsecrn pOBHylO MylliKy K ronxe npanenasaHHH, o,a,HOBpeMemlO C .3THM HaLKHMal1 _ sa crryCKOBOM KPlOliOK nepssra CYCTaBOW YKa3aTeJ1bHoro naJ1bua npaBOH pyKH,

OPH rrpHueJIHBaHHH HyLKHO CJ1e.n:HTb3a TeM, lITo6bI rp'asxa rrpHueJfbHOH nJ1aHKH 3aHHMaJ1a ropH30HTaJIbHOe nonoaceane.

114 . .lI.JUI cnycxa xypxa nano, nposrro ynep-. )KHBaH aBTOMaT J1eBOH PYKOH aa ueBbeHJ1H Ma-

)!{eHH!I:

110 YaCTb' BTopa". IlpHeMbl II np.aBII.na CTpe.nb6bl H3 aBTOMaTa

ra3HH, a. npanon npHJKHMaH aa IIHCTOJIeTHYIO PYK05ITKY K rrJIe4Y, 3aTaHB nsrxaaae, nponon)KaTb rrJIaBHO HaJKHMaTb

H3 cnYCKOBoH KPlO40K no Tex rrop, noxa KypOK He3aMeTHO .n:JI5I. aBTO-

. Pile. 61. Y.n:ep)i\aHHe aBTOMaTa C IIcno.nb30BaHlleM peMH51 npll CTpe.nb6e 113 nO.nO~eHII51:

a - C KOJIeHa; ·6 - croa _/

MaTlIHKa He crrYCTHTC5I C 6oeBoro assona, T. e. noxa He' nponsoaner BbICTpeJI.

. PHe. 62. POBHa51 MywKa

ECJIHrrpH rrpHUeJIHBaHHII pOBHa5I MywKa 3H.a'lHTeJIbfJO OrK,lIOH}lTC5I· OT T04KII rrpHUeJIHBafJH5I,

I'nasa VIII. npHeMbl CTpeJibOb) H3. aBTOMaTa.

III

HY)KHO, He YCHJIHBa5I H He oCJIa6JI5I5I .n:aBJIeHH5I Ha" cnycxosoa KPlo"40K, YTb'lHHT~ aaaonxy Ji BHOBb YCHJIHTb Ha)KIIM, na cnycxoaoa KPlOqOK no rex rrop, noxa He rrpOII30H.n:eT nsrcrpen.

OPH .cnycxe .xypxa He cnenyer npanaaars.aaa- 4eHII5I . JIerKIIMKOJIe6aHII5IM . POBHOH MylliKH Y T04KHrrpHueJIHBaHII5I. CTpeMJIeHHe' .n:o)K'aTb crrYC~OBoH. KPlO40K B MOMeHT aaanyutnero COB"

, - .. '~

PHe. 63. Jlonoaceaae npa -crpensoe .neaca c ynopoxerara-. 3HHa B rpyHT

MeiI.J;eHH5I POBHOH MyWKH C TOqKOH npnuenanaHII5I, KaK rrpaBIIJIO, rrpHBO.n:HT K ztepr-aaaro aa crrYCKOBOH ,KPI040K H K HeTo4HoMY BbICTpeJIY. ECJIn aBTOMaT4HK, Ha)KIIMa5I na. CrrycKOBOH KPIO'lOK, rr04YBCTByeT,4To OH He MO)KeT6oJlbllIe He ztsnnars, nano, He YCHJIHBa5I H He .oCJIa6JI5IH Ha)KHMa rraJIbueM' na crrYCKOBOH KPlOqOK, BO-' .306HOBHTb .n:blxaHlie H, BHOBb sanepxcaa ero aa BbI.n:oxe, YTOqHHTb HaBo.n:KY II nponomsars Ha-' JKHM aa crrYCKOBOH KPIO'lOK .

. 115. Ilpa senenaa oroSI oQepe,ll.5IMH Ha.n:o npoxao ynepxcnaare npaxnan B nneue, He MeHH5I I rrOJIO)KeHIIH JI6KTeH, COXpaH5I5I POBHO .B35ITYIO Brrpope3II npanena MyWKy non BbI6paHHOH T04KOH rrpmJ;eJIHBaHII5I. rIoCJIe Ka)K.u.oH osepena

. 61;>ICTpO. BOCCTaHaBJIHSaTb. npaBHJIhHOCTb: npaue-

112 4aCTb .STopaH. np8eMbl 8.llP;B8J1a CTpeJIb6bl 83 aSTOMaTa

JIHBaHH5I. OpH CTpeJIb6e H3 II~JIOLKeHli51 JIeLKa paspenraercs aBTOMaT ynapars Mara3liHOM B rpyar (puc. 63).

Ilpexpauieaae CTpeJlb6b1

116. Ilpexpauieuae CTpeJIb6bI MOLKeT 6bITb BpeMeHHbIM li IIOJIHbIM.

117 . .ll.JUI apeweaaoro ·IIpeKpaJ.U.eHHSI CTpeJlb6b1 IIO,lJ,aeTC5I KOMaH,lJ,a «CTOH», a npn crpensoe B ,lJ,BliLKeHHli -« Ilpexparars oroas»,

Do 3TliM KOMaH,lI,aM aBTOMaTqHK npexp aiuaer uaxcarne aa cnycxosoa KPlOqOK, CTaBHT aBTOMaT na IIpe,lI,OXpaHl1TeJIb H, eCJIH HyLKHO, CMeH5IeT Mara3HH.

118 . .lI.J1S1 CMeHbI Mara3HHa Ha,lI,O:

. - oT,lJ,eJIHTh Mara3HH OT' aBToMaTa;

- IIpHCOe,lI,HHHTb CHap5ILKeHHbIH Mara3HH. ECJIH B Mara3HHe 6bIJIH H3paCXo,lI,oBaHbI see IIaTpOHpI, TO rrOCJIe npllCOe,lI,YlHeHH51 CHapHLKeH' noro Mar-a3HHa K aBTOMaTY Ha,lI,O CH5ITb aBToMaT C IIpe,lI,OXpaHllTeJIH, OTBeCTll sarnopuyro pasry sa pyKOflTKy naaazr ,lI,0 OTKa3a, OTrrYCTllTb ee 11 CHOBa IIOCTaBllTb aBTOMaT na npenoxpaaarens. , 119 . .lI.J1S1 n0-!lHoro. npeKpaJ.U.eHHSI CTpeJIb6b1 nOCJIe KOMaH.lI.bI «eTOH» YlJIH «Ilpexparars orcas» nO,lI,aeTC5I KOMaH,lI,a «Paapaacaa». Do 3TOH KOMaH.lI.e aBTOMaTqYlK CTaBHT aBTOMaT Ha npenoxp anarens, orrarnaaer XOMYTliK naaan 11 YCTaHaBJIYlBaeT IIpHll.eJI na «0», paapaxcaer aBTOMaT, a y aBTOMaTa co CKJIa,lJ,bIBaK>llI.llMC5I IIpHKJIa,lI,OM, xpoxe roro, CKJIa,lI,bIBaeT npnxnan. OpH CTpeJIb6e H3 nOJIOLKeHHfl JIeLKa, Y.lI.epLKHBa5I 3BTOM3T 'llp3BOH PYKOH aa uease H CTBOJIbHYlO

1

~;"1

·,1

l

rJlaBa VIII. npseMbl CTpeJlb6blS3 aarovara

113

HaKJIa,lI,KY, orrycxaer rrpHKJIa.ll.{3a.ll.HIOIO nacrs CTBOJIbHOH Kop06KH) aa 3eMJIIO, a .lI.YJIbHYIO qaCTb KJIa,lI,er Ha rrpe.ll.rrJIeqbe JIeBOH PYKH (pHC. 64) .

. OpH CTpeJIb6e. H3 oxona aBTOMaT rrOCJIe .pasp5DKaHH5I _Mo~eT 6bITb .' rrO,(lQlK,eH na 6pyCTBep oxona PYK05ITKOH 3aTBopHOH paMbl BHH3. '

PRC. 64, ITOJIO}l{eHlIe aBTOMaTa. nOCJIe npeKpameHHl! orHl!

120 . .ll.J1S1 pa3pSlLKaHHSI aSTOMaTa Ha,lJ,O' OT,lI,eJIHTb Mara3HH;

- CH5ITb aBTOMaT C' npe,lJ,OXpaHlneJIH;

_ Me,lI,JIeHHO OTBeCTI1 3aTBopHYlO paMY 3a PYKOHTKY aaaan 113B./leqb' narpoa 113 IIarpOHHI1Ka 11 OTI1YCTllTb 3aTBOpHYlO paxy;

_ HaLKaTb ua- crrYCKOBOH KPlOqOK (CnYCTllTb

KypOK C 60eBorOB3BO.ll.a);

___; rrOCTaBIITb 1;lBTOMaT aa npe,lJ,OXpaHHTeJIb, B35ITb ero «aa pexeas», eCJIH CTpeJIb6aBeJIaCb 113 rrOJIOLKeHHH CTOH, I1JIH IIOJIOlKHTb Ha3eMJIlO, ecna CTpeJIb6a BeJI acs 113 rrOJIOLKeHll5I JIeLKa I1JIH C KOJIeHa;

_ BbIBYTb narpomr as Mara311Ha II npncoena-

HHTb ero K aBTOMaTY;

'--,- rrO,lJ,06paTb rraTpOH,' ll3BJIeqeHHbIH H3 rra ..

TpOHHHKa.

114 4aCTh BTopali. npHeMhI H llpaSHJla cTPenb!ihl H3 aSTOM8T8

,lI.JUI BblHJfMaHUB naTpOHOB U3 Mara3UHa aano B35ITb Mara3IIH B JleBYIO PYKY rOpJlOBIIHOH ssepx, onopHbIM BblcTynoM K ce6e, rrpaaoa PYKOH npa noxonia narpoaa; C.lI.BlIra5I narponsr no O)J.HOMY OT ce6SI, BblHYTb HX H3Mara3HHa (pHC. 65).

121. ,UJISI CKJIa.ll.blBaHHSI npaxnana aano, ynep-

PRe. 65. BbIHIfMaHlfe naTPOHOB Ii3 Mara3lfHa

PRe. 66. CKJIaApIBaHHe rrpHKJIaAa

)KHBaSIaBTOMaT JIeBOH PYKOH aa uease H CTBOJlbHYIO aaxnanxy, npasoa PYKOH nOCTaBHTb nne'leBOH yrrop napaaneasao T5IraM; HaJlO)KHB npaBYIO PYKY na TSIrH Y CTBOJlbHOH Kopo6KH, 60JIbllIHMnaJIbu;eM5lTOH PYKH YTonHTb xoanaqOK ¢HKcaTopa H, Ha)KHMaSI aanoasio aa T5IrH, OTKHHYTb .ux BHH3 (pHC. 66);' nepeJIO)KHB (;IB-

\

["ana VIII. npH'eMbI cTpe.iIh~bl. H3 aBTOMaTa-

115

TOMaT B npaBYIO PYKY, JleBoH PYKOH npHJlQ)KH1.'b nJleqeBOH ynop K u;eBblO.

122. ,lI.nSl BCTaBaHuSi nano nO.ll.T5fHYTb o6e PYKH_Ha ypoBeHb rpyna, Y.lI.eP)JU'IB3H aBTOMaT

a

-0

PHe. 67. BJ,IIlOJIHeHlfe KOMaH,nbI -«BCTa'Tbl>'

a _IlOJl;meHHe aBToM8TQHKa nepen: BCTaBaHHeM; 6 - BhlHeceHlle npaaoa (Jlesol'!) HOTH snepen

npaaoii PYKOH sa nease HCTBOJlbHYIO H3KJla.ll.KY, OLliIoBpeMeHHO C 3THM CBeCTH o6e aora BMeCTe (pHC. 67, a), pesxo BbmpHMJISHI. PYKH, nonasrs rpy,ll,b OT 3eMJlH n BbIHeCTli' npaayio (JleBY~) nory snepen (pHC. 67,6), 6bICTPO BCTaTb H, eGJIH aano, Ha,{aTb .Il,BI1)KeHfte.

~----,~~~~~~~~~~

.' ,

116 "IacTb ·BTOpaH. fTp"€M.bJ " npaB"Jla CTpeJlbObJ "3 aBTOMaTa

123. nOCJIe paapnxcauna, eCJIH HY)!{HO, KOMaHnnp nouaer KOMaH,llY: «OpYJKHe - K OCMOTPY». no .9TOH KOMaH,lle uano:

- B IIOJIO)!{eHHH .nexca: OT,lleJIHTb Mara3HH 11 nOJIO)!{HTb ero B03JIe aBTOMaTa rOpJIOBHHOH K ce6e, CHHTb aBTOMaT C _rrpe.llOXpaHHTeJIH, OTBeCTH aa PYKOHTKY 3aTBOPHY~ paMY Ha3a,ll H IIOBepHYTb aBTOMaT HeCKOJIbKOBJIeBO; IIOCJIe OCMOTpa KOM3H,llHPOM rraTpOHHHKa IT Mara3HHa OTrrYCTHTb 3aTBopHY~ paMY BIIepe,ll, crrYCTHTb KYPOK C 60eBoro. B3BO,lla (Ha)KaTb aa crrYCKOBOH KP~qOK), IIOCTaBHTb aBTOM ar aa npenoxp aHIiTeJIb, npHCOe,llHHllTb Mara3HH K :/3I3TOMaTY H npllHHTb nOJIO)KeHlle, YKa3aHHoe B CT. 118;

- B nOJIO)KeHllH CTOR C aBTOMaTOM «aa peMeHb»:' n:PllHRTb nOJIO-, xceaae 113rOTOBKll ,llJIR CTpeJIb6bI CTOH; Y,llep)KH:

BaR aBTOMaT JIeBOH PY_ KOH CH1l3Y aa I.(el3be,·

npaBOH PYKOH OT,lleJIllTb Mara311H II nepeJIO)KllTb ero B JIeBY~ pyxy no-

,llaBaTeJIeM KBepxy. BbIriYKJIOH qaCTh~ OT ce671 naJIbu:aMli JIeBOH PYKll npll)KaTb M ara311~ K nessro aBTOMaTa; CHHTb aBTOMaT C npe,lloxpa-

Puc. 68. Aarovar nonroTOBJleH K OCMOTPY B noJlo)KeHI:fIl CTOll

,:1 ,. -i

gJ1

.,_JI(.,· '. Pile. 69. Ilonoscenae npn crpensrie c ynopa:

':;< •. "',.1' a - Y.!f.ep>KaHHe aBTOMaTa aa Mara3HH; 6 - YJJ.ep>KaHHe aBl'OM3T3

I 38. uease '

I'na sa VIII. np"eMbI cTpelIbObl H3 aBTOMaTa

117

H!-lTeJI71, OTBeCTli 3aTBOpHy~ pauy nasan H noBepHYTh aBTOMaT HeCKOJIbKO BJIeBO (pnc. 68).

nOCJIe OCMOTpa KOMaH,llHpOM narponnaxa ll.

Mara3HHa OTQYCTllTb 3aTBopHY~ paMY, Bnepe,ll, CnYCTllTb KYPOK C 6oeBoro B3BO,lla (nascart, na crrycxosoa KpKiLfOK) , nOCTaBHTb aBTOMaT aa npenoxpaaarens, npHCOe,Il}!HHTb Mara3HH If B3RTb aBTOMaT B nOJIO)KeHHe «na peMeHb».

npHeMbl CTpeJibObl c yrropa H as-sa YKPblTHU,

.... ~ '124. B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT BbIcoTbIyrropa 11JI11

i YKpblT11H aBTOMaTLf11K rrpHHllM aer nOJIO)KeHllH

,llJIH CTpeJIb6bI: JIe)Ka, C KOJIeHa HJIli eTOH.

.')

125 . .l1.JUI CTpeJIhOhI cynopa rrOJIO)KllTb aBTOM 3., ueasen na yrrop 11 ynepscaaarr, ero JIeBOH PYI<OH aa Mara311H llJIH uease, a rrpaBoIIPYKOH aa rrHCTOJIeTHYIO PYKOHTKY (pac, 69). )I\ecTKlfil:

a

119

yIIOp .lI.JHI . CM5IrQeHM5'I nepexpsrrs .lI.epHOM, csep-

HYTOH IIJIaII.J:-IIaJIaTKOH, CKaTKOH IJ1HHeJII{_

I{ T. II.

126 . .lI.JUI CTpeJlb6b1 U3-3a nepesa, yr aa 3).1,aHIUI B).I,pynlx YKPbITHH IIpMH5ITb r.rOJIO)KeHl1e .lI.JI5I CTP~JIb6bI, IIPI{CJIOHliTbC5I K YKPbITMIO TaK, LIT06bl OHO aaurauiano aBTOMaTQMKa OT OrH5I

Puc. 71. fIOJIO)KeHHe npn CTpeJIb6e . 83 oxona

IIPOTHBHI{Ka; aBTOMaT Y.lI.ep)KMBaTb TaK »ce, KaK:

IIpH CTpeJIb6e 6e3YKpbITH5I (pHC. 70.). OPH CTpeJIb6e .na-aa aeooasnroro YKPbITH5I (OKOII- .lI.JI5I CTpeJIb6bI JIe)Ka, 6yropoK, KOqKa) paCIIC>JIaraTb-

CH noaana YKPbITM5I. . . .

127 . .lI.JlSI CTpeJIb6bI B3 OKODa BJIB TpaHUIeH npHCJIOHMTbCH _ xopnycou K CTeHKe OKOna, JIOKTH ooeax pyx ynepers B 3eMJIIO, a IIpHKJIa.ll. IIJIOTH() npH:>KaTb K IIJIeqy; IIpH 3TOM crpensoy MO)KHO secrn KaK C ynop a, TaK H C pyxn MJIHC OIIOPOH xaraaaaa aa rpyar (pHC. 71)."

120 4aCTb BTopa>!. fIpHeMhl H I1paBHlla CTpeJlbObl H3 aSTOMaTa

llpHeMbl CTpeJIbObl aa Xo.u.y

128. CTpeJJb6a aa xony Be,n:eTC5I H3 aBTOMaTa

H3BCKH.u.KY HJJH C rrpHKJJa.u.OM, rrpHMaTblM

K 60KY.

PHC. 72. IJOJlO)KeHHe IIpM crpens- 6e na XO,l\Y HaBCKM,l\KY_

129. CTpeJIboy HaBCKH,lI.KY MOMHO aecra C xoPOTKOH OCTaHOBKH H 6e3 OCTaHOBKH (pHC. 72J.

)J,JID CTpeJIbObl HaBCKH,lI.KY C KOPOTKOH ocraHOBKH nano OCTaHOBHTbC5I H B MOMeHT rrOCT3- HOBKH / JJeBOll norn J:Ia 3eMJIIO O,lI.HOBpeMeHHO ynepers npaxnan B rrJJeqO(BcKHHYTb aBTOMaT); He rrpHCTaBJI5IH npason aoru, rrpHu;eJIHTbc1i, rrpoH3BeCTH O,n:HY - nse Oqepe,lI.H (BbICTpeJJ<;t), orryCTIJTb aBTOMaT, npoztoaacars JJ:BHJKeHHe.

,LJ.JISI CTpeJIbObl HaBCKH,lI.KY. oe3 OCTaHOB.KH

I'naaa VIII. rrpHeMblcTpellbobl_ H3 aBTOMaTa

121 .

BCKHHYTb aBTOMaT K n.netry, nanpasnri, ero B uens H, nponozoxas ,n;BHMeHHe, OTKpBlTb or-ous.

130. CTpeJIbOa C npHKJIa,lI.OM, npH)I{aTblM

K 60KY, Be,n;eTC5I 6e3 OCTaHOBKH. )lJi51 sroro rrpaBOll PYKOll npaacars npaxn an K npasoay 60KY 6e3 yrropa HJJH C ynopou 3aTbIJJbHHKOM B nneqeBYIO 4aCTb npaaoa PYKH Y JIOKTeBOro cYCTaBa (pHC. 73). ECJIH l"!,pHKJIa,n; CJIOMeH, aB!OMaT rrpa:

BOll PYKOH npuscars K 60KY CT..BOJIbHOH Kopo6KO~ H rrHCTOJJeTHOH PYK05lTKOH (CM. pHC. 56); JIeBOH PYKOH y,n;epMHBaTb ai3TOMaT aa neuse. Hanp asnrs aBTOMaT B uens H, He npexpauias ,n;BHMeHH5I, OTxpsrrs oroas,

13]; DPH CTpeJIb6e aa xO,lI.Y nepesapaacauae

aBTOMaTa rrpOH3BO,lI.HTb, He rrpnOCTaHaBJIHBaH

,n;BHMeHHH.

II pHeMbI CTpeJIbObl C JlbI)I{

132. CTpeJIb6a C JIbDK MOMeT BeCTI-ICb H3 asTOMaTa C MeCTa (zrexca, C KOJIeHa, CT05l) H B ,n:BH}!{eHHH.

133. )J.JlSI CTpeJlbObl C Jlbl)l{ nesca B351Tb aBToMaT B np aayto PYKY, rraJIKH BJIeBYIO. OCTaBJI5I5I rr5lTKH .iIbDK aa MecTe, HOCKH "'bI}!{ paasecra B· CTOPOHbI. Onapaacs aa rraJIKH, onycrrrrsca na KOJIeHH. Jlens, rrOJJOMHTb cnpenaeaasre rraJIKH non JIOKTH (pHC. 74) H ynepxcaaart, aBTOMaT TaK )l{e, KaK H npn CTpeJI,b6eJIe}!{a 6e3 JIbI)I{.

134. J].J1S1 CTpeJlbObIC Jlbl)l{ C KOJleHa nocraBHTb nanxa C JIeBOll CTOPOHbI, paaaepnyrs rrpaBYIO JIbIMY HOCKOM anpaso, onycrnrsca npaasrx KOJIeHOM' na npanyio JIbI}!{Y (pHC. 75) H npaaars nonosceane, KaK ,lI.JHI CTpeJIb6bI C KOJJeHa 6e3 JIbI}!{.

. I

rJ1aBa VIlLIIplleMhl CTpeJ1h5hl 113 aBTOMaTa

123

135 . .lI,JlSJ. CTpeJlb6bI C JlbDK CTOSI rrOCTaBHTbnaJIKH C JIeBOH CTOPOHbI, HeCKOJIbKO pasaepayrs rrpasyro JlbDKy HOCKOM BIIpaBo (pHC •. 76) H

PRC. 74. TIOJlO)KeHlle npn crpem.oe C JlbIlK JlelK3

PRC. 75. TIOJIO)KeHHe npacrpensrie C JIbI)K C KOJIeH3

IIpHHHTb IIOJIO)l{eHHe, KaK P;JIH CTP~JIb6bI CTOH 6e3 JIbI)l{.

,UJIH YCTOHqHBOCTH npn ctpeJIb6ec JibI)l{ 'CTOH -MO)l{HO HCnOJIb30BaTb II.aJIKHB xanecrae yrropa, ,lI.JIH nero cxpenrrn. rraJIKH IIeTJIHMH H IIOJlO)l{HTb I;'lBTO)\1aT u;eBbel\1 na neTJIH (pHC. 77).

\

124 '-bCTh BTopa~. npH€Mhl H npasIwa· CTpelIh6hl H3 aSTOMaTa

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I 0.. rJlasa VIII. ITpHeMhl CTpeJlh6hI H3 aSTOMaTa

125

a

Puc. 78. ITOJIO>KeHHe npn CTpeJIb6e C JIbI>K B ,D:BH>KeHHH:

fl- 6e3

HCnOJIb30BaHH.5I pexna; peMHH

6 - C HCrrOJlb30SaHHeM

......._._ ~ -- - -----

126 liaCTb BTopa", npHeMbl H rrpaBHJla CTpeJlbObl H3 aBTOMaTa '

136 . .ll.JHI CTpeJlbObI C J1bDK B )I,BMiKeHHH aa)I,eTb l1eTJIH rraJIOK aa KHCTH PYK; npaaojr PYKOH npnacars rrpHKJIa)I, K npasosry 60KY 6e3 yrropa HJIH C ynopox 3aThIJlhHHKOM B nnexesyio qaCTh npasoa PYKH Y JIOKTeBOro eyer ana; JIeBOH PYKOH, Y)I,epiKHBaH aBTOMaT aa uease, aanpanurs era B L(eJIh; He npexpamas )I,BH)KeHHH, OTKphITh orous (pHC. 78).

CTpeJIh6a MO)KeT BeCTYICh raroxe C Ha)I,eThIMH aa KIICTh npasoa IIJIH JIeBOH PYKH rteTJIHMII 06eHX CKperrJIeHHhIX Me)K)I,Y co6oii naJIOK.

npMeMbI CTpeJIbObl UpH Uepe.D.BHiKeHMM

137 . .il.JIH CTpeJIb6hIC )I,BluKymerocH opouerpancnoprepa, aSTOM06HJIH H C )I,ecaHTHhIX rrepenpanouaux cpencrs rrpl1MeHHIOTcH JI106hle Y)I,05Hhle rrOJIO)KemIH, o5eCneqIIBalOI..II:l1e YCTOHQI1BOCTI:i 8"BTOMaTa II 5e30nacHocTh cocenen. ):LJIH CTpeJIb5hI C 6poHeTpaHcnopTepa H C aBTOMo5IIJIH C MeCTa (IIJIIIC -KOPOTKOH oCTaHoBKII) MorYT npHMeHHThCH npaevsr, noxasaaasre , na.

/ pHc.79 H 80. npII3TOM CTeHKII cH)I,eHHH II npyme crpoenas BHYTPII Ky30Ba opoaerpaacnop-. TepaIICrrOJIh3YlOTCH B KaQeCTBe onopu )I,JIHPYK, npennaexsa, 60Ka H HOr. ITO)I, uense Ha)I,O nonK.l1a)I,bIBaTh peaens aBTOMaTa.

CTBOJI aBTOMaTa npa CTpeJIb6e Qepe3 50HHHIW nonaaars nnepen TaK, QTo6hI npopeas npanena HaXO)I,HJIaCh B 5,-:,"7 CM OT 6opTa, a crpoeHHll: He MelllaJIH )I,BII)KeHl-jlO PYKOHTKH 3aTBopHOH '

pansr. , ',_ ,

IT pa rrpHHHTHH IIOJIo*eHHH)I,JIH CTpeJIh5bI rrosepx 50pTa Heo5xo)I,HMO BCTaTh o5eHJI.!H aor axn

127

128 LiaCTb aTOpaR. OPIICMbl II npaallJIa CrpeJIbObl Kg aBTOMaTa

PRC. 80. OOJIOIKerIHe npu crpeastie c aBTOM06HJIH: a - nrtepejt; 6 ~ 110BepX oOKoBoro oopTa; B - HagaA

I'nana VIII. OplleMbl CTpe.nb6bl 113 aBTOMaTa

129

Ha . .a,HHlI.I,e 6pOHeTpaHCrrOpTepa,' CJIerKa corHyB

, HX B KOJIeHHX, HJIH JIeBbIM KOJIeHOM na cnnense (pHC. 79,8), nepenecra nynsnyio qaCTb aBTOMaTa sepea 60PTH JIeBOH PYKOH, B3HBllIHCb aa 60pT, npnnepaoman, aBTOMaT csepxy.

Ilpaeasr CTpeJlbObl no B03.l1.YIllHbiM u:eJlSlM

138. Ha OTKPbITOH MeCTHOCTH CTpeJIb6a H3 - aBTOMaTa rrOB03.a,YlllHbIM u:eJIHM rrpOH3BO.ll.HTCH H3 nOJIO)j{eHHH nexca, C KOJIeHa H CTOH (pHC. 81).

-e; ,UJIH CTpeJIb6bI ,H3-3a MecTHblx npenxeros HCrrOJIb30BaTb rro B03MO)!{HOCTH MecTHbIH rrpenuer

B KaqeCTBe yrropa H npaasm, rrOJIO)j{eHHe llJIH CTpeJIb6bI, KaK ynooaee (CTOH, nonycornyamacs,

C KOJIeHa). ~.

,UJIH CTpeJIb6bI C 6poHeTpaHcrropTepa HCrrOJIb- 3YlOTCH sepxnne 60HHHUbI HJIH orcas senerca

. nosepx 60pTOB. ABToMaT4HK npnnaxaer HaH6o.nee ynoriaoe rrOJIO)j{eHHe (CTOH,. no.nycorayaunrcs, BCTaB KOJIeHHMH aa cnnense}, onapaacs npe.ll.- . rrJIeqbeM H TYJIOBHlI.I,eM 0 crpoeuas 6poHeTpaHcnoprep a.

139. CTpeJ]boy H3 TpaHUIeH (xona cooduieHUSI) rro B03.l1.YllIHbIM u:eJIHM BeCTH:

- C ynopoa npennnexsa JIeBOM pyxa H Mara- 3HHa B nepemnoro KPYTOqb TpaHUIeH (xoaa coo6meHHH); aBTOMaT Y.lI.ep)j{HBaTbrrpaBoH PYKOH sa rrHCTOJIeTHYIO PYKOHTKy, a JIeBOH - aa Mara- 3HH, rrpHKJI an IIJIOTHO npnzcare K IIJIeqy; . eCJlH yrOJI aoaasrurenna OKa)j{eTCH He,n:OCTaTOqHbIM, TO npacecri, (pHC. 82, a);

- C onopoa cnHHoM H JleBOM aoroa 0 KpyTOCTH TpaHUIeH; npnnonasrn, JIe'BYIO aery KaK

PRC. 81. DOJIO)l{eHHe npn crpensne no B03.n.YlllHbIM

\ u:eJIHM:-

a - Jle}K~; 6 - C KOJIeHa; 8--i eros

MO)KHO auure H ynepers ee crynaea B KPYTOCTb rpamuea, a crrlmoH oneperscs 0 nporuaonoJIOMHylO KPYTOCTb TpaHIIIeH HCJIetKa npHceCTb. ABToMaT YAep)KHBaTb TaK IKe, Ka_K H npa

PRC. 82. DOJIO)l{eHHe npn CTpeJIb6e ITO B03)J.YllIHOil: 'u:eJlli' H3 rpaHllIeH:' .

a - c "ynopoja aBTOMaTa Mara3HHOM B nepei\HIOIO KPYTOCTb;

6- 6e3 ynopa

GTpeJIb6e eTOH, HO JIOKOTb JIeBOH pyxn -ynepers B 6eApo JIeBOH HorH HJIH BblCraBHTb HeCKOJIbKO snepen sa KOJIeHQ (pHC. 82, 6).

r JI a B a IX

nPABI1JJA CTPEJJb6bI 113 ABT()MATA 06m.He rrOJIO)KeHHH

]40. ,UJIH ycnemaoro BbIIIOJIHeHHH sanas B 601O He06xoAHMO;

- aenpepsiaao Ha6JIlO,l(aTb sa rrOJIeM 6051;'

"132 '-IacTb aropas. npHeMbl H IIpaSlina cTpenbobl H3 aSTOMaTa

- 6blCTPO H rrpaBHJIbHO rrO.ll,rOTaBJIHBaTb .lI,aH-

Hble .lI,Jl51 crpem.ou; .

- YMeJIO BeCTH oroas rro BceB03MO)KHbIM ueJI51M B pa3JlHlJHbIX YCJIOBH51X 60eBOH. 06cTaHoBKH KaK .lI,HeM, TaK H HOlJbIO; .lI,JI51 rrOpa)KeHH51 rpynrrOBbIXH HaH60JIee Ba)KHbIX O.ll,l1HO'-lHbIX u,eJIeH rrpHMeH5ITb cocpenorouennsia BHe3arrHbIH orcas:

- Ha6JIIO.lI,aTb aa pe3YJlbTaTaMH or an H YMeJlO ero KoppeKTHpoBaTb;

- CJIe.ll,HTb 3a paCxO.ll,OM rraTpoHoB B 60IO H rrpHHHMaTb Mephl K cBoeBpeMeHHoMY HX norrOJlHeHHIO.

H a6J1IO.lI,eHHe aa noaev 60S! ·H ueneyxaaaaae

141. Ha6JIIO.lI,eHHe aenercs C ueJIbIO cBoeBpeMeHHoro 06HapY)KeHHH pacrrOJlO)KeHH51 H .lI,ellCTBHH rrpoTHBHHKa. Kpoue ror-o, B 60IO aeorixo/ .lI,HMO Ha6JIIO.lI,aTb sa CI1rHaJlaMH H 3HaKaMW KOMaH.lI,Hpa 11 aa pe3YJIbTaTaMH caoero OrH5I.

ECJIH HeT OC06bIX YKa3aHHll KOMaH.lI,Hpa,COJl.lI,aTbI senyr Ha6JIIO.lI,eHHe B YKa3aHHOM HM cexTope 06CTpeJIa aa rJIy6HHY .lI,olOOO M.

142. Ha6JIIO.lI,eHHe Be,l),eTC5I HeBoopY)KeHHbIM' fJIa30M. Oc060e - BH,HMaHHe IIpH Ha6JlIO.lI,eHlfH nano oripaurari, aa cxpsrrue noncrynu. MecTHOCTb oCMaTpHBaTb crrp.ana HaJIeBO OT 6JIH)KHHX npenjaeros K .lI,aJIbHHM.OCMOTp rrpOH3BO.ll,HTb rmarensno, TaK KaK 06HapY)KeHHIO npornanaxa crroc06cTBYIOT He3HalJHTeJIbHble .lI,eMacKHpYIOruHe ' rrpusaaxa: TaKHMH npH3HaKaMH Mory'T 6bITb: 6JIeCK, WYM, xananae BeTOK nepeases H KYCTOB,

. n05IBJIeHHe "HOBbIX MeJIKHX npenueroe, H3MeHe-

133

I'rraaa IX. npaBHJTa CTpeJtbOhl 113 aBTo~aTa

HHH B nOJIO)Kel;!liH H <popMe MeCTHblX rrpe.ll,MeTOB. Ii T. rr.

DpH HaJlHlJHH 6HHOKJI5I HcrrOJIb30BaTb ero

TOJIbKO .lI,Jl51 60JIee TruaTeJIbHOrO H3YlleHH5I OT.lI,eJIbHbIX . npenjseros HJIH yqaCTKOB MeCTHOCTH; npn 3TOM rrpHHHMaTb MepbI K TOMY, qTo6b1 6JIeCKOM CTeKOJI 6HHOKJI5I He 06HaPY)KHTb MeCTa

csoero P acrrOJIO)KeHH5I. u

HOlJbIO MeCTa pacrrOJIO)KeHH5I H .lI,eHCTBH5I npo_THBHHKa xoryr 6bITb YCTaHOBJIeHbl no 3ByKaM H HCTOqHHKaM CBeTa. ECJIH B HY)KHOM nanpaaneHHHMecTHocTb oCBerueHa paKeTOH HJIH .lI,pyrHM HCTOqHHKOM oCBerueHH5I, 6bICTPO ocaorpers ocserueaasm YlJaCToK.

143. 0 33MelJeHHbIx' aa none 6051 ueJI5IX He-

06XO.ll,HMO HeMe.ll,JIeHHO .lI,OJIO)KHTb KOMaH.lI,Hpy 11 rrpa]3HJIbHO YKa3aTb I1X pacrroJIO)KeHHe. Ue~~ YKa3blBaeTc5I YCTHbIM .lI,OKJIa.ll,OM HJIH rpaccapy lUHMH nYJI5IMH.

"JLOKJIa.ll, .lI,OJI)KeH 6bITb KpaTKI1M, 51CHbI~ H TOq-

HbIM, aanpaxep: «flPSIMO - lllHPOK}fH Ky-CT, cneaa - nYJleMeT»; «OpHeHTHp STOPOH, snpaso nna naJlbUa, no.ll, KYCTOM - Ha6JIJO.lI,aTeJlb» •

DPH ueJIeYKa3aHHH TpaccHpYIOruHMH nYJI5IMH npoH3BecTHB HarrpaBJIe~HH ueJIH O.ll,HY - nse KopoTKHe Oqepe.ll,H.

f"

BbI60p ueJlH

144. ,UJHI aBTOMaTOB HaH60JIee xapaxrepnsma . 5lBJI5IIOTC5I )KHBbIe ueJIH =: pacueru nYJIeMeTOB H" Opy.ll,llH, rpynnsr CTpeJIKOB HJII1 OT.lI,eJIbHbIe, <PH-. rYPbI, BefJ.YlUHe orons H3 pa3JII1lJHbIX nOJIO)KefllIH, a TaK!Ke )K¥IBa5lCHJIa na aIlTOl\i06UJI5Ix,

____ o - • ..:.------

. ", "'-~' .. ~' "

MOTOIlJIKJIaX H T. n. Kpo ae Taro, H3 aBTOMaTOB orons Be)],eTC5I H no B03,UYWHbIM ue.TJ5IM. UeJIH na nOJIe 6051 MorYT 6bITb HenO)]'BH)KHbIMH, no- 51BJI5IIOIlLHMHC5I aa xoporxoe BpeM5I H ,UBH)KYIlLHMHC5I.

145. ABTOMaT'IHK B 6010 sener orons, KaK npasano, B COCTaBe OT)],eJIeHH5I HJIH B3Bo)],a, YHHtiTO)Ka51 ueJIH, yxaaaansre eMY KOMaH)],HpoM. 003TOMY OH )]'oJi)KeH BHHMineJIbHO . cnymars H TO'IHO BblIlOJIH5ITb ace KOMaH,Ubl.

146. ECJIH aBTOMaT'IHKY, B 601Q uens )],JI5I nopa)KeHH5I He YKa3aHa, OH BbI6Hpae:1' ee cax. B nepsyro o'repezts He06xo)]'HMO nopaacars HaH- 60JIee oriacuue H Ba)KHble ueJIH, aanpnjsep-pac'IeTbI nYJIeMeTOB H Opy)],HH, KOMaH)]'Hp(:m H na- 6JIIO,UaTeJIeH npOTHBHHKa. VI3, )],BYX paBHbI{C no Ba)KHQCTH ue.neir BbI6HpaTb )],JI5I' 06CTpeJIa 6JIH)KaHWYIO H' HaH60JIee Y5l3BHMYIO. OPH n05lBJIeHHH BO BpeM5I CTpeJIb6bI HOBOH; 60JIee 13a)KHOH lI,eJIH HeMe,UJIeHHO nepenecrn oronr, aa uee,

Bbl60pnpHueJla H TO'IKH npHueJlHBaHHSI

147. JlJI5I BbI60pa npnuena H TO'IKH npnnenuBaHH5I He06xo)],HMO onpe)],eJIHTb paCCT05lHHe ,UO ueJ1H H" Y'IeCTb BHeWHHe YCJIOBH51, xoropue MOryr OKa3aTb BJIH5IHHe aa ,UaJIbHOCTb H uanpaaneHHe nOJIeTa nYJIH. OpHueJI H TO'IKa npnuennnaHHH BbI6HpaIOTC5I C TaKHM paC'IeTOM, 'IT06bI rtPH CTpeJIb6e cpe,UH5I5I TpaeKTOpH5I npoxonnaa no-

~pe)],HHe ueJIH. ~

OPH CTpeJIb6e aa paCCT05lHH5I )]'0 300 M orcas

. cnenyer BeCTH, KaK npanano, C npHueJIOM 3 HJIH «D», npHueJIHBa5\C;:b 13 H.I1)KBHH Kpal1 Heml Hm""

Fnasa IX~ npaallna CTpenb6bI as aaroxara

·135

;; \

B cepenuay, eCJlH uens BbICOKa51 (6erYIlI,He qnI-

r-ypu H T. ,U.).' ,

.OpH CTpeJIb6e aa paCCT05lHH5I, npeasnuaroume

300 M, npauea YCTaHaBJIilBaeTC5I cooTBercTBeH-'

HO paCCT05lHHIO ,UO UeJIH, 'oxpyrneauoay ,UO ue-

JIbIX COTeH MeTpOB. 3a TO'IKY npnueJIHBaH.I151,

KaK rtpaBHJIO, npHHHMaeTC5I . cepenaaa ueJIH.

ECJIH YCJIOBH5I o6cTaHoBKH He n03BOJI5IIOT 1I3Me-

H5ITb YCTaHoBKY npnuena B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT pacCTQlIHH5I ,UO ueJIH, TO B npenen ax )]'aJIbHOCTH npa-

Moro BbICTpeJIa orons cnenyer BeCTH cnpHue-

JIOM, COOTBeTCTBYIOIlLHM ,UaJIbHOCTH npanoro aucrpen a, IipHueJII1Ba5lCb B HH)KHHH xp an l.l,eJIH.l,

148 .. Paccroaaae )1,0 ii.eJIeH onpeneaaerca rna- 30MepoM. OpH 3TOM paCCT05lHHe )],0 ueJIel1 H MecTHYx npenaeroa onpe,UeJ15IeTC5I no orpeaxaa MeCTHOCTH, xoPqwo 3ane'IaTJIeBWHMC5l B 3pHTeJIbHOH naM5lTH, no CTeneHH BH)],HMOCTH .H Ka-' )KymeHC5l BeJIH'IHHe ueJIel1 {npenxeroa}, "a TaK)Ke. nYTeM CO'IeTaHH5I 660HX crroco6oB.

Ilpn onpenenenaa paccrosaaf no .orpeaxara MeCTHOCTH He06xo)],HMO KaKOe-JIH60 npnasrstroe paCCT051HHe, xcropoe npO'IHO' yxpenanocs B 3pHTeJIbHOH rraM5ITH, nanpnuep oTpe30K 100,200 .:

HJIH 300 M, MbICJIeHHOOTKJla,UbIBaTb OT ceria JI.O

npe,UMeTa (uena). .

Ilpa onpeneneaaa paCCTOgHHH no CTeneHH BU-_ JI.HMOCTH H Ka)KYllJ,eUCSlBeJlH'IHHe npeJI.MeTOB (uenea) Heo6xo)]'HMO cpasmm, BHJI.HMYIOBeJIH'IHHy ueJIH C 3an€'IaTJIeBWHMHC5l B 'naM5ITH BHJI.HMbIMH paaaepaua ' )],aHHoH ueJIH na onpeneJIeHHbIX Y JI.aJIeHH5lX.

v ECJIH uezn, oonapyaceaa B6JIH3H· opnearapa HJIH MeCTHoro npennera, paccroanae ,UO KOTO-

poro 113BeCTHo, rorrpa onpene.neuua paCCTOIlHI1I1 .lI.0 ueJII1 He06xo)]'HMO na rJIa3 Y4HTblBaTb ee y)],a-' .nenne OT opaearup a.

H04bIO paCCT05!HHe )]'0 OCBemeHHblX ueJIeH orrpe;LeJI5!eTC5! TaK xce, KaK H )],HeM.

149. Ilpn onpenenenan paCCT05!HH5I rJIa30MePOM He06xo)],HMO Y4HTbIBaTb cnenyroinee:

- xaacyuraacs BeJIH4HHa onnoro II roro xce orpesxa MeCTHOCTH C y)],aJIeHHeM ero OT aBTOMaT'lHKa (B nepcnexruse) nocrenenno coxp alUaeTC5I;

~ cspara, JIOui)1HbI, peLIKII H T. )],., nepeceKaIOlUl1e aanpaaneaae na MecTHbIH npenxer HJIH ne.ns, cKpa)],bIBaIOT (YMeHbIlIa.JOT) paCCT05lHl1e; ,

- MeJIKHe npenneru (KYCTbI, KaMHH, OT.lI.eJIbnsre qmrYPbl) Ka)KYTc5I zransme, 4eM HaXO.lI.5IlUHeC5I ua TOM )Ke paCCT05!HHH xpyrnrsie npeziMeTbI (nee, rop a, KOJIOHHa BOHCK);

- npenuersr 5IpKOrO UBeTa (rienoro, opan»ceaoro) Ka)KYTc5I 6JIH)Ke,4eM npenaeru TeMuoro UBeTa (CI1HerO, nepnoro, xopnvaenoro) ;

- O.lI.HOUBeTHbIH, 0.lI.Hoo6pa3HblH CPOH MeCTHOern (JIyr, cner, naunra) BbI.lI.eJI5!eT H KaK 6bI nplI6JIl1)KaeT Haxo.lI.5IlUlIeC5I ua HeM npenxeru, eCJIH OHH IIHa4e OKpaIlIeHbI, a necrpua, pa3HO- 06pa3HblH CPOH MeCTHOCTH, Hao60pOT,M~cKHpyeT H KaK 6bl Y.lI.aJI5IeT HaXO.lI.5IllI,HeC5! aa HeM npenMeThl;

- B miCMYPHblH .lI.eHb, B .lI.O)K.lI.b; B cyxepxa, B TYMaH paCCT05lHH5I Ka)KYTC5I YBeJI1I4eHHbIMlI" a B CBeTJIbIH; COJIHe4HbIH .lI.eHb, naoriopor.-cYMeHbIlIeHHbIMH;

- B ropnon MeCTHOCTI1 BH.lI.HMble npenxeru KaK 6bI rrpH6JIH)KalOTC5!.

II

Ii

II.

___ . I'na aa IX. npaBllJ1a CTpeJ1b6bl ll3_a_B_To_M_a_Ta 13_7

150. 3Ha4HTeJIbHOe OTKJIOHel:lHe BHeIlIlj:HX YCJIOBliH OT Ta6JIH4HblX (HopMaJIbHbIX) 1I3MeH5!eT .lI.aJIbHOCTb no.nera rry.nu HJII1 OTKJIOH5IeT ee B CTOPOHY OT rrJIOCKOCTH CTpeJIb6bI. 3a Ta6JIHLI~ aue YCo'lOBH51 CTpeJIb6bI rrpHHHMalOTC5I: rexnep arypa soazryxa + 15° C, OTCYTCTBHe serpa H npeBbIIlIeHH5I MeCTHOCTH nan ypOBHeM MOP5!, yrOJI MeCTa ueJIH He 60JIee 15°.

151. OTKJIOHeHHe renneparypu sosnyxa OT Ta6JIH4HOH ( + 15° C ) BbI3bIBaeT 113MeHeHHe .lI.aJIbHOCTH nOJIeTa nynn, YBeJIH4HBa51 ee npa CTpeJI'b6e B JIeTHHX YCJIOBH5IX H YMeHbIlIaii 311- MOH. naJIbHOCTb no.nera rry.nu npn CTpeJIb6e B JIeTHI1X YC.10BH51X YBeJIHLIHBae'fCH He3HaLIHTeJIbHO, rr03TOMY BHOCHTb nonpasxy ,B npnuen HJIH B rrOJIO)KeHHe T04KH rrpHueJIHBaHH5l: He CJIe.lI.yeT. naJIbHOCTb nonera rrYJIH npn CTpeJIb6e 3liMOH (B YCJIOBH5!X HII3KHX reaneparyp) IIa paCCTOHHH5I cssnne 400 M YMeHbIlIaeTcH na 3HaqIITeJIbHyIO BeJIH4IIHY (50-100 M), n03ToM)' aeorixo.lI.HMO npn rexrreparype sosnyxa suure _25° CTOLlKY npnnexnaaans BbI6HpaTb aa aepxaen KpaIO ueJIII, a rrpH reurrepa'rype soanyxa miMe _25° C YBeJIII4HBaTb npauen aa O,UHO neJIeHlIe.

152. Ilonpasxa B YCTaHoBKY npauena aanpeasnnenne MeCTHOCTIi Han ypOBHeM MOpl1 H aa yro,n MeCTa nena Y4IITbIBaIOTCH TOJIbKO npa CTpeJIb6e B ropax, eCJIIi paCCT05!HHe no' ueJIIi 60JIee 400 M.

/

153. EOKOBOH serep OKa3bIBaeT 3Ha41I'fE'JIbHOe BJIHHHlIe na rrOJIeT nyJIII, OTKJIOH5!5I ee B CTOpOHy~ Ilonpasxa aa 60KOBOH serep Y4IITbIBaeTC5! asrHOCOM T04KII rrpHueJIHBaHH5I B (pHrypax uena

6-230

liJHI B MeTpaX; npa ::ITOM OTC4eT BbIHOCa TOllKH npHueJIHBaHIUI npOH3BO,UHTC5I OT cepenaau uemi B TY CTOPOHY, oTKy,Ua,UyeT serep.

154. BeJIHlUIHbI nonpasox aa 60KOBOH yxepeaHMI1 serep (CKOpOCTb 4 MiceK) B MeTpax H qmrypax 4eJIOBeKa npliBO,U5ITC5I B CJIe,UYIOIlI.eH . Ta6JIHue.

.uaJIbHO~Tb . CTpeJIb6bl B MeTpax

0,2 0,4 0,8 1,4 2,0

oO](OBoA YMepellHblll serep (4 Mice,,)

nOI\ yr JIOM 900 '

nonpaaxa (OKpyrJIeHHO)

B MeTpax \ B qmrypax qeJIOB€Ka

100 200 300 400 500 600

0,5 1 1,5 3

4

Ta6JmqHble nonpanxn npn CHJIbHOM serpe

(CKOpOCTb 8 MiceK), ,UYIOllI.eM non np5lMbIM'

yrJIOM K HanpaBJIeHHIO CTpeJIb6bI, Heo6xo,UHMO YBeJIHQHBaTb B ,UBa paaa, a npn CJIa60M serpe (CKOpOCTb 2 MiceK) HJIH rrpH YMepeHHOM serpe, ; ,UYIOLUeM non OCTpblM Y.fJIOM K HanpaBJIeHHIO CTpeJIb6bI, - YMeHbIIIaTb B ,UBa' paaa,

Bhl60p MOMeHTa ,UJlSI OTKPhlTHSI OrHSI

155. MOMeHT. ,UJI5I OTKpbITH5I OrH5I onpeneJI5IeTC5I KOMaH,UoH KOMaU,UHpa «Oroae», a IIf'lH

139

caMOCT05lTeJIbHOMBe,UeHHH OrH51 - B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT 06cTaHoBKH H nOJlO)KeHH51 ueJIH.

HaH60JIee suronaue .MoMeHTbI ,UJI5I OTKpbITli51 OrH5I: xorna uens MO)KHO nopasars BHe3aIlHO C 6JIH3KOrO paCCT05lHH51; xorna UeJIb XOPOillO . Bli,D,Ha; xorna uem, cKY4liBaeTC5I, nO,D,CTaBJI51eT

<lJJIaHr HJIH nO,D,HHMaeTC51 BO sees pOCT. .

Bneaannoe orneaoe H3na,UeHHe aa npOTHBnnxa, B oc06eHHOCTH C <lJJIaHra, npOH3BO,D,HT aa nero OIlleJIOMJI5lIOlUee ,lJ,eI1CTBHe H HaHOCHT eMY Hali60JIbIllee nop axcenne. .

Be,UeHHe orHSI, Ha6JIfO,ll.eHMe aa ero pe3YJlhTaTaMH H KoppeKTHpOBaHHC

~156. DpH Be,D,eHI;H!. OrH51 aBTOMaTBJiK ,UOJI)KeH BHHMaTeJIbHO Ha6JIIO,UaTb 3a pe3YJIbT3TaMH CBO" ero OrH51 H KoppeKTHpOB3Tb ero.

Ha6JIIO,UeHlie 33 pe3YJIbT3T3MH csoero OrH5I Be,UeTC51 no pHKOIlIeTaM, rpaccax nyns: H no no-

Be,lJ,eHliIO rrpOTlIBIHma. .

KoppeKTHpOBaHHe OrH51 npoH3BO,D,HTC51 H3MeHeHHeM nOJIO)KeHli51 T04KH IlpHueJIHBaHH5I no BbICOTe H 60KOBOMY HanpaBJIeHHIO HJIH H3MeHeHlieM . YCTaHOBKH npnuena. Tosxa npHueJIHBaHli51 asnroCHTC5I na BeJIHIlliHY OTKJIOHeHH5I pHKOIlIeTOB HJIH Tpacc B CTOPOHY, npOTHBOnOJIO)KHYIO nx OTKJIOHeHliIO OT uena (pHC. 83). ECJIIi OTKJIOHeHl:le nyns OT ueJIIi no ,UaJIbHOCTH npensnnaer 100 M, TO He06xo,lJ,HMO H3MeHHTb YCTaHOBKY npnnena aa O,D,HO ,UeJIeHIie.,D.JI5I xoppexrapoaauaa, orua no rpaccax Heo6xo,UHMO, 'IlT06bI CTpeJIb6a. senacs narpoaana C 06bIKHOBeHHbIMH li rpaccapyiotuaMli nyJI5IMli B COOTHOIlIeHlili: aa TpH narpoaa

6*

,.{ .

\

1404acTb STopa". nplleMbl II ,npaBllJHl CTpeJ1bObl ll3 aBTOMaTa

C 06bIKHOBeHHbIMH rryJUIMH O,UHH narpon C rp acCHpYEOIUeil: rry JIeli.

157. I1pH3HaKaMH, YKa3bIBaEOIUHMH na neitcrBHTeJIbHOCTb csoero orH51, MoryT CJIY2i<HTb: noTepH npOTHBHHKa, nepexcn ero OT neperiezcex K nepenOJI3aHH51M, paC4JIeHeHHe H pa3BepThlBaHHe KOJIOHH, OCJIa6JIeHHe HJIH npexp auteaae OrH5I npOTHBHHKa, OTXO,U ero HJIH yXO,U B YKPbITHe.

BblHOC mOl/xu npuv,enuIJQHUH nnrnl' !JUl(OIJlemll

l-amO'IKa npuu.enuIJaHUH

-" '

PIIC. 83. BbIHOC TO'lKII npauenasaaaa

CTpeJIbOa no HenO,UBIUKHbIM H nOHBJIRIOIU.UMCSI u.eJlRM

158. OllHHO'lHYIO 51'CHO BH,UHMYIO nem, oticrpeJIHBaTb KOPOTKHMH HJIH ,UJIHHHbIMHO'lepe.n;51MH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT BalKHOCTH ueJIH, ee paaxepoa H .n;aJIbHOCTH no nee. lieMonacHee HJIH 'leM nansure ueas, TeM ,UJIHHHee ,UOJIlKHa 6bITb onepem.. Orom, Be.n;eTCH no rex nop, noxa uens He 6y,UeT YHH'lTOlKeHa HJIH He cKpOeTC5I.

159. I1PH CTpeJIbOe no rr051BJI51EOruelic51 ueJIH BpeM5I na CTpeJIb6y onpeneasercs nOHBJIellHeM UE'.TlIl. )IlI5I nop aacenaa rr051BJl5IIOruelic51 ueJIH He- 06XO,UHMO, 3aMeTHB MeCTO ee rr051BJIeHH5I, 6b!.-

I'n aaa IX, Ilpanan a cTpenbobl ll3 aBTOMaTa

141

CTpO H3rOTOBHTbC51 K CTpeJIb6e H OTKpbITb orcas. EbICTpOTa OTKpbITH51 orH51 HMeeT peuratomee 3Ha'leHHe .n;JI5I nopaaceuna ueJIH. ECJIH sa BpeM51 H3rOTOBKH K CTpeJIb6e uens cxpsrnacs, npa BTOPH'lHOM ee rr051BJleHHH YTO'lHHTb HaBo.n;KY H OTxpsrrs orous.

I1PH CTpeJIb6e rro Heo.n;HOKpaTHO II051BJI5IIOIUeil:C51 ueJIH cnenyer HMeTb B BH.n;y, 'lTO OHa MO.lKeT TI05IBHTbCH H B HOBOM MeCTe, n03TOMY nopaaceHHe ee 6y.n;eT 3aBHceTb OT BHHMaTeJIbHOCTH npH Ha6JIEO.ueHHH, 6bICTPOTbI H3rOTOBKH: K CTpeJIb6e H OTKpbITll51 orH51.

I1051BJI51IOruYEOC51 nerrs nopaacare o-repensran, 6~ICTpO CJIe.uYIOruHMH ozma 3~ npyron,

160. Fpynnoayio uens, COCT051IUYIO H3 OT,UeJIbHbIX, oT<i:eTJIHBO BH.n;HMbIX qlHryp, oticrpeJIHBaTb O'lepe,U51MH, nOCJIe.uOBaTeJIbHO nepeHocH orons C o.n;rioli qmrYPbI r.ra npyryro.

161. lllHPOKYIO nens, COCT051IUYIO H3 He51CHO

'BH.n;HMbIX qmryp HJIH 3aMacKHpoBaHHYIO, H O.n;HHO'lHYIO 3aMacKllpoBaHHYIO nens 06CTpeJIHBaTb C paccenaauaeu nyrn- no CPPOHTY uena (MacKH) HJIH C nOCJIe,UOBaTeJIbHbIM nepeaocou TO'lKH npHueJlHBaHH51 OT ozmoro cpJIaHra ueJIH' (MacKH) K npyroay.

162. CTpeJIb6y no aTaKYIOruelilKHBoll CHJle npoTHBHHKa Ha paccTQ5IHllH OT 100 M H 6JIHlKe BeeTH .n;JIHHHbIMH O'lepe.n;51MH C pacceaaaaaea nyns no CPPOHTY ueJIH.

Paccenaaaae nyns no CPpOHTY npn CTpeJIb5e ,UOCTHraeTC51 yrJIOBbIM nepeMerueHYleMaBToMaTa no ropH30HTy. EbICTpoTa yrJIOBOro nepeueutenaa aBTOMaTa rrpH CTpeJIb6e C pacceanaaaea nyJIb

142 qacTb "Tapa!!. nplleMbl II npa"IIJla CTpeJlb6bl 113 aBTOMaTa'

no cpPOHTy ueJIII 3aBIICHT OT .lI.aJIbHOCTH CTpeJIb- 6bI H Tpe6yeMoH nJIOTHOCTII OfHH. Flpn 3TOM nJIOTHOCTI> orns BO scex CJIyqaHX .lI.OJI)j{Ha ObITb He xenee .lI.ByX nyns aa Ka2K.lI.bIH MeTp rpponra ueJUI.

Crpeasna no .ll.BH2K.Yll(HMCSI ueJlSlM

163. OpH .lI.BII2KeHIIII nena aa crpensnouiero "JIll OT nero aa paCCTOHHIIII, He npeauuraiomeu )l.aJIbHOCTII npaxoro BbICTpeJIa, oroas ,BeCTII C YCTaIioBKoH npauen a, COOTJ;leTCTBYIOIlI,ei1: nansHOCTH npaaoro BbICTpeJIa. Ha pa~CTOHHHHX, npensnnaroumx . nansaocri, npa aoro BbICTpeJICl" orcas Be.CTH C YCTaHOBKOH npnnena, COOTBeTCTsytomea TOMY paCCTOHHHIO, na KOTOPOM uens M02KeT OKa3aTbCH B MOMeHT OTKpbITHH orna.

164. I1PH CTpeJIb6e no ueJIII, )l.BH2KYIll,eHC51 non yr JIOM K nJIOCKOCTII CTpeJIb6bI, TOqKY npaueJIHBaHHH fl~06xo)l.HMO BbI6IIpaTb snepena uenn .« na TaKOM paccrosnna OT nee, qT06bI 3a BpelvIH nOJIeTa nyna uens npO)l.BHHyJIaCb aa 3TO paccroanae. Paccrosnae, aa xoropoe nepexreuiaerca ueJIb aa BpeMH nOJIeTa nyJIH )l.0 nee, Ha3bIBaeTCH ynpescneaae». Ynpezcneaae na )l.BHxceaae ueJIH 6epeTC51 B cpHrypax ueJIH HJIH B MeTpax.

165. ,UJIH onpenenenas ynpexcneaaa npn

CTpeJIb6e ITO ue.na, )l.BH1KYIll,ei1:cH I10)l. yr JIOM 90° K nJIOCKOCTH CTpeJIb6bI, PYKOBO)l.CTBoBaTbcH CJIe)l.YIOIlI,ei1: 'ra6JIHueH.

143

I

Uenb, 6erYll\a,,"co !MoTOlIenb, .ll.BHlKywaHcli CKOPOCTblO 3 MjceK co CKOPOCTblO 6 scice« (npHMepHo 10 ICMj~ac) (nplIMepHo 20 1C."j~ac)

YnpelKl\eHHe (oKpyrJleHHO)

)lanbHocTb CTpeJlb6b1 B ~eTpa~

B ~lIrypax qeJlOBeKa II xerpas
100 1 1
200 2 2
300 3 3
400 4 4
500 6 6
600 8 8 166. OrOHb no ueJIH, )l.BH1KyrueHCH non yrJloM K ITJlOCKOCTH CTpeJIb6bI, senerca cnocotiox conpOB02K.lI.eHlIH ueJIH HJIIi. cnocooou BbI1KlI)l.aHHH uena (orneaoro Han a)l.eHIIH) .

Flpu Be.ll.eH1I1I orna cnocoooa conpoaoacneuna uena aBTOMaTq'HK, nepexeuras aB.TOMaT B CTOPOHY ABH1KeHf!:H ueJIH, B MOMeHT HaH60JIee npaBIIJIbHOi1: HaBO)l.KlI Be.ll.eT orOHb KOPOTKlIMlI IIJIH .ll.JIHHHbIMH Oqepe)l.HMII B 3aBIICHMOCTH OT nansHOCTH CTpeJIb6b1 H OT CKOPOCTII )l.BH1KeHIIH uena.

Ilpn Be.ll.eHIIII OrHH cnocotioa Bbl1KH.lI.aHHSI uean (OrHeBOrO nananeuaa) aBTOMaHIIK npauenaBaeTCH B TOqKY, BbI6paHHYlO snepena ueJIH, H C nO)l.XO.ll.OM ueJIII K 3TOH TOqKe na BeJIlIqHHY no-' ayropa-nsyx TaOJllIqHbIX yrrpexcneuaa, nposno YAep1KHBaH aBToMaT, npOlI3BoAIIT .lI.JIHHHYIO one-

. pens: 3aTeM, eCJlH uens ne 6Y)l.eT nopaaceaa;:

BbI61.fpaeT snepena nee HOBYIO TOqKY npmtennBaHIIH, npHueJlIIBaeTCH II, npa rroztxozre uena K HeH aa BeJlHqllHY HY1KHOrO ynpeacneaaa . npoH3BO)l.HT CHOBa .lI.JlHHHYIO ouepens II T. .lI..

167. Ilpn ,UBH:tKeHHH ueJIH non OCTpbIM yrJIOil1 K rrJIOCKOCTH CTpeJIb6bI yrrpeasnemre npn Be,UeHHH OrH5I cnocooon corrpoBOIK,UeHI1H ueJIH 6epeTc5I. B ,UBa pasa MeHbille Ta6JIHqHOrO, a npn Be,UeHlIU OrH5I crtocotiors B'bI:tKI1,UaHHH ueJIH - Ta6J1l,rqHoe.

168. DpHMeHeHHe rpaccapyrouinx nyns npn crpeasoe no ,UBU:tKymHMcH ueJIHM 06eCneQHB-aeT JIYQIllee Ha6JIlO,UeHHe3a pe3YJIbTaTaMH CTpeJIb6bI H B03MO:tKHOCTb YTOQHeHH5I ynpeacneaaa. ,

169. CTpeJIb6y no :tKHBOH CHJIe npoTHBHHKa ua 6poHeTpaHcnopTepax, aBTOM06HJI5IX HJ1H MO-_ TOUHKJIaX BeCTH 06bIKHoBeHHbIMH H6poHe60HHo~ 3a:tKHraTeJIbHbIMH nyJI5IMH (npn COOTHOIlleHHH nynt,I : 1 I1JIH npn ,UpyroM coornoruenan B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT HaJIHQH5I narpoaos C YKa3aHHbIMH ny JI5nViH ) •

CTpeJlb6a no B03.ll.YlllHbIM u.eJISIM '

170. Orons H3 aBTOMaTOB no CaMOJIeTaM H napaunorucraa Be,UeTC5I B COCTaBe OT,UeJIeHHll HJIH B3Bo,Ua ua ,UaJIbHOCTH no 500 M C YCTaHoBKoH npnneaa 3 HJIH «D».

Oroas rro CaMOJIeTaM orxpsmarr, TOJIbKO no KOMaH,Ue KOMaH,UHpa, a no napaunorncrasr - no - KOMaH,Ue HJlH caMOCT05lTeJIbHO.

CTpeJIb6y rro CaMOJIeTaM BeCTH rrarponauu

C 6poHe60HHO-3a:tKHraTeJIbHbIMH nyJI5IMH, a npa fiX OTCYTCTBHH - C 06bIKHoBeHHbIMH; no napa- ' IlllOTHCTaM - C 06bIKHoBeHHbIMH nyJHIMH. LLJI5I KoppeKTHpOBaHH5I .0rH5I npHMeH5ITb narpomr

C TpaccHpyIoIUHMH nyJI5IMH.

171. Do CaMOJIe1'y, nHKHpYlOIUeMY B CTOPOHY crpensromero, CTpeJIb6y BeCTH nenpepsrenstx

II

Fn a aa IX. npaBHJI3 crpenstist H3 aBTOMaT3

145

I

oruesr C npHueJIOM 3, npHlJ,eJIHBa5lCb B rOJIOBHYlO

QaCTbueJIH_ HJIH HaBO,U5I aBTOMaT no CTBOJIY. Orom, orxpuaari, C .ll.aJIbHOCTH 700-900 M.

172. Do CaMOJIeTY, JIeT5ImeMY B cropone HJIH Ha,U aBTOMaTQHKOM, orons Be,UeTC51 sarpanarensHbIM HJIH conpononarensaux cnocoriox.

Orcas 3arpa,UHTeJIbHbIM crrocoriov Be,UeTC5I no HM3KO JIeT5IIUHM CaMOJIeTaM,I1MelOIUHM CKOPOCTb nOJIeTa 60JIee 150 MiceK.

DPH Be,UeHI1H or-as aarpanurensnsra cnocofiosr orcas OT,UeJIeHH5I HJl:H B3Bo,Ua cocpe.ll.OTOQHBaeTC5I rro KOMaH,ne KOMaH,UHpa na HarrpaBJIeHHH ,UBH:tKeHH51 rrpH6JIH:tKalOmerOC51 CaMOJIeTa (pHC. 84). B HarrpaBJIeHHH, YKa3aHHoM B KOMaH,Ue, aBTOMaTQHK npnnaer aBToMaTY yroa B03BbIIlleHH5I 4.5° H OT"KpblBaeT orous, y,Uep:tKHBa51 aBTOMaT B rrpH,UaHHOM HarrpaBJIeHHH. CTpeJIb6a ne! ,neTC51 uenpepsrsnun OrHeM ,UO asrxoua CaMOJIeTa H3 30HbI OrH5I. ECJIH aBTOMaTQHK 5ICHO BH.ll.HT B6JIH3H ueJIH uanpaanenae rpacccaoero aBTOMaTa, TO eMY pa3peillaeTC51, He npexpamas Be.ll.eHH5I orH51, HeCKOJIbKO nepenecrarr, anroxiar B CTOPOHY ueJIH, ,U06HBa5lCb COBMemeHlI51 rpacc C uensro.

DPH xoppexrapoaaimu OrH5I no TpaccaM CJIenyer HMeTb B BH,Uy, QTO TpaCCbI, aanpaanenusre B CaMOJIeT, Ka:tKYTCH CTpeJI51lOmeMY lI,UymHMH auure CaMOJIeTa H HeCKOJIbKO snepena Hero.

Do Me,UJIeHHO JIeT51mHM B03,UyIllHbIM ueJI5IMBepTOJIeTaM, TpaHcrropTHbIM CaMOJIeTaM - orcas Be,UeTC5I cOnpOBO.ll.HTeJIbHbIM cnocotion. Vnpe:«nenne onpenenaercs H OTCQHTblBaeTC5I B BH,UHMbIX paaaep ax ueJIH (B q:mrypax). DPH Be,UeHHH orHH conpoaonarensnua cnocoriox aBTOMaHliE

'r

I I

146 'lacTb STopa". npHeMbI 51 rrpaBHJla CTpeJlb6bl 513 aBTOMaTa

_-- ------::~

a

-----=--

. _--=-~_--

, ----------

... ----

PRC. 84. Beneaae oraa aarpannreasasm cnocorioa no caMOJIeTY:

cz - HiJ,ymeMY S,ll,OJlb <ppoHTa rr03H"HH B3BO,ll,a; 6 _. R,ll,yme"y 11011.

yrJjoM K JlIIHHH <PPOHT;I [1035111,1151 B3BOA& '

I'nasa IX. Flpanana CTpeJlhl)b! 513 3BTOMaT3 . 147

ynepxcaaaer JIHHHIO rrpHIl;eJIHBaHHH anepenu ca-, MOJIeTa na BeJIlf'IHHY HY)KHOrO ynpeacnenas H rrpOH3BO,lJ,HT ,lJ,JIHHHYIO osepens.

173. nJIH onpenenenaa ynpexcnenaa npa CTpeJIb6e rro B03,lJ,YIlIHbIM ueJIHM PYKOBO,lJ,CTBOBaTbCH CJIe,lJ,YlOmei1 Ta6JIHuei1 .

.QaJlbHOCTb CTllelib6b1 B MeTpa:<
---- 1 I
100 300 500
--
Tan cauonera - Yrrpe>KJleHHe
51 CKOPOCTb B KOp- B KOp- B KOp-.
B MeT~ nycax B MeT- nycax . B MeT- rrycax
pax CllMQ- pax c asro- ·pax caao-
JIeTa JIeT8 JIe.T8
BepTOJIeT, 50 6
50 .MIceK 8 1 25 3
Tpancnoprnsrk, -50 3 100 6
100 u[ce« 15 1 174. OrOHb rro napaunorncraa Be,lJ,eTCH ,lJ,JIHHHbIMH .osepenaau. TOqKY npaneaasaaaa BbIHOCHTb B aanp'aaneana CHH)KeHHH napaunoracra aa BeJIHqHHY, YKa3aHHylO B Ta6JIHue.

'400 -, 500

.Qa!!bHOCTb CTpe!!hObi B MeTpax

100

200 I 300

BbIHOC TOqKn npn~eJInBaHHlI B ¢Hrypax napaIllIOTHCTa

3

2

00)1. Horn

4

OTC'-IeT yrrpeLK,ll,eHH5I rrp01l3BO,ll,I1TC5I OT cepe,ll,HHbI ¢HrypbI napaunoracra (pHC. 85).

iN~

III

_ "" TO¥Ha nplluenllOallua oP/[ OblHoce sa 2rpuaYPbl

PRe. 85. BbIHOC TOqKH npanennsaaua UpH CTpeJIb6_e rro napallllOTHCTY

175. B ropax npn CTpeJIb6e ua ,ll,aJIbHOCT5IX cnunre 400 M, eCJIH BbICOTa MeCTHOCTI1 nan yponaex MOP5I npessnuaer 2000 M, rrpHIJ,eJI, cooTBeTcTBYlOIIJ,HH ,ll,aJIbHOCTH no IJ,eJIH,B CB5I3H C rrOHI1LKeHHOH rrJIOTHOCTblO nosnyxa cnenyer YMeHbllIaTb aa 1 neneaue; eCJIH BbICOTa MeCTHO-

rJlaBa IX. Tlpaaana CTpeJlbObI as aBTOMaTa

149

CTI1 nan ypOBHeM MOP51 MeHblile 2000 lVI, TO npaIJ,eJI He YlVIeHblilaTb, a TO'-IKY rrpHIJ,eJIHBaHH5l BbI- 6HpaTb na HHLKHelVl xpaio IJ,eJIH.

Ilpn CTpeJIb6e B ropax CHH3Y asepx HJIH caepxY BHl13 na ,ll,aJIbHOCT51X caunre 400 M H yr-n ax MeCTa IJ,eJIH MeHee 30° TO'-IKY rrpHIJ,eJIHBaHml CJIezryer BbI6HpaTb aa HHLKHeM KPalO IJ,e,'lI1, a IIgH yr.nax MeCTa IJ,e~H 60JIee 30° rrpHIJ,eJI, COOTBeTCTBYlOlllHH ,ll,aJIbHOCTH no IJ,eJIl-I, YMeHblllaTb aa 1 neneane.

CTpeJIbOa B YCJIOBHllX OrpaHHQeHHOH BlI,Il,MMOCTM

176. CTpeJIb6a HO'-IblO rro OCBemeHHbIM IJ,eJI5lM rrpoH3BO,ll,HTC5I TaK LKe, KaK H ,ll,HeM_ Bo BpeM5I OCBellleHH5I MeCTHOCTH aBTQMaT'-IHK, o6HapyLKHB IJ,eJIb, 6blCTPO YCTaHaB.irHBaeT rrpHIJ,eJI, npauenaBaeTC5I li rrpoH3Bo,ll,HT o '-I ep e,ll,b.

Ilpn KpaTKoBpeMeHHoM ocseuieaau UeJIH (nanpaxep, MeCTHOCTb OCBelilaeTC5I OCBeTHTeJIbHbIMH narpoaaxm) orcas nano aecrn C npHIJ,eJIOM «Fl», rrpl1IJ,eJIHBaHCb B. cepemmy ueJII1, eCJIH }.l,aJ1bHOCTb no IJ,eJIH He 60JIee 300 M, H B sepxmoro '-IaCTb IJ,eJIH, eCJIH IJ,eJIb HaXO,ll,HTC5I aa paCCT05IHim 60JIee 300 M.

Bo H36eLKaHHe speaeaaoro OCJIerrJIeHH5I HeJIb- 351 CMOTpeTb na HCTO'-IHHK OCBemeHH51.

177. CTpeJIb6a HO'-IblO rro ueJIH, o6HapyLKH~ naiouten ce65I BcrrbIlllKaMH BbICTpeJIOB, aeztercs C YCTaHOBKOH: npauena 3 liJIH «Il» ,ll,JIHHHbIMH onepenaxa. Orcas oTKpbIBaeTC51 B TOT MOMeHT, KO rn a scnsunxa BbICTpe.llOB BH}.l,HbI B IJ,eHTpe npenoxp annrena MyllIKll II ua rpnaxe npnue.ns-

__________________ .......... __ ~~~l'l&lq;;~~~'~'~~-·~·--------------

150 4aCTb aropas. npHeMbl

H npanaaa crpenstist H3 aSTOMaTa

HoM: nJIaHKI1 (pHC. 86). B rex CJ1Y4aHx, xorna llpe.ll;OXpaHHTeJIb MyWKIT H rpl1BKa rrpHueJIbHOM: llJIaHKI1 He BHAHbI, aBTOMaT· HanpaBJI5IeTC5I B uens no CTBOJIY.

ECJIH na npnne.asnue npl1cnoC06JIeHI15I Ha.ne;bI caMOCBeT5Illl,HeC5I aacanxu, TO npa HanpaBJIeHHH

6

Puc. 86. flplluemr,!lalll!e npn CTpeJIbOe no uenn, oeaapy}!{!lBalOw:ell ceon acnsnuxaan BbICTpeJIOB:

a - ~ ~OMOll\blO npenoxpamrren s MylIlKH H IIplll\eJlbHOfi IIJ1aHKH" 1- l\eJlH~' nt:~O~yb;Ka~P~CIIOCOOJleHHlI i\JllI CTpeJlbObl HOqblO; •

, , - CBeT5IlU,HeCH T01.J:Kll; 4 - BcnblWKH BhI'"

CTpeJlOB •

aBTOMaTa B nens nano CBeT5Illl,HeC5I T04Kl1 aacanox COBMeCTHTb CO BCnbIWKaMH BbICTpeJIOB

(pHC, 86).' .

178. nJI5I CTpeJIb6bI no ueJIH, CHJIY3T KOTOPOH BH,ll,eH aa rpone neria, aapeaa nozcapa, cnera, nano a~ToMaT nanpaaars P5IAOM C ueJIbIO aa CBeTJIbIH CPOH 11 B35ITb pOBHyIO MyWKy (pHC. 87). 3aTeM, nepexeutaa aBTOMaT, nO.ll;BeCTH JlHHHIO

rJlasa IX. npaSHJIa CTpeJlb6b1 H' aST·OMaT3

151

npHUeJlHBaHH5I B cepenaay CiiJIY3Ta H orxpsrr» orons.

CTpeJIb6a Be.ll;eTcR,.ll;JIl1HHbIMH o4epenHMH. Tlpa

CTpeJIb6e no ueJI5IM, BHAHMbIM aa TeMHoM cpO He (aec, KYCTapHHK), nasonxa aBTOMaTa npOH3BO-

.ll;HTC51 no CTBOJIY· .

/ -'

PHC. 87. Cnoco6 HaBO}J.KH B CHJlY3T

179. npH 3a6JIarOBpeMeHHOM: nO.ll;rOTOBKe

K cTpeJIb6e H04bIO .ll;JI5I aarojrara B 6pycTBepe Bblpe3aeTC5I :lKeJIo6 C TaKHM pacseroa, 4T06bI YJIQ)KeHHbIH B Hero aBTOMaT 6bIJI uanpaanea B py6e:lK Bep05ITHOrO nOHBJIeHHR npOTHBHHKa.

,UJI5I CTpeJIb6bl HOtlbIO B 3a.naHHOM cexrope nepeMemeHHe aBTOMaTa no 60KOBOMY nanpas_JIeHHIO orpaHH4HBaeTCH KoJiblIiIKaMH. nOJIQ)Keuue aBTOMaTa no BblCOTe <PHKcHpyeTcll cnoex

152 4aCTb BTopaH. ilpReMbl R "paBRJla CTpeJlb6bl 1<3 aBTOMaTa

nepna (xuprmuo», ./1.0CKOM C Bblpe3aMli li T . ./1..), nO./1.JIO)KeHHOrO nOA nliCTOJIeTHYIO PYKOHTKY·

180. ,UJI5I .nyniuero KoppeKTHpOBaHH5I OrH5I npn CTpeJIb6e H04bl0 ueJ]{~co06pa3Ho npHMeH5ITb naTpoHbI C TpaccHpYIOIUHMH nYJI5IMli.

181. CTpeJIb6a 110 ueJI5IM, HaxO./1.5IIUHMC5I B HenOCpe./1.CTBeHHoH ,6JIli30CTH 01' aBTOMaT4liKa H 06HapY)KliBIIIHM ce65I 3BYKOM, Be./1.eTC5I ./1.JI~HHbIMH o'lepe./1.5IMli C nanp aanemrev 'aBTOMaTa no' CTBOJIY B CTOPOHY 3BYKa.

182. CTpeJIb6a no ueJIHM, HaXO./1.5IIUliMC5I aa ./1.bIMOBOH 3aBecoM iIJIli aa MacKoH, Be./1.eTCH ./1.JIHHHbI-Mli O'lepe./1.5IMH C paccenaaaaex nyJIh no

<PPOHTY·

CTpeJlb6a B YCJlOBHSlX pa./1.HOaKTHBHoro, XHMHlJeCKOrO H 6aKTepHaJlbHOrO 3apaMeHHSI

183. CTpeJIb6a B YCJIOBH5IX pa./1.HOaKlJ'liBHOrO, XliMli4eCKoro li '6aKTepHaJIbHOrO '3apa)KeHH5I Be./1.e.TC5I B liHAliBli./1.yaJIbHbIX cpencrnax 3aIUliTbI. CTpeJIb6a B nporaaoraae Be./1.eTC5I ./1.J1liHHbIMli o'lepe./1.5IMli. ECJIli npn CTpeJIb6e npopess 'rrpnueJIbHOH nJIaHKliH MYlilKa He Bli./1.HbI, HaBO./1.Ka aBTOMaTa npOli3BO.l1.liTC5I no CTBOJIY·

Ilpn Be./1.eHlili OrH5I aa MeCTHOCTli, sapaacenHOM pa.l1.HOaKTHBHbIMli, OTpaBJI5IIOIUliMH liJIli 6aKTepliaJIbHbIMli Cpe./1.CTBaMli, CJIeAyeT npenoxpaH5ITb OT anx B .nepayio osepens re 'laCTli aBTOMaTa, C KOTOPhIMli IIPHXO,UliTC5I conpnxacarsca npn CTpeJIb6e. Tlpaaana CTpeJIb6bI re )Ke, 'lTO Ii ./1.JI5I CTpeJIb6bl B 06bI'lHbIX YCJIOBH5IX.

nOCJIe BbIx6Aa as 3apa)KeHHOrO Y'laCTKa MeeT-

\ '

I'nana IX. Ilp asnna CTpeJlbt'ibl H3 aBTOMaTa

153

HOCTH npn nepsoa B03MO)KHOeTf[ aeooxonaao npoaecrn ne3aKTHBaUHIO (neraaaumo HJIH. )1.e- 3HH<jJeKUHIO) aBTOMaTa.

Crpenstia "PH ./1.BHMeHHH CTpeJISlIOUJ.ero

184. CTpeJIb6a npa nI;lH)KeHHH aBTOMaTlJHKa (ua XO.l1.Y, C 6pOHeTpaHcrropTepa, C aBTOM06HJI5I) B03MO)KHa C KOPOTKOH OCTaHOBKH If 6e3 OCTaHOBKH.

C KOPOTKOH OCTaHOBKH Be,UeTC5I rrpHueJIbHhIH orom, no TeM )Ke rrpaaana a, 'lTO Ii rrpn CTpeJIb- 6e C MeCTa. I13roTaBJIliBaTbC5I K CTpeJIb6e, ycraHaBJIHBaTb npaue.n- H rr.pHueJIHBaTbC5I Ha)1.0 BO BpeM5I .l1.BH)KeHH5I li TOpMO)KeHH5I MaIllliHM. B MOMeHT OCTaHOBKH YTO'lHliTb rrpaBHJIbHOCTb npa-

ueJIHBaHli5I H OTKpbITb orom.. '

CTpeJIb6a C XO)1.y (npn .l1.eMCTBH5IX B neurest nOp5I,UKe, Ha 6poH~TpaHcnopTepe, aBTOM06HJIe, rrepenpaso-rnax cpencrnax) H3~3a 3HalJHTeJIbHbIX H nOCT05IHHbIX KOJIe6amiH aBTOMaTa Be)1.eTC5I, KaK rrpaBHJIO, B npenenax naJIbHOCTli np5IMOrO aucrpena. Ilpunen YCTaHaBJIHBaeTC5I COrJIaCHO .3TOH ./1.aJIbHOCTH H B xone crpensou MO)KeT He MeH5ITbC5I.

TO'lKa rrpHueJIHBaHH~ no BblCOTe Bbl6HpaeTC5I aa yposae ,Hli)KHerO Kpa5I ueJIH, a no 60KOBOMY nanp anneamo ~ B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT CKOPOCTH H HanpaBJIeHH5I )1.BH)KeHH5I 6pOHeTpaHcnopTepa (aBTOM06HJI5I) H 01' xapa~Tepa ueJIH (n05IBJI5IIOIUa5IC5I HJIH nBH)KYIUa5IC5I). Il pn Be.l1.eHHH OrH5I nosepx nepenaero (aanaero) 60pTa HJIH nozt yrJIOM He 60JIee 30° K HanpaBJIeHHIO .l1.BH)KeHH5I 6poHeTpaHcnopTepa (aBToM06HJI5I) TO'lKY npH"

,',

j

"1:=

I: '

'I

.j

154 'lacTb BTOpall, npMeMbI H npaBllJl3 CTpeJlM)bl H3 aBTOMaTa

ueJIlIBaHH~ no nOSIBJI~IOIl.I,HMCSI ueJISIM B 6e3- BeTpeHHYIO norozry aa npenenu . ueJIH He asrHOCHTb.

ECJIH orons senercs B CTOPOHY npaaoro (JIesoro) 60pTa npa .lI.BH)KeHHH 6pOHeTpaHcnopTepa (aBToM06HJI~) co CKOPOCTblO 10-15 KM/Lfac, TOLfKY npHueJlI1BaHHH He06xo.ll.HMO BblHOCHTb na 4 TblC5PIHbIX B CTOPOHY, rrpoTHBOnOJIO)KHYIO .lI.BH)KeHHIO MaIllllHbI. Ilpn CTpeJIb6e no )KlIBOH CHJIe MO)KHO 3anOMHlITb cnenyrouiee npanano: TOLfKY npaneaasanaa BbIHOCHTb anpaso (BJIeBo) npa Be.ll.eHHlIOrHSI C npasoro (nesoro) 60pTa aa "HCJIO qmryp, pasnoe LfHCJIY COTeH MeTpOB no ne.na.

BbIHOC TO'lKlI npHueJIlIBaHHH aa 60KOBOH BeTep H yrrpe)K,ll,eHlIe na .lI.BlI)KeHlIe ueJIH YLfllTbIBaTb TaK )Ke, KaK H npa crpenstie .c MeCTa.

Ilpa ABH)KeHHH 6e3 OCTaHOBKH aa 6pOHeTp aacnoprepe, aBTOM06HJIe, no HepOBHOH MeeTHOCTllHJIH aa .lI.eCaHTHbIX nepenpasouasrx cpenCTBax . npn H3JIHLfliH 60JIbIlllIX BOJIH CTpeJIb6~ Be.lI.eTC~ .lI.JIlIHHbIMH osepenaaa e HaBO.ll.KOH aBTOMaTa no CTBOJIY, 6e3 HcnOJIb30BaHHH npaueaa.

,UJIH ay-nnero xoppexrapoaaans eras npaxeH~Th narpoau C TpaeCliPYIOIl.I,HMH nYJI~Mli. ,

nUTaHDe naTpOHaMU U pacxon ax 8 6010

185. Banac narpoaos aBTOMaTLfHKH HOCHT .)

B Mara3HHax, YJIO)l{eHHbIX B CYMKH. ,):

DHTaHHe narponaraa aBTOMaTa B 6010 npoaaBO,ll,liTCH nO.lI.HOeLfHKaMli naTpOHOi3, BbI.lI.eJIeHHblMll KOMaH,ll,HpOMrrO.ll.pa3.l1.eJIeHlIH,

155

no H3paCXO,ll,OBaHlIH rrOJIOBliHbI HOCHMoro aanaca aBTOMaTlJliK nororanuaaer 06 3TOM KOMaH,ll,HPY OT.lI.eJIeHliH.

O.ll.HH Mara3liH, eHap~)KeHHbIH narponanu, .lI.OJI)KeH 6bITb acer.aa Y anrosrartraxa KaK He- , npHKocHoBeHHbIH sanae, KOTOPbIH pacxonyercs 'TOJIbKO C P as peiuenns KOMaH,ll,lipa'.

nPHnO>KEHMH

llPI1JJO)KEHHE i

6AJ1J1I1CT!tJlIECKME 11 KOHCTPYKTHBHblE .ll.AHHblE 7,62-MM MOllEPHI13H'POSAHHorO ABTOMATA KAJIAWHMKOBA (AKM Ii AKMC) 11 nATPOHA otip, 1943 r,

1. Ilpanensaas naasnocrs, M • • " 1000

I 2. llaJIbHOCTb npauoro asicrpena no rpynuoa <pHrype (BbICOTOii 50 CM), M

3. Texn CTpeJIb6bI, BbICTpeJIOB BMHHyTy

4. Boesaa CKopOCTpeJIbHOCTb, BbICTpeJIO!i, B MHayry:

npn CTpeJIb6e O,nHHO'lHbIMH BbICTpeJIaMH npH CTpeJIb6e onepenaxa .......,

5. Haaansnaa CKOPOCTb nym!, ulce« . . . . . .

6. llaJIbHOCTb, no KOTOPOIl coxpanaercs yooaaoe

neacrsne nyJIH, M ••••••••... 1500

7. Ilpenensnas ,naJIbHOCTb noaera nyJIH, M . .• 3000

8. Bee aBTOMaTa 6e3 llITbIKa-HO)!{a, xr: *

C HeCHapll)!{eHHbIM Mara3llHOM ll3 JIerKOrO

CnJIaBa . • • • • • • • • • • . • • • • 3,1/3,3 co caapaacenaax Mara3llHOM ll3 JIerKOrO

CnJlaBa . • • • • 3,6/3,8

9. EMKOCTb xaraaaaa, narpoaos 30

10. Bec Mara3HHa, Kr:

350 --600

H3 JIerKOrO CnJIaBa

0,17 0,33

0,45 0,26 7,62

CTaJIbHOrO

11. Bec llITbIKa-HO)!{a, xr:

C HO)!{HaMH 6e3 HO)!{eH 12. Kanaop, MM

* B 'IHCJlllTeJIe YKa3aH aec aBTOMaTa C ,nepeBlIHHbIM npHKJI<I,nOM, B 3HaMeHaTeJIe -co CKJIa,nblBaIOIUHMClI npaKJIa,nOM.

40 100 715

.A
157
,;.
1020 §
880
640
415 t.;
369 ~
4
240
2
378
16,2
cep-
7,9
1,6 13, ,l],JIHUa aBTOMaTa, MM:

C npllMKHYTbIM llITbIKOM-HO)!{OM 6e3 llITbIKa-HO)!{a • • • • • '"

co CJIOlKeHHbIM npllKJIa,noM • , •

14. llJIllHa CTBOJIa, MM' • .

15. llJiHHa uapeanojl 'IaCTH CTBOJIa, MM 16, 4llCJIO Hape30B ••

17. llJIllHa xozia Hape30B, MM , • •

18. TOJlIUlma MylllKH,MM . • • • • 19, llJIHHa npHueJIbHOii JIHHHH, MM

20. B'ec naTpoHa, r . • • . . • .

21. Bee nyJIH (06bIKHoBeHHoii co CTaJIbHbIM ,neqHHKoM), r • • . • •

22. Bec nopox,oBoro 3apll,na, r • . • . . .

158

flPHJ]O}f(EHHE 2

npOSMBHOE AEHCTBME nYnb nATPOHOB OSP. 1943 r.

- ,
" Ilponenr :
ci. H8HMeHOB8HHe npe- "' - CKB03HbIX
0 '":ll npo60HH
" rpanu (3alUHTHbIX THn nyJm ">0
0,0 H~H
0 CJ~e)l.CTB) :.:"
" .0", r~y6HHa
"'0.
~ "''" npo6HTHSI
<::["
1 BPOH5I TOJllllHHOH Bponetiojino- 300 50%
7 MM npH yrJle 3a)KHraTeJlbHa51 200 9OO/0
acrpesu 900 nyJl51
2 Kacxa (CTaJlbHOH I1Y.J)lI co crane- 900 80-90%
IlIJ1eM) HblM cepnennaxon
BpoHe601!Ho· Casr- 80~900f0
Sa)KHraTeJlbHa51 we
nyJl51 1100
3 BpOHelKHJleT I1yJl51 co crans- 600 80-90%
HblM cepneuaaxox
Bponeeoauo- 1000 80-90%
3a)KHraTeJlbHa51
4 nyJl51
Bpycrnep H3 Bce THnb! nyJlb 500 70--'--80 eM
nJlOTHO YTpaM6o-
BaHHoro CHera
5 3eMJl5IHa51 npe- Bce Tanb! nyJlb 500 25-30 eM
rpa.ua H3 csooon-
HO nacsmaaaoro
cynecxaaoro
6 rpym-a.
CyxHe COCHOBble I1yJlH eo cr ans- 500 25 CM
6pyCb51 20X20 CM, HblM cep.ueqHHKOM 150 30-40 CM
CKP enaeanue BH 6poHe6oHHo-3a-
urraeensx flmraTeJlbHall
KHpnHQHa51 I1YJlH co crans- 100 12-15 eM
KJla.uKa HblM cep.ueQHHKOM
H 6poHe6ofmo-3a-
)KHraTeJlbHall 7

159

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