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# INSTRUCTIONS:

##  Work in groups composed of 3 members only.

 WRITE your solutions on short bond paper and submit your papers in a folder.
 For references, go to the library or use the internet for more information.
 This seatwork/homework is to be submitted next week and is equivalent to one quiz.

## CONCRETE T-Beam BRIDGE DESIGN

PROBLEM STATEMENT
Design a reinforced concrete T-beam bridge for a 44-ft-wide roadway and three-spans of 35 ft–
42 ft–35 ft with a skew of 30° as shown in Figure 1. Use the concrete deck of Figures 2 and 3
previously designed for an HL-93 live load, a bituminous overlay, and a 8-ft spacing of girders.
Use fc‘= 4.5 ksi, fy = 60 ksi, and follow the outline of AASHTO (2004) LRFD Bridge Specifications,
Section 5, Appendix A5.3.

FIGURE 1: T-beam bridge design example: (a) elevation, (b) plan, and (c) section.

## FIGURE 2: Traditional design of interior deck spans.

FIGURE 3: Concrete barrier and connection to deck overhang.

## A. Develop General Section

B. Develop Typical Section and Design Basis
1. Top Flange Thickness [A5.14.1.5.1a]
2. Bottom Flange Thickness (not applicable to T-beam)
3. Web Thickness [A5.14.1.5.1c and C5.14.1.5.1c]
4. Structure Depth (Table 2.1) [Table A2.5.2.6.3-1]
5. Reinforcement Limits
6. Effective Flange Widths [A4.6.2.6.1]
C. Design Conventionally Reinforced Concrete Deck
D. Select Resistance Factors (Table 7.10) [A5.5.4.2]
F. Select Applicable Load Combinations (Table 3.1) [Table A3.4.1-1]
1. Select Number of Lanes [A3.6.1.1.1]
2. Multiple Presence (Table 4.6) [A3.6.1.1.2]
3. Dynamic Load Allowance (Table 4.7) [A3.6.2.1] Not applied to the design lane load.
4. Distribution Factors for Moment [A4.6.2.2.2]
a. Interior Beams with Concrete Decks (Table 6.5) [A4.6.2.2.2b and Table
A4.6.2.2.2b-1]
b. Exterior Beams (Table 6.5) [A4.6.2.2.2d and Table A4.6.2.2.2d-1]
c. Skewed Bridges (Table 6.5) [A4.6.2.2.2e]
5. Distribution Factors for Shear [A4.6.2.2.3]
a. Interior Beams (Table 6.5) [A4.6.2.2.3a and Table A4.6.2.2.3a-1]
b. Exterior Beams (Table 6.5) [A4.6.2.2.3b and Table A4.6.2.2.3b-1]
c. Skewed Bridges (Table 6.5) [A4.6.2.2.3c and Table A4.6.2.2.3c-
6. Reactions to Substructure [A3.6.1.3.1]
H. Calculate Force Effects from Other Loads
1. Interior Girders
2. Exterior Girders
I. Investigate Service Limit State
1–3. Prestress Girders Not applicable.
4. Investigate Durability [C5.12.1]
5. Crack Control [A5.7.3.4]
a. Effective Flange Width [A4.6.2.6.1]
b. Positive Bending Reinforcement—Exterior Girder (Table 3.1)
[Table A3.4.1-1] Service I limit state, ηi = 1.0, gravity load factors = 1.0, moments
from Table E7.3-2:
6. Investigate Fatigue
Fatigue Limit State (Table 3.1) [Table A3.4.1-1]
7. Calculate Deflection and Camber (Table 3.1) [Table A3.4.1-1]
Service I limit state, ηi = 1.0, gravity load factors = 1.0
a. Live-Load Deflection Criteria (optional) [A2.5.2.6.2]
b. Section Properties at Location 104 Transformed cracked section from Section
7.10.3, Part I.5b:
c. Estimated Live-Load Deflection at Location 104 Assume deflection is
maximum where moment is maximum.