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IBD/Lecture Notes

Maximum Mixing Depth

The amount of air available to dilute pollutants is related to the wind speed
and to the extent to which emissions can rise into the atmosphere.

The maximum mixing depth (sometimes called the mixing height) is


obtained by projecting the dry adiabatic lapse rate line to the point of
intersection with the atmospheric temperature profile.

Neutral

Stable
Height
Maximum
mixing
depth

Unstable

Temperatur Tmax
e

The product of the maximum mixing depth and the average wind speed
within the mixing depth is sometimes used as an indicator of the
atmosphere’s dispersive capability. This product is known as the ventilation
coefficient (m2/s). Values of ventilation coefficient less than about 6000 m2/s
are considered indicative of high air pollution potential (Portelli and Lewis,
1987).

Sample Problems

EX1. Suppose the following atmospheric altitude versus temperature data


have been collected.

Altitude, 0 100 200 300 400 500 600


IBD/Lecture Notes

Temp. OC 20 18 16 15 16 17 18

a) What would be the mixing depth?

b) How high would you expect a plume to rise if it is emitted at 21 OC


from a 100-m stack if it rises at the dry adiabatic lapse rate? Would
you expect the plume to be looping, coning, fanning, or fumigating?

EX2. For the temperature profile given in the previous problem, if the
maximum daytime surface temperature is 22 OC, and a weather station
anemometer at 10 m height shows winds averaging 4 m/s, what would be
the ventilation coefficient? Assume stability class C and use the wind at the
height halfway to the maximum mixing depth.
IBD/Lecture Notes

eq
.