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Date Basic Tests with Rationale Result Clinical Significance Nursing Interventions

Normal Values (before and after)

J Hemo glucose Self-blood glucose 210 Blood sugar levels over 200
A test monitoring allows a mg/dl (mg/dl = milligrams
N person to level at any of glucose or under 60
60-100 mg/dl
time and helps prevent mg/dl are considered
U
the immediate and unhealthy. High blood sugar
A potential of very high or may be a sign of inadequate
very low blood glucose. levels of insulin, caused
R
Monitoring also in overeating, lack of exercise,
Y control, which decreases or other factors. Low blood
the long-term risks of sugar may be a caused by
diabetic complications. taking too much insulin,
3 skipping or exercising,
excessive consumption, r
0,
other factors.

Hemoglobin Measures the hemoglobin 93 Decrease of hemoglobin,

2 content of the blood; with or without an absolute


120 – 160
determines the oxygen – decrease of red blood cells,

63
0 mg/dL carrying capacity of the leads to symptoms of
blood through the iron it anemia. Anemia has many
1
contains. different causes, although
0 iron deficiency and its
resultant iron deficiency
anemia are the most
common causes. Elevated
levels of hemoglobin are
associated with increased
numbers or sizes of red
blood cells, called
polycythemia. This
elevation may be caused by
congenital heart disease, cor
-pulmonale, pulmonary
fibrosis, too much
erythropoietin, or
polycythemia vera.

64
Date Basic Tests with Rationale Result Clinical Significance Nursing Interventions
Normal Values (before and after)
Hemo glucose Self-blood glucose 215 lood sugar levels over 200
test monitoring allows a mg/dl (mg/dl = milligrams
F
person to level at any of glucose or under 60
60-100 mg/dl
E time and helps prevent mg/dl are considered
the immediate and unhealthy. High blood sugar
B
potential of very high or may be a sign of inadequate
R very low blood glucose. levels of insulin, caused
Monitoring also in overeating, lack of exercise,
U
control, which decreases or other factors. Low blood
A the long-term risks of sugar may be a caused by
diabetic complications. taking too much insulin,
R
skipping or exercising,
Y excessive consumption, r
other factors.

Hemoglobin Measures the hemoglobin 93 Decrease of hemoglobin,


0
content of the blood; with or without an absolute

65