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Running Message Display

L
ight emitting diodes are advanta- clock pulse. the complete word becomes visible. On the
geous due to their smaller size, The timer NE555 (IC1) is wired as a following clock pulse, pin 6 goes to logic 1
low current consumption and 1Hz astable multivibrator which clocks and resets the circuit, and the sequence
catchy colours they emit. Here is a run- the IC2 for sequencing operations. On repeats itself. The frequency of sequenc-
ning message display circuit wherein the reset, output pin 3 goes high and drives ing operations is controlled with the help
letters formed by LED arrangement light transistor T7 to ‘on’ state. The output of of potmeter VR1.
up progressively. Once all the letters of transistor T7 is connected to letter ‘W’ of The display can be fixed on a
the message have been lit up, the circuit the LED word array (all LEDs of a letter veroboard of suitable size and connected
gets reset. array are connected in parallel) and thus to ground of a common supply (of 6V to
The circuit is built around Johnson letter ‘W’ is illuminated. On arrival of 9V) while the anodes of LEDs are to be
decade counter CD4017BC (IC2). One of first clock pulse, pin 3 goes low and pin 2 connected to emitters of transistors T1
the IC CD4017BE’s features is its provi- goes high. Transistor T6 conducts and let- through T7 as shown in the circuit.
sion of ten fully decoded outputs, making ter ‘E’ lights up. The preceding letter ‘W’ The above circuit is very versatile and

the IC ideal for use in a whole range of also remains lighted because of forward can be wired with a large number of LEDs
sequencing operations. In the circuit biasing of transistor T7 via diode D21. In to make an LED fashion jewellery of any
only one of the outputs remains high and a similar fashion, on the arrival of each design. With two circuits connected in a
the other outputs switch to high state successive pulse, the other letters of the similar manner, multiplexing of LEDs can
successively on the arrival of each display are also illuminated and finally be done to give a moving display effect.

ELECTRONICS PROJECTS Vol. 20