Sie sind auf Seite 1von 11

u.s. copyright law (title 17 of U.S. code) governs the reproduction and redistribution of copyrighted material.

ultrasonography. Vet Radiol Ultrasound



of artificially produced intracranial 11\·-m()af> echoencephalography. Am J Vet

[thesis]. Auburn University, AL, 1971 JE, Hoerlein BF, Mayhew IG (eds): 1987, pp 493-512

in the dog [thesis]. Auburn University,

intracranial lesions. In Proceedings of Medicine Forum, Knoxville, TN,

brain biopsy in dogs. Am

Address reprint requests to Judith A. Hudson, DVM, PhD Department of Radiology College of Veterinary Medicine Wire Road Auburn University, AL 36849

ULTRASONOGRAPHY

0195-5616/98 $8.00 + .00

ULTRASONOGRAPHY OF THE THYROID AND PARATHYROID GLANDS

Erik R. Wisner, DVM, and Thomas G. Nyland, DVM

Examination of the thyroid and parathyroid glands requires an ultrasound unit with a high-frequency transducer in the 7.5- to 10- MHz frequency range. As the transducer frequency increases, spatial resolution improves and smaller structures and finer anatomic detail can be appreciated. Even' in the largest canine patient, thyroid depth rarely exceeds 4 em, the depth to which a 10-MHz frequency transducer is limited. Linear array transducers which produce a rectangular ultrasound image are superior to sector-scanning transducers which produce a wedge-shaped image, because there is better visualization of the near field and superficial structures are thus more dearly delineated." 11, 12, 13

We currently use a blended 10- to 5-MHz linear array transducer with a 38-mm wide scanning width for initial examination of the cervical region followed by more detailed examination of the thyroid and parathyroid using a dedicated 10- to 5-MHz linear array transducer with a 26-mm width. Blended probes provide an advantage over standard single-frequency transducers in that transducer frequency varies with imaging depth, with more superficial structures imaged at a higher frequency for improved spatial resolution and deeper structures imaged at the lower end of the transducer frequency range in order to increase the image quality in the far field.

Despite the superior image quality of the high-frequency linear

From the Section of Radiology, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University (ERW), Columbus, Ohio; and the Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California (TGN), Davis, California

VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA: SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

VOLUME 28· NUMBER 4· JULY 1998

973

C) z Z o j:::

en o a.

c z « z o

~

a:

~

ILl a: a.

Iz ILl j:::

~

C/) ILl Z « ...J a.

e z

a «

~

c z «

> ~

~

z « ...J « ~ a: o z

"0

~

OJ 's c:

OJ s:

:;:

OJ a. .;::

t5

o

·0

s: o OJ c: ctI

>-

E

.E

·c

:::J ctI CIJ ctI

~ ctI OJ a. a. ctI

~

OJ t::: ctI

"0

"e

ctI o

c: o E E

8 .0

OJ >< .ectl 1-0>

C\i§

QI... OJ ::I.e 01-

u::: .s

rn "0 :::J ctI o

c: o E E o o

co

E o c: '(3

... CO o

"C '0

...

>.c:

I-

c

o

a: > J:

I-

c: o ;; CO c:

E

CO >< W

...

.E

I/J c: o

~ ,!:! "C

.5

o <Xl 0'1

1/1 E 'C ·0

...

>-'= I-

1/1 ::::I o

1ij

E o I: (I) 'C <r:

...

o

1/1 CO

E o I: (I) 'C <r:

'C

·0

...

>-'= I-

m

I:

o

t;co

1:.-

::::11/1 LL~

c.. (I) ... 1:(1)

=g; .f:I:

N 00 C'I

~-

Lt) 00 0'1

c:
0
+=0
C'CI
c
'E
C'CI
><
W
C ...
0 0
-
a: I/)
> c:
~ 0
~ +=0
C'CI
a: ,~
~ "C
c: ~~~----

f'

CI) (,) e a:s

...

a:s CI)

c. c. «

~.

...

o z

"C e a:s

cO E o e CI)

"C «

cO 'iii a:s

0..

...

CI) c. >J:

"C '0

"'a:s

>-E .so f!,=

a:s(,)

c.~ >-(,) "'0 a:se

ECI) ';: "C c.«

Cii
o
""C
'e ui
>- ·x
s: ell
t t
OJ
o, 0
>- s:
s: en
ell OJ
.s -£
OJ .s
..0 ""C
.2 OJ
""C 3:
'e OJ
's
>- N
:5
o ~
.~
>- ::::l
o OJ
""C u:::
OJ .s
~
ell en
C ell
OJ OJ
..0
C .2
ell
'0 ""C
'e
3: >-
0 OJ :5
z 's OJ
< en E
..l 'x
r ell ell
Z 0, (j)
~ c M
~ 0
...J
~ QI
Z N ..
~ ::J
OJ
QI u::
..
::J
OJ
u::
I.t)
C/:)
c:r- L

- ..

III (I) u r::::: (I) •

...



a: