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# Ms.

## Menard Name: ___________________

Geometry Unit 2: Reasoning and Proof

## Statement: If you are allergic to cats, then you will sneeze.

Inverse: (NEGATE):
Converse (FLIP)
Contrapositive (FLIP & NEGATE)

Truth Value:
Logical Equivalence:
A conditional statement and its _____________ are logically equivalent.

Simple Statements:
Open: Closed:
Example of Open Statement: Example of Closed Statement:

Compound Statements:
Negation:
When we are representing compound statements symbolically,
p represents the _______________ and
q represents the _________________.
_________ is the symbol for negation.

TRUTH TABLES

## Negation of a simple statement

p ~p
Ms. Menard Name: ___________________
Geometry Unit 2: Reasoning and Proof

Conjunctions
Connective: ________
Symbol: ___________

## A conjunction is TRUE when: ___________________________________________

p q p ∧ q

EXAMPLES OF CONJUNCTIONS:
1. ______________________________________
2. ______________________________________
3. ______________________________________

Disjunctions
Connective: ________
Symbol: ___________

## A disjunction is TRUE when: ___________________________________________

p q p ∨ q

EXAMPLES OF DISJUNCTIONS:
1. ______________________________________
2. ______________________________________
3. ______________________________________
Ms. Menard Name: ___________________
Geometry Unit 2: Reasoning and Proof

Conditionals
Connective: ________
Symbol: ___________

## A conditional is TRUE when: ___________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

p q p → q

EXAMPLES OF CONDITIONALS:
1. ______________________________________
2. ______________________________________
3. ______________________________________

Biconditionals (IFF)
Connective: ___________
Symbol: ___________

## A biconditional is TRUE when: ___________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

p q p ↔ q

EXAMPLES OF BICONDITIONALS:
1. ______________________________________
2. ______________________________________
3. ______________________________________