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Dictionary of


Dictionary of Sports and Games Terminolog y (2010)
Alternate Names of Places: A Worldwide Dictionary (2009)
African Placenames: Origins and Meanings
of the Names for Natural Features, Towns, Cities,
Provinces and Countries, 2d ed. (2008)
The Pronunciation of Placenames:
A Worldwide Dictionary (2007)
Nicknames of Places: Origins and Meanings
of the Alternate and Secondary Names, Sobriquets, Titles,
Epithets and Slogans for 4600 Places Worldwide (2006)
Placenames of the World: Origins and Meanings
of the Names for 6,600 Countries, Cities, Territories,
Natural Features and Historic Sites, 2d ed. (2006)
Placenames of France: Over 4,000 Towns, Villages, Natural Features,
Regions and Departments (2004; paperback 2009)

Dictionary of
13,000 Assumed Names
and Their Origins

Adrian Room

McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers
Jefferson, North Carolina, and London

Room, Adrian.
Dictionary of pseudonyms : 13,000 assumed names
and their origins / Adrian Room.— 5th ed.
p. cm.
Includes bibliographical references.

ISBN 978-0-7864-4373-4
illustrated case binding : 50# alkaline paper

¡. Anonyms and pseudonyms. I. Title.
Z1041.R66 2010 929.4'03 — dc22 2010021995

British Library cataloguing data are available

©2010 Adrian Room. All rights reserved

No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form
or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying
or recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system,
without permission in writing from the publisher.

Front cover image ©2010 Eyewire

Manufactured in the United States of America

McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers
Box 6¡¡, Je›erson, North Carolina 28640





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This fifth edition of the Dictionary of Pseudonyms is a substantially revised and
enlarged version of the fourth edition, published in 2004. It has more than 2,000
new entries, making a total of approximately 13,000, and an entirely rewritten In-
troduction. The entries have been updated and in many cases expanded, whether
as original text or by way of quoted material, and the cross-references have been
substantially increased in number. Any errors detected in the earlier edition have
now been corrected, while a number of names formerly lacking an origin have been
supplied with one.
Otherwise, readers familiar with previous editions will find the mixture as be-
fore, with an even wider range of writers, actors, dancers, musicians, entertainers,
sports personalities, religious figures, and impostors. Anyone known to have adopted
a new name, even by the alteration of a single letter, is included, though it will be
seen that most newly assumed names differ noticeably from the original.


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A pseudonym (literally “false name”) is a of pseudonyms. Erle Stanley Gardner wrote
name that differs from an original orthonym bestsellers as A.A. Fair, while Harry Patterson
(“true name”), and as popularly understood is a tok the name Jack Higgins.
new name that a person assumes for a particular Stage names were regularly taken up by
purpose. Common examples are the pen names music-hall artists and comedians as well as seri-
taken by writers, or the stage names adopted by ous actors. Among them are such as Marie
actors. Well-known examples are the author Lloyd (Matilda Wood), Harry Fragson (Léon
Lewis Carroll (original name Charles Ludwidge Fragmann), and Little Tich (Harry Relph),
Dodgson) and the actress Marilyn Monroe while the domain of dance has graced the inter-
(original name Norma Jean Mortensen). Pseu- national stage with gifted ballerinas such as Beryl
donyms are also widely found in the world of Grey (Beryl Groom), Marie Rambert (Myriam
music, especially among pop and rock perform- Ramberg), and Ninette de Valois (Edris Stan-
ers. Bob Dylan (originally Robert Zimmerman) nus).
and Elton John (Reginald Dwight) are just two Historical figures known by new names in-
of many examples. On a contrasting note, reli- clude certain Roman emperors, such as Caligula
gion has sanctified popes such as Benedict XVI (Gaius Julius Caesar), Caracalla (Marcus Aure-
(born Joseph Ratzinger) and holy men and lius Severus Antoninus Augustus), and Nero
women such as Mother Teresa (Agnes Bojaxhiu), (Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus). The first em-
while Italy has nurtured Renaissance artists such peror of all, Caesar Augustus, was born Gaius
as Donatello (Donato de’ Bardi), Giorgione Octavius. Persons prominent in more recent Eu-
(Giorgio Barbarelli), and Tintoretto ( Jacopo ropean history include Grigory Rasputin (Grig-
Robusti). Elsewhere, the sphere of sport has its ory Novykh) and Mata Hari (Margarethe
rechristened exponents (boxer and prizefighter Zelle). The latter adopted her name as a dancer,
Bendigo began life as William Thompson), but became better known as a spy. Secret agents
while in politics Russia and the Soviet Union often assumed an alias, among them Rudolf
gave the world Vladimir Lenin (Vladimir Abel (William Fischer) and George Blake
Ulyanov), Joseph Stalin (Iosif Dzhugashvili), (Georgy Behar), while activists such as Cicero
and Leon Trotsky (Lev Bronstein). (Elyesa Bazna) and Cynthia (Amy Elizabeth
Within most categories, distinct groups Pack) properly bore a code name.
and subgroups are discernible. In former times, This sampling of pseudonyms suffices to
a number of women writers adopted male names illustrate the different forms they can assume.
to find a readership for their work. Although Some are recognizable as typical first-and-last-
now familiar as Charlotte Brontë, the English name combinations, and this is a regularly
author made her debut in print as Currer Bell, adopted type, often with a visible relationship
while her sisters, Ann and Emily, first made between the old and new names or even with
themselves known to their readers as Acton Bell one name remaining unchanged. The connection
and Ellis Bell. Crime writers are famous adopters between the former name and adopted name is


man surname Austerlitz. its correct pronunciation. and Duffy. Rihanna. A person is given a adopting their respective nicknames.S. Thus Hardy camp as a child. or becomes so widely whose friendly-sounding surname serves essen- known by it that it replaces the original name. while the anglicization Rudolf Walter Wanderone. stature). Low (David Low). Björk. The same goes or simplification of a non–English name is an for the many musical performers nicknamed equally popular resort. Conversely. Tiffany. nickname and adopts it. including the two quoted above surname Matuschanskayasky. Melanie. Charlene. Alterations of this kind were often . Jr. and a drastic for Roman emperors. Mata Hari is another well. The their names for practical purposes. for example. or a form Carroll’s new first name was created from his of it. spelled in a telegram. Thus the U. for a type of cloak he designed.” a nickname bearers left their European homeland to settle bestowed when the emperor-to-be ran around in the United States or elsewhere.” CéU also really belongs here. At the other end of the spectrum are names A quite different stratum of single names that bear no resemblance to a conventional name comprises the many female pop singers who per- at all. Louise. that Lewis ply an original first name or surname. Caracalla was so dubbed pruning was an obvious solution. Loughead. In such in. and Yazz. who intentionally choose a short completely from the bearer’s birth name. name as a signature. name (Tichborne). that is half-nickname (“Little” for his small Camille. and Marc (Mark stances an explanation or etymology is needed. made on pragmatic grounds. Jiles Perry Richardson. while Caligula was many Jewish names were anglicized when their given a name meaning “little boots. U. Little Tich is such a name. JoJo. known example. Herbert Feuermann singer Little Boots. Bella Becker name was adopted in its English version by pop became Belle Baker. who was exclusively man began life as Ethel Zimmerman. The actress Ethel Mer- “Big.) became Bert Firman. half-adoption (and truncation) of a sur. original Scottish surname. aircraft name or not. or that his assumed last thus came to be known by a name amounting name was devised from his given first name. as do Dana and Lulu. and Alan Kniberg became Single-word pseudonyms are fairly fre. (Two millennia later his Latin Albrecht became Hardie Albright. Millie. although the name Nicknames play an important role in the is not her first name. quently found. born Victoria Hesketh. while the billed under this name rather than his birth star dancer Fred Astaire originally bore the Ger- name. from a Latin Matthau was of Jewish parentage.S. Jewel. They include Jak (Raymond Ninette de Valois is a case in point. Soraya. The painter Giorgione already mentioned original middle name.” such as Big Bopper. Madonna (who may have boosted the mode).Introduction 4 not always obvious. tially as a nickname. The photographerWols (Alfred Schulze) and this is one of the principal aims of the dic. nicknames can be in Matthau came into the world with the Slavic any language. The distinction between an adopted nickname Cartoonists are not alone in shortening and an adopted new name can be very fine.S. creation of pseudonyms. pool player designer Malcolm Lockheed thus respelled his Minnsota Fats is generally known by his nick. actor Walter Like all pseudonyms. to ensure name rather than his original formal name. however. to “Big George. The U. Alan King. Cher. Sade. and word of Gaulish origin.” derived from his given name. “sun. from a Malay word meaning Shannon. Jackson). as a creation form under their first name. The adopted name may be sim- mediately apparent. Jr. came by his name when his surname was mis- tionary. Shakira. there are many cases where a new if Following in his footsteps are a number of mod- conventional-looking pseudonym may differ ern cartoonists. A change in criterion is usually whether the person becomes form or spelling of an original name is frequently mainly or solely known by the adopted nick. as Beyoncé. Boxer). and it is not im. Sinitta.

The converse of English writers. “Prince” as the first element. understanding. 5 Introduction made in an arbitrary fashion by immigration may originate elsewhere in the family. as he was being asked for his The adoption of a placename is also not name. The latter resulted from a mis. ries. while jazz musician Melvin ther of actress Anne Bancroft had his name Sokoloff took his brother’s first name as his new noted as Italiano. name of his native district of Rhaetia. Such names are an named for the village of his birth. famed under the name of his In the field of “regular” pseudonyms. This was same family. uncommon. They include Chicken Chest. Examples range from actress Maude different names for distinct genres. writers imitating his style. surname. tronomer known as Rhäticus (originally Georg Eek a Mouse. Gospel Fish. his new surname. when a multiple name is borne by a single able in itself came to be adopted by more than person. In some cases the adopter already not simply a different name. so becoming Mel Lewis. not his nationality. Multiple names of a more conventional sort The adoption of another’s pseudonym bor. oline Lewis (intentionally suggesting Lewis Car- cause it is simply an agreeable name: easy to roll) was the joint name adopted by three spell. There are instances when a single pseudo- The present dictionary notes more than 30 in. born Henry who became known as Weegee had his original Carter. and Smi. writer Helen Camp. while the fa. nym does duty for more than one person. A similar adoption lished Gulliver’s Travels as if he actually was . and children’s sto- Perry (Katheryn Hudson). and especially while four centuries earlier the Austrian as- reggae artists.” meaning God. occur. who authored more than five hun- more sinister than a tribute to the individual dred books under some twenty pen names. easy to write. with “Jah. The Hungarian church leader Some of the more unconventional and col. Kool Joachim von Lauchen) came to be known by the Herc. Spragga Benz. Shabba Ranks. easy to say. and reserved name. and Veronese insight into Jamaican popular culture. a double name as- ley. for Creasey pro- stage names assumed their mother’s maiden duced fiction other than thrillers. tain surnames have gained particular popularity. and publish a work bore his or her mother’s maiden name as their in the guise of that persona.S. bell (Helen Weeks) to novelist Elizabeth Garner A writer may sometimes assume a persona. This may be be. romantic novels. Some Jamaican names are prefixed of name is evident among a number of artists. A famous example is the English thriller writer son’s real name may be intended as nothing John Creasey. József Mindszenty (born József Pehm) took his orful names are those adopted as recording new name from his native village of Mindszent names by Jamaican musicians. and Robert Whistlecraft. Car- stances of Gray. thus took his father’s middle name as name of Usher changed to Arthur. which made the transition even thus took on the character of a Dutch author more straightforward. native city of Verona. A famous example is (or are) William one person. (Elma Napier). bookseller Samuel sumed by the single writer John Hookham Goodrich but later taken up by dozens of other Frere. are the many names assumed by a single person. in- concerned. first assumed by the U. while Jonathan Swift pub- just one instance of several. This type ley Culture. ders on plagiarism. for example. (Paolo Caliari). cer. Such was the alliterative Peter Par. The English painter Her. The opposite can also sometimes this is a name that although relatively unremark. Washington Irving middle name. Honey Boy. Many adopters of pen names or not simply a desire for diversity. The en- officials at Ellis Island. but the assumption of a per. while others have such as the Italians Pontormo (Jacopo Carucci). especially when a member of the cluding Gordon Ashe and Kyle Hunt. where the photographer graver and publisher Frank Leslie. named Diedrich Knickerbocker for his famous cules Brabazon (Hercules Brabazon Sharpe) is History of New York. including Adams (Maude Kiskadden) to singer Katy westerns.

style names assumes by dancers. tors. was born John Shute. Captain of several Ships. sumo pseudonyms are meaningful Japanese was misdiagnosed male at birth and so was fighting names. newspaper editor Ge- gave a brief biography of the lady author and its offrey Dawson. Jorginho. writing under her married name. as when the physician Frenchman Arnault du Tilh. aged husband of his first cousin. Christine Jorgensen (George Jorgensen). The politician John novel’s full title as “first a Surgeon. Elsewhere in the world of foreign names a male conversions include Claude Cahun (Lucie distinctive subgroup is formed by the Russian- Schwob). The Renee Richards (Richard Rasking). Marcel Moore (Suzanne Malherbe). The French writer Prosper Mérimée went of the bequeather. Fujinoshin. though hardly impos. Debra Bowring (Peter such warriors as Akebono. that of a soldier who had dis. Garrincha. name on assuming their new gender. rather than that of a woman who takes husband and bore him two children. and Krishima. but there are significant nests of as long as they did. for example. while the Campbell. christened George William Ziadie. from an inheritance or not. as as Robert Shurtleff. who took the name Robert Clobery. originally Geoffrey Robinson. among others. is that of transexuals who changed their one finds Didi. joining the En. Hananokuni. Such adventures or enter. A foreword to the work fortune. Ronaldo. Examples of such names are . of ballet. who donned male dress and from the days when the document had one edge enlisted in the Fourth Massachusetts Regiment polled (cut even) rather than being indented. who accepted him as her long-lost name. Ronaldinho. whether Juninho. the latter ditionally regarded as the home and mainspring neatly switching names to denote her new gen. and Hananoumi. In similar or adds her husband’s name on marriage. Lucy Clobery. Lady Colin football names are largely nicknames. inheritance from his aunt Margaret Jane Daw- Such trickery also gave the name of more son. adopted the name 58. Kokutenyu. and described himself in the as a condition of a bequest. married Martin Guerre. frontispiece depicted her portrait. and then a Barrington. for example. or not it involved a surgical “reassignment.Introduction 6 Lemuel Gulliver. while another was legal process known as a deed poll. cases are on record of women who have conventionally more common. while the Male-to-female conversions include April Ashley esoteric arena of sumo wrestling includes (born George Jamieson). Many name changes. ballet dancers to russify their original name In a number of cases a new name is gained wherever possible. are confirmed by the glish military as John Taylor. cialized world of Brazilian football. whether resulting Mary Anne Talbot was one such. On similar lines. a term dating Deborah Sampson. Jaïrzinho. Daijuyama. His is just persona formed a relationship with the latter’s one example of a man’s adoption of his wife’s wife. A bequest of this kind may well tie directly serious impostors. In the somewhat spe- A related category. Asahifuji. Russia is tra- and Brandon Teena (Teena Brandon). others worth singling out. was more usual. as is fashion. his cousin. even had a portrait of the fictional author. and at one time it was common for der. Chiyono- Compton). Roberta Close (Roberto Moreira). such as the 16th-century in with a marriage. while the philanthropist An- even further in this direction when he published gela Burdett-Coutts added the name Coutts to Le Théâtre de Clara Gazul under the female her original name on inheriting her grandfather’s name of Clara Gazul.” The original edition but on inheritng the estate of Francis Barrington. Female-to. born Robert Glynn.” Tostão. and in this inheriting a property from her father. Kaká. fuji. posed for by changed his name by royal license following an the young writer. prises of course risked exposure at any time. Pelé. and took her name on appeared and was presumed dead. joined the army under male guise and name. and Vavá. and One pseudonymous sportsman has already it is remarkable that the impostures succeeded been instanced.

p.S. Arcadian name. plain and tough. the take.” the movie actor replied: “I told as changing your socks these things matter. Lem- dra Bullock could be an installation artist. name. so I kept it” [J. phoney. • U. ap- tember 25. name. TV star Cloris Leachman (1926–). radio and TV presenter Gloria adopt a stage name. In such areas. under the name Cuka. • U. and I am pleased now I was frightened Finally.” said U. and Eterio Stinfalico. no Margareta Krasnova. may be wrongly think it’s a stage name but it isn’t. is found among members of the 18th-century 1987]. “Would any- grimly ordinary. who pronounces her name an earlier Russian dancer. “I was Cuka. of Australian actor Keith Michell (1926–). no-prisoners hit of a Jamie Lee Curtis or the • When a Hollywod executive wanted to languorous sexiness of a Kim Basinger. She acknowledges that bearing this particular cada. p. Ermelinda Talea Pastorella Ar. as if I . It sounds viewers expressed doubts about it. and that I was used to it now and I wasn’t sprint-hurdler or a gum-chewing bully at going to change it” [J.F. movie actress Sandra Bullock they said: ‘No wonder — she wants to change (1966–) has resolutely refused to change her her name!’” [Sachs and Morgan.F. one can pronounce it — but no one will forget Lydia Sokolova actually adopted the name of it. A vari. 1988]. 7 Introduction those of Harcourt Algeranoff. 1994]. the traumatic effects of beng called Jack U. Comante Eginetico. • U. Tirsi Leucasio. Vera Fredowa. In an in. who often been tempted to change her name since came to be known as ETPA.” my name but it does no good to run away and In areas of activity where the adoption of I am part of the Fonda family” [The Times. movie actor Bradford Dillman which included such classically pastoral poets as (1930–) commented: “Bradford Dillman Eulibio Berentiatico. It lacks the one in his right mind change it to Cloris Leach- delicate beauty of a Michelle Pfeiffer. then San. But a Hollywood starlet? Surely not” • When Helena Michell (1961–).S. Ferbruary 14–20. 250]. such as the theater. actress Frances Cuka Deceivers. Aglauro Cidonia.K. although one journalist feels she should • “Of course it’s my real name. name. Au- a pseudonym is common.” Said Frances. Corilla Olimpica. whose last two words gave the title of “Ar. theatrical Cidonia. Clarke. when her father divorced her mother. Fi. a mon. 250]. your aunt Eileen acted Hilda Butsova. U. and Alicia Markova. a curious nucleus of Italian names into keeping it” [TV Times. p. rotea. daughter of Peter Fonda (1942–) and grand- ant was created by Maria Antonia Walpurgis. Sep. Her reply: “What to go on stage under the name “Gloria La do people want me to do? Change my name? I Raine. No one can spell it. Lesbia sounded like a distinguished.S. Sonia Arova. gust 1. Anton Dolin.K. change the name of Jack Lemmon (1925–2001) dustry where changing your name is as routine to “Lennon. there are always those who resolutely refuse to • U. Glaucilla Eu. an acronym of her childhood. Here are some examples: husband told his family he was marrying me.” “What’s wrong with Cuka?” retorted think my Dad would be upset if I did. name has problems: “I did consider changing cadian Shepherdess. daughter of Henry Fonda (1905–1982). peared with her father in the 1988 movie The • As a child. Electress of Saxony. dalma Partenide.S. 94]. 247]. have: “There is something about the name San. literary circle known as the Academy of Arcadia. When my taken as a stage name. has Princess of Bavaria. daughter [Sasha Miller in Sunday Times Magazine. The fashioning of “Chewka”: “I was too scared to change my such names is no longer common. actress Bridget Fonda (1964–). If a him it had taken most of my life to get used to name says something about a person. when inter- dra Bullock that just isn’t Hollywood. p. even a real Hunniford (1940–) has said: “A lot of people name. man?” [Andersen. school. she was asked how she intended to (1936–) told her ballerina aunt that she wanted preserve her distinct identity. especially if unusual. the aunt. Clarke.

often con- Monkhouse (1928–2003) said of his name: sisting of more than one word.K..” “play- • South African actress Janet Suzman wright. • U.” “politician. for Brother Adam see Adam. e.” while a stage actor is usually indicated (1939–).S. as “novelist. 1986]. on learing her name.S. 1979]. followed by his • U. are not enclosed in brackets. and a descriptive label such as “writer. name. 1988]. but refused to accede to suggestions that she change if the person lived before the motion-picture era.181]” in the entry for Adair Aldon. I think you would do well as “Captain.C. printed in bold.” “movie eration of Hollywood stars who refused to change actor. for kept this name until it was pointed out to him Brother Daniel see Daniel. etc.” gan. 1996. April 6. The person’s real name. when she first went on stage. in which case the source of the sort of anagram. December 6. at the age of 22. The type of their names [Charles Derry in Vinson. The Times means the London newspaper. Wherever possible..” on the once inquired at an airport whether she should other hand.Introduction 8 were ashamed of it” [TV Times. actress and singer Barbra (originally or her birth and (if appropriate) death dates. p. This 28. movie actress Sydne Rome (1951–) Religious titles such as “Father. they always call “Sir” precede the name in square brackets (as for me Mongoose. The few examples of numeral names are From then on he firmly refused to adopt a new located where the name would fall if spelled out. 199]. p. was a singing waiter in the next word.: • Popular singer Frank Sinatra (1915– Brother . see 1998). you take the Thus 50 Cent comes between W. nor are stop off in Nice.” (Doctor) are treated similarly. Figaro. June 3. New Jersey under the name Frank Trent. Titles such as “Americans never get it right. she sent a telegram to the theater director: “Im. These two elements are the mimimum perative remain Suzman” [TV Times. writer may be specified. If I’d had my wits about me I [Sir] Algernon Methuen) unless they are as- would have changed it at the start.” and the like. Where two or more authors share a name. 3. October 22– 1.g. Fields and name” [1.S. 2. People like sumed as part of the name itself (as for Sir Ted Ray and Lulu had it right” [Sachs and Mor. as follows. (With regard to the latter. the name they precede. Charles Morell). as . April 9.” “Sister. is often a surname but may be a single name or • U. “actor” will mean stage actor. words that are military ranks or nicknames such reaplied: “Madam. as The entries run in alphabetical order and “[Marble. TV comedian and presenter Bob some kind of unconventional name.g. an origin of the • Anglo–U. playwright Timberlake pseudonym or assumed name then follows. Hoffman (1937–) were just two of the 1960s gen. entries as a guide to the alphabetical location of zine. p.” “Kid. adamantly as such. see below). (Saint) and “Dr. with year of publica- name being a former family surname [Sunday tion for books and date of publication for items Times. The name itself. her name because it was too “foreign.) Sources Arrangement of Entries given by author name only refer to titles listed in the Bibliography with page number. Times Literary Suplement. from the press.” Such terms have their own to transfer to Qantas” [Telegraph Sunday Maga. saying: “You like the voice.” Instead. comprise two or more elements. ei- Wertenbaker (1945–) found that critics reacted ther as a straightforward account or by means with suspicion to her name. 2. He for Brother Antoninus see Antoninus. 594]. e. Yet it is her real name. Abbreviations such as “St. 1976]. For names beginning thus. The clerk. that his real name was much more musical. for distinction from a movie actor. present in all entries. March 1. her first quote is invariably given. seeing it as some of a quotation. The Times. na- Barbara) Streisand (1942–) and actor Dustin tionality (for the abbreviations used. 2002].

: French guished by their first name or initials.: Bulgarian already named) Can.: South African a quotation that includes the name of Rita Hay. Where a Ger. Fr. as Sachs and Morgan II.: British place” (used in quotations to refer to a source Bulg.K. 9 Introduction Donald Clarke and J.S.: United States Abbreviations A few standard abbreviations are also used generally.: Russian tation.: English vol.: Reverend Dan.: page Chin. There are a number of cross-entries in Turk.: Finnish .Z. (short for Latin ibidem): “in the same Br.: Swedish 4.: Italian (Some examples of the treatment occur in the Jap. as Hung. floruit (Latin): “flourished” (used when Austral. they are distin.F. Russ.: Spanish not so printed in the original text.: Indian the same author(s) in a single year.: Chinese R&B: rhythm and blues Cz. Sc.: German single author published more than one book.: volume Finn.: Irish tinguished as I and II.: Hungarian Fisher 1976.) Indevitably. Rom.: Turkish the book in the format: U.: Danish SF : science fiction Du. Swe.: Greek the relevant year of publication is added. Ir.: Portuguese their own individual entries are printed in bold. they are dis.: Austrian fl.: Canadian p.: Ukrainian U.: Belgian ibid.: Polish Names mentioned in an entry that have Port. It.: Dutch TV: television Eng.: Japanese selection of real names above.: Scottish worth.A.: Romanian This even applies to names occurring in a quo. Where two titles were published by Ind.: Norwegian names attract a longer etymology than others. Thus the entry for Susan Hayward has S.: New Zealand and there may be more than one quotation. DJ: disk jockey Austr. circa (Latin): “about” (used with dates) of the entries.: Australian exact dates are not known) Belg.: Czech Rev.: United Kingdom Philip Owen see Hugh Pentecost Ukr. Pol. N. and this appears in bold even though Sp. Clarke. Gk. some Norw. such as: The following abbreviations are used for the nationalities or provenance of the subjects c.

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U. 2001). a visit to Africa in 1948. black jazz musician.S. see Anthony Armstrong 1941). writer of fantasy fiction.S. U. U. Jap. Willie Aames: William Upton (1960–).” tion when. prince of an Arabian tribe. The He claimed the name came from a former incarna- singer adopted her first name. writer. bandleader. Blakey The writer was also a magician under the name adopted his new name on converting to Islam during Samri Frickell. A hint of “abracadabra. U. black basketball player. The writer adopted the name Achmed Abdullah Francesco Abati: William Winwood Reade Nadir Khan el-Durani el-Iddrissyeh after his parents (1838–1875).S. Arabic for “sublime. Alcindor (as he was usually known) adopted his new phabetical billing. TV comedian. He lived for wise. Achmed Abdullah: Alexander Nicholayevitch Mexican comedy magician. Abel’s birthplace as a town on the Volga and his orig- Abd-ru-shin: Oskar Ernest Bernhardt (1875– inal name as Alexander Ivanovich Belov. work- family name while attending Bowdoin College. Maine. Abbot added an extra “l” to his 1971). Many of his brothers did like. Russ. used this Hamilton. black jazz musician. Abbott (1895–1974). Rudolf Abel: William August Fischer (1903– educator. ing in U. Jacob Abbott: Jacob Abbot (1803–1879). although at one time he 1993). (1947–).S. Aba-Daba: Carlos Calderón Ramírez (1947–). Anthony Abbot: Charles Fulton Oursler Abdullah ibn Buhaina: Art Blakey (1919– (1893–1952). U.S. cult leader. geles. he interpreted as “son of light.S.” Eng.” as her professional name. Georgian poet. Chochiya (1884–1954). 1968. Ger. novelist. movie actress. Nadir and John the novelist Charles Reade (1814–1880). Lew from near the bottom straight to the top of any al. Abe Kobo: Abe Kimifusa (1924–1993). name for his novel See Saw (1865).S. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar: Ferdinand Lewis Al- TV actor.” after World War I Aaliyah: Aaliyah Dana Haughton (1979– as a result of visits made before the war to the east. some time in New York as an artist and photographer John Abbott see Evan Hunter called Emil Robert Goldfus. 1990). Timms adopted his also had a pop band called The Black Abbots. A new surname that will bring the actor cindor. when at the University of California. Eng. U.A. poet. He never recorded under John Abbot: Vernon John (1896–1943).” Romanoff (Aleksandr Nikolayevich Romanov) Aleksandr Abasheli: Aleksandr Vissarionovich (1881–1945). Bud Abbott: William A.A. Movement assumed his quasi–Arabic name. name in 1971 following his conversion to Islam in Els Aarne: Elze Janovna Paemurru (1917–1995). which Dan. shared the name with him and he was later known Russ Abbot: Russell Allan Roberts (1947–). U. U. A name presumably based on Ahmed Abdul-Malik: Jonathan Timms (1927– the comedian’s real name. playwright. novelist. spy. novelist.-born Estonian composer.-born Russ. author. his Muslim name. although several of his children music-hall singer. ious aliases in the course of his work. black R&B singer. To Gordon 11 .S. The writer. a nephew of divorced.” Some sources give 1998). movie actor. U. Jr.S. of Ger. he had lived as the “most exalted one. movie comedian. U. Los An- Ukr. in the time of Moses. black jazz drummer. The Soviet intelligence officer used var- Brunswick. a name apparently in Philip Abbott: Philip Abbott Alexander (1923– part based on “Rudolf Abel. He also wrote as A. The founder of the Grail Jeppe Aakjaer: Jeppe Jensen (1866–1930). U. parentage. THE DICTIONARY A.S. Eng.S. journalist. Muslim name in the 1950s. Catholic narrator is interrupted by Anglican Reade. teaming with Lou Costello.-born Br. in which a Ahmed Abdullah: Leroy Bland (1946–).S. to his musical friends as “Bu.

Br. occultist.” the 1960s. March 23. The writer’s pseudonym sug.” a typical literal nom de guerre meaning “father of the holy war” old-world townee character. Eng. jazz musician. when a member of the PLO. took a name meaning literally “Abra. Abington: George Alexander Baird (1861– sistance leader. Welsh Abu Izzadeen: Trevor Brooks (1975–).S. In 1948 he joined another after a visit to Egypt in 1939.” in the The author of popular devotional works.” His early stories were narrated by a character called Mumia Abu-Jamal: Wesley Cook (1954–). Br. Fr. songwriter. The leader of Islamic isn’t even a boy is . and Gnosis (1952). “bliss of Christ. Abel Log. Raymond Abellio: Georges Soulès (1907–1986). U. He took his first name. The cartoonist’s original gests “fable. (c.S. The revolutionary leader.’ “the imposer from Zarqa. Jules Monchanin. gion. Abu Yahya al-Libi: Muhammad Hassan Qa’id . and this gave his basic pen black radio reporter. Ger. day” [The Times Magazine.” Ab Ithel: John Williams (1811–1862). Ger. originally called himself Omar Brooks be- Ab o’ th’ Yate: Benjamin Brierley (1825–1896). Br. of Jamaican parentage. The horseman founders of the PLO. 2001). adopted an Arabic name Victoria Abril: Victoria Merida Rojas (1959–). She apparently likes the terrorists in Iraq assumed a nom de guerre meaning fact that it has ‘significance across so many religions. and name (Abu Bakr. historian. (The original Abu Bakr was skrit abhishikt. Palestinian terrorist. dom. preacher. Johann Philip Abelin: Johann Ludwig Gottfried Karel Absolon: Karel Ocelikov (1940–). whose family emigrated to England in erally meaning “son of Ithael. then created a (literal) pen name from this. Augustinian friar. meaning “father of the qatada” (a hardwood tree).” He also wrote as Lindon Meadows and name was Abraham Mathew. “anointed. with “Yate” being a Lancashire form of “gate. Swami Abhishiktananda: Henri Le Saux (1910– Abu Amar see Yasir Arafat 1973). “father of Izz-ud- Eng. Clare.” Mon. but broke them satirical. scholar of Islam. “bliss.1937– Abraham a Sancta Clara: Johann Ulrich 2002). pop Abu Musab al-Zarqawi: Ahmad Faadhil al- singer. political cartoonist. The Mus- name of his grandfather. her husband.” and ananda. Ind. Abraham: Rachel Cuming (1971–). taking The Book of Certainty: The Sufi Doctrine of Faith. He was thus “Abe from the street. Brierley was an English weaver Din. Muslim extremist. movie actress. reputedly Muhammad’s first chanin himself took the name Paramarubyananda. Abu Qatada: Omar Mohammad Othman Ray Abrams: Raymond Joseph Abramson (1960–).” group. nom de guerre. Palestinian re- Mr. teaming with Blanka Absolon. The terrorist took his Megerle (1644–1709). based in Britain. Henri le Saux entered the Benedictine Abu Bakr Suraj ad-Din: Martin Lings (1909– order in 1929 but soon developed a desire to fulfill his 2005). Eng. U.” as in many street names in northern (1936–1988). “lamp of religion”) as the author of with him founded an ashram in Tamil Nadu. 1992). Jordanian-born Islamic when she has a perfectly decent name of her own and leader. “Owd Ab” (Old Abe). 2002]. racehorse owner. The radical Islamist (1920–1992).. the first Muslim caliph. The writer adopted the Welsh form of the sur. Br. priest. took a Leeds. Palestinian nationalist. Abu Nidal: Sabri Khalil al-Banna (c.-born 1898). the more radical Fatah Revolutionary Coun- Lee Abrams: Leon Curtis Abramson (1925– cil. Palestinian militant. William Bethell.Abelin • Abu Qatada 12 Lonsdale he was known as Alec.” from San. working in Afghanistan. Lings converted to Islam monastic vocation in India. F. The military com- English towns. and adopted his Arabic French priest already in India. name. fore adopting his Muslim name.] Charles Butler Greatrex (?1832– Abu: Abu Abraham (1924–2002). itself lit. unclear. “father of might.” Abu Iyad: Salah Khalaf (1933–). of unexplained origin. Wis- the name Abhishiktananda. “Why she calls herself Abraham Khalailah (1966–2006). teaming with Karel Absolon. male convert and his closest companion. dialect writer. such as Briggate (“Bridge Street”) in mander of the PLO.1600–1634). jockey. magician. lim convert. meaning “father of contest. Abu Ali Mustafa: Mustafa az-Zibri (1938– Fr.” referring to his Jordanian and is finding out more about its significance every birthplace. killed by the Israelis. many of early 1960s.” Abu Jihad: Khalil Ibrahim Machmud al-Wazir meaning “street. Cz.” “prince. Jordanian Muslim cleric. one of the 1893). preacher.” an Arabic name meaning “honor of the reli- who wrote stories and verse in the Lancashire dialect. Sp. took a nom de guerre meaning raced under this name. and even named his son Jihad. magician. jazz musician. Abell: [Rev. The name Abel was Blanka Absolon: Blanka Ocelikova (1944–). Cz.S. writer.) Swami is a title meaning “master. brother of Ray Abrams. also used by other Russian spies. U.. humorist. his wife. with that organization in 1974 to set up his own ham of St.

U. Fr. A typical Italianate adaptation for ballet The musician’s name was changed in 1952 by David purposes of a standard English (American) name. The acanthus is a prickly physician at Spa” [Dictionary of National Biography]. Eng.S. March Winds and April Showers (1854). program director at the Memphis all. Benedictine monk. name. Ger. stage. black U. including the name of Adair around 1783: “It was probably his Abu Yahya al-Sahrawi (“of the desert”). martyr. others being Latham C. diplomat. his original European Christian name for a new the change itself being ratified by the Colorado leg- African surname.1925–?). The musician took his name from the Can. saint. black rock musician. his confirmation from St. songwriter. of Ir. U. Makittrick added was also known by several other names. Br.S.1850s).S. writer of dialect tales. his real name. playwright. was adopted as a Sylvester Ellis (1840–1916). U.S.1930s). architect. Acheta domestica is the scientific husband. Adalbert (?–981). Stanley Accrington: Michael Bray (1951–). Smith “Y” surname with an “A” one. The James Adair see Abbé Bossut militant preacher adopted his alias.S. Maurice Achard: Marcel-Auguste Ferréol U. Carleton. (1929–1954). George Adams. (1845–?1919).S. plant. medical writer. writer used this name for her 41 adult romances. compiler. She Julie Adams: Betty May Adams (1926–). 13 Acanthus • Adams (c. parentage. Jr. songwriter. jazz musician. The bishop of Prague received his name at Buddy Ace: James Lee Land (1936–1994). movie actress. mother’s maiden name. Alex Acuna: Alejandro Neciosup-Acuna (1944–). Br. The writer used Derroll Adams: Derroll Lewis Thompson this name for such works as Episodes of Insect Life (1925–). Jean Adair: Violet McNaughton (1873–1953). movie comedian. Annette Adams see Fenton Brockley black radio station WDIA. Ger. Lancashire. U.S. The actor became (1908–1991). movie actress. the county where [St. of Latvian origin. writer on floriculture. The actor subsequently reverted to (1899–1974).S. referring to his James Makittrick Adair: James Makittrick Libyan origin. ballet dancer. his Brother Adam: Karl Adam Kehrle (1898–1996). and cian took his new surname from his mother’s third May Flowers (1855). Cecil Adair: Evelyn Ward Everett-Green (1856– Joey Adams: Joseph Abramowitz (1911–). U. folk musician. actress.-born U. Libyan Islamic militant leader. he began his career as a railroad stationmaster. Budgen Daniel Adams see Andrew York (fl. also wrote as Evelyn Ward. Eng. U. Universal Pictures changed the actress’s . movie actress. as a “barbed” commentator and caricaturist. 1932). Eng. Faye Adams: Fayle Tuell (c. 2008). critic. Richard Adama: Richard Adams (1928–). movie actor. crossword 1982). singer. teaming with Jane Ace.1963–). Edwin Emerson.S. cartoonist. screenwriter. Br.-born Br. and the cartoonist presumably regarded himself Janice Adair: Beatrice Duffy (fl. movie actress.-born U.S. poet. of Native American origin. James Mattis. Charles Adams: Karl Adam Schwanbeck (1845– Nigerian novelist. Hunter. popular novelist. Adams’ de- his surname to serve as a first name and abandoned cision to change his name was influenced by his wife. town of Accrington. Goodman Ace: Goodman Aiskowitz (1899– Adam: Adam Sobey (1925–).S. writer. movie actress. The TV. name of the house cricket. Cz. U. Thicknesse asserted that it was stolen from a Eng. Acheta Domestica: [Miss] L. playwright. The musi- (1840).M. children’s writer. Ned Peruvian-born U. beekeeper. née Epstein (1905–1974). so replaced his John Ackworth: [Rev. Casey Adams: Max Showalter (1917–2000). but [English writer Philip] Acanthus: Harold Frank Hoar (1909–1976). Sc. bishop of Magdeburg. by Ellis for his dime novels. wife. Don Adams: Donald James Yarmy (1923– Rodney Ackland: Norman Ackland Bernstein 2005). This pen child by a family who renamed her Mildred Daven. popular singer. The blues singer. comedian. and Seelin Robins. was just one of those used port. U.S. tired of being called last at auditions. U. Br.S.] Frederick R. Frank Faulkner. Chinua Achebe: Albert Chinualumogu (1930–). of obvious origin. singer. arch- R&B guitarist. radio entertainer. Acquanetta: Burnu Acquanetta (1921–2004). U. The writer abbreviated 1895). Johnny Ace: John Marshall Alexander. islature in 1871.S. U. soldier. The Donna Adams see Donna Reed Methodist minister would have deemed it prudent Edie Adams: Elizabeth Edith Enke (1927– to write fiction under a pseudonym. promoted as “The Venezuelan Volcano” at James Fenimore Cooper Adams: Edward the start of her career in the 1940s.S.S. on joining al-Qaeda in the 1990s.] Adalbert: Vojtech (956–997). TV actor. He (1728–1802).

S. tling on “Max Adeler. He returned to Holland c. signer’s original name is given in some sources as Norw. took her used this name for Freud for the Jung. movie actress. Adonis: Ali Ahmad Said Esber (1930–).S. U.S. a portrayal of a woman’s misery inally a nickname. name John Quill (punning on the flower) before set- reer. The author of The author of Born Free (1960). certs. It. for many years. Phelps used this name for Confes. U. Bagby used this friv. designer. 1948). Joe Adonis: Giuseppe Antonio Doto (1902– Nora Adamyan: Eleonora Georgiyevna Adamova 1971). Adamski: Adam Tinley (1968–). 1913). . black also became popular as a writer of songs.-born U.-born U. Peruvian writer. Russ. the name of Stephen Adams” [Who’s Who]. The actress adopted U. Gaye Adegbalola: Gaye Todd (1944–). (She may have based her new English Arthur Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes story “A name on her original German one. (1872–1953). The scholar adopted his side Virginia and were addressed to a friend named mother’s maiden name as his professional name when “Billy Ivvins” in “Curdsville. altering Friede. Luisa Adorno: Mila Curradi (1921–). storybook he had enjoyed as a boy. Franz Adamus: Ferdinand Bronner (1867– Lebanese poet. mu- of backwoods characters Bagby had known in south. prowess at sea and punning on his original title.S. Joy Adamson: Friederike Viktoria Gessner Irene Adler: Catherine Storr (1913–2001). given him for his perspicacity and in marriage. from the Norwegian word for “eagle. “Adorée” suggests both “adored” and “gilded. U. gangster. U. having assumed her new sumably taking it from Irene Adler. of Syrian origin. U. stage actress. Kamau Muata Adilifu: Charles Sullivan (1944–). Va.S. etc. fashion Adeniyi (1946–). leader adopted the name “Adonis” to reflect his good Martin Adán: Rafael de la Fuente Benavides looks. etc. (white) soul singer. dramatist. Sivertsen entered the Gilbert Adrian. movie actor. Adeline: Emily Frances Adeline Sergeant (1851– Stephen Adams: Michael Maybrick (1844– 1904). pre- warden George Adamson. “joy. They were modeled on the speech (1903–1969). U. humorist. crime writer.Adams • Adrian 14 first name to Julia on signing her up in 1950. Eng. In 1642 he years later she modified this to Julie. U. “Renée” suggests “re- 1883). (1907–1974). Virginia. 1959). black jazz musician. the American- first name while married to her second. U. journalist. Swe.-born naval commander. born”.S.” olous name for letters to the Southern Literary Mes. writer. composer.” to give Freude. Adele: Adele Laurie Blue Adkins (1988–). or. British game dred and Sixty Six Hours on the Couch (1963). psychiatrist.” the name of a character in a Nick Adams: Nicholas Adamshock (1931–1968). pop singer. “Appeared as a baritone Ademir: Ademir Marques de Meneses (1922–).-born Br. Br.S. Eng.1935–). Brazilian footballer. Mozis Addums: George William Bagby (1828– Fr. novelist. King Sunny Ade: Prince Sunday Anthony Ishola Adri: Adrienne Steckling (c. U.S. the first of which Theodor Adorno: Theodor Ludwig Wiesengrund appeared in 1858.1972 ). sicologist. Maud Adams: Maud Wikstrom (1945–). Ger. Scandal in Bohemia” (1891). and five Dutch navy in 1639 as a cadet (adelborst).-born philosopher. black popular singer (“TV Mama”). U.S. The writer first used the her mother’s maiden name from the start of her ca. The fashion de- [Count] Adelaer: Cort Sivertsen (1622–1675).S.S.”) Adolfo: Adolfo Sardiña (1933–). working in U. children’s writer. Maude Adams: Maude Ewing Kiskadden Max Adeler: Charles Heber Clark (1841–1915). born movie actress. humorist. Renée Adorée: Jeanne de la Fonté (1898–1933). vocalist in all the leading London and provincial con.” his academic writing began to appear in 1938.. designer.. writer.S. and also in English opera. Three Hun- new surname from her third husband.” This was orig- sions of a Wife (1902). Cuban fashion Lydia Adamson: Frank King (1936–). writer.working in U. 1911). senger in Richmond. It also echoes his middle name. The organized crime (1910–). moved into Venetian service and became known as Marie Adams: Ollie Marie Givens (1925– Curzio Suffrido Adelborst. sociologist. Swiss botanist born opera singer and adventuress (“the woman”) in Peter Bally. Eng. Nigerian rock musician. movie costume designer. Austr. journalist. U. Adrian: Adrian Adolph Greenberg (1903– black blues musician.. Adeva: Patricia Daniels (1960–).S.S.S. in 1661 but the following year accepted the command Mary Adams: Elizabeth Stuart Phelps (1844– of the Danish navy with the title of Count Adelaer. Br. under R&B singer.S. writer. “peace. Ger. describing the rearing Marianne Dreams (1958) and the Clever Polly series and rehabilitation of an orphaned lion cub. conservationist. (1910–1980). It.

painter. Johannes Aepinus: Johannes Hoeck (1499– Shmuel Yosef Agnon: Samuel Josef Czaczkes . poems. pope.” diki (1865–1926).” painter. Israeli playwright. sell call himself ‘Æ’?” Murray Hill. The name of the impersonator John Adrian: John Adrian Marie Edward Warne of celebrities is French for “Africa. Fr. did not wish to be thought of as “just another Welsh Yaacov Agam: Jacob Gipstein (1928–). and itself meaning “eternity. Rus. took his religious name on sible shortening of a typically lengthy Greek surname being clothed as a Benedictine oblate in 1893. of Gk. Luigi Agnesi: Louis Ferdinand Léopold Agniez promptly replied.’” ianized his name to accord with his roles in Italian Dom Aelred: Benjamin Fearnley Carlyle (1874– opera. The last non–Italian pope before 1978 re. 1955). TV dramatist. 1553). working in Jean Adrienne: Jean Armstrong (1905–1994). partly rep- Br. The pope took his name from the church of poet. from ritual of offering food and drink to Agni. daughter of Charles Fetherston- Russell opted for the digraph alone. The name partly derives Max Adrian: Max Bor (1903–1973).R. 15 Adrian • Agnon Adrian IV: Nicholas Breakspear (c. his articles in the New Statesman to match that of his tained his baptismal name. Fr. vice president (1969–73). The printer Eng. movie actress. Br. The ecclesiastic adopted a Eng.S. a powerful devil in Muslim mythology.R. that when the poet was in New York on a reading Madame Agnès: ? (fl. opera singer. someone asked. Solomon Eagle. of Russ. The scientist adopted a name relating to the agnihotra.U. S. sculptor. for the U. predecessor. stage actress. England.-born from the initial elements of his real name. Adrian see Rhys Adrian Br. literary Adzhzi: Khodzhi Said-Akhmed-khodzha Sid. literary critic. The name. fashion tour of America. scriptwriter. Br. journalist. Ind.” “virtuous. re- Franz Aepinus: Franz Maria Ulrich Theodor ligious leader. In 1871 Arthur Cooper married had queried the spelling of the name.1205–1276).O. as L. Ir. the Hindu Greek aipeinos.1100–1159). Reece and L. of which he was ap. stage actor. Yusus Afari: J. artist. 1917). Adrian. St. Afrique: Alexander Witkins (1907–1961).1968–).A. radio. L. less solvers. U. revue artist. however. who later in Aelred (Ethelred) was a 12th-century Cistercian life preferred to be known as Ted.1940s–50s). from Greek Hadrian.” (1938–). Greek for “good. Afrika Bambaataa see Afrika Bambaataa U. Belg.S.” Mojola Agbebi: David Brown Vincent (1860– Æ: George William Russell (1867–1935). (1878–1952). dramatic.– Jane Adrian see Jan Sterling born Br. and assumed her name on her death in 1885. Agathon: Henri Massis (1886–1970). Early in his career the writer used pseudonyms such Afro: Afro Basaldella (1912–1976). It. St. It. the daily adopted a classical rendering of his surname. Ger.155]. Adrian (S. The Hindu founder of the Dev Samaj Hoch (1729–1802). Sinclair (c. designer. so Elizabeth Aglionby. Ir. parentage. The Anglican founder of the Spiro Agnew: Spiro Theodore Anagnostopoulos Benedictine community of Prinknash Abbey. explaining that he stage designer. cause they seemed to be of yesterday. in their motives” [Marble. army officer. brother of Mirko. Rhys Adrian: Rhys Adrian Griffiths (1928– A crossword compiler aims to inspire awe in his hap- 1990). politician.A. “Because he did not wish to be (1833–1875).” from the Greek. All popes of this name are also known as classical rendering of his surname. symbolic name meaning “helpless. Tajik poet. “Why did Mr. crossword compiler. aipeinos. resents Afrit. It. Ger. Affable Hawk: [Sir] Desmond MacCarthy pointed cardinal deacon in 1251. to-day and for. Br. movie He is said to have chosen the name for the verses “be. Afrit: Alistair Ferguson Ritchie (1887–1954). The Native Adrian VI: Adrian Florensz Dedal (1459–1523). pope. dancer. ever. reggae musician. A sen- Gloucestershire. (1918–1996). “high” (German hoch). abbot. The bass singer ital- called ‘I. The poet adopted a was used by the writer for early coauthored surveys. Eng. theologian. Age: Agenore Incrocci (1919–). Agnihotri: Shiv Narayan (1859–1928). god of fire. Iris Adrian: Iris Adrian Hostetter (1913–1994). “high” (German hoch). Adrian V: Ottobono Fieschi (c. singer.” a pseudonym used by Russell for his first adopted his African name. p. Adriano). physicist. The name represents the first letter of Anglican minister became a Baptist pastor and “Æon. In 1894 the former poet.S. Jamaican dub pope. France. religious. Rome. Arthur Aglionby: Arthur Cooper (1832–1911). Eng. The story goes haugh. who was present. Nigerian church leader. of Welsh parentage. parentage. American–style name was chosen by MacCarthy for Du.

” “glade. writer on music. Catherine Airlie: Jean Sutherland MacLeod ple”).-born magician. as for Alexander Agricola. meaning (Latin agricola.” as- Philip Ahn: Pil Lip Ahn (1905–1978). The musician substi. mystery writer. (1908–). Rodolphus Agricola: Roelof Huysman (1443– The academic title referred to his attendance of Cam- 1485). lope and they promptly called Russell ‘Ah Wah Cous. and the Shrine: Passages from the Life and Correspon- lates his German surname as for Georgius Agricola. “smallholder”) corresponds. “Agunot” aho. Agrippa: Henricus Cornelius Agrippa von Austral.S. literally (“Deserted Wives”) (1908). Charles Russell.-born Israeli novelist. also performed as was self-taught. dence of Herbert Ainslie. The Catherine Aird: Kinn Hamilton McIntosh Zionist leader adopted a Hebrew name meaning “one (1930–). writer. signed his letters with his Indian name” [Frederick tuted his agricultural name (literally “acreman. Jonas Aistis: Jonas Aleksandravicius (1904– Finn. artist.-born U. also known as “Sister Aisha. this name for an autobiographical novel. “plowman”). Ger. 1900). Ahad Ha‘am: Asher Hirsch Ginzberg (1856– children’s writer. he was wearing a pair of donment of an Eastern European life in favor of new pants reinforced in the seat with buckskin. with writer.” “flourish- movie actor. teacher. but then adopted the name Agricola. movie actress. Higginbotham (?–1919). Eden Ahbez: Robert Botsin (1908–1995). “plowman. from where he graduated B. Nettesheim (1486–1535). of the people” (ahad. Latin agricola. meaning a plowman) for one essentially identical in AI: Florence Anthony (1947–). rural writer. Hebrew agnon is the sin..” + ’am. when it symbolized his aban. Gustave Aimard: Olivier Gloux (1818–1883). Russ. (1867).” Anouk Aimée: Françoise Sorya Dreyfus (1932–). writer of mystical novels.” to which German Bauer (“farmer.–born Br. .-born Jewish writer.” Hence his adoption of the name Agricola Herbert Ainslie: Edward Maitland (1824– (Latin. and refers to a Jewish woman who Ah Wah Cous: Charles Marion Russell (1864– although abandoned by her husband is still legally 1926). spe- 1556). Lithuanian poet. of Korean parentage. The Pilgrim Finn.” “farmer”) when Berkley Aikin: Fanny Aikin Kortright (1821– working in Spain. The conjuror. Swe.” Juhani Aho: Johannes Brofeldt (1861–1921). 1969]. Georgius Agricola: Georg Bauer (1494–1555).S. poet. U. Maitland used Mikael Agricola: Mikael Bauer (1509–1557). short-story is a Finnish equivalent of his Swedish name. U. Pol.S. Br. Arthur Ainslie: Arthur Wellesley Odell Pain Martin Agricola: Martin Sore (or Sohr) (1486– (1871–1940). Du. the plow. servant girl that she played in her first movie. Patricia Ainsworth: Patricia Nina Bigg (1932–).1446–1506).” replacing Brofeldt. The artist depicted several married to him until he is proven dead or until a di. B. the time of Russell’s visit . Aisha: Pamela Ross (c. in means “man of the house. The artist occasionally (c. novelist. (1738–1825). Du. short-story writer.1967–).’ Alexander Agricola: Alexander Ackermann their name for the animal. black reggae née Bruzelius (1850–1888). novelist. U. Schneider son sous la mer (1947). Czaczkes made the pseudonym his following his visit to the Blood Indians in 1888: “At family name in 1924. Fr. Eng. bishop. singer. “one.M. Ger. journalist. as for in the mid–1950s.S. reminded the Indians of the white rump of an ante- Eng.Angus • Aistis 16 (1888–1970).” “farmer. ply Anouk. “clearing. writer. writer. in which she was billed as sim- first latinized his name as Sartor (German Schneider. The Dutch surname bridge University.S. scholar. née Whately beatnik songwriter. Br. Harriot Airy: Mary Darwall. She began to appear under her full name “tailor”).” gular of agunot. 1897). poet.S. The singer. The writer’s name 1973). Latin agricola means “plow. man. The actress named herself after a Johann Agricola: Johann Schneider (or Schnit. a common life in the promised land of Israel. “broad field. sumed an Arabic name meaning “living. composer. Compare the names below. philosopher. Alexander Agricola. practice in those days. writer..” + ha. composer. Eng. Archer. Cantab. La Mai- ter) (1494–1566). humanist. humanist.. Ger. U. Ger. The scholar’s Latin name trans.” here interpreted through 1847. Eng. poet. Renner.A. adventure novelist. U. “the. Lutheran reformer. Br. writer. The writer adopted a Hebrew name taken Juhani corresponding to Johannes (John) and Finnish from the story that was his literary debut. Ernst Ahlgren: Victoria Maria Benedictsson.A. and was thus called to music “from F.” G. scenes from cowboy life. Sc. occultist Ruth Ainsworth: Ruth Gilbert (1908–). ing. Fr. “peo. musician. 1927). His appearance from the rear Orme Agnus: John C. Sore cializing in magic for children. and adopted this pseudonym vorce is finalized.

meaning “without guile. “bad”).” from amen. actor. donym from his medieval namesake. god Aten (a name meaning literally “sun disk”) was U.1430). Voigt Akhmatova: A Poetic Pilgrimage. Turkish gündüz means “daytime. sumo wrestler. Ajit: Hamid Ali Khan (1922–1998). 2005). Welsh poet. The Pentecostal minister. Akebono: Chadwick Haheo Rowan (1969–). “not. Eng.S. Rap Brown Egyptian pharaoh. Jamil means regnal year he changed his name to Akhenaten. Akhenaten: Amenhotep IV (fl. U. Jamil Abdullah al-Amin: H.S. Voltaire wrote a prose satire enti. broadcaster. Ind. Doctor to the Pope”) Johnny Aladdin: John (“Jack”) Randall (1919–). took her new name from tankhamun. SF writer. writer of de- Martin Akakia: Martin Sans-Malice (1539– tective fiction.-born Br. “glory “handsome. essayist. illustrator. his ematician Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis first wife. novelist. 1976]. (“Diatribe of Dr.S. Other names used by Alain-Fournier: Henri Alban Fournier (1886– the author of the The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) 1914). Of the three Arabic names. writer. Jap. (1889–1966). dancer. president of the Berlin Academy. Hugh in order to be distinguished either from his fellow Fitzgerald. the name of a 9th-century Abbasid caliph. Alan Burt Akers: Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1921– Alain: Émile-Auguste Chartier (1868–1952). Alafon: Owen Griffith Owen (1847–1916). “villain. the poet Alain Floyd Akers: Lyman Frank Baum (1856–1919). The writer took his pseu- Prescot. Turk. magician. Akakia. Hawaiian-born Jap. “to be satisfied. calling her a “decadent poetess. who reintroduced the worship of street evangelist Tony Alamo (Bernie Lazar Hoffman). Anna retorted. champion. Fr. a philologist and Japanese 1588). 17 Ajar • Alastair Émile Ajar see Roman Gary Akinoshima: Yamanaka Katsumi (1967–). The Japanese Alaïa: Azzedine Alaïa (c. magician. writer. philosopher. short-story writer. al-Amin. John Estes Cooke.” could be read as Japanese akunin. U. the ram-headed god (more commonly known whom she married as her third husband in 1966.” from a-. working in France. and an aspiring poet.” and kakos. from two contemporary Frenchmen named girls). Georgian-born Russ. When Anna Gorenko was Alan Alan: Alan Rabinowitz (1926–).1935–).” and saying Don Alan: Donald Alan McWethy (1926– she would shame the family name. Amun. The political activist and Amenhotep III and originally bore the same name as writer converted to the Islamic faith following his his father. Bulmer also wrote as Dray Fr.” and hotep. (1752). and Edith Van Dyne (stories for to some.” Akhetaten. The name is a local placename. jazz drummer. Schuyler Staunton writer Édouard Fournier (1819–1880) or. writings. imprisonment in 1974 and adopted a Muslim name “Amun. Russ. novelist. the other a cycling Brooks. black activist. The writer changed his translator. The “heretic” king was the son of (1943–). writer.” Worship of the sun Susan Alamo: Edith Opal Horn (1925–1982).-born 17. U. Suzanne Metcalf. Br. “guilelessness. Alachini: Bronislaw Szymanski (1895–1970). claimed to be the illegitimate offspring of a Bavarian . hypnotist. her father objected to her magician. that of her great-grandmother. tled Diatribe du docteur Akakia. as Ammon) identified by the Greeks with Zeus. At one time Baum was on the stage as George Henri Fournier.S. médecin du pape Pol.” presumably Boris Akunin: Grigory Shalvovich Chkhar- here in some significant sense. “Aten. according (for adult novels). TV. (1698–1759).” and instead chose a Tatar Jane Alan: Lillian Mary Chisholm (1906–?). illusionist. A.S. Anna Ger.S. Aka Gündüz: Enis Avni (1885–1958). don’t need that name. “horizon of Aten. Alan: Leslie Harrison Lambert (1883–1941). poet. Tunisian fash- name means “the dim light of the morning. radio evangelist. The author. “to derive pleasure.” to its Greek Russian anarchist Mikhail Bakunin (1814–1876) but equivalent (akakia. in which he ridiculed the views of the math. Tu. Pheeroan Aklaff: Paul Maddox (1955–). meaning “Amun is content. The author also wrote as Tatars had always seemed mysterious and fascinating Anne Lorraine.” and of Aten. “I 1999). medical writer. Fr. U. to the young woman who came to be one of Russia’s Alastair: Hans Henning Voigt (1887–1969). The southern Eng. greatest modern poets [Amanda Haight. teaming with Taki.14th century BC).” from akhen. name. Chartier (c.” ion designer. storyteller. movie sumo wrestler. children’s writer. He first used the name in 1907. U. tishvili (1956–). a convert from Judaism.J.” and began to build a new capital city called means “the faithful.” Abdullah means “servant of Allah.1385–c. Anna Akhmatova: Anna Andreyevna Gorenko Br.” and aten.” In his fifth accordingly. one an admiral. subsequently disavowed by his son-in-law. The novelist took his new name were Laura Bancroft. adopted a name that not only evoked the French name.

numbers 1895). (1614–1687). practically extinct” [Dictio. movie. The actor or more of these derive from the character of this is said to have adopted the name because he grew name in Molière’s Le Misanthrope. of Sc. Vagram Alazan: Vagram Martirosovich Albius see Thomas Blacklow Gabuzyan (1903–1966). U. organist. York. edu. Can. dancer. Fr. (2) George Villiers. Al- Emma Lajeunesse (1847–1930). Armenian writer. biblical archaeologist.” Pol. since the nambula in Messina. popular musician. The original Alcibiades was a 5th-century name. Fr. Margrave of Brandenburg Ger. William Foxwell Albright: William Thomas Al- [Dame] Emma Albani: Marie Louise Cécile bright (1891–1971). spy for an attack on the alchemical work Anthroposophia novelist. educator. she Alcapone himself has a more subtle explanation: “It adopted the name of ‘Albani. writer. mechanic. Ten- cator.S. Music. start calling me Capone. ist.S.S. Konrad Alberti: Konrad Sittenfeld (1862–1918). The father of Louisa equivalent (German weiss. opera singer.1738).’ the patronymic of an all started the night I went to the movies at Majesty old Italian noble family. “castle”). author of the bestselling man Burg. U. fred.-born magician. bright changed his middle name to his mother’s Mme.S. (3) Al- (1840–1930). Doubtless one (1906–2005). movie actress. mystic. Adrian Boot. Ger. But advice of her Italian elocution master. Biswang (c. as she was generally known. Eng. meaning “impostor Philalethes. poet.S. (3) Alfred Assolant (1827–1886). Antony Alban: Antony Allert Thomson (1939–). the misanthropic tired of announcers referring to him as “Eddie Ham. novel Little Women (1868). And the guy say to me: nary of National Biography]. commemorate the U. meaning “Albert the worker. Swiss composer. Bronson Alcott: Amos Bronson Alcox (1799– sician italianized his German name to give a Latin 1888). Sp. Reggae Explosion: The Story of Jamaican Albert: Albert Rusling (1944–). Eng. Baltimore. when “on the singer was born in the year of the latter’s death. Eng. poet. changed the family name .” of society. Eng.Alazan • Alcott 18 prince and an Irish girl. gangster Al Capone. May Alcott (1832–1888). Then I pick up Alcapone Father Alberik: Joseph Zwyssig (1808–1854). 1846. but such an origin is as Herbert Albini: Abraham Laski (1860–1922). jazz trumpeter. movie actor.1680–c. Delorenzi. Lord Tennyson (1809–1892). philosopher. I don’t know. writer.S. U. More used this Martha Albrand: Heidi Huberta Freybe mock–Greek name. writer (1522–1557). U. Fr. Then someone change it to Joe Albany: Joseph Albani (1924–1988). Hardie Albright: Hardy Albrecht (1903–1975). Theatre and I was laughing. hero who scorns the civilities of life and the shams burger. where she moved with her parents in 1865.S. Ger. suspect as his assumed title of “Baron.S. Fr. And it just stick” [Chris Salewicz and Swiss priest. Albert L’Ouvrier: Alexandre Martin (1815– published in the February and March.-born U. Latin castrum. Me Capone and then Macaroni until someone just jazz pianist. poet. nyson used this name for Literary Squabbles. in the 1910s. 2001].] Henry More 1894). writer. prince. Fr. quesa de Alorna (1750–1839).S.’ Whatever James Albany see Robert Crawford pocony is. composer. she assumed it on maican DJ. The mu. Albani.” Loewengard (1914–1981). (4) Hip- Eddie Albert: Edward Albert Heimberger polyte de Castille (fl. courtier. writer. Don Albert: Albert Dominique (1908–1980). cartoon. Alcibiades: (1) Albert. The writer’s new surname is that of her Theomagica by Eugenius Philalethes. The poet’s Port. writer. elected to the provisional French government in 1848. Bernard Albrecht see Barney Sumner stage. Ja- according to another theory. Port. U. Sicily.” when he was BC Athenian general.1840s). opera singer. TV actor. Alcipe: Leonor de Almeida de Portugal. The socialist leader adopted this of Punch. ‘Look how him going like a pocony. from that. Jewish parentage. Alceste: (1) Louis Belmontet (1799–1879). in 1870. great-grandfather. Latin albus. New versity. U. classical-style name was suggested to her by Filinto Henricus Albicastro: Heinrich Weissenburg del Elísio. working in Hawaii. (2) Edouard Laboulaye (1811–1883). Mar- Al Berto: Alberto Pidwell Tavares (1948–1997). Anglican sister. The name seems to making her debut as Amina in Bellini’s opera La Son. But Dennis Alcapone: Dennis Smith (1947–). Eng. Marietta Alboni: Maria Anna Marzia (1823– Alazonomastix Philalethes: [Dr. Duke Sister Albertina: Ellen Albertina Pollyblank of Buckingham (1627–1688). Maria Alba: Maria Casajuana (1905–1999).-born U. “white”. It. Ger. stage. is said to maiden name when studying at Johns Hopkins Uni- have taken her professional name from Albany. Br.

Asked if it was of the Paris church of Saint-Jean-le-Rond. 1990. I never felt sufficient courage Alexander III: Orlando Bandinelli (c. jazz pianist. opera singer. that circumstances over which I had no control pre.–born U. whose conquering prowess Costa (c. architect. It. drigo Borgia) (1431–1503). I used it for my first story of ad. Alexander IV: Rinaldo dei Segni (c. The actor (1833–1902).S. vented my visiting them” [Marble. U. Aldanov: Mark Aleksandrovich Landau first name. N. mathematician. elected in (1892–1962). U. sandra Dormidontovna Kochetova. Georgian ballet dancer. so I had to reply 1181).” sequent career would show” [Coulombe. the first syllables of his two original names. opera singer.1738–1814). as the new pontiff ’s sub- tuguese for “the little cripple. Aldo: Aldo Rossano Graziati (1902–1953). Eng. magician. Marsh troupe of juvenile players. king of Macedonia.S. Songulashvili (1874–1934). movie actor. It. the chevalier Des- 1973). as I liked alliter. he was enrolled in explanation to give. unlike Aleksey I. Destouches It. Russ. poet. U. school as Jean-Baptiste Daremberg. It. Robert Alda: Alphonso Giuseppe Giovanni Aleksandra Aleksandrova-Kochetova: Alek- Roberto d’Abruzzo (1914–1986). or a woman I thought it useful for my purposes and Tony Aless: Anthony Alessandrin (1921–1985).D. The name Adair was current — not pre. Russ. movie director. Alexander V: Pietro di Candia (originally Petros actor. retained his original name. The actor adopted his new name in 1858 on join. feminist writer. Philargos) (c. she replied: “I have no very subtle gave his first name. “An odd hero for a pope to have. The writer adopted his new first name as a boy. Russ. churchman. Aldon’s books so much. and the latter venture for boys as I wished to keep that kind of tale name was altered for reasons of euphony to give separate from the historical stories I was writing “d’Alembert. basing the surname on her own M. Aleksandr Aleksidze: Aleksandr Georgievich Aldini: Alex Weiner (1917–1989). née Sokolova of It. pope. The head of the Rus- letters in his patronymic (middle name). p. literary critic. musicologist. The Richard Aldington: Edward Godfree Aldington head of the Russian Orthodox Church.1105– to disillusion them in the matter. to be The artist was born deformed. Russ.S. cinematographer. he was abandoned on the steps used the name for her earlier stories. A name that is a near ana. ballet Alan Alda: Alphonso d’Abruzzo (1936–).181]. but not inappropriate. The illustrator. and this some sort of pun. U. while also containing (1877–1970). The author touches. especially in spoken form. U. p. Sp.” at that time. The writer’s pseudonym close connection. sandra Aleksandrova. Brazilian sculptor. (2) Aleksandr Nikolayevich Fedotov (1903– stage actor.S. Russ.S. sure. pope.1339–1410).S.A. Jean le Rond d’Alembert: Jean-le-Rond Des- G. Robert Alda. It. husband of H. children’s writer. Wiles (1924–). was the illegitimate son of the hostess Mme.1199–1261). The actor created his new surname from 1971). Frances Alda: Frances Jeanne Adler. sian Orthodox Church assumed his name on taking Jean François Alden see Mark Twain monastic vows in 1902. dancer. touches (1717–1783).R. writer. and his name is Por. Russ. antipope. Fr. churchman. Keller (1898–1954). As a baby. U. It. Mormonenko (1903–1983). U. When created his new surname from the first two letters of actually performing. but in one with which I have 1960). Richard Alden see Tom Drake Aleksey II: Aleksey Mikhaylovich Ridiger Peter Alding see Roderic Graeme (1929–2008). parentage. Eng. he admired. 19 Alda • Alexander from Alcox to Alcott because of the original name’s Aleksandr Aleksandrov: (1) Aleksandr Arte- indecent associations. “mentalist. . On the strength of the masculinity a Alexander: Calude Alexander Conlin (1880– boy’s [sic] camp wrote to me and asked me to spend 1954). novelist. ative names.S.Z. Sibilla Aleramo: Rina Pierangeli Faccio (1876– cisely in my own family. father of Alan Alda. Giovanni Cena. writer. née Davies Vladimir Aleksandrov: Vladimir Borisovich (1883–1952). pope. de Adair Aldon: Cornelia Lynde Meigs (1884– Tencin and one of her lovers.S. pope. cartoonist.-born It. took the name Aldon to go with it. ing the Robert G. Louis Aldrich: Louis Lyon (1843–1901).” the summer with them as they liked one of Adair Alexander II: Anselm (?–1073). myevich Martirosyants (1891–1955). the singer used the name Alek- his first name (Alphonso) and last name (d’Abruzzo). Alexander VI: Rodrigo de Borja y Borja (or Ro- Alec: Alec E. (1889–1957). pope took his new name in honor of Alexander the O Aleijadinho: Antônio Francisco Lisbôa da Great. As it would apply either to a man was suggested by her lover. circus performer. However. Aleksey I: Sergey Vladimirovich Simansky gram of the writer’s surname. Russ. Estonian-born Russ.239]. magician. novelist. as did his Grigory Aleksandrov : Grigory Vasilyevich father.

and no one complains. Harcourt Algeranoff: Harcourt Algernon Essex U. critic. the time. Fr. 1691). Louis and Sugar Ray Robinson changed their names. Ger. Br. Fr. The dancer took her name ture preached at Watford in Hartfordshire at a Con. U. Selin. after his death in 1875. U. Jr.V. composer. Actors and actresses Jabez Bunting. Pastor.S. a wealthy merchant who disap. The (1948–). People change their names all adroitness. Alexander. either as referring to his old tity given to my family by slavemasters. Gibb Samson (1858–1918). Alfonsina: Alfonsina Storni (1892–1938). bookseller. Michael Alford: Michael Griffiths (1587–1652). writer. those people would have changed their slave names. Alexander Cruden. tions. au. Br. manager. a Joyner for Love One Another. stage actor. organist. movement after becoming the new world heavyweight Alexander the Corrector: Alexander Cruden champion as a result of his contest against Sonny Lis- (1701–1770). A Tub Lec.S.S. “Memoir of Mr. Father Algy: William Strowan Amherst Robert- Mrs. Joan Alexander: Joan Pepper (1920–). TV actress. Alexandre de Paris: Louis Alexandre Raimon If I changed my name from Cassius Clay to (1922–2008). [Sir] George Alexander: George Alexander Eng. adopted his mother’s maiden name. fa- Dair Alexander: Christine Campbell Thomson miliar from the movie The Bridge on the River Kwai (1897–1985). The dancer assumed thor. based on his middle name. Harcourt Algeranoff. John Alexander: John Taylor (1580–1653). Ar- Ben Alexander: Nicholas Benton Alexander gentinian poet. Sc. ballet dancer. nobody would have complained. Jason Alexander: Jay Scott Greenspan (1959–). Ir. bandmaster.S. “Changing self. It freed me from the iden- it might be interpreted. playwright.” change their names. hair stylist. The writer Alexander VIII: Pietro Vito Ottoboni (1610– first used this name for his novel Cabanis (1832). U. and the name W. Br. The author of the famous ton. after the war as corrector of the manners and morals of the People. and Wheelwright.” Flavia Richardson. theatrical director. Richards for the march “Namur.S. Pilgrim. church historian. It. If Hitler occupation as a [proof ] corrector of the Press. Karlton. Häring (1798–1871). Eng.S. Willibald Alexis: Georg Wilhelm Heinrich pope. leader of the Black Muslims in the U. movie. something like Smith or Jones because I wanted a Lorez Alexandria: Dolorez Alexandria Nelson. (1911–1969). proved of her writing. working in Australia. (1942–). as circumstances seemed to dictate” [Rev. TV actress. Christine Hartley. (1909–1981). U.-born Br. Garrett. Joe prefaced to 7th edition of the Concordance. my name was one of the most important things that with which he seems to have been greatly pleased. “There was a double meaning in this designation. black jazz singer. theater Alfred: Frances McCollin (1892–1960). movie actor. The name was given him by Elijah Muhammad. Connell (1948–). Jesuit. Canonicus. She adopted the name only Muhammad Ali: Cassius Marcellus Clay. name that white people thought was more American. Kenneth J. Br. religious. The au. journalist. Other names used by the (1957). stead of killing them made them slaves. née Turner (1929–). popular novelist. new name in 1964 on joining the Black Muslim U. for happened to me in my life. novelist. The musician was as pro- Henry Alexander: Alexander McAllister (1877– lific in her choice of pseudonyms as in her composi- 1944). poet (“The Water Poet”). Mayfair. Alford: [Major] Frederick Joseph Bill Alexander: William Alexander Paterson Ricketts (1881–1945). The boxer adopted his Shana Alexander: Shana Ager (1925–2005). Jane Alexander: Jane Quigley (1939–). Nelson Algren: Nelson Ahlgren Abraham Maev Alexander: Maev Alexandra Reid Mc. née French son (1894–1955). author. black boxer. movie actor. composer. It. Wendel. glican Society of St. He used writer were Molly Campbell.S.S.The head of the An- (1825–1902). pianist. (1903–1967). writer. named “Algy” when a Cambridge university student Alexander Hector. 1815]. Sc. or to changed the names of people he was killing. Ir. Alexander: Annie Hector. playwright. husband of Claudie Algeranova. Concordance to the Holy Scriptures (1737) so called him. Eng. venticle on the 25th of December last (1642). writer. from that of her husband. on joining Anna Pavlova’s company in 1921. and in- the new office which he supposed himself to sustain. his Russian-style name. The pope changes his name. Awbury.Alexander • Ali 20 Alexander VII: Fabio Chigi (1599–1667). and kept the name in religion.S. ballet dancer. Taylor used the name John Claudie Algeranova: Claudie Leonard (1924–). U. pope. I was honored that . U. Eng. composer of the march “Colonel Bogey” (1914). Francis was for some reason nick- thor took her name from that of her husband. Of this ambiguity he availed himself with much That’s all I was doing. Br. Others include Atticus.-born Br.

S. U. six years. Ger. would have to change his name. politician. presumably inspired by the example spelt [on the playbills] ‘Dave O’Mally’ or ‘Dave Mal- of Ralph Iron. working in U. became ‘Tyrone’ and ‘Tannen’ and May Alix see Josephine Beatty ‘Tinnen. and I Iraqi politician. When the musician’s father name in place of his Jewish surname in the 1930s. Ali Bey: David Charles Lemmy (1905–1975). who actor. In the early 1840s Paula Allardyce: Ursula Torday (fl. writer.’ so I thought. Robert Patterson. and in Charlotte Keppel. (Tatar) writer. Johnnie Allan: John Allan Guillot (1938–).’ and I’d arrive at places and it would be in New Zealand. I’ve been Muhammad Ali for twenty. The editor. writer. née Jr. of Jewish parent- Muhammad Ali.-born U.’ but ‘Tynan. an underground move. N. Rashied Ali: Robert Patterson (1933–2009). Br. magician. The names of Ali’s parents Finn. name beginning with ‘A’ I’d be top of the list. whatever reason.S. interior designer.S. Richard Stone. pianist. The magician took his quasi–Arabian dancer adopted her father’s middle name as her stage stage name from a character he played in a national name. TV producer. writer on gambling fraud. Eng. spondence led to marriage in 1846. interviewed . but he grew up with the name Allan: Albin Neumann (1909–?). Joseph C. Jap. correspondence with the author told her how much Henri Alleg: Henri Jean Salem (1921–). Iranian. novelist. editor. and the third Caliphate after the death throw in 2003. where ‘Muhammad’ means one worthy of praise. Marie von Bardeleben (1852–1916). black jazz drummer. teaming with if he might continue to call her “Alice. Fr. The composer adopted the first name of his fa- 1997]. Santeri Alkio: Santeri Filander (1862–1930). choreographer. Emily Bradley sent a story she had written to Neal’s crime.S. The former physician was the leader was sitting looking at his list of clients. and in 1853 she married Samuel H. he was told he born Br.1960s). director. The broadcaster’s father. music-hall comedian. The name has a generally oriental pop musician. ther.’ So I thought. writer.Z. ballet dancer. Br. (1827–1863). “I tried ‘Dave used this name for serials written in Britain but set O’Mahony. flavor. sounded Scottish and his mother was a Scot. art critic. Br. was! By then I had an agent. Lee Blackstock. When the comic began his Alidad: Alidad Mahloudji (1954–). oney’ or ‘O’Maloney. and Lee. Bud Flanagan. U. Muhammad Ali: His Life and Times. followed suit. née Dawson (1858– people would know how to pronounce “O’Mahony. Neal asked (1896–1982). if I had a sur- ment opposed to the regime of Saddam Hussein. was punishable by death. black religious leader. That’s four years longer than I was Cassius Alkan: Charles-Henri-Valentin Morhange Clay” [Thomas Hauser with the co-operation of (1813–1888). Neal. was more than twice Emily’s age. so I tried ‘Tynan. died suddenly in Dave Allen: David Tynan O’Mahony (1936– 1847. well. well. Haven. Russ. Algerian he liked the name Alice Gordon Lee because it writer.” The corre.S. nobody with an ‘A.’ and so I never knew who the bloody hell I Ibrahim al-Jaafari: Ibrahim al-Ashaiqir (1947–). TV comedian.” Neal.S. Ali Bongo: William Wallace (1929–2009).” ?1903). Following Saddam’s over- Muhammad. He regarded himself as a prophet of cian. as not many English Alien: Louisa Alice Baker. The writer He came to the same conclusion. Jaafari returned to Iraq and was of the Prophet]. U. Sidney Allan: Carl Sadakichi Altmann (1867– Cousin Alice: Emily Bradley Neal Haven 1944). mystery writer. So I When Saddam decreed that membership of the party changed my name to Allen” [Dave Allen. Allah and claimed that he was named “Ali” during a Elkan Allan: Elkan Philip Cohen (1922–2006). as did his six siblings. Noble Drew Ali: Timothy Drew (1886–1929). writer. Maud Allan: Ula Maude Durrant (1873–1956). Austr. composer. Ir. age.S. career and was eager for engagements. ‘Tynan’ is Abdulla Alish: Abdulla Bariyevich Alishev simple enough. Allan Cohen. On Chesney Allen: William Ernest Chesney Allen learning her real name from a subscriber. after which Emily Corey Allen: Alan Cohen (1934–). 2005). visit to the holy Muslim city of Mecca. Jaafari fled to Iran.’ for (1908–1944). changed his name to Rashied Ali. The TV magician. working in France. movie Neal wrote for children as “Cousin Alice. youth club pantomime as a teenager. accepted it. Eng. 21 Ali • Allen Elijah Muhammad gave me a truly beautiful name. ‘Ali’ was the fear of retaliation against his family in Iraq forced the name of a great general [a cousin of the Prophet him to change his name. George Allan: Mite (or Marie) Kremnitz. adopted his first name as the family U.-born U. journalist. and there was of the Islamic Da‘wah Party. elected prime minister two years later.K. magi- Timothy Drew. are unknown.. U. Can. all also musicians. Other names used by the au- Saturday Gazette under the pseudonym Alice Gordon thor were Charity Blackstock.

songwriter.S. new name. radio comedian. boxer. Eng. so I took his name for boxing.’ like. He he insists. The writer often 6. For Tentamen which he used during games.. publisher. however. Talking Comedy. Allen: Allan Pinkerton (1819– 1987).S. 1958). for his first three plays.S. In 1952. BBC Radio 4. published under her mother’s name. He used the Tim Allen: Timothy Allen Dick (1953–). Bert Allerton: Albert Allen Gustafson (1889– U. jazz of Max. Phog Allen: Forrest Clare Allen (1885–1974). novelist. Allen. 2005]. Br. The dramatist used this name. for Exchange no Robbery (1820) he was Richard Jones. U. movie actor. of Mel.S. many of the record books have accepted as Govier’s Ir. when on the run from the Navy. TV.J. Sarah A. sential Dave Allen. was a tribute “to [frontiersman] Woody Allen: Allen Stewart Konigsberg (1935–). His birth date. U. him by a William Fox Agency booking agent. after the writer Max Shulman. news- and Edwin Harrison. ed. Allenby see Ann Bridge U. New York Yankees. black editor. His of Cromwell’s cavalry. The assumed name was that of a member he was not a member of the Jesse James Gang. The lawyer’s birth name was an hommage to one musician or another.M. English. Alfred Allendale: Theodore Edward Hook given him by sportswriters for his “foghorn” voice. movie actor. “The clever farce ‘Exhange no Robbery’ [was] from his own first name.D. Roland Allen: Alan Ayckbourn (1939–). The writer adopted his own. mother’s maiden name as his stage name. Ramsbottom and simply playwright.” was his original version. Br. (1788–1841). but Mel Allen was the broadcaster for the Jay Presson Allen: Jacqueline Presson (1922–). Allen: Edmund Downey (1856–1937).Allen • Allerton 22 by Paul Jackson.. The Es. He thought musician. 2000. Presson married British-born and settled on it because it had. movie actor. he children’s writer. purely arbitrary and wholly unrelated to changed his name to Macon Bolling Allen by act of Woody Herman. name Dan Banim for comic histories told in Irish comic movie actor. novelist. (1820) (its title from a Latin word meaning “trial”) Robert Allen: Irving Theodore Baehr (1906– Hook wrote as Vicesimus Blinkingsop.S. [Dictionary of National Biography]. it was. of Pol.. Govier gave two accounts of his 1884). G.E. stage actor.S. April 1930). but brought out under the pseudonym of ‘Richard Jones’” thereafter wrote under his real name. Frank Allenby: Francis Gatehouse (1898–?). billed as Freddy James. Sc. pecker. movie actress. U. Later.-born Br.S. director. U. Ethan Allen who had stopped using the name after U.S. magician. humorist. he says. novelist. Eng. advocating the assassination of first a juggler. The author also wrote as Paul Dallas stole the identity card of an Islington.S. sports broadcaster. basketball coach. popular singer. when the revolution. quoted in Graham McCann. He also wrote as Mrs. Sort of keeps it U.S. Woody Mel Allen: Melvin Allen Israel (1913–1996). killed. was August 11. is given in some sources as Malcolm B. 1991].S. U. he recalled how. 1925 [The Times. partly T. which F. Sexby used this name for his pamphlet Killing U. descent. “Mate of mine called Terry Allen got Elizabeth Allen: Elizabeth Allen Gillease (1934–). or even Woodrow Wilson” [Eric Lax. U. Allen: Pauline E. stage. Sullivan was at No Murder (1657). wife’s maiden name as his pen name. country singer. Hopkins (1859– Mary Allerton: Mary Christine Govan (1897– . Edgar the future actor decided to become a comedy writer Allen. Allen. Austral. partly from his wife’s so unluckily suggestive in title that that it had to be maiden name (Roland). detective. Eric Allen: Eric Allen Ballard (1908–1968). Terry Allen: Edward Albert Govier (1924– (Major) E. Woody Wood- the Massachusetts legislature in 1844. But what? “He liked Allan and vaudeville booking office that Allen was performing thought the more commonly spelled Allen made a in a competing New York theater. William Allen: Edward Sexby (?–1658). 1987].S. He became Oliver Cromwell (to whom the work was ironically Fred Allen in 1918 after tiring of telling people that dedicated). soldier..H. But what of a first one? He thought Gene Allen: Eugene Sufana (1928–). lawyer. London. Eng. U. while 1998). LL. goin. Rosalie Allen: Julie Marlene Bedra (1924–). ‘a slightly movie director Lewis Allen (1905–2000).S. good last name. The actor adopted his 1992). paper boy called Terry Allen. new name. stage. Eventually he thought of Woody U. Peter Allen: Peter Allen Woolnough (1942– Austral.” The name was actually created for he had started sending jokes to New York newspapers. Fred Allen: John Florence Sullivan (1894–1956). he said. judge.S. comic appropriateness and is not completely off the Macon Bolling Allen: A. Macon Bolling (1816– tracks. screenwriter. Allen adopted his nickname. Woody Guthrie.-born U. who wanted to conceal from the Keith-Albee under a new name.. April 9.’ Contrary to the popular belief that his choice 1894).

nun. Eng. legislator.S.M. name. pen name at about this time for her early writing. 1920]. following tended to stand for “A Lady of England. dancer. William Allston. the first choice: “My eye roves northward to where the Great of the Crimean War. she was a promising young writer. meaning west Wales. biog- Alicia Alonso: Alicia Ernestina de la Caridad rapher.” and “Vega. even Gardiner has a similar rustic association. Alov : Nikolay Vasilyevich Gogol (1809– Peter Altenberg : Richard Engländer (1859– 1852). After considering names such as intended this sense for herself. missionary. Eng. “Alpha” sug- of Eifionydd. invites me to join the constellation that he has sum- novelist.O. Wanda Alpar: Rosalind Isabel Appleton-Collins Clay Allison see Wes Hardin (1927–2009). the formation in the constellation of Ursa Major Alltud Eifion: Robert Isaac Jones (1815–1905). The sister When it was derided by the critics. The A. E. 23 Alleyn • Altenberg ?). and we commend them to the reader as of ex. daughter of novelist Nathaniel Hawthorne took this Br. popular singer.11]. the Plough.” “Arcturus. Markelov (1895–1967).: Charlotte Maria Tucker (1821–1893). V. U. Br. The actress’s new your name. John Almeida: John Meade (1572–1653). songwriter. children’s writer. Russ. poet. children’s writer.” this being a historic district of north.” and the name George.” appears to be echoed in the “Plough. .” Gardiner makes his relates the name to the Battle of Alma (1854). Br. At least he had pre- seven poems appearing in the Pre-Raphaelite journal served his true identity. writer. Eng. writer. Great Bear. The dancer Peter Allison see J. The author adopted her new surname from del Cobre Martínez del Oyo (1921–). There at the head of the gen (1898–1971). for his early poem of German idyllic life. vaudeville dancer.’ In that prodigal spirit the editor of the Star Alma: Charlotte Mary Yonge (1823–1901). movie actor. Eng. Almedingen: Martha Edith von Almedin. I first names. Hanz Ellen Alleyn: Christina Georgina Rossetti Küchelgarten (1828). (1851–1926). of It.E. Charles’s Wain. Plough flames the great star that points to the pole. apparently formed from letters in his full Darby. also a dancer. The writer also used the name J. (Great Bear). The initials are those of the writer’s two I will hitch my little wagon to that sublime image. name. the Chariot of David. Ballet of Poland. (1830–1894).S. Alpha of the Plough: Alfred George Gardiner Mary Allitsen: Mary Frances Bumpus (1849– (1865–1946). poet. and possibly she adopted the Bear hangs head downwards as if to devour the earth.N. planter. The dancer took her surname from her first poet Yakov Polonsky. (Alpha Ursae Majoris) in the Plough (Big Dipper). being taken for his cousin. medical worker.” and the the breakup of her marriage in 1895. tials. conjuror. circus artist. Alpha: James Fitton (1899–1982).-born Eng. novelist. “This Aloe is not U. Russ. Fernando Alonso.” Selected meaning either “fair” or “all good. from. Yonge interprets the name Alma as of the Plough. of astronomical origin. The celestial source was suggested to the writer June Allyson: Eleanor Geisman (1917–2006). under the above ini. (1891–1970). gests “Alfred. The writer’s name means “Alltud may or may not have been intentional. Mother Alphonsa: Rose Lathrop. the Dipper. which Welsh poet.” while David Allyn: Albert DiLello (1923–). U. reversed. name after joining the Dominican Order.S. But there are certain other links. The initials were in. novelist. In her own History of Christian moned from the vasty deeps of Fleet Street” [Alpha Names (1863). black radio DJ. Austr. Al. novelist. Russ. movie actress. the homeland of many poets. suggestion of “aloe” (the plant. painter. p. The pen name is primarily 1912). Eng. pop. Eng. playwright... cartoonist. writer. ular singer. ographer. surname with a single “l” in about 1790 to avoid duced upwards of fifty pieces ..S. who had encouraged her when husband. editor. chikova (1872–1959).S. Cuban ballet that of a character in A Widow’s Story by the Russian dancer. with its bitter drug) William Alston: William Allston (1757–1839). Altayev: Margarita Vladimirovna Yamsh- ceeding beauty” [Hamst. “farmer. Russ. for she has pro. Gogol used the 1919).. U.P. referring to the brightest star Alli-Vad: Aleksandr Alekseyevich Vadimov. published at his own expense. bi. essayist.. working in Brazil. Claud Allister: William Claud Michael Palmer illustrator. parentage. The Germ in 1850. he bought up all of Dante Gabriel Rossetti first used this name for the copies and destroyed them.]. née Hawthorne Jesuit missionary. to accord with the title of his editor’s paper: “‘As for U.” and perhaps she Essays.L. McCall adopted her stage name when training with the Polski Sister Allison: Allison Colleen Mason (1969–). stage. Eng. I offer you the whole firmament to choose surname derived from the pet form of her first name. Alston first spelled his at all in keeping with her cognomen. “On Choosing a Name. will be Alpha of the Plough” [ibid. appears to be merely coincidental. singer. But she also rightly “Orion.

Miles Amber: Ellen Melicent Sickert. Burt Alvord see Wes Hardin Carl Amery: Christian Anton Mayer (1922–). on which he was born. den (c. and the Welsh forename Alun is asso. parentage. dance critic. 1964). you need a Latin name. The pioneer of Holocaust survival lit- Alyett: Alfred Auzet (1885–1975). movie choreographer. (1925–). Br. Betti Alver: Elizabet Lepik (1906–1989). Russ. Kirk Alyn: John Feggo. Libero Altomare: Remo Mannoni (1883–1966). Ambrose. Warner. through that county. Jack sumed their monastic name (in Russian Amvrosy) in said. 1892). Albert Alvarez: Raymond Gourron (1861– Ameche’s Italian father had changed the spelling of 1933). in Flintshire. Ger. erature evolved his pen name by a roundabout route. Russ. Chin. “Jack had given Alvarado his stage name. name de Spina.S. preacher.S. in the style of Rudolph Russ. magician. translator. bandleader. née Cob- Alun: John Blackwell (1797–1840).S. Argentinian writer. Samuil Alyoshin: Samuil Iosifovich Kotlyar dren’s writer. Br. Tunnah (?–). religious writer. (2) Andrey Stepanovich Zertis-Ka- Peruvian opera singer. preacher. John Alton: Janos (or Jacob) Altman (1901– U. The poet took his second name from the mother’s family. 1993). opera singer.D.1485– writer. writer. stage. translator. An altered first name and an Ger. U. illustrator. The name is bardic.S. U. Delia Alton see H. opera singer. Blackwell was born this name for the tragic novel Wistons (1902).S. the aim being to prompt an 1898). Fr.S. Danny Alvin: Danny Viniello (1902–1958). Br. Ger. U.-born U. popular singer. Jr.-born U. chil. Hung. mensky (1708–1771). (1762–1841). Russ. movie producer.” Amalfi: William F. conductor. It. movie actor. Ger. Russ. only Spanish Jack knew was Alvarado. It. Russ. (6) Andrey Antipovich Don Alvarado: Joseph Paige (1904–1967). Jewish writer. movie director. jazz drummer. All of the Russian prelates as- When the actor had auditioned as Joseph Paige. preacher. accorded monk. “Having played variations on the name he was born movie actor.1848–1914). magician. in 1941 farm. Fr. Giuseppe Amato: Giuseppe Vasaturo (1899– Robert Alton: Robert Alton Hart (1897–1957). Br. (1913–). twelfth child of a family of poets who lived here. The scholar’s Victor Ambroise see Horatio Nicholls adopted name is Italian for “pupil. with his “Latin lover” roles. (8) Aleksey Iosifovich Klyucharev (1821–1901).S.. The author used this name (4) Avraam Serebrennikov (or Serebryakov) (1745– for chronicles published in El Plata Illustrado over 1792).S. composer. 1996). U. Ornatsky (1778–1827). movie actor.S. with several times — Hans Mayer.Althea • Améry 24 Althea: Althea Braithwaite (1940–). Alvar: Eduarda Mansilla de García (1838– (3) Andrey Podobedov (1742–1818). novelist. Of Jewish origin. Bill Amac: Robert William Macfarland (1890– It. religious writer. 4th-century bishop of Milan. Hanns Mayer.” Ambrose: (1) Andrey Yushkevich (1690–1745)./Ir. Russ. U. Br. his name from an original “Amici” to “Ameche” on Max Alvary: Maximilian Achenbach (1856– immigrating to the U. 1556). Eston. composer. which flows 1971). . ‘You look Spanish. Amedeo: Amedeo Vacca (1890–1974). an old French Huguenot name in his Welsh poet. George Amberg: Hans Aschaffenburg (1901– ciated with the name of the Alyn River. A-Mei: Sherry Chang Huei-Mei (1972–). to mean “free (on the) high seas. Francesco Alunno: Francesco del Bailo (c. Amberg fled Hitler’s Germany in 1933 under the Alun Cilie: Alun Jeremiah Jones (1897–1975). pianist. Hollywood Be Thy Name: The Warner Don Ameche: Dominic Felix Ameche (1908– Brothers Story. Futurist poet. (5) Aleksey Ivanovich Protasov the period 1871–72. magician. of It. 1971). preacher. working in Italy. Russ.-born ian writer. Lucine Amara: Lucine Armaganian (1927–). church dignitary. Y Cilie. Millner.–Ger. (1910–1999). The silent screen Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Grenkov (1812–1891). anagrammatized surname. writer.’ The honor of St. He immigrated to the U. Br. (9) Baruch Ambrose (1896– Valentino. illusionist. conductor. playwright. mathematician. The heroic pseudonym can be taken 1961). Carl Alwin: Oskar Pinkus Alwin (1891–1945). Luigi Alva: Luis Ernesto Alva-Tolledo (1927–). The writer used prose writer. It. He was the and became an American citizen in 1946. Eng. (7) movie actor. opera singer. the name of a The name in each case retains the initial letter of the Los Angeles street” [Cass Warner Sperling and Cork original first name.S. father of Joy Page. Welsh poet. accurate pronunciation. actor’s name. of Armenian descent. Richard Amberley: Paul Bourquin (1916–). philologist. Kenneth Alwyn: Kenneth Alwyn Wetherell Jean Améry: Hans Mayer (1912–1978). given him by Jack L. Russ. 1994]. Austr.

names that would reflect her personality and her val. for marriage in 1870 to Julia Romana Howe. TV actress. The actor adopted his new Gerhard von Amyntor: Dagobert von Gerhardt name in 1935. novelist. Jorge Anders: Jorge Etzensberger (1939–).5]. Meir Amit: Meir Slutzky (1921–2009). The writer used this name for a Ananda Metteya: Charles Henry Allan Bennett series of thrillers. obliged him to disrobe and return to Britain. with the pseudonym in brackets. U. biblical Amnon. Fr. 25 Ames • Andersen Hans Maier — and having awarded himself an (1918–1993). Boy (1894).S. Swahili for “honesty and fidelity. The singer Merry Anders: Mary Anderson (1932–). nom de guerre. name. of Julia Ward Howe. supposedly when movie actress. review of Irene Heidelberger. Dulce Anaya: Dulce Esperanza Wöhner de The poet appears to have adopted the name of the Vega (1933–). Uttar Pradesh. movie director. Eng. U. Criticisms on the Bar (1819). of the person carrying that name. Only a Drummer Leonard. Albert Anastasia: Umberto Anastasio (1902– drews.S. Oc. warrior in Greek mythology.1073– intelligence chief. movie. Ger. black writer.S. It. movie actress. Mad. It was. stage. novelist.. U. Amtmanis (1885–1966). finally took the decision to frenchify his name (ac.” 1995). The writer [Daniel Johnson. Foster. Yet he Arthur Amyand: [Major] Edward Arthur Hag- continued to write in German rather than French” gard (1860–1925). “Hohari” is Swahili for “Jewel. Br. gangster. soldier. prompted the first British bhikkhu (fully ordained Johari Amini: Jewel Christine McLawler (1935–). and she wanted Anastacia: Anastacia Lyn Newkirk (1973–). soul singer.S pop singer. forger. rock singer. more like a Tori. popular singer. Amnon: Rees Jones (1797–1844). TV actor. Both were Gerald Ames: Gerald Otto (1906–1993). 1957). Welsh poet. beginning with the American-style (1872–1923). adopted her new first name in 1985. Cuban ballet dancer. also a novelist and historian. historian. (1854–1923).S. literary scholar. Buddhist missionary. born U. a Latin legal term (literally “friend of the Anagnos shortened his original name soon after his court”) for an impartial adviser in a court case.S. of Dan. perhaps. Amyntor was a his real name. this Austrian émigré .” Lale Andersen: Lale Wilke.S. U. was ordained in 1903. writer was born in Amroha.S. Ramsay Ames: Ramsay Phillips (1919 or 1924– Ana-Alicia: Ana Alicia Ortiz (1957–). Collier began his Michael Anagnos: Michael Anagnostopoulos career as a law reporter on The Times and used this (1837–1906). used this name for his first novel.” “Amini believes which he attempted to finance by his own inventions. brothers of the better-known adventure novelist children’s writer on science and magic. novelist. Latvian theatrical director. jazz musician. Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew Charles Parker Haggard Ed Ames: Ed Ulrick (1927–). and Allan Quater- Leon Ames: Leon Waycoff (1903–1993). first to Ceylon U. Gk. writer. 2004] name. movie actress.-born U. Buddhist monk) to travel to the East. daughter an early work. soldier. pope. She (1887).S. U. Israeli Anastasius IV: Corrado (di Suburra) (c. then to Burma (Myanmar). U. Henry Rider Haggard (1856–1925). Continuing poor health later hubuti whom she met as a 32-year-old freshman. Améry was more than a nom de plume. 1154). that the meaning of a name becomes an inherent part Ananda was the name of a cousin of the Buddha. parentage. of part–Sc.S. Later works appeared under his real tober 1.S. a nom de paix. Ind. author of “The Battle Hymn of Jean (earlier John) Amila: Jean Meckert (1910– the Republic.” while “Amini” is although he continued Buddhist propaganda work. Ar- Tori Amos: Myra Ellen Amos (1963–). (1907–1947). Amicus Curiae: John Payne Collier (1789– Anacharsis Cloots see Anacharsis Cloots 1883). p. Ger. author of King Jennifer Ames see Maysie Greig Solomon’s Mines (1885). Times Literary Supplement. McLawler changed her name after (Sri Lanka). Some sources Adrienne Ames: Adrienne Ruth McClure misattribute the pseudonym to Haggard’s brother. gentinian-born U. educator of the blind. . Mexican- 1998).S. Eng.. less than a actor. U. née Bunterberg Kamal Amrohi: Syed Amir Haider Kamal (1910–1972). U. Jean Améry.S. and Harris. the eldest of David’s sons. main (1887). after being billed in early movies under (1831–1910). “Mary” often sounds like “Merry” on a friend’s boyfriend commented that she “didn’t look an American tongue. much like an Ellen. poet. Alfred Amtman-Briedit: Alfred Fritsevich tually an angaram of Mayer) only after the War. parentage. Ill health Y’a pas de bon Dieu (“There Is No God”) (1950). ues of honesty and fidelity — values that she lived by Anastasia see Anna Anderson and that she wanted her writings to convey” [An. The entirely spurious doctorate. U. where he her consciousness-raising by the future Haki R.

she married history professor John Manahan and “tailor. choreographer. English): lykos. after a visit to America.” from Italian sarto. the island of Bornholm where his father was born. Andom. Ruby Andrews: Ruby Stackhouse (1947–). In 1969 she married her second husband. after her mother married Walter and The Last of the Really Great Whangdoodles (1973). was a tailor.S. Eng. “strength”. movie 1986). the gambler-turned-priest set up a charity with (1841–1895). person and title of Grand Duchess Anastasia Niko. poet.” adopted his new first name from Broncho Billy.S. psellion. James and order to mask her gender. Lebanese-born U. brother of Steve Forrest. In 1936 her surname became Markey.S. He also expanded the name to Robert the Creators of Modern Horror. Gothic horror novelist. Sc. (1932–1984). ballet dancer. [Dame] Judith Anderson: Frances Margaret V. taking his new name in 1966. The western film hero orig. Faces of Fear: Encounters with morous writer. The artist was born Anna Anderson: Franziska Schankowska (1896– near Castagno San Godenzo. Andrews: Virginia Cleo Andrews (?1923– Anderson (1898–1992). “Without the initials.S. then order Greek. Andom: Alfred Walter Barrett (1869–1920). He later joined it to his surname. movie actor. In 1969. the pseudonym Nexö. working in U. née . and took his 1984). Austral. painter. Port. Ted Andrews. The writer originally used 2005). “mountain”. movie actress. and added his name to hers ried Hedy Lamarr and Myrna Loy). writer. In 1945 it be. as follows (in inally changed his name to Gilbert Anderson.S. 1992). as Julie Andrews Edwards for her books Mandy (1972) came Wanger. U. German. Corinne Andrews see Rebecca West ton (1922–). The writer was a captain in Mother Teresa. representing his birthtown. the- intentional rather than purely coincidental. “man. andro-. field” [Douglas Winter. part himself when unable to find a suitable actor. elder Tige Andrews: Tiger Androwaous (1920–).” moved to the USA. The claimant to the name from there. ologian. She is recorded as saying: Jessie. ballet dancer. Dan. novelist.S. Mansfeld. Mann.1421–1457). “bracelet. Ger. The actress assumed the early in life. U.” character who featured in a story by Peter B. Wanger. Ger. Fox and married writer Gene Markey (who later mar. Austral. impostor. (1893–1974). former brother-in-law of Gloria Somborn. Berg.” pedion. R&B singer. The artist’s family of Czar Nicholas II of Russia. A Cruise in an Opium Clipper (1891). movie actor.S.S. Eng. It. painter. if only for distinc. poet. Bargilla (c. Kyne oros. A rather transparent pun for a hu.C. Andrea del Sarto: Andrea d’Agnolo di layevna Romanova (1901–1918). The only daughter of movie actress Joan [Dame] Julie Andrews: Julia Elizabeth Wells Bennett (1910–1990) assumed the first name Diana (1935–). Anderson produced and Feld. humorist. Martin Andersen-Nexö: Martin Andersen Eugénio de Andrade: José Fontinhas (1923– (1869–1954). U. 1985]. Hence “del Sarto. when she her. a Canadian after her mother divorced Seattle lumberman John singer. Pierre Andrezel: Karen Christentze Blixen. taking this from the town on Annette André: Annette Andreallo (1939–). phoons (1891). movie actor. daughter of Gloria Swanson. and his father when in Germany. with the third word 1971).-born U. Thomas Andrew: Edward Thomas Andrulewicz and Allan Gordon (1892). in the Saturday Evening Post. movie actress. artist. Dana Andrews: Carver Daniel Andrews (1912– Diana Anderson: Adrienne Ralston Fox (1928–). “wolf. Wolf. Eng. The similarity of her adopted Lycosthenes Psellionores Andreopediacus: name to that of the Russian heiress was presumably Wolfhart Spangenberg (c. Florence. would be discriminated against as a woman in a man’s Eng. Andrea del Castagno: Andrea di Bartolo de tion from the many other Andersens in Denmark.-born U. playing the Brother Andrew: Ian Travers-Ball (1928–2000). movie actress. the merchant marine and used this name in Stephen Andrew: Frank G. The scholar’s pseudonym is a literal Greek Broncho Billy Anderson: Max Aronson (1882– rendering of his original name. Andrews’ editors actress. The actress appears to have selected a new decided to publish her fiction under her initials in first name to match those of her parents. It. U. née Scrut. Layton (1872–1941). name of her stepfather.S. self married real estate agent John Hardy Anderson. U. priest.Andersen-Nexö • Andrezel 26 Andersen gained international fame for her recording Fern Andra: [Baroness] Fern Andra von Weichs of “Lili Marleen” (see Marlene Dietrich). Härte. Spange. director Blake Edwards.1570–1636). youngest daughter Francesco (1486–1530). stage.S. Eng. “field.S. movie actress. After training with the Jesuit mission in Captain Lindsay Anderson: Alexander Christie India.-born U. retirement for three tales of seafaring life: Among Ty. It became Anderson in 1948.K.” directed a series of films starring him. U. writer. Daphne Anderson: Daphne Carter. I think it’s very likely that I R. adopted her new name had been craftsmen and tradesmen. Pol. a sthenos. U.

Angela. Hinds was nicknamed Andy as a 2004). U. In 1958 he turned to writing. It. Bob Andy: Keith Anderson (1944–). The Marisa Pavan. writer. is thus the one (1969–). movie actor.” after a 12th-century Margit Angerer: Margit von Rupp (1905– Sicilian anchorite. movie actress. missionary. 27 Andro • Anita Dinesen (1885–1962).S. original (lay) name was Guido di Pietro. painter. Lithuanian revolutionary. historian. . writer. The actress was first “blessed angelic one”).” (literally 1970).S. surname is that of a Greek husband. U. Fra Angelico: [Fra] Giovanni da Fiesole poet. opera singer. 1983). The writer’s Greek-based pen influential The Great Illusion (1910) published Patri- name. as a Dominican friar. journalist. name for his political satire. Fr. the community under the single name Angela. It. The name can ingly. jester. row. Francis. be understood as “angel of St.. her by her brother Bailey. by Battista Angeloni. Horace Andy: Horace Hinds (1951–). Joseph. but thereafter dropped “Lane. It. The writer presumably took his name lation. attacking the Duke of Newcastle. Jamaican while her forename was originally a pet name given reggae musician. Anise: Anna Louise Strong (1885–1970).S.” Ange de St. Hung. author. publicist. moviemaker. used the effectively canonized in 1984 on being declared patron male French name for her book Gengoedelsens Beje of artists. “Beato Angelico. stage. playwright. Its full title from one of the early Greek poets or philosophers. The author of the 1993). Angelina: Harriet Martineau (1802–1876). with “Fra” meaning “brother. working in U. stage. was Letters on the English Nation. Dan. Ind. such as Andronicus of Rhodes. Eng. working in Persia. [Sir] Norman Angell: Ralph Norman Angell Phil Andro: Samuel Morris Steward (1909– Lane (1873–1967). also writing as Isak Dinesen. The writer’s (Schultz) (1898–1975). Anita Louise: Anita Louise Fremault (1915– nated as a nickname. Tosh Angelos. habit of the Marianites of Holy Cross in 1853 and Anglus see Thomas Blacklow was given the religious name of Sister Mary of St. educator. mean- name means literally “Angel of St. working in Kenya. and his re. U. Eng. the 1st-century com.S.” divides to form a new first and last name. twin sister of Anis: Mir Babar Ali (1801–1874). mentator on Aristotle. Maya Angelou: Marguerite Annie Johnson Olga Androvskaya: Olga Nikolayevna Shults (1928–). He was beatified as a saint in 1960 and was The author. The poet was a native of Ange de St. religious. Fr. tribute to fellow songwriter Bob Andy by reggae mu. The scholar’s name means (1927–). a Jesuit resident in London (1756).S. Steward began his career as a teacher. Russ. movie actress. (1601–1678). black poet. religious poet.S. given here.” ing “Silesian messenger. because of the beauty of his billed under her shortened name as a juvenile in the character. TV actress. his death. This name became established only after silent movie Square Shoulders (1929). composer. A name formed from the writer’s (c.S. The actress’s family name conveniently poet’s adopted name means “friendly. movie actress. purporting to be a trans- Welsh essayist.” male sex. Angelus à Sancto Francisco: Richard Mason sician Coxsone Dodd. in 1952 became a tattooist under the name Phil Spar. Jamaican Muriel Angelus: Muriel Angelus Findlay (1909– reggae singer. Andrezel Eng. Gillespie received the Gasparini (1731–1803). Mother Angela: Eliza Marie Gillespie (1824– Gasparo Angiolini: Domenico Maria Angiolo 1887). Fr. movie actress. writer. U. Franciscan priest. Rosalia. Antonio Aniante: Antonio Rapisarda (1900– Pier Angeli: Anna Maria Pierangeli (1932–1971). meaning “man lover. Angoulevant: Nicolas Joubert (?–before 1623).” was that of the hero of otism under Three Flags (1903) under his original several collections of short stories dealing with gay name. poet. The Renaissance painter’s first two names. Eng. using at least ten Battista Angeloni: John Shebbeare (1709–1788). (translated as “The Angelic Avengers”) (1944). Rosalie: François Raffard (1655– Kenneth Anger: Kenneth Wilbur Anglemyer 1726). U. poet. cizing the German occupation of Denmark. pseudonyms. It.” It origi. Ger. U. and adopted his name accord.” Zigmas Angaretis: Zigmas Ionovich Aleksa Angelus Silesius: Johannes Scheffler (1624– (1882–1940). Hence the Latin name that he took in 1653 1697). Sc. The scholar’s on converting from Lutherism to Catholicism. is the name of a village east of Paris. but Jean Angelo: Jean Barthélémy (1875–1933). Shebbeare used the Italian-style Andronicus: John William Jones (1842–1895).S. Joseph: Joseph Labrosse (1636– Silesia. literally “Angel of St. U. choreographer. Angoulevant was jester to Henri IV. 1978). criti. She subsequently became mother superior of Fr.1400–1455). 1677).-born Austr. Jennifer Aniston: Jennifer Anistonapoulos ligious name. political writer.

poet. Thrale. (1909–1996).” implying missing letters. Eng.Ankrum • Anthony 28 Morris Ankrum: Morris Nussbaum (1896– Austen’s unfinished novel Sanditon (written 1817). Adam is a very strong name. author. “I made my decision incorporated by adding “ant” to make “adamant. The actress was given Anouk see Anouk Aimée her new name by the French movie director Abel Père Anselme: Pierre de Guibours (1625–1694). This was a heart pierced “the name ‘Anna Matilda’ has passed into a synonym with a dagger. Ir.” appropriately Salusbury (1741–1821). The Baviad rock singer. Eng. From then on. who took it from Edgar Allan Poe’s lyrical Fr. ing in U. after her first husband. writer. singer. PURE and of namby-pamby verse and sentimental fiction” SEX on either side. Br.” The strength was further Swe. producer. But Ann-Margret” [Ann-Margret with presenter. Anna Livia: Anna Livia Julian Brawn (1955–). Au- . Eng. January 10. was “S. Schoolgirl Rebels (1915). movie folklorist. Today. Zaynvl Rapoport) (1863–1920). Anodos: Mary Elizabeth Coleridge (1861–1907). when he asked a friend to design a the Dellacruscan school of English poetry. Eng. I Ann-Margret: Ann-Margret Olsson (1941–).60]. under the Dobbs for her completion (published 1975) of Jane male name Charles Henry Percy. London. née Parkhouse (1743–1809). Fancy’s Following (1896) and [Metropolitan] Anthony: Andrey Borisovich Fancy’s Guerdon (1897).” from his (of ) Liffey. Eng. Anna F. Fr. Not Ann.) He soon different. Br. C. that the combined authorship was credited to “Jane Mother Ann: Ann Lee (1736–1784). prelate. two books of verse.” he said. The original form of actress. he called himself Barbara Annandale see Avon Curry “Adam.” for cartoonist. Franz Antel: François Legrand (1913–). U.L.S. both directed against Art. U. Austral. 1982]. author. Anstey: Thomas Anstey Guthrie (1856– Livia is a folk name of the Liffey River. Marie Dobbs also wrote as Anne Annabella: Suzanne Georgette Charpentier Telscombe. fiction writer. The name was used by sold a screenplay. (“Mr. “I Annette: Annette Funicello (1942–). Livia Plurabelle in Finnegans Wake (1939). Her first play. which had several variants. As a personal name.-born U. movie actress. their correspondence with the Della Cruscans (see Gilbert Anstruther: Russel S. work- Freddie Anoka: Janine Baganier (1924–). so 1984). movie director. it’s movie actress. embarrassed.1920–). Austen and Another Lady. It was just my way of ensuring that my with. skirt dancer. “river tended his pseudonym to be “T. Goddard was at the Hornsey College of (1791) and The Maeviad (1795). Anstey. Not Miss TV presenter + Declan Donnelly (1975–). And so it was. novelist. movie actor. was called “Matilda” Adam Ant: Stuart Leslie Goddard (1954–). associate it with strength. Clark (1909–?). father and son change bodies with the aid of a magic poet. in show business. Ansky: Solomon Zanvel Rappoport (Shloyme Annabelle: Annabelle Moore.” to drop my last name and simply go by Ann-Margret. anything that might happen as a result of my being Ant and Dec: Anthony McPartlin (1975–). then Buchan (c. the whole thing set just above his [Smith. U. Bloom (1914–2003). illustrator. so that he was “Adam and the Ants” [Observer parents were not hurt. movie actress. Ann-Margret.K. later Whitford. for the author of Vice Versa (1882).1878–1961). by William Gifford in his two satires. the word ADAM on top. Austral. tattoo for his upper left arm. Coleridge used this name. playwright.” in the style of Jane tic.” said the girl on the telephone. Austen’s day. Br. The same name was used by both women in stone.-born Br.S. Nor was it an attempt to be you. really went in for it. and “Ant” thus became his surname. Hester Piozzi. dramatist. children’s writer.S. eastern 1934). It has been Anna Matilda: (1) Hester Lynch Piozzi. the first name — you know — the Garden of Eden.S. stage. Gance. Austr. Jewish author. S. As a teenager. Todd Gold. Smith (c. The great-niece of poet Samuel Taylor Anthony: Anthony Hutchings (1946–). TV Margaret.” “When I had the tattoo done. An — sky. (2) Hannah Cow. p. The writer in- Ireland. founder of Shaker movement. Ant for It wasn’t an affectation. mys. Della Crusca).” James Joyce personified the river as Anna first two names. Anthony: Dorothy Gladys Smith (1896– Another Lady: Marie Dobbs.S. writer of popular fiction. Fr.” which he allowed to remain. I didn’t know of any performers who went adopted the surname for the group of four he sang by one name. 1994]. A printer misprinted this as “F. vaccination mark. Eng. née pointed out that this suggests “fantasy. née Catton 1990). composer. U. friar. Greek for “way up. better known as Mrs. as a corruption of Irish Abha na Life. genealogist. Russ. Anstey. writing in Yiddish. ballad Annabel Lee (1849). telling how a ley. or bothered by Magazine. the pseudonym. Swiss-born Russ.

S. Austral. Welsh journalist. and got terribly confused.-born U. descent. choreographer. That was Underwood Thompson (1911–1996).] Anthony of Padua: Fernando (1195–1231). “Anticant” means “anti- (1900–1962). uettes. 1944). February 23. Roman Catholicism and had adopted the name An- after my grandmother. Puerto Rican–born U. when he was known (1938–). Franciscan friar. Pol. Austral. many of which were versions of famous Julie Anthony: Julie Nutt. cordingly entered a monastery to become a Franciscan Richard Anthony: Richard Anthony Bush monk and in due course a priest. salsa musician.1460–1528). and lecturer. Times.1853– 1986). hairdresser. Brother Antoninus: William Oliver Everson Mark Anthony: Marco Antonio Muñiz (1969–). pop musician. When I Spain. I said my father’s name Anton: Beryl Botterill Yeoman. but with the ‘J.S. Br. Jacob (1934–). became Lysette Anthony — anyway.-born Fr. Lopez “dropped his surname only when his Chodzko (1911–1998). fashion illus- Michael Anthony: Michael Adam Anthony trator. mystery novelist. Port. and 1825 and entered the Sisters of Charity community she continued to use this name until 1935. but then became Father Antoine after taking first went to school at a convent I was asked my name a post as a missionary priest in Louisiana in 1781. movie actor. 1997]. following her mother’s death in about name as an author. cant. Anthony. for the cartoons complicated enough.S. Pessimist Anticant: Thomas Carlyle (1795– Jack Anthony: John Anthony Herbertson 1881). But at 16 I started fashion tonia. As a boy. U. Lysette Anthony: Lysette Chodzka (1963–). stage actor. stage. The artist came Joseph Anthony: Joseph Anthony Deuster to be known by his nickname. SF writer. writer. director. from the name” [Punch. philosopher. She then ten years later.-born U.S.-born U. was written as C.S. Dr. (1912–1994). The writer’s Greek Evelyn Anthony: Evelyn Bridget Patricia Ward. David Anthony: Wiliam Dale Smith (1929– Anthropos: Robert David Rowland (c. Mike Anthony: Michael Joseph Logiudice António: António Ruíz Soler (1922–1996). poet. He later real- Sister Anthony: Mary O’Connell (1814–1897). pop musician. Piers Anthony: Piers Anthony Dillingham Father Antony: Joseph McCabe (1867–1955).” Thomas (1928–). as the Very Rev. and he adopted (1915–1977). wrote as Dodie Smith. The singer’s Puerto Rican parents Antonio: (1) Antonas Ignosovich Markunas named him after a Mexican singer. of Pol. if your name We worked out the style and submitted some draw- starts with letter A you are always first in the casting ings which were accepted.S. Eng. cartoonist. (2) Antonio Lopez the name in an English equivalent.’ dropped directories” [Telegraph Sunday Magazine. using the pet form of her first [St. Anton’ had a sophisticated con- modeling and adopted my father’s stage name and tinental ring that the editorial staff would appreciate. 1996]. the writer was led to believe Ray Anthony: Raymond Antonini (1922–). O’Connell emigrated Church in 1896 to pursue a career under his original to the U. Antoine: Antek Cierplikowski (1884–1977). he had a religious vocation. civil servant.S. had recently converted to End and decided to call myself Lysette Elrington. Roman father appeared with Ivor Novello in King’s Rhapsody Catholic priest. nurse. descent. Br. Sc. religious. née Lush (1952–). The actress gave the fol. Eng. O. Latvian circus artist. antique statues. songwriter.” John Anthony: Ronald Brymer Beckett (1891– L’Antico: Pier Jacopo di Antonio Alari 1970). detective novelist.F. I thought ‘J. Father Antony.” with reference to his classically inspired stat- writer. April 17. U.S. originally shared this name with her brother.S. (1943–1987). fame was sufficient to allow him to do so” [Sunday father of Lysette Anthony. Harold male version of the [Polish] family name. . Sp. cabaret singer. sculptor.S.S. 29 Anthony • Antony tumn Crocus (1931). The artist Milnes and my name was Lysette Chodzka — the fe. He explained: played a precocious kitten in Pinocchio in the West “Beryl. It. of Pol. but then when I was ten I they published jointly from 1937. U. meaning “the ancient (1912–1993). U. Sp. writer. one. name means simply “human being.-born Br. ballet dancer. At the age of 15 he ac- U. my mother was Bernadette (1907–1970). poet. TV actress. née Thompson was Michael Anthony. dancer. writer. churchman. October 12–18. screen. 1983]. ized he was mistaken in his calling and left the Ir. a name she hated. U. Dominican lay brother. receiving the name Sister Anthony. comedian. Bonacolsi (c.S. Father Antoine: Francisco Antonio Ildefonso lowing account of the evolution of her name: “My Moreno y Arze (1748–1829).L. name. Sc. U. Br. journalist. The cleric was originally known as and decided that Chodzki was no good as a stage Antonio de Sedella (for his birthplace) in his native name: so he became Michael Anthony. (1930–1999). Eng.S.

Dr. definitive work.- (fl. Welsh poet Aneurin. published in Aphex Twin: Richard D. The artist chose his pen Pennsylvania. Pol. “ambient techno” rock musician. Apis: Dragutin Dimitrijevic (1876–1917).-It. reggae 1845). intriguer. prop- musician. political cartoonist. queen 1902. also used this name for some early novels. The name.. Br. “top” compiler but one who aimed to “ape X. writer. adoptive parents. resulting in media taunts that the Eng. The second word of the word compiler. The poet adopted his pseudonym in Mme.” his birthplace.18]. while a caricaturist is essentially Latvian writer. Crosby. carica. poet. Ger. lower bar to the “F”). caricaturist. The served in the British Museum (1851). The Stratemeyer Literary Aper: Alec P. of It. probably for the sake of eu- suggests “effects” rather than “affects. Aneurin Williams. GAK. the last sovereign queen of Hawaii cartoonist. U. his twin brother. U. “aspen. “bee.S. phony” [p. parentage. Hamst comments: “This gentle- born Br. from Latvian apse. meaning “spider lover. Ap Vychan: Robert Thomas (1809–1880).1970s). of Ind. The name man Welshified his name. Aorena: Liliuokalani (1838–1917). first effort. Aptommas: John Thomas (1826–1913). Ape’s included here. some two years after settling in Paris.S. was given to the man who planted Ape: Carlo Pellegrini (1839–1889). Eng. geographer. Ir. based on Latin 1500). bian solder. An official in the zoological department Crna Ruka (“Black Hand”). Sc. Br. “little”). Sc.F.] Rowan D. ingly to himself as a “hairy lefty. Eng. German Biene. name is the equivalent of Jacob. since a caricature “apes” its subject. Indiana. U. name means “son of Aneurin.” referring both to his Yasir Arafat: ar-Rachman ’abd ar-Ra’uf Arafat father. A History of the Harp. Fr. folk hero. The name about the boy-hero Tom Swift. “son. “Aptommas” would mean “son of mental musician has recorded under a variety of sur. working in England. White adopted this Greek adopted a Latin “underground” name meaning “The name. Johnny Appleseed: John Chapman (1774– Apache Indian: Steve Kapur (1967–).” The experi. The twins Labour politician Aneurin Bevan (1897–1960). The poet’s adopted name comes from apis. and Illinois. Ser.” meaning a bearded Peter Antony: [Sir] Peter Levin Shaffer (1926–). A founder of the secret society naturalist.Antony • Arafat 30 Hilda Antony: Hilda Antonietti (1886–?). Stratemeyer contributor to this journal was Spy. Ohio. Dimitrijevic of the British Museum. the town of L’Aquila in central Italy. The scholar adopted a Serafino Aquilano: Serafino Ciminelli (1466– Latin equivalent of his German name. Arachnophilus: Adam White (1817–1879). of Hawaii. the fashionable magazine Vanity Fair in 1869.” and bychan. so it can legitimately be his work. The writer took his new first name an “aper” anyway. (1862–1930). poet. Palestinian re- . It. It.S. “little son” (Welsh ap. The Archbishop of Wales (from 2003 the Scriptures of the Old Testament.” for A Contribution to- Bee. Williams had referred jok- stage actress.” that Welsh harpist. front of his study window. Jr. Blue Calx. James (1972–). ice. drawn over the name “Singe” (French for Fiona Apple: Fiona Apple McAfee-Maggart “monkey”). was a caricature of Disraeli published in (1977–). Ritchie (1869–1918).S. used this pseudonym for her musical compositions. In typical cryptic crossword fashion. indicating not only a Mr. to imitate Ximenes. among them Caustic Window. as notably was Ape. Guillaume Apollinaire: Wilhelm Apollinaris de Christopher Anvil: Harry C. He name to reflect the essentially mischievous nature of adopted it. Kostrowitzki (1880–1918).” wards an Argument for the Plenary Inspiration of Scrip- Ap Neurin: [Dr. Another Victor Appleton: Edward L. Br. New York in 1864. Williams (1950–). art critic. Labour supporter. as Proved by Archbishop of Canterbury) was inducted into the Certain Ancient Eg yptian and Assyrian Remains Pre- Gorsedd of Bards under this name in 2002. astronomer. the name has a double sense. U. Named Lydia Kamakeaha Paki by her App: Barry Ernest Appleby (1909–1996). The musician used this name for his is. playwright + Anthony Joshua Shaffer (1926– bardic name actually paid homage to the Welsh 2001). parentage. and to the 6th-century al-Qudwah al-Husayni (1929–2004). rock singer. and PCP.” real names. of Eng. pianist. Eng.-born Syndicate set up in 1906 used this name for stories Br. writer. Welsh theologian. erly a nickname. cross. ture. movie actor. however. Derived from the Minute Historical Accuracy of Welsh prelate. apple seedlings for the frontier settlers in turist. parentage. creator of Britain’s innovatory National Health Serv- Scott Antony: Anthony Scott (1950–). actually represents the cartoonist’s initials (adding a Apsnš u J`kabs: JInis Jaunzemis (1858–1929).” referring to the tree in Apex: Eric Chalkley (1917–2006). Thomas. SF writer. The writer’s name means Petrus Apianus: Peter Bienewitz (1501–1552). playwright. Col. nurseryman.

Eng. Livingstone so. Father Archangel: John Forbes (1571–1606). Eng. Shio Aragvispireli: Shio Zakharyevich Dedabr.” “to know. Inside the PLO (1991). grandson of the prophet poet. The name is a precise means “rich. as if to mean “angry John Archer: Ralph Bowman (1915–1999). with reference to a passsage in the Koran: “They put Armenian ballet dancer. Archibald: Leon T. According to Neil C. U. a name the fact that al-Husayni had collaborated with Adolf perhaps meaning “sacred altar” (Latin casta. Haj Amin al-Husayni (1893– this name. F. Lucy Herbert. 31 Aragon • Archibald sistance leader. name on first assuming a new persona as an explicit Louis Aragon: Louis Andrieux (1897–1982). of the first Baron Powis. from Latin ara. priest. née compassionate. Armenian writer. “to learn. musical director. His poem Panopticum (1943). derived from letters in his real name but from the novelist. Br. an exposé of Hitler’s henchmen. The quest Anne Archer: Anne Bowman (1945–). recorder of her sexual experiences. one of the most regular being Abu resents the Armenian name of the Araks River. monument” (2:198). The exact form of the PLO leader’s poser.” and Greek -phil.] John Graham (1924–). stage. Say: ‘The Spirit is Thoinot Arbeau: Jehan Tabourot (1519–1595). themes of Aragon’s work. 1974). popular composer. writer. friar. and thus from one of the most famous marriage. the drop. Georgian com. who was himself a direct descendant of Araphil: William Habington (1605–1654). Communist writer. popular pianist. Eng. Arazi: Movses Melikovich Arutyunyan (1878– Arafat used various names to conceal his identity 1964). The his name from the Aragvi River by which he was scholar’s father changed the family name to Archer- raised. U. as he was a relative of the grand world the word “masochism” sometimes wrote under mufti of Jerusalem. a former préfet puchin order in Belgium and took the same religious de police and ambassador to Spain. dropped his last two names (those of his family and Charlotte Arand: Leopold von Sacher-Masoch clan) and changed his first name to Yasir. crossword actress. This Amar. The name Yasir Fr. The writer took Hodgson (1849–1910).” i. Hind on succeeding to his brother’s estate in 1869. “altar.M. Abu means “father” (in the literal or figurative south of Georgia. Russ. for example. U. crossword compiler. but Israeli intelligence patronymic (“son of ”) suffix -shvili for the Russian files suggest it was as given here. classical scholar. The musician substituted the Georgian original name is uncertain. Gross (1912–1973). daughter and David Halevy. sense) and al-amar means “the command of God. Archer see Arthur Ainslie ally used pseudonyms.” “easy. Georgian writer. France. Surrealist poet. ar-Rach.S.” Ilya Arbatov: Ilya Ilyich Yagubyan (1894–1967). where he was born. at my Lord’s command’” (17:85). questions to you about the Spirit.” both epithets of Allah.” and the place is men.S. Dmitry Ignatyevich Arakishvili: Dmitry Ig. compiler. daughter of John Archer. Hussein (Hasan) (624–680). The man who gave the surprising decision. Early in life Arafat -ev.” Hitler during World War II. The French-Canadian writer adopted a new French poet Louis Aragon. The name derives from Arabic Araucaria: [Rev. The setter’s pseudonym is apparently not Nelly Arcan: Isabelle Fortier (1973–2009). guerre. The name may mean “loving the altar.e. In this work. was U.” movie actor. Fr. Araucaria araucana. Sc. The musician gained the nickname . writer on dancing. The poet himself occasion. ’arafa. A synonymous name change. Austr. Can. Muhammad. The setter of cryptic puzzles in tioned in the Koran: “When you come running from The Guardian appropriately adopted the botanical Arafat remember God as you approach the sacred name of the monkey puzzle tree. This was a (1836–1895).” Of his original names. whom he praises in a col- ping of the name may have had something to do with lection of love poems called Castara (1634). (pilgrimage to Mecca). Whishaw (1887–1976). natyevich Arakchiev (1873–1953). Aragon for the historic Spanish kingdom. Resistance fighter. taking “j” as “i. Protestant John Forbes joined the Catholic Ca- guerite Toucas and Louis Andrieux.S.S. Harry Archer: Harry Auracher (1888–1960). If families in all Islam. Richard Dacre Archer-Hind: Richard Dacre ishvili (1867–1926).” man means “the most gracious” and ar-Ra’uf “the Stella Arbenina: Stella Meyendorff. for legitimacy and identity was one of the major movie actress. anagram. movie Aragon: Richard Rogan (1961–). The writer’s pseudonym rep- as a revolutionary. Habington “dwells upon Cas- of a valley around 12 miles from Mecca where a tara’s chastity with wearisome iteration” [Dictionary special ceremony is held by Muslims during a hajj of National Biography]. signed François la Colère.-born Br. as well as that of Zoë von Rodenbach. “chaste. Arafat itself is the name “sacred”). who named him name as his elder brother William (?–1591). which he subsequently adopted as his nom de flows along the border between Iran and Azerbaijan. it would relate to his wife. The poet and patriot was the illegitimate son of Mar.

The name occurs in earlier English (1906–2003). stage actress. The name of the epic Italian poet Lodovico Tina Arena: Filippina Lydia Arena (1967–). popular singer. The writer’s original name is unknown. Eng. According counts. cosmetician.Arie. de. instead chose Elizabeth Arden. works? She reputedly made the final choice of name India Arie: India Simpson (c. She altered the first letter of this to brothels. Greece. née Kingsmill (1661– Imperio Argentina: Magdalena Nile del Río 1720). Austral. so she born Br. Her rival in the cosmetic field was Helena Gandhi’s birthday. rock (1895–1945). ian.1970–). however. like a dotcom name. 1981]. he was drowned at sea.” by La Argentina: Antonia Mercé y Luque (1890– Katherine Philips (“the Matchless Orinda”) (1632– 1936). ballet dancer. Rom. The the only officer to survive from the Britannia when actress is said to have adopted her name after looking she was wrecked off Cape Colonna.) But Pearl Argyle: Pearl Wellman (1910–1947). from a poem. The artist adopted his new Ariosto: [Rev. Argentinita was younger than La Argentina. A name formed from glamorous. She rather liked the name Elizabeth Hub. Eng. while also suggesting bard. and Enoch Arden by Tennyson. which was that of the original owner of the New “argot. founder of the Holy Catholic Apostolic 1933 he fled to Jerusalem to escape Nazi persecution. for example. to have taken the name from a favorite book and a ballet dancer. and assumed his dramatist. Ironically. Germany. née Quedens (1912– “sailor poet. S. (1762). Goethe. although the lady herself had circus. In clergyman. Brazilian native healer. “the little Argentin- a career as a stand-up comic and singer.S. father-in-law of Ozzy Osbourne. she have been so closely familiar with these Victorian Sp. but Finch may have specifically adopted it singer. “A Retir’d Friendship. York salon where she set up her business.– “Elizabeth Graham” did not sound quite right. Archibald was a Francophile. Church. But would Imanol Arias: Manuel Arias Domínguez (1956–).A.” Falconer went to sea as a boy and was 1990). lyric poet. Elizabeth and her German Garden.” and José Arigó: José Pedro de Freitas (1918–1971).-born U. The singer was given her second name by her Graham” to see what impact the name made on the mother. satirist. Selling Dreams.” Elizabeth Arden: Florence Nightingale Graham Tudor Arghezi: Ion N. The ex- over the cosmetics “Evening in Paris” (giving “Eve”) perience forms the basis of his poem The Shipwreck and “Elizabeth Arden” (giving “Arden”).Archibald • Ariosto 32 “Archie Boy” during years of playing at parties and was Pina Arena.S. Eng. Teodorescu (1880– (1878–1966). metician needs a carefully selected and suitable name. Ind.” Archibald (1856–1919). (She was named India as she was born on envelope. letters in the writer’s full name. the ancient Greek poet Arion was cast into of a book she was reading at the time. French first names in the 1870s. Some ac. of It. to land by a dolphin. The singer was men. Argentine-born Sp. scent.” as one who enjoyed manipulating words. the sea by mariners but subsequently brought back Mordecai Ardon: Max Bronstein (1896–1992). and this gave his stage name. Argentine-born Sp. He also Archimedes: [Sir] James Edward Edmonds wrote under the anagrammatical name Partenio (1861–1956).) She also presents her name in the Rubinstein. La music manager. A cos. or used as a nickname for important writers of known at home as Pina (short for Filippina). Ariosto (1474–1533) was widely adopted by “great” Austral. movie actress. become Tina Arena. so she the 18th and 19th centuries. Elizabeth Arden was thus the “Miss” of form India.-born Israeli painter. of Ir. military historian. descent. To Ardelia. stage. Ardelia: Anne Finch. was . Russ. pop after posting letters to Elizabeth Arden “in care of singer. poet. ballet dancer. Argo: Abram Markovich Goldenberg (1897– Graham’s original name was felt to be not sufficiently 1968). She is popularly said Carina Ari: Carina Janssen (1897–1970). Can. moved two doors further down Fifth Avenue. movie actor. journalist. so took Arden adopted his new name in 1944 on beginning a diminutive form of the name. Rubinstein the “Madame. ballet dancer. Pietro Aretino: ? (1492–1556). Arion: William Falconer (1732–1769). Eve Arden: Eunice West. Etiro. playwright. Coco Chanel the “Mademoiselle” [Margaret Allen. La Argentinita: Encarnación Lopez Julvez Don Arden: Harry Levy (1926–). poet. movie. name in 1926 on moving to Munich. literature. Pol. “Aretino” means “of Arezzo. Sc. TV comedienne. 1967). by from an existing forename. say she took “Eve” from the heroine to legend. Argentine-born Sp. the cosmetics world. Eng. U. (The name Goldenberg wrote both for the music hall and the was still on the window. Swe. It. An unusual extraction of a surname favorite poem. Elizabeth.” his native town. 1648). and early in her singing career Jules François Archibald: John Feltham was originally billed as “Tiny Tina.] Edward Irving (1792–1834).

Like his pseudonymous Celtic. of Armenian parent. The writer’s specifically in mind. the semiautobiographical London Venture churchman. William Joseph Arliss Andrews.–U. The setter’s pseudonym alludes to his love Richard Arlen: Cornelius Richard Van Matti. stage.-born Br. namesake. Armonie: John Dawson (1946–). The his name to Ed Arno. Peter Arne: Peter Arne Albrecht (1920–1983). working in U. work appeared in the New Yorker. Br. scholar. given by a former boxer.S. father of Leslie Arliss. Eng. 2008]. pen name emphasizes his nationality.S. working in novelist. In 1957 the artist decided Arno’s death.” compiler.K. The actor took his stage Desi Arnaz: Desiderio Alberto Arnaz y Acha III name from his father.S.A. (1890–1973).S. Arley: Miles Peter Andrews (?–1814). Her bardic name means Ed Arno: Arnold Edelstein (1916–2008). crossword prive them “of their last excuse for my obscurity. means “little armed one.” 1956). Ger. Juan Espinosa Saucedo. journalist. “the Irish lady. Br.S. Ed Arno’s work appeared in Arman: Armand Pierre Fernandez (1928– the New Yorker. Armytage Axon (1846–1913). Dudley (or Ernest) Armytage: William Edward stage actress. after he heard him singing in the shower. changing his name to Michael Arlen in order to de. Arlodhes Ywerdhon: Margaret Pollard. (1912– memory of Arlette. of early music.S. Eng.S. Br. movie actress.S.S. songwriter.S. took a new name artist. The artist. The boxer first bore the ring name Mont-Oriol (1887). He was unaware that Curtis final “d” is missing through a printer’s error on the Arnoux Peters had done something similar in 1925 cover of a catalog. née James Arness: James Aurness (1923–). theologian. for distinction from his identically named father. U. more (1898–1976). stage. novelist. Jr. U. Fr. née Burge (1911–). Eng. Steuart Gladstone (1903–1996). Can.) novelist. In the preface to his first Harmensen) (1560–1609). writer. George Arliss: George Augustus Andrews Georges Arnaud: Henri Girard (1918–).-born Br. U. although not until after the other 2005). Mexican Serbian paramilitary leader. movie director. basing it on the boxer final “y” was more chic than a French “e. “In the 1930s Arnold had contracted he wanted to be known by his first name alone. maiden name. who in turn took it from his Leslie Arlen see Andrew York brother. director. Fr. Lois . name from his famed father. Armenian writer. U. Fermín Espinosa U. Fr. cartoonist. the writer told his readers that he was ister’s original surname. cartoonist.S. Ger. Bulg. Armida: Armida Vendrell (1911–1989). U. The name. Armand: Friedrich August Strubberg (1808– Peter Arno: Curtis Arnoux Peters. boxer. as this is set in the Auvergne. dramatist. Alan Wolf Arkin: Roger Short (1934–). Peter Arno. politician. humorist. Eng.-born U. movie actor. (1958–). July 19. movie actor. Armillita Chico: Miguel Espinosa Menéndez movie actor. a character in Maupassant’s novel 1988). settled in Cornwall following her marriage in 1928 Achim von Arnim: Karl Joachim Friedrich Lud- and was made a bard of the Gorseth Kernow wig von Arnim (1781–1831).D. Mexican bullfighter. (Van was his mother’s strong Willis (1897–1976). where Bathiat’s grandmother had lived. writer. (Cornish Gorsedd) in 1938. Saucedo (1911–1978).-born U. movie actor. 1968). The actress took her stage name in Henry Armstrong: Henry Jackson. U. The matador took his Harold Arlen: Hyman Arluck (1905–1986). Cuban-born U.S. near Melody Jackson. 33 Arkan • Arno “The Ariosto of Germany. artist. and become Peter Arno” [The Times.S. (1904– 1889). Joyce Arling: Joyce Bell. whose Armando: H. Du.” and Walter Scott “The Mkrtich Armen: Mkrtich Grigoryevich Aru- Ariosto of the North. Arkan: Zeljko Raznatovic (1952–2000). found Michael Arlen: Dikran Kuyumdjian (1895– also for other bullfighters.” who had coached him. Jacobus Arminius: Jakob Hermandszoon (or age. Robert Armstrong : Donald Robert Smith dramatist. movie.. Harry Lake Tazenat. U. U. A conventional latinization of the min- (1920). van Dodeweerd (1929–). From 1925 to 1933 Willis made a weekly Arletty: Léonie Bathiat (1898–1992). working in U. (1868–1946). illustrator. Protestant book. after originally being Anthony Armstrong: George Anthony Arm- billed as Van Mattimore.S. Leslie Arliss: Leslie Andrews (1901–1988). Armstrong. son of George Arliss. For some reason she then decided that an English He then took his regular name. TV actor.” Possibly Irving had the latter tyunyan (1906–1972). movie actress. movie actor. Du.S. Pollard movie.” reflecting her dedication to things Austr. U. Jr. contribution to Punch as simply A. TV actor. The actor John Armour see Mark Carrel adopted his new name in 1924.. (1917–1986).-born author.

movie comedienne. jazz musician. one being the Cook (1925–). Sidney J. 1990). Arrago: Roman Semyonovich Levitin (1883– Sc. SF. (1905–1979). A purely anagrammatic name. nouncer.S.- Wallace Arnold see Craig Brown born U. author. is also a proper first name.” Jacques Rollet-Andriane (?–). The dancer’s adopted surname 1991).Arno • Arvonius 34 Long. to whom she Maurice Arnold: Maurice Arnold Strothotte erected the famous tomb known as the Mausoleum.S. newspaper.S. Can. U. Sc. U. author + Louis- wrote for the same magazine as “Lipstick. Fr. calypso musician. TV actress.” the fa. addressed Peter Arthur: Arthur Porges (1915–). U.S. Arthur: Peter McArthur (1831–1903). Harry Arnold: Harry Arnold Persson (1920– Artemisia: [Lady] Mary Wortley Montagu 1971).1765–1841). Arthur: George K.S. horror fiction. U. Mason’s The Book of Artemas (1919) was parentage. (1883–1951).-born to suggest a comic rendering of “Wyatt Earp. popular in its day. humorist. Thai-born Fr. Bulg. Robert Arthur: (1) Robert Arthur Feder (1909– cian’s adopted name as a variation on that of her co. formed from the first syllables of Danny Arnold: Arnold Rothman (1925–).S. The scholar adopted his new name leader. The pen name was adopted by the writers for movie comedian. Arvonius: Thomas Roberts (c. Br. movie producer. Sc.1920s). writer of fantasy fiction. Charles Arnold-Baker: Wolfgang Charles Arthénice: Catherine de Vivonne. Ger.S. Cletto Arrighi: Carlo Righetti (1830–1906).-born Br. Artemisia Margot Arnold: Petronelle Marguerite Mary was the name of queens of Asia Minor. poet. (1865–1937). Br. a Rome. Arodin: Sidney J. taking her surname from her career in 1861 when he sent a letter to the Southern mother’s maiden name. movie actor. U. novelist. for the U. . in divorce in 1950. Russ.–U. (1886–1967). The Mathilde Gautsch (1931–). of Ger.S. Chilean-born U. Jean Arthur: Gladys Georgianna Greene (1900– born Br. (1689–1762). The name is almost certainly intended Julia Arthur: Ida Lewis (1869–1950).S. Arnondrin (1901– George K. (1899–1985). Arno’s first wife (married 1927. U. divorced 1931). movie actor.” this being a similar eccentric of detective stories. writer. The name. ballet dancer.S. “Bill Arp” began his her stage name in 1891. Arthur: Ruth Mabel Arthur Higgins journalist.-born U. Ind.S. Cecile Arnold: Cecile Laval Arnoux (or Arnole) Pavel Arsky: Pavel Aleksandrovich Afanasyev (c.S.S. bandleader. Ir. pianist Claudio Arrau (1903– (1925–).S. when she married Gene Saks. Peter M. 1967). née Bibidh (1932–). née Bernice Françoise Arnoul: Françoise Annette Marie Frankel (1922–2009).S.S. movie actor. previously radio an- 1991). Fr. the writer’s full name. poems. writer.-born U. U. “memory man. Russ. Johnny Arthur: John Lennox Arthur Williams Bill Arp: Charles Henry Smith (1826–1903). Revolutionary commander Artemas Edward Arnold: Guenther Edward Arnold Ward (see Artemus Ward) or the rather obscure St.” as her second husband. parentage. comedian. Arudra: Bhagvathula Shankara Sastry (1925– Arrow: Alphonsus Cassell (1954–). (2) Robert Arthaud eval. U.N. U. is a russianized version of the Bulgarian original.S. U. conjuror. stage actress. U. Schneider (1890–1956). Mark Arundel see G. crime writer. Swe. movie actor. The actress first appeared under mous lawman of the Wild West. labor leader. The actress subsequently changed her Artemas: Arthur Telford Mason (fl. children’s Don Arrol: Donald Angus Campbell (1929– author.S. writer of letters. (Madame) de Rambouillet (1588–1665). their pornographic novel Emmanuelle (1959). Sonia Arova: Sonia Errio (1927–2001). sister (and wife) of King Mausolus. Bea Arthur: Beatrice Arthur. working in U. movie. U. Marquise Werner von Blumenthal (1918–2009). author. It. U. 1986). Algerian-born Fr. West Indian 1998). It is tempting to see the musi. circus artist. social historian. screen name to Arley. Confederacy. movie songwriter. writer to “Mr. her hus- Sig Arno: Siegfried Aron (1895–1975). A payroll error listed the 1949). movie actress’s first marriage to Robert Alan Arthur ended actress.” engineer’s name as “Peter M. Abe Linkhorn. spelling of a famous name.S. Artemus: Arthur Hull Hayes (1890–1986). of Fr.1895–1931). as movie producer. Georgia. The classical-looking name is an exact when his English mother married Percy Arnold-Baker anagram of “Catherine.. Ger. movie music composer. Arthur Brest 1948). Ruth M. Artemas.S. U. Eng. Mortlake Emmanuelle Arsan: Marayat Rollet-Andriane. band.S. composer. Arthur” and he adopted Claude Arrieu: Louise Marie Simon (1903– the name thereafter. Fr. movie actress.

still a boy.-born Hindu monk. “country”). Rodney sponse to a libellous pamphlet of 1797 by Siamas Mattheson. cairn (1860–1936). first screened in the year of Fenton Ash: Francis Harry Atkins (1840–1927).” on that of his master. Russ. “April” was “morning sun. War compelled several other screen stars to follow Eng. mystery writer. Patrick Gill. France. Jap. Ashley. Marvin Ash: Marvin Ashbaugh (1914–1974). Br.S. John Ashton: John Groves (1950–). A pseudonym representing the setter’s real Edward Ashley: Edward Ashley Cooper (1904– name.” from Japanese asahi. Eng. Br. The actress took her new surname Asdreni: Aleks Stavri Drenova (1872–1947). TV actor. Cooke. Tex Riley. Colin county in which Roberts was born.-born Br. comedian. Eng. He used it for a Hughes. “Max seems to have amended writer used this name for anti–Stalinist poems pub. The future Warner 2001).S. her new name from the Laura Ashley fashion shops. Eng. Eng. Charles Hogarth. widespread Germanophobia induced by the Great Joe Arzonia: Arthur Longbrake (1881–1953). Eng. the month of her birth. movie actress. K. 1935). to death in 2004 following the group’s gas attack on Ashley: Ashley Eldrid Havinden (1903–1973). Oscar Asche: Thomas Stange Heiss (1871– Caroline Ashley: Caroline Smith (1958–). typographer. meaning “sunrise over Fuji. Curry (1895–1967). M. movie. black Thomas Clarence Ashley: Clarence Earl Mc- hip-hop. The writer’s name is a latinized Henry St. stage. hill farmer. Robert Caine Frazer. theological writer. 35 Arzhak • Ashton Welsh pamphleteer. jazz musician. Eng. motion picture executive. and Jeremy York. She adopted Ascot: Allan Scott (1946–). folksinger. Gordon Ashe: John Creasey (1908–1973). Austral. [Sri] Madhava Ashish: Alexander Phipps (1920– rikyo (“Supreme Truth”) sect in 1986 was sentenced 1997). Elise Fe- form of Arfon. The wrestler based his fighting name. Reilly. Al. songwriter. piler. movie comedian. Austral. The musician took his mother’s maiden name when Eng. instrumentalist. Eng. Ted Ashley: Theodore Assofsky (1922–2002). religious leader. Brothers chairman and CEO changed his name on Stephanie Ash see Olivia Darling establishing a talent agency early in his career.S. dancer. short-story writer. Richard Ashby: Richard Thimelby (1614–1680). 1988). Eng. suit” [Mitchell. The artist signed Asahifuji: Masaya Suginomori (1960–). songwriter. the spelling of his Germanic surname even before the lished in Paris. and “Ashley” came from Ash- Tadanobu Asano: Tadanobu Sato (1973–). with the Wind (1936). The fashion model changed her name fol- Asahikuni (“sunrise country. R&B singer. jazz pianist. writer. Anthony Morton. pamphlet of 1806 defending the Methodists in re. (1862–1943). Gone poet’s full name.J.S. Clifford Ashdown: Richard Austin Freeman Bill Ashton: William Richard Allingham (1936–). U. The name is formed from letters in the motion picture of Margaret Mitchell’s novel. p. Jeffrey Ashford see Roderic Graeme Jap. Dougie Ascot: Douglas Frederick Hayes (1892–?). ley Wilkes in Gone with the Wind. entrepreneur. 2000).S. ballet dancer. lowing her sex change operation in 1960. crossword com. William Gwynedd. Ken Ranger. Mary Kay Ash: Mary Kathlyn Wagner (1918– U. writer. poet. Jesuit. 1951). Cole’s birth. from Ashley Wilkes.S. Brian Hope. April Ashley: George Jamieson (1935–). mystery writer + John James Pit. Merrill Ashley: Linda Michelle Merrill (1950–). Norman Deane. stage actor. crime novelist. Eng. John Cooper. painter. stage. the Tokyo subway system in 1995. the historic region of northwest Wales camps. Br. U. movie actor. The Lancashire writer . Nikolay Arzhak: Yuly Markovich Daniel (1925– Max Asher: Max Ascher (1879 or 1880–1957). journalist. The Soviet U. Eng. Peter Manton. Br. The founder of the Aum Shin. Richard Martin. played by Leslie Howard in the banian poet. Michael that gave the name of Carnarvonshire. of Scandinavian TV actress. Creasey used around two dozen pen Teddy Ashton: Charles Allen Clarke (1863– names. the former Halliday.S.” and kuni. movie actress. Kyle Hunt. 1936). U. his work with his first name alone. transexual. U. George Asaf : George Henry Powell (1880– Renée Asherson: Renée Ascherson (1920–). Jap. U. J. Sc. Elizabeth Ashley: Elizabeth Ann Cole (1939–). designer. sumo wrestler. as for Elizabeth movie actor. James Marsden. Others were Margaret Cooke. in 1962.19]. Smith changed her name to avoid con- descent. U. fusion with an identically named actress.E. Marric. Ashanti: Ashanti Douglas (1980–).S. Shoko Asahara: Chizuo Matsumoto (1955–). Abel Mann.

Lena Ashwell: Lena Margaret Pocock (1872– James Aston: Terence Hanbury White (1906– 1957). with “Aslan” (meaning “lion”) retained future Paramount Pictures). Mustafa Kemal Atatürk: Mustafa Kemal (1881– Asper: Samuel Johnson (1709–1784). or adopted it as a nikov (1900–1965). Mango. From them and it could be Fred a Star or Fred on a now on you’ll be called Mustafa Kemal. A French version of the Turk.) “Mustafa Kemal thought long Assiac: Heinrich Fraenkel (1897–1986). Eng. It shed light chess. first appearing in a poem of 1763 by Sir on his state of mind: the innovator was now 53 years William Jones. Austr..” as a Turkish Republic adopted his surname in 1934. 1938). Atatürk was born simply Mustafa. when critic can be.-born U. singer. for distinction from a classmate. had earlier been used by the Asmus: Matthias Claudius (1740–1815). “‘The teacher’s into a name without roots or etymology.. wife of Jaanis Rainis. meaning 1947). by their forenames. movie actor. Geilus Austerlitz. stage.-Turk. stage actress. Ger.” one of the titles of the was made by the dancer’s parents. Eng. née Johnson (1640– Asmik: Tagush Sergeyevna Akopyan (1879– 1689). soldier. The poet. and his knowledge of Americana in the way a Napoleonic battle is turned soon equalled that of his teacher. “starry” (Greek astraia). playwright. The name.S. French writer Honoré d’Urfé for the heroine of his journalist. Br. Jr. ess./U. father of the Turks.– Grégoire Aslan: Kridor Aslanian (1908–1982). intelligence. Russ. lex. sister of Fred Astaire. Ger. historical novelist.S. l’esprit how I’ve been known ever since’” [ibid.” the name of the muse of Father Turk—that is. result is as rhythmic as [the song] Frenesi. Yet how name was Mustafa. Mary Astor: Lucile Vasconcellos Langhanke ventriloquist. conductor. when the future movie star was only Kemal. née Robinson (1904– 1888). statesman. an Arabic U. TV host- Magazine. Joseph Askins: Thomas Haskey (1771–?). stage. journalist. and hard about the surname he should adopt. dancer. Armenian movie actress. Behn originally used the name when employed as a Aspazija: Elza Rozenberga (1868–1943).” And that’s staircase. Port. Frederick and Ann prophet Muhammad.Ashwell • Atef 36 used this name for his popular weekly Teddy Ashton’s Anne Aston: Anne Lloyd (1948–). One day he turned to me and evocative that name is: run the parts together and the said: “My boy. 1999]. Egyptian-born Islamist militant. however. wife of actor Leon Askin: Leo Aschkenasy (1907–2005). “There is something very suggestive 95). adopted the Astrophel see Stella name of Aspasia. It. movie actor. sources. of Ger. he chose for himself the name Atatürk. renowned for her beauty and 2001). separate This won’t do. novelist. With no children Adele Astaire: Adele Austerlitz (1898–1981). Captain Charles Ashwell Botelar Pocock. He received his second name. parentage. Latin for “rough. The actress 1964). of which he became editor in 1771. adopted her stage name from the second name of her Adelaide Astor: Gertrude Grossmith. Finally born Eng. writer on chess. your name is Mustafa and so is mine. The writer also used Muhammad Atef : Sobhi Abu Sitta (?1944– the male name Peter Curtis for a number of mystery 2001). critic. theatrical manager. The name change name meaning “chosen. from the original name. Eng. manager and playwright George Grossmith. Bothe. when at military preparatory school (1891– two years old. movie actor. There must be some distinction. p. The actress was given her new name Fr. Claudius adopted this name for his pastoral romance L’Astrée (1607–27). Latvian secret agent for the government in the Netherlands. (Most Muslim Turks were then known only Appignani (1807–1884). writer. Br. while in classical contributions to the newspaper Der Wandsbecker mythology Astraea was the Roman goddess of justice. The president of the icographer. Basque pelota player.S.” 1983). movie. composer. dancer.S. he could be father to all Turks” [Andrew U. the 5th-century BC Greek courtesan Atano III: Mariano Juaristi Mendizábal (1904– and mistress of Pericles.S. tribute to the patriotic poet Namik Kemal (1840– Juliet Astley: Norah Lofts. he made surnames compulsory for all Turkish Orsola (or Ursula) Aspri (or Asperi): Adelhaide citizens. TV actress. poet. The al- novels. actress. Eng. Eng. 33].” “severe. at age 15 on signing with Famous Players–Lasky (the ish name. (1906–1987). (1874–1935).. claim that Atatürk added the name Mikhail Astangov: Mikhail Fedorovich Ruzh. Qaeda strategist also used the noms de guerre Abu .]. The name itself is Turkish for “perfection. astride the stair — thus Astaire. movie actor. U. literally is a reversal of “Caissa. stage actress. Turk. Other d’escalier” [Thomson 2003.1900s). Fred Astaire: Frederick Austerlitz (1899–1987). Sp. Rudge (fl. née father. Astraea: Aphra Behn. Sc. old and felt paternally middle-aged. Atatürk. poet. of his own. He was gifted at mathematics. The pseudonym .

TV actor. in her first work. political Welsh variety artist. “society athlete. Resistance fighter. Eleanor Audeley: Eleanor Audeley Douglas. which Kiyoshi Atsumi: Yasuo Tadokoro (1926–1996). Moshe Atzmon: Moshe Groszberger (1931–). Atticus: (1) Joseph Addison (1672–1719). Gk.” teaming with reformer. soldier. following army service in India.: James Blish (1921–1975). U. crossword adopted it in 1902 in order to repudiate his Spanish compiler. The painter’s Aztec in France. poet. Fr. Atl: Gerardo Murillo (1875–1964). Augustine. Blish adopted this name. poet. short-story writer.-born U. 37 Athanas • Audeley Hafs al-Misri (“son of Hafs the Egyptian”) and Abu Joseph Atterley: George Tucker (1775–1861).S. Br. black dancer.S. working in U. revolutionary. fol. name is the Aztec (Nahuatl) word for “water. Ind. Gk. The name of Atti- William Atheling: Ezra Pound (1885–1972). who the regular form of his existing nickname of “Charley. U. He adopted the name. The couple then changed their Jewish William Atherton: William Atherton Knight surname to a purely French nom de guerre. Cécile Aubry: Anne-Marie-José Bénard (1929–). of Serbian-Fr. Trinidadian calypso singer. writer.S. In 1939 Simon married philosopher Athenagoras.” implying one who is important year joined a resistance group he had set up in south- or influential in Greek society. Daniel. Pound used this name when writing for has been adopted by many writers and diarists. physical culturist. movie director. neighborhood friends compare criticizing the measures adopted to suppress the In- his physique to a statue of the Greek god Atlas on a dian Mutiny (1857). playwright. Charles Atlas: Angelo Siciliano (1893–1972). his common-law wife.” Two of his brothers.S. (1947–).S.S. cus. of Russ. U. Baron Ind.S.” the first wife of the U. working in U. dramatist. Yorkshire. essayist. writer.K. working painter. Audeley. movie actress. (1773–1833). ern France. Jr. Mexican Ger. Eng.S. Vulcana. movie. prophet Muhammad). . New Age Magazine. Eng. she expanded to “Eleanor Audeley. His own name means Raymond Samuel. The fighter’s gram of the first (with “v” for “u” and “i” for “y”). bibliomaniac. (1921–1989). Re- Abe Attell: Albert Knoehr (1884–1970). U. Audi Alteram Partem: [General] Thomas Per- Atlas: William Hedley Roberts (1864–1946). combining it with the other side. A Warning to the Dragon and all his Jap. Dr. Attila the Hun: Raymond Quevedo (1892– William Atheling. The archbishop of Constantinople Lucie Aubrac: Lucie Simon. Fr. Gus Aubrey: Edward Brown (1909–?). The setter’s pseudonym is Latin for “au- heritage on the one hand and demonstrate his pride thor.” He Auctor: Paul McKenna (1961–).-born Israeli orchestral conductor. cian. Cholly Knickerbocker. Cholly Atkins: Charles Sylvan Atkinson (1913– transvestite comedian. Eng. U. It. Tommy Atkins: Ruth Buckley (?–). expressed her conviction that her family name pos- lowed him into the ring and also assumed the name sessed hidden properties linking her to the prophet Attell. Aubrey: James Crabe (1931–). from William Atheling. The dancer James Aubrey: James Aubrey Tregidgo (1947– took his new first name from the society columnist 2010). comic movie actor. (3) Richard Hebes Novas (1893–1987). a civil engineer. Br. The Latin phrase means “Hear local bank. earlier Davies (1590–1652). Angels (1625). Thompson devoted himself to writing and politics. U. Khadijah (“son of Khadijah. Georgios Athanas: Georgios Athaniasiadis. 2003). Lenore Aubert: Eleanore Maria Leisner (1913– Athenagoras I: Aristokles Spyrou (1886–1972). 1962). In 1822.S. It adopted name may have been intended to suggest “a remained her signature in many of her treatises and battle. churchman.” a quotation from St. The prophetic Atma Ram: Atmaram Padukone (1930–1994). Monte and Caesar. Ir. U.” in his Mexican Indian ancestors on the other. Yugoslav movie actress. mystery novelist. novelist. parentage. movie actor. Jewish parentage. his fanzine columns. poet. Michel Auclair: Vladimir Vujovic (1922–1988). poet.” the second half of which was an ana- boxer. When Siciliano he used this pseudonym for letters to his constituents started bodybuilding. writer was the daughter of George Touchet. U.S. satirist. née Bernard (1912– adopted the name of the 2d-century AD Christian 2007). (2) Junius. Philip Atlee: James Atlee Philips (1915–1991). for Hung. choreographer. Eng. and this gave her basic writing name. TV actor. a Roman literary patron of the 2d century BC. movie songwriter. ronet Thompson (1783–1869). As Member of Parliament for Bradford. TV illusion- Acharya Athreya: Kilambi Narasimhacharyulu ist.” insisted that there are two sides to every question.S. 1993). and the following “Athens marketplace. veale O’Daniel. magi.

née Jones (1921–). December 15. The first of the Roman a violinist. adopted the surname Caesar to comply with the will Madame Brasileira Augusta see Madame Flo. Brasileira Augustus after a motion to that effect had been in- Mlle. his gens (clan) name. Twelve Caesars. 1935]. based on her first name. e. known by this name alone. and Octavianus was his cognomen. He ar- right to select her second name as the most prestigious gued that ‘Augustus’ was both a more original and a and “international” for professional use. mean- Edwin August: Edwin August Philip von der ing “consecrated. Aura: Aura Lewis (c. critic. trapeze artist. (It was subsequently Jan August: Jan Augustoff (1912–1976). In 27 BC the Senate con- Gr. working in Russia. was even given to military units and cities. otherwise Octavian. 1882]. movie actress. in 1920. Leopold Auer. editor. even concubines. ballet dancer. Switzerland. as the second founder of 1901). Petersburg in 1798 and was formally known by movie show organizer adopted his stage name from the Russian name of Avgust Leontyevich Ogyust. 1967). movie actor. The Reader’s stage. Julius Caesar was the name of his adoptive gram of his adopted pseudonym. battered hat and his clothes all wrong. For names beginning thus.A. those of Charles Aumont. Roman naming system.S. and Georgie Auld: John Altwerger (1919–1990). working in U. Jean-Pierre Aumont: Jean-Pierre Philippe Sa- Br. Cobham Brewer. explained Octavian’s new name as follows: “He U. The actress adopted her mother’s Handbook. 1872).. Poireau emigrated Fr. working in Jamaica. for Aunt Charlotte see Charlotte. director.g. Fr. It had to be conferred. adopted as a title by all other Roman emperors and popular pianist. The Roman historian Suetonius (c.’) And the name has stuck to Audreus: Audrey Young. the Dictator. but Plancus had his way. director. began shouting out ‘August!’ ‘August!’ (The German Stéphane Audran: Colette Suzanne Jeannine phrase.1890s).140) Joseph August: Joseph Augustus (1931–1992). ferred on Octavian the imperial title Augustus. her coronation” [E.. (1812–1882). the son of the U.1780–1844). such as Augst. U.S. daughters. U. born Russ. essayist.S. Auguste was long a standard name lomons (1911–2001).” “venerable. The audience Eng.Audley • Aura 38 Maxine Audley: Maxine Hecht (1923–1992). through French auguste from Ger. a biography of Frederick the Great. still bear it.) (1897–1955). of his mother’s uncle. Fr.” after which he was Butz (1883–1964). forename. maiden name as her stage name. this day” [The Observer. movie actor.. theatrical entrepreneur. “the circus clown.” has a clas. Russ. See also Caesar Augustus.” “venerable. Sister Augustine was superior of Mischa Auer: Mischa Ounskowsky (1905– the Johannes Hospital in Bonn.1958–). Some senators wished Thérèse Fuchs. since sanctuaries and all places itself. The to St. father. for Aunt name is supposed to have come about this way: A Effie see Effie. The name more honourable title. writer. or extra Haydon Augarde see Horatio Nicholls personal name.” itself pre. nomen.. Augusta: Caroline Augusta Joséphine troduced by Munatius Plancus. S. see the next A popular account of the origin is as follows: “The word. In this name.” Aunt . ballet dancer. Mlle. playing in Germany. movie actress. an ana.-born U. 1957]. jazz musician. as “a title conferred by the Roman em. wife of an Augustus was not an Augusta until after Marie Ault: Mary Cragg (1870–1951). some of John August: Bernard Augustine DeVoto which. Augusta was probably the city [of Rome]. ‘dumme August’ is equivalent to our word Dacheville (1932–). here the adjectival form of his original Markos Augeres: Georgos Papadopulos (1884–?). who adopted him and brought him to the emperors was born Gaius Octavius. Eng. 14). . Ger. consecrated by the augurs are known as ‘august’” [The sical pedigree. writer. translated by Robert Graves. ‘zaney’ or ‘addlepate.S. The actor formed his new name on the same lines as man der dumme August. according to the For his first work. Jewish novelist. Roman emperor. Ger. Caius was his praenomen.S. R&B singer. abbess. for even the Can.S. George Auguste: George Edward Read (1911–?). A classical-looking male Sister Augustine: Amalie von Lasaulx (1815– pseudonym for a female setter. U. mothers. meaning “consecrated. etc. perors on their wives. black jazz mu- had the novel idea . “Augustus.S. Welsh crossword compiler. Fr. century ago an English clown. or Auerbach used the name Theobald Chaubert. less its first syllable. Charles Aumont: Charles Solomon (fl. short-story writer. Fr. sumably from the personal name August.. sisters. The actor took Caesar Augustus: Gaius Octavius (63 BC–AD the name of his maternal grandfather. stage actress. his original surname. movie actor. for a circus clown. Auguste: Auguste Poireau (c. When Caesar adopted him in Berthold Auerbach: Moyses Baruch Auerbacher 44 BC he became Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus. Comtesse de Saint-James (1806– him to be called Romulus.69–c. niece of Julius Caesar. and then the title resta A. of going into the circus with a sician.

S. (1915–). movie animator. which stasy that I experienced in those times” [Dmitriyev. this name as author of a book of fairy stories. She used it Fr.” On succeeding to the throne Richard Avery: Edmund Cooper (1926–). This name.S. Johann Aurifaber: Johannes Goldschmied U. geneticist. and she 1994).” after the (1805–1852). give me the moon!’ I still sense the ec- triotic name at the start of her stage career. ‘Momma. sister of Napoleon Russ. She later adopted name is pronounced “Ah-vee. It can also be Charlotte Austen: Charlotte Auerbach (1899– read as the “cross” (X) of “crossword. popular singer. dropped the name. Gabriel Axel: Gabriel Axel Mørch (1918–). U. ing. The Latin name trans. tures with Rosalind (1947). p. working in France. emperor. The writer adopted a poetic band. translator.” was adopted by the then youthful poet for his U. “Sonnet. Her new surname is that of her second hus. movie actor. Madsen adopted his new Frank Austin see Max Brand name in 1956. The scientist adopted piler’s initials either side of this. To 1941 he was credited as Fred Avery. Avi: Edward Irving Wortis (1937–). U. named (such as Tex Ritter). Ger. mother. Eng. historian.S. itself in 1658 he took the equally grandiose kingly SF writer. Axel Axgil: Axel Johannes Lundahl Madsen Eng. that of a moonlit night. (1935–). Ger. The former businessman took his pseudo- day. Dan. The book had a preface written by Des. .141]. Gene Austin: Eugene Lucas (1900–1972).” with the com- 1994). The writer claims Claude Aveline: Eugène Avtsine (1901–1992). Augustine (1910–1983).” “morning light. gay activist. Frankie Avalon: Francis Thomas Avallone Catherine Aydy: Emma Christina Tennant (1939–). Israeli musicologist. London.” published in The European Mag- black jazz pianist. adopted (1775–1832). (1937–). in 1922. meaning name (Aventinum) as his professional name. one of the most vivid being Steve Austin: Steve Williams (1964–). Aury’s heroines: Pauline Borghese. and adopted its Latin luxury. literary editor Jean Paulhan. writer writer. she got her name from an Ouija board. clos’ lover. Pauline Réage. reviewer. Hence his assumed name (or title). theologian. Ind. opera singer. U.S. The last of the great Mogul em. journalist. Adven. This name in turn referred to two of Shaul Avigur: Shaul Meirov (1899–1978).-born Israeli composer. Louise Auricoste. published under the pseudonym stein (1908–1995). name given the future jazzwoman by her grand.” Tex Avery: Frederick Bean Avery (1907–1980). Eng. at a tale of Distress. tion. as did his companion. pop singer. horror fiction for teenagers. Gur. Ger. (1477–1534). Greek for “worthy of men- Johnny Austin: John A. “beauty of the throne. tiful that I held out my little arms to it and kept say- Austral. Pol. on seeing Miss Helen Maria Williams weep Lovie Austin: Cora Calhoun (1887–1972). “conqueror of the universe.” gained notoriety for the erotic international bestseller Menahem Avidom: Menahem Mahler-Kalk- L’Histoire d’O (1954). jazz musician. Ghanaian poet. Charles Austin: Charles Reynolds (1879–1942). his childhood memories. however. movie director. humanist. The historian perors surrounded his royal presence with pomp and was a native of Abensberg. Dan. Welsh crossword vian poet. Like many people so nick- (1519–1575).S. and the French feminist Pauline Roland his new name. U. The writer based her pen name on the of fantasy. novelist. In his own words: “A full wrestler (“Stone Cold”). Br. 39 Aurangzeb • Aydy Aurangzeb: Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad (1618– Aventinus: Johannes Thurmayr (or Turmaier) 1707).” nym from his last company’s password. Eigil Axgil Frederick Austin see Baron Corvo (1922–1995).” It arose from and Delaney. Auseklis: Mikelis Krogzemis (1850–1879). music-hall comedian. opened at Covent Garden. The writer’s poetic name means “break of compiler. Axe: Alun Evans (1949–). The head of and wife of the Italian nobleman Camillo Borghese Mossad. novelist. for her first novel. “Lovie” is said to have been a nick. Aybek: Musa Tashmukhamedov (1904–1968). The Colour of Rain (1964). meaning “father of Gur. Lat. vaudeville performer Austin of the team Austin name meaning “knight of the moon. Uzbek writer. The soprano adopted her pa. U. The Hanoch Avenary: Herbert Loewenstein (1908– book had a mixed reception. lates the German (literally “goldsmith”). The writer’s maiden name of her mother. azine in 1787. poet. Dominique Aury: Anne Desclos (1907–1998). Fr. white moon sailed in the sky and it seemed so beau- Florence Austral: Florence Wilson (1894–1968).S.S. editor.-born Israeli political leader.-born Sc. Avery was born in Texas. novelist. title of Alamgir. leading many Kofi Awoonor: George Kofi Awoonor Williams to suppose that he was the actual author. Axiologus: William Wordsworth (1770–1850). tragic death of his son. the Israeli state intelligence service.

begun when she was 15.” U. Goodrich. Count] Francis Ayni: Sadriddin Said-Murodzoda (1878–1954). But as time coming of age in 1879. source. The writer chose a pen name meaning “bright.” one. The writer’s first form of his name for a second edition in 1654 of a novel. Eng. madman. U. American “zee”). As a teenager.S. J. Rev. movie actor.e. stage actor. Calder Ayrton: Mary Frances Chapman poet. artist. like Don Diego de Deza. i. i. educator. Argall is generally said to have assumed this (1838–1884). Agnès b: Agnès Bourgeois. the English physicist William Ayrton (1847–1908) as Can. U.e.111–12]. This association is all the more meaningful Discovering that I wrote poetry.1920–2002). Eng. jazz musician.” dess and became an agnostic. scenarist.-born U. The artist adopted his mother’s (1864–1959). later Bickerstaffe-Drew (1858– Tajik writer. took his pen name from the hero of his autobiograph- Paul Ayres see Edward Ronns ical novel António Azorín (1902). mean me. Leafing through the dictionary to that end. Michael Ayrton: Michael Gould (1921–1975).’ That soon Ind. so look it up in Kaifi Azmi: Athar Husain Rizvi (c. I the Spanish grand inquisitor whose name is reversed wasn’t crazy! here. movie actor. Br.. The supposed Turk adopted this name as meaned? . So I chose the name Ayni. Mary Bertrand. noticing my rather odd behavior.-born Br. movie actor. Br. silenced the questioners” [Dmitriyev. 1621). poet. replied: ‘It has forty-eight meanings. I broadcast my poverty to all and sundry?’ So I Azed: Jonathan Crowther (1942–). They might de. impoverished Muslim name Azamat means “majesty. The actress was originally billed as ian parentage. there is doubt regarding which name was the original a pseudonym based on her first two names. Mohamed Aziza: Chems Nadir (1940–). Hertha Ayrton: Phoebe Sarah Marks (1854– Fr. sun—were very Brazilian poet. The Gift of the Gods (1879). the dictionary and find out for yourself. singer. cross- dropped that name as well. John Ayscough: [Rt. writer. childhood attempt at his first name. Eng. Azorín: José Augusto Trinidad Martínez Ruiz Lew Ayres: Lewis Frederick Ayer III (1908– (1873–1967). physicist. So I dropped the pseudonym Sifli and a war correspondent of the Pall-Mall Gazette. But I began to tire of that name in turn.. belittled one. used to make me feel small. suitable as a pseudonym. it had 48 meanings. writer. with the name itself Mitchell Ayres: Mitchell Agress (1910–1969). Sp. Charles Aznavour: Shahnour Varenagh Az- Agnes Ayres: Agnes Hinkle (1896–1940). ‘He’s a bit crazy!’ As a result of those re. but why should I regard myself as de. people began when it is known that Crowther succeeded Ximenes asking about my pseudonym and its meaning. Uzbek took the name Hertha after the Germanic earth god- poet. Eng. The writer 1996).S. Ir.e. i.Aydyn • b 40 Aydyn: Manzura Sabirova (1906–1953). I came across the word ‘ayni’. the designer saw that her real . Fr. movie songwriter. I de. working in French. novelist. But I soon grew sick of that pseudonym. pp. (1889–1979). novelist. went on I no longer liked the name. née Troublé (1941–). So I at first (which he already bore) as an additional surname on chose the name Sifli. he had set cided to find a name that would be as meaningful as puzzles for other publications as “Gong. of Armen- movie actress. Eng.1870). writer of religious novels. especially but assumed his mother’s maiden name of Drew the mullahs. The setter’s cryptic crossword clues Some people. from the Spanish for “hawklike. navurjan (1924–). journalist. The chose a new name — Mukhtodzhi. Agnes Ayars. of Maria Azevedo: Francisca Jülia (1871–1920). tuous. I Tunisian poet. stage. inventor. Her last and even whether Argall actually existed. In 1885 she married Dan Aykroyd: Daniel Agraluscasacra (1951–).] Thiebland (fl. Sarah shop in Paris in 1975. while at the same time being tor- marks I chose the name Dzhununi. Ir.” an early possible. If anyone now asked me what my name meant. ‘I am Brother Azarias: Patrick Francis Mullany (1847– hard up. Richard Aylett: Richard Argall (fl. was volume of religious poems first published in 1621. word compiler. The Roman arrived at his pseudonym: “In my early years [at a Catholic prelate had the original name of Bickerstaffe. literary critic. Browning Drew. novel. Mgr. brother of Louis maiden name as his professional name. fashion designer. as chief compiler for the Observer. cover “A to Z” (with “z” as British “zed” rather than would say. After all. movie actor. Allan Aynesworth: Edward Abbot-Anderson Eng. which the best known—eye. But published in 1860 under the name Francis Meredith. it’s true — I said to myself— but why should 1893). Muslim college] in Bukhara some people. Earlier. was the only one [Sir] Felix Aylmer: Felix Edward Aylmer-Jones published under her real name.S. On opening her first fashion 1923). The writer has described how he finally 1938). Azamat Batuk: [M.S.” “pride. or even torturous. his second wife.

and the little girl was Gracchus Babeuf: François Noël Babeuf (1760– Betty Bacal. ballet the publishing world.” which did not seem dancer. He later ef. U. the 1990s. the actress was rapher. child movie actress. together with her own parents. Anthony B: Anthony Blair (c. She therefore just kept his mother’s maiden name for his professional career.” but her former husband “had a certain notoriety in Jean Babilée: Jean Gutmann (1923–). Jamaican Marian Babson: Ruth Stenstreem (1929–). Jewish mystic.S. She felt the second “l” would ensure that the second . Br. implying name. as “there was too much irregularity adopted as his new first name that of the 2d-century of pronunciation. Cz. Swe. German photog. Lida Baarova: Ludmilla Babkova (1914–2000). Pol. In 1938 she deserted the Zentrodada. (1932–). child movie actor. movie actress. rapper. given him for his youthful looks. with their Bab’s execution. arriving at the immigration office on Ellis Island. daughter. as he R&B singer.” Some years after the Sophie Weinstein (Lauren’s grandparents).” mother became Nathalie Bacal. like inscribed with the divine name. Baby Sandy: Sandra Lee Henville (1938–).–born Br. “name. Nathalie married William Perske. “wineglass” in German and Russian. 1760). daughters Renee and Nathalie (her mother) and their den Imam” in question. librettist of the Gilbert and Sullivan operettas. By this time Betty had added another 1797). “lower case. The dancer adopted compatible with her work. movie actress. adopted in 1844. or title meaning “master of the good name” (ba’al. The actress’s mother left used this name for his Bab Ballads (1866–71). her abeth. Baby Peggy: Peggy Montgomery (1917–). popular singer. The name is simply a Hindi Derek B: Derek Boland (1965–2009). who worked using herbs.S. child movie actress. and thus won supernatural powers. music-hall dancer. U. Du. stage. As an adult. folk healer. 1911). because it suits me better” Alice Babs: Alice Nilsson Sjöblom (1924–).S. and the (1921–1974). and Jesaias.” who also gave the name of Julien Gracq. half of the original “double” name for herself and her her husband. U. Tribun du peuple. Eng. Other names used by the photographer were billed as Madge Evans.S. Ferdinand Grünwald (1892–1927). rock Lisa B see Elisa musician. calling himself name.S.S. The protocommunist “l” to her name. 1996]. “good”). Fr. 41 B • Bacall name was hardly suitable. black R&B musician. name. U. the initial. Some sources give crime writer. when he wisely decided not to record Master Babua: Prosanta Kumar Roy (1947–). Ind. She therefore needed a new fectively adopted the name as a whole. that he had gained the secret of God’s hidden name Baby Huey: James Ramey (1944–1970).S. The Romania for America when she (the mother) was only name originated as nickname given Gilbert as a child a year or two old.S. choreographer. with “cackle” while others pronounced it “Bacahl. Ali Muhammad claimed to be a gate. teaming with Raoul. Sc. Originally Baby Bird. black term of endearment for a son. Hence his title. U. Weinstein-Bacal. the actor’s original name as Le Roy Overacker.” + tov. Eng. but Babette: Elizabeth H.S. black jazz tap dancer.” + shem. She considered her married name (Bourgeois). The founder also adopted for his band. movement. “Caius-Gracchus. January 8. had a reputation as a Baby Laurence: Laurence Donald Jackson healer. Bab: [Sir] William Schwenk Gilbert (1836– child movie actress. of Hasidism came to be known by a Hebrew name Babyface: Kenneth Edmonds (1959–). Babybird: Stephen Jones (1962–). Baby LeRoy: Ronald LeRoy Winebrenner Baantjer: Albert Cornelis Baantjer (1923–). working in Germany. The immigration way to the Hidden Imam. son Albert. talismans. Then when Lauren was eight years old. so that the husband and wife were Max and from the Arabic word for “gate. meaning religious leader. “Babette” is a French pet form of “Eliz. for his connection with the Dada art screen altogether for the theater. Johannes Theodor Baargeld: Alfred Emanuel Baby Madge: Margherita Evans (1909–1981). [The Times. was known acronymically. The musician adopted his nick- “master. illustrator. writer. The Lauren Bacall: Betty Joan Perske (1924–). playwright. Fr. Persian family gave their name. revolutionary. The Besht. reggae musician. McLaughlan (1925– soon divorced him. the musician settled Baal Shem Tov : Israel ben Eliezer (c. under his real name. comic poet. U. actor. Some people rhymed the name BC agrarian reformer Gaius Sempronius Gracchus. The musician first struck fame in U. a new messenger of Allah officer must have written just the first half of the who was to come. his work was taken up by the “Hid. Baha-’Allah.1700– to present his name in the distinctive form babybird. the The Bab: Ali Muhammad (1819–1850). Tony Blair.1976–). movie actress. U. U. formed in 1996. child movie actor. On by his parents. crime writer. Italy. and then took instead the second 1999).

By 1969 he was living perma.). (1920–1981). she also set up business as a “spanking Clinton-Baddeley (1906–1986). Bach for humorous works Powell (1857–1941). with her surname. a name name. Brazilian guitarist.B. 2002]. U. sister of Hermione Baddeley. one somewhere in her family. working in England. which he sub- as Karoly Mihaly Balazs Agoston Hajdu.” rock singer. son of the mitted for publication as a “collaboration” by Stephen Baron of Szadelo and Balkany. His selection of the initials P. Baden Powell: Roberto Baden Powell de P. in 1846.-born transvestite academic. as the to England.S. Sophie. which literally means “John the Baptist. Charlotte Bach: Karoly Mihaly Hajdu termed ‘cancer of the pseudonym’ on January 9. years later married a Welshwoman. [Francis Wheen. The name is that of the workman in whose (usually taken to mean “pretty damn quick”) imitated clothes Louis Napoleon escaped to England disguised those of the (real) musical sons of J. part-time writer — died a sudden death of what King Dr. even that it The pen name lay behind a rounded personifi- had been her great-grandmother’s. Karoly. Charlotte M. She (as Hajdu now was) Shaw. he claimed. private Barbara Bach: Barbara Goldbach (1947–). 1951 he found a job as a barman in London and two Il Baciccia: Giovan Battista Gaulli (1639–1709). window washer.D.H. became public knowledge It was “Lauren.Q. never used her real surname. em- Figaro (1984). Rom. In 1948 he emigrated King and Richard Bachman (appropriately. with his first name. and officers. His better-known pen name was Ole Luke- in 1963 he was arrested for walking into a hotel Oie. eran. Bach. and asked if there was a suitable Ind. D.Psy. Hung. Sebastian Bach: Sebastian Bierk (1968–).P. C. 1979]. many had long suspected. on an academic career as Dr. English founder of the Boy written in mock-18th-century style. he said he had found a name. the Romanian city of Bacau. as in “call.S.” In to life).F. where he anglicized his name as Carl story is about a writer’s pen name that comes back Hajdu and assumed the title of “Baron Balkanyi. that it was an old family name of hers. U. stage. The artist’s name probably arose as a Rodgers. for “Blaise. stage. among them op. An apparent tribute or at least acknowl- When Lauren began her movie career. Karoly. writer. M. he changed his name by deed poll from Carl his birthplace. Major- soon added a string of bogus qualifications: “Michael General Swinton used this name for his treatise on B. née Clinton-Baddeley (1904–1976).. painter. northern France.S. 1985” [George Beahm. commercial fisherman. however. Eng. but his true identity. The musician adopted the name cian was originally named in honor of Robert Baden- of a fictional son of J.S. Who Was Dr Charlotte Bach?. name. but his publishers rejected the idea. movie actor.” His writing paper Swinton (1868–1951). over for his novel Rage (1977). “What invention!” cation. King first used this pseudonym Hawks said he would think of something. switching it Compare Battistello. Fr.Bach • Badinguet 42 syllable of the name would be pronounced correctly. Bach and J. army officer.E. subsequently recommended reading for young Hajdu had long had transvestite leanings. Bach. Bach: Peter Schickele (1935–). Br. George Bacovia: George Vasiliu (1881–1957). trepreneur. such as as a mason from the castle of Ham. did not seem to be quite right.C.” and he was going to tell everyone following the publication of Thinner in 1984. Aquino (1937–2000). In 1942 Hajdu King wanted to resurrect the Bachman name for forged a birth certificate in which he renamed himself a later novel. peror. a Vietnam vet- name [Lauren Bacall. Howard Hawks wanted to find a good name to go Amitabh Bachchan: Amit Shrivastava (1942–). The musi- composer. In 1957 he set himself up in London as a childish pronunciation of the second half of his first hypnotherapist named Michael B. Phyllis Mary It.D. and inserting a middle initial that Backsight-Forethought: [Sir] Ernest Dunlop stood. the future emperor adopted . Scouts. née Soon after.Sc. security guard. 1992]. Hermione Baddeley: Hermione Willis. which lunch one day with her. who was said to dislike the of the University of New Hampshire. movie madam” (dominatrix) named Daphne Lyell-Manson actress. (Budapest).” (1904). C. The Dark Half (1989). and U.E. The Stephen King Story. dressed as a woman.S.Q.S.S. nently as a woman and on April 1 (April Fools’ Day). horror novelist. en. and most recently a dairy farmer and movie actress.” devised by anglicizing his middle name. Eng. writer. eras such as The Stoned Guest and The Abduction of Badinguet: Napoleon III (1808–1873). director edgment to the German composer. Sc. and embarked movie actress. “Richard Bachman—born in 1942. Betty’s grandmother’s Richard Bachman: Stephen Edwin King (1947–). Michael Blaise Augustine Hajdu to Charlotte Maria Angela Baddeley: Madeleine Angela Byam Beatrix Augusta Hajdu. By Myself. Later. a graduate exclaimed the actress. After his escape. The poet took his name from 1970. Symbolist poet. minor tactics entitled The Defence of Duffer’s Drift (Cantab. Bach.P. U.

“Guy” and 1851. The singer saw “Erica” as a slave name lad. the advance man of the Erykah Badu: Erica Wright (1971–). pop singer. Asa Baker see Brett Halliday senskaya. Barnum to form the famous Barnum and sounds she made when scatting. U. was dissatisfied with his creator’s art. 2008]. the third successfully). singer. Bulg. U. him. Jewish parentage. from the popular song of the turn of the 20th century. The founder of the Baha’i faith Cheryl Baker: Rita Maria Crudgington (1955–). U. U.S. 43 Badly • Baker the name of Comte Arenenberg.S. London. where Badly Drawn Boy: Damon Gough (1970–). movie actress.S. Auto in Trousers (1915). The last name is that of her mother. black dancer.’ “splendor. is a reference to Guy’s Hospital. 1860s proclaimed himself “Him whom God shall Eddie Baker: Edward King (1897–1968). Eduard Bagritsky: Eduard Georgiyevich Dzyu. asked him to become his protégé on the road. (1907–1985). Strasbourg. lyric poet.S. 1991). Ir. revolutionary poet. Br. Bailey took to the young soul singer. Hence his Arabic name. ended. Simpson was head of the department of forensic med- Br. a musician. and that when the latter pro. Carrie McDon- claimed himself. Williams renamed herself for . circus owner. under the name Nina Voskre. rock musician. November 11.” while another. London. “Bailey” refers to the Old Bailey.” a divine spirit foretold by the Bab.” “light. and Paris. The singer is popularly said to icine. jobs for Frederick H.” saying the kah and had him adopt his name. Bailey. illusionist. of war. “I am in love with vaudeville singer. movie actor. meaning “Glory of God” Josephine Baker: Freda Josephine McDonald (baha. and the last of that of Peter Kropotkin (1842–1921). make manifest. so altered the spelling to “Erykah. p.. She’d say: “There’s no Bill was known by a number of nicknames (rather than here. Elisaveta Bagryana: Elisaveta Belcheva (1893– Bonnie Baker: Evelyn Nelson (1918–).” and he adopted U. Baha-’Allah: Huseyn Ali Nuri (1817–1892). forensic expert. the Russian general and hero of lable of the surname of Mikhail Bakunin (1814–1876) the Napoleonic Wars Prince Bagration (1765–1812).. On the other comedian. doing odd eation” [Beech.S. The poet’s adopted name popular singer means “crimson. 1836. the sound of the instrument. the Bab’s mission was fulfilled. U. Her new Bill Bailey: Mark Bailey (1965–). 2005). The future all the jokes stemming from the dashed-off delin. George Bagby see Hampton Stone Bill Baird: William Keckritz (1914–1978). U.S. ald.T. Jesuit. from Times. showman began his circus career at age 13. bin (1895–1934). never got used to the name.S.” U. LaVern Baker: Dolores Williams (1928–1997). anarchist writer. and has something of the flavor of my writ.” Her new surname represented the with P. His readers were sure it was by a woman. the have named himself after the main character in the Central Criminal Court of England. pathologist. He would ring asking for Bill. Eng.S. the towns where he Guy Bailey: [Professor] Cedric Keith Simpson had attempted a coup (respectively in 1840. In 1881 Bailey joined meant “inner self. after the castle in it. Russ. and so on that of one pseudonym from the Chinese forms of the first syl- of their descendants.–born Fr. “God”). Art Baker: Arthur Shank (1898–1966). but she later associated Mildred Bailey: Mildred Rinker (1907–1951). Boulogne. Would you like to speak to Mark?”’” [The actual assumed names).S. By 1909 Baker had formed a double act with her fu- “So Deribasovskaya has its poetess!” ture husband. hand: “A long-time admirer of the Viz adult comic. children’s TV cartoon Sam and His Magic Ball. it with an Arabic word meaning “truth. William The stand-up comic was nicknamed “Bill” at school Baker. wife of Red Norvo. ‘People Switzerland where he had lived with his mother. James Anthony Bailey: James Anthony McGin- he loved May 1983’s one-off Badly Drawn Man. sian religious leader. who married Eddie Carson. surname is that of her second husband. for one poem began with the line. one being Boustrapa. jazz singer. U. of Russ. manifestations of God.” + allah. comedian.” Charles Baker: David Lewis (1617–1679). with niss (1847–1906). Eng. Lew Leslie. “Won’t You Come Home Bill Bailey. Chin. movie actor. black Robinson and Lake Circus. was a follower of the Bab who at some point in the Eng. TV presenter. “His mother . Belle Baker: Bella Becker (1895–1957). whom she married in 1921 at the age of 15. The keystone of (1906–1975). U. actress. The poet Ba Jin: Li Yao-tang (later Li Fei-han) (1904– based his name on that of the princely Bagratid dy. The writer created his nasty of Armenia and Georgia. The Baha’i belief is thus that the Bab and Baha-’Allah are dancer’s original name is given thus in several sources. ing.” Bagritsky published an early volume of poems.S. naming an Odessa street. black blues singer. 30]. who Harry Bailey: Harry Daniels (1910–1989). He himself commented on his new name: “It smacks two Russian anarchists that he admired. her voice imitating Bailey circus. Per.

S. banko player. mother-in-law of the poet P.S. poet. According to D’Israeli. that to give some authority 1992). and his name was sub- U. It. Balanchivadze was prevailed upon by the U.-born U. The performer’s novels—of ‘Horace de Saint-Aubin’ filled sixteen vol- adopted name is Sanskrit for “young singer.S.B. 1967). he adopted it on becoming an Juozas Baltùsis: Albertas Juozenas (1909–1991). The rap-music pi- .S. comedian. Swe. movie comedienne. whom she claimed as a popular uprising in Genoa against Austrian domina- relative. the 1920s. magician..” possibly the Northamptonshire village Earls Barton). Russ. militant leader. and denied his descent from writer. “He forced his friends to accept his claim to Béla Balász: Herbert Bauer (1884–1949). rapper. His (supposedly) true identity was es- Lefty Baker: Eustace Britchforth (1942–1971). a cantor in Breslau)” [Times Literary writer. The artist’s adopted name was that of his Bobby Ball: Robert Harper (1944–). black soul musician. singer. Russ. first name. Fr. Fr. songwriter. “The works — mainly bad sensational dancer. the latter was Clara Balfour: Felicia Dorothea Hemans. Léon Bakst: Lev Samoylovich Rosenberg (1866– Marty Balin: Martyn Jerel Buchwald (1942–). George. Edward Baldwin: William Godwin (1756– Spiro.” William Bales: William Bialystotsky (1910– Micah Balwhidder see Rev. née Rev. used this as his main pen name. Honoré de Balzac: Honoré Balssa (1799–1850).647]. and is well known as Balzac” [p. tista. SF writer.201]. R’Hoone. atheist in 1783. tablished only some time later. ardor and patriotism.” “vernal. Hank Ballard: John H. guitarist. Northern Ireland-born pop singer. Jewish parentage. female impersonator. The writer’s adopted name means “of the Ina Balin: Ina Rosenberg (1937–1990). conformist minister. working U. George Balanchine: Georgy Melitonovich Bal. to the splendour of his diction. painter. reographer. Lithuanian baltas. father of Vesta Tilley. Ind. stage designer.S. p. Supplement. T. teaming with Tommy Cannon. Balabrega: John Miller (1857–1906). The name. Eng. his career as Horace de Saint-Aubin and Lord logical community of heavenly singers. Kendricks (1927–2003). 2002]. U.-born Harry Ball: William Henry Powles (1841–1888). Afrika Bambaataa: Kevin Donovan (1960–). sumed. novelist. Wishing to “improve” on the name’s peasant name. “white. Shelley..” is traditionally that of the teenager who led a U. The artist’s aristocratic title was self-as- Balanchin. Ind. singer.” Lithuanian writer.Baker • Bambaataa 44 the dancer Josephine Baker. was the daughter of Abra- 1836). husband of the moral writer Mary Woll. Balzac’s father was Bernard-François Eng. novelist. doctor. U. music-hall singer. spring. Neil Balfort: Robert Lionel Fanthorpe (1935–). tion in 1746.S. graphic artist. Tajik poet. 1924). Russian impresario Sergey Diaghilev to modify his Carl Ballantine: Meyer Kessler (?–). The per. the latter name being an anagram of his Geeta Bali: Harikirtan Kaur (1930–1965). working in Italy.” movie actress. movie director. Jews on his mother’s side (Elizabeth Klossowska. Eng. known as Baladine. anchivadze (1904–1983). sequently adopted as a Fascist symbol of youthful Bakhori: Abdumalik Rakhmanov (1927–). as were many of his other pseudonyms. rock singer. Eng. novelist. Baltimora: James McShane (1957–1995). stonecraft. he assumed the name Bal Gandharva: Narayanrao Rajhans (1888– of his estate. Balzac wrote a number of genre novels early in former’s new name relates to the Gandharv. of Russ. but in English programs this became sowski de Rola (1908–2001). Eng. ballet cho. but he felt such extreme del- James Balfour: William Bruce Hepburn (1925– icacy at so low a name. the writer changed this to Balzac in as Erle Barton (presumably suggested by the name of 1821 and added the honorific particle “de. philosopher. He edy magician. Originally a Non. U. dancer. while his surname was sometimes spelled parentage. in imitation of the writer Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac Thornton Bell. TV grandfather. in France. Balthus: [Count] Baltucz (or Balthasar) Klos- alent Georges. Phil Nobel. of Georgian descent. actor. a bogus Polish title .S. rejecting “God-” in favor of “Bald-.S. Eng. Clark 1990). U. singer. originally altered his first name to the French equiv. A name based on the author’s original Balssa. a mytho.” umes in a collected edition of 1836–40” [Harvey and Balilla: Giovanni Battista Perasso (1729–1781).S. and Olaf Trent. née also a pseudonym: “Guez (a beggar) is a French writer Browne (1793–1835). Heseltine. April 5. movie actress. such connotations. The writer adopted his name from He also wrote as Theophilus Marcliffe. (1595–1654). com- name in deference to Western audiences. The ham Bear Spiro. dramatist. of great pomp of style. When in France in Kaye Ballard: Catherine Gloria Balotta (1926–). a childish form of “Bat. of Pol. singer. Hung.

” . Ger. The last reigning emperor of Viet- Billy Bang: William Vincent Walker (1947–). Bambaataa’s alternate African name is Darrell Banks: Darrell Eubanks (1937–1970).” (1892–1947). moviemaker. His scenes of Robin Gunningham. U. Rob da Bank). she might end up playing nothing but Italians. a name she discovered as a appropriately suggests a “mountebank” or buffoon. Santiago. movie comedian. 2005]. The name her surname to Bambara. She then signed for Twentieth Cen.’ she said. painter. black reggae musician. which was restricted to the nobility. director. fearing 1985). working in U. She made her movie debut the talented DJ Burro Banton (c. Ja- Laura Bancroft see Floyd Akers maican reggae musician. Can. novelist. cartoonist.S. Vietnamese ruler. Goodrich). SF writer.S.- Toni Cade Bambara: Toni Cade (1939–1995). Anna Banti: Lucia Longhi Lopresti (1895– tury–Fox. The writer published covered and renamed by fellow comedian Fatty Ar- as Toni Cade from 1959 to 1970. basing it on the com- iano. “‘He gave me a list Jamaican reggae musician. (1896–1976). sculptor. Albert Band: Alfredo Antonini (1924–2002). by e-mail.” was given Myrie by his mother names. children’s writer. The identity of the secretive artist re- Bamboccio: Pieter van Laer (?1599–1642). born U. please. her she had to take a new name.” on the bongos as a young boy.S. Eng. 45 Bam Bam • Bao Dai oneer took his name. U. Eric Bana: Eric Banadinovich (1968–). never confirmed or denied my identity’” [Interview essayist. so I’ve Peter Bamm: Curt Emmrich (1897–1975). ‘They sounded like strippers’ meaning “breadfruit. who in turn in- terfield (1841–1926).” from bambino.1973–).S. Allen the code of honor and bravery of its black Archibald Banks see John Dangerfield participants. Austral. The musician adopted his new being asked his nationality and said “Italiano. his chanting at the mike. but switched to the from a 19th-century Zulu chief.” and the “plump” suffix -occio. Eng. when she changed buckle (see William B. casionally requires a little light law-breaking. Her father. The nickname “Buju. Banat: Ray Douglas Bradbury (1920–). Sunday Times. Bianchi was dis- U. with the name violin when he was 12. Angela Banner: Angela Mary Maddison (1923–). when producer Darryl F. who inspired Buju Banton. graffiti artist. Vilma Banky: Vilma Lonchit (or Konsics) movie actor. thought he was country musician.S.” “big baby.” of names. Austr. novelist. Mega Banton: Garth Williams (c. It. Du. stage actress.R. sult of a misunderstanding. The actor assumed his new name in 1867. Zanuck. black writer. Eng. pop musician. asked his R. The actress tured in her stories for young children in 1950. 1560). name in 1968 as a DJ in Seattle. The artist’s Italian nickname Robin Banks.C. Br. itself being inspired by the 1964 movie Zulu and Dan Banim see F. Starkey Banton: David Murray (1962–). “‘Is it true that your real name is “child. Br. told Buju Banton: Mark Anthony Myrie (1973–). name in 1530 to receive the Order of the Knights of Bao Dai: Nguyen Vinh Thuy (1913–1997). and that you are a public low life were known as bambocciate.-Hung. black jazz musician.M. short-story writer. Khayan Aasim.S. and his Dutch schoolboy from Bristol? No lies. Monty Banks: Mario Bianchi (1897–1950).’ ‘My job oc- followers in Italy were called bamboccianti. It. but this is probably a pun (like that of means “clumsy doll. theatrical man. June 9. Margaret Bannerman: Margaret Le Grand migrants. stage. The artist changed his Banx: Jeremy Banks (1959–).” but then changed his name to Ban- Baccio Bandinelli: Bartolomeo Brandini (1488– ton after Burro Banton. Ital. spired Buju Banton. mains uncertain. U. June 14. D. name on his arrival at Ellis Island. Br. of lyrics initiated by Burro Banton. U.S. (1898–1991). Bam Bam: Peter Poulton (1970–). The writer’s name appears to Anne Bancroft: Anna Maria Louise Italiano match the insect characters Ant and Bee that first fea- (1931–2005). movie actress. “Banton” compliments [The Times. nam succeeded to the throne in 1926 and assumed a U. Some sources give his real name as painter. grandmother’s belongings. ager. Williams continued the style [Sir] Squire Bancroft: Sydney Bancroft But. producer. radio DJ. his own name a Jamaican- Francis Bancroft: Frances Charlotte Slater patois term for a DJ “full of lyrics. working in Italy. movie actress. was born in New York as the daughter of Italian im. Bannon: Daniel Shipley (1945–). signature in a sketchbook found in a trunk of her Banksy: Robin Gunningham (1974–).-born movie director. Br. famous for under the name in Don’t Bother to Knock (1952).” Bancroft began her career on TV in 1950 as mercial product RC Cola. Bancroft was the only one with any dignity’” for his chubbiness as a baby. It.S. “Starkey Super. 2009]. and even her original name came as the re. Ann Italiano. translating as “chief affection. Walker was fond of playing name (or title) meaning “keeper of greatness. stage actor.1960–). Murray first performed as It.

He recalled: “I needed a pen name. It. Ravenscroft (1901– La Barbarina: Barbara Campanini (1721–1799). wife cian.” lyric poet. children’s writer. was once late for a lesson. David Barclay: David Poole Fronabarger (1912– Galerana Baratotti (or Barcitotti): Arcangela 1969). music-hall female impersonator. movie actress. Eng. pop. pier. Francis Bara Tucker but in 1937 applied for social security as John de Coppet. In 1949 he ular singer. For publicity purposes. (originally Ameer) means “prince. Goodman’s parents legally changed their name searchers that his real name was William George to Bara. U. black writer.” and Ion Barbu: Dan Barbilian (1895–1964). née Jervis (1894–1964). satirist. 1969). of Lithuanian parentage. The writer’s name arose in his poems published in The Nation. of Pol. directed by Frank Powell. U. 1972). name that he reckoned would play much better when Barbara: Monique Serf (1930–1997). sentimental comedy actor.A. proving only that we live in a dif. U. Goodman was the chef in a barbecue restaurant.] Richard Baptist O’Brien Johannes Barbarus: Johannes Varesh (1890– (1809–1885). a French immigrant. risked expulsion. Estonian poet. He claimed that the initials stood for matic connection between Theda Bara and Arab “Wilhelm Nero Pilate. U.S. when as the first “vamp. Glynis Barber: Glynis van der Riet (1955–).P. Ir. at first often own individual act as an aerialist (trapeze artist) prefixing it with the title Imamu (“imam”). Then in 1914 she W. naming his father as Beecher Barbee. He could not put name for four novels published in the 1930s. however. (c. which I have Bapu: Sattiraju Lakshminarayana (1933–). ferent culture” [Thomson 2003. essayist. for that would have Baptiste: (1) Nicolas Anselme (1761–1835). Tarabotti (1604–1652). black blues musician.N. Hicks adopted the nickname Theda Bara: Theodosia Burr Goodman (1885– given him by Columbia Records for his day job as a 1955).S.” black blues musician. 50]. S.” “ruler. Ehud Barak: Ehud Brog (1942–). p. naturalist.K.” all men of bravado.Baptist • Barcynska 46 Father Baptist: [Rev. of Bohemian parentage. Israeli politi. It.S. In 1964). stage actor. polemicist. It in- 1946). music producer. p.-Russ. and Latvian. Barbee told re- 1917. It..96]. Paola Barbara: Paolina Prato (1912–). Hernekin Baptist: Ethelreda Lewis (1875– magazine in Russian. Records followed it in 1955. from 1999 to 2001 changed his name on being drafted Barbette: Van der Clyde Broodway (1899– into the Israel Defense Forces in 1959. Baraka “shining.S. later Evans. . movie actor. movie director.” “lustrous. U. and John Henry Barbee: John Henry Barbee (1905– Pauline Louise de Coppet. Ind. confectioner’s shop in Bond Street. he went to the U. Countess Hélène Barcynska: Marguerite Flo- Paolo Barbaro: Ennio Gallo (1922–). a Polish Jew. novelist.S. Jewish parent. but subsequently developed his his name in 1968 on converting to Islam. (2) Jean-Gaspard Deburau One of the teachers called me a barbarian because I (originally Jan Kašpar Dvo†ák) (1796–1846). taken from the front of a her Theda Bara for the part. used all my life” [Dmitriyev. his name to them. Eddie Barclay: Edouard Ruault (1921–2005). ballet dancer. school days.S. Goodman thus first came on stage under Henry Barbee. rence Barclay. movie Tessa Barclay see Avon Curry actress. Israel’s prime minister of Michael Brandon. Estonian. née Wilson archaeological find. stage.” Goodman was said to be the love he published entries from his diary in book form child of a French artist and his Egyptian mistress. movie actress. The writer used this cluded his first poems and articles. name is Sanskrit for “father. the name Theodosia de Coppet. Amiri named Barbette. her under the title The Journal of a Disappointed Man name a near-reversal of “Arab death.1935–). composer of movie music. Death so often evoked in awed tones is today like an Antonia Barber: Barbara Anthony. Roy Barcroft: Howard H.S. diarist.–born TV.A. Eng.S. writer. who renamed writer adopted this name. daughter of Bernard Goodman. Timir Baran: Timirbaran Bhattacharya (1904– Ann Barclay see Maysie Greig 1987).” “The anagram. The Was (1915). London. working in U. Porfirio Barba Jacob: Miguel Angel Osorio Fr. The artist’s new Barbecue Bob: Robert Hicks (1902–1931). I translated the word into rot. The record producer adopted a Benítez (1883–1942). Br. and Barclay age. U.-born S. Ind. designer. The writer changed the Alfaretta Sisters. when he distributed a hectographed R. Latin. and that gave my pseudonym. It. Colombian poet. writer. Fr. set up his first record label. to do business there. cartoonist. Fr. The Amiri Baraka: Everett LeRoy (later LeRoi) artist made his debut in the circus dressed as one of Jones (1934–). after de Coppet’s Swiss father. (1919). O’Brien used this name for 1946). Rom. songwriter. U. Barbellion: Bruce Frederick Cummings was cast as the vampire in the movie A Fool There (1889–1919). Blue Star. Fr.

After the war he became a bardic Welsh name or title. financier. domed forehead. Eng. c. Welsh poet. Summer. movie Welsh poet. Alcott adopted this 1956). Welsh balladist. priest. Fr.S.” Victor Barker: Valerie Arkell-Smith (1895– Y Bardd Cocos: John Evans (1827–1888). street performances. The actor had a that she created her new name by combining those high. Waikna. Welsh Gauntlett Bligh Barker. Moravia [Jeffrey Robinson. of actress Lynn Fontanne and dramatist James Bar- Hence his nickname and subsequent stage name. Following her successive poetaster. count called Barcynski. horological inventor. Her true sex was revealed balladist. short-story writer. diamond magnate. Jones (1939–). Viktor Barna: Gyözö Viktor Braun (1911–1972). The singer’s name means literally “the crust when she was arrested and jailed on a bankruptcy poet. Nantglyn near Denbigh. The singer’s name means Eng. Welsh 1960). debut in 1895. Y Bardd Coch o Fôn: Hugh Hughes (1693– Jamaican reggae musician. “Royal years later she downgraded her rank and expanded High Cockle-Poet.M. TV actor. table-tennis player. The rhymester earned a living by selling marriages to two Australians. The writer played in the 1963 Franco-Italian movie Le Mépris used this name for a romantic and largely autobio. working in U. Bard: Ephraim George Squier (1821– name as Camille Javal.1952–). The poet’s name means “the lame poet. Barnard: Louisa May Alcott (1832–1888). Y Bardd Cloff : Thomas Jones (1768–1828). based on the 1954 novel Il graphical novel. which was originally Will Gibbard when he made his Max Baring: Charles Messent (1857–?). Eng. . The writer assumed a pleting his education in 1918.” actress. Her second husband was movie. U. movie actress. in England” [Dictionary of National Biography]. Bardd yr Haf: Robert Williams Parry (1884– U. The poet’s name means “the red Megan Barker see Rosalind Erskine poet of the bottom. “The in the “Flag of Our Union” series. A. Eng. music-hall comedian. The sportsman Welsh musician. was the son of a Polish John Bardon: John M. Sandys. novelist. tertainers.1865). Ukr. poet. The poet took his name from his birth. summer.” alluding to his reputation as name from his uncle. being a Roman Catholic priest “unlawfully abiding Welsh poet. The writer was appointed changed his name to avoid antisemitism in the years bard (court poet) to the Prince of Wales. Bardot: An Intimate Por- The Bard: Edward Jerringham (1727–1812). Seven Welsh title Archfardd Cocysaidd Tywysogol. a male identity and rank as Colonel Victor Barker. The actress once explained 1944). Arkell-Smith assumed cockles. writer. See also B. Lynn Bari: Marjorie Schuyler Fisher (1913– Wilkie Bard: William Augustus Smith (1870– 1989). and his brother had used in London as vaudeville en- Bardinstein probably shortened his name on com.S.” implying one who earns his daily bread by his charge.” Eng. first husband. Bardd y Brenin: Edward Jones (1752–1824). Dave Barker: David Collins (c. a “the king of all the ballad singers” in southern Wales. Norah Baring: Norah Baker (1907–).S. when he left Russia for fictional identity to match her books. The appointment was an honorary one. Charles Barling see Pamela Barrington Bardd Gwagedd: Richard Williams (c. The speculator Shlomo Bardin: Shlomo Bardinstein (1898– adopted the name of the Barnato Brothers. but this is the character she 1888). place. short-story writer. 47 Bard • Barnato Eng. romantic novelist. Benedictine monk known as Ambrose. traveler.S. Br. Armiger Barclay. dramatist of the Della Cruscan school. U. Caradoc Evans. meaning “the cockles poet. Edward Barlow (1587–1641). archaeologist. movie actress. 1994]. trait. referring to an accident he had as a child. like that of Shakespeare. Booth took his new literally “vanity poet.B. or Adventures on the Disprezzo (English title A Ghost at Noon) by Alberto Mosquito Shore (1855).” British citizen. The poet won the chair at the 1910 name for a number of adventure thrillers published National Eisteddfod with his poem Yr Haf. Welsh poet. meaning “King’s Poet.” Local wags gave him the as whom she married Elfrida Haward in 1923. author.1805– Edward Barlow: Edward Booth (1639–1719). Hence his before World War II.-born Jewish educator. 1776). (English title Contempt). Her (male) writing name was Oliver Brigitte Bardot: Brigitte Bardot (1934–). Eng. rie. Eng. executed for Bardd Nantglyn: Robert Davies (1769–1835).” her name to become Captain Leslie Ivor Victor Y Bardd Crwst: Abel Jones (1829–1901). which he 1976). claiming her Palestine. Many sources give the actress’s original Samuel A.-born Br. Hence the name by which he became known.” and so came to be known as “poet of the Barney Barnato: Barnett Isaacs (1852–1897). adventuress. Hung.

posture had been harmless. Eng. Amanda Barrie: Shirley Anne Broadbent (1939–). U.S. The Pink Floyd founder took his actor. “He the name and title of Baron Korff. Odoardo Barri: Edward Slater (1844–1920). Michel Baron: Michel Boyron (1653–1729). by H. rock musician.S. impersonator. after a dummer Jacques Baroncelli: Jacques Baroncelli-Javon of the same name. music-hall comedienne. wasn’t easy. a year after the poem itself. But I thought that ever. Eng. of Peter Pan. Baron Korff: Harry Domela (1903–?). stage. Baron de Bookworms see Toby. all of the witnesses affirmed that Domela’s im.’ he befriended young aristocrats in military circles. The actress changed I. journalist. Eng. This name was used for a She adopted her regular stage name 11 years later. working in U. He soon sensed. of Ger. His first successful title Jimmy Barnes: James Swan (1956–). Laschever (1924–). theater director. parentage. cept for a one-word chapter heading ‘Amanda. whose Tropic of Cancer arrived in 1932 composer. Jewish/Hung. U. at random. publisher. The actress adopted her photographer. Alexander Baron: Alec Bernstein (1917–1999). Fr.. dramatist. Edith Barrett: Edith Williams (1906–1977). career as an actor when touring Ireland in the 1950s. Eng.S. Although from the literary agent of an author who signed him- born in England. Eng. the writer helm of Hohenzollern. that detectives were after him. Ray Barra: Raymond Martin Barallobre (1930–). long devotion to Gertrude Lawrence.” but which he eventually published whose original name was Beer. However. mother’s maiden name as her stage name. Sc. M. writer. David Baron: Harold Pinter (1930–2008). [Noel Coward’s] Private Lives. musician. Eng. who told me firmly.Barnaval • Barrie 48 Louis Barnaval: Charles De Kay (1848–1935). otherwise Jack Kahane. writer. Judith Barrett: Lucille Kelly (1914–2000). Fr. The artist made her music- Esdras Barnivelt.. and he was a second under the author’s real name two years later. produced by Freddie Carpenter. and fled to France would be too pretentious so picked Lynne instead. His great discovery was John Barnett: John Barnett (1802–1890). erally reckoned to be the author. writer. how. Baron: Baron de V. movie actress. Eng. U. cousin of the German composer Giacomo Meyerbeer. children’s writer. TV writer. (1688–1744).S. ‘You’ll never be taken sona of Prince Lieven of Latvia. Br. I picked Barrie with a pin from the phone They did not penetrate his impersonation. in dis. with the aim of joining the Foreign Legion. during which he lost his faher and brothers. and it opened at two pages that were blank ex- Billy Barr: Walter Shufflebottom (1897–?). key to Pope’s The Rape of the Lock (1714). working in France. it has also been at. L. her name on being accepted for a part in the revue Domela decided to enter society. Barnett was the son of a family self “Anonymous.S. movie director. playwright. as indeed she was in a restoration of the monarchy. Although the poet is gen. and he because there was already a Lynne Barrie listed. At his trial seven months asked a friend to choose a book for me and open it later. Arbuthnot (1667–1735)..’ I comedian. Wells. stage. he seriously in this business with a name like that. In this latter role. tributed to the Scottish physician and writer John U. Donald Barr: Charles Leslie Barrett (1879– whose original name was also Beer.P. and was pleased with my chance choice but instead decided that he was actually Prince Wil. postor. and . editor. Rona Barrett: Rona Burnstein (1934–). where in 1929 (1903–1998). father of Mau- Binnie Barnes: Gitelle Gertrude Maude Barnes rice Girodias. the Kaiser’s grandson. even so. Eng. and he was freed. movie actress. The dramatist adopted this name in his early gossip columnist.S. finding a new name decided there was more to him than met the eye. then the royal per.S. book. Kahane settled in Paris. he founded the Obelisk Press. ballet dancer. popular composer. Domela threw himself gleefully into the part. insisted that I change my name.M. TV actress.S. new first name from his nickname.. Nahum (1906–1956). poet. There Then [actors’ union] Equity turned that down the long arm of the law fell on his shoulder. movie. im. (1881–1951).G. novelist. U. as a teenager at a local jazz club. producer. Syd Barrett: Roger Keith Barrett (1946–2006). Eng. movie actress. U. U. published Richard Barr: Richard Baer (1917–1989).. He first assumed Five Past Eight. so I was jailed for imposture. Ida Barr: Maud Barlow (1882–1967). Austral. Barrie. The book was Rival Experiments. Ir. who always so that he was the heir to the throne in the event of wanted to be called Amanda. David Barnett: Barnett D. Ger. Henry Miller. by an author named Cecil Barr. rock was Daffodil (1931). 1959). I thought of Amanda because of my life- guise. Apothecary: Alexander Pope hall debut in 1897 under the name Maud Laverne. reckoned that was a message from Gertie.. because of its connection with J. Cecil Barr: Jack Kahane (1887–1939). Homeless and unemployed after World War Eng.

Eng. Barrington inherited the estate of Francis Barrington. politician. U. U. in a different way.S. Maurice Barrymore. Eng.e.S. E. TV actor. 49 Bari • Barrymore Amanda Barrie I became” [Amanda Barrie with Hi. stage actress. Blue Barron: Harry Friedland (1911–). pop Chris Barron: Christopher Barron Gross (1968–).” adopted this male name when registering for a [Marble. Mona Barrie: Mona Smith (1909–1964). where he reformed and wrote inter. movie actress. rock musician. Br. (1912–1978). Aus. Waldron ran away from name and male guise for a career in military medi- school at the age of 16 and joined a group of strolling cine. U. Welsh-born Br. movie actress.S. musician. 1870). p. U. heroine. changing his name to Barrington to encourage Joan Barry: Joan Tiarks. She was already named Wendy. detective novelist. Barrington also 1942)..S. movie actor.B. Eng. daughter of John Shute Barrington: John Shute (1678– John Barrymore (by his second wife. was current following his conviction: Eng. Br. movie actor. Barrington: Eliza Louisa Moresby Adams Don “Red” Barry: Donald Barry de Acosta Beck (?1862–1931). his pen name may have had some local significance. E. TV Louis Moresby as pseudonym because two of my personality. Blyth (1921–1960). Barbara Barrie: Barbara Ann Berman (1931–). esting accounts of his experiences. Pamela Barrington: Muriel Vere Mant Barling John Barrymore: John Sidney Blyth (1882– (1904–1986).B. players. The one was transported to Botany Bay. producer. U.S. movie music composer. stage. stage. U. was the goddaughter of J. U.’ I wanted the initials E. stage. Australia. Eng. Marguerite Jenkins Eng. Barrie. 2002]. 1826). U. Two namesakes of late. historical novelist. J. songwriter. movie actress. U. trombonist.S.S. (1915). Wendy Barrie: Marguerite Wendy Jenkins Charles Barry: Charles Bryson (1887–1963). George Barrington: George Waldron (1755– claiming a birth date of 1799.S. Can. movie actor. ling. musician. food writer. née Bell (1901–1989). He subsequently turned to crime. name of their father. Mott lived near Liverpool. Barrowcliffe: Albert Julius Mott (fl. Ir.S. medical officer. writer. author of Peter Christine Barry: Grace Underwood (1911– Pan (1904). The namesake was Shute Barrington (1734– Br. singer. She then retained the 1804). detective novelist. bishop of Durham. (1912–1980). A.M. Amanda Benham in Wells’s The Research Magnificent Desmond Barrit: Desmond Brown (1944–). Barrie: Barry Authors (1933–). Barrington. and as a Jocelyn Barry see Avon Curry persistent pickpocket was deported in 1790 to Botany Joe Barry: Joseph Barrios (1939–2004). A popular verse John Barry: Jonathan Barry Prendergast (1933–). movie actress. James Barry: Margaret Bulkley (c.J. blues singer. black fashion designer. Br. In 1710 the future Viscount Strange). stage. confusion with an existing actor named John Bar. The writer used the name Lily Gene Barry: Eugene Klass (1919–2009). father of actor John . Len Barry: Leonard Borrisoff (1942–). after the play’s young David Barry: Meurig Wyn Jones (1943–). romantic. The other translated to Durham. names — I have a good many — are Louisa Moresby.1790–1865). Eng. Barrow see Abbé Bossut tral. Eng. medical degree at Edinburgh University in 1809. Michael 1734). Margaret Bulkley cause two of my names are those initials —i. 1964).S. Michael Barry: (1) James Barry Jackson (1910–). Bay.S. working in Canada. actor. writer. society hostess. pop With spirit and zeal did bestir ’em. Adams Beck for books about oriental culture and also movie. singer. bandleader. be. “I chose Jack Barry: Jack Barasch (1918–1984). It’s Not a Rehearsal. Diana Barrymore: Diana Blanche Barrymore rington. “Lynne Barrie” may have actually been Lynn Rutland Barrington: George Rutland Barring- Bari.197]. Both Ethel Blyth terms of the will adopted the name and arms of the and her brothers John and Lionel Blyth adopted the bequeather. Eng. S.S. As to ‘E. rington. Wendy Darling. son of John Shute Bar. and she took her new name from him. TV actor. and according to the 1959). writer. U. (2) Michael John Bukht (1941–). Rev. Charles Bar- lary Bonner.J. movie actress. reformer. wrote under the male name Louis Moresby. and U.S. U. while Wells’s Amanda was probably really ton Fleet (1853–1922).1850– Scott Barrie: Nelson Clyde Barr (1941–1993). movie actress. Ethel Barrymore: Ethel Mae Blyth (1879– husband of his first cousin. working in U. Sc. adventurer. wrote under the name of her husband.

journalist.- Emma Drew (1856–1893).Barrymore • Basquette 50 Drew Barrymore (John Barrymore. and Lionel Barrymore.S. Freddie Bartholomew: Frederick Llewellyn Basil: Richard Ashe King (1839–1932). movie producer. mother. but the main Count Basie: William Basie (1904–1984). Pol. The Eng. The story usually told is that his agent renamed him Erle Barton see Neil Balfort after the U. Lina Basquette: Lena Baskette (1907–1994). 2002]. Hence his pen name. writer. that of the French Berlin. Begleiter (whose by such a tree where he liked to retreat from society. alluding to the simple hut Bartholomew’s hospital. U. But such a Richard Barton: Richard Bradshaigh (or Brad- link seems unlikely. sculptor. née Georgiana Sy Bartlett: Sacha Baraniev (1909–1978). Maurice painter. “Oh well. full adopted name was Sydney S. It. songwriter. azine. movie actress. “He acquired his new name from a Billy Barty: William John Bertanzetti (1924– married couple who decided to manage him. ther of Ethel. The writer used this name for con- timaeus was a blind beggar cured by Jesus (Mark 10). King took the name The actor was raised by an aunt. the royal family of Ganna (Hanna) Barvinok: Aleksandra Mikhay- the theatre. [Sunday Times. never heard of the Barrymores. when he adopted his new name. Jean Bart: Eugen Botez (1874–1933). 1999]. Ukr. September 15. Lionel Bart: Lionel Begleiter (1930–1999).S. The actress adopted the modified . writer’s original surname was Ricci. Russian barvinok is the periwinkle (the flowering Louis Barsac: Ernest James Oldmeadow (1867– plant Vinca minor or Vinca herbacea). writer. actor Lionel Barrymore. rock singer. word for the banana tree. sonal reference. Eng. herself the daughter of born U. where Maurice road siding on the edge of the Great Victoria Desert himself first appeared in 1874. ‘I thought. biographer. London. Millicent Bartholomew. ager in 1901 and served for a short time in home grandfather of movie actress Drew Blyth Barrymore waters before being obliged to transfer to the pay- (1975–). Ger. Deutschbaselitz. author. other jazz musicians. Br. writer. Matsuo Basho: Matsuo Munefusa (1644–1694). haiku poet. Russ. The Drew name came from the actor’s master branch because of poor eyesight. cleric.S. Jesuit. real name happens to be German for “musical ac. composer. He had 2000). 1949). The biblical Bar.S. Ritchie (1886–1967). Ir. I was on a bus going past Bart’s hospital when I in 1928. (1924–1992). London. tributions to La Vie Parisienne.-born companist”) changed his name by deed poll. Lionel Barrymore: Lionel Herbert Blyth Eva Bartok: Eva Martha Sjöke (1926–1998). working in U. screenwriter. U. U. “I was U. Barrymore adopted his stage name from an old play. Fra Bartolommeo: Bartolommeo di Pagolo del berlayne Hunter Blyth (1849–1905). who made unknown. any name’ll do”’” lovna Belozerskaya-Kulish (1828–1911). John. Basia: Basia Trzetrzelewska (1956–). Georg Baselitz: Hans-Georg Kern (1938–). movie actress. Fattorino (or Baccio della Porta) (1472–1517).S. Protestant clergyman. movie actor. The celebrity was white man. of which he was literary editor. Hung.S.S. The writer’s Irish-born actor John Drew (1827–1862). this to Ritchie by deed poll in 1941. and his surname was the name of the rail- their name on the American stage. and Ritchie’s use of the name presumably has a per.S.S. media profiles. Br. Jr. there was already a Michael Parker in show business. novelist. such as Duke Ellington. in South Australia where he was born to an Michael Barrymore: Michael Keiran Parker Aboriginal mother following her conception by a (1952–). actor. juvenile movie actor. Eng. indige- bill hanging in the Haymarket Theatre. Rom. U. Fr. It nous campaigner. The names of Barton’s parents are was in turn adopted by his three children. problem was that I got fed up with having to spell it black jazz musician. Desmond B. actress Georgie Barrymore. birthplace. TV entertainer. Eng. Maurice Barrymore: Herbert Arthur Cham.) (1932–2004). obliged to find another name early in his career as Buzz Barton: William Lamarr (1914–1980). The musician adopted his new Jap. Austral. Archie Barton: ? (1936–2008). stage.-born Br. Bartimeus: [Captain Sir] Lewis Anselmo Theodore Basil: Thomas Becon (1512–1567). writer of naval stories. fa. dwarf movie actor. called Big Lighter and Bagel Eater. Basie first called himself “Count” out. adopting a regal title of the type favored by got the idea” [Sunday Times. Bartlett. dramatist. Br. April 4. but he altered Ivan Baskoff: Henri Meilhac (1832–1897). the popular name of St. He joined the Royal Navy as a teen. Saxony. from his naval commander Jean Bart (1650–1702). O’Brien for his writings in Truth mag- and adopted her name. (1878–1954). painter. Many of the writer’s works have the sea as his training in East Berlin but in 1956 moved to West their setting. The poet’s pen name is the Japanese name from Bart’s. The avant-garde artist began writer. child movie actor. and has been refuted in informed shaw) (1601–1669). U. Br.

and Steven Bauer: Steven Echevarria (1956–). stage. elder brother of Jack L. this last for The English Governess (1960). Br. a reversal of “Bath Oliver. The artist’s name is a diminutive Kingsley Bass. painter. The playwright Florence Bates: Florence Rabe (1888–1954). singer. Oliver Bath: Hardinge Goulburn Giffard. Welsh stage actor. It. Can. for Maurice Baxter: [Sir] Joseph Compton Rickett some gospel and spiritual songs.S. George Owen Baxter see Max Brand Batata: Paulino Salgado Valdez (1929–2004).1515–1592). (1932–1998). lashes” or flutters her eyelids. Communist activist. stage. married five years later.S. Nikolay Baturin: Nikolay Nikolayevich Zamy- It. singer. Br. whom he The writer adopted his pen name from about 1925. James Barrie advised the actress early in her career U. U. Vladimir Bazarov: Vladimir Aleksandrovich and politician adopted his mother’s maiden name by Rudnev (1874–1939). Bat for Lashes: Natasha Khan (1979–). Giovanni Battista. northern Italy.-born Br. Gooch. McCall triot Ugo Foscolo (1778–1827). 51 Bass • Bazarov form of her name in 1927. Ralph Bass: Ralph Basso (1911–1997). The words were ‘chosen simply because also published as Harriet Marwood. hotelier.” Roger Bax see Andrew Garve Ugo Bassi: Giuseppe Bassi (1801–1849). illustra- Sam Warner. p. “The words ‘bat’ and ‘lashes’ cane Sylvia Bayer: John Glassco (1909–1981). Cuban-born U. cleric. movie actress. (1847–1919). Governess. The priest and preacher Br. The (1933–). Warner. adopted the name in turn. 2d Nora Bayes: Theodora Goldberg (1880–1928). Beryl Baxter: Beryl Gross. Francesco. It is uncertain to what extent the new surname is a Jane Bathori: Jeanne-Marie Berthier (1877– meaningful alteration of the original.33]. histo- town of Bassano. Its creator denies a movie actress. Hazel Baxter see Fenton Brockley Colombian drummer. sons. U. 1635). taking it from a character 1935 stage adaptation of Jane Austen’s novel Emma. Stephen Tring name seems to suggest a flirtatious girl who “bats her Nathalie Baye: Judith Mesnil (1945–). Gerolamo. poet. ody of Victorian pornography.S. R&B Battistello: Giovanni Battista Caracciolo (1578– producer.S. working in U. It. an interview. of Pakistani-Eng. Sene- anthology New Plays from the Black Theatre (1969). into Natasha Khan’s mind as she was working out the author. Deacon L. based on his initials. Lerandro.S. ‘It just sounds like the music. Ger. Earl of Halsbury.S. concert singer. and Miles Un- and Gold. black blues guitarist.S.P. The painter. painter. galese boxer. U. which literally black playwright. U. politician. movie actress. deed poll in 1946. a par- they sounded unusual together’” [Beech. Jr. philosopher. two years after marrying Batt: Oswald Barrett (1892–1945). short-story writer. Nigerian boxer. movie actress. Viscount Tiverton (1880–1943). His four painter rian. Russ. as writer William Baylebridge: Charles William Block- of the lyrics for the musical comedy Naughty Nancy sidge (1883–1942). tor. musician used this name.: Ed Bullins (1935–). Bullins adopted this pseudonym translates as “John the Baptist. publisher.J. “Hogan” from “Okon. Geoffrey Baxter see J. Eng. (1902). Austral. Beverly Bayne: Pearl von Name (1894–1982). (1910–1991). movie actor. movie actress. The singer had already The son of the three-times lord chancellor of England taken her stage name when appearing in 1898 at the adopted this name. Jack Bassett see Fenton Brockley Willy Bauer: Willy Benedikt Gegen-Bauer Hogan “Kid” Bassey: Okon Bassey Asuquo (1937–). publisher.’ she said in derwood. Oliver. Russ. comedienne.” Compare Baciccia. Br. Silas M. a gift for his fiancée Esme Wallace. in Booth Tarkington’s novel Seventeen (1916). The singer’s Valerie Baxter see A. writer. Fr. [Sir] Brian Batsford: Brian Caldwell Cook U.S. Jane Baxter: Feodora Kathleen Alice Forde Reg Batchelor see Mark Carrel (1909–1996). née Ivory (1926–). pop Rickett used this name for his poetry and fiction. industrialist. Br. poet.” a type Hyde and Behman vaudeville theater in Chicago. religious writer. meaningful origin. singer. Other names used by the writer include visual and audio concepts for her 2006 debut Fur Jean de Saint-Luc. economist. of biscuit or cookie invented by a Dr. Bates: Blind Lemon Jefferson Keith Baxter: Keith Stanley Baxter-Wright (1897–1929). parentage. Jacopo Bassano: Jacopo da Ponte (c. for the publication of We Righteous Bombers in the Battling Siki: Louis Phal (1897–1925). changed his first name in honor of the poet and pa. Fr. of the second word of his first name. 1970). singer. She from the character of Miss Bates that she played in a therefore chose a new name. The actress took her screen name that Feodora Forde was not a good stage name. The painter took his name from his birth atin (1877–1927). The socialist philosopher appears to have adopted .

are several villages of the name (meaning “beautiful Pierre Béarn: Louis-Gabriel Besnard (1902– marsh”) to be found in the north of France. Eng. humorous columnist. black blues musician. There humorous name for his act.1682–1706). née Tannenberg (1954–).S.S. (2) Denys James Beato Angelico see Fra Angelico Watkins-Pitchford (1905–1990). and chose this randomly small property in Brie owned by his first wife. just Eng. but 1665). 2004). actress. Shirley MacLaine. thing about BB is that he became a moderately suc. Hervé Bazin: Jean-Pierre-Marie Hervé-Bazin Beatmaster V: Victor Ray Wilson (1959–1996). Burroughs began Beaumarchais took his writing name from that of a his stage career as a magician. an Anglican sisterhood with a mission Bardot’s own initials are of course B. It. (2) John U. BB Remembered: The Life and Times of Denys ceived into the first order of the Society of the Most Watkins-Pitchford. Br.S.S. the size of lead shot he used for shooting wild geese Dona Béatrice: Kimpa Vita (c. The Sportsman’s Bedside Book (1937).” Bardot was in her early teens at the time. Beame was mayor of New part rendered. writer. (1911–1996). Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais: Orson Bean: Dallas Frederick Burroughs Pierre-Augustin Caron (1732–1799). Holy Trinity.S. where the family adopted their new name. to write under a pseudonym chosen not because it Sister Beatrice: Elizabeth Ann Rogers (1829– made him sound intriguing or mysterious but based 1921).S. A name that is the original family name. Strand. especially as his original Sansocie. Fr. pseudonyms. Mlle.B. the nihilist hero of Turgenev’s Allyce Beasley: Allyce Schiavelli. working in Spain. (1) Lewis Carroll. “BB” was first used in print for her appearance as a Josephine Beatty: Albert Hunter (1895–1984). movie. where he was born.” “The oddest Dona Béatrice founded the Antonian church in 1703. rock drummer. Hunter recorded over 50 initials have added point when it is remembered that songs in the 1920s under her own name and various in French they are pronounced the same as bébé. Beauchâteau: François Chastelet (fl.S. (BB is 0. Balthasar de Beaujoyeux: Baldassare di Belgio- a form of English beam. The name was name.. novelist. when she was re- Quinn. U. U. short-story writer. son of a Polish revolutionary who had fled Warsaw Beau Jocque: Andrus Espre (1952–1999).J. Thelwall took his pen Abraham D. U. part translated. made a similar passed down by (1) to (2) in 1924. in diameter). His mother stayed in London. he dropped this in favor of Dominic on being Douglas Beaufort: Douglas Broad (1864–1939). Eng. U. deriving it from novelist.B. His sister.1625– Lewis’s original first name was actually Llewelyn. formerly novel Fathers and Sons (1862). Fr. 1997). rendering the latter half of joso (?–1587). Br. Rogers on the size of lead shot he used to shoot geese” [Tom took her religious name in 1867. (1928–). when Morton suc. activist. before continuing to nickname. educator. U. actor. for New York. movie actor. He illustrated his own Congolese religious leader. black blues singer. The U. writer. TV name suggests the writer’s earlier novel Rudin (1856). columnists hunted out interesting news items. Beachcomber: (1) Dominic Bevan Wyndham Warren Beatty: Henry Warren Beaty (1937–). stage. Bellecour . U. miscellaneous writer. York City 1974–77. comedian. Beame was born the where he lived for a time. Beaty made a minor adjustment Cameron Andrieu Bingham Michael Morton (1893– to his real name by doubling a letter for his screen 1979). Beauménard see Mme. ceeded Lewis as columnist on the Daily Express. Eng. Lewis (1891–1969). religious. her sister’s name. as a beachcomber searches the shore for valuables. Eng. poet.18 in. Beame: Abraham David Birnbaum name from Beaufort Buildings. Fr. The zydeco artist adopted his gland. Other names were May Alix and Alberta Prime.B. writer on the George Beaton: Edward Fitzgerald (“Gerald”) countryside.. including this one. magician. movie actor.’ the reincarnation of the Portuguese St. humorous columnist. whose title pages invariably read “by ‘B. 2006]. Watkins-Pitchford first used the initialism for Beatrice: Anne Manning (1807–1879). Fr. Eng. poet. violinist. Illustrated by D. cover girl on the French magazine Elle in 1948. historian. meaning “big handsome guy. “V” for “Victor.Bazin • Beauménard 52 the name of Bazarov. London. She was burned at the stake as a heretic for preaching cessful writer despite the difficulties raised by deciding that Christ was of Congolese origin. Br. Brenan (1894–1987). stage actor. received into the Catholic Church in 1921. Declaring herself to be books. Watkins-Pitchford. John Beal: James Alexander Bliedung (1909– John Beaufort: John Thelwall (1764–1834). “baby. writer. The Philip Beauchamp: George Grote (1794–1871). (1906–2001). from Italian to French. and field in Hawaii.-born U.” America. politician.S. dramatist.” B. composer.S. Anthony. modification. En. (3) Brigitte Bardot. politician.

S. Can. name derives from Russian bedny. assumed the additional surname Denison by Kong movie actor. He was in fact related to the famous aboli- Walter Beckett see Martin Mills tionist Beecher clan through his maternal grand- Grania Beckford see Rosalind Erskine mother. 1889).1635–1709). Compare the name of Beauval: Jean Pitel (c. movie actress. Barrington the varieties of Life. 53 Beaumont • Beenie Man André Beaumont: Jean Conneau (1880–1937). née Raine Kenneth Bedford see Mark Carrel (1831–1912). A Lexicon Bal- son (1816–1905). Russ.-born U. U. Br.S. sculptor. popular singer. always liked the name Francis. He had Roger de Beauvoir: Eugène-Auguste-Roger de brought a poem entitled “Demyan Bedny. which he felt would be more on the death of his father. U. Donald Bedford: Henry James O’Brien Bed. “poor. Verdant Green (1853) attended the University 1944). (1844–1881). (1814–1852). Eng.” Beckett’s father.S. rock Auntie Bee: Bertha Henry Buxton. U.1816–1830). parent- Cuthbert Bede: [Rev. painter.S. The poet Janet Beecher: Janet Beecher Meysenburg adopted his father’s middle name as his new surname. movie actress. singer. Unangst (1904–1976). Fr. Averil Beaumont: Margaret Hunt.S. George of Durham. The artist adopted Widow Bedott: Frances Miriam Whitcher the name of his patron. which suggests Domenico Beccafumi: Domenico di Pace pridvorny.” reflecting Susan Beaumont: Susan Black (1936–). U. the Chase. A Dictionary pseudonym. K. St. Domínguez Bastida (1836–1870). Saunders had once Bonnie Bedelia: Bonnie Bedelia Culkin (1946–).–U.S. lawyer. Palmer had Bede. owned a house in the Sussex village of Beeding. actor. ciations of his real surname. the office they exclaimed “It’s Demyan Bedny!” De- Brazilian footballer. singer. The verted to his original surname of Beckett by the same future professor of research in anesthesia entered Har- process on succeeding to the baronetcy of Grimthorpe vard Medical School in 1928 but before leaving in 1872. A single saints of that city. (1868–1944). Demyan Bedny: Yefim Alekseyevich Pridvorov Charles Beaumont: Charles Leroy Nutt (1929– (1883–1945). Br. Beck: Beck David Hansen (1970–). Unangst. Lorenzo Beccafumi. Jon Bee: John Badcock (fl.S. also wrote as Martin Shaw and John Stanton.K. Badcock also used the name John Marris but legally changed her name to that of her Hinds. aviator. ragga musician. poet. Eng.S. when he followed the lat. ford-Jones (1887–1949). Buxton used this name for Christopher Beck: Thomas Charles Bridges her children’s books. Bridges Jimmie Bee: James O’Farrell (1934–1993). Br. the conditions of the peasants and working classes movie actress. Captain Beef heart see Captain Beef heart venile actor Macaulay Culkin (1980–). Beenie Man: Anthony Moses Davis (1973–). atronicum of the Sporting World (1823). The poet would also Gilbert Bécaud: François Gilbert Silly (1927– have certainly wished to avoid the aristocratic asso- 2001). Fr. the Ring. writer of stories for boys. Socialist poet. Hong 1874). Pridvorov’s pen 1967). who was a peasant. but re. humorist. (1884–1955). dancer. Beck: Kathrine Kristine Beck (1950–). Sp. Maxim Gorky. widely recognized and admired in Boston than ter’s example and dropped his second surname.1486–1551). Maria Kerley. writer. thriller writer + Hilary Aidan St. songwriter. and took his name from the two patron Saunders (1898–1951). architect. Cuthbert and the Venerable name for a two-man writing partnership. His best-known work was Slang. Eng. medical researcher. also Sir Edmund Beckett (1787– Kenny Bee: Zhang Chentau (1953–). His son in turn succeeded to the baronetcy adopted his new name. and Lily Adams Beck see E. U. Br. and when he next visited Bebeto: José Roberto Gama de Oliveira (1964–). before the 1917 Revolution. U.] Edward Bradley (1827– age. the pit of bon-ton. ful Peasant” to his editors. the Harm- Bully (1806–1866). thriller writer. pop musician. of his uncle.S. “of the court. The sportsman’s nickname myan (English Damian) was actually the first name evolved as a pet form of his second name. horologist. novelist. Jamaican DJ. SF writer. crime writer. whose maiden name was Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer: Gustavo Adolfo Beecher. It. historical adventures. Eng. Pridvorov. Fr.” (c. Br. writer of Fr. aunt of U. U. The author of The Adventures Francis Beeding: John Leslie Palmer (1885– of Mr. forming the completest Lexicon Bal- [Sir] Edmund Beckett: Edmund Beckett Deni. of Ger. atronicum is a “Babblers’ Dictionary. It was originally a nickname. The novelist was born Kathrine sporting writer.S. humorous writer. novelist.S. U. née Leupold musician. . of the Turf. ju. royal tetters patent in the year of his son’s birth under Henry Knowles Beecher: Henry Knowles the terms of his wife’s great-great aunt’s will.

while we did not declare ourselves old English name. and it appealed to us. Acton was a Ivan Petrovich Belkin: Aleksandr Sergeyevich name Anne Brontë would have known from her time Pushkin (1799–1837).S. Eng. & W. U. Belcampo: Herman P. Ellis is also a Yorkshire name. All three names preserved their bearers’ original of the Late Ivan Petrovich Belkin (1831). Russ. and Acton brother-in-law. Marjorie Bell see Marge Champion Carey Bell: Carey Bell Harrington (1936– Neil Bell see Stephen Southwold 2007). on a sack of fodder.” but the artists themselves did not care for thoresses are liable to be looked on with prejudice” this version. poet.S. Esq. we veiled James Pryde (1866–1941). they named themselves as “Cur. stage. Frances Richard- Belita: Belita Gladys Olive Lyne Jepson-Turner son Currer. Harriet (almost literally) in the beige sequined costume that Martineau.. 1985). Bell. Br. Fr. it began “Dear Madam. choreographer. 2000]. Eng. of It. however. movie actress. Ellis. hearty. Joseph Bell (1837–1911). in rock’n’roll singer. rer. Eng. The Brontës. equivalent of Dr. movie actress. movie actor. surgeon and professor who was Arthur Conan Doyle’s The Tales of Belkin.” was one of was originally published as by Currer Bell. journalist.” Currer is a Yorkshire surname and was familiar to the Aunt Belinda see Lady Caroline Lascelles Brontës as that of a local benefactor. writer. meaning “North Island. peared. Ger. elist. Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre (1847) This pen name. surname has been a matter of much speculation. Eng. [Charlotte Brontë. Br. Du. music critic. Ellis. some poems in 1846.” gives a brief account Ellis Bell: Emily Brontë (1818–1848). theater manager. blues harmonica player. the ambiguous choice being dictated by a sort of of name: “Pryde and I came across it one day in an conscientious scruple at assuming Christian names old stable. dancer.S. was soon penetrated. face. the Scottish fair hair.. Acton Bell. and Ball created her pseudonymous persona as a female that he “was of medium height.” that he “caught an extremely severe cold (1897–1987). Schönfeld Wichers (1902– Charlotte Brontë is said to have chosen the name Bell 1990). disposition and physical ap.” 1850]. physician. U. . Fr. literally “beautiful field.P. The writer. Maurice Béjart: Maurice-Jean Berger (1927– The choice of the respective first names and the 2007). p. so we women. sister of Currer Bell. his middle name. therefore writing to them as men. because—without at that time suspecting that adopted it immediately” [Chilvers 2004. enter. Paul Bell: Henry Fothergill Chorley (1808– Currer Bell: Charlotte Brontë (1816–1855). poet. translated by Gillon Aitken and model for Sherlock Holmes. and that several the underground poet and writer of fiction same year Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights also ap- adopted in the 1970s. Eng. Charlotte Brontë J. “From the Editor. year 1798. poster artist. Nicholson explains the duo’s choice Bell. of Ugandan-Sicilian parentage.Bega • Bell 54 Lou Bega: David Loubega (1975–). parentage. Pushkin as governess to a family at Thorp Green Hall.S. “Biographical Notice of Ellis & Bei Dao: Zhao Zhenkai (1949–). David Budgen. pearance of my late friend and neighbour. elist.” although “Currer he affects when on stage. near used the name for the supposed narrator of his Tales York. and in a pre. and died” in 1828. Rex Bell: George Francis Beldam (1905–1962). positively masculine. When adopted a pen name for his fiction that honored the the three daughters of Patrick Brontë first published Brontë sisters (see Currer Bell). occupations. Beggarstaff: [Sir] William Newzam later gave the following account of the assumption of Prior Nicholson (1872–1949). Marie Bell: Marie-Jeanne Bellon-Downey (1900– Acton Bell: Ann Brontë (1820–1849). and Acton Bell. detective novelist. and musician.” leading many people to U. Eng. which he remained throughout his service until the Josephine Bell: Doris Bell Ball. by profession a doctor. her father’s curate and her future husband. poster artist + these names: “Averse to personal publicity.–U. Their guise Lenny Beige: Stephen Furst (1968–). and was (1923–2005). because it was the middle name of Arthur Bell took for his pen name an Italian-style translation of Nicholls.” appeared on the envelope. After our mode of writing and thinking was not what is a time.” “A. writer. ice skater. people started referring to the “Beggarstaff called ‘feminine’—we had a vague impression that au- Brothers. née Collier year 1823. dancer. and when Charlotte tainer. dramatist. The comedian’s professional name is reflected Brontë received a letter from her contemporary.” that he “joined a chasseur regiment . pop think that the authors were three brothers. novelist. 1994]. 1872). Chin. nov. his our own names under those of Currer.64]. with the author given as Ellis Bell. initials [Juliet Barker. nov- of “the life. that of a local family of mill owners. sister of Acton Bell and Ellis Bell. Eng.” telling Frank Bell see Carolyn Keene how he was “born of honourable parentage in the Freddie Bell: Freddie Bello (1931–2008). It is a good. Doris which developed into a fever. and a straight nose” [Alexander Pushkin. and he had grey eyes. sister of Currer Bell. Chorley novelist. songwriter.

seeing it as Bori voy.S.- used her book to describe her own short-lived expe.) Professionally a research scientist. 15. 2009]. Anatoly Belov : Anatoly Antonovich Dubin Bendigo: William Thompson (1811–1880). Volgin (see Vladimir Ilyich Lenin). 1778). The actress left student. Belleroche: Raymond Poisson (c. 1890). married in 1977. The thor. jun. although it was clear the pseudonym came Lisa Ben: Edith Eyde (1921–). journalist. author + [Rev. imposed anonymity [The Sunday Times. Magnanti Shek Ben Ali: Mohari Alli (1912–1978). about a sur. 55 Bell • Bendigo Solomon Bell: William Joseph Sneling (1804– Albert Bels: Janis Cirulis (1938–). boxer. Dennis Benatar. The pseudonym home when she was 13 and took up with an itinerant Andrey Bely was thus proposed for him by his editor. ma- and adventure tales for children. Solovyov. Ger. a plant whose flower closes 2006). as Ben Ali Bey. Bellecour: Jean-Claude-Gilles Colson (1725– Richard Belvoir see Geoffrey Crayon. that of her first husband. Russ. dramatist. even though Russian bely means “white. November magician. It is not known when the actor adopted his new Bellerose: Pierre Le Messier (c. U. stage names for a magician.S. would only pun on the name. vian poet. strict order of seniority. Snelling adopted his writer.1630–1690). playwright. Fr. working in Yid- Fr. artist.S. music-hall performer. Benauly: Benjamin Vaughan Abbott (1830– bandleader. Jacob Ben-Ami: Yakov Shchirin (1890–1977). Madame Bellecour: Rose-Perrine le Roy de la When Bugayev wished to publish some poetry as a Corbinaye (1730–1799). Beaumé. whom she Can. which is Hebrew for “son of my people. Neil Giraldo since by then she was an established Louie Bellson: Luigi Paolino Alfredo Francesco artist. writer. N.] Lyman Abbott (1835–1922). The name is a corruption of .S. movie actress. comic actor called Beauménard. She eventually decided to un.1592–1670). in 1901. “Ben Ali” and “Ali Bey” are stock riences as a prostitute. (1856–1918). mother’s maiden name for several volumes of travel Belsaz: John C. The composite name consists of the first artist made her debut on the music-hall stage under syllables of each of the three brothers’ forenames. Fr. writer. who devised it simply for its euphony.S. U.S. (1880–1934). He also wrote as Eng. gay activist. literally “daytime beauty. Fr. surname. Ben Ali Bey: Max Auzinger (1839–1928). Thornton Bell see Neil Balfort Vizma Belš evica: Vizma Elsberga (1931–). Pol. gician. But Solovyov said that people Belle de Jour: Brooke Magnanti (1975–). (“Boris Blustery”). at sunset. magician. Eyde settled in Los Angeles in 1945. critic. Fr. U. She adopted his name M. novelist. had initially preferred the name “Boris Burevoy” came known by his name as Madame Bellecour. Russ. U. U. jazz drummer. in the name Signorina Ballantino.S. actress. writer. rock singer. Israeli politician. The identity of the author of The Intimate “Borya’s howl. Antonio Balassoni (1924–2009). prizefighter. from the 1967 French movie so titled. Russ. saying she had grown tired of her self. Adventures of a London Call Girl (2003) was long a Ben: Benjamin Vautier (1935–). comic actor. actor. showman. husband of Andrey Bely: Boris Nikolayevich Bugayev Madame Bellecour. born Br.” is a Yitzhak Ben-Aharon: Yitzhak Nussboim (1906– name for the convolvulus. dish. Pat Benatar: Patricia Andrzejewski (1953–). of It. Ind. mystery novelist. Belorussian-born U. parentage.” Bugayev nard.S. U. Bessie Bellwood: Elizabeth Ann Katherine Ma. his father objected. a new name for herself from the letters in “lesbian. Madge Bellamy: Margaret Philpott (1903– Lola Beltran: Maria Lucial Beltran Ruiz (1932– 1990). The singer’s professional name is Saul Bellow: Solomon Bellows (1915–2005). and calling and thus became known as Mlle.S. (1925–). U. mystery.” So Andrey Bely it was. Green (1866–1951). Marxist revolutionary.S. Lat- William Bell: William Yarborough (1939–). Can. Plekhanov born magician. Br. soul singer.. Later she married the actor Bellecour. ballet dancer. but she kept Dormont de Belloy: Pierre-Laurent Buirette the name following her second marriage in 1982 to (1727–1775). and be. U. symbolist poet.-born U. Belleville see Turlupin U. when she created geon’s wife who takes on afternoon work in a brothel. novel Who Is to Blame? (1841–46). 1996). Br. Beltov : Georgy Valentinovich Plekhanov Bellachini: Samuel Berlach (1828–1885). au- hony (1847–1896).” actor. Mexican popular singer. They soon divorced. adopted the name of the central character of Herzen’s George Bellairs: Harold Blundell (1902–1982).” (French belle-de-jour.S. Latvian 1848). mask herself. author + Austin Abbott (1831–1896). Fr. Ir.S. stage actor.

sumed his papal name in honor of Benedict XI. 1922). pope. Earl of Somerset (?1589–1645). It. [The Times. ballet dancer.” join his touring show. David Gruen of whom was the future celebrity. He added that to have taken the name John father’s hometown in Italy.-born Israeli composer. The Romance of Words. of his predecessor.1280–1342). The pontiff assumed the original name.S. ther appeared in the offing. pope.1841– antipope. of It.Bendo • Bennett 56 “Abednego. he was one of 1984). (Shadrach. Bob Paul III. triplets. poet. his companions used to where he came in 1906. Compare the name of Micah Bin Benedetta: Benedetta Cappa (1899–1977). when working as a farmer in northern Palestine. U. pope. nov- also shared. and Abed-Nego. 1930s that he found it difficult to get other good roles. Sp. as Ratzinger believed he night clubs. Peter Benedict see Ellis Peters ing his gods or worshiping his golden image. Sc. The former world-class athlete pope. One night in 1949. antipope. pope. But why Richard Benedict: Riccardo Benedetto (1916– Abednego? “According to one account. XIII.980–1024). conductor. movie actor. TV entertainer.1055). Fr. favorite of James I. It. It.. whose original name he Paul Benjamin: Paul Auster (1947–). he called himself Joe Bari. TV series producer. his uncle. Meshach and Abednego) who according TV actor. Eng. Paul Ben-Haim: Paul Frankenburger (1897– Benedict VIII: Theophylactus (or Teofilatto) 1984). U.S. (1675–1758). choreographer. (1900–1974). who had created him cardinal in 1728. Michael Bennett: Michael Bennett Di Figlia Ger. Benedict XI: Niccolò Boccasini (1240–1304). The (c. the independent Jewish state in ancient Palestine at Alexander Bendo: Robert Carr. who (1926–). acceptance speech in 2005 he explained that he Tony Bennett: Anthony Dominick Benedetto wished to inherit the mantle of Benedict XV. IX. painter. named Shadrach.S. U. specific reference is to Joseph ben Gurion. which means “green. When was a moderate after Pius X and who enjoyed only the singer began his career at age 19 in New York “a short reign” (1914–22). Eng. whom a jocular friend of the family nick. parentage. It. politi. The pontiff adopted the name of Sp. John Hope came into the club and engaged Bennett to Paul II..S.S. Benedict XVI: Joseph Alois Ratzinger (1927–). He explained: “I realized the name Herman Brix was Benedict XIII: (1) Pedro de Luna (c. after Ben-Gurion. novelist. when he was playing in the streets and his fa. popular singer.1080).S.. who Compton Bennett: Robert Compton-Bennett had also been a Dominican. stage. Benedict X: Giovanni Mincio (?–c. Gorion. David Ben-Gurion: David Gruen (1886–1973). Viscount the time of the revolt of the Jews against the Romans. soon cian. The rival theory adopted the ancient Hebrew name of Ben-Gurion is that. The pontiff chose his papal U. Benedict XIV: Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini Harve Bennett: Harvey Fischman (1930–). “There was one condition. working in France. It. Giovanni took the name of pope Benedict 1876). linked with the role of the ape-man Tarzan in the Benedict XII: Jacques Fournier (c.S. It. The name means “son of a warn him by crying ‘Bendy go!’ This theory lion” (or “son of strength”). to the Bible story were ordered to be cast into King Leopold Benedict see Morris Winchevsky Nebuchadnezzar’s burning fiery furnace for not serv. ‘Joe . movie actor. U. The pontiff had best. jazz musician. and assimilates well to disregards the assertion of the ‘oldest inhabitant’ that his former surname. Itzhak Ben-Zvi emigrated to Palestine in 1907. movie director. Benedict VIII. fashion illustrator. of part–Martiniquan parentage. Ger. the last Pol. after his might. Benedict adopted his new name when he became so closely (Benedetto).1328– associated with Tarzan. c. Georgi Benkowsky: Gavril Khlytev (c.” The the great man was never called Bendy” [Ernest Week. 2007]. Meschach.S. Bruce Bennett: Herman Brix (1906–2007). Rochester. writer.-born Israeli prime minister. Bruce Bennett was the name I came up with” joined the Dominican order at an early age. April 12. musician’s adopted name means “son of life. Boniface VIII. It. so I made up a list of seven 1423). When the newly-elected pope gave his (1943–1987). pope. U. revolutionary. 1922]. pope. head of ley. U. elist. (2) Pietro Francesco Vincenzo or eight names and asked people which they liked Maria Orsini (1649–1730).” one of the three “certain Jews” Dirk Benedict: Dirk Niewoehner (1944–). pope. It. Benedict XV: Giacomo della Chiesa (1854– Lou Bennett: Jean-Louis Benoit (1926–). and as.” Benedict IX: Theophylactus (or Teofilatto) (?– Benito: Eduardo García Benito (1892–1953). U. name as a tribute to his friend and patron Benedict Lennie Bennett: Michael Berry (1938–2009). Bulg. following his popular predecessor. would have been “presumptuous.

essayist. black popular singer. of Judah. 57 Benneweis • Berkeley Bari’ should change his name to something a little Jane Berbié: Jeanne Marie-Louise Bergougne classier. Cox also “son of a deer.” wrote as Francis Iles and A. She also wrote as 1988)... 1988). stage. called himself Ben K. stage.S. contract with Columbia Records” [The Times Mag.. as if this wasn’t Philip Berg: Feivel Gruberger (1929–). Intimate Biography. origin. soon after David Ben-Gurion. U. through Germanic berg. Bernard Berenson: Bernhard Valvrojenski Nelly Jane Benneweis: Annette Otto Benneweis..S. After immigrating to Boston in Jensen originally changed her name on taking up a 1875. Fr. Eng. stage. When Kubelsky first It. movie. Across the Rio Grande (1949). radio. (1847–1912). Lee-Hamilton. Steve Benson see Joe D’Amato E. Berger: Elizabeth Sara Sheppard (1830– Bent Fabric: Benjamin Fabricius Bjerre (1924–). feminist. a recording Tom Berenger: Thomas Moore (1949–).-born Israeli politician. The Ludwig Berger: Ludwig Bamberger (1892– initiator of the Great Dictionary of the Ancient and 1969). lyric poet. (1865–1959). would find me out” [Irving A. Newly reincarnated. The poet’s pseudonym is his Arcadian name appeared on stage under his own name. U. 1976]. Czech-born (see Aglauro Cidonia). Bennett soon got .S. taking short-story writer. circus artist. Henry Benrath: Albert Henry Rausch (1882– Polly Bergen: Nellie Paulina Burgin (1930–). U. music publisher. actor. Jack Benny: An Teresa Berganza: Teresa Vargas (1935–). Spanish varga means “hill. movie actor. movie actress. Sheppard Dan. U.S. of Viennese Jewish origin. of Swe. rower. Austr.S. movie actor. (1858–1922). Br. But this in turn was too Max Beresford: Annie E. Monmouth Platts. 1978). Elio Berhanyer: Eliseo Berenguer (1931–). novelist. née Jensen (1934–2009). Austral. ballet master. his new first name from Jack Osterman. Modern Hebrew Language has a name meaning “Son Elisabeth Bergner: Elisabeth Ettel (1897–1986). Eliezer Ben-Yehuda: Eliezer Yitzchak Perelman Austr. novelist. Sp. opera singer. radio.S. lights: “I got the strangest feelings .-born president (1952–63) emigrated to Palestine in 1907. Eulibio Berentiatico: Paolo Rolli (1687–1765). World War I he changed again to Jack Benny. 1949).S. of Pol. Br. U. azine. He accordingly (1899–1977). . Ger. so after Eliza Ann Holdsworth (1860–1917). more familiar form. U. TV singer. Russ. the Valvrojenskis changed their surname to career as a variety theater dancer. Fein. poet. to the promotion of the Hebrew language. stage. a popular Jack “Kid” Berg: Judah Bergman (1909–1991). 1945). 1862). Cz.-born Br. the actress black popular singer. Fr. writer. He found it odd at first to see his name in Br. first movie.S. Dan. Lithuanian-born U. novelist.” and doubt- Beno: Nikolay Konstantinovich Sheskin (?– less the singer chose a name that presented this in a 1942). U.S.S. For her Al Benson: Arthur Learner (1908–1978). Augustin Berger: Augustin Razesberger (1861– movie actor. Berenson (“son of Bernard”). ventriloquist. née close to the name of bandleader Ben Bernie.S. U. Ukr. Carl Benson: Charles Astor Bristed (1820– Veritas Leo Bergen: Irma von Troll-Vorostyani 1874). art historian. Ger. parentage. Hungarian concert violinist Jan Kubelik threatened Jack Beresford: Jack Beresford Wiszniewski to sue if he did not change his name. acrobat. movie actress.– me and I was an impostor and someday the audience born Jewish biblical scholar. Eng. Alain de Benoist: Fabrice Laroche (1943–).’ Hope proposed. Karla Benton see Fenton Brockley Helmut Berger: Helmut Steinberger (1944–). movie director. (1934–). working in U. Austr. His adopted name means (1893–1971). TV comedian. 1963). André Beranger: George André de Berganger Ballard Berkeley: Ballard Blascheck (1904– (1895–1973). Israel’s second Fred Berk: Fritz Berger (1911–1980). essayist. U. with whom he Anthony Berkeley: Anthony Berkeley Cox became closely associated. was billed as Polly Burgin. comic. of Jewish descent.S. TV actor. Jack Benny: Benjamin Kubelsky (1894–1974). Eng. published two volumes of tales and fables under this Brook Benton: Benjamin Franklin Peay (1931– name (French for “shepherd”). jazz pianist. Robby Benson: Robert Segal (1956–). Sp. working in Italy. circus ringmistress. December 14.” emphasizing his dedication to Judaism and Pol. ‘Let’s call you Tony Bennett. opera singer. Benny. Itzhak Ben-Zvi: Isaac Shimshelevich (1884– fashion designer. writer of detective fiction. dancer. Edgar Bergen: Edgar John Berggren (1903– journalist. movie actor. Kinkel and Beatrice Reynolds. boxer. 1996]. Mme. Lithuanian Jewish lexicographer. U.

TV. Fisher was born Mary Wilson by royal license in 1919.S. Fr. we’ll call you something else be- almost as much as Berks. and his family name was originally West. Baline. stage tragedienne. in whose opera Temistocle Victoria Bern: M. was born Gerald Hugh Tyrwhitt but added the name vorced their original spouses. a popular Broadway star at the turn of the Jeffrey Bernard: Jerry Joseph Bernard (1932– 20th century who toured with Berkeley’s parents as 1997).” The composer kept it that Carlo Bernari: Carlo Bernard (1909–1992). playwright. Bert Bernard: Herbert James Maxwell (1918– Sarah Bernhardt: Sarah-Marie-Henriette-Ro- 2004). born U.S. child movie actor. The first lent to a family named Barron who treated her kindly. Browning his first name at the age of eight. Dan. were Germans—and chamberpots were jerries. ethnic ring without reverting to Berkovitch. U. black jazz trombonist. Clyde Edric Barron Bernhardt: Clyde Edric [St. interior designer. (c.” “reddish. stage. concert singer. The actor took his first sheet music in 1907. famous for part of the Tim Frawley Repertory Company. adding ‘Off ’ to his surname to preserve the Just the One: The Wives and Times of Jeffrey Bernard. U.. movie director. Bernhardt added the name Barron when a name derives from the second part of her own Chris. after a French aunt. Fr. 12 he performed under his family name. however.S. Sp. way. Carl Bernhard: Andreas Nicolai de Saint-Aubin sounding initials in her writing. frey’s paternal grandfather. books on culinary subjects. U. the advice of a psychic. U.. It the adopted country of his Russian forebears” [The was changed to Bernard. Br. visionary. Ger. The artist’s nickname Antonia Bernasconi: Antonia Wagele (?1741– means “ginger. It. journalist. whether novels or (1798–1865). which he inherited from his uncle in 1918. his bohemian lifestyle. teased a lot at school in the war . Touch and Go (1939).-born U.’ and she chose Jeffrey” [Graham Lord. by Jef- Times. painter. he teamed up in a vaudeville act with a girl named Bernard-Lazare: Lazare Bernard (1865–1902). Fr. de. Pierre Bernac: Pierre Bertin (1899–1979). (1844–1879). Charles de Bernard: Charles-Bernard du Grail Bernhardt was born the illegitimate daughter of de la Villette (1805–1850). clown. invariably known by his ba- gether at Vevey..S. altering “Israel” to “Irving. ‘Well. 1976). Judith Van Hard. child because his grandmother in slavery had been tian name. eccentric Englishman. written while living to. of Fr. actor. U.” describing his hair. My scent. a Dutch courtesan who had settled . movie choreographer. circus artist. Switzerland. stage. songwriter.” which would have He changed the spelling of his surname in 1930 on been unacceptable. U.S. peasant girl.1440–1499)..” novelist.K. painter.Berkeley • Bernhardt 58 Busby Berkeley: William Berkeley Enos (1895– Eric Bernard: Bernard Ciocci (1943–1991). vaudeville comedian. Bernasconi (?1706–?1784). Ger. The two trisyllabic names hardly tripped Fr. director. his surname as “Berlin. of Russ. near Bern.] Bernadette: Marie-Bernarde Soubirous Barnhardt (1905–1986). Russ. because Jerries Eng. novelist. stage actor. Bernard’s mother was the opera singer Fedora [his father] Albert had abbreviated to assimilate in Roselli. playwright. Mary. she made her debut in 1762.S. Austr. when the printer misprinted stage name from a character that he created. In 1940 they ronial title. which he loathed mother said. hall impresario. chronicler. 1918). The novel.F. with -ette a diminutive suffix. both having di. Frances Kennedy but always used her masculine. begged his mother to change Helen Berkley see Henry C. Göran Bernhard: Göran Streijflert (1932–). half would have given “St. Berkeley adopted his new first name from Amy Jay Bernard see Colin Forbes Busby. Until Berlinger was Sam Bernard: Samuel Barnett (1863–1927). composer. novelist. antisemitist. writer + Dillwyn Parrish (1894–1941).S. Italian composer Andrea U. Lord Berners: [Sir] Gerald Hugh Tyrwhitt- The two friends used this name for a light-hearted Wilson (1883–1950). ?1803).. Fr. U. “Steven was chistened Leslie. Fisher (1908–1992). off the tongue. the son of Bernardon: Johann Josef Felix von Kurz (1717– a penniless itinerant synagogue cantor. writer. director. The saint’s singer. March 21.. sine Bernard (1844–1923).S. He recounts: “I got Steven Berkoff: Leslie Steven Berks (1937–). Russ. name. He switched to his middle ginning with J. The columnist. Kennedy. which 1992].S. published his 1783).” Bernardo: Boris Mikhaylovich Mukhnitsky (?– Irving Berlin: Israel Baline (1888–1989). journalist. but in 1920 Eng.S. Charles West. artist. opera singer. origin. Dan.-born name of her stepfather. The soprano adopted the Paul Bern: Paul Levy (1889–1932). a music- Milton Berle: Mendel Berlinger (1908–2002). returned to California and married. The writer was obliged to Bartolomé Bermejo: Bartolomé de Cárdenas change the spelling of his name under Fascism. vaudeville performer. 2009]. polemicist. Eng. movie comedian. so “Berlinger” became “Berle. musician.

Ivan Bersenev: Ivan Nikolayevich Pavlishchev Cameroonian novelist. François Béroalde de Verville: François Brouart Noel Bertram: [Rev.S. Newman used his Fr. Fr. 1765).She seems to have chosen a name that contrasted Dave Berry: David Holgate Grundy (1941–). jazz drummer. about the exploitation Louky Bersianik: Lucille Durand (1930–). went to Hollywood. ou Dictio. for his second novel. writer. Russ. The European Jewish descent. chil. Br. Léon Bernoux: Amélie Perronnet (c. Barillier (1868–1927). playwright. parentage. stage. first novel. Ernesto Bethancourt: Tomàs Ernesto in 1926 and his mother then married John McAlpin Bethancourt Passailaigue (1932–). adopted name is a diminutive of his first name. Household Words under this name. Eng. of part Eng. novelist. adopted the U. 1968). Georgian poet.S. “Dickens . and she adopted the policy of dren’s writer. her father’s friend. a version of Chuck Berry’s “Memphis Tennessee” and while the town of Berwick is in the extreme northeast. writer. or 1892–1985). producer. In 1951 Berti names of both. Jr. of the English literary forger Charles Bertram (1723– piler. Claude Berri: Claude Berel Langmann (1934– Mary Berwick: Adelaide Anne Procter (1825– 2009).1629). was children’ writer + Clifford Lewis (1912–).S. then adopted his regular pen name Can. The poet’s father committed suicide T. Helen Berry see Fenton Brockley Besht see Baal Shem Tov John Berry: Jack Szold (1917–1999). a law student. pop Charles Bertram: James Bassett (1853–1907). Br. U. of peasants.” “pitiless. writer contributed to Charles Dickens’s periodical Judith M. Fr. It. movie director. whose name passed to the boy. working in France. née Bauer (1903– . Eng. poet. nnaire abrégé de la religion chrétienne (1786). U. pen name for some spy novels. beginning with Scot- Jean Bertheloy: Berthe Roy de Clotte le land Yard Alibi (1938). The writers of animal anonymity because she did not wish to benefit by his books for cbildren based their joint name on the friendly partiality” [Dictionary of National Biogra- maiden name.S. on the Scottish border. producer.S. Germanic-style surname was devised to reflect the It. writer. Berrisford. p.] Joseph Noel Thomas (1556–c. her for having changed her name to Maureen Melrose L’Abbé Bernier: Paul-Henri Thiry. Eng. Fr. conditions he experienced and which were later en- John Berryman: John Allyn Smith. [Masi and Lancia. U. working (1889–1951). baron from sheer servility towards the allies. Her Marina Berti: Elena Maureen Bertolini (1924–). Fr. Don Betteridge: Bernard Newman (1897– Bertall: Charles Albert d’Arnoux (1820–1893). U. movie actor. Gabashvili (1750–1791). The artist used career as a miner in the Ukraine. and Édouard Bernard. Eng. 1972). The name he this name for his contributions to the Sunday Pictorial adopted means “merciless.S. of East 1864). illustrator. Ville cruelle (1954). bandleader. composer. Bert Berns: Bert Russell (1929–1967). daughter of Barry Cornwall. movie Besiki: Besarion (Vissarion) Zakharievich director. Mongo Beti: Alexandre Biyidi (1932–2001). novelist. “There were some who reproached (1891–1943).. of Mary Lewis’s mother. phy]. magician. free from her patriarchal lineage. The philosopher and encyclopedist used the Melrose that of an actress grandmother in England” name cynically for his Théologie portative. Biyidi used the name Ezra Boto for his rector. Berrisford: Mary Lewis (1921–). Le Pauvre Christ de Bomba The feminist writer assumed the Slavic name to break (1956). who sometimes called himself Charles Julius. movie actress. To them. novelist. Fr. her husband. Eng. travel writer. movie actress. Boston (1910–1966). Ma- d’Holbach (1723–1789). U. materialist. where she adopted the name Ben Bernie: Benjamin Woodruff Anzelevitz Maureen Melrose. writing in French. theatrical di. poet. Bettina: Bettina Ehrlich.S.1831–?). poet. A pseudonym based on the setter’s real name. U. political writer. Bassett probably adopted the name BeRo: Barry Rose (1941–). librettist. movie actor. sports cartoonist. writer of ghost stories. Fr. Berry found success in 1963 with Cornwall is in the extreme southwest of England. Pavel Besposhchadny: Pavel Grigoryevich Berryman: Royden Herbert Frederick Ullyett Ivanov (1895–1968).” describing the until 1953. geographically to that of her father. poet. The poet’s Jules Berry: Jules Paufichet (1883–1951).150]. Holbach Francesca Bertini: Elena Seracini Vitiello (1888 also wrote as Nicolas Boulanger and Jean Mirabaud. atheist rina explained that Maureen was her real name and writer. The poet began his (1914–2001). The county of Eng. pop musician. Vic Berton: Victor Cohen (1896–1951). poet.. Eng. crossword com. in France. (1914– dured by the miners that he wrote about. Russ. Berryman. 59 Bernie • Bettina in Paris. musician’s name in his honor.

The name adopted by the poet means literally adding the common first name Isaac. children’s book illustrator. early 30s. cuddlier “Big Daddy” [TV Times Magazine. 1982]. Walsh.” almanac-maker John Partridge. cleric. Ir.. Austr. Isaac Bickerstaff: (1) Jonathan Swift (1667– Ali Bey see Ali Bey 1745). The name itself was said to in central Italy. became his formal disciple in 1932. After the well-known Irish dramatist. became familiar as the nickname of the U. Subramania C. writer changed his name in 1908 to Bharatidasan. In. 1884).” It was then that he met and married his wife Ernesto Bianco: Oscar Ernesto Pelicori (1923– Eunice. satirist. The wrestler began his career Adoor Bhasi: K. mania C. Opera in Dublin and in the 1950s was given the name Abhay Chara. Bhaktivedanta: Abhay Charan De (1896– bretto [of Thomas and Sally] is the earliest work by 1977). Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati earlier been used as a pseudonym both by Sir Richard Thakura. poet. jamin West (1730–1813). The Blond Adonis. movie actor. Fr. black blues musician. Austr. naravinda Bhaktivedanta Swami. John Bickerdyke: Charles Henry Cook (1858– Clem Bevans: Clement Blevins (1879–1963). essayist. The ecclesiastic came to be known softer.S.” in honor of his mentor.C. him. as she knew he had a gentle side. he was wrestling as “The Battling Guards- dian ballet dancer. Eng.” He also wrote as Ratibor Irish playwright Isaac Bickerstaffe (1733–after 1808).-born U. origin. movie scenarist. writer. (1930– name of India.S. music-hall musician. movie actor.” as well as Ind.. (3) Ben- tavy (1920–). Br.S. Ind. come from Big Daddy in Tennessee Williams’s play Marthe-Lucile Bibesco: Lucile Decaux (1888– Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1955). 1964). Sp. novelist. rock singer. Cz. More recently the name 1973). in 1922. tress. playwright. Swift so the name could hardly have derived from Ind. “end of the Veda. dramatist. beginning his career as a chemist. Steele (1672–1729).” being the system of Hindu philosophy founded on Bigas Luna: José Juan Bigas Luna (1946–). Eng.. “disciple of Bharati. man. the ancient holy books of the Hindus. Argentinian stage actor. simply “Mr. The actor’s new name represents the used the name for a pamphlet of 1708 attacking the Turkish word for “prince. Steele used it for John Beynon see John Wyndham launching The Tatler the following year. Ind. Universe. U.S. writer on angling. Le Bibliophile Jacob: Paul Lacroix (1806– writer. with a final “e. Indian spiritual leader. writer. heavy- . his “bad guy” image. U. the Hindi Big Bopper: Jiles Perry Richardson. movie director. movie comedian.S.S. novelist. Austral. Bhaskaran Nair (1929–1990). translator. teacher. the founder of the That his name — Isaac Bickerstaffe — was assumed International Society for Krishna Consciousness met cannot be entirely outruled. adopted surname derives from Bharat. writer. Swift Cz. black pop singer. Belg. In 1975 “The Battling Guardsman” thus became the cardinal. mathematician.S. Jr. bibliographer.-born Br. sents the sound of the tuned bells he played. movie actor. writer. translator. There was an “without responsibility. West Beyoncé: Beyoncé Giselle Knowles (1981–). movie ac. working in U. 1891). poet. Fr. blues musician. and he is said to have taken it from a smith’s sign.S. The artist’s name repre- Isla Bevan: Isla Buckley (1910–). heavyweight wrestler. for the same name had his spiritual master. Swift was thus the first to use the name.J. and she suggested a new name to improve 1977). the Veda. 1973]. cataloger. Bibbiena: Bernardo Dovizi (1470–1520). of Turk. 1705–1797. It. movie actor. The musician so Bharatidasan: Kanaka Subburathnam (1891– nicknamed himself for his ample size.. writer.” but he lived after both Steele and Master Bhagwan: Bhagwan Abhaji Palav (1913–).-born Br. The Big Boy Henry: Richard Henry (1921–2004). parentage. Big Daddy: Shirley Crabtree (1930–1997). near Arezzo October 16–22. adopted it for a series of almanacs published in 1768 U. The scholar’s honorary votion.” the latter name translates as “ocean of knowledge. Bi-Bo-Bi: Émile Descheemaeker (?–1928). Bibbiena. of Rom. Subra. songwriter. in Boston.” and Vedanta. The Tamil poet’s 2002).” from Hindi bhakti. Petr BezruV: Vladimír Vaš ek (1867–1958). 1933). 1959).S. Bharati: Subramania C. But possibly he adopted it from them? “The li- A. U. as “Shirley Crabtree.S.-born U. (2) [Sir] Richard Turhan Bey: Turhan Gilbert Selahattin Sahul. Iyer Big Bad Smitty: John Henry Smith (1941– (1882–1921). U.” By the time he was in his Bhaskar: Bhaskar Roy Chowdhury (1930–). Isaac Bickerstaffe.S. Ind. Billy Bevan: William Bevan Harris (1887–1957). Suk. by the name of his birthplace. Ir. U.Bevan • Big Daddy 60 1985). “de. His name means Biddeshagor: Ishshorchondro Shorma (1820– “devotion to the Vedanta. director. Steele and Dean Swift” [T. working in U. Bharati.

publication of Big Joe: Joseph Spalding (c. then Prince. Peter Billingsley: Peter Michaelson (1972–). editor. black rapper. The blues absurd spellings. teaming with Bom.S. lems. satirist. of The Biglow Papers. English speakers have long had problems with Big Daddy Kane: Antonio M. dramatist. and Bom always musician was originally known as Big Moon Dog be. a single Bim in the person of Ivan Radunsky. of Puerto Rican descent. a Pole Big Twist: Larry Nolan (1937–1990). the boxer Joe Louis. a name that presumably im- satirical verses in Yankee dialect published in the plies “joke business. ager he was called “Kid” but was not known as “Billy Big Maybelle: Mabel Louise Smith (c. Stanevsky. lively and highly literate (they jazz clarinetist.I.1920– the Kid” until the final months of his life. like “bing-bang” or “boom-boom”).K. Ja. ond Bom presented a different image. was fore adopting the stage name Big Pun. (The name is meaningless. itself referring to his weight prob. fender. western outlaw. Indiana. juvenile movie actor (1817–1859). but suggests something Big Time Sarah: Sarah Streeter (1953–). humorist. Russian names. tragic death by drowning of Cortesi in 1897. in Napoleon.S. jazz singer.” mid–1840s. Eng. The self-styled “black gentleman USA. dressing not . Hiz Sayings. U. black blues.S. “First there for an early column that he wrote for the Chicago De- was Madonna. U. Josh Billings. In 1873 McCarty’s mother mar- Gold Region (1849). Big Maceo: Major Meriweather (1905–1953). or.S. clowns who first performed under the name in 1891. and he initially wrote for name for the purported author. and when Belotserkovsky was in the U. hamburger junkie. Biggins: Christopher Biggins (1948–). a Czech (or another Pole) by the name of Jamaican pop singer. 2009]. U. two series of settling on Josh Billings. Henry Antrim. russianized Italian named Cortesi. Cantell A. Adventures in the U.S. black rapper. Americans gave up on his surname and called vampire” cliamed that his new name was an acronym him by its first syllable. whereupon he became to a land of gold. and surrealistic and gospel artist presumably patterned himself on statements.” The writer liked for “King Asiatic Nobody’s Equal.” Shaw’s first comic Hosea Biglow: James Russell Lowell (1819– lecture. The was always accompanied by Bom.S. Motley adopted this name fessionally known by his surname alone. both Acker Bilk: Bernard Stanley Bilk (1929–). The team of Bim-Bom. first book.” this. 1972). amusing and acrobatic. rapper.1955–). name as author of Aurifodina. The musician was born in Somerset. Bim 2000). was delivered under 1891). which incorporate a fine display of maican blues musician.S. The Bilitis see Pierre Louÿs duo began as an eccentric but versatile couple. tury Illustrated Monthly Magazine from 1884 to 1888. Bim: Ivan Semyonovich Radunsky (1872– Big Punisher: Christopher Carlos Rios (1971– 1955). U. Wilczak. The name is not as crackpot as most of Big Joe Louis: Alasdair Blaazer (1961–). in fact. but there were no less than four Boms: a blues musician.G. gins is joining the list of celebrities whose global fame Josh Billings: Henry Wheeler Shaw (1818– requires them to be known by a single name” [The 1885). He wrote standard English as Uncle Esek. Russ. the sec- Vladimir Bill-Belotserkovsky: Vladimir Nau. Shaw’s writings.S. mus Ward).S.F. Shaw used the name for his Times. Br.S. Bonney. U.S. 61 Big Daddy Kane • Bim weight boxer Riddick  Bowe (1967–). the actor decided to be pro. Later. circus clown. DJ. Far into his career. writer. humorist. “Esek” being a form of “Isaac. After the form of address that he adopted as his first name. thus unwit- Biggie Smalls see Notorious B. 1965). Russ. Peck adopted this Billy the Kid: Henry McCarty (1859–1881). spoke “proper” Russian.S. Bigly: George Washington Peck U. a young New Poughkeepsian newspapers as Si Sledlength before England farmer. U. and added it to his existing name. reputedly a movich Belotserkovsky (1884–1970). TV Bud Billiken: Willard Francis Motley (1909– actor. tingly exaggerating the problem. for reasons that are obscure. black novelist. as “Bill. U. a fellow Pole called Big Youth: Manley Augustus Buchanan (1949–).” a local friendly Russian affected by a number of clowns). grotesque grammar. As a teen- U. and finally a Russian named Kamsky. Jamaican which was arranged in 1865 by C. blues singer. U. Lowell used the the name Mordecai David. black by origin. a short form a single interdependent entity: a pair of Russian of Big Punishment. as distinct from the broken where he was nicknamed “Acker. poet. Hardy (1969–). a fictional account of a journey ried William Henry Antrim. Now Christopher Big.S. He died young of a heart attack. There was always black blues singer. and his “Uncle Esek’s Wisdom” column ran in Cen- Big L: Lamont Coleman (1974–1999). Browne (see Arte- reggae musician. went with Bim. he adopted the name William H. July 28. U. working in U.

2000). Din-Don. of Central Euro- writer’s adopted name is of the same origin as that of pean Jewish parentage. that city. George Bizet: George Tulloch Bisset-Smith Austr. The name was presum. Tala Birell: Natalie Bierle (1908–1959). then signed for Warner Bros. of his roadie. satirical magazine editor. dramatic critic.S. Jacqueline Brown. and his birth year 1881. The native Hawaiian high (V. 1980 novel Amazons. (Some Zoubida Bittari: Louise Ali-Rachedi (1937–). Dumyat (Damietta). chiefess was originally known by the single name Rim-Rom. suggested by the author’s original surname.” nas simultaneously.A.) Bim finally teamed up with Kam. recorded on his birth Cleo Birdwell: Don DeLillo (1936–). Bing Xin: Hsieh Wan-Ying (1900–1999). poems. suggesting his original name. sources give this as Barradale-Smith. writer of stories for boys. while sician. sociologist. The writer was born in Wells in 1931. Chin. movie actress. U. Richard Bird: William Barradell-Smith (1885–?). American businessman. nov. movie actress.. in 1850. (female) writer of sentimental stories. Latvian writer. A more common spelling 1925. where he was rec- tive Poland. although elist. Bitzer changed his published in Punch from 1910 to 1941. meaning “the fire is out. translates as “grove. Mayo. movie comedian. ingham” not because he had some connection with In the early 20th century the two toured Europe. U.” Stacey Bishop: George Antheil (1900–1957). The actor adopted the name David Ben-Gurion.] James Owen town. playwright. pop musician. Pauahi. Jewish writer. and Bim followed suit. Stacey can be either Eng. sky in World War II. Sidelnikov and M. Bernice Pauahi Bishop: Pauahi (1831–1884). and in partnering Wilczak now con.” 1923 as a child star under her original name of Bint ash-Shatt: Aisha Abd ar-Rahman (1916–). James Hannay chose the pen name “Birm- played down the acrobatics in favor of verbal satire.S. but simply because it was (and still is) a After the Revolution. academic. two German baptismal names. Rashkovsky and I. Ir. U. He returned in tor in the town of Westport. Arabic for “daughter of Heroes of the West she was billed as Diane Duval. painter. a man’s or a woman’s name. illustrator. The writer used this name for his he was always known professionally as G. (1863–1922).B. in 1941. novelist. The actress began her career in writer’s adopted name means “pure in heart. (The Miervaldis Birze: Miervaldis Berzins (1921– third Bom was an accomplished if unorthodox mu. (1940–). Stanevsky emigrated to his na. novelist.I. as Walter. the beach. The U. and the writer does not Billie Bird: Bird Bernice Sellen (1908–2002). Russ.” as a teller of tales sician added his Yugoslav name in 1975 and subse- (“A dicky bird told me”). of the Irish surname is Bermingham. Vorontsov). She changed this to Jacqueline Egyptian writer.” wearing evening dress.” whom she stayed as a teenager.) Arthur Bitter: Samuel Haberstich (1821–1872). an old port at the mouth of the who renamed her Julie Bishop.1956–). writer.S. number of Bim-Bom imitators. author of light and buttonhole chrysanthemum. fairly common name in Co. William Birchley: John Austin (1613–1669). Stephen Bishop-Kovacevich: Stephen Bishop Sc. philanthropist. Birmingham: [Rev. Bishi: Bishnupriya Bhattacharya (1983–). Yeats used this name for his cartoons 1944). Br. One of his specialties was playing two concerti.S. The mu- ably meant to evoke “dicky bird. working in U. The early 1920s produced a DJ. The writer’s new name.S. to George William. U.Binet • Bizet 62 as a conventional clown but as a chic “man about George A. opera composer. Jamaican Bernice by the American missionary couple with reggae musician. U.A.67]. working in France. Ger. The younger brother of Billy Bitzer: Johann Gottlieb Bitzer (1872– the poet W. Micah Joseph Bin Gorion: Micah Joseph Joey Bishop: Joseph Abraham Gottlieb (1918– Berdichevsky (1865–1921). writer. notably Bib-Bob (G.S. and later adopted a her surname on marrying Charles Reed Bishop. of Bengali parentage.S. Hence her pen name. maternal aunt. Sc. but also Viys-Vays U. The 2007). Lamont began his career as “Bunny. complete with top hat Hannay (1865–1950).S. religious writer. his first name Algerian novelist. Julie Bishop: Jacqueline Wells Brown (1914–). The name . She finally received working with Bongo Herman. of Yugoslav descent. the latter as a pet form of William. TV. record as John William. For the 1932 serial Nile. however. vaudeville entertainer. who had been badly burned by a gun- Fr. Glenn Bishop. Fis-Dis and the like [Shneyer. movie cameraman. W. writer. The pair now novels.-born Br. Ir. pianist. powder explosion as a child.” given to honor her Satané Binet: Francisque Sarcey (1828–1899). choosing it. an new first name that matched the other’s. Solomenko). She was then named Bingi Bunny: Eric Lamont (c.S. centrated on the musical aspect of his turns. Bird: Jack Butler Yeats (1871–1957). p. The name itself was perhaps quently came to be known by it alone. Pol. seem to have been seeking any special ambiguity in U.L. or Billy.W.

Thomp. rock musician. blues novelist. rock musician. Ir. U. U. Dinna Bjørn: Dinna Bjørn Larsen (1947–). rock latter’s first name was subsequently altered from Jew- singer. Harry Blackstone: Harry Boughton (1885– Ivory Black: Thomas Allibone Janvier (1849– 1965). Black when the boy was barely a year old. was stated Don Black: Donald Blackstone (1938–). architect. U. Quick. beginning with Christine Falls Black Ace: Babe Karo Lemon Turner (1905– (2006). while for others he was An- actress. Pete Bouton 2008). nonfiction writer. oomph” [The Times. had a Thomas Blacklow: Thomas White (1593– misprint. journalist. movie actress. to be “authore T. He then appeared under a succession Mothers of Invention. Fr. Luckily Black Francis: Charles Michael Kitteridge the kids called me Cilla at school. this last being the Latin name Thompson IV (1965–). . Benjamin Black: John Banville (1945–). “Black-” clearly opposes his original name. (1943–).S. of detective novels. poet. his Cheyenne mother. E. novelist. Laura Black see Rosalind Erskine Brynjolf Bjarme: Henrik Ibsen (1828–1906). He adopted macott (1787–1868). 1972). Br. in 1986. Eng. Something with a little more calypso singer. Boles (fl. Eng.S. Mary Plowden. novelist. and put it into my contract. songwriter. [Sir] Misha Black: Moisey Cherny (1910–1977). The Black bit came Thompson IV (1965–). Cilla Black: Priscilla Maria Veronica White Black Bart: Charles E. landic pop singer. Porter Newton. went spare [was furious] because he didn’t think any while “-low” may come from the maiden name of his of his mates down at the docks would believe I was mother. Sonny Black: Bob Boazman (1946–). Beaumont the Great. writer. U. February 17. My dad in 1617. 2001]. The U. popular singer.S. TV to his English surname. U. known as Big Priscilla whereas I was Little Priscilla. choreographer. of his native county of Essex. Trinidad more straight ahead. Eng. magician. U. industrial designer. Eng. though. journalist. is remembered for his repeated Harry Careejo. Ir. Owens Blackburne: Elizabeth Owens Black- I lived in a very tough area [in Liverpool] and to have burne Casey (1848–1894). and the Black: Colin Vearncombe (1951–). Mr. Massachusetts. son first called himself Black Francis on founding the Bernard Blackmantle: Charles Molloy West- Pixies in Boston. p. when a local paper. Lionel Black: Dudley Barker (1910–1980). parentage.S. The au- the present form of the name for his first solo album thor also wrote as Abel Funnefello. Br. dramatist. The architect’s father translated his Russian name to Dan. Norw. Eng. stagecoach robber. whose skin color came from of names: Martin. (1993): “I wanted something a bit more basic. I’m Bizet Jimmy Carl Black and I’m the Indian of the group!” Georges Bizet: Alexandre-César-Léopold Bizet Karen Black: Karen Blanche Ziegler (1942–). glus. The drummer with the (1888–1968). Fredrik the Great. Ibsen used this name early in novelist. Anglo ex Albiis East-Saxonum” (“by lyricist. ballet dancer. philosopher.S. Anglus of the Whites of the [kingdom Frank Black: Charles Michael Kitteridge of the] East Saxons”). were published under the name Albius. composer. published in 1660. Sc. Some of his Latin works his daughter” [Sachs and Morgan II. of Russ. a posh name like that was very embarrassing. Br.S.S. C. black that properly means “white”). ish Moisey (Moses) to Russian Misha (Michael). rock musician. The Great Stanley. One such work. 63 Bizet • Blackstone presumably puns on that of the composer Georges Only in it for the Money: “Hi boys and girls.S. Ice. The illusionist altered his orig- 1913). movie actress. called The Mersey Beat.26]. hip-hop musician. U. Francisco.S.1875–1888). corresponding Denise Black: Denise Nixon (1958–). black blues musician. Br. his career. They knew my surname was a colour and 1676). TV presenter. the author T. (1838–1875). inal surname to Bouton in 1910 when performing a Jimmy Carl Black: James Carl Inkanish (1938– double comedy act with his brother. “Black” from “Blanche” (a name Biz Markie: Marcel Hall (1964–). Mansell Black see Elleston Trevor Björk: Björk Guð mundsdóttir (1965–). The writer adopted his pen name for a series musician. thriller writer. Charity Blackstock see Paula Allardyce Gavin Black: Oswald Morris Wynd (1913– Lee Blackstock see Paula Allardyce 1998). My manager Brian Epstein quite ordained a Roman Catholic priest under this name liked it. The controversial writer was guessed wrong. LeRoy satirical one-liner on the band’s 1968 album We’re Boughton. U. A little Black Stalin: Leroy Calliste (1941–). The highwayman took the singer explains how she came by her name: “My name “Black Bart” from a character in a story he had mum’s name is Priscilla as well and she was always read.

writer. child movie actor. variously: either it was his grandmother’s maiden burlesque performer. Ukr. with The Black Tarantula: Kathy Acker (1944– her adventures published in a series of novels written 1997). (RADA). Br. Du. New Jersey. or it came from the Blackstone Hotel. (1934–1997). The actress is said to have U. The first part of TV actress. Hal Blaine: Harold Simon Belsky (1929–). and volunteered for the Royal Navy.S. movie actress. 2009). U. The erotic dancer and comedian name. voice artist. U. movie actress. April 17. Br.1931–). stage. U.S. Blake Jan Blaine see Jane Langford adopted his new name in World War II when he es- Vivian Blaine: Vivienne Stapleton (1921–1995). brother of Joyce Blair. Blackwell: Richard Sylvan Selzer (1922– Bobby Blake: Michael James Vijencio Gubitosi 2008). 1996].S. Blair adopted this female name at the suggestion of U. Anna Blaman: Johanna Petronella Vrugt (1905– U. dancer.-Russ. until 1942.S. She became active in politics.K. Blair retained her maiden name. (As a lawyer. Acker used by her creator. Janet Blair: Martha Janet Lafferty (1921–2007). Egyptian Jewish (naturalized Br.- drummer.) The first novel written Eng. novelist. Blackstone’s first wife. claimed the third of these was correct. (She was born David Blair: David Butterfield (1932–1976). by the Black Tarantula (1975). his publishers for his romantic novels. who mistook her for Cherie Blair. double agent.S. The actress’s original surname was Blair the writer’s name. David Blair see Abbé Bossut to be abandoned because of anti–German sentiment. of Pol.S. movie. ballet dancer. prefixed to a form of his original Hill.S. U. and told me I Blackstone cigars. The Childlike Life Amanda Blake: Beverly Louise Neill (1929– of the Black Tarantula. Ohio [Sunday Times Magazine. movie actress. 1960). movie actor. jazz musician. stage actress.S. entertainer. The member of the Scrapper Blackwell: Frankie Black (1903–1962). the was like: “Yeah. means “blue. Inez looked like the cartoon character Modesty Blaise. U. (1933–). and 1978). taking it from his son. punk rock musician. Emma Blair: Iain Blair (1942–). more like!”’” billboard in question being in Wapakoneta. short-story writer. Pierre Blanchar: Pierre Blanchard (1892–1963). Can.S. Du. Immodesty Blaize. Nicholas. She dropped the “Hill” the “red” socialist stance taken by many of his contem- when she left the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art poraries at the time of the Russian Revolution (1917). or he took it from a billboard advertising peared at my door to fix the boiler. singer. Russ. Captain Wilton Blake see Morton Pike U. traitor. March 22. (1894–1925). Standard in 1963 as a sort of female James Bond. sure.) parentage. Joyce Blair: Joyce Sheridan Taylor. wife of former Ir. Br.S. “Our Gang” series performed as Mickey Gubitosi U.1961). Pennsylvania. this pseudonym for her first novel. toonist. Peter O’Donnell. Jew. “Hill” having been added to the Scottish family surname. (“Fredrik” had Rev. on one occasion was invited to Thailand by an official Nicholas Blake: Cecil Day-Lewis (1904–1972).-born Br. née Ogus Neltje Blanchan: Nellie Blanchan Doubleday.) Anne Blaisdell see Dell Shannon The magician explained the source of his final name Immodesty Blaize: Kelly Fletcher (1977–).S. U. Matty Blag: Matthew Roberts (1964–2000). TV actress. Mr. prime minister Tony Blair. Kathleen Blake Squires. since “Blair Hill seemed a mouthful” [per. jects. adopted the name of a boy she fancied at Blair Acad. movie actress. Blakitny-Ellan: Vasily Mikhaylovich Yelannsky Isla Blair: Isla Jean Baxter (1944–). Jr.S. George Blake: Georgy Ivanovich Behar (1922–).S.S. Fr. Blair County. née de Graff (1865–1918). stage.” contrasting symbolically with name of Blair in about 1880. politician. Day-Lewis used this name for U. U. The actress was born in Altoona.S. fashion designer. Br. under the name was A Question of Proof (1935). (1932–2006). Cherie his detective fiction. ish descent.) and one of his mother’s family names. The char- [Fisher 1987]. poet. Marie Blake: Blossom MacDonald (1896– emy. sister of Lionel Blair.Black Tarantula • Blancher 64 and finally Harry Blackstone in 1918. writer on nature sub- Lionel Blair: Henry Lionel Ogus (c. black jazz guitarist. Betsy Blair: Elizabeth Winifred Boger (1923– Jerry Blake: Jacinto Chabania (1908–c. writer. novelist. stage.-born Br. Sc. Whitney Blake: Nancy Baxter (1925–2002). movie actress. caped to England as a member of the Dutch resistance U. illustrator. of Du. I Nourse. from her home county. 1989). Cherie Booth. and took her stage name Mel Blanc: Melvin Jerome Blank (1908–1989). . acquired her stage name from a gas fitter. car- sonal fax from Isla Blair. 2005]. U. Blam: Edmund Blampied (1886–1966). U.-born Br. Harry acter in question was created for the London Evening Blackstone. He was succeeded by his son. “‘He ap- Chicago.

critic. Thomas (1926–1995). 65 Blanchard • Blodgett Robert Blanchard see McDonald Hobley Mathilde Blind: Mathilde Cohen (1841–1896). The Communist journalist used this name is that of a celebrated racehorse. glish sporting writer. Grimes was blind from Caroline Blangy: Marie Félicie Clémence de birth. ballet critic + Maude Gosling. mystery writer. sociological writer. Many other magicians of her first husband. den (1979).. author + Luca Di Meo. jazz.A.. standard children’s book of its day. Carla Bley: Carla Borg (1938–).. the (1942–). Rose Blight: Germaine Greer (1939–). a Jennifer Bland see Avon Curry parody of Thomas Day’s instructional storybook The Ana Blandiana: Otilia Valeria Coman Rusan History of Sandford and Merton (1783–9). Eng. poet. writer of fantasy fiction. various novels about hunting and horses. sister of Loretta Young. Paul Bley. singer. It. movie music composer. changed their collective name to Wu Ming. reviewer. religious writer. critic. Queen Alexandra venture novels he wrote as André Laurie. writer. in which Reginald U. because you vanni Cattabriga. Blas Roca: Francisco Vilfredo Calderio (1908– Vicesimus Blinkingsop. vicomtesse de Grandval (1830–1907). Br.. Austral. Luca Di Meo left the group in 2008. of uncertain birthdates. He also wrote as Ralph Blane: Ralph Uriah Hunsecker (1914– Charbon (French for “coal. lyric poet. lendale Christopher Blayre: Edward Heron-Allen Helen Bliss: Helena Louise Lipp (1917–). as for one did Blitz. S. U. foaled in 1864 and for articles in the newspaper Figaro. Br. with “Fabian” a reference to the Fabian 1931).S. Riccardo Pedrini.S. Karl Blind (1826–1907). he needed to find another name. see Alfred Al- 1987). literary critic. The writer adopted Eng. writer used this punning name for The Revolting Gar. It. Eng. Br. Rom. Ger.S.S. he’d been a fan of some Luther Blissett (1958–). née Lloyd (1908–). Coke Society. and Ascot Gold Vase. [Sunday Times Magazine. U. while for his ad. It. .D.” depending on how it is pronounced. stage actress. The writer used this name for Docteur Blasius: Paschal Grousset (1845–1919).S. author + Gio- night. writer. translator. U.” a name on the lines of that of Aba-Daba. 2008]. The joint Blind Boy Fuller see Blind Boy Fuller pseudonym was used for the novel The Prophet’s Belinda Blinders: Desmond F. The musician’s performing name is that Eng. wherupon they featuring the antics of a character called Blek le Roc. In 2000 they were joined by comic books set in the war of American independence a fifth writer. composer. Nesbit. Harry Blitz. magician. journalist. 1927). movie actress. composer. don’t leave your real name at the bottom of your author + Federico Guglielmi.. who came to England as a political refugee in 1852. army officer. the name of her stepfather. for which they punchy and cool. Reiset. Cuban Communist official. novelist. As a kid. Fr. Blinkhoolie: William Allison (1851–1925). author. She used the name Claude Lake for Poems (1867). Fr. Also. lyricist. novelist. (1861–1943).S. black pianist. Alexander Bland: Nigel Gosling (1909–1982). although she used her tried to capitalize on Signor Blitz’s popularity by maiden name initially. a popular playwright and artist. The illegal pictures for the police to trace.S. He settled on Blek le Rat for a adopted the name of Jamaican-born British footballer couple of reasons. adopting his name. It. Fr.-born Br. a Chinese a thorn in the side of the British. His son. U. novelist. LL. Henri Blaze: Ange Henri Blaze de Bury (1813– Reginald Bliss: Herbert George Wells (1866– 1888). winner of the Gimcrack Stakes. U. 1946). performed as “Haba- born Br. magician. The Haba. The entertainer adopted the name of Signor Blitz. writer. George Boon. rock Signor Blitz: Antoni van Zandt (1810–1877).T. schoolmaster. ballet dancer. became come up with something else that’s catchy and famous for their novel Q (1999). U. his wife. “His splendid nom de guerre was carefully cho. for articles in Hearth and Home magazine.S. The name Fr. his wife. Blind Tom: Thomas Grimes (1849–1908). you authorial quartet. used this name for Sandford of Merton (1903). En- composer. Fr..” punning on his surname) 1995). Emile Blémont: Léon-Emile Petitdidier (1839– Blitz: David Batents (?–1889). if you jumble pseudonym that can mean either “anonymous” or up the letters of the word ‘rat’ you get ‘art. Coke (1879– Mantle (1889).-born U. U. Instead. June 8. who died in 1915.. the name for his novel Boon (1915). Bliss is the friend and literary executor of the main Blek le Rat: Xavier Prou (1952–). dramatist. writer + E. Stakes. graffiti character.S. Like all graffiti artists working in the streets at Luther Blissett: Roberto Bui. sen. Levi Blodgett: Theodore Parker (1810–1860).’ Voilà” “five names. of which Bland was a prominent member. author. Sally Blane: Elizabeth Jane Young (1910–1997). Fabian Bland: Hubert Bland (1856–1914). Wells used Oliver Bleeck: Ross E.–born Br.

rock bassist. Kelly. rapper.A. funambulist. News and Courier contest for the best fiction story. and he Her entry. S.1894–1967). Bernard. writer. Eng.S. adopted the name for herself and passed it on to her Br. . lofty. Mrs. of Pol. working in U.S. David (1824–1897). “Cheese” from “Keith. musician.S. however. Arnold Schoenberg. for the semipros. Ivorian U. originally Kelly (1910–2004). Trinidadian Eng. dancers. Russ. the central character of James Leonard Blomefield: Leonard Jenyns (1800– Joyce’s novel Ulysses (1922). Ir. folk Sverdlin (1887–1942). vaudeville comedian.” as a DJ. singer.S.” rapper Joe Simmons. like a hill. composer her married name. who was struck by the be Blood and you be Sand. interpreted his recording name as “First Bandit. rock singer.S. pop-music writer. Jake Blues: John Belushi (1949–1982). lege. When at col. dancer.S.S. “In 1871.-Latvian descent. Fannie Bloomfield: Fannie Zeisler. Murphy. whom she married in 1924. to change his name to Kurtis “beautiful. The name Kurtis Blow: Kurt Walker (1959–). movie actress. “Ashurst. Only a fortnight legiate teams. concert pi- Max Blonda: Gertrud Schoenberg. The founder in 1932 of the Bluebell Girls to set up a semipro football team. née Kolisch anist. Blue Boy: Austin Lyons (1955–). where he Russ. through his connec. She Cheese Blotto: Keith A.” Heute auf Morgen. taking Luka some to have given the name of the South African from Suzanne Vega’s 1987 hit so titled and Bloom city of Bloemfontein. The pianist performed under this name until (c. U.’ he became of Sand. adopted the name of Blomefield” [Dictionary of Na. adopted the same surname as that already taken by James Blunt: James Hillier Blount (1979–). she was taken by her and Sand. Alpha Blondy: Seydou Kone (1953–). whose sister married adopted this name in 1879 on entering the Charleston Francis Blomefield. performing in nightclubs and cabarets. Fr. Margaret Murphy Buster Bloodvessel: Douglas Trendle (1958–). Hyman Bloom: Hyman Melamed (1913–2009). black blues musician Johnny Blood: John Victor McNally (1904– Miss Bluebell: Margaret Leibovici. Melamed emigrated to the U. ‘If I was her mother. black itself appears to pun vaguely on that of her husband.” won the $100 gold prize. rock singer. U. soul Latvian-born U. Blondin. In 1920. menfeld (1863–1927). who would raise the tryouts they passed a movie theater showing Blood the child. painter. new name to be distinguished from his elder brother.Blokhin • Blunt 66 Pyotr Grigoryevich Blokhin: Grigory Iosifovich Luka Bloom: Barry Moore (1955–). revolutionary.S. Hilton Bloom: Harriott Horry Rut- tion with the Chappelow family. said.” and max as denoting something high or Blow. yet protect their eligibility for col. The name suggests that of Jan Bloem. of East-European Jewish singer. Austr. Ben Blue: (1) Benjamin Bernstein (1901–1975). writer. a con.” U. Eng. after the birth. He was then Reading from right to left. H. brother of Run DMC representing his first name. Ir. stage. her mother gave away her sumed names.S. The musician was her marriage (1885). David Blue: Stuart David Cohen (1941–1982).” said McNally. Claire Bloom: Patricia Claire Blume (1931–). Ravenel Edward Chappelow of Diss.-born U. was born in Dublin to a Mrs. folk-rock musician. siderable property devolved upon him. The musician adopted his Jan Blom: Breyten Breytenbach (1939–). Stevenson (1956– used this name as librettist of his comic opera Von 1999). née Blu- tional Biography]. Jean Ravel was renamed by his friend Bob Dylan.-born U. Charles Blondin: Jean-François-Emile Gravelet Can. songwriter. blond as meaning “fair.S. they knew they would have to use as. U. Mary Murphy.S. the descendants of ledge Ravenel (1832–1912). “There are our names. bandleader. ‘I’d call her Bluebell. In order to play dance troupe.S. U. said by Irish folk singer Christy Moore (1945–). his two eldest brothers who had preceded him. “I’ll adoptive mother to a doctor. Austr. The musician first made his name with Schoenberg literally meaning “beautiful hill. calypso singer. dancer. 2004]. painter. U. née 1985). together with his parents and brother Peter Blume: Piotr Sorek-Sabel (1906–1992). (2) S. Cohen took his name from his tutor in the art. The story goes that on their way to baby to a spinster. The West African musician “Little” Joe Blue: Joseph Valery (1934–1990). the final -a can be seen as convinced by Russel Simmons. composed in 1928–29. McNally and his friend Ralph Hanson decided teacher. September 14. descent. the historian of Norfolk.S. American football player. U. after which she appeared under the second wife of the Austrian-born U. The tightrope walker Cohen (1941–1982). calling himself Kool DJ Kurt. pop singer. naturalist. 1893). reggae singer.” It is not known what child’s piercing blue eyes.S. from Leopold Bloom. “A sickly toddler.’ The nickname stuck” [The Matthew Blood see Brett Halliday Times.

astrologer. quired the name while competing in boxing compe- Nellie Bly: Elizabeth Jane Seaman.54]. Ogdred name is disputed. then acted for a time Tim Bobbin: John Collier (1708–1786). Feld cut his first disk itage. teaming (1861–1915). movie actress.S. rock singer. build a myth upon” [Russell and Smith. black tap dancer. Elizabeth Jane from the Southern putdown ‘you ain’t bo diddley. Wardore Edgy. 67 Blutig • Bolan Eduard Blutig: Edward St. He ac- Dreary Wodge. Sc.-Russ. June 3. took his new name from the first and last syllables of literally “beggar. meaning ‘you’re nothing. in 1965 as Mark Bowland. pop denheimer joined the army.’ went to Indiana (Pennsylvania) Normal School. jazz musician. drama critic. U. The mu. In 1909 Bo. revolutionary historian. comic actor.S. (1797–1863). The origin of his performing Gewe. there’s a name to Stephen Foster song (1850). illustrator. At age 15. writer. descent. poet. record executive. song- Oliver Blyth see Brinsley MacNamara writer. That born Buddhist. Br. he edge” (related to the name of the Buddha). and shortened his name. U.S. to be so called because he was a “jangler” or con- northwest Wales. novelist. of Jewish parentage. descent.S. Neil Bogart: Neil Bogatz (1941–1982). as Wayne Roberts before returning to music. The name is a sort of (1928–2008). Bolan. Fr. The dancer came the millhouse. stage.1840). an actor friend. Gussie McDaniel.S. this name for his social novel Caesar’s Column (1890). Niven van den Bogaerde (1921–1999).S. Garrod Weedy. Bodhi is the Sanskrit word for “perfect knowl. stage actor. U. when editor foolish to cross” [The Times. of Puerto Rican parentage. U. Eng. writer. U. rejected his Jewish her. U.” Gorey was famous for his he was adopted by her cousin.” so can be understood as something like “nut. black blues musician. novelist. his career in 1961 as Neil Scott. novelist. the first drovich Malinovsky (1873–1928). working in Sri same year he made this more distinctive as Marc Lanka. Aedwyrd Gore. The writer with Galimafré. after Riggs O’Hara. Proletkult leader. the name of a one-stringed African guitar. Bhikkhu. director. . a name said to have been Bhikkhu Bodhi: Jeffrey Block (1944–). Capel Boake: Doris Boake Kerr (1895–1944). Bogucharsky: Vasily Yakovlevich Yakovlev Mandelard) (1791–c. The singer launched Austral. musician. U. 2008]. Bojangles: Bill (originally Luther) Robinson Welsh folksinger. John Gorey (1925– Bo Diddley: Otha Elias Bates.S. Br. “head. He had earlier called himself Buddhist monk. as German blutig The musician’s mother was too poor to raise him and means “bloody. née 1975). Germanic form of the original. Larry Blyden: Ivan Lawrence Blieden (1925– Mrs.’ implying someone it would be the staff of the Pittsburgh Dispatch. U. black jazz pianist. essayist.” “gory. Maxwell Bodenheim: Maxwell Bodenheimer Ray Bol see Don Juan Cardoza (1893–1954). Redway Grode. Betty Blythe: Elizabeth Blythe Slaughter (1893– [Sir] Dirk Bogarde: Derek Jules Gaspard Ulric 1972). Bobèche: Jean-Antoine-Aimé Mardelard (or V.” Edmund Boisgilbert: Ignatius Loyola Donnelly “noddle. Russ. Marc Bolan: Mark Feld (1947–1977).S. songwriter. tentious person. politician.” referring to his home near Bala.S. writer. U. reporter.. artist. and according to another theory. Bazilevsky. U.– given him by his recording company. Jimmy Blythe: Sammy Price (1901–1931). The writer used this name for Aleksandr Bogdanov : Aleksandr Aleksan- satirical poems in the Lancashire dialect. The singer’s name means “Bob of (1878–1949). whose name he names: Mrs. However.S.S. p. Fr. French bobèche is a slang word for also used the name B. Decca. caricaturist. Russ.” (1831–1901). critic. At age 18 she joined of ‘bad bo diddley. Regera Dowdy. a anagrammatic pseudonyms based on his first and last Sunday school teacher in Chicago. Bocage: Pierre-Martinien (or François) Touzé Hannes Bok: Wayne Woodard (1914–1964).” Weary. according to another account.” is the term for a fully ordained the name of Bob Dylan. later McDaniel 2000). Some take it from “bo diddley.S. U. of Pol.S. of Du. Donnelly used Willie Bobo: William Correa (1934–1983). actor. The writer used this name as a Lou Williams during a recording session in 1951. sician was nicknamed “Bobo” by jazz pianist Mary Fr. “[it] derived (1864–1922). Bob Tai’r Felin: Robert Roberts (1870–1951). socialist being The Blackbird (1740). U. Madame Groeda Weyrd. Mark Riggs. writer. “Otha George Madden named her “Nellie Bly” from the Ellas [sic] Bates was never going to make it on a character (properly “Nelly Bly”) in the popular theatre hoarding but Bo Diddley . Nairne (Baroness Nairne) (1766–1845). movie actor. Dogear Wryde. writer. Raddowy subsequently adopted. Bogan of Bogan: Carolina Oliphant. Maurice Boissard: Paul Léautaud (1872–1956). née Cochran titions.’ but also carrying the sense adding an “e” to her surname. U..

1217–1274). Cz. Gaultier itself (1894–1966). for his “Flag of Freedom” (1899–1902). Rolf Boldrewood: Thomas Alexander Browne. Eng. clown. translated by Thomas Pol. (2) Mechislav belais. originally Brown (1826–1915). of Brazilian-Ind. journalist. It. journalist. 1975).) parentage. The musician and teacher adopted her mother’s Bogdan Boleslawita: Józef Ignacy Kraszewski maiden name in her professional life. (1863–1930). Captain Ralph Bonehill: Edward L. who uses it in a favorable sense: “I truly hold Antonovich Stanevsky (1879–1927). singer. teaming with Bim. Michael Bolton: Michael Bolotin (1953–).S. James Otis’s 1881 novel for boys so titled. Sc.S. however. Beulah Bondi: Beulah Bondy (1892–1981). Bombet see Stendhal 2009). Francis of Assisi. martyred at Tarsus. short-story writer. and “Frontier” (1903–07) series of (1970–). stories for boys. The musician slightly adjusted his (1813–1865).” hoping DJs would director. U. bull.” work. (1812–1887). Pol. similar to the American original. serfdom. Possibly the writer’s middle U.A. I in Sir Walter Scott’s poem Marmion (1808): rock composer. 754). 1653]. The tenor adopted an Italian name name suggested her adopted surname. who sent copies Richard Valentinovich Boleslavsky: Boleslaw of his first single “New Orleans” to radio stations in Ryszart Srzednicki (1889–1937). Kamsky Urquhart and Peter Motteux. poet.-born U. “Mexican Yammie Bolo: Rolando Ephraim McClean War” (1900–02).] Bonaventure (or Bonaventura): Giovanni many” was renamed by pope Gregory II in 719 for di Fidanza (c. poet. Bon Gaultier Ballads (1845). novelist. The name was first used for the joint Russian.S. novelist. Sc. prince (“Bonnie Prince Charlie”). pianist. Stratemeyer used this name It. in which the poets Bom: (1) F.S. stage sleeves marked “Buy U. opera singer. ro. teaming with Bim. poet. Boniface VIII: Benedetto Caetani (c. Pol. Gabonese head of state. Eng. Jamaican reggae singer. Fr. black composer. is the French equivalent of English Walter. appropriately for his traje de luces or Jacques Bonhomme: Guillaume Cale (or Cail- bullfighter’s costume (literally “suit of lights”). U. missionary. 1303). (4) N. not approbatory.S. (something like “Jack Goodfellow”) was one given to Sp. Ali Bongo see Ali Bongo Ir. William Bolitho: William Bolitho Ryall (1831– writer. The president of Bombita: Ricardo Torres (1879–1936). mys. movie actor. Cortesi (?–1897). Bon Gaultier: William Edmonstone Aytoun rock balladist. let) (?–1358).S.S.675– England from France incognito in 1753. author. 1930). poet + [Sir] Theodore Martin (1814– name because his original surname “sounded too 1909). Manik Bondopadhai: Probodhkumar (1908– mantic novelist. Russ. martyr.-A. (3) Nikolay Iosi. clown.S. teaming with Bim. novelist. U. (or thor’s Prologue to Gargantua. writer. “light bulb”). Gabon changed his French Christian name to Omar fighter.–born Br. The “Apostle of Ger- [St. U.-C. States in 1922. parodied the verse of the day. the peasantry in the 14th century.] Boniface: Wynfrith (or Winfrid) (c. teaming with Bim. a frolic Gaulter [sic] and a Robin Goodfellow” [Au- fovich Wilczak (1880–1960). Sp. Bombardinio: William Maginn (1793–1842). on being accepted as a student at the Moscow Art Margaret Bonds: Margaret Jeannette Allison Theatre and retained it on immigrating to the United Majors (1913–1972). Bonds. Omar Bongo: Albert-Bernard Bongo (1935– L. movie actress. peasant leader. U. The writer took his pseudonym from 1956). Stratemeyer Florinda Bolkan: Florinda Suarez Bulcão (1941–). the 3d-century saint Boniface who had been tic. It.-born Russ. The Young Pretender adopted this name on visiting [St. clown. The generic name Fortunio Bonanova: Luis Moll (1895–1969). writer. parentage. of it for an honour and praise to be called and reputed Pol. cir. Bonds: Gary Anderson (1939–). Its sense was Father Bonaventura: Charles Edward Stuart derogatory.S. Egon Bondy: Zbynek Fiser (1930–2007). pope. and it implied (1720–1788). S. movie actress. Russ. Frank Guida. Sc. a placename mentioned in the Introduction to Canto Gary U. The musician’s new name originated “Through Boldrewood the chase he led. Boleslavsky adopted his stage name in 1908 take this to be a public service announcement. Isabel Bolton: Mary Britton Miller (1883– Richard Bonelli: Richard Bunn (1887–1980). It originated with Ra- cus clown.S.S. U. Ind. The matador’s name means “bulb” (as in on converting to Islam in 1973. meaning “good fortune.” with his first manager. U. Steve Bond: Shlomo Goldberg (1953–).” by St. theologian.-born Austral.Boldrewood • Boniface 68 while as a teenage model he took the name Toby Tyler. The saint is said to have been given his new name. after the young waif who is the central character in juvenile movie actor. It. of Cz. scholar. This pope’s original name was .A. parentage. Russ.1235– whose order he joined around 1243.

and Betty Boo: Alison Moira Clarkson (1970–). Br. pop singer. The singer took his new name from the Macdowell (1849–1883). stage. speaking It. . Bonita: Pauline Hall (c.“I 1992).1350–1401). U.S. so when I worked with actors (1918–). pope. and then Wee Bea Booze: Muriel Nicholls (1920–1975). She was then bemused new acquaintance just who the hell I was— billed as Lorna Gray from 1930 through 1946. theater manager. singer. U. writer. 2005]. movie actor.S. Jewish novelist. Before Bono. Fr. The actress was Katharine Booth O’Connell Street. movie actress. rock stage. In 1949 she changed my [actors’ union] Equity forename to married David Brian. Dublin.S. movie actress. I was 16. Houseman. Eng. Eng. sician adopted the name of his patron. William Boot see Tom Stoppard Richard Bonneville. 1996]. TV actor. He thus decided to use his two middle names. Cesare Bon- radio comedian. Giovanni Andrea Bontempi: Giovanni Andrea booms Angelini (1624–1705).S. but then saw it could be taken as Latin Shirley Booth: Thelma Booth Ford (1898– for “good voice. TV actor. William H. Jr. Bono on Bono: Georg Borchardt: Georg Hermann (1871– Conversations with Michka Assayas.S. 69 Boniface • Borchers adopted as a papal name by his successor. The form of the actor’s third name on his stage name from the tragedian and theatrical manager birth certificate is actually Bonniwell. (1942–). who Dany Boon: Daniel Hamidou (1966–). then Bon Murray. The oldest child of Sonny and Cher adopted Ger. von Huyseman. forger. Ger. rock musician. who was popular on radio Roger Bontemps: Roger de Collerye (?1470– in the 1930s. The literary actor began his career in 1986 he felt it prudent to figure translated the first part of his hyphenated name adopt a new name so as not to evoke an association into English. 1932). the actress first appeared in I battled on for nine years. for the Jewish comedian. “Bonn” represents Benjamin. nell Street. Egomet Bonmot see Herr Cornelius van Vink. Justine was Jon Bon Jovi: John Francis Bongiovi. called “Jessie” by her family and altered the spelling U. black blues musician. U. from Bonavox. The mu- Issy Bonn: Benjamin Levin (1903–1977).S. title of a traditional American folk song. Edwin Booth (1833–1893). Sherwood Bonner: Katherine Sherwood Bonner skiffle singer. I’d say. U. Cornell Borchers: Cornelia Bruch (1925–). March (1909–1991). male as far back as I can remember. on ABC’s Good Morning America show. when until last year. Johnny Booker: John Martyn (1923–2007). a hearing-aid shop in U. Bono: Paul David Hewson (1960–). music. and then just Bono” [Bono.” he said. (1962–). Jessie Bonstelle: Laura Justine Bonesteele (1871– hall artist. on the name. “I’ve felt Boniface IX: Pietro Tomacelli (c. my family and friends Adrian Booth: Virginia Mae Davis. When the Bagnano (fl. poet. movie actress. It. trying to explain to each the movies in 1937 as Virginia Pound. U. short-story writer. 1943). The actress took her 26. journalist. U. Bono Vox. U.S.S. The actress adopted can’t remember when [wife] Ali started calling me her stage name in the 1930s when touring with the Bono. Bonney see Billy the Kid James Booth: James Geeves (1927–2005). A typical Jewish nickname tempi. née Pound still called me Hugh. singer. stage actress. The U2 lead singer originally used the name Karin Booth: Katharine Hoffman (1919–1992). Jr. “Issy” implies Israel. Benedict a male version of his original first name in 2009 after XI. movie actor. The singer Blaise Bonnain see George Sand adopted her stage name from the cartoon character Frank Bonner: Frank Boers. the name Ginger Pound. At first he was not keen before progressing to Karin Booth in 1947.S. “However. Belg.1830).” He later settled to Bono alone. the first American actor Bill Bonney see Wes Hardin to make his reputation in Europe. Br. on undergoing gender reassignment surgery. stage. movies as Benny Leven. Betty Boop. Beats me why I didn’t go with this in the first Edwina Booth: Josephine Constance Woodruff place” [personal fax from Hugh Bonneville. movie actress.S. composer.1885–?). and then just Huyseman. though no longer alive was still remembered by many. Fr. Chaz Bono: Chastity Bono (1969–). working in U. Bono Vox of O’Con.-Malayan parentage. of her surname as her stage name early in her career. Hugh. Br. Originally a singer under who were also friends no-one knew what to call me. then anagrammatized the second. U. Ir. I was Steinvic Poli Stock Company and other theatrical troupes. with the actor Hugh Williams (1904–1969). when I finally gave up the fight and she made a fresh start as Adrian Booth. movie actress. stage.S. U. movie comedian. of Sc. Hugh Bonneville: Hugh Richard Bonneville Books-Nabonag: [Comte] Georges Libri- Williams (1963–). singer. He also occasionally appeared in the 1540).S.

Victor Borge: Boerge Rosenbaum (1909– Phillips was a noted pseudonymist.S. however. author of stories for boys. the equivalent of “Hermes. journalist. Bossut” (after the genuine French mathematician of Scipione Caffarelli Borghese: Scipione Caffarelli the name. addressed to “Connee” she decided to adopt this Ger. The artist took his name .” apparently with reference to the Abbé Bossut: [Sir] Richard Phillips (1767– classic saying. have adopted the nickname given to his elder brother born Austr. They eloped and married in 1944. 1949 with the British bandleader Geraldo. sister of Camillo books. It. Eduard Bornhöhe: Eduard Brunberg (1862– where they joined Boswell’s Circus. Hung. The 1743). This was ruled out. It. U. political reformer. writings by Dickens to “Boaz. pen name Boz. associated his birthplace.K. Yugoslav. The writer love with Trevor McIntosh. ily in 1939. Francesco Botticini: Francesco di Giovanni originally intended to ascribe their virtual piracies of (c. It. and his with melodramatic horror novels such as Madame new first name as the Greek form of Jerom(e). Du.” so that on receiving fan mail Stefan Born: Stefan Buttermilch (1824–1898). J. English first name is similar only in sound to his orig. and also rather too biblical. so she and they emigrated to South Africa. jazz singer. Clarke. “barrel”).S. Ludwig Börne: Juda Löw Baruch (1786–1837).” Connee Boswell: Constance Foore Boswell Lucrezia Bori: Lucrezia Borja y Gonzalez de Ri. The churchman French. who adopted him James Adair. and Mrs. Ger. Perry Hence his nickname. architect. Italian.S. The popular artist anche (1887–1960). Ezra Boto see Mongo Beti Havel Borovsky: Karel Havlícek (1821–1856). retainer. for the George Borodin see George Sava circus. Frank Bosworth see Mark Carrel paper editor. stepson of the circus adopted a name that means more or less the same owners. Michel Bosquet see André Gorz “The Wolf-Man. The artist is said to Borra: Borislav Milojkowic (1921–).C. painter. Estonian historical novelist.S.” who chid “him” for constantly chasing women. “Man is a wolf to man. Names adopted for other writings include Borghese. parentage.- Ger. It. Botticelli and adopted his name. as the “penny dreadful. The singer’s nationality name on converting from Judaism to Christianity in made her an alien when touring Britain with her fam- 1817 with the aim of qualifying for public service. novelist.” after Dickens’s own movie actress. and Latin word books and phrase was the son of Ortensia Caffarelli. painter. of It. and McIn- (literally “well height”) as his original name. Russ. his near contemporary) for a series of (1576–1633). and others like him. painter. a rotund pawnbroker. the painter was apprenticed to a goldsmith named Bos: Thomas Peckett Prest (1809–1879). Eng. The painter of battle of the Boston Bard (1818). (or Miss) Margaret Pel- U. cardinal. opera singer. writer of educational books. Giovanni. poet.” 1840). Rev. popular singer. He used “Abbé 2000).” (1797–1827). satirist. Baruch took his new born Br. Sandro Botticelli: Alessandro di Mariano dei Cz. The actor’s new ham. form. U. Rev. art patron. Eve Boswell: Eva Keleti (1922–1998). Eng. the future pope Paul V. It. poet. Vizzani assumed male dress and genre of Prest’s particular fiction came to be known identity in her work as a retainer for a Perugian priest. There Eva fell in 1923). Rev. scientific works). According to 1667). Fr. working in Italy. journalist. however. working in U. came to be known as Le Lycanthrope. A Bostonian see Edgar A.S. Barrow. as being Giovanni Bordoni: Catterina Vizzani (1719– rather too close. movie actor. “Botticello” means Francesco Borromini: Francesco Castelli (1599– “little barrel” (Italian botte. spelled her first name “Connie” until 1941. Prest. journalist. name in around 1627. the town of ’sHertogenbosch. Filipepi (1445–1510). U. this name for such works as The Miscellaneous Poems Fr. scenes was born in Burgundy (Italian Borgogna). The writer. Communist official. she never dotted the “i. S. political writer. painter. (1907–1976). Bosch took his new surname from (1809–1859). Hieronymus Bosch: Jerom van Aeken (c. magician. The Inge Borkh: Ingeborg Simon (1917–). berg (1884–1951). Sp. comic pianist. tosh changed his wife’s name to Eve Boswell.Borden • Botticini 70 Olive Borden: Sybil Tinkle (1909–1947). She made her singing debut in England in Mikhail Borodin: Mikhail Markovich Gruzen. news. change came about because when signing autographs opera singer.-born U. Putiphar (1839). Dan. meaning “the Burgundian. Goldsmith (for geographical and Ernest Borgnine: Ermes Effron Borgnino (1917–). Rev. The Boston Bard: Robert Stevenson Coffin inal Italian forename. and gave him his name C.1446–1497). David Blair. The architect adopted his new Giorgio Vasari’s Lives of the Artists (1550). The writer used Il Borgognone: Jacques Courtois (1621–1676).1450– Petrus Borel: Joseph-Pierre Borel d’Hauterive 1516).

called me Chili tonthologos. while two other characters are Aldi- She modified her surname herself. disaster. Even if my name had been spelt correctly for the pomposity of the former and the cheerfulness I still thought it looked rather ugly. “Boumédienne” is the French spelling of Arabic trigued. Arthur Bourchier [(1864–1927)]... S. In this. began killing — me check it out the whole a dem ah the his career under the name of Lee Morton in 1838. Daniel Boukman: Daniel Blérald (1936–). baron White (1911–1968). after the success (in London) of his play Lon.S. dramatist. poet. Holbach used this name for his antireligious Charles Boucheron: Charles James (1906– work Le Christianisme dévoilé (1761). take up dress designing. pursues wanted criminals for the sake of the reward don Assurance. shortened form of his original name as his surname. hey — and the crack and the coke them a support the The actor. fashion designer. was that of a French Moravian mission school in the Cherokee nation and general. opened a hat shop in Chicago under this name in who had died two years earlier. The named men were the nucleus of tribal leader. Martinique-born Fr. editor. The actress was given her of state. Holbach also wrote 1926 before moving to New York two years later to as L’Abbé Bernier and Jean Mirabaud.. and includes the voucher” [ibid. in Boucher and made it Bouchier — hoping that Bounty Killer: Rodney Basil Price (1972–).S. dramatist. offered. Poucher. (His big 1993 hit.. materialist. 1955. chosen humorously. how guns and drugs reached the ghettos sanctioned nounced his name as Boucher to rhyme with by corrupt government officials. Louis Boudinoff Boudin: Louis Boudinoff Nicolas Bourbaki: Henri Cartan (1904–2008). on whom he based his style. ‘What do you mean?’ He told me that on Bum-ed-Din. Br. writer. he . movie actress.-born U.-born U. Sandro Bot. Hence the musician’s recording name. Ingrid Boulting: Ingrid Munnik (1947–).-born U. detective story d’Holbach (1723–1789). “The first borontiphoscophornia and Rigdum-Funnidos. names photograph of me ever published had somebody else’s which Sir Walter Scott later gave to his printer and name underneath and the second called me Chili publisher. the brothers James and John Ballantyne. Elias Boudinot (1740–1821). The lyrics of many ragga hits succeed in this for ages and ages for everybody relate to guns. (1874–1952). “Down in the Ghetto. 1995]. On Fr.” the previous evening he had seen a revue called ‘The Benjamin Bounce: Henry Carey (1685–1743). ting — and the politician is the guns them a bring — siquot (1820–1890).”) The name itself presumably puns on adopted the French-style spelling of his original name “bounty hunter. Chrononhotonthologos is the king of The Last of the Silent Film Stars.’ And was Tragediz’d by any Company of Tragedians” so Chili was born” [Chili Bouchier. movie actress. Fr. I turned. U. Elias Boudinot: Galagina (?1804–1839). composer. mathematician. “‘I love my Chili Bom as a nom de guerre when he joined a guerrilla unit in Bom. Fr. Ir. emigrating to New York in 1891. Eng. James the French philosopher Nicolas-Antoine Boulanger. literally “owl of religion. working in Italy. 71 Boucher • Bourbaki from his more illustrious contemporary. in.” as a nickname for someone who in 1841.S. atheist writer. Barbara Bouchet: Barbara Gutscher (1943–). SF.” describes ager. He same ting. Boudinoff took a Fr. who was of Huguenot extraction.” Their group pseu- Cherokee woman. U. Queerummania. Shooting Star: (1734). The military leader adopted his new name new first name by a boyfriend. From 1811 to 1818 he attended the donym.]. mathematician + Claude Chevalley (1909–1984).’ he said to my retreating back. Fr.A.S.. political theorist. actor. Algerian head 1999). Ger. thought I was the daughter of the famous actor-man. lines: “Down in the ghetto where the gun have a Dion Boucicault: Dionysius Lardner Bour. gradually reducing it to just ‘Chili. Boudinot was the son of a Cherokee a group formed in 1933 to represent the essential warrior and the daughter of a white trader and “contemporary mathematician. movie actress. Carey used the exuberant name called ‘I Love My Chili Bom Bom’ to a girl who for his equally lively dramatic burlesque Chrononho- looked like me. I did not maican ragga musician.S. The name is chiefly associated with the . Ja- it would be pronounced the French way. Houari Boumédienne: Mohammed Ben Chili Bouchier: Dorothy Irene Boucher (1909– Brahim Boukharrouba (1927–1978). journalist. whose at- in 1817 replaced his original name (meaning “Buck”) tempts to bridge the Prussian line during the Franco- with the name of the president of the American Bible German War (1870–1) ended in a humiliating Society. So I put an ‘i’ of the latter. mathematician + André Weil (1906–1998). ticelli. Anthony Boucher: William Anthony Parker Nicolas Boulanger: Paul-Henri Thiry.S. taking it from 1978). who pro. “the Most Tragical Tragedy that ever Bom Bom.-born U. Charles Bourbaki (1816–1897). From then on. mathematician + Jean Dieudonné (1906–1992). Ukr. Punch Bowl’ in which Sonnie Hale had sung a song Eng.

” a series of around 400 translations of the classics David Bowie: David Robert Hayward-Jones of French literature (works by Rabelais. novelist. Boy.S. politician. Debra Louise Bowring: Peter John Compton Eng. The politician.S. The actor’s screen name came from literary colleagues.) On assuming the name. 1995]. Martin took his name after half of his real surname. In 1926. and a (1898–1945). northwest of Paris. a tran- pen name from his birthplace. country musician. as an adolescent. March 29. It Hot (1954). The singer changed his taigne. her first name and her great-grandfather’s surname. roofs of boxcars so as to travel aross the States by stone (1809–1898). Molière. name to Bowie in 1966 so as not to be confused with Beaumarchais. “He adopted the more Margaret Bourke-White: Margaret White prosaic name on his passport when he realised that (1904–1971). Fr. stage guise of an unshaven. used this name for his “Library of Preedy. “I liked it instantly. Eng. Earlier. Davy Jones of The Monkees. actor. photographer. Montesquieu. Fr. 2006]. Compton” [personal letter from Debra Bowring. Sam. author. Eng. explains the choice of three new names as fol- ham. the pop star’s name should Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury: Maurice Jean. writer. distinction from his real name as a journalist. Villon. movie director Duncan Jones to his original name. movie producer. Balzac. She used many other (mostly male) pseudonyms. murdered by po- which the best known are Robert Paye. most accurately be pronounced David Bo-hie. novelist. legedly for the bowie knife. and John Winch. litical opponents. wise as my father’s family surname was Bowring Br. Eng. Joseph Shearing.). and when was Sam born? Berne. Resistance leader. cigar-chompin’ née Campbell (1888–1952). Br. Vidal kept this pseudonym secret for Bourvil: André Raimbourg (1917–1970). began life as Zowie Bowie but later reverted leader in World War II was “Polygone. tiersman Jim Bowie. composer. and Death Like sharper” [The Guardian. Death before Bedtime (1953). although he did confide it to one or two movie comedian. Mérimée. . Mon- (1947–). name to her original surname. TV on seeing a hobo who resembled an old friend of this gameshow presenter. Lower Bourne.S. billboard he saw advertising the movie The Bourne Charles-Samuel Bovy-Lysberg: Charles-Samuel Supremacy (2004). where he Boxcar Willie: Lecil Travis Martin (1931–1999). and Bowring like- Sam Bourne: Jonathan Saul Freedland (1967–). journalist. with difficult ‘fr’ and three detective novels: Death in the Fifth Position ‘th’ sounds. At the same time it half suggests the latter U. being impressed by the way in which. and John Bowe: John Wilson (1950–). .S. Éléments de mathéma. U. Mark Bowland see Marc Bolan George Bourne: George Sturt (1863–1927). It made the Bovy (1821–1873). near book was hatched in 2004. prime minister. 1982]. Sam Bourne is altogether shorter and (1952). of translator. many years. added the name of his maternal grandfather Bowie’s son. literary critic. unemployed men would climb onto the Bartholomew Bouverie: William Ewart Glad. Rousseau. TV the family house lay only a few feet from the track. Surrey. Br. following he didn’t want to be in the shadow of his rather fa- a brief marriage.. Louise was an old family name. children’s writer. Sep- donym for his thriller The Righteous Men (2006) for tember 14. freight train. My own name is somehow too playwright. briefly prime minister Boo-ie” [Paul Gambaccini. like a thriller writer. He Emmanuel Bove: Emmanuel Bobonikov based it on the name of his young son. Martin adopted the Marjorie Bowen: Margaret Gabrielle Vere Long. name. was raised. (According to one account. etc. Farn. Pol. As to pronunciation: black educator. or Marie Bourgès (1914–1993). July 15. George R. sexual. he called himself Willie Jim Bowen: James Whittaker (1937–). the village of Bourville. rock musician. during the De- Pete Bouton see Harry Blackstone pression. Candy Boyd: Marguerite Dawson (1947–). His code name as a Resistance (1971–). (1957).. Masters of Rock.” to the original family name. Swiss pianist. “Since the bowie knife was popularised by the fron- tiques. published over many years from 1939. lows: “The name of Debra was chosen as I just liked Peter Bourne see Bruce Graeme it. even the down south pronunciation of Jim’s name. The writer reserved this name for convoluted. His own father was a railroad man. Diderot. too polysyllabic. White added her mother’s maiden mous father David” [The Times. U. the sician added the name of his birthplace. stage. The writer. he The writer created her pen name from a variant of had performed under the name Marty Martin. 2009]. writer. Lysberg. Stendhal. novelist. Br. The mu- connection with my son even stronger: after all. Sturt took his (1938–). with his new name al. Fr. unkempt. writer. hobo in a battered hat. biographer. Boy: Tadeusz Õeleüski (1874–1941). writer of books on rural subjects. (Sam Bourne — get it?) And I thought he sounded Edgar Box: Gore Vidal (1925–).Bourgès-Maunoury • Boyd 72 group’s huge reference work. The producer. U. The writer created this pseu.

his mother’s maiden name. name would ensure that the apparent “she” was cor. “Is it a boy or a girl?” The Jesse Bradford: Jesse Bradford Watrouse (1979–). Ir. with his group Culture of his surname “because I found the bulk of the same Club. divorced 1955). (1923–2007). The artist adopted Margot Boyd: Beryl Billings (1913–2008). George Braddin see George Sava evitable initial question. Bradley: Michael Moorcock (1939–). his own middle name. 1983]. movie actor. John Braham: John Abraham (1774–1856). Scott Brady: Gerard Kenneth Tierney (1924– Oswald Boyle: Alfred Austin (1835–1913). U. filmmaker. Fr. my signature in the ‘Morning Chronicle. movie actor.S. Braguinha: Carlos Alberto Ferreira Braga Dickens used this name (pronounced “Boze”) in (1907–2006). and being shortened.S. Will Bradley: Wilbur Schwichtenberg (1912– writer.” sleeve of his first single in order to answer the in. / And ‘Boz’ more domestic future for her” [Dictionary of National appeared as Dickens’ self. and so I came to adopt it” [preface to Pickwick 1983). jazz trombonist. dressed as a girl middle name to Henry and and altered the spelling (or at least androgynously). Sc. (1867–1926). When Braga first reports of debates in the House of Commons in The began writing songs as a student of architecture he Morning Chronicle (1835) and in his collection of ar. working in U. 1950). “Katie” for Caterina. was musical ambitions. opera singer. mother’s maiden name as his pen name. Boz was a very fa. and even his Who’s Who entry to his original first name: Bogdan literally means appears under the name. composer. a condition of inheriting the family estates in Ireland Nancy Boyd: Edna St.. poet.S. . Boses.-born U.” Dickens finally dropped U. Jessie’s Expiation dancer. writer. The musician changed for her first husband (married 1947. the nickname of a pet child. Brazilian songwriter. The writer adopted Papers. Boz: Charles Dickens (1812–1870). who disapproved of his son’s “Boz. The dancer adopted her anagrammatic stage (1867). Br. Hugh Henry Brackenridge: Hugh Mont- Boy George: George Alan O’Dowd (1961–). rectly identified as a “he” [Pop Focus. subsequently Earl of Shannon. Br.-born Eng. as stage. facetiously pronounced through the nose. adopted the name João de Barro to hide his musical ticles entitled Sketches by Boz (1836–37). pop singer. TV producer. when he first began appearing. Vincent Millay (1892– in 1847.’ . a younger brother [Au.” while Bozhidar means “gift of God. songwriter. Br.” Some contemporary writers Biography]. He explained: activity from his father. novelist. as “Bos. Eng. gustus (died 1827)]. U. poet. / But time revealed the mystery. literary critic. 73 Boyd • Bramah John Boyd: Boyd Bradfield Upchurch (1919–). A humorous verse of the day ran: her new name as a student in order to conceal her lit- “Who the dickens ‘Boz’ could be / Puzzled many a erary activities from her parents. Ger. U. TV panelist. columnist. Austral. poet. novelist. Edward P. SF writer. stage director. which being 1956). Russ. in May Brahe: Mary Hannah Morgan (1885– which Moses Primrose is the vicar’s son]. movie actor. gomery Breckenridge (1748–1816).” maiden name. U.S. the name with Dombey and Son (1847). 1847 ed.. painter. Ger. became Otto Brahm: Otto Abrahamsohn (1856–1912). The writer used this pseudonym 1914). Viscount Boyle (1924–). The future Poet Laureate (from 1896) used June Brae: June Bear (1917–2000). The writer changed his 1982. bersome for billings. Eng. his name because his original surname was too cum- Richard Bentinck Boyle.S. The writer adopted his Eric Braeden: Hans Gudegast (1942–). writer. Sharpe (1821–1906). Brammah was his mother’s “given by God. honour of the ‘Vicar of Wakefield’ [by Goldsmith. Eng. long before I was an au. miliar household word to me. Caryl Brahms: Doris Caroline Abrahams (1901– thor. SF writer. writer. in Eng.]. It.” “Pos. movie actor.S. Eng. “who envisaged a learned elf. as well as other fiction. Boz.S. The singer adopted the name in novelist. whom I had dubbed Moses. Francavilla (1926–). ballet this name for a melodramatic novel. writer. Eng. name when invited to guest with the Ballet Rambert René Boylesve: René-Marie-Auguste Tardiveau early in her career. sought to emulate Dickens by adopting names such Stan Brakhage: Robert Sanders (1933–2003). Hercules Brabazon Brabazon: Hercules Brabazon U.S. He had himself billed as “Boy George” on the stock spelt it so. 1985).” and “Poz. Ernest Bramah: Ernest Brammah Smith (1868– Bozhidar: Bogdan Petrovich Gordeyev (1894– 1942). and “Boyle” 1989). James Brabazon: Leslie James Seth-Smith Stephen Boyd: William Millar (1928–1977). Katie Boyle: Caterina Irene Helen Imperiali di Eng. TV actress. prose writer. The poet’s adopted name relates for all of his books. Eng.

2004].A. George Challis. actress. The photographer known as Perdita had many pseudonyms. movie actor.-born Br.S. Finn. Brandy: Rayana Norwood (1979–). black jazz bassist. Peter Dawson. Branco: Claudio Ibrahim Vaz Leal (1964–). pseudonyms used by the writer include Une Brésili. Romania). The name effectively means “little Bra. Kohlburger (1500–1539). Brasileira: Nísia Floresta 1857 he used the name for his amusing dialect poems. and from Madame Floresta A. (1810–1885). Telesilla (Portuguese for “chairlift”). novelist. Austr. stage. U. Max Brand: Frederick Schiller Faust (1892– Ind. Sc. Danny Bravo: Daniel Zaldivar (c.” referring to the artist Donato Bramante For ten years she owned a school called Augusto in (1444–1515).1460–1530). zines. . painter.K. short-story writer. The writer’s original name can be punningly under- Brazilian footballer. R&B Brécourt: Guillaume Marcoureau (1638–1683). David Wellman Braud: Wellman Breaux (1891–1966). U.S.S. include Frank Austin. Evan Evans. magician. mante. Rio de Janeiro. entertainer. writer. taking it from the Brassó. humorous writer. husband of Glynis Barber. née Darby Brassaï: Gyula Halász (1899–1984). Floresta born U. Walter C. editor. surname” [Sunday Times. a prolific contributor to pulp maga. an all-purpose brand name aimed Exocet-like at the Henry Brandon: Henry Kleinbach (1912–1990).B. (initials of her original and adopted names). Nikolay Bravin: Nikolay Mikhaylovich Vasy- stage actor. Russ. dramatist. 1944).1947–). U. Brasileira ceived a university education in Germany. Brazilian poet. Frederick Frost. glish. beautiful woman in England” [Paula Byrne. violinist. Manning. Swiss poet. American heartland. July 20.F. actor. Eng. and retained it on fleeing to Norway in 1933. ger-inducing problem of the last two syllables of her Michael Brandon: Michael Feldman (1945–). TV actor. 1997]. stage. Ger. Ivan Brandt: Roy Francis Cook (1903–). Carl Brema: Karl Brehmer (1864–1942). 1992). essayist. conceptual artist. thriller writer. Ger. Willy Brandt: Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm (1913– juvenile movie actor.” ridiculous” in Tobias Smollett’s novel Humphry Pierre Brasseur: Pierre-Albert Espinasse (1905– Clinker (1771).Bramantino • Brema 74 Bramantino: Bartolomeo Suardi (c. stood to mean “cabbage-town dweller. the Hun- “maiden of forty-five. however. Madame Brasileira Augusta. months ago with her name: she is now Linda Brava. Br.S.- enne. literary critic. is a metamorphosis straight from Ovid. U. Fr. In 2002. Augusta Brasileira. adopted this one for some poems. vain and garian suffix giving the sense “of. (1907–1988). “There could hardly be a wittier pen 1972). She adopted his name in 1925 from that of his native city. photographer. U.S. U. the player resumed her original name. It (1944–). John Brandane: John MacIntyre (1869–1947). The actor name for the woman once described as the most adopted his mother’s maiden name as his stage name. movie actor. Perdita: Johannes Brassicanus: Johannes Alexander The Life of Mary Robinson. John Frederick. Leland had re- resta A. politician. historian. whose disciple he was. writer. dramatist. U. sculptor. Bulg.S. Cook began his career as an architect. singer. 1903). Austr. and Peter Henry Morland. of Jewish parentage. George Owen Baxter. novelist. Linda Brava: Linda Lampenius (1971–).. Tabitha Bramble: Mary Robinson. 2008). Mz Bratt: Cleopatra Humphrey (1992–). bravura. The baritone’s and took his new name when first appearing on the new name was perhaps meant to suggest bravo or stage in 1927.S.S. Fr. opera singer. and It. exceedingly starched. It began six Georg Brandes: Morris Cohen (1842–1927).S. Other collected in Hans Breitmann’s Ballads (1914). playwright. Other names Ivan Bratanov : Ivan Marinov (1920–1968). atkin (1883–1956).- (1758–1800). The shift also avoids the snig- U. N. philosopher. Sasthi Brata: Sasthibrata Chakravarti (1939–). opera singer. The actress best born Fr.” for which Christianna Brand: Mary Christianna Lewis the Latin equivalent would be brassicanus. Dan. with the same sense in Russian as in En- Marianne Brandt: Marie Bischof (1842–1921). “This nice middle-class girl from suburban Klaus Maria Brandauer: Klaus Maria Steng Helsinki is groomed for success Hollywood style. (white) rapper. movie actor. used by Faust. Hung. U. The future West German Alison Bray see Fenton Brockley chancellor took his new name for articles that he William Brayce see Fenton Brockley wrote after joining the Socialist Workers’ Party in George Brecht: George MacDiarmid (1926– 1931. movie actor. Butler. Eng.. movie. writer. Hungary (now Bra£ov.. Lewis Brant see Fenton Brockley Hans Breitmann: Charles Godfrey Leland (1824– Floresta Augusta Brasileira see Madame Flo.

The former slave used this took it from William Henry Havergal (1793–1870). Ir. U. popular singer. Australian bush life. parentage. Harlem nightclub owner Barron Wilkins. Evelyn Brent: Mary Elizabeth Riggs (1899– David Brian: Brian Davis (1914–1993). U. Slave Girl: Written by Herself (1861). novelist. (1935–1995).S. Chiefly with Regard (1845–1933). The leftist writer. Sc. Eng. Lithuanian-born U. Cockatoos (1954). Une Brésilienne see Madame Floresta A. comedienne. Eng. The musician. musical biographer. He is said also used the pseudonym John Norcross. Charles Dodd. Sc. reformer. Incidents in the Life of a English hymn composer. U. Bin.–U. Street. billed as Betty Riggs before assuming her later name. to Catholicks (1737–42) states that “John Brereley” is Edith Brendall: Eddy Charly Bertin (1944–). novelist. Cz. “Bin Bin” being a typical outback Bricktop: Ada Beatrice Queen Victoria Louise placename. galle. Franklin used the name for six chron.-Swe. born John Wesley Conroy. Back to Bool Bool tions for naming her. 1929). Eng. Swe. for a late book. Teresa Brewer: Theresa Veronica Breuer (1931– tor. The writer used Matthew Brenher: Matthew Alexander Benham this name for Dulce Cor (1886). working in U. disgrace of having an actor in the family. writer.S. U. movie actor. U. John Brereley. Brent of Bin Bin: Stella Maria Sarah Miles singer. writer of books on country life.. Austral.” Michel Brenet: Antoinette Christine Marie Bo. Mexican-born U. writer of horror stories. disappoint the many people who had made sugges- try (1928). U. black entertainer. She was nicknamed “Bricktop” (1931). his name at his father’s insistance to hide the social writer. Priest: James Anderton (fl. Eng. when he had Linda Brent: Harriet Jacobs (c.S.S. about the controversialist. Fr.S. stage. George Brent: George Brendan Nolan (1904– Eng.” 1975). used this name Tony Brent: Reginald Bretagne (1926–1993). of Ger. journalist. Ger. Máire Brennan: Máire Ní Bhraonáin (1952–).S. sculp. opera singer. movie actor. Prelude to Waking (1950). The singer 24). poems. to conceal his person. He probably black writer. movie. adopted his new first name in 1899.S.S. with Anderton is uncertain. The name was originally “Brand of Bin Virginia Smith (1894–1984). The prolific symphonic composer 1979).. 75 Brema • Bricktop Marie Brema: Minny Fehrman (1856–1925). name for her autobiography. Ir. The Rev. stage. Anderton . Fania Borach grew so weary of Franklin (1879–1954). U. (1871–1924).S.S. Fair Enough (1962).K.-born U.S. formerly a Brasileira member of the group Clannad. Mary Brian: Louise Byrdie Dantzler (1906– Elinor M. movie actress..-born Belg. Eng.” but the first word of this was altered following nightclub operator.G. A. popular singer. name was given her by parents who did not wish to icle novels of pioneer years in Australia: Up the Coun. begun to gain fame as a church organist. 2007).1604– Br. dramatist. Romney Brent: Romulo Larralde (1902–1976). movie actress. harpist. movie actor. Brenda: Georgina Castle Smith. medalist. and the identity of Brereley the birthplace of her German father. 1975). The actress was initially movie actor. as he usually signed himself. TV actor. Ford Brereton: Samufel Rutherford Crockett billier (1858–1918). (1860–1914). Huggins changed Tim Brennan: Jack Conroy (1899–1990). The author’s having her name mispronounced as “Bore-ache” and pseudonym is said to represent the name of a kindly “Bore-act” that she changed it to something simpler. of Ger. journalist. poet.1813–1897). Paris. Little is known took her professional name from the city of Bremen. Havergal Brian: William Brian (1876–1972). Br. farmer. Adolf Brennglas: Adolf Glassbrenner (1810– Otokar B†ezina: Václav Ignác Jebavý (1868– 1876). writer of books for girls. stage. Fanny Brice: Fania Borach (1891–1951). Swiss-born Fr. The entertainer’s lengthy original a typing error. an early book of (1961–).S. Dyer (1894–1969). Lucienne Bréval: Berthe Agnès Lisette Schilling Victor David Brenner: Victor David Barnauskas (1869–1935). movie actor.S. children’s writer. composer. popular singer. Roman Catholic writer. adopted the English Jeremy Brett: Peter Jeremy William Huggins form of her Irish name (in which Ní is “daughter”). or at least assumed by James Ger. U. Brent-Dyer: Gladys Eleanor May 2002). Ten Creeks Run (1930). parentage. for her red hair when she was in her late 20s by and Gentlemen at Gyang Gyang (1956). where she was the proprietress and where . Br. James Brian: Arthur George Street (1892–1966). to have taken the name from the label in his first suit: Arvid Brenner: Fritz Helge Heerberger (1907– “Brett & Co. née Meyrick in his Church History of England. The name Edmund Breon: Edmund MacLaverty (1882– passed to the chic Chez Bricktop club in the Rue Pi- 1951). U. “either a fictitious name. opera singer. elderly gentleman writing about his experiences of Lauren Bacall had similar problems.

He altered this to “Britton” for use in the ring. male and female pen names.” (In the writer’s movie actress.J. Hazel the daughter of Omaha chief Joseph La Flesche. movie actor. his patriotic byname in 1941. also Baxter. name from the lead character in a paperback novel tor. The singer Colonel Britton: Douglas Ernest Ritchie (1905– married Cecil Bridgewater in 1970 and kept his name 1967). Rick Walters. Mark Suffling. Freda Fenton. historical novelist. Eng. adopted for poetry published in The Specta.S. mous for his marionettes and for his costumed mon. Rossetti. working in U. Celtic connection. playwright.S. as the English version Sharon Court. and Neil Webb. Alex Random. Graham Garner. had rented a house for their country singer. not all of them for SF. Reverse the two halves of the name to give May Britt: Maybritt Wilkens (1933–). Americans. boxer. née Sanders (1889–1974). rock Lea Brodie: Lea Dregham (1951–). “Ann” would have sounded more like “Enn” in Morgan Brittany: Suzanne Cupito (1951–). Ir. when he was appointed James Bridie: Osborne Henry Mavor (1888– assistant director of BBC European broadcasts. Fenton Brockley: Donald Sydney Rowland maican DJ. Bridge End. J. Carl Brisson: Carl Pedersen (1895–1958). Native American physician. child movie. He sub. Lorna Page. Roger Carlton. William Brocius: William Graham (1851–1882). “End Bridge” and so “Ann Bridge. née ers. 1951). We made it more Irish. poser. Norford Scott.S. movie actor. Br.D. gunman. writer. key called Fagotin. movie actress. Rod Caley. 1986]. Chuck the son of a French trader and an Omaha woman.S. mountebank. Charles Field. Bennett (1824–1895). TV actress. Alvin Porter. working in France. the two names have a common Beau Bridges: Lloyd Vernet Bridges III (1941–). His 1962). Helen Berry. which advocated fair treatment for Native Lant. The broadcaster first used after divorcing him a few years later. where she and her husband. Elaine Vinson. Donna Rix. Henry Lansing. Rowland has used over 50 Bright Eyes: Susette La Flesche (1854–1903). Hank Madison. Owen Sinclair O’Malley. Karla Benton. Sc. U. Ja. Rimmer. brother of Sister Nancy. which he for his former home city. New Britain. Janita Cleve. sequently adopted his maternal grandmother’s sur. a cousin of tress. Mavor needed Jack Britton: William James Breslin (1885– a pseudonym for his distinctive dramatic writing. U. was 17 months old. Vera Craig. Oliver Bronson. Edna Murray. Stevens. rock musician. William Brayce. Lewis Brant. writ.Bridge • Brodkey 76 she entertained many famous expatriate U. (1919–1980). TV ac- musician. Irene Lynn. day. change: “We changed Pat Cusack’s name because we Steve Brodie: John Stevens (1919–1992). The Parisian street entertainer was fa. Chuck Mason. with the first under the Bridie U. following which he was adopted .S. family. yodeler. Weintraub’s mother died when he [Bob Geldof. educated English speech. Bart Segundo. name being The Anatomist (1930). Eng. Surrey. Wesley Craile. Al- known as Inshtamaza (Iron Eye). Roland Starr. Valerie Scott. The boxer was nicknamed “Britain” first play was The Sunlight Sonata (1928). Is That It?. Eng.S. Ann Bridge took her pen name from the hamlet of movie actor. SF writer. Rose Brock see James Colton Brigadier Jerry: Robert Russell (1957–). W. Al. Stuart McHugh.S. which was a pun on Harold Brodkey: Aaron Roy Weintraub (1930– the fuel cakes made in Ireland from compressed peat” 1996). was given a meaningful name mer pseudonym for her professional work.K. U. As a physician. who was himself ison Bray. Jules Brissac: Emma Marie MacFarren. Olive Pat- Lee Brilleaux: Lee Green (1952–1994). Buchanan. She took the name Bright Eyes. titled Blood Ties that she picked up at an airport. Inshtatheamba. John Dry- of her Native American name. Will Travers. Clinton Spurr. The Boomtown Rats member. Minerva Jean Brioché: Pierre Datelin (?–1671). U. name for later plays. Lea Dregham came to adopt her husband’s for- Johnny Fingers. radio director. Eng. wrote under the name of Mary Henderson. He continued in Lynn Brock see Anthony Wharton general medical practice until 1938. tribal leader.S. Pete Briquette: Patrick Cusack (1954–). Barbara Britton: Barbara Brantingham Czukor Dee Dee Bridgewater: Denise Garrett (1950–). Connecticut. U. black jazz singer. Swe. U. U. she became involved in a group called the Indian Burt Kroll. Jack Bassett. Eng. Sir Elton Britt: James Britt Baker (1917–1972). when den. Helen Langley. terson. (1928–). com- Ann Bridge: [Lady] Mary Dolling O’Malley. Bonar Bridge see Orion (1) Taken individually. thought it sounded too Irish. The actress took her screen lenby. Matt Rockwell. Dan. concert pianist. Kay Talbot. cattle rustler (“Curly Bill”). Frank Shaul. Charles Roscoe.S.S.) Another name was G. Harvey Ring. U. We changed it to Pete Briquette. Fr. Susette was Others are Annette Adams.

Welsh-born sky (1921–2003). movie actress] He is said to have taken the name from Bronson Av. and which his children Brok: Tamara Timofeyevna Sidorkina (1910– were to use exclusively” [Brian Wilks. Bronterre: James O’Brien (1805–1864). “It’s a subject for Woody Allen: you over the last letter in order to signify that it was not have this very smart. Eng. halfway between [U. Il Bronzino: Agnolo di Cosimo (1503–1572). The Brontës. tral. Bronson. political cartoonist. criminal. She just decided I couldn’t be Parsons. The father of the Brontë sisters (see lustrator. politician. U. which intermarried with the Bromley family.S.S. movie actress. 2002]. 1975). U. however. It probably Wales.. writer. in England by the partner of Brick. movie actor.S. movie. 77 Brok • Brooks by his father’s cousins.. descent. opera singer.” which his printed works carry. cartoonist. The artist sometimes used Currer Bell) adopted the variant form of his family this name for his cartoons for Punch. Broken Hill. Bron. an entry way to the Paramount studios in Hol. whose own later Lord Nelson. The name nected with the Wilson family of Kendal.S. actor. by Ferdinand I of Naples in 1799. Turk. with “Harold” over the ‘e. screenwriter. as James Bronterre O’Brien. The publisher of A Catalogue of and Poor Man’s Conservative and later added the name Engraved British Portraits (1793) may have been con. 2003]. both meaning “thunder. John Bromfield: Farron Bromfield (1922–).S. I don’t think I’ve ever seen a Charles Bronson Gwydion Brooke: Frederick James Gwydion film . dence. 1831 for his contributions to the Poor Man’s Guardian Eng. Ir. writer. New South name. movie actor. [Rev.1793). his and Nelson’s families were related. U. Charles Bronson: (1) Charles Dennis Bunchin. TV actor.” as used particular spelling because the English naval hero.1890s). The family by Daily Star glamor photographer Jeany Savage. son of James Brolin. The actor’s Kelly Brook: Kelly Parsons (1979–). in and out of jail since 1974.] Patrick Brontë: Patrick Prunty (1777– Harris Brookes: Giorgio (later George) Loraine 1861). actress. O’Brien used this name from Henry Bromley: Anthony Wilson (fl. According to one account. Aus. he adopted this adoption of the familiar clown name “Brock. juggler. Br. 1802 to study at Cambridge University. when he Lesley Brook: Lesley Learoyd (1916–). name shortly before leaving Ireland for England in Albert Brooks: Albert Einstein (1947–). Charles Bronson. tonnerre.” June Bronhill: June Gough (1929–2005). journalist. Magdalen Brooke: Harriet Mary Capes (fl. Drum Beat (1954).’ never consistently using the form Brontë formed from “Aaron. (2) Michael Gor. who . art historian. was sentenced for armed robbery.” perhaps with a biblical reference. refers to his dark complexion. who in his early years won prize Hillary Brooke: Beatrice Sofia Mathilda Peter- money boxing. Slavic names didn’t seem so fashionable. bassoonist. [Sunday Times Magazine. circus artist. a world Kelly Parsons couldn’t wait to sheen into” lywood.-born Anglican clergyman. The actress (not to be confused with name at the age of 35 on taking up prize fighting. model. The model was given her name of Russian immigrants from Lithuania. itself seems to be a blend of Greek bront` and French land. movie director. was created Duke of Bronte (in Sicily) partner was Grock.–born British model he reasoned [David Downing. Russ.S. was the son TV presenter. Charles Dennis Bunchinsky. and Brook was “With the hounds of McCarthyville skulking round more pin-up. Ir. son of spelling his name as Bronte with some kind of accent Parkyakarkus. Joseph and Doris Brodkey.. anxiety-ridden comedian .S. Charles ther. painter. dropped the middle “n. Brook: Richard Brookes (1948–). that he did so in order to imply that movie. But Bronson it was — and Bronson son (1914–1999). and actress] Kelly LeBrock and [U.’ Kelly Brook does sound like a glamour Hollywood. il- in England. Peterson. stuck” [Charles Bronson with Robin Ackroyd. The origin of the artist’s assumed nick- on that of her home town. Westmor. grandfather. to his own. U. The soprano based her stage name It.” pin-up. son. Leslie Brooks) adopted the middle name of her fa- “My gaffer [manager] chose my name .” and Buchinsky became “‘She was the first person to take me under her wing. have been struck by the suggestion of Greek bront`. silent. TV actor. as her screen name.” is uncertain.. “thunder. I actually wanted to be called Jack Palance Holbrooke (1912–2005). “Bronson” for his third movie. Eng.. The author adopted this name for The Oliver Bronson see Fenton Brockley Story of Eleanor Lambert (1891) and other novels. U.S. Louise Brooks.-born Br. June 29. Reginald Brook Learoyd. of It. lion tamer. Br. adopted the actor’s movie actress.. Br. don Peterson (1952–). 1982]. Throughout his life he used a variety of marks They gave him his new surname. An 1975]. There is no evi- James Brolin: James Bruderlin (1940–). It has a kind of sleekness and it was enue. meaning “bronzed. working Stampa (1875–1951). after the great actor. Eng. He may equally Josh Brolin: Joshua Bruderlin (1968–). “He took to U.

S. Eng. Kaminsky changed nalist. black boogie-woogie pianist. writer. 1985). middle name.” while simultaneously short. pianist. composer. Jr. writer of historical novels for children.-born Austral. “Brooks” is a more man. Wal- allowed me to learn that the late writer-director lace Arnold. Craig Brown: Vernon Rice (1967–). U. “A .. 1981. for Brother Daniel “Bubbles.S. “an impression she took no steps p. The original Harvey Brooks: Harvey Goldstein (fl. socialite. The writer uses different pen names for his name so as not to be confused with jazz trumpeter different columns. Charlotte Raven.111].. where Luther “Guitar Jr. R&B singer. movie actress.S. black blues singer. 1950). was jailed for 21 years in 1971 for sell- singing lessons from the cantor of her local synagogue ing secrets to the Russians and assumed his new iden- in Lancashire. Buster Brown: Wayman Glasco (1911–1976). jour- movie comedy writer. next word. (fe- was already established. p. U.K. He used many other names. to his surname. p. Ruben Sax” Times Magazine. movie. As a youngster. U. Gary Bushell. harmonica player. U. U. for Brother Adam see Adam.. tations of his original name. comedian. mainstream” [Thomson 2003. Roman Catholic martyr. where this fact and write his 20 articles a week without being taken was publicly revealed for the first time. 1997].1960s). cusation that he was cashing in on the fame of his popular singer. e. U. [Maltin. Br. tains a kind of resemblance. August 2. have dreamed that Phyllis Brooks: Phyllis Weiler (or Steiller) 15 years later the Scottish Football Association would (1914–1995).” Johnson Charles Brown: Leslie Uyeda (1962–). psychiatrist. spy. née Matthews (1929–1992). adopted the French spelling of his Eng.S. ing to Chicago.. When the young Vernon Rice contraction of his mother’s maiden name. Baker originally performed as Dennis Sinclair. male) flutist.vii].S. but abandoned the name in 1960 on mov. U. Bookbinder took notorious spies.. as well as permu- Guitar Jr. rock musician. form of the pen name was “Peter Carter Brown.85]. one of Britain’s most popular singer. Her real name gave the title of her John Henri Isaac Browere: John Henry Brower 1988 album Bookbinder’s Kid.S. TV Dennis Brooks: James Mealey (1942–1978). TV actress. basis that “Carter Brown” alone suited his American movie actress (not to be confused with Lesley Brook). elder brother Tim . Hadda Brooks: Hadda Hopgood (1916–2002). Beverley Brooks: Patricia Evelyn Beverley Brother . For names beginning thus. Broster: Dorothy Kathleen Broster (1878– Because how can anyone else get away with being Al. bert Einstein? So he becomes Albert Brooks — as in Readers of Broster’s books generally assumed the au- Brooks Brothers. Tom Conway. U. Caroline Farr. ening her lengthy surname to “Brooks” [The Times. ageable name than “Stroock. black blues musician.S. The former naval officer.S. U..S. thriller writer.S. Elkie Brooks: Elaine Bookbinder (1946–). Foxy Brown: Inga Fung Marchand (1979–). D. Carter Brown: Alan Geoffrey Yates (1923– U. The artist added an “e” Ferdinand Brooks: Hugh Green (?1584–1642). movie actress.Brooks • Brown 78 takes the prudent early step of changing his name. national football team and that he would be forced writer. Eng. thor to be a man. producer.. U. Brookman. for The future Viscountess Rothermere. nicknamed Brother Antoninus see Antoninus. Matthew Richard Brooks had invented his own name. etc.” to which it even so re. under this name. (1790–1834).” but U. such as Lonnie Brooks: Lee Baker.g. as a result. . 1977). “It can be a funny old business Max Kaminsky (1908–1994).. Eng. electric bassist.S. David Brough: David Bingham (1940–1997). to correct” [Carpenter and Prichard. and for some reason added the name George Brooks see Floyd Akers Isaac. I for a track-suited tactician” [Jonathan Meades in The believe I am the first to publish his name. Geraldine Brooks: Geraldine Stroock (1925– Arthur Brown: Arthur Wilton (1944–).S. decided to call himself Craig Brown to avoid the ac- Nikki Brooks: Nicola Ashton (1968–). and Paul Valdez.S. Eng.” had an early career as a movie actress see Daniel. Br. market better. 1987]. Eng. Mel Brooks: Melvin Kaminsky (1926–). sculptor. Sinclair MacKellar. She chose the name Elkie as a Yiddish tity as David Brough after his release from prison in equivalent of “Elaine. A col. His new name arose as a changing your name. Fanny Brough see Julia Marlowe March 21. see the Brooks.. (1933–). appoint a genuine Craig Brown to manage its Richard Brooks: Ruben Sax (1912–1992). bit of serendipity to adopt a series of pseudonyms (Bel Littlejohn. Joyce Brothers: Joyce Bauer (1928–). Peter Hitchens) in order to ply his trade league attended his memorial service. the writer later dropped the first part of this on the Leslie Brooks: Lorraine Gettman (1922–). U. Br. Norman. movie director. he cannot .

comedian. while Brummie: Eddie James (1941–). The Cavern of Cavadonga (1836). writer of poems. This male name Christian Brulls see Georges Sim was for a biography. For an earlier work. movie actor.-born U. chemist. toonist. critic. the immediate inspection of the Prince by John Dan. car- Lew Brown: Louis Brownstein (1893–1958). movie. (Cap- Irving Brown see Oliver Optic tain Rock was the name assumed by the leader of a John Brown: Thomas Jefferson Hogg (1792– group of Irish insurgents in 1822.S. Brown’s real name.” was the Greek title of the Egyptian biographer used this name for his novel Memoirs of Hermes. Arthur Loring Bruce: Francis Welch Crownin- Michael Brown: Michael Lookofsky (1949–). movie actress. the epic poem movie of the same name played by Pam Grier. Br. revolutionary. “Brown” evolved Virginia Bruce: Helen Virginia Briggs (1910– from “Brind. fairy tales for chil.S.” Bruce: Bruce Angrave (1912–1983). crossword . writer.” which featured in her act. music-hall instrumentalist. (Faroese) writer. movie actress. TV actress.S. of Austr. U.-Fr.S. nightclub comedian. 1862). she took Georgia Brown: Lillian Claire Laizer Gelel Klot the name Isabel. Roy “Chubby” Brown: Royston Vasey (1945–). (1909–1974). Austr.K. Coral Browne: Coral Edith Brown (1913–1991). Cap- 2004). esq. actress. She then The actress began her career as a jazz singer. Eng. to avoid confusion with another actor who bore his Vanessa Brown: Smylla Brind (1928–1999). the Younger: Thomas Moore long dark hair and dark brown eyes. Browning: Anna Cora Mowatt (1819– writer.S. writer. Henriette Browne: Sophie de Saux. black rapper. writing in Italian. writer. (1779–1852). under her real name was Evelyn (1845). singer. Henry C.” Henry Holbeach. The singer took her stage name for the novel The Fortune Hunter (1844) she was from the central character of the 1974 “blaxploitation” Helen Berkley. U. rock musician.S. Others include An Irish Herbert Brown: Herbert Brovarnik (1912– Gentleman. placed English “Charles” by Irish “Cathal” and sub- dren. songwriter. ton Vasey.B. Henry Brownrigg see Paul Prendergast The surname was coincidentally appropriate for her Thomas Brown. series as a guest character. of Jamaican/Puerto Rican parent. Roys. stage.S.S.) to be “translated from the original Latin MS. John Bruin: Dennis Brutus (1924–). lawyer. Fr. This is the best-known Harriet Brown see Greta Garbo of the poet’s pseudonyms. Trismegistus. 1958). U. Culp (1929–2008). songwriter. editor. 79 Brown • Brummie U. etcher.S. British TV comedy series The League of Gentlemen. poet. and Trismegistus Rustifucius. Br. One of the Fancy. Thomas Little. photographer. singer’s first name. pop Bruce of Los Angeles: Bruce Harry Bellas singer. Austr. the god Thoth.S. Leo Bruce: Rupert Croft-Cooke (1903–1979). stated on the title page inization of English rusty-fusty. John Boutellier (1829–1901). tain Rock.S. was chosen as the name of a fictitious town Lenny Bruce: Leonard Alfred Schneider (1925– in northern England that was the setting of the 1966). U. under Hedin Brú: Hans Jakob Jacobsen (1901–1987). The Life of Goethe (1844). Mowatt used a number of Henri Brûlard see Stendhal pseudonyms in her career as a writer. Ukr. age. The first literary work to appear (1933–1992). The actor took a new (typically Scottish) name 1946). parentage. original name. Pelayo: or.D. S. satirist. stage. movie actress. D. jazz. U. Brown. TV Teddy Brown: Abraham Himmebrand (1900– actor. and took turned to acting. Jack Bruce: John Symon Asher (1943–). Brown himself appeared in the Br. U.S. P. playwright. VV Brown: Vanessa Brown (1984–).S. 1870). writer. of Ukr. Carlton Bruce see Old Humphrey Nappy Brown: Napoleon Brown Goodson David Bruce: Andrew McBroom (1914–1976). detective novelist. movie actor. The initials evolved as a nickname based on the Edith Bruck: Edith Steinschreiber (1932–).” 1982). Br. Rands also wrote as Timon Fieldmouse and stituted Irish “Brugha” for equivalent English “Burgess. first screened in 1999. Mayor Vaughan. author. U.-born U. painter. Hung. Ir. Shelley’s friend and “thrice greatest. Peter Bruce: Peter Robinson (1960–). Br. Sc. Rustifucius is a comic lat- Prince Alexy Haimatoff (1813). Br. Ir. U. parentage. shield (1872–1947). working in U. her stage name from Maceo Pinkard’s 1925 song Sterry Browning see Leo Grex “Sweet Georgia Brown. Eng. Ferdinand Bruckner: Theodor Tagger (1891– Austral. Burgess (1874–1922). black blues singer.-born U. U. née de Cathal Brugha: Charles William St. rock musician.A. Sc. Eng. The future Matthew Browne: William Brighty Rands Minister of Defence in the first Irish parliament re- (1823–1882).

a city Michael Bryan: Brian Moore (1921–1999). Bradley T. king Brychan.” Mara. but when the Yul Brynner: Yuly Borisovich Bryner (1915– program arrived from the printers. Fr.-born mystic.1784–1864). The name means “son of the hill. Allan Scott. journalist. Louise Bryant: Anna Louise Mohan (1885– Eng. Rudy Bryans: Bernard Godet (c. comic actor. novelist. 29. The name alludes which she visited in 1919 with her intimate friend. The actor chose missing and she settled for “Bryan” instead. the final “t” was 1985). which would at the same time suggest the for distinction. among other writings. Louise’s parents divorced when U. Bryant & May.” from the place. Felice Bryant: Matilda Genevieve Bryant. This is the writer’s best. art critic. On immigrating to America in Jane Bryan: Jane O’Brien (1918–2009). maiden name of her mother. teaming with 1962).” “noddle. enne (originally Phyllis Caroline) Brune. though when he Gertrude Blood used this name for a children’s story. Dora Delme Bryn-Jones: Delme Jones (1935–2001). Broadbent’s surname was “not a name for the stage. rock musician. She therefore looked for an Welsh people named Jones.” Williams Dora Bryan: Dora May Lawton. black popular singer. Brunefille: [Lady] Gertrude Elizabeth son (1936–2008). “nut. born Can. Bryant. David Bryan: David Bryan Rashbaum (1962–). née Blood (1857–1911). musician. first Brunton Paul. actor. bal- Eng. Welsh U.S.1945–). Japanese parentage. movie actor. Eng. Bryher: Annie Winnifred Ellerman (1894– known pseudonym. name: “Evidently he was born with the name Raphael Sc. a New York theatrical agent told him that “Youl” .S. who gave the name of the historic re- Bruscambille: Jean Deslauriers (fl. “abrupt in the head. at one time Hal Bryan: Johnson Clark (1891–1948). the legendary progenitor of the British. Gabrielle Brune: Gabrielle Hudson (1912–). It. Georg Brunis: George Clarence Brunies (1900– Dan Bryant: Daniel Webster O’Brien (1833– 1974). Beulah Bryant: Blooma Walton (1918–1988). U. anagram of ‘Badly Rewritten’” [The Times. working in 1936).Brune • Brynner 80 compiler. TV comedienne. Moore also wrote as Bernard mies. actor. Chris Bryant: Christopher Brian Spencer Dob- G. poet. used for the satirical tale Wil Bry. who introduced Indian mysticism she was four and her mother then married Sheridan to the West. and took.S. (1923–). U. singer. he would use a third name. was unhappy with the way directors treated his work Topo (1878). as her stage U. Welsh Brutus: David Owen (1795–1866). teacher.D.S. and last names on the advice of a numerologist. 2008]. née Broadbent was a hillside farmer for most of his life. songwriter. priest. stage actress. 1941. one of the Isles of Scilly. Brynfab: Thomas Williams (1848–1927).” Welsh baritone.S. claiming that he was really Taidje Khan and of Swiss- stage actor. H. Brunies modified his first 1875).” but movie actress. The novelist took her name dydd y Coed (“Wil the Rhymester of the Woods”) from the island of Bryher. to Brutus. name.E. Winter. writer on mysticism. preacher. Welsh poet. Fr. revealed little about his personal life.S.” Bryfdir: Humphrey Jones (1867–1947). Ir. her husband.S. The actress adopted the let dancer. novelist.” something like English Welsh TV writer. U. Brychan: John Davies (c. My Father’s Guru. near Swansea. the singer added Bryn alternative. writer. editor. Eng.-born U. Eng. Paul Brunton: Raphael Hurst (1898–1981). U. The name appears to represent shire. he initially spelled his name “Youl Bryner.- whose inhabitants are colloquially known as “Brum.S. Aware that there are hundreds of as Noel Coward put it. Boudleaux Bryant. who gave her her name. as his professional showbiz name. (1863–65). French brusque en bille. poet. to cloak his family origins in mystery. née Bruno de Jésus-Marie: Jacques Froissart (1892– Scaduto (1925–2003). in which the poet was born. 1983). At first she selected “Bryant. then Paul Brun. Brynamman. Welsh ton as a pen name” [Jeffrey Masson.S. this being the first syllable of his birth- original. novelist.” with Rob Brydon: Robert Brydon Jones (1965–). trombonist. and it is not clear why he adopted this particular James Bryce: Alexander Anderson (1862–1949).1610–1634). match manufacturers. actress and singer Adri. an Carla Bruni: Carla Bruni Tedeschi (1968–). Hurst. Eng. November model. “Dobson adopted the name Chris Bryant Before her marriage to Lord Colin Campbell in 1881. U. bille a slang word for “head. The setter was born in Birmingham. teaming with Campbell. Ir. stage. screenwriter. movie. writer on religious psychology. Russ. The name is that of the 5th-century saint and 1993]. gion of Brycheiniog and former county of Brecon- Fr. The writer.

Dural first earned “Buckwheat” year that Bryullov graduated from the St. SF writer. 1st duke of Buckingham (1592–1628) about the veracity of some of the exploits she de- .” “cow horn”) into Greek. 81 Bryullov • Buford sounded too much like “you-all” and “Bryner” as or his son George Villiers. Br. with “Bucer” the latinized presumably because the English word is suggested by form of Greek boukeros (from bous. Robert Marner. suggesting “peck” (the action of mother [Josephine] is a Chaplin. painter. letters in his real name. and maican DJ. or budgie). formed a vaudeville act called “Buck and Bubbles. and the family name was russified only in 1821. Academy of Fine Arts. bins. Thai Buddhist monk. The name is pronounced “Bootser. The Woman in The artist used this name for antifascist drawings Battle (1876). dasa. When the Buddhist anagram of his original name) and Washington be. descent. so I’m really Charlie Sistovaris. and he dressed the part with an eye patch and 1917). he adopted the name Bud- coming “Buck. of a tribal uprising in French Algeria in 1881 adopted his own place of origin. Ivan Janvier. a budgerigar. his nickname. editor.S. Sublett met Ford Lee Washington.– (1842–?). The link between the the Confederate army and was involved in a number writer’s family name and pen name was presumably of military incidents. Cuban-born U. accordion player. the pronunciation. cartoonist. painter. the actor respelled his name as Henrietta Buckmaster: Henrietta Henkle Yul Brynner. Buford in (1921–1962). When her hus- Chuck Buchanan see Fenton Brockley band enlisted at the outbreak of Civil War. taken from a Little Rascals character. longer name. name alludes to Jamaica’s past reputation as a pirate Buffalo Bill: William Frederick Cody (1846– haven. my father was Nico. Russ. ragga musician. J. The leader accordion-led dance music from southern Louisiana.S. Boswell (1906–1971). Buccaneer: Andrew Bradford (c. 2nd duke of Buckingham though he was soaked in brine and pickled.1909–1983). March 28. née Foster Karl Pavlovich Bryullov: Charles Bruleau (1799– (1868–1931). Budapest: Zsuzsanna Mokcsay (1940–). Br crime writer. writer. dhadassa. Bhikkhu is the title of a fully Barney Bubbles: Colin Fulcher (1942–1983). N. a type of Afro-American Larbi (1840–1908).S. perhaps from the name: “I don’t have the Chaplin name. ordained monk. Ger. (c. she took David Buckingham: David Hugh Villiers the nom de guerre of Lieutenant Harry T. editor.S. Velasquez married a young American published in the Daily Worker in the 1930s. Br. Ja. of Lithuanian origin. Hung-born U. To clarify (1628–1887).” They worked together until Wash. It was Algis Budrys: Algirdas Jonas Budrys (1931–).” Z. Bufo: Peter Rhodes (1945–). Ned Buntline because he provided buffalo meat for Martin Bucer: Martin Kuhhorn (1491–1551). 1988]. John A. Charlie Chaplin’s grandson explains his drummer. Budrys used a variety of pseudonyms 1993]. meaning “turban wearer.S. from the 1968 movie Charlie Bubbles. The setter’s pseudonym is Latin for “toad. crossword the theologian translated his German name (literally compiler. Buddug see Gweirydd ap Rhys Charlie Bubbles: Charles Sistovaris (1971–). In 1915 they Budapest. rock movie actor.” Harry T. U. “horn”). Annie [his actress aunt] who first called me Charlie U. Bubbles: John William Sublett (1902–1986).S. among them David C. Although my performer’s initials. Buckrose: Annie Edith Jameson. then adopted the second word of his name for his Mohammed Bu Amama: Mohammed Hajj ben special interest in zydeco. According born Br.” Buddhadassa Bhikkhu: Ngeurm Panich (1906– with Sublett taking the the name “Bubbles” (a near 1993). (1947–). scout. “servant. Sentry. Buford: Loreta Janeta Velasquez Buchan: James E. Jr. The artist was of French descent Buckwheat Zydeco: Stanley Dural. showman. Hungary. See also Lord George Sanger. The founder of the U. Hodgkins. rail construction crews. Br. While working at a bowling woman-centered religion Dianic Wicca was born in alley. Yul Brynner: The Inscrutable King.” “slave”). 1852).S. “ox. Presumably a nickname.1974–). adventuress. Br. Algerian tribal leader. writer. Cody was so named by a hairstyle displaying a bleach ring. Presumably Aunt Annie got the nickname for magazine stories in the early years of his career. meaning “slave of the Buddha” (Sanskrit ington’s death in 1955. witch. She finally retired from active suggested by the English courtier and politician service and became a spy.S. record album cover designer.” and keras. to her widely-read autobiography. novelist. In the fashion of his time. writer. Eng. the U. Petersburg as a nickname. pronounced “Yool Brinner” [Jhan Rob. The Bubbles. Protestant reformer. officer in 1856 and eloped to the U. Doubts have been expressed George Villiers. U. The musician’s adopted Albert Stroud.E. When I drank from my bottle I always blew writer’s surname may be a shortening of an original milk bubbles” [Sunday Times Magazine. black tapdancer. of Sc. scholar became a monk. Budgie: Peter Edward Clarke (1957–). William Scarff.Z. las Sistovaris.

and he Billie Burke: Mary William Ethelbert Appleton thereupon added ‘Buonarroti’ to his name” [Dictio. Burgess was the bunn (1928–). The setter selected a pseudonym that guished surname get on to my baptismal certificate. where he Trevor Burgess see Elleston Trevor would have encountered the maritime term that he Jules Burgmein: Giulio Ricordi (1840–1912). novelist. The nary of National Biography]. “In 1815 he produced a fine design for Culloden (1746) and taken secretly by her to the Isle a ‘Tropheum’ to commemorate the victory of Water. An early pseudonym used by the popular U. reflected his liking for Gilbert and Sullivan operettas. . 1788). Her best-known bülbül see Byul-Byul pseudonym was Jean Plaidy. with “Ned” a pet form of his It.. playwright. The musician com- first name. Little Wilson and Big God. around” [Anthony Burgess. When the writer’s French-language in 1837 on inheriting the fortune of the banker publishers. cross.. the prince’s many disguise names. The poet published two slim vol. Sene.. Sc. the time. music hall posters. Br. Kir Bulychyov: Igor Vsevolodovich Mozheyko David Burg: Alexander Dolberg (1933–). Wolof for “nobody wants it. movie actress. years later. nym used by the Soviet novelist. Le Baobab fou (“The Mad Baobab”) (1982). and it is even possible Velasquez never ex.S. Cowell’s mother mar. but was right to insist that her slightly more distin- word compiler. U. ing the loose center of a sail while it is hauled up for Betty Burke: Charles Edward Stuart (1720– furling. Navy. Burgess used the name Joseph Kell for One (1823–1886). prince (“The Young Pretender”). dramatist. in this instance John Buonarroti: John Papworth (1775–1847). Burdett added the name Coutts to her own galese writer. I was an official He subsequently murdered a 12-year-old girl. writer.S. 1449). thropist. music publisher. umes of verse under this name shortly before his early [Baroness] Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts: death in the Warsaw Uprising of 1944. composer. Burke (1885–1970). It. She married a Manchester Wilson Bunthorne: Bob Smithies (1934–).. SF writer. maiden name of the mother I never knew . Eng. The future au. Pol. née raphy. Russ. ness of Michael Angelo [Michelangelo]. There have always been too many plain Wilsons with Bunthorne a character in Patience (1881). when rescued by Flora Macdonald after the Battle of Eng.. and Flora two years younger.. equestrian.. Il Burchiello: Domenico di Giovanni (1404– isted. So I pulled the cracker of my total name and unfolded Douglas Bunn: Douglas Henry David Honey. movie actress. Ted Bundy: Theodore Robert Cowell (1946– Ann Marie Burgess see Samuel Edwards 1989). insist Thomas Coutts (1735–1822).. I was forced to do so in near-disguise. Anthony Burgess: John Burgess Wilson (1917– ried Johnnie Bundy in 1951 and young Theodore 1993). Bulyga Kurtsevich: Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Annekatrin Bürger: Annekatrin Rammelt Fadeyev (1901–1956). he fled to the name of Anthony. and singer . Russ. her grandfather. writer. When I published my first novel Florida and assumed the name of Christopher Hagen. Burgess explained how he (Ted) took his stepfather’s name. meaning in a deliberately 1944). Ger. In 1974 he began a came by his pen name in his autobiography: “I was series of some 40 murders for which he was brought christened John Burgess Wilson and was confirmed in to trial in 1977.S.Bugay • Burke 82 scribes. An early pseudo. Br. of Skye disguised as her maid. stage. Russ..” here simply using her maiden name. The poet took his name from the Jan Bugay: Krzystof Kamil Baczynski (1921– poems he wrote alla burchia. Eleanor Burford: Eleanor Alice Hibbert. she use a pseudonym for her fictionalized autobiog. Ger. and it was regarded brought to trial in Miami in 1979. was of the Colonial Office at the time. and de. Eng. black blues musician. Eng. His artistic friends were reminded by its bold. translator. posed under this name as well as his real name. thor of dime novels ran away to sea as a cabin boy Michael Burgess see Samuel Edwards and at age 14 enlisted in the U. The writer was this was her answer.S. Burford (1906–1993). Escaping from custody. poet. Les Nouvelles Éditions Africaines. novelist. Hugo Bürger: Hugo Lubliner (1846–1911). adventurer. serial killer. U. One of picted him in his writings. poet. U.S. named the Beautiful Belle Burgess on cartoonist. Bumble Bee Slim: Amos Easton (1905–1968). (1937–). actress adopted a colloquial form of her second name. and executed ten as improper to publish fiction under one’s own name. U. the paper hat of Anthony Burgess . philan- Ken Bugul: Marietou Mbaye (1948–). The prince was 26 at loo. casual fashion. critic. a dancer Bunny: Carl Emil Schultze (1866–1939). lawyer. took for his pen name.) Ned Buntline named Buffalo Bill. born Eng.- (1934–). Edward. Ned Buntline: Edward Zane Carroll Judson 1986]. Angela Georgina Burdett (1814–1906).S. (A buntline is a line for restrain. architect. writer. Hand Clapping (1961) and Inside Mr Enderby (1963).

U. stage. a child movie actor. teaming with U.S. Abe Burrows: Abram Solman Borowitz (1910– stage actress. Billie is a female name in its own right. writer. 1904. 1984). (1885–1952). he became the Robert Burns: Robert Burness (1759–1796). is said to have adopted his English his second wife. who made the 18-year-old from Burnhouse (a common Scottish placename his legal ward and gave him his name. Hepburn used this brewery town of Burton-on-Trent. and the Scottish poet Robert Burns (or the Bobby [Sir] Montague Burton: Meshe David Osinsky Burns cocktail called after him) is unsubstantiated. from that additionally adopted by Kenyan president Ger. man (1966–). U.S. clothing manu- George Burns: Nathan Birnbaum (1896–1996). Eng. where they were known as the 1943. but the difference publishing his first volume of verse. Fielding Burke: Olive Dargan. Jonathan Burn: Henry Jonas Jonathan Burn. husband. Poems Chiefly in between their ages was 20 days short of 21 years. of Ir. librettist. She appeared as Ellen Sheila Burnes see Lozania Prole McRae in the Broadway comedy Fair Game (1957) Andreas Burnier: Catharina Irma Dessaur and kept that name until the mid–1960s. The noted U. Malandra Burrows: Malandra Elizabeth New- U. journalist. jazz musician. protégé of the English teacher and school play pro- poet. On it had been legally possible. U. U. The Rae. Neil Burstyn (married 1960. writer. making the “infant” a ward until he reached the age heavyweight boxer. Ray Burke: Raymond N.S. He took it in name for her first stage performance in New York.S. poet. the the Scottish Dialect (1786). Another was Irving Gillette. The musician took his name Hermann Burte: Hermann Strübe (1879–1960). U. Barrois (1904–1986). screen test in the mid–1950s. Philip Burton would have adopted his pupil if Campbells of Burness (a form of “Burnhouse”). popular singer. U. writer. 1985). when she (1931–). Austral. out official adoption. When a schoolboy Rex Burns: Raoul Stephen Sehler (1935–). Facing surname out of his original one. 83 Burke • Burton itself that of her father. Ja. movie actress. Instead. Burton. U. As such. U. The writer fashioned his new Jomo Kenyatta for his study of the Kikuyu. a circus Henry Burr: Harry H.S. businessman. of Jewish parentage. of promise as an actor. movie actress. The document meaning “house by the stream”) near Loch Etive. They moved to Forfar. but uncommon first name combines those of her par- jazz musician. who used the full name Montague movie. parentage. Welsh stage.” mariner. divorced 1971). Any connection between the name Poem in four Cantos (1818). The actress’s regular Vinnie Burke: Vincenzo Bucci (1921–). TV comedian. maican rock musician. Sc. for The Adventures of Johnny Newcome in the Navy.1920–). She was then a dancer in a Montreal nightclub reason for the changed spelling of the designer’s sur. perhaps itself called the Katherine Burns: Katharine Hepburn (1907– Montague Arms and obtaining its beer from the 2003). McClaskey used several pseu- was popular among chorus girls at one time. Maurice Burton. facturer.S. as Keri Flynn before becoming Erica Dean for a name is unknown.S. an agreement was Tex Burns see Louis L’Amour drawn up between Philip Burton and the real father Tommy Burns: Noah Brusso (1881–1955).S. Ger. This ruled spelling of the surname. in Port Talbot. Part of the document declared that Richard Burnum Burnum: Henry James Penrith (1936– Jenkins shall “absolutely renounce and abandon the 1997). The poet’s ancestors were named Campbell. ducer Philip H. stage. Du. when she appeared in Night Hostess (1928). stage.S. aircraft designer. Mount Kenya (1938). memoirist. Can. southern Wales. donyms. TV actor. name from a public house. that spelled out the change was dated December 17. Br. use of the surname of the parent and shall bear and . from her third Burning Spear: Winston Rodney (1948–). Marie Burke: Marie Holt (1894–1988). The actress Vincent Justus Burnelli: Vincent Justus Bu.S. Mitford used this name Bobby Burns: Robert Müller (c. stage. radio. Eng. Kenyatta. Eng. McClaskey (1882–1941). by “Jomo (Burning Spear) Alfred Burton: John Mitford (1782–1831).S. Forti (1939–). clown. painter. ents. Malcolm and Sandra. TV comedienne Gracie Allen (1895–1964). Jenkins showed signs crime writer. novelist. TV actress. finally became Ellen Burstyn. William (Billy) Burke. Lithuanian-born Br. movie actor. Her movie Richard Burton: Richard Walter Jenkins (1925– debut followed only four years later. née Tilford Augusten Burroughs: Chris Robinson (1965–). Aboriginal political activist. retailer. of 21. Ellen Burstyn: Edna Rae Gillooly (1932–). (1869–1968). and U. began her career as a model under the name Edna ranelli (1895–1964). Burns adopted the familiar minimum required by law at that time.S.

–born Ir. by deed poll in 1943 when forming the Jamaica Max Bygraves: Walter William Bygraves (1922–). movie. in fact the child of the adopter” [Paul Ferris. Labour Party in order to avoid disqualification from Eng. to be read as “my rebuttal. Br. mean- Clarke. thriller writer. Max Miller. Eng. McCall Walter C.S. was so prolific.S. T. Butler see Max Brand James Byrne: Edward William Garnett (1868– Hilda Butsova: Hilda Boot (c. the name in place of his Jewish immigrant name.P. statesman. Rhett Butler. The writer used this name for The Sweeniad (1958). so ballerina. topographer. rock 1853). Richard Buxton: Edward Shanks (1892–1953). movie music composer. Africa. by to the world and in all respects treated as if he were William Butterworth. 1981]. Alice Lafone. uniform with 48 brass buttons. (1928–). At the age of 16. A name presumably suggested by that of the same year that her son took that name. TV resumed her maiden name of Byng by deed poll in actress. Eng. John was nicknamed after these two distinctive features. A “Russian” form of the English name. Engraver (1822). writer. novelist. Buttons later adoped that of her stepfather. Br. y Sirvén (1865–1951). Allbeury 1959). with his pen name intended ringmaster. writer on military sub- (1936). Maltin disputes this: “Believe it or not. Jamaican prime minister. Belorussian writer. circus artist. Bygraves impersonated his idol. Br. Eng. Br. sister of novelist He adopted the name William Alexander Bustamante Margaret Drabble (1939–). stage Three Years’ Adventures of a Minor in England. Her new surname was he wore as a bellboy!” (p.” mother. racehorse breeder. Christine Busta: Christine Dimt (1915–1987). novelist. Patrick Kelly. literary adviser. Richard Butler: Theodore Edward Le Bouthillier Bretton Byrd: James Thomas Byrd (1904– Allbeury (1917–2005). Franklin Millicent Lafone and his mother (Lady) Elizabeth used the name for articles written in 1728.” Gary Bushell see Craig Brown Red Buttons: Aaron Chwatt (1919–2006). Austr.Bushe • Byron 84 use the surname of the adopter and shall be held out the West Indies. Schroeder used musician.118). juvenile TV actor. who drew up the Bustamante Julian Byng: Julian Michael Edmund Lafone Code dealing with international private law. The name itself was that of the Cuban enlist).” Tavern in the Bronx. He had red hair. this name for his engravings and for his written work John Byron: John Heanley (1912–). but from the uniform of the name Marnie Crittle. Russ. at one time producing four novels a Donn Byrne: Brian Oswald Donn-Byrne (1889– year. engraver. Zmitrok Byadulya: Samuil Yefimovich Plavnik [Sir] Alexander Bustamante: William Alexander (1886–1941). aged 17 (and having lied about his age to legally his. author of books on China. novelist. U. U. from a needy family. Richard Myra Buttle: Victor William Williams Saunders Burton. Hence his adopted name. lawyer and politican Antonio Sánchez de Bustamante and thereafter assumed his first name. went to New York in 1932 in the guise of a A. The writer came Clarke (1884–1977). 1937). a parody of T. Byatt: [Dame] Antonia Susan Byatt. Edd Byrnes: Edward Breitenberger (1933–). philosopher. The musician interprets his recording name as was a singing bellhop at Dinty Moore’s City Island an African term meaning “medicine man. Eng. The dancer’s Australian father. Scarlett O’Hara’s third husband in Robert Byr: Karl Robert Emmerich von Bayer Margaret Mitchell’s novel Gone With the Wind (1815–1902). and Georgia. writer. Jamaican stage. scientist. William Butterworth: Henry Schroeder (1774– David Byron: David Garrick (1947–).S. that he also wrote under this name and that of 1928). His father was (Captain) Michael William 1790). Austr. tist. Nathan Butt see Rev. dancer. Phillip Bussell. U. Drabble (1936–). South Carolina. jects. TV comedian. Evelyn Byrd see J. Bushman: Dwight Duncan (1973–). On his first night in the Royal nomination as a candidate under a name that was not Air Force.S. Eliot. née Spanish gentleman named Alejandro Bustamante. he took his and her mother renamed her Darcey to erase all traces stage name not from his hair. Clark U. deserted the family when she was young. Aleksandr Borisovich Bushe: Aleksandr Kseno. ballet dancer. Br. Crittle. Byng assumed his Walter Busterkeys see Liberace new surname by deed poll in 1952 in place of his orig- The Busy-Body: Benjamin Franklin (1706– inal name. Purcell (1896–1965). the son of an Irish planter father and Jamaican ing “poor one. U. TV entertainer. Eng.S. For this job he had to wear a Darcey Bussell: Marnie Crittle (1969–). actor. Eng. an English den. who in accordance with her father’s will Brett Butler: Brett Anderson (1958–). poet. Chwatt DJ. fontovich Gnusov (1882–1970). Br.S.S. .1897–1976).

she Cadfan: John Davies (1846–1923). Dodington. Mel B. “after it was suggested that her surname made it sound Robin Cade see Andrew York as though she had taken a tumble. “course. (Turkish bülbül. pop singer.S.) singer’s name means “bulbul. Eng. of the role of Sister Ruth. from the local Ruth in Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger’s 1947 word for a wild duck from the wetlands of the Ca- movie Black Narcissus. hence his common nick- E. The stylist adopted his new name. Montgomeryshire (now Powys). Lord Melcombe (1691–1762). .: George Bubb Roy C: Roy Charles Hammond (1943–). Welsh lexicographer.S. Can. where backs. it was remarkably appropri. Cabu: Jean Cabut (1938–). Cadfan. ion designer. the singer was formerly Cadrawd: Thomas Christopher Evans (1846– familiar as one of the four Spice Girls. of Fr. off our of Llangadfan. founded in 1962. Fr. movie actor. the woman’s name Vanessa. the location in Flintshire where he was born. Br. U. with the new surname to Esther Vanhomrigh. Cadenus: Jonathan Swift (1667–1745). It has thus been sug- name. Welsh folklorist. Eng.” “troop. Patrick’s movie actor. Famous for her scene-steal. 2009]. Jewish parentage. (1904–1972).” a bird of protest. U. U.” a songbird of the Some authorities claim that Swift wrote the thrush family.S. 85 Byron • Caffarelli Kathleen Byron: Kathleen Elizabeth Fell (1921– Jean Cacharel: Jean Bousquet (1932–). for his poem Cadenus and Vanessa (1713) addressed retaining the writer’s initials. cartoonist. musician Roy Hamilton or singer Ray Charles. poet. The name is one of the four “heteronyms” James Caan: James Cahn (1939–). C see Mr. It. bolist Fernando Pessoa himself. The name appears to denote a ate” [The Times. parentage. “nightingale. folk musician. The writer took his name from U.S. Melanie C: Melanie Jayne Chisholm (1974–). novelist. Fairfax Byrrne: Emma Frances Brooke name of “Dean” Swift. 1918).” and rhawd. was adopted by gested that the name may be an anagram of Swift’s the U. the actress changed her name margue. verse writer. so that his as. Reis. Ewart on metaphysics and Alexander Search who wrote only was a tireless traveler and sea voyager. army officer. of Ir. descent.S. black rapper. journalist.” Swift had become dean of St. meaning “familiar spirit of points out that in Middle Eastern poetry a bülbül is Es[ther] Van[homrigh]. Eng. satirist. Given the nature Cadence Weapon: Roland Pemberton (1986–). feminist cartoonist Genny Pilgrim. The initial dis. in English. The antiquarian’s bardic name tinguished her from another member. Cee George Cadwalader.) The same ferent interpretation is needed. fash- 2009). novelist. Caerfallwch: Thomas Edwards (1779–1858).S. descent. near his hometown of Nîmes. writer. There were also less Boyd Cable: Ernest Andrew Ewart (1878–1943). The name is an anagram of Latin de- Walter Byron: Walter Butler (1899–1972). the futurist Álvaro de Campos. name in order not to be confused with either pop Alberto Caeiro: Fernando Pessoa (1888–1935).” from Welsh cad. rock singer. Cathedral. Cuban-born U. pastoral poet. means literally “battle troop. and the sym- of Ger. in its lowercase form bülbül. other.S. aptly for a rap artist. bassist. The “Essa.S.” a pet form of Esther. The others were the classicist Ricardo née Böhl de Faber y Larrea (1796–1877). Of her own use of the name. U. (Swift formed the name Byul-Byul: Martuza Rza ogly Mamedov (1897– from the first three letters of “Vanhomrigh” plus 1961). Susan Cabot: Harriet Shapiro (1927–1986). the parish church is dedicated to the 6th-century St. Dublin.” eronymity was not a deliberate literary device but a Bruce Cabot: Jacques Étienne Pelissier de Bujac symptom of multiple personality disorder. Marion Byron: Miriam Bilenkin (1911–1985). tle.-Sp. prominent personae. Cachao: Israel Cachao López (1918–2008). It. Caffarelli: Gaetano Majorano (1710–1783). as António Mora who speculated Br. movie actress. cleric. Eng. lyricist.” Mr. An asexual pen name. It has been suggested that the het- sumed name may pun on “buoyed cable. who coded phrase Cad Es Vn. of Rom. January 21. pamphleteer. July 1984]. This one was the Fernán Caballero: Cecilia Francesca de Arrom. says: “I took it as a pen name when my family The poet took his bardic name from his native village suffered for my outspoken opinions” [bülbül. also ing performance as the sexually frustrated nun Sister that of his company. Gent. Fr. Sp. U. Port. Hammond adopted this short. distinctive politician. Azerbaijani opera singer. in which case a dif- name imitating the bird’s warbling song. movie actress. Welsh poet.” is a poem before he became a dean. thereby incidentally creating punning on the original (a burn is a brook). movie (as he called them) that the poet created to represent actor. canus “dean. He used the name Cadenus (1844–1926). kind of rhythmic onslaught. movie actress. Irving Cæsar: Isidor Keiser (1895–1996). “bat- wise Melanie Janine Brown. the different aspects of his work. in 1699. screenwriter. As Mel C.

S.Cafu • Caine 86 singer.’ He: ‘Okay. I didn’t want to be a ‘Julie Rose’ or a ‘Cindy Brazilian footballer. Then in 1954 he was Sammy Cahn: Samuel Kahn (or Cohen) (1913– cast for a part as a prison guard in a live televised ver- 1993). née Shepherd (1945–1995). ever think about galloped through my mind . I spent plan with a C.’ ‘O. That’s the name. one. Kahn. conte di Cagliostro: Giuseppe Bal. The matador adopted the We took a book from a shelf. billed . the friend. Her partner and stepsister was sharp.’ I wanted a name like Kiki Dee or Dusty Cagancho: Joaquín Rodríguez Ortega (1903– Springfield and didn’t feel ‘Zoe Bond’ was quite ‘it. Eng. movie director.. I thought: That’s it. bored with the game. movie lyricist. that’s a dress firm. come- Cafu: Marcos Evangelista de Moraes (1970–). That’s the one for me’” [William Hall. “Mick. neon lights outside the Odeon . that’s still the day wandering around the West End [in London]. ‘Why trauma all over again. The Caine Mutiny.. as Marti Caine. composer Saul Chaplin. he settled on Cage. But Equity. Icelandic-born U. “curlew”) and Daniel Douglas. It’s strong and friend of Oscar Wilde. Now he had to go through the whole Kahn and Kaplan. transexual artist. Br. sec- U. screenwriter. ‘Fourth line down.— page seventy-six. I liked it” [Marti Caine. photographer.S.. The actor first played bit parts as Michael Scott. folk-art authority. The actor’s choice may have been further mo- Henry Caine: Henry Hawken (1888–1962). with whom she shares a grave in Sir Michael Caine. tivated by the movie title as a whole. movie. was ill.’ Malc Nicolas Cage: Nicholas Kim Coppola (1964–). working in criminal. Equity Jersey. his teacher in Bari.’ I said. ‘It doesn’t look good at all. ‘All the names anyone could now on I’ll be Cahn with a C.. adven.’ He bristled and said.’ to avoid any invidious comparison with his uncle. U. Leicester Square. The entertainer chose her new name in the Brazilian fotballer. Afterwards I went (1894–1954). The niece of writer Marcel Schwob and great. I Should Care.” based on his surname. across the square to the Forte’s coffee bar next to the writer. Summers. movie actor.. Malc came director Francis Ford Coppola (1939–).S. a gardening book. which happened to be name of his horse. and this time it would have to don’t you change your name?’ I: ‘That’s fair.. He had to change your name.’ He said. a dress firm. Holger Cahill: Sveinn Kristján Bjarnarson (1887– his new first name suggested by his regular nickname 1960). the latter after Lord Alfred Douglas (1870–1945). The actor probably formed his new name he must have responded sympathetically to the social from the second half of his original surname. 1990]. books. turer. U. weeks. go to the pictures. A samo (1743–1795). I’ll be Ca. appearing at and informed the Con-Sec that Marta book hero Luke Cage and idiosyncratic composer Cane would be appearing in place of Zoe Bond who John Cage (1912–1992). It. you’re built like sidering Nic Blue and Nic Faust. Kaplan — I said to him: ‘You’re going to have “Michael spent the day in turmoil.S. From now on its Cahn and Chaplin’” and finally decided the only way I could relax was to [Sammy Cahn.S. 2000]. Eng. After con. The actor adopted his new name ond word along. across: ‘Tomato cane — that’ll do. confirmed that they had no Michael Caine on their Christopher Cain: Bruce Doggett (1943–). Zoe Bond. TV singer. Cahn tells how he and his sion of Anouilh’s play The Lark. magician. Call yourself Marta Cane. heard about it. earlier Stringer. The Caine Mutiny was playing at Claude Cahun: Lucie Renée Matilde Schwob the Odeon. and told his agent that came by their names: “When I saw the names on that they already had a Michael Scott on their files and first copy of [their song] ‘Rhythm Is Our Business’— that he must find a new name immediately. like that of Cafutinga.. Mexican bullfighter. and grown quite attached to It looks good. Coward’s Chronicles. [Sir] Michael Caine: Maurice Joseph Mickle- Joe Cago: Joseph Valachi (1903–1971). The male mezzosoprano took his name from Marti Caine: Lynne Denise Ives.’ 1984).. To his relief. When I arrived at the club. ‘O. I was flank. U. U. From be a name that stuck.. dienne. Malcolm because of his speed as he ran up and down the right Stringer: “I wasn’t Marti Caine at that stage. Channel Islands.. Arise. turned to the required page. that of Caffaro. still agonizing over this name — and sud- genderless name after earlier calling herself Claude denly I looked up and there it stood in great big red Courlis (French courlis..S. Marcel Moore. Page thirty four.’ I rang the club I was taking it from two distinctive Cages: black comic.K. Fr.’ ‘Greenfly. then still Saul Kaplan. I found I was Alessandro. Ritz. charlatan.K. TV actor. Michael Scott. resonance of the word mutiny could bring us back to . Mafia informer.’ I said: ‘Cahn and Caplan. “The fact that stage actor. actors’ union.. 1975]. ‘Why? changed his name once. and so on until. but only after being Sunny Smith for three Cafutinga: Moacir Fernandes (1948–1991).. I was sitting in there having a cup of tea and a niece of orientalist David Léon Cahun settled on a cigarette. white (1933–). The footballer was so nicknamed late 1960s with the help of her first husband..

Louis Calhern: Carl Henry Vogt (1895–1956). His new Micklewhite. theologian. wore men’s clothes. The actor was obliged to Anne Billson. Colting adopted his American name as Caju: Francisca Jülia (1871–1920). movie actor. U. Calamity Jane was a colorful character who the Animals. Chas Chandler. pope.D. 1982]. According to legend. central Italy. re. Caligula: Gaius Julius Caesar (AD 12–41). U. it was Scribner’s vice listus. writer. was known as Ab Caled. née Cannary in Los Angeles. rock musician. 2002]. first name. Eng. It is uncertain how featured (in a much more attractive guise) in dime he actually acquired the name. magazine Nation. Sp. his first name from the city of St. In his earliest movies of the mid– name Thomas on entering the Dominican order in 1940s.” Hence her nickname. The name means “Little Boots.-born U.) . emperor. especially a distinctive or say he was called “Joe” and that he came from Cali- disreputable one. a sequel to J.S. come to be adopted by such a willful despot. It. a Nonconformist minister. and generally prophesied “doom and 1876). on submitting a poem. The musician was raised Calamity Jane: Martha Jane Burk. Roman Ettore Calcolona: Carlo Celano (1617–1673). in favor of a name that was neither obvi- took his bardic name from the location where he ously masculine nor feminine. The poet. Clinch Calkins: Marion Clinch Calkins (1895– Caledfryn: William Williams (1801–1869). pop music arranger. 1968).S.” “the noblest” (literally “the most beauti- book Dynasty of Death (1938) would sell better if she ful”). novelist. lived. ‘Caine mutiny’ and ‘Caine is able’ to ‘Caine toad’ jazz musician. if at all. and many other 1534). Latvian poet.” and was It. dropped the feminine “Janet” and used “Taylor Cald. The name itself derives from Greek kallistos.1050–1124). having following his marriage in 1850. boy. indulged in drink. movie actor. Aleksandrs Caks: Aleksandrs Cadarainis (1902– Randy California: Randolph Craig Wolfe (1951– 1950). all the way from Charles Calhoun: Jesse Stone (1901–1999). plainsman. short-story writer. army scout. Salinger’s classic novel The writer’s first name and the first of her surname.S. S. headlines that they could mine. popular heroine of by his first manager. Tab Hunter. associated with the contemporary novelist. The novelist also wrote as 1458). new name was created by Henry Willson. soldiers when he ran around the camp as a young writer of fantasy fiction. It is ironic that such an agreeable name should Taylor Caldwell: Janet Miriam Taylor Reback. U. Calhoun was billed as Frank McCown. U. poet. May 9. frontier towns. The scholar. U.S. because it surname came from a contraction of his first two meant that newspaper sub-editors had a deep vein of names.S. 1997). one of Caine’s biographers. adopt a stage name under pressure from his uncle. writer. The placename itself literally means “hard hill. zine. Popes of this name are also known as Cal- Caldwell. (the lesson here. “Jane” has long been whenever anyone asked his identity. Erskine It. U. English form of the name was adopted centuries later It is not clear whether Caldwell wished to disguise by Little Boots. The writer dropped her Welsh poet. Calixtus III: Alfonso de Borja (Borgia) (1378– well” as her pen name. bass player of the West. which became the in Kentucky but moved to California with his bride name by which she is generally known today.” “When I Was a Maiden. “Caine hit the jackpot. The actor’s Times.” to a competition in the His son. Brazilian author of 60 Years Later: Coming through the Rye poet. stage.S. Gaeta John David California: Fredrik Colting (1976–). pope. her sex. the pet name given to Gaius Caesar by his father’s Moyra Caldecott: Olivia Brown (1927–). U. 1484. A name created from the last syllable of the (2009).S. The née Caldwell (1900–1985). who took the Hollywood stars. Milner would a nickname for a woman. Max Reiner and Marcus Holland. a portrait painter. (in Roman times Caieta). novelist. California. 87 Cajetan • Calkins psychoanalysis if we let it” [Telegraph Sunday Maga. California Joe: Moses Embree Milner (1829– ing sprees. who also Cajetan (or Gaetano): Giacomo de Vio (1469– named Rock Hudson. (The poem won first prize but was fryn (“son of Caledfryn”). carried a gun. Milner was born gloom. marked that by changing his name from Maurice who regarded the profession as shameful. and named for that state (or Canary) (1852–1903). Burk was a prostitute in various fornia.A. or to what extent she wished to be Calixtus II: Guido di Borgogna (c. came to be known from his birthplace.S.” It first appeared in print only in 1928. Louis. December 24. not published because it was regarded as too “ad- Rod Caley see Fenton Brockley vanced. president Maxwell Perkins who suggested Caldwell’s “the best. Catcher in the Rye (1951). is to change your Rory Calhoun: Francis Timothy Durgin. Swe. for aspiring actors. later surname to something such as ‘Fantastic’ now)” [The McCown (1922–1999). The story goes that novels of the 1870s and 1880s.

S. Landor used this name.” Calvus: Walter Savage Landor (1775–1864). Fr. The author (1831–1884). or one of his descendants. dancer. Milan. when he became 21 and of Camille: Camille Dalmais (1978–). It. author. complexion. Latin for “bald. Br.S. U. where he was born. of the Modern Quarterly in 1923. 1940). socialist writer. “good” + accorsi. The scholar changed by which he became known from the figure of a shep. Joseph Calleia: Joseph Alexander Herstall Vin. his name to Camerarius because his ancestors had herd in Boccaccio’s prose romance Filocolo (c. Eng. née the setter was born. with Greek kallos. When a Girl’s Beautiful (1947). bert Wilcox. stage. writer. poet. U. movie. opera singer. Ger. descent. parodist. parentage. Italy’s leading opera house.S. Can. As Greeks. on the Preliminaries of Peace (1814). “to meaning “island shrimp. of Sp. his uncle likened him to the big shrimp Sc. Fr. statesman. 1st Lord shorter and easier to pronounce in an English-speak. Camargo (1710–1770). Belg. Sc. The actress is said to have selected Both men adopted the name of Camillus. [Sir] Henry Calley: Henry Algernon Langton Marie Anne Camargo: Marie Anne Cupis de (1914–1997). working in U. Eng. was not entirely professional” [Matthew movie actress. The writer adopted a pseudonym to protect his job Maria Callas: Sophia Cecilia Anna Meneghini. movie. John Cameron: Archibald Gordon Macdonell Charles Stuart Calverley: Charles Stuart Blayds (1895–1941).S. and to his own real name. The pseudonym refers both in the waters around the island of San Fernando. Hodges. ing land. from kallos. surname abbreviated by the immigration authorities Robert Calvi: Gian Roberto Calvini (1920– when her parents arrived in New York earlier that 1982). mystery writer. “to run up”). financier. Webber (1893–1949). It. Phyllis Calvert: Phyllis Bickle (1915–2002). of Ger. Born in Baltimore. it seems likely that Calverton based his changed the family name to Callas. for Letters Addressed to Lord Liverpool. The singer’s stage name. The dancer adopted her Spanish mother’s mother’s maiden name. TV actress. dancer] in her ballet gear. Camarón de la Isla: José Monge Cruz (1951– It. somewhat late in life. where Elizabeth Cambridge: Barbara K. U.) Although obviously based on the family name. as a public-school teacher on publishing the first issue née Kalogeropoulos (1923–1977). and a descendant of the Rod Cameron: Nathan Roderick Cox (1910– old Yorkshire family of Calverley. banker. Victor Francis Calverton: George Goetz (1900– Michael Callan: Martin Calinieff (1935–). of Gk. (2) Clifford gram of La Scala. been chamberlains (German Kammerer) to the Emma Calvé: Rosa-Noémie Emma Calvet de bishops of Bamberg. Peggy Call: Peggy Castle (1926–1973). editor. Gauls and who was instrumental in securing the pas- . Il Calmeta: Vincenzo Colli (c. short-story writer. Calverley’s father also wrote as Neil Gordon.S. Leonard Clark Hanley (1922–1999). Eng. The scholar is said to have taken the name 1574). Camillus: (1) Alexander Hamilton (1755–1804). pamphleteer. humanist.S. “beauty” + makhomai.” “Her soldier and statesman who saved Rome from the professional surname was inherited from a photog. Roquer (1858–1942). Phyllis Bickle was re. Jr. U. the Roman Calvert as she felt it “had a sort of ring to it.1336). a name that was adopted surname on that of George Calvert. ballet dancer. novelist. political writer. was the Rev. Henry Calvin: (1) Wimberly Calvin Goodman. liament. movie comedian. of his name. In 1974. U. and whose interest in her. In 1926. Maltese-born U. in New York City as Sophie Cecilia Kalos. they would have made an association playwright. year. crossword compiler.Call • Camillus 88 Calkins subsequently wrote humorous poems for the rapher who took some shots of her [as a young New Yorker under the name Majollica Wattles. (Maria was actually registered at her birth Corinne Calvet: Corinne Dibos (1925–2001). (1918–1975). her lengthy Fr. movie actor. U. racehorse owner.S. movie actor. pop full age. MacBrayne ferry service in western Scotland. Joachim Camerarius: Joachim Liebhard (1500– humanist. movie actress.” cent Spurin-Calleja (1897–1975). breeder. Sp. southwestern Spain. U. singer. (2) Fisher Ames quested to change her name by movie producer Her. Because the boy had a pale Calmac: Michael Macdonald-Cooper (1941–). statesman. 2005]. too. she intimated. orator. The actress used this name for her first Sweet. and the Par- movie actor. classicist. the ancient name in 1852. (1758–1808). flamenco singer.1460–1508). he was given as a child. novelist. opera singer. Eng. theologian. his birth town. The scholar adopted a Greek equivalent 1992). the singer’s parents legally Maryland. Baltimore (?1580–1632).S. Callimaco: Filippo Buonaccorsi (1437–1496). maiden name as her professional name. to the popular short name for the Caledonian. Sc. The poet assumed 1983).” evolved from the nickname fight” (Italian buona.S. Shepperton Babylon. “beauty. Henry Blayds. the stud manager adopted his parentage. it is possible her parents saw the name as a near ana. crime.

R. Walter Camryn: Walter Cameron (1903–1984). Tanner eloped when she was 19 Chan Canasta: Chananel Mifelew (1921–).Z. painter. the the name of his maternal uncle. just el Inglés. Colom- fiction in the 1860s and in 1877 assumed it legally. novelist. The painter. she was able to apply for a new passport It. pianist. TV actress.S. writer. bullfighter. reformer. Br. working in Spain. “The commander-in-chief cried out. playwright Joseph around Bogotá. (1949–). née Tanner (1865–1940). Mario Camus: Mario Camus Garcia (1935–). actress was always known by her husband’s name.S./ Native Amer. underwent a sex change Campbell (1836–1908).-born N. mother of means “glens. ures in favor of the rights of the plebeians. Helen Stuart Campbell: Helen Campbell U. and when the boy was and the Beast: Secret Life of Cristina Campo”). Giovanni often assisted his father in his work.- to marry Patrick Campbell.T. The actress adopted “canyon”). as a matador in the Spanish bullring. Patrick Campbell: Beatrice Stella Camp. ballet dancer. Eng. born magician. The Spanish themselves usually referred to him as Louise Campbell: Louise Weisbecker (1915–). “the Englishman. comedies. Todd used this name for a number of detective Br. The writer adopted her mother’s maiden name (her Sp. Arthur Campbell. She was brought up as George Sarah Campion: Mary Rose Coulton (1906–). where Higgins was born. historian. existing middle name) as a pen name for some of her Cañadas: Henry Higgins (1944–1978). as he was not Molly Campbell see Dair Alexander noticeably small. 1768). Such valleys are a feature of the countryside the surname assumed by her father. so that the Italian diminutive suffix -etto more or less Not really a pseudonym. Weeks. The artist’s adopted name means dramatist. novels. “Lady Colin Campbell’s original passport prime minister (1905–08) added his mother’s maiden had described her as male because she was born with name of Bannerman to his own in 1872 under the a cosmetic malformation and mistakenly registered will of her brother. novelist. review of Cristina De Stefano.S. David Caminer: David Treisman (1915–2008). Now officially Geor. Canaletto: Giovanni Antonio Canal (1697– Maria Campbell: June Stifle (1940–).” tinctive stage name. whom his mother married in 1896. Colombia. writer. Bernardo Canal. including Unholy Dying (1945). Br. Colonel John Camp. U. equated to “Jr. movie director. stage actress. Cristina Campo: Vittoria Guerrini (1924–1977). It. writer. Possibly it was to distinguish him Mrs. September 13. Sc. “Cristina Campo’s name. as a boy at birth. though she opted for a pseudonym partly introduced him to the Duke of York as a suitable to mark her independence from him” [Peter army officer. sued with a new birth certificate. Br. he adopted a Spanish ring name.” It is uncertain how the painter came ican ancestry. 1997]. humorist. his uncle checked him and told him Literary Supplement. Álvaro de Campos see Alberto Caeiro tionary of National Biography]. Can.. The writer’s Aline Campbell: Merle Montgomery (1904– father died soon after he was born. Pol. composer. née Stuart (1839–1918). It. poet. The writer. soldier. (1887–1957). but even so a dis. It 2004). a theatrical scene bell. gia Arianna. children’s writer. and he assumed 1986). née Gamble (1916– ing tradition. Henry Bannerman. who publishes under [Sir] Henry Campbell-Bannerman: Henry her (titled) married name. essayist. Achille Campanile: Gino Cornabò (1900– Walter Stanley Campbell: Walter Stanley Vestal 1977). that Campbell was a good name to fight under” [Dic. was her own creation. The future field marshal adopted her life she also remained Vittoria Guerrini./Fr. like much which gave her gender as female” [The Independent. mentalist. poet. children’s writer.” U. daughter of Maestro Guido Guerrini. introducing meas. a pseudonym November 2.S. Henry Herbert Edward Campbell: Herbert Edward Higgins was the only Englishman to have qualified Story (1844–1904).S. Eng.” “narrow valleys” (related to English movie actress Jane Birkin (1946–). U. music-hall artist. Belinda ‘What. The British operation. politician. 2002]. another of the clan!’ and a note was made of e il mostro: Vita segreta di Cristina Campo (“Beauty his name as Colin Campbell. bian-born Eng. from his father. working in U. else about her. who paid for his education and when he was 15 her father. originally Gamble.S. William. stage. James Robert Campbell. But for her friends throughout 1863).. . Campbell: Ruthven Todd (1914–1978). computer software designer. Sc. screen. [Lady] Colin Campbell: George William Ziadie. a London businessman. In the bullfight- Judy Campbell: Judy Birkin. movie actress. writer of brief novels. which she first enjoyed hiding behind and then later [Sir] Colin Campbell: Colin MacLiver (1792– came to identify with. of Sc. “little Canal. of course. 89 Caminer • Canasta sage of the so-called Licinian laws. Times about to protest. Hainsworth. screenwriter. U. to acquire this version of his surname. Eng. the name of his stepfather. but at 21 had corrective surgery and was is. She adored bell..

working in U. Cannon” [TV Times. is a form of the 1947). U. and the name was perfect for a stateless person. 1985]. but also tell contraction of a heckler’s call: “En la cantina tu American editors that the photographer was French.” as it were). Cornell Capa: Kornel Friedmann (1918–2008). TV comedian.S. painter. however. composer. “Canuck” is a nickname for a Canadian. Can. photographer.” published in 1884 under this pseudonym. looked like any nationality. bullfighter. Mexi. he looked at her and exclaimed.” Br. R&B André (Endre) himself claimed that “Robert” came singer.E. formerly Lancashire welders.-born U. writer of adventure. U. 1954). The actress was given her new of Janey Canuck Abroad (1901) and Janey Canuck in name by writer-producer Jerry Ward. teaming with Bobby Ball. Cantu (1896–1949). vian poet. 1964). movie actor.S. stage. so he Cannon is the bigger and older of the two. first performed Robert Capa: Endre Ernö Friedmann (1913– as the Harper Brothers (after Ball’s real name). Blu Cantrell: Tiffanie Cobb (1975–). Canutt began 7. and Janey Curt Cannon see Evan Hunter Canuck was the name of the writer’s first heroine in Dyan Cannon: Samille Diane Friesen (1937–). and “Capa” a blend of gibberish. who arranged the West (1910). singer. essayist. Eng. Br. reggae musician. The Capa.1964–). U. movie co. his “feed” (providing his “ammunition.S. stage actress.S. in Camille. U. a book her first screen test. Austr. entertainer. devised a differ- Hans Canon: Johann von Puschka-Straschiripka ent name. although some sources say he adopted the Cantinflas: Mario Moreno Reyes (1911–1993). when he gained his nick- Freddy Cannon: Frederick Anthony Picariello name as one of Washington state’s “Yakima Riders. mother’s maiden name as his pen name. of his name to “Cantor” on entering show business Mark Canfield see Melville Crossman in 1911. The artist translated the name of an already successful American photographer Slavic first part of his surname to the French equiv. such as The Impressions U.Candido • Capa 90 Candido: Candido Camero de Guerra (1921–). when he was pub- joint name to “Cannon and Ball” for an appearance lishing his work as simply André. Kanter” by a school official. mispronunciation. who registered him as “Israel Kantrowitz. Kantrowitz. bye baby. of Russ. Macnaghten (1912–1979). detective stories. “I see something ex. lor. née Fer- Effie Crockett composed her famous song “Rock a guson (1868–1933). two men. In a . Jewish parentage. the age of three and raised by his grandmother.S. work. (1919–). supposedly the (1829–1886). novelist. a number of popular books. judge. Eddie altered the spelling maican DJ. The adopted name. Hence his Spanish name. comedian. They changed their adopted his new name in 1936. Meta Edward Candy: Barbara Alison Neville (1925–). (1897–1991). made him sound like a hairdresser. The writer adopted his Eng. Tommy Cannon: Thomas Darbyshire (1938–). brother of Robert Eng. biguity appealed to André. This am- working in variety in 1930. but this name was subsequently anglicized as “Isidore Icho Candy: Winston Evans (c. The entertainer was orphaned at Cuban-born U. from the movies. Denis Cannan: Denis Pullein-Thompson Terry Cantor: K. This was Robert Capa. name in admiration of movie director Frank Capra Mexican circus clown. movie stuntman.S. inflas!” (“You talk big in the barroom!”). the author was Judge Murphy. Bang. Friedmann ing in social clubs and cabaret. original that can be read in English as “Monty can’t Effie Canning : Effie Carlton. as did the fact that he Eddie Cantor: Edward Israel Iskowitz (1892– was actually confused with the Hollywood director. Hung. playwright. journalist. At age 15 Janey Canuck: Emily Gowan Murphy. it to hide his identity from his family when he began his surname sounded conveniently Spanish. photographer. Either way. The performer developed a routine that was easy to pronounce. June 1– 1986). Hung. née Crockett sing.S. and later Monty Cantsin: Maris Kundzins (1942–).S.-born U.S. Ja. Gerda could thus tell and pantomime. Terrific. Charles Cannell: Evelyn Charles Vivian (1882– coined in 1978 by critic David Zack. who helped him promote this work. He felt that this on the TV talent show Opportunity Knocks in 1973.” (1940–). and in particular from Robert Tay- Cantu: Abraham J.S. director. with Ball and his girlfriend Gerda Pohorylle (later Gerda Taro).” (1857–1940). jazz musician. Lat- officially changed it by deed poll. who was so rich that he refused to sell his photos at alent (English “cannon”). from a French editors that Capa was American. his career as a rodeo rider. both words of the name were median. He adopted And when the newly christened Capa went to Spain. in many languages. normal prices. Yakima Canutt: Enos Edard Canutt (1895– plosive. The story goes that that one day about narcotics. double-talk. For The Black Candle (1922). The name itself was arbitrary in origin. who in 1936 starred as the lover of Greta Garbo can illusionist. movie actress. U. rock musician.

utes.’ Frankie Capp: Frank Cappucio (1931–). February 3. excepting Captain Thunderbolt: Frederick Ward (1835– those below. beef in my heart about the way people treat animals” ing a tricky crossword.-born Can. Eng. The Captain and Tennille: Daryl Dragon Car: Robert Frederick Goodwin Churchill (1942–). Judith Cape: Patricia Kathleen Page (1916–). “head. Ger. so we could jazz drummer.. bushranger. For names beginning thus. for Cap. fash. e.S. The singer adopted his name in name. Its origins are somewhat vague. poet. U. [Richard Whelan. with “caper” also describ. Ja. “smoke”]” [D’Israeli. of atrocities by night especially in the latter part of humanist.. telope Valley High School. The setter seems to have devised his pseudonym ple stealing the land and covering it over.” He later admitted that he would have pre- Al Capp: Alfred Gerald Caplin (1909–1979).S. illustrator. artist. 1991]. They call me Robert wife. I was pretending to be the pilot. model. Br. The writer acquired his new surname as a plane trip to France with his punk group. where Frank Zappa. The name nicknamed after a lawyer in his hometown and springs from Captain Moonlight: “In Ireland a myth- adopted the name.S.. Andy Capp: Lynford Anderson (c. but I’m lumbered with “Capp” as his legal name in 1949. clergyman.. U. stage.S. from the from letters in his surname. keep signing on the DHSS [Department of Health Caprice: Caprice Bourret (1974–). U. Captain Moonlite. Br. see the following surname. ferred a more macho name. 1985]. U.-born Austral. Robert Capa: A Biography. a lazy and bel. Andy Capp (punning on “handicap”). capito. 91 Cape • Car letter to his mother soon after. tain Coe see Captain Coe. Captain Sensible” [Observer Magazine. 1985]. 100 Best Album Wolfgang Fabricius Capito: Wolfgang Fabricius Covers. Capa wrote: “I am (“Toni”) Tennille (1953–). play. The artist used . [Storm Thorgerson and Peter Curzon.g. “big. crossword com. p. speaking. Fr. Capleton: Clifton George Bailey III (1967–).” [Patrick Jamaican rapper. Captain Sensible: Raymond Burns (1957–). U. model. “The celebrated Reuchlin.K. Dragon was dubbed “Captain Keyboard” be- Capa. about 1977. maican reggae musician. I didn’t know I would still be called Captain Kate Capshaw: Katherine Susan Nail (1953–). novelist. his working under a new name. “Certainly the headed. someone said: ‘Oh. When he was 13. The scholar is now in fact usually known by his real Eng. U. rock musician + Catheryn Antoinette (1910–). considered it Fable. but this time it didn’t cause anyone any pain” stage.” of his German surname. Austral. of wearing a peaked cap. And Reg Smythe. movie actress.S. with his family from Los Angeles to Lancaster. see Captain George North. The former studio engineer A later account is more specific: “I had got a adopted the name of the British comic-strip character shirt with epaulettes. Sensible at 35” [Jon Savage. England’s Dreaming. the 19th century” [Brewer’s Dictionary of Phrase and man signifies smoke [modern Rauch]. Köpfel (1478–1541). Doolan. outlaw. etc. the Younger Capnio [from kapnos. “Captain Caper: Jeff Pearce (1957–). movie actress. for Captain George North Capucine: Germaine Lefebvre (1933–1990).” that have attracted the fame of balladry — Donohue. short-story writer. reformer. The smart-thinking musician was O’Farrell. it’s Captain Fucking Sensible. 1870). cartoonist. Henry Power. The Captain Moonlite: Andrew George Scott humanist adopted a Latin equivalent. pop singer.S. I thought it would last five min- working in U. Ger. cartoonist. Van Vliet moved Eng. “something like Duane U. We called ourselves by wacky names. 1987]. a derivative (strictly Irish were among bushranging’s big names and those speaking a diminutive) of Kopf. rock musician. Cal- Ally Capellino: Alison Lloyd (1956–).201]. Ir. Beefheart came from the beef in my heart about peo- piler.1948–). then his classmate at An- ion designer.S. U. and announcing himself as “your captain Capote. Captain . a Cuban-American textile broker. pop singer. ical person to whom was attributed the performance Capnio: Johannes Reuchlin (1455–1522). The child in 1932 when his mother married Joseph Damned. One could almost say that I’ve been born cause of the naval officer’s cap he invariably wore on again. playing the fool on an air- wright. nicknamed him. Captain Beef heart: Don Van Vliet (1941–). more dignified to smoke in Greek by the name of Captain Rock see Thomas Brown. (1842–1880).S. 1999]. 1989]. and Social Security]. The Irish in Australia. but it Truman Capote: Truman Streckfus Persons appears to have had something to do with his habit (1924–1984). and shouting: ‘It’s all right! Everything’s under con- ligerent working-class antihero created by cartoonist trol! It’s on autopilot!’ People were getting upset. The creator of Li’l Abner adopted Zenith or Bert Powerhouse. ifornia. which in Ger.

The name by which he actor. meaning “pencil. poet. operation and in 1979 legally assumed his new female tertainer subsequently changed his legal name to first name. movie director. and the name 1973). Gaulish origin. U. The painter’s name is which he would have lost by playing professional ball. her sole teacher in the art of singing.” Compare the Max George Carey: Maximillian Carnarius name of Karandash. where he tried a num. from a word of U. in which of her mother. He then carecer. (1903–2001). signer and manufacturer. The en. Lucius Septimius Severus. Tahia Carioca: Badawiyya Muhammad Karim Fr. It. new type of cloak that he designed. mous emperor was originally named Septimius Bas. caricaturist.S. near Bergamo in Jean-Pierre Cargol: Reyes Baliardo (1957–). screenwriter. movie director. poet.K. Fr. juvenile movie actor. of Romany origin. Don Juan Cardoza: Émile Brazeau (1889– keyboardist. The illu. before settling on Cardini.–born ma- a name based on that of Houdini. Egyptian dancer. itself is entirely absent in most.S. The Caravaggio: Michelangelo Merisi (da Caravag. Edwin Carewe: Jay Fox (1883–1940). theatrical director. Carlo-Rim see Carlo Rim form. Hence his pen name. wife and stage assistant. He also performed as Ray Bol and published in the Evening Standard from 1945 to 1946. U. novelist. Bassanius. Francis Carco: François Marie Alexandre Car. Eng.S.S. movie actress. Thomas. Ger. was Swan Cardini. U. It. Leos Carax: Alexandre Oscar Dupont (1960–). short-story writer. Augustus (AD 188–217). working in U. charity executive. Fr. His U. bina Allan. Fr. Ray Danton. U.-born illusionist. (1887–1959).S. “Saturday News Reel. working in U. (1890–1976). Kitty Carlisle: Catherine Carlisle Hart. Harry Caray: Harry Christopher Carabina Frankie Carle: Francisco Nunzio Carlone (?1919–1998). Welsh magician. movie actor. movie actress. is now usually known. movie actor. The infa. Carlo: Carlo Sommer (?–). working in England. Churchill’s father was a pioneer automobile (car) de. Wendy Carlos: Walter Carlos (1939–).-born Austr. in which she had no part. and Valentine. Cardy assumed his new name by Caracalla: Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus deed poll in 1987. and made card tricks his own special study.S. Egbert Carllsen: August Egbert von Derschau ber of stage names. The movie. the soprano added the maiden name Jay Mallory for her play Sweet Aloes (1934). U.S. actor. playwright. painter. sionist was impressed as a boy by the skill of card. Ir.S. It. and should not be mistaken for that of the (male) English took his name as a French respelling of the Russian novelist Joyce Cary (1888–1957). .S. U. The artist was born in Moscow. opera singer.S. word karandash.” Pierre LeBlanc. Carleton see James Fenimore copino-Tussoli (1886–1958). maker’s assumed name is an anagram of his first two Carl Carl: Carl Andreas von Bernbrunn (1789– names (in the form “Alex Oscar”). Heart (1936). writer. movie was given the title Augustus. After the death of her stage. she herself acted. U. Fr. northern Italy. actor. rock singer. Caravaggio. Brazilian footballer. that of his birthplace. poet. player took a new name to preserve his amateur status. Peter Cardy: Peter John Stubbings (1947–). Careca: Antonio de Oliveira Filho (1960–). in her familiar bellhop uni.-born Joyce Carey: Joyce Lawrence (1898–1993).S.–born gician. Carey used the name Alsatian father. née sharpers. and a nickname amounting to “baldie” (Portuguese his maternal grandfather. for his father. The spelling of the Go-Gos singer’s Cardini: Richard Valentine Pitchford (1895– original name varies in some sources. family to the famous Antonine dynasty. is said to refer to a James Carew: James Usselman (1876–1938). He arrived in the USA in 1926. Latham C. baseball player (“Scoops”). (1919–1999). (1866–1902). Conn (1910–2007). movie actress. née de Munck (1800–1865). movie actress. added Caesar because his father wanted to link the Fr.S.S. née Johnston Richard Carle: Charles Carleton (1871–1941). Roman emperor. popular musician. The sportsman’s name arose as sanius. stage. gio) (1573–1610). Dr. Cooper Adams Vincenzo Cardarelli: Nazareno Caldarelli Belinda Carlisle: Belinda Jo Kerzcheski (1958–). In 198 he Carette: Julien Carette (1897–1966). “to lack”). Her name Fr. assumed the name Marcus Aurelius Antoninus and Christine Carère: Christine de Borde (1930–). Maria Caradori-Allan: Maria Caterina Rosal. née Walker (1903–?). U. This was filmed as Give Me Your Caran d’Ache: Emmanuel Poiré (1858–1909). Pol. Ethna Carbery: Anna MacManus. such as Val Raymond. working in U. Professor (1845–1883). Caracalla. 1854). U. Br. The musician underwent a sex change 1980). baseball announcer.Caracalla • Carlos 92 this name for a weekly strip. singer.

C. music-hall singer. Eng. Venezuelan terrorist. Fr. composer. “song.S. jazz pianist. Roger Carlton see Fenton Brockley Austr. and Vladimir after the Communist leader. condottiere. verse. Br. prose writer. writer. He was nicknamed “the oline. She married Major John Zanft in 1927 Carlton: Arthur Carlton Philps (1881–1942). crime novelist. Born in North Carolina. Princess of Wied Carolus-Duran: Charles-Auguste-Émile Du- (1843–1916). Royal personages usually acquire strings lanthropist Andrew Carnegie (1835–1919). variety artist. cenary leader’s birthplace. The instigator of var. “We have traced Hartley Howard. school play” [TV Times Magazine. detective novelist. Using portraitist. Harris (1923–1953). The poet’s adopted name Terri Carol: Ivy Rosina Victoria Moore (1915– translates as the Latin for “happy song. U. painter. wealth. U. Br.S. U. He also wrote as mentor. The name is that of the mer. comedienne. Lorac. and Lazy Slim Jim.S. magician. (1936–). Fr. Carmagnola. a Peruvian economist. U. Ger. Adolf Bernal from Chile and Car. Belg. U. Fr. Jackal” by the media when a copy of Frederick Judy Carne: Joyce Botterill (1939–). former used her real name on the stage until 1889. born the eldest of three brothers raised as T.S.” She also wrote as E. born Israeli poet. los Martinez-Torres. Queen of Romania. born empress of Mexico. dramatist.-born U. five different sets of travel documents used by him.S. . guitarist. (1922–1967). movie actress. shootings. Marcel Carné: Albert Cranche (1906–1996).S. these identities he flitted in and out of the country Carol Carnac: Edith Caroline Rivett (1894– and nobody imagined for a moment that he was a 1958). Hugo Dupont. for ex. movie director. country singer. 1977]. an American.” and silva. who was probably his his pseudonym for his thrillers. U. Carmo see The Great Carmo hard.S.” She (1949–). The de- ample. editor. Carmontelle: Louis Carrogis (1717–1806). Dale Carnegie: Dale Breckenridge Carnegey imilian adopted a Spanish version of the second word (1888–1955). 1982]. musicologist. Leopold I (1790– signer adopted the surname of philanthropist Andrew 1865).S. née Pauline Elisabeth Ottilie Luise. movie actress. is believed Harry Carmichael: Leopold Horace Ognall to have adopted his alias from the Brazilian urban (1908–1979). of names like this with the aim of preserving the Hattie Carnegie: Henrietta Kanengeiser (1886– names of earlier family members. It. The actress took her screen may also have inspired Francis Markham) was found name “from a character she played years ago in a in his belongings. Lenin. and 1980s. fashion designer. Léopoldine. Harris also recorded as Jammin’ Jim. Country Paul. Sp. king of the Belgians. phi- standard use. The wife of Emperor Max. Carlyle: Lyle Laughlin (1906–?). Austr.-born Br. The rand (1837–1917). “wood. Felix Carmen: Frank Dempster Sherman U. Victoire-Clémentine-Léopoldine (1840–1927).S. The author of her seven-part French name as a single name for modified his name in 1919 in honor of his hero.S. and bombings in the 1970s d’une reine (“Thoughts of a Queen”) (1882). working in U. Sue Carol: Evelyn Jean Lederer (1906–1982). based her pen name on reduplicated letters in “Car- The Carlos Complex. 1956). on opening her first hat shop in New York movie actor. Fr.S. U. Carmen Sylva: Elisabeth.1380– Martine Carol: Marie-Louise-Jeanne Mourer 1432). magician. The writer seems to have terrorist” [Christopher Dobson and Ronald Payne.S. director. Carlota: Marie-Charlotte-Amélie-Augustine. 93 Carlos • Carpenter Carlos the Jackal: Ilich Ramirez Sánchez from Latin carmen.R. Judy Carmichael: Judith Lea Hohenstein He has been Cenon Clarke of New York. Br. Carnegie (1835–1919). suggested by the queen’s physician. Hector (1952–). Br. June 5–11. Lesley Carol see Carole Lesley Il Carmagnola: Francesco Bussone (c. Carmen Marina: Carmen Manteca Gioconda Carolina Slim: Edward P.– revolutionaries and named respectively Ilich. Francis Carpenter: Francis Willburn Keef reflected Elisabeth’s love of singing and of the forest. public speaker. pen name. commemorated her father. architect. singer. child movie actor. perhaps for its connotation of Richard Carlson: Albert Lea (1914–1977). blues. working in U. but never used his name publicly or professionally. City in 1909.S. He had several other names. (1860–1916). Glenn Geb. poet. illusionist. U. near Turin. The wrter reserved guerrilla Carlos Marighella.” 2002). an Anglo-Frenchman. Kate Carney: Catherine Mary Pattinson (1868– David Carlyle see Robert Paige 1950). U. Mosco Carner: Mosco Cohen (1904–1985). Eng. revealed her true name in her French-written Pensées ious murders.. (1911–).-born Rom. Carmi: Charmi Charny (1925–1994). The per- Francis Carlyle: Francis Finnernan (1911–1975). TV Forsyth’s 1971 thriller The Day of the Jackal (which actress.

‘I’ve got it!’ she pro- U. violinist.’ I mumbled” [Dia- Robert Clarke. Fr. she was only eight. which Carrick is an administrative district. U. movie actress. Great Steward of Scotland he bears the title Earl of Glyn Carr: Frank Showell Styles (1908–). The actress changed her name when born U. names are Charles Philip Arthur George. teacher. 1986]. black TV singer.–born Br. Br. pop singer. Can. chestra arranger. J. movie actress. also known by the equiva. or- Raffaella Carrà: Raffaella Pelloni (1942–). Academy of Arts.” that is. David Carradine: John Arthur Carradine U. “rock. Ukr. Lodi Carr: Lois Ann Cox-Kasher (1933–). “Carrick” movie actress. “‘Before we take this any further. Elisabeth Carroll: Elisabeth Pfister (1937–). took his name from mitting a small watercolor entitled Farm Buildings in his birthplace. David Carroll: Nook Schrier (1913–). Drexler. stage. It. The writer made his home in Prince Charles is also Duke of Cornwall. self be discouraged.” songwriter. TV show presenter. (1923–2006). Barbara Carroll: Barbara Carole Coppersmith Vikki Carr: Florencia Bisenta de Casillas Mar. Paine is chiefly known for his western claimed.. Br.-born Andrea Carroll: Andrea Lee DeCapite (1946–).S. How does that sound to you? Is it all Bedford. movie actress. she called with Mark Carrel: Lauran Bosworth Paine (1916–). John Kilgore. Troy hann Carroll with Ross Firestone. ventriloquist. The Prince’s full Eric Carr: Paul Caravello (1950–1991). food writer.1470–1548). U. Richard Dana. Br. Eng. J. Robert Carrier: Robert Carrier MacMahon jazz singer.” . Reg Batchelor. parentage. Communist official. Carrick: [Prince] Charles (1948–). medium. Diahann: An Au- Howard. restaurateur. detective novelist. the solution to our problem. choosing a name that seemed Arthur G. son of Fred Russell. Just fine.S. Hunter tobiography. movie actor. Catholic cleric. “Ladies and Gentlemen. Joan Carroll: Joan Felt (1932–).” then have you two march out (1935–). in charge answered.S. (1934–2006). Br.’ .” the former Jolyon Carr see Ellis Peters name being a Celtic variant of the English. in the south of France. (1890–1954). novelist. Br. and he adopted this pseudonym when sub- lent Italian name Il Carpentrasso. Fr. Jared Ingersol. conductor. to find another name.. new name on emigrating to Canada in 1924.S. Eng. Liggett. while as rock drummer. son of John Carradine. Hawaiian. Rudi Carrell: Rudolf Wijbrand Kesselaar U. movie actress. Kogan adopted his U. U. name. and his pseudonym is a typical Welsh place.’ the man Richmond. prince. Carrick. London. Eva Carrière: Marthe Béraud (1886–?).-Eng. of Swe. Norfolk to the 1987 Summer Exhibition of the Royal Catharine Carr: Rosalind Herschel Seymour. art director. For five years from frey’s Talent Scouts. this being a region of western Scotland. research literature as simply “Eva C. Eng. right?’ ‘It’s fine. actress. U. singer.K. Russ Carr: Frederick Russell Parnell (1889– Norman Carrol: Sydney Edward Brandon 1973). tinez Cardona (1941–).. ballet dancer.S. Kenneth C-a-r-r-o-l-l. means the same as “Craig.F. Oppen- Danny Carrel: Suzanne Chazelles du Chaxel heim and Johnson.S. Lucas. The musician.. Fr.S. pop singer. Frank Bosworth (from his middle name).S. U. U. Late that night . The supposed “materializer” is known in Michael Carr: Maurice Cohen (1904–1968).-born Ger.S. Elissa. Du.Carpentras • Carroll 94 Carpentras: Elzéar Genet (c. we can announce. There’s no way in the world Eng.” Edward Carrick: Edward Anthony Craig Jane Carr: Rita Brunstrom (1909–1957). but to cover his wide range of literary genres you’re going to be Diahann Carroll! D-i-a-h-a-n-n also wrote as John Armour. Sam Carr: Schmil Kogan (1906–). ballerina. “musical. writer. jazz pianist. and John Morgan. movie actor. His identity was revealed née Wade (1909–1989). calling their act Oppenheim and 1930 Carradine played under the name John Peter Johnson. only after the picture was accepted.S. TV personality. U. singer. U. child Tia Carrere: Althea Janairo (1967–). John Carrodus: John Tiplady Carruthers Philippa Carr see Jean Plaidy (1836–1895). spy. Diahann Carroll: Carol Diann Johnson (1935–). movie actor. ‘I’m changing my name to Lisa Collins and fiction. Carpentras. Eng.S. a county in Wales. ‘I’d like you to go home and try Thomas Carre: Miles Pinkney (1599–1674).S.S. Mary Carr: Mary Kennevan (1874–1973). meaning “Carr valley.S. I was crestfallen. but Elissa wouldn’t let her- the actress’s first two names. The Prince of Wales is a keen amateur composer. (1925–). music-hall comedian. U. the singer and her friend Elissa Oppenheim John Carradine: Richmond Reed Carradine turned up to audition for the TV show Arthur God- (1906–1988). When they were both (1936–). 16. painter. U.S. (1905–1998). The name evolved from there.

which had been confided Br. 4. 1975 (1850).. is Arthur Carron: Arthur Cox (1900–1967). (1905). from Edgar Cuthwellis.-born Br. zine. Eng. 3. Edgar U. F. noted in books not published under his name. Bob Davis” [TV On the other hand in Poverty Bay: A Nondescript Novel Times. with reference to this list. saving all Alice lovers Lewis Carroll: A Biography. actor. 2. and on March 1 Dodgson Lewis Carroll: A Portrait with Background. This seems quite a likely explanation for the Lewis Carroll: Charles Lutwidge Dodgson double-letter name. Dodgson for Sylvie and Bruno (1889). to him some years before and which he now remem- movie actor. etc) begins mathematical lecturer at Oxford University. and Charles to Carroll. His with the letter B and that even the Snark itself should pseudonym is a transposition and translation (or ren. singer.. Br. Anne Clark. was here perhaps consciously or unconsciously using Jeannie Carson: Jean Shufflebottom (1928–).-born U.B. to emulate. theater manager. the many French kings named Louis. Billiard-marker. Bar- Through the Looking-Glass (1871).” Yates made his choice.B. One of the most Francis King commented: “What she does not famous names in 19th-century English literature. and Charles). Dodg- Daresbury. Carrott was the first name that came into my head. and a footnote to paper The Train. that he ‘neither this “too much like a newspaper signature.’ short for his red hair. I added Carrott would appear to be one of the few initialized pseu. 4. critic.” since a num. Eng. when I was 17. (ditto). movie actress. for writing over mysterious initials as self-appointed Jasper Carrott: Robert Davis (1945–).. Reviewing Clark’s biography. The name has a royal ring to it.” Furniss born U.B. He first offered Yates the name Dares.G. whom he was sup. thriller writer. every crew member (Bellman. Ludovic .S. Carroll: George Frederick Carl French and English kings named Charles. the following stage comedian.B. Eng.X. ed.” O’Carroll (1906–1987). turn out to be a Boojum” [Sunday Telegraph. Edgar Cuthwellis (made by transposition (1867) is entirely distinct from the author of Alice in out of ‘Charles Lutwidge’).V.. John Pudney.. Magazine (1845). his Cheshire birthplace. claims nor acknowledges any connection with the son tried again. the exquisite. Lewis Carroll Lewis Carroll and His World. that remark on is the coincidence that in ‘The Hunting of the author of Alice in Wonderland (1865) and of the Snark’ .” “Lewis” was long the traditional English spelling for Ronnie Carroll: Ronald Cleghorn (1934–). The actor’s middle ini- since early contributions to The Train were signed as tial represents his surname..B.. Beaver.X. while “Carroll” Northern Ireland popular singer. but Yates thought son states. a proper nom de plume). movie.— which know why. Sep- dering) of his first two names: Lutwidge to Lewis tember 9. Westhill Wonderland [1. and on February 11. suggests Carolus as the Latin equivalent for the Sydney W.” (it was this that prompted his editor to ask for is formed from his third name. U. “Ann” gave “Nancy. 1976. donyms Dodgson retained for use in adult life — when he met somebody. children’s writer. February 15. editor of the humorous from the persona of Lewis Carroll. In this.S. although Dodgson had shown a fondness opera singer. There is no reason for it. the illustrator chosen by Carrot Top: Scott Thompson (1967–).S. Whiteman (1877–1958). by the boys at school. and said: ‘Oh.S. and 1965). U. Eng..L.S.. Q. The Rectory Maga- (ditto). Austral. U. Dodgson’s own nickname. this is Jasper. he contributed Davis explains how he came by his name: “Jasper is pieces as V.. facsimile edition.— and B. The comedian was so nicknamed for is found: “He was known at Eton as ‘B. Broker. a nickname I picked up when I was nine. Donald Thomas. Yates sending him a choice the writer of An Elementary Treatise on Determinants of names: 1. after Sharp 1904 reads: “It should be noted that Mr. movie actress. duly recorded in his diary: “Lewis Carroll was cho. 3. appropriately Nancy Carroll: Ann Veronica La Hiff (1905– for the Victorian era in which Dodgson lived. 2. Madeleine Carroll: Marie-Madeleine Bernadette sen. TV actress. his diary: “Wrote to Mr. 1856. Louis. stage It was not actually Carroll’s first pseudonym. 1979. J.. 1979]. to which Dodgson was contributing an enumeration of his factual and fictional writings in in 1856.. F. 1996].W. He was requested to produce Dodgson the don deliberately distanced himself a pen name by Edmund Yates. as a teenager. The precise origin of B. . ber of the pieces contributed to The Rectory Magazine No one since school days has ever called me. Lewis Carroll. 95 Carroll • Carson John Carroll: Julian LaFaye (1905–1979). or even were mournful ballads in the style of Robert Burns.C. was created by a rister. known me. 1979]. by my original name. co- editor of the Dodgson family journal. Louis Carroll (derived from Lutwidge . father of TV actress Lucy Davis (1973–).- posed. I don’t Anne Clark (see below) suggests that B. by Harry Furniss.” So Dodg. The Rectory median.’ might perhaps stand for “Bobby Burns. while his new surname “B. (1832–1898). I was on a golf course with a friend.’” In other words. bered. not clear. Arthur Carson: Peter Brooke (1907–). Beau Brummell.

from about 1870. TV actress. like Alvin Cash: Alvin de Forest Welch (1939– Mrs. When the actor became a cowboy other two. movie actress. Leslie Carter: Caroline Louise Dudley blues singer. physician. working in U. of Jack Carter: John Chakrin (1922–).S. at U. Carton: Richard Claude Critchett (1856– John Paddy Carstairs: John Keys (1910–1970).C.S. black jazz singer.” daughter of Henry Compton Lorraine Carter. U. Maybelle Carter of the Carter Family. Br. statesman. movie actor. Carlene Carter: Rebecca Carlene Smith (1955–). Fr. U. screenwriter. theatrical decorator. writer. horror-fiction writer. movie actress. appeared in the U. Jazz musician Lionel Hampton. adopted her Maria Casarès: Maria Casarès Quiroga (1922– mother’s maiden name as her professional name.S. guitarist.S. of Armenian parent- U. She took to the stage in W. U. movie director. dramatist. stage. poet. singer. movie actress. Two Cities (1859). op- (1956). Marilyn Carter see Marilyn Ross Bill Casey: William Weldon (1909–). Sylvia Carson see Brett Halliday R. The actress adopted her mother’s portrayed. Nick Carter. stage U. writer actually resorted to it. Casimir Perier (1777–1832). The poet’s bardic name means “red Eng. An actress who. hero of A Tale of Ger. Jean Carzou: Garnik Zulumyan (1907–2000).S. screen career as Virginia Reid. appeared professionally 1999). painter.S. is said to have been Sunset Carson: Michael Harrison (1922–1990).Carson • Casina 96 John Carson: John Derek Carson-Parker (1927–). The singer first performed as name “Miss Compton. 1955).S.S. Fr. U. children’s writer. The character Br.S. U. A corny name.S. Jean Caselli: Henri Cazalis (1840–1909). by Charles Dickens. Carton’s wife was the actress Betty Carter: Lillie Mae Jones (1929–1998). popular fiction writer. Carton was influenced Eng.- U. author (or authors) of a series of detective novels that Casina: Wadham Sutton (1945–). Pat Strong. movie actor. been taken from Sydney Carton.S. The writer used the deer. The singer. working in U. head of the Banque de popular fiction writer. invented by Coryell and passed down by him to the U. to reverse the order of his given names and then call U. Fr. Eng. (3) Frederick Van Rensselaer Day (?1861–1922). Jean Casimir-Perier: Jean Perier (1847–1907).S. Nick Carter: (1) John R. Br. For some reason Cash chose Nell Carter: Nell Ruth Hardy (1948–2003). Justin Case: Hugh Barnett Cave (1910–). who and aunt of Fay Compton and Compton Macken- employed her from 1948 to 1951.S. himself by their initials. (1894–95) added the first name of his grandfather. TV actor.S. but included here to show that at least one comic. publisher. In 1874 the future French president Harbaugh (1849–1924). The actress Helen Carter: Helen Carter Jones (1927–1998). country singer. Katherine Mackenzie Compton (1853–1928). U. under her husband’s name. parentage. born U. U.K. Br. actor. who gave the name. (1862–1937).S. jazz musician. of Sp. U. black Mrs. Heron Carvic: Geoffrey Richard William Harris Bob Carter: Robert Kahakalau (1922–). stage. TV course. The name was adopted by the France. nicknamed her zie. star in the 1940s.S. 1889. U. name to coincide with the fictional western hero he stage actress.S. popular fiction writer. Belg.” name Elizabeth Churchill for Juliet in Publishing Ivan Caryll: Félix Tilkin (1861–1921). movie actress. (1913–1980). black blues musician. U. U. Carw Coch: William Williams (1808–1872). R&B singer. character Betty Boop she none the less adopted the Lynne Carver: Virginia Reid Sampson (1909– first name and became Betty Carter. stage actress. the movie company changed his Anna Carteret: Anna Wilkinson (1942–). U. journalist. while for The Plane Wreckers (1961) he was eretta composer.. Cash: Joseph Wilbur Cash (1900–1941). and his stage name may have Peter Carsten: Pieter Ransenthaler (1929–). crossword .S. following the breakup of her marriage. (2) Thomas Chalmers Fr. Coryell (1848–1924). maiden name as her stage name.S. country singer. Welsh poet. a granddaughter of age. of Hawaiian parentage.S. came to France with her family when she was 13.S. 1996).S. Janis Carter: Janis Dremann (1917–1994). movie actress. Bruce Carter: Richard Alexander Hough (1922–). Patrick Campbell. crime writer. U. 1928). U.J. Br. Helena Carter: Helen Rickerts (1923–2000).S. The actress began her Bo Carter: Armenter Chatmon (1893–1964). and although Louise Carver: Louise Spilger Murray (1868– she resented the belittling reference to the cartoon 1956). “Betty Bebop” for her style of singing. the time of the civil war.

Lois Catesby: Lydia Arms Avery Coonley Ward Robert Cassilis: Michael Edwardes (1923–). née fused the god’s advances. York dealer adopted his mother’s maiden name in hood Was in Flower (1898). since English “bailey.S.S. niece of Gilbert Cates. U. teaming with Irene Castle. who received the 1966). U.” of his surname. literally meaning just as a crossword is a word game. Cassandra: Reflections in a Mirror. His pen name reflects his birthplace. (1784–1857). when on the run TV. Victor Català: Caterina Albert i Paradis (1869– dance Kid. that I had changed my sex. It. parentage.S. was the daughter of the Vernon Castle: Vernon Blythe (1887–1918). Fr. movie actress. U. U. and it was given him by Harry her husband’s death in an air crash. Blythe immigrated to the United States in me when I spoke the unpleasant truth” [Robert Con. Maine. Fr. Lee Castle: Aniello Castaldo (1915–1990). Sp. of Russ. Brooks used this name for his contributions Daily Mirror from 1935. Bartholomew. art dealer. movie cowhand Mike Cassidy. although they were in. movie actress.-It. Castine. Eng. her writing career in 1878 under this name. one of the newspaper’s directors. novelist. His pen it may be a variant on “casino.-born of the dance at the court of Henry VIII who is the U. movie actress. The setter was allocated his pseudonym (1778–1823). name is an Italian-style rendering. he learned cattle rustling and gunslinging. Lou Castel: Luigi Castellato (1943–). ?1909 or ?1937).S. an older outlaw from whom director. jour- 1967). Catalan writer. . Eng.. the news was going to be bad. in honor of the two Sienese saints of that order. Frances Castle: Evelyn Barbara Leader.” from one of his own fictional characters. Eng. (1845–1924). Giorgione di Castel Chiuso: Peter Bayley Helen Cathcart: Harold Albert (1909–1997). 1906 and took the name Castle the following year. the master Leo Castelli: Leo Krauss (1907–1999). ballet critic. philosopher. The English surname Jean-Pierre Cassel: Jean-Pierre Crochon (1932– translates the German original. The scholar entered the Do- 2006). Billie Cassin see Joan Crawford Ambrosius Catharinus: Lancelot Politi (c. U. King of Troy. Alejandro Casona: Alejandro Rodríguez Álvarez Castil-Blaze: François-Henri-Joseph Blaze (1903–1965).S. Cassandre: Adolphe-Jean-Marie Mouron (1901– William Castle: William Schloss (1914–1977). Cassandra: [Sir] William Neil Connor (1909– Castine: Noah Brooks (1830–1903).S. Harry Castlemon: Charles Austin Fosdick Butch Cassidy: Robert LeRoy Parker (1866– (1842–1915). “Butch” as he had worked in a butcher’s shop for a Georgina Cates: Clare Woodgate (1975–).S. from the law. The author used this name when first submitting crosswords to Country Life for Sketches from St. a volume magazine. Con. horror-movie director. taking it from gloomily prophetic articles. writer. 2007). It. Jr. and was noted for his to the Sacramento Union in the 1860s. outlaw. movie actor. Fr. Wyoming. 1919. Ward began writer. U. this.S. time in Rock Springs. Br.S. that I could foretell in the stars when ballroom dancer. When Knight.-born fashion designer. he decreed that no one Blackburn (1898–1981). poet. actor. 97 Caskoden • Cathcart compiler. aviator. She made a number of movies following the name himself. Eng. nor commented: “I was a bit surprised to discover jazz trumpeter.S. Catherine (of Siena) (1347–1380). Br. U. would believe her predictions.1484– Oleg Cassini: Oleg Cassini Loiewski (1913– 1553). Her name has thus come to denote any ballroom dancer.” The columnist did not choose husband. “closed castle. Phoebe Cates: Phoebe Katz (1963–). of Hung. columnist. U. movie Blessed Ambrosius Sansedone (1220–1286) and St. king of Troy. derives from Old French baile. The writer adopted his pen name “enclosure. U. Irene Castle: Irene Foote (1893–1969).S. her “prophet of doom. stage designer. playwright. The Wild Bunch leader was nicknamed 1966). novelist. However. U. teaming with the Sun. Its precise significance is obscure. theologian. 1913). graphic artist. teaming with Vernon Castle. movie actor. gift of prophecy from Apollo.. The New narrator in Major’s first and best novel. Connor was columnist for the nalist. George’s Fields (1820). for in Greek mythology Cassandra was the Don Castle: Marion Goodman. dramatist. writer of adventure stories for boys. (1919– daughter of Priam.S. 1969]. parentage. that nobody believed his wife. nor. minican order in 1517 and adopted his religious name working in U. Joanna Cassidy: Joanna Virginia Caskey (1944–). although of verse with descriptions of London life. variably true. “Cassidy” was an alias adopted from Gilbert Cates: Gilbert Katz (1934–). Fr.S. It. 1968).S. uncle of Phoebe Cates. . He married Irene Foote in 1911. U.” which is a card game. U. when she re.” Sir Edwin Caskoden: Charles Major (1856– as a court in a castle.

Gk. The musician as- middle name from an uncle on her mother’s side who sumed the name of his Venetian patron. Eng. name. U. The name itself honors St. this name in 1902. [St. original family name of Kemp and used his middle C. Gk. Catherine I: Marta Skawronska (1684–1727). Cathcart in the 1950s. It. play- Cat Iron: William Carradine (c. authority on whist. novelist.” and on senden (1771–1837). Alain Cavalier: Alain Fraissé (1931–). royal biographer. mystic. first using it for “literary manager” of Helen Cathcart. statesman. theologian. This one pre- the result of a journalist’s mishearing of his surname. [St. empress. Federico was killed fighting for the Confederacy. The writer adopted the first novel.P. Some. by the name she assumed on entering a Dominican [St. She assumed Kay Cavendish: Kathleen Dorothy Cavendish- the title of Yekaterina Alekseyevna on arriving in Rus. in place of his own. Fr.Cather • Caxton 98 Eng. Christian August von Anhalt-Zerbst.1958). times “her” books would contain an acknowledge.” and William Caxton. ter of a Lithuanian peasant named Samuil Skawronski. Marxist writer. It appeared in a fifth edi- married Peter the Great in 1712. Bulwer-Lytton (1803–1873). The writer tried out the director.S. Anhalt-Zerbst (1729–1796). “choosing a good Scottish Alberto Cavalcanti: Alberto de Almeida-Cav- name that had just the right ring to it” [The Times. Dr. Br. Stephen used this name. pianist. III. The writer took his empress. the following year.1320–1395). the Cavendish. saint. John “Tyrant of Athens. .] Nikolaos Cavasilas: Nikolaos Chamaetos convent at the age of 13. Nilus Cavasilas. author. mystical writer.S. movie novelist. the first Sprigg (1907–1937). poet. in born the daughter of an obscure German prince. U. mystic. three years before publishing her Anna Cavan: Helen Ferguson. née Woods first book of short stories and ten years before her (1901–1968).” broad- sia in 1744 and married her cousin.-born Russ. She in Search of a Horse (1835).) Albert created Helen 1933). Eng. for The Firewalkers (1956). It. writer. as his surname.” In 1703 she was received into the Russian Orthodox for his popular work. Br. Eng. tion in 1841 under his real name. Cathcart. (Albert’s father abandoned the of Elisha Perkins’s “Metallic Tractors. alcanti (1897–1982). “croonette. short-story writer. Eng. Murray (1908–2000). supposedly the actual author of biographies of Queen Frank Cauldwell: Francis Henry King (1923–).] Catherine of Bologna: Caterina de’Vigri Welsh poet. The writer English printer. short-story writer. was name from his London club. He therefore renounced the when applied to an inflamed spot on the skin. name of one of her own fictional characters. full names Willa Love Cather and Willa Lova Cather Francesco Cavalli: Pier Francesco Caletti-Bruni before settling for Willa Sibert Cather. Ger. Empress of Russia. but he tion!! (1803).” a pair of metal family home and his mother married a stepfather pieces supposed to relieve pain by galvanic action whom Harold hated. King used this name and other members of the British royal family. November 4.] Catherine: Alessandra Lucrezia Romola novel following the creation of her new persona had dei Ricci (1522–1590). physician. 1997]. novelist. Her first [St. lawyer. wright. 1879). inventor. origin. The musician came by his name as at different times by Bulwer Lytton. Cavendish Square. It. who was thus his novel This My Hand (1936). Willa Cather: Wilella Cather (1873–1947). Cavafy: Konstantínos Pétrou Kaváfis (1863– name. sumably alluded to Pisistratus. The Empress of Russia was the daugh. The Adventures of a Gentleman Church and rechristened Yekaterina Alekseyevna. Caveat Emptor: [Sir] George Stephen (1794– Russ. of It. taking the (1602–1676). Queen Elizabeth. Albert. theologian adopted the name of his uncle. Cawrdaf : William Ellis Jones (1795–1848). Eng. lawyer. the Queen Mother. Brazilian movie director. (c. The poet’s bardic name is a local place- (1413–1463). The Catherine of Siena (Caterina Benincasa) (1347–1380). one occasion the Daily Mail sent a reporter to Albert’s Fessenden first used this name for Terrible Tractora- house to seek details about Mrs. from the Latin tag meaning “Let the buyer beware. Catherine II: Sophie Friederike Auguste von Cavendish: Henry Jones (1831–1899). the 5th-century BC. Catherine the Great. opera composer. a satirical poem attacking English critics would not be drawn. The writer claimed to be the adopted his mother’s maiden name. Christopher Caustic: Thomas Green Fes- ment to “the help given by Harold Albert.S. It. One of several pseudonyms used U. the future Peter caster. blues singer. The saint is known the significant title Change the Name (1941).] Catherine of Genoa: Caterinetta Fieschi Pisistratus Caxton: Edward George Earle Lytton (1447–1510). novelist. Elizabeth II. Christopher Caudwell: Christopher St.1896–c. She adopted Cavalli. Archbishop who is venerated by the Dominican order.

S. she would be known only by that for two poems published early in life. writer. mean.S. Welsh writer. in hommage [sic] to his ma- Cee-Lo: Thomas DeCarlo Callaway (1974–). low-student. Now what name would Mrs. cellist. who had created him car. Henry Elliott. This Celadon predates the one who Ger. novelist.” The writer’s adopted surname is an anagram of Ancel. actress. working in France. The name subse. It. songwriter. Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog. Voyage au bout as Clifford Maxwell. Leon also wrote adopted the name for his first novel. “And everything of mine turns to mere cinders / Gabriel Celaya: Rafael Múgica (1911–1991). The writer (1902–1976). with an overall evocation of lines from Nietzsche: the Romanian spelling of his original surname.S. Céline Guillou. poet. novelist. den (“Order of Elbe Swans”).1209– that of the goddess said to have been the mother of 1296). (1908–1987). a lake in northwest Sansom. It. Wales.1677). Greflinger first used this name (also this pseudonym as a weekly columnist and reviewer spelled Seladon) as a member of the Elbschwanenor. née Brailly (1912–1995). Both names are forenames in their own right. Welsh journalist. judge. dancer. Celt: Edward Morgan Humphreys (1882– Celadon: Georg Greflinger (c. Ceram: Kurt W. ternal grandmother. name and bardic name was that of the village where Vincenzo Celli: Vincenzo Yacullo (1900–1988).” and Latin ars. should Frederick Cerny: Frederick Guthrie (1833– choose a name. Celestine IV: Goffredo Castiglioni (?–1241). a society of poets Konrad Celtis: Konrad Bickel (1459–1508). then Churchill.-born Ger. editor. to the past. Br. Ceridwen Peris: Alice Gray Jones (1852–1943). Marek (1915–1972). Brazilian rock singer. poet. Céleste married an American. hood” [Frédéric Vitoux. i. It. itself It. born Br. the legendary 6th-century poet Taliesin. U. pope. The poet’s middle Browner.. ballet dancer. novelist. Celestine II.1106–1198). C. Céline. 1935). de la nuit (“Journey to the End of Night”) (1932). Eng. wartime agent. 1995). Fr. Mr. pope. Odette: The Story of a Arthur Cecil: Arthur Cecil Blunt (1843–1896). Her real names were 1783). translated by Jesse Welsh poet. Her second Céline: Odette Marie Céline Hallowes.” poet. It.K. We haven’t got a Céline.S. “skill. working in U. of Jewish parentage.” Rom.1682– Odette thought for a moment. 1886). Il Cerano: Giovanni Battista Crespi (1575– Celestine III: Giacinto Orsini (c. of Swiss parentage. It.” “art. Louis-Ferdinand Céline. to the happy or idealized days of his child- Ceiriog : John Ceiriog Hughes (1832–1887). his birthplace. 1961).” now on’” [Jerrard Tickell. actor. Sp. Odette worked for Raoul. The artist came to be known from pope. founded in 1658. is the lover of Amelia in the “Summer” (1727) section Blaise Cendrars: Frédéric Louis Sauser (1887– of James Thomson’s The Seasons. a Christian name. Cephas see Peter Madame Céleste: Anastasie Céleste (or Céline) Luigia Cerale: Luigia Cerallo (1859–1937). . purposes of training. Sauser quently became popular for any rustic lover. “cinders. archaeologist. name. British Agent. Eng.e. Fr. née Keppler (1810–1882). 1144). folk musicologist.] Celestine V: Pietro da Morrone (c. ballet dancer. playwright. “embers. 1992]. but performed mainly in England. black “gangsta” rapper. named for the river on which it lies. The pontiff took his name from his former fel. Sansom like? Giacobbe Cervetto: Giacobbe Bassevi (c. student. What I love and what I do. 1949]. pope. It. humanist.. the name of St. Cee (or C): Hubert Kyle Church III (1973– “That was when he had settled on his pseudonym. The musician “Céline” do?’ ‘Certainly. less than 10 miles from taken by the World War II agent better known as Llyn Peris. Carolus Cergoly: Carlo Luigi Cergozzi Serini dinal in 1144. he was born.-born U. you are simply “Céline” from ing “rascal. composer. in the Liverpool Daily Post and Manchester Guardian. near Novara. Cerano. 99 Cazuza • Cervetto Cazuza: Agenor de Miranda Araújo Neto (1958– Odette Marie Céline. novelist. black rapper.. Elliott. Fr. For adopted the nickname given him by his father.1620–c. French cendres. Odette: “Every pupil. physicist. French braise. and during the pe. undergraduate.-born U. lyric poet. poet. in reference U. is said to have adopted a name that was a blend of Paul Celan: Paul Leo Antschel (1920–1970).S.W. It. Humphreys used Ger. northwest Italy. U. The writer’s Celestine II: Guido di Città di Castello (?– pen name reversed his real name. It. The scientist used his pen name riod of training. This was the code name Jones was born at Llanllyfni. Louis-Ferdinand Céline: Louis-Ferdinand Henry Cecil: [His Honour] Henry Cecil Leon Destouches (1894–1961). 1632). The writer’s new first name is [St. She said cautiously: ‘Would 1990). Fr. translator. painter. Ger. Blaise. earlier name comes from Llyn Peris.

and this is probably the source of Car- quently enrolled at Columbia University as Whittaker penter’s pseudonym here. It was probably suggested by Champfleury (“Flowery It. 1882]. wit. alter egos begin to emerge” [Colin in the movies in 1970 under the name Evelyn Lang. The movie’s storyline has himself David Whittaker. nist underground. U.” “heaven. (1987) as Martin Quatermass. where he set up a network of under. Brazilian singer. di- 1972).S. U. while credited as di- azine editor’s parents separated in 1908.S. The name itself is that former originally appeared as Will Conray before as- of the château of Chaban. movie actress. such as Karl Phillips name before settling in London in 1728. Jackie Chan: Chan Kwong Sang (or Chan Francis Chagrin: Alexander Paucker (1905– Gang-shen) (1954–). the Dordogne. Chaber see Richard Foster initially billed as Marjorie Bell. Jules Husson Ceulanydd: John Ceulanydd Wlliams (1847– was Jules Fleury before he became Champfleury. artist. rector. western Rio Bravo (1959) on which Assault on Precinct The Reader’s Handbook.. The future prime works in French instead of the traditional Latin. journalist.-born Eng.” pronounced Champfleury: Jules-François-Félix Husson “Say-oo. and director husband. the actress first appeared looks cheap). U. composer. Fr. 13 is ostensibly based.César • Chandler 100 working in England. Welsh poet. The musician adopted Claude Champagne: Adonaï Desparois (1891– (and slightly adapted) one of her original names. actor Charles Chevillet Marc Chagall: Mark Zakharovich Segal (1887– Champmeslé. Eng. and essentially kept the name. and Harold Phillips. with whom Chad and Jeremy: Chad Stuart (1943–).E. Gower Champion.S. actress. Hong Kong movie actor. moralist. The per- when active in the Resistance. pop musician + Jeremy Clyde (1944–). songwriter.S. which encouraged the writing of learned Delmas (1915–2000). . and 1899). Realising that too Marilyn Chambers: Marilyn Ann Briggs (1952– many occurrences of the same name in the credits 2009). Eng. political caricaturist. based on her maiden Ivan Ivanitz Chabert: Julien Xavier Chabert name. sician.1740–1794). (1866–1942). 1985). Chakrapani: Aluri Venkata Subba Rao (?– rock musician. 1975). although Gene Chandler: Eugene Dixon (1937–). Fr. so Amédée was the second son and is that of John Wayne’s character in the classic scapegrace of the comte de Noé” [E. “Pseudonyms are rampant Sidney Joseph Chamberlain see John Gilmore throughout Carpenter’s work. The artist was known for his retaining his real name as this movie’s director. La Champmeslé: Marie Desmares (1642–1698). whom she married in 1666. Fr. Teobaldo Ceva: Giovan Roberto (1697–1746). the Portuguese word for “sky. model.-born U. writer. a work by the 16th-century grammarian Ge- Jacques Chaban-Delmas: Jacques Pierre Michel offrey Tory. Cobham Brewer. The name itself grace of Noah. Russ. before taking the name of her dancer. The actress was M. Odell and Michelle Le Blanc. stage comedian. writer. Pit (1958). By the time he graduated from high school.. of It. producer. magician. (c. Jakov Chaklan see Jakov Lind James Chance: James Siegfried (1953–). Fr.” (1821–1889). with his mother’s maiden clearly been influenced by the writings of Nigel name. When the future mag. Fr. Fr. and music composer. Marge Champion: Marjorie Celeste Belcher ground agents. Rom. Can. when working for the Commu- César: César Baldaccini (1921–1998). John T. minister of France (1969–72) took the first part of Harry Champion: William Henry Crump his surname as his nom de guerre in World War II. particularly his TV play Quatermass and the he was calling himself Charles Adams. Field”). Chambers. Chance: John Howard Carpenter George Challis see Max Brand (1948–). he called rector under his real name. sculp. movie scenarist. Whittaker Chambers: Jay Vivian Chambers Carpenter was screenwriter of Prince of Darkness (1901–1961). screenwriter. she featured in the 1950s. movie director.-born Fr. parentage.S. Fr. The musician adopted his new also using a number of aliases. He subse. Ind.S.S. at St. U.-Léon-sur-Vézère in suming his regular stage name in 1887. itself 1965). Kneale. dancer. composer. Carpenter Cham: [Comte] Amédée de Noé (1819–1879). the latter name must have evolved from the former. porno movie actress. pop mu. politician. journalist. The actress came to be known from the Chad Gadya see Ephraim Kishon name of her second husband. (1921–). Br. of Jewish parentage. John Carpenter. “As Cham or Ham was the second son and scape. edited Assault on Precinct 13 (1976) under this name.. 2001]. Nicolas de Chamfort: Nicolas-Sébastien Roch CéU: Maria do Céu Whitaker Poças (1980–). U. (1792–1859). actor. singer. After taking can be detrimental to a film’s distribution (because it up modeling in her teens. novelist. U. tor.

Jacques Chardonne: Jacques Boutelleau (1884– Henrietta Baker Chanfrau: Jeannette Davis 1968). dans le Trocadéro?” (“Who has seen Coco at the Tro. “The Man of a Thousand Martin Chapender: Harold M. She retained the name although 12. “second band. Lance. movie actor.S. spectable version of ‘cocotte’” [The Times. Br. 1972).S. née some teachers could not recognize the [Chinese] char- Mossop (c. 5 perfume has been variously at her professional identity by combining her explained.” When she ‘faded red’ had exactly the same pronunciation (er. Fr. actress.” She “It so happened that the Sichuan expression adopted the name. Chargesheimer: Karl Heinz Hargesheimer Chanfrau. record producer. Jung (pronounced ‘Yung’). p. Fr. Eng. movie actress. My new Chandler. 1971)..-Panamanian illusionist. Charbon see Belinda Blinders p. name. Americanization and a means of suggesting the Frances Chaney: Fanya Lipetz (1915–2004). another wild swan is the actress became known was that of her first hus- born. (Istomina .. one of the cabaret songs that she sang. I told my father that I wanted his new name from that of his favorite actor.S. Jung Chang: Er-hong Chang (1952–). U. Fr. Crouch U.S. That evening I begged my father to give names Maria Istomina and Felia Sidorova.S. The poet was born in La-Chapelle- a desire to emulate his father Lon (originally Leonidas) Saint-Denis. U. Chin. Jones (c. Walter Chan- earned by her habit of riding in the Bois [de ning.” (1924–1971). but respelled it “Cyd. Wild Swans: Three Daughters of writer also published as Theresa Charles. Jr. The actor always harbored 1686). The poet’s 1858 she married actor Frank Chanfrau (1824–1884) adopted name means “of indomitable lineage.” and accordingly adopted his first name. Armenian poet. proper pronunciation of his name” [Tom D.K. As a young child she was called “Sid” red to faded red. poet. The surname by which writer’s birth exclaimed. Paris. corico. Ko” (“Cock-a-dooodle-doo”) or “Qui qu’a vu Coco Fr. Leslie China. dancer. whom she wild swan. January 6... Cyd Charisse: Tula Ellice Finklea (1922–2008). with tasseled spears and neighing steeds. vol. romantic novelist. 685]. following a comment by a politics teacher that soon divorcing him and marrying actor and singer Communist China could change color “from bright Tony Martin. (1837–1909). Er-hong. “Traditionally. The musician adopted me another name . it arose as a stage nickname from ceray (1727–1772). Stockard Channing: Susan Williams Antonia Coco Chanel: Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel (1883– Stockard Channing Schmidt (1944–). Ger. Fr. writer of fantasy fiction. Chantilly: Marie-Justine-Benoiste Duron- 1971].1905–1993).S. radio actress. actress.S.” and after her marriage acted under the name “Mrs. The acter” [Jung Chang. her nickname ‘Coco’ was surname with that of her first husband. Chanut early added an e to his name “as a mark of cadero?”). in Garraty and Carnes. photographer. “Ko Ko Ri Octave Chanute: Octave Chanut (1832–1910). U. Joy Chant: Eileen Joyce Rutter (1945–).S. In gomonyan (1897–1937). Jeff ‘something with a military ring to it’ . often grumbled that he was ‘starved’ into changing Saul Chaplin: Saul Kaplan (1912–1997). U. conjuror. working in U. fashion designer. writer. was a very old and Jeff Chandler: Ira Grossel (1918–1961). It evoked an radio.: Creighton Tull Chaney (1906– Chapelle: Claude-Emmanuel Lhuillier (1626– 1973). “Ah. Eng. 101 Chandler • Charisse pop singer. Mlle. and movie music composer. The actress born Susan Stockard arrived creator of Chanel No. movie actor.” Hence her original name. dropped the ‘Junior’ from 1942 onward” [Schneider. 146]. engineer. first danced as a teenager for the the Ballet Russe de hong) as my name . movie actor. recondite word for ‘martial affairs’ .’ but she later claimed it was merely a re. his attempt to say “sis.” She acquired her new name at the age of married in 1939. Chaney (1883–1930). U. novelist.-born U.” by her baby brother. More likely... his name to capitalize on his father’s stardom. Boulogne] when the cocks were still crowing ‘co. The actress made her debut Yegishe Charents: Yegishe Abgarovich So- in 1854 under the stage name Henrietta Baker.S. of Ukr. I felt I must get rid of my name Monte Carlo she was given the pseudo–Russian immediately. The doctor attending the U. The name adopted by the TV actress. Stern magazine. 1991]. first used his name in 1948 on submitting work to Chin.1876– Faces.. Lon Chaney. movie. “He 1905). U. 4. parentage. aeronautical experimenter. The photographer Chang : Juan Pablo Jesorum (1889–1972). image of bygone battles between knights in shining Lane Chandler: Robert Lane Oakes (1899– armor. and Jan Tempest.. dance teacher Nico Charisse. musical director. When I turned up at school with my new name even Fay Chandos: Irene Maude Swatridge.

as “sea whirlpool” Kate Charles: Carol Ann Chase. 1925). mystery writer. writer. His family still reigns today. Charybdis: Chris L. 1996). stage actress. U. The poet’s taking the regnal name and number of Charles XIV adopted plant name means “reed. On the death of Charles Mikhas Charot: Mikhail Semyonovich XIII the prince became king of Sweden and Norway. Chase was the middle name of his surname so as not to be confused with the cham. an awkward-sounding surname to a more euphonious Don Charles: Walter Stanley Scuffham (1933– one. Charo: Maria del Rosario Pilar Martinez Charles XIII (1748–1818). Bernadotte four-letter words. taking ily name. Eng. jazz trumpeter. Pol.” her own first name. Tonna. and was held in favor by Napoleon when campaigning Lloyd Charmers: Lloyd Tyrell (1938–). U. earlier Phelan. singer. folk singer. U. it from the colorful Scottish criminal Colonel Francis Harold Charles: Robert Charles A. Charles John (Karl Johan).” the writer’s mother’s first name. (1885–1960). short-story writer. Woodhouse Charlene: Charlene Duncan (1950–). Kudzelka (1896–1938). Jewish publicist. Br. This was full of cops and robbers and (1763–1844). actress. The actress adopted her father’s Alida Chase: Alida Anderson (1951–). and hero Simon Templar (criminal alias “The Saint”) “Edna. while “Charles” is a fam. for his “rather violent detective story. Fawcett Charteris (1675–1732). Charles Chase Parr. of novelist.-Chin. U. U. U. songwriter.”) her income from the claims of her first husband after She started in films in 1943. Ray Charles: Ray Charles Robinson (1930– Beatrice Chase: Olive Katharine Parr (1874– 2004). Leslie Charteris: Leslie Charles Bowyer Yin Gerda Charles: Edna Lipson (1914–1996). Can. Robinson dropped 1955). Charlotte Elizabeth: Charlotte Elizabeth Charley Chase: Charles Parrott (1893–1940). her original lished under her first names alone in order to protect name. pop singer. first name as her stage name.S. movie comedian. The creator of the debonair “Gertrude. The writer took his name from the well- 1901).S. songwriter.S. novelist. Eng. surname is sometimes rendered in the Russian form Pamela Charles: Pamela Foster (1932–).S. “Gerda” is a blend of Eng. children’s poet. composer. He was the name for himself. children’s writer.S. sea whirlpool of classical mythology. Eng. Aunt Charlotte: Charlotte Mary Yonge (1823– screenwriter. movie. Poole. (1907–1993). rock songwriter.” The Remington Charles XIV: [Count] Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte Set (1975). adopted his new name by deed poll in 1926.” “rush. thriller writer.” John (Karl XIV Johan).Charlene • Chase 102 may have been an intentional pun on Russian istomit. ballet dancer. Ja- against Sweden in 1809. Chase). U. Eng. The author known food company (Borden) and bank (Manhattan used this name for a series of historical works for chil. beginning with Aunt Charlotte’s Stories of English Brandon Chase: Alan Gary Zekley (1943– History (1873). Russ. Poole (1951–). TV actress.S. (1928–). Br. mainly through Sweden’s wish duo with Roy Willis as the Charmers. She finally became Cyd Charisse John Charlton: Martin Charlton Woodhouse when she was put under contract by MGM in 1946. The setter’s pseudonym refers to the (1907–1995). pop adopted a family name (his existing middle name) singer. Austral. An alteration of 2010). parentage. Kazanovich. née Browne (1790–1846). Fr. née Fosher in its spoken form sounds like “C. crime writer. the writer’s father. U. (1932–). when she played bit parts the couple separated in around 1824. but also as a result of partnership dissolved in the late 1960s. and Sidorova may have been based on “Cyd.S. In 1810 he he was elected maican reggae musician. Chase also worked as a movie . labor leader. singer. Leon Chasanowitsch: Kasriel Schub (1882– Maria Charles: Maria Zena Schneider (1929–). adopted as son by the elderly childless reigning king. Eng. dren. Borden Chase: Frank Fowler (1900–1971).” (1950–). Singapore-born U.-born king of Sweden.S. Eng. as Lily Norwood. novelist. Bill Chase: William Edward Chiaiese (1934– Teddy Charles: Theodore Charles Cohen 1974). so a different name was desirable rose to be a high-ranking officer in the French army in order not to shock his regular readers. novelist.S. black popular singer. and took the name of Molina Baeza (1948–). 2005). jazz musician. In 1962 Tyrell formed a ska Swedish crown prince. cross- Hugh Charles: Charles Hugh Owen Ferry word compiler. pion boxer Sugar Ray Robinson. When the to retain Napoleon’s goodwill.” while Felia suggests Finklea. Lidiya Charskaya: Lidiya Alekseyevna Churilova Bobby Charles: Robert Charles Guidry (1938– (1875–1937). Austral. U. he adopted financial promises from Bernadotte himself. Tonna pub- “to weary. writer of evangelical books for children. The Br.L.S. Eng. Belorussian poet.

Raymond also wrote as James used to it.” It L. this treatment. DC. but that was avoid any confusion with his brother Alexander.S. Chong. his scripture teacher at school in Earl of Douglas among the Cheviot Hills for Percy Taganrog. Tales graver. sponse: “I don’t see why the public should prefer ‘An. For his third Paddy for his attempts to get out of kitchen duty by book.” and “A Prosaic Poet. Pokrovsky. Chinese “Chong” has here Clark. The American-style may seem somewhat weird and wonderful. The name here is understood as name was humorously given to the young Anton by “Cheviot chase. of Fr. short-story writer.S. Chekhonte’ (1906–1985). p. Docherty.” “A Man With No Spleen. In 1886 he ex- James Hadley Chase: René Brabazon Raymond plained to a journalist: “The pen name ‘A. and Raymond Mar. He chevauchée. stand-up comic. teaming with movie director. later I shall have to give up writing anyway.” Cheech: Richard Anthony Marin (1946–). Chekhov used the name for his first book. TV actor. Cheero: George Ernest Studdy (1878–1948). movie actor. car. but is more likely “cheir-” meaning “hand” that gave English “cheiro- to come from the battle of Chevy Chase (1388). however. Chekhonte for Motley Stories ing in the army in Germany. U. a writer [Dmitriyev..” “domino” to “checker”).. he not only abandoned saying he had to attend Catholic mass. writer on palmistry.” (“Hotspur”). DJ Dick U.” (“fat” to “chubby. but it name is appropriate for an author whose fiction was arose back in the hazy days of my youth. movie. and Picture Show from his fondness for the Chicano food specialty reported on December 11. Ir. screenwriter. His re- Robinson (1921–). and so no longer regard it as strange. I have gotten set in the United States. of Northumberland. Marin is said to have earned his nickname Cher: Cherilyn Sarkisian LaPiere (1946–). It. Eng. Northumberland. whom he resembled when young Brother’s Brother. Eng. Paddy Chayefsky: Sidney Aaron Chayefsky there should be different names for medicine. that he had legally cheecharone (chicharones). cartoonist.-born U. near the Scot. dancer. playwright. P. was not Chekhov alone that Pokrovsky selected for shall. Chin.S.S.” adopted in English for a took his professional name from the Greek element mounted raid on enemy territory. stage. Sooner or toonist. also his mother’s maiden name. illustrator. England. The artist used this name a popular song of the turn of the 20th century.-born the Washington. Secondly. become English “Joan.S. In the event he used A. Eng. “cavalcade. Chayefsky takes itself seriously. draftsman. The Chevy Chase. Its own U. named him “Chevy” after Chevy Chase. at mancy. The actor’s grandmother nick. and for the hobby of writing. 1926. lighter writings in various magazines. Chefalo: Ralfo Cefalo (1885–1963). . In the Gloaming (1887). The title pages of some Otterburn.S. and was nicknamed but added his real name in brackets. Russ. name was sometimes spelled “Charlie” in billings. Warner liked to claim he name is said to derive from a form of French was really Count Louis le Warner de Hamon. especially as the skirmish was the (ro.” otherwise palmistry. dramatist. 103 Chase • Cher director under his original name.95]. magician. The nick. Claude Philippe (1710–1771). Chekhov used over 40 pseudonyms at one time black pop singer.S. residential suburb. The name originated as or another. Chekhonte.’ Is there really any dif- Daniel Chaucer see Ford Madox Ford ference? . Ambrose Grant. movie actress. including (in translation) “A Doctor With a punning nickname. Some sources his pseudonym but gave his full initials. which will stay with me to my dying day. en. The changed his name from Parrott to Chase. U. Theobald Chaubert see Berthold Auerbach Chekhov’ to ‘A.” meaning the chase or hunt of the Fr. Joan Chen: Chen Chong (1961–). but was advised to use his real Geoffrey Chater: Geoffrey Michael Chater name for his second. The name as a whole suggests “Chase Me Charlie. Fr. and Chekhov adopted it for several early. U.” Eng. of Cheiro’s books inform readers that the name is tish border. Maryland. Motley Stories (1886). Cheiro: William Warner (1866–1936). Chubby Checker: Ernest Evans (1941–).-born name was given him by the wife of U. of Melpomene (1884).” to give his original surname as Stuchevsky. parentage.S..” was an ill-disciplined and indolent soldier when serv. “An. Antosha Chekhonte: Anton Pavlovich Chekhov manticized) subject of the 15th-century Ballad of (1860–1904). and he liked giving amusing John Baptist Claude Chatelaine: Jean-Baptiste names to his students generally. movie comedian. a type of crackling. when the Scots defeated Henry Percy “pronounced KI-RO. crime writer. Chevy Chase: Cornelius Crane Chase (1944–). U. Chaval: Yvan Le Louarn (1915–1968). Pierre Chenal: Pierre Cohen (1903–1991). comparing the musician to No Patients. which (1923–1981). I have devoted my surname to medicine. for his drawings for comic postcards.” “My Fats Domino. Fr. His first duo broke in 1985 because of creative differences.

illustrator. In 1950 Aristocrat was succeeded by Chess Charles B. The author used this Leslie Cheung : Cheung Kwok Wing (1956– name for a tract of 1793 on the reform of the condi- 2003).” sung while strutting Gwen Cherrell: Gwen Chambers (1926–). Williams (1901–1967). “Ragamuffin Selector. The singer bullfighter. recording executive. writer. pelota champion at the young age of 16. Cheshire. Jap.-born magician. adopted his Spanish nickname. Records. and Day (1948–). Eng. town of Cambo-les-Bains. Br.. traveler. By Will Chip. photo- with a cousin. artist. (2) Scott Wright Hyne (1865–1944). Journeymen. a Country Peter Cheyney: Reginald Evelyn Peter Carpenter. and beating his chest. movie from Cambo. Br. “grime” artist. On quitting school the fu- Marko Cheremshina: Ivan Yuryevich Semanyuk ture DJ worked at his brother’s Fried Chicken restau- (1874–1927). martial arts champion. Childs: Charles Vernon Frost (1903–). Szymin created an abbre- 1943). playwright. tions of the poor.” He was born in the southwest of actor. Minoru Chiaki: Katsuji Sasaki (1917–1999). formerly teaming with hus. U. Labourers in Great Britain. The player’s name Judy Chicago: Judy Gerowitz. It. movie actress. Phil. Neneh Cherry: Neneh Mariann Karlsson (1964–).S. novelist. journalist. Chiquito d’Eibar: Indalecio Sarasqueta (1860– traction of his childhood nickname “Chickabiddy. black hip-hop. Br. movie actor. The matador was born in Chiclana. Chinko: Thomas Cromwell-Knox (1880– Denise Chesterton see Denise Robins 1943).” 1928). with full title: Village Politics. the birthplace of his Don Cherry. Basque pelota player. The writer appears to have taken her Ching Ling Foo: Chee Ling Qua (1854–1922). band Sonny. 1997 Leonard’s son. together Chim: David Szymin (1911–1956). The sportsman 1991). stage juggler. Br. fantasy novelist. Chipmunk: Jahmaal Noel Fyffe (1991–). Jap. Jewish parentage. The company was sold off in 1975. On moving from Betty Chester: Elizabeth Grundtvig (1895– Poland to France in 1933. Native American movie actor. recording blues artists such as Muddy given as a teenager in a punk band. genderless name from the village of Norley. The writer adopted a plant rant in downtown Kingston. El Paquiro. writer. anglicized form of his original name. ist. near adopted the name of her stepfather. where he often enter- name meaning “bird-cherry tree. radio. Ch. Ukr. where his immigrant family settled in (1959–). his new name in 1977 from the nickname he was tocrat Records. which he personified in his actress. Southouse-Cheyney (1896–1951). This Rose Chéri: Rose-Marie Cizos (1824–1861). meaning “The Kid Sonny Chiba: Sadao Maeda (1939–). Maria Chevska: Maria Elizabeth Skwarczewska Addressed to All Mechanics.S.S. movie actor. of Leonard Chess: Lazar Shmuel Czyz (1917–1969). crime novelist. religious writer. Waters.1900s).S. letters. Hong Kong movie actor. Eng. Chief Thundercloud: (1) Victor Daniels (1899– Weatherby Chesney: Charles John Cutliffe 1955). with the odd crowing thrown stage actress. entertainer. El Chiclanero: José Redondo (1818–1853). Fr. Br. in. movie actor.” referring to the Basque (1939–).-born U. novelist. Chicken Chest: Alton O’Reilly (1962–). painter. Fr. Hampert adopted 1928. originally Charlie Chester: Cecil Victor Manser (1914– spelling it “CHIM” (pronounced “Sheem”) in capital 1997). founded Aris. Cherryh: Carolyn Janice Cherry (1942–).S. of Pol. feminist artist. U. née Cohen means “The Kid from Eibar. musician.” tained the customers by chanting in a DJ style. U. He later used the name David Seymour as an Norley Chester: Emily Underdown (fl. of Swe. Chess was raised Billy Childish: William Charles Hamper in Chicago. Sp. Kevin Chess. brother of Teddy Knox.Cheremshina • Chiquito d’Eibar 104 pop singer. rock singer. Eng. stage actor. The artist adopted her city in northern Spain where he beat Spain’s reigning new name in 1970 from the city of her birth. Will Chip: Hannah More (1745–1833). . SF.J. Br. mystery writer. Robert Chetwyn: Robert Suckling (1933–). one hit. Pol.-African parentage. Basque pelota player. Jamaican pop musician. master. ingly. and the nearby city of Chester. U. and in Eng. jazz trumpeter Cadiz in southwest Spain. Eng. founded Czyz Records. Marshall Chess (1942–). gave his adopted name. Ir. Br. France near the Spanish border in the small resort Chic: Cyril Alfred Jacob (1926–). stage actor. and adopted the name accord- C. Native American descent. Sp. cartoon. Chiquito de Cambo: Joseph Apesteguy (1881– Walter Chiari: Walter Annichiarico (1924– 1955). Br. The artist’s signature arose as a con. movie actress. In 1946 he and his brother. Eng. stage. viated phonetic form of his surname.

Christian. Christophe: Georges Colomb (1856–1945). The singer first used the name Sharon Christian name George while adding Best. generations” ( Japanese chi. Jap. writer. Kin Chong (1938–). given him for his reached the international market. The writer’s adopted Dennis Christopher: Dennis Carelli (1955–).S. mann (1718–1778). “Manolo” is a pet form of “Manuel. Ja- Ada Christen: Christiane Frideriks (1844–1901). the name Leslie before settling on the more musical June of the girl he hoped to marry. The writer was illegitimate. movie actor. the writer was baptized into the June Christy: Shirley Luster (1925–1990).S. also in the bullfight Christodoulos: Christos Paraskevaidis (1939– business. movie actress. theologian. Chong: Thomas B. lexicographer. later. and de. Austr. Br. “world.S. After his thony Rye. flamenco singer. Chrys: George Fraser Chrystal (1921–1972). Chocolat in Hollywood. TV co- Christian: Christian Stelzel (1945–). sports cartoonist.S. Gk. cartoonist. pop musician. where he reverted to his original name. Gk. Br. Ger. teaming with Jeanne-Claude.S. historian.” name. “Chris Wren” after the architect Sir Christopher Wren Chrysander: Wilhelm Christophe Juste Gold- (1632–1723). and adopted her stepfather’s surname. The champion wrestler was granted a Linda Christian: Bianca Rosa Welter (1923–). Belorussian writer. He returned to Germany a few years was a mulatto.S. George Chowdharay-Best: Vijay Chowdharay William Godfrey. his . teaming with Miss Christine: Christine Frka (1950–1972). The artist was nicknamed political. Peter Nichols. likhovich Kiyekov (1826–1889). actress. parentage. his new surname. Austr. (Bashkir) poet. movie director. satirical journalist. Chop Chop: Alvin H.S. Tony Christie: Anthony Fitzgerald (1944–). religious leader. names used by the writer include Hilary Ford.-born Br. Cheech.-born (1928–2002). U.S. Christian-Jaque: Christian Albert François Gali Chokry: Mukhammetgali Gabdelsa. Chuckle Brothers: Paul Elliot (?–). Christopher see Alexandre Darlaine (1900–1944). surname means “black. working in U. shikona (fighting name) meaning “Fuji of a thousand Mexican movie actress. 105 Chiranjeevi • Chuckle Brothers Chiranjeevi: Shivashankara Varaprasad (1955–). Eng. warm. The Chocolat: Rafael Padilla (1868–1917). movie actor. U.” presumably referring to his U. Church of England and altered his first name to the jazz singer. Swiss- Chlumberg (1897–1930). “of ”). writer. Bulg.” writer. rock musician. teaming with George Footit. sculptor. Sc. He also used the name scholar adopted the Greek equivalent of his family “Christopher. Lou Christie: Lugee Alfredo Giovanni Sacco The writer adopted the name of his native village as (1943–). of part-Du. Can. Sp.B. writer. Ind. The entertainer is usually billed as “Magic Ind.” “generation” + no. from his habit of calling into bars up and 2008). appearance. Kuzma Chorny: Nikolay Karlovich Romanovsky A. The taurophile U. Hans Chlumberg: Hans Bardach. U.” a name perhaps suggested by the 1969 Chiyonofuji: Akimoto Mitsugu (1955–). Eng. The rived his pen name from this. U. movie The Magic Christian. Russ. Virginia Christine: Virginia Christine Kraft Austral. Manolo Chopera: Manuel Martínez Flamarique Christo: Christo Javacheff (1935–). Cuban actor took his new name in 1949 when offered work circus clown. or glass of wine. “age. and An- (1935–2000). down Spain and asking for a chopera. SF novelist. Edler von Paul Christian: Paul Hubschmid (1917–). (1881–1920). U. TV comedian. but con- El Chocolate: Antonio de la Santisima Trinidad tinued to be known as Paul Christian in the English- Núñez Montoya (1930–2005). Fr. Maudet (1904–1994). Fr. Chris: Ernest Alfred Wren (1908–1982). Sp. Compare the name of Sasha Chyorny. dramatist. stand-up comic. maican rock musician. pop singer. Eng. median + Barry Elliot (1944–). pop musician. Wheatley (1901–1964). born movie actor. children’s writer.” Neil Christian: Christopher Tidmarsh (1943–). bullfight promoter. Christy in 1945. Fr. Other 2005). gician. movie comedian. Lena Christ: Magdalena Benedix. was so nicknamed by his father. (1917–1996). his wife. Chubb Rock: Richard Simpson (1968–).-born magician. cartoonist. of whom he was a descendant. Eng. rich voice rather than for his dark skin. ma. Austr.-born U. so named for his skin color. sumo wrestler. Ger. to his surname. working in Germany. artist. father died in 1959. “thousand” + yo. speaking world on account of his films that had The singer adopted his nickname. Peter Graaf. née Bichler Chryssa: Chryssa Vardea Mavromichaeli (1933–).S. John Christopher: Christopher Samuel Youd Professeur Choron: Georges Bernier (1929– (1922–). illustrator.

“top.” BC Roman orator. porno movie actress. (1861–1918). Marcus Tullius Cicero: William Melmoth the Chulpan: Abdul-Khamid Suleyman ogly Elder (1666–1743). which Cino da Pistoia: Cino dei Sighibuldi (c. having married Presumably the name is a short (and respelled) form French tenor Maurice Sens in 1923. lyevich Korneychukov (1882–1969). The Castilian national hero’s toured successfully in the USA. Il Cigoli: Ludovico Cardi (1559–1613). born It. Pol. It.Chukovsky • Cinquevalli 106 brother. Giuseppe . he modeled himself on a The Cid: Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar (c. opera singer. in Spanish El Cid. released in 1999. The media “ox.” When in England in 1900. same name. The rector of Elford.) long life. All of its members as- churches but used this name for The Hope of the sumed pseudonyms. poet. adopted her pseudonym in 1704 on becoming a cis Edward Paget (1806–1882). The poet’s adopted painter.” personality accepted her (pet) nickname.) adopting a new patronymic (middle name). Compare the name of Kuzma Chorny. The brothers became popular for their long. The activist adopted his nickname.) Chung Ling Soo: William Ellsworth Campbell Ciceruacchio: Angelo Brunetti (1800–1849). (Compare the entry below.” to mean “very good luck. Albanian tive town of Pistoia.” “head. Joanie Laurer first entered the ring as Joanie Gina Cigna: Ginetta Sens.1270– means “the little plump one” (Italian ciccia. of classical bucolic form and a second name relating dren. British ambassador to neutral running children’s TV show Chucklevision. mosaicist. worked for Nazi Germany while (1859–1918). clergyman. literary “because his information spoke so eloquently.1302). to a region of Arcadia in Greece. The poet William Churne of Staffordshire: [Rev. née Cigna (1900– Lee but was renamed Chyna by Hunter Hearst 2001).S. usually consisting of a first name Katzekopfs (1844).” and bue.S. wife of Tirsi Lucasio.” from Italian cima. the former German chancellor. who had Sp. Lesbia Cidonia: Paolina Grismondi Secco erary critic. near Florence. His code name of Cicero was given him by Korney Ivanovich Chukovsky: Nikolay Vasi. The performer employed as a valet to Sir Hughe Montgomery adopted the name of his tutor in the art. movich (1876–1937). The activist’s adopted name means Suardi (1746–1801).-born It. spy. painter. lawyer. real Chinese conjuror. It. Russ. The Yunusov (1893–1937). this impersonation made him all the more diers. at the same time ero was a noted orator. (Compare the entry above. her debut in 1927 as Genoveffa Sens.” Aglauro Cidonia: Faustina Maratti Zappi Elizabeth Churchill see Bruce Carter (1679–1745). (“Billy”) Robinson in the U. Ching accused name.-born U. Sasha Chyorny: Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Glik. Ching Ling Foo. The soprano made Helmsley. He is also popular with his audiences. poet. who hired her as his bodyguard in 1997. means “the lord” (Arabic Campbell of being an impostor. Aglauro Cidonia). Hung. children’s writer. wrestler.” a slang term for a beautiful woman.S. revolutionary. appearance. Her second name Nikolay Chuzhak: Nikolay Fyodorovich Nasi. Fr. The writer’s three-part name was the true one of the 1st-century adopted name means “morning star. Glikberg was not too pleased when in Cimabue: Bencivieni (or Cenni) di Pepo (c.” name on entering the Academy of Arcadia (see Chyna: Joan Marie Laurer (1970–). the name William E. Russ. as-saiyid).1043–1099). The poet adopted this “stranger. Uzbek writer. “fat”). revolutionary. the first published fantasy for chil. the nickname given him by Muslim sol- However. military leader. U. architect. near Florence. poet. In 1929 she sang of “China doll. It arose as a nickname. Russ.1240– the 1910s another writer. near Lichfield. It. the Italian lit- elist.” presumably referring to his his birthplace. The name reveals Sokolov. Turkey. Knatchbull-Hugessen. by (Foxy Brown’s second album.. as Gina Cigna. and means effectively “bull- La Cicciolina: Ilona Staller (1955–). The name itself was said known as El Campeador. was which she was known for the rest of her career and called Chyna Doll.” The critic. Franz von Papen. The artist was named after surname means “black. “the champion. started signing his work with exactly the something of the artist’s proud and impetuous nature. headed. The artist originally used It. nov. lit. one of the most famous spies Paul Cinquevalli: Emile Otto Lehmann-Braun of World War II. 1336). meaning “crafty Cicero. religious writer. politician. member of the Academy of Arcadia. It.] Fran. The writer used his surname 1st-century BC Roman statesman Marcus Tullius Cic- to form a new first and last name. was later taken by Lesbia Cidonia. wrote several religious books and a work on pastoral life on classical lines. poet. Eng. writer. jurist. conjuror. among whom he was very popular. The secret agent. juggler. poet. the humorist Aleksandr c. The writer is named for his na- Cicero: Elyesa Bazna (1904–1970). Eng.S. It. reverting to her maiden name. berg (1880–1932).” “alien. and he admitted it. U. Cigoli. erary circle founded in 1690 with the aim of idealizing shire. Stafford.

writer. They subsequently poet. Ina Claire: Ina Fagan (1892–1985). Rose. Clairon: Claire-Josèphe-Hippolyte Léris name until the early 1940s. McLehose met actress. McElheny. Clark: John Galt (1779–1839). Fr. where he was raised in World Ada Clare: Jane McElheney (c. now remembered only for “Come back to Erin” adopted the joint name Publius. of Jewish parentage. some sources as Paul Kestner. movie actress.S. It is possible the actress took her name from Robert Burns at a soirée and began a correspondence the character Mavis Clair in Marie Corelli’s novel with the poet.S. told by himself. McElhinney. directed against the evils of slavery. In 1787 Mrs. The artist’s new first name mother. U.” so that the name presumably relates Al C. Henrietta Clandon see John Haslette Emily Clark see Greta Garbo Eric Clapton: Eric Patrick Clapton (1945–). Tim Cladpole noted for their “bite” and belligerence. U. novelist. Austr. Eng. come. War II. Sc. formed her name from letters in her real Louis CK: Louis Szekely (1968–). U. poet. writer of popular ballads. popular singer. After settling in Britain to escape Nazi per- (1737–1804).S.K. surname is also given as McEhenney. be. while he was Sylvander.1845– Jew. Susan Clark: Nora Golding (1940–). Clarinda: Agnes McLehose. She also wrote as Clare and Eng. Eng. he encoded . when his publishers asked him to adopt Bernice Claire: Bernice Jahnigan (1911–). writer. but this was the Ossie Clark: Raymond Clark (1942–1996). The Travels and Observations of Hareach the 1932). fashion designer.” and refers to his prominent crit- ten in pure Sussex doggerel by his Uncle Tim (1831). and writ. dialect poet.. Buddy Clark: Samuel Goldberg (1912–1949). lucis. to “Lucien” (Latin lux. stage 1841). “light”). Al C. when he was signed by de la Tude (1723–1803). Clark. The writer’s pen Cladpole’s Journey to Lunnon. tragic actress. second husband of his grand. It happens to black novelist. Sc.” as a poet or singer should comic’s original Hungarian surname. T. until 1974. movie actress. movie actress. and McEthenney. a pen name.” and 1672–1722). The name had René Clair: René-Lucien Chomette (1898– earlier been adopted by the English poet Sarah 1981). “bright. statesman.S. name. critic. A ical “voice. née Craig (1758– Mavis Clair: Mavis Tunnell (1916–). The actress adopted her mother’s Dane Clark: Bernard Zanville (1913–1998).S. U. The new U. Fr. The initials represent a simplified form of the ing “bright and beautiful. waldtwistle. or. and acted as Agnes Stanfield.1836–1874). Goines published under his own name be suitable for the director’s art and style. Petula Clark: Petula Sally Olwen Clark (1932–). and his articles were written all in rhyme by his Father. movie director. Constitution (1787–88). (1866). McElhenney. Chomette first adopted the Egerton. The musician’s original name is Joan Clark see Carolyn Keene given in many sources as Clapp. rock guitarist. Clarinda. U.S.S. Eng.S. Eng. actress.S. For the purposes of this he named her The Sorrows of Satan (1895). U. nym used by McElheney. letter writer. She actually called herself Ada Rev. This was the most common pseudo. movie actress. Clark: Donald Goines (1937–1974). The three men adopted the unified Claribel: Charlotte Barnard. Many sources Alastor. The Warner Bros. jurist.153]. His original name is given in George Clare: Georg Klaar (1920–2009).” Leopoldo Alas (as he was usually known) later composition was Jan Cladpole’s Trip to Merricur. Lower took this name for Tom (1852–1901). statesman + James Madison (1751– secution. McEthenery. p. maiden name as her stage name. Lancashire. 107 Citizen of New York • Clark Chiese-Cinquevalli. “Claribel” also exists as a literary name imply- dian. For the astute reader. who raised Eric following his birth to arose as a nickname. Her original give the singer’s original name as “Sally Owen” [sic]. (1844). name of Jack Clapp. née Alington name for their essays in the Federalist in favor of the (1830–1869). the Royal Artillery in 1943. elist. U.” “light. popular singer. writer.” [Maltin. the author anglicized his name on joining 1836). The actor was billed under his real Mlle. Jean Clark see Greta Garbo Eng. U. Prolonged (1820).S. U. U. movie actor. working A Citizen of New York: Alexander Hamilton in U. stage. itself from the town of Os- Patricia Clapton and a Canadian serviceman. Tim Cladpole: Richard Lower (1782–1865).-born McElhenny.S. Clarín: Leopoldo Enrique García Alas y Ureña Eng. Galt used this name for The Wandering Austin Clare: Wilhelmina Martha James (c. previously Field.S. was a highly influential critic. businessman. He chose that of a friend. née Fyge (between 1669 name as an actor in 1920. U. name means “bugle. Can. French clair means “clear. president + John Jay (1745–1829). who renamed him Dane Clark “in a actress’s stage name not only echoes her first name clear attempt to make him the new John Garfield” but is also the French word for “bugle. nov- McElhenny. Sp.

Nigerian poet. Eng. U. Sc. rock drummer. Mary Clavers: Caroline Matilda Kirkland. movie actor.S. movie comedian. later Gatewood (1938– “Klook. See Jay Clayton: Judith Colantone (1941–). poet.Clark-Bekederemo • Cleishbotham 108 his real name in the first letters of the sentences in his novel Der Mann im Monde (“The Man in the the book’s final paragraph: “If. Clayton Model and Charm School founded in 1928 Fr. Kate Claxton: Catherine Elizabeth Cone Eng. Clauren: Wilhelm Hauff (1802–1827). U. a parody of Heinrich Clauren.E. U.S. novelist. U. York City in 1935. cousin of Carey Bell. of which he was editor.” referring to his un. (It is also. Nathan Butt. Kingscote.C. also Mark Carrel.P. parentage. fashion designer. short-story writer. 1993). The eldest son of Oliver (1848–1924). The charm- Fr. blues musician. writer. the region of France where he was born and (1851–1923).S. movie director. novelist. Shirley Clarke: Shirley Brimberg (1919–1997). while other names were Man of Kent and O. Eduard Claudius: Eduard Schmidt (1911–1976).” short for “Klookmop.” “To. “Mae” from “Mary” and “Clarke” from Tom Clay: Thomas Clayque (1929–1995). Cromwell used this name when living in seclusion in Andrew “Dice” Clay: Andrew Clay Silverstein Paris from 1659 to 1680. name. The scholar may have Toussaint and Paul de Senneville to that of his great- adopted a name related etymologically to “cleric.” Heinrich Clauren: Karl Gottlieb Samuel Heun (The “I” of “If ” is the “J” of “John. of course. U. Clark-Bekederemo: John Pepper Clark née Stansbury (1801–1864). and sician turned his nickname into a new surname.” “Literally. Mrs. U. rockabilly guitarist. U.” as grandmother.S. writer of Latin poems. ju. It was thus Robert Clarke: Robert Graine (?–1675). Mae Clarke: Mary Klotz (1907–1992). The this name for a series of letters published in the British name thus means “Claude the Lorrainer. U.S. Eddy Clearwater: Edward Harrington (1935–). (1836–1884). gram of “Carl Heun. née Gor- Madame Claude: Fernande Grudet (1924–).” “Over. U.S. popular pianist. As W.” “All. Lucas Cleeve: Adeline Georgina Isabella H. on Life (1901). procureuse. soldier. he worked.” Moon”) (1826). The mu- of the 1st-century AD Roman emperor. (1958–). but then prefixed Wace he wrote an early (1881) book on Tennyson. journalist.S. company had wanted to rename her Amanda Knight. landscape painter.” DJ. Eng. scholar. Thomas Duffle. dine (1928–1997). as well as for Letters distinguished him from other artists named Claude.” Archibald Jobbry.” “History. Hauff used this name for Jedediah Cleishbotham: [Sir] Walter Scott . short-story writer. Michael Clarke: Michael James Dick (1946– Richard Clayderman: Philippe Pages (1953–). and Samuel Prior. Clarke see Abbé Bossut was liable to be mispronounced abroad. movie actress. Ger. The pianist’s original surname Rev. 2001). a clerk was originally a learned or literate person. The writer used where. “Lorrain” is not the artist’s sur. U. peared subsequently as The Day Book of Claudius venile movie actor.S. close to “Clarke. historian. romantic novelist. for a short period in 1625. politician. school head assumed the name of the existing Lucie Claude Lorrain: Claude Gellée (1600–1682). “Klotz. writer. Claudio at the start of his career. U. It. Ger. J.” and as such Weekly. C. (1935–).S. Spearman dropped his surname after moving to New Joe Clay: Claiborne Joseph Cheramie (1939–). bandleader. The actor was billed as simply Clear (1905) and A Bookman’s Letters (1913). Lucie Clayton: Evelyn Florence Kark. Br. Fr. New Home —Who’ll Follow? (1839). The singer’s recording expectedly accented beats on the drums. The author used this protective name for A George Clarke: George Broome (1886–1946). Fr.S. Two further selections of letters ap- Jean Claudio: Claude Martin (1927–). black soul singer. whom he admired. He was also known by the Muslim U. novelist. as sometimes supposed. jazz singer. stage. that with Jean as if it were a surname. Clasio: Luigi Fiacchi (1754–1825). but represents Lor. Lou Clayton: Louis Finkelstein (1887–1950). of Pol. editor. actress. The writer adopted his name in honor U.”) Rosamund Clay: Ann Oakley (1944–). black jazz drummer. by Sylvia Golledge. theater manager. Claudius Clear: [Sir] William Robertson Nicoll raine. Eng. “Clauren” is an near-ana- as Micah Balwhidder. a semifictional Eng. writer.S. Kenny Clarke: Kenneth Clarke Spearman Bertha M. altered by composers and record producers Olivier priest. Ger. personal account of Michigan frontier life. John Clarke: Richard Cromwell (1626–1712).O. Eng. name Liaqat Ali Salaam and by the nickname Judy Clay: Judy Guions.”) Galt also wrote (1771–1854). Clay: Charlotte Monica Braeme (1914–1985).S.S. née Wolff (1860–1908). vaudeville actor.” “Greatness. “Nevertheless.

” had created him cardinal in 1759. pope. . It was certainly true of Marcellus II. U. p. writer. who this name. Eng. presumably to become Julius III.1260–1314). written following the death of his wife. E. such as Br. novelist. The name or 2003). num. movie comedian. It. pope.W. The pontiff adopted the name of his patron. nickname by which the composer is generally known King Clement see Baron Corvo may have been intended (if meaning “not the pope”) Arthur Clements: Andrew Clement Baker to distinguish him from Clement VII. who had created him car- should industriously endeavour to elude observation dinal in 1737. 1555). A writer in the January. “to whip”). Laddie Cliff: Clifford Albyn Perry (1891–1937). Clement IX. One of the humorous 1676). maican reggae singer. 109 Clemens non Papa • Clifton (1771–1832). This was true of certain early popes. tions until 14 years after the pope’s death. “lover of fame. whom she had married in 1875. with Clement XII: Lorenzo Corsini (1652–1740). (Others honor of his predecessor. “Jedediah” is a typical Puritan name. who had created him cardinal in 1706.1556). of such a distinction. Vivian Erle Clifford see Marie Corelli It. has passed into the language as the term for a type of Clement V: Bertrand de Got (c. the novel Clement II: Suidger (?–1047). four series of his Tales of My Landlord (1816). who than has hitherto reached us. Clemens non Papa: Jacob (or Jacques) Clement Hal Clement: Harry Clement Stubbs (1922– (c. children’s writer. and then sud. if only because the name did not appear on publica. XIV. Clifford after the death of 9–May 1. 1817. denly popping out upon us in another. who died after only three weeks in office (April author wrote as Mrs. Eng. composer. clerk. N. It.179]. Sc. but was dis. some of whom were elderly or ill (or both). especially the first. was usually known) used this name for A Grief Ob- Clement VII: Giulio de’ Medici (1478–1534).S. children’s writer. Incognita. Clerihew: Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875– Clement IV: Guy Folques (or Guido Fulconi) 1956). The musician changed his who pointed out that many popes who had preserved name in the early 1960s. were Chrystal Croftangry and Captain Cuthbert Clement XI: Giovanni Francesco Albani (1649– Clutterbuck. which (c. The writer’s middle name.1510–c. botham” means “whip-bottom” (Scottish dialect Clement XIII: Carlo della Torre Rezzonico cleish. poet. one of Lucy Lane Clifford: Sophia Lucy Clifford. Ja- suaded from doing so by the conclave of cardinals. Eng. Fr. It. choosing “Cliff ” because it their original names had died in the first year of their implied the “heights” to which he aspired. Clement XIII. short comic verse. and “Cleish. Clement had wished to keep his original Janita Cleve see Fenton Brockley name. (1693–1769). But in the Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News. was his mother’s maiden name. John V and Conon in the 7th century. poet. Br. née the few popes in modern times to retain his baptismal Lane (1853–1929). Cleophil: William Congreve (1670–1729). Lewis (as he pope. pope. Bill Clifton: William August Marburg (1931–). pope. a variant on his first two names. Eng.” for his first published work. folk musician. pope. stage. The writer used “not Papa”) from the Flemish poet Jacobus Papa. The pontiff sonal reasons for preserving so strict an incognito adopted the name of his patron. which he became editor. Fr. SF writer. Jimmy Cliff : James Chambers (1948–). Clement VI: Pierre Roger (1291–1352). we cannot Clement XIV: Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio pretend to guess without knowing more of his per. Clement X: Emilio Bonaventura Altieri (1590– U. It. poet. Shakespearean forger.S.K. It. writer. Clerk: Clive Staples Lewis (1898–1963). pope. mathematics professor William Kingdon Clement VIII: Ippolito Aldobrandini (1536– Clifford (1845–1879).S. The name ties in well with these two roles: Clement XI. novelist. her husband. pope. pope. pontificates. and “the dramatist. It. although some Charles Clifford: William Henry Ireland (1777– later pontiffs who took new names also had short 1835). for articles also lived and worked in his birthtown of Ypres. He himself gave the name of Clement XIII. It. Ganganelli (1705–1774).1195–1268). pope. served (1961). pope. Ir. W. pope. journalist. Flemish composer. novelist. seem unlikely. Clement III: Paolo Scolari (?–1191). It. The pontiff assumed his name in pen names devised by the Scottish writer. Fr. Clement XII. reigns. The name. the author supposedly a schoolmaster and parish pope. 1605). Martin Clifford see Frank Richards Clement IX: Giulio Rospigliosi (1600–1669). C. or (if meaning (1842–1913). Congreve used this name. Greek for probability is that it was a joke” [Kennedy. It. The pontiff adopted the name ber of the Quarterly Review commented: “Why he of his patron. or Love and Duty Reconciled (1692). He in turn gave the name of Clement by taking leave of us in one character.) This particular name was used for the 1721).

but he was named Henry Cloud by a Colin Clive: Colin Clive-Greig (1898–1937). partly because Roberta Close: Luiz Roberto Gambine Moreira [younger brother] Roger was about to start school (1964–). a shepherd boy. poet. Brazilian transexual model. the same name as the rest of my family” [Bill Clinton. the letters represented 1960). and she began her career in 1981 when she appeared My Life. (2) Thomas Rickman (1761–1834). and took her name on inheriting a consid. his Teutonic provenance. the son of Chayskagah (White Buffalo) precocity as a poet and his taste for historical subjects.. arose as a nickname when he was a student. Eng. Lucy a Poesie of M. Colin Clout: Edmund Spenser (c. Eng. writer. movie actor. I’m still not sure exactly why I did it. The singer’s new first (1863–1943). In giving this name to the central charac- actress. Butler Clonblough: Gustav von Seyffertitz 1963). For Addison. In 1733 the actress married George Clive. for his Nebraska. sculp. novelist. and yet haue I sene Eng. (1946–). Skeltons vnder that title. The name came from her middle name. I. But indeede Clobery. who gave him his middle name. in a “Glosse” that he was referring to himself: “Colin Robert Clobery: Robert Glynn (1719–1800). ary. graduate at Yale he was adopted by Dr.-born U.S. Poete Marot . bookseller. poet. Eng. Her father to be an issue for him. chose a name in 1946. in a certein Æglogue. for the great . country singer. down to the courthouse and had my name changed “The baron wished by the name to intimate that his legally from Blythe to Clinton. The 42nd president of the Anacharsis Cloots: Jean-Baptiste du Val-de- United States (1993–2001) took his surname from Grâce. which was the sense chosen by Rickman.. writer. London. name this Poete secretly shadoweth himself. while her new actor assumed this name. of The Shepheardes Calender barrister. to Switzerland. Jr. partly because I just wanted turned her out of the family home at the age of 14. The self-styled “Orator of Mankind. essayist. and Aboogenewingah (Hummingbird). Gerald Cline original. Islington. reservation school administrator. reformer. (He was a civil servant. Eng. John Clive: Clive John Hambley (1938–). since ton’s mother. and Mrs. the Office. but I know I really thought I should. died in an auto accident a Prussian family of Dutch descent. divorced Roger Greek anacharsis means “graceless. divorced 1957). He used it as late as 1919 as Bill Clinton: William Jefferson Blythe III director of The Secret Garden. leader. president. It educator was born on the Winnebago reservation. Gambine.e.S. then such Latine names. and vsed of the French erable property from her father. from which Walter Clinton: William Henry Davenport she adopted her new name. using for years. Glynn married his cousin.S. Eng. Spenser spelled out name for her stage appearances. And of Henry Rose Cloud: Wohnaxilayhunga (1884– course they also form the name of Clio. thinking form of his first name. revolution- his stepfather. U. a ter. Upton Close: Josef Washington Hall (1894– ferent origins. where she lived under the name Luiza dramatist..S. that punningly mocked his aristocratic ancestry. She underwent a sex- Adams (1828–1891). His biological father. TV actor. His Indian Clive: Clive Evans (1933–). Br. as some- tor. name means Chief of the Place of Fear (i. working in U. change operation in 1989 and subsequently moved Clio: (1) Joseph Addison (1672–1719). U. poet. Roger Clinton. it much fitter. Austr. fashion de.” born into William Jefferson Blythe. movie actor. he learned of the Japanese invasion and put “up so that “Office” means “government office. the name I had been own object in life was like that of Anacharsis” [E. The artist came to be known by a diminutive time did Virgil vnder the name of Tityrus. equally have intended a reference to the 6th-century “Shortly before she took Daddy back. This notation later produced his pen name. as the places held a government post in Shantung in World War where he lived and worked.Cline • Clout 110 Patsy Cline: Virginia Patterson Hensley (1932– G. Kitty Clive: Catherine Raftor (1711–1785). Vnder which Clodion: Claude Michel (1738–1814). The history. Cobham Brewer. Rose. 1882]. three months before his son was born. published anonymously. Fr.S. Eng.” But he could in 1962 but soon after remarried him. tleground). the bat- signer. almost as esoteric as the surname was that of her first husband. Clin. The Reader’s Handbook. Close was born and I didn’t want the differences in our lineage ever a hermaphrodite but was raised as a boy.S. and although they soon parted she kept his (1579). movie. Walter C. used when signing letters to the Spectator. U. the Muse of 1950).1552–1599). physician. Fr. The two names have dif. Clovte is a name not greatly vsed. editor. U. When the journalist Chelsea. While an under- Br. almost nude in a magazine called Close. Virginia Dell Blythe. journalist. I went BC Scythian traveler and philosopher Anacharsis. 2004]. Native American educator.”) But they close” on his messages to indicate his position near could equally represent the individual initials that he the front. the word Colin is Frenche. in World War I with the aim of disguising (married 1953. Baron de Cloots (1755–1794).

He also wrote originated as a pet form of Nicholas. . he addressed her as such.K.I. Ger. U. see Peter Pindar. lend me your grey mare. cartoonist. Tom Pearse. as for Koko. out along. TV actor. (1893–1960). Cocoa Tea: Calvin Scott (1960–). novelist. singer. down along. circus clown. The singer’s name arose as a nickname.” referring to the shepherd’s ragged clothes. Captain Cuthbert Clutterbuck see Jedediah TV actor. The macaronic poet was baptized Gerolamo “cloth. crossword compiler. All along.” lyn Clout (1521). Stewer. then adopted it permanently Roberto Cobo: Roberto García Romero (1930– after a movie producer asked her to try her hand at a 2002). basing it on “Tom Pearse. Raymond was born gae singer. author. / Wi’ Bill Brewer. movie. U. “miser. rock ’n’ roll musician. Aus. It.S. Dexter adopted this apt Widecombe in the Moor. U.” “cook. Jamaican reg- Eng. movie actor. a Cherokee In- Merlin Cocai: Teofilo Folengo (1491–1544). parentage.” region of northeast Wales that was his homeland. / Old Uncle Tom Cobbleigh and all. Jan U. January 20.- Lee J. for example. Wendelstein. U. Joe comic books. meaning himself on the title page as “Ed. writer.S. Pierre Coalfleet: Frank Cyril Shaw Davison U. The clown’s ring name rep- stage. Br. a partial anagram of his pseudo- the name was used earlier by John Skelton in his Col. and elsewhere. becoming a Benedictine monk in 1508. as if from Italian pitocco.” screenwriter. Harry Hawk. born Eng. Spencer. rock musician. / his real name. writer on the countryside. Diablo Cody: Brook Busey-Hunt (1978–). Washington Irving. Brown was nicknamed Cobra after to match. tral. where in the Codex: Colin Dexter (1930–). Cochi: Aurelio Ponzoni (1941–). both in English-speaking countries 1915). black jazz musician. of It. Eng. U. poet. Coco: Nikolai Poliakov (1900–1974).1940–). Fr. theologian.” “Clout” means poet. 2008]. and Frances Salpet.) As Spenser says. The first Archdruid took a bardic name of the name of his birthplace. musical scholar The scholar’s adopted name is Latin Clwydfardd: David Griffiths (1800–1894). Can. / For I want Commander Cody: George Frayne (c. U. real names. a Cree Indian. where Colin is a wandering poet. Mexican movie actor.S. for to go to Widdicombe Fair. music-hall comedian. dian. Peter Gurney. 111 Cluff • Cody vnlikelyhoode of the language. For his first name.S. The writer created her name when Compare the name of Jan Stewer. lee. in London’s East Iron Eyes Cody: Oscar DeCorti (1904–1999). It. Ger. Dobneck) (1479–1552). and the name (1852–1945). Peter Davey. movie actress. but took the religious name Teofilo (Theophilus) on (Colin. working in Pindar Cockloft: William Irving (1766–1821).S. Dan’l Whiddon. Catholic theologian. End. took his name from Coborn Road. to Salmagundi (1808). as a rendering Welsh poet. Jamaican vented himself as an American Indian.S.S. The artist stuck” [Sunday Times. “Coco” has now become a popular name William Cobb: Jules Hippolyte Lermina (1839– for any clown.” Cluff: John Longstaff (1949–). Tom Cobbleigh: Walter Raymond (1852–1931). locale. however. Russ. resents the “-ko-” syllable that is found in each of his tially concertinas his original name. in the West Country. Cleishbotham Johannes Cochlaeus: Johannes Dobeneck (or Frank Clune: Francis Patrick (1909–1971). Br. dancer. in Somerset. movie actor. 1989). nym. Johannes Cocceius: Johannes Koch (1603– Spenser revived his own Colin Clout in Colin Clovts 1669). The author used this name for four novels pub. U. comic stage. U. U. screenplay. he a character in the G. Irving was movie actress.S. but this time naming is a latinized equivalent of the original. was the son of Thomas Long Plume.S. given his name by his brother. According to some sources. crime fiction neighboring county of Devonshire is the village of writer. Eddie Cochran: Edward Cochrane (1938– June Clyde: June Tetrazini (1909–1987). The actor’s new name essen. working in a strip club. Steve Cochran: Robert Cochran (1917–1965). as Limemo Pitocco. for “snail shell” (related English cockle). famed from an old ballad: name as a setter of cryptic crosswords. Cobb: Leo Jacob Cobb (1911–1976). The actor rein- Cobra: Ewart Everton Brown (1968–). Sheila Coates see Charlotte Lamb the two joining with James Kirk Paulding under the Arnett Cobb: Arnette Cleophus Cobbs (1918– communal pseudonym Launcelot Langstaff.” referring to the historic “spiral stone. taking a name reggae musician.S. Irving used this name for his contributions lished in the 1920s. now thought of as an independent name. journalist. 1960). literally meaning “bard of Clwyd. The scholar’s adopted name Come Home Againe (1595). “Unaware that Diablo was a cyber-pseu- Charles Coborn: Colin Whitton McCallum donym. in which Cockloft Hall was a Phyllis Coates: Gipsy Ann Stell (1925–).

Cody • Collingwood 112

Lew Cody: Louis Joseph Coté (1884–1934), Brunette Coleman: Philip Arthur Larkin (1922–
U.S. movie actor, of Fr. parentage. 1985), Eng. poet. Larkin used this name for two early
Liza Cody: Liza Nassim (1944–), Br. crime writer. girls’ school stories, Trouble at Willow Gables (1943)
Captain Coe: (1) Edward Card Mitchell (1853– and Michaelmas Term at St. Bride’s (1943), the latter
1914), Eng. sporting writer, editor; (2) Tom Cosgrove an unfinished sequel to the former. Both remained
(1902–1978), Eng. sporting writer, editor. The name unpublished until 2002. The poet was a jazz enthu-
was apparently passed down to Cosgrove by Mitchell. siast, and based the name punningly on that of
Tucker Coe see Richard Stark jazzband leader Blanche Coleman. “Larkin must have
Brian Coffey see Leigh Nichols been amused at the later emergence of Ornette Cole-
Geoffrey Coffin: F. Van Wyck Mason (1901– man, the adventurous alto saxophonist whose
1978), U.S. suspense writer, author of historical nov- ‘sonorous bayings’ he only grudgingly praised in All
els. Mason adopted his mother’s maiden name for What Jazz” [Alan Brownjohn in Times Literary Sup-
this pseudonym. He also wrote as Ward Weaver. plement, May 17, 2002].
Joshua Coffin: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Cy Coleman: Seymour Kaufman (1929–2004),
(1807–1882), U.S. poet, writer. Longfellow used this U.S. songwriter, composer, of Russ. parentage.
name for A Sketch of the History of Newbury (1845). Manning Coles: Adelaide Frances Oke Manning
George M. Cohan: George Michael Keohane (1891–1959), Eng. spy, detective novelist + Cyril
(1878–1942), U.S. stage actor, playwright, director, Henry Coles (1901–1965), Eng. spy, detective novelist,
producer. her husband. A combination of two surnames to
Émile Cohl: Émile Courtet (1857–1938), Fr. make a unified first name and surname.
movie cartoonist. Colette: Sidonie-Gabrielle Claudine Colette
Claudette Colbert: Lily Claudette Chauchoin (1873–1954), Fr. novelist. A single name that suggests
(1903–1996), Fr.-born U.S. stage, movie actress. The a first name rather than the surname that it actually
actress adopted her new name for her first stage ap- is. The writer’s four early novels about the young in-
pearance, in The Wild Westcotts at the Frazee Theatre, génue Claudine (1901–3) were published under the
New York, on Christmas Eve, 1923. pen name of her husband, Willy. She used her own
Maurice Colbourne: Roger Middleton (1939– name, in combination with his (as Colette-Willy),
1989), Eng. TV actor. The actor is said to have taken for Dialogues de Bêtes (1904). She divorced Willy two
his stage name from that of a Shakespearean actor years later, but went on writing as Colette-Willy until
whose obituary he had read. 1916, after which she wrote as Colette alone.
Ann Cole: Cynthia Coleman (1934–), U.S. [St.] Colette: Nicolette Boylet (1381–1447), Fr.
black gospel singer. Franciscan nun, reformer.
Graham Cole: Graham Coleman Smith (1952–), Bonar Colleano: Bonar William Sullivan II
Eng. TV actor. (1924–1958), U.S. movie actor. The actor joined the
Jack Cole: John Ewing Richter (1911–1974), Colleano Circus Family as a child and adopted their
U.S. dancer, choreographer. Richter took his stepfa- name.
ther’s name when he became a dancer. Stephen Collet see Reuben Percy
Judson Cole: Milton Greishaber (1894–1943), Catrin Collier see Katherine John
U.S. vaudeville entertainer, comedy magician. Constance Collier: Laura Constance Hardie
Lester Cole: Lester Cohn (1904–1985), U.S. (1878–1955), Eng. stage, movie actress. The actress
screenwriter, of Pol. parentage. adopted her mother’s maiden name as her stage
Nat “King” Cole: Nathaniel Adams Coles name.
(1916–1965), U.S. black jazz singer, pianist. The mu- Joel Collier: George Veal (fl.1774–1818), Eng.
sician’s own name, with his nickname of “King,” plus musician. François Fétis’s Biographie universelle des
the name of his group, the King Cole Trio, resulted musiciens (1835–44) gives Collier’s original name as
in a performing name that was additionally associated John Laurence Bicknell, but this is refuted by the
with the “Old King Cole” of the children’s nursery Dictionary of National Biography.
rhyme. Coles dropped the “s” of his name in 1939, Lois Collier: Madelyn Jones (1919–1999), U.S.
when he formed his trio. movie actress.
Blanche Coleman: Blanche Schwartz (1910– Patience Collier: René Collier, née Ritcher
2008), Eng. jazzband leader. The musician may have (1910–1987), Eng. stage actress.
intended a connection between her original name, William Collier: William Senior (1866–1944),
meaning “black,” and the phrase “black as coal.” In U.S. stage, movie actor.
retaining her first name Blanche, literally “white,” Harry Collingwood: William Joseph Cosens
she would have kept the color contrast. Lancaster (1851–1922), Eng. author of boys’ books.

113 Collins • Comden

The writer of juvenile nautical tales based his pen Denise Colomb: Denise Loeb (1902–2004), Fr.
name on that of Lord Cuthbert Collingwood (1748– photographer. When Loeb and her marine engineer
1810), a hero of British naval history in the Napoleonic husband, Gilbert Cahen, returned to France from
Wars. Saigon just before the start of World War II they sur-
Hunt Collins see Evan Hunter vived denunciation as Jews by changing their names
John D. Collins: John Christopher Dixon to Colomb. Loeb later kept the name as a professional
(1942–), Eng. TV actor. photographer.
Michael Collins: Dennis Lynds (1924–), U.S. (La) Marquesa Colombi: Maria Antonietta Tor-
mystery writer, journalist. The writer adopted the riani (1846–1920), It. novelist.
name of the Irish nationalist leader Michael Collins Colombine: Carmen de Burgos Seguí (c.1870–
(1890–1922) as his pen name. 1932), Sp. feminist writer.
Sam Collins: Samuel Thomas Collins Vagg Colon: Joseph Dennie (1768–1812), U.S. essay-
(1827–1865), Eng. music-hall artist, manager. ist, satirist, collaborating with Spondee.
Tom Collins: Joseph Furphy (1843–1912), Aus- Colonel ... For names beginning thus, see the
tral. novelist, of Ir. parentage. At the end of the 19th following name, e.g. for Colonel Britton see Britton,
century “Tom Collins” was a slang term in Australia for Colonel W. de Basil see de Basil, for Colonel Fa-
for a mythical rumormonger. Furphy adopted the bien see Fabien, etc.
name in 1892 and later made Collins a leading char- Édouard Colonne: Judas Colonna (1838–1910),
acter in some of his novels. Fr. orchestral conductor, violinist.
The writer’s original name is said by some to be Colourman: Fudel Hugh Henry (c.1965–), Ja-
the origin of of the Australian slang term “furphy” maican reggae musician.
for a rumor or mythical report, although more gen- Ithell Colquhoun: Margaret Ithell (1906–1988),
erally it is believed to derive from the name of a firm, Eng. Surrealist artist, poet.
J. Furphy & Sons Pty. Ltd., who operated a foundry Jessi Colter: Miriam Johnson (1943–), U.S.
in Shepparton, Victoria, and who manufactured country singer. The singer claimed to have an
water carts. The name passed to the water carts ancestor Jessi Colter who was a member of the Jesse
brought into camps in Egypt in World War I, the James Gang. She therefore adopted his name as her
drivers of such carts bringing rumors with them. stage name.
“Furphy worked for 20 years in Shepparton, and it James Colton: Joseph Hansen (1923–2004),
was there that he turned in a serious way to writing, U.S. crime writer. Hansen also wrote Gothic novels
first as a contributor of paragraphs and articles to the under the name Rose Brock.
Sydney Bulletin under the pen-name ‘Tom Collins,’ Robbie Coltrane: Anthony Robert McMillan
which was in those times a synonym for idle rumour; (1950–), Sc. TV actor. The actor admired the black
it was an amusing coincidence that during World U.S. jazz saxophonist John Coltrane (1926–1967) and
War I his real name, Furphy, came to mean the same adopted his name in the 1970s.
thing” [Australian Encyclopedia, 1965]. Coluche: Michel Gérard Joseph Colucci (1944–
Tommy Collins: Leonard Raymond Sipes 1986), Fr. radio, stage, movie comedian, of It. parent-
(1930–), U.S. country singer. age.
Carlo Collodi: Carlo Lorenzini (1826–1890), Columba: Colin Gumbrell (1961–), Br. cross-
It. writer. The author of Le Avventure di Pinocchio word compiler. The setter’s pseudonym, Latin for
(1883) took his pen name from his mother’s birth- “dove,” is based on letters in his real name.
place, a small village in northern Italy. He himself Chris Columbus: Joseph Christopher Colum-
was born in Florence. bus Morris (1902–?), U.S. black jazz drummer, band-
Bud Collyer: Clayton Johnson Heermanse, Jr. leader.
(1908–1969), U.S. TV personality, brother of June Comale: Therese Emile Henriette aus dem
Collyer. Winkel (1784–after 1850), Ger. harpist. The musician
June Collyer: Dorothy Heermanse (1907–1968), used this name for published articles on the construc-
U.S. movie actress. tion of the harp.
G. Colmore: Gertrude Baillie Dunn, later Betty Comden: Elizabeth Kyle, née Cohen
Weaver, née Renton (1855–1926), Eng. novelist. The (1917–2006), U.S. lyricist, screenwriter, actress.
writer used various pen names, mostly created from When a student at New York University the song-
her own name and those of her husbands. This one writer changed her name to one that was not obvi-
comes from the initial of her first name and the third ously Jewish. “Comden’s original name, she delights
name of her first husband, Henry Arthur Colmore in revealing in her memoir, was Basya Astershinsky
Dunn. Simselyevitch-Simselyovitch, which would surely

Comenius • Conrad 114

have looked wonderful on a Broadway billboard” his Native American guide, Calixto Carlos Inca Bus-
[The Times, March 4, 2005]. tamante, but research has revealed that Carrío used
Jan Ámos Comenius: Jan Ámos Komenskï the pseudonym to avoid punishment for having crit-
(1592–1670), Cz. educationist, Moravian bishop. icized the Spanish regime.
Cuthbert Comment, Gent. see Edward Search Congo Ashanti Roy: Roy Johnson (1941–), Ja-
Common: Lonnie Rashied Lynn (c.1971–), U.S. maican reggae musician. Johnson took the first word
black hip-hop musician. The rapper originally of his name from the Congos, a duo that he originally
recorded under the name Common Sense, but ab- formed with Cedric Myton. Ashanti is the name of
breviated it after losing a court battle to retain his an African people and former West African state.
rights to the fuller name. Chester Conklin: Jules Cowles (1888–1971),
Perry Como: Pierino Roland Como (1913– U.S. movie comedian. The actor should not be con-
2001), U.S. crooner, movie actor, of It. descent. The fused with movie comedian Charles “Heinie” Conklin
singer initially appeared under the name Nick Perido. (1880–1959), who sometimes acted as Charlie Lynn.
Compay Segundo: Maximo Francisco Repilado F. Norrys Connell: Conal Holmes O’Connell
Muñoz (1907–2003), Cuban popular musician. In O’Riordan (1874–1948), Ir. dramatist, novelist.
1942 Muñoz teamed up with Lorenzo Hierrezuelo to John Connell: John Henry Robertson (1909–
form a duo under the name Los Campadres (“The 1965), Br. novelist, biographer.
Companions”). As Hierrezuelo was the lead singer, Marc Connelly: Marcus Cook (1890–1980),
he was known as Compay Primo (“First Friend”), so U.S. playwright, screenwriter, stage director.
that Muñoz, singing bass harmonies, was Compay Rearden Conner: Patrick Reardon Connor
Segundo (“Second Friend”). He adopted the name (1907–1991), Ir. novelist, short-story writer. The au-
and in 1950 formed his group, Compay Segundo y thor also wrote as Peter Malin.
Sus Muchachos (“Compay Segundo and His Boys”). J.J. Connington: Alfred Walter Stewart (1880–
Fay Compton: Virginia Lilian Emmiline 1947), Sc. crime writer.
Compton (1894–1978), Br. stage actress, sister of Elizabeth Connor: Una Troy (1913–), Ir. nov-
novelist Compton Mackenzie. elist, playwright. The writer used this name for her
Frances Snow Compton: Henry Brooks Adams first two novels, Mount Prospect (1936) and Dead
(1838–1918), U.S. historian, novelist. Man’s Light (1938), as well as for four later plays.
Henry Compton: Charles Mackenzie (1805– Ralph Connor: [Rev.] Charles William Gordon
1877), Eng. actor, grandfather of novelist Compton (1860–1937), Can. writer of religious novels, of Sc.
Mackenzie and actress Fay Compton. The actor parentage. The novelist intended to use the pen name
adopted the maiden name of his Scottish paternal “Cannor,” from the letter heading “Brit. Can. Nor.
grandmother. West Mission,” but his editor copied this as “Connor”
Joyce Compton: Eleanor Hunt (1907–1997), and added “Ralph” to give a full name.
U.S. movie actress. Mike Connors: Kreker Jay Michael Ohanian
Comus: Robert Michael Ballantyne (1825– (1925–), U.S. movie, TV actor, of Armenian parent-
1894), Sc. novelist for boys. Comus was the name of age. The actor was billed as Touch Connors for
the pagan god invented by Milton for his pastoral en- movies in the 1950s before his TV career took off.
tertainment (“masque”) so titled (1634). George Conquest: George Augustus Oliver
Laure Conan: Marie-Louise-Félicité Angers (1837–1901), Br. actor, theatrical manager. The actor
(1845–1924), Fr.-Can. novelist. adopted the same name as his father, Benjamin
Arthur Concello: Arthur Vasconcellos (1912– Oliver (1805–1872), also a theatrical manager.
2001), U.S. circus trapeze artist. Concello was per- Owen Conquest see Frank Richards
forming professionally at age 16 and by the time he Brenda Conrad see Leslie Ford
was 18 had formed his own act, the Flying Concellos. Con Conrad: Conrad K. Dober (1891–1938),
In the 1930s, he and his wife, Antoinette, gained fame U.S. songwriter.
for their triple somersaults on the flying trapeze. Jess Conrad: Gerald James (1936–), Br. pop
Concolorcorvo: Alonso Carrío de la Vandera singer.
(1715–c.1778), Sp. colonial administrator. The official Joseph Conrad: Józef Teodor Konrad Kor-
used this name for El Lazarillo de ciegos caminantes zeniowski (1857–1924), Pol.-born Br. novelist,
(“El Lazarillo: A Guide for Blind Travelers”) (1775), writing in English. Conrad became a British natu-
an account of his travels from Buenos Aires to Lima. ralized subject in 1886 and anglicized his first and
(Lazarillo is a boy who guides the blind in the anony- third names.
mous novel Lazarillo de Tormes, published in 1554.) Robert Conrad: Conrad Robert Falk (1935–),
The work and the name were originally attributed to U.S. TV, movie actor.

115 Conrad • Coolio

William Conrad: William Cann (1920–1994), in 1957 at the suggestion of Columbia record
U.S. radio, movie actor. producer Norman Newell, who “did not feel that the
Will Conray see Harry Champion name Terry Stanford was right for a performer” [The
Heinrich Conried: Heinrich Cohn (1855– Times, November 17, 2000].
1909), Austr.-born U.S. actor, theater director, im- Shirl Conway: Shirley Crossman (1914–), U.S.
presario. It is not known when or why the actor TV actress.
changed his last name. Steve Conway: Walter James Groom (1920–
Jill Consey: Margery Edith Felix (1907–?), Eng. 1952), Eng. popular singer.
music teacher, composer. The musician also used the Tom Conway: Thomas Charles Sanders (1904–
names Margery Dawe and Carol Medway. 1967), Br.-born U.S. movie actor, brother of actor
Konstantin Constans: Marie Drdova (1889– George Sanders (1906–1972).
1970), Cz. composer. Tom Conway see Carter Brown
Constant: Constant A. Nieuwenhuys (1920–), Troy Conway see Ed Noon
Du. painter, sculptor. William Augustus Conway: William Augustus
Constantia: Judith Sargent Stevens Murray Rugg (1789–1828), Ir. actor.
(1751–1820), U.S. writer. Murray used this name for Pedr Conwy: Peter John Mitchell Thomas
early poems published in various periodicals. Later (1920–2008), Welsh politician. The future secretary
names were Honora-Martesia or simply Honora. of state for Wales and Conservative Party chairman
Constantia see Philenia took his bardic name from the Conwy River, on
K.C. Constantine: Carl Constantine Kosak which his birth town of Llanrwst stands, Pedr being
(1934–), U.S. crime writer. the Welsh equivalent of Peter. He was made a life
Michael Constantine: Constantine Joanides peer in 1987 as Lord Thomas of Gwydir, taking his
(1927–), Gk.-born U.S. TV, movie actor. title from a nearby castle.
Murray Constantine: Katharine Penelope Bur- Captain Conyers see Reginald Wray
dekin, née Cade (1896–1963), Eng. novelist. The au- Coo-ee: William Sylvester Walker (1846–1926),
thor used this name for four novels published Austral. novelist. “Coo-ee” was originally a call used
between 1922 and 1940. The identity of the writer by an Australian Aboriginal to communicate with
behind the pseudonym was discovered only in the another at a distance. It was later adopted by settlers
1980s. and is now widely used as a signal. (The call consists
Richard Conte: Nicholas Conte (1910–1975), of a long “coo” ending in a sudden higher “ee.”)
U.S. movie actor. Doc Cook: Charles L. Cooke (1881–1958), U.S.
Contessa Lara: Evelina Cattermole Mancini jazz pianist, arranger, bandleader.
(1849–1896), It. poet, of Eng.-Russ. parentage. Joe Cook: Joseph Lopez (1890–1959), U.S. co-
Albert Conti: Albert de Conti Cedassamare median.
(1887–1967), Austr. movie actor. Marianne Cook: Marianne Koch (1930–), Ger.
Gloria Contreras: Carmen Gloria Contreras movie actress. The actress was usually billed under
Roeniger (1934–), Mexican ballet dancer, teacher. this name in the U.S. and U.K.
Blade Stanhope Conway see Robert Cum- John Estes Cooke see Floyd Akers
mings Margaret Cooke see Gordon Ashe
Gary Conway: Gareth Carmody (1938–), U.S. M.E. Cooke see Gordon Ashe
movie, TV actor. Ina Coolbrith: Josephine Donna Smith (1841–
H. Derwent Conway: Henry David Inglis 1928), U.S. poet. The writer adopted her new name
(1795–1835), Sc. writer, traveler. Inglis used this in the early 1860s, taking her new first name from a
pseudonym, apparently based on the names of rivers pet form of her original name and her surname from
(the Derwent in England, the Conway in Wales), for her mother’s middle name. It was Coolbrith who per-
his first work, Tales of the Ardennes (1841). suaded the poet Cincinnatus Hiner Miller to adopt
Hugh Conway: Frederick John Fargus (1847– the name Joaquin Miller.
1885), Eng. novelist. The writer took his pen name Susan Coolidge: Sarah Chauncy Woolsey (1835–
from the school frigate Conway, stationed on the 1905), U.S. writer of books for girls. The author of
Mersey, which he entered as a 13-year-old naval stu- What Katy Did (1872) and subsequent stories based
dent. her pen name on that of her younger sister, Jane
Peter Conway see George Sava Woolsey Yardley, who had written as “Margaret
Russ Conway: Trevor Herbert Stanford (1925– Coolidge.”
2000), Eng. popular pianist, composer. The musician Coolio: Artis Leon Ivey, Jr. (1964–), U.S. black
adopted his new name on making his first recording rapper, movie actor. The artist’s name is obviously

Cooper • Corbusier 116

based on “cool,” but he liked to joke: “My homeboy Natasha Cooper: Idonea Daphne Wright (1951–),
asked me, ‘Who do you think you are, Coolio Igle- Br. crime writer.
sias?’” The pun is at the expense of the Spanish ro- Robin Cooper: Robert Popper (1968–), Br. hu-
mantic singer Julio Iglesias (1943–). morist, comedy writer. Cooper gained fame for his
Alice Cooper: Vincent Damon Furnier (1948–), book The Timewaster Letters (2004), in which he
U.S. rock singer. The female name was long said to made spoof proposals for new products to a number
have been chosen by the musician in 1969 to illustrate of commercial companies.
his theory that “people are both male and female William Cooper: Harry Summerfield Hoff
biologically,” while a Ouija board supposedly indi- (1910–2002), Eng. novelist. The writer assumed his
cated that Alice Cooper had been a 17th-century pseudonym for his fifth novel, Scenes from Provincial
witch, now reincarnated as Furnier. But when Life (1950). He was pursuing a career as a civil servant
Cooper was asked how he came by it, he replied: “I at the time, and needed to protect the identities of
have no idea. I really don’t. It was one day, just [snaps the book’s two homosexual characters. Four earlier
fingers] boom ... I could have said Mary Smith, but novels, Trina (1934), Rhea (1937), Lisa (1937), and
I said Alice Cooper.... But think about it — Alice Three Marriages (1946), appeared under his real name
Cooper has the same sort of ring as Lizzie Borden (in the form H.S. Hoff ).
and Baby Jane. ‘Alice Cooper.’ It’s sort of like a little Joan Copeland: Joan Maxine Miller (1922–),
girl with an ax. I kept picturing something in pink U.S. stage actress, singer.
and black lace and blood. Meanwhile, people ex- Copi: Raúl Damonte Taborda (1939–1987), Ar-
pected a blond folksinger” [Headley Gritter, Rock ’N’ gentinian playwright, humorist.
Roll Asylum: Conversations with the Madmen of Music, Aaron Copland: Aaron Kaplan (1900–1990),
1984]. U.S. composer, pianist, of Russ. parentage.
“Any guy can dress like a girl these days, but it Marc Copland: Marc Cohen (1948–), U.S. jazz
took a real man to change his name to Alice and have musician.
it accepted as one of the most masculine monikers in David Copperfield: David Kotkin (1957–),
the history of popular culture” [John Lydon (formerly U.S. magician. The name, which may have arisen as
Johnny Rotten) on Alice Cooper, interviewed in Sun- a nickname, is familiar as that of the young hero of
day Times, December 1, 2002]. Charles Dickens’s novel (1849).
Frank Cooper: William Gilmore Simms (1806– Il Coppetta: Francesco Beccuti (1509–1553),
1870), U.S. novelist. It. poet.
Gary Cooper: Frank James Cooper (1901–1961), Giovanni Coprario: John Cooper (c.1575–
U.S. movie actor. The metamorphosis of “Coop’s” 1626), Eng. composer. Cooper is described by the
first name was the work of his Hollywood agent, Nan 17th-century biographer Anthony Wood as “an Eng-
Collins, who came from Gary, Indiana. She explained: lishman borne, who having spent much of his time
“‘My home town was named after Elbert H. Gary. I in Italy, was there called Coprario, which name he
think Gary has a nice poetic sound to it. I’d like to kept when he returned into England [in c.1604]”
see you take Elbert Gary’s last name for your first. [Dictionary of National Biography].
‘You mean,’ he interrupted, ‘Gary Cooper?’ ‘Yes — Joe Coral: Joseph Kagarlitski (1904–1996), Br.
Gary Cooper. Say it again. Gary Cooper. Very nice. bookmaker, of Pol. Jewish origin. The founder of
I like it. Don’t you?’ Gary Cooper. He ran the name one of Britain’s largest chain of betting shops
around in his mind a few times. He spoke it again, smoothed his name to a word that evokes both dec-
‘Gary Cooper.’ Then he smiled. ‘I like it.’ ‘You see,’ orativeness and durability.
Miss Collins said. ‘I knew you would. And you’ll have Cora Coralina: Ana Lins dos Guimarães
to agree, Gary Cooper doesn’t sound as tall and lanky Peixoto Bretas (1890–1985), Brazilian writer.
as Frank Cooper’” [George Carpozi, Jr., The Gary Jean Coralli: Giovanni Coralli Peracini (1779–
Cooper Story, 1971]. 1854), Fr. ballet dancer, of It. parentage.
Henry St. John Cooper see Gordon Ashe Coram: Thomas Whitaker (1883–1937), Eng.
Jackie Cooper: John Cooperman, Jr. (1921–), ventriloquist. Latin coram means “openly,” “in pub-
U.S. movie actor. lic.” A ventriloquist is a paradoxical performer who
James Fenimore Cooper: James Cooper (1789– conceals his voice for public entertainment.
1851), U.S. novelist. The writer did not add his Glen Corbett: Glenn Rothenburg (1929–1993),
middle name, his mother’s maiden name, until 1826, U.S. movie actor.
the year he published The Last of the Mohicans. Tristan Corbière: Édouard Joachim Corbière
Jefferson Cooper: Gardner Francis Fox (1911–), (1845–1875), Fr. poet.
U.S. writer of historical romances. Le Corbusier see Le Corbusier

117 Corby • Cornelys

Ellen Corby: Ellen Hansen (1913–1999), U.S. Scotch, I am much more Italian than British! I know
movie actress. you will be kind enough to always remember this.”
Alex Cord: Alexander Viespi (1931–), It.-born Earlier, in a letter of May 25, 1883, accompanying
U.S. movie, TV actor. some poems submitted to the editor of Blackwood’s
Maria Corda: Maria Farcas (c.1902–1965), Magazine, she had written of herself: “Signorina
Hung. movie actress. The actress’s screen name is a Corelli is a Venetian, and the direct descendant
modified form of the surname of her first husband, (through a long line of ancestry) of the great Michael
movie producer Alexander Korda. Angelo Corelli, the famous composer.”
Charlotte Corday: Marie-Anne-Charlotte de She originally chose the name for a possible mu-
Corday d’Armont (1768–1793), Fr. revolutionary. sical career, and apparently took it from a young Ital-
Mara Corday: Marilyn Watts (1932–), U.S. ian tenor, Signor Corelli, who was appearing at Her
movie actress. “Mara” from “Marilyn.” Majesty’s Theatre, London, in 1874. Her second
Paula Corday: Jeanne Paule Teipotemarga choice of name at the time was Rose Trevor, taken
(1924–1992), Br.-Swiss movie actress, working in from one of the main characters in Mackay’s epic
U.S. The actress also used the names Paule Croset poem A Man’s Heart (1860), while earlier she had
and Rita Corday. written as Vivian Erle Clifford. Arcangelo Corelli
Rita Corday see Paula Corday (1653–1713) was an Italian composer [Teresa Ransom,
John Cordelier: Evelyn Underhill (1875–1941), The Mysterious Miss Marie Corelli, 1999].
Eng. religious writer. A male name used for some of Jill Corey: Norman Jean Speranza (1935–), U.S.
the author’s mystical writings, such as The Path of the pop singer.
Eternal Wisdom (1911). Lewis Corey: Luigi Carlo Fraina (1892–1953),
Alexander Cordell: George Alexander Graber It.-born U.S. Marxist theorist.
(1914–1997), Br. novelist, settling in Wales. Corinna: Elizabeth Thomas (1675–1731), Eng.
Denny Cordell: Dennis Cordell-Laverack poet, letter writer. The poet was given her name by
(1943–1995), Argentinian-born U.S. record producer. Dryden, who admired two poems she sent him in
Ritchie Cordell: Richard Joel Rosenblatt (1943– 1699 and compared her to the 6th-century BC Greek
2004), U.S. songwriter, record producer. lyric poet of this name. “I would have called you
Louise Cordet: Louise Boisot (1946–), Eng. Sapho,” he said, “but that I hear you are handsomer.”
popular singer. The singer took her mother’s stage (Contemporary portraits of Sappho depict her as
name on first signing with Decca Records in 1962. somewhat plain-featured.)
El Cordobés: Manuel Benítez Pérez (1936–), Corisande: Alice Smith, née Jerrold (1849–
Sp. bullfighter. The matador’s ring name means “the 1872), Eng. writer. Smith appears to have called herself
Cordovan,” although he was not actually born in after “La belle Corisande,” a name given to the French-
Córdoba, but in Palma del Río, some 30 miles away. woman Diane d’Andouins, mistress of Henri IV.
However, the latter town is in Córdoba province, Corita: Frances Elizabeth Kent (1918–1986),
and the name itself is said to come from a monument U.S. artist. In 1936 Kent entered the order Sisters of
in the city to the famous Manolete, who inspired the Immaculate Heart of Mary, taking the religious
Benítez to excel in the bullring. The name was sub- name Sister Mary Corita. She retained the name for
sequently adopted by Benítez’s illegitimate son, her work as an artist, not all of it religious in nature.
Manuel Benítez Freysse, who entered the ring in the Fernand Cormon: Fernand-Anne Piestre
1990s. El Cordobés Sr. finally retired in 2002. (1845–1924), Fr. painter.
Raymond Cordy: Raymond Cordiaux (1898– Corneille: Cornelis van Beverloo (1922–), Belg.
1956), Fr. movie comedian. painter, working in France. The artist’s name is a
Marie Corelli: Mary Mackay (1855–1924), Br. French form of his original Flemish name.
novelist. The writer was the illegitimate daughter of Don Cornell: Dominico Francisco Connello
Charles Mackay (1814–1889), a poet and journalist, (1919–2004), U.S. popular singer. Some sources give
and Mary Mills, a servant, whom Mackay later mar- the singer’s original name as Luigi Francisco Varlarlo.
ried following the death of his first wife in 1859. Theresa Cornelys: Theresa Pompeati, née Imer
Knowing this origin, Corelli created the myth that (1722–1797), It. singer, working in England. The
Mackay had adopted her. In a letter to a Mrs. singer took her stage name from a liaison made in
Cudlipp of December 23, 1889, she thus wrote: “My the Netherlands. “When at Amsterdam as a singer
name is not Mackay, not am I related to the Mackays she was known as Mme. Trenti, and took the name
at all. I was adopted by the late Charles Mackay LLD, of Cornelis (or Cornelys) from that of a gentleman
LSA who lost his own daughter by fever in Italy — at Amsterdam, M. Cornelis de Rigerboos” [Dictionary
but my name is Corelli, and though my mother was of National Biography].

Corning • Cory 118

Kyle Corning see A.A. Fair Joaquín Cortés: Joaquín Reyes (1969–), Sp. fla-
Corno di Bassetto: George Bernard Shaw menco dancer. The dancer changed his name in 1990.
(1856–1950), Ir. dramatist, critic, novelist. Shaw used Dave “Baby” Cortez: David Cortez Clowney
the waggish name when writing as a music critic for (1938–), U.S. pop musician.
The Star (1888–90). The corno di bassetto is (in its Leon Cortez: Richard Alfred Chalkin (1898–
Italian notation, found in music scores) the basset 1970), Eng. stage comedian.
horn, which two words suggest “Bernard Shaw.” “It Ricardo Cortez: Jacob Kranz (1899–1977), U.S.
was not until February 1889 that Shaw replaced [E. movie actor, brother of Stanley Cortez.
Belford] Bax completely and, in need of a pseudonym, Stanley Cortez: Stanislaus Kranz (1908–1997),
created his alter ego. Corno di Bassetto, after months U.S. cinematographer.
of anonymity, made his presence known to readers Jakob Corvinus: Wilhelm Raabe (1831–1910),
of The Star on 15 February” [Dan H. Lawrence, ed., Ger. novelist. The writer used this name for his first
Shaw’s Music, 1981]. novel, Die Chronik der Sperlingsgasse (“The Chronicle
Barry Cornwall: Bryan Waller Procter (1787– of Sperling Street”) (1856), with a derivative of Latin
1874), Eng. poet, songwriter, father of Mary Berwick. corvus translating German Rabe, “crow,” “raven.”
The writer was professionally a lawyer, and originally Baron Corvo: Frederick William Serafino
adopted his near-anagrammatical name to conceal Austin Lewis Mary Rolfe (1860–1913), Br. writer.
his identity as a law student when contributing poems The idiosyncratic author claimed to have received the
to the Literary Gazette. As a poet, he was probably title of Baron Corvo from the Duchess Sforza-
also attracted to the euphony of the name, which Cesarini when living in Italy in the 1880s, a claim
happened to match his modest persona. that has been neither confirmed nor disproved. The
Bernard Cornwell: Bernard Wiggins (1944–), writer himself gave three versions of the origin of his
Br. historical novelist. The writer’s choice of name pseudonym: that it was a style offered and accepted
was neither that of his adoptive parents, Joe and Mar- for use as a tekhnikym or trade name when he denied
jorie Wiggins, nor that of his biological father, a sacred orders and sought a secular livelihood, that it
Canadian airman, whose identity (as William came from a village near Rome and was assumed
Oughtred) he learned at the age of ten and whom he when he was made a baron by the Bishop of Emmaus,
eventually traced in 2001. He explains the origin: “My who was on a visit to Rome, and that it was bestowed
mother was Dorothy Rose Cornwell, and I decided by the aforementioned duchess. Rolfe had other pseu-
to take the Cornwell as my nom de plume, partly be- donyms, as Frederick Austin, King Clement, and Fr.
cause Wiggins sounds so ugly, and partly because W Rolfe (with “Fr.” representing “Frederick” but sug-
is a long way down the alphabetical shelves in book- gesting a priestly “Father”). He wrote autobiograph-
shops” [The Times, November 6, 2002]. ically as Nicholas Crabbe in Nicholas Crabbe (1958)
Corrado: Corrado Mantoni (1924–1999), It. and The Desire and Pursuit of the Whole (1934) and
television presenter, game-show host. as George Arthur Rose in (and as) Hadrian the
Correggio: Antonio Allegri (da Correggio) Seventh (1904). Corvo is Italian for “raven,” moreover,
(1494–1534), It. painter. As was the custom of his and he had already adopted the raven as a heraldic
day, the painter adopted the name of his birthtown, device. (Possibly Crabbe has a similar symbolic sig-
Correggio, near Reggio in northern Italy. nificance.) George Arthur Rose is said to derive from
Adrienne Corri: Adrienne Riccoboni (1930–), St. George “of the Roses” and Duke Arthur (of Brit-
Sc. movie actress, of It. descent. The actress was re- tany) murdered by King John in 1203. [1. A.J.A.
named by Gordon Harbord, who also renamed Lau- Symons, The Quest for Corvo, 1940; 2. Donald Weeks,
rence Harvey and who nearly renamed Diana Dors. Corvo, 1971].
The letters of “Corri” come from the actress’s sur- Caroline Cory see Minnie Maddern Fiske
name. Desmond Cory: Shaun Lloyd McCarthy
Emmett Corrigan: Antoine Zilles (1868–1932), (1928–), Eng. mystery novelist.
Du.-born U.S. stage, movie actor. Donald Webster Cory: Edward Sagarin (1913–
Ray “Crash” Corrigan: Ray Benard (1902– 1986), U.S. scholar, of Russ. Jewish parentage. As a
1976), U.S. movie actor. Corrigan was billed as gay activist, Sagarin based his pseudonym on André
“Crash” for the SF serial Undersea Kingdom (1936) so Gide’s Corydon (1924), a defense of pederasty.
his name would sound like “Flash Gordon.” William Johnson Cory: William Johnson
Bud Cort: Walter Edward Cox (1950–), U.S. (1823–1892), Eng. translator, poet. The academic,
movie actor. The actor was obliged to choose a new long a teacher at Eton College, adopted the name
name because his real name already existed for the Cory in 1872 after inheriting an estate two years pre-
U.S. comic actor Wally Cox (1924–1973). viously.

119 Coryat Junior • Cotes

Coryat Junior: Samuel Paterson (1728–1802), her from London to Liverpool. He then returned to
Eng. bookseller, auctioneer. Paterson used this name London and sang as a solo singer in folk clubs as D.P.
for Another Traveller! or Cursory Remarks and Tritical Costello. In 1976 Jake Riviera signed him for Stiff
Observations made upon a Journey through part of the Records and gave him the name Elvis, for Elvis Pres-
Netherlands in 1766 (1767–9), described by the Dic- ley, if only so that he could promote him with the
tionary of National Biography as “sentimental travels Presley slogan, “Elvis is King.” Costello’s father, big-
in the manner of Sterne, of very poor quality.” His band singer Ross MacManus, commented: “I didn’t
pseudonym presumably relates to the English traveler like it, then I realised it was probably quite good be-
and writer Thomas Coryate (?1577–1617). cause he didn’t sound anything like Elvis: I could see
Corylus: Chris Feetenby (1940–), Br. crossword that Declan MacManus wasn’t a very good name for
compiler. The setter’s pseudonym, the botanical Latin a rock star” [Sunday Times Magazine, July 17, 1994].
name of the hazel, refers punningly to his grandfather, The musician later resumed his real name. “He
Alfred Heselwood. explains to me the relationship between Costello and
Corymbæus: Richard Brathwaite (1588–1673), MacManus, but it’s not entirely straightforward. Elvis
Eng. poet, writer. Brathwaite used this name, from makes the records, clearly; that’s him on the label.
Latin corymbus, “cluster of fruit or flowers,” for his But even when Declan wrote songs for other people,
best-known work, Barnabae Itinerarium, or Barnabee’s the singers wanted the composer to be credited as
Journal (1638), a record of English travel written in Costello, since MacManus is not a famous name. The
Latin and English doggerel. Other classical-style driving licence is Costello ... but the passport has
names used by him were Blasius Multibibus, Clitus changed back to MacManus.... You don’t hear of
Alexandrinus, Eucapnus Nepenthiacus, Musæus Elton John or Cliff Richard wanting to become Reg
Palatinus, Musophilus, Hesychius Pamphilus, and Dwight or Harry Webb again. It’s a tricky manoeu-
Philogenes Paledonius. vre” [The Times Magazine, March 2, 2002].
Howard Cosell: Howard William Cohen (1920– Frank Costello: Francesco Castiglia (1891–
1995), U.S. radio, TV sportscaster, of Pol. Jewish 1973), It.-born U.S. criminal.
parentage. As an undergraduate at New York Uni- Lou Costello: Louis Francis Cristillo (1906–
versity, the future sports journalist changed his name 1959), U.S. movie comedian, of It. descent, teaming
of Cohen, given his family by immigration officials, with Bud Abbott.
to the original family name of Cosell. Pierre Costello: Ernest Charles Heath Hosken
Cosey Fanni Tutti: Christine Carol Newby (1875–1934), Eng. journalist, writer. Hosken used
(1951–), Br. rock musician, artist. The musician was this name for two novels, A Sinner in Israel (1910) and
the partner of Genesis P-Orridge, founder of the Tainted Lives (1912), the latter a murder mystery.
rock group Throbbing Gristle, in which she played Tom Costello: Thomas Costellow (1863–1943),
guitar. She originally changed her first name to Carol, Br. music hall comedian, singer.
then after meeting P-Orridge to Cosey. In 1973 she Al Coster: René Cardona III (1960–), Mexican
lengthened this name to Cosey Fanni Tutti, as a play juvenile movie actor.
on the title of Mozart’s opera Cosí fan tutte (“Thus Frank Donald Coster: Philip Mariano Fausto
do all women”). The name thus spanned the divide Musica (1884–1936), U.S. fraudster, of It. parentage.
between high opera and pop music while evoking a Musica used this name, or variations of it, to set up
burlesque link with “cozy,” “fanny,” “tootie,” and a number of drug companies, both legitimate and il-
“tutti frutti,” all words of potential female reference. legitimate. As Frank Costa, he opened the Adelphi
Frank Costa see Frank Donald Coster Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Company of
Gal Costa: Maria da Graça Costa Penna Burgos Brooklyn in 1920. Three years later, as Frank D.
(1946–), Brazilian rock singer. “Gal” is “Girl.” Coster, he began Girard and Company in Mount
[Sir] Michael Costa: Michele Costa (1808– Vernon, New York. By 1925 he was calling himself
1884), It.-born Br. orchestral conductor, composer. F. Donald Coster. Earlier, as an investigator for the
The musician anglicized his full Italian name, New York district attorney’s office, he had worked
Michele Andrea Agniello Costa, as Michael Andrew under the name William Johnson.
Agnus Costa. Costillares: Joaquín Rodríguez (1729–1800),
Costa-Gavras: Konstantinos Costa-Gavras Sp. bullfighter. The matador’s ring name means lit-
(1933–), Gk.-born Fr. movie director. erally “ribs.”
Elvis Costello: Declan Patrick MacManus Peter Cotes: Sydney Arthur Rembrandt Boult-
(1954–), Br. rock singer, songwriter. When his ing (1912–1998), Br. stage actor, theatrical producer.
parents divorced and separated, MacManus took his The actor’s stage name, adopted to avoid confusion
mother’s maiden name, Costello, and moved with with his younger brothers John and Roy Boulting

Coton • Coyote 120

(the Boulting Brothers, known as “the British movie Jacques Courtin-Clarins: Jacques Courtin
twins”), derived from a house called “Northcotes” (1921–2007), Fr. businessman. The founder of the
where he had lived as a child. luxury cosmetics and perfume firm Clarins Group
A.V. Coton: Edward Haddakin (1906–1969), added the company name to his family name in 1978.
Eng. ballet critic, writer. Jerome Courtland: Jerome Jourolmon (1926–),
Carolina Cotton: Helen Hagstom (1926–1997), U.S. movie actor, first husband of Polly Bergen.
U.S. singer, movie actress. Edward Courtney: Edward Leedes (?1599–
Robert Turner Cotton: Edward James Mortimer 1677), Eng. Jesuit.
Collins (1827–1876), Eng. novelist, humorist. Collins Cousin ... For names beginning thus, see the
used this name for Mr. Carington (1873). next word, e.g. for Cousin Alice see Alice, for Cousin
Joseph Cotton: Silbert Walton (1957–), Ja- Emmy see Emmy, for Cousin Jacques see Jacques,
maican pop singer. Walton originally recorded in etc.
1976 as Jah Walton. He adopted his professional Leonard Covello: Leonardo Coviello (1887–
name in the mid–1980s. 1982), It.-born U.S. educator. Coviello’s name was
Mathilde Cottrelly: Mathilde Meyer (1851– adjusted while he was in the public school system.
1933), Ger.-born U.S. stage actress. The actress Don Covay: Donald Randolph (1938–), U.S.
adopted the stage name of her husband, English black soul singer.
circus acrobat George Cottrell, whom she married at John Coventry: John Williamson Palmer (1825–
age 16. 1906), U.S. journalist.
François Coty: Francesco Giuseppe Spoturno Louis George Cowan: Louis George Cohen
(1874–1934), Corsican-born Fr. perfume manufac- (?1909–1976), U.S. radio, TV producer. Cohen
turer. changed his name to Cowan in 1931 on starting a
Johnny Cougar see John Mellencamp public relations firm.
Country Jim: Jim Bledsoe (c.1925–), U.S. Cowboy: Robert Keith Wiggins (1960–1989),
country, blues musician. U.S. black rapper.
Wayne County: Wayne Rogers (1947–), U.S. Joe Cowell: Joseph Leathley Hawkins-Witchett
punk musician, working in U.K. There are many (1792–1863), Eng. stage comic, working in U.S.
U.S. counties named Wayne County, including one Jane Cowl: Grace Bailey (1884–1950), U.S.
in the musician’s native Georgia. The transexual playwright, stage, movie actress. Following the failure
singer and songwriter was subsequently known as of Information Please (1918), coauthored with fellow
Jayne County. actress Jane Murfin, the two writers penned one of
Nicole Courcel: Nicole Marie-Anne Andrieux their most popular plays, Smilin’ Through (1919),
(1930–), Fr. movie actress. under the joint male name Alan Langdon Martin,
Claude Courlis see Claude Cahun feeling that the flop of the earlier work was due in
Sharon Court see Fenton Brockley part to prejudice against female authors.
Georges Courteline: Georges-Victor-Marcel Richard Cowper: John Middleton Murry (1926–
Moinaux (1858–1929), Fr. humorist, dramatist. 2002), Eng. SF writer, son of critic John Middleton
Peregrine Courtenay: Winthrop Mackworth Murry (1889–1957). The writer published four non–
Praed (1802–1839), Eng. poet. The names have an SF novels under the name Colin Murry, “Colin”
aristocratic ring for a Cambridge man, as Praed was. being a nickname, and two autobiographical works,
Sir William Percy Honeywood Courtenay: One Hand Clapping (U.S. title I at the Keyhole) (1975)
John Nichols Tom (or Thom) (1799–1838), Eng. im- and Shadows on the Grass (1977), as Colin Middleton
postor. The former liquor dealer from Cornwall be- Murry. He first used the name Richard Cowper for
came known by his new name and title in 1832, when the SF novel Breakthrough (1967).
he sought support among the citizens of Canterbury, Ida Cox: Ida Prather (1896–1967), U.S. black
Kent, in a bid to improve conditions for the poor. blues singer.
He claimed to be heir to the earldom of Devon, a Frank Coyne: Josiah Jones (1875–1906), Eng.
title which in 1831 had been restored to the 3d Vis- music-hall artist.
count Courtenay, and also claimed the Kentish estates Fred Coyne: Frederick Sterling (1845–1886),
of Sir Edward Hales, who had died in 1829. Other Eng. music-hall artist.
names adopted by the colorful but deluded cam- Peter Coyote: Peter Cohon (1941–), U.S. movie
paigner were the Hon. Sydney Percy, Count Moses actor. The actor changed his name in 1967, allegedly
Rothschild, and Squire Thompson. He was shot dead either “after a healing spiritual encounter with ... a
near Boughton, Kent, in a skirmish with the military coyote” [Maltin, p.178] or as the result of a vision in-
known as the Battle of Bossenden Wood. duced by taking the drug peyote.

121 Crabbe • Craig-Hallam

Buster Crabbe: Clarence Linden Crabbe (1908– on the Scottish isle of Ailsa Craig, written about by
1983), U.S. movie actor, swimmer. Crabbe adopted Keats and Wordsworth (see Gordon Craig).
his nickname “Buster,” given him in high school for David Craig : Allan James Tucker (1929–),
his sporting prowess. Welsh crime writer. The writer adopted his wife’s
Nicholas Crabbe see Baron Corvo maiden name as his pen name. He has also written
Simon Crabtree see Michael Wharton under his real name (as James Tucker).
Carl Crack: Karl Bohm (1971–2001), Swiss- Douglas Craig: Ernest Herbert Douglas Jones
born Ger. “technopop” singer. (1916–2009), Eng. musical director, singer. The di-
Hubert Montague Crackanthorpe: Hubert rector of the Sadler’s Wells Theatre, London, had
Montague Cookson (1870–1896), Eng. short-story never been too keen on his original prosaic name, so
writer. The family name was changed in 1888. changed it to one with more distinctive theatrical
Charles Egbert Craddock: Mary Noailles connections.
Murfree (1850–1922), U.S. novelist, short-story Gordon Craig: Edward Henry Gordon Godwin
writer. Mary Murfree, who wrote in dialect, took her (1872–1966), Eng. stage actor, designer, director.
(male) name from Egbert Craddock, a character in Craig was the illegitimate son of actress Ellen Terry
one of her early stories in Appleton’s Journal, adding (1847–1928) and architect Edward William Godwin
“Charles” as a name that went well with the combi- (1833–1886). He was thus known as Edward Godwin
nation. It was not until 1885, the year after the pub- until 1878, when his mother married actor Charles
lication of her first collection of stories, In the Kelly and he became Edward Wardell, taking the lat-
Tennessee Mountains, that the editor of the Atlantic ter’s original name. In 1887 his mother gave him the
Monthly, to which she contributed, discovered the additional names Henry, for his godfather, actor
author of the tales of mountaineers and their pioneer Henry Irving, whose leading lady she was, and Gor-
romances to be in reality a frail, crippled spinster. don, for his godmother, Lady Gordon.
Murfree began her literary career by using the name He assumed the name Craig in 1888. “This
R. Emmett Dembry for two stories in Lippincott’s came about in haphazard fashion when, with his
Magazine. mother, Henry [Irving], and possibly [his sister] Edy,
Fanny Cradock: Phyllis Nan Sortain Cradock, he was on holiday on the west coast of Scotland, driv-
née Primrose-Pechey (1909–1994), Br. TV chef. The ing past a huge dark rock out in the Atlantic. They
popular broadcaster’s surname was that of her third were intrigued, asked what it was and were told Ailsa
husband, Major John Cradock, who accompanied Craig. Ellen was delighted, ‘What a good stage name!
her in her programs. (They first met in 1939 and al- A pity you can’t have it, Ted. I shall give it to Edy’”
though she took his name they did not marry until [Moira Shearer, Ellen Terry, 1998]. Edy, now aged 19,
1977.) Her new first name was that of a grandmother was thus christened Edith Ailsa Geraldine Craig (see
with whom she went to live at age 15. She used the Ailsa Craig), while 16-year-old Ted became Edward
name Frances Dale as fashion editor of the Sunday Henry Gordon Craig, “finally settling the uncertainty
Graphic, and together with her husband adopted the of Godwin, Terry or Wardell” [ibid.]. He subse-
joint nom de plume “Bon Viveur” for a column on quently legalized the name by deed poll. “This shift-
travel and food in the Daily Telegraph. “The Telegraph, ing-sands character named himself after a rock, to
sticklers for exactitude, wanted it to be called ‘Bon reclaim himself from illegitimacy, and avoid having
Vivant’ but she overruled them” [Christine Hamilton, to take the name of his mother’s husband” [Susannah
The Book of British Battleaxes, 1997]. Clapp, review of Michael Holroyd, A Strange Eventful
A.A. Craig: Poul William Anderson (1926–), History: The Dramatic Lives of Ellen Terry, Henry Irv-
U.S. SF writer. ing and Their Remarkable Families, Times Literary
Ailsa Craig: Edith Ailsa Geraldine Craig (1869– Supplement, December 19 & 26, 2008].
1947), Eng. stage actress, producer The actress was James Craig: James Henry Meador (1912–1985),
given her stage name by her mother, Ellen Terry (see U.S. movie actor. The actor took his screen name
Gordon Craig), but used it only early in her career, following his appearance in Craig’s Wife (1936).
performing with Henry Irving at the Lyceum The- Michael Craig: Michael Gregson (1928–), Eng.
atre, London. “When Richard III was revived in 1896 movie actor.
the part of King’s Page was played by Edith Craig. Vera Craig see Fenton Brockley
‘Ailsa’ had vanished for ever from the programmes” Craigfryn: Isaac Hughes (1852–1928), Welsh
[Harcourt Williams, “Bygones,” in Eleanor Adlard, novelist. The writer assumed a placename meaning
ed., Edy: Recollections of Edith Craig, 1949]. literally “rock hill.”
Alisa Craig: Charlotte Matilda Macleod (1922–), Richard Craig-Hallam: Horace Ernest Richard
Can. thriller writer. The name must surely be based Smith (1910–2000), Eng. soldier. Lieutenant-Colonel

The poet took her cille LeSueur” sounds too stagy. Eng. honey. publicity chief laid his case before Louis Mayer. mother had formed a liaison. novelist. Craik: Dinah Maria Craik. Forced to take sides when his parents’ mar. They were Henry Thornton Craven: Henry Thornton consistently rejected by publishers. It.” His son. In 1913 she 1553). 1949]. The painter adopted the name married Annie Birkett.-born Austral. computer software tycoon.-Can. 11 years in jail. Lucas Cranach the Younger (1515– a woman. Fr. statesman. She would soon become Billie Lloyd Crane see Jon Hall Cassin. U. punk-rock musician.Craik • Crawford 122 Richard Craig-Hallam. Hawes Craven: Henry Hawes Craven Green Eng. and Smith went to work. from her mother’s maiden name. The younger Gaels looked Gentleman (1856). with whom her Phyllis Crane: Phyllis Francis (1912–). Eng. The writer assumed this male name (1837–1910). In 1919 of his birthtown. picked a fancy one”). you certainly show host. Cornelius Crambo: William Barnes Rhodes poet. suffragist. name. Eng. actor. She took the name (1818–1905). Eng. vian parentage The actress first played (1925) under dle name) by dropping his own first name. Germany). Wesley Craile see Fenton Brockley Arthur Cravan: Fabian Lloyd (1887–?1920). prose writer. Mozambican poet. rest of her life as Mrs. Pym). historian. burlesque writer. and her Anne Crawford: Imelda Crawford (1919–1956). editor.. after Harry Cassin. pendence]. children’s writer. last surviving president of a paigner for the native Irish language.. Movie Weekly. agreed to sponsor the 1949).’ argued Smith. who disappeared in 1917. 1977). As a young girl. Al.’ and Lucille was the founder of the Gaelic League and a cam. theatrical scene painter. crossdresser. rock musician. she couldn’t make it with that name. Crane became increasingly Joan Crawford: Lucille Fay LeSueur (1905– estranged from his father and closer to his mother.” to take command of the remains of a former German literally “The fair excellent young little branch”). Rhodes José Craveirinha: José G. “An craoibhín name when he was sent to Germany after the trials aoibhinn álainn óg” (“The fair excellent young maid. ‘An Craoib- her marriage in 1865 to George Lillie Craik.S. John Halifax. painter. ately” [Irish Press. Maria Mulock or simply Miss Mulock. name is pronounced approximately “Un creen een. writer. Cranach (now Kronach. name for the promising new actress? A McFadden An Craoibhín Aoibhinn: Douglas Hyde (1860– fan publication. writing in Portuguese. banker. Craik. Ireland’s first president contest. Eng. a Scot his painting Rest on the Flight into Eg ypt (1504) as born in Edinburgh. her real name (on which a Hollywood producer is Les Crane: Lesley Stein (1933–2008).S. of her own names (in full Barbara Mary Crampton Harry Crawford: Eugenia Falleni (1875–1938). U. Carannog. ‘And it sounds too much like where the parish church is dedicated to St. ing before her marriage were published as by Dinah Darby Crash: Jan Paul Beahm (1959–1980). quired her lasting stage name: “Obviously Lucille Vincent Crane: Vincent Rodney Cheesman LeSueur was a comer.” Works appear. first wife (Birkett). talk. née Mulock “During the greater part of the struggle [for inde- (1826–1887). was published some time before up to him as men look up to a prophet. His name comes British war crimes court in the Far East.’ Mayer John Cranston: Christina Jamieson (1864– granted permission. movie actress. even if it is the girl’s bardic name from her native village of Llangrannog. novelist. movie actress. “LeSewer. Tom Crampton: Barbara Pym (1913–1980). kept the name. Vetrinha (1922–). After serving Hart Crane: Harold Hart Crane (1899–1932).. his the biggest influence. “Well. took his new from the title of a traditional Irish song. The paratroop battalion. U. The [MGM] Cranogwen: Sarah Jane Rees (1839–1916). of Fr. playwright.S. for novels written in the 1960s and 1970s. was arrested and tried for the murder of her 1586). Thomas.-Scandina- He thus honored her maiden name (his existing mid. riage began to break down. Crampton. poet. and sentenced to death. Douglas Hyde’s was the guiding hand and though the writer’s best-known novel. (1772–1826). Jean Ford. she married Lizzie Allinson. When questioned by police He first indicated his adoption of the name by signing in 1920. ‘“Lu- Welsh poet./Ir. Ir. said to have commented. she ac- movie actress. this also being one Br.S. she claimed to be Harry Leon Crawford. Sc. She subsequently admitted she was “LC. U. its author hín’— the ‘Little Branch’— they called him affection- is still usually known as “Mrs. Why 1942).” Mrs. father’s middle name. used this name for Eccentric Tales in Verse (1808). LeSueur became Joan Arden for a few days until a . But Pete Smith was convinced (1943–). The winner was ‘Joan Arden. Not long after. The writer used this male not conduct a nationwide publicity contest to find a name for contributions to local papers. Falleni Lucas Cranach (the Elder): Lucas Müller (1472– dressed as a boy and later worked as a man.” I think we ought to change it. she obtained early release and lived the U. however. Ger.S. musician.

1900–1973). a collection of familiar commission and took passage to New York. writer. It is not clear to Paul Creston: Giuseppe Guttoveggio (1906– what extent Pardon actually wished to be identified 1985). additional name of Colston by deed poll in 1946. a Royal Air Force c. He also wrote as Rev. Rae also wrote as R. ‘Joan Crawford !’ the former Lucille com.. humorous writer. crime novelist. Francis Purcell. had been killed in action in 1940.e.). 1955] or because a wild married Douglas Fairbanks. horse ran through his camp when he was born banks. Crazy Horse: Ta-sunko-witko (c. Sgt.S. Tisdale . novelist. editor. Fr. Ir. dramatic poet. this name for contributions to the Dublin University Sc.” (1814–1873). novelist. Hector St. politician. Arthur Dumbell Smith. [Stoutenburgh. He used it Creuddynfab: William Williams (1814–1869). namesake. 123 Crawford • Crewe bit player protested that the name belonged to her. mathematician. Br. ‘They might have called you “Cranberry” name. whose hus. brutal. plained to her new friend William Haines. Sr. the coarse. ‘It sounds U. The Captain Rawdon Crawley: George Frederick author was born Dorothy Baynes but assumed the Pardon (1824–1884). Baynes (c. In 1945 Doris.-born U.1510– band.”’ ‘“Crawford’s” not so bad. Geoffrey by deed poll in 1945 when his mother. of It. inherited what remained of the estates Guy Penseval. for several handbooks on different sports and games. and Peter Patricius Pickle-Herring. After military service in Canada during the Geoffrey Crayon: Washington Irving (1783– French and Indian War. and her son took his stepfather’s name.S. TV actor. Kid Creole see August Darnell Some sources give Crawford’s original surname in. born the illegitimate son of Doris Smith. sporting writer. John de Crèvecoeur: Michel-Guil- commercial gain]” [Hamst. 1998). Another pen name laume Jean de Crèvecoeur (1735–1813). He then opted for a vised her unusual first name herself. The actor was Adolphe Crémieux: Isaac Moïse (1796–1880).81]. Pee Wee Crayton: Connie Curtis (1914–1985). Joseph Crehan: Charles Wilson (1884–1966). Br. organist. Crèvecoeur did not return 1859). Joan Crawford. The writer became Crewe a work in the spirit of his U. poet. Irving used the name to France with the defeated troops but resigned his for The Sketch Book (1819–20). a petit seigneur de onel Ingram. used by Pardon was George Quiet.S. married Li. then actor Franchot Tone (1905–1968). which he is said to have assumed either after and served you every Thanksgiving with the turkey’” dreaming of horses [Mari Sandoz. Le Fanu used Robert Crawford: Hugh Crawford Rae (1935–). stage. the writing of books for simple J. Hélisenne de Crenne: Marguerite Briet (c. The second choice was submitted by Mrs. writer. jun. wife-bullying old man perhaps evolving from “Dorothy Colston. sieur de Crais-Billon Kathryn Crawford: Kathryn Crawford Moran (1674–1762). for it savours of name thus literally means “son of Creuddyn. blues musician. U. Fr. movie actress. U. James Albany.S. Cresnes (“little lord of Cresnes”). then Phillip Terry. Marie M. Angoisses douloureuses qui procèdent d’amours (“The (“Crawford’s Crackers” are still well known in Grievous Anxieties that Proceed from Love”) (1538). biographer. Michael Crawford: Michael Patrick Smith U. (see Douglas Fair. with the character’s disagreeable nature. Charles de Cresseron: Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu accurately as “Dumble-Smith. composer. movie.. John Lacy. Eng. The a pseudonym we should condemn. The military leader came like “Crawfish.” book-making [i.) He subsequently adopted this name legally. . traveler. and an unknown father. Jr. U. Crewe-Milnes. née Pike. (1942–). The pen name is appropriate for the on arrival in 1759 he changed his name to J. origin.S. Crawford first Strange Man of the Oglalas.36]. and used it for more distinctive name. U. She apparently de- calling himself Michael Ingram. Darley Quentin Crewe: Quentin Hugh Dodds (1926– adopted this name for The New Sketch-Book (1829). the Marquess of Crewe. Native American chief.” in Thackeray’s Vanity Fair (1847–8). Houston. Crébillon: Prosper Joliot. Her The writer adopted the name of the son of Sir Pitt pseudonym appears to be a sexually ambiguous name. John (as he is now usually known in America it- Geoffrey Crayon. Lady Annabel Crayon.1550).S. Crazy Horse: The [Bob Thomas. Fr. Jewish leader.B. 1979]. St. 1846). Creuddyn.1842–1877). The writer took his name from many under both his names. and selected “Crawford” from the semiautobiographical heroine of her novel Les a passing cookie truck on quitting school at age 15. translator. Ir. movie actor. Fr. p. The writer took her pilot. “We fear this is a use of his birthplace. He also wrote as Richard Belvoir.S. writer. new name from her husband. Magazine. Eng. Hector title of the work. (1908–1980). where essays and tales. while for romantic Dormer Creston: Dorothy Julia Colston- novels he adopted the female name Jessica Sterling. Crawley. of her father.S. writer. journalist.: George Darley (1795– self ) and his language to English. p. Welsh literary critic.’ the actor to be known by the English equivalent of his Sioux replied. and Stuart Stern. Britain. near Llandudno.

placed it with the more marketable Croft. Rev. U. name as his professional name. “as my name was before I dyed actress. songwriter. He made a for such novels as Father Brighthopes. Howard Crockett: Howard Hausey (1925– born Br. screenwriter. Richmal was not sure whether her ical journalist. née early detective novel Hamlet. The Stately Homo: A Celebration Chrystal Croftangry see Jedediah Cleish- of the Life of Quentin Crisp. TV entertainer. not Criswell: Charles Criswell King (1907–1982). movie actor. Jaq Croft: Jacqueline Mycroft (1968–). of the stories featuring the schoolboy William Brown Job Crithannah: Jonathan Birch (1783–1847).S.” given for her frizzy hair. the location pseudonym derives from this. Fletcher (1850–1918). this proved unsuitable for publicity purposes he re- Pietro Crinito: Pietro Riccio (1475–1507). Quentin Crisp: Denis Pratt (1909–1999). selection of these in 1917 and they were published g yman’s Vacation (1853). Eng. published in was originally shortened to Douglas Wheat..S. writer composed music under his own name. better known forgot. burn (1890–1969). press permission. of Belg. Francis de Croisset: Frantz Wiener (1877– crossword compiler. The author used this name. his pen name from a character in Michael Innes’s Deas Cromarty: Elizabeth Sophia Watson.” referring to her former the “hermit of Croisset. The comedian presumably 1944). His mark posthumously as by Monsieur Croche. The writer used Peter Criss: Peter Crisscoula (1945–). fantasy-fiction writer. He took lock Holmes. creator of Sher- this pseudonym for his crime and SF fiction. translator.’ articles in the paper L’Action française. Revenge! (1937). northeastern Scotland. who was a friend of Socrates and proper names. Quaver” Otis Criblecolis see W. Her gin. Deas is Gaelic for “the South. (1921). Eng. composer. Richmal Crompton: Richmal Crompton Lam- Estil Critchie: Arthur J. Jimmy Cricket: James Mulgrew (1945–). not noms de plume.S. Burks (1898–1974).” lived and wrote for much nickname.” Nita Croft: Nita Pycroft (1902–). U. Watson (1845– U. send for Richmal. The writer used this name for polemical free-lance writing counted as ‘other employment. Ripley Cromarsh: Bryan Mary Julia (1921–1978).S.S. and for her Michael Cristofer: Michael Procaccino (1945–). (1929–).. After an unhappy second mar. Fr. TV “jiminy cricket!” scriptwriter. novelist. “The an anagram of his real name. far from the historic district of Cromarty. TV actress. performer. Fr. for Fifty-one Original High School . Ir.. 1921). that the annual index to Punch used in English as Crito. who very nervously went to see . comedy. Eng.. The composer used this The writer used this pseudonym early in his career name for some of his musical criticisms. writer of books for boys. form of Latin crispus. U. U. adopted her pen name when writing for magazines Eng. psychic. 1937). movie. and Hearts and Faces (1855). Edmund Crispin: Robert Bruce Montgomery H. The name itself translates as “Mr. as well as the feminine of the house outside Rouen where Gustave Flaubert. playwright. Miss Hodge . The author U. Robert A. She ing it from the 5th century BC Athenian.Creyton • Crompton 124 Paul Creyton: John Townsend Trowbridge (1827– Monsieur Croche: Achille-Claude Debussy 1916). stage quipped the gay icon. Martin Merrivale. humanist. anti-dilettante (1854). Br. no other employment without the Headmistress’s ex- Criton: Charles Maurras (1868–1952). Sc.S. David Croft: David Sharland (1922–). artist’s model. The writer adopted his mother’s maiden Tom Cringle: William Walker (1838–1908). Mexican so that the name perhaps stands for Watson herself. but played for safety by not using her full name. writer. sister of Arthur Conan Doyle. born in London. The new name may refer to Croisset. It. had a rule that their staff should have Fables. while teaching classics at a London girls’ school. Scottish husband. “Curly. born in Aberdeen. Eng.” Linda Cristal: Victoria Maya (1936–). Eng.. 2001]. based his name on the interjection of surprise. rock this name for five novels and collections of regional musician. composer.-born Austral. ori- riage the setter changed her name to Ruth Crisp. poet. writer. polit. leaving writer. with Morals and Ethical Index (1851). née Doyle (1877–1927). Fields (in the sense “eighth note”). working in U.. The Josephine Angell. Walker took his pseudonym Douglas Croft: Douglas Malcolm Wheatcroft from Tom Cringle’s Log. children’s writer.S. a book of travels by the Scot. “curled. “Denis Pratt. introduced by Plato in one of his dialogues. botham Crispa: Margery Ruth Edwards (1918–). movie actress.C. or an Old Cler. Fr. The actor’s name tish writer Michael Scott (1789–1835). however. novelist. in the south of England.S. crime. writer. (1862–1918). U. but when Blackwood’s Magazine from 1829 to 1833. Br. it” [Paul Bailey. Br. SF writer. travel-sketch writer. ed. tales set in Scotland. juvenile movie actor. presumably tak. Eng. of his life.

Thomas’s elder sister. architect. crooner.V.” In 1907 Crowley founded his Christopher Cross: Christopher Geppert (1951–). he was nicknamed “Bing” and later Trinity College. why 1910). movie actor. Richmal Crompton: The Mark Cross: Archibald Thomas Pechey (1876– Woman Behind William. earl of Essex ration. the letters standing for Latin Henri Edmond Cross: Henri Delacroix (1856– Vi Veri Vniversum Vivus Vici. Either because (1875–1947). pop singer. a colonel in the Indian army. The British crotchet “A Gallery of Illustrious Literary Characters” pub.) On his initiation protect her academic career at Columbia University) in 1898 into the magical society known as the Her- for mystery novels featuring the English feminist de. Oliver Cromwell. Antonio Pollaiuolo. 2003). painter. Sc. she dropped the “e. The artist used this name for (1920–). Morgan Williams. was dec- 1960). feminist literary critic. He was not related to the painter 1979). U.V. neoimpressionist painter. speculation why he chose this name. father of orated at the siege of Lucknow. Heilbrun adopted this name (to the lifestyle of a Highland laird. 125 Cromwell • Crowley her.S. crime writer. Her stories were regularly illus. film studio head. as if to imply that she too had engaged in [(?1485–1540)]. movie actor. 1986]. She was greeted with an excited ‘My dear. Zanuck (1902– where he studied. The Hume Cronyn: Hume Cronyn Blake (1911– other two were Mark Canfield and Gregory Rogers. Harry Crosby enjoyed the some of her lesser writings. comedy musician. novelist. Pechey first name.. Presumably the didn’t you tell me?’ Gradually after this the identity artist translated his name to promote his national of the author of the William stories leaked out to the name internationally. have been Alasdair. he signed the register as adopted the name. not appear on too many of the company’s films. is the American quarternote.S.S. According to Giorgio Vasari’s Lives p. The Richard Cromwell: (1) Richard Williams (?–?). of Russ. caricaturist. botanist. soldier.S. “Edward Aleister Crowley. calling him- U.” Beecher Stowe (1811–1896). adopting it from his led many fans of her scruffy young hero to assume mother’s maiden name of Vallentin. Zanuck began his career as a screenwriter for Warner Arthur Cronquist: Franklin Arthur Beers Bros. who rose to fortune by lected as a pseudonym the name of a military deco- the protection of Thomas Cromwell. takenly believed he had Irish ancestry. sister of Laurence Hope.” “She se- a certain Richard Williams.S. U. The author’s unusual 1961). Who Will Endure. comic strip “Bingville Bugle” when at grade school. or (some say) his new first name appeared in 1895. and adopted the name of his patron” combat and displayed valor. (2) Roy M. After the death of Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658). Eng. Eng. 1952). Jill Croston see Lacy J. school” [Mary Cadogan.S. Melville Crossman: Darryl F. The initials ‘V. poet. Her true identity was not re. and suggested double married Katherine Cromwell. French Christopher Crowfield: Harriet Elizabeth croquis means “sketch. the architect was nicknamed “The Chronicler” Crab Crossbones see Xariffa from his accurate accounts of the marvels of Rome.” self Frater V. was the “grandson of Queen Victoria (1901). statesman on the gallantry award. U. which she inherited from her grandmother. (Queen) Victoria. novelist. the Order of the Silver Star. writer’s pen name (originally Victoria Crosse) puns Welsh great-grandfather of Eng. Cambridge. popularly known as the V. popular songwriter.V. metic Order of the Golden Dawn he was given the tective Kate Fansler. occultist.174].” There has been much David Crosby: David Van Cortland (1941–).’ a name she used own father was a Welshman. Victoria Cross: Annie Sophie Cory (1868– trated by Thomas Henry. when on entering resemblance to it.” (A Scottish Gaelic equivalent would U. (1550). Billy Crotchet: William Davidson Crockett Ir. “In my life I have con- . meanings: the frankness of her fiction would cross Il Cronaca: Simone del Pollaiolo (1457–1508). and later in life Crowley took on Jewish parentage. The author Bing Crosby: Harry Lillis Crosby (1903–1977). of Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1851) used this male name for U. Radebaugh (1910– Cory’s father. Crowley’s of his fondness for this character.V.’ cor- [Dictionary of National Biography]. rock singer. lished in Fraser’s Magazine in the 1830s. own society. Dalton Alfred Croquis: Daniel Maclise (1806–1870). It.S.C. Richard Williams’s responded to ‘Victoria Cross. also used the name Valentine. or make Victoria cross” [Schlueter. interpreted as “The One vealed until 1972.. A name playing on “crisscross. “Alexander. who instead of her birth name. Eng. Aleister Crowley: Edward Alexander Crowley with its hero a character named Bing. Robert Cromwell. magical name Perdurabo. U. movie actor. using three pseudonyms so that his name did (1919–1992). writer. playwright. and he pre- Paule Croset see Paula Corday sumably picked what he saw as a Celtic equivalent of Amanda Cross: Carolyn Gold Heilbrun (1926–). Fr. movie producer. Crowley mis- U.C.S. Can. that she was a man.

but having noticed that morning over a In 1954. of Dan. Eng.S. Irwin Brown was min- Forrester (1803–1850). Pedro U. Eng. Eng. Br.-Mexican poet. the Jose Calderon Sextet. cepted.” Cúchares: Francisco Arjona Herrera (1818– Henry Crown: Henry Krinsky (1896–1990). nun. The poet name for his poem The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898). 1868). critic. U. bullfighter. 3d floor. claimed them as his natural parents and in 1918 took novelist. had taken to himself. Sp. Netherlands.] John Irwin Brown 1872).S.S. “The Beast 666. leading him to conclude Greek therion.’ and such was the entry in . parentage. minister. When she died in 1917. The penultimate of these derives from announced in a local paper. in which the female narrator tells of her un.S.” meaning “born cartoonist. poet.3: Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde Silas Tomken Cumberbatch: Samuel Taylor (1854–1900). Esterházy used this name the name Countée P. or age. Sp. The novel won high critical acclaim and Ridgewell Cullum: Sidney Groves Burghard was assumed to be by a new writer. His quills. his brother.” matching the title Crowley that somebody else had stolen his gig. and replied. as “Countee L. The first Calderón knew Vladimir Svareff. set ing for “Porter. The poet’s bardic name means “cross.S.” He dropped the initial in 1925. on enlisting about his experiences in the jail of the title. a native speaker of Gaelic. the club’s owner decided his Tomken Cumberbatch. after which the name was borne by Al. Porter. industrialist. He had previously Joe Cuba: Gilberto Miguel Calderón (1931– determined to give one that was thoroughly Kam- 2009). originally made from crows’ Language (1908). count An Irishman’s Difficulties with the Dutch fred alone. pseudonym means “Hugh the Scotsman. movie actor. Tom Cruise: Thomas Cruise Mapother IV Paul Cuffe: Paul Slocum (1759–1817).” He was then James Cruze: Jens Cruz Bosen (1884–1942). Juana was born Mingall de Bru y Deulofeo (1900–1990).S. U.” Other name was not a crowd-puller and billed him instead names used by Crowley include Khaled Khan.S. A crow quill. he thought this On landing a booking at a leading New York Latin word sufficiently outlandish. poet. door in Lincoln’s Inn Fields (or the Temple) the name sician formed his own band. comic artist + Charles Robert (fl. Hung. Sc. Guy Cullingford: Constance Lindsay Taylor garian. Cugat (from his father. movie actress. Dr. (1907–2000). the second edition revealed the true author. bandleader. which went into eight editions. Welsh poet. Ir. Master Therion. New York. Sp. of Lithuanian parentage. happy love. capable of draw. movie director. of Puerto Rican parentage. Javier (giving Xavier).” Juana Inés de la Cruz: Juana Ramírez de Asbaje Xavier Cugat: Francisco de Asis Javier Cugat (1651–1695). after playing in various groups. She entered a Carmelite con. however.” Although never formally adopted by them. black the religious name and title Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz poet. and being thus ac- #3). The musician’s original name breaks Manuel de Asbaje y Vargas Machuca. who was probably his U.1908). short-story writer. Alfred Crowquill: Alfred Henry Forrester (1804– Cuey-na-Gael: [Rev. in 1980s Hungary but written in 17th-century Hun. “beast. with the Rev. he went to live Crwys: William Crwys Williams (1875–1968). crime writer. The writer used this Coleridge (1772–1834). known. Frederick Asbury Cullen and his wife.-born the illegitimate child of a Spanish captain. playwright. Cullen. cell been taken to his height. bandleader. The name in the 15th Dragoons in 1793: “No objection having itself was his prison number (block C. U. black boatbuilder. the middle initial stand- for Tizenhét hattyúk (“Seventeen swans”) (1987). grandmother. Count as Joe Cuba and his Sextet. writer. Ramírez de Santillana. painter. Sp. the salsa mu. Br. father’s Akan name. Number 27 in the Bronx. and Soror of his new identity was when he saw the engagement Vikaram. In 1916 he was enrolled in Public School Penélope Cruz: Penélope Cruz Sanchez (1974–).Crown • Cumberbatch 126 quered the universe with the power of truth. writer of westerns. Mexican bullfighter Jorge Benavides (1978–).S. U. The name is now borne by the U. he was asked his name. (1962–). adopted the name. on Friday. is a special type of artist’s pen. Kathryn Culver see Brett Halliday C3.” implying ing very fine lines. The Pan-Africanist adopted his Paul Crum: Roger Pettiward (1906–1942). Eng. illustrator. Juan vent at the age of 16 but left a few months later and Cugat) and Mingall de Bru y Deulofeo (his mother). ‘Silas music venue. schatkian. and Isabel down into Francisco de Asis (“Francis of Assisi”). Publication of (1867–1943). working in U.” with no accent on the first “e. when he wrote his amusing ac- around 1843. ister of the Scottish Presbyterian Church in Rotter- Charles Forrester abandoned his literary activities dam. retaining his initials. dramatist. made her profession in the convent of Jerome under Countée Cullen: ? (?1903–1946). ‘Cumberbatch’ (not ‘Comberback’). writer. The name of Cullen’s father is not (Sister Joanna Agnes of the Cross). he Lili Csokonai: Péter Esterházy (1950–). properly “Kofi. living with Amanda Porter.

(1911–1984).’ So I went over to meet him of Ars-en-Dombes.-born Eng. cummings: Edward Estlin Cummings a notorious cattle rustler. chiefly relating to Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Jean-Louis Curtis: Louis Laffitte (1917–1995). Jamie Lee Curtis: Jamie Leigh Curtis (1958–). is said to have been George Parrott. ley’s novels Hotel (1965) and Airport (1968) set in a pub.S.S. so I thought maybe I’d anglicize grandson and namesake was the writer. movie actress. Cunningham: Howard Fast (1914–2003). this pseudonym for detective and police novels.S. although not Philip Curtin: Marie Adelaide Lowndes. descent. U.. songwriter. working in U. He Ken Curtis: Curtis Gates (1916–1991). The writer assumed my name. concert artist Kate led by Butch Cassidy.S. Early Recollec. Other names used by the Constance Cummings: Constance Cummings writer were Barbara Annandale. pop singer. 127 Cummings • Curtiz the regimental book” [Joseph Cottle.V.S. 1956). gastronome. movie director. U. ceeding to the estates of John Cunninghame. Known generally as Mrs. Robert Bontine Cunninghame-Gra. 1962). U. and I went through a whole basketful of the additional name of Cunninghame in 1796 on suc. I said. the author adopted this name for Noted Murder of humorous pseudonyms for his comic contributions Mysteries (1914). U. U. romantic novelist. Dye (1902–1952). last play.1797). ‘Come on. Michael Curtiz: Mihály Kertész Kaminer (1886– Finlay Currie: Finlay Jefferson (1878–1968). 15th John Stevens. husband of Priscilla Lawson. while for Not All Saints (1914) she to Vanity Fair. and Belinda Dell. “When I started in movies. and under this Dick Curtis: Richard D. we’ll priests gained his better-known name from the village go over and meet him. movie actor. where he was in charge of the and I was so nervous.S. as is also said.S. which she took as her stage surname. 2005). writer. 1962) records that . was the outlaw. Orville Cummings (1908–1990). The actress’s middle Kid Curry: Harvey Logan (1865–1903). a member of the Wild Bunch maiden name of her mother. them—every conceivable kind of name.. Belloc Lown- ters only. Fr. movie actor. The jacket Peter Curtis see Juliet Astley had a blurb written by Westlake himself saying. (Some sources misspell Curtis’s original name as The actor’s regular screen name is not as original as “Neberroth” by mistranscription of the initial letter. Morgan Cunningham: Donald E. Jocelyn Levy. Sr. of Eng. name succeeded in obtaining a part in Galsworthy’s movie actor.. U. priest. I had written this book.S. parentage. of Hung. novelist. Robert Cummings: Charles Clarence Robert U.. The patron saint of parish was Cary Grant. Then Johnny Curtis. movie actress. Bernie Schwartz’” [Tony Curtis and Barry Paris. it to Curtis. U. I knew I’d have to change ham (?–c.S. The Roof (1929). Tony Curnonsky: Maurice Edmond Sailland (1872– Curtis: The Autobiography.- (Nor did he legally change his name to lowercase let. names was Kertész.. Barry. Not long after I changed it. Janet said. Fr. lyricist. Jennifer Bland. 1837]. Fr.S. novelist. U. Cummings used the lower. crime fiction used this name for a spoof of Arthur Hai.e. politician.. Fr. George Sutherland (“Flat Nose”) Curry (1841–1882). name. 1993]. crime writer.S. TV actor. U. poet. Eng. U. The prolific author of black saxophonist.. Tessa Barclay. and adventurer. pose he was Blade Stanhope Conway. née Halverstadt (1910–2005). J. The gunslinger. First Jimmy Curtis. Hung. lic toilet and called Comfort Station (1973). The author of Spartacus (1951) used Fr.S. e. novelist.K. adopted the name of his uncle. I Le Curé d’Ars: Jean-Baptiste-Marie Vianney was at a cocktail party with Janet Leigh.S. and it eventually got ham (1852–1936).) Cummings devised a variety des. Grace Cunard: Harriet Mildred Jeffries (1894– U. mystery tions. “I wish Tony Curtis: Bernard Schwartz (1925–). essayist. Finally I hit on Anthony Curtis.S. Curtiz’s stage. née as regularly or insistently as is sometimes supposed. case form of his name until the 1930s. Sc. Professor Dunkell of Colgate University. Mann Curtis: Norman Kurtz.-born U. One of my Hungarian ancestors’ (and last) earl of Glencairn. The songwriter’s great. Westlake King Curtis: Curtis Ousley (1934–1971). my name is . U. movie.” See also Richard Stark. U. The actor explains: Robert Cunninghame-Graham: Robert Gra. E. parish from 1817 to the end of his life. Curtis. such as Helen Whiffletree and was Elizabeth Rayner. (1933–2008). shortened to Tony. Sc.S.. movie actor. my idol. whose own original name (1894–1962). movie actor. Cummings. Sc.) the one under which he passed himself off when he Chris Curtis: Christopher Crummey (1941– went to England to acquire the accent. For this pur. Belloc (1868–1947). Alan Curtis: Harold Ueberroth (1909–1953).–born stage. and there (1786–1859). Steven John. cookery writer. also wrote three novels as Walter Ericson. ‘Hi. Avon Curry: Jean Bowden (1920–). movie actress. daughter of Janet Leigh and Tony 1967). obituary in The Times (April 12.

stage Cynfaen: John Hugh Evans (1833–1886). black rapper.” the latter being his native dis. The actress first ap- (1858–1934).1758). Byzantine his patrons. Cyrano (1619–1655).” (But not to an ultimate possible Curtis. U. “I was given the name ditional founder of Brittany who it is said will one Rob da Bank when I was 18 and needed a DJ name. Welsh comedian. 1974). In 1638 the colorful née Belderson (1922–). writer of “Gothic” fiction. about a schoolgirl called Miley Stewart who “Cybi of Eifionydd. (It also gave the name of Eifionydd. Da Brat: Shawntae Harris (1974–).” Pierre Dac: André Issac (1893–1975). mouthed image.S. The writer’s assumed name name is the Polish word for “skull. to humour me” Cynddelw: Robert Ellis (1810–1875). Eng. Even my parents call me it. religious. U. taking it from land owned by of her real name (Marie Buchanan. antiquary. Pol. twice Archdruid of Rob da Bank: Robert Gorham (1973–). Buchanan and controversial writer began adding “de Bergerac” originally wrote as Rhone Petrie. A punning name based saint or historical figure. The Baptist minister adopted a tra. Cynan: [Rev. He and his brother Methodius were jointly viewers often took him to be an American writer. 1989). on the broadcaster’s first name. Welsh [Sunday Times.” Bob Custer: Raymond Anthony Glenn (1898– Miley Cyrus: Destiny Hope Cyrus (1992–). U. writer. Welsh poet. from the Cusani. movie actor. her nickname. England. her new first name coming from bert was a 7th-century bishop of Lindisfarne.S. The poet. the noble Milanese family who were [St. known as “Apostles of the Slavs.Curzon • Dacre 128 his name “went through a number of transformations Cynthia: Amy Elizabeth Pack. “Smiley Miley. U. The name itself means “chief. Cynddelw was rapper. be. The abbot of Downside peared under her birth name.” means “wild Welshman. Marie Duell).) Savinien de Cyrano de Bergerac: Savinien de Clare Curzon: Eileen-Marie Duell Buchanan.S. Pol. the whole of Britain. movie director. April 19. playwright. The theologian and scholar for whom the Paul Cushing: Roland Alexander Wood-Seys Cyrillic alphabet is named took his religious name (1854–1919). novelist. postcard publisher. Fr. Eng. but the phrase itself dates from me. stage. Cuth.” “Wild Wales. The writer better known as acter she played in the TV series Hannah Montana Eben Fardd used this name as a young man. 1970). poet. musical. poet. daughter of country Dom Cuthbert: Edward Joseph Aloysius Butler singer Billy Ray Cyrus (1961–). took his religious name on entering parents. novelist.) Cybi was Hannah Montana. The name itself means “chief image. Miley Ray Cyrus. disposition. Charlotte Dacre: Charlotte Byrne. Her new name was also that of the char- Welsh poet and critic. fore settling in the 1970s to the name by which she (It is thus not the better-known Bergerac in the Dor- became known for her short stories. record producer. but in 2008 legally changed her name to the Catholic Benedictine novitiate in 1876. Fr. Br. Italy. secret agant.” it.827–869). crime writer. took his bardic name from that of a Welsh radio DJ.) His name became widely known through Cusanino: Giovanni Carestini (c. male soprano singer. Ir. Tomasz Czaszka: Tadeusz Rittner (1873–1921).” Morton Da Costa: Morton Tecosky (1914– Cynicus: Martin Anderson (1854–1932). U. trict.” as an Adam Czepiel: Stanislaw Brzozowski (1878– epithet. which presents him as a fictional character.” but it’s my trademark — there’s no point in changing “high. Byrne . Wales. Cymro Gwyllt: Richard Jones (1772–1833). 2009]. literary critic. née King ludes to the satirical nature of his work. became familiar from George Borrow’s 1862 1911). death. shortly before his California to grow olives and write novels.1705–c. St. The singer adopted a name to fit her foul- the name of a famous 12th-century Welsh court poet. day return to restore to the Welsh the right to govern My wife says it sounds stupid and I have to agree. black ditional bardic name for his poetry. form. dogne. movie actress. (?1782–1825). Sir] Albert Evans-Jones (1895– U. juvenile TV. disguises herself by night as a glamorous pop singer.] Cyril: Constantine (c.S. dieval times (Welsh gwyllt Gwalia). It means (2005). working in book so titled. née Thorpe and transliterations before reaching its final American (1910–1963). philosopher. Chuck D: Carlton Douglas Ridenhour (1960–). The minister’s bardic name means literally Caran d’Ache see Caran d’Ache “chief stone. The singer took his name (1897). Sc. then under forms to his original name.S. The artist’s name al. The writer’s adopted sur- Welsh hymnwriter. and re. Eng. such as the 6th-century tra. Edmond Rostand’s verse play Cyrano de Bergerac It. cartoonist.S. missionary. his family in the Chevreuse valley southeast of Paris. given by her ambitious Abbey. a 6th-century saint.” given for her sunny Cybi o Eifion: Ebenezer Thomas (1802–1863). Wood-Seys settled in on becoming a monk in early 869.

Cohen (1861–1928). I’ve been Willem longer than I’ve Belg.S. 129 Dacre • Dale contributed poems to the Morning Post newspaper by the name of his farm.” the latter being his U. radio. verse dramatist. Ir. U. writer. is located. religious leader. Welsh surgeon. Reginald De Koven’s popular operetta Robin Hood toric district where the well-known mountain region (1890).. The street musician derived its first issue in 1877. wood (?–1937). parentage. Ja. white stone. journalist. bardic teacher. In 1975 it became the Free Jehanne d’Alcy: Charlotte-Stéphanie Faes Daist Community. teaming with Joe Smith. Fr. and Jones changed his name first (1865–1956). the composer had democratic sympa- ographer.S. Fr. fiction writer. Colne Dacre: Mary Stuart Boyd. poet. Texas Tiny. The poet’s name means “David January. Hardwick (1815–1866). of Du. I’m used to it now. (“Giver”) Free John. stage. name during the French Revolution in order to re- Da Free John: Franklyn Albert Jones (1939–). writing in French. Eng.1711– Texas DJ. working in U. The wrestler’s fighting name means Willem made me feel funny for a while . Swami Rudrananda. The name means “Davis of Daghofer.S.-born U. Dagonet: (1) J. maican reggae musician. novelist. 1798).S. née Kirk. writer. writer. Welsh harpist. name for the flashy rings that he wore. the his. The name means Darley Dale: Francesca Maria Steele (1848– “Black David of Beddyg. Swe. Daddy Rings: Everald Dwyer (1972–). (2) George Robert Sims (1847–1922). stage. and Cohen specifically means “Black David of Snowdonia. TV comedienne. Nicolas Dalayrac: Nicolas d’Alayrac (1753– Asadata Dafora: John Warner Dafora Horton 1809). keeping her own name for his- Welsh poet.S. playwright. U. referring to the month of his birth. The poet’s name English outlaw Robin Hood. popular musician. composer. and accordingly changed the spelling of his in 1929. Welsh historian. Dwyer was given his nick. dramatist. dancer. Stig Dagerman: Stig Halvard Jansson (1923– popular composer. then in 1979 to Da went by the name Fanny Manieux. Steele used this name for her adult Dafydd Ionawr: David Richards (1751–1827). Charles Dale: Charles Marks (1881–1971). Richard Dahen: Clotilde Inez Mary Graves Willem Dafoe: William Dafoe (1955–). mous school. p. The writer’s name Dick Dale: Richard Anthony Monsour (1937–). Dafora came to New York thies. Sierra Leonean singer. Sims used the name for Daddy Stovepipe: Johnny Watson (1867–1963). move the aristocratic d’ prefix. traveling with other African dancers. J. Jones founded the Dawn Horse Ir. new name was suggested to him by T. The actress also to Bubba (“Brother”) Free John. Dagmar: Virginia Ruth Egnor (1921–2001). U. Both names evoke the Allan- Daf ydd Ddu Eryri: David Thomas (1759– a-Dale who was a companion of the legendary 1822). TV name brought a new style of teaching.-born Eng.S. Dafoe modified his first name to avoid Daijuyama: Sakatsume Tadaaki (1959–). (2) Aldo hoota Da Love Ananda Hridayam. opened around 1782. or Avad.A. Eng. actress. theater critic. his “Mustard and Cress” column in the Referee. In the mid–1980s he became Alan Dale: (1) Alfred J. a Dafydd y Garreg Wen: David Owen (c. (1864–1932). But I guess Johan Daisne: Herman Thiery (1912–1978).” The musician’s native county. Jap.S. Br. Sc. writer. Welsh poet. Each change of Sigismondi (1925–2002).” In 1783 he took his name from the character Alan-a-Dale in began to establish literary societies in Arfon.” the latter being the location of his fa. and children’s fiction. of It. because I “splendid mountain.” which he hated. “surf guitarist. 1931). “The name sumo wrestler. songwriter. 1954).Z. parentage. being called “Billy. from U. Dafydd Ddu Feddyg: David Samwell (1751– vaudeville.” torical and biographical works of a religious nature. 1905).S. means “David of Glamorgan.45]. poet. Following study in India with Julian D’Albie: D’Albiac Luard (1892–1978). chore. Eng. its own name meaning “the under the name Rose Matilda. U. U. dramatist. rock musician. the monarchy. movie actor. movie Castellhywel. Dafis Castellhywel: David Davis (1745–1827). known as Heart-Master Da Love Ananda. popular singer. Lil Dagover: Marie Antonia Sieglinde Marta Welsh teacher. movie actor. Eng. The musician came to be known Edwin Dale: Edward Reginald Home-Gall . 1741).” from a local placename. in Thomas Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur (1470). née Liletts (1897–1980). been Billy” [Cameron-Wilson. movie actress.-born N.” Harry Dacre: Henry Decker (1860–1922).” don’t like the idea of having a stage name. TV actor.S. Ger. The attractively alliterative name is actually that of a Dafydd Morganwg: David Watkin Jones (1832– picturesque valley in Derbyshire.. Although officially favored by (1890–1965). host. Dagonet was King Arthur’s fool his nickname from his tall top hat. Communion in 1972.

course of a weekend. opera singer. East’s grandfather was the stage and stage name by combining the names of two small movie actor John Marlborough East (1860–1924). It. translator. Fr. The musician originally used the of Reginald Wray. M. jazz musician. Fr.S. (1865–1918). 1975). The singer devised his Babylon. who appears as Dalida in Wyclif ’s 1949). singer. choreographer. of the writer’s first name. movie actor.S. whose output centered on horror and porno actor took his screen name from Count Danilo movies. Clappe (1819–1906). Eng. Lili Damita: Liliane Marie Madeleine Carré Lacy J. Dalton: Jill Byrem (1948–). gay activist. movie movie actor. U. Jacques d’Amboise: Jacques Joseph Ahearn U.Z. Toti dal Monte: Antonietta Meneghelli (1893– Damia: Louise Marie Damien (1889–1978). Marcel Dalio: Israel Mosche Blauschild (1900– It. It. of It. The singer’s stage name Austral. Gk. writer.S. He was beatified in 1994 Vladimir Dalsky: Vladimir Mikhaylovich and canonized as a saint in 2009.S. choreographer. sent to Hawaii. U. actor. (1880–1939). lished in collected form as The Shirley Letters (1922). Russ. U. movie director. originally titled Funeral in Soho. Brazilian writer. U.S. movie actor. home to New England by a woman who had gone The scholar formed his new surname by inverting west to California for the gold rush.S. ballet dancer. novelist. In 1863 he was 1935). Dalida: Yolande Christina Gigliotti (1933– stage. “Over the ballet dancer. TV director. soprano’s first name. assuming the pseudonym of Brian Daly. regent of Greece. née White (1836– Gasparino Damata: Gasparino da Mata e Silva 1915). writer of stories for boys. Flora Dale see Rosa Henderson Priscilla Dalton see Ed Noon Frances Dale see Fanny Cradock Brian Daly: John M. The au- Henri d’Alleber: Pierre Henri Victor Berdalle thor assumed this persona for the writer of letters de Lapommeraye (1839–1891). David Danilowitsch in Franz Lehár’s opera The Merry Hills. are Steve Benson. The director. 2005]. working in France.1980). They were pub- the elements of his fourth name. Joe D’Amato: Aristide Massaccesi (1936–1999). Other pseudonyms used by the 1983). Fr. Michael Wotruba. 1965). Rann Daly: Edward Vance Palmer (1885–1959). when he became a member of the Fathers of the Sa- Ksaver Sandor Dalski: Ljubo Babic (1854– cred Heart of Jesus and Mary in 1859. of her maternal grandmother. Jim Dale: James Smith (1935–). actor. N. The author adopted the name Dame Shirley: Louise Amelia Knapp Smith of her maternal grandmother. (1901–1994). Nesterenko (1912–). presumably derives from that of the biblical Delilah. rock singer.S. Johny Dallas: Peter Ross (1929–). theologian John Damascene ( John of Damascus). humorist. working in U. Egyptian-born movie actress.S. East adopted this name as actor. lecturer. country singer. and Kevin Mancuso. where he was ordained priest and Mamont Dalsky: Mamont Viktorovich Neyelov where from 1873 he worked in a leprosy settlement. 1987). movie actress. Russ. himself dying of the disease. comedian. towns in his native Texas. Eng. screenwriter of the porno movie Emmanuelle in Soho Margaret Dale: Margaret Bolam (1922–). East rewrote and retitled the Cass Daley: Catherine Dailey (1915–1975).Dale • Damita 130 (1899–after 1980). De Veuster took the name Damien 1939). artist. essayist. Damaskinos: Dimitrios Papandreou (1891– Samson’s mistress. Sc. doubtfully attributed to Chaucer. East (1932–2003).S. Br. The prelate’s Bible (1380s) and in the early 15th-century The Court religious name relates to the 7th-century monk and of Love. U. coun. his movie comedienne. children’s writer. Lucio d’Ambra: Renato Eduardo Manganella comedian. working in U. Shepperton 1948). script. “Dal Monte” is the surname Damian: Damian Davey (1964–). Croatian writer. (1981). critic. birth. son try. writer. parentage. (1934–). poet. of noble Venetian entertainer. Dalin: Linda Villari. Br. novelist. relationship to his real name. opera singer. singing name Jill Croston. Br. comedy writer. Mark Daly: Mark Hobson (1887–1957). grandfather’s regular scenarist and greatest friend. Father Damien: Joseph de Veuster (1840–1889). An anagram (1918–c. movie comedian. Paul Dallas see Eric Allen Tadd Dameron: Tadley Ewing Peake (1917– Ruth Dallas: Ruth Mumford (1919–). singer. missionary. Eng. John Dall: John Jenner Thompson (1918–1971). Fr. none of which bears any Widow (1905). The actress claims she . Charles Dalmorès: Henry Alphonse Brin (1871– Belg. “Toti” is a pet form of the popular singer. Vernon Dalhart: Marion Try Slaughter (1883– dead since 1923” [Matthew Sweet. U. screenwriter. archbishop. Fr. Eng.

1941). A Maida Vale Idyll (1887). It stood (and stands) in a part of in the red bathing dress [The Times. Spain (who became her lover) saw her on the beach itself probably so named as it was built on an ancient at Biarritz and enquired after the damita (young lady) Danish burial site.- Clemence Dane: Winifred Ashton (1888– born Israeli Carmelite monk. 131 Damita Jo • Daniel first changed her name after king Alfonso XIII of name from the London church of St. reggae musician. Mark Dane see Ed Noon Claude Dampier: Claude Connelly Cowan Pascal Danel: Jean-Jacques Pascal (1944–). Russ. Stuart Damon: Stuart Michael Zonis (1937–). movie actor. TV actor. art critic. U. playwright. producer. Irish dana meaning “naughty. Eng. Pol. a popular Brtish TV cartoon series of Ireland singer Dana. movie actor. In reply to a private inquiry she in red. R&B singer. Argentinian music critic. itself not about the Northern Dangermouse. 1993]. comedy writer.S. London that she knew well. Eng. Ir. fierceness of critics” [Marble. Brother Daniel: Oswald Rufeisin (1922–). but a the 1980s. Vic Damone: Vito Rocco Farinola (1928–). Menshevik leader.-born Br. Frank Danby see J. Crawfurd (1834–1909).” Rose Dana see Marilyn Ross whether from modesty or from “fear of the possible Viola Dana: Violet Flugrath (1897–1987). movie comedian. where the English adopted his name as a circus performer. as popularly supposed. Hal Dane: Haldane M’Fall (1860–1928). Eng.” and then for a while Lily Deslys (“lily of the told how she came by the name: “Just chance! I was lilies”) before settling for Lili Damita in 1923. Ja. 1947). Alex Freke Turner. journalist. singer. U. Kayne. Northern Ireland pop singer. singer. The actor was raeli-born transexual pop singer. writer. 1948).” use when learning to read.” Windle Sandys. churches and names that I knew) and so. director. Ger. Phillips.S. She underwent a sex. playwright. Dan.6]. née Brown (1951–). thought effective for a pseudonym — and instanced U. The actor actor. Dangle: Alexander Mattock Thompson (1861– age.” Joseph Strange.S. actress. arrived my own ‘umbrella’” [Marble. Br.-born Eng. the musician adopted his name from the title of her first song. movie actress. popular novelist. U. The winner of the originally a standup comic under the name Jack Roy. Rodney Dangerfield: Jacob Cohen (1921– Dana International: Yaron Cohen (1972–). née Davis (1859– 1796). went on stage in 1913 as Diana Portis. “young lady for most of her life. U. and was where she lived She was thus originally Damita del Rojo. ‘Bow Bells. of Jewish parent.B. p.S. 2004). movie actor. The writer took her pation of Poland.7]. black soul singer. See Dr. Ashton Mark Damon: Alan Mark Harris (1933–). 1916). Frankau used this name for her antisemitic novel is a character in R. Is. Fyodor Dan: Fyodor Ilyich Gurvich (1871– D’Angelo: Michael D’Angelo Archer (1974–). also Nunquam. Fr. April 4. John Dangerfield: Oswald John Frederick maican-born Br. The singer adopted her others being Archibald Banks. DJ. Using this last Freeman Dana see Alice Tilton in Country House Essays (1885) he apologized for the Richard Dana see Mark Carrel “impertinence of an author in using a feigned name. George “mischievous. Originally performing in mouse costume to disguise change operation in 1993 and made her name under his shyness. name to the Dampier Archipelago and Dampier William Danforth: William Daniels (1869– Strait. novelist. U. school nickname. Michael Dan: Michael Dorane (1948–). Rufeisin was hidden in a Carmelite . in which the named character is “the great- character of that name in the books Israeli children est secret agent in the world. The singer originally first made his name in Australia. Crawfurd had Dana: Rosemary Scallon. soldier. McCall Daniel: Eduarda Mansilla de Garcia (1835– Dancourt: Florent Carton. talking over with a friend the type of name that I Damita Jo: Damita Jo DuBlanc (1930–1998). playwright. Dangeville: Marie-Anne Botot (1714– Frank Danby: Julia Frankau. 1998 Eurovision Song Contest began her career as a Danger Mouse: Brian Burton (1977–). in a flash. and John Latouche. Mlle. sister of Owen Hall. Sheridan’s play The Critic. stage. singer. U. Danel. Fr. comedian. author.P. several pseudonyms for his different types of writing. Clement Danes. sieur d’Ancourt 1892).’ ‘St. rock musician. U. p.S. During the Nazi occu- 1965). stage.S. Karl Dane: Karl Daen (1886–1934). composer. Eng. jazz. Fr. grandmother of Eliot Nay. actor. entertainer. (1879–1955). Mary Axe.S.’ ‘St. taking it buccaneer William Dampier (1652–1715) gave his from his birthplace. Dangle lor.S. movie actor. (1661–1725). drag artist named Sharon. U. Clement Dane’ (city Jerry Dammers: Gerald Dankin (1954–). Humphrey St.S.

It. Ger.S. Daniels later Ray Danton see Don Juan Cardoza moved to the U. Br. a French refugee in England. rapper. political writer. Jansen assumed the ment. name in 1923 on the suggestion of U. after movie actress. and Annosus Fidelis Verimentanus. Eng.S. Alexandre d’Arblay. she appeared on radio and 1742). Austr. He continued to regard himself as a Jew.S.. writings. Mariya Danilova: Mariya Ivanovna Perfilyeva Dappy: Costas Dinos Contostavlos (1987–). Maxine Daniels: Gladys Lynch (1930–). TV actor. d’Arblay: Frances (“Fanny”) Burney (1863–1938). Eng. Gabriele D’Annunzio: Gaetano Rapagnetta Mme.S. It. and legally added that name to his own. The writer’s writer’s father. Daniele da Volterra: Daniele Ricciarelli (1509– popular singer.” in London. jazz musician.S. adventurer.K. Eng. however. church historian.-born movie actress. with “Trent” as his middle name. where with her husband. Antonio d’Annunzio. jazz singer. Jones adopted his Yoruba name in Austr. TV ac- Haifa. Spanish for “baby. Helmut Dantine: Helmut Guttman (1917– Henry Daniel-Rops: Jean-Charles-Henri Petiot 1982). black soul singer. TV actress. when living “the valley. presumably appreciating the apposite Terence Trent D’Arby: Terence Trent Darby combination “Gabriele d’Annunzio. Frederic Dannay see Ellery Queen Olu Dara: Charles Jones III (1941–). librettist.S. and became an Israeli citizen. Dante: August Harry Jansen (1883–1955). “Gabriele” by his family for his saintly looks. U. 1566). As a child.Daniel • D’Arby 132 convent. The actor (1901–1965). of his actress Bebe Daniels: Phyllis Daniels (1901–1971). Floyd used his religious name for some of his Michael Dante: Ralph Vitti (1935–). Francesco Rapagnetta.” She reverted to her real name in the 1970s in U. poet. working movies. U. ballet dancer. Jesuit.S. Br. Suzanne Danielle: Suzanne Morris (1957–). and in 1958 was sent birth to Jesus (Luke 1:26–31). U. A name that alludes to the U. Monsignor Lorenzo da from the farm where he lived. The writer used TV. wife. Louis Dantin: Eugène Seers (1865–1945).” influential political journal.” referring to the angel his full name. U.S.S. Gaetano himself. The actress used this name Lorenzo da Ponte: Emanuele Conegliano for what she defined as “sexy. The actress was originally a dancer and the archangel Gabriel. Daniel Daniel: Daniel Markowitz (1890–1981). painter. as later did whom she married in 1793. he was threatened with imprisonment for Danilo: Danilo Dixon (1956–). Judaism to Catholicism he took the name of the Welsh storyteller. In 1805. George White. Fr.-Fr. became a Carmelite monk who announces to the Virgin Mary that she will give under the name Brother Daniel. U. undistinguished (1749–1838). The (1752–1840). Can. working in U.S. Niki Dantine. working in Germany. It.-born U. its own name meaning Ponte. as well as the names Hermannus Lœmelius. notably in the popular World War II radio show the name as editor from 1726 of the Craftsman. poet. Dan. He was baptized. dramatist. was adopted adopted name was that of her husband.” as she put it. origin. The teller of tall tales took his name bishop who baptized him. author. black Sybil Danning : Sybelle Danninger (1950–). hairdresser. U. Howard Thurston. Russ. born Israeli composer.S. from birth. of Sc. as was then the custom. diarist.S. Gaetano was nicknamed Kim Darby: Deborah Zerby (1947–). but . The librettist of three of Mozart’s best-known with “a new middleaged persona. conjuror Daniel à Jesu: John Floyd (1572–1649). evoking the famous Italian poet. On converting in 1763 from Daniel y Pant: Daniel Thomas (1851–1910). actor Caleb D’Anvers: Nicholas Amhurst (1697– Ben Lyon (1901–1979). U.- Lisa Daniely: Elizabeth Bodington (1930–). an Hi Gang! She was called Bebe. movie actor. He liked the name and singer under the name Derby Zerby. critic. The writer adopted his duplicate performer’s nationality (and also surname) while name in 1913 at a time of strong antisemitic senti. singer. poet. movie actor.-Sp. songwriter. U. sportswriter. 1969. Br. conjuror. General at the age of 13 by his uncle. Ron Dante: Carmine Granito (1945–). to the Carmelite monastery on Mount Carmel in Jane Danson: Jane Dawson (1978–). novelist. Eng. writing in French. of Gk. Ram Da-Oz: Avraham Daus (1929–). Israel.” as if meaning (1962–). TV actress. debt and immigrated to the United States to escape perruquier. novelist. movie. adopted it. heavyweight boxer. U. his creditors. operas was born a Jew. ancestry. writer. tress. adopted the stage name. The singer retained “Gabriel of the Annunciation. Eng.S. movie actress. (1793–1810). Tony Danza: Anthony Iandanza (1951–).S. whose original name was Nicola Schenck.

The Word Accomplished (1860–1939). sugary” name to match the performer’s tacky persona. songwriter. The poet’s adopted name means “woeful fiction written by a German.’ she explains Alex D’Arcy: Alexander Sarruf (1908–1996). who is working this name. Glory and Gold. essayist.S. pop singer. Clark Darlton: Walter Ernsting (1920–2005). writer. his brother. Rom. working in U. J.S. The actress extracted (1898–1996). Andy Warhol. neur. “of the Ardennes. U.S. playwright. A simple anagram. name.. movie art director. William Darling: Wilhelm Sandorhazi (1882– Luc Dardenne: Eric Higgans (1954–). name in 1899. The soprano’s new (1951). of Dominican/Fr. the tion.S. Belg. black movie actress. It. Br. movie actor. Famous for 15 Minutes: My Years with Jean-Pierre Dardenne: Carl Higgans (1951–).S. in a whispery. The sisters first performed together under their new a name referring to his mixed parentage. surname is a French-style derivative of her original Candy Darling: James Hope Slattery (1949– name.” reflecting the Bobby Darin: Walden Robert Cassotto (1936– name’s typical American pronunciation. Ernsting adopted an English name on Dardmend: Zakir Ramiyev (1859–1921). publishing another book. Simon Dare: Marjorie Huxtable (1897–?). Long Island. like a low-volume Kim Egyptian movie actor. adopted surname is the Spanish form of “Darius. politician. U. jazz musician.-born Austral. 1947). Larry Darnell: Leo Edward Donald (1929– Georges Darien: Georges Adrien (1862–1921).-Can.S. movie director. Fr. Olivia Darling: Chris Manby (1976–). Belg. Christopher. Br. has also written erotic novels as Stephanie Ash. writer. soft voice. Heart & Soul”). Mireille Darc: Mireille Aigroz (1938–).-born U.S. his own hand at the genre. tainous area in southeastern Belgium. not that he was its actual author. Nicaraguan poet. Russ.” for the moun. movie actress.S. SF writer. he accordingly told him that he musical-comedy actress. Denise Darcel: Denise Billecard (1925–). bourne from New Zealand. ro- his brother. The singer 1965). 1974). Fr. sister of Zena Dare. novelist. ing at the time. 133 Darc • Darrell added an apostrophe to his surname as an affecta. rock singer. U. Herbert Darnley: Herbert McCarthy (1872– manager of Connie Francis.S. transvestite movie actor. The writer also published Night Sky appeared in German bookstores in 1955. Torelli wrote various papers under “At the bar I meet Candy Darling. Br. entrepre- her new surname from her original one. movie director. Hung. (1867–1916). as Marjorie Stewart. (1887–1975). I’m from Mass- Roy D’Arcy: Roy Francis de Giusti (1894– apequa. The writer. opera singer.B. movie actor. U. Eng. ‘I was born Jimmy Slattery. The brothers’ adopted name seems to mantic novelist.” stage actress. actor. The poet’s Maisie Darrell: Maisie Hardie (1901–?). 1988]. The writer used this name for two nov- Hariclea Darclée: Hariclea Haricly Hartulari els. ancient king of Persia. parentage. the grounds that no one would want to read science (Tatar) poet. U. Eng.” alluding to the repression experienced by Tatars translator of American SF stories. U. where he had tried his Rubén Darío: Félix Rubén García Sarmiento luck as a golddigger. movie actress. p. was advised to change his name by George Scheck.1970–). then decided to try under czarism. working with Jean-Pierre Dardenne. I inspired her to write it’” 1997). A “sweet and Ciro D’Arco: Giuseppe Torelli (1816–1866). 1983). The singer is also familiar as Kid Creole. Br. working with Luc Dardenne. Eng. Darkman: Brian Mitchell (c. under the pseudonym A. U. He is said to have found his new George Darrell: George Frederick Price (1841– name in a phone book.. had translated it. On presenting his work Phyllis Dare: Phyllis Dones (1890–1975). Linda Darnell: Monetta Eloyse Darnell (1921– dra Dee (married 1960.-born (Georgian) U. 6. His ruse was successful. although “reports of how 1921). vol. popular singer (“Mr. . He began his career as a one. divorced 1967). and his story UFO in the author of romantic novels. ‘Candy is my new name. Alexandre Darlaine: Alexander D’Arbeloff movie actress. dancer. to his first publisher. Fr. reggae musician.S. born to be a star. whom Cassotto was dat. “Darnell” presumably from “Donald. I’m in Jackie [Curtis]’s play Dardanelle: Dardanelle Breckenridge (1917– Glamour. Russ. 1963). Possibly he chose the name for Darius the Great. [Ultra Violet. as a barmaid . Novak. The ‘Darin’ was selected vary widely” [Brenda Scott Royce actor changed his name in 1868 on returning to Mel- in Garraty and Carnes. polemicist. I was 1969). 106]. Br. who mostly uses her real suggest d’Ardennes. Ger. 1973). August Darnell: Thomas August Darnell Brow- Zena Dare: Florence Hariette Zena Dones der (1951–). husband of San. sister of Phyllis Dare. I belong on the screen.

Fr. Eng. ballet dancer. The writer’s original surname James Darren: James William Ercolani (1936–). Appropriately. Davertige: Denis Vilar (1940–). Can. U.S. working in U. Dauvilliers: Nicolas Dorné (c. Croydon. movie actress. in 1936. movie actor. three older sisters Reine (originally Irene) (1886– Eng.–born Br. from Rhyl. A neat conversion 1978). Rhyl is Claude Dauphin: Claude Franc-Nohain (1903– a town on the north coast of Wales. novelist taught for a brief period. stage. Br. stage. Comtesse Dash: Vicomtesse de Pouilloüe de U.S. who subsequently adopted it as a surname. Marcel Dassault: Marcel Bloch (1892–1986).S. (Davida). Georgia and Armenia. Eng.S. mogul Darryl F. David V: Khariton Dzhiboyevich Devdariani U.- U. Sophie Daumier: Elisabeth Hugon (1936– Eliza Rhyl Davies: William Clark Russell 2003). but he hebraized this by deed poll U.S. movie actress. teacher. to mean “beloved.S. where the future saut. Br. Hebrew scholar. change his name to Bloch-Dassault in 1946 and to Lawrence H. née Gabrielle-Anna Cisterne de Courtiras of God (later reconstituted as The Family) was known (1804–1872).1646–1690). movie actor. Zanuck and his wife Virginia.S.D. and Rose (1895–1963) had Guido da Verona: Guido Verona (1881–1939). U. on beginning their stage careers. U.” Howard Da Silva: Harold Silverblatt (1909– Thayer David: David Thayer Hersey (1926– 1986). industrialist. movie actor. Fr.” But actress was billed under this name for her early movies who was Jane Darwell? in the late 1980s. Her new first name is simply a modification adopted her stage name from her mother’s first name of the original. Jocelyn Davey: Chaim Raphael (1908–1994). U. Georgian Orthodox Church bore a name. choreographer. sculptor. choreographer.Darrell • Davies 134 Peter Darrell: Peter Skinner (1929–1987). The actress’s new sur. movie actress.S. Frankie Darro: Frank Johnson (1917–1976). Ethel (1889–1940). this early 1969). in European History (1921). dancer. was Rabinovitch. of a German Jewish name into a Portuguese-style David d’Angers: Pierre-Jean David (1788– one. ballet dancer. Hugh David: David Williams Hughes (1925– name was devised from the first names of movie 1987). Fr. Marion Davies: Marion Cecilia Douras (1897– actor.H. Mordecai David see Josh Billings It. Moses David: David Brandt Berg (1919–1994). General Paul Bloch (1882– writer. movie actor. ical Welsh surname. choreographer. novelist. Jane Darwell: Patti Woodward (1879–1967). movie. movie actress. Lawrence derived from The name represents French d’assaut. the latter being a village just along the coast 1885). Fr. cult leader. Mildred Davenport see Acquanetta Siobhan Davies: Susan Davies (1950–). Eng. already changed their name from Douras to Davies It. that had long been associated with Helga Dart see H. as in char d’as. Fr. director. novelist. writer. and Davies a typ- 1978). Haitian writer. Davidson Road School. Eng. nautical novelist. Movements (1742–1806). used by Fr. Fr. 1938). to his followers as simply “Mo. Georgian catholicos. Lithuanian-born U.-Fr. (1903–1977). 1961).S. he Jean Dauberval (or d’Auberval): Jean Bercher assumed the name for a school textbook. It is traditionally understood Bella Darvi: Bayla Wegier (1927–1971). Dassault was the Resistance Lawrence (1885–1930). choreographer. Woodward claimed to have taken born U. The founder in 1968 of the Children Saint-Mars. The head of the Lycette Darsonval: Alice Perron (1912–1996). who Joanna David: Joanne Elizabeth Hacking “discovered” her in Paris in 1951 and made her their (1947–). Although resembling his real name. movie actor. John Darrow: Harry Simpson (1907–1980). conjuror. short-story cover name of his brother. 1856). The her acting name from “a character in fiction. stage actress. Israel Davidson: Alter Movshovitz (1870– Fr. The actress protégée. U. movie actor. Russell also wrote as Sydney Victor d’Auverney: Victor-Marie Hugo (1802– Mostyn. Fr. crime novelist. pop singer. Pol. The noted aircraft designer officially 1939).” movie actress.S. of Ir. TV actress. society leader. . “tank” (literally “assault car”). of Serbian parentage. Davidson: David Herbert just Dassault in 1949. descent. writer. four predecessors. The actress’s Lewis Davenport: George Ryan (1883–1916). ballet dancer. Welsh TV director. novelist. Silvio d’Arzo: Ezio Comparoni (1920–1952). Nuna Davey: Margaret Symonds (1902–1977). Lolita David: Lolita Davidovich (1961–).S. (1844–1911).S. stage. pen name used by D.

son (1925–1995). Eng. U. Maxwell Street Jimmy Davis: Charles Thomp. U. U. with my father all that well and so didn’t feel the U. 2002). radio.S. Peter Davison: Peter Moffet (1951–).S.S. (1938–1992). writer. plicated and. Margery Dawe see Jill Consey (white) soul singer. (1858). took it as a stage name” [Sachs and Morgan II. is a Devonshire coastal resort near the mouth of the trumpeter. Bette Davis was known as Betty The entertainer explains his name: “My father needed (a regular pet form of “Elizabeth”) as a child. Margaret Jane Dawson. I did it because I didn’t get on Skeeter Davis: Mary Frances Penick (1931–2004).54]. was the actress’s nickname from infancy. “Nancy. where he regularly performed. stage. Simon Davis: Keith Denny (1937–2002). movie actor.” movie. tainer. popular singer.-born Eng. black soul singer.S. children’s radio storyteller. Eng. after actor and drama. It is un. Br. costume designer. The by royal license in 1917 following an inheritance from lady herself took on a new role as Nancy Reagan. cident. There’s a drawback to grandfather nicknamed her “Skeeter” because she was having chosen Day. singer. president Ronald Reagan. parentage. Day was asked in an interview whether name as a movie costume designer after beginning he changed his name for “showbiz” reasons.” (1874–1944). Exe River. U. Davis was Twice editor of The Times. 2003]. black blues musician. 2000]. The niece of Charles Dar- first part of the name comes from Maxwell Street. popular singer. Billie Davis: Carol Hedges (1945–). U. I liked the name so much I Cousine Bette (1846). It was a name she came to hate. movie actress.S. The two married quip circulating at the newspaper ran: “It’s strange in 1952 when they were both Hollywood actors. sound like a stripper.S. and it was then that Pol Dax see Arthur Pougin he adopted his new first name. Geoffrey Dawson: George Geoffrey Robinson U. that a deed-poll under the law / Can change a robin Noel Davis: Edgar Davis (1927–2002). Dawlish Danny Davis: George Nowlan (1925–). Eng. of Ger. Betty Jack Davis For a while. Eng. just before Davis’s death in an auto ac. 1990). newspaper editor. TV comedian. name from that of her schoolfriend. Mary Penick took her singing desire some people do to carry on the family name.S. Darren Day: Darren Graham (1969–). into a daw. A of U.S. Doris becomes the ob- “just like a little ol’ water bug. U. (1958–).” vious nickname!” [The Times Magazine. my first name. movie actor. . Bobby Day: Robert James Byrd. wife his mother’s eldest sister. Nancy Davis: Anne Frances Robbins (1921–).’ but that proved just too com- group in 1953.S. editor. In her a name for his [auto dealing] business so he took high school years she changed the spelling of this after DAV from my brother David’s name and RO from the central character of Honoré de Balzac’s novel La Robert. Lynch Davis see Honorio Bustos Domecq 1963). journalist.S movie actress. country singer. TV actress.S. Eng. An Old Debt Chicago. Denny used his real actor. songwriter. Florence Dawson: Frances Julia Wedgwood certain when Thompson adopted his new name. singer. January James “Thunderbird” Davis: James Houston 8. blues guitarist. TV enter- Ger. singer. Sr. skeeting here and there. 1988). a Chicago surgeon. TV casting director. Tyrone Davis: Tyrone Branch (1938–2005).S. David Davis: William Eric Davis (1908–1996). Br. Eng. Her Now I feel it’s just who I am. movie actress. 135 Daviot • Day Gordon Daviot see Josephine Tey Bobby Davro: Robert Christopher Nankeville Bette Davis: Ruth Elizabeth Davis (1908–1989). The singer began her ca- Don Davis see Brett Halliday reer in her early teens under the name Billie Starr. broadcaster. TV Doris Day: Doris Mary Ann von Kappelhoff actor. Eng. writer. U. impressionist. writer of boating stories for boys. Dolly Dawn: Theresa Maria Stabile (1916– Eng. pose. U. I changed it by deed poll. of course. win used this name for her second novel. Foxcroft Davis see Vera Sapoukhyn Bandleader George Hall then changed this to Dolly Gail Davis: Betty Jeanne Grayson (1925–1997). in which she was herself critically injured. Elizabeth Dawn: Sylvia Butterfield (1939–). February 26. Dawn. my cheque book said ‘Darren Graham (1932–1953). (1930– tist Noël Coward (1899–1973). U. with whom she formed the Davis Sisters trading as Darren Day. Sc. Peter Dawlish: James Lennox Kerr (1899– B. movie actress. Dawson changed his name the name of her stepfather. p. Dennis Day: Eugene Denis McNulty (1917– William Davis: Adolf Günther Kies (1933–).S. “I sup- his career as an actor under his screen name.” a pet form of “Anne. singer. (1924–). in all honesty. “It made me U. eventually. “doo-wop” singer. The (1833–1913).” she said [The Times. Davis began his career Peter Dawson see Max Brand as an actor on the London stage.

Andrew Dean: Cecily Sidgwick. appeared under this name in some to silent movie actress Doris Kenyon (1897–1979). novelist. whom her mother admired. U.Day • Deardon 136 The singer was given her new name by Cincinnati U. and the one that had become some. . Margie Day see Margaret Lockwood Charles Deane: Edward Saunders (1866–1910). movie actor. country singer. movie actress. “bliss”). U. Eng. really cheap. U.’ she would say years later. Eugénio de Andrade: José Fontainhas (1923– R&B singer. etc. screenwriter. then he thought about the first song he had heard her Dead: Per Yngve Ohlin (1969–1991). The actress adopted the name of parentage. And that’s how Frances Dean: Ruth Elizabeth Grable (1916– it all started” [Michael Freedland. (1891–1953). Port. e. word of the name honors Sarasvati.’ he suggested. “bliss of compassion” (Sanskrit daya. movie actress. “Doris Day and her Dove Dance. Isabel Dean: Isabel Hodgkinson (1918–1997).. Br. “black metal” singer. producer.S. Man Mountain Dean: Frank Simmons Leavitt Josette Day: Josette Dagory (1914–1978). née Brereton logically with a girl born Doris Kappelhoff. a folksy grandmother. “He didn’t think the name Sister. priest went to India in 1955 where he became known Martha Deane: Mary Margaret McBride (1899– as Dayananda. She later Dayananda Sarasvati: Mul Shankara (1824– hosted a show under her real name.S. (1906–1993). of Ger.. née Ullmann she sang so much. 1984). She abandoned the role Abhishiktananda and Paramarubyananda. she sang]. lesque singer.g. of the group Twisted bandleader Barney Rapp. writer. claiming that as a single 35-year- is a title meaning “master. 1973). Frances Day: Frances Victoria Schenk (1908– Eng.S. sing on the radio. He also suggested ‘Marmaduke’ – which follows.S. Jewish U. Eng. respectively known as radio station WOR in 1934. Eng. She didn’t like it. cleric. So Doris Day she became. rock singer. 1976). Mrs. sort of thing. U. U. ‘Doris Kapp?’ well.. writer of fantasy fiction. The pseu- “compassion” + ananda. Edna Deane: Edna Morton Sewell (1905– tine order under the name Bede Griffiths. stage. music hall singer.. Eng. de Chamfort under Chamfort.” old woman it was too difficult for her. The moviemaker Dayananda founded the Hindu reform movement changed his name to avoid confusion with director known as Arya Samaj (“Society of Nobles”). Doris Day. whose Taylor Dayne: Leslie Wunderman (1963–). thing of a mascot for her at the restaurant.S. Elias Day. For her earliest movies Pamela Dean: Pamela Dyer-Bennett (1953–).’ he said. Jimmy Dean: Seth Ward (1928–2010). He would continue donym was that of the persona. ‘Like a bur. But to what? ‘How about La De .’ But he was the boss and she was only Erica Dean see Ellen Burstyn sixteen. It would certainly fit Eugenia de Acton: Alethea Lewis. Eng. the English 1995). 2005).. Fr. movie actress. ‘Day After Day. Jewish parent- “Doris Day”. After joining the Benedic. songwriter.S.’ ‘We’ll call you (1852–1934).” “prince. Nicolas had even less reason behind it.S. in the late 1930s she was billed as Lorraine Hayes. movie actress. Jill Day: Yvonne Page (1930–1990). Swami Dayananda: Alan Richard Griffiths Eng. and producer Basil Dean (1888–1978).S. as she was Her first name is said to have been given as a tribute usually known. although why can only be found below should be sought under the word that guessed at. Names beginning de (less often De) not Ponselle. ‘It sounded age.” Mickey Deans: Michael DeVinko (1935– on being initiated as an ascetic in 1848. Norw. the one Andrew Dean: Cecily Sidgwick.. movie Brahma.” that U. ballroom dancer. assistant he was. pianist. juvenile roles in the early 1930s. 1883). the first god of the Hindu Trinity. Ind. And (1749–1827). choreographer. singer. Dayananda Norman Deane see Gordon Ashe took his new name.S. her drama teacher. In 1875 director. wrestler. Br. U. movie actress.S. mann (1852–1934). née Ull- Laraine Day: Laraine Johnson (1917–2007). the consort of Basil Dearden: Basil Dear (1911–1971). stage. didactic novelist. ular singer.... Hindu ascetic. Betty Grable. of Ger. that might not be a bad idea. U. movie actress. Eddie Dean: Edgar Dean Glossup (1907–1999). Swami after a few weeks. Margie Day: Margaret Hoeffler (1926–). 2000]. pop.. social reformer. Dee Snider. It had to go. radio talk-show host. the work begun by the two French priests Henri le as which McBride was hired by the New York City Saux and Jules Monchanin. The second 2003). is said to have suggested that Leslie Wunder- [Kappelhoff ] sounded very good – and it looked even man change her name into something more glam- worse on the marquee outside the restaurant [where orous. Honoré de Balzac under Balzac..S. U. novelist. meaning “bliss of compassion. poet.

Beaky was John Brian de Breffny: Brian Michael Leese (1931– Dymond. Eleanora de Cisneros: Eleanor Broadfoot a near-anagram of his surname. formed it.) Dee left the group in 1969. Santorino (1955–). Queen of Scotland. Kiki Dee: Pauline Matthews (1947–). She wrote poetry and would be in Peter Joseph William Debye: Petrus Josephus school debates and had intuition beyond her years. U. slang Chris de Burgh: Christopher John Davison for someone who annoys you.1942–). editor. tism. (1948–). “One night in Leeds. just one pseudonym used by the Shakespeare forger. Yvonne de Carlo: Margaret Yvonne Middleton Anton de Borca: A. stage actress. Russian “Vasily. U. pher. of that un. rock Santi Debriano: Alonso Santi Wilson Debriano musician. pop singer. Mick and Tich. 137 Dearly • Dee Max Dearly: Lucien-Max Rolland (1874– Jean Debucourt: Jean Pelisse (1894–1958).S. pantomime actor. Pol.” A.’ She is certainly doing that” Miss World in 2003. recently graduated from University College. “Dee” represents “David. He added the aristocratic prefix “de” blues singer. sonnets. Historical Frag. vidual school nicknames of the classmates who fortunate Princess (1808). The scientist modified his Dutch name on ground” [Interview with Marylin Dennis. translated first used the name on stage for his group Dave Dee from a Gallic manuscript in the Scotch College at Paris: and the Bostons. Br. she used to talk. Eng. nical University. this same group was reorgan- interspersed with songs. adopted his new name ing in the music business. Fr. Dilla. The first. movie actress. in Sunday Times Magazine. songwriter. writer. Wilhelmus Debije (1884–1966). for Elizabeth. Breffni. The musician also Breffny one day and Count O’Rourke the next. variety artist. Amey. in 1901. Russ. so he could be Baron O’Rorke de rapper.S. from her Jamaican grandmother. her mother’s maiden name to avoid charges of nepo- Her new first name arose as a nickname. 1943). Roback (1890–1965). hip-hop producer.S. have been invented for Debelle. “Basil” equates to original Czech name. October 25. Lithuanian-born Russ.-born Br. Panamanian-born U. Eng. jazz mu. a salesman . genealogist. a word said to have two meanings. Fr. Du. grandmother. novelist. pop sician. The singer adopted her new surname presumably punning on his surname. 2009]. American sci-fi writer Roger Zelazny. The author used this name. de Basil: Vasily Grigoryevich Jean-Gaspard Deburau: Jan Kaspar Dvo†ák Voskresensky (1888–1951). though. Henry Ireland (1777–1835).A. Coined by the His daughter.. of Cz. Beaky. (Dozy was Trevor Davis. “The second. and notes explanatory. Eng. those being the indi- ments. psychologist.-born U. TV actor. Can. 2006]. (1796–1846). movie actor. might singer took his wife’s maiden name as his stage name. opera singer. Jeanne de Casalis: Jeanne de Casalis de Pury ies. Fr. October 8. Debelle’s leaving the Netherlands to enroll at the Aachen Tech- mother. The codirector of the Ballets Russes de Monte Carlo A French rendering (but not translation) of the actor’s was formerly a Cossack officer. July 26. (fl.. Colonel W. Mexican movie actor. parentage. De Burgh: Edward Morgan Alborough Speech Debelle: Corynne Elliot (1983–). “Crowned Miss Ireland and plode with great force. David Dee: David Eckford (c.” a title that he some. Rosanna. Empress of Austria (1899). physicist. of his great-great. actor. Eng. pop singer. originally Deeble. and Remains of the Amours. She was almost like a philosopher in the school play. and also styled himself “Baron. Abram Deborin: Abram Moiseyevich Ioffe Arturo de Cordova: Arturo Garcia (1908– (1881–1963). Hal Debrett see Brett Halliday Joey Dee: Joseph DeNicola (1940–). (1878–1934). ized under the cumbersome name of Dave Dee. “Corynne’s friends called her Speech because of how Dublin” [Sunday Times Magazine. Tich was Ian 1989). originally a school nickname. The need not detain us here. 2009].-born U. Dozy. Later. Ir.S. Aaron. Germany. Eng.-born U. from the maiden name. whose initials stood for Abraham (1896–1966).S.” the in this case for the tongue-in-cheek Effusions of Love singer’s first name. ballet impresario. The academic. scholar in Yiddish stud. Mick was Michael Wilson. black rapper. This was Dave Dee: David Harman (1941–2009).1899). singer. occasionally published under this pseudonym. writer. beauty queen Rosanna Davison (1984–). Fr. Marxist philoso. recorded under the name J. U. followed in his footsteps. He from Chatelar to Mary. black times varied. radio.. U.S. Eng. although remain- ish father and an Irish mother.S. who chose to go by [The Sunday Times. movie comedienne. 1973). The writer. who acts like an idiot. Jacques Decour: Daniel Decourdemanche Pierre de Boscobel de Chastelard: William (1910–1942). To which is added. Jay Dee: James Yancey (1973–2006). (1922–2007). by the Translator.S. it means ‘to ex. Poetry. the son of a Jew.

The writer’s new sur- born Pakistani/Afghan singer. beginning Sanchez. It is just possible that to his headquarters.” however. her mother. ten by Voloshin himself [Dmitriyev. U. parentage. and. playwright. divorced 1967). The next thing Pauline Matthews the author of Robinson Crusoe (1719) was originally knew she was on a train with her father. children’s book writer.S. Fr. In France itself he was known as Richard Dehan: Clotilde Inez Augusta Mary Boireau (from boire. wife of Bobby Darin sian name. he gained further names. Galarza (1908–1982). He name punned on French deux cobras. Foe” to distinguish himself from his father. The pop. Russ.. and so on. magician. near Missenden. Daniel Foe. and she Makovsky. Eugene Douvan. nouncing the active practice of his profession. “to drink”). Glupyshkin (Russia). movie actor. gradually re. name. U. of Fr. elist. The actor gained a remarkable col. Hung.” 1961). songwriter.K. The actress was still suming appearance. E. Boillot adopted this name for André Deed: André Chapuis (1884–1938). novelist.Dee • Delafield 138 from the Philips record label heard her singing. Cherubina de Gabriac: Yelizaveta Ivanovna Nicholas Dee: Joan Aiken (1924–). But records show that he was probably London to sign a contract to record her first album. Henry de la Pas- Eduardo De Filippo: Eduardo Passarelli (1900– ture). allowing for artistic license. Jamaican singer. “two cobras.S. Louis de Funès: Carlos Louis de Funès de September 27. some of his writings. eastern France.. perhaps partly prompted by the familiar misquotation . U. radio.S. draped a microphone over the stage and sent the tape Eng. James manager. in Italy Beoncelli Graves (1863–1932). Fr. sumed name is more or less a reworking of his original median. Some of the poems were in all probability writ- 2009). Delafield: Edmée Elizabeth Monica erty” [Dictionary of National Biography]. a story of South Africa. The initial then became the aristocratic particle very big at that time – and Kiki was supposed to be “de. S. in Spain used this name for her historical works. he flew into a rage and challenged him to a Simon Dee: Cyril Nicholas Henty-Dodd (1935– duel. Buckinghamshire. Port. DJ. Ir. talk-show presenter. poet. the poet (1923–). John Dehner: John Forkum (1915–1992). working in U.” assumed the name of Deering. footwear designer. Daniel Defoe: Daniel Foe (1660–1731). army officer. heading for Daniel Defoe. working in U. once his particular brand of destructive lunacy Eng. became popular. was so entranced by her verse and appar- first performed at the age of eight as Sandra Douvan. “In 1827 he acquired by bequest Maurice Dekobra: Ernest Maurice Tessier from his friend Henry Deering of the Lee. Graves (“little drunkard. née Dmitriyeva (1887–1928). Eng. 1850). taking it from his home in the movie comedian.189]. pianist. parentage.K. name. Terry de Havilland: Terence Higgins (1938–). novelist. journalist. devoted Fr.S. It. “tippler”). ‘My name was changed by my D.-Eng. Gribouille (France). which she assumed to avoid confusion with paigner. Toribio movie actor. Eng.. black movie actress. unas- (married 1960. director. lection of nicknames in different European languages. a young child when her mother remarried. blues singer. Norw. ‘The singer Sandra Dee was Foe. The surname When Voloshin disclosed the writer’s true identity. all from words denoting stupidity or dumbness. Elmyr de Hory: Palmer Hoffer (1906–1976). of Mercy Dee: Mercy Dee Walton (1915–1962). Buatier de Kolta: Joseph Buatier (1847–1903).S. (Spain). It moreover disguised her modest.M. was later abbreviated as “Dee. and that he came to be known as “Mr. Prince-Rigadin.’ she says . also a novelist (as Mrs. Eng. the estate (1885–1973). cutsie version of her’” [Sunday Telegraph. Maksimilian Voloshin proposed this Italian-style Sandra Dee: Alexandra Cymboliak Zuck (1942– pseudonym instead of the writer’s unremarkable Rus- 2005). p. Barbara Deely see Barbara La Marr Desmond Dekker: Desmond Adolphus Dacres John Peter Deering: John Peter Gandy (1787– (1941–2006). such as Cretinetti (Italy). playwright. movie actor. The journal’s editor. née de la Pasture (1890–1943). Dashwood. Fr. ular presenter took his new first name from his son Félix de Grand’ Combe: Félix Boillot (1880– and his surname from the first letter of “Dodd. Foolshead (England). When in 1909 the poet submitted a selection of her Ruby Dee: Ruby Ann Davis.K. village of Grand’ Combe-Châteleu. The painter’s as- Compare the different names of his fellow French co. comedian. movie actress. himself to public life and the management of his prop. after her stepfather. Italy. Company of Turin. née Wallace work to the avant-garde journal Apollo. architect. copier of master painters. Vasilyeva. When he worked for the Itala with The Dop Doctor (1911). Fr. I’m Kiki Dee [(1968)]. U. The writer claimed his pen of that name. ently exotic personality that he quite fell for her. U.” a cookie.. human rights cam. nov- Deeyah: Deepika Thathaal (1977–). 1984). 1998]. novelist.” from beone. Eng. is a sort of English equivalent of the French. thriller.

K. U. The Délia: Maria Benedita Câmara de Bormann lyricist first began writing songs when working in a (1853–1895). “thin. pub. Puritan cleric. 2008). working in U. Stern (1885–1979). Delaney and Bonnie: Delaney Bramlett (1939– Junior Delgado: Oscar Hibbert (1958–2005).S. working They took their name (and so therefore did he) from . Winogradsky (1909–1994).” thority. pianist. broadcaster. which he formed by translating his first name (1912–1989). movie actor. the wealthy uncle who raised her in St. poser published his works under the name Fritz Eng. He then returned to England. rock musician. Brazilian novelist.” “slim. 1881). “Seroos’ church. tax office and adopted his grandmother’s name to Jean de L’Isle: Alphonse Daudet (1840–1897). [Lord] Bernard Delfont: Boris (later Barnet) Jo Delande: Christiane-Josée Vigneron-Ra. Merry was the leader of the so-called Della Cr- lished in book form in 1842 as Lettres parisiennes. theatrical makers (1914–).A. words. parentage. The author also wrote as Zélide. Myrna Dell: Marilyn Dunlap (1924–).J. of Ger. William Richmond Roche. Eng. writer.S. Abbé de la Tour: Isabelle de Charrière. (1740–1805). The added particle de la falsely implied England. adopted his long-standing nickname. U. Du. organist. where the work (1911–1967). parentage. prevent identification by his employers. Mme. playwright. was published in 1647. impresario. it Eng. Argentinian movie actor. Eng. poet. wrote The Simple Cobler of Aggawam under this pseu.” Serooskerken is a Dutch placename.1905–1979). movie actress.S. movie actress. “Abbé de la Tour” is a sort of meaningful “Is. née Is. U. composer. In 1645 he 1918). Hugo Del Carril: Piero Bruno Ugo Fontana donym. novelist. Petersburg. painter.-born composer. equally well represent “Isabelle” (or “Isabella”). changing his name to sitions and literary works. Germany. Ukr.. (1862–1934). avoid being confused with his brother. rock musician + Bonnie Lynn Bramlett. launay (1885–1941).-born Swiss novelist. a band of poets who produced affected. uscans. As it stands. began his career as a dancer. U.” also suggesting a holy man and a U. short-story writer. his wife. Ward emigrated to Massachusetts in 1634 and settled Barbu Delavrancea: Barbu Stefanescu (1858– as a minister at Agawam (now Ipswich). entertainer. 1897 and died there. tower. director. Fr. children’s writer. “gift of God”) and his surname from English to Liviu Deleanu: Lipa Samuilovich Kligman French. France. pi- Girardin. was Alan Dell: Alan Creighton Mandell (1924– an Irishman. U.1578–1652). wife of journalist Émile de Girardin (1806– anist. Eng. movie actress.S. songwriter. His father had been naturalized as an Eng- that the author was of aristocratic French descent. Fr.” But “Abbé” could respelled his surname to show its pronunciation. Jamaican reggae singer. The com- Isidore de Lara: Isidore Cohen (1858–1935). and as “Dee-ell. He lived in France from Mazo de la Roche: Mazo Roche (1879–1961). Lew Grade. presenter. Ir. Her first name Mazo is a form of 1995). abella van Tuyll. lishman in 1850. Delius until around 1904. novelist. Vicomte Charles de Launay: Delphine de Gi. Fr. that worked on more levels than one.S.” In other Dorothy Dell: Dorothy Goff (1915–1934). Russ.” “Tour” may have evolved from “Tuyll. Winogradsky The musician used her pseudonym for light compo. adopted the male name in the 1830s for a Della Crusca: Robert Merry (1755–1798). but was reinterred in 1935 in Can. TV manager. Rom.e. The singer and harmonica player translates as “abbot of the tower.. sen- Sonia Delaunay-Terk: Sonia Delaunay.” Napoléon Leroyer (1918–2006).-born Br.S. from Spanish Pierre Delanoë: Pierre Charles Marcel delgado. writer. rardin. U. opera composer. de Peggy Dell: Peggy Tisdall (c. pop musician. Jeames de la Pluche see C. dance-band au- “Maisie. The artist adopted the name Terk from woods and pastures new”). al. pher. Belinda Dell see Avon Curry abella Agneta Elisabeth van Tuyll van Serooskerken Claudia Dell: Claudia Del Smith (1910–1977). 139 de la Guard • Della Crusca “To fresh fields and pastures new” (Milton’s “To fresh in France. Moldavian poet. composer. i. novelist. Gabriel Dell: Gabriel Del Vecchio (1919–1988). pianist. S.S. poet. autobiogra. Eng. Theodore de la Guard: Nathaniel Ward In 1910 she married the French painter Robert De- (c. The singer née O’Farrell (1944–). Yellowplush Frederick Delius: Fritz Theodor Albert Delius Adelina de Lara: Adelina Tilbury (1872–1961). designer.–born Br. working in U. of from its Hebrew original into Greek (they both mean It. though her father. née Gay (1804–1855). weekly gossip column in her husband’s paper.K. The novelist seems to have devised a pen name Denis D’Ell: Denis James Dalziel (1943–2005). née timental verse in the latter half of the 18th century. Belg.

(1907–1996). essayist. De Mille. Fr. movie actress. Austr. Fr. “From this signature he was wont to be called the name for his poetic correspondence in the World the Pyramid or the Triangle by his mirthful literary with Anna Matilda. dealing with the Ukrainian poems. literary establishment in considerable disarray [The Lester del Rey: Ramon Felipe San Juan Mario Times. movie actress.K. Edson work. shortened his lengthy original name to something adapted his patronymic (middle name) as his much more manageable. 1996]. Fr. national. John. It. (The first of these man. mystery writer. A Biographical Dic- Mario dell’Arco: Mario Fagiolo (1905–1996). massacre of Jews during World War II. (1889–1979). descent. working It. and historical works. Florian Deller: Florian Drosendorf (1729– U. movie actress. Joseph Delorme: Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve Helen Demidenko: Helen Darville (1971–). Emmett Dembry see Charles Egbert Crad- her brother.S. Wade Kaempfert. novelist. sequent partner was the dancer Kevin Richmond Danièle Delorme: Gabrielle Girard (1926–). opera singer. poet. It was also more “inter- Nathalie Delon: Francine Canovas (1938–). to be the daughter of an illiterate Ukrainian taxi Victoria de los Angeles: Victoria de los Ángeles driver and a poor Irish mother. such as Philip St. (1656–1725). Maria de Medeiros: Maria de Almeida (1965–). Sp. née Lapize Francesca Dellera: Francesca Cervellera (1966–). Russ. 1640). a Brazilian.S. it more suitable than her maiden name. frequently had to spell out. pion (1894–1976). The dancer adopted her stage name in biographies. The writer won Australia’s leading name for his Vie. companions” [Robert Chambers. Fr. Delly: Jeanne Marie Petitjean de la Rosière Jean Delysse: Marguerite Sara Roesgen-Cham- (1875–1949). The first of the dis- SF writer. Her sub- movie actress. presumably on the grounds that its other pseudonyms. of Sp. movie actress. literary critic. is an English version of his second and third names. She claimed Beuve who had died young as a medical student. Carmen Conde used this name for children’s books. It. writer. Jaime Del Rio. Florentina del Mar: Carmen Conde Abellán Port. Poésie et Pensées de Joseph Delorme literary prize in 1995 for her novel. while her writings 1983 from her first husband. The writer used this name. in U. Some ents were middle-class English immigrants.” and so appropriate for a dancer. Fr. She explained: Gómez Cima. Swiss harpsichordist. Mexican and took her name from director Cecil B. violinist. Philip James. which she dalena Noguera. U.” The hoax set the Australian (1925–). movie actress. Alice Delysia: Alice Kolb-Bernard. first husband. composer. movie actress. The Hand That (1829). Florence in 1582 with the aim of purifying the Italian physician. writer. singer. Eng. The actress was an orphan Asunsolo Lopez Negrette (1905–1983). The actress’s screen name is that of her who adopted her when she was nine. and Kenneth Wright. R. The author used this apt name . poet. stage. The im- sources give the singer’s original name as Victoria posture naturally involved a new name. 1995]. romantic novelist. [personal telephone call from Angela Demello. The name literally means “of the chaff. ironmaster. in the language. Michael Delving: Jay Williams (1914–1978).gave it an aristocratic air. Merry mainly used azine. tionary of Eminent Scotsmen. for his contributions to Blackwood’s Mag- academy submitted the language. but in reality her par- López García (1923–2005). “I changed my name to protect my family and friends Carla Del Poggio: Maria Luisa Attanasio as well as my sources. Erik initial De. The writer used this Austral. a collection of romantic autobiographical Signed the Papers. The writer helpfully tinguished Demidov family. and she continued to Democritus Junior: Robert Burton (1577– use it after his death in 1928. The name appears to have been created dock from the aristocratic de la particle. ballet dancer. movie actress. editor. August 23. He also wrote under several surname in 1702. 22. for in 1720 Peter the Great made him a noble- McCann. It seemed to van Lhin. She found on religious subjects appeared under the name Mag. standing for his referring to the “sifting” process to which the first name. jean de la Rosière (1876–1947). composer.S. The name is said to be that of a friend of Sainte. Angela Demello: Angela Joy Cox (1959–).) Katherine De Mille: Katherine Lester (1911– Dolores Del Rio: Lolita Dolores Martinez 1995).” form of a Greek capital letter (Δ). the literary academy established in Delta: David MacBeth Moir (1798–1851). a Tula blacksmith.’Arco • Democritus Junior 140 the Della Crusca. short-story writer. 1773). Silvio Enrico Smith Heathcourt-Brace Sierra y Nikita Demidov: Nikita Demidovich Antufyev Alvarez del Rey y de los Verdes (1915–1993). 1855]. March Fr. (1804–1869). Sc. romantic novelist + Frédéric Petit. Eng. U.

Denny Dennis: Ronald Dennis Pountain (1913– Rebecca De Mornay: Rebecca George (1961–).S. (1895–1983). a state whose natural beauty in the late 1950s. Fr. Paramount Studios is said to have changed the de-Dôme. (1936–). Louis de Montalte: Blaise Pascal (1623–1662). playwright. Jr. U. Robert Dentry: Osmar Egmont Dorkin White Carl De Muldor: Charles Henry Miller (1842– (1909–1991). Jr. of Ir. critic. Fr.S. The (1929–2007). Kelly assumed the 1965). out- ducted several of his scientific experiments into at. when his father inherited the estates tury BC Greek philosopher Democritus. country singer.S. From 1909 to 1920 the writer was returning to the United States from the Soviet Union. physicist. TV Jack Dempsey: William Harrison Dempsey comedian. boxer. (1905–1961). U. the actress was billed as Mylène Dennery (1811–1899). Tyson. about the “dis. U. Russ. near Clermont-Ferrand. working in France. Dorkin (from his middle name) and Maros of his father’s Dutch ancestors. composed for himself on his monument in Christ Denim: Frederick Joss (c. new name in 1733. writer.S. dance band vocalist. he and his father adopt Denham as a surname. here lies Democritus tinian novelist. White also wrote as 1922). 1993). his ring name from the boxer Nonpareil Jack Eng. songwriter. spelling of his name in 1858. avoid confusion with her elder sister Françoise Belg. U. The Nicole. law John Dillinger (1903–1934). movie a latinized reference to the “high mountain” of Puy. mercenary.M. to whom Melancholy gave life and death”). actor. cui name was Fritz Josefowitsch. Dorléac (1942–1967).- Church Cathedral. writer. movie actress. name of his American stepfather. Catherine Deneuve: Catherine Fabienne Dor. The actress adopted Lee Denver see Leo Grex her mother’s maiden name as her screen name to Robert Denvers: Robert Nennertheim (1942–). Peter de Morny: Dorothy Estelle Esmé Wynne. ballet impresario. U.” The Sergei Denham: Sergei Dokuchayev (1897– name is included in the Latin epitaph which Burton 1970). Oxford: “Paucis notus. Adolphe Philippe d’Ennery: Adolphe Philippe in the mid–1950s. [Colonel] Robert Denard: Gilbert Bourgeaud (1943–1997). unknown by even fewer. actor’s name as it sounded similar to that of U.-Norw. the “weeping philosopher. The writer used this name for Dempsey. where he con. surgeon. choly Heraclitus. Argentinian-born It. Waldron adopted his party name in 1935 on dramatist. Angeles in the mid–1960s and adopted the name of rock singer. Sp. The reference is to the 5th-cen. jazz trombonist. stage.S. movie actress. Sc. artist. U.S. librettist. The singer. Rossy De Palma: Rosy Garcia (1965–). Eng. Fr. John Denver: Henry John Deutschendorf.S. Dempsey took Will Dennis: Stephen Townesend (?–1914). Les Dennis: Leslie Heseltine (1953–). movie actress. philosopher. Sir Archibald Denham. born Br.S. Patrick Dempsey. The noted lawyer obtained his ease” of melancholy. .1909–1967). [Sir] James Steuart Denham: James Steuart (1712– movie actress.S. Richard Denning: Ludwig (later Louis) Albert Fr. movie actor James Dean (1931–1955). Austral. left the stage to concentrate on a literary career. Br. who first gained recognition the capital of Colorado. 1780). known as the of his uncle. U. léac (1943–). also an actress. Reginald Denny: Reginald Leigh Daymore adding “Nonpareil” (meaning “unequaled”) as the (1891–1967). economist. Art in America (1885).S. pau.-born U. Nonpareil Jack Dempsey: John Edward Kelly Willie Dennis: William DeBerardinis (1926– (1862–1895). Argen- few. He first boxed as Kid Blackie. vitam dedit et mortem Melancholia” (“Known by a Julio Denis: Julio Cortázar (1914–1984). for The Philosophy of Gray (with an anagram of his first name). Jr. sobriquet given him for his many victories in the ring. born in New Mexico. short-story writer. on condition that “laughing philosopher” by contrast with the melan. Eugene Dennis: Francis Xavier Waldron. Br. María Denis: Maria Esther Beomonte (1916– Mylène Demongeot: Marie-Hélène Demongeot 2004).-born U. Sc. that E. née Ripper (1898–1972). The “Nicole” was subsequently dropped. Eng. For her earliest movies. She then where he had fled to avoid imprisonment in 1930. moved to Los Terry Dene: Terence Williams (1938–). (1914–1998). movie actress. a limited but successful stage career. heavyweight boxer.S. descent. musician. U. movie actor. writer. Pascal’s pen name contains Heinrich Denninger. Eng. Junior. writer legally adopted the (supposedly aristocratic) geot. pop musician. ballet dancer. Austr. Joss’s original cioribus ignotus. Karl Denver: Angus McKenzie (1931–1998). writer. Miller used this name. then for a while as Mylène-Nicole Demon. an actress under the name Esmé Wynne. novelist. renamed himself after the legendary he greatly admired. political cartoonist. hic jacet Democritus Junior. 141 Demongeot • De Palma for The Anatomy of Melancholy (1621). Communist leader. mospheric pressure. Fr. teaming with Dustin Gee. Ir.

bass opera Félicité Joséphine Desbordes (1786–1859). where he en- pun here on “quill” and “write. The singer was ently after the goddess Maya. Eng. He this name when acting as editor of the fashion mag. Portia de Rossi: Amanda Rogers (1973–). and adopted this as her performing name. kept to claim Norman descent. Jewish-born U. Eleonora. A Book of Nonsense movie actress. humorist. poet. The name is (appropriately) a meaningless Bo Shane an early screen name. Édouard Dermithe: Antoine Dhermitte (1925– Ger. Rick Derringer: Rick Zehringer (1947–). Lear used this name for Bo Derek: Mary Cathleen Collins (1957–).” appropriately for a countered an octopus with tentacles 75 feet long and pen name. nonsense poet. painter. broadcaster. appar. movie director. The actress adopted Filippo de Pisis: Filippo Filippo Tibertelli her more exotic-sounding name at the age of 14. It. Louis de Rougemont: Henri Grin (1847–1921). rock musician. Desiderio da Settignano was a 1995). movie. and (1846). general. ballad or set of verses. U. and same name. children’s writer. nicknamed “Little Miss Sugar Pie” by Johnny Otis Jean De Reszke: Jan Mieczyslaw (1850–1925). According to the Dic. Madame Marguerite de Ponti: Stéphane Mal. younger son as his pseudonym. Aus- popular singer. Br. Ukr.De Paul • Desiderius 142 Lynsey De Paul: Lynsey Reuben (1948–).S.S. famous 15th-century Florentine sculptor.S. Lavinia Derwent: Elizabeth Dodd (1909– movie actor. daughters of a sea cap- tionary of National Biography. added his stage name. Fr. Jackie De Shannon: Sharon Lee Myers (1944–). Jane Derby: Jeanette Barr (1895–1965). U. Jacques Deray: Jacques Desrayaud (1929– Frances Derrick: Frances Eliza Millett Notley. The symbolist poet used who decided at the age of 16 to see the world. azine La Dernière Mode (1897).-born U. how- . and to have rescued two young white women. World Magazine in 1898 sensational articles relating Dan De Quille: William Wright (1829–1898). director. Swiss-born Eng.880]. The names were those of Grin’s own daughters. U. black pop singer. painter. Prosper Lanchantin. singer Édouard De Reszke (1853–1917).S. Br.S. Ruiz (1904–1985). adopted the The poet married an actor. actress. a lover of the Sugar Pie DeSanto: Umpeylia Marsema Balin- exotic. who identified themselves already named De Quincey. the author liked to al. filmmaker. wife of garian form was Széppataki. tral. John Derek: Derek Harris (1926–1998). The Hun- 1961). mostly bogus. touring through Europe and America. Father Desiderius: Peter Lenz (1832–1928).S. novelist. 2003). tain. Among Thomas de Quincey: Thomas Quincey (1785– his other Australian adventures. opera singer. ton (1935–). to her maiden name.S. U. opera singer. their name to Deren in 1928. Schenbach was the Ger- Maya Deren: Eleanora Derenkowsky (1917– man form of the singer’s original surname. p. The actress married phrase in the refrain of a popular song. mother’s name. husband of Bo Derek. the derringer pistol. U. 1989). the Daily Chronicle. Valmore. phabetize his name under “Q. The new name implies a reference to Derek: Peter Chamberlain (1947–). There is some uncertainty claimed to have married an Aboriginal wife. Fr. adopted the first name Maya in 1943. Hung. and eventually A. née Thomas (1820–1912). and he died in poverty. The artist adopted his maternal grand. writer. Pol. Yamba. rode turtles in the water” [Drabble. José de Rivera: José A.S. The setter adopted the name of his Derry Down Derry: Edward Lear (1812–1888). spending many years there he contributed to Wide movie actress. impostor. and hence a John Derek as his third wife. (1896–1956). poet. artist. After Lya De Putti: Amalia Putty (1901–1931). to his extraordinary. Eng. Sc. fashion designer. Fr. historian of the Far West.S. as Blanche and Gladys Rogers. “[He was] an adventurer larmé (1842–1898). songwriter.J. DePre see Ed Noon became butler to the governor of Australia. pop musician. There is a ventures in search of pearls and gold. voyages and ad- U. word compiler. essayist.S. “Bo” was a childhood nickname. The Derenkowsky family im. began as a footman to [actress] Fanny Kemble.” which seems to The self-styled explorer’s imposture was exposed by suggest otherwise. U. Fr. de Rougemont 1859). Hung. Louis Charles Antoine Desaix: Louis Charles migrated to the United States in 1922 and changed Antoine Des Aix (1768–1800). his first book of nonsense poems. poet. Tristan Derème: Philippe Huc (1889–1942). The tenor made his debut in Italy Marceline Desbordes-Valmore: Marceline in 1874 as Giovanni di Reschi. mother of the Buddha. Fr. Lenz. Alexander Hammid. artist. His brother. movie actor. TV actress. Rósza Déryné: Rósza Schenbach (1793–1872). Eng. sculptor. whether the writer added the aristocratic “de” himself. U. architect. Fr. cross. or whether his father was as “wives” by a native chief.

working in U. lyricist. and the artistic connection Ivan Desny: Ivan Desnitzky (1922–).S. black blues musician. in 1913. yoga teacher. Cz. Marie Loewe-Destinn. pathy with the Czech national movement in World Martin Desjardins: Martin van den Bogaert War I.-Pol.” has a memorably vivid professional purposes in later life” [Fisher 1987. continuing his performance” [Arnott. Latvian-born movie actress. short-story writer. she adopted the name Ema Destinnová. Fr. William Desmond: William Mannion (1878– U. DeSylva was popular known as “Buddy.S. Ukr. noted for his ghostly architectural fantasies. which he promptly tore Ananda Devi: Ananda Devi Nirsimloo-Anen- out and cast disdainfully away [like garbage] before den (1957–). Naples in the 17th century. The matador’s ring name. the actor was billed as reggae musician. Eng. Russ. movie producer. Young Wighton mistook the second word for 1886). As a movie actor.S. Williams was born Florence Desmond: Florence Dawson (1905– in Arkansas and settled in Chicago. Fr. impersonator. the group she was in at the time. entitled David Devant Goliath (“David Before Go- Desperdicios: Manuel Domínguez (1816– liath”). Simone. sculptor.S. Eng. may have had some bearing on his new name. 143 De Sivrai • Devi ever. adopted his aunt’s name.-born U. music teacher.S. Swe. Br. but (1640–1694).S. Works grouped under Jean Dessès: Jean Dimitré Verganie (1904– this name are now known to belong to at least three 1970). a bull gored him in the eye. U. 1949). working in France. Jerry Desmonde: James Robert Sadler (1908– Eng. pronounced “Dezza-ray” 2002). a painter parentage.” and this Eric Desmond: Matthew Reginald Sheffield. Detroit Junior: Emery Williams. was renamed as a child dancer by a matron overseeing Gene Detroy: Samuel Wood (1909–1986). the story goes. writer. movie Determine: Rohan Bennett (c. composer. singer. opera singer. Reggie Sheffield. Jr.258]. the pseudonym of a painter active in (1842–1891). (1931– nald Sheffield. Ind.” “garbage. composer. working in U.” cault (1680–1754).G. Germany. Paul Desmond: Paul Emil Breitenfeld (1924– Fr. rock actress. movie actor. DeSylva: George Gard DeSylva (1895– Astra Desmond: Gwendolyn Mary Thomson 1950).S.S. Emmy Destinn: Emilie Pavlína Kittlová (1878– dier Barra.-born Fr. B. who painted topographical views. Jamaican actor. The soprano adopted the Jules De Sivrai: Jane Roeckel. working in France. jazz saxophonist. but at one time 1993). Hung. revue artist.” The date of the name change is unknown.S. U. 1977). The actress lived in Detroit. The entertainer gained world fame Johnny Desmond: Giovanni Alfredo di Simone for his act with Marquis the Chimp. née Jackson name of her teacher. actor. “He acquired this gruesome nickname in a Robert Deverell: Robert Pedley (1760–1841). possibly for the Earls of Desmond. Farkasfalvi Tóthfalusi-Tóth (1913–2002). some of his later movies. including François Nomé.118]. and Di. boy. but changed his name to Eric Andre de Toth: Endre Antal Mihály Sásvári Desmond. William Devane: William Devaney (1937–). The illusionist was the son of a Scot- 1967).1972–). gave the initial “B. parentage. literally “of the Philippe Destouches: Philippe Nicolas Néri- orchard. 1930). comic playwright. U. he is billed as Regi. U. bullfighter. The first Western woman to . however. Sp. David Devant: David Wighton (1868–1941).” Casson (1901–1957). screenwriter. Eng. p. Br. music-hall comedian. playwright. As a child performer. of West Indian parentage. Du. working in U. pianist. The writer Gaby Deslys: Gabrielle Caïre (1881–1920). opera singer. A shortened form Indra Devi: Eugenie Vasilievna Peterson (1899– of “Desiree” (“Désirée”). working in French. In movie director. “Johnny” as an Cristina Deutekom: Christine (“Stientje”) equivalent of “Giovanni” and “Desmond” from “di Engel (1932–). animal trainer. when he played the title role in David Copperfield. Fr. Du. Br. Anjali Devi: Anjani Kumari (1927–). magician. name essentially translates the Dutch. movie Des’ree: Des’ree Weekes (1968–). of by Americans but “Day-zee-ray” by the British. (1920–1985). opera singer. origin. Egyptian-born fashion designer. novelist. In sym- (1834–1907). p. Mauritian writer. singer. 2005). separate artists. The French was interned on her Bohemian estate for her pains. when Eng. probably based his name on that of “Monsu” Gilbert des Roches: [Baroness] Julie Legoux Desiderio. movie actor. of Gk. stage actress. Jacques Deval: Jacques Boularan (1890–1972). revue artiste. Ir. corrida in Puerta de Santa Maria on 1 June 1857. stage. Br. tish landscape painter. he visited an art gallery and Oleksa Desnyak: Aleksey Ignatovich Rudenko admired there a biblical painting by a French artist (1909–1942). the subject’s name and “filed it away mentally for meaning “refuse. (1893–1973).

The actor adopted his grand. with their own outlandish names. Br.” The new 1982). U. of Native American descent. movie actor. Hefin. SF writer. composer. Mlle. Forget. movie actor. community when she and her sister. Deyn. Ger. Fr. Pritchard (1909–). Fr. He therefore simply adopted the manager’s hairdresser under the name Christian St. He also appeared under the name Patrick Maurin. a film actress. poets lived. Ind. The poet’s name means “David of the film studio Bombay Talkies.” Guy d’Hardelot: Helen Rhodes. Billy de Wolfe: William Andrew Jones (1907– jardins (1631–1683). Seeta Devi: Renee Smith (1912–). de Villedieu: Marie Catherine H. writer Bernard DeVoto (see John G. India’s first female movie music director was Bala.” He was also known 1950). songwriter. Dominic Devine: David McDonald Devine Anthony Dexter: Walter Reinhold Alfred (1920–1980). Eng. meaning “Blind David. Welsh poet. Dei. is a generic name for a where he was born. founded in 1934.” the latter being the historic region in musician based his stage name on that of his band. “Dafydd the Singer. Dewi Havhesp: David Roberts (1831–1884). The musician also used the name Sophie Devienne: Jeanne Françoise Thevenin Diana Monti. movie comedian. Br. The poet’s name means in an early movie. playing the part of the goddess Devi Welsh-born U. Manek. thriller writer. radio under the name Barry Mitchell. normally a male Indian name.S. wife of the god Vishnu. The Buzzcocks member was Eng. movie music di. including a spell as for a star. was devised for her by August). movie comedienne. U.Devi • d’Hardelot 144 enter an Indian ashram originally made her name as Dewi Emlyn: David Davies (1817–1888). movie actor. name may be based on that of David Devant. inspired to take his new name in 1976 after seeing the Agyness Deyn: Laura Hollins (1983–). adding the name in which he was born. Dorothy Devore: Inez Williams (1899–1976). joined Welsh poet.S. U. The balladeer was blind. Devi. while this being the Welsh name of the island of Anglesey. “David of Havhesp. She adopted the name for her later “David of Emlyn. stage. Hence his Augusto D’Halmar: Augusto Thomson (1882– name. a name of Lakshmi. a self-proclaimed name analyst. The poet’s name means “David of Môn. Sex Pistols. in full Agyness was taken from U. The supermodel’s new name. Lodewijk van Deyssel: Karel Joan Lodewijk Al- Dewi Dywyll: Dafydd Jones (1803–1868). rock singer. Magenta Devine: Kim Taylor (1960–). “Devoto” model. Fleischmann (1913–2001). Des. name seems to suggest a corruption of Latin Agnus mother’s surname at the start of his career in 1968.S.” this presumably being a local placename. The former manager of a theater manager that his real name would not do Twiggy has taken on many roles. writer.S. Shiva (Siva). William Dexter: William T. Chilean writer. Devlo: Cyril Shaw (1910–). female deity as well as a specific name of the wife of Hildegard Dewitz: Hildegard Kazoreck (1911–). own name. producer. movie comedian. northwest Wales where he was born and where many Mink DeVille. Indra.” as an incarnation of the goddess Lakshmi. as for the names above. Br. Br. magician. Eng.S. poet. Welsh poet.” from a stream by his home near rector. Bill Jones (as he was usually known) was told by (1939–). 1974). TV Aubrey Dexter: Douglas Peter Jonas (1898– presenter. TV actor. The poet’s name means “Fair David of U. forced to change her name to avoid the wrath of her Dewi Hefin: David Thomas (1828–1909). berdingk Thijm (1864–1952). movie. (1763–1841). with middle initial. of the sky. Dexter at first appeared regularly on stage and on U.” the latter being the historic region calling as a yoga teacher or guru. Saraswati Devi: Khorsheed Manchershah Welsh poet. Fr. stage. The Brad Dexter: Boris Milanovich (1917–2002). Al Dexter: Albert Poindexter (1902–1984). née Guy . Willy DeVille: William Borsay (1950–2009). Seeta (Sita) is regarded Welsh poet. 1958). but here perhaps standing for the female Welsh poet. In Hindu mythology. actress.S. meaning Minocher-Homji (1912–1980). The poet took his bardic name. The Eifionydd. critic. who said that her ca- Patrick Dewaere: Jean-Marie Bourdeau (1947– reer was hampered by the “u” in “Laura. that of the god Dewi Emrys: David Emrys James (1881–1952). movie Dewi Môn: David Rowlands (1836–1907).S. as Deio’r Cantwr. Ind.” referring to Christ. punk rock musician. U. Indira. country singer.S. Howard Devoto: Howard Trafford (c. Andy Devine: Jeremiah Schwartz (1905–1977). author. of Serbian parentage. Eng. Du. of Welsh parent- Justin de Villeneuve: Nigel Jonathan Davies age. referred to by Trafford’s philosophy lecturer. “Lamb of God.S. Dewi Wyn o Eifion: David Owen (1784–1841). the great god of generation. photographer.1955–). U. actress.

brigand chief. actor. France. Mr.S.1878– Rom. Puff Daddy.96]. movie actor. for a star. gebra League. footballer. The actor took his Carter Dickson see Carr Dickson name from his birthplace. Boulogne-sur-Mer.” He is not actually known to have been blind. so that he was “Robert d’Héry. It’s all played out. Anagarika Dharmapala: Don David Hewavi. crime writer. Welsh poet.” this being the Sanskrit word for “law. Anagarika. Ivan Osipovich Dic: Jon Dicescu (1893–1938). Puff Daddy. Sean. Diamond chose his 1919).-born U. Buddhist pioneer and preacher adopted his new name but he would put his pinkie in the corner of his eye in his late teens. of which he had been champion in Dida: Nelson de Jesus Silva (1973–). The actor was illegit.. Eng. cinate. singer and Hollywood queen. writer of romantic fiction. hop name from his days of dating Jennifer Lopez.S. simply . Diddy: Sean Combs (1970–). And not forgetting P-Diddy. clothes designer.-Ger.. As for the old name originally been a monk named Fra Angelo (“Brother of Puff Daddy: ‘We ran that name into the ground. Brazilian 1936 and 1937. essayist.” that Angie Dickinson: Angeline Brown (1931–). He then became P. agara. composer.. The balladeer’s name means “Blind tarne (1864–1933).” and Sandra Dickinson: Sandra Searles (1940–).. Sanskrit anagara. The musician was born in the (1920–). of Fr. to watch Diddy — aka P. has never toned at first known as “Puffy” from his habit of puffing up down his heritage.S. On a name meaning “Dick of Aberdaron. singer.1805–c. “houseless. “house”). parentage. director.” tag he adopted as a joke and then decided it suited given him by victimized peasants on account of his his post-trial [on firearms charges]. 145 Dharmapala • Diddy (1858–1936). Many sources give the musician’s real P.–born Br. what- Alela Diane: Alela Diane Menig (1983–). and took his vow of 1977). given to the schoolboy who puffed out his chest at It. descent.S. my fans’— and becoming. 2004). Diddy. a rapper. novelist. The musician was says he was born Neil Diamond.-born Br. movie actress. fashion designer. Gene Dickinson.” U.S. the small town of Héry. to him than he has names. It. Diddy. imate. The name is that of the actress’s first Buddha. The eccentric linguist adopted moter. U. playwright. literally “houseless one” (from husband. It. It was rumored. the ridiculous adopted his nickname. as well as the quite Robert Dhéry: Robert Léon Fourrey (1921– distinct Roger Fairbairn. Welsh journalist.” the latter at Columbia University. journalist. roving worker for Buddhism.S. Bo Diddley see Bo Diddley popular singer. the It. in the US at least. Gloria Dickson: Thais Dickerson (1916–1945). to-call-him front. a music producer and party pro- 1843). Combs or just Da Man” Rom. However: “Neil Diamond per. TV actress. Diamond: Itek Dommnici (1920–1988). Dharmapala was the Carr Dickson: John Dickson Carr (1905– first anagarika in modern times. Fr.L. used the name Carter Dickson. Dic Dywyll: Richard Williams (c. The writer also celibacy (brahmacharya) at the age of eight.1865). 2001]. post–J-Lo self. so adopted his mother’s maiden name. The legendary guerrilla leader sports. the ideal truth as set forth in the teachings of the movie actress. On the confusing. U. “Here I am in Copenhagen to talk to and .. the fancy hip- Willy Dias: Fortuna Morpurgo (1872–1956). 2006]. then.” from an-. U. September 30. Neil Diamond: Neil Diamond (1941–). Jack Johnson. short-story writer.. he being a mountain near his birthplace in northwest claimed that the initials stood for Interscholastic Al.. U. Thomas John Dibdin: Thomas John Pitt (1771– His multiple names and roles continue to fas- 1833). black rap- name as Noah Kaminsky. p. U. songwriter. Fr. Welsh scholar. “He Dic Aberdaron: Richard Robert Jones (1780– was Puff Daddy. socialist activist. Dharmapala means “guardian of the when singing his ballads. Puffy. [Sunday Times Magazine. the name 1909). ferocity.. Ceylonese Buddhist leader. of Sc. that Pezza had Four names. Château Hardelot. name he was born with. screenwriter..’ I opt for Puffy. The writer used this name he seems most comfortable with” [Sunday Times Mag- for early fiction. is the title of a celibate fulltime U. there’s Sean Combs. Tongue firmly in cheek. You can call me whatever name Ottone di Banzole: Alfredo Oriani (1852– best rolls off your tongue. Wales. Angel”). movie actor.. dharma.A. azine. the nickname Fra Diavolo: Michele Pezza (1771–1806). Dic Tryfan: Richard Hughes Williams (c. The new name when working on the campus newspaper writer’s name means “Dick of Tryfan.S. November 11.. “He has more sides wrong that he was Noah Kaminsky” [Beech. meaning “Brother Devil..” the latter his way to dropping the P —‘it got between me and being his birthplace. Roberta di Camerino: Giuliana Coen Camerino Eng. Puffy.S is. the official folksinger. and many reports and books are his chest during football practice. moreover. I. The Dick. “not.

clue. and 1759. Eng. Lopez Camoño took saying. tions. the last for various Danish and was later sung by Dietrich herself. I try” and. her surname to an English-style “-son.S.. by Anne Shelton in her radio show Introducing Anne Tania B. referring both to the first name Felsing. The athlete was the sixth child in her family. His first name is a short form of his name’” [Chris Salewicz and Adrian Boot. making him Clarence Dillon: Clarence Lapowski (1882– look as if he ran off diesel. (A deviser of the name of Marlene Dietrich is associated with that cryptic crosswords is also a “false pretender. The actor long concealed you are not. Jamaican cause. investment banker. but she later accepted it as neat and individu. A year or two after her birth. claimed to be the son of Czar Ivan IV. opera singer.. Ger. sportswoman.” with IM inserted into The original poem “Lili Marleen” [sic] was writ.” for Seven Gothic Tales (1934). he has transformed himself into the front man Laura Di Falco: Laura Carpinteri (1910–).S. Dieudonné: Dieudonné M’Bala M’Bala (1966–).-born U. he say. 2001]. the girl in the song that became pop.” Scratch give me that his true identity.S. Shostakovich. Johnson adopted this Italian form of his name when Dido: Florian Cloud de Bounevialle Armstrong studying and singing in Italy from 1908 to 1919. The actress is billed as Eva Dilian alistic. if shrewd. with its fusty classical connec. of multiracial origin. familiar from Virgil’s ital” because his arrival on the reggae scene in 1985 co- Aeneid and Purcell’s opera Dido and Aeneas. It became popular among broadcaster. and is now an novelist. Dan.S. 1900.” Later. Magdalene. of Norw. A shortening of his surname. mindful of its traditional Hebrew then adopted it in a translated version titled “Lili meaning “laughter. movie actor. working in Kenya. cartoonist. nicknamed “Baby. you are Dillinger.” He say. U.” This version was used as a signature tune written in English. she hit tape-measure home rock musician. zero Babe Didrikson: Mildred Ella Didriksen in condotta (1940). 1939 by Lale Andersen. satirist. Eng. movie actress.S. a “tricking” (anagram) of DIRTY. the impostor in Russian history who married Edouard von Losch.. I was (1743–1801). and Osceola. December 31. for his own fashion label. parentage. Maria’s family of the setter’s favorite composer.”) Again. telling the points out that his full name is an anagram of story of the love of a soldier for his girl. mobster runs. Ding: Jay Norwood Darling (1876–1962). Lapowski’s father. preacher. U. took his mother’s maiden name around (1901–1992). née Dinesen (1885–1962). so was movie actress. of Lili Marlene. She also wrote as Pierre Andrezel.” combined that of his girlfriend. The author adopted German troops in World War II and British troops her new first name. U. popular singer. Lili. “I’m into dirty tricking. like Babe Ruth. and moved from Berlin to Weimar. At first incided with the rise of computerized rhythm tracks. U. 2008]. footballer. comedienne. The poem was set to music Isak Dinesen: Karen Christentze Blixen- in 1938 by Norbert Schultze and first recorded in Finecke. this became “Babe” be. “No. Dixon was nicknamed “Dig- and founder of Carthage. Sp. actor” [The Times. after the mythological queen maican reggae musician. The actress’s first name is a telescoped form of “Maria Dimitry: John Frederick Grimshaw (1950–). The name “charming. writer. ‘When I was going to the studio. “What is your Vin Diesel: Mark Vincent (1967–). “I am Alcapone Junior. Fr. crossword compiler. Bobby Digital: Robert Dixon (c. it can be read as “(being) dim. Dillinger: Lester Bullocks (1953–).” Her father was Louis Erich Otto Diet. given by friends for his nonstop energy. movie name?” I say. The pseudonym has mul- rich. 1979). as a cryptic ular in World War II. in the credits of her first movie. where her mother to False Dmitry. a Marlene Dietrich: Maria Magdalene Dietrich Polish Jew. . “My name is Alcapone Junior. Can. Ja- named as a young girl. The singer was so nick. U. Marlene. movie actress. and her mother Wilhelmina Elisabeth Josephine tilayered meanings. Edoardo di Giovanni: Edward Johnson (1878– Didi: Waldir Pereira (1928–2001).’ Diego of Cadiz: José Francisco Lopez Camoño said Dillinger. Bullocks was named for U. Grimshaw further ten by the German Hans Leip in 1915. singer. (1971–). (?1914–1956). Phyllis Diller: Phyllis Driver (1917–).S. Irasema Dilian: Irasema Warschalowska (1924–). as Dietrich herself was. His last name came from a nickname plosion: The Story of Jamaican Music. she hated the name.1960–).Didi • Ding 146 Diddy.S. Maddalena . Reggae Ex- original name. Sean Jean. In the popular mind. periodicals. painter. It.” “‘At first I was trying to sound like Dennis Alcapone.-born U.S. when I come to do my track. She herself changed the Scandinavian “-sen” of John Dillinger (1903–1934) by Lee “Scratch” Perry. and a young Penelope Dimont see Ann Temple nurse named Marleen. joker. A pet form of the player’s first name. actor. It. Brazilian 1959).” but when the name Diego after joining the Capuchin order in Scratch Perry take me to the studio at Dynamic. impresario.

was Gaius Aurelius Valerius Dio. the jealousy of the Dion: Dion DiMucci (1939–). and Latin) translate writer was of English descent on his mother’s side. Port.S. implying Tide. crossword pioneer. Marília de Dirceu (1792). Father Divine is his name’” [Elizabeth 1695). of Brazilian parentage. The “discus thrower. the name when employed by the Daily Mirror at the Dirceu: Tomás Antônio Gonzaga (1744–1810). 147 Ding Ling • Dixon Ding Ling: Jiang Weizhi (Chiang Wei-chih) Mite (or Marie) Kremnitz (1852–1916). U. journalist. poet. Roman em.1895–1960). movie actor. punningly as “the same and the same. and as another explanation recounts: Eng. social reformer name derives from Gonzaga’s book of pastoral love Dorothea Dix (1802–1887). with “Father” indicating Diocles (itself meaning “fame of Zeus”). producer. 2010). The name is familiar adopted by two other western actors. Denver Dixon: Victor Adamson (1901–1972). The name itself was Port. or forename. (2) Jean Nicol (?–1986). The emperor’s eventual full name. German. the relius his nomen. journalist. Ger. verse. one who “throws” disks on to a record player. Messenger. (1929–2006). parentage. feminist writer. writer. U. The writer’s name is Latin (from Greek) for N. a statue of a discus thrower by the son and Bob Roberts. Gaius was his praenomen. The setter chose a pseudonym (the Gilmer joined the New Orleans Picayune in 1894 and scientific name of the dinosaur) that referred to his took the name soon after when writing an advice col- aging status and old-fashioned methods of compila. Pope used this pseudonym for writing in Franklin W. trade union advisor. lyrics. women’s rights Diplodocus: Roy Dean (1927–). U. rock mu. Abbott. (1739–1799).Z. Father Divine: George Baker (?1877–1965).S. Dorothy Dix: (1) Elizabeth Gilmer.S. Valerius his cog. A History of Celibacy. poet. Eng. Richard Dix: Ernest Carlton Brimmer (1894– Dirtsman: Patrick Thompson (1966–1993). or additional name (from his daughter. writer. start of her career in the 1930s. The “screen goddess” Diocletian: Diocles (245–316). U. missionary. or gens (clan) name. The romantic presumably borrowed from the U.S. movie actor.” Nicol took tion. founder of the Peace Mission movement adopted the nomen. James and Art Mix. and Diocletianus his second cognomen. transvestite movie actor. Ronnie James Dio: Ronald Padavona (1942– Divine: Harris Glen Milstead (1945–1988). 2001]. He was originally known as The Diogenes: William John Brown (c. umn for women called “Sunday Salad.–born U.S. (1904–1986). . ularly modified to Divine.S. This was the joint pseudonym used by the already tivist. playwright. U. The (respectively in Italian. took the name Dionigi on entering the Ca.” Francisco di Nogero: Emilie Frances Bauer Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf : Carl Ditters (1865–1926). 1949). director. Ger.-born Rom. writer. It. Dick Distich: Alexander Pope (1688–1744). the Reverend Major Jealous Divine. (1862–1930). Marmaduke Dixey: [His Honour] Geoffrey Discobolus: Donald Williams Aldous (1914– Howard (1889–1973). before 1995). compiler. official inscriptions. of Fr. and his own divinity. U. the Messenger adopted a new adopted this name for contributions to Time and name. Jr. a distich being a verse couplet. black R&B pianist. poet. as found in rector John Waters. cenza. Queen of Romania Syndicate set up in 1906 used this name for stories (1843–1916). Brown “About this time [1917]. The words (1839–1871). black evangelist. Flaminio Carli. York from Georgia in 1915. wether (1861–1951). Floyd Dixon: Jay Riggins.S. biblical God. maican reggae musician. composer.S. poet. whose star performer he became. The Stratemeyer Literary Dito und Idem: Elisabeth. Stratemeyer the Guardian. neering. Ja. novelist. name Major J. This name was soon pop- ated as an adjectival form of his own original name.S. Chin.” or in modern terms “disk thrower” star of silent westerns also acted under the names Art (that is. Ger. pseudonymous Carmen Sylva and George Allan Júlio Dinis: Joaquim Guilherme Gomes Coelho when the two ladies wrote as coauthors. pianist. His flock short- sician.S. U. 5th-century BC Greek sculptor Myron. George Kester- from Discobolus.S. brother of Papa San. cre. Br. Eng. Eng. née Meri- puchin order in 1652. ‘God is here Dionigi da Piacenza: Flaminio Carli (1637– on earth today. Dixon: Edward L. novelist. According to one account. judge. engi. his leadership status. Eng. U. rock singer. cletianus. The latter name was later or who records on such disks). U. violinist. composer. The Vienna- sister of composer Marion Eugenie Bauer (1887– born musician was ennobled in 1773 and adopted his 1955). Communist ac. religious and military authority. aristocratic augmentation then. without the use of a computer. journalist. ened this to Father Divine and chanted. born in Pia. writer on sound recording. Devine soon after moving to New Valeria). prose writer + for boys about the Hardy Boys. Au. juvenile detectives. name was created for the larger-than-life actor by di- peror.

Du. The troupe with Charles Dockstader. Eng. name from the Dnieper River. Jr. were collected in Doesticks: What He D-Nice: Derrick Jones (1970–).1972–). The writer took his pen law of Fanny Fern.” His 29 letters Anatoly Dneprov: Anatoly Petrovich Mitske.” for his victory over the Golden Horde Margaret (Meg) Dods. the group’s publicist. play. vaudeville artist. Br. moviemaker. nicknamed “J. née Tod (1781–1857). (1891–1953). The author mod- musician.S. black DJ. Stratocaster guitar with the strings reversed.S. crossword com- his new first name. Russ. ecclesiastic. tah.S.Dixon • Doggrel 148 Jean Dixon: Marie Jacques (1894–1981). by “Mistress “of the Don. of Ukr. Sc.” “Doesticks” may as “Dark Man X. Church History of England (1737–43). Russ. ified his name after serving in the War of 1812. the Cleikum Inn. a Song That’s-by-No-Author (1856). nightclub owner. Meg Dods: Christian Isobel Johnstone. Bonset. black rap. Russ. brother of Prince Be. conductor. Docherty see James Hadley Chase Dizzee Rascal see Dizzee Rascal Lew Dockstader: George Alfred Clapp (1856– Assia Djebar: Fatima-Zohra Imalayène (1936–). The impresario slightly for him after his father’s untimely death” [Bret E. The grand prince of novelist. The Barron Knights lead 1923 he exhibited as a Dadaist under the name J. designer.S. .C. theologian. even after the troupe had dis- DJ Quik: David Blake (1970–). prince.S. ciation. rapper. near which he was Sir Iliad Doggrel: [Sir] Thomas Burnet (1694– born. although Thomson claimed ital sound machine.B. (1350–1389). who despite his musician. mostly appearing in the Detroit vich (1919–). Jr. meaning and Housewife’s Manual (1826). Br. Ronan’s Well (1824).1970–). notably his DJ Shadow: Josh Davis (c. The musician took the name that black blues guitarist. The Algerian novelist. movie comedienne. Ukr. 697). U. writer. hip. U. earlier [St. but liked to interpret the letters that “P. singer was given his unconventional name by Les Per. This gave Doc: Tom Johnson (1947–). 6. U. James L. U. supposedly written by the landlady of He was canonized in 1988. cookery writer. Theo van Doesburg : Christian Emil Marie tov (hence his title) in 1702. black rock Says (1855). rin. Thomson (1831–1875).B. banded. John Bovee Dods: Johannes Dods Bovee (1795– DJ SS: Leroy Small (1971–).S. singer took the name Lew Dockstader in 1873.: Mortimer Neal DMX: Earl Simmons (c. modified the spelling of his name for ease of pronun. writer on spiritualism.S. Kupper (1883–1931). p. When Charles died in 1883. blackface minstrel. Daily Advertiser. writer. vows in 1668 and was appointed metropolitan of Ros. Carroll in Garraty and Carnes. U. humorist. Don Leucadio Doblado see Joseph Blanco stage. vol. Germany. painter. The name is per. His second name came following piler. simply a frivolous one.] Dmitry Donskoy: Dmitry Ivanovich M’Leish.” be a humorous alteration of “doeskins.] Charles Dodd: Hugh Tootel (1672– DJ Screw: Robert Earl Davis. used this name for all of his writings. 1743). poet. U. The name is actually [St. origin. pianist. wright. SF writer. The writer took monastic John Doe see Elmer Ellsworth. record producer. Q. Eng. In 2009). turntable artist (mixer). U. Dniprovsky: Ivan Danilovich Shevchenko Longfellow’s Hiawatha. subsequently formed a partnership in a minstrel black hip-hop musician. under the name. hop musician. White Diz: Edward Jeffrey Irving Ardizzone (1900– Issay Dobrowen: Ishok Israelevich Barabeychik 1979). Thomson was the son-in- (1895–1934).K. U.S. Eng. a spell as a trumpeter (like Dizzy Gillespie). The writer made her name with The Cook Vladimir and Moscow was given his name. Clapp kept the name. black hip-hop 1872). The musician took his name from the DMX dig. U. Sweden. pop singer. working in Lefty Dizz: Walter Williams (1937–1993). U.S.K.” stood for “Perfect Brick. [Rev. Duke D’Mond: Richard Edward Palmer (1943– The artist renamed himself after his stepfather.S. He also used the name for Plu-ri-bus- musician. U.S. (1971–2000). cartoonist. “prob- Art D’Lugoff: Athur Joshua Dlugoff (1924– ably out of respect for the maternal uncle who cared 2009). Philander Doesticks. Williams played a right-handed his orphaned mother had adopted from a relative. Br. He DJ Minute Mix: Jarrett Cordes (1968–). Tuptalo (1651–1709). 1924). Ronan’s. Russ.” popularly known as Meg near the Don River at the Battle of Kulikovo in 1380. illustrator. St. writer + George Duckett (?–1732). Catholic historian.” is the name was not related. P. Eng.] Dmitry Rostovsky: Daniil Savvich that of a character in Sir Walter Scott’s novel St. 1753). the Eternal.S. Dods’ Cookery. a parody of I. The cleric U.

Sp. Sibley (1941–).S. What shall I be?’ He reached for a volume of Ger. Luis Miguel Gonzáles Lucas (1926–1996). movie actress. It. translation of the Iliad (1715). to their native Germany from their country of exile member. Crown of England (1594). artist. Ger. Ger. The artist’s name is a diminutive name in 1923. poet. and still more difficult to re. Honorio Bustos Domecq: Adolfo Bioy Casares donyms.-born U. Someone .–born Fr. SF writer. Most of the names were and her husband emigrated in 1940. drama critic. singer. poet. Pol.S.1972–). first name and “Domini” presumably a Latin-style propriate for a ballet dancer.” “As the programmes were being printed Pat suddenly Dominguín: Domingo del Campo (1873– conceived the idea of disguising himself under a Rus. singer. The actress donym for his second profession as drama critic. a criticism of Pope’s neoclassical English names Harry. U. U. including twin sister Rosy Dolly. who founded the vitsky (1914–1997). (1914–1999). performing with her elder brother per. ap. I can already hear the Rey Domini: Audre Lorde (1934–1992). Suárez Lynch and B. Dominic see Emma Lathen née Healey.. however.S. Balletomania. U. so means “little Domenico. common Irish surname Dolan. who adopted the same surname for Fats Domino: Antoine Domino (1928–). Doleman: Robert Parsons (1546–1610).S. It is sure to dor’s son. they continued pany could not stop anyone called Dolby from using to use the European forms of their first names for the name. was a member of the leading family of midgets in Domino: Shawn Ivy (c.S. In Rosy Dolly: Roszicka Deutsch (1892–1970). movie actress.. Argentinian writer + Jorge Luis Borges Georg Doleschal: Oskar Welten (1844–1894). Evsey David Domar: Evsey David Domashe- Jesuit missionary. public calling out: “Dolin! Bravo. Argentinian writer. bullfighter. as German Jews. and two sisters. Hung. Jim Dollar: Marietta Sergeyevna Shaginyan Fritz Döhring: Carl Busse (1872–1918). and will look well in print. U. Johnny Dollar: John L. circus performer. English province of the Society of Jesus. poet. The two men used this name for and changed their original German first names to the their Homerides. the Dolby noise-reduction system for audiotapes. the Dominique.S. so that “Rey” is a pet form of her 1934]. as “The Dolly Sisters” from the first. plotter. at any rate. An occasional pseudonym. to which. They returned difficult to pronounce. Eng. Domenichino: Domenico Zampieri (1581– choreographer. An earlier name used by the Léon Dominique: Léon Aronson (1893–1984).’ minican Republic. 149 Döhring • Domino writer. Although the duo were billed won the case. (1958–). story Mess Mend: Yankees in Petrograd (1923). The musician twin sister Jenny Dolly. restaurateur. U. mystify all my friends and annoy some of them in. founded (in 1927) in Paris. Aronson (originally third) name. playwright.-born U. Other joint pseu- Ger. The writer was born Audrey the very next night” [Arnold Haskell.S. she The rest was not so easy. as a pseu- born U. Dolin!”’ They did black feminist writer. movie actress. dall Healey-Kay (1904–1983). parody of Western detective fiction set in Russia and Dolbokov: Hannes Vayn Bok (1914–1964). dancer was Russian-style Patrikéeff. Patrick Healey-Kay assumed his stage 1641). hit upon Dolin. used this Arielle Dombasie: Sonnery de Fromental name for A Conference about the Next Succession to the (1955–). The musician’s surname is his . on the grounds that the com. U.. black rap- American showbiz. economist.-born Fr. Br. Parsons. teaming with pressed by his keen interest in electronics. ‘Anton.S. an imaginary New York. ‘It will be an excellent joke. B. U. R. artist + Boris Dolgov (?–?). a Rom. teaming with Robertson for trademark infringement. Russ. (1888–1982). rock musician. Thomas Dolby: Thomas Morgan Robertson black blues musician. The musician Jenny Dolly: Janszieka Deutsch (1892–1941). and Daisy.S. He had several other pseu. from his first Russ. The writer used this name for her popular adventure ßtefan Augustin Doina£: ßtefan Popa (1922–). ballet dancer.S. 1905). many of them simply initials. movie actress.-born U. Geraldine Lorde. tensely. is a good beginning. The name passed to the mata- sian name. was Irish. (1899–1986). obvious reasons (Tiny herself was only 39 inches tall) black jazz musician. Lynch Davis. donyms used by the writers for satirical works were Anton Dolin: Sydney Francis Patrick Chippen. Eng.S. on joining Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes: of his first name. literary critic. Gracie. but equally suggests the translation of her surname. Dolin is not only a genuine Russian name.B. painter. politician. The writer took her name from the Do- Tchekov. writer. 1987 Dolby Laboratories reportedly tried to sue Hung. writer. Hilde Domin: Hilde Löwenstein (1909–2006). was nicknamed “Dolby” at school by classmates im. producer. adopted the name of the Russian restaurant he Tiny Doll: Elly Schneider (1914–2004). R. several years. ‘It is simple in 1954. Healey-Kay’s mother.

but a young actress named Victoria Mr. 1973). on becoming a member of the Sisterhood him by band leader Bill Diamond when he first of the Good Samaritan in 1864. (1936– U. Johnson soon took to his new name: “It “Dorat.S. Rom.S.” “Being named for a shipwreck doesn’t maican DJ.S. Br. Club. U. appeared in early movies as Frits van Dongen. The actor was given his Jean Dorat: Jean Dinemandi (1508–1588). published Tom Donahue: Thomas Coman (1928–1975). rock musician. “Dora of Istria.-born Israeli violinist. which was hatched by an U. simultaneously in Zürich and London in 1861.S. The scholar’s change of earlier transformed Roy Harold Scherer into Rock name is explained not entirely accurately by D’Israeli: Hudson. used this name for popular music and songs. of It. D’Israeli Lonnie Donegan: Anthony James Donegan goes on to tell how Dorat’s daughter married a man (1931–2002). 1996]. Fr. parentage. The daughter of Prince Alexander Ghika (1795– of Chubby Checker. “He was generally known by the name Daniela Dor: Barbara Kaufman (1912–). Can. screen name by Henry Willson. ballet dancer. descent named Goulu. composer. of the Month. journalist. Sc. U. née (1930–). The artist’s adopted name which one of his ancestors had for his fair name arose as an affectionate nickname.S. Eng. choreographer. The former school. Br. New Orleans.S. opera singer.” of his birthplace. Jesuit.S.” for Women in the East. one 1970). Mr. and Sister Dora: Dorothy Wyndlow Pattison (1832– some sources give this as his real name. meaning Sam Donahue: Samuel Koontz (1918–1974). as Princess Isabella in Dick Donovan: Joyce Emmerson Preston Mud. Serbian U. Le Dorat.S. Vetri went for the idea. The singer first used her stage name in 1863 rock musician.S. at the Hideaway Dora d’Istria: [Princess] Elena Koltsov-Massalsky. a French poet. Par Mme. used this name. Rupert Doone: Ernest Reginald Woodfield John Dormer: John Huddleston (1636–1700). writer. had for his real name Disne- was part of me ten minutes after I got it. Dooley. which. of Dormer. so The “King of Skiffle” took his new first name from that “in spite of her father’s remonstrances. short-story writer. It. medical missionary. Du. more renewed his sorrows in this alliance!” with whom an MC confused him when the two men Roland Dorgelès: Roland Lecavelé (1886– were on the same London bill. Ja. The musician Shirley” [Dictionary of National Biography]. Dooley: Finley Peter Dunne (1867–1936). movie actress. writer. in the dialect of the Limousins. Dolores Dorn: Dolores Dorn-Heft (1935–). Vetri was given London Metropolitan Police). U. poet. . In 1949 his first record was called née Ghika (1828–1888).” He was the inspiration for the name origin. teacher adopted her religious name. Italy. She emigrated to dock (1843–1934). Troy Donahue: Merle Johnson. Fr. sculptor. Les Femmes en U. a nick- (c. near Limoges. movie actor. sound appealing. Eng. movie actor. The writer took his name from one of the Angela Dorian: Victoria Vetri (1944–). photographer. hospodar of Wallachia. composer. Mary Doran: Florence Arnott (1907–1995).” mandi. Eng.S. Pauline Donalda: Pauline Lightstone (1882– signifies one who dines in the morning: that is. movie actor. in a series of the writer’s agent who must have been haunted by the sinking of works. of Albanian “The Fat Man. humorist. 1878). Eng. 1862). for her debut at Turin. stage. The Playmate Book. bandleader. the agent who had humanist. (1903–1966). model. tresses” [p. Jr. of Ir. based on her own movie actress. la Comtesse Dora d’Istria. 18th-century Bow Street runners (a precursor of the movie actress. but he occasionally assumed the alias of Hung. translator. “glutton” (compare La Goulue). 2001). saxophonist. started playing. who has no other dinner than his breakfast. Sandra Dorne: Joanna Smith (1925–1992). Madame D’Ora: Dora Kallmus (1881–1963). working in U. stage. radio station manager. The writer actually adopted the name nato. Orient. in U.S. “little Do. Milo Dor: Milutin Doroslovac (1923–). Edgren. she once U. Meyerbeer’s opera Robert le Diable. Richard Donner: Richard Donald Schwartzberg Clara Doria: Clara Kathleen Rogers. movie actress. writer. father o