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CCNA Discovery: Designing and Supporting

Computer Networks (Version 4.0)


Final exam October 15th 2010
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1 A school district decides to use the 172.30.0.0/16 network for its LAN networks. The network
administrator must create an addressing scheme to support 500 users in the admin office, 200
high school, 60 at the elementary school and 28 at the district office. Which VLSM addressing
scheme will correctly address the network with minimal waste?
172.30.0.0/20 admin
172.30.1.0/21 high school
172.30.1.8/22 elementary
172.30.1.12/26 district
172.30.0.0/22 admin
172.30.4.0/23 high school
172.30.5.0/24 elementary
172.30.6.0/26 district
172.30.0.0/23 admin
172.30.2.0/24 high school
172.30.3.0/26 elementary
172.30.3.64/27 district
172.30.0.0/23 admin
172.30.2.0/24 high school
172.30.3.0/25 elementary
172.30.3.127/26 district

2If traditional phones are used when introducing VoIP to a network, what component would be r
to convert the analog voice from traditional telephone signals into IP packets?
Multipoint control unit
Power over Ethernet switches
a router that acts as a voice gateway
Cisco Unified Communications Manager

Refer to the exhibit. To provide better customer service, the network management decides to
implement a new server farm, which is located in a data center. Which two technology
implementations will address the requirements for strict security policies to prevent unauthoriz
access to the server farm? (Choose two.)
Install firewalls and IDS capabilities on the network.
Apply ACLs to permit only inbound TCP traffic to the servers.
Apply filters that permit traffic only to required ports on the servers.
Configure a flexible IP addressing structure that allocates a single subnet per VLAN.
Configure a fast-converging routing protocol with authentication at the core layer.
Create a management VLAN and provide access to the data center devices through Telne

4
Refer to the exhibit. Which type of application communication model best describes this netwo
client-client
client-server farm
client-enterprise edge
client-enterprise server

Refer to the exhibit. In the Cisco IOS filename that is shown, what is signified by the underline
portion?
version
platform
file format
feature set

6
Refer to the exhibit. An extended ACL has been created to deny traffic from the 192.168.35.0/
network to the web server with IP address 209.165.201.15. According to Cisco best practices,
should the ACL be applied?
RTB Fa0/0 inbound
RTC S0/0/1 inbound
RTD Fa0/0 outbound
RTC S0/1/0 outbound

7 A wireless survey has been conducted before the deployment of a wireless network. What wou
the benefit of the survey?
provides initial configuration of the access points
determines the channel settings of the access points
determines the security settings on the access points
finds the optimal number and placement of access points

8The main office of a NetworkingCompany customer currently connects to three branch offices
three separate point-to-point T1 circuits. The customer network uses RIPv2 as the routing prot
within both the LAN and the WAN. The account manager proposes a change to a Frame Rela
network because the costs are lower. A single local loop connection can be installed at the ma
office with three separate PVCs to connect the branch offices. How can the main office edge r
be configured to enable the customer to continue to use RIP as the WAN routing protocol
Enable Inverse ARP on the serial interface in order to learn the routes to the IP addresses
remote routers.
To prevent the Frame Relay network from causing a routing loop, disable split horizon on t
serial interface.
Create three separate point-to-point subinterfaces on the serial interface and assign a diffe
subnet IP address to each one.
Configure the serial interface with a single interface DLCI number and create frame-relay
statements for each remote site address.

9 A network administrator has configured Frame Relay on a serial interface and issued the
interfaces serial command. The output shows that the interface is up and the line protocol is
However, pings to the remote router across the link fail. What should the next step be to ensu
the IP address of the remote router appears in the Frame Relay map table of the local router?
Configure the router using the no inverse-arp command.
Ensure that the LMI type is correct for the circuit.
Configure the router using the frame-relay map ip command.
Verify that the remote router has Frame Relay encapsulation enabled.

10What supports the ability of streaming video to be sent to a group of viewers simultaneously w
congesting the entire network?
traffic queues
multicast
multiple Layer 4 sessions
high priority from QoS

11 Which two security best practices are recommended for a router deployed as a WAN e
(Choose two.)
Turn off unnecessary services.
Enable HTTP for web administration.
Configure easy to remember passwords.
Apply timeouts on VTY, AUX, and console ports.
Enable Telnet access to allow for remote management.

12Company XYZ requires a WAN solution that provides flexible bandwidth options and support
physical interface at the head office that would provide simultaneous connectivity to various r
sites. The distance from each site should not make the solution more expensive. Which WAN
technology meets the requirements of the company?
DSL
cable
Frame Relay
T1 leased line

13 A user in a large office calls technical support to complain that a PC has suddenly lost conne
to the network. The technician asks the caller to talk to nearby users to see if other machines
affected. The caller reports that several immediate neighbors in the same department have a
problem and that they cannot ping each other. Those who are seated in other departments h
connectivity. What should the technician check as the first step in troubleshooting the issue?
the power outlet to the PC that is used by the caller.
the trunks between switches in the wiring closet.
the status of the departmental workgroup switch in the wiring closet.
the cable that connects the PC of the caller to the network jack.
the cable connection between a PC and a network outlet that is used by a neighbor.

14Which two values represent valid IPv6 addresses? (Choose two.)


::::1
FF01::1
0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1
2001:DB8::47::2A4
2031:0000:04AC:3400:FFE3:0

15

Refer to the exhibit. What does the TOR router do with traffic that is destined for a web server w
IP address of 172.18.10.24?
The router sends the traffic out Serial 0/0/0.
The router sends the traffic out all interfaces other than the one it came in on.
The router places the packets into a queue until a better route is discovered via RIP.
The router sends a request to neighboring routers for paths to the 172.18.10.0 network.

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16 A network technician needs to install a four-port switch module in an operational Cisco 1841
that has an available HWIC slot. What should the technician do first?
Turn off the power to the router before installing the new module.
Install the hot-swappable four-port switch module directly into slot 1 of the 1841.
Move the existing WIC-2T module to slot 1 and install the four-port module in slot 0.
Shut down all Fast Ethernet ports on the router until the switch module installation is com

17A network administrator needs to transfer an IOS image to a router using a TFTP server. Wh
should be verified prior to beginning the transfer process?
The TFTP server must connect to the router via a serial connection.
Connectivity between the TFTP server and the router should have been established.
The TFTP server and the router must be on different networks for the transfer.
The TFTP server software must be the same version as the Cisco IOS software.
18

Refer to the exhibit. All router interfaces are up and RIP version 2 is configured as the routing
protocol. The users in networks 172.16.8.0 /24 and 172.16.9.0/24 are not able to reach users
172.16.16.0/24 network. The network administrator examines the routing tables and finds tha
though all directly connected networks have been entered in the RIP configuration, not all rou
present. What is the most likely cause of this problem?
Autosummarization is enabled on all routers.
The split-horizon rule is disabled on all routers.
RIP version 2 does not support classless routing.
RIP version 1 should have been used instead of version 2.
The 10.10.4.0 networks should be replaced with 192.168.4.0 networks.

19A NetworkingCompany engineer is on a support call resolving technical problems for a client
network. After the issue is resolved, the engineer also provides a training session for the netw
support staff. What role is the engineer filling on the networking company team?
post-sales field engineer
pre-sales engineer
network designer
account manager
20 A network administrator has removed a router from the network for maintenance. A new Cisc
software image has been successfully downloaded to a server and copied into the flash of th
router. What should the administrator do before placing the router back into service?
Delete the previous version of the Cisco IOS software from flash.
Copy the new IOS into NVRAM to create a backup copy.
Restart the router and verify that the new image starts successfully.
Verify the free space available on the router to store the new IOS image.

21When implementing an IP telephony solution, why should VLANs be used?


to allow the use of a single IP gateway
to separate voice from data traffic for ease of prioritization
to allow the PBX to use VLAN IDs to filter both voice and data traffic
to allow connectivity between traditional phone devices and IP-based telephony devices

22 What can be broadcast over the wireless network to help a user connect to the network and
wireless services?
SSID
WEP keys
VLAN parameters
WPA encryption keys
VPN authentication information

23A customer of a large multisite organization has asked a network engineer to compare a
addressing strategy with an IPv6 strategy for their new network implementation. Which tool is
appropriate for testing and comparing both addressing schemes?
NBAR
Cisco SDM
Network Assistant
network simulation tool

24 What is a function that is associated with the access layer in a hierarchically designed networ
performs routing and packet manipulation
supplies redundancy and failover protection
provides a high-speed, low-latency backbone
serves as a network connection point for IP telephony devices

25A datacenter designer considers using a traditional DMZ to protect a large corporate server fa
then rejects it in favor of a multilayer security topology. Why would the designer make this de
Multilayer security is less expensive.
Traditional DMZs do not protect against internal attacks.
Multilayer security is less complex to configure and maintain.
Traditional DMZs are primarily intended for use in small data centers.

26 A network administrator wants to configure a router that is running EIGRP so that it will adver
route that will summarize the networks that are shown. Which network will summarize only th
networks?

192.168.12.0/24
192.168.13.0/24
192.168.14.0/24
192.168.15.0/24

192.168.0.0/16
192.168.0.0/20
192.168.8.0/21
192.168.12.0/22
192.168.16.0/22

27Which feature relies on prioritization of network traffic and is used to ensure successful
real-time services?
security
reliability
redundancy
quality of service

28
Refer to the exhibit. The named ACL "Managers" already exists on the router. What will happ
when the network administrator issues the commands that are shown in the exhibit?
The commands overwrite the existing Managers ACL.
The commands are added at the end of the existing Managers ACL.
The commands are added at the beginning of the existing Managers ACL.
The network administrator receives an error that states that the ACL already exists.

29A company has help desk staff that is not highly trained in VPNs. What two features or techn
must the network designer identify as training needs in order for the help desk to support sec
remote access for teleworkers? (Choose two.)
QoS operation
VLAN configuration
tunneling protocols
IPv6 and IPv4 dual stack
encryption algorithms
Frame Relay configuration

30

Refer to the exhibit. Based on the output, which statement is correct?


Switch2 is the root bridge.
Traffic will use Fa0/1 as an alternative link if Gi0/1 is busy.
All traffic with a destination on another switch will exit via Gi0/1.
The port cost on Gi0/1 has been changed from its default settings.
Interface Fa0/1 on Switch2 has no role in the operation of spanning tree.

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31 What are two accurate descriptors of a DLCI? (Choose two.)

Frame Relay Layer 2 address


one DLCI allowed per local loop
locally significant circuit endpoint
signaling standard between DTE and DCE
establishes the data transfer rate through a Frame Relay network

32

Refer to the exhibit. Which username and password combination will correctly configure PPP
authentication on routers RTR_A and RTR_B?

CORRECT ANSWER
33

Refer to the exhibit. What can the field engineer conclude about the EIGRP
authentication between Router1 and Router2?
Authentication will fail because only one key is configured.

Authentication will succeed and EIGRP updates can be exchanged.

Authentication will fail because the key chain names do not match.

Authentication will fail because the key chain names must match the
router names.

What information does an administrator require before saving the running


34 configuration from a router to a TFTP server?
router IP address and the name of the configuration file in NVRAM
TFTP server IP address and the size of the configuration file in RAM
TFTP server IP address and the name of the configuration file that will
be saved
router IP address, size of the file and name of the configuration file on
the TFTP server
TFTP server IP address, the router IP address, and the router interface
through which the file will be loaded

35
Refer to the exhibit. What can be concluded from the output that is shown?
MDF_R1 has a MAC address of 2294:300F:0000.
MDF_R1 is connected through FastEthernet0/1 to C2960-24TT-L_IDF1.
Device C2960-24TT-L_IDF1 is running Cisco IOS Software Release 12.2(25)SEE2.
MDF_R1 is installed in the main distribution facility on floor 24 of building L.

36Which characteristic should be considered by a network designer when implementing a VoIP


solution?
VoIP traffic is generally classified as low priority.
VoIP centrally routes calls in the same manner as a traditional PBX.
VoIP traffic is highly reliable because of retransmission of dropped packets.
VoIP can make use of QoS features to help reduce interruptions in communication.

37
Refer to the exhibit. A pre-sales system engineer receives a diagram of the current WAN from
customer. EIGRP is the routing protocol used on the WAN. Based on the default operation of
EIGRP, which statement is true about the routing table on router R1?
There is a single route to the 192.168.16.0/24 LAN using the T1 connection.
There is a single route to the 192.168.16.0/24 LAN using the DSL connection.
There is a single route to the 192.168.16.0/24 LAN using the Metro Ethernet connection.
EIGRP installs all three routes to the 192.168.16.0/24 LAN and load balances the traffic.

38

Refer to the exhibit. What problem is associated with the the addressing scheme of the netwo
The WAN links need IP addresses from a different major network.
The R1 LAN is incorrect because subnet zero cannot be used with VLSM.
The WAN link IP address that connects R1 to R3 has an incorrect mask.
The R1 to R3 and R1 to R2 WAN links have IP addresses that overlap.
The WAN IP address that connects R1 to R2 overlaps with the R3 LAN IP addresses.

39 During prototype testing, a LAN switch fails. As the switch re-initializes using the default para
a port that has a PC attached transitions to the forwarding state within one second. What pro
would support this feature?
STP
RIP
BGP
VTP
RSTP

40A WLAN designer is asked to provide guest wireless access for an executive briefing center.
guest network must be easy for clients to use yet not allow access to the internal corporate n
What are two features the designer might consider for this network? (Choose two.)
broadcast SSID
strong encryption
user authentication
MAC address filtering
separate WLAN infrastructure

41 A network administrator of a middle-sized company is asked to upgrade the routing protocol o


network to support VLSM and route summarization. The current company network contains b
Cisco and non-Cisco routers. Which routing protocol should be used for the upgrade?
BGP
RIPv1
RIPv2
EIGRP

42What is the advantage of choosing EasyVPN for a new VPN implementation?


to provide encryption algorithms unavailable in other systems
to ensure that remote workers actually use the VPN for connectivity
to allow a greater variety of network devices to be used for VPN connections
to simplify the configuration tasks for the device that is used as the VPN server

43

Refer to the exhibit. An administrator installs a WIC-2T module into a Cisco 1841 router. Atte
configure the S0/0/0 interface are unsuccessful. As a first step in troubleshooting the failure,
administrator issues the show version command. What is a possible reason for the failure?
The WIC was not physically installed properly.
The WIC was installed into slot 1 instead of slot 0.
The interface type and number are invalid on an 1841.
The configuration register is the wrong value for adding new modules.

44Which statement best describes the VPN feature called split tunneling?
It creates separate pathways for different VLANs.
It creates two tunnels, one for user traffic and one for management traffic such as CDP a
SNMP.
It allows user traffic that is destined for the corporate network to travel across the VPN tun
while traffic destined for the Internet travels through the local LAN of the VPN client.
It allows separate tunnels so that high priority traffic, such as voice and video, uses the hi
bandwidth tunnel, while all other user traffic travels on the lower bandwidth tunnel.

45 A company would like to ensure that the failure of a single access switch does not disrupt servi
the mail servers located in the data center. What can be done to ensure maximum connecti
mail servers?
Enable CDP to ensure all neighboring devices are known.
Create a separate RSTP specifically for the mail servers.
Configure a routing protocol so that paths to all Layer 3 devices are cached.
Install redundant access links between the servers and the access layer switches.

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46 The network infrastructure at the headquarters of an organization consists of Cisco network d
that are running RIPv1. As part of an upgrade project, a portion of the company backbone wi
increased to 10 Gb/s and needs to support unequal cost load balancing between routers. Th
addressing scheme is also changing and needs to support VLSM and CIDR. Which routing p
should be selected for the network?
BGP
EIGRP
OSPF
RIPv2

47Which feature of network design and configuration would be considered a weakness?


Choosing a flat network model.
Choosing to implement an IPS instead of IDS.
Choosing to disable Telnet and allow only SSH connections for remote access to the cor
routers.
Choosing not to broadcast the SSID for wireless access points.

48 When designing a prototype network for a new server farm, a network designer chooses to u
redundant links to connect to the rest of the network. Which business goal will be addressed
choice?
security
scalability
availability
manageability

49Which two processes allow a smooth transition from IPv4 to IPv6? (Choose two.)
IPSec
tunneling
dual stack
authentication
anycast addressing
header simplification

50
Refer to the exhibit. A networking engineer is characterizing an existing network for a new cu
The engineer issues a show running-config command on the R1 router to gather configura
information. What is the engineer able to determine as a result of viewing the output of this
command?3rd
The R1 router has two specific routes to the main office LANs in the routing table.
The default route for the R1 router points to the Edge1 router.
The R1 router will load-balance traffic to the main office LANs by using both DSL and Fra
Relay.
A connection through ISP-1 will be used to reach the main office LANs if the Frame Rela
is unavailable.

51A company is concerned with protecting internal e-commerce servers against external attack
application layer firewall is installed at the network edge and a host-based IDS system is inst
on the internal LAN. What should be done to ensure a fast response and minimum server do
in the event of an external attack?**
Replace the host-based IDS with an IPS.
Place the e-commerce servers in a DMZ.
Install a logging server to monitor all attacks.
Replace the application layer firewall with a stateful one.
52 A technician adds the command Router(config-router)# variance 5 to a router using EIGRP as
routing protocol. What is the result of entering this command?
enables unequal cost load balancing
adjusts the metric of all EIGRP routes to 5
restricts the number of EIGRP feasible successor routes to 5
activates the use of all K values in the composite metric calculation
enables EIGRP equal cost load balancing over a maximum of 5 routes

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