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Gas G3616

Petroleum 4261-4735 bhp


3178-3531 bkW
Engine 900-1000 rpm

CATERPILLAR® ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS


V-16, 4-Stroke-Cycle
Bore — in (mm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.8 (300)
Stroke — in (mm). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.8 (300)
Displacement — cu in (L) . . . . . . . . 20,698 (339.2)
Aspiration . . . . . . Turbocharged and Aftercooled
Capacity for Liquids — U.S. gal (L)
Jacket Water Circuit1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 238 (900)
Aftercooler Circuit1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 (72)
Lube Oil System (refill) . . . . . . . . . . . 351 (1325)
Shown with Package Shipping Weight
Optional Equipment (Dry) — lb (kg). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65,900 (29 892)
Engine only
1

FEATURES

■ FULL RANGE OF ATTACHMENTS ■ G3616


• Wide range of bolt-on system expansion • Low emissions
attachments, factory designed and tested • Broad operating speed range and
■ UNMATCHED PRODUCT SUPPORT ability to burn a wide spectrum of
OFFERED THROUGH WORLDWIDE gaseous fuels
CATERPILLAR DEALER NETWORK • Caterpillar ADEM III engine management
• More than 1,500 dealer outlets control system with detonation-sensitive
• Caterpillar factory-trained dealer timing control for individual cylinders
technicians service every aspect of your • Robust diesel strength design provides
petroleum engine prolonged life and lower owning and
• 99.7% of parts orders filled within 24 operating costs.
hours — worldwide ■ TESTING
• Caterpillar parts and labor warranty • Prototype testing on every model:
• Preventive maintenance agreements – proves computer design
available for “repair before failure” – verifies system torsional stability
options – functionality tests every model
• Scheduled Oil Sampling (S•O•SSM) • Every Caterpillar engine is dynamometer
program matches your oil sample tested under full load to ensure proper
against Caterpillar set standards to engine performance.
determine: ■ WEB SITE
– internal engine component condition • For additional information on all your
– presence of unwanted fluids petroleum power requirements, visit
– presence of combustion by-products www.cat-oilandgas.com.
■ SINGLE-SOURCE SUPPLIER
• Caterpillar:
– casts engine blocks, heads,
cylinder liners, and flywheel housings
– machines critical components
– assembles complete engine
Ownership of these manufacturing
processes enables Caterpillar to produce
high quality, dependable product.
• Factory-designed systems built at
Caterpillar ISO certified facilities

LEHW0815-03 Page 1 of 4
G3616 GAS PETROLEUM ENGINE

FACTORY INSTALLED STANDARD & OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT

SYSTEM STANDARD OPTIONAL


Air Inlet Air cleaner — standard-duty Heavy-duty air cleaner with precleaners
Inlet air adapter Heavy-duty air cleaner with rain protection

Charging System Charging alternators

Control System Caterpillar ADEM III control system Custom control system software is available
provides electronic governing integrated for non-standard ratings. Software is field
with air/fuel ratio control and individual programmable using flash memory.
cylinder ignition timing control

Cooling System Jacket water pump Expansion tank


Jacket water thermostats and housing Flexible connections
Aftercooler pump Jacket water heater
Aftercooler water thermostats and housing
Single-stage aftercooler

Exhaust System Dry wrapped exhaust manifolds Flexible bellows adapters


Vertical outlet adapter Exhaust expander
Weld flanges

Flywheel/ SAE No. 00 flywheel


Flywheel Housing SAE No. 00 flywheel housing
SAE standard rotation

Fuel System Gas admission valves with electronically Fuel filter


controlled fuel supply pressure Gas pressure regulator
Flexible connection
Low energy fuel system
Corrosive gas fuel system

Ignition System ADEM III control system senses individual CSA certification
cylinder detonation and controls
individual cylinder timing

Instrumentation LCD display panel monitors engine Remote data monitoring and speed control
parameters and displays diagnostic codes Compatible with Cat Electronic Technician (ET)
and Data View
Customer Communication Module (CCM)
Display panel deletion is optional

Lube System Crankcase breathers (top mounted) Air or electric motor-driven prelube
Oil cooler Duplex oil filter
Oil filter LH or RH service
Oil pan drain valve Lube oil makeup system

Mounting System Engine mounting feet (six total) Mounting plates (set of six)

Power Take-Offs Front stub shafts

Protection Electronic shutoff system with purge cycle


Crankcase explosion relief valves
Gas shutoff valve

Starting System Air starting system Air pressure reducing valve


Natural gas starting system

General Paint, Caterpillar yellow Engine barring device


Vibration dampers Damper guard
LEHW0815-03 Page 2 of 4
G3616 GAS PETROLEUM ENGINE

TECHNICAL DATA
G3616 Gas Petroleum Engine — 900-1000 rpm
DM5563-00 DM5563-00
Engine Power
@ 100% Load bhp (bkW) 4261 (3178) 4735 (3531)
@ 75% Load bhp (bkW) 3196 (2383) 3551 (2648)

Engine Speed rpm 900 1000

SCAC Temperature °F (°C) 129 (54) 129 (54)

Compression Ratio 9.0:1 9.0:1

Emissions*
NOx g/bhp-hr 0.70 0.70
CO g/bhp-hr 2.50 2.50
Total Hydrocarbons g/bhp-hr 6.51 6.01

Fuel Consumption
@ 100% Load Btu/bhp-hr (MJ/bkW-hr) 6688 (9.47) 6736 (9.53)
@ 75% Load Btu/bhp-hr (MJ/bkW-hr) 6981 (9.88) 7030 (9.95)

Heat Balance
Heat Rejection to Jacket Water
@ 100% Load Btu/min (bkW) 45,167 (794) 47,967 (843)
@ 75% Load Btu/min (bkW) 38,352 (674) 41,560 (731)

Heat Rejection to Aftercooler


@ 100% Load Btu/min (bkW) 25,957 (456) 32,761 (576)
@ 75% Load Btu/min (bkW) 11,343 (199) 14,816 (261)

Heat Rejection to Exhaust


@ 100% Load Btu/min (bkW) 185,163 (3257) 207,458 (3648)
@ 75% Load Btu/min (bkW) 150,551 (2648) 168,750 (2968)

Exhaust System
Exhaust Gas Flow Rate
@ 100% Load cfm (m3/min) 28,743 (297) 32,336 (332)
@ 75% Load cfm (m3/min) 22,920 (230) 25,789 (257)

Exhaust Stack Temperature


@ 100% Load °F (°C) 869 (465) 876 (469)
@ 75% Load °F (°C) 911 (488) 918 (492)

Intake System
Air Inlet Flow Rate
@ 100% Load cfm (m3/min) 10,682 (277) 11,953 (310)
@ 75% Load cfm (m3/min) 8261 (214) 9244 (240)

Gas Pressure psi (kPa) 43 (295) 43 (295)

*at 100% load and speed

LEHW0815-03 Page 3 of 4
G3616 GAS PETROLEUM ENGINE

GAS PETROLEUM ENGINE

222.87 93.68
(5661.0) (2379.5)

126.30
(3208.1)

DIMENSIONS Note: General configuration not to be used


Length in (mm) 222.87 (5661.0) for installation. See general dimension
drawing number 246-1515 for detail.
Width in (mm) 93.68 (2379.5)
Height in (mm) 126.30 (3208.1)
Shipping Weight lb (kg) 65,900 (29 892)

RATING DEFINITIONS AND CONDITIONS


Engine performance is obtained in accordance Conditions: Power for gas engines is based on
with SAE J1995, ISO3046/1, BS5514/1, and fuel having an LHV of 905 Btu/cu ft (33.74 kJ/L)
DIN6271/1 standards. at 29.91 in. Hg (101 kPa) and 59° F (15° C). Fuel
rate is based on a cubic meter at 29.61 in. Hg
Transient response data is acquired from an
(100 kPa) and 60.1° F (15.6° C). Air flow is
engine/generator combination at normal
based on a cubic foot at 29.61 in. Hg (100 kPa)
operating temperature and in accordance with
and 77° F (25° C). Exhaust flow is based on a
ISO3046/1 standard ambient conditions. Also in
cubic foot at 29.61 in. Hg (100 kPa) and stack
accordance with SAE J1995, BS5514/1, and
temperature.
DIN6271/1 standard reference conditions.

TMI Reference No.: DM5563-00


Materials and specifications are subject to change without notice. The International System of Units (SI) is used in this publication.
LEHW0815-03 (12-03) Printed in U.S.A. ©2003 Caterpillar
All rights reserved.
G3616 GAS ENGINE TECHNICAL DATA

Genset 50 Hz 07/07

ENGINE SPEED (rpm): 1000 FUEL TYPE: Nat Gas


COMPRESSION RATIO: 9:1 MIN. FUEL PRESSURE (kPag): 295
AFTERCOOLER WATER (°C) 54 MIN. RATED METHANE NUMBER: 66
JACKET WATER OUTLET (°C) 88 RATED ALTITUDE @ 25°C (m): 975
IGNITION SYSTEM: CIS/A3 FUEL LHV (MJ/Nm3): 35.6
EXHAUST MANIFOLD: DRY ASSUMED GENERATOR EFFICIENCY (%) 97.0
GENERATOR POWER FACTOR 0.8

RATING NOTES LOAD 100% 75% 50%


ENGINE POWER (2) bkW 3528 2646 1764
GENERATOR POWER (2) ekW 3423 2567 1711
ENGINE EFFICIENCY (ISO 3046/1) (1) % 38.7 37.2 34.6
ENGINE EFFICIENCY (NOMINAL) (1) % 37.8 36.3 33.8

ENGINE DATA
FUEL CONSUMPTION (ISO 3046/1) (1) MJ/bkW-hr 9.31 9.69 10.4
FUEL CONSUMPTION (NOMINAL) (1) MJ/bkW-hr 9.53 9.92 10.65
AIR FLOW (@ 0°C, 101.3 kPaa) Nm3/min 313 243 163
AIR MASS FLOW kg/hr 24,265 18,866 12,647
COMPRESSOR OUTLET PRESSURE kPa (abs) 254 198 142
COMPRESSOR OUTLET TEMPERATURE °C 150 121 74
INLET MANIFOLD PRESSURE kPa (abs) 244 188 133
INLET MANIFOLD TEMPERATURE °C 64 62 61
LAMBDA 2.07 2.06 1.93
TIMING °BTDC 18.3 18.3 18.3
EXHAUST STACK TEMPERATURE °C 458 469 517
EXHAUST GAS FLOW (@ 0°C, 101.3 kPaa) Nm3/min 335 261 175
EXHAUST GAS MASS FLOW kg/hr 25,006 19,442 13,033

EMISSIONS
NOx (corr. to 5% O2) (3) mg/Nm3 350 312 280
CO (corr. to 5% O2) (3) mg/Nm3 1250 1113 1002
THC (corr. to 5% O2, molecular weight of 15.84) (3) mg/Nm3 3081 2810 2598
NMHC (corr. to 5% O2, molecular weight of 15.84) (3) mg/Nm3 463 422 390
EXHAUST OXYGEN % 12.5 11.8 10.8

ENERGY BALANCE DATA


FUEL INPUT ENERGY (LHV) (NOMINAL) (1) kW 9,339 7,291 5,217
WORK ENERGY (NOMINAL) (2) kW 3,528 2,646 1,764
HEAT REJ. TO JACKET WATER (NOMINAL) (4) kW 840 732 582
HEAT REJ. TO ATMOSPHERE (NOMINAL) (5) kW 327 306 287
HEAT REJ. TO LUBE OIL (NOMINAL) (6) kW 420 401 391
HEAT REJ. TO EXH. (LHV to 25°C) (NOMINAL) (4) kW 3,598 2,862 2,129
HEAT REJ. TO EXH. (LHV to 120°C) (NOMINAL) (4) kW 2,610 2,096 1,612
HEAT REJ. TO AFTERCOOLER (NOMINAL) (7) (8) kW 626 344 64

CONDITIONS AND DEFINITIONS


ENGINE RATING OBTAINED AND PRESENTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH ISO 3046/1 (STD. REF. CONDITIONS OF 25°C, 100 KPA, 152 m).
NO OVERLOAD PERMITTED AT RATING SHOWN. CONSULT ALTITUDE CURVES FOR APPLICATIONS ABOVE MAXIMUM
RATED ALTITUDE AND/OR TEMPERATURE.

NOTES
1) FUEL CONSUMPTION TOLERANCE. ISO 3046/1 IS 0, + 5% OF FULL LOAD DATA. NOMINAL IS ± 2.5 % OF FULL LOAD DATA.
2) ENGINE POWER AND WORK ENERGY INCLUDE 2 ENGINE DRIVEN WATER PUMPS.
3) EMISSION DATA SHOWN ARE DRY AND NOT TO EXCEED VALUES.
4) HEAT REJECTION TO JACKET AND EXHAUST TOLERANCE IS ± 10% OF FULL LOAD DATA. (heat rate based on treated water)
5) HEAT REJECTION TO ATMOSPHERE TOLERANCE IS ± 50% OF FULL LOAD DATA. (heat rate based on treated water)
6) HEAT REJECTION TO LUBE OIL TOLERANCE IS ± 20% OF FULL LOAD DATA. (heat rate based on treated water)
7) HEAT REJECTION TO AFTERCOOLER TOLERANCE IS ± 5% OF FULL LOAD DATA. (heat rate based on treated water)
8) TOTAL AFTERCOOLER HEAT = AFTERCOOLER HEAT x ACHRF (heat rate based on treated water)

DM5051 04
G3616 GAS ENGINE TECHNICAL DATA

FUEL USAGE GUIDE


DERATE FACTOR vs CATERPILLAR METHANE NUMBER
Methane Number 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70>=100
Rating Factor 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.76 0.82 0.87 0.93 0.99 1.00
Minimum Methane Number for Full Rating = 66.3
Fuel System Limit (minimum Wobbe Index) = 44.4 MJ/Nm3

TOTAL DERATION FACTORS - ALTITUDE & COOLING

50 1.00 1.00 0.96 0.93 0.89 0.86 0.83 0.80 0.77 0.74 0.71 0.69 0.66
45 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.96 0.93 0.91 0.88 0.85 0.81 0.78 0.75 0.73 0.70
AIR 40 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.98 0.95 0.92 0.89 0.86 0.83 0.81 0.78 0.76 0.73
TO 35 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.96 0.93 0.91 0.88 0.85 0.82 0.79 0.77 0.74
TURBO 30 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.98 0.95 0.92 0.89 0.86 0.83 0.81 0.78 0.76
25 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.97 0.94 0.91 0.88 0.85 0.82 0.79 0.77
(°C) 20 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.98 0.95 0.92 0.89 0.86 0.84 0.81 0.78
15 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.97 0.94 0.91 0.88 0.85 0.82 0.80
10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.98 0.95 0.92 0.89 0.86 0.84 0.81
0 250 500 750 1000 1250 1500 1750 2000 2250 2500 2750 3000
ALTITUDE (METERS ABOVE SEA LEVEL)

AFTERCOOLER HEAT REJECTION FACTORS

50 1.35 1.41 1.46 1.52 1.57 1.57 1.57 1.57 1.57 1.57 1.57 1.57 1.57
45 1.28 1.33 1.38 1.44 1.49 1.49 1.49 1.49 1.49 1.49 1.49 1.49 1.49
AIR 40 1.20 1.25 1.30 1.36 1.41 1.41 1.41 1.41 1.41 1.41 1.41 1.41 1.41
TO 35 1.12 1.17 1.23 1.28 1.33 1.33 1.33 1.33 1.33 1.33 1.33 1.33 1.33
TURBO 30 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.25 1.25 1.25 1.25 1.25 1.25 1.25 1.25
25 1.00 1.02 1.07 1.12 1.17 1.17 1.17 1.17 1.17 1.17 1.17 1.17 1.17
(°C) 20 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.04 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09
15 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
0 250 500 750 1000 1250 1500 1750 2000 2250 2500 2750 3000
ALTITUDE (METERS ABOVE SEA LEVEL)

ALLOWABLE INERTS IN THE FUEL:


The maximum amount of free inerts in the fuel is limited to 5%.

FUEL SYSTEM LIMIT:


Fuels with a Wobbe index lower than the limit, require a custom fuel system and engine control system mapping from the factory. The Wobbe index is determined
using the Caterpillar Methane Number Calculation program.

FUEL USAGE GUIDE:


This table shows the derate factor required for a given fuel. Note that deration occurs as the methane number decreases. Methane number is a scale to measure
detonation characteristics of various fuels. The methane number of a fuel is determined by using the Caterpillar Methane Number Calculation program.

TOTAL DERATION FACTORS:


This table shows the deration required for various air inlet temperatures and altitudes. Use this information along with the fuel usage guide chart to help determine
actual engine power for your site. The total deration factor includes deration due to altitude and ambient temperature, and air inlet manifold temperature deration.

ACTUAL ENGINE RATING:


It is important to note that the Altitude/Temperature deration and the Fuel Usage Guide deration are not cumulative. They are not to be added together
To determine the actual power available, take the lowest rating between the Altitude/Temperature Deration and the Fuel Usage Guide Deration.

GENERATOR EFFICIENCY:
Generator power determined with an assumed generator effeciency of 97% [generator power=engine power x 0.97]. If the actual generator efficiency is less than 97%
[and greater than 95%], the generator power [ekW] listed in the technical data can still be achieved. The BSFC values must be increased by a factor.
The factor is a percentage = 97% - actual generator efficiency [%].

EXHAUST STACK TEMPERATURE:


The exhaust stack temperature listed in the technical data is a nominal value with a tolerance = +35°C, -30°C (+63°F, -54°F)

AFTERCOOLER HEAT REJECTION FACTORS:


Aftercooler heat rejection is given for standard conditions of 25°C and 152 m altitude. To maintain a constant air inlet manifold temperature, as the air to turbo
temperature goes up, so must the heat rejection. As altitude increases, the turbocharger must work harder to overcome the lower atmospheric pressure
This increases the amount of heat that must be removed from the inlet air by the aftercooler. Use the aftercooler heat rejection factor to adjust for ambient and
altitude conditions. Multiply this factor by the standard aftercooler heat rejection. Failure to properly account for these factors could result in detonation and
cause the engine to shutdown or fail.
DM5051 04