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Tutorial 1

1. Carbon tetrachloride ( ) is used as a propellant in aerosol cans. What type of bonding occurs

between the atoms of a molecule?


A. covalent B. Metallic C. Ionic

2. What type of bonding occurs in iron(III) chloride, ?


A. covalent B. Metallic C. Ionic

3. What type of bonding occurs in a sample of pure sodium, ? In other words, how is one
sodium atom held to another sodium atom?
A. covalent B. Metallic C. Ionic
4. Consider the following element combinations. Classify the bonds formed between each pair as ionic, polar covalent, or
nonpolar covalent based on each element's position in the periodic table.
Sr-O Na-N Cs-Cl O-F P-Br S-Cl S-S I-I
Polar covalent :
Nonpolar covalent :
Ionic :
5. Classify the bonds formed between each pair of elements based on electronegativity values in the following table:
Element

Electronegativity 1.3 1.5 2.1 2.1 2.5 2.5 2.8 3.0 3.5 4.0
S-I H-Br H-P S-o Be-F Be-Cl Sc-O
Polar covalent :
Nonpolar covalent :
Ionic :
6. Which of the following compounds has the highest boiling point?
A. F₂ B. NaF C. HF D.ClF
1. Classify each element as a metal, nonmetal, or semimetal.
Al Si Sn O Zn Ne
Metal :
Nonmetal :
Semimetal :
2. Arrange the following elements in order of decreasing electronegativity.
Potassium manganese phosphorus oxygen
ANSWER :
3. Which one of the following elements is a good oxidant?
A. F B. Cr C. Mn
1. Which of the following elements would you expect to be the best insulator?
A. Na B. Si C. S
1. Place the following elements in order of decreasing atomic size: tellurium, bromine, argon, cesium, strontium, and
selenium.
2. Rank the following elements in order of decreasing atomic radius.
A. Br B. Cl C. I D. F
1. Rank the following elements in order of decreasing atomic radius.
A. C B. F C. B D. O
1. The shielding of electrons gives rise to an effective nuclear charge, , which explains why boron is larger than

oxygen. Estimate the approximate felt by a valence electron of boron and oxygen, respectively?
A. +5 and +8 B. +3 and +6 C. +5 and +6 D +3 and +8 E. +1 and +4
1. For each of the following elements, write its chemical symbol:
Chromium Helium Phosphorus Zinc
Magnesium Bromine Arsenic
2. For each of the following elements, locate it in the periodic table, and indicate whether it is a metal, metalloid, or
nonmetal.
Bromine, Zinc, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Chromium, Helium, Arsenic
Metal :
Nonmetal :
Metalliod :
3. For each of the following elements, write its chemical symbol:
Potassium Iodine Magnesium Argon Sulphur
4. For each of the following elements, determine the name of the group to which it belongs
potassium , iodine , magnesium , argon , sulfur
alkali metal :
alkaline earth metal :
chalcogen :
halogen :
noble gas :
5. For each of the following elements, and indicate whether it is a metal, metalloid, or nonmetal.
Potassium , iodine , magnesium , argon , sulfur
Metal :
Metalliod :
Nonmetal :
6. How many hydrogen atoms are in each of the following.

7. By referring to the periodic table, predict the charge of the most stable ion of .

A. B. c. D. E.

1. By referring to the periodic table, predict the charge of the most stable ion of .

A. B. C. D. E.

1. By referring to the periodic table, predict the charge of the most stable ion of .

A. B. C. D. E.
1. By referring to the periodic table, predict the charge of the most stable ion of .

A. B. C. D. E.

1. By referring to the periodic table, predict the charge of the most stable ion of .

A. B. C. D. E.
1. Using the periodic table to guide you, predict the chemical formula of the compound formed by

and . Express your answer as a chemical formula.

2. Using the periodic table to guide you, predict the name of the compound formed by and .

3. Using the periodic table to guide you, predict the chemical formula of the compound formed by and .

4. Using the periodic table to guide you, predict the name of the compound formed by and .

5. Using the periodic table to guide you, predict the chemical formula of the compound formed by and .

6. Using the periodic table to guide you, predict the name of the compound formed by and .

7. Using the periodic table to guide you, predict the chemical formula of the compound formed by and .

8. Using the periodic table to guide you, predict the name of the compound formed by and .

9. Predict the chemical formula for the ionic compound formed by and .

10.Predict the chemical formula for the ionic compound formed by and .

11.Predict the chemical formula for the ionic compound formed by and .

12.Predict the chemical formula for the ionic compound formed by and .

13.Predict the chemical formula for the ionic compound formed by and .
14. Predict whether each of the following compounds is molecular or ionic.
LiNOᴣ , Ag₂SO4 , NOCl , CHᴣOH , NFᴣ , CsBr , Sc₂Oᴣ , B₂H6
Molecular :
Ionic :
15.Give the chemical formula for chlorite ion.
16.Give the chemical formula for chloride ion.
17.Give the chemical formula for chlorate ion.
18.Give the chemical formula for perchlorate ion.
19.Give the chemical formula for hypochlorite ion.
20.Name the following ionic compounds.

A. B. C. D. E.

F. G. H. I. J.
1. Write the chemical formula for aluminum hydroxide.
2. Write the chemical formula for potassium sulfate.

3. Write the chemical formula for copper oxide.


4. Write the chemical formula for zinc nitrate.

5. Write the chemical formula for mercury bromide.

6. Write the chemical formula for iron carbonate.


7. Write the chemical formula for sodium hypobromite.
8. Give the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.

hypochlorous acid,
iodic acid

sulfurous acid.

9. Give the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following binary molecular
substances.

dinitrogen tetroxide
hydrogen cyanide
tetraphosphorus hexasulfide
10.The oxides of nitrogen are very important ingredients in determining urban air pollution. Name
each of the following compounds.

11.Elements in the same group of the periodic table often form oxyanions with the same general
formula. The anions are also named in a similar fashion. Based on these observations, suggest
a chemical formula or name, as appropriate, for each of the following ions.

arsenate ion hydrogen tellurate ion


12.Give the chemical names of each of the following familiar compounds
(table salt) (baking soda) (bleaches)

(caustic soda) (smelling salts) (plaster of Paris)

13.Iodic acid has the molecular formula . Write the formula for the iodate anion.
14.Write the formula for the periodate anion.
15.Write the formula for the hypoiodite anion.
16.Write the formula for hypoiodous acid.
17.Write the formula for periodic acid.
18.Write the correct chemical formula for calcium sulfide and calcium hydrogen sulfide.
19.Write the correct chemical formula for hydrobromic acid and bromic acid.
20.Write the correct chemical formula for aluminum nitride and aluminum nitrite.

21.Write the correct chemical formula for iron oxide and iron oxide.
22.Write the correct chemical formula for ammonia and ammonium ion.
23.Write the correct chemical formula for potassium sulfite and potassium bisulfite.
24.Write the correct chemical formula for mercurous chloride and mercuric chloride.
25.Write the correct chemical formula for chloric acid and perchloric acid.
26.The sizes of atoms change as we move from left to right across a row in the periodic table
increase / decrease?
27.The sizes of atoms change as we move from top to bottom in a group in the periodic table
increase / decrease?
28.Arrange the following atoms in order of increasing atomic radius.
S P As F
29. Arrange each set of atoms in order of increasing radius.
(a) Be Mg Ca
(b) Br Ge Ga
(c) Tl Si Al
(d) K Cs Rb
(e) Te Sn In
(f) Cl P Sr
1. For each of the following pairs, which element will have the greater metallic character.
(a) Li & Be (c) Sn & P
(b) Li & Na (d) Al & B