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THE PROSTITUTION OF BARANGAY POOC ORIENTAL

TUBIGON, BOHOL

An Undergraduate Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the

College of Arts and Sciences of Mater Dei College

Tubigon, Bohol

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements

for the Course Criminology

Research 02

(Thesis Writing)

By:

DOMINADOR T. SEÑAL

October 2010

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CHAPTER 1

THE PROBLEM AND ITS SCOPE

INTRODUCTION

Rationale of the Study

Nowadays, crimes are so rampant in our country and one of these crimes is

prostitution. Although this act is considered immoral and illegal here in the Philippines

yet still many women were inclined to this crime for some extent reasons. They were not

aware that this would greatly affect their health and the cause of the inevitable

widespread of sexually transmitted diseases such as Aid’s, gonorrhea, syphilis, etc.

As reported, prostitution is one of the familiar crimes in Pooc Oriental, Tubigon

Bohol. Accordingly, most of the women young and adult are engaged in prostitution. As

far s the researcher knows, most of the researcher were not a resident of Pooc Oriental.

They came from other places in the Philippines. According to hearsays, most of them

were youth and others were victims of illegal recruitment.

Every individual should take part of finding an effective solution for this problem.

Even our simple ways might be effective. That is why the researcher conducted this study

for him to know if prostitution is really rampant in Barangay Pooc Oriental, Tubigon

Bohol, to discover what are the causes and effects of prostitution, and lastly, to know

what are the preventive measures of prostitution in order to discover the solution to the

problem.

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Theoretical Background

Since prostitution is a sensitive indicator that develops with changes in the social

environment and the state, it is useful to divide the history of this phenomenon from

Estonia's first independence according to the different historical stages of the country.

Firstly, the period of Estonian independence1918-1940, when the prostitution in Estonia

was legalized. Secondly, the period of the Soviet occupation when prostitution was

criminalized. Thirdly, since Estonian new independence when prostitution is neither

criminalized nor legalized (that is, the selling of and buying of a sexual service is not a

crime but prostitution is not considered a profession either). On the first of June 1919, so-

called morality guarding, or censoring institution in the bigger cities replaced censoring

police. Attitudes to the organization of prostitution derived mainly from health

considerations. That was not sufficiently successful and in May 1920, obligatory

measures to fight prostitution and sexually transmitted diseases (STD) were issued. Those

regulations linked the activities of the “morality guards” to the activities of police, as it

was realized that prostitution and criminality were” closely connected’. On the 16 of

December 1927 the Parliament accepted a new law of “Managing Public Health” which

handed the fight against prostitution over to the Health and Social Support Department.

The police were obliged to give necessary practical help (http:shaan.com/shaan/2008).

Prostitution is the bartering of sex favor for monetary considerations, either gift or

cash with out emotional attachment between partners. It is the practice of offerings one’s

body for indiscriminate intercourse (Denny as cited by Manwong 2006).

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The type of this crime may include but not limited to street walkers, Call Girl or

Boy, Electric Call Girl or Boy, Lonely heart hustler Computer selected date, Public

relation gimmick, Photo studio prostitution, House wife prostitutes(Manwong 2006).

As we mentioned earlier, the literature on why women become prostitutes is

voluminous. One of the oldest explanations is that women are forced into the profession,

practice known as white slavery. The usual fantasies about white slavery involves

gullible country girl at big city train and bus stations, is accosted by slick talking limbs

and are inbred into brothels. Unquestionably violence is part of prostitute’s world,

especially if she is a street walker who is exposed into violence from customers. Violence

from pimps is also hazard but, as will be seen later, beatings by pimps are usually a

means of raising production of efforts or establishing who is boss the degree to which

women are initially forced to prostitutes themselves seems minimal (Mc Caghy 1985).

Poverty and unemployment has triggered the rapid spread of prostitution in the

Philippines. It provides those involved in this profession a considerable amount of

income to support their families as well as supply a steady flow of remittances from

urban to rural areas or from prostitutes working overseas.

Women have been tricked into prostitution with guarantees of decent job opportunities in

the city or abroad or have been kidnapped and then forced to work as prostitutes.

Family expectations and problems are common factors why many enter the prostitution

business. Women in particular are pressured to pay for their sibling’s education or

support a sick family member. Other aspects such as dysfunctional families or constant

abuse from parents have lead adolescents to leave their homes and are attracted by the

easy profits from prostitution (http://www.oppapers.com/essays/causes prostitutions/).

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In contemporary, technologically developed societies, the vast majority of acts, of

prostitution are carried out by people who use it to supplement low incomes. Men and

women who rely on prostitution as their primary source of income typically have left

their natal families in adolescences, without education or work skill, and often prevented

of employment by child labors laws such runaway children resort to prostitution as their

only means of survival. Drug addiction is prevalent among prostitutes, as a variety of

chronic and infectious non venereal diseases. Recent concern about the spread of AIDS

has stimulated educational campaigns to help control venereal disease among prostitutes

(Grolier Encyclopedia of knowledge.USA.1998).

Organized crime’s involvement in sex as among maker has changed with the

times. House prostitution (whore house or bordellos) was an important social

phenomenon during the days of large scale immigration; immigrants were most often

unattached males single traveling without their wives (light as cited by Abadinsky 2007).

The health consequences to women from prostitution are the same injuries and

infections suffered by women who are subjected to other forms of violence against

women. The physical health consequences include: injury (bruises, broken bones, black

eyes, concussions). A 1994 study conducted with 68 women in Minneapolis/St.Paul who

had been prostituted for at least six months found that half the women had been

physically assaulted by their purchasers, and a third of these experienced purchaser

assaults at least several times a year. 23% of those assaulted were beaten severely enough

to have suffered broken bones. Two experienced violence so vicious that they were

beaten into a coma. Furthermore, 90% of the women in this study had experienced

violence in their personal relationships resulting in miscarriage, stabbing, loss of

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consciousness, and head injuries (Parriott, Health Experiences of Twin Cities Women

Used in Prostitution). The sex of prostitution is physically harmful to women in

prostitution. STDs (including HIV/AIDS, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, human

papilloma virus, and syphilis) are alarmingly high among women in prostitution. Only 15

% of the women in the Minneapolis/St. Paul study had never contracted one of the STDs,

not including AIDS, most injurious to health (Chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrheal, herpes).

General gynecological problems, but in particular chronic pelvic pain and pelvic

inflammatory disease (PID), plague women in prostitution. The Minneapolis/St. Paul

study reported that 31% of the women interviewed had experienced at least one episode

of PID which accounts for most of the serious illness associated with STD infection.

Among these women, there was also a high incidence of positive pap smears, several

times greater than the Minnesota Department of Health’s cervical cancer screening

program for low and middle income women. More STD episodes can increase the risk of

cervical cancer. Another physical effect of prostitution is unwanted pregnancy and

miscarriage. Over two-thirds of the women in the Minneapolis/St. Paul study had an

average of three pregnancies during their time in prostitution, which they attempted to

bring to term. Other health effects include irritable bowel syndrome, as well as partial and

permanent disability. The emotional health consequences of prostitution include severe

trauma, stress, depression, anxiety, self-medication through alcohol and drug abuse; and

eating disorders. Almost all the women in the Minneapolis/St. Paul study categorized

themselves as chemically-addicted. Crack cocaine and alcohol were used most

frequently. Ultimately, women in prostitution are also at special risk for self-mutilation,

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suicide and homicide. 46% of the women in the Minneapolis/St. Paul study had

attempted suicide, and 19% had tried to harm themselves physically in other ways.

Penal Code article 341 imposes a penalty to any person who “shall engage in the

business or shall profit by prostitution or shall enlist the services of any other person for

the purpose of prostitution. Section 4 of Republic Act 9208, otherwise known as the

"Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003," deems it unlawful for any person, natural or

juridical, to commit any of the following acts:(a) To recruit, transport, transfer, harbor,

provide, or receive a person by any means, including those done under the pretext of

domestic or overseas employment or training or apprenticeship, for the purpose of

prostitution, pornography, sexual exploitation, forced labor, slavery, involuntary

servitude or debt bondage; (b) To introduce or match for money, profit, or material,

economic or other consideration, any person or, as provided for under Republic Act No.

6955, any Filipino women to a foreign national, for marriage for the purpose of

acquiring, buying, offering, selling or trading him/her to engage in prostitution,

pornography, sexual exploitation, forced labor, slavery, involuntary servitude or debt

bondage; (c) To offer or contract marriage, real or simulated, for the purpose of

acquiring, buying, offering, selling, or trading them to engage in prostitution,

pornography, sexual exploitation, forced labor or slavery, involuntary servitude or debt

bondage; (d) To undertake or organize tours and travel plans consisting of tourism

packages or activities for the purpose of utilizing and offering persons for prostitution,

pornography or sexual exploitation; (e) To maintain or hire a person to engage in

prostitution or pornography; (f) To adopt or facilitate the adoption of persons for the

purpose of prostitution, pornography, sexual exploitation, forced labor, slavery,

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involuntary servitude or debt bondage; (g) To recruit, hire, adopt, transport or abduct a

person, by means of threat or use of force, fraud deceit, violence, coercion, or

intimidation for the purpose of removal or sale of organs of said person; and (h) To

recruit, transport or adopt a child to engage in armed activities in the Philippines or

abroad(www.cfo-anti trafficking.org.ph).

THE PROBLEM

Statement of the Problem

This study sought to find out the view of prostitution of Barangay Pooc Oriental

Tubigon, Bohol.

Specifically, this study attempted to answer the following questions:

1.) What was the profile of the respondents in terms of:

a. Age;

b. Civil Status;

c. Socio economic status and;

d. Educational attainment?

2.) What were the causes of prostitution?

3.) What were the effects of prostitution to the society?

4.) How might prostitution be prevented?

Significance of the Study

This study was beneficial to the following people:

For the respondents, that they will be aware of illegal acts such as prostitution that

it is not a form of livelihood.

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For the parents, this study can help active involvement and inform proper training

for their children to be equipped with values.

For the barangay officials, that they will be able make some alternative program

like conducting seminar about the livelihood programs and encouraging the people to

stay away from prostitution.

For the PNP, personnel who implement and plan the program to stop prostitution

and prevent some crimes.

For the residents of barangay Pooc Oriental Tubigon, Bohol that they will

cooperate to the barangay officials and PNP to help minimize prostitution.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Research Design

This study employed mainly the descriptive method with the aid of questionnaire

as a major data-gathering instrument to achieve the purpose of the study.

Research Environment

The study was conducted at Barangay Pooc Oriental, Tubigon. Bohol. It is one of

the familiar barangay of Tubigon. The barangay was divided into six (6) sitios namely

Cogon, Cagay, Upper and Lower Banzamix and lastly, Centro A an Centro B. The

barangay was located 400 meters away from the proper town of Tubigon. This study

covers the young and adult women residents of Pooc Oriental.

Research Respondents

The research respondents of this study were the women residents of Pooc Oriental

Tubigon,Bohol. The researcher selected only 20 of them. In selecting a sample of

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respondents the researcher used the purposive sampling method. He selected young and

adult women whose age ranged from sixteen (16) to fifty (50) year old. The respondents

were high school level, high school graduate, college level, and college graduate.

Table 1. Research Respondents

N = 20
Respondents Number of Respondents Percentage

Young Women 10 50%

Old Women 10 50%

Total 20 100%

Research Procedures

The researcher prepared a letter to the respondents explaining to them the nature

and the purpose of the study. The researcher prepared some questionnaire and distributed

to the respondents of Barangay Pooc Oriental, Tubigon, Bohol with the permission of the

barangay captain. The respondents were given enough time to fill up the form with their

responses.

Gathering of Data. The researcher secured a permission and approval from the

barangay captain to conduct a study in Pooc Oriental, Tubigon, Bohol. Having obtained

the said approval, the researcher planned the schedules of activities like distribution of

questionnaires and personal interviews to each respondent.

The researcher explained the purpose of their study thoroughly to the respondent

in order to have an accurate response and this would not affect their way of living and

would hold with strict confidentiality. The answers would then, be collected, sorted,

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recorded, and tabulated before analysis would be made, which would be followed with

the final interpretation of data.

Treatment of Data. For the processing of data, the researcher used statistical tool

and make a percentage. The answers of the respondents would rank through percentage.

P = F / N X 100

Where:

P = Percentage

F = Frequency

N = Number of respondents

For the computation of the weighted mean, the following formula was used.

M=ΣFX/N

Where:

M = Weighted Mean

Σ = The Sum

F = Frequency

X = Assigned Weights

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The weighted arithmetic mean values assigned to each degree of classification

are:

Range Interpretation

4.20 – 5.00 Strongly Agree

3.40 – 4.19 Agree

3.00 – 3.39 Undecided

1.80 – 2.59 Disagree

1.00 – 1.79 Strongly Disagree

Research Instrument

The researcher used a self made questionnaire to gather information and data

regarding the formulated problem, informal interviews was made during the assessment

process.

The instrument was composed of four parts: Part 1 contained the respondents’

profile. Part 2 contained the causes of prostitution. Part 3 contained the effects of

prostitution and lastly, part four contained the preventive measures for prostitution.

Research Flow

The research flow chart was made up of three parts; these were the input, process

and output as shown in figure 1.

The input constituted the profile of the respondents which were the age, civil

status socio- economic status and educational attainment.

The second part was the process which contained the methods used by the

researcher in obtaining the data needed for the study. These were the analysis

presentation of data and interpretation of data.

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The researcher formulated the questionnaires and distributed these to the

respondents. The last part was the output which includes the program to solve the

problem.

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Input

Respondents’ Profile
Age
Civil Status
Socio Economic Status
Educational Attainment

Process

Analysis
Presentation of Data
Interpretation of Data

Output

Proposed Anti-Prostitution Program


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Process

Analysis
Presentation of Data
Interpretation of Data

Output

Proposed Anti-Prostitution Program

Figure 1. Flow chart

DEFINITION OF TERMS

Prostitution is the practice of having sexual relations with emotional

indifference on a promiscuous and mercenary basis.

Prostitutes are person who indulges in indiscriminate sexual activity for hire.

Incest is a sexual intercourse with in or outside the bonds of marriage between

persons related with in certain prohibited degrees of kinship.

Sexworker is a polite expression of prostitute.

Sex offender is someone who is guilty of the crime of sex.

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Sexually transmitted disease is a disease that is passing on through having sex,

such as HERPES etc.

Sex tourism is the activity of traveling to other countries in order to have sex,

especially in order to do sexual activities that are illegal in your own country.

CHAPTER II

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

The data gathered from the different respondents were presented, analyzed and

interpreted in this chapter. Each question in the sub-problems were given answers

through presentations and subsequently given treatment, analysis and interpretation.

I. Respondents’ Profile

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Table 2. The Age Profile of the Respondents

N = 20

Age Range Frequency Percentage (%)

16 - 19 10 50%

20 - 30 3 15%

31 - 40 2 10%

41 - 50 5 25%

Total 20 100%

The result showed that out of twenty (20) respondents, the highest frequency were

in the age of 16 – 19 years old. Five or (25%) belonged to 41- 50 years old; three or

(15%) belonged to 20 – 30 years old; and two or (10%) belonged to 31- 40 years old. So

this means that half from the total number of respondents were young women whose age

were 16 -19.

Civil Status

Table 3.The Civil Status Profile of the Respondents

N = 20

Status Number of Respondents Percentage (%)


Single 15 75%
Married 5 25%
Total 20 100%

It showed that out of twenty (20) respondents, 15 or (75%) of them were single

and 5 or (25%) were married. So, majority of the respondents were single.

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Socio-Economic Status

Table 4. The Socio- Economic Status Profile of the respondents

N = 20

Income Range Frequency Percentage (%)


P500 - and below 5 25%
P1,000 - P1,500 2 10%
P1,600 - P2,000 4 20%
P2,100 - P2,500 5 25%
P3,100 - P3,500 4 20%
Total 20 100%
It could be seen in the table above that 5 of the respondents had belonged to

family whose income is 2, 000.00 – 2,500.00, 4 respondents had monthly income of

1,600.00 – 2, 00.00, and another 4 got the highest income of 3,100.00 – 3,500.00 above.

There only two respondents who earned 1,000.00 – 1,500.00 per month. Basing from the

monthly income of respondents, it was obvious that there were no respondents whom we

could classify as well-off and many belonged to low socio-economic status.

Educational Attainment

Table 5. The Educational Attainment Profile of the Respondents

N = 20

Educational Attainment Frequency Percentage (%)


High School Level 7 35%
High School Graduate 2 10%
College Level 5 25%
College Graduate 6 30%
Total 20 100%

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The above table showed that most of the respondents were high school level

comprising 35% of the respondents. It followed by college graduate who were 30%, then

college level, 25% and finally the least number was high school graduate whom there

were only 10%.

II. Causes of Prostitution

Table 6. Causes of Prostitution

N = 20

Items Frequency Weighted Interpretation


mean
SA A U D SD
1.Poverty 0 0 5 12 13 2.10 Disagree
2.Unemployment 0 1 2 11 6 1.90 Disagree
3.Family expectations and 0 0 2 11 7 1.75 Strongly
problems Disagree
4.Women are promised with a 0 0 1 16 3 1.90 Disagree
decent job
5.Dysfunctional families 0 1 2 14 3 2.05 Disagree
6.Women are pressured to 0 0 5 9 6 1.95 Disagree
support their family
7.Women are forced to work as 0 1 1 6 12 1.55 Strongly
prostitutes Disagree

For the causes of prostitution, the respondents strongly disagree on items no.3 and

7 as the main causes of prostitution. The rest of the items were all answered with

“Disagree.” Therefore, all of the respondents did not believe that the listed causes of

prostitution above would be the reasons for prostitution, or this crime somehow did not

exist in Pooc Oriental.

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III. Effects of Prostitution

Table 7. Effects of Prostitution

N = 20

Items Frequency Weighted Interpretation


SA A U D SD Mean
1.Serious diseases such as Aid’s 0 1 5 1 1 1.95 Disagree
and stds 3
2. Prostitution can damage one’s 1 1 3 8 7 2.05 Disagree
health
3. Prostituion can actually lead to 0 2 2 1 4 2.15 Disagree
more crimes 2
4. Prostituion would result to some 0 1 1 1 4 1.95 Disagree
crimes 4
5. Prostitution can influence 0 1 2 1 7 1.85 Disagree
unhealthy society 0
6. Men would become addicted to Strongly
sexual needs 0 1 1 8 10 1.65 Disagree
7. Families are broken due to Strongly
disease 0 1 1 8 10 1.65 Disagree

All of the respondents disagree that items no.1 up to 5 were the effects of

prostitution in Pooc Oriental. Additionally, all respondents gave their response as

“Strongly Disagree” on the remaining last two items, a weighted mean of 1.65. So, the

respondents did not actually see these effects of prostitution happened in Pooc Oriental.

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IV. Preventive Measures for prostitution.

Table 8. Preventive Measures for Prostitution

N = 20

Items Frequency Weighted Interpretation


SA A U D SD Mean
1.Conducting symposium 0 2 3 1 3 2.70 Undecided
7
2.Proper implementation of law 0 0 2 1 8 1.70 Strongly
0 Disagree
3.Providing job 1 0 2 7 10 1.75 Strongly
Disagree
4. Proper guidance by 0 1 4 7 8 1.90 Disagree
the parents
5.Encouraging the 0 2 1 9 8 1.85 Disagree
women into religious activity
6.Encouraging the women to 1 0 1 1 6 1.90 Disagree
go to school 2
7.Conducting police patrol 0 2 4 1 2 2.30 Disagree
2

Based from the above table on preventive measures of prostitution, item no.1 got

the highest weighted mean of 2.70 which means the respondent were undecided whether

this measure is applicable in Pooc Oriental. On the following two items, the respondents

“Strongly Disagree” that these measures must be implemented. Further, more the last 4

items were answered with “Disagree” by the respondents since they were not certain that

prostitutes were rampant in Pooc Oriental.

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CHAPTER III

SUMMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Summary

The main purpose of this study was to determine whether there is really

prostitution in Pooc Oriental, Tubigon, Bohol.

Specifically, this study attempted to answer the following questions: First what

was the profile of the respondents in terms of age, civil status, socio-economic status and

educational attainment. Second, what were the causes of prostitution? Third, what were

the effects of prostitution? Finally, how might prostitution be prevented?

The study used several methods such as self made questionnaire and interview.

The questionnaire were distributed among the selected women residents of Barangay

Pooc Oriental. The researcher interviewed the respondents after gathering the

questionnaires they have answered.

Twenty respondents participated in this study. The respondents of this study were

consisted of ten young and ten adult women residents of Pooc Oriental. The responses

from the questionnaires were tabulated, interpreted and analyzed. The mean scores

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obtained from each item in the questionnaire were interpreted and analyzed carefully and

used in the treatment of data. During the analysis of the data, simple percentage was used.

Findings

The data on the profile of the respondents and also the causes, effects and

preventive measures of prostitution are hereby summarized.

1. The personal profile of the respondents:

On the Age of the Respondents

Majority of the respondents were belonged to age 16 - 19

Civil Status of the Respondents

Most of the respondents were single.

Socio – Economic Status of the Respondents

There were no respondents whom we could classify as well-of and many

belonged to low socio-economic status.

Educational Attainment of the Respondents

Majority of the respondents were high school level.

2. Causes of Prostitution

2.1 According to the data that were collected and interpreted, it was found out

that the respondents did not believe that poverty was the main cause of

prostitution.

3. Effects of Prostitution

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3.1 It was found out that the respondents did not actually see these effects of

these effects of prostitution in Pooc Oriental.

Conclusions

1. Based from the data gathered in this study, the researcher concluded that: the

causes of prostitution in Pooc Oriental were not determined since prostitution

here is not prevalent.

2. The researcher also concluded that the effects of prostitution were not really

experienced by the residents of Pooc Oriental.

3. That the PNP and other government agencies should implement laws and

ordinances to avoid this crime to happen.

Recommendations

From the information gathered by the researcher, the following recommendations

were made:

1. The barangay needs a support from the government like livelihood programs to

focus the attention of people in their daily needs and not to engage in illegal

activities.

2. Parents should encourage the youths especially the women to go to school and

should be given moral and financial support.

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3. Formulation and implementation of laws and ordinances should be strictly

implemented to avoid prostitution occur in Pooc Oriental.

BIBLOGRAPHY

Books

Manwong, Rommel k. Fundamentals of Criminology. Thomson learning edition

2006

Mc Caghy, Charles H. Deviant Behavior. Third Avenue, New York: Macmillan

publishing Company 1998

Abadinsky, Howard. Organized Crime. Singapore: Thomson Asian edition, 2007

Other Sources

Grolier Encyclopedia of knowledge. USA. 1998

Internet Sources

http//:www.shaan.typepad.com/shanou/2008/01

http//:www.oppapers.com/essays/causes prostitution

http//:www.cfo.antitrafficking.org.ph

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APPENDIX A

September 21, 2010

Mr. Avelino N. Lofranco


Head of the Criminology Department
Mater Dei College
Tubigon, Bohol

Dear Sir:

I am a fourth year student of Mater Dei College Tubigon, Bohol. I am conducting

a study entitled: “THE PROSTITUTION OF BARANGAY POOC ORIENTAL

TUBIGON, BOHoL” as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the course Crim-06

(Thesis Writing).

In this regard, I would like to ask permission to distribute the questionnaires out

of school. The information gathered will be used for academic purposes only and will be

treated with utmost confidentiality.

Respectfully yours,

26
Dominador T. Señal
Researcher

Noted by:

Mr. Alberto M. Labrador Jr.


Instructor
APPENDIX B

September 21, 2010

Mrs. Emma Bangcoy


Barangay Captain
Pooc Oriental, Tubigon
Bohol 6329

Dear Ma’am:

I am a fourth year student of Mater Dei College Tubigon, Bohol. I am conducting

a study entitled: “THE PROSTITUTION OF BARANGAY POOC ORIENTAL” as

partial fulfillment of the requirements for the course Crim-06 (Thesis Writing).

In this regard, I would like to ask permission to distribute the questionnaires to the

residents of your barangay. The information gathered will be used for academic purposes

only and will be treated with utmost confidentiality.

Respectfully yours,

Dominador T. Señal

27
Researcher

Noted by:

Mr. Alberto M. Labrador Jr.


Instructor

APPENDIX C

September 21, 2010

Dear Respondent:

I am a senior student of Mater Dei College enrolled in Crim 06 (Thesis Writing). I

am in the process of writing an undergraduate thesis entitled: “THE PROSTITUTION OF

BARANGAY POOC ORIENTAL, TUBIGON, BOHOL.”

In this connection, the researcher needs your full cooperation to answer the

needed information for the study. The questionnaire attached will be utilized for data

gathering. This will enable the researcher to gather data for the study. The information

gathered will be used for academic purposes only and will be treated with utmost

confidentiality.

Thank you very much.

Respectfully yours,

28
Dominador T. Señal

Researcher

APPENDIX D

QUESTIONNAIRE

The following questions are asked to assess the prostitution of Barangay Pooc
Oriental, Tubigon, Bohol. Please answer the following questions honestly. Do not leave
any items unanswered. Any information that you will give here will be treated with
confidentiality.

I. Respondents’ Profile

Name: ____________________________________________________________
(Given name) (Family name) (Middle name)
Age: _____Civil Status: _____________ Educational Attainment: ____________
Home Address: _____________________________________________________
Socio Economic Status:
Monthly Income:
______________ Php 500.00 – and below per month
______________ Php 1,000.00 – Php 1,500.00 per month
______________ Php 1,600.00 – Php 2,000.00 per month
______________ Php 2,100.00 – Php 2,500.00 per month
______________ Php 3,100.00 – Php 3,500.00 per month

Direction: Please answer the following questions. Put a check mark (√) on the space
provided before the choices.

II. Causes of Prostitution

1. Poverty is the major cause of prostitution.


_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided
2. Unemployment has triggered the rapid spread of prostitution.
_____ Strongly Agree _____ Disagree

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_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided
3. Family expectations and problems are common factors why many enter the
prostitution business.
_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided
4. Women are promised with a decent job opportunity in the city or abroad but
end up into prostitution.
_____ Strongly Agree ______ Disagree
_____ Agree ______ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided

5. Dysfunctional families have lead adolescents to leave their homes and be


attracted by the easy profits of prostitution.
_____ Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided
6. Women in particular are pressured to pay for their siblings’ education and
support their family that’s why they engage in prostitution.
_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided
7. Women are forced to work as prostitutes by a syndicate.
_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided

III. Effects of Prostitution

1. Serious diseases such as Aids and STD’s may be gained in prostitution.


_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided
2. Prostitution can damage one’s health.
_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided
3. Prostitution is more than just a sexual crime and can actually lead to more
crimes and violence on the streets.
_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided
4. Prostitution would result to some crimes.
_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree

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_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided
5. Prostitution can influence unhealthy society.
_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided
6. Men would become addicted to sexual needs through prostitution.
_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided

7. Families are broken due to disease that comes from prostitution.


_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided
IV. Preventive measures of Prostitution

1. Conducting symposium and seminars about anti-prostitution is one way of


reducing it.
_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided

2. The proper implementation of law against prostitution helps lessen this crime.
_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided
3. Providing job is one way of reducing prostitution.
_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided
4. Proper guidance by the parents will help prostitution to be minimized.
_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided

5. Encouraging the women into religious activity helps prevent prostitution.


_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided
6. Encouraging the women to go to school is one of the preventive measures of
prostitution.
_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided

31
7. Conducting patrol helps minimize prostitution.
_____Strongly Agree _____ Disagree
_____ Agree _____ Strongly Disagree
_____ Undecided

APPENDIX E

SAMPLE COMPUTATION

1. Simple Percentage

Formula:

P = F/Nx100

= 10/20x100

= 0.5x100

= 50% Where: P = Percentage

F = Frequency

N = Total number of respondents

100 = Constant

2. Weighted Mean

F X FX

0 5 0
2 4 8

32
2 3 6
12 2 24 Where: WM = Weighted Mean
4 1 4

_____ _____ ∑ = the Sum of


20 43 F = frequency
X = weighted Mean

Appendix F

Republic of the Philippines


Province of Bohol
Municipality of Tubigon
Barangay Pooc Oriental

Proposed Resolution No.1


Series of 2010

A RESOLUTION RECOMMENDING TO THE BARANGAY OFFICIALS OF

BARABGAY PLOOC ORIENTAL, TUBIGON, BOHOL TO HAVE A SYMPOSIUM

AND SEMINARS ABOUT ANTI-PROSTITUTION AND LIVELIHOOD

PROGRAMS.

Where as, it was found out that the causes of prostitution are poverty,

unemployment, family expectations and problems, women are promised with a decent

job, dysfunctional families, women are pressured to support their family and women are

forced to work as prostitutes these causes affect the community in general.

Where as, not all the ordinances, laws and programs implemented by the barangay

officials were effective.

33
Where as, the barangay officials shall strive hard to give their support to the

parents in transforming their children to become useful and responsible at home and ion

the society.

Resolved further, to furnish copies of this resolution to the Honorable Barangay

Officials of Barangay Pooc Oriental, Tubigon, Bohol.

Proposed by:

Dominador T. Señal
Researcher
CURRICULUM VITAE

Personal data

Name : Dominador Tanoy Señal

Birth Date : Decemder 10, 1989

Birth place : Tan-awan, Tubigon, Bohol

Age : 20

Residence : Pooc Oriental, Tubigon, Bohol

Civil Status : Single

Religion : Roman Catholic

Name of Father : Ruperto Señal

Name of Mother : Tita Señal

Educational Background

College : Mater Dei College

Cabulijan, Tubigon, Bohol

Bachelor of Science in Criminology

2007-present

34
High School : Holy Cross Academy

Pooc Oriental, Tubigon, Bohol

2003-2007

Elementary : Tan-awan, Tubigon, Bohol

1998-2003

35
36
BIBLOGRAPHY

Books

Manwong, Rommel k. Fundamentals of Criminology. Thomson learning edition

2006

Mc Caghy, Charles H. Deviant Behavior. Third Avenue, New York: Macmillan

publishing Company 1998

Abadinsky, Howard. Organized Crime. Singapore: Thomson Asian edition, 2007

Other Sources

Grolier Encyclopedia of knowledge. USA. 1998

Internet Sources

http//:www.shaan.typepad.com/shanou/2008/01

http//:www.oppapers.com/essays/causes prostitution

http//:www.cfo.antitrafficking.org.ph

37
CURRICULUM VITAE

Personal data

Name : Dominador Tanoy Señal

Birth Date : Decemder 10, 1989

Birth place : Tan-awan, Tubigon, Bohol

Age : 20

Residence : Pooc Oriental, Tubigon, Bohol

Civil Status : Single

Religion : Roman Catholic

Name of Father : Ruperto Señal

Name of Mother : Tita Señal

Educational Background

College : Mater Dei College

Cabulijan, Tubigon, Bohol

Bachelor of Science in Criminology

2007-present

38
High School : Holy Cross Academy

Pooc Oriental, Tubigon, Bohol

2003-2007

Elementary : Tan-awan, Tubigon, Bohol

1998-2003

39