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Uploaded by Azaz Ahmed

A small presentation made by me. Few minor mistakes are still in the document. Will upload the revised one soon.

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You are on page 1of 19

Presented by-

Azaz Ahmed.

CIB-09-015.

School of Engineering, Tezpur University, Napaam 784028, Tezpur,

Assam, India

INTRODUCTION

Pipe Network

An interconnected system of pipes forming several

loops or circuits.

E.g.- Municipal water distribution systems in cities.

Fl

o w

in

A F E

G H

D Flo

B C ou w

t

Fig.: Pipe Network

Pipe network

Necessary conditions for any network of pipes

flow out of the junction. This is due to the

continuity equation.

must be zero.

kQn. For Turbulent flow, n = 2.

Pipe network problems are difficult

to solve analytically.

which uses successive approximations is used.

Hardy cross method

A trial distribution of discharges is made

•

equation is satisfied at each junction.

in each pipe is calculated according the

following equation-

Wher

hf = e,

K

4f x

kQ2 2g Lx (∏∕4)

=

• D5 x considering

Head loss around each loop is calculated 2

the head loss to be positive in CW-flow and negative

in CCW-flow.

If the net head loss due to assumed values of Q round

the loop is zero, then the assumed values of Q are

correct.

not zero, then the assumed values of Q are corrected

by introducing a correction delta Q for the flows, till

circuit is balanced.

-∑

ΔQ (kQ02)

∑

= (2kQ0

If the Correction factor comes out to be positive, then it

should be added to the flows in the CW direction and

subtracted from the flows in the CCW direction.

loop and to all loops, a second trial calculation is made

for all loops. The procedure is repeated till Delta Q

becomes negligible.

Let us consider a problem.

2 K= 2 C

D 0 4

0

K= 1

K= 1

K= 4

A

K= 2 B 3

9 0

0

First Trial

2 K= 2 C

D 0 4

2 0

0

K= 1

3 1 K= 1 2

K= 4

0 0 0

A 6

0 B

K= 2 3

9 0

0

above figure

Loop ADB

Pipe k Q Hf= 2kQ

kQ2

AD 4 30 3600 240

DB 1 10 -100 20

AB 2 60 -7200 240

Total -3700 500

Q1 = 7.4

Loop DCB

Pipe k Q Hf= 2kQ

kQ2

DC 2 20 800 80

CB 1 20 -400 40

BD 1 10 100 20

Total 500 140

Q2 = -3.6

Corrected flow for second trial.

AD 30 + 7.4 37.4 CW

AB 60 – 7.4 52.6 CCW

BD 10 – 7.4 2.6 CCW

DC 20 – 3.6 16.4 CW

BC 20 + 3.6 23.6 CCW

BD 2.6 – 3.6 -1 CW

Second Trial

2 K= 2 C

D 0 4

16. 0

4

K= 1

37. 1 K= 1 23.

K= 4

4 6

A 52.

6 B

K= 2 3

9 0

0

Loop ADB

Pipe k Q Hf= 2kQ

kQ2

AD 4 37.4 5595 299.2

DB 1 1 1 2

AB 2 52.6 -5533.5 210.4

Q1 = -0.1

Loop DCB

Pipe k Q Hf= 2kQ

kQ2

DC 2 16.4 537.9 65.6

CB 1 23.6 -556.9 47.2

BD 1 1 -1 2

Total -20 114.8

Q2 = 0.2

Since Q1 and Q2 are

very small, the

correction is applied

and furthur trials are

discontinued.

Corrected flow for second trial.

AD 37.4 – 0.1 37.3 CW

AB 52.6 + 0.1 52.7 CCW

BD 1 – 0.1 0.9 CW

DC 16.4 + 0.2 16.6 CW

BC 23.6 – 0.2 23.4 CCW

BD 0.9 – 0.2 0.7 CCW

Final Discharge

2 K= 2 C

D 0 4

16. 0

6

K= 1

37. 0. K= 1 23.

K= 4

3 7 4

A 52.

7 B

K= 2 3

9 0

0

Hereby we conclude Hardy Cross method.

time

and patience.

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