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# MATHEMATICAL FORMULAE

The following formulae may be helpful in answering the questions. The symbols given
are the ones commonly used.

## SHAPES AND SPACE

1
1 Area of trapezium = × sum of 4
πr 3
2 9 Volume of sphere = 3
parallel sides × height
1
2 Circumference of cirle = πd = 2πr 10 Volume of right pyramid = × base
3
3 Area of cirle = πr 2 area × height
11 Sum of interior angles of a polygon
4 Curved suurface area of cylinder = = ( n − 2) ×180 °
2πrh
12 arc length = angle
5 Surface area of sphere = 4πr 2
subtended at centre
circumference of cirle
6 Volume of right prism = cross 360º
sectional area × length
13 area of sector = angle
7 Volume of cylinder = πr h 2
subtended at centre
area of circle 360º
1 2
8 Volume of cone = πr h
3
PA '
14 Scale factor, k, =
k2 ×
PA
15 Area of image = area of object

RELATION

1 a m × a n = a m +n
8
x +x y +y 
Midpoint, ( x, y ) =  1 2 2 , 1 2 2 
2 a m ÷ a n = a m−n
9 Average speed = distance travelled
3 (a )
m n
= a mn time taken

## 1  d −b 10 Mean = sum of data

4 A −1 = 
− c 
a 
ad − bc   number of data

5 P ( A) =
n( A)
11 Mean = sum of (class mark ×
n( S )
frequency)
sum of frequencies
6 P ( A ` ) =1 − P ( A)

12 Pythagoras Theorem, c2 = a2 + b2
7 Distance = ( x1 − x2 ) 2
+ ( y1 − y 2 )
2

y 2 − y1
13 m=
x 2 − x1
14 m = − y-intercept
x-intercept