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Height

I. Introduction

Indirect or Trigonometric Leveling is used to establish the difference in elevation between two
points by determining the horizontal distances, and vertical angles, and with the aid of some formulas
of Trigonometry and Algebra.

II. Objective

• To determine the height of Melchor Hall using Trigonometric Leveling

III. Fieldwork Information

Date: February 6, 2009

Time: 11:00 a.m.

Weather Condition: Sun – 1, Wind – 0

Location: National Center for Transport Studies

Instruments Used:

1. Engineer’s Transit

2. Tripod

3. Tape

4. Marker
IV. Surveying Party

Jan Aldrin Ramos: Chief of Party

Christian Leobrera: Assistant Chief of Party / Instrument Man

Clessie dela Cruz: Recorder / Computer

Mark Jim Balido: Tapeman

V. Methodology

The transit wass set-up and the height was measured. The vertical angle of the transit was set to 0
degrees and the side of Melchor Hall is sighted. The height of the side of the building was measured.
The distance between the base of the transit and the base of Melchor Hall was measured. The
horizontal distance between the transit and the building was measured. The highest point was then
sighted and the angle was recorded. Height was measured using trigonometric formulas.

VI. Illustrations

Melchor H1
Hall

α
x hd
height
d

Melchor
Hall
β
y

Melchor H2
Hall

VII. Results and Discussion

Formulas Used:
a. d2 = (hd)2 + (height – x)2
b. tan α = (H1 / hd)
c. tan β = (H1 / y)
d. height of Melchor Hall = x + H2
1. Determining the horizontal distance (hd) [d2 = (hd)2 + (height – x)2]

(37.53)2 = (hd)2 + (1.68 – 0.54) 2 (28.92)2 = (hd)2 + (1.54 – 0.38) 2


hd = 37.513 m hd = 28.90 m

2. Determining the vertical angles

a. tan α = (H1 / hd)


tan 2205’ = (H1a / 37.513) tan 27012’ = (H1b / 28.90)
H1a = 15.22 m H1b = 14.85 m

b. tan β = (H1 / y)

tan 23020’ = (15.22 / y) tan 29035’ = (14.85 / y)


y = 35.28 m y = 26.16 m

c. tan γ = (H2 / y)

tan 2404’ = (H2a / 35.28) tan 30012’ = (H2b / 26.16)


H2a = 15.75 m H2b = 15.23 m

3. Computation for the height of Melchor Hall [height of Melchor Hall = x + H2]

height of Melchor Hall = 0.54 + 15.75 height of Melchor Hall = 0.38 + 15.23
height of Melchor Hall = 16.29 m height of Melchor Hall = 15.61 m

Getting the average of the heights gives the estimated value of height of Melchor Hall:
(H2a + H2b)/2 = 15.95 m

VIII. Conclusions

In determining a height of a structure like Melchor Hall, one of the easiest ways to use is
the Trigonometric Leveling because it doesn’t need complicated Geodetic formula, rather, it only
needs algebraic and trigonometric formulas like Pythagorean theorem and tangents.

IX. Bibliography

Dimal, M. L. Putting Theory in Practice: A Book on General Surveying II.

La Putt, Juny Pilapil, Elementary Surveying 3rd Edition,1987


La Putt, Juny Pilapil, Surveying Laboratory Manual,2005