1.7K views

Uploaded by Yousaf Bajwa

- Momentum Labatory
- Physics Lab Report
- Physics_3_lab
- Conservation of Linear Momentum Lab Report
- Conservation of Momentum Lab
- lab report about the Conservation of Mechanical Energy
- Collisions in One Dimension LAb Report
- Momentum
- Projectile Motion Experiment 1
- Forces and Friction Investigation Lab
- Conservation of Energy Lab Report
- Momentum
- Conservation of Energy Lab Report
- conservation of momentum
- Conservation of Energy
- LAPORAN LENGKAP
- Physics 111 Lab Manual 07
- Physics Lab Report
- Physic 151 Kinetic energy lab report full
- Physics Lab Report

You are on page 1of 4

11/25/10

collisions within a system.

so long as no external forces are acting on the system. The momentum is given as a

vector quantity, p=mv, since it has both magnitude and direction. Momentum is

conserved regardless of the type of collision. A collision can be either elastic, where

kinetic energy is conserved, or inelastic where the kinetic energy is absorbed within

the system. In this experiment, we will use two marbles to demonstrate the law of

conservation of momentum. Through the use of known initial velocities, we will be

able to determine the initial momentum of the system. We will then use the

distance traveled by the balls to determine their final velocities, and therefore

m v + m v + . . .+ m v = m v + m v + . . .+ m v

obtain the final momentum.

1 1 i 2 2 i Through

n nthe

i use

1 1 of

f the

2 equation:

2 f n n f

we will be able to relate these two quantities and test the validity of the law of

conservation of momentum. Because momentum is a vector quantity, it is

important to take into account the direction of the velocities. Their components in

just one dimension will be the same before and after a collision. Our setup will allow

us to empirically verify the law of conservation of mass.

used to provide the initial momentum. Within each trial, however, nothing is being

changed. Due to this, a graph cannot be made.

The dependent variable in the experiment is the distance traveled by the two

marbles. Like the independent variable, this is not true in each trial because there

should theoretically be no change in the distance the balls travel.

Materials: (1) Steel Marble, (1) Glass Marble, (1) Sloped Track, (1) Meter Stick, (1)

Carbon Paper, (1) White Paper, (1) Clamp

Procedure:

ideal one-dimensional collision as possible.

4. Hold the steel marble at the top of the ramp and let go.

5. Determine the distance the marble traveled by observing the black dots on

the white paper.

6. Use basic kinematics equations to determine the velocity with which the

marble traveled.

7. Place the glass marble on to the screw at the bottom of the ramp.

8. Hold the steel marble at the top of the ramp and let go.

10. Using the initial and final momentums of the system, determine if the law

of conservation of momentum was verified.

Raw Data:

Marble Only (m) After Collision (m) After Collision (m)

Tri

al

1 0.484 0.342 0.382

Tri

al

2 0.495 0.338 0.401

Tri

al

3 0.496 0.323 0.422

Tri

al

4 0.485 0.339 0.411

Tri

al

5 0.489 0.340 0.409

Table Height: .825 m Glass Marble: 3.41 g

Steel Marble: 8.36 g

Data Analysis:

Conclusion: This lab validates the Law

Final Velocity Steel Marble (m/s) Marble (m/s)of Conservation of Mass. The percent

(kg*(m/s))

Tri difference between the final and initial momentums was very small. This means

al that, for the most part, the momentums of the two marbles were equal to the

1 momentum of the steel marble0.8341before the collision.0.9317

The variables are related 0.0070

Tri because of the equation:

m v + m v + . . .+ m v = m v + m v + . . .+ m v

1 1 i 2 2 i n n i 1 1 f 2 2 f n n f

al

2 0.8244 0.9780 0.0069

Tri

al

3 0.7878 1.0293 0.0066

Tri

al

4 0.8268 1.0024 0.0069

Tri

al

5 0.8293 0.9976 0.0069

Final Momentum Glass Marble Final Momentum Percent Difference Initial and

(kg*(m/s)) System (kg*(m/s)) Final Momentums

Tri

al

1 0.0032 0.0102 1.4946

Tri

al

2 0.0033 0.0102 2.2450

Tri

al

3 0.0035 0.0101 0.9540

Tri

al

4 0.0034 0.0103 3.2523

Tri

al

5 0.0034 0.0103 3.2887

Theoretical Initial Velocity (m/s):

1.38 Theoretical Initial Momentum (kg*(m/s)): .012

Initial Velocity System/Steel

Marble (m/s): 1.20 Initial Momentum System/Steel Marble (kg*(m/s)): .010

Time for Ball to Hit Ground (s): .

41

We saw that the momentum of the steel marble after the collision was greater than

the momentum of the glass marble after the collision. This is because the steel

marble had a greater mass. The variables concerning this finding are related

because of the formula p=mv. Another one of our findings was that although the

balls traveled different distances, they hit the ground at the same time. This is

because of the absence of vertical velocities. Basic kinematics states that horizontal

and vertical velocities are independent of each other. The time was consistent

because of the KECA-2, which shows that there are no variables which can change

the data. Although the data shows that the law is accurate, it also reveals a slight

degree of error in the experiment. The largest source of error was the friction

experienced by the steel marble on the ramp. The Law of Conservation of

Momentum states that it is true so long as an external force does not act upon it.

The friction caused the marble to slow down and lowered its momentum. This would

result in a greater percent error because the final momentum would appear to be

smaller than it should be. Another source of error is the possibility that the collision

was not completely one-dimensional. If the marbles hit each other at even the

slightest angle the final momentum would appear to be either greater or less than

what it should be since it would be harder to calculate distances traveled. Apart

from these two, there were no other major sources of error (as can be seen by the

very small percent differences). The Law of Conservation of Momentum is backed

up by empirical evidence collected in this lab.

- Momentum LabatoryUploaded byDaniel Liu
- Physics Lab ReportUploaded byNurul Hasanah
- Physics_3_labUploaded bybhchesney
- Conservation of Linear Momentum Lab ReportUploaded byShang Divina Ebrada
- Conservation of Momentum LabUploaded byoofnivlak5
- lab report about the Conservation of Mechanical EnergyUploaded byFer Tamez
- Collisions in One Dimension LAb ReportUploaded bymahmoud2mirza
- MomentumUploaded byShane Claire
- Projectile Motion Experiment 1Uploaded byNeayzahn AcesSka
- Forces and Friction Investigation LabUploaded byMichael Mohamed
- Conservation of Energy Lab ReportUploaded byEvan O'Connor
- MomentumUploaded byPravesh_Yashvi_1628
- Conservation of Energy Lab ReportUploaded byCường Trí Nguyễn Đình
- conservation of momentumUploaded bysazliman
- Conservation of EnergyUploaded byReddyvari Venugopal
- LAPORAN LENGKAPUploaded by'Affif Ammar
- Physics 111 Lab Manual 07Uploaded byIsmail Amre
- Physics Lab ReportUploaded byYousif Mousa Adam
- Physic 151 Kinetic energy lab report fullUploaded byKique151
- Physics Lab ReportUploaded byHadeel Kareem
- TP19 Work EnergyUploaded bykarmagirl85
- Friction LabUploaded byJoey Bro Brendel
- Physics Report PROJECTILE MOTIONUploaded byHulwan Mukhlis
- Measurement of the Coefficient Static Friction by Sloping FieldUploaded byI Gede Dana Santika
- DCCCD Phys2425 Lab Manual FallUploaded byFranklin Chukwuka
- Atwood Machine Gizmos LabUploaded byMaulik Vora
- Lab 3 : Projectile MotionUploaded byUdara Silva
- Conservation of momentum & EnergyUploaded byTariq Mahmood
- Lab Report 6Uploaded byAbdullah Anjum
- Conservation of Energy LabUploaded byTyler

- IJCE v10n2p100 EnUploaded bytrannguyenviet
- M8 AerodynamicsUploaded byairbuk doeing
- Snow Anchor forces.pdfUploaded byDougNew
- Theory 1Uploaded byTarek Donga
- Rigid-Pavement-CC- IRC SP 62.xlsUploaded byamit singh
- AerodynamicsUploaded byvahid
- Analysis of Residual Stresses and Distortions in T Joint Fillet WeldsUploaded byDebabrata Podder
- Deflection in Concrete BeamsUploaded byJay Patel
- Understanding WavesUploaded byRuddyMartini
- Circular Motion and Gravitation ReviewUploaded byantonyluk
- i 345159Uploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- A Method of Assessment of the Liquid Sloshing Impact on Ship Transverse StabilityUploaded bySrashmi
- Soil Mechanics Sample QuestionUploaded byuhkar
- Tank Rapid MixUploaded byvicdejo
- m Enter 1994Uploaded bySsheshan Pugazhendhi
- cp physics outlineUploaded byapi-96362001
- Thesis Inductance and Emag Calculation Magnetic Vector PotentialUploaded bybhar
- Assignment 1 Me 354Uploaded byBrajesh kumar
- Work.docxUploaded byAshok Pradhan
- Curl and DivergenceUploaded byPrasanta Naskar
- Droplet VaporizationUploaded byJitesh Rane
- PHY12 Review Items Exit ExamUploaded byRigel Zabate
- Conduction Through the Bulk of an ObjectUploaded byyesuplus2
- research projectUploaded byapi-310038973
- Kuliah Rangkaian Magnet 270809 11Uploaded byMuhammad Fakhriy Indallah
- Inelastic resistance of angle sectionsUploaded byAmi Roslane
- Tutorial FastenersUploaded byKrm Leo
- Dynamics Class Notes Ch3 VIIIUploaded byKhen Villanueva
- Ji 3117331747Uploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- 21 feb 2014Uploaded byAnandraj Govindaraj