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# Code No: R5220101 R5

## II B.Tech II Semester(R05) Supplementary Examinations, December 2010

PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS
(Common to Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Biotechnology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
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1. (a) Define a random experiment, sample space, event and mutually exclusive events. Give examples
of each.
(b) Box A contains 5 red and 3 white marbles and box B contains 2 red and 6 white marbles.
i. If a marble is drawn from each box, what is the probability that they are both of the same
colour? [8+8]
2. (a) If X and Y are discrete random variables and K is a constant then prove that.
i. E ( X + K) = E(X) + K
ii. E(X+Y) = E(X) + E(Y)
(b) Out of 800 families with 5 childrens each, how many would you expect to have
i. 3 boys
ii. At least one boy. [8+8]
3. (a) Suppose 2% of the people on the average are left handed. Find
i. the probability of finding 3 or more left handed
ii. the probability of finding ≤ 1 left handed.
(b) The mean and standard deviation of a normal variate are 8 and 4 respectively find
i. P(5 ≤ x ≤10)
ii. P(x ≥ 5) [8+8]
4. Samples of size 2 are taken from the population 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 without replacement. Find
(a) mean of the population
(b) standard deviation of population
(c) the mean of sampling distribution of means
(d) standard deviation of sampling distribution of means. [16]
5. (a) In a random sample of 125 cola drinkers, 68 said they prefer thumsup to pepsi. Test the null
hypothesis p = 0.5 against the alternate hypothesis p>0.5
(b) A random sample of 100 teachers in a large metropolitan area revealed a mean weekly salary of
Rs. 487 with a standard deviation Rs. 48. With what degree of confidence can we assert that
the average weekly salary of all teachers in the metropolitan area is between 478.6 to 495.4 [8+8]
6. Two independent samples of sound 7 items respectively had the following values.

Sample I 11 11 13 11 15 9 12 14
Sample II 9 11 10 13 9 8 10 -

## Is the difference between the means of samples significant? [16]

7. Fit an equation of the form Y=abx to the following data: [16]
x: 2 3 4 5 6
y: 144 172.8 207.4 248.8 298.5
8. Two independent variables x and y have means 5 and 10 and variances 4 and 9 respectively. Find the
coefficient of correlation between u and v where
(a) u = 3x+4y , v =3x-y
(b) If x and y are not independent and r=0.5 , u = x+y , v= x-y [8+8]

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