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Common Application Layer Protocols - Ports and Transport Layer Technologies Used

Protocol Port(s) TCP/UDP Description

HTTP 80 TCP • Used by Web servers to send web pages to clients’ Web browser
(Hypertext Transfer Protocol) (IE, Firefox, Opera)
HTTPS 443 TCP • Provides a secure, encrypted connection
(HTTP over SSL1) • Padlock symbol is displayed in Web browser
FTP 20 & 21 TCP • Transfers files between servers & clients
(File Transfer Protocol) • 20 – data
• 21 – control messages
TFTP 69 UDP • Transfers files between servers & clients
(Trivial File Transfer Protocol) • No login reqd
SMTP 25 TCP • Used to send email messages between clients & servers and
(Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) between servers
POP3 110 TCP • Allows client software (Outlook Express, Pegasus) to retrieve
(Post Office Protocol v 3) email from mail server
SNMP 161 UDP • Allows network management applications to monitor devices
(Simple Network Management remotely)
Telnet 23 TCP • Allows user to log onto remote host (UNIX-based systems,
routers, switches)and execute text-based commands
NetBIOS 137, 138, TCP • Used to route NetBIOS functionality over TCP/IP

(Based on Table 6.9 Mike Meyer’s Network+ Certification, 2002)

SSL – Secure Sockets Layer