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That Brilliant Vitamin: Vitamin B By: Hamoon Arbabi

Perhaps you first read riboflavin at the back of a cereal box. Perhaps you first
encountered folic acid from your first grade science teacher. Perhaps you first heard
Forgot Password? New balanced diet from your mom. All that and more compose Vitamin B which is a
User? group of eight individual vitamins, often referred to as B vitamins or B-complex
vitamins. Vitamin B promotes normal growth and development, treats anemia and
some types of nerve damage, helps mental and nervous conditions, improves
resistance to infection and disease, increases appetite and energy, and improves
memory. Vitamin B is also essential for the breakdown of carbohydrates into
Home Based Business glucose, breakdown of fats and proteins, muscles in the stomach and intestinal tract,
Health & Fitness skin, hair, eyes, mouth, and liver.
Arts & Entertainment As mentioned earlier, Vitamin B is a group of eight individual vitamins. These
Loans vitamins are thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin, pyrodixine (B-6), folic acid (B-
Small Business 9), cyanocobalamin (B-12), panthotenic acid, and biotin.
Alternative Medicine Vitamin B1 or Thiamine is essential for the conversion of carbohydrates into simple
Business sugars called glucose which produces energy. This Vitamin B is also essential for the
Vehicles proper functioning of the heart, muscles, and nervous system. Thiamine deficiency is
Religion rare but often occurs to alcoholics because alcohol oftentimes interferes with the
Internet Marketing absorption of Vitamin B thiamine through the intestines. There are also several
Weight Loss health implications associated with being thiamine deficient. One is beriberi, a
Pets disease characterized by anemia, paralysis, muscular atrophy, and spasms in the leg
Beauty muscles. Other disorders associated with being thiamine deficient is Wernicke's
Marketing encephelopathy which causes lack of coordination, Korsakoff's psychosis which
Relationships affects short-term memory. Being thiamine deficient can also affect the mouth
resulting to increased sensitivity of the teeth, cheeks, and gums as well as cracks in
View all Categories the lips. Vitamin B thiamine can be found in whole-grain cereals, bread, red meat,
egg yolks, and green leafy vegetables. High doses of thiamine has been found not to
cause adverse health effects and excess of this water-soluble vitamin b can be
Submit Vitamin B2 Riboflavin is important in the breakdown of carbohydrates, and fats and
proteins. It is also significant in the maintenance of the skin and mucuous membrane,
the cornea of the eye, and nerve sheaths. Riboflavin deficiency can cause skin
disorders and inflammation of the soft tissue lining around the mouth and nose. It
can also cause the eye to be hypersensitive to light. Like Thiamine, Riboflavin is
found in whole grain products, milk, meat, and eggs. This is also excreted because it
is a water-soluble vitamin although a little is stored in the kidney and liver.
Vitamin B3 Niacin, also known as nicotinamide, is important in metabolism as well
as in the maintenance of healthy skin, nerves, and gastrointestinal tract. Niacin
deficiency can result to a disease called pellegra. The symptoms of pellegra are
sometimes called "Three Ds" - diarrhea, dermatitis, and dementia. The mouth is also
affected by pellegra which causes the inside of the cheeks and tongue to become red
and painful. Vitamin B3 can be found in dairy products, poultry, fish, lean meat,
nuts, and eggs. Niacin can also be prescribed in higher doses as drugs to help lower
cholesterol but this can cause side effects such as flushing of the skin , itching,
headaches, cramps, nausea, and skin eruptions.
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine which is also known as pyridoxal phosphate is used in the
production of red blood cells and in the biochemical reactions involved in the
metabolism of amino acids. It is also responsible in the synthesis of of antibodies in
the immune system and helps maintain normal brain function. Vitamin B6 deficiency
is rare except for alcoholics. It causes skin disorders, abnormal nervous system
known as neuropathy, confusion, poor coordination, and insomnia. Inflammation of
the lips, tongue and the rest of the mouth are oral symptoms of Vitamin B6
deficiency. Vitamin B6 can be found in organ meats, brown rice, fish, whole grains,
fortified breads and cereals, and legumes.
Vitamin B9 Folacin is a Vitamin B-complex which interacts with Vitamin B12 for
the synthesis of DNA which is important for all cells in the body. Folacin, a
combination of Vitamin B12 and Vitamin C, is essential in the breakdown of
proteins and production of red blood cells, tissue growth, and cell function. It also
stimulates appetite and formation of digestive acids. Folacin deficiency causes
anemia, stunted growth, and irritation of the mouth. Alcoholics, the malnourished,
the poor, the elderly, and those who have certain illnesses are usually the ones found
to be Vitamin B9 deficients.Vitamin B9 is found in legumes, citrus fruits, whole
grain cereals, and green vegetables.
Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin like all other Vitamin B-complex is essential in the
processing of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Vitamin B12 is also needed for
maintenance of our nerve sheaths, activates amino acids during protein formation,
and helps in the perpetuation of cells and fomation of new ones. One interesting
thing about Vitamin B12 is that it cannot be absorbed by the body unless combined
with mucoprotein made in the stomach. Once Vitamin B12 attaches to the
mucoprotein, it travels in the small intestine to be absorbed by the body. Vitamin
B12 deficiency is recurrently seen in strict vegetarians who do not take vitamin
supplements. A deficiency can also cause pernicious anemia which in turn causes
weakness, numbness of the extremities, and fever.
Pantothenic acid and biotin are the last two Vitamin B-complexes. Pantothenic acid
is used in the breakdown of carbohydrates, lipids, and amino acids while biotin
functions as a coenzyme in carboxylation reactions. There is no known disorder
associated with pantothenic acid deficiency while deficiency in biotin can cause scaly
dermatitis which is a skin disorder. Pantothenic acid is mainly found in meat,
legumes, and whole-grain cereals while abundance of biotin is found in beef liver,
mushrooms, and egg yolk.
By: Hamoon Arbabi
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