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Adaptation of Plants

from Different
Habitats for
Photosynthesis

Prepared by Boys Group 2


intro ducti on
1. Plants from different habitats are adapted to
carry out photosynthesis with two main aspects:
 The distribution of stomata

 The distribution of chloroplasts

2. There are three types of plants:


 Mesophytes

 Xerophytes

 hydrophytes
Typ e 1 : m esop hytes
Examples Habitat Adaptation
Distribution of Distribution of
stomata chloroplasts
Hibiscus Normal More stomata Many
Balsam
terrestrial or at the lower chloroplasts in
land plants that epidermis of the palisade
(Impatiens sp.)
live in areas the leaf to mesophyll
Maize (Zea
where water is reduce loss of cells, spongy
Mays) readily water through mesophyll
available. transpiration. cells and guard
cells to carry
out
photosynthesis
.
Type 2: xe rop hyte s
Examples Habitat Adaptation
Distribution of Distribution of
stomata chloroplasts
Cactus Plants that live Sunken stoma The stem have
Opuntia
under arid or on the stems many
dry conditions. The leaves chloroplasts.
are modified to Photosynthesis
form thorns only occurs at
with no the stems
stomata to which have
reduce the chlorophyll
problem of and stomata.
transpiration.
Type 3: hyd rop hyte s
Examples Habitat Adaptation
Distribution of Distribution of
stomata chloroplasts
Water lily Water surface Stomata are Many
(Nymphea sp.) (lower found on the chloroplasts in
with large flat epidermis of upper surface the palisade
leaves floating leaf on the of leaf only to mesophyll
on water surface of allow cells of leaf.
surface. water) exchange of
gases.
Type 3: hyd rop hyte s
Examples Habitat Adaptation
Distribution of Distribution of
stomata chloroplasts
Hydrilla sp. In the water. No stomata Many
which is fully Diffusion of chloroplasts in
submerged in gases occurs all parts of the
water. throughout the plant. Every
whole surface part of the
of the plant. plant carries
out
photosynthesis
.