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English-SpanishEnglish-Spanish CognatesCognates

Unit A: At School

Unit A: Chapter 1

Language and Vocabulary, page 2

instructions

instrucciones

jacket

chaqueta

jeans

jeans

pants

pantalones

sweater

suéter

identify

identificar

student

estudiante

Unit C: Chapter 2

Unit A: Chapter 2

Letters, Sounds, Words, page 8

bat

bate

bus

bus, autobús

consonant

consonante

gas

gasolina

initial

inicial

lamp

lámpara

letter

letra

map

mapa

Unit B: In the Classroom

Unit B: Chapter 1

Language and Vocabulary, page 22

American

americano/a

Brazil

Brasil

Brazilian

brasileño/a

Cambodia

Camboya

Cambodian

camboyano/a

China

China

Chinese

chino/a

classroom

clase

color

color

computer

computadora

Guatemala

Guatemala

Guatemalan

guatemalteco/a

Haiti

Haití

Haitian

haitiano/a

Mexico

México

Mexican

mexicano/a

nationality

nacionalidad

Russia

Rusia

Russian

ruso/a

Somalia

Somalia

Somalian

Somalí

telephone

teléfono

Unit B: Chapter 2

Sounds, Words, page 30

Sounds, Words, Sentences, page 50

zebra

cebra

zero

cero

False cognate:

question = pregunta, not cuestión

Unit C: Chapter 3

Reading and Writing, page 58

comprehend

comprender

jacket

chaqueta

jeans

jeans

Unit D: Around the School

Unit D: Chapter 1

Language and Vocabulary, page 62

cafeteria

cafeteria

gym

gimnasio

toast

(pan) tostada

Unit D: Chapter 2

Sounds, Words, Sentences, page 70

flute

flauta

globe

globo terráqueo

harp

arpa

train

tren

Unit D: Chapter 3

Reading and Writing, page 78

basketball

básquetbol, baloncesto

cafeteria

cafeteria

gym

gimnasio

office

oficina

students

estudiantes

study

estudiar

False cognate:

library = biblioteca, not librería

camel

camello

Unit 1: A Day at School

cape

capa

cube

cubo

Unit 1: Chapter 1

In the School Office, page 84

jog

lamp

hacer jogging

lámpara

lime

lima

April

abril

mule

mula

August

agosto

rat

rata

calendar

calendario

rose

rosa

computer

computadora

vet

veterinario/a

December

diciembre

 

February

febrero

July

julio

Unit C: Classmates

June

junio

May

mayo

Unit C: Chapter 1

Language and Vocabulary, page 42

November

noviembre

October

September

octubre

septiembre

color

color

student

estudiante

expression

expresión

telephone

teléfono

Unit 1: Chapter 2

Information Forms, page 94

accident

accidente

apartment

apartamento

contact

contact

emergency

emergencia

Unit 1: Chapter 3

How to Solve a Word Problem, page 102

data

datos

diagram

diagrama

divide

dividir

division

división

important

importante

information

información

lesson

lección

minus

menos

multiplication

multiplicación

multiply

multiplicar

operation

operación

paper

papel

plan

planear

solve

solver

students

estudiantes

synonym

sinónimo

total

total

use

usar

False cognates:

problem = math exercise, not problema question = pregunta, not cuestión

Unit 2: Families

Unit 2: Chapter 1

About My Family, page 118

cape

capa

cube

cubo

family

familia

interesting

interesante

medium

mediano

members

miembros

pine

pino

Unit 2: Chapter 2

Two Family Poems, page 128

author

autor

baby

bebé

mama

mamá

papa

papá

poem

poema

title

título

Unit 2: Chapter 3

Classifying Animals, page 136

air

aire

animals

animales

babies

bebés

classify

clasificar

divide

dividir

elephants

elefantes

graphics

gráficos

groups

grupos

mammals

mamíferos

reptiles

réptiles

science

ciencia

English-Spanish Cognates

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English-SpanishEnglish-Spanish CognatesCognates

Unit 3: After School

Unit 3: Chapter 1

After-School Activities, page 152

activities

actividades

baseball

beisbol

bat

bate

exercise

hacer ejercicio

instrument

instrumento

music

música

objects

objetos

paint

pintar

study

estudiar

usually

usualmente

Unit 3: Chapter 2

Tomás Cleans the Car, page 162

basketball

básquetbol, baloncesto

dictionary

diccionario

finally

finalmente

idea

idea

minutes

minutos

narrative

narrativo

synonyms

sinónimos

thesaurus

tesoro léxico

False cognate:

large = grande, not largo (long)

Unit 3: Chapter 3

The First Amendment, page 170

amendment

enmienda

assembly

asamblea

constitution

constitución

definition

definición

dictionary

diccionario

document

documento

government

gobierno

ideas

ideas

important

importante

opinions

opiniones

press

la prensa

radio

radio

religion

religión

summarize

resumir

summary

resumen

section

sección

television

televisión

Unit 4: Home

Unit 4: Chapter 1

A House or an Apartment, page 186

apartment

apartamento

curtains

cortinas

lamp

lámpara

sofa

sofá

study

estudiar

Unit 4: Chapter 2

A House of My Own, page 196

apartment

apartamento

narrative

narrativo

personal

personal

petunias

petunias

poem

poema

quiet

quieto

space

espacio

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English-Spanish Cognates

Unit 4: Chapter 3

Perimeter and Area, page 204

Unit 5: Chapter 3

Resources in the United States, page 238

addition

adición

agriculture agricultura

area

área, superficie

animals

animales

centimeters

centímetros

different

diferente

correct

correcto

electricity

electricidad

decide

decidir

electronics electrónicos

diagram

diagrama

fruit

fruta

distance

distancia

important

importante

divide

dividir

materials

materiales

division

división

minerals

minerales

equation

ecuación

natural

natural

estimate

estimar

nature

naturaleza

figure

figura

potatoes

patatas (papas)

finally

finalmente

products

productos

formula

fórmula

resource

recurso

lesson

lección

letters

letras

math

matemáticas

multiplication

multiplicación

Unit 6: Food

multiply

multiplicar

Unit 6: Chapter 1

object

objeto

operation

operación

What’s on the Menu?, page 254

perimeter

perímetro

banana

banana

probable

probablemente

delicious

delicioso

problem

problema

fresh

fresco

rectangle

rectángulo

hamburger

lemonade

hamburguesa

limonada

solve

solver

space

espacio

menu

menú

 

mustard

mostaza

pasta

pasta

Unit 5: The Community

pizza

potatoes

pizza

patatas (papas)

Unit 5: Chapter 1

salad

ensalada

salt

sal

Places in the Community, page 220

sandwich

sándwich

center

centro

soup

sopa

circle

círculo

tacos

tacos

colors

colores

terrible

terrible

community

comunidad

toast

pan tostada

hospital

hospital

tomato

tomate

police

policía

station

supermarket

estación

supermercado

False cognate:

advise = consejos, not aviso

toast

(pan) tostada

vegetable = legumbre, not vegetal

False cognates:

Unit 6: Chapter 2

exit = salida, not éxito library = biblioteca, not librería

Unit 5: Chapter 2

East City Community News, page 230

center

centro

community

comunidad

doctor

doctor

east

este

editor

editor

exercise

ejercicio

goal

gol

hospital

hospital

minutes

minutos

opinion

opinión

park

parque

public

público

resident

residente

students

estudiantes

transportation

transporte

False cognate:

finals = campionato, not finales

How to Eat a Poem, page 264

plate

plato

poem

poema

Unit 6: Chapter 3

The Food Guide Pyramid, page 272

calcium

calcio

calories

calorías

cereal

cereal

diet

dieta

different

diferente

energy

energía

fruit

fruta

group

grupo

guide

guía

important

importante

minerals

minerales

nutrition

nutrición

organs

órganos

pasta

pasta

plan

planear

protein

proteína

pyramid

pirámide

text

texto

English-SpanishEnglish-Spanish CognatesCognates

vitamins

vitaminas

yogurt

yogur

False cognate:

vegetable = legumbre, not vegetal

Unit 7: Money

Unit 7: Chapter 1

narrate

narrar

November

noviembre

percent

porcentaje

plan

planear

sections

secciones

semester

semestre

False cognate:

advice = consejos, not aviso

Clothes and Prices, page 290

Unit 8: Jobs and Careers

boots

botas

check

cheque

Unit 8: Chapter 1

cost

costar

credit

crédito

People at Work, page 326

dollar

dólar

chef

chef

jacket

chaqueta

computer

computadora

price

precio

creative

creativo

sweater

suéter

doctor

doctor

 

efficient

eficaz

Unit 7: Chapter 2

energetic

enérgico

The Midas Touch, page 310

enthusiastic

entusiástico

equipment

equipo

delicate

delicious

explain

festival

delicado

delicioso

explicar

festival

organized

patient

technician

organizado

paciente

técnico

fruit

fruta

garden

jardín

Unit 8: Chapter 2

generous

generoso

Three Scientists, page 338

guards

guardias

American

americano/a

history

historia

artificial

artificial

miserable

miserable

assistant

asistente

myth

mito

astronaut

astronauta

normal

normal

atomic

atómica

orders

órdenes

biography

biografía

palace

palacio

biology

biología

pear

pera

botany

botánica

rich

rico

characteristics características

rose

rosa

color

color

simple

simple

different

diferente

solid

sólido

director

director

statue

estatua

dominant

dominante

terrible

terrible

elements

elementos

False cognates:

energy

energía

examine

examinar

ancient = antiguo, not anciano stranger = desconocido, not extraño

experiments

experimentos

generation

generación

Unit 7: Chapter 3

Making a Budget, page 310

genes

genes

genetics

geology

genética

geología

article

artículo

hero

héroe

bank

banco

honorary

honorario

café

cafetería

important

importante

circular

circular

international

internacional

course

curso

introduction

introducción

credit

crédito

laboratory

laboratorio

debt

deuda

metallic

metálico

different

diferente

materials

materiales

divided

dividido

mechanical

mecánica

future

futuro

medal

medalla

graduate

graduar

medicine

medicina

hamburger

hamburguesa

meteorology

meteorología

important

importante

missions

misiones

interest

interés

monastery

monasterio

music

música

national

nacional

nature

naturaleza

oceans

océanos

parts

partes

pass

pasar

physicists

físicos

physics

física

plants

plantas

produce

producir

protect

proteger

radioactive

radioactivo

radioactivity

radioactividad

reference

referencia

science

ciencia

scientist

cientista

soldiers

soldados

space

espacio

study

estudiar

uranium

uranio

False cognate:

parents = padres, not parientes

Unit 8: Chapter 3

Research on the Internet, page 348

access

aceso

articles

artículos

association asociación

author

autor

biology

biología

button

botón

career

carrera

color

color

companies

compañías

computer computadora

content

correctly correctamente

describe

descriptions descripciones

different

disadvantages desventajas

contenido

describir

diferente

expert

experto

favorites

favoritos

general

general

ideas

ideas

important importante

information información

Internet

internet

letters

letras

limit

límite

list

lista

manual

manual

marine biology biología marina

menu

menú

opinion

opinión

project

proyecto

references referencias

results

resultados

specific

específico

suggested

sugeridos

technical

técnico

television

televisión

title

título

usually

usualmente

web site

sitio web

English-Spanish Cognates

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