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PC1431 Physics IE

2005-2006

TERM TEST
(Make - up)

8 October

Time Allowed: ONE hour

INSTRUCTIONS

1. This is a close book test.

2. This paper contains 15 multiple choice questions.

3. Answer all questions. Marks will NOT be deducted for wrong answers.

4. Answer the questions by shading the appropriate bubbles on the answer sheet only.
Answers written anywhere else will not be marked.

5. Only the answer sheet will be collected at the end of the test.

6. Use 2B pencil only. Using any other type of pencil or pen may result in answers
unrecognizable by the machine.

7. Take the acceleration due to gravity, g = 9.80 m/s2


1. At t = 0, a particle leaves the origin with a velocity of 5.0 m/s in the positive y
direction. Its acceleration is given by a = (3.0ı̂ − 2.0ĵ) m/s2 . At the instant the
particle reaches its maximum y coordinate how far is the particle from the origin?
(A) 11 m
(B) 16 m
(C) 19 m
(D) 22 m
(E) 29 m

2. A bead, in the figure on the right, is free to slide


down a smooth wire tightly stretched between points
P1 and P2 on a vertical circle of radius R = 2.1 m. If
the bead starts from rest at P1 , the highest point on
the circle, and θ = 25◦ , what is the time it takes to
arrive at P2 ?

(A) 0.433 s
(B) 0.839 s
(C) 0.926 s
(D) 1.02 s
(E) 1.13 s

3. In a stunt, a clown, of mass 60 kg, is fired with speed v0 at the same instant the
fire engine starts to move directly away from him. The fire engine moves forward
with a constant acceleration of 2.5 m/s2 . The fire engine is 5.0 m ahead of the
clown when they start. Assume the clown lands at the same elevation from which
he is fired. The cannon makes an angle θ with horizontal, where sin θ = 4/5 and
cos θ = 3/5. With what speed v0 must the clown leave the cannon in order to land
in the truck?
(A) 2.2 m/s
(B) 6.5 m/s
(C) 4.4 m/s
(D) 4.9 m/s
(E) 8.8 m/s
4. When the vector sum of three co-planar forces, A, B and C, is parallel to A, we
can conclude that B and C:

(A) MUST sum to zero.


(B) MUST be equal and opposite.
(C) MUST have equal and opposite components perpendicular to A.
(D) MUST have equal and opposite components parallel to A.
(E) MUST have equal and opposite components parallel and perpendicular to
A.

5. Consider what happens when you jump up in the air. Which of the following is
the most accurate statement?

(A) You are able to spring up because the earth exerts a force upward on you
which is stronger than the downward force you exert on the earth.
(B) Since the ground is stationary, it cannot exert the upward force necessary to
propel you into the air. Instead, it is the internal forces of your muscles acting
on your body itself which propels the body into the air.
(C) When you push down on the earth with a force greater than your weight, the
earth will push back with the same magnitude force and thus propel you into
the air.
(D) When you jump up the earth exerts a force F1 on you and you exert a force
F2 on the earth. You go up because F1 > F2 , and this is so because F1 is to
F2 as the earth’s mass is to your mass.
(E) It is the upward force exerted by the ground that pushes you up, but this
force can never exceed your weight.

6. In the figure on the right, a 10-kg mass is suspended from


two spring scales, each of which has negligible weight.
Thus
(A) Each scale will read 5 kg.
(B) The top scale will read zero, the lower scale will read
10 kg.
(C) Each scale will show a reading between one and 10
kg, such that the sum of the two is 10 kg. However,
exact readings cannot be determined without more
information.
(D) The lower scale will read zero, the top scale will read
10 kg.
(E) None of these is true.
7. A ball of mass 7.0 kg is suspended by two wires
from a horizontal arm, which is attached to a
vertical shaft, as shown in the figure on the
right. The shaft is in uniform rotation about its
axis. The rate of rotation is adjusted so that the
tensions in the two wires are equal. The radial
acceleration of the ball is closest to:

(A) 8.0 m/s2


(B) 5.0 m/s2
(C) 10.0 m/s2
(D) 6.0 m/s2
(E) 7.0 m/s2

8. In the figure below, a flatbed truck of mass 2000 kg traveling 20 m/s carries a load
of mass 500 kg positioned 3.0 meters behind the cab. The load is kept on the truck
by friction, and both the coefficients of kinetic and static friction between the load
and the bed of the truck are 0.50 (that is, μs = μk = 0.50). What is the shortest
distance in which the truck can stop without having the load slide forward enough
to hit the cab? (Note that the load can slide forward 3 meters before it hits the
cab.)
(A) 40.8 m
(B) 48.7 m
(C) 26.2 m
(D) 42.0 m
(E) 37.8 m

9. In the figure below, two wooden blocks of 0.30 kg mass each are connected by a
string which passes over a pulley. One block slides on a horizontal table, while
the other hangs suspended by the string, as shown in the sketch. At t = 0, the
suspended block is 0.80 m over the floor, and the blocks are released from rest.
After 1.2 s, the suspended block reaches the floor. What is the coefficient of kinetic
friction between the table and the sliding block?

(A) 0.95
(B) 0.77
(C) 0.35
(D) 0.49
(E) 0.25
10. A sand mover at a quarry lifts 2,000 kg of sand per minute a vertical distance of
12 m. The sand is initially at rest and is discharged at the top of the sand mover
with speed 5.0 m/s into a loading chute. At what minimum rate must power be
supplied to this machine?

(A) 6.65 kW
(B) 3.92 kW
(C) 1.13 kW
(D) 4.34 kW
(E) 524 W

11. In the figure below, a toy race car of mass m is released from rest on the loop-the-
loop track. If it is released at a height 2R above the floor, how high is it above the
floor when it leaves the track, neglecting friction?

(A) 1.33 R
(B) 1.50 R
(C) 2.00 R
(D) 1.25 R
(E) 1.67 R

12. In the figure below, a graph of potential energy versus position for a particle moving
in a straight line. From this curve, for the region shown, we deduce that

(A) this could not represent an actual physical situation, since the drawing shows
the potential energy going negative, which is not physically realizable.
(B) the force on the particle would be strongest when the particle is near the
origin.
(C) there are three positions of stable equilibrium.
(D) for a given value of x, the particle can have a total energy that lies either
above or below the value given by the curve at that point.
(E) the force on the particle would be greatest when the particle is near point D.
13. A rocket is to be launched from deep space where there is no gravitational field.
81% of the initial mass of the rocket is fuel and this fuel is ejected with a relative
velocity of 2300 m/s. Assuming that all of the fuel is used, what is the final speed
of the last portion of the ejected fuel relative to a stationary observer? You may
make use of the equation for rocket motion derived in class :
X ~
Mi
vf − vi = ve ln
Mf

where the symbols have their usual meanings.


(A) 1500 m/s
(B) 2000 m/s
(C) 2300 m/s
(D) 3800 m/s
(E) 6100 m/s

14. The figure below shows a symmetric trapezium with two parallel sides of lengths
8.0 cm and 4.0 cm and height of 6.0 cm. How far from the base AB of the trapezium
is the center of mass located?

(A) 2.00 cm
(B) 2.25 cm
(C) 2.50 cm
(D) 2.67 cm
(E) 3.00 cm

15. An alert hiker sees a boulder fall from the top of a distant cliff and notes that its
takes 1.30 s for the boulder to fall the last third of the way to the ground. You
may ignore air resistance. What is the height of the cliff?
(A) 74.5 m
(B) 112 m
(C) 123 m
(D) 164 m
(E) 246 m

END OF PAPER