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You are on page 1of 16

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 1 of 7

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

vessel shall include the required plate thicknesses calculations

for the following saddle components :

II. Web (saddle plate) thickness , tw.

III. Stiffener (rip plates) thickness , ts.

IV. Base plate thickness , tb.

Vessel type & position Cylindrical & Horizontal

Design pressure , P 257.898 PSI 18.156 Kg/CM2G

o o

Design temperature 149 F 65 C

Radiography (only for pressure parts, BW) 85%

Vessel inside dia., D 61.2598 INCH 1556 MM

Vessel outside dia., Do 62.9921 INCH 1600 MM

Vessel outside radius, Ro 31.4961 INCH 800 MM

Vessel wall thickness, t 0.86614 INCH 22 MM

Corrosion allowance, C 0.23622 INCH 6 MM

Material : shell ASME SA516 Grade 70

heads ASME SA516 Grade 70

saddles ASME SA283 Grade C

Min. tensile stress : shell 60000 PSIG 4224 Kg/CM2G

heads 60000 PSIG 4224 Kg/CM2G

saddles 55000 PSIG 3872 Kg/CM2G

Min. yield stress, sy : shell & heads 32000 PSIG 2252.8 Kg/CM2G

saddles 30000 PSIG 2112 Kg/CM2G

Allowable tensile stress: shell 20000 PSIG 1408 Kg/CM2G

heads 20000 PSIG 1408 Kg/CM2G

saddles 15700 PSIG 1105.28 Kg/CM2G

Vessel weight , empty , W 16377.3 lb 7428 Kg

liquid (water), Wc 22383.1 lb 10152 Kg

Vessel total weight , Wt 38760.4 lb 17580 Kg

Number of saddles used 2

Load per saddle , Q 19380.2 lb 8790 Kg

Saddle angle of contact , B 120 DEG

Saddle width, b 11.811 INCH 300 MM

Ring stiffeners adjacent to saddle N.A.

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 91 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 2 of 7

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

Vessel Layout :

Figure (3)

Shell wall thickness, ts 0.86614 INCH 22 MM

Head wall thickness (min.), th 0.7874 INCH 20 MM

Distance from tangent line - to - saddle support , A 22.0472 INCH 560 MM

Head depth - to - tangent line , Ho = ID / 4 + th 16.1024 INCH 409 MM

Shell length from Tangent - to - tangent (T/T) , L 189.764 INCH 4820 MM

Distance from tangent line - to - welding line (Skirt), l 1.5748 INCH 40 MM

Shell length from Welding - to - welding (W/W) , L' 186.614 INCH 4740 MM

Saddle - to - saddle distance (S/S) , L" = L - 2 A 145.669 INCH 3700 MM

Total vessel overall length = L + 2 Ho 221.969 INCH 5638 MM

liquid (water), Wc 22383.1 lb 10152 Kg

Vessel total weight (water), Wt 38760.4 lb 17580 Kg

Figure (4)

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 92 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 3 of 7

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

(a) Determining the number of stiffeners (rip plates) and its thickness, ts

*An approximate approach for determining the number

of stiffeners, N is :

N = m" / 24 + 1 (empirical formula)

where m" = total length of base plate , in.

= 0.8 x vessel O.D. , in. 50.3937 INCH 1280 MM

N 3.09974

Use 4 stiffeners, n 4

in accordance with saddle angle of contact, B :

m' = 2 (Ro + tf) sin B 55.5075 INCH 1409.889 MM

Use m 62.9921 INCH 1600 MM

min. for vessels up to 6 ft (1830 mm) in diameter ,

Therefore use 4 stiffeners with thickness , ts 0.55118 INCH 14 MM

The stiffeners are equaly spaced by, Ss = [m-2(0.5ts+cl)]/(n-1) 20.4199 INCH 518.6667 MM

Use equally spaced stiffeners, Ss 20.4199 INCH 518.6667 MM

Use rip plate width, Rw = 1/2[b - (2*cl + tw)] 5.03937 INCH 128 MM

Use distance, c 37.8346 INCH 961 MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 93 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 4 of 7

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

Flange thickness , tf = SQRT(6*Mb / Sb)

Where ,

Mb = Bending Moment, lb-in.

Sb = Allowable design bending stress

= 0.66 Sy ( per AISC Spesifications) 19800 PSIG 1393.92 Kg/CM2G

P b b b

M b = ----II x ---- x ---- = P II

-----

b 2 4 8

Q 1 + cos B

P = ---- [ --------------------------] .

II

Ro II - B + cos B * sin B

Ro = Vessel outside radius , in. 31.4961 INCH 800 MM

0 = Angle of contact , deg. 120 Degree

B = 180 - 0 /2 120 Degree

Use top flange plate thickness , tf 0.55118 INCH 14 MM

Use top flange plate width, B = 2* Rip width + 2*(55) + tw 14.9606 INCH 380 MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 94 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 5 of 7

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

Use 0.5" thick plate min. ( i.e. assume tw = 0.5" ) 0.5 INCH 13 MM

Calculate the max. allowable height h of a 1" wide

strip column 0.5" thick under PII .

2

Area , a = 1 x 0.5 IN.

Min. radius of gyration , k = 0.289 tw

18000

P = ---------------------------]

From -----

a

1 h 2

1+ -------- [ ---- ]

18000 k

= 2127 MM > distance c (961 MM)

Where c 37.8346 INCH 961 MM

Bearing pressure = Q / (b*m) 26.0486 PSIG 1.833821 Kg/CM2G

< 750 PSI allowable OK

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 95 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 6 of 7

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

D. Stresses in Shell Due to Temperature Expansion :

Expansion dl = a * l * dT

Where dl =

a = Thermal expansion coefficent 7.1E-06

l = Tangent - to - tangent distance (T/T) , in.

o

dT = Difference in temp. = 167-70 79 F 26.11111 oC

(consider ampient temp. 70 oF ) 70 o

F 21.11111 oC

Expansion , dl 0.10644 INCH 2.703538 MM

saddle with distance c/c 65 MM , and provide lubrite

plates underneath the sliding saddle .

Shear force at the saddle base, fo * Q 1938.02 lb 879 Kg

Centroid of saddle arc, xo = ro * sin 60 / rad. 60 26.047 INCH 661.5947 MM

Use Saddle height under vessel 3.28084 ft. 1000 MM

Distance, c 37.8346 INCH 961 MM

Elevation , Z =Ro + tf + c + tb 70.8661 INCH 1800 MM

Figure (5)

b 11.811 INCH 300 MM

B 14.9606 INCH 380 MM

Width of outside stiffeners, Sw = 2 Rw + tw 10.6299 INCH 270 MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 96 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 7 of 7

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

the vessel , Q * b/2 .

i.e fo * Q ( Z - xo ) = Q * b/2

Therefore , the min. value for b = 2 * BM /Q 8.96382 INCH 227.6811 MM

( the value used for b = 300 MM > 227.68 MM ) OK < 300 MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 114 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 1 of 8

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

Heads material ASME SA516 Grade 70

Saddles material ASME SA283 Grade C

Heads type Ellipsoidal 2:1

o o

Design temperature 149 F 65 C

Vessel internal pressure, P 255.682 PSIG 18 Kg/CM2G

Allowable stress in shell, Sts 20000 PSIG 1408 Kg/CM2G

Allowable stress in heads, Sth 20000 PSIG 1408 Kg/CM2G

Allowable stress in web, Sw 15700 PSIG 1105.28 Kg/CM2G

Shell compression yield point, Y 32000 PSIG 2252.8 Kg/CM2G

Saddle & anchor bolt compression yield point, Re 30000 PSIG 2112 Kg/CM2G

Outer shell diameter, Do 62.9918 INCH 1600 MM

Wall nominal thickness of shell, ts 0.866 INCH 22 MM

Wall nominal thickness of heads (min.), th 0.7874 INCH 20 MM

Corrosion allowance for shell & heads, Cas 0.236 INCH 6 MM

Shell joint efficiency, Es 0.85

Head joint efficiency, Eh 0.85

Head depth -to- tangent line (external depth), Ho 16.102 INCH 409 MM

Insulation thickness, tis 0 INCH 0 MM

Wear (reinf./top flange) plate width, B 14.961 INCH 380 MM

Wear (reinf./top flange) plate thickness, tf 0.551 INCH 14 MM

Wall corroded thickness of shell 0.236 INCH 6 MM

Wall corroded thickness of heads 0.551 INCH 14 MM

Wall corroded thickness of shell + reinf. plate 0.787 INCH 20 MM

Outer shell radius, Ro = Do / 2 31.496 INCH 800 MM

Shell length from Tangent - to - tangent (T/T), L 189.764 INCH 4820 MM

Saddle - to - saddle distance (S/S), L" 145.669 INCH 3700 MM

Transverse distance between anchor bolts, Y 39.3701 INCH 1000 MM

Distance from tangent line -to- center of saddle support, A 22.047 INCH 560 MM

Saddle contact angle, B 120 Degree

Longitudinal width of saddle at shell, b 14.961 INCH 380 MM

Transverse width of saddle at shell (baseplate length), m 62.992 INCH 1600 MM

Height of saddle to vessel center line, Z 70.866 INCH 1800 MM

Web width of saddle, hs 62.992 INCH 1600 MM

Web thickness of saddle, tw 0.551 INCH 14 MM

Equivalent diameter of vessel, Deq = 1.5 (Do + 2 * tis) 94.488 INCH 2400 MM

Equivalent length of vessel, Leq = L + 2Ho + 2 tis 221.969 INCH 5638 MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 115 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 2 of 8

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

1. Seismic & wind forces on vessel

a. Seismic force UBC-1997

Total design force or shear at the base, F = z . I . C . Wt / Rw 5329.18 lb 2417.25 Kg

Seismic Zone 2A :

For zone 2A : z = Seismic zone factor [Table No. 23-I] 0.15

I = Importance factor [Table No. 23-L] 1

C = Numerical coefficient [Table No. 23-P] 2.75 Max.

Rw = Numerical coefficient [TableS NoS. 23-O & 23-Q] 3

= 3 ( horizontal vessel on pier)

Total vessel dead weight, Wt 38757.7 lb 17580 Kg

F = Cf . Gh . qz . Af

qz = 0.00256 . kz . (I V)2 27.0848 PSF 13.49792 N/M2

For exposure C :

h = Height 0-15 Ft

kz = Velocity pressure exposure coefficient 0.8

Wind Velocity, V = Basic wind speed 115 MPH 51.399 M/Sec.

Gh = Gust response factor 1.32

Cf = Force coefficient 0.8

Figure ( 6 )

Wind longitudinal exposed area, Afl = (pi/8*Deq + Z) * Deq 70.8472 Ft2 6.58192 M2

Wind longitudinal force, Flw = Cf . Gh . qz . Afl 2026.34 lb 919.1228 Kg

Fl = Greater value of Fls & Flw 5329.18 lb 2417.25 Kg

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 116 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 3 of 8

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

Figure ( 7 )

Wind transvere exposed area, Aft = Deq * Leq 145.649 Ft2 13.5312 M2

Wind transverse force, Ftw = 0.5 x Cf x Gh x x qz x Aft 2082.89 lb 944.7727 Kg

Ft = Greater value of Fts & Ftw 2664.59 lb 1208.625 Kg

a. Reaction due to full vessel weight, Qo = Wt/2 19378.8 lb 8790 Kg

b. Reaction in longitudinal direction due to earthquake & wind :

By taking moments about saddle support : Fl . Z = Ql . L"

Ql = Fl . Z / L" 2592.57 lb 1175.959 Kg

c. Reaction in transverse direction due to earthquake & wind :

By taking moments about saddle support : Ft . Z = Qt . (m/2)

Qt = 3 ( 2 . Ft . Z / m) 17986 lb 8158.219 Kg

d. Max. reaction due to earthquake & wind, Qmax. = Max. (Ql , Qt) 17986 lb 8158.219 Kg

Total longitudinal reaction, Qlt = Qo + Ql 21971.4 lb 9965.959 Kg

Total transverse reaction, Qtt = Qo + Qt 37364.8 lb 16948.22 Kg

Q = Greater value of Qlt & Qtt 37364.8 lb 16948.22 Kg

Ratio (Qo + Qmax.) / Qo 1.92813

a. Modified circumferential stresses, SIG 5' = Ratio . < OK

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 117 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 4 of 8

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

a. Stresses in longitudinal direction

Longitudinal force, Fl 5329.18 lb 2417.278 Kg

Max. moment, Mmax. = Fl . Z 377658 lb-in. 4351.091 Kg-M

Figure ( 8 )

Moment of inertia, Ix-x = Lw*tw3/12+(n-2) ts*Sw3/12+2ts(Sw3-tw3)/12 221.512 INCH4 92200201 MM4

Section modulus, Wx-x =Lw*tw2/6+2ts*Sw2/6+2ts(Sw3-tw3)/(6 Sw) 44.5915 INCH3 730724.6 MM3

Dimension X1 = Ix-x / Wx-x 4.96758 INCH 126.1764 MM

Bending stress, Sb = Mmax. / Wx-x 8469.26 PSIG 596.2362 Kg/CM2G

Allowable bending stress, S' = 1.2 . S 18840 PSIG 1326.336 Kg/CM2G

Shear stress, T = Fl / A 94.6738 PSIG 6.665034 Kg/CM2G

Allowable shear stress, S' = 0.5 . S 7850 PSIG 552.64 Kg/CM2G

OK

b. Stresses in transverse direction

Transverse force, Ft 2664.59 lb 1208.639 Kg

Max. moment, Mmax. = Ft . Z 188829 lb-in. 2175.546 Kg-M

Figure ( 9 )

Moment of inertia, Iy-y = tw*Lw3/12+Sw[(Lw+2ts)3-Lw3]/12+2Rw((Ss(n-1-2)+ts)322429.5 INCH4 9.34E+09 MM4

Section modulus, Wy-y =tw*Lw2/6+Sw*[(Lw+2ts)3-Lw3]/6(Lw+2ts)]+2Rw[(Ss+ts 804.78 INCH3 13187989 MM3

Dimension Y1 = Iy-y / Wy-y 27.8703 INCH 707.9063 MM

Bending stress, Sb = Mmax. / Wy-y 234.634 PSI 16.51823 Kg/CM2G

Allowable bending stress, S' = 1.2 . S 18840 PSI 1326.336 Kg/CM2G

OK

Shear stress, T = Ft / A 47.3369 PSI 3.332517 Kg/CM2G

Allowable shear stress, S' = 0.5 . S 7850 PSI 552.64 Kg/CM2G

OK

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 118 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 5 of 8

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

1. Bending moment & bending stress at saddles

Bending moment at saddle in tension & compression, M1

A R 2 −H 2

1− +

L 2A L

M 1 = Q A 1− 823586 lb-in 9488.744 Kg-M

4H

1+

3L

2

Longitudinal bending stress in tension, S1 = M1 / K1 R2 ts 2861.77 PSIG 201.4689 Kg/CM G

2 2

Longitudinal bending stress in compression, S1 = - M1 / K8 R ts -1589.87 PSIG -111.9271 Kg/CM G

Bending moment at midspan, M2

R 2 − H2

1+ 2

' L2 4 A 3333925 lb-in 38411.02 Kg-M

M = QL −

1

4H L

1+

3L

' 2 2

Longitudinal bending stress at midspan, S1' = - M1 / 3.14 R ts -1235.31 PSIG -86.9661 Kg/CM G

S = P R / (2 Es ts) 5470.01 PSIG 385.089 Kg/CM2

2

Value of S1 + S 8331.79 PSIG 586.5578 Kg/CM G

2

Value of S1' + S -2825.19 PSIG -198.8932 Kg/CM G

' 2

Greater value of (S1 + S) & (S1 + S) 8331.79 PSIG 586.5578 Kg/CM G

Shell allowable tensile stress 20000 PSIG 1408 Kg/CM2G

Stress ratio = Greater stress/Allowable stress 0.41659 < 1 Passed

5.a. Tangential shear stress on shell, S2

In case of A > R/2 and ring not used or rings are adjacent to the saddle.

K2 Q L − 2 A

S2 = 1106.25 PSIG 77.88014 Kg/CM2G

R ts 4 H

L +

3

Stress ratio = S2 / 0.8 S 0.06914 < 1 Passed

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 119 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 6 of 8

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

In case of A > R/2 and ring used in plane of saddle.

K 3Q

L −2A

S2 = 301.362 PSIG 21.21585 Kg/CM2G

R ts L + 4H

3

Stress ratio = S2 / 0.8 S 0.01884 < 1 Passed

In case of A > R/2 and ring not used or rings are adjacent to th saddle.

K 2 Q L−2A

S = 1216.68 PSIG 85.65414 Kg/CM2G

R t h

2h

4H

L+

3

Stress ratio = S2 / 0.8 S 0.07604 < 1 Passed

In case of A <= R/2

S2 = K4 Q / R ts 1205.51 PSIG 84.86817 Kg/CM2G

Shell allowable tangential stress = 0.8 S 16000 PSIG 1126.4 Kg/CM2G

Stress ratio = S2 / 0.8 S 0.07534 < 1 Passed

2

In case of A <= R/2 S2 = K4 Q / R th 1325.85 PSIG 93.33971 Kg/CM G

Shell allowable tangential stress = 0.8 S 16000 PSIG 1126.4 Kg/CM2G

Stress ratio = S2 / 0.8 S 0.08287 < 1 Passed

2

In case of A <= R/2 S3 = K5 Q / R th 604.165 PSI 42.53321 Kg/CM G

S3 + stress due to int. pres. (PR/(2Es ts) 5470.01 PSI 385.089 Kg/CM2G

Stress ratio = S3 / 1.25 S 0.2188 <1 Passed

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 120 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 7 of 8

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

6. Circumferential stress

6.a. Circumferential stress at saddle horn

In case of L >= 8 R (unstiffened)

Q 3K6 Q

S4 =− −

4 ts (b +1.56 Rts ) 2

2ts -1806.46 PSIG -127.1747 Kg/CM2G

Stress ratio = S4 / 1.5 S 0.06022 < 1 Passed

In case of L < 8 R (unstiffened)

Q 12K6 QR

S4 = − − -2828.5 PSIG -199.1262 Kg/CM2G

4 ts (b +1.56 R ts ) Lts2

Stress ratio = S4 / 1.5 S 0.09428 < 1 Passed

(stiffened or unstiffened)

S 5 = −

t s ( b + 1 . 56 R ts )

0.5 compression yield point of shell material 16000 PSIG 1126.4 Kg/CM2G

Stress ratio = S5 / 0.5 S 0.08869 < 1 Passed

Horizontal force in web, Fw = K8 Q 22531 lb 10219.78 Kg

2 2

Effective web area, Aw = hs tw 34.7086 INCH 22392.6 MM

Stress in web, Sw = Fw / Aw 649.147 PSIG 45.69996 Kg/CM2G

Allowable stress in web, Saw = 0.6 Y 18000 PSIG 1267.2 Kg/CM2G

Stress ratio = Sw / 0.6 Y 0.03606 < 1 Passed

Stress in web, Sv = Fv / Aw 1076.53 lb 488.3004 Kg

Allowable stress in web (compressiuon), Saw = 0.33 Y 9900 PSIG 696.96 Kg/CM2G

Stress ratio = Sv / 0.33 Y 0.10874 <1 Passed

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 121 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 8 of 8

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

The saddle at the lowest section must resist the horizontal force (F).

The effective cross section of the saddle to resist this load is R/3.

Figure (10)

To resist this force, the effective area of web plate, A = (R/3) . tw 5.78668 INCH2 3733.333 MM2

The calculated stress, Scal. = F / A 1317.24 PSIG 92.73342 Kg/CM2G

The allowable stress, Sall. = (2/3) Sw 10466.7 PSIG 736.8534 Kg/CM2G

Stress ratio = Scal. / Sall. 0.12585 <1 Passed

So, the thickness of the web plate is satisfactory for horizontal force (F).

Values of Constant K

For contact angle B = 120o : 120o

K1 (K1 = 3.14 if the shell is stiffened by ring or head, A > R/2) 0.335

K2 1.171

K3 (K3 is constant for any contact angle) 0.319

K4 0.88

K5 0.401

K6 (K6 depends on the ratio A/R, see chart in vessel handbook)

K6 for A/R > 1.00 0.053

K6 for A/R < 0.5 0.013

A 22.047 INCH 560 MM

R 31.496 INCH 800 MM

A/R 0.69999

K6 for A/R = 0.69 0.0238 [From table]

K7 0.76

K8 0.603

K11 0.204

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 122 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 1 of 1

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

U. Check for the Anchor Bolts Due to Seismic and Wind Loading

1. For longitudinal forces, Fl

Figure (11)

Max. moment, Mmax. = Fl . Z 377658 lb-in. 4351.091 Kg-M

Cross-sectional area per anchor bolt, Ab (7/8" M26) 0.419 INCH2 270.322 MM2

No. of anchor bolts per saddle, nb 4 each

Total cross-sectional area of anchor bolts, A = nb . Ab 1.676 INCH2 1081.288 MM2

Bending stress, Sb = Mmax. / (A . L") 1546.88 PSIG 108.9005 Kg/CM2G

Resultant stress, Si = SQRT (Sb2 + 3 T2 ) 5720.52 PSIG 402.7246 Kg/CM2G

Allowable stress, S' = 0.5 . Re 15000 PSIG 1056 Kg/CM2G

OK

2. For transverse forces, Ft

Figure (12)

Max. moment, Mmax. = Ft . Z 188829 lb-in. 2175.546 Kg-M

Cross-sectional area per anchor bolt, Ab (7/8" M26) 0.419 INCH2 270.322 MM2

No. of anchor bolts per saddle, nb 4 each

Total cross-sectional area of anchor bolts, A = nb . Ab 1.676 INCH2 1081.288 MM2

Bending stress, Sb = 2 Mmax. / (A . Y) 5723.45 PSIG 402.9309 Kg/CM2G

Resultant stress, Si = SQRT (T2 + 3 Sb2 ) 10040 PSIG 706.8149 Kg/CM2G

Allowable stress, S' = 0.5 . Re 15000 PSIG 1056 Kg/CM2G

OK

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