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DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 90 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 1 of 7
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

N. Design of Saddle Supports

The design of saddle supports for horizontal cylindrical pressure


vessel shall include the required plate thicknesses calculations
for the following saddle components :

I. Top flange (reinforcement/wear) thickness , tf.


II. Web (saddle plate) thickness , tw.
III. Stiffener (rip plates) thickness , ts.
IV. Base plate thickness , tb.

The Design Data is as Follows :


Vessel type & position Cylindrical & Horizontal
Design pressure , P 257.898 PSI 18.156 Kg/CM2G
o o
Design temperature 149 F 65 C
Radiography (only for pressure parts, BW) 85%
Vessel inside dia., D 61.2598 INCH 1556 MM
Vessel outside dia., Do 62.9921 INCH 1600 MM
Vessel outside radius, Ro 31.4961 INCH 800 MM
Vessel wall thickness, t 0.86614 INCH 22 MM
Corrosion allowance, C 0.23622 INCH 6 MM
Material : shell ASME SA516 Grade 70
heads ASME SA516 Grade 70
saddles ASME SA283 Grade C
Min. tensile stress : shell 60000 PSIG 4224 Kg/CM2G
heads 60000 PSIG 4224 Kg/CM2G
saddles 55000 PSIG 3872 Kg/CM2G
Min. yield stress, sy : shell & heads 32000 PSIG 2252.8 Kg/CM2G
saddles 30000 PSIG 2112 Kg/CM2G
Allowable tensile stress: shell 20000 PSIG 1408 Kg/CM2G
heads 20000 PSIG 1408 Kg/CM2G
saddles 15700 PSIG 1105.28 Kg/CM2G
Vessel weight , empty , W 16377.3 lb 7428 Kg
liquid (water), Wc 22383.1 lb 10152 Kg
Vessel total weight , Wt 38760.4 lb 17580 Kg
Number of saddles used 2
Load per saddle , Q 19380.2 lb 8790 Kg
Saddle angle of contact , B 120 DEG
Saddle width, b 11.811 INCH 300 MM
Ring stiffeners adjacent to saddle N.A.
DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 91 of 126
According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 2 of 7
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

N. Design of Saddle Supports (cont.)


Vessel Layout :

Figure (3)

Shell Inside Diameter, D 61.2598 INCH 1556 MM


Shell wall thickness, ts 0.86614 INCH 22 MM
Head wall thickness (min.), th 0.7874 INCH 20 MM
Distance from tangent line - to - saddle support , A 22.0472 INCH 560 MM
Head depth - to - tangent line , Ho = ID / 4 + th 16.1024 INCH 409 MM
Shell length from Tangent - to - tangent (T/T) , L 189.764 INCH 4820 MM
Distance from tangent line - to - welding line (Skirt), l 1.5748 INCH 40 MM
Shell length from Welding - to - welding (W/W) , L' 186.614 INCH 4740 MM
Saddle - to - saddle distance (S/S) , L" = L - 2 A 145.669 INCH 3700 MM

Total Ellipsoidal Head depth (external depth), H = Ho + l 17.6772 INCH 449 MM


Total vessel overall length = L + 2 Ho 221.969 INCH 5638 MM

Vessel weight , empty , W 16377.3 lb 7428 Kg


liquid (water), Wc 22383.1 lb 10152 Kg
Vessel total weight (water), Wt 38760.4 lb 17580 Kg

Figure (4)
DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 92 of 126
According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 3 of 7
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

N. Design of Saddle Supports (cont.)

(a) Determining the number of stiffeners (rip plates) and its thickness, ts
*An approximate approach for determining the number
of stiffeners, N is :
N = m" / 24 + 1 (empirical formula)
where m" = total length of base plate , in.
= 0.8 x vessel O.D. , in. 50.3937 INCH 1280 MM
N 3.09974
Use 4 stiffeners, n 4

* Total length of base plate m , can also be calculated


in accordance with saddle angle of contact, B :
m' = 2 (Ro + tf) sin B 55.5075 INCH 1409.889 MM
Use m 62.9921 INCH 1600 MM

* The stiffener (rip plate) thickness (ts) is 3/8" (9.5 mm)


min. for vessels up to 6 ft (1830 mm) in diameter ,
Therefore use 4 stiffeners with thickness , ts 0.55118 INCH 14 MM

Baseplate-Stiffeners' fillet weld clearance, cl = Min. (ts , tb) 0.59055 INCH 15 MM

The stiffeners are equaly spaced by, Ss = [m-2(0.5ts+cl)]/(n-1) 20.4199 INCH 518.6667 MM
Use equally spaced stiffeners, Ss 20.4199 INCH 518.6667 MM

Use b 11.811 INCH 300 MM


Use rip plate width, Rw = 1/2[b - (2*cl + tw)] 5.03937 INCH 128 MM
Use distance, c 37.8346 INCH 961 MM
DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 93 of 126
According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 4 of 7
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

N. Design of Saddle Supports (cont.)

(b) Calculation of top flange (reinforcement) thickness, tf :


Flange thickness , tf = SQRT(6*Mb / Sb)
Where ,
Mb = Bending Moment, lb-in.
Sb = Allowable design bending stress
= 0.66 Sy ( per AISC Spesifications) 19800 PSIG 1393.92 Kg/CM2G

P b b b
M b = ----II x ---- x ---- = P II
-----
b 2 4 8

Pll = Linear load per unit lengh , lb/in.

Q 1 + cos B
P = ---- [ --------------------------] .
II
Ro II - B + cos B * sin B

Q = load per one saddle , lb 19380.2 lb 8790 Kg


Ro = Vessel outside radius , in. 31.4961 INCH 800 MM
0 = Angle of contact , deg. 120 Degree
B = 180 - 0 /2 120 Degree

. . PI 500.925 lb/in 8945.495 Kg/M

. . Bending moment , Mb 739.555 lb-in 8.520584 Kg-M

Flange thickness , tf = SQRT(6*Mb / Sb) 0.4734 INCH 12.02436 MM


Use top flange plate thickness , tf 0.55118 INCH 14 MM

Use top flange plate width, B = 2* Rip width + 2*(55) + tw 14.9606 INCH 380 MM
DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 94 of 126
According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 5 of 7
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

N. Design of Saddle Supports (cont.)

(c) Calculation of web (saddle) plate thickness , tw :

Use 0.5" thick plate min. ( i.e. assume tw = 0.5" ) 0.5 INCH 13 MM
Calculate the max. allowable height h of a 1" wide
strip column 0.5" thick under PII .
2
Area , a = 1 x 0.5 IN.
Min. radius of gyration , k = 0.289 tw

18000
P = ---------------------------]
From -----
a
1 h 2
1+ -------- [ ---- ]
18000 k

We get h = tw * SQRT [(1500/PII)(18000 tw - PII )] 79.7655 INCH 2026.044 MM


= 2127 MM > distance c (961 MM)
Where c 37.8346 INCH 961 MM

Use web ( saddle ) with thickness , tw 0.55118 INCH 14 MM

(d) Calculation of base plate thickness , tb :

tb = SQRT [(Q * b) / 26400 * m] 0.371 INCH 9.423482 MM

Use base plate with thickness , tb 0.98425 INCH 25 MM

* Check for the bearing pressure :


Bearing pressure = Q / (b*m) 26.0486 PSIG 1.833821 Kg/CM2G
< 750 PSI allowable OK
DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 95 of 126
According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 6 of 7
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

N. Design of Saddle Supports (cont.)


D. Stresses in Shell Due to Temperature Expansion :
Expansion dl = a * l * dT
Where dl =
a = Thermal expansion coefficent 7.1E-06
l = Tangent - to - tangent distance (T/T) , in.
o
dT = Difference in temp. = 167-70 79 F 26.11111 oC
(consider ampient temp. 70 oF ) 70 o
F 21.11111 oC
Expansion , dl 0.10644 INCH 2.703538 MM

Therefore use slots for anchor bolts located in the sliding


saddle with distance c/c 65 MM , and provide lubrite
plates underneath the sliding saddle .

Friction coefficient, fo 0.1


Shear force at the saddle base, fo * Q 1938.02 lb 879 Kg
Centroid of saddle arc, xo = ro * sin 60 / rad. 60 26.047 INCH 661.5947 MM
Use Saddle height under vessel 3.28084 ft. 1000 MM
Distance, c 37.8346 INCH 961 MM
Elevation , Z =Ro + tf + c + tb 70.8661 INCH 1800 MM

Support Saddle Detail :

Figure (5)

m 62.9921 INCH 1600 MM


b 11.811 INCH 300 MM
B 14.9606 INCH 380 MM
Width of outside stiffeners, Sw = 2 Rw + tw 10.6299 INCH 270 MM
DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 96 of 126
According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 7 of 7
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

N. Design of Saddle Supports (cont.)

Bending moment = fo * Q ( Z - xo ) 86860.3 lb-in. 1000.738 Kg-M

This bending moment is counteracted by the weight of


the vessel , Q * b/2 .
i.e fo * Q ( Z - xo ) = Q * b/2
Therefore , the min. value for b = 2 * BM /Q 8.96382 INCH 227.6811 MM
( the value used for b = 300 MM > 227.68 MM ) OK < 300 MM
DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 114 of 126
According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 1 of 8
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method

Shell material ASME SA516 Grade 70


Heads material ASME SA516 Grade 70
Saddles material ASME SA283 Grade C
Heads type Ellipsoidal 2:1
o o
Design temperature 149 F 65 C
Vessel internal pressure, P 255.682 PSIG 18 Kg/CM2G
Allowable stress in shell, Sts 20000 PSIG 1408 Kg/CM2G
Allowable stress in heads, Sth 20000 PSIG 1408 Kg/CM2G
Allowable stress in web, Sw 15700 PSIG 1105.28 Kg/CM2G
Shell compression yield point, Y 32000 PSIG 2252.8 Kg/CM2G
Saddle & anchor bolt compression yield point, Re 30000 PSIG 2112 Kg/CM2G
Outer shell diameter, Do 62.9918 INCH 1600 MM
Wall nominal thickness of shell, ts 0.866 INCH 22 MM
Wall nominal thickness of heads (min.), th 0.7874 INCH 20 MM
Corrosion allowance for shell & heads, Cas 0.236 INCH 6 MM
Shell joint efficiency, Es 0.85
Head joint efficiency, Eh 0.85

Head internal depth, h 15.315 INCH 389 MM


Head depth -to- tangent line (external depth), Ho 16.102 INCH 409 MM
Insulation thickness, tis 0 INCH 0 MM
Wear (reinf./top flange) plate width, B 14.961 INCH 380 MM
Wear (reinf./top flange) plate thickness, tf 0.551 INCH 14 MM
Wall corroded thickness of shell 0.236 INCH 6 MM
Wall corroded thickness of heads 0.551 INCH 14 MM
Wall corroded thickness of shell + reinf. plate 0.787 INCH 20 MM
Outer shell radius, Ro = Do / 2 31.496 INCH 800 MM
Shell length from Tangent - to - tangent (T/T), L 189.764 INCH 4820 MM
Saddle - to - saddle distance (S/S), L" 145.669 INCH 3700 MM
Transverse distance between anchor bolts, Y 39.3701 INCH 1000 MM

Distance from tangent line -to- center of saddle support, A 22.047 INCH 560 MM
Saddle contact angle, B 120 Degree
Longitudinal width of saddle at shell, b 14.961 INCH 380 MM
Transverse width of saddle at shell (baseplate length), m 62.992 INCH 1600 MM
Height of saddle to vessel center line, Z 70.866 INCH 1800 MM
Web width of saddle, hs 62.992 INCH 1600 MM
Web thickness of saddle, tw 0.551 INCH 14 MM
Equivalent diameter of vessel, Deq = 1.5 (Do + 2 * tis) 94.488 INCH 2400 MM
Equivalent length of vessel, Leq = L + 2Ho + 2 tis 221.969 INCH 5638 MM
DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 115 of 126
According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 2 of 8
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method (cont.)


1. Seismic & wind forces on vessel
a. Seismic force UBC-1997
Total design force or shear at the base, F = z . I . C . Wt / Rw 5329.18 lb 2417.25 Kg
Seismic Zone 2A :
For zone 2A : z = Seismic zone factor [Table No. 23-I] 0.15
I = Importance factor [Table No. 23-L] 1
C = Numerical coefficient [Table No. 23-P] 2.75 Max.
Rw = Numerical coefficient [TableS NoS. 23-O & 23-Q] 3
= 3 ( horizontal vessel on pier)
Total vessel dead weight, Wt 38757.7 lb 17580 Kg

b. Wind force ANSI A58.1


F = Cf . Gh . qz . Af
qz = 0.00256 . kz . (I V)2 27.0848 PSF 13.49792 N/M2
For exposure C :
h = Height 0-15 Ft
kz = Velocity pressure exposure coefficient 0.8
Wind Velocity, V = Basic wind speed 115 MPH 51.399 M/Sec.
Gh = Gust response factor 1.32
Cf = Force coefficient 0.8

c. Forces in longitudinal direction

Figure ( 6 )

Seismic longitudinal force, Fls = z . I . C . Wt / Rw 5329.18 lb 2417.25 Kg


Wind longitudinal exposed area, Afl = (pi/8*Deq + Z) * Deq 70.8472 Ft2 6.58192 M2
Wind longitudinal force, Flw = Cf . Gh . qz . Afl 2026.34 lb 919.1228 Kg
Fl = Greater value of Fls & Flw 5329.18 lb 2417.25 Kg
DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 116 of 126
According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 3 of 8
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method (cont.)

d. Forces in transverse direction

Figure ( 7 )

Seismic transverse force, Fts = 0.5 Fls = 0.5 x z x I x C x Wt / Rw 2664.59 lb 1208.625 Kg


Wind transvere exposed area, Aft = Deq * Leq 145.649 Ft2 13.5312 M2
Wind transverse force, Ftw = 0.5 x Cf x Gh x x qz x Aft 2082.89 lb 944.7727 Kg
Ft = Greater value of Fts & Ftw 2664.59 lb 1208.625 Kg

2. Reaction force per saddle support


a. Reaction due to full vessel weight, Qo = Wt/2 19378.8 lb 8790 Kg
b. Reaction in longitudinal direction due to earthquake & wind :
By taking moments about saddle support : Fl . Z = Ql . L"
Ql = Fl . Z / L" 2592.57 lb 1175.959 Kg
c. Reaction in transverse direction due to earthquake & wind :
By taking moments about saddle support : Ft . Z = Qt . (m/2)
Qt = 3 ( 2 . Ft . Z / m) 17986 lb 8158.219 Kg

d. Max. reaction due to earthquake & wind, Qmax. = Max. (Ql , Qt) 17986 lb 8158.219 Kg

e. Total reaction due to full vessel weight, earthquake and wind, Q


Total longitudinal reaction, Qlt = Qo + Ql 21971.4 lb 9965.959 Kg
Total transverse reaction, Qtt = Qo + Qt 37364.8 lb 16948.22 Kg
Q = Greater value of Qlt & Qtt 37364.8 lb 16948.22 Kg

3. Modified stresses at saddles :


Ratio (Qo + Qmax.) / Qo 1.92813
a. Modified circumferential stresses, SIG 5' = Ratio . < OK

SIG 5' = Ratio . < OK

SIG 4' = Ratio . < OK

b. Modified tangential stresses, SIG 2' = Ratio . < OK


DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 117 of 126
According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 4 of 8
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method (cont.)


a. Stresses in longitudinal direction
Longitudinal force, Fl 5329.18 lb 2417.278 Kg
Max. moment, Mmax. = Fl . Z 377658 lb-in. 4351.091 Kg-M

Figure ( 8 )

Cross-sectional Area, A = Lw * tw + 2 Sw * ts+ 2(n-2) Rw * ts 56.2899 INCH2 36316 MM2


Moment of inertia, Ix-x = Lw*tw3/12+(n-2) ts*Sw3/12+2ts(Sw3-tw3)/12 221.512 INCH4 92200201 MM4
Section modulus, Wx-x =Lw*tw2/6+2ts*Sw2/6+2ts(Sw3-tw3)/(6 Sw) 44.5915 INCH3 730724.6 MM3
Dimension X1 = Ix-x / Wx-x 4.96758 INCH 126.1764 MM
Bending stress, Sb = Mmax. / Wx-x 8469.26 PSIG 596.2362 Kg/CM2G
Allowable bending stress, S' = 1.2 . S 18840 PSIG 1326.336 Kg/CM2G
Shear stress, T = Fl / A 94.6738 PSIG 6.665034 Kg/CM2G
Allowable shear stress, S' = 0.5 . S 7850 PSIG 552.64 Kg/CM2G
OK
b. Stresses in transverse direction
Transverse force, Ft 2664.59 lb 1208.639 Kg
Max. moment, Mmax. = Ft . Z 188829 lb-in. 2175.546 Kg-M

Figure ( 9 )

Cross-sectional Area, A 56.2899 INCH2 36316 MM2


Moment of inertia, Iy-y = tw*Lw3/12+Sw[(Lw+2ts)3-Lw3]/12+2Rw((Ss(n-1-2)+ts)322429.5 INCH4 9.34E+09 MM4
Section modulus, Wy-y =tw*Lw2/6+Sw*[(Lw+2ts)3-Lw3]/6(Lw+2ts)]+2Rw[(Ss+ts 804.78 INCH3 13187989 MM3
Dimension Y1 = Iy-y / Wy-y 27.8703 INCH 707.9063 MM
Bending stress, Sb = Mmax. / Wy-y 234.634 PSI 16.51823 Kg/CM2G
Allowable bending stress, S' = 1.2 . S 18840 PSI 1326.336 Kg/CM2G
OK
Shear stress, T = Ft / A 47.3369 PSI 3.332517 Kg/CM2G
Allowable shear stress, S' = 0.5 . S 7850 PSI 552.64 Kg/CM2G
OK
DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 118 of 126
According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 5 of 8
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method (cont.)


1. Bending moment & bending stress at saddles
Bending moment at saddle in tension & compression, M1
 A R 2 −H 2 
 1− + 
 L 2A L 
M 1 = Q A  1−  823586 lb-in 9488.744 Kg-M
4H
 1+ 
 3L 
 
2
Longitudinal bending stress in tension, S1 = M1 / K1 R2 ts 2861.77 PSIG 201.4689 Kg/CM G
2 2
Longitudinal bending stress in compression, S1 = - M1 / K8 R ts -1589.87 PSIG -111.9271 Kg/CM G

2. Bending moment & bending stress at midspan


Bending moment at midspan, M2
 R 2 − H2 
 1+ 2 
'  L2 4 A 3333925 lb-in 38411.02 Kg-M
M = QL −
1
 4H L 
 1+ 
 3L 

' 2 2
Longitudinal bending stress at midspan, S1' = - M1 / 3.14 R ts -1235.31 PSIG -86.9661 Kg/CM G

3. Stress in the shell due to internal pressure,


S = P R / (2 Es ts) 5470.01 PSIG 385.089 Kg/CM2

4. Sum of tensile stress


2
Value of S1 + S 8331.79 PSIG 586.5578 Kg/CM G
2
Value of S1' + S -2825.19 PSIG -198.8932 Kg/CM G
' 2
Greater value of (S1 + S) & (S1 + S) 8331.79 PSIG 586.5578 Kg/CM G
Shell allowable tensile stress 20000 PSIG 1408 Kg/CM2G
Stress ratio = Greater stress/Allowable stress 0.41659 < 1 Passed

5.Tangential shear stress, S2


5.a. Tangential shear stress on shell, S2
In case of A > R/2 and ring not used or rings are adjacent to the saddle.
 
K2 Q L − 2 A
S2 =   1106.25 PSIG 77.88014 Kg/CM2G
R ts  4 H
L + 
 3 

Shell allowable tangential stress = 0.8 S 16000 PSIG 1126.4 Kg/CM2G


Stress ratio = S2 / 0.8 S 0.06914 < 1 Passed
DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 119 of 126
According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 6 of 8
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method (cont.)

5.b. Tangential shear stress on shell, S2


In case of A > R/2 and ring used in plane of saddle.
 
K 3Q 
 L −2A

S2 =  301.362 PSIG 21.21585 Kg/CM2G
R ts  L + 4H 
 
 3 

Shell allowable tangential stress = 0.8 S 16000 PSIG 1126.4 Kg/CM2G


Stress ratio = S2 / 0.8 S 0.01884 < 1 Passed

5.c. Tangential shear stress on head, S2h


In case of A > R/2 and ring not used or rings are adjacent to th saddle.
 
 
K 2 Q  L−2A
S =  1216.68 PSIG 85.65414 Kg/CM2G
R t h  
2h
4H
 L+ 
 3 

Head allowable tangential stress = 0.8 S 16000 PSIG 1126.4 Kg/CM2G


Stress ratio = S2 / 0.8 S 0.07604 < 1 Passed

5.d. Tangential shear stress on shell


In case of A <= R/2
S2 = K4 Q / R ts 1205.51 PSIG 84.86817 Kg/CM2G
Shell allowable tangential stress = 0.8 S 16000 PSIG 1126.4 Kg/CM2G
Stress ratio = S2 / 0.8 S 0.07534 < 1 Passed

5.e. Tangential shear stress on head


2
In case of A <= R/2 S2 = K4 Q / R th 1325.85 PSIG 93.33971 Kg/CM G
Shell allowable tangential stress = 0.8 S 16000 PSIG 1126.4 Kg/CM2G
Stress ratio = S2 / 0.8 S 0.08287 < 1 Passed

5.f. Additional tangential shear stress in head


2
In case of A <= R/2 S3 = K5 Q / R th 604.165 PSI 42.53321 Kg/CM G
S3 + stress due to int. pres. (PR/(2Es ts) 5470.01 PSI 385.089 Kg/CM2G

Head allowable tensile stress = 1.25 S 25000 PSI 1760 Kg/CM2G


Stress ratio = S3 / 1.25 S 0.2188 <1 Passed
DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 120 of 126
According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 7 of 8
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method (cont.)

6. Circumferential stress
6.a. Circumferential stress at saddle horn
In case of L >= 8 R (unstiffened)
Q 3K6 Q
S4 =− −
4 ts (b +1.56 Rts ) 2
2ts -1806.46 PSIG -127.1747 Kg/CM2G

Shell allowable circumferential stress = 1.5 S 30000 PSIG 2112 Kg/CM2G


Stress ratio = S4 / 1.5 S 0.06022 < 1 Passed

6.b. Circumferential stress at saddle horn


In case of L < 8 R (unstiffened)
Q 12K6 QR
S4 = − − -2828.5 PSIG -199.1262 Kg/CM2G
4 ts (b +1.56 R ts ) Lts2

Shell allowable circumferential stress = 1.5 S 30000 PSIG 2112 Kg/CM2G


Stress ratio = S4 / 1.5 S 0.09428 < 1 Passed

6.c. Circumferential stress at bottom of shell


(stiffened or unstiffened)

K 7 Q -1419.03 PSIG -99.89967 Kg/CM2G


S 5 = −
t s ( b + 1 . 56 R ts )
0.5 compression yield point of shell material 16000 PSIG 1126.4 Kg/CM2G
Stress ratio = S5 / 0.5 S 0.08869 < 1 Passed

7. Check tension in web saddle


Horizontal force in web, Fw = K8 Q 22531 lb 10219.78 Kg
2 2
Effective web area, Aw = hs tw 34.7086 INCH 22392.6 MM
Stress in web, Sw = Fw / Aw 649.147 PSIG 45.69996 Kg/CM2G
Allowable stress in web, Saw = 0.6 Y 18000 PSIG 1267.2 Kg/CM2G
Stress ratio = Sw / 0.6 Y 0.03606 < 1 Passed

Vertical force in web, Fv = Q 37364.8 lb 16948.22 Kg


Stress in web, Sv = Fv / Aw 1076.53 lb 488.3004 Kg
Allowable stress in web (compressiuon), Saw = 0.33 Y 9900 PSIG 696.96 Kg/CM2G
Stress ratio = Sv / 0.33 Y 0.10874 <1 Passed
DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 121 of 126
According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 8 of 8
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method (cont.)

8. Check of the saddle at the lowest section (web plate thickness) :


The saddle at the lowest section must resist the horizontal force (F).
The effective cross section of the saddle to resist this load is R/3.

Figure (10)

F = K11 . Q 7622.42 lb 3457.437 Kg


To resist this force, the effective area of web plate, A = (R/3) . tw 5.78668 INCH2 3733.333 MM2
The calculated stress, Scal. = F / A 1317.24 PSIG 92.73342 Kg/CM2G
The allowable stress, Sall. = (2/3) Sw 10466.7 PSIG 736.8534 Kg/CM2G
Stress ratio = Scal. / Sall. 0.12585 <1 Passed
So, the thickness of the web plate is satisfactory for horizontal force (F).

Values of Constant K
For contact angle B = 120o : 120o
K1 (K1 = 3.14 if the shell is stiffened by ring or head, A > R/2) 0.335
K2 1.171
K3 (K3 is constant for any contact angle) 0.319
K4 0.88
K5 0.401
K6 (K6 depends on the ratio A/R, see chart in vessel handbook)
K6 for A/R > 1.00 0.053
K6 for A/R < 0.5 0.013
A 22.047 INCH 560 MM
R 31.496 INCH 800 MM
A/R 0.69999
K6 for A/R = 0.69 0.0238 [From table]
K7 0.76
K8 0.603

K11 0.204
DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL Page : 122 of 126
According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002 Sheet : 1 of 1
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.) Rev. : 1

Project : Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel Date : 18.2.2004


Job Name : Demineralization Plant Job No. : 7434-33
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006 Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1 Client : APRC
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3 Type : Horizontal

U. Check for the Anchor Bolts Due to Seismic and Wind Loading
1. For longitudinal forces, Fl

Figure (11)

Fl 5329.18 lb. 2417.25 Kg


Max. moment, Mmax. = Fl . Z 377658 lb-in. 4351.091 Kg-M
Cross-sectional area per anchor bolt, Ab (7/8" M26) 0.419 INCH2 270.322 MM2
No. of anchor bolts per saddle, nb 4 each
Total cross-sectional area of anchor bolts, A = nb . Ab 1.676 INCH2 1081.288 MM2

Shear stress, T = Fl / A 3179.7 PSIG 223.851 Kg/CM2G


Bending stress, Sb = Mmax. / (A . L") 1546.88 PSIG 108.9005 Kg/CM2G
Resultant stress, Si = SQRT (Sb2 + 3 T2 ) 5720.52 PSIG 402.7246 Kg/CM2G
Allowable stress, S' = 0.5 . Re 15000 PSIG 1056 Kg/CM2G
OK
2. For transverse forces, Ft

Figure (12)

Ft 2664.59 lb. 1208.639 Kg


Max. moment, Mmax. = Ft . Z 188829 lb-in. 2175.546 Kg-M
Cross-sectional area per anchor bolt, Ab (7/8" M26) 0.419 INCH2 270.322 MM2
No. of anchor bolts per saddle, nb 4 each
Total cross-sectional area of anchor bolts, A = nb . Ab 1.676 INCH2 1081.288 MM2

Shear stress, T = Ft / A 1589.85 PSIG 111.9255 Kg/CM2G


Bending stress, Sb = 2 Mmax. / (A . Y) 5723.45 PSIG 402.9309 Kg/CM2G
Resultant stress, Si = SQRT (T2 + 3 Sb2 ) 10040 PSIG 706.8149 Kg/CM2G
Allowable stress, S' = 0.5 . Re 15000 PSIG 1056 Kg/CM2G
OK