Sie sind auf Seite 1von 10

Reactive Distillation 1

Reactive Distillation

© 2000 AEA Technology plc - All Rights Reserved.


Chem 10_3.pdf 1

www.cadfamily.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail.com
The document is for study only,if tort to your rights,please inform us,we will delete
2 Reactive Distillation

Workshop
With the continuous removal of reaction products, reactive distillation
has found acceptance as a means of improving the technical and
economic operation of processes where it is applicable. Advantages of
this process include higher yields, energy savings and reduced capital
costs.
Fast Track to page 7
In this example, you will study the manufacture of Methyl Acetate, an
important oil resin used in the manufacture of artificial leathers. You
will simulate the synthesis of Methyl Acetate from Methanol and Acetic
Acid in a catalytic distillation column.

Learning Objectives
Once you have completed this section, you will be able to:

• Model reactive distillation columns

www.cadfamily.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail.com
The document is for study only,if tort to your rights,please inform us,we will delete
Process Overview

www.cadfamily.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail.com
The document is for study only,if tort to your rights,please inform us,we will delete
Column Overview

www.cadfamily.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail.com
The document is for study only,if tort to your rights,please inform us,we will delete
Reactive Distillation 5

Building the Simulation


Defining the Simulation Basis
1. Start a new case using the Wilson Activity Model. The
components are: Methanol, Acetic Acid, M-Acetate and Water.

In the HYSYS component Enter the Simulation Environment.


database, M-Acetate is the
SimName and Methyl-Acetate
is the FullName.
Add the Feed Stream
Add the feed stream with the following values:

In This Cell... Enter...

Conditions

Stream Name Feed

Temperature 75°C (165°F)

Pressure 101.3 kPa (14.7 psia)

Molar Flow 45 kgmole/h (100 lbmole/hr)

Composition - Mole Fractions

Methanol 0.4

Acetic Acid 0.4

M-Acetate 0.1

Water 0.1

www.cadfamily.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail.com
The document is for study only,if tort to your rights,please inform us,we will delete
6 Reactive Distillation

Add the Distillation Column


Add a Distillation Column with the following connections:

In This Cell... Enter...

Connections

Column Name Reactive Distil

No. of Stages 15

Feed Feed, Stage 10

Condenser Type Total

Ovhd Liquid Distillate

Bottoms Liquid Bottoms

Condenser Energy Cond Q

Reboiler Energy Reb Q

Pressure

Delta P, Condenser 0 kPa (0 psi)

Condenser 90 kPa (13 psia)

Reboiler 97 kPa (14 psia)

Specs

Reflux Ratio 5

Distillate Rate 20 kgmole/h (44 lbmole/hr)

Go to the Monitor page of the Design tab and run the column.
Complete the following table with information from the simulation:

Distillate - Mole Bottoms - Mole


Component
Fraction Fraction

Methanol

Acetic Acid

Methyl Acetate

Water

www.cadfamily.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail.com
The document is for study only,if tort to your rights,please inform us,we will delete
Reactive Distillation 7

Adding the Reaction


Another way to add reactions in HYSYS is through the Simulation
Environment.

Open the case OptReact.hsc The reaction occurring in this simulation is a Kinetic reaction,

CH3OH + CH3COOH = CH3CH3COO + H2O

1. From the Flowsheet menu, select Reaction Package.


2. From the Available Reactions group, press the Add Rxn button.
3. Select Kinetic from the list of reactions and press the Add
Reaction button.
4. Enter the stoichiometric coefficients on the Stoichiometry tab.
Remember that reactants are negative and products are positive.
5. Go to the Basis tab. The Base Component is methanol and the
RxnPhase is Liquid. Leave the Basis and Rate Units at their
default values.
6. On the Parameters tab, for the Forward Reaction enter the
Arrenhius Parameter as A=1.0e5, and for the Energy Parameter
E=2.3e4 kJ/kgmole (1.0e4 Btu/lbmole). The reaction status
should now be Ready. Close the view.
7. Add the Global Rxn Set to the Current Reaction Sets group by
pressing the Add Set button.

www.cadfamily.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail.com
The document is for study only,if tort to your rights,please inform us,we will delete
8 Reactive Distillation

Adding the Reaction to the Column


In this case, the reaction occurs on stages 5 - 10 of the column. Reaction
Sets in HYSYS can be attached to any of the stages in the column,
including the Condenser, Reboiler and Side operations.

1. On the Reactions tab, press the New button. Enter the following
data:

2. Check the Active box on the ColumnReaction view. The default


column solver in HYSYS "HYSIM Inside-Out" is not capable of
The Sparse Continuation
handling reactions in the column. Therefore, HYSYS will change
Solver can be used for highly
non-ideal, unusual profiles, or the solver to Newton-Raphson Inside-Out.
otherwise difficult to converge 3. However, for this column, we need to use the Sparse
towers. It is good for Chemical Continuation Solver. Select this solver on the Solver page of the
Systems when Inside-Out is
not successful and for 3-Phase
Parameters page.
distillation. 4. Run the column. (The column may run automatically after the
solver is changed.)
5. Due to the substantial changes that were introduced as part of
adding the reaction to the column. The column may not solve.
On the Profiles page of the Parameters tab, enter a condenser
temperature estimate of 50 oC (122 oF), an estimate of 55 oC
(130 oF) for the 15th tray, and 100 oC (212 oF) for the Reboiler.
6. Rerun the column by pressing the Run button. The column
should now solve.
7. You can view the results on the Performance tab, and the
reaction results on the Reactions tab, Results page.

www.cadfamily.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail.com
The document is for study only,if tort to your rights,please inform us,we will delete
Reactive Distillation 9

8. Complete the following table with information from the


simulation.

Distillate - Mole Bottoms - Mole


Component
Fraction Fraction

Methanol

Acetic Acid

Methyl Acetate

Water

Does the reaction inside the column have any effect on the
compositions of the product streams? __________

Save your case!

www.cadfamily.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail.com
The document is for study only,if tort to your rights,please inform us,we will delete
10 Reactive Distillation

10

www.cadfamily.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail.com
The document is for study only,if tort to your rights,please inform us,we will delete