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Army Regulation 56–9

Surface Transportation

Watercraft

Headquarters
Department of the Army
Washington, DC
30 March 1988

Unclassified
SUMMARY of CHANGE
AR 56–9
Watercraft

This revision--

o Updates this regulation to reflect current general rules affecting watercraft


operations and marine responsibilities, policy, safety, personnel
qualification and certification.

o Deletes chapters on Career Sea Pay and Marine Warrant Officer appointments.
These will be incorporated in the appropriate regulations.
Headquarters *Army Regulation 56–9
Department of the Army
Washington, DC
30 March 1988 Effective 30 April 1988

Surface Transportation

Watercraft

Appointments have been deleted from this Adjutant General. Users will destroy interim
revision and will be incorporated in the ap- changes on their expiration date unless
propriate regulations. sooner superseded or rescinded.
Applicability. This regulation applies to the
Active Army, the Army National Guard Suggested Improvements. The
(ARNG), and the U.S. Army Reserve proponency agency of this regulation is the
(USAR), and other personnel operating and Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Lo-
maintaining watercraft covered by this regu- gistics. Users are invited to send comments
lation. and suggested improvements on DA Form
Proponent and exception authority. 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publica-
Not applicable. tions and Blank Forms) directly to HQDA
Impact on New Manning System. This (DALO–TSM), WASH DC 20310–0562.
regulation has a direct impact on the New
Manning System (NMS). It prescribes guide- Distribution. Distribution of this issue has
lines for stabilizing personnel in COHORT/ been made in accordance with DA Form
NMS units before and during their tenure in 12–9A–R requirements for 56–series publica-
History. This UPDATE printing publishes a such units. (See table 2–1, rule 66.)
revision which is effective 30 April 1988. tions. The number of copies distributed to a
Because the structure of the entire revised text Army management control process. given subscriber is the number of copies re-
has been reorganized, no attempt has been This regulation is not subject to the require- quested in Blocks 89 and 90 of the sub-
made to highlight changes from the earlier ments of AR 11–2. It does not contain inter- scribers DA Form 12–9A–R. AR 56–9
regulation dated 1 March 1984. nal control provisions. distribution is C for Active Army; D for
Summary. This regulation contains rules af- Supplementation. Supplementation of this ARNG; and D for USAR. Existing account
fecting watercraft operations and marine poli- regulation is prohibited unless prior approval quantities will be adjusted and new account
cies. This revision updates general rules is obtained from HQDA (DALO–TSM), quantities will be established upon receipt of
affecting watercraft operations and marine re- WASH DC 20310–0562.
a signed DA Form 12–9U–R (Subscription
sponsibilities, policy, safety, personnel quali- Interim changes. Interim changes are not for Army UPDATE Publications Require-
fication, and certification. The chapters on official unless they are authenticated by the ments) from the publications account holder.
Career Sea Pay and Marine Warrant Officer

Contents (Listed by paragraph and page number) Publications required on board • 2–8, page 4
Special warnings to mariners • 2–9, page 4
Chapter 1
General, page 1 Chapter 3
Purpose • 1–1, page 1 Duties of Ship Personnel, page 4
References • 1–2, page 1 Master • 3–1, page 4
Explanation of abbreviations and terms • 1–3, page 1 Mate • 3–2, page 5
Responsibilities • 1–4, page 1 Chief engineer • 3–3, page 5
Marine policies • 1–5, page 2 Assistant engineer • 3–4, page 5
Minimum manning of vessels • 1–6, page 3 Watercraft NCO (boatswain) • 3–5, page 5
Naming of vessels • 1–7, page 3 Radio operator • 3–6, page 5
DA forms • 1–8, page 3 Cook and cook’s helper • 3–7, page 5
Watercraft operator (coxswain) • 3–8, page 6
Chapter 2 Seaman • 3–9, page 6
Safety, page 3 Engineman • 3–10, page 6
General • 2–1, page 3
Medical • 2–2, page 3 Chapter 4
Radio operator • 2–3, page 4 Watercraft Operation, Supply and Personnel, page 6
Marine causality reports • 2–4, page 4 Sailing order • 4–1, page 6
Tests, drills, and inspections (TDI) • 2–5, page 4 Ship stores • 4–2, page 6
Required safety standards • 2–6, page 4 Conduct • 4–3, page 6
Minimum compliance • 2–7, page 4

*This regulation supersedes AR 56–9, 1 March 1984.

AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988 i

Unclassified
Contents—Continued

Chapter 5
Marine Qualifications, page 6
Scope • 5–1, page 6
General requirements • 5–2, page 6
Certification • 5–3, page 6
U.S. Army marine licenses • 5–4, page 7
Requirements for other personnel • 5–5, page 7

Chapter 6
Logbooks, page 7
Requirements • 6–1, page 7
Journal entries • 6–2, page 8
Maintenance and retention • 6–3, page 8
Oil record books • 6–4, page 8
Communication logs • 6–5, page 8

Appendix A. References, page 9

Glossary

ii AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988


Chapter 1 (3) Monitoring military adaptation of commercial non–develop-
General mental items (NDI) for watercraft.
(4) Monitoring the completion of product improvement programs
1–1. Purpose (PIP) for watercraft.
a. This regulation prescribes— (5) Reviewing watercraft policy, programs, and requirements for
(1) Responsibilities and policies for determining Department of impact on the SARDA functional areas.
the Army (DA) watercraft (including amphibians) requirements, pri- d. The Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) will—
orities, distribution, and operations. (1) Develop policy and procedures for training provided at Army
(2) Responsibilities for development and update of the Army training centers and schools for the operation and maintenance of
Watercraft Requirements Master Plan (AWRMP). watercraft including all aspects of—
(3) Responsibilities for DA watercraft program planning, budget- (a) Classification, grading, qualification, and assignment of civil-
ing, and execution. ian and military personnel to watercraft.
(4) Responsibilities, policies, and procedures for qualifying Army (b) Maintaining records of marine personnel qualifications.
personnel in MOS 88K, 88L, 880A, and 881A to skill level and (2) Develop policy and procedures for qualification of Army ma-
vessel type. rine personnel.
(5) Responsibilities for ocean going vessels and Harbor and In- (3) Develop policy and procedures for award of Career Sea Pay.
land Waterway operations. e. Office of Chief of Staff, Army has general staff responsibility
b. This regulation covers DA controlled watercraft used in logis- to support Army watercraft safety activities with safety management
tics over–the–shore (LOTS) operations; coastal, harbor, and inland and technical services.
waterway (CHI); and ocean operation. (Table 1–1 identifies types f. The Chief of Engineers (COE) will—
and classes of watercraft governed by this regulation.) (1) Develop maintenance policies for, overseeing the mainte-
c. This regulation does not cover watercraft used in civil work nance and repair of, and planning, programming, and constructing—
under jurisdiction of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; en- (a) Piers.
gineer–peculiar equipment; or other watercraft not listed in table (b) Wharves.
1–1. (c) Landing craft beaching ramps.
(d) Docking facilities.
1–2. References (e) Other watercraft facilities on U.S. Army installations.
Required and related publications and prescribed and referenced (2) Ensure that applicable cultural, environmental, and pollution
forms are listed in appendix A. control laws and regulations are observed in the acquisition, con-
struction, operation, maintenance, and disposal of watercraft
1–3. Explanation of abbreviations and terms facilities.
Abbreviations and special terms used in this regulation related to g. The Commanding General, U.S. Army Materiel Command
watercraft operations are explained in the glossary. (AMC) will be responsible for—
(1) Developing and procuring new watercraft.
1–4. Responsibilities
(2) Fielding, storing, and maintaining watercraft.
a. The Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics (DCSLOG) will be
(3) Providing technical guidance and assistance related to water-
responsible for—
craft to military components.
(1) Programing for the acquisition of sufficient watercraft capa-
(4) Budgeting for operations and maintenance of Army watercraft
bilities to meet mission requirements and Defense Guidance.
in CONUS depots.
(2) Monitoring the programmatic status of developmental
(5) Maintaining required watercraft supply parts in the watercraft
watercraft.
inventory.
(3) Ensuring the development of required logistical support for
(6) Maintaining an inventory of watercraft status and supply part
new watercraft.
availability.
(4) Planning overall Army objectives in coordination with Navy (7) Develop marine unit structure, capabilities, and allowances.
for logistics over the shore (LOTS) capability. h. The Commanding General, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine
(5) Developing plans based on DAMPL or DCSOPS Army Order Command (TRADOC), with the Chief of Transportation (COT) as
of Precedence (AOP) for distribution of watercraft assets to support Executive Agent will—
planned peacetime and mobilization needs. (1) Appoint a Marine Safety Board (MSB).
(6) Reviewing watercraft priorities and requirements for impact (2) Maintain a current list of qualified military marine personnel
on DCSLOG functional areas. indicating—
b. The Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans (a) Level of technical qualification, Vessel–Specific Duty Per-
(DCSOPS) will— formance Test (DPT) completion, and license held by individual.
(1) Determine the appropriate distribution of strategic watercraft (b) Any restrictions or special qualifications that may affect po-
assets to meet peacetime and mobilization needs. tential assignments.
(2) Develop necessary force structure to support watercraft mis- (3) Ensure user interests are considered during the development
sion requirements. and fielding of new watercraft.
(3) Integrate watercraft units into the Active Army and Reserve (4) Establish watercraft requirements to support mission goals.
Force structures and into mobilization planning. (5) Develop watercraft concept of operation as a basis for prepa-
(4) Ensure Army watercraft requirements meet mission goals. ration of doctrine, organization, material, and training.
(5) Establish priority for acquisition of watercraft. (6) Publish U.S. Army watercraft doctrine.
(6) Ensure the AWRMP is updated as necessary to reflect priori- (7) Develop marine unit structure, capabilities and allowances.
ties for watercraft acquisition and operations. (8) Develop procedures for issuing, renewing, denying, suspend-
(7) Review watercraft policy and programming for impact on ing, or amending marine qualification for military and civilian
ODCSOPS functional areas. personnel.
c. The Secretary of the Army (Research, Development, and Ac- (9) Provide training to qualify personnel in marine operations and
quisition) (SARDA) will be responsible for— maintenance functions.
(1) Budgeting for watercraft research, development, test, and i. Unit, installation, and activity commanders and State adjutants
evaluation (RDT&E) and procurements. general will—
(2) Monitoring the progress of watercraft RDT&E and procure- (1) Assign personnel to authorized positions for which they are
ment contracts. qualified. (See AR 611–101, AR 611–201, and AR 611–112.)

AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988 1


(2) Ensure that DA Form 3068 (Marine Service Book) and DA (a) Transport personnel and cargo.
Form 3068–1 (Marine Service Record) are maintained. (b) Support terminal operations.
(3) Ensure that the member’s qualification is entered in his or her (c) Provide command and control.
official military personnel qualification record. (d) Support unit and individual training.
(4) Ensure compliance with paragraph 1–5 of this regulation. (e) Support other missions as directed.
(5) Comply with AR 55–19 and AR 385–40 upon receiving no- (4) Welfare and morale programs may be supported if they do
tices of marine casualties. not interfere with the assigned mission of the craft or degrade its
(6) Publish standard operating instructions on safe and efficient mission capability. (See AR 27–20.)
watercraft operations. (5) Recreational activities may be supported if they do not inter-
(7) Process receipt of notice from CG, AMC, of excess water- fere with the mission or degrade capability of the craft. User will
craft, by— pay for—
(a) Requesting a change to TOE, MTOE, TDA, or MTDA. (See (a) The cost of fuel.
AR 310–31 and AR 310–49.) (b) The overtime wages of civilian crews.
(b) Preparing a statement of excess to authorized allowance and e. Personnel.
requesting disposal instructions from CG, AMC. (1) Civilian crew positions will conform to similar positions
(8) Comply with DA Pam 738–750. within the U.S. maritime industry or the host country. Requests for
(9) Ensure that watercraft are not modified unless the provisions civilian crew will be prepared per AR 310–49.
of AR 70–37 are met. (2) Civilian personnel connected with Army watercraft must hold
(10) Establish— a U.S. Coast Guard license, host country license, or be licensed per
(a) A training program for Vessel–Specific DPT (licensing) for chapter 5.
marine personnel (MOS 88K, 88L, 880A, and 881A). (3) Army marine personnel must be technically certified as indi-
(b) A program to ensure standardization of Vessel–Specific DPT. cated below. (See para 5–3.)
(a) Warrant officers will be technically certified by attending and
1–5. Marine policies graduating from the Warrant Officer Entry Course (WOEC); the
a. General. Marine Deck Officer or Marine Engineering Officer Warrant Officer
(1) DA regulations and directives on the following apply to wa- Technical Certification Course (WOTCC); the Marine Deck Officer,
tercraft unless otherwise indicated in this regulation: or Marine Engineering Senior Warrant Officer Course (SWOC).
(a) Operation. Enlisted personnel will attend applicable marine technical track
(b) Disease control. courses through the NCOES educational process to obtain technical
(c) Sanitation. certification commensurate with skill/grade level for the marine
(d) Safety. MOS.
(e) Fire prevention and control. (b) Award of MOS 88K or 88L must be supported by the appro-
(f) Maintenance of equipment. priate level of certification. Enlisted personnel must be certified to
(g) Training and assignment of personnel. grade within 6 months after promotion.
(h) Assignment of equipment. (4) U.S. Army marine personnel assigned to a vessel must be
(i) Seapay. certified to grade and obtain a U.S. Army Marine License (USAML)
(2) Watercraft policy will also conform to the extent feasible by passing the appropriate Vessel–Specific DPT.
to— (5) When compliance with (4) above interferes with essential
(a) The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Titles 33, 46, 47, operations, the requirement for certified/licensed personnel must be
and 49. waived, in writing, by a General Officer or an officer with General
(b) The requirements of regulatory bodies governing U.S. mari- Courts–Martial convening authority. Waivers will be issued on a
time activities, where specified in this regulation. mission–by–mission basis.
b. Water pollution. (6) Appointment of Marine Field Examiner (MFE).
(1) Army watercraft will not discharge oil or other hazardous (a) Request for appointment of MFE will be forwarded to Office
materials into or upon— of the Chief of Transportation, ATTN: ATSP–OCT, Ft Eustis, VA
(a) Territorial waters of the United States. 23604–5407.
(b) Adjoining shorelines. (b) A return letter of approval and instruction will be provided by
(c) The contiguous zones. the office in (a) above.
(2) Commanders of units with watercraft will comply with AR (7) The unit commander will decide which crew members will
200–1, Public Law 92–500, and applicable CFR. remain onboard or on station during repair or shipyard overhaul.
(3) Watercraft will comply with Federal, State, and local regula- Reserve component units should have the following personnel pres-
tions governing the disposal of sewage and waste. ent throughout the overhaul period. Active duty units, as minimum,
(4) Watercraft in oversea areas will comply with foreign nation must have the following present:
laws and regulations. (a) Class A–1—Master, Chief Engineer.
c. Allocation of watercraft. (b) Class A–2—Master, Chief Mate, Chief Engineer and Assist-
(1) Watercraft will be assigned to Active Army and Reserve ant Engineer.
Components only as authorized by TOE, MTOE, TDA, and MTDA. (8) When a vessel is habitable, crew members will remain on
(AR 310–31 and AR 310–49, respectively, govern submissions of board. If the vessel is not habitable because of work or yard facili-
TOE and TDA authorizations.) ties, the crew members will be temporarily relocated so they can
(2) Requests for transfer of watercraft between MACOMs will be remain with the vessel on station. Crew members will do other than
sent to the U.S. Army Troop Support Command (AMSTR–STMR), shipyard work and will assist the marine surveyor when required.
St. Louis, MO 63120–1798. They will forward inter–MACOM The marine surveyor is the only person authorized to negotiate with
transfers with strategic mobility implications to HQDA contract personnel.
(DALO–TSM), WASH DC 20310–0562. (9) Class A–2 vessels will have on board a Single Channel Radio
d. Use of watercraft. Operator (MOS 31C) capable of sending and receiving international
(1) Watercraft will be used within their design capability per TM morse code at the rate of 16 five–letter word groups minimum per
55–500. minute and knowledgeable in safety of life at sea requirements.
(2) Nothing in this regulation will relieve the master/coxswain f. Customs, courtesies, and flags. Customs, courtesies, and flags
from the responsibility of providing life–saving assistance. will be applied to all watercraft per FM 55–501.
(3) Watercraft will be used to— g. Communications, Electronics and Navigation (CEN) equip-
ment.

2 AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988


(1) Watercraft that have CEN equipment must be assigned a (b) Submit to Office, Chief of Army Reserve (OCAR) (ARPEN-
ship’s radio authorization per AR 105–28. Operation of CEN equip- CEN), WASH DC 20310–2400 a semi–annual listing of reserve
ment will be performed in accordance with— personnel certified and licensed or not certified to grade.
(a) Allied Communications Publications (ACP). (c) Submit to Chief, National Guard Bureau (NGB) a semiannual
(b) U.S. Supplements to ACP. listing of guardsmen certified and licensed or not certified to grade.
(c) Joint Army–Navy–Air Force Publications (JANAP). (5) Provide U.S. Total Army Personnel Agency (USTAPA), U.S.
(d) Army Regulations. Army Reserve Personnel Center (ARPERCEN) and Chief, NGB
(e) Army Field and Technical Manuals. upon demand, a listing of personnel certified and licensed for mobi-
(2) Radio–telephone stations must be operated in accordance lization augmentees (IMA), individual ready reserve (IRR), individ-
with— ual ready reserve RT–12 (IRR RT–12) and retirees.
(a) CFR 33, part 26, CFR 47, part 83. (6) Consolidate the Army’s Career Sea Pay budget for all active
(b) Federal Communications Commission. and reserve component units.
(3) CEN equipment will conform to TB 43–0117, Watercraft
Electronics Configuration Directory. Deviations are not authorized 1–6. Minimum manning of vessels
a. All Class A U.S. Army vessels, while underway, will be
without DA approval.
manned, at a minimum, with the following percentages of the base
(4) Masters, Mates and Coxswains assigned in these positions
TOE document.
must meet the technical certification/licensing requirements and pos-
(1) For voyages of 8 hours or less:
sess a valid Coast Guard approved Marine Radar Observer Certifi-
(a) 50 percent of required Warrant Officer by MOS.
cate for those vessels with radar equipment. Chief Engineers,
(b) 80 percent of required enlisted personnel.
Assistant Engineers, and Engineers assigned in these positions must
(2) For voyages exceeding 8 hours:
meet the technical certification/licensing requirements commensu-
rate with skill level. (a) 100 percent of required Warrant Officers.
(b) 80 percent of required enlisted personnel by MOS.
h. Marine Safety Board (MSB).
b. The intent of this regulation is to ensure that every vessel be
(1) The MSB is made up of at least 13 voting members ap-
manned with sufficient number of qualified personnel to provide
pointed by the Chief of Transportation (COT), U.S. Army Transpor-
for—
tation Center and Fort Eustis, as follows:
(1) Relief of watch standers for rest after 8 hours.
(a) The chairman will be the senior commissioned officer.
(2) Ability to respond to emergencies.
(b) A minimum of six marine warrant officer members. (Three
(3) Due regard to safety of the vessel and crew.
must hold valid USAML as Master Class A–2 vessels; three must
hold valid USAML as Chief Engineer, Class A–2 vessels.) 1–7. Naming of vessels
(c) A minimum of four senior enlisted personnel. (Two must The Office of the Chief of Transportation, ATTN: ASTP–OCT, Fort
hold valid USAML as Mate, Class A–1 vessels; two must hold valid Eustis, VA 23604–5407 is the manager for vessel names. The Office
USAML as Assistant Engineer, Class A–1 vessels.) of the Chief of Transportation (OCOT) will keep the list of ap-
(d) Two commissioned officers: one from USATSCH and one proved names, clear all names and keep appropriate records. All
from 7th Transportation Group. requests/proposals for names must be forwarded to OCOT who will
(e) One each commissioned officer or warrant officer may be then forward the name selected, through the Army Staff, to the
included when so designated by Army National Guard Bureau and Secretary of the Army for approval.
Office of the Chief of Army Reserve.
(2) A majority will constitute a quorum, however, both a deck 1–8. DA forms
and engine department warrant officer must be present. This regulation is the prescribing authority for the following forms:
(3) The MSB will— a. DA Form 3068 and DA Form 3068–1.
(a) Evaluate and recommend actions on suspension or revocation b. DA Form 4309–1 (U.S. Army Marine License (Wallet Size)),
of certification/USAML. DA Form 5673 (US Army Certificate), and DA Form 4309 and DA
(b) Evaluate and recommend actions on marine safety issues to Form 4309–1 (U.S. Army Marine License) will be issued by the
the COT. Marine Safety Office (MSO) upon completion of licensing
(c) Review marine casualty reports, incident reports, investiga- requirements.
tions, and recommend actions to the COT.
i. Marine Safety Office (MSO). Chief of Transportation (COT)
will maintain a marine safety and sea service office to—
(1) Support the MSB by— Chapter 2
(a) Compiling and maintaining statistical data on marine casual- Safety
ties, incidents and investigations.
(b) Maintaining U.S. Army Marine Qualification records on ac- 2–1. General
The master or operator of a vessel is responsible for—
tive, reserve and civilian personnel operating army watercraft.
a. Its safe operation and navigation.
(2) Maintain U.S. Army certification and licensing records.
b. The safety of personnel and cargo.
(a) Distributing marine certification test material to Marine Field
Examiners. 2–2. Medical
(b) Recording exam grade by subject and forward results to indi- a. Medical personnel are not assigned to most watercraft; hence
viduals, commanders and agencies as applicable. the crew must receive first aid training. Special emphasis must be
(3) Issue Registered Documents. made to hazards associated with watercraft operations, i.e., drown-
(a) U.S. Army Marine Certificate upon passing MTE. ing, hypothermia, asphyxiation, hazardous cargo, evacuation, etc.
(b) Initial U.S. Army Marine License (USAML) per skill level b. Responsibility for medical matters will be assigned to a ships
with endorsements as applicable. officer.
(c) Marine Service Book (DA Form 3068). c. Class A–2 vessels must carry a qualified medical specialist
(4) Provide the following source documents in support of the (MOS 91C) and will carry medical supplies. For vessels other than
Marine Qualification and Career Sea Pay Program: Class A–2, a medical specialist will be requested by the vessel
(a) Submit to HQDA (DAPC–OPM–GA), ALEX VA 22332 and master for hazardous missions.
HQDA (DAPC–EPL–TT), ALEX VA 22331, a monthly listing of d. First aid publications will be kept on all vessels. A ships
personnel technically certified and licensed or not certified to grade. medicine chest or first aid kit is required on all vessels regardless of

AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988 3


class. The U.S. Public Health publication, “Ships Medicine Chest (4) Seaworthy, properly crewed, and fitted to—
and Medical Air at Sea,” will be carried on all Class A vessels. (a) Accomplish assigned mission,
(b) Be safe in case of fire, adverse weather, or pilferage.
2–3. Radio operator (5) Navigated safely by being present on the bridge when—
For safety of life at sea, Class A–2 vessels will have radio operators (a) Weather conditions require his or her attention.
qualified, per Title 47 CFR, part 83. (b) Visibility is reduced.
(c) Approaching or leaving narrow channel ways.
2–4. Marine causality reports (d) Navigating in crowded or restricted waters.
Marine causality reports, incident reports, and investigations will be (e) Docking or undocking.
completed per AR 27–20, AR 55–19, and AR 385–40. One copy of (f) Beaching or retracting.
each report will be sent to the Marine Safety Office. (6) Properly staffed by a qualified engineering officer present in
the engineroom when—
2–5. Tests, drills, and inspections (TDI)
(a) Approaching or leaving narrow channels.
a. Each vessel will have a standard operating procedure (SOP) on
(b) Navigating in crowded or restricted waters.
board that specifies TDIs. Frequency of all TDIs will be per CFRs.
(c) Docking or undocking.
See table 2–1 for those that will be included in the TDI SOP.
b. Strictly comply with Army regulations and special orders on
b. Results of all TDI’s will be noted in the vessel’s log.
vessel operations and Federal and local pollution laws. To support
2–6. Required safety standards this responsibility, the master will maintain a current library of
a. The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is the basis for safety navigation laws, rules, customs, and courtesies. This will include a
on Army watercraft, unless specifically indicated in DA regulation. current copy of CFR Titles 33, 46, 47, and 49.
b. The CFR will be followed to the extent feasible with regard to c. Enforce safety.
military operations. See table 2–2 for exceptions. (1) Ensure that written procedures are established and posted for
c. The applicable CFR’s are Titles 29, 33, 46, 47, and 49. the relief of all watches.
(2) Decide whether to enter or leave port and whether to navigate
2–7. Minimum compliance in hazardous water.
Table 2–1 establishes those sections of the CFR that all watercraft (3) Ensure that, in the event of collision, provisions of CFR 33,
will comply with regardless of military situation or operation. part 173, subpart C, and AR 55–19 are followed.
(4) Supervise the movement of the vessel to or from its berth.
2–8. Publications required on board (5) Ensure that CEN, life saving and emergency equipment are in
a. Every Class A vessel will carry on board all CFR’s, DA good working order.
regulations, TM’s, TB’s, and FM’s cited in tables 2–1 and 2–2. (6) Consult with a medical officer or other authority in case of
b. Every unit containing Class B or C–1 vessels will maintain the contagious illness on board.
publications cited in tables 2–1 and 2–2. (7) Maintain a safe and moderate speed when—
(a) The watercraft is navigating narrow channels or is in crowded
2–9. Special warnings to mariners or restricted water.
a. Special warnings are sent out when possible political or mili- (b) Passing tows or deep–laden small craft.
tary hazards exist for U.S. civil and military mariners. U.S. mariners (c) There is limited visibility or other adverse conditions.
will— (8) Ensure that—
(1) Use the quickest means of communication to reach the (a) The gyro, remote heading magnetic sensor, magnetic com-
sender’s next higher command. passes, radar, and other navigating equipment are fully operational
(2) Preface the communications with “Mariner Warning Informa- and properly maintained.
tion” and reference DODD 5030.57. The final recipient of this (b) An accurate DA Form 5073–R (Magnetic Compass Deviation
warning information is the Office of Maritime Affairs, Department Table) is posted. DA Form 5073–R will be locally reproduced on 5–
of State. by 8–inch paper. A copy for local reproduction purposes is located
b. When Army watercraft units, watercraft at sea and stations at the back of this regulation.
receive Special Warnings to Mariners communications, they will— (c) Hourly comparisons of the compasses are made while under-
(1) Promptly acknowledge receipt of the warning through com- way and upon each new heading.
mand channels. (d) A comparison between the compasses and true direction will
(2) Take appropriate actions per the warning message, or the be made once per watch when the weather and existing conditions
recipient’s HQ element. permit. Compass error will be entered in the logbook.
(e) Bridge and engineroom clocks are synchronized and entered
into the logbook.
(f) Publications and equipment repaired for the safe navigation of
Chapter 3 the vessel are on board and that they are properly maintained.
Duties of Ship Personnel d. Maintain records as follows:
(1) A deck logbook, which will include—
3–1. Master (a) A record of the daily events.
The master’s command authority derives from maritime law and (b) A record of collisions, groundings, or accidents of any kind.
rules of navigation. He or she is at all times the technical authority Any exceptional experiences which may have affected the naviga-
and is responsible for crew training and vessel safety, operation and tion of the vessel must be in detail, such as influence of current and
navigation. He or she is the ultimate authority even with the pres- winds. The master will promptly report such occurrences to the
ence of a pilot or senior officer. A vessel master will— home port commander.
a. Ensure that the vessel is— (c) A record of any violation of regulation that affects safety,
(1) Operated efficiently, safely, and economically. This includes operations, and discipline. The corrective action taken should also
ensuring that the crew keeps the vessel properly cleaned, painted, be noted.
maintained, and repaired. (d) A detailed record of deficiencies in emergency and safety
(2) Prepared to sail at the time scheduled. equipment noted during drills and inspections.
(3) Properly supplied and that sufficient fuel and fresh water are (e) The time the vessel is underway.
on board before sailing. He or she will ensure that these items are (f) The amount of fuel used each day.
replenished as required. (g) The number of personnel and quantity of stores or freight
transported.

4 AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988


(h) Presailing and postsailing vessel drafts. k. Ensure that unauthorized personnel do not enter the
(i) A record of crew members and passengers who are engineroom.
nonswimmers. l. Promptly report to the bridge watch officer any machinery
(j) Other missions that the vessel performed. casualties or problems that may have an adverse effect on the
(2) Bell logs will be maintained on every vessel except those vessels handling.
capable of complete control and operation from the pilot house. m. Maintain Watercraft Reporting Information Systems (WIRS)
Vessels with pilot house control are included when they use the bell per TB 55–1900–205–24.
system. (See example in FM 55–501.) n. Report any violation of the regulations governing the engine
(3) A night order book with general standing orders and special department to the master.
instructions. o. Maintain a record of machinery history.
e. Ensure that—
(1) The crew and passengers conduct themselves properly. 3–4. Assistant engineer
(2) The officers and crew are properly uniformed and that all The assistant engineer acts as assistant to the chief engineer and
personnel on board maintain a clean and neat appearance. assumes responsibility of the Engine Department in the chief engi-
(3) Unauthorized persons are not aboard. neer’s absence. He or she will—
(4) Passengers do not enter off–limit areas or interfere with crew a. Ensure that the chief engineers’ orders are obeyed.
members performing their duties. b. Supervise the engine department to include personnel training,
(5) All cargo is checked on board and stowed as planned. safety, maintenance, and general ships business.
(6) The watercraft has proper trim and stability. c. Notify the chief engineer of unusual circumstances.
(7) Personnel and cargo accepted on board are properly docu-
mented, secured, and protected. 3–5. Watercraft NCO (boatswain)
(8) Sufficient rations or ration funds for crew and passengers for a. The boatswain is responsible to the mate for—
the entire voyage are on board and properly stowed and secured. (1) Reporting operational conditions of all deck machinery and
(9) Sufficient emergency rations are aboard. equipment.
f. Instruct the mate on the care of the vessel or the ship’s busi- (2) Maintenance of the deck gear.
ness to be conducted when the master is absent. (3) The conduct, discipline, and direct supervision and assistance
g. Ensure that a current station bill and muster list are posted. of deck personnel.
h. Approve the prestowage plan. b. The boatswain ensure that—
i. Be accountable for vessel property per AR 710–2. (1) The vessel is secured for sea before getting underway.
(2) Mooring lines and fenders are properly stowed after getting
3–2. Mate underway.
The mate acts as assistant to the master and assumes responsibility (3) Mooring lines and fenders are made ready before mooring.
for the vessel in the master’s absence. Specifically, the mate will— c. Under the supervision of the mate, the boatswain assigns deck
a. Ensure that the master’s orders are obeyed. department personnel to watches and details.
b. Supervise the deck department to include personnel training, d. On craft not authorized a mate, the boatswain performs the
safety, maintenance, cargo operations, and general ship’s business. mate’s duties except for navigation of the vessel.
c. Navigate the vessel during appropriate watches. Maintain the
prescribed course and deviate only as required to avoid danger. 3–6. Radio operator
d. Notify the master of unusual circumstances. a. The radio operator is under the direct supervision of the
master. He or she is responsible for transmitting, receiving, and
3–3. Chief engineer recording all radio messages.
The chief engineer is responsible to the master for the efficient, b. The radio operator must be qualified to send and receive con-
safe, and economical operation of the engine department. Specifical- tinuous wave (CW) transmissions at a minimum of 16 five letter
ly, the chief engineer will— word groups per minute.
a. Ensure efficient and economical operation of the engine room, c. The radio operator must be thoroughly familiar with voice
auxiliary, and deck machinery. procedures, CW procedures, operating techniques, and transmission
b. Coordinate with the deck watch to ensure safe operation of the schedules that affect the vessel and safety of life at sea require-
vessel. ments. He or she must monitor all frequencies assigned by pertinent
c. Exercise immediate control over all persons connected with the regulations and orders and comply with communications–electronic
engine department. He or she will ensure that— operation instructions (CEOI) and standing operating procedures
(1) Training, discipline, and efficiency are maintained. (SOPs) covering communications in the operational area.
(2) All orders from the master are promptly executed. d. The radio operator will immediately inform the master of all
d. Establish and maintain the watch schedules for the incoming messages. He or she will clear all outgoing messages
engineroom. through the master before transmission.
e. Ensure that the engineroom logbook is prepared per instruc- e. The radio operator is responsible for the operating and operator
tions in chapter 6. maintenance of all radio equipment. He or she prepares requests for
f. Maintain all applicable records, reports, repair parts, and on- necessary replacement parts submitting them through the vessel’s
board repair parts inventory per DA Pam 738–750, AR 710–2, and supply channels. He or she assists the mate in operator maintenance
local command directives. of electronic navigation equipment.
g. Schedule, direct, and supervise the maintenance and repair of
engineroom machinery, electrical equipment, and deck machinery. 3–7. Cook and cook’s helper
The level of work performed must be according to the Maintenance a. The senior cook operates the ship’s mess. He or she—
Allocation Chart (MAC) and policies in AR 750–1. (1) Directs the mess personnel in preparing food and cleaning
h. Transfer fuel or water for ballast as directed by the master. and caring for utensils, stoves, refrigerators, and other equipment.
i. Ensure that the engine signals from the bridge are properly (2) Makes certain that mess personnel are complying with regula-
answered, performed, and recorded in the bell log. (See para 6–5.) tions regarding personal hygiene of food handlers.
j. Report defects that affect the operational readiness to the (3) Prepares requests for rations and coordinates their delivery
master. Prepare work orders for repairs beyond the ability of the with the port steward.
crew. (See AR 750–1.) (4) Prepares menus and helps prepare and serve meals.

AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988 5


b. The cook’s helper works under the direct supervision of the Chapter 5
senior cook. Marine Qualifications
3–8. Watercraft operator (coxswain) 5–1. Scope
The coxswain is responsible for the safe operation, maintenance, Marine qualification is a dual process consisting of a Marine Tech-
and welfare of the craft, crew, passengers, and cargo as well as nical Examination (MTE) certification and Vessel–Specific Duty
those duties outlined in FM 55–501. Performance Test (DPT) licensing.
a. Certification: MTE verifies that an individual has knowledge
3–9. Seaman of common marine tasks by skill level.
Personnel assigned to the deck department who perform duties as b. Licensing: Vessel–Specific DPT verifies that an individual has
directed. the knowledge and ability to perform vessel–specific tasks to a
designated skill level. Validation of DPT will be completed on an
3–10. Engineman annual basis and recorded in the vessel log.
Personnel assigned to the engine department who perform duties as c. All enlisted personnel (MOS 88K, 88L) must be certified to
directed. grade. Only those enlisted personnel assigned to watercraft must be
licensed. All warrant officers (MOS 880A, 881A) must be certified
per paragraph 1–5e(3)(a), this regulation.

5–2. General requirements


Chapter 4 a. Prerequisites. To be eligible an applicant must—
Watercraft Operation, Supply and Personnel (1) Have the recommendation of his or her commander or civil-
ian supervisor indicating—
4–1. Sailing order
(a) Satisfactory performance at his or her current level.
a. The installation commander to whom a vessel is assigned for
(b) Demonstrated potential at the level for which he or she is
operation or his or her representative will publish a sailing order
applying.
when directing a mission. (Suggested sample format is at figs 4–1
(2) Indicate actual or intended membership in or employment by
and 4–2. A locally developed format may be used if so desired.) the U.S. Army.
The sailing order can contain but will not be limited to— b. Physical standards. The following standards must be met for
(1) The vessel’s time and date of departure. entry level and continued service in MOS 88K, 88L, 880A, and
(2) Its mission. 881A.
(3) Its destination. (1) P U L H E S
(4) Any special instructions related to a backload. 2 2 2 2 2 1
(5) The date and time the vessel will return to home station.
(6) Vessel master’s certification that the vessel is in all respects (2) Vision standards. Distance visual acuity must be correctable
ready for sea. to at least 20/20 in one eye and 20/40 in the other eye.
(7) A complete crew and passenger list. (3) Color vision. No more than four errors in reading the Pseudo-
b. If an emergency requires a change in the sailing order of a isochromatic Plate set.
vessel while it is en route, the vessel master will promptly report to (4) Exceptions. Request must be accompanied by a physicians
the home port commander. Diversion from sailing orders is nor- statement as to the individual’s ability to perform duties of his or
mally authorized by the home port commander; however, the master her military occupational specialty (MOS) per AR 611–201 or AR
may deviate from such orders when the ship or crew may be endan- 611–112. The physician’s statement must be based on examination
gered or responding to life saving emergencies. conducted within 120 days prior to date of request.

4–2. Ship stores 5–3. Certification


The following applies to marine personnel.
a. Stores needed to maintain a vessel for safe, economical, and
a. Requirements. The applicant must—
efficient operation and those required by the crew and passengers
(1) Meet the requirements in paragraph 5–2.
will be requisitioned. In addition, enough nonperishable rations will
(2) Pass an appropriate MTE.
be maintained aboard all class A and B vessels to support the crew
(3) Warrant officer applicants for certification to 880A1 and
for not less than 5 days. 881A1 levels will comply with requirements as outlined in AR
b. The home port supply activity will review and approve requi- 135–100.
sition for the vessel. (4) Warrant officer applicants for certification to 880A2 and
881A2 must satisfactorily complete the Marine Senior Warrant Offi-
4–3. Conduct cer Training (MSWOT).
a. Shipboard customs and courtesies contained in FM 55–501 b. Duration. A Marine Certificate is valid for 5 years from the
will be observed aboard all watercraft. date of issue.
b. While on lookout duty, members of the crew will not engage c. Upgrade. Individuals must—
in any activity not directly connected with lookout duty. (1) Progress through all the skill levels, one level at a time.
c. No intoxicating beverages or dangerous drugs (see AR Reserve personnel who hold a valid Coast Guard license may sub-
600–85) will be brought or used on board by any officer, crew mit copy of license with any other documents to MSO for evalua-
member, or passenger unless prescribed for medication by compe- tion and level of U.S. Army Marine Certification.
tent medical personnel. However, when approved by the unit com- (2) Pass an MTE for the appropriate level.
mander or the vessel master (officer or warrant officer), alcoholic d. Upgrade for licensed personnel. A licensed individual must be
beverages may be brought on board for use by passengers on an allowed to take an MTE one level above that to which he or she is
authorized recreational cruise. Ship officers and crew members will licensed.
not consume these beverages. e. Upgrade for nonlicensed personnel. An individual not assigned
d. The senior military passenger on board is responsible to the to a vessel may be allowed to take the MTE for the next higher
master for passenger conduct. level. Only one level of progression is allowed without first being
licensed to his or her current certification level.
f. Renewal or upgrade procedures.
(1) To renew or upgrade the certification the individual must—

6 AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988


(a) Apply to Office of the Chief of Transportation, ATTN: Marine Safety awarded by the Coast Guard and hold a 881A2
ATSP–OCT, Ft Eustis, VA 23604–5407. USAML.
(b) Meet the prerequisites and physical standards of paragraph (e) The LACV–30 navigator must pass the U.S. Army Transpor-
5–2. tation School (USATSCH) approved course for LACV–30 naviga-
(c) Apply within 3 months prior to the expiration date of his or tor, hold at least a 88K20 USAML, and hold a valid Radar
her current certification. Observers Certificate.
(d) Pass the renewal or upgrade MTE. Army marine personnel (f) The LACV–30 operator must pass the USATSCH approved
having to renew their MTE must meet all requirements in para- course for LACV–30 operators and hold at least a 88K20 USAM2
graphs 5–2 and 5–3 of this regulation. Those failing to meet these with a LACV–30 navigator endorsement.
requirements may be subject to reclassification and/or bar to reen- (g) The LACV–30 Navigation Instructor must pass the
listment in accordance with AR 600–200 for enlisted personnel and USATSCH approved Instructor Course, hold at least a 88K30
AR 611–112 for warrant officers. USAML, with LACV–30 Navigator Endorsement and have recorded
(2) Not used. a minimum of 300 hours of Radar Navigation on LACV–30.
(h) The LACV–30 Operator Instructor must pass the USATSCH
5–4. U.S. Army marine licenses approved Instructor Course, hold at least a 88K30 USAML, with
The following apply to personnel assigned to U.S. Army watercraft. LACV–30 Operator Endorsement and have recorded a minimum of
a. Requirements. Individuals must— 300 hours of LACV–30 operation.
(1) Be assigned aboard a vessel. (i) The LACV–30 Crew Chief must pass the USATSCH ap-
(2) Be certified as a minimum to his or her grade level. proved course for LACV–30 Crew Chief and hold at least a 88L10
(3) Possess a Marine Radar Observer Certificate, if appropriate. USAML.
(4) Pass a Vessel–Specific DPT. (j) The Harbormaster must hold a 880A2 USAML and must pass
(a) Active duty personnel must complete this requirement within written/hands–on requirements as required by the Chief of
90 days of assignment to a position requiring a USAML. Command- Transportation.
ers may grant an additional 90 days. (k) The Tankerman must pass written/hands–on testing as re-
(b) Reserve Component personnel must complete this require- quired by COT or hold a U.S. Merchant Mariner’s Document for
ment within 180 days. Commanders may grant an additional 180 handling POL products.
days.
(l) The Field Marine Standardization Examiner will be furnished
(c) Individuals failing to meet the above requirements will be a letter of approval and instruction. The Field Examiner must hold a
returned to a position for which they are qualified or be reclassified.
USAML equal to or greater than those he is to examine.
(d) The initial DPT will be forwarded to the Office of the Chief
c. Validity of USAML. The USAML is valid for a period of 5
of Transportation, ATTN: ATSP–OCT, Ft Eustis VA 23604–5407,
years from the issue date of certificate.
for issuance of an original license.
d. Renewal. USAML renewal is concurrent with the renewal of
b. Types of licenses. The annotations listed below will be re-
certification.
corded on the face of the USAML. The type vessels for which an
individual is qualified and necessary endorsements will be noted on e. Revalidation. An individual not assigned to a position for
the reverse side of the USAML. which licensed during the previous 12 months must complete
(1) Annotations for Deck Department are— revalidation upon reassignment.
(a) Seaman (88K10). f. Suspension and revocation of USAML.
(b) Watercraft Operator of Class B and C Vessels (88K20). (1) See paragraph 1–5h(3) of this regulation.
(c) Watercraft NCO/Boatswain (88K30). (2) USAML may be suspended or revoked for cause or for emo-
(d) Mate of Class A–1 Freight and Towing Vessels Upon Coastal tional or physical unfitness.
and Inland Waters, Radar Observer (88K40). (3) Commanders and vessel masters are responsible for sending
(e) Master of Class A–1 Freight and Towing Vessels Upon to the MSB any available documented information that might war-
Coastal and Inland Waters, Mate of Class A–2 Unlimited Motor rant suspension or revocation.
Vessels Upon Oceans, Radar Observer (880A1). (4) The MSB may request the commander to investigate to deter-
(f) Master of Class A–2 Unlimited Motor Vessels Upon Oceans; mine if there is cause for suspension or revocation.
Radar Observer (880A2). (5) Documented evidence might include the following:
(2) Annotations for Engine Department are— (a) DA Form 4697 (Department of the Army Report of Survey).
(a) Engineman (88L10). (b) Any proceeding under Uniformed Code of Military Justice
(b) Senior Engineman (88L20). (UCMJ).
(c) Junior Marine Engineer (88L30). (c) Records of civilian convictions.
(d) Assistant Engineer of Class A–1 Motor Vessels (88L40). (d) Accident reports.
(e) Chief Engineer of Class A–1 Motor Vessels; Assistant Engi- (e) Sworn statements.
neer of Class A–2 Unlimited Motor Vessels (881A1). (f) Marine Casualty Report.
(f) Chief Engineer of Class A–2 Unlimited Motor Vessels (6) If it is shown that a holder of a certification/license has been
(881A2). a user of or addicted to any dangerous or illegal substances, the
(3) The following USAML endorsements may be added to the certificate/license or both shall be revoked until the commander
USAML: provides satisfactory written proof that the soldier is no longer using
(a) The Marine Radar Observer Endorsement is awarded by an any such substance.
approved school as identified in CFR 46, part 10. Masters, mates,
anc coxswains of radar equipped vessels must have a Marine Radar 5–5. Requirements for other personnel
Observer endorsement. The endorsement must be valid at the time Individuals with marine experience who desire to enter the U.S.
of application for upgrade or renewal. Army Marine Field must—
(b) The Docking Pilot must pass written/hands–on requirements a. Meet physical standards in paragraph 5–2b.
as required by the COT. b. Submit documented evidence of marine experience to the
(c) The Marine Safety Inspector must have a Certificate of Ma- MSB for evaluation.
rine Safety awarded by the U.S. Coast Guard and hold a 880A2
USAML.
(d) The Marine Inspector/Port Engineer must have Certificate of

AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988 7


Chapter 6 (2) The disposal of oily residues from bunker fuel tanks.
Logbooks (3) Other exceptional discharges of oil.
b. This record is made on the appropriate U.S. Coast Guard
6–1. Requirements Form, either CG–4602 (Oil Record Book for Nontanker) or
Logbooks and records required by this regulation will provide a CG–4601 (Oil Record Book for Tanker). U.S. Coast Guard forms
permanent legal record of— are obtainable from nearest Coast Guard office.
a. The operations and conditions of the vessel. c. Class A–1, B, and C–1 vessels will record this information in
b. The status of its cargo, crew, passengers, and communications. their logbook. When oil or an oily mixture is discharged or spilled
into the water, the details will be recorded and underlined in red ink
6–2. Journal entries by the person in charge.
a. All events of importance, interest, or historical value on the d. Oil record books will be retained on board for 5 years, then
crew, passengers, operation, and safety of Army watercraft will be destroyed.
recorded daily in the appropriate logbook.
(1) DA Form 4640 (Harbor Boat Deck Department Log for Class 6–5. Communication logs
A and C–1 Vessels) and DA Form 4993 (Harbor Boat Engine The master will ensure that the following radio logs are kept:
Department Log for Class A and C–1 Vessels) must be used on a. Bridge–to–bridge (VHF–FM). For vessels equipped with
Class A and C–1 vessels. bridge–to–bridge VHF–FM radio/telephone, this record may be kept
(2) DA Form 5273 (Harbor Boat Deck and Engine Log for Class on DA Form 4158 (Operators Number Sheet) or the Official Log-
B Vessels) must be used on all Class B vessels except the book. Each page is dated and identified by the vessel name or
LACV–30. number. The log of the bridge–to–bridge station (channel 13,
(3) Class C–1 vessels of designation BR and BG may use DA 156.650 MHz) includes, as a minimum, the following entries:
Form 5273 instead of DA Forms 4640 and 4993. (1) All distress and alarm messages transmitted or intercepted,
(4) Logbooks will be prepared per instructions in this AR, in DA and any information heard that may be important to maritime safety.
Pam 738–750, and those in the logbook. The local command may Text should be as complete as possible including time, frequencies
require additional entries. used, and position of vessel in distress.
b. The requirements for preserving logbooks and other pertinent (2) The times when watch is begun, interrupted, and ended.
records for use in claims are contained in AR 27–series. (3) A daily entry on the operating condition of the radio.
c. When a log is to be used in litigation or is to be withheld for b. Military tactical communications. For vessels equipped with
legal proceedings, HQDA (DAJA–ZA), WASH DC 20310–0562 military tactical communication capability, records and procedures
will be notified. When the log is no longer required for legal are per existing regulations and are not further supplemented by this
proceedings, it will be sent to the owning unit. regulation.
d. Commanders assigned watercraft will periodically review c. High frequency (HF) and low frequency (LF) communications.
log–books to ensure that they are maintained per this regulation. On vessels equipped with HF or LF communication ability, as a
minimum, keep a record of the following:
6–3. Maintenance and retention (1) Name of the operator on watch. The entry “ON WATCH” is
a. DA Form 4640. This log will be kept in turn by the deck made by the operator going on watch. The entry “OFF WATCH” is
officers of the watch. It will be presented to the master each day for made when an operator is relieved or the station is closed down.
inspection and approval. If necessary, the master will require the The operator’s signature must accompany both entries.
concerned deck watch officer to make corrections. After the correc- (2) All calls, replies to calls, the call sign of the station called,
tions are made, the master will approve the entries for the day. No the times that traffic is handled, and the frequency and mode used.
further entries or corrections will be made without the master’s The time that traffic is handled will be noted as “Time In” to note
permission. Officers of the watch may decline to change entries that when a communication begins and “Time Out” to note when it is
they believe to be accurate. However, the master will— finished. Times are suffixed for the proper time zone.
(1) Require a verbal or written explanation from the watch offi- (3) Cases of unlawful interference and equipment failure.
cer making the entry. (4) The full text of distress, urgent, and safety messages.
(2) Enter explanatory or discretionary remarks in the log. (5) Results of tests of autoalarm receivers. This includes the
(3) Certify the remarks by signing beneath them. times that the autoalarm is in operation.
b. DA Form 4993. Follow the procedure established for DA (6) On vessels staffed with a full–time radio operator a copy of
Form 4640. It will be kept by the engine watch officer and in- the full text of all official traffic will be recorded on DD Form 173/
spected by the chief engineer. 1 (Joint Message Form) per AR 105–31.
c. Correcting entries. An incorrect entry is voided by a single red (7) During the period a watch is maintained by an operator, an
ink line drawn horizontally through it. The line must not impair entry is made twice per hour stating whether or not the international
legibility. The incorrect entry will then be initialed in red ink by the silent period was observed.
watch officer who entered it. Make no erasures and remove no d. Retention and disposition of radio/station logs. Radio logs are
pages. kept by calendar year. They are retained for 1 year after the last
d. Drills and inspections. Entries for drills and inspections per entry. Station logs involving communications concerning distress,
CFR 46, part 97.35–5, will be made. For easy recognition, these disaster, or marine casualty are retained for 3 years after the last
entries will be made in or underlined with red ink. entry is made.
e. Reserve Component nondrill dates. These dates and vessel
locations will be entered in the log and annotated, “Nonduty Day.”
f. Retention and disposition. Logbooks will be retained for 5
years and will be disposed of per AR 340–series.
g. Other records. This regulation is not meant to preclude keep-
ing other records as required by other regulations, laws, or persons
in charge of watercraft.

6–4. Oil record books


a. Per Public Law 87–167, all class A–2 vessels and fuel barges
(BGs) will keep a record of—
(1) Ballasting and cleaning of bunker fuel tanks.

8 AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988


Appendix A DA Pam 738–750
References The Army Maintenance Management System (TAMMS). (Cited in
paras 1–4i(8), 3–3f, 6–2a(4).)
Section I
Required Publications DODD 5030.57
Special Warnings to Marines. (Cited in para 2–9a(2).)
AR 27–20
Claims. (Cited in paras 1–5d(4), 2–4.) FM 55–501
Marine Crewman’s Handbook. (Cited in paras 1–5f, 3–1d(2), 3–8,
AR 55–19 4–3a.)
Marine Casualties. (Cited in paras 1–4i(5), 2–4.)
TB 43–0017
AR 55–228 Watercraft Electronics Configuration Directory. (Cited in para
Transportation by Water of Explosives and Hazardous Cargo. (Cited 1–5g(3).)
in para 2–6d.)
TB 55–1900–205–24
AR 70–37 Watercraft Information and Reporting System (WIRS) Data
Configuration Management. (Cited in para 1–4i(9).) Collection for Configuration Control. (Cited in para 3–3m.)
AR 105–28 TM 55–500
Requests for Assignment of Radio Call Signs and Frequencies for Marine Equipment Characteristics and Data. (Cited in para 1–5d(1).)
Army Watercraft. (Cited in para 1–5g(1).)
Section II
AR 105–31 Related Publications
Record of Communications. (Cited in para 6–5c(6).) A related publication is merely a source of additional information.
The user does not have to read it to understand this regulation.
AR 135–100
Appointment of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the Army. AR 15–1
(Cited in para 5–3a(3).) Committee Management
AR 200–1 AR 25–400–2
Environmental Protection and Enhancement. (Cited in para Modern Army Recordkeeping System
1–5b(2).)
AR 215–1
AR 310–31 Administration of Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Activities and
Management System for Tables of Organization and Equipment (the Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentalities
TOW System). (Cited in para 1–4i(7).)
AR 310–34
AR 310–49 Equipment Authorization and Utilization Policies and Criteria and
The Army Authorization Documents System (TAADS) Common Tables of Allowances
Documentation Procedures and Processing. (Cited in paras 1–4i(7)
and 1–5e(1).) AR 385–10
Army Safety Program
AR 385–40
Accident Reporting and Records. (Cited in paras 1–4i(5), 2–4.) AR 385–15
Water Safety
AR 600–200
Enlisted Personnel Management System. (Cited in para 5–3f(1)(d).) AR 385–32
Protective Clothing and Equipment
AR 611–101
Commissioned Officer Specialty Classification System. (Cited in AR 600–85
para 1–4i(1).) Alcohol and Drug Abuse Preventive and Control Program
AR 611–112 AR 640–2–1
Manual or Warrant Officer Military Occupational Specialities. Personnel Qualification Record
(Cited in paras 1–4i(1), 5–2b(4), 5–3f(1)(d).)
AR 640–10
AR 611–201 Individual Military Personnel Records
Enlisted Career Management Fields and Military Occupational
Specialities. (Cited in paras 1–4i(1), 5–2b(4).) AR 700–138
Army Logistics Readiness and Sustainability
AR 710–2
Supply Policy Below the Wholesale Level. (Cited in paras 3–1i, AR 725–50
3–3f .) Requisitioning, Receipt, and Issue System

AR 750–1 AR 750–1
Army Materiel Maintenance Concepts and Policies. (Cited in paras Army Materiel Maintenance Policies
3–3g and 3–3, j.)
AR 750–25
CFR Titles 29, 33, 46, 47, and 49 Army Test Measurement and Diagnostic Equipment (TMDE)
(Cited in paras 1–5a(2) and 1–5g(2).) Calibration and Repair Support Program

DA Pam 25–400–2

AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988 9


DA Form 3068–1
Modern Army Recordkeeping System (MARKS) for TOE and Marine Service Record. (Prescribed in para 1–4i(2).)
Certain Other Units of the Army
DA Form 4309
DA Pam 351–4 U.S. Army Marine License. (Prescribed in para 1–8b.)
U.S. Army Formal Schools Catalog
DA Form 4309–1
FM 21–11 U.S. Army Marine License (Wallet Size). (Prescribed in para 1–8b.)
First Aid for Soldiers
DA Form 4640
CSC Handbook X–118 Harbor Boat Deck Department Log for Class A and B Vessels.
Qualification Standards for Positions Under the General Schedule (Prescribed in paras 6–2a(1) and 6–3a.)

Ship DA Form 4993


(Published by U.S. Public Health Service. May be obtained from Harbor Boat Engine Department Log for Class A and C–1 Vessels.
Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, WASH (Prescribed in paras 6–2a(1) and 6–3b.)
DC 20402.) DA Form 5073–R
Magnetic Compass Deviation Table. (Prescribed in para 3–1c(8)(b).)
Section III
Prescribed Forms DA Form 5273
Harbor Boat Deck and Engine Log for Class B Vessels. (Prescribed
DA Form 3068 in para 6–2a(2).)
Marine Service Book. (Prescribed in para 1–4i(2).)
DA Form 5673
DA Form 3068–1 U.S. Army Marine Certificate. (Prescribed in para 1–8b.)
Marine Service Record. (Prescribed in para 1–4i(2).)
Section IV
DA Form 4309 Referenced Forms
U.S. Army Marine License. (Prescribed in para 1–8b.)
DA Form 4158
DA Form 4309–1 Operator’s Number Sheet
U.S. Army Marine License (Wallet Size). (Prescribed in para 1–8b.)
DA Form 4697
DA Form 3068 Department of the Army Report of Survey
Marine Service Book. (Prescribed in para 1–4i(2).)
DD Form 173/1
Joint Messageform

Table 1–1
Class of Army watercraft
Class A–2 Class A–1 Class B Class C–1 Class C–2

BDL, DS 5002 LCU, 1466 Q, DS 4002 FMS, DS 7011 BC, All


FS, CIMAVI LCU, 1646 T, DS 2001 BR, DS 7016 BCDK, All
FS, DS 7013 LCU, 2000 J, DS 4003 BR, DS 7010 BK, All
FS, C1–MT–123a ST, DS 3004
FB, DS 231B BD, DS 264B BBL, All
FS, DS 381 ST, DS 320 BD, DS 413D
LT, DS 3006 LCM, All BG, DS 231B
LSV LARC, V
LARC, XV
LARC, LX
LACV–30

Table 2–1
Tests, drills, and inspections (TDI)
No. Drill Reference Frequency

Tests and drills:


1. Steering gear. 97.15–3 & 97.13–20 presail
2. Communication 97.15–3 presail
3. Navigational lights, searchlights, deck lights, special working lights. 96.20 presail
4. Navigational compass (all). 96.17 presail
5. Whistle. 97.15–3 presail
6. Fire Emergency. 97.15–35 & 97.13–20 weekly

10 AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988


Table 2–1
Tests, drills, and inspections (TDI)—Continued
No. Drill Reference Frequency

7. Lifeboat/liferaft. 94.35–5, 97.13–20, 97.15–35 weekly


8. Emergency lighting and power systems. 97.15–30 weekly
9. Abandon ship. 97.13–10 weekly
10. Person overboard. 97.13–20 weekly
11. Internal combustion engine driven generators operated 2 hours under- 97.15–30 monthly
load.
12. Line throwing apparatus. 97.15–25 quarterly
13. Batteries for emergency power/lighting system. 97.15–20 semiannually
14. Firefighting equipment. 97.15–60 annual
Inspections:
1. Navigation charts, publications, and equipment. 97.05–05 presail
2. Radar 96.25–1 presail
3. Damage control equipment. presail
4. Self–contained breathing apparatus. presail
5. Vessel watertight integrity. 97.15–20 presail
6. Pyrotechnics. 94.90–10 presail
7. Vessel log entries. 97.35–3 & 97.35–5 daily
8. Communication equipment and publications. 97.15–50 & 96.13 weekly
9. Emergency Position Indicator Radio Beacon. 97.15–65 & 97.37–55 monthly
10. Fire extinguishers.
Portable 91.25–20 monthly
Fixed 97.15–60 semiannually
11. Lifeboats/liferaft/life jackets. 91.25–15, 97.15–45, 91.14–40, 97.37–37, annually
97.37–40, 97.37–43, 97.37–45, 97.39
12. Ground tackle. 91.37 annually
Notes:
The above listed frequencies of TDIs are the minimums. CFRs should be consulted for additional requirements.

Table 2–2
Safety and occupational health criteria aboard Army watercraft
Key word directory Army standard Federal standard

Abrasive grinding TB 43–0144 29 CFR 1910.215


Accident reporting AR 385–40, AR 55–19
Aids to navigation 46 CFR 78.07–20
Air quality: TB MED 502
Compressed air 29 CFR 1910.134d
Flammable atmospheres 29 CFR 1915.12a
Oxygen deficiency 29 CFR 1915.12c
Toxic atmospheres 29 CFR 1915.12b
Barges—Walking surfaces 29 CFR 1918.37
Batteries 46 CFR 111.15–5
Carbon monoxide 29 CFR 1918.93a
Cargo and gear:
Cables 29 CFR 1915.111
Cargo spaces 29 CFR 1915.76
Certification TB 43–0142
Hooks 29 CFR 1918.52f
Preventers 29 CFR 1918.52a
Winches 29 CFR 1918.53
Circuits deenergizing 29 CFR 1915.181
Coaming rollers 29 CFR 1918.52e
Color coding AR 385–30 29 CFR 1910.144
Compressed air—
For cleaning 29 CFR 1910.242b
For breathing 29 CFR 1910.134d

AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988 11


Table 2–2
Safety and occupational health criteria aboard Army watercraft—Continued
Key word directory Army standard Federal standard

Compressed gas cylinders:


Diving operations 29 CFR 1910.430e
Welding TM 9–237
Confined spaces 29 CFR 1915.94
Cranes TB 43–0142
Body swing radius guarding 29 CFR 1918.55
Deck loads 29 CFR 1918.33
Distress signal 46 CFR 94.90
Diving operations FM 20–11–1
Doors closed at sea 46 CFR 78.15
Dry docks TB 43–0144
Embarkation aids 46 CFR 94.50
Exposure suits (ocean/coast wise vessels only) 46 CFR 94.41
Fire protection:
Alarms 46 CFR 95.30
Carbon dioxide storage 46 CFR 95.15–20
Discharge outlets 46 CFR 95.15–25
Fire axes 46 CFR 95.60
Portable extinguishers TB 5–4200–200–10 46 CFR 95.50–10
First aid FM 21–11
Grounding 29 CFR 1918.76
Guarding equipment 29 CFR 1910.219
Guardrails 29 CFR 1910.22
Hatches 29 CFR 1918.31
29 CFR 1918.43
Hazardous cargo 29 CFR 1918.86
Hooks TB 43–0142
Hoses: TM 9–237
Welding 29 CFR 1910.252a5
Flammable liquids 29 CFR 1910.107e6
Housekeeping:
Flammable liquids 29 CFR 1910.106e9
Trash 29 CFR 1910.141a4
Walking surfaces 29 CFR 1910.22a
Ignition sources/hazards:
Dip tanks 29 CFR 1910.108e
Electrical wiring 29 CFR 1910.107c6
Flammable liquids 29 CFR 1910.106b6
Lamps 29 CFR 1910.107c7
Spray finishing 29 CFR 1910.107c
Lifeboats/rafts: 46 CFR 94.10–5
Alternates 46 CFR 94.10–55
Equipment for 46 CFR 94.20–5
Manning of 46 CFR 78.14
Life saving equipment:
PFD required 46 CFR 94.40–10
Stowage of PFD 46 CFR 94.40–15
Retroreflective material 46 CFR 94.40–25
Lights and whistles 46 CFR 94.42
Ring life buoys & water lights 46 CFR 94.43
Lights:
Search 46 CFR 78.27
Unauthorized 46 CFR 78.25
Line throwing appliances 46 CFR 94.45
Logs:
Actions required to be logged 46 CFR 78.37–5
Official entries 46 CFR 78.37–10
Machinery 29 CFR 1910.212
Mats & gratings 46 CFR 111.30–11
Noise TB MED 501, AR 40–5
Paints TB 43–0144
Personal Protection:
Ear TB MED 501, AR 385–32 29 CFR 1910.95
Eye AR 385–32 29 CFR 1910.133
Face 29 CFR 1910.133
Foot 29 CFR 1910.132a
Head 29 CFR 1910.132a
Purchase of AR 385–32

12 AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988


Table 2–2
Safety and occupational health criteria aboard Army watercraft—Continued
Key word directory Army standard Federal standard

Respiratory 29 CFR 1910.134


Piping systems TM 55–503
Radiation AR 385–11
Radiobeacon—Emergency position indicating 46 CFR 94.60
Radios—portable 46 CFR 94.55
Shackles TB 43–0142
Slings TB 43–0142
Solvents TB 43–0144
Station bills 46 CFR 78.13
Tests/drills/inspection AR 56–9 46 CFR 78.17
Ventilation TB 43–0144 29 CFR 1910.94
Vessel requirements:
Ocean/coastline 46 CFR 94.10–10
Lakes/bays/sounds 46 CFR 94.10–40
Water for drinking TB 43–0153
Welding TM 5–805–7
TM 9–237
Whistling 46 CFR 78.23

AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988 13


Figure 4-1. Sample sailing order format

Figure 4-2. Crew and passenger list (reverse side of sailing order) format.

14 AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988


Glossary LOTS USAML
Logistics over the shore U.S. Army marine license
Section I
Abbreviations MAC USATCFE
Maintenance allocation chart U.S. Army Transportation Center and Fort
ADT Eustis
Active duty training MACOM
Major Army commands USATSCH
AMC U.S. Army Transportation School
Army Materiel Command MDO
Marine Deck Officer WIRS
BG Watercraft information and reporting system
Barge MEO
Marine Engineering Officer WOEC
Warrant Officer Entry Course
CEN
Communications, Electronics and Navigation MILPO
Military personnel office WOTCC
Warrant Officer Technical Certification
CEOI Course
MOS
Communications–electronic operation
Military occupational specialty
instructions Section II
MROC Terms
CFR Marine Radar Observers Course
Code of Federal regulations Amphibian
MSB A vehicle (wheeled, air cushion, or other)
CG Marine Safety Board capable of operating on both land and water
Commanding General and used to transport cargo and personnel.
MSO
CHI Marine Safety Office Army Marine Personnel
Coastal, harbor, and inland waterways Commissioned officers, warrant officers, en-
MTDA listed personnel, and civilian personnel
COE Modified table of distribution and allowances whose actual or intended assignment is
Chief of Engineers aboard Army watercraft or in related marine
MTE activities.
COT Marine Technical Examination
Chief of Transportation Assistant Engineer
MTOE A licensed engineer whose duties are directed
CW Modified table of organizational equipment by the chief engineer (88L40 for Class A–1
Continuous wave vessels 881A1 for Class A–2 vessels).
PFD
DA Personnel flotation device Barge
Department of the Army A nonself propelled watercraft platform nor-
RHMS mally used for transporting cargo or to sup-
DCSLOG Remote heading magnetic system port stationary machinery or equipment.
Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics
SADT Boatswain
DCSOPS Special active duty training A deck department supervisor (not a ship’s
Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and officer).
Plans SM
Service member Technically Qualified Marine Personnel
U.S. Army Marine personnel 88K, 88L,
DCSPER
SOP 880A, and 881A, who have demonstrated
Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel
Standing operating procedure their knowledge of common marine tasks by
passing the appropriate Marine Certification
DODPM
SOPA Examination.
Department of Defense Pay Manual
Senior officer present afloat
Chief Engineer
DPT SWOC A licensed engineer who is responsible to the
Duty Performance Test Senior Warrant Officer Course master for the effective and economical oper-
ation of the engine department.
EAC TDA
Echelons above corps Table of distribution and allowances Coxswain
Operator in charge of Class B vessel.
FTTD TOE
Full time training duty Table of organizational equipment Engineer–peculiar equipment
Tactical river crossing and port construction
HF TRADOC equipment under the jurisdiction of the Army
High frequency U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command Corps of Engineers.

LF UCMJ Harbormaster
Low frequency Uniform Code of Military Justice A senior marine warrant officer who is quali-
fied to control the movement of watercraft in

AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988 15


port areas and other operational activities Personal Flotation Device
designated by the port commander. An approved buoyant life jacket or vest.

Licensed Marine Personnel Pilot


Qualified military or civilian individuals who A marine deck officer qualified to—
have completed the Vessel–Specific Duty a. Board conventional ocean–going vessel
Performance Test (DPT) tasks to a desig- at the harbor entrance.
nated skill level. b. Supervise the movement of such vessels
to anchorage or berth within the confines of a
Logbook (vessel log) terminal port.
The official daily record of a vessel’s activi-
ties and other data relevant to its navigation, Port Engineer
cargo, crew, maintenance, and passengers A senior marine warrant officer who is quali-
furnishings a complete chronological history fied to initiate and coordinate all marine en-
of the vessel. gineering functions designated by the
installation commander.
Logistics–Over–the–Shore (LOTS)
The loading and unloading of ships without Reserve Component
fixed port facilities or when existing ports are U.S. Army Reserve and Army National
inadequate or denied. Guard.

Marine Casualty Restricted Waterways


An accident or incident requiring action per Areas that for navigational reasons such as
the presence of shoals or other dangers con-
AR 55–19.
fine the movements of shipping within nar-
Marine Inspector row limits.
A senior marine warrant officer engineer who
Seaman
manages maintenance repair activities and A junior deck department crew member.
conducts technical inspections and Marine
Condition Surveys. Seaworthiness
A vessel’s adequacy in respect to materials,
Marine personnel construction, equipment, crew, and outfit
Any person certified by this AR. needed to perform the mission or service for
which it is designed, and as determined by
Marine Safety Board (MSB) the master and applicable publications.
A board of commissioned officers, warrant
officers, and enlisted personnel appointed on Station Bill
orders under this AR. A numerical muster list that indicates stand-
ard emergency signals and the person’s re-
Marine Qualification Field Examiner sponse to each signal.
An agent, approved by the COT, authorized
to request and administer the MTE. Underway
The vessel is not at anchor, or made fast to
Marine Safety Office (MSO) the shore, a pier or a ground.
A supporting element for the Marine Safety
Board. U.S. Army Marine License (USAML)
A serially numbered, laminated, registered
Marine Service Book (DA Form 3068) document issued to personnel qualified for
A serially numbered, registered document is- assignment aboard a vessel. This document
sued by the Marine Safety Office to provide bears the qualifications of the holder, date of
a continuous and accurate record of marine issue and expiration (DA Form 4309) (wal-
service aboard U.S. Army watercraft. let–size: DA Form 4309–1).

Marine Service Record (DA Form 3068–1) Watercraft (Vessel)


An extract record of marine service authenti- Any type of self–propelled and non-
cated by the commander. self–propelled waterborne craft used or capa-
ble of being used for water transportation.
Master
Commander of a Class A–1 or A–2 vessel. Watercraft Operator
A person certified to the 88K20 level.
Mate
A licensed deck officer or NCO whose duties Section III
are directed by the master. Special Abbreviations and Terms
There are no special terms.
Mess
A shipboard dining facility.

Passenger
Any person other than the assigned crew.

16 AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988


18 AR 56–9 • 30 March 1988 • R-Forms
Unclassified PIN 000382–000
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ELECTRONIC PUBLISHING SYSTEM
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PIN: 000382–000
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DATA FILE: s436.fil


DOCUMENT: AR 56–9
DOC STATUS: REVISION