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c 


1. Find the directed distance:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q

-8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

1. ஺ு ൌ  ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ 2. ௉஻ ൌ ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ 3. ா௄ ൌ ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ


ൌͳ൅ͺ ൌ ሺെ͹ሻ ൅ ሺെ͹ሻ ൌʹ൅Ͷ
ൌ͹ ൌ  െͳͶ ൌ͸

4. ௅஽ ൌ ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ‫ݔ‬ଵ 5.஼ை ൌ ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ


ൌ െͷ ൅ ሺെ͵ሻ ൌ͸൅͸
ൌ െͺ ൌ ͳʹ


1. Find the perimeter of the ù with vertices A (4, -1), B (3,1) C (-4,-2)


ð    

   ð



ൌ ඥሺܺଶ െ ܺଵ ሻଶ ൅ ሺܻଶ െ ܻଵ ሻଶ
ൌ ඥሺܺଶ െ ܺଵ ሻଶ ൅ ሺܻଶ െ ܻଵ ሻଶ

ൌ ඥሺܺଶ െ ܺଵ ሻଶ ൅ ሺܻଶ െ ܻଵ ሻଶ š
š ൌ ඥሺെͶ െ ͵ሻଶ ൅ ሺെʹ െ ͳሻଶ
ൌ ඥሺെͶ െ Ͷሻଶ ൅ ሺെʹ െ ͳሻଶ
ൌ ඥሺ͵ െ Ͷሻଶ ൅ ሺͳ ൅ ͳሻଶ
ൌ ඥሺെ͹ሻଶ ൅ ሺെ͵ሻଶ
ൌ ξ͸Ͷ ൅ ͳ
ൌ ξͳ ൅ Ͷ
ൌ ξͶͻ ൅ ͻ
ൌ ξ͸ͷ‫ݎ݋‬ͺǤͳ‫ݏݐ݅݊ݑ‬
ൌ ξͷ‫ʹݎ݋‬Ǥʹ‫ݏݐ݅݊ݑ‬
ൌ ξͷͺ‫ݎ݋‬͹Ǥ͸‫ݏݐ݅݊ݑ‬

ܲ ൌ  ܵଵ ൅ ܵଶ ൅ ܵଷ

ൌ ʹǤʹ ൅ ͹Ǥ͸ ൅ ͺǤͳ

ൌ ͳ͹Ǥͻܷ݊݅‫ݏݐ‬

Therefore the P of the ù ABC is 17.9 units


 
Find the length of the medians of the ù with the vertices:
A(2,-4) B(8,4) C(0,6)





ð


    ð    

   ð    








ͳ (1,1) (8,4)
ൌ ሺʹ ൅ ͺሻ
š ʹ
ൌ ඥሺͺ െ ͳሻଶ ൅ ሺͶ െ ͳሻଶ
ܺൌͷ
ൌ ξͷͺ
ͳ
ൌ ሺെͶ ൅ Ͷሻ
ʹ ൌ ͹Ǥ͸

ܻ ൌ ͲሺͷǡͲሻ ՜ (4,5) (2,-4)


š

ͳ ൌ ඥሺെʹ െ Ͷሻଶ ൅ ሺെͶ െ ͷሻଶ


ൌ ሺʹ ൅ Ͳሻ
š ʹ
ൌ ඥሺെʹሻଶ ൅ ሺെͻሻଶ
ܺൌͳ
ൌ ξͺͷ
ͳ
ൌ ሺെͶ ൅ ͸ሻ
ʹ ൌ ͻǤʹ

ͳ
ൌ ሺʹሻ
(5,0) (0,6)
ʹ
ൌ ඥሺͲ െ ͷሻଶ ൅ ሺ͸ െ Ͳሻଶ
ܻ ൌ ͳሺͳǡͳሻ ՜
š ൌ ඥሺെͷሻଶ ൅ ሺ͸ሻଶ
ͳ
ൌ ሺͺ ൅ Ͳሻ ൌ ξ͸ͳ
 ʹ

ܺൌͶ ൌ ͹Ǥͺ

ͳ
ൌ ሺͶ ൅ ͸ሻ
ʹ
ܻ ൌ ͷሺͶǡͷሻ ՜

#4
Prove that the triangle with vertices A (2 , 1) B (6 , 9) and C (-2 , 3) is a right triangle and find it¶s area.

5 ൌ ඥሺ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ ሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ݕ‬ଶ െ ‫ݕ‬ଵ ሻଶ

ൌ ඥሺ͸ െ ʹሻଶ ൅ ሺͻ െ ͳሻଶ

ൌ ඥሺͶሻଶ ൅ ሺͺሻଶ

ൌ ξͺͲ

ൌ ͺǤͻ
š

݉ଵ ൌ ሺʹǡͳሻሺ͸ǡ ͻሻ ݉ଶ ൌ ሺെʹǡ ͵ሻሺʹǡ ͳሻ


‫ݕ‬ଶ െ ‫ݕ‬ଵ ‫ݕ‬ଶ െ ‫ݕ‬ଵ
ൌ ൌ
‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ

ͻെͳ ͳെ͵
ൌ ൌ
͸െʹ ʹ൅ʹ
ͺ െͳ
ൌ ൌ
Ͷ ʹ
ʹ

ͳ

ͳ
š ൌ  ܾ݄
ʹ
ͳ
ൌ ሺͶǤͷሻሺͺǤͻሻ
ʹ
ͳ
ൌ ሺͶͲǤͲͷሻ
ʹ

Therefore the ù with vertices A (2 , 1) B (6 , 9) C (-2 , 3) is a right triangle because BA is ŏ to CA and ÖíA is
90° and the area of the ù is 20.03 units.



Find the area of a ù whose vertices are:
(2,3) (5,7) (4,-2)

X Y 1
ͳ 2 3 1

ʹ 5 7 1
7 -2 1

A.
7 1 5 1 5 7
2 -3 +1
-2 1 4 1 4 -2

B.

2 7(1)+2(1) -3 5(1)-(1) +1 5(2)-4(7)

C.

2 7+2 -3 5-4 +1 -10 - 28

D.

2 9 -3 1 +1 -38

E.
ͳ
-23
ʹ

F.
ͳ
23
ʹ

G. 11.5 units Area = 11.5 Units

FINALS

1. Give the center and radius of the circle determined by its equation. Sketch the graph.

a. ൌ ሺ‫ ݔ‬െ ͷሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬െ ͳሻଶ ൌ ͳͲ

ܿ ൌ ሺͷǡ ͳሻ

‫ ݎ‬ൌ ξͳͲ

ଵ ଶ ଵ ଶ ସଽ
b. ቀ‫ ݔ‬െ ቁ ൅ ቀ‫ ݕ‬൅ ቁ ൌ
ଶ ସ ସ

ଵ ିଵ
ܿൌቀ ǡ ቁ
ଶ ସ

͹
‫ݎ‬ൌ
ʹ

c. ͷሺ‫ ݔ‬൅ ͵ሻଶ ൅ ͷሺ‫ ݕ‬െ ʹሻଶ ൌ Ͷͷ

ܿ ൌ ሺ͵ǡ െʹሻ

‫ ݎ‬ൌǫ
2. Find the equation of the circle.

a. ܿ ൌ ሺͲǡ ͵ሻ‫ ݎ‬ൌ ʹ

ሺ‫ ݔ‬െ Ͳሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬െ ͵ሻଶ ൌ ʹଶ

ሺ‫ ݔ‬െ Ͳሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬െ ͵ሻଶ ൌ Ͷ

‫ ݔ‬ଶ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬െ ͵ሻଶ ൌ Ͷ


b. ܿ ൌ ሺͲǡ ͳሻܽ݊5‫ ݄݃ݑ݋ݎ݄ݐݏ݁ݏݏܽ݌‬ቀͲǡ ʹ ቁ

5 ൌ  ඥሺʹǤͷ ൅ ͳሻଶ

ൌ ඥሺ͵Ǥͷሻଶ

ൌ ξͳʹǤʹͷ

͹
‫ ݎ‬ൌ ͵Ǥͷ‫ݎ݋‬
ʹ
‫ ݔ‬ଶ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬൅ ͳሻଶ ൌ ͳʹǤʹͷ

ଵ ଶ
c. ܿ ൌ  ቀ ǡ ͳቁ 5 ൌ ͳ
ସ ଷ

ͳ ଶ ͷ
൬‫ ݔ‬െ ൰ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬െ ͳሻଶ ൌ
Ͷ ͵

ͳ ଶ
൬‫ ݔ‬െ ൰ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬െ ͳሻ ൌ ͲǤ͹Ͳ
͵

 
 

1. The Point (0,1) is the midpoint of a line segment joining the (Y,4) and (-3,Y)

ଵ ଵ
 ൌ  ሺܺଵ ൅ ሺെ͵ሻሻ ͳ ൌ ሺܻଶ ൅ Ͷሻ
ଶ ଶ

௑భ ାሺିଷሻ ଵ
ൌ ͳ ൌ  ሺܻଶ ൅ Ͷሻ
ଶ ଶ

௑భ ିଷ ௒మ ାସ
ൌ ͳൌ
ଶ ଶ

 ൌ ܺଵ െ ͵ ʹ ൌ  ܻଶ ൅ Ͷ
 ൅ ͵ ൌ  ܺଵ ʹ െ Ͷ ൌ  ܻଶ

ܺଵ ൌ ͵ ܻଶ ൌ െʹ

Therefore (3,4) Therefore (-3, 2)



(2 , 5) (4 , 2)
ଶିହ

ସିଶ

ିଷ ଶ
݉ൌ ݉ൌ
ଶ ଷ


ି଻
The Slope of the ŏ to the line through (-3 , -2) (x , 2) is

Ͷ Ͷ
݉ଶ ൌ  ൌ
͹ ܺ൅͵

Ͷܺ ൅ ͳʹ ൌ ʹͺ

Ͷܺ ൌ ʹͺ െ ͳʹ

Ͷܺ ൌ ͳ͸
Ͷ

ܺൌͶ


A= (5 , 4) B= (-5 , 8) C = (-7 , 3) D = (3 , 1)

(5 , 4) (3 , -1) (-5 , 8) (-7 , 3) Therefore, AB is Πto CD because they



have the same slope which is and AD is Œto BC

௒మ ି௒భ ௒మ ି௒భ
݉ଵ ൌ ݉ଶ ൌ
௑మ ି௑భ ௑మ ି௑భ

ିଵିସ ଷି଼
ൌ ൌ
ଷିହ ି଻ାହ

ହ ହ
ൌ ൌ
ଶ ଶ



A = (5 , 2) B = (-5 , 1) C = (-2 , -1)


(5 , 2) (-5 , 1) (-5 , 1) (-2 , 1) (5 , 2) (-2 , -1)

ܻଶ െ ܻଵ ܻଶ െ ܻଵ ܻଶ െ ܻଵ
݉ଵ ൌ ݉ଶ ൌ ݉ଷ ൌ
ܺଶ െ ܺଵ ܺଶ െ ܺଵ ܺଶ െ ܺଵ

ͳെʹ െͳ െ ͳ െͳ െ ʹ
ൌ ൌ ൌ
െͷ െ ͷ െʹ ൅ ͷ െʹ െ ͷ

ͳ െʹ ͵
ൌ ൌ ൌ
š ͳͲ  ͵ š ͹
݉ଶ െ ݉ଵ ݉ଶ െ ݉ଵ ݉ଶ െ ݉ଵ
–ƒ š ൌ  –ƒ ൌ –ƒ  ൌ 
ͳ ൅ ݉ଶ ݉ଵ ͳ ൅ ݉ଶ ݉ଵ ͳ ൅ ݉ଶ ݉ଵ

͵ ͳ ͳ െʹ െʹ ͵
െ െ ቀ ቁ െ
͹ ͳͲ ൌ ͵ ͹

͵ ͳ ൌ ͳͲ ͵
െʹ ͵
ͳ െʹ
ͳ൅ ൅ቀ ቁ ͳ൅ ቀ ቁ ͳ൅ ቀ ቁ
͹ ͳͲ ͳͲ ͵ ͵ ͹

͵Ͳ െ ͹ ͵ ൅ ʹͲ െͳͶ െ ͻ
ൌ ͹Ͳ ൌ ͵Ͳ ൌ ʹͳ
͵ െʹ െ͸
ͳ൅ ͳ ൅ ቀ ͵Ͳ ቁ ͳ൅ቀ ቁ
͹Ͳ ʹͳ

ʹ͵ ʹ͵ െʹ͵
ൌ ͹Ͳ ൌ ͵Ͳ ൌ ʹͳ
͹͵ ʹͺ ʹͳ െ ͸
͹Ͳ ͵Ͳ ʹͳ
ʹ͵ ʹ͵ െʹ͵
ൌ ‫ͳݎ݋‬͹ǤͶͻι ൌ ‫ͻ͵ݎ݋‬ǤͶͲι ൌ ‫͵ʹͳݎ݋‬Ǥͳͳι
͹͵ ʹͺ ͳͷ


ଵ ିଵ
Given: ቀ ǡ ቁ ሺ͵ǡ Ͷሻ, find the equation of a line.
ଶ ସ

ͳ
ͳ Ͷ൅Ͷ ͳ
՜‫ݕ‬൅ ൌ ൬‫ ݔ‬െ ൰
Ͷ ͵െ ͳ ʹ
ʹ
ͳ ͳ͸ ൅ ͳ ͳ
՜‫ݕ‬൅ ൌ ൬‫ ݔ‬െ ൰
Ͷ Ͷ ʹ
͸െͳ
ʹ
ͳ ͳ͹ ͳ
՜‫ݕ‬൅ ൌ  ൬‫ ݔ‬െ ൰
Ͷ ͳͲ ʹ

ͳ͹
ͳ ͳ͹‫ ݔ‬െ ʹ
՜‫ݕ‬൅ ൌ
Ͷ ͳͲ
Ͷ‫ ݕ‬൅ ͳ ͵Ͷ‫ ݔ‬െ ͳ͹
՜ ൌ
Ͷ ʹͲ

՜ ͺͲ‫ ݕ‬൅ ʹͲ ൌ ͳ͵͸‫ ݔ‬െ ͸ͺ

՜  ൌ ͳ͵͸‫ ݔ‬െ ͸ͺ െ ͺͲ‫ ݕ‬െ ʹͲ

՜  ൌ ͳ͵͸‫ ݔ‬െ ͺͲ‫ ݕ‬െ ͺͺ

 ൌ ͳ͹‫ ݔ‬െ ͳͲ‫ ݕ‬െ ͳͳ


A. Reduce the equation to slope ± intercept form, find the m and b.
1. ʹ‫ ݔ‬ൌ ͹‫ݕ‬ 2.
௫ ௬
൅ ൌͳ
ସ ଶ

‫ ݕ‬ൌ ݉‫ ݔ‬൅ ܾ ‫ ݕ‬ൌ ݉‫ ݔ‬൅ ܾ


‫ ݕ‬ൌ ʹ‫ ݔ‬൅ Ͳ ଶ ௬ ି௫ ଶ
ቀ ൌ ൅ ͳቁ
ଵ ଶ ସ ଵ
݉ൌʹ
ି௫
‫ݕ‬ൌ ൅ʹ

ܾൌͲ
ିଵ
݉ൌ ܾൌʹ

ଶ ିଷ
B. Find the equation of line if the line passes through: ( , 0) (0 , )
ଷ ସ

‫ݕ ݔ‬
൅ ൌͳ
ܽ ܾ
‫ݔ‬ ‫ݕ‬
൅ ൌͳ
ʹ െ͵
͵ Ͷ

͵‫ ݔ‬Ͷ‫ݕ‬
െ ൌͳ
ʹ ͵
ͻ‫ ݔ‬െ ͺ‫ݕ‬
ൌͳ
͸

ͻ‫ ݔ‬െ ͺ‫ ݕ‬െ ͸ ൌ Ͳ
Seatwork #1

Draw the circle and find the standard form.

ଵ ଵ
1. Center (2 , 1) r = 3 2. Center ቀ ቁǡ ͳ 5 ൌ ʹ
ଶ ଶ

ܽ ൌ ሺ‫ ݔ‬െ ʹሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬െ ͳሻଶ


‫ ݎ‬ଶ ൌ ሺ‫ ݔ‬െ ܾሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬െ ݇ሻଶ

ʹͷ ͳ ଶ
ൌ ൬‫ ݔ‬െ ൰ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬െ ͳሻଶ
ͳ͸ ʹ

3. Center (0 , -2) passes through (3 , 1)

5 ൌ ඥሺ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ ሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ݕ‬ଶ െ ‫ݕ‬ଵ ሻଶ

ൌ ඥሺ͵ െ Ͳሻଶ ൅ ሺͳ ൅ ʹሻଶ

ൌ ξͻ ൅ ͻ

ൌ ξͳͺ

‫ ݎ‬ଶ ൌ ሺ‫ ݔ‬െ ݄ሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬െ ݇ሻଶ



൫ξͳͺ൯ ൌ ሺ‫ ݔ‬െ ݄ሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬െ ݇ሻଶ

ͳͺ ൌ ሺ‫ݔ‬ሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬൅ ʹሻଶ



1. ‫ ݔ‬ଶ ൅ ‫ ݕ‬ଶ ൅ ͸‫ ݔ‬െ ͹ ൌ Ͳ

՜ ‫ ݔ‬ଶ ൅ ‫ ݕ‬ଶ ൅ ͸‫ ݔ‬െ ͹ ൌ Ͳ

ሺ‫ ݔ‬ଶ ൅ ͸‫ ݔ‬൅ ܽሻ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬ଶ ൅ Ͳሻ ൌ ͹

ሺ‫ ݔ‬൅ ͵ሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬൅ Ͳሻଶ ൌ ͹ ൅ ͻ

ሺ‫ݔ‬൅͵ሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ݕ‬ሻଶ ൌ ͳ͸

ܿ ൌ ሺെ͵ǡ Ͳሻ

‫ݎ‬ൌͶ
2. Ͷ‫ ݔ‬ଶ ൅ Ͷ‫ ݕ‬ଶ ൅ ͺ‫ ݔ‬െ ͳ͸‫ ݕ‬െ ʹͻ ൌ Ͳ

Ͷ‫ ݔ‬ଶ ൅ ͺ‫ ݔ‬൅ Ͷ‫ ݕ‬ଶ െ ͳ͸‫ ݕ‬ൌ ʹͻ


Ͷ
ʹͻ
ሺ‫ ݔ‬ଶ ൅ ʹ‫ ݔ‬൅ ͳሻ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬ଶ െ Ͷ‫ ݕ‬൅ Ͷሻ ൌ ൅ͳ൅Ͷ
Ͷ
Ͷͻ
ሺ‫ ݔ‬൅ ͳሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ ݕ‬െ ʹሻଶ ൌ
Ͷ

ܿ ൌ ሺെͳǡ ʹሻ

͹
‫ݎ‬ൌ
ʹ

 (6 , 7) (1 , 8) r = 5

ሺെ͸ǡ ͹ሻ ՜ ሺെ͸ǡ ݄ሻଶ ൅ ሺ͹ െ ݇ሻଶ ൌ ͷଶ

ሺ͵͸ ൅ ͳʹ݄ ൅ ݄ଶ ሻ ൅ ሺͶͻ െ ͳͶ݇ ൅ ݇ ଶ ሻ ൌ ʹͷ

݄ଶ ൅ ݇ ଶ ൅ ͳʹ݄ െ ͳͶ݇ ൅ ͵͸ ൅ Ͷͻ ൌ ʹͷ

݄ଶ ൅ ݇ ଶ ൅ ͳʹ݄ െ ͳͶ݇ ൌ ʹͷ െ ͺͷ

݄ଶ ൅ ݇ ଶ ൅ ͳʹ݄ െ ͳͶ݇ ൌ െ͸Ͳ

ሺͳǡ ͺሻ ՜ ሺͳ െ ݄ሻଶ ൅ ሺͺ െ ݇ሻଶ ൌ ͷଶ

ሺͳ െ ʹ݄ ൅ ݄ଶ ሻ ൅ ሺ͸Ͷ െ ͳ͸݇ ൅ ݇ ଶ ሻ ൌ ʹͷ

݄ଶ ൅ ݇ ଶ െ ʹ݄ െ ͳ͸݇ ൅ ͳ ൅ ͸Ͷ ൌ ʹͷ

݄ଶ ൅ ݇ ଶ െ ʹ݄ െ ͳ͸݇ ൌ ʹͷ െ ͸ͷ

݄ଶ ൅ ݇ ଶ െ ʹ݄ െ ͳ͸݇ ൌ െͶͲ

ሾ݄ଶ ൅ ݇ ଶ ൅ ͳʹ݄ െ ͳͶ݇ ൌ െ͸Ͳሿ െ ͳ

݄ଶ ൅ ݇ ଶ െ ʹ݄ െ ͳ͸݇ ൌ െͶͲ

՜ ݄ଶ െ ݇ ଶ െ ͳʹ݄ ൅ ͳͶ݇ ൌ ͸Ͳ
݄ଶ ൅ ݇ ଶ െ ͳʹ݄ െ ͳ͸݇ ൌ െͶͲ
െͳͶ݄ െ ʹ݇ ൌ ʹͲ͵‫ݎ‬5݁‫ݍ‬Ǥ

െͳͶ݄ െ ʹ݇ ൌ ʹͲ
െʹ

ൌ ͹݄ ൅ ݇ ൌ െͳͲ

݇ ൌ െͳͲ െ ͹݄ ՜ ‫݂݇݋݁ݑ݈ܽݒ݁ݒ݅ݐܽݐ݊݁ݐ‬


—  



Parallelogram (6 , 0) (2 , 5) (-3 , -1) and (1, -6) find the point of intersection

ሺʹǡ ͵ሻሺͳǡ െ͸ሻ


ͳ ͳ
‫ ݔ‬ൌ ሺʹ ൅ ͳሻ ‫ ݕ‬ൌ ሺͷ െ ͸ሻ
ʹ ʹ
ͳ ͳ
ൌ ሺ͵ሻ ൌ ሺെͳሻ
͵ ʹ
ͳ െͳ
ൌ ͳ ‫ͳݎ݋‬Ǥͷ ൌ ‫ ݎ݋‬െ Ǥͷ
ʹ ʹ

1st point (1.5 , -0.5)

(6 , 0) (-3 , -1) ͳ
‫ ݕ‬ൌ ሺͲ െ ͳሻ
ʹ
ͳ
‫ ݔ‬ൌ ሺ͸ െ ͵ሻ ͳ
ʹ ൌ ሺെͳሻ
ʹ
ͳ
ൌ ሺ͵ሻ െͳ
ʹ ൌ ‫ ݎ݋‬െ ͲǤͷ
ʹ
ͳ
ൌ ͳ ‫ͳݎ݋‬Ǥͷ
ʹ
2nd point (1.5 , -0.5)

Therefore the points of intersection is (1.5 , -0.5)


Given: (-7 , 4) and (6 , -4) divided into 3 equal parts.
‫ ݔ‬ൌ ‫ݔ‬ଵ ൅ ‫ݎ‬ሺ‫ݔ‬ଵ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ ሻ ‫ ݕ‬ൌ ‫ݕ‬ଵ ൅ ‫ݎ‬ሺ‫ݕ‬ଶ െ ‫ݕ‬ଵ ሻ

ͳ ͳ
ൌ െ͹ ൅ ሺ͸ ൅ ͹ሻ ൌ Ͷ ൅ ሺെͶ െ Ͷሻ
͵ ͵
ͳ ͳ
ൌ െ͹ ൅ ሺͳ͵ሻ ൌ Ͷ ൅ ሺെͺሻ
͵ ͵
െ͹ ൅ ͳ͵ ͳʹ ൅ ሺെͺሻ
ൌ ൌ
͵ ͵
െͺ Ͷ
ൌ ൌ
͵ ͵

ͳ ͳ
‫ ݔ‬ൌ ሺ‫ݔ‬ଶ ൅ ‫ݔ‬ଵ ሻ ‫ ݕ‬ൌ ሺ‫ݕ‬ଶ ൅ ‫ݕ‬ଵ ሻ
ʹ ʹ
ͳ െͺ ͳ Ͷ
ൌ ൬ ൅ ͸൰ ൌ ቆ ൅ ሺെͶሻቇ
ʹ ͵ ʹ ͵
ͳ െͺ ൅ ͳͺ ͳ Ͷ െ ͳʹ
ൌ ൬ ൰ ൌ ൬ ൰
ʹ ͵ ʹ ͵
ͳ ͳͲ ͳ െͺ
ൌ ൬ ൰ ൌ ൬ ൰
ʹ ͵ ʹ ͵
ͷ െͶ
ൌ ൌ
͵ ͵

Therefore the two points are

െͺ Ͷ ͷ െͶ
൬ ǡ ൰ ܽ݊5 ൬ ǡ ൰ ܿ‫ݕ݈݁ݒ݅ݐݑܿ݁ݏ݊݋‬Ǥ
͵ ͵ ͵ ͵


— 

#1
Find CF, AC, FB, & FC

 ൌ ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ š ൌ ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ  ൌ ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ  ൌ ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ

ൌ ʹ൅ͳ ൌ െͳ ൅ ͵ ൌ െʹ െ ʹ ൌ െͳ െ ʹ

ൌ͵ ൌ െʹ ൌ െͶ ൌ െ͵



#1

1. If AB = 3, then find AC, BC & CA

š ൌ  ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ  ൌ  ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ š ൌ  ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ

ൌ͸െͳ ൌ͸െͶ ൌͳെ͸

ൌͷ ൌʹ ൌ െͷ

2. Find BC, AC and CA

 ൌ  ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ š ൌ  ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ š ൌ  ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ

ൌͶ൅ͳ ൌͶെͲ ൌͲെͶ

ൌͷ ൌͶ ൌ െͶ



1. Find the distance between 2 points (6 , 3) (4 , 3)

5 ൌ ඥሺ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ ሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ݕ‬ଶ െ ‫ݕ‬ଵ ሻଶ

ൌ ඥሺͶ െ ͸ሻଶ ൅ ሺ͵ െ ͵ሻଶ

ൌ ξͶ

ൌʹ

2. Find the distance between 2 points (-3 , 1) (9 , 6)


5 ൌ ඥሺ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ ሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ݕ‬ଶ െ ‫ݕ‬ଵ ሻଶ

ൌ ඥሺͻ െ ͵ሻଶ ൅ ሺ͸ െ ͳሻଶ

ൌ ඥሺͳʹሻଶ ൅ ሺͷሻଶ

ൌ ξͳ͸ͻ

ൌ ͳ͵

 
‫ݕ‬ଶ െ ‫ݕ‬ଵ
ͳǤ ݉ ൌ
‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ

ʹǤ 5 ൌ ඥሺ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ ሻଶ ൅ ሺ‫ݕ‬ଶ െ ‫ݕ‬ଵ ሻଶ

ͳ ͳ
͵Ǥ ݉ ൌ ሺ‫ݕ‬ଶ ൅ ‫ݕ‬ଵ ሻ݉ ൌ ሺ‫ݔ‬ଶା ‫ݔ‬ଵ ሻ
ʹ ʹ

ͶǤ ‫ ݔ‬ൌ ‫ݔ‬ଵ ൅ ‫ݎ‬ሺ‫ݔ‬ଶ െ ‫ݔ‬ଵ ሻ

‫ ݕ‬ൌ ‫ݕ‬ଵ ൅ ‫ݎ‬ሺ‫ݕ‬ଶ െ ‫ݕ‬ଵ ሻ

ͷǤ ሺͶǡ ͳሻƬሺ‫ݔ‬ǡ ͵ሻ

െʹ‫ ݔ‬൅ ͺ ൌ ͸

െʹ‫ ݔ‬ൌ ͸ െ ͺ

െʹ‫ ݔ‬ൌ െʹ
െʹ
െʹ
‫ ݔ‬ൌ ͳ݉ ൌ
͵

Republic of the Philippines


SORSOGON STATE COLLEGE
Sorsogon City Campus
Sorsogon City

COURSE SYLLABUS
NALYTIC GEOMETRY AND CALCULUS

Area: College of Education


Year Level: 3rd Year / BEED
Semester: 2nd Semester / S.Y. 2009 ± 2010

I. COURSE DESCRIPTION

The course with related topics on lines, circles and conic sections plus description of their properties are
discussed. In calculus, elaboration or concepts of functions and its properties in terms of definite and integral components
are likewise expounded.

Pre-requisite: Math 1 for Physical Science


Credits: 3 units
Time duration: 54 hours

II. OBJECTIVES
A. General
To develop a better understanding of the concept of analytic geometry for education students. It provides
the students the basic concepts, which are needed in calculus and in many other areas of mathematics. It helps the
students analyze and solve problems involving lines, circles and conic sections. Moreover, it familiarize students
of the different coordinate systems and provides them skill in applying such systems in the solution of real world
problems.

B. Specific
1.Y Determine the different form of equations of lines, circles and conics.
2.Y Reduce equation of a line into its normal form.
3.Y Determine the direct distance from a line to a point.
4.Y Acquire and develop critical ± thinking skill through problem solving.
5.Y Write equations of the family lines, circles and conics.
6.Y Obtain the derivatives and antiderivatives of functions.

III. COURSE CONTENT


Unit I. Fundamental Concepts 10 hours
1.1 Directed Line Segment
1.2 Cartesian Coordinate System
1.3 Distance between two points
1.4 Division of a Line Segment
1.5 Slope of a Line
1.5.1 Slope of Perpendicular Lines
1.5.2 Slope of Parallel Lines
1.5.3 Angle Between Two Lines

Unit II. The Lines


2.1 Equations of Line 10 hours
2.1.1 Two Point Form
2.1.2 Intercept Form
2.1.3 Slope Intercept Form
2.1.4 Other Form of Equation of Lines
2.1.5 Family of Lines
2.2 Directed Distance from a Line to a Point

Unit III. The Circle 13 hours


3.1 The Circle
3.1.1 Standard Form of the Equation of a Circle
3.1.2 Equation of a Circle with a center at the Origin
3.1.3 General Equation of a Circle
3.1.4 Circles Determine by Geometric Conditions

Unit IV. The Conic Section 15 hours


4.1 The Parabola
4.1.1 Parabola with Vertex at the Origin
4.1.2 Parabola with Vertex at (h , k)
4.2 Ellipse
4.2.1 Ellipse with Center at the Origin
4.2.2 Ellipse with Center at (h , k)
4.3 Hyperbola
4.3.1 Hyperbola with Center at the Origin
4.3.2 Hyperbola with Center at (h , k)

Unit V. Differential Calculus 6 hours


5.1 Functions
5.2 The Derivatives
5.2.1 The Derivatives of a Function
5.2.2 Rules of Derivation
5.2.3 Derivatives of Higher Order
5.2.4 Derivatives of Products and Quotients
IV. METHODOLOGY / TEACHING STRATEGIES
Lecture / Discussions
Discovery
Group Activity / Peer Teaching
Board Work / Seat Work / Problem Solving Approach

V. REQUIREMENTS
Midterm and Final Examination
Quizzes / Assignment
Project (worksheet compilation) / Seminar Workshop
Recitation

VI. GRADING SYSTEMS


Quizzes / Long Tests 20%
Recitation 20%
Midterm and Final Exam 30%
Project 20%
Attendance / Behavior 10%

Total 100%

VII. REFERENCES
1. Modern Analytic Geometry by Feliciano and Uy
2. Analytic Geomety by Gordon Fuller
3. Analytic Geometry by Aguaviva and Yap
4. Introduction to Analytic Geometry and Calculus by Deuna and Lamayo
5. Analytic Geometry by Quirino and Mijares

Prepared by:

MS. ELLA H. GREFALDO


Instructor I

Approved by:

DR. RITZELDA A. DERI

DIR. DERGIO DEYTO


Campus Director