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Chapter 18-20 Test Topics (also see the homework questions and

worksheets given in class)

viral structures and functions

lytic vs lysogenic

retroviruses

membrane bound viruses

bacteriophages

prions

plasmids (and R and F plasmids)

prophages

proviruses

episomes

conjugation

transformation

transduction

operons (lac and trp examples)

operator

promoter

repressor
corepressor

repressible operon

inducible operon

antibiotics

transcription initiation complex

oncogenes (like ras)

tumor suppressor genes (like p53)

malignant cancer

apoptosis (also in ch 21)

Lab 6 (transformation)

figure 20.4 and vocab associated

restriction enzymes (endonucleases)

palindrome

recombinant plasmids

nucleic acid probes

gel electrophoresis

RFLPs

PCR
cDNA

multi-gene families (duplications)

ch 21: homeobox or homeotic genes

Chi square

(there may be some bonus questions related to other major Ch 21


concepts)