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Chemical Reactions and Equations Name Amanda Lopes

Lab Report Sheet Team #

CHEM 101 Sec. Thursday 6pm
R. Bagioni, MA Date 10/20/09

1. What is a chemical equation? What information is given in the equation? List at

least three things.

A chemical equation is a symbolic representation of a chemical reaction in terms

of chemical formulas. An example of a chemical equation would be:
2Na + Cl2 -> 2NaCl
This chemical equation would stand for the burning of sodium in chlorine to
produce sodium chloride. The formulas on the left side of the equation would stand
for the reactant. A reactant is the starting substance in a reaction. The arrow, ->,
means either "yields" or "reacts to form." The formulas to the right of the arrow
stand for the product formed in the chemical reaction. A product is the substance
that results from a chemical reaction. The coefficient in front of the Na, 2, gives the
number of molecules or formula units involved in the reaction. Coefficients of one are
usually understood, so they are not written. Sometimes it helps to indicate the states
or phases of the substances in a chemical reaction.

2. What evidence might there be of a chemical reaction in each of the following

examples? Be specific in your description of what you might observe.
a. Bleaching of a stain in your clothes.

b. Rusting of a wheelbarrow.

c. Burning of a birthday candle.

3. Write and balance an equation for each of the following reactions.

a. Lithium (Li(s)) and oxygen (O2(g)) react to form lithium oxide (Li2O(s))

b. Iron (Fe(s)) and oxygen (S(s)) react to form iron (III) oxide (Fe2O3(s))

c. Lead nitrate(Pb(NO3)2(aq) ) reacts with sodium iodide (NaI(aq)) to form lead iodide(PbI2(s))
and sodium nitrate(NaNO3(aq))
4. Classify each reaction a combination, decomposition, single replacement or double
a. 2AgNO3 + Cu → Cu(NO3)2 + 2Ag

b. 2HgO → 2Hg + O2

c. C + O2 → CO2

d. HNO3 + KOH → KNO3 + H2O ______________________________

5. Are the phase changes of water examples of physical or chemical changes? Justify
your answer.