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CLASS – III

SUBJECT – MATHEMATICS

TOPIC: MEASUREMENT

PART – I
INTRODUCTION

WE SEE DIFFERENT TYPES OF OBJECTS IN OUR SORROUNDINGS OUT OF


THESE FEW ARE COUNTABLE WHEREAS OTHERS ARE UNCOUNTABLE. THINGS
WHICH ARE COUNTABLE CAN BE MEASURED ALSO.

WE CAN MEASURE THE LENGTH AND WEIGHT OF SOLIDS AND


CAPACITY OF LIQUIDS.IN THIS CHAPTER WE ARE GOING TO LEARN HOW TO
MEASURE THE LENGTH, MASS (WEIGHT) AND CAPACITY OF DIFFERENT
OBJECTS.WE SHALL ALSO LEARN ABOUT THE UNITS WHICH ARE USED FOR
MEASURING LENGTH, MASS AND CAPACITY ANDTHEIR COVERSION.

MEASUREMENT OF LENGTH

LENGTH OF DIFFERENT OBJECTS CAN BE MEASURED BY MAKING USE


OF DIFFERENT UNITS OF MEASUREMENT i.e.CENTIMETRE(cm),
METRE(m) AND KILOMETRE(km).

CENTIMETRES ARE USED TO MEASURE SHORTER OBJECTS AND


METRES TO MEASURE LONGER ONES WHEREAS KILOMETRES ARE
USED TO MEASURE VERY LONG DISTANCES.

e.g. 1. LENGTH OF A PENCIL CAN BE MEASURED IN cm.


2. LENGTH OF A ROOM CAN BE MEASURED IN m.
3. DISTANCE BETWEEN ANY TWO CITIES CAN BE MEASURED IN km.

MEASURING IN CENTIMETRES:

TO MEASURE THE LENGTH OF SHORTER OBJECTS WE MAKE USE OF


RULER. (LOOK AT PAGE NO. 154 OF YOUR BOOK FOR THE PICTURE OF A
RULER). THE SIDE OF THE RULER WHICH HAS MARKINGS FROM 0 TO 15
IS KNOWN AS CENTIMETRE (cm) SIDE AND THE OTHER ONE IS KNOWN
AS INCH SIDE.
TO MEASURE THE LENGTH OF A GIVEN OBJECT PLACE THE 0 MARK OF
THE RULER AGAINST ONE END OF THE OBJECT AND READ THE NUMBER
AT THE OTHER END WHICH WILL BE THE LENGTH OF THE OBJECT IN cm.

CONVERSION:

(ALWAYS REMEMBER THAT TO CONVERT FROM BIGGER TO SMALLER


UNIT WE MULTIPLY.)

REMEMBER: 1m = 100 cm
1km = 1000 m

e.g.1. A CARPET IS 4 m LONG. HOW LONG IS IT IN cm?

SOLUTION: WE KNOW 1 m = 100 cm


4m = 4 x 100 = 400 cm

.
. . THE CARPET IS 400cm LONG.

2. HOW MANY cm ARE THERE IN 3 m 40 cm?

SOLUTION: 3 m 40 cm CAN ALSO BE WRITTEN AS 3 m + 40 cm

WE KNOW 1 m = 100 cm
3 m = 300 cm

3 m 40 cm = 300 cm + 40 cm

= 340 cm

.
. . THERE ARE 340 cm IN 3 m 40 cm.

WORK TIME: BASED ON THE ABOVE GIVEN EXPLANATION DO EX-9.1


Q- 1 AND ON YOUR FAIR NOTEBOOK AND Q-2 AND 3 ON
BOOK ITSELF.

ALSO DO EX-9.2 Q-1, 2 AND 3 ON YOUR FAIR NOTEBOOK


LEGIBLY.
PART – II

MEASUREMENT OF MASS (WEIGHT)


WE MEASURE THE WEIGHT OF DIFFERENT OBJECTS IN KILOGRAMS (kg)
AND GRAMS (g) AND FOR DOING THIS DIFFERENT KINDS OF WEIGHTS
ARE USED.

KILOGRAMS ARE USED TO WEIGH HEAVY OBJECTS AND GRAMS TO


WEIGH LIGHTER ONES.

WEIGHTS IN GRAMS 50g, 100g, 250g AND 500g.

WEIGHTS IN KILOGRAMS 1kg, 2kg, 5kg AND 10kg.

1 kg = 1000 g

1/2 kg = 500 g

1/4 kg = 250 g

HOW TO MAKE USE OF WEIGHTS:

4 kg 750 gm 2 kg + 2 kg + 500 g + 250 g

950 g 500 g + 250 g + 100 g + 100 g

9 kg + 600 g 5 kg + 2 kg + 2 kg + 500 g + 100 g

POINTS TO REMEMBER:
HALF MEANS TO DIVIDE BY 2.
DOUBLE MEANS TO MULTIPLY BY 2.
ONE –FOURTH MEANS TO DIVIDE BY 4.
FOUR TIMES MEANS MULTIPLY BY 4.

WORK TIME: BASED ON THE ABOVE GIVEN EXPLANATION DO EX-9.3


Q- 1, 2 AND 3 ON YOUR FAIR NOTEBOOK.
Q – 4 EX - 9.3
A) PEOPLE ARE ALLOWED TO CARRY 20 kg OF LUGGAGE ON A
PLANE.HOW MANY kg CAN 4 PEOPLE CARRY?

SOLUTION: WEIGHT CARRIED BY 1 PERSON = 20 kg

WEIGHT CARRIED BY 4 PEOPLE = 20 X 4

WORKING
20
X4
80

.
. . 4 PEOPLE CAN CARRY 80 kg LUGGAGE.

WORK TIME: NOW DO Q-4 OF EX-9.3 ALL PARTS ON YOUR FAIR


NOTEBOOK.

PART - III

MEASUREMENT OF CAPACITY:

QUANTITY OF LIQUID THAT A VESSEL CAN HOLD IS KNOWN AS ITS


CAPACITY.

WE MEASURE CAPACITY IN LITRES (l) AND MILLILITRES (ml)


LITRES ARE USED TO MEASURE LARGE QUANTITIES OF LIQUIDS AND
MILLILITRES ARE USED TO MEASURE SMALLER QUANTITIES.
1 l = 1000 ml

½ l = 500 ml

¼ l = 250 ml

PACKAGINGS AVAILABLE IN MARKET:

IN MILLILITRE (ml) 50 ml, 100 ml, 250 ml, 500 ml

IN LITRES (l) 1 l, 2 l, 5 l, 10 l

HOW TO MAKE 1 LITRE:

(FEW POSSIBILITIES ARE GIVEN BELOW)

500 ml + 500 ml = 1 l
250 ml + 250 ml + 250 ml+ 250 ml = 1 l
500 ml + 250 ml + 250 ml = 1 l
500 ml + 250 ml + 100 ml + 100 ml + 50 ml = 1 l

WORK TIME: BASED ON THE ABOVE GIVEN EXPLANATION DO EX-9.4 Q-


1,2,3 AND 4 ON YOUR FAIR NOTEBOOK.

MUST DO: AFTER COMPLETING YOUR NOTEBOOK WORK DO


WORKSHEET NO. 34, 35 AND 36.

HINTS FOR WORKSHEET NO.35:

TO CONVERT METRES TO DECIMETRES MULTIPLY METRES BY 10

1 m = 10 dm

TO CONVERT DECIMETRES TO CENTIMETRES MULTIPLY DECIMETRES


BY 10
1 dm = 10 cm

TO CONVERT METRES TO CENTIMETRES MULTIPLY METRES BY 100

1 m = 100 cm