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Muk;g fhyj; njhl;L ,d;W tiu ngz;fs;

vjph;Nehf;Ffpd;w r%fg;gpur;rpidfs;

Dr. gh. A+b uNk]; n[af;FkhH


rpNu];l csey kUj;JtH
Mjhu itj;jparhiy>
fy;Kid.

flTs; MZf;F Jizahf ngz;iz gilj;jhh; ve;j kjKk; > Md;kPf E}y;fSk;
,jid njspthf $Wfpd;wd. flTs; Mjhik cUthf;fp mtdJ tpyh vYk;gpy;
,Ue;J Vthshfpa ngz;idg; gilj;jhjhf tptpypak; $Wfpd;wJ.

rptDk;> cikAk; xd;whf Njhd;Wk;; mh;j;j ehjP];tuh; Njhw;wKk; ,e;J rkaj;jpy;


Mz;ngz; rkj;Jtj;ij vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfpd;wJ.

Mjhk;egpapd; gpwg;Gk; Mz;> ngz; gpw;gig gw;wpAk; jpUFh;Md; vLj;jpak;GfpwJ.

,jd; gpd; kdpjd; jdJ tho;f;if Kiwapy; Miz ikag;gLj;jp flikfisAk;


nghWg;GfisAk; jiyikj;Jt gz;GfisAk; tsh;jJ ; mjd; top Mz; Mjpf;fj;ij
cUthf;fpdhd;. ngz;fs; jkf;Fhpa gpwg;GWg;Gf;fs; %yk; re;jjpia cUthf;fp>
tsh;jn
; jLf;Fk; ,ae;jpukhf itj;Jf; nfhz;l fhyj;NjhL ngz; xLf;FKiw
njhlq;fp gpd; ngz; Foe;ijfis fs;spg;ghy; nfhLj;J nfhy;YkstpYk;> ,we;j
MNzhL cld; fl;il Vwp jd;Dapiu kha;j;Jnfhs;Sk; fhyk; tiuapYk;
ngz;fspw;fhd chpikfs; kWf;fg;l;L te;jik cz;ikNa

muritapy; jpNusgijapd; Jfpy; chpe;J klhzg;gq;fg;gLj;jpaJ> jpnusgijia


mlF itj;J #jhbaJ tiu kfhghujk; ngz;fspw;F vjpuhd td;Kiwfis
vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfpd;wJ.

fd;dpNkhp jhd; jhq;fpa kfit ngw;nwLg;gjw;F xU Fby; $l fpilf;fhj epiyapy;


khl;Lj; njhOtj;jpy; NaRit ngw;nwLj;j tuyhWk; ngz;fspw;nfjpuhd Muk;g
td;Kiwfis vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfpd;wd.

,uhtzd; rPijia fth;e;J ,yq;fhGhpapy; rpiwitj;J jd;id mila eph;ge;jpj;j


epfo;r;rp ,uhkhazj;jpy; ngz;fs; ghypay; hPjpahf Jd;gg;gl;lij njhpag;gLj;JfpwJ.

ngz;fspw;F vjpuhd td;Kiwfs; ,t;twhf Muk;gpj;J fhyj;NjhL mit ghpzhkk;


ngw;W gy;NttW tbtq;fspy; ,d;Wk; ele;j tz;zk; cs;sd.

kd;dh;fs; KbR+b elhs uhzpfs; me;jg;Guj;jpy; xJq;fpapUe;jdh;> uhzpapd; Ml;rpia


my;yp ,uhl;rpak; vd Vsdk; nra;jhh;fs;. ,d;Wk; me;j kdepiyapy; nghpjhf
khw;wk; njhptjhf ,y;iy. ,q;F ngUk;ghYk; ngz;fNs jk;ik jho;epiyg;gLj;Jk;
my;yJ jiyikj;Jt eph;thfj;ij myl;rpag;LgLj;Jk;> Vw;Wf; nfhs;s jaq;Fk;
kdg;ghd;ikia fhzf;fpd;Nwhk;. cyf ehLfspy; tpuy;tpl;L vz;zf;$ba
mstpy;jhd; ngz;fs; [dhjpgjpfshfTk;> gpujkh;fshfTk; mj;Jld; tpisahl;L>
fiy> ,yf;fpak;> eph;thf NritapYk; ,Ue;jhHfs; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.
,yq;ifapy; Mrphpah; Nritapy; 60% ngz;fs; Mdhy; mjpgh; juj;jpy; 10%
Fiwthd ngz;fNs cs;sdh;. ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; tpuy;tpl;L vz;zf;$ba
mstpNyNa ngz; ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfSk; mikr;rHfSk; cs;sdh;. MZf;F
thf;fspg;Nghk; vd;w kdg;ghd;ikapNyNa ngz;fs; cs;sdh;. ngz;ndhUtUf;F
thf;fspAq;fs; vd tpsk;gug;GLj;Jk; mstpy; ngz;fs; kPjhd ek;gpf;ifaPdk;
ntspf;fhl;lg;gLfpd;wJ. ,q;F ngz;fs; murpay;> r%f> Md;kPf epHthfq;fspy;
jhkhf xJq;FtJ> Mz;fspd; mjpfhuk; mjpfhpg;gjw;Fk; mj;Jld; mJNt Mzhjpf;f
r%fj;ij khw;wkpd;wp itj;jpUf;fTk; fhuzkhf mikfpd;wd.

ghypay; hPjpahd gpur;rpidfs;

fhyj;jpw;F fhyk; njhd;Wnjhl;L ,d;Wtiu ,it ntt;NtW tbtq;fspYk; >


KiwfspYk; eilngw;W tUfpd;wd. ,d;W ,J gw;wpa tpopg;Gzh;Tk; > KiwapLjYk;>
gpur;rpidfis ntspf;nfhzh;tJk; mjpfhpj;Js;sJ.

xUtUila ghypay;ig ikakhff; nfhz;L tPl;bNyh> ghlrhiyapNyh> Ntiy


nra;Ak; ,lq;fspNyh> tpUk;gj;jpw;F khwhf my;yJ> tw;GWj;jy; %yk;
Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; ve;jtpjkhd ghypaw; nraw;ghLfisAk; ehk; ghypay; td;Kiw vd
tiuaWf;fyhk;.

cly; cwT nfhs;Sjy;> ghypay; rhh;e;j thh;j;ij gpuNahfq;fs;> njhLiffs;>


kw;Wk; ghYzh;it J}z;Lk; tifapy; mikAk; FWQ;nra;jpfs;> kpd;dQ;ry;> Face
Book> vd ePOk; gl;baypy; ghypay; Njitia G+h;j;jpnra;tjw;fhf flj;jg;gLjy;>
nfhiy nra;jy; tiu ,it ghhpa td;Kiwfshf ntspf;fhl;lg;gLfpd;wd.

ghypay; td;Kiwfs; cyfk; KOtJk; kpfg;nghJthf eilngWfpd;wd. ,jdhy;


ngz;fs; mjpfk; ghjpf;fg;gLfpd;wdH. Mz;fSk; $l ghypay; td;Kiwf;F
Mshfpd;wdh;. mz;ikf;fhyq;fyps; ghypay; td;Kiwfspdhy; ghjpf;fg;l;L kUj;Jt>
rl;l kw;Wk; cstpay; cjtpfSf;fhf vk;kplk; cjtp ehLgth;fspd; vz;zpf;if
mjpfk;> fzprkhdth;fs; tsh;e;JtUfpd;w gps;isfshf > njhopw;rhiyfspy; Ntiy
nra;gth;fshf > ntspehLfspw;F nrd;WtUgth;fshf (Aj;jj;jpw;F gpd;dhd fhyj;jpy;
,J Gjpjhf njhpfpd;w gpur;rpidahf cs;sJ) cs;sdH.

rpWth; ,y;yq;fspy; cs;s gps;isfSk; ,t;thwhf ghjpf;fg;gLfpd;wdH. me;jpyhe;jpf;


rKj;jpuj;jpy; ntspj;njhpAk; gdpg;ghiwapd; Edp msT gpur;rpidfs; kl;LNk
ntspf;nfhzug;gLfpd;wJ. Vidait Nky; jsj;jpw;F tUtjpy;iy.

fw;gopg;G nghJthf ngz;fspw;F vjpuhf fl;ltpo;j;Jtplg;glLfpd;w td;KiwahFk;.


cs;ehl;L > cyf Nghh;fspy; fw;gopg;G NghuhAjkhfTk; ghtpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. Aj;jk;
eilngWfpd;w fhyq;qfspYk; Aj;jj;jpw;F gpd;dhd fhyq;fspYk; ,it kpf mjpfk;
vkJ ehLk; ,jw;F tpjptpyf;fy;y. ,Ue;j NghJk; ,J Fwpj;J KiwapLjy;
kpff;FiwT> capur;rk;> ngz;id Fwpj;J vjph;fhy rpe;jidfs;> r%f ehzk; vd;gd
,J Nghd;w gpur;rpidfis Nkw;gug;gpw;F nfhz;LtUtjw;F jilahf mikfpd;wd.

jkJ tho;f;if Jidia NjHe;;njLj;jy; jhd; tpUk;gpa Miz jpUkzk; nra;jy;>


jdJ ghypay; Njitia G+h;j;jp nra;jy; vd;gdtw;wpw;F ,d;Wtiu ngz;fspw;F
G+uzkhd KbntLf;Fk; Rje;jpuk; nfhLf;fg;gltpy;iy Nkw;Fyfpy; ,it rhjhuzkhf
,Ue;jhYk; jkpo; > K];yPk; r%fq;fspy; ,d;Dk; ,it kpf fbkhd rl;lq;fshfNt
,Uf;fpd;wd. ngz;fs; jkJ ghypay; NjitfisAk;> jpUg;jpfisAk;
ntspg;gLj;jNth my;yJ ngw;Wf;nfhs;Nth jaq;Ftij fyhr;rhu Md;kPf
newpfSf;$lhf mZFtij ,d;Wk; mtjhdpf;fpd;Nwhk;.

tpjit> Md;kf
P fyhr;rhu kq;fsfukhd epfo;Tfspy; Xuq;fl;lg;gLtJk;
khq;fy;aj;ij ,oe;jts; kWkzj;jpw;F Nghtjw;Fk; r%f newp Kiwfspy; khw;wk;
tuNtz;Lk;.

ghypay; td;Kiwfs; rpyNtisfspy; epWtdkag;gl;ljhfTk; $l;lhf elg;gjhfTk;


mikfpd;wd. ,q;F cah;epiy mjpfhhp Kjy; filepiy Copah; tiu
,k;Kaw;rpfspy; ,LgLfpd;wdh;.

Ntiyj;jsq;fs;> rpWth; ,y;yq;fs;> khiy tpLjpfs;> rpiwr;rhiyfs;> ntspehl;L


Kfth; epWtdq;fs;> Mil njhopw;rhiyfs;> Rje;jpu th;jj; f tyak;> vd;gtw;wpy;
,t;thwhd epWtdkag;gl;l td;Kiwfs; elg;gij njhlh;Grhjdq;fs; Clhf
mwpfpNwhk;. rl;lq;fs; jz;lidfs; KO mstpy; mOy;gLj;jg;gl;L > KiwapLjy;>
ntspf;nfhzh;jy; > tpopg;gzh;T nraw;ghLfs; %yk; ,tw;iw Fiwg;gjw;fhd
eltbf;iffis vLf;f Ntz;Lk;.

gps;isfs; tsh;th;jw;F tPLk;> ngw;Nwhh;Wk; mtrpak;> mjid typAWj;jp rpWth;


,y;yq;fs;> mehij ,y;yq;fs; vd;gtw;iw jPtpu fz;fhzpg;gpy; itj;jpUg;gNjhL.
mit jFjp tha;e;j gy;Jiwrhh; mYtyh;fshy; Kiwahf mtjhdpf;fg;gly;
Ntz;Lk;. cs;Sh; Ntiytha;g;ig mjpfhpj;J tptrhak;> kPd;gpb vd;gtw;wpy;
cs;Sh;thrpfs; Mh;tk; fhl;l tpopg;Gzh;T+l;LtNjhL> Ntiytha;g;G> njhopw;gapw;rp
vd;gdtw;wpw;F gpwg;gplk; ,Ue;J NtW ,lq;fspw;F jdpj;J nry;yhky; FLk;gj;NjhL
nry;tNjh> my;yJ Cs;ShpNyNa tho;tjw;fhd top tiffis fz;lwpa Mtz
nra;tJk; MNuhf;fpakhd FLk;gq;fis cUthf;Ftjw;F cjtpahf mikAk;> ,J
ngz;fs; ghypay; hPjpahf mDgtpf;fpd;w J];gpuNahfq;fis Fiwg;gjw;F kpfTk;
cjtpahdit.

ghypay; fy;tp Kiwahf ghlrhiyfs;> gy;fiy fofq;fs; njhopw;gapw;rp


epWtdq;fs; Mrphpah; fyhrhiyfs; Nghd;w rfy fy;tp epWtdq;fspYk;
Nghjpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,q;F vkJ fyhr;rhu gz;ghLfs;> kjhPjpahf cs;s rpf;fy;
vd;gtw;iwAk; fUj;jpw;nfhz;L ,jw;nfd rhpahd ghltpjhdq;fs; cUthf;fg;gl;L
,t; mwpT+l;ly; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLtJ gy gpur;rpidfis Fiwg;gjw;F VJthf
mikAk;. ,jw;F itj;jpaHfshfpa ehKk; vkJ gq;fspg;ig ey;FNthk;.

fle;j tUlk; vkJ tpLjpf;F 10 ,sk; ngz;fs; KiwNflhd cwthy; fh;gk; jhq;fp
> r%f epe;jidf;Fk;> tPl;L ntWg;gpw;Fk; gae;J mDkjpf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. gpurtk; tiu
mth;fis ghJfhf;f gps;isfis ngw;nwLj;J mjd;gpd; je;Jf;nfhLj;J nrd;whHfs;.
,th;fspy; ngUk;ghyhdth;fs; njhopYf;fhf nfhOk;G nrd;wth;fs;> gzpGhpAk; NghJ
jhq;fs; Vkhw;wg;gl;ljhf $wpdhh;fs;. mj;Jld; 3 Ngh; ntspehl;L Ntiytha;g;gpw;fhf
nrd;wth;fSk; mlq;Ffpd;wdh;.

ngz;fs;> clYwit jtph;f;Fk;> my;yJ me;j eph;g;ge;jj;jpy; ,Ue;J jq;fis


ghJf;Fk; jpwid ngw Ntz;Lk; ,jw;F Nghjpa gawp;rpAk;> Kd;dwpTk; NgUjtpahf
mikAk;. “fuhl;b” Nghd;w jw;fhg;G fiyfs; Nghd;W ,q;Fk; ngz;fs; Mz;fNshL
clYwit jtph;gg ; jw;F fw;Wnfhs;tJ> tpghPjq;fis Fiwg;gjw;F VJthf mikAk;.

mtrufhy fh;g;g jtph;g;G Kiwfis ngz;fs; mwpe;Jitj;jpUg;gJTk; Kf;fpakhdJ


Mdhy; ,JNt jkJ ,r;irf;F khw;Wtopahf gad;gLj;JtjhfTk; mika$lhJ.
ghypay; td;Kiwfshy; ghjpf;fg;gLffpd;w gy ngz;fs; kdr;Nrhh;T > kPjp> gjfspg;G
neLf;fPl;bw;Fk; gpw;gl;l kdtL Neha; Nghd;w csNeha;fshYk; ghjpf;fg;gLfpd;wdh;.
gyh; jw;nfhiy tiu nrd;W jkJ capiuAk; kha;j;J nfhs;fpd;wdh;. r%f ehzk;
vjph;fhyj;ij Fwpj;j gak;> FLk;g me;j];J vd;gd ,g;gpur;rpidfis jPh;g;gjw;F
jilahf cs;sd. mj;Jld; r%fk; ,th;fis GwnkhJf;Fk; vd gae;Nj ghypay;
td;Kiwfshy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l ngz;fSk; mth;fsJ FLk;gq;fSk; jq;fspw;Nfw;gl;l
td;Kiwapid ntspf;nfhzuhJ jkJ cs;kd fplf;ifapy; Nghl;L me;j mdYld;
tho tpisfpd;wdh;. gpd;dh; mit vhpkiyahf Fkpu mitNa cly;> cs Neha;
tbtq;fshf ntspfhl;lg;gLfpd;wd. ve;j csNehahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;L tUfpd;w
ngz;izAk; ghypay; J];gpuNahfj;jpw;F cl;gl;lhuh? vd fz;lhpa Ntz;bs;sJ?

vkJ ehl;by; jpUkzk; vd;gJ ghYwTf;F nfhLf;Fk; mDkjpg;gj;jpukhf


nfhs;sg;gLtjdhy; kdk; xt;thj tpUg;gkpy;yhj jpUkzq;fs;> mtru jpUkzq;fs;>
Kd; Kfk; mwpahj jpUkzq;fs;> my;yJ khg;gps;is ntspehl;by; ,Uf;f kiwtpy;
mtuJ Gifg;glj;jpw;F jhypfl;Lfpd;w jpUkzq;fs; ,d;Wk; ngz;fs; kPJ
jpzpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. jkJ gps;isfs; fhjypg;gij tpUk;ghj > nghwj;Jf; nfhs;s
Kbahj ngw;Nwhh; ,d;NdhH kzkfDf;F tw;Wj;jypd; ngahpy; jpUkzq;fis nra;J
itf;fpd;wdH. rhjp> rkak;> me;j];J vd;gd ghh;f;fg;gLtjhy; mit Ra
tpUg;gj;jpw;F kwhfNt eilngWfpd;wd ,it ,d;ndhU tifapy; ghypay;
ty;YwTfisAk; FLk;g td;KiwfisAk; Vw;gLj;Jtjw;Nf VJthf mikAk; ,q;F
,UtUk; xUtiu xUth; Vw;Wf; nfhz;L Ghpe;J nfhz;L thof;if mikg;gjw;fhd
fhy ,ilntspAk; > jpUkz Maj;jg;gLj;jYk; > xw;Wikahd MNuhf;fpakhd
FLk;gq;fis cUthf;f cjTk;. mj;Jld; nghUj;jkhdtiu fhjypj;J jpUkzk;
nra;tij ngw;Nwhh; jkJ gps;isapd; vjpfhy eyid fUj;jpw;nfhz;L mDkjpg;gJk;
rhyr;rpwe;jJ > ,q;F Vida jilfis tpLj;J jkJ gps;isfspd; eyid
ikag;gLj;JtJ Kf;fpakhdJ.

ehq;fs; thOfpd;w r%fj;jpy; ghypay; vd;gJ NgRk; nghUshf ,y;yhj


fhuzj;jpdhy; > ghypay; td;Kiwfs; gw;wpAk; ehk; mjpfk; Ngrpf;nfhs;tjpy;iy >
MapDk; jw;fhyj;jpy; ghypay; td;Kiwfs; kpf mjpfstpy; kype;J nry;tjdhy;
ehq;fs; mJ gw;wp mjpfk; ftdnkLj;J elf;f Ntz;Lk; ghypay; td;Kiwfs; gw;wp
mwpe;J nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. ,J gw;wpa tpopg;Gzh;it vy;yh kl;lj;jpYk;
nfhLf;fNtz;Lk;. Kf;fpakhf ngz;fs; ghjpf;fg;gl;L> mehtrpa fHgk; tiu
nry;tjhy; mth;fs; ,J Fwpj;J mjpfk; tpopg;Gzh;T ngwNtz;Lk;. vkJ gFjpapy;
gzpahw;Wfpd;w mur> mur rhh;gw;w epWtdq;fs; ,JFwpj;J nra;fpd;w rfy
gaDila Kaw;rpfSk; njhlh;eJ nry;yNtz;Lk;.

xU ngz;gps;is > FLk;gkhJ ghypay; td;Kiwapdhy; ghjpf;fg;gLk; NghJ mjid


xOf;f tpOkpaq;fs; rhh;e;J Nehf;fp xOf;fNfhlhd elj;ijahf rpj;jhpj;J
jPh;g;gpLtjw;F gjpyhf me;j rk;gtj;jhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;lth;fis Mjuthf Vw;Wnfhz;L
mth;fspw;F ele;j Jd;gfukhd nraiy Ghpe;Jnfhz;L cjt Kay Ntz;Lk;.
xUngz;iz jdJ jhahf rNfhjhpahf> kidtpahf Nehf;fpdhy; fhk czHTfs;
FiwAk;> ,J gpd;tpisTfis Fiwj;J epk;kjpahf tho cjTk;. ghjpf;fg;gl;l
Mz;fs; gpd; ftiyg;gLtJk;> kdf;NfhshWfspw;F cl;gLtJk; jtpHf;fg;gLk;.

,q;F ghjpf;fg;gl;l ngz;fSf;fhd > MjuT ikaq;fs; (Safer House) mikf;fg;gl;L


mq;F ngz;fspw;fhd kUj;Jt> cstpay;> rl;l> r%f> FLk;g cjtpfs;
nfhLf;fg;glNtz;Lk;. ,t;thwhd MjuT ikaq;fs; nghJitj;jparhiyfspy;
miktJ > kUj;Jt epGzj;Jt cjtpfis ,yFthf fpilg;gjw;F cjTtNjhL>
gy;Jiw mzpapduhy; gpur;rpidfspw;fhd jPh;TfisAk; mDf Ntz;Lk;.
kl;lf;fsg;gpy; mikag;ngw;w Koinonia epWtdk; Nghd;w ngz;fspw;fhd MjuT
ikaq;fs; ,uz;L> jkpo;> K];yPk; r%fq;fis kdjpy; nfhz;L fy;Kid Mjhu
itj;jparhiyapYk;> m\;ug; Qhgfh;j;j itj;jparhiyapYk; mikg;nghJtJ
fhyj;jpw;F nghWj;jkhdJ ,J tplaj;jpy; cs;Sh; ntspehl;L njhz;L ];jhgdq;fs;
cjt Kd;tuNtz;Lk; vd vjph;ghh;fpNwhk;. ,it itj;jparhiyfspy; mikAk; NghJ
,ytr czT> kUe;Jt NritfSld; gy;Jiw MszpapdH NritAk; njhlHe;J
fpilg;gjw;F VJthf mikAk;.

xU r%fj;jpy; eilngWk; ghypay; td;Kiwfs; xUtifapy; me;jr; r%fj;jpdJ


ed;dpiyia vjph;kiwahf gpujpgypg;gjhfTk; mikfpd;wJ. vdNt ghypay;
td;Kiwfis Fiwg;gjpYk; my;yJ ifahs;tjpYk; xU r%f mDFKiw
Njitg;gLfpd;wJ td;KiwfSf;fhd re;jh;gq;fis Fiwj;jy; td;Kiwahsh;fis
,dq;fz;L nghUj;jkhd jz;lidfis nfhLj;jy;> td;Kiwahy;
ghjpf;fg;glth;fspw;F cjTjy;> tpopg;Gzh;it Vw;GLj;Jjy;> nfhs;iffs;> rl;lq;fis
rhpahf mOy;gLj;Jjy; vd;gd ,jpy; mlq;Fk;. Aj;jj;jpw;F gpd;dhd ,f;fhyj;jpy;
fhty;Jiw ePjpj;Jiw vd;gd ,Jtplaj;jpy; jFe;j eltbf;iffis
Nkw;nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. Clfj;Jiw elf;fpd;w rk;gtq;fis kl;Lk; vOjhJ mjd;gpd;
ele;jtw;iwAk;> kPz;Lk; FLk;gq;fs; vt;thW tho;fpd;wdH> vd;d eltbf;iffs;
vLf;fg;gl;ld vd;gtw;iw vOJtJk; ,J Fwpj;j r%f tpopg;GzHit Vw;gLj;j
cjTk;.
ngz;fs; vjph;Nehf;Fk; Rfhjhu gpur;rpidfs;

,ypq;f eph;zaj;jpy; xx vd;w epw%h;j;jpk; ngz;fisAk; xy vd;w epw%h;j;jk;


MizAk; jPh;khdpf;fpd;wJ. mjhtJ Mzpd; tpe;Jfspy; X,Y Mfpa epw%h;j;jq;fSk;
ngz;dpd; #y; Kl;il vg;NghJk; X MfTk; fhzg;gLfpwJ. Gzh;r;rpapd; gpd;
fUf;fl;ly; elf;Fk; NghJ Mzpd; (X) tpe;J my;yJ (Y) tpe;J ,ypq;fj;ij
jPh;khdpf;fpd;wJ. ,q;F gpwf;Fk; kfT Mz; my;yJ ngz;zhtjw;F 50% re;jh;g;gk;
cz;L. ,ypq;f eph;zak; mJ ,iwtd; tpl;l topNa. ngz;zpd; Rfhjhu
gpur;rpidfs; fUtiwapy; ,Ue;Nj Muk;gkhfpd;wd. md;WKjy; ,d;Wtiu ,jpy;
ve;j khw;wKk; Vw;gltpy;iy.

G+g;nga;jy;> khjtplha;> fUj;jhpj;jy;> gpurtk;> gps;is guhkhpg;G vd;gd


ngz;fSf;NfAhpa jdpj;Jkhd ,iwtdpd; nfhilfshFk;. ,jw;fhf ngz;
,dg;ngUf;f cWg;Gfshd #yfk;> #yf;fhd;> fUg;ig> fUg;ig fOj;J
Nahdpj;Jthuk; mj;Jld; khh;gfq;fs; tpNrlkhf cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. Mz;fspy;
,it xLf;fg;gl;L nraw;jpwd; mw;W fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,q;F Vw;gLfpd;w Neha;fs;
Vida Neha;fspy; ,Ue;J NtWgl;lit vdNt xU MZf;F ngz;fs; khjtplha;
fhyj;jpy; mDgtpf;fpd;w cly;> cs mnrsfhpaq;fisNah> fUj;jhpj;jy;> kfg;Ngw;W
NtjidfisNah my;yJ ,dg;ngUf;f njhFjp njhlHghd Neha;fisNah>
rpf;fy;fisNah mwpa Kbtjpy;iy.

khHgf fl;bfs;> khh;gf Gw;WNeha;> #yf fl;bfs;> fUg;ig fl;bfs; fUg;ig fOj;J
Gw;W Neha;> khjtplha; NfhshWfs;> ,uj;Jg;Nghf;F> fUg;ig ,wf;fk; vd;gd
ngz;fSf;Nf chpa nghJthd Rfhjhu gpur;rpidfs; mj;Jld; kfg;Ngw;Wf;F
gpd;dhd cskha Neha;fs;> kdr; Nrhh;T mjDld; jw;nfhiy vdpd; nghJthd
cseyg;gpur;rpidfs; MFk;.

Kd;dh; ,J Fwpj;j Nghjpa mwptpz;ikahy; ,e;Neha;j;jhf;fq;fshy; gy ngz;fs;


,stajpy; kuzpf;f fhuzkha; mike;jJ. mj;Jld; jha; Nra; kuz tPjKk; kpf
mjpfk;.

,yq;if mgptpUj;jp mile;J tUk; 3k; cyf ehLfspy; mlq;Fk;. ,Ue;jNghJk;


Muk;g RfhjhuKk;> jha; Nra; guhkhpg;Gk; kpf $ba tpidj;jpDld; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ.
gapw;wg;gl;l kfg;Ngw;W itj;jpa epGzh;fSk;> jukhd kUj;Jt NritfSk; ,d;W
rfy Mjhu itj;jpahiyfs; Kjy; Kjy;ju itj;jparhiyfs; tiu fpilf;fpd;wd.
mj;Jld; ,itahTk; ,ytrkhf fpilf;fg;ngWtJ kpfg;nghpa tug;gpurhjkhFk;.

ngz;Neha;fs; njhlh;ghd tpopg;Gzh;T mjw;Fhpa jFe;j kUj;Jt Nritfs;


fpilf;fg;ngWfpd;w NghjpYk; jw;NghJk; ,J Fwpj;j %l ek;gpf;iffshYk; gpioahd
mZFKiwfshYk; gy ngz;fs; kuzpg;gij mwpfpNwhk;. rl;ltpNuhj fUf;fiyg;G
,d;Wk; vkJ gFjpfspy; ,lk;ngWfpd;wJ.

khh;gf Gw;WNeha;fs; Vida Gw;WNeha;fis fz;lwptjw;fhd tpopg;Gzh;T $Ljyhf


Njitg;gLfpd;wJ. ngz;fs; jkf;Fhpa gpur;ridfis kfg;Ngw;W kUj;Jt epGzHfs;
%yk; jPHj;Jf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mj;Jld; khHgf fl;bfs; Vida mrhjhuz
cly;epiyikfis myl;rpak; nra;ahJ mjd; cz;ikfisAk; tpiuthf
fz;lwpe;J epk;kjpahf thoNtz;Lk;. my;yJ ,JNt gpd;dH gjfspg;G> kdr;NrhHG
gpd; jw;nfhiy vd csNeha; ghjpg;Gfshf mikAk;.
khjtpyf;F ,uj;jg;Nghf;F FiwA+l;lk; vd;gtw;why; ngz;fs; nghJthf
FUjpNrhiff;F cs;shfpd;wdh;. ,JNt MNuhf;fpakhd kfg;Ngw;wpw;Fk;
rpyNtisfspy; ghjfkhf mikfpwJ. kypthd ,iy kuf;fwp> rpwpa kPd;fs;> Kl;il>
ghy; vd;gtw;iw jtpHf;Fk; ngz;fs; kpf mjpfk;.

fh;gj;jil KiwfSk;> mJ Fwpj;j mwpTk; ,d;W ngz;fs; kj;jpapy; kpff;$basT


tpopg;Gzh;it Vw;gLj;jpAs;sd. ,it jFe;j ,ilntspAld; Foe;ijfis
ngw;nwLj;J tsh;g;gjw;F cjtpahf cs;sd. ,J Fwpj;J ,d;Dk; fpuhkGw ngz;fs;
tpopg;Gzh;T ngwNtz;bath;fshf cs;sdh;.

gps;is ngwhjh ngz;fis kyb vd tpopj;J> ngz;fNs ngz;fis kq;fsfukhd


epfo;Tfspy; xJf;FtijAk;> ngz;fs; jhkhf xJq;FtijAk; fhz;fpd;Nwhk;. jw;fhy
kfg;Ngw;W kUj;Jtk; ,J Fwpj;j ftiyfis jPHf;f gy jPh;Tfis itj;Js;sJ
mj;Jld; vkJ gFjpfspy; gzpahw;Wfpd;w kfg;Ngw;W kUj;Jt epGzh;fs; ,j;Jiw
rhh;e;j epGzj;Jt mwpitAk; mjw;fhd trjpfisAk; nfhz;Ls;sdh;.

,f;fiu khl;bw;F mf;fiu gr;ir Nghd;W gy ngz;fs; ,j;Njitf;fhf ,e;jpah


tiu nrd;W mehtrpa nrytPdq;fisAk; fhytpuaq;fisAk; mDgtpf;fpd;wdh;.
,JTk; FLk;g td;Kiwfis Vw;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; fhuzkhf mikfpd;wJ. fhyk;
jho;j;jhJ kfg;Ngw;wpd;ik njhlHghd gpur;ridfis jPHj;Jf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

FLk;g td;Kiwfs;
ngz;fs; td;Kiwia J}z;;Lk; J}z;liyAk; Mz;fs; J}z;lw;Ngw;iw mbjbAld;
ntspfhl;LtijAk; md;WKjy; mtjhdpf;fpNwhk;. ,q;F nrhw;gpuNahfk;> ifitj;jy;
tiu td;Kiw tbtk; NtWgLfpd;wJ. td;Kiwf;F Vjthf re;Njfk; > Nfhgk;>
tpl;Lf; nfhLf;fhik> Fw;wk;fhZjy;> kjpg;gspf;fhik> fPo;gbahik vd;gd nghJthd
fhuzq;fshf ,dq;fhzg;gLfpd;wd. ,q;F Mz; kJ Nghijt];Jf;F mbikg;gl;l
epiyapy; td;Kiw ,ul;bg;ghfTk; Mgj;jhdjhfTk; mikfpd;wJ.

ngz;fspw;F vjpuhf eilngWfpd;w FLk;g td;Kiwfis rhpnad;W thjpLk; ngz;fs;


,d;Wk; vy;yh r%fq;fspYk; fhzg;gLfpd;wdH. ,it njhd;Wnjhl;L elg;gjhfTk;
mth;fs; $Wfpd;wdh;.

tPl;L td;Kiwfspy; ngz;fs; NeubahfTk; xd;Wkwpahj gps;isfs; kiwKfkhfTk;


mj;Jld; kpff; $bastpYk; ghjpf;fg;gLfpd;wdh;. ,q;F gps;isfspd; cstpUj;jp
ghjpf;fg;gLtJld; fy;tpf;fhd MNuhf;fpakhd #oYk; ,y;yhky; Nghf gps;isfspy;
MSik tpUj;jp FiwT > ke;jg; Gj;jp vd;gtw;Wld;> ghlrhiyfspy; ,Ue;J
,iltpyfp gy;NtW r%f tpNuhj nray;fspy; <LgLtijAk; fhz;fpd;Nwhk;. mj;Jld;
,e;j rpWth;fs; vjph;fhyj;jpy; td;Kiwahsh;fshf r%f tpNuhjpfshf khWtjw;Fk;
FLk;g td;Kiwfs; fhuzkhf mikfpwJ.

Aj;jj;jpw;F gpd;duhd ,f; fhyg;gFjpapy; jw;nfhiy Kaw;rpfs;> jw;nfhiy


kuzq;fs; $Ljyhf ,lk;ngWfpd;wd. vkJ itj;jparhiyapYk; khjj;jpw;F
Vwf;Fiwa 20-30 Ngh; jw;nfhiy Kaw;rpNahL mDkjpf;fg;gLfpd;wdh;. ,jpy;
,staJ ngz;fs; kpf mjpfk; ,q;F FLk;gtd;Kiw jw;nfhiy Kaw;rpfspw;F
gpujhd fhuzkhf mikfpd;wJ.

Kd;dh; FLk;g td;Kiwfshy; ghjpf;fg;gl;L ntspNehahsh; gphpTfspYk; rj;jpu


rpfpr;ir tpLjp > kfgNgw;W tpLjp vd;gtw;wpy; rpfpr;ir ngw;w ngz;fs; jkJ
gpur;rpidf;F NtW fhuzq;fis $wp rpfpr;ir ngw;wdh;. ,q;F kUj;Jth;fs;
mth;fsJ cldb Njitia G+h;j;jp nra;J mjDld; tPL nry;y mDkjpj;jdh;.

itj;jpah;fs;> jhjpah;fs;> kj;jpapy; Vw;gLj;jg;gl;l tpopg;Gzh;T clw;fhaj;jpw;F


Nkyhf mth;fspy; td;Kiw ghtpf;fg;gl;ljh> vd;gij fz;lwptjw;Fk; mjDld;
njhlh;Ggl;l gpur;rpidfspy; ,Ue;J ngz;fis ghJfhg;gjw;Fk;> gpur;rpidfis jPh;j;J
FLk;gj;jpy; kfpo;r;rpia Vw;gLj;jTk; itj;jparhiyfspy; ,aq;Ffpd;w ghy;epiy
gphpT (Gender Base Unit) cjTfpd;wJ. ,jpy; cstsj;Jiz gapw;rp ngw;w
jhjpah;fSld; gy;NtW epWtdq;fspy; gzpGhpfpd;w csts MNyhrfh;fSk;
,ize;J ,r; Nritia nra;fpwhh;fs;.

,jw;F Nkyhf rl;l nghUshjhu> tho;thjhu cjtpfisAk; ,g;gphpT ftdj;jpy;


vLj;J FLk;gq;fspw;F gy;NtW Kiwfspy; cjtpaspf;fpd;wJ. gpzf;Ffspy; eLepiy
epyik tfpj;J > jFe;j MNyhrizAld; gpur;rpidfis mDfp jPH;Tf;F
topfhl;bdh;. jw;NghJ $l;LFLk;gq;fs; rpije;j jdpf;FLk;gq;fs; FLk;gq;fis tpl:L
ePz;l ,ilntspAld; njhopy;tha;Gf;fhf ntspkhtl;lq;fspy; ntspehLfspy;
tho;tJk; td;Kiw jzptjw;F gjpyhf Jz;Ltjhf mike;Js;sJ.

jw;fhy mtru tho;f;if> Mz;> ngz;Zk; njhopYf;fhf ntspaplq;fspy; ,Uj;jy;.


my;yJ nghOJNghf;F vd;W njhiyf;fhl;rpia kl;Lk; ehLtJ fztd;-kidtpahfpa
,UtUk; kdk; tpl;L fijg;gjw;fhd Neuj;ij ntFthf Fiwj;Js;sJ. ,q;F
rpwpastpy; cs;s gpur;rpidfSk; nghpastpy; CjpgUj;J tphpthjjw;F fhuzkhf
mikfpd;wJ. tho;tpy; ntw;wpfukhf tho;e;jth;fs; ngUk;ghYk; ftzDk;> kidtpAk;>
xd;whfNt Nrh;e;Nj tho;e;Js;sdh;. mth;fspy; kdk;tpl;L Ngrp xUtiu xUth;
Vw;Wf;nfhs;Sk;; kdghq;Fk; ,aw;ifNahL ,ire;Nj fhzg;gl;Ls;sJ.

$l;Lf;FLk;gq;fs; FLk;g td;Kiwfis Fiwg;gjw;F gy;NtW Kiwapy; cjtpahf


,Uf;fpd;wd. tajpy; %j;NjhH ,isNahhpd; gpur;rpidfspy; eLepiyik tfpj;J
gpur;rpid jdptjw;F VJthd toptiffis nfhLg;gJ ,sq;FLk;gq;fSf;F
kpfg;nghUj;jkhf mikAk;. ,J td;Kiw Fiwg;gjw;Fk; cjtpahf ,Uf;Fk;.

vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; Nkyhf khw;wk; Kjypy; vd;dpy; Vw;gl Ntz;Lk;. ehd; khpdhy;


mJNt ehq;fs; khw toptFf;Fk;. vq;fs; xt;nthUthpYk; ,k;khw;wk; Kf;fpakhf
,lk;ngwNtz;Lk;. mjw;F ey;y nray;fSk;> rpe;jidfSk; vk;kpy;
Fbnfhs;sNtz;Lk;. Md;kPf newpKiwfspw;Fk; kj mD\;lhdq;fSf;Fk;> r%f
nraw;ghLfspw;Fk; nfhLf;Fk; Neuk; mjpfhpf;f Ntz;Lk; ed;E}y;fis fw;whpe;J mjd;
gb tho Kay Ntz;Lk; ,JNt kPz;Lk; xU r%f khw;wj;jpw;F toptFf;Fk;.

Aj;jk;> ,aw;if mdh;jj ; q;fs; fw;Wj;je;j fle;j fhy mDgtq;fspypUe;J


fw;Wf;nfhz;l td;Kiw Fzq;fspy; ,Ue;J tpLgl;L> Md;kPf hPjpahd kdpj
tho;tpw;F vk;ik gof;fg;gLj;jpnfhs;tNj vjph;fhy tho;it tho;thq;F tho;tjw;F
top mikj;JjUk;. ,JNt ngz;fspw;F vjpuhd ghypay; FLk;g td;Kiwfis
Fiwg;gjw;F cjTk;.